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1994 by Alexander H.

Slocum

Aesops1 Surface Self Compensated Profile

The HydroSpindleTM

Very high accuracy, very low spindle error motions (submicron). High stiffness and load capacity. No wear, potentially infinite life. Self cleaning bearing surfaces. High damping: excellent vibration and shock resistance. Patented shaft-surface groove geometry eliminates cavitation and minimizes turbulence.

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1994 by Alexander H. Slocum

Belt-Driven Grinding Spindle

Shaft Diameter Fluid Supply Pressure Clearance on Radius Radial Stiffness at the Wheel Axial Stiffness Measured Dynamic Run-Out Shaft Speed (rpm) 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 Shear Power (kW) 0 0.3 1.5 3.7 7.0

3.5 inches Coolant 600 psig 0.0008 1.3 lbf/min 2.1 lbf/min 14 min Front Bearing Temp Rise (C) 1.0 1.5 3.4 6.7 11.5

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1994 by Alexander H. Slocum

Integral Motor-Driven Milling Spindle

Spindle Characteristics Fluid Maximum Operating Speed Tool Holder Shaft Diameter on Radial Bearings Thrust Bearing Outer Diameter Radial Bearing Clearance Thrust Bearing Clearance Supply Pressure Radial Bearing Temp. Rise @ 50,000 rpm Thrust Bearing Temp. Rise @ 50,000 rpm Total Bearing Drag @ 50,000 rpm Total Bearing Drag @ 40,000 rpm Total Bearing Drag @ 50,000 rpm Radial Stiffness at front spindle face Axial Stiffness Coolant 50,000 rpm HSK-A 40 45 mm 56 mm 0.0008 on radius 0.0007 per side 1000 psig 17C 8C 4.5 kW 9.5 kW 17.5 kW 1.4 lb/min 2.0 lb/min

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1994 by Alexander H. Slocum

Spin-Off Application: TurboToolTM2

Advantages:
Higher speed enabled. Tool holder eliminated. Reduced cost of machine crashes. Higher machining accuracies achievable. Spindle thermal sensitivity and thermal errors greatly diminished. Through-tool cooling is possible. Reduced tool chatter and increased depth of cut are expected. Higher Acc/Dec rates enabled because the spindle is light. High speeds and powers are possible that are not otherwise achievable.

Disadvantages:
Fluid supply system is expensive ($90k - $130k for a 100,000 rpm, 100 kW system). Overall power delivery system is not as efficient as an electric motor drive. Reduced speed control (if valve system is not used). Bulky hoses if low pressure, high flow rate system is used.

U.S. Patent awarded, number not assigned yet. Other patents pending.

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1994 by Alexander H. Slocum

Power Capability of the TurboToolTM

Tool is 25 mm diameter, 100 mm long. 100 kW of net machining power available at 100,000 rpm.

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