Portugal

Heritage

Heritage

150 million years ago / 25 thousand years ago Prehistory Roman Period Arab Influence Middle Ages Foundation of Portugal Jewish quarters Manueline Baroque Romanticism Contemporary Portugal Architecture
Museu de Serralves, Porto, arq. Siza Vieira

Heritage
Presenting all kinds of styles from different periods, the Portuguese heritage takes you on a thrilling journey through the country’s rich past.

Heritage

150 million years ago / 25 thousand years ago
Prehistory Roman Period Arab Influence Middle Ages Foundation of Portugal
Parque Arqueológico do Vale do Côa © António Sá

Jewish quarters Manueline Baroque Romanticism Contemporary Portugal Architecture
Parque Nacional da Serra de Aires e dos Candeeiros

Many thousands of years ago, dinosaurs dwelt on Portugal’s west coast. Several traces of their presence have survived to the present day, including a great rarity: a concentration of 180 carnivorous dinosaur eggs, the second largest nest of this kind in the world and the only one containing embryos. Find out all about this history at the Lourinhã Municipal Museum and see some real dinosaur footprints at Pedreira do Galinha, in the Serra de Aires e dos Candeeiros Natural Park.

In the Vale do Côa Archaeological Park, you will find the world’s largest open-air museum of Palaeolithic art, with rock carvings from 25 thousand years ago, as well as paintings from recent prehistory and even from the Iron Age. These ancestral creations have been classified as World Heritage.

Heritage

150 million years ago / 25 thousand years ago

Prehistory
Roman Period Arab Influence Middle Ages Foundation of Portugal Jewish quarters
Citania de Briteiros © Arquivo Turismo de Portugal Anta Grande, Moura © ARTA

Manueline Baroque Romanticism Contemporary Portugal Architecture
Cromeleques dos Almendres, Évora © João Paulo

In the Évora region, you will find an interesting series of examples of megalithic art: the Cromeleque do Xerez and the Cromoleque dos Almendres, as well as the Anta Grande do Zambujeiro. Remains of pre-Roman fortified settlements can also be found all over the country, with the most notable example being Citânia de Briteiros, in the Guimarães region.

Heritage

150 million years ago / 25 thousand years ago Prehistory

Roman Period
Arab Influence Middle Ages Foundation of Portugal Jewish quarters Manueline
Conímbriga © Sebastião da Fonseca

Baroque Romanticism Contemporary Portugal Architecture
Templo Romano de Évora © João Paulo

The Romans left behind a valuable legacy in Portugal, not only examples of their art and culture, but also of their engineering and architecture. Besides all the bridges, roads, villas, temples and baths that are to be found all over the country, make sure to visit the ruins of Conímbriga and Miróbriga and the Roman Temple in Évora.

Heritage

150 million years ago / 25 thousand years ago Prehistory Roman Period

Arab Influence
Middle Ages Foundation of Portugal Jewish quarters Manueline Baroque Romanticism Contemporary Portugal Architecture
Igreja Matriz de Mértola © José Manuel Alcácer do Sal @ Arquivo Turismo de Portugal Museu Arqueologico de Silves © António Sacchetti

The Arab culture left distinct influences on the Portuguese language, art and traditional crafts, these being most notable in the south of the country. At the castles of Alcácer do Sal, Silves and Mértola, you will certainly learn a little more about this people.

Heritage

150 million years ago / 25 thousand years ago Prehistory Roman Period Arab Influence

Middle Ages
Foundation of Portugal Jewish quarters Manueline
Sé da Guarda © Sebastião da Fonseca Sé de Évora © Arquivo Turismo de Portugal

Baroque Romanticism Contemporary Portugal Architecture
Sé de Lisboa © António Sacchetti

The time when the first kings of Portugal reigned was also the period when many cathedrals were built. The one at Braga is the oldest, but you will also find unique examples of cathedral architecture in Porto, Coimbra, Viseu, Guarda, Lisbon, Évora and Silves, to mention just a few of the treasures of the Portuguese religious heritage.

Heritage

150 million years ago / 25 thousand years ago Prehistory Roman Period Arab Influence Middle Ages

Foundation of Portugal
Jewish quarters Manueline Baroque Romanticism Contemporary Portugal Architecture
Castelo de Guimarães © João Paulo Castelo de Óbidos © Rui Cunha

It was in the 12th century, in 1143, that Portugal first came into being as a nation, and in order to ensure its protection and conquer more territory many castles and fortresses were built, thereby guaranteeing the country’s sovereignty. Begin your explorations at what has become known as the “cradle of the nation”: the imposing castle at Guimarães. Head southwards to discover the fortresses of Óbidos and Almourol, the latter being a Templar castle built in the very middle of the River Tagus. If you prefer, the line that marks the border between Portugal and neighbouring Spain is a good guide for finding defensive castles such as the ones at Bragança, Almeida, Marvão or Elvas.

Castelo de Marvão © José Manuel

Heritage

150 million years ago / 25 thousand years ago Prehistory Roman Period Arab Influence Middle Ages Foundation of Portugal

Along the so-called “Route of the Jewish quarters”, we have preserved an important testimony to the former Sephardic communities that settled in Portugal, with the old Jewish quarters of Belmonte and Castelo de Vide being two of the finest examples, as well as the references that you’ll find in many places in the Serra da Estrela region and in Tomar.

Jewish quarters
Manueline Baroque Romanticism Contemporary Portugal Architecture
Castelo de Vide © João Paulo Sinagoga de Tomar © José Manuel Sinagoga de Lisboa © António Sacchetti

Heritage

150 million years ago / 25 thousand years ago Prehistory Roman Period Arab Influence Middle Ages Foundation of Portugal
Mosteiro da Batalha © José Manuel

Jewish quarters

Manueline
Baroque Romanticism Contemporary Portugal Architecture
Mosteiro dos Jerónimos © Paulo Magalhães

Through the will of their kings and because of their Christian faith, the Portuguese became great navigators and explorers in the 16th century, the period of the nation’s epic maritime Discoveries and a time when new worlds were revealed and new routes were discovered that linked the Oceans together. With the great wealth that was brought back from these voyages, it proved possible to build rich monuments that stood as eternal symbols for Humanity, such as the Mosteiro dos Jerónimos and the Torre de Belém, in Lisbon, the Mosteiro da Batalha, the Mosteiro de Alcobaça or the Convento de Cristo, in Tomar, all of which have been classified by UNESCO as World Heritage.

Convento de Cristo, Tomar © João Paulo

Heritage

150 million years ago / 25 thousand years ago Prehistory Roman Period Arab Influence Middle Ages Foundation of Portugal Jewish quarters Manueline
With the gold from Brazil, the spices from the Orient and the great wealth and abundance of the trading posts that it created in Africa, Portugal was a very prosperous country in the 18th century. The proof of this wealth is to be found in the fascinating Portuguese baroque art, consisting of a combination of azulejos (decorative tiles), gilded woodcarving and painting, besides the complex works made of marble. Visit the Convento de Mafra and the Basílica da Estrela, in Lisbon, the Santuário do Bom Jesus, in Braga, and the Santuário dos Remédios, in Lamego, or the Convento de São Francisco, in Porto.

Baroque
Romanticism
Igreja da Madre de Deus, Lisboa © João Paulo

Contemporary Portugal Architecture
Museu dos Coches © José Manuel

Heritage

150 million years ago / 25 thousand years ago Prehistory Roman Period Arab Influence Middle Ages Foundation of Portugal Jewish quarters
Palácio do Buçaco

Manueline Baroque

Romanticism
Contemporary Portugal Architecture
Palácio da Pena, Sintra © António Sacchetti

As we pass through the romantic 19th century, we cannot avoid mentioning the neoclassical Palácio da Bolsa (Stock Exchange), in Porto, with its Moorishstyle Arabian Hall, the neo-Manueline Palácio do Buçaco and the Serra de Sintra. In this Cultural Landscape classified by UNESCO as World Heritage, you’ll be completely dazzled by the Palácio Nacional and the Parque da Pena, one of the finest examples of European romantic architecture, the Palácio de Monserrate or the mystical Quinta da Regaleira.

Heritage

150 million years ago / 25 thousand years ago Prehistory Roman Period Arab Influence Middle Ages Foundation of Portugal Jewish quarters Manueline Baroque Romanticism
From the 20th century, and closer to the present day, you’ll find some quite remarkable works in Portugal that are considered major references in the world of contemporary art. All over the country, but above all in the North of Portugal and in Lisbon, you’ll find works by some of the great names in contemporary architecture. Make sure to keep your eyes open. In the world of visual arts, the 20th century was marked by the genius and talent of many Portuguese creators whose names have inevitably been added to the international list of contemporary artists, such as Vieira da Silva, Amadeo Souza Cardoso, Paula Rego, Graça Morais, Júlio Pomar, Cargaleiro, José de Guimarães, Pedro Cabrita Reis and Julião Sarmento, among others. Discover their work at Portuguese museums and surrender to the charms of contemporary art.

Contemporary Portugal
Architecture
Casa das Mudas Vivian Girls as Windmills, Paula Rego © Arquivo Turismo de Portugal

Heritage

150 million years ago / 25 thousand years ago Prehistory Roman Period Arab Influence Middle Ages Foundation of Portugal
Centro Cultural de Belém, arq. Vittorio Gregotti e arq. Manuel Salgado

Jewish quarters Manueline Baroque Romanticism Contemporary Portugal
Casa das Histórias Paula Rego, Cascais, arq. Souto Moura © Clara Azevedo

© Rui Cunha

Architecture
Museu de Serralves, Porto, arq. Siza Vieira © Paulo Magalhães

It was at the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Porto that several world-famous architects studied, such as Álvaro Siza Vieira and Eduardo Souto de Moura, both winners of the Pritzker Prize, and Fernando Távora. In turn, the Lisbon School of Fine Art was to produce such prominent names as Carrilho da Graça and Manuel Salgado. But these are only a few of those who are responsible for the distinct notes of modernity that we can find in the Portuguese landscape.

World Heritage

World Heritage
UNESCO has already classified 15 sites in Portugal as World Heritage, including historic centres, archaeological sites, cultural landscapes, natural parks and intangible heritage. These Portuguese contributions to World History are places you cannot afford to miss during your visit, and represent a good reason for exploring our country from north to south.
Find out more at www.visitportugal.com

Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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Guimarães © António Sá

World Heritage

Historic Centre of Guimarães
Guimarães has a very important symbolic value for the Portuguese identity, since it was here that Portugal first came into being in the 12th century. The well-preserved city reflects the evolution of civil architecture from the Middle Ages until the 19th century. The specialised building techniques that were developed here were later applied all over the world, in the Portuguese colonies, in Africa and the New World.
Find out more at www.visitportugal.com

Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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Guimarães © António Sá

World Heritage

Historic Centre of Porto
The mass of houses that you can see running down the hillside to Porto’s riverside district of Ribeira provides a distinctive portrait of the history of this city, where the links with maritime activity date back to Roman times. The cathedral and the Torre dos Clérigos have become the very symbols of Porto, and the wealth of its buildings, the baroque churches and the neoclassical Palácio da Bolsa, all serve to make this an exceptional urban landscape, steeped in more than a thousand years of history.
Find out more at www.visitportugal.com

Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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Porto © João Paulo

World Heritage

Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region
The vines that produce the famous Port Wine grow along the majestic valley of the River Douro, the world’s oldest demarcated wine region. Over several centuries, its special characteristics and the work of human hands combined to shape the valley into a series of terraces that have transformed the area into a unique landscape and highly beautiful landscape.
Find out more at www.visitportugal.com

Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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Alto Douro Vinhateiro © António Sá

World Heritage

Vale do Coa Archaeological Park
In the valley of the River Coa, you will find an immense open-air gallery of rock art, spreading over an area of 17 km. This exceptional concentration of rock carvings from the Upper Palaeolithic era (from 22000 to 10000 years BC) is the most important example of the first manifestations of human creativity, as yet unmatched by any similar discovery anywhere else in the world.
Find out more at www.visitportugal.com

Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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Parque Arqueológico do Vale do Côa © António Sá

World Heritage

Convento de Cristo, Tomar
The Convent of the Order of Christ and the Templar Castle form a unique monumental whole of great historical and artistic importance. The interventions made here over the centuries reflect the history of Portugal in artistic terms, beginning with examples of Romanesque art, the symbolism of the Knights Templar, and the Gothic and Manueline styles, peculiar to the time of the Discoveries, continuing with Renaissance art and mannerism, and ending in the architectural ornamentality of the baroque.
Find out more at www.visitportugal.com

Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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Convento de Cristo © R.T. Templários

World Heritage

Mosteiro de Alcobaça
This is one of the most important Cistercian abbeys in Europe and a masterpiece of Cistercian art. It was founded in the 12th century as a donation from the first king of Portugal, Dom Afonso Henriques, to St. Bernard of Clairvaux. The building of the church began with the apse, as was the normal practice at that time, and its three naves all of the same height, its two-nave transept and deambulatory form a whole particularly impressive because of its simplicity, grandeur and austerity.
Find out more at www.visitportugal.com

Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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Mosteiro de Alcobaça © Rui Cunha

World Heritage

Mosteiro da Batalha
A masterpiece of creative genius, the Mosteiro de Santa Maria da Vitória was built in fulfilment of a vow made by Dom João I, in gratitude for the Portuguese victory over the Spanish at the Battle of Aljubarrota in 1385. It is the great monument of the late Gothic period in Portugal and is one of the first examples of the Manueline style. Bearing testimony to the exchange of influences in the arts, it is one of the most beautiful monastery complexes in late mediaeval Europe.
Find out more at www.visitportugal.com

Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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Mosteiro da Batalha © António Sacchetti

World Heritage

Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa
The Mosteiro dos Jerónimos is a remarkable work of architecture commissioned by the king Dom Manuel I at the beginning of the 16th century. It is considered the “jewel” of the exclusively Portuguese Manueline style, combining architectural features from the late Gothic and Renaissance periods and associating with this a royal symbolism that makes it quite remarkable.
Find out more at www.visitportugal.com

Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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Mosteiro dos Jerónimos © João Paulo

World Heritage

Torre de Belém, Lisboa
D. Manuel I also commissioned the building of the Torre de Belém, putting into practice an innovative and effective plan for defending the river and protecting Lisbon, combining the tower with other defensive structures situated at the entrance to the river estuary. As a reminder of the king’s prestige, it is decorated with a symbolism that is peculiar to the Manueline style, consisting of knots, ropes, armillary spheres, crosses of the Military Order of Christ and elements drawn from nature.
Find out more at www.visitportugal.com

Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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Torre de Belém © Turismo de Lisboa

World Heritage

Cultural Landscape of Sintra
In the 19th century, Sintra was one of the first places in Europe where romantic architecture was to be tried out. The king Fernando, married to the queen Maria II, transformed the ruins of a monastery into a castle, brilliantly combining Gothic, Islamic and Renaissance features, surrounded by a park of exuberant and exotic vegetation, in keeping with the taste of that time. This model was followed in other palaces built in the Serra de Sintra and served as an inspiration in other European landscapes.
Find out more at www.visitportugal.com

Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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Palácio da Pena, Sintra © Rui Cunha

World Heritage

Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage
Performed by a solo singer and accompanied by an acoustic guitar and the Portuguese 12-string guitarra, Fado has its origins in Lisbon’s old and historic quarters – Mouraria, Alfama, Bairro Alto and Madragoa, being connected with the inevitability of fate and the emotions of love, and sung with great intensity and soulfulness. Today it is a world music, a recognised symbol of Portugal, and UNESCO’s most recent addition to its List of the Intangible Cultural Interest of Humanity.
Find out more at www.visitportugal.com

Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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Casa do Fado e da Guitarra © Arquivo Turismo de Portugal

World Heritage

Historic Centre of Évora
With its origins dating back to Roman times, Évora had its golden age in the 15th century, when it became the residence of the kings of Portugal. Its unique character derives from its white limewashed houses, with their tiled interior decorations and wrought-iron balconies, making the city as a whole representative of a distinct historical period (16th to 18th centuries). Its monuments had a decisive influence on the Portuguese architecture that was introduced into Brazil.
Find out more at www.visitportugal.com

Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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Templo Romano, Évora © José Manuel

Património da Humanidade

Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications
Near the Portuguese border line, the town of Elvas has the largest bulwarked dry ditch system in the world, with an area of 300 ha and about 10 km of perimeter. It represents the evolution of the military defensive systems over the centuries. Within its walls we find several important monuments such as the castle, two forts, three fortlets, the walls and the impressive 7km-long Amoreira Aqueduct, with its 843 arches.
Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 14 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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© Câmara Municipal de Elvas

World Heritage

Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo
Angra do Heroísmo forms a quite unique architectural whole, having been a mandatory port of call for vessels sailing between Europe and other continents from the 15th century until the appearance of steamboats in the 19th century. The city’s imposing fortifications, built more than 400 years ago, represent a unique example of military architecture.
Find out more at www.visitportugal.com

Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira © Arquivo Turismo de Portugal

World Heritage

Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture
On the island of Pico, you will find a remarkable example of the transformation of an apparently unproductive and rocky volcanic terrain into an extraordinary landscape of vineyards. The hillsides sloping down to the sea are marked by a grid of black stone walls separating the vines, testifying to the hard work of generations of small farmers who successfully overcame a hostile climate to create their own distinctive way of life and produce a wine of great quality.
Find out more at www.visitportugal.com

Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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Vinha da Ilha do Pico © António Sá

World Heritage

Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira
On the island’s north-facing slopes, covering an area of 15 thousand hectares (equivalent to 20% of its surface), Madeira’s primary laurel forest has successfully survived, withstanding five centuries of human settlement of the area. Having almost disappeared from the European mainland, it still retains here its subtropical characteristics, representing the most extensive and well-preserved Laurissilva forest of the Atlantic islands.
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Porto e Norte 1. Historic Centre of Guimarães 2. Historic Centre of Porto 3. Cultural Landscape of the Alto Douro Wine Region 4. Vale do Coa Archaeological Park Lisboa Region 5. Convento de Cristo, Tomar 6. Mosteiro de Alcobaça 7. Mosteiro da Batalha 8. Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Lisboa Torre de Belém, Lisboa 9. Cultural Landscape of Sintra 10. Fado, Intangible Cultural Heritage Alentejo 11. Historic Centre of Évora 12. Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Azores 13. Historic Centre of Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira 14. Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Madeira Islands 15. Laurissilva (Laurel) Forest of Madeira

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Floresta Laurissilva © Arquivo Turismo de Portugal

www.visitportugal.com