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AutoCAD® Self-paced Learning Modules

AutoCAD 2D
eBook

The CAD Guys Publications

For AutoCAD 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012 AutoCAD LT 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012 ISBN 0-9734485-0-4

AutoCAD® Self-paced Learning Modules
The CAD Guys Publications

AutoCAD 2D eBook
Copyright © 1993-2011 The CAD Guys Ltd.
Revision No. 2011-11 All rights reserved. No parts of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical , photocopying, recorded, or otherwise, without prior permission of the authors. The author and publisher have taken care in the publication of this book, but make no expressed or implied warranty of any kind or assume no responsibility for errors or omissions. No liability is assumed for incidental or consequential damages in connection with or arising out of the use of the information contained herein. Publisher: The CAD Guys Ltd Internet: www.thecadguys.com Phone: (403) 257-4289 Fax: (403) 257-4289 Email: thecadguys@gmail.com

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Revision
May 13, 2011 (11:11am)

AutoCAD ® Self-paced Learning Modules

AutoCAD 2D
Content Module Contents and Learning Outcomes
Cover AutoCAD 2D Using the AutoCAD Modules

Module Introduction 1

1 List the software and files required to complete the AutoCAD 2D Modules. 2 Describe the AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules philosophy and explain how to read and use the modules to learn how to apply the AutoCAD commands and features to draw 2D drawings.
Module Introduction 2 Configuring the AutoCAD Software

3

Configure the AutoCAD software used to complete the AutoCAD 2D Modules.
AutoCAD's User Interface

Module 1

4 Describe and configure AutoCAD's Interface including the Graphic window, graphic cursor, status bar, model and layout tabs, command line window, pull-down and toolbar menus, use of the mouse and the Text window.
Module 2 Getting Started

5 Describe a drawing, a drawing template, drawing names and drawing file extensions. 6 Apply the commands NEW, QSAVE, OPEN, SAVEAS and CLOSE to start a new drawing, name and save the current drawing into a specified folder, open a filed drawing, save the current drawing with a different name and close a drawing. 7 Describe an AutoCAD command including option prompts and defaults. 8 Describe how to execute, repeat and abort commands.
Module 3 Checking the Accuracy of Drawings

9

Describe how lab exercise drawings in the AutoCAD 2D Modules are checked for accuracy.
Drawing Lines Using Cartesian Coordinates

Module 4

10 Describe the Cartesian Coordinate System using absolute and relative coordinates. 11 Apply the LINE command to draw lines using the Cartesian Coordinate System with both absolute and relative coordinates.
Module 5 Layers

12 Describe AutoCAD's layering system 13 Apply the LAYER command to create, toggle on/off, thaw/freeze, lock/unlock, select color and set the current layer for the active drawing.

Contents and Learning Outcomes

The CAD Guys Ltd. Copyright © 1993 - 2011

Content Module

Contents and Learning Outcomes The CAD Guys Ltd. circle. 27 Apply the LINE command using the tangent object snap mode to draw lines tangent to arcs and circles. and a crossing window.Revised 2011-05-13 Module 6 Competency Test No. 16 Apply the CIRCLE and ARC commands to draw circles and arcs. 2 24 Within a one hour time limit.2011 Content Module . 30 Apply the PROPERTIES and LTSCALE commands to display and edit properties of drawing objects and set the linetype scale of objects. linetype scale. Module 10 Drawing Lines Using Polar Coordinates 21 Describe the geometry of an angle. drawing extents. 23 Apply the LINE command to draw lines using the Polar Coordinate System. Module 9 Controlling the Drawing 19 Describe drawing limits. complete a written exam and a lab exercise without the aid of a key. and how to select objects using a pick. manual object snap modes. Module 7 Circles and Arcs 15 Describe a circle and an arc and their characteristics. 1 14 Within a one hour time limit. PAN. enable and disable object snap and use object snap to complete drawings.AutoCAD 2D . Module 12 Fillets 25 Describe tangency and fillets.2 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Module 11 Competency Test No. REGEN. linetype. drawing scale and drawing units. complete a written exam and a lab exercise without the aid of a key. Copyright © 1993 . 22 Describe the Polar Coordinate System. and the object snap modes for a line. Module 13 Object Properties 28 Describe object properties. AutoSnap. 26 Apply the FILLET command to construct tangent arcs. Module 8 Object Snap 17 Describe object snap. a window. and an arc. 29 Describe how to assign and edit linetypes ByLayer and set the linetype scale.Content . 20 Apply the commands ZOOM. and VIEWRES to control the drawing. 18 Apply the OSNAP command to set the object snap modes for AutoSnap.

42 Fill out titleblocks in paper space using the AutoCAD 2D Modules Standards. and MEASURE commands.AutoCAD 2D . and DDEDIT commands to format. PASTECLIP. Module 18 Layout . Module 20 Moving and Copying 41 Apply the MOVE. Copyright © 1993 . 33 Apply the ID command to establish temporary reference locations Module 16 Competency Test No. Module 22 Mirroring and Rotating 44 Apply the MIRROR and the ROTATE commands to mirror and rotate objects.2011 Content Module . COPY. Module 15 Offsetting Objects 32 Apply the OFFSET command to insert objects parallel to existing objects. model and paper. 3 34 Within a two hour time limit. Module 21 Competency Test No. POINT. scale and lock them. Module 23 Arraying 46 Apply the ARRAY command to array objects in polar or rectangular patterns. Module 19 Text . insert and edit text. 45 Apply the MIRRTEXT system variable. Contents and Learning Outcomes The CAD Guys Ltd.3 Module 14 Trimming and Extending 31 Apply the TRIM and EXTEND commands to shorten and lengthen objects at selected cutting edges. make inquiries about drawing objects and measure distances. DIVIDE. text style and text justification. complete a written exam and a lab exercise without the aid of a key. Module 17 Inquiry and Measurement 35 Apply the UNITS.Revised 2011-05-13 Content . 38 Describe viewports and explain how to create.Part 1 39 Describe single line text. DTEXT. 4 43 Within a two hour time limit.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . edit. and how to use them in an AutoCAD drawing. complete a written exam and a lab exercise without the aid of a key. 36 Apply the ORTHO. COPYCLIP. and COPYBASE commands to move and copy objects in the current drawing plus copy objects from one drawing to another. 40 Apply the STYLE. DIST and PROPERTIES commands to set the display units.Part 1 37 Describe the working spaces.

Module 30 Regular Polygons 60 Describe a regular polygon and the methods used to construct them. EXPLODE and BOUNDARY commands. the glass box principle. DONUT. Contents and Learning Outcomes The CAD Guys Ltd.AutoCAD 2D . Module 29 Polylines 57 Describe a polyline. Module 25 Text . Module 28 Grids and Snap 55 Describe grids and snap and how they are used in a drawing. QTEXT and SPELL commands. Apply the MTEXT. and hatching in sectional views.Content .6 62 Within a two hour time limit. Describe special text characters and the use of control codes.Revised 2011-05-13 Module 24 Scaling and Stretching 47 Apply the STRETCH and SCALE commands to change the size and shape of existing objects by stretching or scaling them. 54 From a 3D pictorial of an object. edit and explode mtext. Module 27 Multiview Drawings 53 Describe a multiview drawing. RECTANGLE.Part 2 48 49 50 51 Describe a mtext object and explain how to create. Module 32 Hatching 63 Explain sectional views.2011 Content Module . Copyright © 1993 . 58 Explain how to create. object lines and hidden lines. 61 Apply the POLYGON. complete a written exam and a lab exercise without the aid of a key. FILL. Module 31 Competency Test No. sections. PEDIT. draw a multiview drawing using the three standard views. 64 Apply the BHATCH and HATCHEDIT commands to insert and edit crosshatching patterns.4 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . close and edit a polyline. ELLIPSE and AREA commands. 59 Apply the PLINE. Module 26 Competency Test No. the three standard views. 56 Apply the commands GRID and SNAP.5 52 Within a three hour time limit. Describe and compare shape and true type text fonts and their characteristics. complete a written exam and a lab exercise without the aid of a key.

76 Apply the commands BREAK and DIMCENTER to draw center lines. Module 38 Dimensioning . Module 40 Layouts .Part 1 73 Define the 11 basic dimensioning terms.Revised 2011-05-13 Content . DIMRADIUS and QLEADER commands to dimension a drawing. 78 Apply the DIMLINEAR.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . DIMANGULAR. Module 41 Competency Test No. 71 Apply the XREF command.AutoCAD 2D .Part 2 81 Describe lineweights and their use in a plotted drawing. PURGE and RENAME commands. Module 39 DesignCenter 79 Describe how DesignCenter can be used to increase drawing productivity. Module 34 Drawing Utilities 68 Explain drawing and file maintenance to help manage and control AutoCAD drawing files. 82 Describe and apply the object and color methods of assigning lineweights in a drawing.2011 Content Module . complete a written exam and the lab exercise without the aid of a key. 80 Apply the command ADCENTER. 74 Describe the properties of associative and exploded dimensions. DIMALIGNED. Copyright © 1993 . 75 Apply the DIMASSOC and DIMSTYLE commands to control and modify the appearance of dimensions.5 Module 33 Blocks 65 Describe a block and explain how blocks are stored and inserted in a drawing file. Module 37 Dimensioning . DIMDIAMETER. Index Contents and Learning Outcomes The CAD Guys Ltd.Part 2 77 Describe the six basic dimensioning types. 67 Apply the BLOCK and INSERT commands. Module 35 Reference Files 70 Describe reference files and explain how they are used in an AutoCAD drawing. 66 Describe how blocks work with layers. Module 36 Competency Test No. 8 83 Within a two hour time limit. 7 72 Within a three hour time limit. 69 Apply the TIME. complete a written exam and the lab exercise without the aid of a key.

Suggested Perquisites To get the most from these modules. No two students learn at the same pace. rename and delete files using Windows Explorer. The AutoCAD 2D Modules The AutoCAD 2D Modules were written in a very logical step-by-step order. 2011 and 2012 as well as AutoCAD LT 2007. on your hard disk drive. Files Required for the AutoCAD 2D Modules To complete the lab exercises in this E-Book. AutoCAD 2D.2011 Module Introduction 1 . it is suggested that you have a working knowledge of the Windows operating system that is installed on the computer you are using to complete the AutoCAD 2D Modules. AutoCAD 2D Advanced. Scope of the AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules The AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules are written in five parts.AutoCAD ® Self-paced Learning Modules AutoCAD 2D Module Introduction 1 Using the AutoCAD 2D Modules Learning Outcomes When you have completed this module. Module 2 will teach you how to use them. 2008. therefore the modules were written as competency-based bite-size pieces to allow each user to work at their own pace. 2009. They can be used in correspondence. The AutoCAD Software Required The AutoCAD 2D Modules were written to be used with AutoCAD 2007. Using the AutoCAD 2D Modules The CAD Guys Ltd. online and instructor-lead classes or by individuals teaching themselves to use AutoCAD in their own home or office. you will be able to: 1 List the software and files required to complete the AutoCAD 2D Modules. Copyright © 1993 . You must have access to one of these software packages installed on your computer to complete the lab exercises in the AutoCAD 2D Modules. 2011 and 2012. that accompany it. AutoCAD 3D. 2008. you must have the four template files. 2010. 2 Describe the AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules philosophy and explain how to read and use the modules to learn how to apply the AutoCAD commands and features to draw 2D drawings. copy. Philosophy of the AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules The AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules were written as a tool to guide and teach you to master AutoCAD. Read and follow the information below to get the most from these modules. AutoCAD 3D Advanced and AutoLISP. 2009. 2010. You must have at least the ability to create folders plus move.

Do not skim through the modules. should you go to the next module. Do not go on until you fully understand it. Do not jump around inside the module or from module to module.AutoCAD 2D .) The function key F3 toggles the AutoSnap feature off and on. it is here for an example only. in the specified time limit. On the object shown on the right. If you cannot understand any one of them. To ensure that you understand it. Read each page and ensure that you understand everything in each module. it is here for an example only. They are there to help you work smarter. Study them and try to use the tips while doing the labs exercises. User Tips. tricks and ways to use commands that will help you draw faster and increase your productivity. Each module may contain Must Know's.2 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .Introduction 1 . You must understand and retain each one of these principles as you work your way through the modules. page by page. Although there are other ways to do this. For example: (Do not attempt to understand this must know now. there are two correct ways to draw the last line.2011 Module Introduction 1 .) It is important when inserting the final line of a series of lines to ensure your drawing is 100% accurate. Workalongs. 1. not harder.The absolute coordinate 1. As you work your way through each module. Must Know's Most modules contain user must know's. Using AutoCAD is a never ending learning process and you will continue learning long after completing these modules. Lessons. Only when you understand everything in the module and can complete the lab exercises.Revised 2011-05-13 The Modules The modules are written in a precise order and contain the information that you require to learn AutoCAD 2D. For example: (Do not attempt tp learn this user tip now. User Tips User tips are in the modules to help you complete drawings faster and more efficiently. try to get into the habit of using F3 as it will greatly improve your drawing speed. C (to close) or 2. read back through the module. complete the lab exercises to prove it. Key Principles and Lab Exercises. Copyright © 1993 .75.4 The relative coordinate should never be used since you can't be positive it will locate the end of the line at the exact location as the start point. Work your way methodically through each module. They contain tips. Using the AutoCAD 2D Modules The CAD Guys Ltd. learn and try to understand all the information it contains.

Copyright © 1993 . This will prepare you so that when you are completing the drawings in the lab exercises. the line will be inclined.AutoCAD 2D .) Using the LINE Command Workalong and complete the steps below.2011 Module Introduction 1 .) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-1. it is here for an example only. Command: LINE Specify first point: 1.) Specify next point or [Undo]: @0. you should be able to complete them without any assistance. For example: (Do not attempt this workalong now.) Command: Completed Drawing Using the AutoCAD 2D Modules The CAD Guys Ltd. Completing the workalongs in this manner will help you understand how the commands being taught in that module work by actually using them in AutoCAD.0 (Then change to relative coordinates.5.) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @0. the italics are the author's comments and all the rest are AutoCAD prompts.Revised 2011-05-13 Introduction 1 .1. Step 3 Enter the commands below to draw the object shown. Step 2 Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Workalong 04-1 and unless otherwise instructed.) Specify next point or [Undo]: @5. tutorial style.3 Workalongs A workalong is an exercise that is completed by the user by working along with the modules. to complete a drawing using AutoCAD. then X and Y.75. start a new drawing using the template 2D English. It must be an X then Y with a comma between them.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .1 (When both the X and Y coordinates have a value other then zero. Step 1 Using the NEW command.75. Note the @ first.4 to close the last line and return to the first point.4 (Always start with an absolute coordinate.5.0 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: C You can use a C or 1.0 (A negative coordinate is used since the line is going in the negative X direction.2 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-2. Keep in mind that you enter what is bolded. save it in the folder: CAD Courses/AutoCAD 2D/Lab Exercises.5 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-1.

Study the drawings below for a complete description of the characteristics of a circle.Introduction 1 . They are included to teach students who do not have any previous drafting/design knowledge or experience. If you do not know it. Figure 7-1 Circle Geometry Using the AutoCAD 2D Modules The CAD Guys Ltd.AutoCAD 2D . If you already know the theory in the lesson. study it.4 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .) Geometry Lesson Circles A circle is defined as a closed curve in which all points are the same distance from its center point. These lessons are not part of the course and you will not be tested on them. it is here for an example only. knowing the theory taught in them will help you complete the lab exercises. skip it and go on to the next topic in the module. Copyright © 1993 . They may also be handy for drafters or designers who need a refresher lesson.2011 Module Introduction 1 . The center point is a single XY coordinate. However.Revised 2011-05-13 Geometry and Drafting Lessons Some modules contain drafting and/or geometry lessons. For example: (Do not attempt to learn this geometry lesson now.

3 To delete existing objects on a drawing.5 Key Principles Each module contains a list of key principles. redo the entire lab exercise.2011 Module Introduction 1 . Checking the Accuracy of Your Drawings Almost all lab exercises will have a key provided that you can use to check your drawing for accuracy. Competency Tests Every fifth module is a timed competency test module. To complete the lab exercise in the specified time limit. If you cannot do this in the time allowed. It is your way of proving that you have mastered the module.AutoCAD 2D . You will be taught how to do this in Module 3. Almost all modules contain at least two lab exercises. If necessary. however. it is here for an example only. that you complete all lab exercises in each module. The key principles are principles that you should have learned and understand in that module. Lab Exercises All lab exercises have a time limit allocated to them. It is strongly suggested. 4 Objects can either be selected before or after the command is entered. only complete the first lab exercise in each module. A competency test module has multiple choice questions and a comprehensive lab exercise to test your mastery of the last four modules that you just completed. If there are any parts of this module that you have trouble completing or you cannot complete in the time allowed. you should go back and reread the module or modules containing the information that you are having trouble with. if possible. For example: (Do not attempt to learn the key principles now. Copyright © 1993 . It is important that you understand each one of these principles as you will be required to use them in future AutoCAD work. check it for accuracy and make any corrections. use either C (Close) or the absolute coordinate of the first point.Revised 2011-05-13 Introduction 1 . 2 To close the last line of a series of lines. There is no key supplied with this module since it is meant to be checked by your instructor.) The Key Principles in Module 4 1 The @ symbol means "The last absolute coordinate location". If you are in a classroom situation where you do not have a lot of time.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Using the AutoCAD 2D Modules The CAD Guys Ltd. you must be able to complete the drawing. redo any lab exercises to help you learn the material. you can either use the ERASE command or the Delete key on the keyboard.

4 (Always start with an absolute coordinate. use the FILLET command to insert it”. it is here for an example only. For example: Command: LINE Specify first point: 1.6 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . It must be X then Y with comma between them.6000 Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: R Specify fillet radius <0.) Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: P1 Select second object: P2 (Pick the two lines to insert the fillet between. Words and Numbers that are in Bold Font In workalongs.0 Command: Command Names Command names are always in uppercase.) Specify next point or [Undo]: @5.75. The rule of thumb to follow is "If the arc you are drawing is tangent to both objects it is connecting to.2500 Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: P3 Select second object: P4 Command: Using the AutoCAD 2D Modules The CAD Guys Ltd. It is your way of knowing if it is a user input or an AutoCAD response. Copyright © 1993 . For example: The current layer is the layer that AutoCAD will place all newly created drawing objects on. Radius = 0.25 (Set the radius for the fillet. use the FILLET command.6000>: .) Command: FILLET Current settings: Mode = TRIM.Revised 2011-05-13 Conventions and Symbols Used in the AutoCAD 2D Modules The following conventions and symbols are used in the modules to help you understand the material. For example: To construct a fillet. Radius = 0. They will only appear in italics the first time they are mentioned and will be defined.) Command: FILLET Current settings: Mode = TRIM. all words and numbers in bold font are input by you. For example: (Do not attempt this workalong now.AutoCAD 2D . Words in Red Italics Words in red italics are new terms being introduced in that module.2011 Module Introduction 1 . the modules use the letter ?P” along with a number that indicates which pick it is in the sequence. Picking Objects or Locations on the Drawing To help you understand when an object or a location is picked.Introduction 1 .

Have fun on your journey into the fascinating never-ending world of mastering AutoCAD. For example: (Do not attempt these command now.AutoCAD 2D . 2 Do not skim through the modules. they are here for an example only.4 (Always start with an absolute coordinate.) Command: There are also author's comments in the workalong or lab exercise to help you understand a principle or to complete a task.0 (Note the negative coordinate since we are going in the negative X direction.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . To complete the lab exercise in the specified time limit.UNDERSTAND it.) Specify next point or [Undo]: @0. Note the @ first. If you cannot do this in the time allowed. that accompany it.Revised 2011-05-13 Introduction 1 .75. page by page. on your hard disk drive. you must be able to complete the drawing.0 (Then change to relative coordinates. It is your way of proving that you have mastered the module.2011 Module Introduction 1 . Work your way methodically through each module.) Specify first point: 1.2 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-2.5 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: C (You can use a C to close the last line and return to the first point. you must have the four template files. For example: Author's Comments: The Insertion scale for the all lab exercises in the AutoCAD 2D Modules is shown in the Units column as shown in the Figure 3-1.5. 4 All lab exercises have a time limit allocated to them. then X and Y. Copyright © 1993 . Using the AutoCAD 2D Modules The CAD Guys Ltd. Do not go onto the next module until you understand the module you are working on and have completed the lab exercise(s). It must be X then Y with a comma between them. 3 The AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules were written as competency-based bite-size pieces to allow you to work at your own pace and learn to use AutoCAD. check it for accuracy and make any corrections. inside brackets. to help explain what is happening in a command.7 Author's Comments A comment by the author. redo the entire lab exercise.1.) Specify next point or [Undo]: @5. is in green italics. Do not jump around inside the module or from module to module. The Key Principles in Module Introduction 1 1 To complete the lab exercises in this E-Book.) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @0. You must read and understand everything in each module. Do not memorized AutoCAD .

Configuring Your AutoCAD Software The CAD Guys Ltd. Check to ensure that the My Workspace displays AutoCAD Classic and click OK . Pull down the My Workspace list and select AutoCAD Classic.2011 Module Introduction 2 . substitute the name AutoCAD LT Classic for AutoCAD Classic. you will be able to: 1 Configure your AutoCAD software to help you complete the AutoCAD 2D course.AutoCAD ® Self-paced Learning Modules AutoCAD 2D Module Introduction 2 Configuring the AutoCAD Software Learning Outcomes When you have completed this module. Figure Step 3A Author's Comments: Do not be concerned if the Workspace list in your AutoCAD software does not match the figures exactly. Step 1 Start AutoCAD. Step 2 Type the WSSETTINGS command and press Enter. Configuring your AutoCAD Software for the AutoCAD 2D Course Complete all of the following steps. (Figure Step 2) Figure Step 2 Step 3 Step 2 will open the Workspace Settings dialogue box. Copyright © 1993 . (Figure Step 3A and 3B) Figure Step 3B Author's Comments: If you are using AutoCAD LT.

Figure Step 6 Step 6 To ensure that it was changed. It should display the name AutoCAD Classic in quotes as shown in the figure. redo Steps 4 and 5 again.AutoCAD 2D . If it does not. one at a time. click each item to enable or disable them. until you match the figure. In the pop-up menu. Copyright © 1993 . enter the command WSCURRENT again and press Enter. (Figure Step 7A and 7B (2007-2008)) Figure Step 7A 2007-2008 Figure Step 7B 2007-2008 Configuring Your AutoCAD Software The CAD Guys Ltd. (Figure Step 5) Figure Step 5 Author's Comments: If you are using AutoCAD LT. Skip Step 8 and go to Step 9. (Figure Step 4) Figure Step 4 Step 5 Enter the name AutoCAD Classic as shown in the figure and press Enter.Introduction 2 . (Figure Step 6) Step 7 ( 2007-2008) Click the small triangle icon located in the bottom right corner of the Status bar (beside the lock icon).2011 Module Introduction 2 . This will display a pop-up menu.2 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .Revised 2011-05-13 Step 4 Type the WSCURRENT command and press Enter. substitute the name AutoCAD LT Classic for AutoCAD Classic.

click each item to enable or disable them. (Figure Step 8 (2009-2010)) Figure Step 8 2009-2010 Configuring Your AutoCAD Software The CAD Guys Ltd. In the pop-up menu. one at a time. Click each item to enable or disable them.Revised 2011-05-13 Introduction 2 .3 Step 7 ( 2009-2010) Click the small triangle icon located in the bottom right corner of the Status bar (beside the lock icon).AutoCAD 2D . until it matches the figure. This will display a pop-up menu. Click the flyout menu Snap Toggles. until it matches the figure. Copyright © 1993 . (Figure Step 7A and 7B (2009-2010)) Figure Step 7A 2009-2010 Figure Step 7B 2009-2010 Step 8 ( 2009-2010) Repeat Step 7 to display the pop-up menu.2011 Module Introduction 2 .AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . one at a time.

This will display a pop-up menu. Click each item to enable it.4 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .Revised 2011-05-13 Step 7 ( 2011-2012) Click the small triangle icon located in the bottom right corner of the Status bar (beside the lock icon). it will close. (Figure Step 8 (2011-2012)) Figure Step 8 2011-2012 Configuring Your AutoCAD Software The CAD Guys Ltd.Introduction 2 .AutoCAD 2D . until it matches the figure.2011 Module Introduction 2 . click each item to enable or disable them. You will have click the triangle icon to display it again. Click the flyout menu Snap Toggles. Copyright © 1993 . one at a time. Figure Step 7B 2011-2012 Step 8 ( 2011-2012) Repeat Step 7 to display the pop-up menu. (Figure Step 7A and 7B (2011-2012)) Figure Step 7A 2011-2012 Author's Comments: Each time you click and item on the menu. until it matches the figure. one at a time. In the pop-up menu.

2011 Module Introduction 2 . In the pull-down menu.Revised 2011-05-13 Introduction 2 . enable the Files tab. (Figure Step 10A and 10B) Figure Step 10A Figure Step 10B Configuring Your AutoCAD Software The CAD Guys Ltd.AutoCAD 2D . (Figure Step 9) Figure Step 9 Step 10 In the Options dialogue box. Highlight the current location by clicking it. Copyright © 1993 . click Options. Click the Remove button.5 Step 9 Click the Tools pull down menu.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Expand Template Settings and Drawing Template File Location.

2011 Module Introduction 2 . Step 12 Click the Browse button. In the Browse for Folders dialogue box.6 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Copyright © 1993 . (Figure Step 11).Revised 2011-05-13 Step 11 It will display an empty box as shown in the figure.AutoCAD 2D . locate the folder: CAD Courses/ AutoCAD 2D/ Templates (Figure Step 12) Figure Step 11 Figure Step 12 Configuring Your AutoCAD Software The CAD Guys Ltd.Introduction 2 .

Revised 2011-05-13 Introduction 2 . (Figure Step 14) Figure Step 14 Step 15 Set the Crosshair size to 100.2011 Module Introduction 2 . (Figure Step 16) Figure Step 16 Step 17 Click the Colors..AutoCAD 2D . (Figure Step 15) Figure Step 15 Step 16 Set the Arc and Circle smoothness to 2000.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Copyright © 1993 .7 Step 13 Click OK and the new location will appear as shown in the figure. button to open the Drawing Window Color dialogue box. (Figure Step 17) Figure Step 17 Configuring Your AutoCAD Software The CAD Guys Ltd. (Figure Step 13) Figure Step 13 Step 14 Enable the Display tab..

AutoCAD 2D .Revised 2011-05-13 Step 18 Highlight 2D model space.Introduction 2 . (Figure Step 20) Figure Step 20 Configuring Your AutoCAD Software The CAD Guys Ltd.2011 Module Introduction 2 . Uniform Background and then select the color White as shown in the figure. Step 20 Enable the User Preferences tab.8 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . (Figure Step 18) Figure Step 18 Step 19 Click Apply and Close. Copyright © 1993 .

AutoCAD 2D . Do the same for the Target drawing units menu to set both to inches.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . pull down the Source content units menu and select Inches.Revised 2011-05-13 Introduction 2 . Configuring Your AutoCAD Software The CAD Guys Ltd.9 Step 21 Click the Right-click Customization button.2011 Module Introduction 2 . (Figure Step 22A and 22B) Figure Step 22B Figure Step 22A Step 23 Click Apply and Close. (Figure Step 21A and 21B) Figure Step 21A Figure Step 21B Step 22 In the Insertion scale area. Enable the box Turn on time sensitive rightclick and set the Longer click duration to 250 milliseconds. Copyright © 1993 .

(Figure Step 25A and 25B) Figure Step 25A Configuring Your AutoCAD Software The CAD Guys Ltd.10 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .Revised 2011-05-13 Step 24 Enable the Drafting tab. Copyright © 1993 .Introduction 2 .AutoCAD 2D . (Figure Step 24) Figure Step 24 Step 25 Click the Colors box.2011 Module Introduction 2 . In the Color box. Enable the Index Color tab in the Select Color dialogue box. enter the number 252 and click OK. pull-down the list and click Select Color.

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .Revised 2011-05-13 Introduction 2 .AutoCAD 2D .2011 Module Introduction 2 . as you work your way through the modules. (Figure Step 26A and 26B) Figure Step 26A Figure Step 26B Configuring Your AutoCAD Software The CAD Guys Ltd. when required. You can adjust these sizes.11 Figure Step 25B Step 26 Set the AutoSNAP Marker Size and the Aperture Size to approximately the sizes shown in the figures. Copyright © 1993 .

AutoCAD 2D .Introduction 2 .Revised 2011-05-13 Step 27 Enable the 3D Modeling tab. (Figure Step 28A.12 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . AutoCAD LT Users Important: If you are using AutoCAD LT. Copyright © 1993 . (Figure Step 27) Figure Step 27 Author's Comments: Do not be concerned if your dialogue box does not match the figure exactly. skip Step 28. 28C and 28D) Figure Step 28A 2007-2008 Figure Step 28B 2009-2010 Configuring Your AutoCAD Software The CAD Guys Ltd. 2009-2010. Step 28 Set the Display ViewCube or UCS Icon areas as shown in the figure. Take note that the dialogue boxes for AutoCAD 2007-2008. 28B. and 2011-2012 are different.2011 Module Introduction 2 .

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .13 Figure Step 28C 2011 Figure Step 28D 2012 Step 29 Enable the Selection tab.2011 Module Introduction 2 . (Figure Step 29) Figure Step 29 Configuring Your AutoCAD Software The CAD Guys Ltd.AutoCAD 2D .Revised 2011-05-13 Introduction 2 . Copyright © 1993 .

14 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . (Figure Step 30) Figure Step 30 Step 31 Click the OK button on the bottom of the Options dialogue box to close it. Copyright © 1993 .Revised 2011-05-13 Step 30 Set the Pickbox Size and the Grip Size to approximately the sizes as shown in the figure.AutoCAD 2D . (Figure Step 31) Figure Step 31 Step 32 You have completed configuring you software.Introduction 2 . Configuring Your AutoCAD Software The CAD Guys Ltd.2011 Module Introduction 2 . Go to Module 1.

AutoCAD 2007-2008 AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd. status bar. graphic cursor.2011 Module 1 . use of the mouse and the Text window. command line window. AutoCAD's Graphic window for 2009-2012 is shown in Figure 1-2. Copyright © 1993 . The Graphic window is used most of the time when working in AutoCAD. you will be able to: 1 Describe and configure AutoCAD's Interface including the Graphic window. AutoCAD's Graphic Window AutoCAD's Graphic window for AutoCAD 2007-2008 is shown in Figure 1-1. pull-down and toolbar menus.AutoCAD ® Self-paced Learning Modules AutoCAD 2D Module 1 AutoCAD's User Interface Learning Outcomes When you have completed this module. Figure 1-1 AutoCAD's Graphic Window . model and layout tabs. The main features are labeled in the figure.

Figure 1-3 The Pickbox The size of the crosshairs can be changed. is a small square located at the intersection of the crosshairs as shown in Figure 1-3. It is used extensively while working in AutoCAD.2011 Module 1 .Revised 2011-05-13 Figure 1-2 AutoCAD's Graphic Window .AutoCAD 2009-2012 Crosshairs The crosshairs indicates the user's current location. Think of it as the point of the pencil. Pickbox The pickbox.AutoCAD 2D . It is one of the most important tools. For the AutoCAD 2D Modules and most other AutoCAD work.1-2 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . it is best to have them full screen as shown in Figure 1-1 and Figure 1-2. Copyright © 1993 . Its size can be adjusted using the Options dialogue box as shown in Module Introduction 2. AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd. It is used to pick drawing objects.

Most of these features will be taught in the AutoCAD 2D Modules. The coordinate location display can be enabled or disabled by clicking it with the left mouse button. are used to enable the display of the model or a layout. 2009-2012 2007-2008 Figure 1-4 Model and Layout Tabs The Model and Layout tabs. It is also used by AutoCAD to output information to the user. left or right. Toggle buttons for ten of AutoCAD's features are located immediately to the right of the coordinate display. instruct the user to what data it requires or display answers to user inquiries. Copyright © 1993 . It is important for the users to watch this window closely as they is drawing. Figure 1-5.AutoCAD 2D . down. See Figure 1-6. It is used by AutoCAD to ask for information. There is a much better way to scroll around the drawing as shown in Module 9.2011 Module 1 . is positioned across the bottom of the Graphic window and becomes a very important part of the users day-to-day AutoCAD work. One important use of the scroll bar is that they indicate the overall size of the current drawing and the current viewing position on the drawing. Figure 1-6 The Command Line Window Scroll Bars The scroll bars work exactly the same as the scroll bars in other software programs. The coordinate location or the XYZ coordinates of the current location of the crosshairs is displayed on the left side of the status bar. Figure 1-4. It is one of the ways that the user communicates with AutoCAD and is a very important way for AutoCAD to communicate with the user.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Figure 1-5 Model and Layout Tabs Command Line Window The Command Line window is used to enter keyboard commands and user inputs. It will be discussed further in Module 18. They can be used to scroll the drawing up. AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd.Revised 2011-05-13 1-3 Status Bar The status bar. It will be discussed in much greater detail in Module 2.

Figure 1-8 Pull-Down Menu A Pull-Down Menu Flyout If an item on the pull-down menu has a small solid triangle at the end. Figure 1-7 AutoCAD’s Pull-Down and Toolbar Menus Pull-Down Menu The pull-down menu Is located across the top of the Graphic window. Copyright © 1993 . the menu will pull down as shown in Figure 1-8. the menu item Tools was clicked.2011 Module 1 .Revised 2011-05-13 AutoCAD's Menus AutoCAD has many different menus that allow the user to communicate with it. The most useful ones are the pull-down and the toolbar menus as shown in Figure 1-7. with the left mouse button. it has a flyout menu associated with it. Place the graphic cursor on the triangle to force the flyout menu to display as shown in Figure 1-9.1-4 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Figure 1-9 Flyout Menu AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd. In this figure.AutoCAD 2D . When an item on the menu is clicked.

To undock it. by the current operation in the drawing. Drag it to any one of the four sides and release the mouse button. Figure 1-10 A Toolbar Menu 2007-2008 Figure 1-11 A Toolbar Menu Showing a Tooltip Figure 1-12 An AutoCAD 20092012 Toolbar Docked and Floating Toolbar Menus In Figure 1-7. While the AutoCAD 2009-2012 toolbars have a slight different look. Therefore. the toolbars across the top of the graphic window are docked and the ones in the center are floating. as required.AutoCAD 2D . Figure 1-12. If they were all displayed at the same time. A list of all the available toolbar menus will display as shown in Figure 1-13. place the graphic cursor on any icon on a currently displayed toolbar and right-click the mouse. AutoCAD allows toolbars to be created or existing toolbar to be edited.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Toolbars can float inside the Graphic window or they can be docked along any one of the four sides. To dock a toolbar. a tooltip will display indicating the purpose of the icon as shown in Figure 1-11. Displaying Toolbar Menus Figure 1-13 Toolbar Menu List To enable or disable the display of toolbar menus. Click the name on the toolbar menu to toggle its display. See Figure 1-10 and 1-12. AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd. do the opposite. If the graphic cursor is placed on an icon in a toolbar. Another method of disabling the display of a toolbar menu is to click the X in the top right hand corner of the toolbar. they work the same as in AutoCAD 2007-2008. they would virtually fill the Graphic window.Revised 2011-05-13 1-5 Toolbar Menus The toolbar menus are a series of icons that are located on a collection of menu bars. This is taught in the AutoCAD 2D Advanced Modules. The display of each toolbar can be enabled or disabled at the user's discretion. their display must be enabled or disabled. Copyright © 1993 .2011 Module 1 . It will automatically dock. A checkmark beside the toolbar's name indicates that its display is currently enabled. drag it by clicking and holding the left mouse button on the title strip along the top of the menu.

It must be closed before continuing to the next command. no other work can be done on the current drawing. While a dialogue box is open. A typical window is shown in Figure 1-16. when clicked. Copyright © 1993 . Windows are interactive and display data and information about the current drawing or objects in that drawing as the drawing is being worked on. A dialogue box is an effective and efficient method for AutoCAD to allow the user to modify or enter information. Figure 1-15. When a pull-down item has 3 dots after the word. a window can remain on the screen as the user is working on the drawing and updates automatically. A typical dialogue box is shown in Figure 1-14. Figure 1-14 A Dialogue Box Figure 1-15 Windows AutoCAD uses many different windows to speed the drawing process.1-6 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Figure 1-16 A Window AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd. Unlike a dialogue box.AutoCAD 2D .2011 Module 1 . a window is a more efficient method for AutoCAD and the user to communicate. it indicates that. Compared to a dialogue box. settings and sizes. it will open a dialogue box or a window.Revised 2011-05-13 Dialogue Boxes AutoCAD uses many different dialogue boxes to speed the drawing process.

Right Button: The right button has two uses.AutoCAD 2D . The cursor menu display differently depending on the current or last command entered. it displays the cursor menu. It can be a very helpful menu once the user get used to working with it. Figure 1-18 AutoCAD’s Text Window AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd.Revised 2011-05-13 1-7 The Mouse AutoCAD is programed to use the three buttons on a mouse as follows: Left Button: This is the pick button. Figure 1-17 Cursor Menu for the FILLET Command AutoCAD's Text Window AutoCAD's Text window. press F2. Figure 1-18. See Figure 1-17.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . If pressed and released quickly. This will be discussed in detail in Module 9. Middle Button: The middle button. pick menu items or to select locations on the drawing. To toggle the display of the text window. displays all of the commands that were entered by the user and AutoCAD's responses to those command for the duration the current drawing is active. Use it to pick objects. Copyright © 1993 . user input and AutoCAD's responses. or wheel.2011 Module 1 . it repeats the last command. This is one way for the user to look back at the commands. If pressed and held in. is used to zoom and pan around the drawing.

unless you are instructed otherwise. while working on workalongs and lab exercises in the AutoCAD 2D Modules. AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd. The Graphic window will display.AutoCAD 2D . skip to page 1-16. enable it by clicking it with the left mouse button. If it is not.Revised 2011-05-13 Learning to Use AutoCAD's Interface For AutoCAD 2009-2012 Users If you are using AutoCAD 2007-2008. Step 1 Open AutoCAD.1-8 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .2011 Module 1 . (Figure Step 1) Figure Step 1 Authors Comments: Do not be concerned if your Graphic window does not match the figure exactly. Step 2 Check to ensure that the tab Model is enabled in model and layout tabs. Copyright © 1993 . (Figure Step 2) Figure Step 2 Authors Comments: The Model tab should be enabled at all times. Module 18 will teach you how work in the layouts.

it can be very handy at times. Copyright © 1993 .AutoCAD 2D . Hold the graphic cursor over the flyout triangle at the end of the Circle command to force the flyout to display. Step 4 Click the coordinate display. all features on the status bar should be disabled as shown in Figure Step 3B.2011 Module 1 . (Figure Step 5) Figure Step 5 AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd. (Figure Step 3A and 3B) Figure Step 3A Figure Step 3B Authors Comments: Important Unless otherwise instructed.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . All features should display with a gray background as shown in Figure Step 3B. to disable it as shown in Figure Step 4A. While it is not used a lot in day to day drawing.Revised 2011-05-13 1-9 Step 3 Disable all features on the status bar by clicking any that display with a blue background as shown in Figure Step 3A. Step 5 Click the Draw item in the pull-down menu to pull down the menu. Click it again to enable it a shown in Figure Step 4B. located at the left end of the status bar. (Figure Step 4A and 4B) Figure Step 4A Figure Step 4B Authors Comments: The coordinate display should be enabled while working in AutoCAD. each time you start a workalong or lab exercise while working on the AutoCAD 2D Modules.

Figure Step 7A (Figure Step 7A. will display as a tooltip. Copyright © 1993 . This will pull down a list of all available toolbar menus. Step 8 Move the cursor onto bars at the end of the Layers toolbar and hold it for a few seconds. The ones that are preceded with checkmarks are enabled and are currently displayed in the Graphic window. Layers. The toolbar's name. Click on the name to toggle the display of the toolbar.AutoCAD 2D .Revised 2011-05-13 Step 6 Move the graphic cursor onto any toolbar icon and right click the mouse. Ensure that the toolbars Draw.2011 Module 1 . Practice it until it you can do it easily. (Figure Step 8) Figure Step 8 Figure Step 6 AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd. Layers. (Figure step 6) Authors Comments: Do not be concerned if your list of toolbars does not match the figure exactly. Properties Standard and Styles are the only ones enabled. Step 7 Move the graphic cursor onto the lines at the end of the Layers toolbar.10 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . 7B and 7C) Figure Step 7B Figure Step 7C Authors Comments: This step may be a little tricky the first few tries. Modify. Press and hold the left mouse button down and drag the toolbar somewhere into the Graphic window and release the button.1 .

pull all six toolbars into the Graphic window as shown in the figure.AutoCAD 2D . AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd.Revised 2011-05-13 1 . Copyright © 1993 . (Figure Step 9A and 9B) Figure Step 9A Figure Step 9B Authors Comments: The six toolbars are now floating toolbars.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .2011 Module 1 .11 Step 9 Using what you learned in Step 7.

(Figure Step 11A and 11B) Figure Step 11A Figure Step 11B AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd. drag all six toolbars back into position by docking them to the locations shown in the figure. The six toolbars are now all docked.Revised 2011-05-13 Step 10 Using what you learned in Steps 7 and 9. enable the display of the Modify II toolbar. Practice it until it is easy for you to do. Copyright © 1993 .AutoCAD 2D . (Figure Step 10) Figure Step 10 Authors Comments: Dragging and docking the toolbar can be a little tricky at first.2011 Module 1 . It will display as a floating toolbar. Step 11 Using what you learned earlier in the workalong.1 .12 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules - AutoCAD 2D - Revised 2011-05-13

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Step 12 Move the cursor onto the top edge of the Modify II toolbar until the cursor displays as double arrows. See Figure Step 12A. Press the left mouse button and while holding it down, drag the toolbar upwards until it matches Figure Step 12C. (Figure Step 12A, 12B and 12C)

Figure Step 12A

Figure Step 12B

Figure Step 12C

Authors Comments: Changing the shape of a toolbar can be a little tricky at first. Practice it until it is easy for you to do.

Step 13 Using what you learned in Step 11 and 12, enable the display of the Object Snap toolbar and change its appearance to match the figure. (Figure Step 13)

Figure Step 13

Step 14 Close the Object Snap and Modify II toolbars by clicking the X in the top right corner of each toolbar. Authors Comments: As you can see, toolbars can easily be displayed, changed in shape or moved around the Graphic window as needed. Open them, when required, in the drawing process and closed them when the process is completed. While working on the AutoCAD 2D Modules, leave the 6 toolbars displays enabled and docked at all times as shown in Figure Step 10.

Step 15 Click Format on the pull down menu and then click Units to open Drawing Units dialogue box. (Figure Step 15A and 15B)

Figure Step 15A

AutoCAD's User Interface

The CAD Guys Ltd. Copyright © 1993 - 2011

Module 1

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AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules - AutoCAD 2D - Revised 2011-05-13

Step 16 Click OK to close the dialogue box.

Authors Comments: Always close a dialogue box using the OK or the Cancel button. If you close it by clicking the X in the top right corner, you are cancelling all changes that you made while the box was open. If you want to cancel the changes, click the Cancel button to close the dialogue box.

Figure Step 15B

Step 17 Move the cursor onto the icons in the Standard toolbar. As you move it over the icons, tooltips, with the toolbar's name, will display. Find the Properties icon. Click it to open the Properties window. (Figure Step 17A and 17B) Figure Step 17A

Step 18 Click the X in the top corner of the window to close it.

Authors Comments: Windows are different than dialogue box as they are interactive. Any changes made, while they are open, are made immediately. That makes it ok to close them by clicking the X.

Figure Step 17B
Module 1

AutoCAD's User Interface

The CAD Guys Ltd. Copyright © 1993 - 2011

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules - AutoCAD 2D - Revised 2011-05-13

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Step 19 Press the function key F2. It will open the Text window as shown in the figure. (Figure Step 19)

Figure Step 19

Step 20 Press the function key F2 again to close the Text window.

Step 21 Click File to pull down the menu. Click Exit to close AutoCAD. If you are asked if you want to save the drawing, click No. (Figure Step 21)

Figure Step 21

Step 22 Go to Module 2.

AutoCAD's User Interface

The CAD Guys Ltd. Copyright © 1993 - 2011

Module 1

Figure Step 2 Step 2 Check to ensure that the tab Model is enabled in model and layout tabs. Module 18 will teach you how work in the layouts.16 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . The Graphic window will display.AutoCAD 2D .Revised 2011-05-13 Learning to Use AutoCAD's Interface For AutoCAD 2007-2008 Users If you are using AutoCAD 2009-2012.1 . enable it by clicking it with the left mouse button. Copyright © 1993 . AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd. go to Module 2.2011 Module 1 . (Figure Step 1) Figure Step 1 Authors Comments: Do not be concerned if your Graphic window does not match the figure exactly. Step 1 Open AutoCAD. If it is not. (Figure Step 2) Authors Comments: The Model tab should be enable at all times while working on workalongs and lab exercises in the AutoCAD 2D Modules unless you are instructed otherwise.

Copyright © 1993 .2011 Module 1 . Hold the graphic cursor over the flyout triangle at the end of the Circle command to force the flyout to display. (Figure Step 5) Figure Step 5 AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd. All features should display as shown in Figure Step 3B. Figure Step 3A Figure Step 3B Figure Step 4A Step 4 Click the coordinate display. While it is not used a lot in day to day drawing.Revised 2011-05-13 1 . all features on the status bar should be disabled as shown in Figure Step 3B. to disable it as shown in Figure Step 4A.AutoCAD 2D . Click it again to enable it a shown in Figure Step 4B. located at the left end of the status bar. it can be very handy at times.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . each time you start a workalong or lab exercise while working on the AutoCAD 2D Modules. Step 5 Click the Draw item in the pull-down menu to pull down the menu. (Figure Step 3A and 3B) Authors Comments: Important Unless otherwise instructed.17 Step 3 Disable all features on the status bar by clicking any that are enabled as shown in Figure Step 3A. (Figure Step 4A and 4B) Figure Step 4B Authors Comments: The coordinate display should be enabled while working in AutoCAD.

Copyright © 1993 . Press and hold down the left mouse button and drag the toolbar somewhere into the Graphic window and release the button.AutoCAD 2D . The ones that are preceded with checkmarks are enabled and are currently displayed in the Graphic window.18 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .Revised 2011-05-13 Step 6 Move the graphic cursor onto any toolbar icon and right click the mouse. 7B and 7C) Figure Step 7A Figure Step 7B Figure Step 7C Figure Step 6 Authors Comments: This step may be a little tricky the first few tries. Ensure that the toolbars Draw. Layers. Click on the name to toggle the display of the toolbar. This will pull down a list of all available toolbar menus. Step 7 Move the graphic cursor onto the lines at the end of the Layers toolbar. (Figure Step 7A. Practice it until it you can do it easily. AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd.2011 Module 1 . (Figure step 6) Authors Comments: Do not be concerned if your list of toolbars does not match the figure exactly. Modify. Properties Standard and Styles are the only ones enabled.1 .

19 Step 8 Using what you learned in Step 7. AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd. pull all six toolbars into the Graphic window as shown in the figure.AutoCAD 2D . Copyright © 1993 . (Figure Step 8A and 8B) Figure Step 8A Figure Step 8B Authors Comments: The six toolbars are now floating toolbars.2011 Module 1 .AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .Revised 2011-05-13 1 .

Practice it until it is easy for you to do.20 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .Revised 2011-05-13 Step 9 Using what you learned in Steps 7 and 8. It will display as a floating toolbar. (Figure Step 9) Figure Step 9 Authors Comments: Dragging and docking the toolbar can be a little tricky at first. The toolbars are now docked. (Figure Step 10A and 10B) Figure Step 10A Figure Step 10B AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd.AutoCAD 2D . Step 10 Using what you learned earlier in the workalong.2011 Module 1 . enable the display of the Modify II toolbar. Copyright © 1993 . drag all six toolbars back into position by docking them to the locations shown in the figure.1 .

Step 12 Using what you learned in Step 10 and 11. While working on the AutoCAD 2D Modules.Revised 2011-05-13 1 . Press the left mouse button and while holding it down drag the toolbar upwards until it matches Figure Step 11C. leave the 6 toolbars display enabled and docked at all times as shown in Figure Step 9. Open them when to use them in the drawing process and closed them when the process is complete. enable the display of the Object Snap toolbar and change its appearance to match the figure.AutoCAD 2D . Practice it until it is easy for you to do.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Copyright © 1993 . (Figure Step 11A. Authors Comments: As you can see. toolbars can easily be displayed. See Figure Step 11A.2011 Module 1 . 11B and 11C) Figure Step 11A Figure Step 11B Figure Step 11A Authors Comments: Changing the shape of a toolbar can be a little tricky at first. changed in shape or moved around the Graphic window as required. (Figure Step 12) Figure Step 12 Step 13 Close the Object Snap and Modify II toolbar by clicking the X in the top right corner of each toolbar. AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd.21 Step 11 Move the cursor on the top edge of the Modify II toolbar until the cursor displays as double arrows.

Authors Comments: Always close a dialogue box using the OK or the Cancel button.AutoCAD 2D . click the Cancel button to close the dialogue box. If you want to cancel the changes. If you close it by clicking the X in the top right corner. AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd.Revised 2011-05-13 Step 14 Click Format on the pull down menu and then click Units to open Drawing Units dialogue box.22 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Copyright © 1993 .2011 Module 1 . you are cancelling all changes that you made while the box was open. (Figure Step 14A and 14B) Figure Step 14A Figure Step 14B Step 15 Click OK to close the dialogue box.1 .

Revised 2011-05-13 1 . AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd.2011 Module 1 . Authors Comments: Windows are different than dialogue box as they are live and any changes made. are made immediately. It will open the Text window as shown in the figure. As you move it over the icons tooltips.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Find the Properties icon. will display. Copyright © 1993 . while they are open. (Figure Step 18) Figure Step 18 Step 19 Press the function key F2 again to close the Text window. Figure Step 16B Step 18 Press the function key F2.23 Step 16 Move the cursor onto the icons in the Standard toolbar. (Figure Step 16A and 16B) Figure Step 16A Step 17 Click the X in the top corner to close the window. with the toolbar's name. That makes it ok to close them by clicking the X in the top corner.AutoCAD 2D . Click it to open the Properties window.

Revised 2011-05-13 Step 20 Click File to pull down the menu. Click Exit to close AutoCAD.24 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . a window is a more efficient method for AutoCAD and the user to communicate. 8 The toolbar menus are a series of icons that are located on a collection of menu bars. 3 The pickbox. 6 The Command Line window is used to enter keyboard commands and user inputs. The left button is the pick button.1 . 12 AutoCAD's Text window displays all of the commands that were entered by the user and AutoCAD's responses to those command for the duration the current drawing is active. It is also used by AutoCAD to output information to the user. 9 AutoCAD uses many different dialogue boxes to speed the drawing process. A dialogue box is an effective and efficient method for AutoCAD to allow the user to modify or enter information. settings and sizes. It is used extensively while working in AutoCAD. 7 The pull-down menu Is located across the top of the Graphic window. Compared to a dialogue box. AutoCAD's User Interface The CAD Guys Ltd. press F2. It is one of the most important tools. click No. 4 The status bar is positioned across the bottom of the Graphic window and becomes a very important part of the users day-to-day AutoCAD work. it has a flyout menu associated with it.AutoCAD 2D . Think of it as the point of the pencil. is a small square located at the intersection of the crosshairs.2011 Module 1 . 5 The Model and Layout tabs are used to enable the display of the model or a layout. (Figure Step 20) Figure Step 20 The Key Principles in Module 1 1 The Graphic window is used most of the time when working in AutoCAD. 11 AutoCAD is programed to use the three buttons on a mouse. To toggle the display of the text window. Copyright © 1993 . If you are asked if you want to save the drawing. 2 The crosshairs indicates the user's current location. 10 AutoCAD uses many different windows to speed the drawing process. If an item on the pulldown menu has a small solid triangle at the end.

The current drawing is the drawing currently being affected by the commands entered by the user. repeat and abort commands. open a filed drawing. Copyright © 1993 . OPEN. defaults.dwt. To be able to do anything in AutoCAD. SAVEAS and CLOSE to start a new drawing. save the current drawing with a different name and close a drawing. QSAVE. A template drawing is simply an AutoCAD drawing saved as a template file. blocks and standards set by the creator of the template and used to start a new drawing.AutoCAD ® Self-paced Learning Modules AutoCAD 2D Module 2 Getting Started Learning Outcomes When you have completed this module. Drawing Templates for the AutoCAD 2D eBook There are four drawing templates that are an important part of the AutoCAD 2D Modules. These template are supplied to each user of the AutoCAD 2D eBook and should be saved in the Templates folder as shown in Figure 2-1. Multiple drawings can be opened at the same time and the user can switch between them.dwg. AutoCAD assigns it the file extension name . One of these templates must be used to start all new drawings when working on a workalongs or lab exercises in the modules. 2 Apply the commands NEW.2011 Module 2 . you will be able to: 1 Describe a drawing. It is sometimes called the active drawing. Creating template files is taught in the AutoCAD 2D Advanced eBook. as required. name and save the current drawing into a specified folder. Only one drawing can be current at a time. Drawing Templates A drawing template is a drawing file that may contain layouts. a drawing template. drawing names and drawing file extensions. Figure 2-1 AutoCAD 2D Modules Templates Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd. 4 Describe how to execute. An AutoCAD Drawing An AutoCAD drawing is a database file containing graphical and non-graphical data and must have the extension . A template files must be used to start a new drawing. there must be at least one drawing open. 3 Describe an AutoCAD command including option prompts and defaults.

dwt. It is important to name a new drawing as soon as possible after it has been started.dwg and opened in AutoCAD.dwg. The Drawing Name Each drawing should be assigned a unique name. Copyright © 1993 . 2007-2008 2009-2012 AutoCAD Command: QSAVE The QSAVE command is used to save the current drawing. If a drawing file ever gets lost or corrupted.dwg . Shortcut: CTRL+S 2009-2012 2007-2008 Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd. When the drawing is saved.2011 Module 2 . . See Figure 2-2. the extension name of the . AutoCAD Command: Shortcut: CTRL+N NEW The NEW command is used to start a new drawing. The other AutoCAD file extensions are taught in the AutoCAD 2D Advanced Modules. and .Revised 2011-05-13 AutoCAD File Extensions AutoCAD uses many different file extension names. .dwg.dwg to . The file extensions used in the AutoCAD 2D Modules are .bak file when a previously saved drawing is saved.AutoCAD 2D .bak file can be changed to . Getting into this habit will save many hours of searching the disk drive looking for existing drawings or redrawing lost drawings.2-2 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .dwt .bak. AutoCAD changes the extension of the existing drawing from .bak and then creates a new file with the extension .bak AutoCAD File Extensions AutoCAD Drawing AutoCAD Drawing Template Back-up file Figure 2-2 AutoCAD File Extension Names AutoCAD creates a .

bak file can be changed to . AutoCAD Command: Shortcut: none CLOSE The CLOSE command is used to close the current drawing. the extension name of the .dwg and opened in AutoCAD. When you save a drawing that was previously saved.dwg. 2009-2012 2007-2008 AutoCAD Command: Shortcut: CTRL+SHIFT+S SAVEAS The SAVEAS command is used to save the current drawing with a new name. AutoCAD changes the extension of the existing drawing file to .Revised 2011-05-13 2-3 AutoCAD Command: Shortcut: CTRL+O OPEN The OPEN command is used to open an existing drawing. Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd.AutoCAD 2D .dwg to the drawing's name. Copyright © 1993 . When you save an AutoCAD drawing for the first time it adds the extension .bak and creates a new drawing file with the extension . If a drawing file ever gets lost or corrupted.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .2011 Module 2 .

Naming. Opening and Closing Drawings Step 1 Start AutoCAD. (Figure Step 1) 2009-2012 2007-2008 Figure Step 1 Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd.2011 Module 2 .AutoCAD 2D . Copyright © 1993 . Your graphic screen should be similar to the figure. Saving.Revised 2011-05-13 Creating.2-4 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .

email your instructor for help. It will open the Select template dialogue box. (Figure Step 3) Author's Comments: This is the drawing name that was assigned by AutoCAD when you started the drawing with the NEW command. 4B and 4C) 2007-2008 Figure Step 3 2009-2012 Figure Step 4A Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd. If you have trouble getting it to match. Find and select the folder CAD Courses. Step 3 Note the drawing name Drawing1.2011 Module 2 . Do not continue in this module until your dialogue box matches Figure Step 2. Select the template 2D English and click Open (Figure Step 2) Figure Step 2 Author's Comments: If you do NOT see the four templates files shown in Figure Step 2. Step 4 Enter the QSAVE command to open the Save Drawing As dialogue box. Under it.Revised 2011-05-13 2-5 Step 2 Enter the NEW command. Don't be concerned if the number at the end of the drawing name is different. (Figure Step 4A. you must go back and redo Steps 10 to Step 13 in the module AutoCAD 2D Introduction 2.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Copyright © 1993 . Lab Exercise.dwg displays on the top bar of the graphic window.AutoCAD 2D . select AutoCAD 2D and under that.

Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd. If there is a power failure or your computer freezes.AutoCAD 2D . enter the name AutoCAD 2D Workalong 02-1 in the File name: box.Revised 2011-05-13 Figure Step 4B Figure Step 4C Step 5 With Lab Exercises in the Save in box. (Figure Step 5) Figure Step 5 Author's Comments: I recommend that you save and name a new drawing immediately after you start it and then save it every 15 minutes after that.2-6 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . The first time you save your drawing you will be asked to assign a name. you can save it quickly with the QSAVE command. Copyright © 1993 .2011 Module 2 . Once it is named. the maximum amount of drawing time you can lose is 15 minutes.

each time you start a workalong or a lab exercise while working on the AutoCAD 2D Modules. (Figure Step 8) 2009-2012 2007-2008 Figure Step 8 Step 9 Ensure that ByLayer is enabled in the first 3 box on the Properties toolbar. (Figure Step 6) 2009-2012 2007-2008 Figure Step 6 Step 7 Check to ensure that the Model tab is enabled in the model and layout tabs. Module 18 will teach you how to work in the layouts. Copyright © 1993 . except Model. all features on the status bar should be disabled.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . If not.2011 Module 2 . by clicking any that are enabled.AutoCAD 2D . the Model tab should be enabled at all times while working on workalongs and lab exercises in the AutoCAD 2D Modules. enable it by clicking it with the left mouse button. Step 8 Disable all features on the status bar. (Figure Step 9) Figure Step 9 Authors Comments: Important Unless otherwise instructed. ByLayer should be enabled in the first three boxes on the Properties toolbar.dwg displays on the top bar of the graphic window. Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd. Your status bar should match the figure. except Model. (Figure Step 7) Figure Step 7 Authors Comments: Until you are instructed otherwise.Revised 2011-05-13 2-7 Step 6 Note that the folder location and the drawing name C:\CAD Courses\AutoCAD 2D\Lab Exercises\AutoCAD 2D Workalong 02-1.

Step 11 Using what you learned in the first part of the workalong.2011 Module 2 .2-8 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . start a new drawing using the template 2D Metric. answer Yes. If you are asked if you want to save the drawing. (Figure Step 12) Figure Step 12 Step 13 Enter the CLOSE command to close the current drawing. answer Yes. Copyright © 1993 .Revised 2011-05-13 Step 10 Enter the CLOSE command to close the current drawing.AutoCAD 2D . (Figure Step 11) Figure Step 11 Step 12 Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Workalong 02-2 in the folder C:\CAD Courses\AutoCAD 2D\Lab Exercises. Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd. If you are asked if you want to save the drawing.

2011 Module 2 .Revised 2011-05-13 2-9 Step 14 Enter the OPEN command to open the Select File dialogue box. locate the folder C:\CAD Courses\AutoCAD 2D\Lab Exercises.AutoCAD 2D . enter the FILEDIA command and set the value to 1 as shown below: Command: FILEDIA Enter new value for FILEDIA <0>: 1 Command: Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd. (Figure Step 15) Figure Step 15 If the file dialogue box does not open for the NEW command.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . (Figure Step 14) Figure Step 14 Step 15 With Lab Exercise in the Look in box. Copyright © 1993 . In it. select the drawing AutoCAD 2D Workalong 02-1.

Step 18 Minimize or exit AutoCAD and open Windows Explorer.Revised 2011-05-13 Step 16 Enter the SAVEAS command. (Figure Step 16) Figure Step 16 Step 17 Enter the CLOSE command to close the current drawing. It will open the Save Drawing As dialogue box. In the File name: box.2 .AutoCAD 2D .2011 Module 2 . Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd. If you are asked if you want to save the drawing. answer Yes. (Figure Step 18) Figure Step 18 Author's Comments: Do not be concerned If the drawing sizes are different in your list than the ones shown in the figure. Each version of AutoCAD could create a different file size. Copyright © 1993 .10 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . You should see three drawing files and three backup files as shown in the figure. Find the folder C:\CAD Courses\AutoCAD 2D\Lab Exercises. enter the name AutoCAD 2D Workalong 02-3.

An option prompt is AutoCAD asking the user a question in response to a command or requesting some user input. There is no right or wrong method to enter a command. Those instructions are called commands. Commands are usually entered using the command line window. Radius = 0. Option Prompts After most commands are executed. A command can be executed by either pressing the Enter key or the Space Bar on the keyboard. can be repeated by pressing the Enter key. the user can choose which method to use. the Space bar or by right clicking the mouse. a pull-down menu or a toolbar menu.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Throughout the AutoCAD 2D Modules. the different methods of entering commands is shown and the user can decided which method to use.2500 Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: R Specify fillet radius <0. Copyright © 1993 .2. AutoCAD then asks Specify next point or [Undo]:.0 Specify next point or [Undo]: Command: FILLET Current settings: Mode = TRIM. In the LINE command. Command: LINE Specify first point: 2. all commands look alike. It is important for the user to watch the Command Line window to see what AutoCAD is asking from him or her next. Figure 2-4 Option Prompts Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd. therefore.2 Specify next point or [Undo]: @2.AutoCAD 2D . To work faster. Figure 2-4 shows three commands and the option prompts returned by each one. Executing a command is the users way of telling AutoCAD that he/she is finished and AutoCAD should do what was commanded.Revised 2011-05-13 2 . the last command that was executed. User input is in bold. Repeating the Last Command AutoCAD can be very repetitive. Figure 2-3 Different Methods of Executing the LINE Command Executing Commands Some menu items execute commands automatically but most of the time it is up to the user to execute the command. Figure 2-3 shows the LINE command being entered using all three methods. AutoCAD does not know or care where the command was initiated.2011 Module 2 . Regardless of the way that a command is entered by the user. AutoCAD will respond with an option prompt.25 Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: Select second object: Command: REGEN Regenerating model.3500>: 0. AutoCAD's option prompt is Specify first point and the user responds 2. To AutoCAD.11 AutoCAD Commands Most work in AutoCAD consists of the user issuing instructions.

2000) Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]: (The default is Specify start point of text) Specify height <0.0000>: (The default is radius of circle.Revised 2011-05-13 Defaults AutoCAD sets defaults for almost everything. [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)] .2500) Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: (The default is Select first object) Command: TEXT Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 0.2011 Module 2 .) Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd.2500 (The default Mode is TRIM and Radius is 0. Radius = 0. for Total enter T and for DYnamic enter DY. AutoCAD's option prompts are a combination of upper and lower case letters. Sometimes it must be pressed twice to completely abort the command and return to the Command: prompt. Defaults are enclosed inside angle brackets "< >".2000 (The default text style is Standard and height 0. For example: Command: LENGTHEN Select an object or [Delta/Percent/Total/DYnamic]: (For Delta enter D.2000) Specify rotation angle of text <0>: (The default rotation angle is 0) Text: Command Options Command options are selections that the user can choose from to change the default. if the user does not supply one.are the options.AutoCAD 2D . for Percent enter P. To help you work faster.12 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . AutoCAD will repeat the last command. Figure 2-5 AutoCAD Defaults Cancelling or Aborting a Command Commands can be cancelled or aborted by pressing the Esc key on the keyboard. If either one is pressed when there is no active command.0000) Command: Command: FILLET Current settings: Mode = TRIM. An example of the defaults and options for the CIRCLE command are as follows: Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: Specify center point for circle . Command: CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: (The default is Specify center point for circle) Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <3. Copyright © 1993 . Right clicking the mouse will produce the same results.2000>: (The default height is 0. size 3. Command options are enclosed inside "[ ]" as shown in Figure 2-5.. The Enter key or the Space bar are used to execute commands. only enter the uppercase character(s) when entering an option. he or she simply responds by pressing the Enter key or the Space bar.is the default. If the user wants to use the default value.2 . A default is the value AutoCAD uses. See Figure 2-5.

The Command: prompt is AutoCAD way of asking you to enter a command. Copyright © 1993 . Executing and Aborting Commands Step 1 Using what you learned in the first workalong. Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd. Step 6 Look in the Command Line window. Your status bar should match the figure.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Figure Step 3 Step 3 Check to ensure that the Model tab is enabled in model and layout tabs. enable it by clicking it with the left mouse button. press the Esc key until it does. If it is not. (Figure Step 3) Step 4 Disable all features on the status bar. Note that when there is no active command. (Figure Step 4) 2009-2012 2007-2008 Figure Step 4 Step 5 Ensure that ByLayer is enabled in the first 3 box in the Properties toolbar. You are learning how to enter commands and understand AutoCAD's prompts and defaults. AutoCAD displays the Command: prompt. (Figure Step 5) Figure Step 5 Author's Comments: You will not be drawing anything in this module.AutoCAD 2D .2011 Module 2 . you will start drawing in Module 4. by clicking any that are enabled. Step 2 Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Workalong 02–4 in the Lab Exercises folder.Revised 2011-05-13 2 . except Model. Be patient. You will be aborting all commands after you enter them. start a new drawing using template 2D English.13 Entering. (Figure Step 6) Figure Step 6 Author's Comments: If the Command: prompt does display as shown in Figure Step 6.

Revised 2011-05-13 Step 7 Enter the LINE command by selecting Draw on the pull-down menu. (Figure Step 10) Figure Step 10 Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd. (Figure Step 9) Figure Step 9 Step 10 At the Command: prompt. (Figure Step 7) Figure Step 7 Step 8 Note in the Command Line window AutoCAD is now prompting Specify first point. select Line. enter the CIRCLE command by typing it on the keyboard. In the pull-down.2 . Copyright © 1993 . (Figure Step 8) Figure Step 8 Step 9 Press Esc to abort (cancel) the command.14 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .2011 Module 2 .AutoCAD 2D .

This is the option prompt.The default. (Figure Step 12) Figure Step 12 Step 13 Press Esc to abort the command. 2P or T to select one of the options. Copyright © 1993 . you can enter 3P.15 Step 11 Press Enter to execute the command. Select first object [Polyline/Radius/Trim] .AutoCAD 2D . (Figure Step 13) Figure Step 13 Command options are selections that you can choose from to change the command default.2011 Module 2 . Note how AutoCAD prompts Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: (Figure Step 11) Figure Step 11 Author's Comments: The AutoCAD prompt means the following: Specify center point for circle . Step 12 Enter a T and take note of the new prompt Specify point on object for first tangent of circle:. If you do not want to use the default.Revised 2011-05-13 2 . [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)] . Command options are enclosed inside square brackets "[ ]".AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . R or T to change the default.Enter either a P. Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd.

Press Esc to abort the command. Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd.2 .2011 Module 2 . (Figure Step 14) Figure Step 14 Author's Comments: Note that a command can be executed by either pressing the Enter key or the Space bar.Revised 2011-05-13 Step 14 Enter the ARC command by typing it in on the keyboard. Step 15 Press Enter without entering a command. Copyright © 1993 . Note how AutoCAD will repeat the last command. (Figure Step 17) Figure Step 17 Author's Comments: Note how some commands do not prompt you for anything. Press the Space bar to execute command. (Figure Step 15) Figure Step 15 Step 16 Press Esc to abort the command to return to the Command prompt.AutoCAD 2D .16 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . (Figure Step 16) Figure Step 16 Step 17 Enter the QSAVE command by either typing it on the keyboard.

AutoCAD 2D . AutoCAD doesn't really know or care where the command was initiated. Copyright © 1993 . You will be using this key frequently while working in AutoCAD.bak. (Figure Step 18) Figure Step 18 Author's Comments: To sum up: 1 Either the Enter key or the Space bar can be used to execute commands.dwg.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .dwg. defaults.is a back or backup file. When pressed. blocks and standards set by the creator of the template and used to start a new drawing.dwt is a template file. .dwt. The Esc key is a very important when drawing in AutoCAD. The same thing can be achieved by right clicking the mouse. AutoCAD will repeat the last command if the user presses the Enter key. If there is no active command and the either the Enter key or Space bar are pressed. it will abort or cancel any command or process and return you to the Command prompt. 5 In an AutoCAD command prompt. . .2011 Module 2 . 4 Regardless of the way commands are entered. . 2 A drawing template is a drawing file that may contain layouts. the last command will repeat. 4 Option prompts are enclosed inside square brackets "[ ]". 7 The Esc key will cancel or abort any AutoCAD command or process.is a drawing file. Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd.Revised 2011-05-13 2 .17 Step 18 Enter the CLOSE command to close the drawing. 3 The AutoCAD file extensions taught in the AutoCAD 2D Modules are . 6 The Enter key or the Space bar are used to execute a command. The Key Principles in Module 2 1 An AutoCAD drawing is a database file containing graphical and non-graphical data and must have the extension . and . If there is no active command. 3 Most AutoCAD command prompts contain a default and an option prompt.dwg . the options are enclosed inside square brackets "[ ]". the Space bar or right clicks the mouse.bak . 2 The Esc key will aborts (cancel) any command or process and return you to the Command: prompt.

(Figure Step 3) 2009-2012 2007-2008 Figure Step 3 Step 4 If any icons in the status bar are enabled as shown in Figure Step 4. click them until they are disabled as shown in Figure Step 3. (Figure Step 2) Figure Step 2 Step 3 IMPORTANT STEP . the first three box of the Properties toolbar should be set ByLayer . each time you start a workalong or a lab exercise in the AutoCAD 2D Modules. Instructions: Step 1 Start AutoCAD.Unless otherwise instructed.2 .Revised 2011-05-13 Lab Exercise 2-1 Time Allowed: 30 Min.Unless otherwise instructed. Copyright © 1993 . (Figure Step 5) Figure Step 5 Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd. .18 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Step 2 IMPORTANT STEP. all features on the status bar should be disabled as shown in the figure.2011 Module 2 .Unless otherwise instructed. (Figure Step 4) 2009-2012 2007-2008 Figure Step 4 Step 5 IMPORTANT STEP . the Model tab should be enabled.AutoCAD 2D . each time you start a workalong or a lab exercise in the AutoCAD 2D Modules. each time you start a workalong or a lab exercise in the AutoCAD 2D Modules.

ignore them. Locate the folder C:\CAD Courses/AutoCAD 2D/Lab Exercises. close the drawing.Revised 2011-05-13 2 .2011 Module 2 . start a new drawing using the template: 2D Metric B Save and name the drawing with the name: AutoCAD 2D Lab 02-2 C Save the drawing in the folder: C:\CAD Courses/AutoCAD 2D/Lab Exercises D Using the CLOSE command. close the drawing. Step 7 Complete the following: A Using the NEW command. Figure Step 9 only shows the drawing files.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Step 8 Complete the following: A Using the OPEN command.19 Step 6 Complete the following: A Using the NEW command. Your list may show some . Getting Started The CAD Guys Ltd. Copyright © 1993 .AutoCAD 2D . (Figure Step 9) Figure Step 9 Author's Comments: You may see some . Note that drawing files have the AutoCAD icon preceding the drawing name. It should contain 7 drawing files as shown in the figure. start a new drawing using the template: 2D English B Save and name the drawing with the name: AutoCAD 2D Lab 02-1 C Save the drawing in the folder: C:\CAD Courses/AutoCAD 2D/Lab Exercises D Using the CLOSE command. Step 9 Minimize AutoCAD and open Windows Explorer.bak files in your list with the same name as the drawing files. save and name the drawing: AutoCAD 2D Lab 02-3 C Save the drawing in the folder: C:\CAD Courses/AutoCAD 2D/Lab Exercises D Using the CLOSE command. open the drawing AutoCAD 2D Lab 02-2 B Using the SAVEAS command. close the drawing.bak files.

on the status bar are disable by clicking any that are enabled. enable it by clicking it with the left mouse button. you will be able to: 1 Describe how lab exercise drawings in the AutoCAD 2D Modules are checked for accuracy. (Figure Step 3) Figure Step 3 2009-2012 Step 4 Ensure that all features. This helps the beginner to know when the drawings are accurate and will display any objects on the drawing that are drawn incorrectly. Your status bar should match the figure. Checking the Accuracy of Drawings Step 1 Using the NEW command. start a new drawing using the template 2D English. Most lab exercises in the AutoCAD 2D Modules can be checked for accuracy by overlaying the drawing with a key. Step 2 Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Lab 03-1. except Model. they will not require the use of keys. (Figure Step 4) 2007-2008 Figure Step 4 Checking the Accuracy of Drawings The CAD Guys Ltd. This cannot be stressed strongly enough as it is essential that each object in the drawing is positioned and sized perfectly. If it is not.AutoCAD ® Self-paced Learning Modules AutoCAD 2D Module 3 Checking the Accuracy of Drawings Learning Outcomes When you have completed this module. Copyright © 2004 . Checking the Accuracy of Drawings It is extremely important in AutoCAD to draw all drawings with 100% accuracy. As users become more experienced drawing in AutoCAD. Save it in the folder: CAD Courses/AutoCAD 2D/Lab Exercises Step 3 Check to ensure that the Model tab is enabled.2011 Module 3 .

3-2 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Copyright © 2004 .AutoCAD 2D .Revised 2011-05-13 Step 5 Ensure that ByLayer is enabled in the first 3 boxes on the Properties toolbar. Click OK to close the Drawing Units dialogue box. (Figure Step 6A and 6B) Figure Step 6A Figure Step 6B Step 7 Pull down the Insertion scale list and select Inches. (Figure Step 7) Figure Step 7 Checking the Accuracy of Drawings The CAD Guys Ltd. (Figure Step 5) Figure Step 5 Step 6 Click the Format pull-down and select Units to open the Drawing Units dialogue box.2011 Module 3 .

This will open the Insert dialogue box. Copyright © 2004 . (Figure Step 8A and 8B) Figure Step 8A Figure Step 8B Step 9 Click the small triangle at the end of the Name pull-down list to pull-down the list of block names. Checking the Accuracy of Drawings The CAD Guys Ltd.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .Revised 2011-05-13 3-3 Step 8 Click the Insert pull-down and select Block. (Figure Step 10) Figure Step 10 Author's Comments: Always select the name of the current drawing.AutoCAD 2D . (Figure Step 9) Figure Step 9 Step 10 Select the name AutoCAD 2D Lab 03-1.2011 Module 3 .

(Figure Step 11A and 11B) Figure Step 11A Figure Step 11B Step 12 Ensure that the Insert dialogue box matches the figure and click the OK button.2011 Module 3 .Revised 2011-05-13 Step 11 Ensure that the three Specify On-screen boxes are disabled. (Figure Step 12) Figure Step 12 Checking the Accuracy of Drawings The CAD Guys Ltd.3-4 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Copyright © 2004 .AutoCAD 2D .

your drawing is inaccurate. go on to the next lab exercise or module. Checking the Accuracy of Drawings The CAD Guys Ltd. there is nothing for you to do but learn the process. your drawing is 100% accurate. 3 The name of the key that you select to check your drawing is always the name of the current drawing for the lab exercise. If you only see one object. Step 13 This will insert a magenta colored overlay key on your drawing. 2 Most lab exercise drawings in the AutoCAD 2D eBook can be checked for accuracy using a key. If you only see one object. your drawing is accurate.Revised 2011-05-13 3-5 Author's Comments: This is just a demo. The Key Principles in Module 3 1 AutoCAD drawings must be drawn 100% accurate. If your drawing is incorrect. When it matches the key. Recheck it with the key. If you see double objects or places where your objects and the magenta objects don't match. 4 Your drawing is not accurate if the magenta objects in the key do not match your drawing.AutoCAD 2D . even though it may share the colors magenta and red. You will be checking your first drawing for accuracy in Module 4.2011 Module 3 . either magenta or red. remove the key and correct your drawing.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Copyright © 2004 . Module 5 will teach you how to remove the key. therefore. (Figure Step 13) Figure Step 13 Step 14 Save and close the drawing.

4. Figure 4-1 The Cartesian Coordinate System Relative Cartesian Coordinates Relative Cartesian Coordinates are incremental to the lastpoint. Absolute Cartesian Coordinates Absolute Cartesian Coordinates are always referenced to the absolute origin 0. the first of which is the X-coordinate and the second is the Y-coordinate. an @ is entered before the coordinate value. written X. The Cartesian Coordinate System To accurately draw an AutoCAD 2-Dimensional (2D) drawing. X2.6 which means "from the lastpoint go 2 units in the positive X and 6 units in the positive Y". For example: 3.0. These XY coordinates are based on the Cartesian Coordinate System. A coordinate value is assigned to each location on the plane. The Cartesian Coordinate System consists of two numbered lines crossing perpendicular to one another at their zero values. Each coordinate value consists of a pair of numbers. See Figure 4-1.AutoCAD ® Self-paced Learning Modules AutoCAD 2D Module 4 Drawing Lines Using Cartesian Coordinates Learning Outcomes: When you have completed this module. Cartesian coordinates can be entered into AutoCAD as either absolute or relative coordinates.2011 Module 4 .0. 2 Apply the LINE command to draw lines using the Cartesian Coordinate System with both absolute and relative coordinates. For example: @2. To indicate to AutoCAD that the coordinate being entered is relative. you will be able to: 1 Describe the Cartesian Coordinate System using absolute and relative coordinates.Y.Y4 is a location 2 units to the right and 4 units up from X0. For example. Copyright © 1993 . The horizontal axis is called the X-axis and the vertical axis is called the Y-axis.Y0 or 0. coordinate locations must be entered as XY coordinates. Drawing lines Using Cartesian Coordinates The CAD Guys Ltd.

0 (A negative coordinate is used since the line is going in the negative X direction.0 (Then change to relative coordinates. the line will be inclined.75. Keep in mind that you enter what is bolded. Copyright © 1993 .4 (Always start with an absolute coordinate.1 (When both the X and Y coordinates have a value other then zero.4 to close the last line and return to the first point. 2009-2012 2007-2008 Drawing Lines Using Cartesian Coordinates . try to understand the values you are entering by studying the dimensioned drawing.4-2 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .Revised 2011-05-13 AutoCAD Command: Shortcut: L LINE The LINE command is used to draw lines.) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @0. Save it in the folder: CAD Courses/AutoCAD 2D/Lab Exercises Step 3 Enter the LINE command as shown below to draw the object shown in the dimensioned drawing.5. Drawing lines Using Cartesian Coordinates The CAD Guys Ltd. start a new drawing using the template 2D English.) Specify next point or [Undo]: @0.75.AutoCAD 2D .) Specify next point or [Undo]: @5.) Command: Author's Comments: Rather then just entering the coordinate values. Command: LINE Specify first point: 1.0 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: C You can use a C or 1. It must be an X then Y with a comma between them.2 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-2. Step 2 Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Workalong 04-1. the italics are the Author's Comments and the remainder are AutoCAD prompts.Part 1 Step 1 Using the NEW command.5. then X and Y.5 Dimensioned Drawing Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-1.1.) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-1. Note the @ first.2011 Module 4 .

Part 2 Step 1 Using the NEW command. until you can complete it. Figure Step 4 Step 5 Save and close the drawing. It would be too difficult to calculate all coordinates as absolute.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Save it in the folder CAD Courses/AutoCAD 2D/Lab Exercises Step 3 Enter the LINE command. Start it over again. (Figure Step 4) Author's Comments: If you have trouble drawing this object the first try.2011 Module 4 . to draw the object shown in the dimensioned drawing. Copyright © 1993 . from scratch. as shown on the next page. do not be concerned. Dimensioned Drawing Drawing lines Using Cartesian Coordinates The CAD Guys Ltd. the easier it will get. Step 2 Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Workalong 04-2. relative coordinates are used. When you start a drawing. The more practice you get drawing. the first XY location is always specified using an absolute coordinate.Revised 2011-05-13 4-3 Step 4 Your drawing should match the figure. Drawing Lines Using Cartesian Coordinates . After that.AutoCAD 2D . start a new drawing using the template 2D English.

1 (You can draw an inclined line by entering a number other then zero for both the X and Y. Drawing lines Using Cartesian Coordinates The CAD Guys Ltd. Figure Step 4 Step 5 Save and close the drawing.2011 Module 4 . C (to close) or 2. Start it over again. A relative coordinate should never be used since you can not be positive the end of the line will be located at the exact coordinates as the start point.75. enter a U to go back one step.AutoCAD 2D .75.4-4 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .0 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @0.0 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-.-1 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-2.4.) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-3. is drawn is important.75. The more practice you get drawing.5. the easier it will get. Copyright © 1993 .2 Specify next point or [Undo]: @-2.) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: Command: Step 4 Your drawing should match the figure. The absolute coordinate 1. Ensure that you press the ENTER or SPACE after each one. More than one U can be entered to step back further.-2 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @1.0 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @. (Figure Step 4) Author's Comments: If you have trouble drawing this object the first try.-1 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: U (When you make an input error. On the object shown on the right.0 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @0. there are two correct ways to draw the last line.5 Specify next point or [Undo]: @0. until you can complete it.0 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @0. To ensure that your drawing is 100% accurate.) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @.5 (The object was closed by entering the absolute coordinate.5 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @4.75..Revised 2011-05-13 Command: L (L is the shortcut for the LINE command) Specify first point: 7. how the final line. from scratch.5 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: 7.-. 1. do not be concerned. of a series of lines.

AutoCAD Command: ERASE The ERASE command is used to permanently remove drawing objects from the drawing. Command: ERASE Select Object: Using the Delete Key When deleting objects using the Delete key.6700. If the objects are selected before entering the ERASE command. Shortcut: E 2009-2012 2007-2008 Drawing lines Using Cartesian Coordinates The CAD Guys Ltd. 4. select the object or objects before pressing the key. If the number to be entered is 3. AutoCAD will automatically enter the zeros to the value.Revised 2011-05-13 4-5 When entering decimal numbers and the number ends in a zero. all that has to be entered is 3. there is not prompt.0.2011 Module 4 . the drawing objects can either be selected before or after the command is entered. enter the number up to the zero. If the command is entered before selecting the objects. either use the ERASE command or the Delete key on the keyboard.67.AutoCAD 2D . they are selected when prompted by the Select Object prompt as shown below.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Using the ERASE Command When deleting drawing objects using the ERASE command. Deleting Objects To delete existing drawing objects. Copyright © 1993 . In this case. for example 4.

Move the cursor onto the vertical line and select it.4-6 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . 2 total Select objects: Command: Figure Step 3A Author's Comments: When you are selecting objects in a command. Figure Step 3B Drawing lines Using Cartesian Coordinates The CAD Guys Ltd. Move the pickbox onto the horizontal line and select it. (Figure Step 2) Figure Step 2 Step 3 Enter the ERASE command as shown below. called a pickbox. Press the Enter key to execute the command. save the drawing with the name AutoCAD 2D Workalong 04-3.Revised 2011-05-13 Deleting Drawing Objects Step 1 Open the drawing AutoCAD 2D Workalong 04-1. Copyright © 1993 . 3B and 3C) Command: ERASE Select objects: 1 found Select objects: 1 found. Step 2 Using the SAVEAS command. the cursor will appear as a small square.2011 Module 4 . (Figure Step 3A.AutoCAD 2D .

0. 4 Objects can either be selected before or after a command is entered. if the number is 4. Positive is the AutoCAD default. you can either use the ERASE command or the Delete key on the keyboard. Author's Comments: If you want to unselect an drawing object.sign before the number. The Key Principles in Module 4 1 The @ symbol means "The last absolute coordinate location" or sometimes called the lastpoint. 3 To delete existing drawing objects.2011 Module 4 . You will learn more about them later in the AutoCAD 2D Modules. (Figure Step 4A and 4B) Figure Step 3C Figure Step 4A Figure Step 4B Author's Comments: The small blue squares on a selected object are called grips. If the number is negative.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . 2 To close the last line of a series of lines.AutoCAD 2D . enter the number only. They will highlight and appear dashed with small blue squares on them. If you are entering a positive number in AutoCAD. move the pickbox onto the lines. Sometimes you have to press it twice. 5 To unselect an drawing object. and select them by clicking the left mouse button.0.Revised 2011-05-13 4-7 Step 4 To delete drawing objects without entering a command. press the Esc key. as shown in the figures. press the Delete key. press the Esc key. enter -4. Sometime you have to press it twice to totally unselect a selected object. enter 4. you must enter the . Step 5 Save and close the drawing. For example. Drawing lines Using Cartesian Coordinates The CAD Guys Ltd. If the number is -4. use either C (Close) or the absolute coordinate of the first point. Copyright © 1993 . When the lines display as shown in figure.

Step 2 Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Lab 04-1 in the folder: CAD Courses/AutoCAD 2D/Lab Exercises Step 3 Using the LINE command.4-8 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .AutoCAD 2D .Revised 2011-05-13 Lab Exercise 4-1 Name AutoCAD 2D Lab 04-1 Template 2D English Time Allowed: 30 Min. Copyright © 1993 . draw the object shown in the dimensioned drawing. Completed Drawing Dimensioned Drawing Drawing lines Using Cartesian Coordinates The CAD Guys Ltd. Units Inches Instructions: Step 1 Start a new drawing using the template shown above.2011 Module 4 .

See page 4-8. (Figure Step 4) Author's Comments: You can find the Insertion scale in the Units column in the lab exercise title. Figure Step 4 Step 5 Check your drawing with the key.AutoCAD 2D .Revised 2011-05-13 4-9 Step 4 Enter the UNITS command. In the Drawing Units dialogue box. redo Module 3. (Figure Step 5) Author's Comments: If you have trouble doing this. Figure Step 5 Drawing lines Using Cartesian Coordinates The CAD Guys Ltd. Copyright © 1993 . The key name is the same as the drawing name. set the Insertion Units to Inches.2011 Module 4 .AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .

Start it over again. If you only see one object. you will be taught how to fix a drawing so that you do not have to start over. Copyright © 1993 . If you get stuck and can not complete it on your own. until you can complete it. When you get to Module 8. Figure Step 6 Step 7 Save and close the drawing.Revised 2011-05-13 Step 6 Your drawing should match the figure. Figure Hint 1 Drawing lines Using Cartesian Coordinates The CAD Guys Ltd. If you see double objects or places where your objects and the magenta objects don not match.4 . the easier it will get. your drawing is accurate. The more practice you get drawing. use the following hint to help you. Author's Construction Hints: Do your best to complete the lab exercise drawing without using the following hint. do not be concerned.2011 Module 4 . from scratch. (Figure Step 6) Author's Comments: Step 5 will insert a magenta colored overlay key on your drawing.AutoCAD 2D .10 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Hint 1 See Figure Hint 1. Author's Comments: If you have trouble completing this drawing the first try. your drawing is inaccurate. even though it may share the colors magenta and red.

Step 2 Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Lab 04-2 in the folder: CAD Courses/AutoCAD 2D/Lab Exercises Step 3 Using the LINE command. Completed Drawing Dimensioned Drawing Drawing lines Using Cartesian Coordinates The CAD Guys Ltd.AutoCAD 2D . draw the object shown in the dimensioned drawing.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Copyright © 1993 . Units Millimeters Instructions: Step 1 Start a new drawing using the template shown above.Revised 2011-05-13 4 .11 Lab Exercise 4-2 Name AutoCAD 2D Lab 04-2 Template 2D Metric Time Allowed: 30 Min.2011 Module 4 .

The key name is the same as the drawing name. redo Module 3. (Figure Step 5) Author's Comments: If you have trouble doing this.12 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Figure Step 4 Step 5 Check your drawing with the key.4 .AutoCAD 2D . In the Drawing Units dialogue box.Revised 2011-05-13 Step 4 Enter the UNITS command.2011 Module 4 . (Figure Step 4) Author's Comments: You can find the Insertion scale in the Units column in the lab exercise title. Copyright © 1993 . See page 4-11. Figure Step 5 Drawing lines Using Cartesian Coordinates The CAD Guys Ltd. set the Insertion Units to Millimeters.

If you get stuck and can not complete it on your own. from scratch. If you see double objects or places where your objects and the magenta objects don not match. your drawing is accurate. even though it may share the colors magenta and red. until you can complete it.AutoCAD 2D . you will be taught how to fix a drawing so you do not have to start over.2011 Module 4 . Copyright © 1993 . When you get to Module 8. Figure Hint 1 Drawing lines Using Cartesian Coordinates The CAD Guys Ltd. Figure Step 6 Step 7 Save and close the drawing. The more practice you get drawing. do not be concerned.13 Step 6 Your drawing should match the figure. use the following hint to help you. Author's Construction Hints: Do your best to complete the lab exercise drawing without using the following hint. the easier it will get. If you only see one object. (Figure Step 6) Author's Comments: Step 5 will insert a magenta colored overlay key on your drawing. Hint 1 See Figure Hint 1. Author's Comments: If you have trouble completing this drawing the first try.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .Revised 2011-05-13 4 . your drawing is inaccurate. Start it over again.

vertical or inclined. select color and set the current layer for the active drawing. Copyright © 1993 .2011 Module 5 . toggle on/off. See Figure 5-1. lock/unlock. It does not have width. Perpendicular lines are at right angles to each other or 90 degrees apart. thaw/freeze. Lines that are the same distance apart are called parallel lines. you will be able to: 1 Describe AutoCAD's layering system 2 Apply the LAYER command to create.AutoCAD ® Self-paced Learning Modules AutoCAD 2D Module 5 Layers Learning Outcomes: When you have completed this module. Figure 5-1 Points and Lines Layers The CAD Guys Ltd. A line is the shortest distance between two XY locations. Lines can be horizontal. height or depth. Geometry Lesson Points and Lines A point is defined as a single XY coordinate.

the layer's visibly can be controlled during the drawing and plotting process. and plot style can also be assigned.AutoCAD 2D . see Figure 5-2. The current layer can be changed at any time. Copyright © 1993 . Layer 0 will be discussed further in future modules. lineweight. In this module. A color. the visibility of each layer can be controlled by toggling layers off or on and freezing or thawing them. Figure 5-3 Stacked Layers AutoCAD's Special Layer AutoCAD has a special layer. Think of layering as being able to draw on transparent overlays with each overlay containing relevant or grouped objects. only naming and assigning a color will be taught. At any time. One layer must be current at all times. The current layer can be turned off but never frozen. As layers are created. control the visibility and manage plotting of the drawing. they can be named by the user or allow AutoCAD to automatically name them. Layers allow the user to organize. It cannot be deleted or renamed. see Figure 5-3. When all of the overlays are stacked together. Layers The CAD Guys Ltd. the user can see and work with all of them. segregate. Layer can also be locked to prevent objects on them from being modified.2011 Module 5 .Revised 2011-05-13 Layers AutoCAD's layering system is one of the most important features available in AutoCAD. during the drawing process. linetype. The Current Layer The current layer is the layer that AutoCAD will place all newly created drawing objects on.5-2 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . named 0 (the number zero). Each new drawing created in AutoCAD will automatically contain this layer. In addition to what was just discussed. Figure 5-2 Layers Seen as Overlays There is no limit to the number of layers that can be created in each AutoCAD drawing.

A layer that is Frozen does NOT display and will NOT regenerate. Lock/Unlock: Toggles the layer locked or unlocked. On/Off: Toggles the drawing objects on the layer on or off.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . it will then check what layer it is located on and displays the color. A layer that is Off does NOT display but WILL regenerate.2011 Module 5 . The objects on a thawed layer are visible and will regenerate. Drawing objects on a locked layer are visible but cannot be modified or deleted. visible or not visible. If it is set ByLayer. ByLayer means that when an object is inserted into the drawing or an existing object is regenerated.AutoCAD 2D . All drawing objects on the layer. it looks in the drawing’s data base to see what color. Drawing objects on an unlocked layer are visible and can be modified. linetype and lineweight it should display. Most companies require the color. In the AutoCAD 2D Modules. all work is done ByLayer. Simply. It is important to know the different between a layer that is Off and a layer that is Frozen. with the property ByLayer. The importance of this will become apparent in future AutoCAD 2D Modules. 2009-2012 2007-2008 Figure 5-4 Properties Set Bylayer The three properties boxes should always display the words ByLayer as shown in the figure. will display the color assigned to the layer. Color: Sets the color for the layer. In other words.Revised 2011-05-13 5-3 ByLayer AutoCAD assigns the color. Freeze/Thaw: Toggles the layer to be frozen or thawed. An easy way for users to check if they are working ByLayer is to look at the first three boxes in Properties toolbar as shown in Figure 5-4. linetype. and lineweight properties to drawing objects either ByLayer or ByObject. The drawing objects on a frozen layer are not visible and do not regenerate. linetype and lineweight properties of their drawings to be drawn Bylayer. Copyright © 1993 . linetype and lineweight assigned to that layer. Layers The CAD Guys Ltd.

5-4 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Step 1 Using the NEW command.AutoCAD 2D . 2009-2012 2007-2008 The current layer can be turned off but CANNOT be frozen. Working with Layers For AutoCAD 2009 . set one of the other layers as the current layer. (Figure Step 3A and 3B) Figure Step 3A Layers The CAD Guys Ltd. If you are using AutoCAD 2007-2008. Save it in the folder CAD Courses/AutoCAD 2D/Lab Exercises Step 3 Enter the LAYER command or click the icon to open the Layer Properties Manager window.2012 users only. start a new drawing using the template 2D English. If you want to freeze it. Copyright © 1993 . skip to page 5-7. Step 2 Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Workalong 05-1.2011 Module 5 .Revised 2011-05-13 AutoCAD Command: Shortcut: LA LAYER The LAYER command is used to open the Layer Property Manager window.

Revised 2011-05-13 5-5 Figure Step 3B Author's Comments: Take note of layer 0 (zero). Copyright © 1993 . It exists in all AutoCAD drawings and cannot be deleted or renamed. This indicates it is the current layer.2011 Module 5 .AutoCAD 2D . AutoCAD will create a new layer and automatically name it Layer1. (Figure Step 4A and 4B) Figure Step 4A Figure Step 4B Step 5 Rename the layer to Object . The other two layers are part of the template drawings. (Figure Step 5). Note the check Mark icon beside layer 0. Figure Step 5 Layers The CAD Guys Ltd.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Step 4 Click the New Layer icon. ignore them for now.

Layers The CAD Guys Ltd. Click OK to close the dialogue box. (Figure Step 7A and 7B) Figure Step 7A Figure Step 7B Author's Comments: The Green Check Mark icon in the Status column indicates that the current layer is Object as you can see in Figure Step 7B.5-6 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . (Figure Step 6A and 6B) Figure Step 6B Step 7 Click layer Object to highlight it.2011 Module 5 . Click the Set Current icon. Select the color red by clicking it or enter the name in the Color box. Copyright © 1993 .Revised 2011-05-13 Figure Step 6A Step 6 Set the color of layer Object by clicking the color name white. This will open the Select Color dialogue box.AutoCAD 2D .

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules - AutoCAD 2D - Revised 2011-05-13

5-7

Step 8 Toggle the on/off, thaw/frozen and lock/unlock properties of the layers by clicking the icon to match the figure. Close the window by clicking the X in the top left corner. (Figure Step 8)

Step 9 Skip to page 5-10.

Figure Step 8

Working with Layers
For AutoCAD 2007-2008 users only. If you are using AutoCAD 2009-2012, skip to page 5-10. Step 1 Using the NEW command, start a new drawing using the template 2D English. Step 2 Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Workalong 05-1 and save it in the folder CAD Courses/AutoCAD 2D/Lab Exercises.

Step 3 Enter the LAYER command. This will open the Layer Properties Manager dialogue box. (Figure Step 3A and 3B)

Figure Step 3A

Figure Step 3B

Layers

The CAD Guys Ltd. Copyright © 1993 - 2011

Module 5

5-8

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules - AutoCAD 2D - Revised 2011-05-13

Author's Comments: Take note of layer 0 (zero). It exists in all AutoCAD drawings and cannot be deleted or renamed. The other two layers are part of the template drawings, ignore them for now. Note the check Mark icon beside layer 0. This indicates it is the current layer. Figure Step 4A Step 4 Click the New Layer icon. AutoCAD will create a new layer and automatically name it Layer1. (Figure Step 4A and 4B) Figure Step 4B

Step 5 Rename the layer to Object . (Figure Step 5).

Figure Step 5 Figure Step 6A

Step 6 Set the color for layer Object by clicking the color name. White, in this example. This will open the Select Color dialogue box. Select the color by clicking it or enter the name in the Color box. In this example, it is red. Click OK. (Figure Step 6A and 6B)

Figure Step 6B
Layers The CAD Guys Ltd. Copyright © 1993 - 2011 Module 5

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules - AutoCAD 2D - Revised 2011-05-13

5-9

Step 7 Click layer Object to highlight it and then click the Set Current icon. (Figure Step 7A and 7B) Author's Comments: The Green Check Mark icon under the Status column indicates that the current layer is Object as you can see in Figure Step 7B. Figure Step 7A

Figure Step 7B

Step 8 Toggle the on/off, thaw/frozen and lock/unlock properties of the layers by clicking the icon to match the figure (Figure Step 8)

Figure Step 8 Step 9 Click OK to close the dialogue box.

Unless otherwise instructed while working in the AutoCAD 2D Modules, select the colors from the Standard Color Palette as shown in the figure on the right. The colors included in this palette are the common colors and are named. The colors from the chart above it are numbered colors and should not be used unless instructed to do so in a lab exercise. White and black are the same color to AutoCAD. White will display black on a white background and black will display white on a black background.

Layers

The CAD Guys Ltd. Copyright © 1993 - 2011

Module 5

A layer that is Frozen will NOT display and will NOT regenerate. you can use the Layer toolbar menu. A layer that is Off does NOT display but WILL regenerate. It has other special attributes as you will see in future modules. It cannot be deleted or renamed. This is much faster then using the Layer Toolbar Layer Properties Manager window or the dialogue box. to change the current layer or to toggle the layer Figure 5-5 properties.2011 Module 5 . (Figure Step 13) Step 14 Save and close the drawing. Each new drawing created in AutoCAD will contain layer 0. Copyright © 1993 .10 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Figure Step 13 AutoCAD has a special layer named 0 (the number zero).5 . Step 10 Take note how the current layer will display in the Layer toolbar. (Figure Step 11A and 11B) Figure Step 11A Figure Step 11B Step 12 Pull down the layer list again and this time toggle the layer properties so that all four layer are on. This is important as you will learn as you work your way through the modules. Change the current layer to 0 by clicking the layer name. It is important to know the different between a layer that is Off and a layer that is Frozen. (Figure Step 10) Figure Step 10 Step 11 Pull down the layer list by clicking the small triangle on the right side. In this case. it is Object. Figure 5-5. (Figure Step 12) Figure Step 12 Step 13 Change the current layer to Object. The Layer toolbar should always be enabled and located across the top of the Graphic window. thawed and unlocked.Revised 2011-05-13 Author's Comments: Once you have created the layers in the drawing. Layers The CAD Guys Ltd.AutoCAD 2D .

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .AutoCAD 2D . The Key Principles in Module 5 1 AutoCAD's layering system is one of the most important features to the AutoCAD user. and manage plotting of the drawing. Layers The CAD Guys Ltd. 2 The current layer is the layer that any newly inserted object will reside on. you were shown how to insert a key onto your drawing to check it's accuracy. 5 A current layer can be turned off but not frozen. toggle layer Key off. The current layer cannot be frozen. If you are required to work on your drawing after you inserted the key. Key Off Key On The current layer is the layer that any newly inserted object will reside on. In Module 3. the color white will display black.Revised 2011-05-13 5 . On a black background. the color black will display white and on a white background. 3 AutoCAD has a special layer named 0 (the number zero).2011 Module 5 . They are use extensively by companies using AutoCAD. toggle layer Key on as shown in the figures below. The key resides on the layer Key. 4 A layer that is Off. double click the Status icon beside the layer name as shown in the figures below. Copyright © 1993 . A layer that is frozen does NOT display and will NOT regenerate. It is important to always be aware of what the current layer is before inserting objects. It cannot be renamed or deleted. Each new drawing created in AutoCAD will automatically contain layer 0. Layers allow the user to organize.11 To quickly set the current layer in the Layer Property Managers window or dialogue box. To re-check your drawing after you finish the editing. control the visibility. does NOT display but WILL regenerate. AutoCAD does not know the difference between the colors black and white. segregate.

Completed Drawing Dimensioned Drawing Layers The CAD Guys Ltd. Save it in the folder: CAD Courses/AutoCAD 2D/Lab Exercises Step 3 Create the layer Object.AutoCAD 2D . Step 2 Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Lab 05-1.Revised 2011-05-13 Lab Exercise 5-1 Name AutoCAD 2D Lab 05-1 Template 2D English Layering Scheme Name Object Objects on Layer All lines Time Allowed: 30 Min. Copyright © 1993 .2011 Module 5 .5 .12 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . color red as shown in the Layering Scheme above. Step 4 Draw the object shown in the dimensioned drawing. All lines should be on layer Object and display red. Units Inches Color Red Instructions: Step 1 Start a new drawing using the template shown above.

redo Module 3. Figure Step 6 Layers The CAD Guys Ltd.13 Step 5 Enter the UNITS command. In the Drawing Units dialogue box set the Insertion Units to Inches. Copyright © 1993 .AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . See page 5-12.2011 Module 5 . Figure Step 5 Step 6 Check your drawing with the key. The key name is the same as the drawing name. (Figure Step 6) Author's Comments: If you have trouble doing this. (Figure Step 5) Author's Comments: You can find the Insertion scale in the Units column in the lab exercise title.AutoCAD 2D .Revised 2011-05-13 5 .

14 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . until you can complete it. If you get stuck and cannot complete it on your own. do not be concerned. you will be taught how to fix a drawing so you do not have to start over.5 .Revised 2011-05-13 Step 7 Your drawing should match the figure. If you see double objects or places where your objects and the magenta objects don't match. Figure Step 7 Author's Construction Hints: Do your best to complete the lab exercise drawing without using the following hint.2011 Module 5 .AutoCAD 2D . the easier it will get. Start it over again. even though it may share the colors magenta and red. The more practice you get drawing. Author's Comments: If you have trouble completing this drawing the first try. Copyright © 1993 . your drawing is accurate. Step 8 Save and close the drawing. Hint 1 Figure Hint 1 Layers The CAD Guys Ltd. When you get to Module 8. (Figure Step 7) Author's Comments: Step 6 will insert a magenta colored overlay key on your drawing. use the following hint to help you. your drawing is inaccurate. If you only see one object. from scratch.

Revised 2011-05-13 5 . Step 4 Draw the object shown in the dimensioned drawing. Save it in the folder: CAD Courses/AutoCAD 2D/Lab Exercises Step 3 Create the layer Object.2011 Module 5 .AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Copyright © 1993 .AutoCAD 2D . Step 2 Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Lab 05-2. All lines should be on layer Object and display red. Completed Drawing Dimensioned Drawing Layers The CAD Guys Ltd. Units Millimeters Color Red Instructions: Step 1 Start a new drawing using the template shown above.15 Lab Exercise 5-2 Name AutoCAD 2D Lab 05-2 Template 2D Metric Layering Scheme Name Object Objects on Layer All lines Time Allowed: 40 Min. color red as shown in the Layering Scheme above.

Revised 2011-05-13 Step 5 Enter the UNITS command. Figure Step 6 Layers The CAD Guys Ltd.5 . (Figure Step 5) Author's Comments: You can find the Insertion scale in the Units column in the lab exercise title. In the Drawing Units dialogue box set the Insertion Units to Millimeters. The key name is the same as the drawing name.16 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . Figure Step 5 Step 6 Check your drawing with the key. (Figure Step 6) Author's Comments: If you have trouble doing this. See page 5-15. redo Module 3. Copyright © 1993 .2011 Module 5 .AutoCAD 2D .

Figure Step 7 Author's Construction Hints: Do your best to complete the lab exercise drawing without using the following hint. If you see double objects or places where your objects and the magenta objects don't match. If you only see one object. Hint 1 Figure Hint 1 Layers The CAD Guys Ltd. do not be concerned. The more practice you get drawing.Revised 2011-05-13 5 . until you can complete it. your drawing is inaccurate.2011 Module 5 . If you get stuck and cannot complete it on your own. Start it over again. When you get to Module 8. Step 8 Save and close the drawing. (Figure Step 7) Author's Comments: Step 6 will insert a magenta colored overlay key on your drawing. the easier it will get. Author's Comments: If you have trouble completing this drawing the first try.AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . you will be taught how to fix a drawing so you do not have to start over. your drawing is accurate.AutoCAD 2D . even though it may share the colors magenta and red.17 Step 7 Your drawing should match the figure. use the following hint to help you. Copyright © 1993 . from scratch.

you will be able to: 1 Within a one hour time limit.Competency Test No. A Competency Test module contains multiple choice questions and a comprehensive lab exercise to test your mastery of the set of modules that you just completed.cadinstructors. have completed the lab exercises with 100% accuracy. What that means to you as a student is that you have not completed each module until you have mastered it. redo as many lab exercises required until you understand the material. Competency Tests The AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules are written as competency based modules.AutoCAD ® Self-paced Learning Modules AutoCAD 2D Module 6 Competency Test No. Step 4 Attach and submit the file AutoCAD 2D Lab 06-1. 1.2011 Module 6 . In the website. write the online written test for Module 6 . If there are any parts of this module that you have trouble completing. 1 The CAD Guys Ltd. Students Attending this Course in a Classroom Setting If you are a student completing this course in a classroom setting.com with your name and ID number. There are no answers supplied with a Competency Test module since it is meant to be checked by your instructor. Step 3 Login into the website www. Step 5 If you have any problems completing Steps 1 to 4. If necessary. you must prove that you understand the material contained in it and within a specified time limit.1 Learning Outcomes: When you have completed this module. Competency Test No. your instructor will give you instructions on what to do after you complete this module. It has the same 10 questions that you answered in Step 1. Students Completing this Course by Correspondence or Distance Education Complete the following steps: Step 1 Answer the 10 multiple choice questions on pages 6-2 to 6-3. Record the answers. To master a module. Copyright © 1993 . go back and reread the module or modules containing the information that you are having trouble with. Step 6 Go on to Module 7. complete a written exam and a lab exercise without the aid of a key. Step 2 Complete Lab Exercise 6-1 on page 6-4.dwg when you write the online test by following the prompts. ask your instructor for help.

when pressed.Revised 2011-05-13 AutoCAD 2D Competency Test No. 1 The CAD Guys Ltd. Copyright © 1993 .2011 Module 6 . execute a command or accept an AutoCAD default? A) B) C) D) E) 2 Esc and Space Bar Enter and Esc Enter and Space Bar F2 and Enter Space Bar and F6 Multiple Choice Questions To AutoCAD.AutoCAD 2D . 1 What two keyboard keys.6-2 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . 1 Open Book Part A Select the BEST answer. what does the @ symbol mean? A) B) C) D) E) A default An option Abort Execute The last absolute coordinate 3 What keyboard key opens and closes the Text window? A) B) C) D) E) F1 F2 F3 F4 F6 4 What is the main purpose of the left mouse button? A) B) C) D) E) To execute a command The pick button The abort button Repeats the last command The menu button 5 What is the name of AutoCAD's special layer that exists in all new drawings and cannot be deleted? A) B) C) D) E) 0 (zero) Object 2 Special Layer 1 Competency Test No.

4 4.2 <2. what layer will AutoCAD place it on? A) B) C) D) E) Layer 0 (zero) The last layer used The current layer The object layer The displayed layer 8 Which layer cannot be frozen? A) B) C) D) E) Layer 0 (zero) The last layer used Any layer that is currently displayed The object layer The current layer 9 Which one of the following inputs the relative coordinate location X2Y4? A) B) C) D) E) 2. Copyright © 1993 .AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .2011 Module 6 .4> @2. 1 The CAD Guys Ltd.AutoCAD 2D .4 10 What is the name of the file that contains the AutoCAD defaults and standards set by the creator? A) B) C) D) E) The template file The object file The backup file The text file The readme file Competency Test No.4 #2.Revised 2011-05-13 6-3 6 What keyboard key aborts an AutoCAD command? A) B) C) D) E) F2 Ctrl Esc F6 Shift 7 When a drawing object is inserted in a drawing.

as shown in the Layering Scheme above. the opposite side of the slot on the bottom of the object is the same size as the dimensioned one. Copyright © 1993 .Revised 2011-05-13 Lab Exercise 6-1 Name AutoCAD 2D Lab 06-1 Part B Template 2D English Layering Scheme Units Inches Open Book Name Object Objects on Layer All lines Color Red Instructions: Step 1 Start a new drawing using the template shown above. Author's Comments: There is no key for this lab.2011 Module 6 . Dimensioned Drawing Competency Test No. All lines should be on layer Object and display red. Step 2 Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Lab 06-1 in the folder CAD Courses/AutoCAD 2D/Lab Exercises Step 3 Create the layer Object. This simply means that there is at least one other dimension that is the same. 1 The CAD Guys Ltd. In this drawing. color red.6-4 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules .AutoCAD 2D . Step 4 Draw the object shown in the dimensioned drawing. Completed Drawing Author's Comments: TYP means typical. Step 5 Save and close the drawing.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BREAK . . . Block and Layers . . . . . 13 Cross Polygon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dimensioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cartesian Coordinate System . . . . . . . 29 abort . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DIVIDE . . . . . . . . . . . . AutoSnap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . block definition table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . arc . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .AutoCAD ® Self-paced Learning Modules AutoCAD 2D Index Module Index Module @ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 DDEDIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 COPYCLIP . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2D polyline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Drafting Settings dialogue box . Control Codes . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BAK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DDIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Defpoints layer . . . . . . . . . drawing limits . . . . . . . . . . . . CLOSE . . . . DIMDIAMETER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . DIMCENTER . . . . . . . . . DIMCEN .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aligned Section . . . . . . . . . . . DIMALIGNED .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DIMRADIUS . . . . . . Definition points . circle . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . closed polyline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . associative hatch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DIMEDIT . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . checking your drawing . docked . BHATCH . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . commands . . . . . . . . . BLOCK . . . . . controlling the drawing . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . DIMSTYLE . . . . . . . . . . . 32 CTRL+C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ADCENTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 4 39 34 10 7 7 30 23 37 32 8 2 32 33 33 33 33 29 37 5 4 13 3 7 7 2 29 5 1 2 8 25 9 20 Module COPYBASE . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . dimensioning style . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DIMASSOC . . . . . . Degrees Minutes and Seconds . . . . . . . . construction objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 crosshairs . . . . . . . . . . defaults . . . . . 20 CTRL+V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . DIST . . . . . command line window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Donuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 CTRL+SHIFT+C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Blocks . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . associative dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Absolute Cartesian Coordinate .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . color . . 20 Cross window . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 1 Crosshatching . . . . . . . . . drawing extents . . . . . . . . . . . . byLayer . . . . . AREA . . . . . . . . . . . ARC . ARRAY . . 19 37 2 37 37 30 39 38 38 37 37 37 37 38 38 37 37 38 38 37 38 17 17 1 29 17 2 9 9 Index The CAD Guys Ltd.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DIMASO . . . CIRCLE . . . . . . . . angles . . . BOUNDARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . drawing file extension names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . DIMTEDIT . . . . . . . . . . . .2011 Index Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DesignCenter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CELTSCALE . . . . . . . . . . . COPY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DIMLINEAR . .. . .. . . . . . . . . 20 current layer . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . DIMANGULAR . . . . . . Copyright © 1993 .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EXPLODE . . . . . . . . . . . GRID . . . . . 4 linetype scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . executing a command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MTEXT . .2011 Index Module . . . . . . . inquiry . . . . . . . . . OSNAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . floating toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . orthographic projection . . . . . . . . . . 40 Lineweight . . . . . MVIEW . . . . . . . . . . . 5 LAYER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MEASURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Half Section . . . . . . . . . . . graphic cursor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Full Section . . . object properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MIRRTEXT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nested Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Lineweight by Color . . . . . . . . option prompt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Copyright © 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Model Space . ORTHO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Lineweight to Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 & 9 DWT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HATCHEDIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . multiview drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mouse . . . . . . . Model and Layout Tabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . grids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 LINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 drawing . . . . F9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Node . . . . . . MIRROR . . Match Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ERASE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 DTEXT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . INSERT . . . . . . . . Insert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . object snap modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . external reference file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Revised 2011-05-10 Module drawing template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FILEDIA . . . . . . . . . . . . . nonassociative hatch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FILL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Multiline Text . . . . . 38 Layer Property Manager . . . 13 manual object snap modes . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Layouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ESC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 LIMITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .AutoCAD 2D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 LTSCALE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . object snap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . freeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Graphic window . . Fence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 linetypes . extents . . . . . . . . . . . non-associative dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . hidden Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 DWG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . model and layout tabs . . . . 8 22 17 1 22 22 1 18 18 22 1 20 25 25 27 18 34 2 17 37 32 2 17 27 8 8 8 27 13 Index The CAD Guys Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 ELLIPSE . . . . . . . . . exploded dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F3 . . . . . . . . menus . . . . . . . . . 5 LAYOUT . . endpoint . . . F8 . . . . . . . . . . . erasing objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . flyout menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hatching Boundaries . . object lines . . . . . . . . . . EXTEND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . motion paths . . . . FILLET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Glass Box Principle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 8 4 4 2 2 29 37 14 9 35 1 8 28 17 28 23 2 29 12 1 1 5 34 27 1 1 28 28 34 32 32 32 27 15 17 33 33 Module Inserting Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hatching Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MOVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . . .

. . . . . . . PURGE . . . . 15 offsetting objects . pull-down menu . . . . . . PROPERTIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 special layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TRIM . toolbar menus . . . . . . . 23 XBIND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 SCALE . . . . . . . pickbox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 9 9 18 18 20 29 13 1 29 29 12 17 23 10 14 30 29 22 13 13 1 34 38 2 25 8 30 23 15 35 9 9 14 30 4 34 22 Module save drawing as . . . . . . . 9 UNITS . . . . Paper Space Icon . . . . . . . 9 Index The CAD Guys Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . Types of Section Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 VIEWRES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Text Style dialogue box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . XREF . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Window polygon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . point of tangency . . . . . PLINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 PAGESETUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . text . . . . . .3 Module OFFSET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ROTATE . . . . . . . . . . . 15 open polyline . Relative Cartesian Coordinates . . . . . . . . . . . . . previous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 19 19 1 19 5 27 34 1 14 34 units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 window . QTEXT . Regular Polygons .Revised 2011-05-10 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . three standard views . . . . . . . . pline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . POINT . . . . . . . . . . regenerating the drawing . . . . . . . PASTECLIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 unlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 selecting objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 zooming . . . . . PAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PEDIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Xref Dependant Named Objects . . . POLYGON . . . . . . QSAVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Polar Coordinate System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 STRETCH . . . . . . . . 35 35 35 35 ZOOM . . . . 25 status bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . REGEN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . reference point . panning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Text window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2011 Index Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 scroll bars . . . . . . . . . . . 19 template . . . RECTANGLE . . . . . . . . . . . revolved Section . text justification . . . . . . Rectangular Array . . . . . . . . . . Polar Array . . . . . . . 5 Viewport Scales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . thaw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xref . . . . . . . . . 5 Special Text Characters . . . . . . . . . . . Quadrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 STYLE . . . QLEADER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . pick . . . . . . . . . . .AutoCAD 2D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reference Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . polyline . . . . . . . . . . . . Properties dialogue box . . . . . . . . . . 29 OPEN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . Copyright © 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 SNAP . regular polygon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paper Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 SPELL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . polygon . . . 1 Sections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 single line text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .