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Santa Ana de coro - Edo. Falcón
- Ysabel C. Báez D. - Carlos A. Heredia T.
C.I: 23.837.233. C.I: 21.525.673.
- Fátima M. Mogollón H. C.I: 23.010.288. - Juliet X. Rodríguez B. C.I: 17.930.746.
WHAT CAUSES FEMALE INFERTILITY Causes of Failure to Ovulate Ovulatory disorders are one of the most common reasons why women are unable to conceive, and account for 30% of women's infertility. Fortunately, approximately 70% of these cases can be successfully treated by the use of drugs such as Clomiphene and Menogan/Repronex. The causes of failed ovulation can be categorized as follows: 1) Hormonal Problems These are the most common causes of anovulation. The process of ovulation depends upon a complex balance of hormones and their
interactions to be successful. The increased level of oestrogen raises the risk of breast cancer. This is the cause of ovarian failure in 20% of cases. the most common disorder responsible for this problem. anovulation and infertility. immature eggs will result. includes symptoms such as amenorrhoea. If the hypothalamus fails to trigger and control this process. The current hypothesis is that the suppression of FSH associated with this condition causes only partial development of ovarian follicles. and any disruption in this process can hinder ovulation. hirsutism. This syndrome is characterized by a reduced production of FSH. and follicular cysts can be detected in an ultrasound scan. Malfunction of the hypothalamus The hypothalamus is the portion of the brain responsible for sending signals to the pituitary gland. sends hormonal stimuli to the ovaries in the form of FSH and LH to initiate egg maturation. which. The affected ovary often becomes surrounded with a smooth white capsule and is double its normal size. The ovaries will be unable to ovulate properly if either too much or too little of . Malfunction of the pituitary gland The pituitary's responsibility lies in producing and secreting FSH and LH. Polycystic ovary syndrome. oestrogen and testosterone. Ovulation is rare if the eggs are immature and the chance of fertilization becomes almost nonexistent. the ovaries do not produce normal follicles in which the eggs can mature. and normal or increased levels of LH. There are three main sources causing this problem: Failure to produce mature eggs In approximately 50% of the cases of anovulation. in turn.
Treatment . It is hypothesized that their natural supply of eggs has been depleted or that the majority of cases occur in extremely athletic women with a long history of low body weight and extensive exercise. or multiple surgeries. 4) Follicle Problems Although currently unexplained. "unruptured follicle syndrome" occurs in women who produce a normal follicle. For example. The egg. Infection may also have this impact. 2) Scarred Ovaries Physical damage to the ovaries may result in failed ovulation. Causes of Poorly Functioning Fallopian Tubes Tubal disease affects approximately 25% of infertile couples and varies widely. invasive. This can occur due to physical injury. extensive. 3) Premature Menopause This presents a rare and as of yet unexplainable cause of anovulation. Some women cease menstruation and begin menopause before normal age. for repeated ovarian cysts may cause the capsule of the ovary to become damaged or scarred. remains inside the ovary and proper ovulation does not occur. a tumor or if there is a chemical imbalance in the pituitary. therefore. such that follicles cannot mature properly and ovulation does not occur. every month yet the follicle fails to rupture. with an egg inside of it. ranging from mild adhesions to complete tubal blockage.these substances is produced. There is also a genetic possibility for this condition.
B) Abdominal Diseases The most common of these are appendicitis and colitis. success rates (defined as the number of women who become pregnant within one year of surgery) are as high as 30% overall. these infections commonly cause inflammation resulting in scarring and damage. a condition in which the fallopian tube is occluded at both ends and fluid collects in the tube. E) Congenital Defects . owing to the advances in microsurgery and lasers.for tubal disease is most commonly surgery and. with certain procedures having success rates up to 65%. even if carefully and successfully overcome. Pelvic or abdominal surgery can result in adhesions that alter the tubes in such a way that eggs cannot travel through them. The main causes of tubal damage include: A) Infection Caused by both bacteria and viruses and usually transmitted sexually. C) Previous Surgeries This is an important cause of tubal disease and damage. D) Ectopic Pregnancy This is a pregnancy that occurs in the tube itself and. may cause tubal damage and is a potentially life threatening condition. causing inflammation of the abdominal cavity which can affect the fallopian tubes and lead to scarring and blockage. A specific example is Hydrosalpnix.
Impicit. . women may be born with tubal abnormalities. c/u): Nº 1 INFERENCE Ovulatory disorders are one of the most common reasons why women are unable to conceive. 2 3 Account for 30% of women's infertility. The process of ovulation depends upon a complex balance of hormones. usually associated with uterus irregularities.In rare cases. 6 Polycystic ovary syndrome. Implicit. 4 The ovaries do not produce normal follicles in which the eggs can mature. Explicit. Implicit. Implcit. the most common disorder responsible for this problem. Implicit. PART I: Extraiga de la lectura las posibles inferencias e identifique su tipo (1 pto. 5 The chance of fertilization becomes almost nonexistent. and follicular cysts can be detected in an ultrasound scan. 7 This condition causes only partial development of ovarian follicles. TYPE (Implicit / Explicit) Explicit. Explicit. 8 The increased level of oestrogen raises the risk of breast cancer.
15 Although currently unexplained. immature eggs will result.9 The hypothalamus is the portion of the brain responsible for sending signals to the pituitary gland. . Explicit. for Explicit. with an egg inside of it. or multiple surgeries. Explicit. Implicit. 10 If the hypothalamus fails to trigger and control this process. 13 Extensive. 14 Some women cease menstruation and begin menopause before normal age. 11 The ovaries will be unable to ovulate properly if either too much or too little of these substances is produced. invasive. Implicit. repeated ovarian cysts may cause the capsule of the ovary to become damaged. "unruptured follicle syndrome" occurs in women who produce a normal follicle. failed ovulation. Explicit. This is the cause of ovarian failure in 20% of cases. 12 Physical damage to the ovaries may result in Explicit.
. Infertilidad en mujeres por el uso constante de Postinor. Mujeres que no llevan un control médico y llegan a padecer enfermedades del aparato reproductor.PART II: Partiendo del título. infiera cuál o cuáles podrían ser los contenidos del texto (1pto c/u): 1 2 3 4 5 Infertilidad en mujeres por consumo de sustancias tóxicas. Cáncer de cuello uterino u ovarios y efectos de la quimioterapia y la radioterapia. Prolapso uterino a causa de obesidad e histerectomía.