Module 4: Vorticity Stream Function Approach for Solving Flow Problems Lecture 25:

The Lecture deals with: Boundary Condition Upper Boundary Inlet Boundary Outflow Boundary

file:///D|/chitra/nptel_phase2/mechanical/cfd/lecture%2025/25_1.htm[6/20/2012 4:52:47 PM]

Figure 25. Similar kind of boundary conditions are aplicable on B1 and B3. any constant value of and Since the line B1-B2-B3 is a The is on it is acceptable.Objectives_template Module 4: Vorticity Stream Function Approach for Solving Flow Problems Lecture 25: Boundary Condition Now let us discuss about the boundary conditions. file:///D|/chitra/nptel_phase2/mechanical/cfd/lecture%2025/25_2. Along the wall. Using boundary B1 as an example. we expend series as produced. At no-slip governs the physics. we shall call B1 and B3 as bottom wall.1 Consider Fig. [because constant ]. At the nodal points which are coinciding with the solid wall we can directly put streamline. The usual choice is boundaries.1) But by no-slip condition and Again.htm[6/20/2012 4:52:47 PM] . wall vorticity is an extremely important evaluation. 25.1. Thus. It is the diffusion and subsequent advection of the wall produced vorticity which by a Taylor (25.

2) where wall].htm[6/20/2012 4:52:47 PM] .1) and solving for with gives More general from regardless of the wall orientation or value of be written as at the boundary.Objectives_template Substituting this into (25. is the distance from to ( ) in the normal direction [ denotes at the file:///D|/chitra/nptel_phase2/mechanical/cfd/lecture%2025/25_2. it can (25.

htm[6/20/2012 4:52:47 PM] . in other words.e. Thoman and Szewczyk (1966) used a treatment which specifies this far-field condition of with and Thus was applied through a Neumann condition at the boundary along B5 as (25. However.2) will apply. But how to evaluate The value of at the upper wall? at the upper wall is constant and may be evaluated by integrating the For vorticity (25.Objectives_template Module 4: Vorticity Stream Function Approach for Solving Flow Problems Lecture 25: Upper Boundary The upper boundary B5 in Fig 25. fluid at infinite extent is assumed.1 is having the usual no-slip and impervious conditions for velocity components.3) If we want to model the condition of no boundary at B5. velocity profile at the inlet.. or.4) where B5 is considered at file:///D|/chitra/nptel_phase2/mechanical/cfd/lecture%2025/25_3. i. the problem is little more difficult. in y-direction. Integration may be performed through Simpson's rule to get (25.

to JMAX (25.9) file:///D|/chitra/nptel_phase2/mechanical/cfd/lecture%2025/25_4.5) (25.Objectives_template Module 4: Vorticity Stream Function Approach for Solving Flow Problems Lecture 25: Inlet Boundary Inlet boundary in Fig.6) For normal velocity Formm and Harlow (1963) set for The stream function to JMAX (25. It will depend on the physical situation. from axial velocity profile and assumed (25. For the axial velocity can be taken. Pao and Daugherty (1969) used and then specified Greenspan (1969) fixed up which result in uniform axial velocity profile. Most widely used conditions are: uniform or parabolic or any possible profile for or.htm[6/20/2012 4:52:47 PM] .7) can be obtained from the axial velocity profile at the inlet as (25.8) Vorticity also depends on inlet velocity profile.1 cannot have any unique prescription. 25.

15) In a similar way. we can impose less restrictive type condition. The accuracy can be increased and we can try for a second order accurate boundary condition.14) (25.10) Thoman and Szewczyk (1966) developed outflow boundary conditions through setting (25. some difficulties were experienced if the coefficients of on the right hand side of equation (24.2) it can be said that the condition is first order accurate.12) (25.Objectives_template Module 4: Vorticity Stream Function Approach for Solving Flow Problems Lecture 25: Outflow Boundary B4 is the outflow boundary (Fig.10) Regarding the vorticity boundary condition given by equation (25. such as and play a vital role in such cases. Another remedy which could be applied along with.9) for the subsequent development of equation (24. then why are we computing? They are not known explicitly.1). By taking very small grid size. These are then used in equation (24. from they derived For constant at this gives: (25. We can imagine about continuative outflow conditions which will ensure smooth transition through the outlet boundary. they may be kept below a desired small value of 2. 25. If the outflow boundary conditions are know beforehand.11) Then.10) have a sum greater than unity. In that case. So the difference quotients with respect to convective components become for for (25.The quantities. As a matter of fact. the process will diverge. is to introduce a upwind bias.htm[6/20/2012 4:52:47 PM] .13) However. can be evaluated. which are (25. file:///D|/chitra/nptel_phase2/mechanical/cfd/lecture%2025/25_5. For axial and normal velocities. but we can prescribe or set some gradients at the out let which are physically meaningful. these quantities are mesh Reynolds number.

16) and substituting the values for and in equation (25. Now we shall try to evaluate the fourth term.1).16) invoking (25.Objectives_template Module 4: Vorticity Stream Function Approach for Solving Flow Problems Lecture 25: Let us consider equation (25. we get (25.17) Instead of substitute we shall write to mean normal direction from the wall. or. We know from the definition of vorticity: or.18) Equation (25. or.1) once again. we have to retain the fourth term on the right hand side of equation (25. (25. is zero along the solid boundary and If we want to increase the accuracy.18) is second order accurate boundary condition but it does not lead to file:///D|/chitra/nptel_phase2/mechanical/cfd/lecture%2025/25_6.1). (25.htm[6/20/2012 4:52:48 PM] . We shall also by a forward difference quotient as or.

file:///D|/chitra/nptel_phase2/mechanical/cfd/lecture%2025/25_6. To view the next lecture select it from the left hand side menu of the page or click the next button.htm[6/20/2012 4:52:48 PM] . you have finished Lecture 25. Congratulations.Objectives_template stable computation for high Reynolds number flows.

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