You are on page 1of 27

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 1

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System Rodolfo Balbin, Ramir Lares, Marco Roguel, Frank Banjo Echavez Department of Computer Studies Lyceum of the Philippines University Cavite Campus

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Project Context

The Lyceum of the Philippines University Cavite is one of the fastest growing educational institutions in the province. On 2008 Lyceum of the Philippines University open the doors to Caviteos. The Lyceum of the Philippines University Cavite is known to be the First and only resort campus in the Philippines is one of the four main campuses that brought a grand total enrolment approximately of 25,000 students, and about 10,000 whom are enrolled in various hospitality courses. Lyceum of the Philippines University Cavite is headed by the oldest son of Senator Laurel, Atty. Roberto P. Laurel. The international high school in Lyceum of the Philippines Cavite was constructed Lyceum of the University Manilas high school department. An online grading system is one of the best ways of communicating with the students regarding with the grade inquiries. Teachers from different schools all over the world found out after using online grading systems that they could be able to easily track the students grade performance, prior to that they also found out that they could be able to easily and quickly update the students grade in a much less time that they thought as possible. The parents of the students are also enjoying the use of the online grading system because they can track their childs performance in school and it also helps them to get involved of their childs schooling. Online grading system also keeps the students aware of their grades. Another great thing about the online grading systems are that it can help create report cards, assignment reports, class grade list, attendance report and many more.

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 2

1.2

Purpose and Description

The purpose of the system is to provide the user with a friendly user-interface that would allow the teachers to easily make, encode, updating the grades of the students in a very accurate, efficient, secure, flexible and reliable way. The system will be very user friendly to students even to those who are not literately good in terms of using a computer. All the information that will be put into the system will be stored in a database that could be retrieved when needed. The online grading system would also replace the current grading system being used. The grades can be access by the students anywhere as long as the internet connection is live.

1.3

Objective

The objective of the system is to provide the user with a friendly user-interface that would allow the teachers to easily make, encode, updating the grades of the students in a very accurate, efficient, secure, flexible and reliable way. The system would be assisting the teachers in computing, updating, and tracking the student grade performance, allowing the student or their parents to view the grades online. Information such as grades, schedule, class lists, will be stored in a database that could be retrieved when it is needed by the user. This will replace the existing grading system being used to provide teachers as well as the students a very conducive manner by removing burden task for the teachers like the class listings and any form or similar activities that would requiring much time and efforts. The secretary of the High-school department will also play a major role in the system. The secretary would be providing the teachers their user accounts, their schedules, their class lists, their

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 3


assigned grades, setting the percentage of the grade. Also the secretary will be giving the information of the assigned section of the student, adding account for students. The system will be online, anywhere theres an internet connection the grading system will be accessed by the users it can also be accessed on any hand-held mobile devices that can access internet. The students will be able to view their grades online even when theyre at the malls as long as internet connection is present.

1.4 Scope and Limitations

In our present time where fast and accurate information is needed by most of the institutions, online grading systems is proved to be one of the solutions in giving fast and accurate results. The online grading system is developed to encode, edit, update, to secure the grades, and to track the students grade performance. The secretary will be providing user accounts to the teachers and students. The secretary will be providing the schedules to the teachers as well as the assigned subjects for each teacher, the secretary would be also providing the class list, class section, class, setting the criteria of percentages for grades, providing the user accounts for teachers and students, editing the password of the teacher. The teacher would be encoding, updating, changing of password for the students. The students can only do on the system is to view their grade. This projects main purpose is to help the teacher in providing accurate and fast grade reporting, making the inquiry of grade accessible anywhere.

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 4

2.0 Review of the related literature.

2.1 Related Literature Computer Programming Language

1. PHP is a widely-used general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited for Web development and can be embedded into HTML. If you are new to PHP and want to get some idea of how it works, try the introductory tutorial. After that, check out the online manual.( http://php.net/)

2. HyperTextMarkup Language (HTML) is the main markup language for creating web pages and other information that can be displayed in a web browser. HTML is written in the form of HTML elements consisting of tags enclosed in angle

brackets (like <html>), within the web page content. HTML tags most commonly come in pairs like <h1> and </h1>, although some tags, known as empty elements, are unpaired, for

example <img>. The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag (they are also called opening tag sand closing tags). In between these tags web designers can add text, tags, comments and other types of text-based content. The purpose of a web browser is to read HTML documents and compose them into visible or audible web pages. The browser does not display the HTML tags, but uses the tags to interpret the content of the page.

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 5


HTML elements form the building blocks of all websites. HTML allows images and objects to be embedded and can be used to create interactive forms. It provides a means to create structured documents by denoting structural semantics for text such as headings, paragraphs, lists, links, quotes and other items. It can embed scripts written in languages such as JavaScript which affect the behaviour of HTML web pages. Web browsers can also refer to Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) to define the appearance and layout of text and other material. The W3C, maintainer of both the HTML and the CSS standards, encourages the use of CSS over explicit presentational HTML mark-up.( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HTML)

3. JavaScript (JS) is an interpreted computer programming language. It was originally implemented as part of web browsers so that client-side scripts may interact with the user, control the browser, communicate asynchronously and alter the document content that is displayed. JavaScript is a prototype-based scripting language that is dynamic, weakly typed and has first-class functions. It uses syntax influenced by the language C. JavaScript copies many names and naming conventions from Java, but the two languages are otherwise unrelated and have very different semantics. The key design principles within JavaScript are taken from the Self and Scheme programming languages. It is a multi-paradigm language, supporting object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles. JavaScript's use in applications outside of web pages for example in PDF documents, site-specific browsers, and desktop widgetsis also significant. Newer and faster JavaScript VMs and frameworks built upon them (notably Node.js) have also increased the popularity of JavaScript for server-side web applications. JavaScript was formalized in the ECMA Script language standard and is primarily used in the form of

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 6


client-side JavaScript (as part of a web browser). This enables programmatic access to computational objects within a host environment.

Computer Software

1.

Many people know from their own experience that it's not easy to install an Apache web server and it gets harder if you want to add MySQL, PHP and Perl.

XAMPP is an easy to install Apache distribution containing MySQL, PHP and Perl. XAMPP is really very easy to install and to use just download, extract and start.(

http://www.apachefriends.org/en/xampp.html)

Xampp for Linux The distribution for Linux systems (tested for SuSE, RedHat, Mandrake and Debian) contains: Apache, MySQL, PHP & PEAR, Perl, ProFTPD, phpMyAdmin, OpenSSL, GD, Freetype2, libjpeg, libpng, gdbm, zlib, expat, Sablotron, libxml, Ming, Webalizer, pdf class, ncurses, mod_perl, FreeTDS, gettext, mcrypt, mhash, eAccelerator, SQLite and IMAP C-Client.

Xampp for Windows The distribution for Windows 2000, 2003, XP, Vista, and 7. This version contains: Apache, MySQL, PHP + PEAR, Perl, mod_php, mod_perl, mod_ssl, OpenSSL, phpMyAdmin, Webalizer, Mercury Mail Transport System for Win32 and NetWare Systems v3.32, Ming, FileZilla FTP Server, mcrypt, eAccelerator, SQLite, and WEB-DAV + mod_auth_mysql.

Xampp for Windows

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 7


The distribution for Mac OS X contains: Apache, MySQL, PHP & PEAR, SQLite, Perl, ProFTPD, phpMyAdmin, OpenSSL, GD, Freetype2, libjpeg, libpng, zlib, Ming, Webalizer, mod_perl.

Xampp for Solaris The distribution for Solaris (developed and tested with Solaris 8, tested with Solaris 9) contains: Apache, MySQL, PHP & PEAR, Perl, ProFTPD, phpMyAdmin, OpenSSL, Freetype2, libjpeg, libpng, zlib, expat, Ming, Webalizer, pdf class.

2. MySQL ("My Sequel") is the world's most used open source relational database management system (RDBMS) as of 2008 that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases. It is named after co-founder Michael Widenius daughter, My. The SQL phrase stands for Structured Query Language. The MySQL development project has made its source code available under the terms of the GNU General Public License, as well as under a variety of proprietary agreements. MySQL was owned and sponsored by a single for-profit firm, the Swedish company MySQL AB, now owned by Oracle Corporation. MySQL is a popular choice of database for use in web applications, and is a central component of the widely used LAMP open source web application software stack (and other 'AMP' stacks). LAMP is an acronym for "Linux, Apache, MySQL, Perl/PHP/Python." Free-software-open source projects that require a full-featured database management system often use MySQL. For commercial use, several paid editions are available, and offer additional functionality. Applications which use MySQL databases include: TYPO3, Joomla, WordPress, phpBB, MyBB, Drupal and other software. MySQL is also used in many high-profile, large-scale World Wide Web products, including Wikipedia, Google(though not for searches), Facebook,Twitter,Flickr,Nokia.com, and YouTube.( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MySQL.

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 8

3.

Adobe Photoshop is a graphics editing program developed and published by Adobe Systems. Adobe's 2003 "Creative Suite" rebranding led to Adobe Photoshop 8's renaming to Adobe Photoshop CS. Thus, Adobe Photoshop CS6 is the 13th major release of Adobe Photoshop. The CS rebranding also resulted in Adobe offering numerous software packages containing multiple Adobe programs for a reduced price. Adobe Photoshop is released in two editions: Adobe Photoshop, and Adobe Photoshop Extended, with the Extended having extra 3D image creation, motion graphics editing, and advanced image analysis features.[5] Adobe Photoshop Extended is included in all of Adobe's Creative Suite offerings except Design Standard, which includes the Adobe Photoshop edition. Alongside Photoshop and Photoshop Extended, Adobe also publishes Photoshop Elements and Photoshop Light room, collectively called "The Adobe Photoshop Family". In 2008, Adobe released Adobe Photoshop Express, a free web-based image editing tool to edit photos directly on blogs and social networking sites; in 2011 a version was released for the Android operating system and the iOS operating system. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adobe_Photoshop)

4. Notepad++ is a free source code editor and Notepad replacement that supports several languages. Running in the MS Windows environment, its use is governed by GPL License.

Based on the powerful editing component Scintilla, Notepad++ is written in C++ and uses pure Win32

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 9


API and STL which ensures a higher execution speed and smaller program size. By optimizing as many routines as possible without losing user friendliness, Notepad++ is trying to reduce the world carbon dioxide emissions. When using less CPU power, the PC can throttle down and reduce power consumption, resulting in a greener environment. (http://notepad-plus-plus.org/)

2.2 Related Systems

1. Ateneo de Davao University. A lot of students, and parents, have been requesting this feature before so that grades and account balance can be inquired online. Thanks to the Ateneo

Webteam that they have fabricated this system that could make use of the finance and registrar records to integrate it with the existing web site. To access the Ateneo myAccount feature (http://www.addu.edu.ph), click on the Quick links drop down menu at the right panel of the Ateneo Homepage. It's so sad that they did not make it evident on the site's navigation. A lot of students are still not aware of this. For first time users who have not changed their password use your 5didgit Student ID for the student ID field and the long set of numbers (and letter) under your ID's barcode as your password

2. Online Grading System Mean no more Changing D's to B's. Parents and students in growing number of washington area schools can track fluctuations in a grade-point average from the nearest computer in real time, a ritual that can track become as addictive as watching political polls or a stock-market index. The proliferation of online grading systems has transformed relations among teachers, parents and students and changed the rhythm of the school year. Internet based programs including SchoolMAX and Edulink are punching midterm progress reports into obsolescence. Prospective failure is no longer a bombshell dropped in a parentteacher conference. A bad grade on a test can't be concealed by discarding the evidence. A

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 10


student can log on at school, or a parent at work, to see the immediate impact of a missed assignment on the cumulative grade or to calculate what score on the next quiz might raise an 89.5 to a 90. Report cards hold little surprise. Half of the time, I know what grade my daughter got on something before she does. said Susan Young, mother of an eight-grader at Montgomery Village Middle School in Montgomery Country

3. High mark for MIT's new online grading system. As the end of the semester approaches, participants in the MIT Online Grading pilot will find the process of submitting final grades less stressful. The new online grading system replaces a predominantly paper-based process with a more flexible and streamlined process.

4. Online Grading Systems I am always fascinated by the different uses of computers in schools these days. Online grading systems are a perfect example of how technology can help parents and students stay connected with teachers, grades, and class assignments. My two daughters attend different schools, and although each institution utilizes their online systems uniquely, both are useful to me as a parent. It wasn't always clear to me how this technology would be beneficial, but now I see the pros and cons of what will likely become the standard in the academic world.

Arielle's school posts every grade to every assignment, making it easy to periodically check that she is keeping up with her school work. When she started middle school, this was more of an issue. Now Arielle appears to be on "auto pilot" and tracking of her progress in terms of numerical grades is less of a concern. However, when procrastination rears its' ugly head, a quick view of her individualized online calendar allows us the much needed framework to help her prioritize and organize.

Colette's school does not post any individual grades, but her teachers submit periodic "progress notes" throughout the year, approximately once every nine weeks. This brief summary includes a

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 11


numerical grade to reflect her current course "average," but more importantly, it describes how she is doing in terms of effort, organization, and class participation. Where the online system at Colette's school proves most helpful to our family, is the detailed weekly calendar of in-class assignments and homework, as well as upcoming quiz' and tests. (Almost) Every Sunday night, Colette goes online and transfers each class' assignment sheet onto what we affectionately call "The Weekly Grid," a Microsoft Word document we have created that is easy to read and follow throughout the week. Since this is Colette's first year juggling 8 classes, this is a work in progress. Sometimes I assist, and I admit, sometimes I am doing the work on my own if we have left this task to the last minute and I want Colette to get to sleep. You know that procrastination is genetic!

Online grading systems may allow immediate access to grades, and often have user friendly features to send email directly to teachers and receive quick feedback on student progress. Teachers can upload their PowerPoint presentations to the site and sometimes allow kids to print off missed class assignments and homework sheets. The drawbacks that I have noticed are my being less likely to arrange face to face meetings with teachers and my lack of knowledge to all the options available online. While I still don't believe that I am completely up to speed on this technology, I am glad to have invested the time to learn as much as I have, so that I can continue to be an informed parent.

5. Ateneo Launches 'ExSite' First it was the Students Grade Viewing System (SGVS) where students can easily view their grades online; now, the Ateneo Web Team had already made the ExSite Community Portal available for students. It can be found at http://exsite.adnu.edu.ph. ExSite is Ateneo Communitys website which displays university announcements, members information, memoranda, events, and other important matters. In this site, students can instantly view their grades, subject offerings, account status and view if they still have back accounts. Registration One must register first to have an account in ExSite. Pertinent information like the students ID

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 12


number, name, birth date, and the email address and password (to be used to login to the portal) must be provided. After successfully signing up, the student must check his/her email account for the verification email sent by the system. Once verified and activated, the student can now login the ExSite and utilize the services offered by the system. Note, however, that this system is still in beta phase, and the grades and account features are still to be improved. The pros Before, the ExSite was available only to the University employees. Recently it has been upgraded to cater both the employees and the students. A similar system for students has been in place for a few years now, the online grade viewing system, the SGVS. The advantage of this system for students is that it integrates features and functions of the University Registrar and the Treasurers Office through an online system that can be accessed by any device that has an internet connection. Another advantage is on the subject offerings section it is categorized by department so it is easier to find a specific subject than scanning through the ones posted on bulletin boards. Furthermore, it is made convenient for students that theyre just one click away from viewing their grades, subject offerings and account status. The system can be accessed online so it is both easier and more convenient for the Ateneo community. Disadvantages Going online nowadays poses risks for websites and business as hackers grow ever fiercer. This poses risk for this kind of system the University has. Not to mention that when too many users connect on the web simultaneously, one or more may receive errors. Updating and synchronizing may also create problems with this system. During the first day of the

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 13


Second Semester enrolment, the Subject Offerings section went down during the first few hours of the enrolment; thus, this posed problems for students who preferred to view the offered subjects online. Though this system is still in beta or testing phase, more features may be added in the future and problems that the system faced during its first days of implementation may be fixed and improved over time.

Chapter 3 Economic Feasibility

Fishbone

Environment

Materials

Methods

Loss record Poor accuracy Poor accessibility

Poor security Lot of paper works

Manpower

Machines

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 14


Schedule Feasibility 1st Semester 1. Group Meeting 2. Brain Storming 3. Submission of Proposal 4. Designing of System 5. Program Coding 6. Proposal Defense June July August September October 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

2nd Semester 1. Group Meeting 2. Brain Storming 3. Submission of Proposal 4. Designing of System 5. Program Coding 6. Proposal Defense

November December January Febuary March 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

Economic Feasibility Price Description Quantity Unit Price Total Price Remarks

A. Hardware A1. Personal Computer 1 28000 28000 Available A2. Router 1 6000 6000 Available A3. Switch 1 1300 1300 Available A4. Straight-Thru UTP Cable 1 95 95 Available B. Software B1. OS Windows Xp 1 6500 6500 Available B2. Xampp 1 800 800 Available B3. Adobe Photoshop CS4 1 4000 4000 Available C. Miscellaneous C1. Transportation 4 Person 400 1600 Paid C2. Reaserch Fee 4 Person 300 1200 Paid C3. Printing Fee 300 300 Paid C4. Food Allowance 4 Person 500 2000 Paid Total Cost of Development Paid Services & Materials = Php 5,100.00

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 15

Grade Reports

Criteria of grades Adding of students Adding of students Adding of sections Adding of subject Adding of schedule for teacher

Receive Form 138

Input Grades

Grade Report

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 16 Chapter 4 PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA This chapter discusses the presentation, analysis and interpretation of data gathered and used for this study. This part contains system evaluators profile and the level of system effectiveness as perceived by the evaluators. Evaluators Profile The proponents selected thirty-five (35) respondents of different professions to evaluate the project and its level of effectiveness. This part contains representation of the age, gender and professions of the evaluators. a. Age The age of the respondents are presented below.

Age
Age 11-15 3%

Age 26-30 17% Age 21-25 9%

Age 16-20 71%

Figure 1 The Percentage and the Frequency Count of Evaluators Age Figure 1 shows that the evaluators profile in terms of age. Most of the respondents are 16 - 20 yrs. old (71 %, 25), while others belong to 26 - 30 yrs. old, 21 - 25 yrs. old, 11 - 15 yrs. old respectively. Therefore, majority of the respondents are young professionals.

b. Gender Gender refers to the range of characteristics used to distinguish males and females.

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 17

Gender

Female 34%

Male 66%

The Percentage and the Frequency Count of Evaluators Gender Shows the evaluators profile in terms of gender. The majority of the respondents were male which made up of 66% of the responses, while the female responses made up the remaining 34%.

Profession
Programmer 11% System Analyst 6% Web Developer 9%

Students 74%

The Percentage and the Frequency Count of Evaluators Profession shows that majority of thirty-five (35) respondents are Students (74%, 26). This means

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 18 that the most of the respondents are student and teachers who is the recipient of the project; the least number of respondents are system (6%, 2).

Systems Effectiveness Accuracy This refers to the state of being accurate; freedom from mistakes, this exemption arising from carefulness; exact conformity to truth; precision and correctness of the software project. The level of systems accuracy is presented on Table which has four (4) questions measuring the level. The Means and Standard Deviation of the Systems Accuracy Accuracy 1. The system is capable to do correct and accurate loan calculations (if needed). 2. The system is error-free. 3. The system generates the correct loan output in all types of reports. 4. The overall system satisfied the Online Grading System Average: Legend: Range 4.5 - 5.0 3.5 - 4.49 2.5 - 3.49 1.5 - 2.49 1.0 - 1.49 Equivalent Interpretation Strongly Agree Strongly Acceptable Agree Acceptable Slightly Agree Slightly Acceptable Disagree Unacceptable Strongly Disagree Strongly Unacceptable Mean 3.83 3.37 3.49 3.71 3.6 SD 0.62 0.60 0.70 0.57 0.62 Interpretation Acceptable Slightly Acceptable Slightly Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 19 shows the level of systems effectiveness in terms of accuracy obtaining 3.6 as grand mean. Therefore, it is acceptable. The thirty-five (35) respondents gave a heterogeneous response, from which it obtained a 0.62 grand standard deviation with respect to mean.

Efficiency This refers to the quality or degree of being efficient or producing an effect or effects of the software project. The level of systems efficiency is presented on Table which has five (5) questions measuring the level. The Means and Standard Deviation of the Systems Efficiency Efficiency The system produces consistent and correct result in fast response time. The system uses efficient input needed data. The system produces efficient output needed data. The system has efficient backup. The system immediately displays the available data for the user. Average: Legend: Range 4.5 - 5.0 3.5 - 4.49 2.5 - 3.49 1.5 - 2.49 1.0 - 1.49 Equivalent Interpretation Strongly Agree Strongly Acceptable Agree Acceptable Slightly Agree Slightly Acceptable Disagree Unacceptable Strongly Disagree Strongly Unacceptable Mean 3.49 3.46 3.40 3.51 3.51 3.47 SD 0.74 0.61 0.74 0.61 0.82 0.7 Interpretation Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable Unacceptable Acceptable Slightly Acceptable

5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

shows the level of systems effectiveness in terms of efficiency obtaining 3.47 as grand mean. Therefore, it is slightly acceptable . The thirty-five (35) respondents gave a heterogeneous response, from which it obtained a 0.7 grand standard deviation with respect to mean. Reliability This refers to the state or quality of being dependable or reliable of the software project.

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 20 The level of systems reliability is presented on Table which has three (3) questions measuring the level.

The Means and Standard Deviation of the Systems Reliability Reliability 10. The system procedure was based on manual procedure. 11. The system provides the actual Information of system. 12. The system is capable of producing backup copies of all types of data. Average: Legend: Range 4.5 - 5.0 3.5 - 4.49 2.5 - 3.49 1.5 - 2.49 1.0 - 1.49 Equivalent Interpretation Strongly Agree Strongly Acceptable Agree Acceptable Slightly Agree Slightly Acceptable Disagree Unacceptable Strongly Disagree Strongly Unacceptable Mean 3.43 3.49 3.77 3.56 SD 0.74 0.66 0.73 0.71 Acceptable Interpretation Slightly Acceptable Slightly Acceptable Acceptable

shows the level of systems effectiveness in terms of Reliability obtaining 3.56 as grand mean. Therefore, it is acceptable. The thirty-five (35) respondents gave a heterogeneous response, from which it obtained a 0.71 grand standard deviation with respect to mean.

Security This refers to the degree of protection against danger, damage, loss and crime of the software project. The project should manifest safeness and protection on its overall function. The level of systems security is presented on Table which has three (3) questions measuring the level. The Means and Standard Deviation of the Systems Security Security 13. The system has a security password to prevent unauthorized access of data. 14. The system secures important data that only the administrator account can access (disabling menu/s etc.) Mean 3.91 3.77 SD 0.89 0.73 Interpretation Slightly Acceptable Acceptable

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 21 15. The system manifests protection on its entire content and structure. Average: Legend: Range 4.5 - 5.0 3.5 - 4.49 2.5 - 3.49 1.5 - 2.49 1.0 - 1.49 Equivalent Interpretation Strongly Agree Strongly Acceptable Agree Acceptable Slightly Agree Slightly Acceptable Disagree Unacceptable Strongly Disagree Strongly Unacceptable 3.74 3.81 0.70 0.77 Acceptable Acceptable

shows the level of systems effectiveness in terms of security obtaining 3.81 as grand mean. Therefore, it is acceptable. The thirty-five (35) respondents gave a heterogeneous response, from which it obtained a 0.77 grand standard deviation with respect to mean. User-friendliness This refers to the easy to learn, use, understand, and deal with of a software project. The level of systems User-friendliness is presented on Table which has five (5) questions measuring the level.

The Means and Standard Deviation of the Systems User-friendliness User-friendliness 16. The over-all design of the loan system is suited to the knowledge level of the users (satisfactory user-interface). 17. The system gives positive or understandable remarks. 18. The system provides Help menu 19. The Grading systems report and other output is easy to understand. 20. The system provides adequate feedback/message boxes. Average: Mean 3.74 SD 0.66 Interpretation Acceptable 3.60 3.57 3.74 3.57 3.58 0.55 0.81 0.61 0.88 0.85 Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable

Legend: Range 4.5 - 5.0 3.5 - 4.49 Equivalent Strongly Agree Agree Interpretation Strongly Acceptable Acceptable

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 22 2.5 - 3.49 1.5 - 2.49 1.0 - 1.49 Slightly Agree Disagree Strongly Disagree Slightly Acceptable Unacceptable Strongly Unacceptable

shows the level of systems effectiveness in terms of user-friendliness obtaining 3.58 as grand mean. Therefore, it is acceptable. The thirty-five (35) respondents gave a

heterogeneous response, from which it obtained a 0.85 grand standard deviation with respect to mean.

Flexibility This refers to the ability of the software project to change easily in response to different user and system requirements. The level of systems flexibility is presented on Table which has three (3) questions measuring the level.

The Means and Standard Deviation of the Systems Flexibility

Flexibility 21. The system has an option for Input changes (e.g. percent of grade etc.). 22. The system has an option for Output needed (e.g. cancelling form, print out report by section or by students.) 23. The system conceptual design can be changed its scope, over-all architecture and relationship to other systems. Average: Legend: Range 4.5 - 5.0 3.5 - 4.49 2.5 - 3.49 1.5 - 2.49 1.0 - 1.49

Mean 3.43 3.74

SD 0.70 0.66

Interpretation Slightly Acceptable Acceptable

3.57

0.65

Acceptable

3.66

0.67

Acceptable

Equivalent Interpretation Strongly Agree Strongly Acceptable Agree Acceptable Slightly Agree Slightly Acceptable Disagree Unacceptable Strongly Disagree Strongly Unacceptable

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 23 shows the level of systems effectiveness in terms of user-friendliness obtaining 3.66 as grand mean. Therefore, it is acceptable. The thirty-five (35) respondents gave a

heterogeneous response, from which it obtained a 0.67 grand standard deviation with respect to mean.

Validity This refers to state or quality of being valid of the software project. The level of systems validity is presented on Table which has three (3) questions measuring the level. The Means and Standard Deviation of the Systems Validity Validity 24. The system Input data meets the true and actual procedure on Grading System 25. The system Process data meets the true and actual procedure on Grading System. 26. The system Output data meets the true and actual procedure on Grading System. Average: Legend: Range 4.5 - 5.0 3.5 - 4.49 2.5 - 3.49 1.5 - 2.49 1.0 - 1.49 Equivalent Interpretation Strongly Agree Strongly Acceptable Agree Acceptable Slightly Agree Slightly Acceptable Disagree Unacceptable Strongly Disagree Strongly Unacceptable Mean 3.74 3.66 3.69 3.70 SD 0.59 0.64 0.58 0.6 Interpretation Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable

shows the level of systems effectiveness in terms of validity obtaining 3.70 as grand mean. Therefore, it is acceptable. The thirty-five (35) respondents gave a heterogeneous response, from which it obtained a 0.6 grand standard deviation with respect to mean. Level of Systems Effectiveness 1. Accuracy

Mean 3.6

SD 0.62

Interpretation Acceptable

Rank 5

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 24 2. Efficiency 3. Reliability 4. Security 5. User-Friendliness 6. Flexibility 7. Validity 3.47 3.77 3.81 3.58 3.66 3.7 3.66 Grand Mean and SD 0.7 0.73 0.77 0.85 0.67 0.6 0.7 Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable 7 2 1 6 4 3

shows that the overall finding in systems level of effectiveness is acceptable with a grand mean of 3.66. The security ranked first (x=3.81), second is reliability (x=3.77), third is validity (x=3.7), fourth is flexibility (x=3.66), fifth is accuracy (x=3.6), sixth is user-friendliness (x=3.58) and lastly is the level of efficiency (x=3.47). Overall, the evaluators gave a heterogeneous response based on 0.7 grand standard deviation with respect to mean.

Chapter 5 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION This Chapter discusses the summary of findings and recommendations as derived from the software project evaluation conducted by the researchers. The findings are stated in paragraph form. The recommendations are suggestions and opinions of view gathered from the respondents, examined by the researchers and accordingly stated. This will serve as guidelines for improvements of the system.

A. Summary of Findings The following is the summary of the data resulting from the evaluation survey.

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 25 1. Out of thirty five (35) respondents who evaluated the project, 16-20 years old (71%) made up the majority in terms of age, and males (66%) compromised the majority in terms of gender, while in profession (74%) the students made up the majority of the respondents. 2. Over-all, the Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school Online Grading Systems effectiveness obtained an acceptable interpretation with a grand mean of 3.66. The security obtained (x=3.81) which is interpreted as acceptable, reliability obtained (x=3.77) which is interpreted as acceptable, validity obtained (x=3.7) which is interpreted as slightly acceptable, flexibility obtained (x=3.66) which is interpreted as slightly acceptable, accuracy obtained (x=3.6) which is interpreted as acceptable, user-friendliness obtained (x=3.58) which is interpreted as acceptable and lastly is the level of efficiency which obtained (x=3.47) and interpreted as slightly acceptable. The evaluators gave a heterogeneous response with a grand standard deviation 0.7 with respect to mean.

B. Recommendations Included in this part are the recommendations, suggestions and opinions of the developers for the improvement of the project. These can be used for further improvement and revision of the project. The following are the developers recommendations: 1. Make the reports accurate. Based on the findings of the level of effectiveness in terms of accuracy, which obtained a mean of (x=3.6), it is recommended that the system should be tested in an actual workplace where the users can examine the accuracy of the system.

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 26 2. Improve the security. Based on the findings of the level of effectiveness in terms of security, which obtained a mean of (x=3.81), it is recommended that the system should provide more secured in terms of user levels. 3. Provide backup for unexpected error. Based on the findings of the level of effectiveness in terms of reliability, which obtained a mean of (x=3.77), it is recommended that the system should provide a backup for the system in case of data loss and corruption on the database of the system. 4. Improve the design. Based on the findings of the level of effectiveness in terms of user-friendliness, which obtained a mean of (x=3.58), it is recommended that the system should change to the design that would suit its users. 5. Improve the help menu. Based on the findings of the level of effectiveness in terms of user-friendliness, which obtained a mean of (x=3.58), it is recommended that the system should have a help for reference in case the users need help with the system. 6. Make the system compatible w/ another sub system. Based on the findings of the level of effectiveness in terms of flexibility, which obtained a mean of (x=3.7), it is recommended that the system should be able to connect to another system like enrolment system.

Lyceum of the Philippines University High-school On-line Grading System 27