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OFFSHORE STRUCTURES CONSTRUCTION
Rev. 5 December 2001
ENGINEERING COMPANY STANDARD
Documento riservato di proprietà di Eni S.p.A. Divisione Agip. Esso non sarà mostrato a Terzi né utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali è stato inviato. This document is property of Eni S.p.A. Divisione Agip. It shall neither be shown to Third Parties not used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
08833.STR.MET.SPC Rev. 5 December 2001 Pag. 2 di 89
Rev. 0 December 1992 Total pages n. 107 Issue Rev.1 February 1993 Modify sheets 37, 38, 44, 45, 79, 91, 101 Rev.2 September 1993 Total pages n. 107 Modify sheets 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 51, 52, 54, 56, 57, 58, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 66, 67, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 81 Rev.3 December 1993 Total pages n. 120 RINA comments are included. General revision. Rev.4 October 1995 Total pages n. 120 General revision. Rev.5 December 2001 Total pages n. 89 Steels with yield strength of 460MPa and steels fabricated with thermomechanical rolling process are considered, check of congruence with specification 08832 STR-MME-SPC Rev.7 has been carried out, extension has been done for offshore welds and sea fastening, standard AWS D1.1/2000 has been considered, a dedicated section for impact test has been included in order to take into account recommendations of draft committee for revision of ISO 13819-2, reference has been done to European standards EN462 and EN970, PWHT applicability criteria has been review, specification has been review and simplify where possible.
08833.STR.MET.SPC Rev. 5 December 2001 Pag. 3 di 89
CONTENTS 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 7 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 GENERAL SCOPE OF THE WORK APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS TERMS AND DEFINITIONS REPORTING STRUCTURAL CLASSES AND TYPICAL ELEMENTS MATERIALS WELDING GENERAL DEFINITIONS WELD CLASS WELDING PROCESSES CONSUMABLES STORAGE AND HANDLING OF CONSUMABLES INITIAL DOCUMENTATION WELDING BOOK WELDING PROCEDURES GENERAL WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATIONS QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURES (WPAR) QUALIFIED PRINCIPAL POSITIONS VALIDITY OF WELDING PROCEDURES (ESSENTIAL VARIABLES) TESTING SPECIAL TESTS WELDERS AND WELDING OPERATORS GENERAL QUALIFICATIONS RETESTS PRODUCTION WELDS GENERAL WELDING SEQUENCES TEMPERATURE REPAIRS CLOSURE WELDS STRESS RELIEVING POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT PRODUCTION TESTING COUPONS WELDING PARAMETER CHECKING FABRICATION GENERAL FORMING WELDED ATTACHMENTS SITE ASSEMBLY ACTIVITIES MANUFACTURED AND MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS FINISHING OF SURFACES RAT HOLES BOLTED CONNECTIONS PREFABRICATED ITEMS TOLERANCES FABRICATED TUBULARS, NODES AND CONES ROLLED OR FABRICATED BEAM STIFFENED PLATE PANELS OTHER FABRICATION DETAILS 5 5 5 6 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 9 10 11 13 14 16 16 17 18 18 18 21 24 26 26 27 28 29 29 33 33 34 36 37 39 40 42 42 42 45 45 46 46 46 47 48 48 50 51 52
8 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 9 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.9 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 9.14 10 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 11 12
08833.STR.MET.SPC Rev. 5 December 2001 Pag. 4 di 89 53 53 53 53 53 54 55 55 56 56 57 57 57 57 58 59 59 59 59 60 61 62 62 64 65 65 65 67 68 70 72 72 72 72 72 72 74 75
FINAL FABRICATION TOLERANCES POSITION OF NODES JACKET LEGS HORIZONTAL AND DIAGONAL MEMBERS STRAIGHTNESS JACKET CENTERING GUIDE TUBES JACKET SLEEVES AND SHEAR PLATES DECK PLANS PILES BUOYANCY TANKS CONDUCTORS J TUBES SUPPORTS CAISSON / RISER / J-TUBES ANODES HANDRAILS WALKWAYS, LANDINGS AND STAIRWAYS TEMPLATE DOCKING PILES CENTRING SYSTEM INSPECTION OF WELDMENTS GENERAL DEFINITIONS REFERENCE STANDARDS METHODS OF NDT EXTENT OF NDT EDGE INSPECTION QUALIFICATION OF NDT PROCEDURES QUALIFICATION OF NDT PERSONNEL VISUAL INSPECTION EXECUTION RADIOGRAPHIC TESTING EXECUTION ULTRASONIC TESTING EXECUTION MAGNETIC PARTICLE INSPECTION EXECUTION STANDARDS OF ACCEPTABILITY REPORTS TESTING OF FIELD INSTALLED COMPONENTS PREASSEMBLY TESTING RISER PNEUMATIC TESTING PNEUMATIC TESTING OF BUOYANCY TANKS AND JACKET LEGS TESTING OF BALLASTING AND GROUTING SYSTEMS TESTING OF PACKERS SYSTEM APPENDIX 1: STRUCTURAL CLASSES APPENDIX 2: FIGURES
EEMUA 158 "Construction specification for fixed offshore structures". 462 "Non-Desstructive testing . 1.W.2.MET.A.). Designing and Constructing Fixed Offshore Platforms".W.1 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS Referred Codes For items not specially covered by this specification. 288 "Specification and approval of welding procedures for metallic material" (Para.p. decks and modules of the offshore platforms of ENI Division AGIP spa.). 9). 3).SPC Rev.STR. 9) 287 "Approval testing of welders-Fusion welding-Part1" (Para 5). RINA "List of products approved by RINA according to sections G and H to the rules". American Welding Society (A. wires and fluxes. the latest editions (at the time of contract award) of the following codes in the order shown below shall be used: American Welding Society (A.S. 5). 10025 "Hot rolled products of non-alloy structural steels and their technical delivery conditions" production weld (Para. Specification for electrodes. (Para.S.Eni S. 970 "Non-Destructive examination of fusion welds -Visual . This specification contains general requirements: construction drawings shall prevail over this specification. 7) 6072 "Method for magnetic particle flaw detection" NDT (Para. 473 "General principles for qualification and certification of NDT personnel". Divisione Agip 1 1. 5 di 89 This specification covers the minimum requirements for fabrication and construction of jackets. 3) 5500 "Specification for unfired fusion welded pressure vessel" local out roundness (Para. Consumable Classification from Institutes members of the IACS International Association Classification. RINA "Guide for design.2. 5 December 2001 Pag. Structural Welding Code D1. Manual of Steel Construction.1 GENERAL SCOPE OF THE WORK 08833. 1. API RP 2A "Recommended Practice for Planning.1 / 2000.2 Referred Norms The following norms are referred to in this specification: BSI BSI BSI EN 709 "Methods of destructive testing fusion welded pressure vessel" welding procedures (Para. American Institute for Steel Construction (AISC).2 1.Image quality of radiograph -Image quality indicators". construction and installation of steel fixed off-shore platform".
procedures. 7. Construction Drawings: drawings issued by Client and developed to a detail level that may change from project to project. The Company responsible for the fabrication and construction who has awarded the contract from Client.3.1 Parties Involved CLIENT: CONTRACTOR ENI Division AGIP or its Authorised Representative. on which are reported all the information on how the construction has been actually built. accepted by the Client. issued by Contractor.p. 1. Divisione Agip 08833. .3 Associated Specifications AGIP 08832-STR-MME-SPC "Purchase of offshore structural steel" Rev. 10163 "Delivery requirements for surface condition of hot rolled steel plates and sections" EN API 10045 "Charpy impact test on metallic materials". materials and welding operators. equipment and NDT personnel. May: is used where a provision is completely discretionary. Should: is used where a provision is advisory but preferred. Person or Society. 6 di 89 examination".A.3. Standard 1104 NDT (Para. 9) Materials which shall be certified by Certifying Authority shall be in accordance with the relevant codes of the Certifying Authority.2 Definitions and abbreviations Shall/Is to be: is used where a provision is mandatory.procedures.SPC Rev.STR. 1. The Company Sub-Contractor to Contractor. committed to certify: . depending on Contractor scope of work. Construction drawings together with other specifications define the necessary Contractor information for fabrication drawings built up and relevant engineering detail. The Company who receives the purchase order for supplying of materials or equipment. Charpy-V Specimen (Para.MET. Fabrication Drawings: drawings issued by Contractor that contain all the necessary information required to fabricate items at shop and yard level. approved by Client. Assembly sequence drawings and temporary support drawings are considered fabrication drawings As built Drawings: fabrication drawings. 1. .3 TERMS AND DEFINITIONS The following definitions are given for terms contained in this specification.2. Sub-CONTRACTOR: SUPPLIER: EXAMINER or APPROVED BODY: 1. 3) RP2X "Reccomended practice for ultrasonic examination of offshore structural fabrication and guidelines for qualification of ultrasonic technicians".Eni S. 5 December 2001 Pag.
A. generally they are welds made on diagonal tubulars after row roll-up. The definition of the structural classes is reported in Appendix 1 with the definition of structural element class for typical jackets. Materials substitution and handling shall be in accordance with sections 3. t: thikness NDT: Non Destructive Test. decks and modules structural elements. Ambiguous cases relevant to structural element class shall be cleared by Client. Ry: minimum specified yield strength.MET. nr: not required. 1. temporary ladders.7 requirements. sea fatening etc. na: not applicable. Construction: assembly of several items carried out at yard. lifting aids. . Insert: structural element part with the same diagonal dimension section in which it is fitted.5 of standard EEMUA 158.4 and 6. 1. Fabrication: built-up of single item.Eni S. Construction drawings may indicate specific informations about structural element class.5 STRUCTURAL CLASSES AND TYPICAL ELEMENTS For the scope of this document the structural elements of the off-shore installations are subdivided in classes. 5 December 2001 Pag. except that all attachments left onto the structure shall be reported on as built drawings. at least.SPC Rev.6 MATERIALS All building steel to be used shall comply with ENI Division AGIP 08832-STR-MME-SPC rev. Rm: tensile strength. ecc). although removed. generally executed in a shop. Divisione Agip 08833.). This classification does not consider structural elements that are removed after platform installation (platform for lifting lugs. Structural Element Class: level of importance of each structural element due to its loading condition and with respect to the overall integrity of the platform. Closure weld: welds on tubulars with inside diameter of 600 mm or greater without back gouging. they are fundamental (buoyancy tanks.STR. but includes those items.p. the information listed in the relevant paragraphs of this specification. 1.4 REPORTING Reports required throughout this specification shall conform to the applicable Contractor guarantee quality formats which shall contain. 7 di 89 Assembly sequence drawings and temporary support drawings need no to be issued in "as-built" version.
7.MET.Eni S. heat affected zone. corresponding to the structural element classes.3 WELD CLASS The welds to be executed are grouped in classes. welding procedure qualification record. 8 di 89 All structural welding shall be in accordance with the requirements of this specification. Divisione Agip 2 2. Steel backing strips. 2. gas shielding flux cored arc welding. KCV set in HAZ:Charpy V test set. submerged arc welding (using automatic equipment). self shielding flux cored arc welding. TM: thermomechanically controlled rolled (base material): thermomechanical rolling process carried out with a rigid control of both plate temperature and rolling grade. defects acceptability combinations are defined for each weld class. KCV set in WM: Charpy V test set. and in accordance with paragraph 3. Q&T: 2.p. NDT type and percentage.4. FL plus 2mm.1 WELDING GENERAL 08833. FL plus 5mm. welding procedure specification. fusion line. .SPC Rev. mechanical characteristics. 5 December 2001 Pag. consisting of three (3) groups of three (3) specimens each from the following lines: fusion line (FL= 50% WM and 50% HAZ). for a total of 9 specimens. consisting of three (3) specimens in weld centreline.2 DEFINITIONS The following definitions are used: SMAW: SAW: GTAW: GMAW: GSFCAW: SSFCAW: WPS: WPQR: HAZ: WM: FL: shielded metal arc welding (using manual equipment). weld metal. Different requirements on applicable welding processes. of which they maintain the same name. may be used upon Client's approval only.STR. quenched and tempered (base material). In welded joints between elements of different structural classes the higher structural element class shall govern. gas metal arc welding. gas tungsten arc welding (using manual equipment). out of closure welds.A.
4.1 WELDING PROCESSES Acceptable Welding Processes 08833.Eni S.4 2.1. 9 di 89 The approval is to be obtained prior the use of the process in production begins.STR. except vertical down. 2. Welding processes for structural classes of components are listed in table 2. the consumables. TABLE 2. horizontal position for fillet weld only and with "spray arc" technique. straight polarity.1: JOINT TYPE AND WELD CLASS Structural element class = Weld class a Butt 1 run st b c d e GS/SSFCAW (1) SAW SMAW GS/SSFCAW (1) GTAW SMAW SAW SMAW GSFCAW (1) GTAW SMAW SAW SMAW GS/SSFCAW (1) SAW T butt 1 run Fillet st SMAW GS/SSFCAW GMAW SAW SMAW GSFCAW Closure 1 run Seal st na SAW SMAW GS/SSFCAW GMAW SMAW SMAW GSFCAW GS/SSFCAW GTAW SMAW SMAW GS/SSFCAW GMAW Note 1: not applicable for steels with minimum specify yield strength of 460MPa. flat position in general. 5 December 2001 Pag. First run on principal tubulars longitudinal double side welds may be carried out by GMAW process providing it is completed removed prior to back passes are executed. Other welding processes could be employed under Client approval. the relevant applications and the previous experience are to be documented. flat position in general. The use of GTAW shall be limited to the first passes where second side is not accessible. In this case full details about the process.MET.2 Restrictions of Welding Processes The following procedures require the following positions: SMAW: SAW: GMAW: all positions. the NDT techniques.p.4. The use of "narrow gap" welding processes are permitted only upon Client's approval. GTAW shall be utilized only with direct current.A. .SPC Rev. Divisione Agip 2. horizontal position for fillet weld only. All welding fabrication of structures shall be accomplished with low hydrogen processes.
or humidity equal to 0. welding on materials less than 30mm thickness with a heat input exceeding 3 kJ/mm.2% of the weld metal weight. 10 di 89 GS/SSFCAW: all positions (except the vertical down for class "e" structures only). square edge butt welds greater than 8mm thickness. Divisione Agip 08833.5 CONSUMABLES The use of consumables is subject to meeting the welding procedure qualification requirements. c". weld thickness greater than 10mm.SPC Rev. bead width exceeding 16mm or 4 times the core wire diameter. vertical up.MET. 2. single-pass fillet welds (other than by submerged arc) with a leg length greater than 7mm. Welding procedures shall not exceed the following limits: SMAW: SAW: GTAW: GSFCAW: SSFCAW: ALL: for heat input exceeding 3 kJ/mm. when adequate environmental shielding is not provided. according to AWS D1. under Client's approval only. . shall be marked. after a documented experience is furnished to Client's satisfaction.Eni S. The use of filler metals giving a low diffusible hydrogen deposit (less than 5 cm³ per 100g of weld deposit.) is compulsory when one of the following conditions is fulfilled: welds in classes "a.p. with weave beads. Electrodes classification shall conform to AWS.5 kJ/mm. heat input greater than 3 kJ/mm for steels with minimum specify yield strength of 460Mpa.1. Electrodes classified conform to other specifications or codes are accepted provided correspondence and in that case the WPQ has in the name anessential variable All electrodes. Electrodes in sealed boxes shall have the hydrogen level certified. welding on second side of a joint without back gouging except for SAW procedures using the punch-through technique.STR. for heat inputs exceeding 1. Consumables to be used for welded joints between steels having different yield strength shall be those applicable to the higher strength steel. for heat input exceeding 5 kJ/mm. for heat input exceeding 3 KJ/mm. carried out with mercury measurement method.A. without the voltage and wire-feed speed are set and locked. 5 December 2001 Pag. Consumables to be used shall have chemical composition similar to and have a yield strength not lower than the base material. b. according to the reference code or specification. Specified Minimum Yield Strength of one of the parts to be joined equal to or greater than 275MPa. when adequate environmental shielding is not provided. use of ceramic inserts.
18 (classes ER 70S2. 11 di 89 Electrodes for SMAW shall conform to AWS specification A5.5.17 classification F6XXEXXX or F7XX-EXXX or F6XX-EXXX or AWS specification A5. 2.4 GMAW GMAW consumables shall be in accordance with AWS specification A5. E7018 ed E7028 (the last one for fillet weld only). gas mixtures with 80% Ar and 20% CO2 are acceptable.5. Other type of gas mixture may be applied after Client approval.Eni S.2 SAW Wires and fluxes for SAW shall conform to AWS specification A5.5 GSFCAW and SSFCAW Consumables shall be in accordance with AWS specification A5. 5 December 2001 Pag. Processes with 100% CO2 are not allowed. Fixed distribution networks are to be clearly identified in their content. E8016-C3. . or E7016-A1. 2.MET. 2.5.6 Gases CO2 is to have a purity grade not lower than 99. Gas mixture normally used is that with 80% Ar and 20% CO2.5 classification E7015-A1.29 (class E81T1-Ni1-Ni2).5. 2. Divisione Agip 2.A. 2. ER 70S6. ER 70S3.5.20 (classes E70/71-T6 E70/71-T8) and AWS A 5. 2.3 GTAW Rods for GTAW shall conform to AWS specification A5.6 STORAGE AND HANDLING OF CONSUMABLES All consumables shall be supplied in sealed moisture proof containers capable of maintaining the consumables free from moisture for at least six months.5. E7016. Heaters for CO2 are to be used.p. ER 70S7).STR. E7018-A1.1 classification E7015.8% and a dew point not higher than 45°C below zero.99% and a dew point not higher than 45°C below zero.SPC Rev.18 and electrodes shall conform to AWS specification A5. Gases are to be supplied in bottles where type is to be clearly indicated. E9018-M and AWS A5. E8018-C3.23 classification F7XXEXXX-A1 or F8XX-EXXX-A1. Argon and Helium are to have a purity grade not lower than 99.12.1 SMAW 08833.
Redrying is generally acceptable to a maximum of 2 times. 12 di 89 Unopened containers shall be stored in a dry location where the temperature shall not be less than 20°C and the relative humidity shall not exceed 50%. usage and rebaking requirements shall be as for electrodes. oil. Electrodes.SPC Rev. electrodes shall be contained in heated portable quivers at a temperature not lower than 70°C and shall be used within 4 hours. In alternative electrodes characterized by a low hydrogen level maintainment after box opening may be used. those unemployed. fluxes and wires that have been contaminated by water. provided they are in good conditions. Anyway Client may require a test to verify the characteristical performance of those electrodes. . use of heated hoppers. recovery system and circumstances in which flux is deemed unsuitable and scrapped. 2. at the day end. If these electrode types are used.5.6.p. ready for production use.1% for fluxes. Client reserves the right to verify the consumables chemical and mechanical characteristics by destructive testing. 2. or all other deemed unsuitable. After withdrawing from ovens for use. Fluxes may be recycled aspirating from welding and filtered to eliminate impurity before mixing with new one. On any electrode batch and on any flux lot.2% for electrodes and 0. unless otherwise recommended by the supplier.Eni S. shall not be employed again. 5 December 2001 Pag. The maximum moisture content by weight for low hydrogen consumables shall be 0.A. The Contractor shall provide a handling and recycling procedure including details of baking. or unmarked consumables shall not be employed in the work and shall be removed from the worksites. Client may require an additional monthly test (or two months in shop) and whenever he considers that the consumable baking and maintaining procedure are applied in wrong way. Initial drying may be omitted in case the electrodes are supplied in fully sealed packs with a guaranteed hydrogen level content. a moisture test in accordance with AWS specification A5. Divisione Agip 08833. Electrodes that shall not immediatly applied may be stored in ovens at a temperature not lower than 100°C after baking. Thermocouple. The maximum amount of recycled flux used for welding shall not exceed 30% of the total (70% minimum new flux). Samples shall be taken from ovens where electrodes and fluxes are stored. which shall be previously calibrated shall be placed at midheight owen. Electrodes not used within above time limit may be rebaked.MET. grease.1 Electrodes Low hydrogen electrodes shall be baked for 2 hours at 350/450°C.2 Fluxes Low hydrogen fluxes storage.6. Those electrodes are commercially available in packages equal to a workday or half workday. may be carried out at Client's discretion.STR.
fabrication drawings including plate seam arrangement drawings and plate cutting drawings. wires shall be free from grease and moisture. hot cracking and low electrical contact. K. To avoid porosity. control of tolerances during fabrication. O. drawings and calculations of temporary works. . C. 5 December 2001 Pag.6. identification and control procedures for materials.Eni S. jacking points and sling points.7 INITIAL DOCUMENTATION Prior to begin fabrication and for all welding processes Contractor shall submit to Client's approval: A. H. fabrication procedures and erection sequences. 13 di 89 2. M.A. welder/operator qualification list. inclusive of support points. cold forming and straightening procedures. procedures for NDT testing and inspection and associated personnel qualification. At the workday end all the automatic welding coil winders shall be emptied as to avoid wire moisture contamination. D. key plans showing member identification and weld marking scheme. procedures for heat treatment. Current swing avoidance during welding shall be avoided through a regular coil speed. list of proposed welding consumables and Supplier. P. P above listed All the documents listed above shall be in accordance with the provisions given in following sections. E. O. usage and re baking shall be the same as for electrodes.p. I. For particular cases Contractor may require derogation for the points M.STR. B. G. N. L. 2. Divisione Agip 08833. welding procedure qualifications list. welding machine calibration certification. certificates of supply materials.3 Wires Wires storage. welding procedure specifications list. gas holes. storage and consumables handling procedure. procedures for dimensional control.MET.SPC Rev. J. N. F.
the Contractor shall prepare a welding book covering all the welding operations to be performed. the consumables used (standard name. It shall comprise: identification sketches or a list of welded joints per type. e. if stress relieving treatment is foreseen: the procedure. the welding position. the hold time.Eni S. the method of removal (if foreseen). the heating and cooling rates. the grade of the backing material. Divisione Agip 08833. For each pass the following indications shall be given: the welding process specifying. conditions and special measurements. preheating and postheating temperature (soaking time). For each welding procedure qualification (WPAR) shall be indicated: the references(s) of the qualification certificate(s) specifying the range of thicknesses and covered diameters together with maximum CEV and Pcm qualified for steels with Re > 275MPa. and the tolerances for each of these parameters. the chemical composition and the carbon equivalent CEV / Pcm of the test pieces (for steels with a minimum specified yield strength higher than or equal to 275MPa only). WPQ and WPS that shall be carried out during fabrication shall be added to the welding book. . if necessary. a summary of the accepted welding procedures with their qualifications. the joint configuration before and after welding (size and tolerance).A.p. the precision of the backing fit. specifying the technique used for the latter.8 WELDING BOOK Before the beginning of the works. during fabrication. certificates of the base and filler metals. trade name.STR.MET. For each welding procedure specification (WPS) shall be indicated: base material grade (when the grade actually used is be different from that initially foreseen on the drawings. maximum interpass temperature. This book shall be permanently available to the Client on the site where the welding is to be carried out. the welding procedure qualification records. diameter).SPC Rev. whether it is a manual. 5 December 2001 Pag. all welding procedure specifications which shall be applied. the temperature. with the testing record certificates and inspection. passes number. a semi-automatic or an automatic process. destructive and non destructive testing. if a temporary or permanent backing is used.g. this shall be indicated). 14 di 89 2.
MET. 15 di 89 welding parameters with tolerances (voltage. flow rate and type of gas). welding technique detailing polarity and nature of current. Divisione Agip 08833. welding direction.STR. heat input.Eni S.SPC Rev. current.A. type of protection (gas). weave bead or stringer bead.p. . speed of travel. 5 December 2001 Pag. whether or not back welding is carried out after gouging and/or grinding.
SPC Rev.3).1. Welding procedure qualified before this period may be applied providing a test coupon is carried out as production welding begins.43 20 < 0.39 20 < 0.1 shall apply. Welding of weld class "d" may be executed with procedure previously qualified by Contractor. without the need of new qualification.1: MINIMUM PREHEATING TEMPERATURES (°C) CEV t < 20mm (check analisys) < 0. All welding procedures applied shall be qualified unless Contractor procedures have already been qualified or Contractor qualifications have been in use in the preceding 12 month. Preheating and interpass values differing from the above stated may be used provided measured during the execution of welding procedure qualification. the Contractor shall qualify all the required welding procedures for the various materials and welded seams of the structures to be fabricated.p. Divisione Agip 3 3. c" shall be carried out in accordance with approved and qualified welding procedures only. Weld thickness (t) t < 30mm 20 20 50 (20) 100 (75) t > 30mm 50 (20) 75 (50) 100 (75) 125 (100) Arc air gouging and oxicutting may be carried out without preheating.1 Preheating and Interpass Tacking and welding shall be carried out with preheating temperatures ranges stated in table 3. .45 50 (20) Note: values in brackets refer to SAW only. Prior to beginning work.41 20 < 0. 16 di 89 Welding of weld classes "a. Carbon Equivalent formula is (IIW): CEV = C+Mn/6+(Mo+Cr+V)/5+(Ni+Cu)/15 TABLE 3. Preheating temperature is to be measured on bevels and at 50mm minimum from bevels at both sides.1. Welding of weld class "e" may be carried out with pre-qualify processes without new qualifications (see section 3. Working interpass temperature shall not be lower than preheating one. nor higher than 250°C. b. The requirements of section 5.1. 3. The Approved Body committed to certify the welding procedures shall be accepted by the Client.A.1 WELDING PROCEDURES GENERAL 08833.STR. The information indicated on each WPS shall be consistent and shall not leave the welder to choose within different combinations of parameters.Eni S.MET. 5 December 2001 Pag.
and those to be used in production. sketch showing number of beads. method of temperature measurement. thickness and diameter ranges qualified. 3. name. V = arc voltage in Volts. trade name. Divisione Agip 08833. welding process.p. 5 December 2001 Pag. polarity. width and pipe diameter (when applicable) used for procedure qualification. 17 di 89 3. or electrode run-out length and relevant burning time. .006 VA / s HI = 0.2. for each run: the current type. arc current and voltage. Heat input value for filling passes and for any process on TM steel may be higher than those considered in paragraph 2.001 VAT / (ROL) where:HI= heat input in KJ/mm.1. welding position and welding direction (for vertical position). or processes when more than one is used in making a complete joint. and whether it is normalised or TM. s = welding speed in cm/min. thickness.SPC Rev. frequency and waving amplitude. ROL = electrode run-out-length in mm. classification and size of welding consumable and fluxes. steel type. provided adequate welding procedure qualification demonstrates it is not detrimental to the mechanical characteristics of welded joint.Eni S. sketch of joint showing plate edge preparation (specifying if oxygen cutting or machining) and joint fit-up tolerances.2 Heat input Welding heat input shall be calculated with one of the following formulas: HI = 0. actual preheat and maximum interpass temperature used in the qualification test weld. the make. type and flow rate for gas shielding.A. length. Any pretreatment of electrode/consumable. welding speed.STR. and backing if applicable. post weld heat treatments (for avoiding hydrogen cracking and for stress relieving) if applicable.MET.4. wire protrusion. T = arc time in second. treatment to second side. welding sequence and relevant consumables and welding parameters for each joint zone.2 WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATIONS Welding procedure specifications (WPS) shall specify the EN 288 requirements in addition to the following information (as recorded on relevant Procedure Qualification Record): company name and unique WPS number. A = arc current in Ampere. for semi-automatic processes: torch position.
MET. the essential variables applicable to each process shall be applied. . The welding procedures shall be certified by an Approved Body accepted by the Client. and Pcm above 0. 3. or lower grade. The execution of procedure qualifications for SAW shall be done using the maximum value of the allowable recycled flux percentage (paragraph 2.2).5 VALIDITY OF WELDING PROCEDURES (ESSENTIAL VARIABLES) A qualified welding procedure is to be used within the limitation of essential variables as stated below. WPQ carried out on base material of quality not "Z" may be applied to other similar steels. TM.6. 3.1 apply only to weld class "e". and not viceversa.02% (for Re > 300MPa only). Increase in product CEV above 0.01% of maximum nominal value of steel in comparison with the value of WPS.12000. Change in supply condition (as rolled.5.Eni S. 3. When a combination of welding processes is used. 18 di 89 3. 5 December 2001 Pag.STR.SPC Rev. AWS D1.1 Material Base Material: change of grade of steel. The qualification obtained for a normalised materials is accepted also for TM materials. change of steel quality.A.1. Divisione Agip any deposition augmentation system used. page 109. Prequalified joints foreseen by AWS D1. normalised. the procedure test plate shall be similarly tack welded and one macro section taken through a tack location. The changes described below are to be considered essential and are to initiate a new procedure qualification test.3 QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURES (WPAR) Qualification of welding procedures shall comply with AWS D1.1 or EN 288 or RINA and as specified in the following. Change of microalloy elements or manufacturing procedure for steels with minimum specify yield strength of 460MPa. including quality "Z". The qualification of the welding procedures performed may be used for any other workshop or worksite within the same organization.4 QUALIFIED PRINCIPAL POSITIONS Qualified principal positions shall be in accordance with table 4. Where tack welds in production will remain in final joint and are done by a different process to that used for weld body. Q&T).p. tack welding procedure. 08833. removal methods for weld defects.
. Misalignment: values exceeding the lesser of 5mm or 10%t on double sided joints. in that case they do not have to be requalified.5.3 Consumables and Equipment Welding consumables: change of electrode trade name. Thickness: outside the qualified range listed in EN 288 -3. Divisione Agip 08833. regardless of other parameters. 3. soaking time increased more than 25%.4 Procedures Welding process: any change in welding process. AWS D1. Groove design: change from double side welding to single side welding and vice versa. 3mm or 10%t on single sided joints.2 Weld Geometry and Position Groove angle: change of included angle greater than +10° or -5°.STR.MET. with a tolerance of 10°/+50°C. Misalignment of 2mm is permitted.SPC Rev. either for double side weldings and for single side weldings. except that a single half V bevel qualifies a single V. increasing or decreasing speed more than 20%.5. Components angle : where acute angles in the stub to node can welds are below 45° weld processes are to be qualified by the test of TKY joints. change +27% or -10% in flow rate. change of 10% or beyond in gas composition. and 2:1 and 1:1 preparations qualify each other and all intermediate geometries).p. U groove. electrode and wire type are considered equivalent on condition that they belong to the same certification class and are approved by a Certifying Authority. Welding positions: outside the qualified range listed in table 4. Root face and root gap: changes of root face and root gap shall be in accordance with AWS D1. change in groove weld preparation shape (V groove. K qualifies X. Preheating/working temperature: for preheating the lower limit of approval is the nominal preheat temperature applied at the start of the welding procedure test. Post weld heat treatment: added or omitted. The bevel angle in this test is to be the smallest used in fabrication. Gas shielding: gas type change from active to inert and viceversa. change in DC polarity.1-2000. page 109. change beyond specified temperature range. 5 December 2001 Pag. 3.Eni S.1.5. Diameter: outside the qualified range listed in EN 288 -3. 19 di 89 Groove preparation: presence of bevels protective coat. For interpass the upper limit of approval is the nominal interpass temperature reached in the welding procedure test. etc. Oxycutting without grinding to sound metal. Welding parameters: change from AC to DC or vice versa.A. Power: changes are made to pulsed power welding parameters.1-2000. 3.
qualification in both positions qualifies all intermediate run out lengths.7 Specific for GTAW Root gap exceeding 3mm is to be qualified with separate procedure. for any electrode diameter. Welding of all other elements of class "b" and of every other class is considered a change beyond 15%. fill and weld cap passes) for weld class "a" and nodes of class "b". Welding direction: change from uphill to downhill.5.SPC Rev. transverse or longitudinal.4. where the runs out lengths in two positions are different. qualification in both positions qualifies all intermediate heat inputs. 3.MET. each increase higher than 10mm of qualified depth. Core diameter of an electrode used for capping passes is reduced. and vice versa. Use of iron powder.Eni S. 5 December 2001 Pag. Where heat inputs in two positions are different.5. is changed by more than 10%. 3. Bead: if each bead width increase. . Divisione Agip Grinding: if grinding between passes is omitted. Separation of tandem arcs. Feeding direction is changed by more than 5° transverse or 3° longitudinal to the weld.5.STR. Heat input: change beyond 10% (tolerance applies to mean heats input values measured during qualification in root.5 Specific for SMAW Measured current for any electrode diameter is changed by more than 20%. Run out length for any electrode size is changed by more than 10%. 3.p. 20 di 89 Back-gouging: each reduction in depth of back-gouging in comparison with the qualified one for automatic process. 3. Back welding: if omitted.5. Tungsten wire changing diameter. 08833.6 Specific for SAW Number of wires used for any pass is changed.1 Welding Parameters Voltage and current: change beyond 10% of mean values. Speed: if wire feed speed setting for any pass is changed by more than 5%.A. All passes in the cap of the qualifying weld shall use the same electrode diameter.
Test shall be performed on each strip and the results averaged. Size and shape of specimens and test execution for Charpy-V are to comply with EU10045.6. (fig.5.2.8 Specific for FCAW (GS and SS) If the mean voltage for any pass deposited by other automatic or semi-automatic process is changed by more than 10%.02% and Pcm than 0.1) Test conditions shall be a realistic simulation of the actual conditions that will be experienced.01% in comparison with the maximum of the specification of the steel to be welded.SPC Rev. samples taken for WPQ shall have welding direction parallel to the rolling direction. tensile specimens may be cut into a number of approximately equal strips not exceeding 36mm (or the machine strength equivalent thickness whichever is the greater) with a minimum overlap of 2 mm. If different welding consumables or welding processes are applied for the same joint. CEV shall be not less than 0.A. When plate thickness to be tested is over 36mm or the power of tensile testing machine is not sufficient.Eni S.6 TESTING The qualification of welding procedures is based upon visual examination.STR. Position and cut of test coupons shall be in accordance with EN 288-3 section 7. impact tests required are to be carried out for the related regions of the weld. 3. all relevant procedures qualifications shall include PWHT over the full range of material thickness. 3. paragraph 6. for materials of other quality the welding direction can be perpendicular to the rolling direction. 21 di 89 3.p.6. 3.7. Divisione Agip 08833. Type and number of tests are those specified in table 7. 3. For Z quality material beams. Change of contact tip-to-workpiece distance. If SAW tandem process is used and fills passes have width over 19mm one KCV set is required at depth of 8mm. non-destructive testing and mechanical testing on test samples. 5 December 2001 Pag.MET.2 Acceptance Criteria The welding procedure is qualified when the soundness and mechanical properties comply with the requirements hereafter indicated: . of RINA Codes.1 Testing Coupon The test plates used for procedure qualification (samples location) shall have the rolling direction parallel to the test weld. When PWHT of nodes or other sub-assemblies is required. The dimensions of the test plates (coupons) shall be in accordance with EN 288-3.
2.8 mm 70 mm °Tp > +5 °C t < 15 mm 15 mm < t < 30 mm < t < 50. Bend tests: test conditions and acceptability limits shall be in accordance with EN 288-3 paragraph 7. Destructive tests: Transverse tensile tests: the tensile strength of the welded joint is to be in accordance with EN 288-3 paragraph 7.2: IMPACT TEST TEMPERATURE °Tp > -5 °C t < 12. 22 di 89 Non-destructive tests: Welded joints soundness is to comply with the prescriptions of section 9. All weld metal tensile test: specimens shall be taken out from full weld metal.4 mm < t < 50. in case of welding between steels of different grades the tensile strength shall be equal to the lower steel grade.1.4: TABLE 3.4. Toughness tests: the average and minimum Charpy V-notch energy absorption recorded at each specified position in WM and HAZ shall comply with the requirements stated in tables 3. and the cutting of tests pieces shall be arranged to avoid these imperfect regions. bending angle test shall be of 180°.SPC Rev.5 mm 12.MET.p. Divisione Agip 08833.4. and shall take the form of the "reduced transverse test" piece to BS 709.8 mm 70 mm Test temperature Structural element class a -20°C 70 mm < t < 100 mm 70 mm < t < 100 mm 100 mm < t < 150mm 100 mm < t < 150 mm b -20°C -40°C c D E Note: 0°C 0°C (1) Impact test not required not applicable (1) Thickness range applicable only for plates to be used for piles fabrication .8 mm < t < 25.STR.8 mm < t < 30 mm 50. 5 December 2001 Pag.A.5 mm< t < 25. The locations of all imperfections exceeding 50% of the reference level shall be marked.13. 3.4 mm 50.3 and 3. Repairs are not allowed.Eni S. NDT shall be carried out not prior than 48 hours from weld completion and in any case after PWHT when applicable. the tensile strength of the welded joint is to be at least equal to the minimum specified tensile strength.2.
and in addition the mean value of all the two tested sets (the new and the failed) shall attain the specified minimum average value.STR. the procedure will be rejected.5mm below external weld cap surface. Macro and hardness: the surveys on two more sections of the coupon have to meet specification. FL+2mm. 23 di 89 TABLE 3. Toughness: in case one specimen tested gives an energy value below the specified minimum single. shall meet specification. test condition and acceptability shall be applied.3 ADSORBED ENERGY Nominal yeld strength (Ry) Average adsorbed energy on base material (J) 60 50 40 Average adsorbed energy on weld metal and heat affected zone (J) 45 36 27 Minimum adsorbed energy on weld metal and heat affected zone (J) 32 26 19 > 450 Mpa 350<Ry< 450 Mpa Ry<350 Mpa Minimum value obtained by a single specimen must be greater than 70% of the average value required TABLE 3. Bends: two other specimens of similar type (face. located as near as possible to the failed specimen. or more than one value is lower than the minimum average.A. Tensile: when the failure. on one or both the specimen. paragraph 7.p. 5 December 2001 Pag.4.4 IMPACT TEST LOCATION Double and single side welding t < 45mm Cap WM + HAZ root none t > 45mm Cap WM + HAZ root WM + HAZ . .Eni S. on one or both the specimen. Hardness: the maximum hardness in any part across the welded joint shall not exceed 325 HV10. HAZ means: FL. In case of any additional failure the welding procedure shall be rejected. FL+5mm. 3. Divisione Agip 08833.HAZ: heat affected zone. .0. root or side).6.5 with the following amendements. The new set shall meet the specified minimum values and conditions. occurs for a load value that is less than 95% of the tensile strength.SPC Rev. .Root: in root region of back welding.3. Thickness Location Note: Macro section: EN 288-3 paragraph 7.WM: weld metal in the centre of weld. two additional tests will be carried out for the interested specimen. occurs for a load value that is between 95% and 100% of the tensile strength. one further set shall be tested from the same location.Cap: 2mm +/. .3 Retesting Retesting shall be in accordance with EN 288-3. When the failure.MET.
3.7 3.7.1 SPECIAL TESTS TKY Joints
08833.STR.MET.SPC Rev. 5 December 2001 Pag. 24 di 89
The joint qualification shall be carried out in accordance with EN 288-3 paragraph 6.2.4. The can shall be positioned with vertical axis and brace acute angle downward (fig. 3.2). Welding shall be carried out with a qualified T-butt procedure, or with a qualified butt weld procedure. In this case the required mechanicals to qualify the T-butt procedure shall be carried out. Testing shall be 100% NDT, WM and HAZ thoughness at 12 and 3 o'clock positions, macro and hardnesses at 12, 3 and 6 o'clock positions. Acceptability shall be in accordance with applicable requirements of this specification.
Welding Repair Special qualification for repair of excavated welds is required in case the repair process differs from the filling used. The qualification shall be carried out in the worse position, through the utilisation of parameteres which are worse than the expected ones. HAZ of both parent material and original weld shall be tested. The Contractor shall issue standard WPQ repair that may be applied in various cases, including the applied methodology, length and maximum excavation depth, cleaning and NDT methods, preheat temperature and weld re shaping, if any. The previous methodology shall be exactly applied. The requirements of section 5.4 shall apply.
Buttering Buttering procedure carried out with the same process and parameters as for the filling weld need not to be qualified. In case buttering is done with a different welding process, or with same process but different parameters, from main weld, the buttered area and HAZ shall be tested as for a different process weld. Both HAZ on base material induced by buttering and HAZ on buttered area induced by main weld shall be KCV tested. In case one KCV set position coincides with another KCV set, one may be superseded. Welding procedure shall be carried out with maximum allowed root gap conditions. Buttering thickness shall be 4mm and at least 3mm width on each bevel; normally buttering shall apply only to weldments having thickness 15mm and above. Buttering area shall be MT inspected. The requirements of section 5.5 shall apply in case of use of buttering in closure welds.
08833.STR.MET.SPC Rev. 5 December 2001 Pag. 25 di 89
Permanent Backing Strip Welds Contractor may apply this technique providing a special WPQ including the insertion of steel backing strip into the fit-up joint and its tightening against bevel root, first passes, filling passes and relevant NDT execution. This procedure is not applied in stub-can joints. The test is carried out by welding a joint, at scale 1:1, built up by two tubulars pieces with diameter equal to the minus on which the process is intended to be applied (fig.3.3). A macrographic examination shall be executed on the weld root. Tacking shall be carried out inside the bevel all over the weld root: tacking shall never be done outside bevel. Air gap between the bevel root and backing strip shall be the minimum, before root welding starts. A special UT procedure shall be defined and applied to verify the bevel fusion, the absence of tacking between base material and backing strip, and to recognize the root discontinuity caused by backing strip. The actual bevel inclination shall be considered for choosing UT probes. The procedure shall include the execution of an identification mark on base material at 100mm from joint, to verify the root gap dimensions and the centre of backing strip in every point before weld execution. "Backing strip" welds shall be indicated on "as built" drawings. Maximum root gap variation in backing strip welds shall not exceed 6mm the root gap used during qualification. Backing strip weld is allowed with root gap values higher than 12mm but not exceeding 20mm. Overall procedure produced by Contractor shall be approved by the Client before its application. The requirements of section 5.5 shall apply in case of use of permanent backing strip in closure welds.
Grout Beads Mechanical tests required on grout weld beads shall be two macros, with hardness survey on fusion line and HAZ under bead, one KCV set in HAZ and WM as shown in figure 3.4. KCV temperature test shall be equal to the test temperature utilised for the parent material and shall conform with the minimum energy requirements for this last one.
4 4.1 WELDERS AND WELDING OPERATORS GENERAL
08833.STR.MET.SPC Rev. 5 December 2001 Pag. 26 di 89
All welding on the structures shall be performed by welders or operators qualified by an Approved Body accepted by the Client. All qualified welder shall have a certification that witnesses the qualification. The certification shall be in accordance with EN 287 code or EN1418 code in case of weld operators. The purpose of welder performance tests is to verify that the welders may produce welds in accordance with this specification requirements using a qualified welding procedure. Welder qualification tests shall be carried out to an approved welding procedure specification. Welders having successfully performed the welds of qualification tests of a qualified process are automatically qualified for the same procedure. All welders shall be qualified with at least one of the qualification tests indicated in table 7 of EN 287-1 1997 "Approval testing of welders - Fusion welding - Part1: Steels" All welds using SMAW process are to be conducted with low hydrogen electrodes. During qualification at least one stop/start has to be produced in each run. The welders are generally to be qualified for all positions butt welding. For welding occurring only in one or limited number of positions, performance test may, after agreement with Client, be performed only in this (these) position(s). Welders, to be qualified for GSFCAW/SSFCAW or GMAW fillet, are to be qualified in all positions The welder can be qualified for mixed welding process by only one test, or by two tests as for EN 287-1 ch. 6.2. Semi killed or fully killed C-Mn steels are normally to be used for welder qualification tests.
Certification Validity The certification validity shall be submitted to the Client approval when fabrication starts, and it shall be in accordance with EN 287-1 with the following amendements. A welder or welding operator may be required to be re qualified if inspection during fabrication reveals that extensive repairs are due to poor performance. This shall be done following a period of supervised retraining. The length of this period shall be at Client discretion but shall be not less than one week. The Contractor shall record details of retraining. Client may review existing welder qualification meeting the requirements of this specification: existing qualifications may be accepted at his solely discretion.
Categories of qualification and test requirement The fundamental categories that the Client will recognise are listed in the following paragraphs of this section.
08833.STR.MET.SPC Rev. 5 December 2001 Pag. 27 di 89
The coupons to be welded are indicated in the same paragraphs. The coupons shall be checked in accordance with table 8 of EN 287-1. NDT acceptability shall be as per more stringent requirements of this specification. Requalification is necessary if a different welding AWS classification consumable is used. It shall be in compliance with EN 287-1 paragraph 6.5.
QUALIFICATIONS All the qualifications listed in EN 287-1 page 11,paragraph 6.3, will be applied. The extensions of the welders qualifications shall be in compliance with table 3 of EN 287-1
Automatic welding Welding operators using the submerged automatic arc welding (SAW) process shall be qualified as per AWS D1.1/2000 Chapter 4 Part C (or EN1418) and shall mark their welds for identification purposes. Qualification with more than one wire qualifies one wire weld according to codes.
Manual double-side welding WPQ test welds shall be carried out in accordance with EN 287-1, table 7.
Manual single-side welding WPQ test welds shall be carried out in accordance with EN 287-1, table 7.
Closure Butt Welds This qualification is required for all welders using the closure butt weld procedure. The qualification requirements are the same as per manual single side welding, except that the root gap value shall be as per relevant WPQ. The strong-backs shall be sufficiently strong so that the gap between bevels does not reduce significantly during welding. The extension of the qualification is ruled by EN 287-1, table 3.
Fillet welds Fillet welder qualification shall be carried out according to EN 287.
Such a training must be proved by documents. b".SPC Rev. 28 di 89 4. Carbon arcair gougers. Welders failing tests shall follow a congruous training period before retest.6 Carbon arcair gougers Manual welders are acceptable as Carbon arcair gougers.7 Tackers Tackers.1/2000 section 4 part C unless already qualified for manual welding. An up-dated register of approved arc-air gougers shall be keep.2. b".STR. Divisione Agip 08833. 5 December 2001 Pag. 4.2. for structural class "a. shall be qualified as per AWS D1. for structural class "a. .A. shall demonstrate their ability to remove metal to a uniform depth in a workmanlike manner. 4.Eni S.p.MET.3 RETESTS Retest applicability requirements shall be in accordance with EN 287-1 paragraph 9 requirements.
shall not exceed three times the electrode wire diameter or 16mm.SPC Rev. holding devices or other setting-up fixtures shall be used in assembling structural members in order to avoid tack welding. 5. clamps. provided is followed by grinding to bright metal.1 PRODUCTION WELDS GENERAL Technique 08833. 29 di 89 The width of individual deposited weld beads in flat. The arc shall only be struck on the bevel faces only and not on base material. Should carbon arc air gouging be used.STR. Welding joints shall be fully protected by shelters from the effects of inclement weather (wind. b.1. Arc gouging to open tight grooves are permitted on double side welding only. Each run of weld metal shall be thoroughly cleaned from flux. Whenever practicable. air draughts or chimney effects). Two adjacent weld toes distance shall not be lower than 51mm. Gas metal arc welding (GMAW) shall be permitted in workshop only and special care shall be exercised to protect the weld arc from air draughts. Such tabs shall be positioned on both sides of each longitudinal weld. Divisione Agip 5 5.1. For SAW tandem process only fill beads may be 24mm. 5 December 2001 Pag. for weld class "e". Peening of welds shall not be permitted.MET. spatter and all slag removed. unless there are geometrical problems. . with GMAW and SMAW process. by brush. depending if single wire or twin wire technique is used. horizontal and overhead position.A. Vertical down welding is an acceptable technique only for GSFCAW and SSFCAW process. The welding procedure for a single side butt weld shall provide 100% fusion of the root and be such that distortion or contraction of the weld metal is minimized. magnets. for fillet and T butt welds with root gap exceeding 20mm.Eni S.6). d" shall be ground smooth before NDT execution. In this last case weld classes "a. prior to deposit the next run.1 5. Preheating temperature shall be raised by 50°C above that qualified. c. whichever is the less. For double side buttweld the second side shall be cleaned to sound metal prior to deposit the second side runs. In vertical position the width shall not exceed 15mm. carbon and other residual debris shall be completely removed by grinding or other approved mechanical methods.2 Preparation and Fit-up Surfaces to be joined by welding and extended adjacent areas shall be thoroughly cleaned to remove all material or substance detrimental to welding. Mechanical grinding and NDT of oxycut surfaces to be welded is required (see also Section 9.p. Run-out tabs for SAW are recommended to have a length greater than 150mm or 200mm.
and have their ends grounded and feathered.W. D1. In that . the values shown in section 9. For components of class "a.Eni S. if necessary or required by the Client. preheating shall never be discontinued before at least 1/3 of the joint thickness has been welded. Tacking shall be done within the bevels. have been executed by qualified welders (not tack welders). A similar control shall be performed on plates in the position of joint between pad-eyes and main beams. All tack welds. the weld is to be inspected visually for defects and cracks and. with a minimum of 100mm. Steel bars tacked inside the bevel shall be permitted if their position is clearly marked on base material and that Client may verify their removal.5 Weld Profiles As a minimum. 5. c". incomplete penetration or for marginal indentation. b.S.STR. Tack welds with a length of 50mm or greater that have shown cracks and when the crack is believed to extend to the bevels. The excess penetration in root welding. all other structural classes the minimum length is 2 times the weld thickness or 50mm whichever are the major. Tack welds may be incorporated into double side main butt welds provided they are sound.1.24 and 6. on structural class "a. with GTAW process. Weld profiles shall not be re shaped by use of a gas torch. b. shall be MT on all the interested areas after removal of defective points and before commence welding. After any interruption and before continuation of welding.9. When beam shall be welded on flange beam. or by other unapproved means to change their appearance. 5.11 requirements. shall not exceed 2mm Weld profiles shall not interfere with the NDT technique specified: reshaping shall be carried out to this purpose. Steel bar material shall be similar to base material type or lower grade.A.3 Tack Welding Otherwise spacers shall be employed prior to tack welding to ensure correct root gap spacing. Tack welding shall be performed by qualified tack welders and an approved qualified welding procedure. c" very constrained and for mud-mats. 30 di 89 Before welding the stub to node can.MET. shall have a minimum length of 4 times the weld thickness. the weld toe can be grinded to obtain the required profile. the flange beam area subjected to weld shall be UT tested to verify the laminations absence. 5. tested by MT. The external and internal weld reinforcement must not exceed 3mm for welding thicknesses up to 25mm.4 Weld Interruption Welding shall be a continuous operation as far as practical.SPC Rev. When specified on the Project Drawings the weld toes shall satisfied API RP2A sect. 4mm for thicknesses up to 50mm and 5mm for thicknesses over 50mm.1/2000 Para 5. Divisione Agip 08833. weld profiles and weld finish shall comply with A. in the case of lack of fusion. 5 December 2001 Pag. When the above limit is reached the weld joint may be allowed to cool down to room temperature: the cooling rate shall be minimized by wrapping the weld areas with dry insulating blankets. if necessary. including preheating requirements.1.p.13 of this specification shall not be exceeded.1. If necessary. the relevant welding area on the can shall be 100% UT to detect for laminations.
1. one side groove preparation. Where the joint is accessible from both sides.1t or: 4 mm 3 mm 3 mm 3 mm When members of unequal size are joined. or structural shape edges shall not exceed the table 5. double side groove preparation. below the surface. .Eni S. 5.15t or less.1: MISMATCH VALUES Joint type Double side Single side Longitudinal Circumferential Longitudinal Circumferential Mismatch: the lesser of 0.STR. as shown figure 5. beams flanges) dimensions.1. whatever the bigger.MET. X or K type. but not deeper than 2mm or 5% of the thickness.7 Welding Grooves Contractor is to prepare his own standard weld joint groove preparation in accordance with the indications given on the fabrication drawings and WPS qualified.1 values: TABLE 5.p. the larger member shall be prepared with a 1/4 tapered transition. Bevel inspection shall be in accordance with paragraph 9. pipe. may be used to join members with thickness 25mm or less. 5 December 2001 Pag.1. Divisione Agip 08833. in T butt welds of nodal joints when construction drawings show the presence of stub.SPC Rev. In particular: in longitudinal and circumferential joints of tubulars and node cans having diameter 800mm and greater. The requirements apply both to thickness and width (e. Limitations to this statement are permitted only in case of non accessibility to back side of the weld. Localized unacceptable undercuts at the weld toe region of any stub to node can welds shall be removed by the technique mentioned above. 31 di 89 case a rotary burr grinder (no disc grinder) shall be used. shall be used to join members with thickness greater than 25mm. Root back gouging is always required in double side joints.6 Double side welding Double side welding shall be carried out whenever possible. Contractor may choose a desired welding groove provided all full penetration requirements are fulfilled.g. 5.1. V or 1/2 K.5mm below the bottom of any undercut.6.8 Mismatch The butt joint mismatch of welded plate. 5. Worked taper in double sided joints are not required when thickness difference is 1. Grinding shall produce a smooth concave profile at the weld toe with the depth of depression penetrating into the plate surface to at least 0.A.
2 Node can welds intersecting stubs Longitudinal and circumferential chord welds shall be separated from stub to chord welds as indicated in construction drawings.1.MET. flush grinding of the outside area of chord welds intersecting the stub. stress relieving of the complete node. Otherwise the following requirements are to be fulfilled.9. Divisione Agip 22.214.171.124. extended for 150mm at least on both stub sides.p. 5.1. . typical node.SPC Rev. Nodes can with length greater than 3m may be supply made in two pieces. the longitudinal seams axes of adjacent sections shall be staggered at least 300mm.9.4 Cones Circumferential welds within cone are not allowed. All cones shall be right conic frustum.3 Node can welds and ring stiffeners The distance between ring stiffeners welds toe and circumferential chord weld toe is to be at least the chord thickness or 75mm.1. whichever is greater. 32 di 89 When tubular members are fabricated from two or more welded barrels.1.1.5 Pipe and node splices The minimum distance between two circumferential welds shall be 1m or one diameter.9. 5. 5 December 2001 Pag. 5. MT and UT on ground area.9 5. In this case the minimum length of the single piece shall be not less than 1m and the circumferential weld between the two pieces shall comply with the following: To be not located between two stubs. The distance between longitudinal stub seam and any node can seam type measured between weld toe and weld toe shall be in any case not less than 51mm.1 Spacing between welds Longitudinal seams 08833.Eni S.STR. 5. unless approved by Client or specified on the construction drawings. whichever is greater. Satisfy the requirements reported in the project drawings for the circumferential welds of the nodes In any case the location of the circumferential weld in the node can shall be submitted to Client for approval. Nodes can with length minor or equal than 3m shall be supply in one piece only.A. Circumferential node can weld between two stubs is not allowed.
etc. In these cases preheating is mandatory to the required minimum temperature prior to begin welding.5. 5. 33 di 89 There shall not be more than 2 splices in any 4m of pipe. not closer than 1m to any support or node. if it need or it is required by the Client. Thermic crayons shall be used only outside the weld bevel. Temperature check or measurements shall be done at 50mm minimum from bevel borders and on back side where accessible.A. number and location of welders at each stage of assembly.2): in the middle 1/4 of the span.STR. 5. . Preheating shall be applied to an area of 100mm minimum from bevel borders. temperature reading on weld bead is for interpass temperature measurement only. position of preheaters and shelters. in the 1/8 of the span nearest to any supports. 5. No welding shall be carried out between pretensioned parts. for complex items (e. Definite methods and procedures shall be established for all operations involving preheat and interpass temperature control.3 TEMPERATURE Welding is not allowed if weldment temperature is lower than 5°C. nodes with four or more stubs.p. postheating (if applied). 5 December 2001 Pag.9. Postheating of 300°C for 2 to 4 hours may be applied to reduce the risk of hydrogen induced cracking in welds of complex items. pile clusters.MET. sequence of items welding and welding direction and way.g.) including: WPS to apply.6 Beam splices In cantilever beams no splice shall be located closer to the point of support than 1/2 of the cantilever length. Divisione Agip 08833.Eni S. to the Client's approval.2 WELDING SEQUENCES Contractor shall develop welding sequences to control tolerances within specification and prevent the build-up of excessive residual internal stresses in the structure. according to the thickness. In beams with two or more supports there shall not be splices in following positions (fig.1.SPC Rev. Welding sequences are to be defined.
p. Defects removal for repair shall be carried out by any method foreseen by this specification and shall produce a clean uncontaminated surface for the repair weld execution. When detected.MET. Preheating temperature for repairs shall be 50°C higher than the relevant WPS temperature requirement.SPC Rev. grinding shall be carried out in a 50mm area from both ends of the crack. All NDT shall be carried out in optimum conditions of accessibility. 5. Repair shall be carried out as per qualified procedures only. Client reserves the right to ask for PWHT on multiple repaired joints. when required. after repair completion. Divisione Agip 08833. In any case the excavation for the new repair is to be widened in order to reduce residual stress concentrations. will be treated in a proper way. NDT shows the presence of new unacceptable defects. etc.A. but are not considered repairs. The MT shall be extended to base material surface to detect possible propagation.STR.4. the names of the original welders. the defects. 34 di 89 5. Serious failures.Eni S. shall be UT detected. 5. then they will be repaired. Minimum excavation length shall be 100mm. UT shall be used to assure defect removal. after the repair. Excavations closer than 100mm shall be linked into a single excavation. weld area preparation.2 Bevel Repairs . they will be examined in order to establish the originating reasons. which is determinated by MT or PT.4. the reasons are to be cleared up and reported to the Client prior to proceed with the new repair.1 Repair of finished welds Defects in weld metal may be repaired without Client's approval provided the repair procedure is qualified. Contractor shall have a relevant NDT documentation to identify the exact defect position. including details of removal methods. A register shall be kept by Contractor that details the location of all repairs. Re inspection shall be as per the original inspection technique and shall include all weld metal within 100mm of the repair. The crack shall be removed by either grinding or arcair gouging plus grinding to sound metal.4 REPAIRS Contractor shall prepare a written repair weld procedure. for each repair. All weld repairs shall be executed prior to any stress relieving heat treatment. In case that. 5 December 2001 Pag. The areas interested to the cracks. Cosmetics grinding for eliminating shape defects on cap layers are permitted only if necessary. dates and repair procedures. like cracks.
Reference is made to Cap. 5 December 2001 Pag. The acceptance criteria of the UT test are as described in paragraph 9.Eni S.7. and 4. The repair of failures by grinding shall follows the procedures set in EN10163 rules with the following limitations: the residual thickness after grinding shall be not less than 93% of the nominal thickness. the maximum extension of the grinded area shall not be greater than 5% for each m² of surface.3 shall apply. 3. the grinded areas shall be MTI tested. For Z quality products no repair is accepted. All boundaries of cavities resulting from removal of detrimental defects shall be faired to a slope of at least 4 to 1. The requirements of section 3. the maximum depth of the grinded area shall not be greater than 3 mm. The repair by welding is allowed only if previously authorised by the Client and if executed in conformity with EN10163.4.STR. . Buttered area of double side welding shall be 100% MT prior the execution of root pass. if applicable. To verify the complete removal of discontinuities.4. for what concerns the qualification of procedures and welders. with the following limitations: the repair by welding is carried out by qualified welders and in accordance with qualified procedures. 5.p. Divisione Agip 08833.3 Buttering Buttering shall be applied as a corrective action only. 5.A.SPC Rev. Buttering on stub to can node welds may be applied to the node can side instead of stub side. the weld is MTI and UT tested. Buttering shall be done using qualified welding procedure. Notches deeper than 5mm shall be ground out and the face buttered according to the applicable requirements of this specification. Following buttering bevel preparations shall be re established by grinding or machining to the acceptable limits. The exact root opening shall allow the closure with a single pass by the qualified procedure.3.MET. the depressions shall be radiused to the other surfaces.13.4 Base Metal Repairs All corrective action shall be in accordance with the approved procedure. 35 di 89 Local grinding may be used to remove notches up to 5mm deep in order to give an even profile.
Special and limit situations shall be approved by Client.Eni S.6. Divisione Agip 5.). permanent backing strip with root gap values higher than 12mm up to 20mm (paragraph3.3.SPC Rev. Considered welds are single side only.5. with SMAW process is not allowed. When the root gap exceeds qualified value the following possibilities apply: 3mm buttering on each bevel with root gap values between 4mm and 12mm as maximum (see paragraph 3. otherwise GTAW process may be used both for buttering and air closure.MET.A. Buttering carried out by SMAW process does not require qualification with thickness up to 6mm. follows mixed process requirements including KCV test in WM and HAZ. in root region. GTAW root process used both for buttering and filling. 5 December 2001 Pag. WPS to apply shall be chosen by the Contractor considering actual situations and bevel mismatch and Client shall be informed on the choice.5 CLOSURE WELDS 08833. b" closure welds can be used for welds in other structural classes in case of high root gap.STR. including qualified tolerance.9.5 and 5. These welds shall be carried out with a special WPQ considering a greater root gap. b" closure welds shall be carried out in accordance with the following requirements. following the tolerance values indicated in paragraph 5.1 Normal and buttering actions The requirements are relevant to joints with root gap between 4mm and 12mm. hardness and bends. 1mm under surface is required. Contractor shall identify all closure welds on fabrication drawings.) with root gap higher than 20mm an insert is required. may be difficult to be reached during assembly phase.4. Weld process used for class "a. 36 di 89 Qualified root gap values. In this case only Charpy-V test.1.7.p.9. . SMAW and GTAW process may be used to carry out the first two passes.7. or with a different WPQ.5.2: HIGH ROOT GAP Element thickness (mm) t < 20 t >20 Limit root gap values (mm) 4 4 10 12 18 20 > 18 > 20 Actions Normal Buttering Backing strip Insert Welders qualification for first pass shall be carried out accordingly. The above described conditions are reported in the following table 5.2 in function of the element thickness: TABLE . following the relevant requirements of this specification. First pass with root gap exceeding 4mm. In this case only class "a. two macro sections.1. indicating the applied procedures. 5.
3): backing strip shall not be tack welded to member outside of bevel. soaking temperature range and time.A. For every application procedure shall include a drawing of the items. All temperature charts shall be signed. control devices and recording equipment. 37 di 89 5. For a girth weld a maximum of three continuous strips may be used. backing strip dimension should not be greater than 4mm thickness and 40mm wide. shall be heat treated more than once. 3. otherwise joint shall be cut.Eni S. that weld joint mechanical properties satisfy the requirements of this specification also after repeated heat treatment. with additional qualification tests. marked with a clear identification. The procedure is to be submitted to the Client's approval. or if any of the stubs has wall thickness greater than 40mm Welds in regions other than the above Any welds on structural element of any class having wall thickness greater than 65mm Additional areas requiring PWHT and areas where PWHT may be omitted shall be indicated on construction drawings. dated at both start and finish points.6 STRESS RELIEVING POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT Stress relieving is to be performed in accordance with a PWHT procedure specification. and filed The stress relieving post weld heat treatment is required in the following cases: Welds in tubular nodal joints of classes "a" and "b": The whole fabricated node if chord wall thickness is greater than 60mm. Contractor can propose. supporting method and location of all thermocouples. Additional temporary stiffeners shall be used to avoid any final distortion of the items free ends when D/t ratio is above 40. Backing strip material shall be EN 10025 S235JR. 5 December 2001 Pag.SPC Rev.5. insulation.1 Heat treatment conditions . or equivalent. 5. or part thereof. No KCV are required on base material. In the latter case additional requirements may be required For TM steels Contractor shall seek the advice of steel-maker before starting PWHT.STR. in as rolled conditions. 5. No welds. temperature gradients. heating facilities. If it is necessary to repeat the heat treatment Contractor shall demonstrate.2 Permanent backing strip In this case the following requirements shall be fulfilled (see fig. a detail procedure for the use of failure mechanical assessment (FMA) in alternative to PWHT. even if completed. Support positioning shall be defined assuming a yield strength of 35MPa at soaking temperature.p. Strip interruptions shall not be wider than 1mm. Divisione Agip 08833. to Client for approval.6. This specification is to detail heating and cooling rates.MET.
Eni S. measured along symmetry lines and planes shall not exceed 50°C. A minimum total insulated band width of 10√(Dt/2) is recommended for this purpose. The temperature difference on the item. Soaking time begins when the lowest measured temperature value is within soaking temperature range.6. between any point of the item far not less than 4500mm shall not exceed 150°C. with a minimum of 1. The adjacent portion of the item outside the heated zone shall be thermally insulated such that the temperature gradient is in accordance with above paragraph. or item part. the temperature measurement point. or in local manner. Cooling down below 300°C shall be in air.6. 38 di 89 Soaking temperature is to be within the range 590°C ±10°C: therefore temperature all over the points of the item to be treated shall be within this range. or closer than 300mm from inside walls. Any local stress relieving heat treatment is subject to Client's approval. during heating and cooling phases. .SPC Rev. this choice depends by the item dimension only.A. Thermocouple locations shall be selected to ensure that the whole item.3 Local heat treatment Local heat treatment is to be carried out by electrical heating: resistance or induction. with weld in the centre. the actions to take in case of temperature difference exceeding the above values and in case of any thermocouple damage. 5 December 2001 Pag. No parts of the item shall be closer than 200mm from furnace sole plate. 5.STR.MET. In circumferential seams the width of the heated band shall be not less than 5√ (Dt/2). The same may not be taken out from furnace if its temperature is over 300°C. being treated is within the range specified.5 minutes for each millimetre of thickness of the thickest member in item. additional pyrometers should be used to check that undesirable thermal gradients do not occur.p. Sufficient insulation shall be fitted to ensure that the temperature at the edge of the heated band is not less than half the peak temperature. Temperature shall be recorded continuously and automatically. During the stress relieving heat treatment the furnace atmosphere shall be controlled so as to avoid excessive oxidation of the surface of the item.5 hours. The procedure specification for stress relieving shall contain the calculations of the necessary heat power and insulation. There shall be no direct impingement of flame on the item. Soaking time is to be 2.2 Furnace heat treatment The item may be introduced in the furnace if this has not a temperature over 300°C. Divisione Agip 08833. Item temperature shall be recorded from introduction in the furnace until taking out. Rate of increasing and decreasing temperature is to be 55°C per hour maximum for temperatures above 300°C. The heat treatment may be done introducing the item in the furnace. between the outside and the inside surface is not to exceed 50°C. 5.
with a maximum of 25 circumferential or longitudinal welds. The requirements and acceptable limits foreseen for the procedure qualification apply. Note: 08833. All coupons shall be 100% UT and 100% MT as per this specification. Production weld test coupons for butt welds shall not be considered representative for fillet and T butt welds. class "c" welds: a production testing coupon for every 150 m welds. RT shall be performed in addition in questionable interpretation. with a maximum of 25 circumferential or longitudinal welds. The coupon size shall be sufficient to obtain the required type and number of specimens.A. two lateral bend tests can be accepted. All production joints represented by this production testing coupon shall be 100% UT to demonstrate are free from the same unacceptable defects. The production testing coupon shall be taken in accordance with a proper plan submitted by the Contractor for the Client's approval This plan will take into account any similar condition for any type of joint.p.STR. if no recent qualification of the procedure is available (see section 3.1). . and 200mm for greater thicknesses. class "d" welds: a production testing coupon for every 200 m welds. thickness or process. 39 di 89 as an alternative to the straigth and back bend tests. 1 macro and hardness test. Otherwise all represented production welds shall be subjected to the Client's approval. and samples shall be representative of different base material casts and different welding consumables batches throughout production. If production testing coupon presents defects not acceptable to this specification the WPS becomes suspect: causes are to be determined and submitted to Client. For stress relieved joints. the production testing coupon shall be tested after the same heat treatment. In any case the coupon length shall be not less than 150mm for thickness up to 20mm. performed in furnace together with relevant joint.Eni S. 5 December 2001 Pag.MET. Production testing coupon welding shall be carried out by the same equipment and steel used in production at that time. b" welds: a production testing coupon for every 100 m welds. The first production testing coupon shall be taken at the start of production.SPC Rev. even if carried out with the same WPS. The following frequency shall be used: class "a.7 PRODUCTION TESTING COUPONS Production weld test coupon shall be tested as follows: 1 transverse tensile stress test 1 straigth bend test 1 back bend test 1 FL + 2 mm Charpy-V strength and welding test. Divisione Agip 5. Client may allow reduction of frequency after initial satisfactory results.
or a test coupon attached to the end of the piece and welded to form a continuous seam. 5.4 Retest In case of failure of one test the provisions indicated in section 3.2 for the test of the welding procedure) 5. For thickness > 45 mm impact test shall be carry out also on root region (as foreseen at section 3.A. including the represented welds identification.7. Divisione Agip 08833. corresponding production weld number.6. coupons shall be carried out in vertical position.6.8 WELDING PARAMETER CHECKING .3 Tubular joints (TKY welds) The coupon shall consist of three T butt joints with edge preparation and dihedral angle corresponding to the values applied during welding procedure qualification. For circumferential welds the coupon shall be prepared by a simulation of production welding to be welded in location very close to one of the represented production joints and at same production welding time. If the retest fail production test coupon shall be rejected all the welded joints represented by the coupon shall be rejected. 5 December 2001 Pag. date and time. 40 di 89 Contractor shall present to the Client approval a detailed programme of execution of production testing coupon. consumable batch numbers and identification number of represented weld.7.STR. identification numbers of equipment used.MET. welder or welding operator identification number.p.7.7. 5. At the time of the tests Contractor shall record at least: data required on PQR during weld procedure qualification.1 Butt welds For longitudinal seams the coupon shall be prepared from a test coupon attached to the end of the longitudinal seam being fabricated and welded to form a continuous seam. 5. For circumferential welds with horizontal fixed axis.SPC Rev.Eni S.2 Tee butt joints The coupon shall be prepared from a test coupon cut from an excess length of a piece.3 apply. 5. location of test.
41 di 89 Welding parameter check may be applied after to have verified the first production coupon weld soundness.A. Acceptability of welding parameter checking procedure is solely to Client.STR.MET. . Welding parameters checks shall be continuous all over the production.p.SPC Rev. Client anyway may require a production test coupon whenever he considers necessary.Eni S. 5 December 2001 Pag. Before starting fabrication Contractor shall submit to Client's approval the procedure and checking methods that he intends to use to this purpose. Divisione Agip 08833.
Eni S. Re rolling carried out with an equipment type different from that used for forming shall be subject to Client's approval. Tubular may be re rolled after welding in order to reduce deformations.2.STR.2 General Contractor is to qualify each complete forming process.2. above 600°C.1 FORMING Tubular fabrication Tubular may be formed with calendar rolls axis both parallel or orthogonal to the longitudinal axis of the plate (plate rolling direction). their tolerances compatibility and construction method philosophy to the Client before commencing fabrication. Dimensions shall be checked at each stage in accordance with the fabrication procedure.3 Surface preparation Plates having surface condition that may impair the forming operation or which may have scale incorporated into its surface shall be restored by blasting. 6. The Contractor shall survey and control dimensions before fit-up for welding of additional components and sections.MET. including final re forming calibration process. and any movement out of the level shall be immediately rectified by appropriate shimming to re establish a level plane. Qualification shall be carried out within the terms and as specified in paragraph 6. 6.2. when forseen. . 6. The Contractor shall submit his dimensional control procedures indicating proposed methods of monitoring dimensions. TM steel shall not be hot formed. All defects that may appear after forming shall not exceed 3mm in depth.SPC Rev.2 6. Fabrication shall proceed on a flat and level surface and frequent checks shall be made on the supports and blocking. The forming shall be not carried out in the temperature range from 200 to 450°C or above 800°C. For TM steels Contractor shall seek the advice of the steel-maker before start any warm forming activity.e. before forming.A. Divisione Agip 6 6. In this case WPQ mechanical testing shall be performed in the same final condition. in order to demonstrate that the joint is not impaired by the re rolling process. i. Work shall not be performed when weather does not permit satisfactory workmanship or when particular conditions prevent adequate inspection.1 FABRICATION GENERAL 08833.p. 5 December 2001 Pag.2. tolerances (if given) and the final survey shall meet the defined tolerances.7. SA 2 level. 42 di 89 All fabrication and erection shall be in accordance with these specification requirements.
Divisione Agip 6.SPC Rev. Forming process shall be followed by normalization heating treatment to restore the mechanical steel characteristics All forming processes. For assembled elements. For this purpose. including re rolling where used. TM steels should not be hot formed.2. measuring the gap between the weld and gouge itself. The length of the sample shall be equal to the diameter of the tube used and can not be less than 1m. 6.2. heat treatment included. the relieving treatment can be executed just before the start of operations. When the cold forming is executed on plates which have already pass successfully through the ageing test foreseen in the specification 08832 STR-MME-SPC " OFFSHORE PLATFORMS . 6. as an alternative. 5 December 2001 Pag.Steel for structure" Rev. an element of welded tube shall be carried out for every grade and quality of steel according to the proposed procedure. Deformations greater than qualified value shall require new qualification.7 Qualification of the forming procedure Each forming process.6 Hot forming Hot forming is carried out beyond 600°C up to 800°C. From the sample coupon shall be obtained in order to carried out the tests indicated in table 6. shall be qualified with the tube in its final condition.1.p. 43 di 89 Cold forming is considered the forming carried out at ambient temperature. one plate for eache heat / steel quality and thickness shall be submitted to an ageing test with a deformation value not less than the real value. In all the other cases.A. the item shall be submitted to a thermal relieving treatment before the start of operations. shall be carried out according to a procedure previously approved by the Client. including cold re rolling for tube calibration after welding.MET.2. When the cold forming is executed on a plate which has not been submitted to any ageing test. or to a thermal relieving treatment. and the actual diameter/thickness ratio is less than 30.7 and the true deformation is higher. the plate shall be submitted to a new ageing test with a strain value not less than the real one. cold forming can be carried out on plates without any additional test.4 Cold forming 08833. .STR. The local deformation at weld level shall be measured by a straight gouge 300mm long.2. subsequent welded according to that foreseen by the fabrication specification and cold sizing.Eni S.5 Warm forming Forming processes carried out from 450°C up to 600°C shall be considered as "warm forming". 6.
but heated areas shall not be larger than 60mm. . 6. Previous qualifications accepted by Client avoid new qualification.2.p. maximum temperature shall not be greater than 550°C and shall be kept under full control at least by means of portable contact thermocouple.2. cold expansion rate or deformation after welding restored by the re-rolling not beyond the tested value. jacket nodes and padeyes shall not be submitted to hot straightening in any care. Specimen shall be taken on base material close to the welding. Divisione Agip TABLE 6.6 for the grade and quality steel on test. (2) Test shall be carried out on base material and HAZ with at least three readings for each test The tests and requisite conditions shall be the same as those described in paragraph 3. All class "a" elements. deck legs. First specimens set shall be taken from the outer surface. impact properties lower than specify.MET.1: TYPE AND TEST NUMBER 08833.Eni S. Hot straightening shall be carried out to a Client's approved procedure. 44 di 89 Thickness < 16 mm Type and number of tests 1 set for KCV impact test (1) 1 tensile test on base material 3 macro and hardness on base material and HAZ (2) 2 set for KCV impact test (1) 1 tensile test on base material 3 macro and hardness on base material and HAZ (2) > 16 mm Note: (1) Impact test specimen set (KCV) shall be taken at 2 mm under the surface with axis perpendicular to the longitudinal tube axis. 5 December 2001 Pag. the second specimens set shall be taken from the inner surface.8 Validity limits of forming qualifications procedure The forming procedure is valid within the following limits: same fabricator. The following requirements shall be fulfilled: gas torch may be used. steel grade lower than those qualify.A. same manufacturing process. 6.9 Hot Straightening Hot straightening may be applied to recover excessive deformations caused by welding or stress relieving. same calender process. D/t ratio greater than the qualification value.SPC Rev. jacket legs.STR.
p. shall not be fast cooled. "b" and "c" and where paint is foreseen. 6. The depth of the visible HAZ in a transverse macrosection should not exceed 2. or higher. In these cases welding shall be allowed. Follow the advice (recommended practice) provided by the steel manufacturer. Divisione Agip 08833. by water or other means. during site assembly. After the structure completion. jacking and slinging at each stage of the structure assembly. The interested areas shall be carefully examined by MPI and the results shall be reported. These include scaffolding. 6. 5 December 2001 Pag.MET. the local or overall stability from self weight and environmental loads. during site assembly. If possible utilize mechanised equipment to moving of the heat source.impact test . All attachments shall be welded to the structure according to this specification requirements and approved procedures.STR.A. Conduct a qualification test of the flame straightening procedure in question.SPC Rev.3 WELDED ATTACHMENTS Welded attachments to the structure not shown on the construction drawings shall not be permitted except for temporary and non-structural attachments. . in order to introduce as little heat as possible. and to limit the amount of heat that is conducted away from the zone to be heated. staging. The qualification test should incorporate: . All hot straightening operations shall be witnessed by Client. The heating should be rapid. all welded attachments shall be removed by flame cutting 5mm from the base material. followed by smoothing corners. 45 di 89 steels with 500MPa tensile strength.Eni S. . Contractor shall consider. Flush grinding is required for structural elements of classes "a". In this last case too they must be maintained at a minimum number. . all temporary erection loads imposed on the structure from supports.tensile test. . Attachments shall not be removed by hammering or any other method that may cause mechanical damage to the surface.4 SITE ASSEMBLY ACTIVITIES Contractor shall consider.hardness measurements.5 mm. provided that the attachment thickness is not greater than 20mm and the welds location are not closer than 51mm from any weld. at each stage of the structure assembly. welding shelters and temporary works. Temporary attachments welding to nodes or PWHT elements are not allowed.metallographic examination. temporary cranes.
6 FINISHING OF SURFACES As fabrication of various items or portions of the structure is completed. Divisione Agip 08833.SPC Rev.g. the Contractor shall remove all welds.5 6. 46 di 89 Contractor shall provide during the assembly phase storage for all items. bar grating may be attached by either tack welding or bolting.5. Unless otherwise restricted by construction drawings.1 MANUFACTURED AND MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS Bar grating Bar grating shall be cut to dimension and installed as shown on the construction drawings. Seal welds and butt joints shall be staggered at least 50mm. to seal all facing surfaces from corrosion.2 Steel floor plate All butt type joints shall be double welded to produce an 85% fused joint minimum. Seal fillet welds shall have a minimum leg length of 4mm. API RP 2A). All floor plate under-side shall be 100% seal welded to deck stringers and other supporting.p. The areas of components "a. 5 December 2001 Pag. Contractor shall make provision for alignment correction at each stage of the structure assembly provided he demonstrates to Client satisfaction that the induced stresses in the items are lower than the admissible value (ref. 6. Steel floor plate shall not present subsidence higher than 3mm measured with a 1200mm length gouge. If tack welded.7 RAT HOLES Rat holes are required when shown on construction drawings and whatever they are necessary to full penetration weld execution (e. 6. each bar shall be pressed in firm contact with the underlying structure and secured with a minimum 50mm line tack weld. The tack weld. tack welds and other marks made by scaffolds or temporary bracing used in the fabrication procedure. visual and PT inspected.STR.Eni S. the surrounding heated area of zinc galvanised bar grating and the bar grating cuts shall be touched-up according with the relevant painting specification or as per procedure. burrs.5. 6. when a stiffener weld crosses a full . to prevent their damage from environmental. All arc-strikes and burn marks shall be ground smooth. 6. b and c" interested shall be carefully examined visual and MPI and the results shall be reported.A.MET. The welding of forced members shall not be allowed unless Contractor shows that the induced stresses are lower than those of design.
about 5mm thickness. Equipments. No rat holes are permitted on tubular members. 6. Divisione Agip 08833.A. Bolts shall be freely insertable into the holes without damage to the thread.3mm): Stiffener thickness (t) in mm Rat hole radius (R ) in mm t < 20mm R = t + 15 mm t < 35mm R = t + 10 mm t > 35mm R = t + 5 mm The surfaces of the holes shall be smooth and without any indentation.8 BOLTED CONNECTIONS Bolt holes shall be drilled at right angles to the metal surface and shall have at least a diameter 1. etc. In this case only Contractor shall define the relevant solution. Fillet weld shall be returned through the rat hole. 5 December 2001 Pag. Rat holes in structural elements to be painted but which are not accessible to back side (e.p.STR. box beam. fillet welded. dimensions of rat holes shall be the follows (+/. with Client's approval.MET. After final tightening. In these cases the use of rat holes shall be minimized.Eni S. 47 di 89 penetration weld joint). Bolt heads and nuts shall rest squarely against the metal surface. Full penetration welded stiffeners shall blend onto parent material inside rat hole. nuts shall be locked by tab washer. a 45° clip of sufficient width may be provided on stiffener corner in order to shape it onto weldment and facilitate complete stiffener fillet welding. No bolt holes shall be enlarged by burning or flame cutting. When not otherwise indicated on the design drawings.) shall be seal closed before paint is applied. cotter pin or locknut. otherwise iron mastic approved by Client may be applied. bolt material and tightening torque shall meet the requirements specified on construction drawings. .5mm larger than the bolt diameter. boxed support.SPC Rev. All bolts shall be of a length such that they will extend entirely through but no more than 6mm beyond the nut and locknut. When weld joint crossed is fillet welded.g. Sealing shall be made with a thin steel plate.
1 FABRICATED TUBULARS. at the same section. TABLE 7. 7.Eni S. relevant to the optimum centre shall be calculated in accordance with a procedure.25% of the external ring stiffener diameter.1. Divisione Agip 7 PREFABRICATED ITEMS TOLERANCES 08833. Ovality shall be checked at each item end.A. The circumferential tolerance shall not be reason for increasing the mismatch tolerated by this specification.5 times the above. 7. The measurement shall be carried out at 600mm from any tubular splice and at tubular ends.75% D greater of 15mm or 0. with current valid calibration certificates.1 applies. at each circumferential seam. but carried out in the position with maximum and minimum value.MET. The average radius defined by optimum centre and the radius measurements. of measures (*) two diameters four diameters six diameters Two diameter measurements may not be at 90° between them. based on EEMUA 158 optimum centre out of circularity. approved by Client. This difference shall not be greater than 0.1: OVALITY VALUES AND MEASUREMENT NUMBERS Diameter (mm) ≤ 600 ≤ 2000 > 2000 Value 1% of diameter greater of 6mm or 0.2 Ring stiffeners out of circularity For each ring stiffener shall be checked the difference between the actual radius and the average radius.1 7. measured either internally or externally.SPC Rev. equipment and instruments. whichever is less. The following table 7. 7. 48 di 89 The Contractor shall provide personnel with qualified surveyors.1.3 Ovality (General) Ovality is intended as the difference between the maximum and the minimum diameters. in various position. Intermediate measured values shall not differ more than 1.p. in different points.STR. and at midway between two ring stiffeners. necessary for monitoring and controlling dimensions and tolerances. at each 3m interval. 5 December 2001 Pag. The following sections give the admitted tolerances for every measurable dimension and shape of structural elements. NODES AND CONES Circumference Circumference measured with tape shall not differ from theoretical value more than ±1% of nominal circumference or 10mm.5% D Nr.1. .
0 + 100mm from length shown on fabrication drawings. 49 di 89 Measuring method.1. This value shall not exceed 20% of the wall thickness. and the positions shall be those indicated in table 7.1%L or 3mm.4 Local out of roundness Local out of roundness shall be measured by means of a 20° gauge having a theoretical tubular form.2: LOCAL OUT OF STRAIGHTNESS Type of joint Unstiffened tubular Stiffened tubular node barrels Manways after welding Check location 45° intervals of arc with template L = 3000mm 20° intervals of arc with template L = distance between stiffeners or 3000mm in other uses at the centre and manway quarter points with template L = 1000mm 7.A. c" members out of straightness tolerance is the greater of 0. and the measurement is verified all over the circumference (360°).MET.1.2 along all tubular element.5 Local out of straightness Local out of straightness is the deviation of the shell plate from its axis. The check shall be either on the inside or outside. 7.STR. 5 December 2001 Pag.Eni S. This control shall be carried out on tubular elements with diameter greater or equal than 1000mm. may be equally spaced instead of maximum and minimum position. Divisione Agip 08833.7 Ends perpendicularity Ends perpendicularity shall be held within 3mm. TABLE 7. b.1. with more than two diameters. Local out of straightness shall be checked on tubes with nominal outside diameter greater than 2000mm or with nominal outside diameter/wall thickness ratio greater than 65.p.4% of the diameter.6 Out of straightness Structural classes "a. Local out of roundness shall not be greater than 0.1.SPC Rev. This tolerance shall not be cumulated with weld root gap tolerance 7. stubs and cones shall be within . but not greater than 12mm. Straightness shall be checked in at least two perpendicular planes. 7. .8 Prefabricated nodes Length tolerance of node cans.1. 7.
For permissible variations from flatness of web see AWS D1. 50 di 89 Actual stub centre line is intended as the intersection of two orthogonal diameters at both ends of the stub.23.23.02b. out of straightness and verticality is the greater of 0. section 6.STR.5%h with maximum value of 3mm. Tilt and roof shape shall be equal to (1+0. Stiffeners in tubulars shall be fitted with an accuracy of 12mm.9 Ring stiffeners Rings stiffeners in node cans and cones shall be fitted.23. no hollow sections. For more explanation see fig 7.1 / 2000 paragraph 5. with maximum value equal to 6mm. If ring stiffener is fabricated in two or more pieces and if flange is required the buttwelds mismatch shall not exceed 0.A. Each actual stub centre line shall be kept within 10mm cylinder from its theoretical position shown on the fabrication drawings (fig 7. For ring stiffeners in nodes and in node cones the same tolerance is 0.1.2%L or 5mm but not greater than 25mm. with b is the flange width and t the thickness. with respect to their theoretical location shown on fabrication drawings to an accuracy of ±1/3 stiffener thickness but not more than 6mm. of an internal or external ring stiffener.MET.1%L or 3mm. 7.1 / 2000 Code.1.2.1).p.9 of AWS D1. 7. 7. The internal or external ring stiffeners inclination shall be within 1% of the nominal web depth but not more than 6mm.2 ROLLED OR FABRICATED BEAM Fabricated structural steel section tolerances shall comply with section 5.Eni S.1 stiffener web or flange thickness nor 3mm.2. 7. 5 December 2001 Pag.3) . The out of straightness and verticality tolerance for girder and beam with hollow section is the greater of 0.1 Global tolerances Structural class "a. from the diameter measured at the flange centreline shall be within 5% of the nominal flange width.01b)mm but not greater than 6mm.2 Local tolerances Flange eccentricity shall be equal to 0. b" members. 7. All other tolerances not considered here shall be in accordance with EEMUA 158. The maximum bow in the web of an internal or external ring stiffener shall be within 1% of the nominal web depth.2.6. one of the diameters is parallel to the longitudinal axis of the node chord. (fig.2. but not greater than 12mm. Divisione Agip 08833.23 from paragraph 5.1 to paragraph 5. The deviation of the flange edge.2. but not more than 3mm.SPC Rev.
A. Web stiffeners shall be fitted with respect to their theoretical location to an accuracy of half stiffener thickness.SPC Rev.5t. 7.3 Web stiffener Web stiffeners location between girders flanges shall be within tolerances values. where t is the web thickness.4).Eni S. Divisione Agip 08833.2.5: TABLE 7. where h is the web height in millimetre.5% of the maximum web height but not more than 3mm of a perpendicular set out from two girders flanges3mm (fig.3: TOLERANCES FOR PLATE PANEL Tolerance type Plane out of position Global lateral deflection between principal stiffeners Global lateral deflection between secondary stiffeners Tolerance value 0. 5 December 2001 Pag. 7.15% L Limiting value(mm) 10 10 15 TABLE 7. but not more than 3mm (fig. 7. 51 di 89 Web girder twisting shall be equal to (1+0.4: TOLERANCES FOR PLATE PANEL STIFFENER Tolerance type Inclination ay Out of position py Nodal out of position py Tolerance value 2. Web stiffener out of straightness shall be within 0.01h)mm. but not greater than 6mm. Welds shall be returned through the rat hole.3% L 0. 7.3 STIFFENED PLATE PANELS The following apply.2. with reference to fig.MET.4 Fillet welds execution Weld passes shall be continuous to prevent any risk of crevice corrosion. 7.15% L. 7. Web bow shall be equal to 0.5% h 5% h 5% h Limiting value(mm) 5 10 3 5 Out of straightness sy both orthogonal and 0. but not greater than 10mm.5% L1 0. The outstand of web stiffener under load bearing surfaces shall be within 0.01h with maximum value equal to 0.p. when present.5% L1 lateral to the plate plane Where: L1 is the distance between two consecutive stiffeners h is the height of the stiffeners.4).STR. .
5: MISMATCH VALUE Thickness t3 > t1 and > t2 t2 > t3 and > t1 for t1 .SPC Rev.3.2 Opening and penetration holes The centreline point of any opening and penetration shall be within a tolerance of ±10mm of the theoretical central point.7. measured at weld toes.4. Tolerance on position of each weld bead is ±5mm with respect to what required on fabrication drawings. 7. The height of the bead shall to be a tolerance of -0 to +2mm. However not more than one weld bead per sleeve may be out of pitch.7 for indication.5. max 6mm As built dimensions shall be used to align members. UT check shall be performed where external measurement can not guarantee the alignment.STR. Divisione Agip 08833. web) from a cruciform arrangement with other member or stiffener the mismatch of the alignment through the joint shall be according to table 7. The barrels length shall therefore be defined also taking into account the above requirements.Eni S.1 Stiffeners forming cruciform arrangements Where a combination of stiffeners (ring. Mismatch t3 / 2. max 10mm t2 / 2.6. Weld beads distance from circumferential barrels butt welds shall not be less than 51mm. t2 and t3 identification see fig. diaphragm. 7.A. The actual size of any opening shall be within a tolerance of ±2mm of the theoretical dimensions.4 7.p. . The weld beads pitch is to be constant throughout the zone where weld beads are required and are to be kept equal between sleeves and piles. 52 di 89 7.1 OTHER FABRICATION DETAILS Weld beads for grouting Weld beads position and size shall be in accordance with the construction drawings. 5 December 2001 Pag. 7. See fig.MET.4. TABLE 7.
5 December 2001 Pag.1: NODES POSITIONS Node type Jacket and deck matching nodes Other leg nodes Other nodes Tolerance 6mm 10mm 15mm Table 8. 8.A.1. .MET.STR.Eni S.2 shows the tolerance values of some structural dimensions. relevant to the theoretical position shown on fabrication drawings. measured on the structure shall be within a circle with 6mm radius centred in the drawing position.1. obtained as per fig. checked in at least two perpendicular planes shall not exceed 1/1000 of measured length with maximum value of 10mm. as an example of said above. 53 di 89 Final fabrication tolerances shall be within the tolerance values specified here below.1.4 JACKET SLEEVES AND SHEAR PLATES Completed pile sleeves out of roundness shall be measured at shims location and mid-way of these positions. 8.3 JACKET CENTERING GUIDE TUBES Conductor support centre.1. The actual centre shall not be far more than 12mm from best fit line.2: DISTANCE TOLERANCES Measures Length between first and last node working points on jacket legs Distance between working point not involving one leg nodes placed on the same plane involving one leg nodes Distance between abutting jacket and deck node working point Tolerance (±) ± 16mm 30mm 25mm 12mm 8. TABLE 8. The out of roundness measurements shall be as per paragraph 7. 8.8. At mid shim location six diameters shall be taken in correspondence to the shims: the design value is to be respected as a minimum.4 only at top and bottom shim location.SPC Rev. At shims mid-way positions the measurement method and the tolerance values shall be as per paragraph 7. 8.p. TABLE 8.1 POSITION OF NODES The node working point (intersection point among items axis measured on structure) (fig. Divisione Agip 8 FINAL FABRICATION TOLERANCES 08833.2 JACKET LEGS HORIZONTAL AND DIAGONAL MEMBERS STRAIGHTNESS Overall out of straightness of final structure axis.1) shall be positioned within the error sphere whose radius is indicated in table 8.4.
TABLE 8. Tolerance among same level column shall not be higher than planarity and bevels mismatch limit.3: SHEAR PLATE OUT OF PLANE Position Bow of straight free borders Horizontal stiffener between leg and sleeve Vertical stiffener straightness Planarity of sub-panel Planarity of full panel Value (± mm) ± 3 4 2 5 10 8.1 DECK PLANS Deck section columns The columns intersections centre (item axes intersection centre) measured on the structure shall be within the error sphere. table 8. Centreline of each sleeve shall be located within ±12mm of the relevant column best fit line. TABLE 8. the overall distances and elevations tolerances measured on structure. 5 December 2001 Pag.5 gives.5.4. 54 di 89 The completed pile sleeves centrelines taken at shim location shall be within 6mm from their best fit line.5: STRUCTURE MEASUREMENT Measurements Column distance Header distance Header elevation difference Tolerances ± mm 12mm 12mm 12mm Indicated tolerance shall not be higher than bevel mismatch.SPC Rev. The measurements shall be undertaken at the intersections of the sleeve with the horizontal connecting plates to the legs.p.Eni S.4: HEADER POSITION Header Beams on column Beams on stringer Beams on principal beams Error sphere radius 6mm As said above. Position of shear plate joints onto leg and sleeve shall be within 6mm from the theoretical vertical plane containing leg axis and sleeve axis.STR. as an example.MET. relevant to theoretical fabrication drawings position.3. Divisione Agip 08833. Shear plate details out of plane shall be in accordance with table 8.5 8. .A. whose radius is indicated in table 8. TABLE 8.
between two consecutive barrels shall be separated by a minimum of 100 gon.6 PILES Overall piles length tolerance shall be ±300mm relevant to the fabrication drawing value. 55 di 89 8. from head.MET.5.p. Distance between longitudinal seams shall be 300mm at least. indicated on fabrication drawings. 5 December 2001 Pag. Different wall thickness and/or diameter pile section positions shall be within ±75mm relevant to the theoretical distance. Inserts or barrels of every pile shall never have length lower than 2m 8.3 Working plane position Deck and modules working plane position shall have a vertical outstand lower than R/500. relevant to the theoretical plane. Local out of roundness shall not be greater than 0. Out of straightness shall not exceed 0. The checking straightness method by a taut wire along the pipe length is considered acceptable. The minimum distance between two circumferential seams shall be 0.1t nor 3mm whichever is the less (t= weld thickness). Divisione Agip 08833. Out of roundness shall be checked at each ring stiffener and in between two adjacent ring stiffeners and shall not exceed the 0. whichever is the less.STR.7 BUOYANCY TANKS The butt joint mismatch shall not exceed 0.5. The maximum number of water collectors shall be defined on construction drawing and Client shall define their position after welding of steel floor plates.01 gon.2 Deck section plate Plates on deck beams shall not have sags higher than ±3mm relevant to theoretical bearings level. The driving head face shall be worked (machined or grinded) to present a square surface perpendicular to pile centreline with maximum tolerance value of 0. The ovality shall not exceed the greater of 10mm and 0.SPC Rev.4 buoyancy tanks outside diameter at least. R is the distance from reference point. Local deviation from straight generator is: . Longitudinal seams.Eni S. with 9mm as maximum.A.1% of any measured length. Measurement shall be repeated at a minimum of three radial points. 8.5% of the nominal external radius. 8.2% of the outside diameter or 25% of the wall thickness.5% of diameter.
9 J TUBES J tubes bends may be obtained either by hot forming or by cold forming processes. 100% MT of high stress areas (padeyes and attachments).1 Same buoyancy tanks reutilization for more than one launching Whenever buoyancy tanks have already been applied in several launchs. 8. Additional requirements shall be specified on fabrication drawings. bend angle shall be within ±0. J tube tolerance shall be in accordance with API 5L specification. Conical head section length shall be within ±10mm of their theoretical length. A minimum of 900mm over length shall be provided at top extremity. 8.Eni S. The measured distance between the actual centrelines of the lower and upper supports shall be within ±10mm of their theoretical dimensions. but not more than ±50mm.5° of theoretical value. 08833.5mm. Divisione Agip ∆g= Lg/120 where Lg is the gage length to be used which shall be: Lg= 4(Rt) where: R = shell radius.7.6. 56 di 89 The length tolerance shall be within ±50mm of theoretical length shown on fabrication drawings. Bend radius tolerance shall be within ±2% of nominal radius.8 CONDUCTORS Conductors shall be fabricated to a total tolerance of ±300mm from the length indicated on fabrication drawings. comparing the new inspection certificate with the previous one relevant to construction phase. 100% UT on padeyes. Straigthness shall be in accordance with paragraph 8.STR. . 8.SPC Rev.MET.p. Ring stiffeners tolerances shall be in accordance with relevant sections.A. unless otherwise shown on fabrication drawings. t = shell thickness The circumference tolerance shall be + 25mm or . 5 December 2001 Pag. Contractor shall perform the following inspections: 100% visual inspection all over the structure.
MET.A. longitudinal or circumferential welds of tubulars.p. In case of interferences experienced with other welded items. 5 December 2001 Pag. provided the angle between two successive anodes is not changed more than 45° from that shown on fabrication drawings.Eni S. landing and stairway shall be located within the following tolerances.6: TOLERANCE FOR LANDING AND STAIRWAY Elevation Planarity Planimetric position ± 12mm ± 6mm each 3m length ± 12mm Distance among steps shall not be more than 3mm from theoretical position.12 HANDRAILS Fabrication and erection shall be performed to a degree of accuracy that the top rail shall be level to the eye. Distance among structural weld toes is not less than 150mm both on longitudinal and circumferential joint.STR.SPC Rev. 8. .10 SUPPORTS CAISSON / RISER / J-TUBES Caisson/riser/j-tubes supports shall be located in such a way that the centreline of caisson/riser/j-tube at each horizontal frame is within ±25mm with respect to theoretical location shown on fabrication drawings. TABLE 8. 8. the following may be applied: anode translation from the defined position plus or minus one anode length. anode rotation of 90° each side relevant to the position shown on the fabrication drawings. and the handrail shall be plumb. prior the messenger wire installation. 57 di 89 Completed J tubes are to be pigged on site to ensure they are clear with no internal weld protrusions that may damage umbilicals and risers. Divisione Agip 08833. Welds onto nodes (stubs or chords) are not allowed in any case. All cases of impracticable solution as per above requirement shall be decided on a case by case basis. 8. or similar.11 ANODES Anodes positioning shall be done according to relevant fabrication drawings with respect to a uniform distribution throughout the jacket. Location of anodes shall be as close as possible to the lesser local dihedral angle of each stub-chord intersection. 8.13 WALKWAYS. relevant to the fabrication drawings. by Client. LANDINGS AND STAIRWAYS Walkways.
p. 5 December 2001 Pag.MET. Divisione Agip 08833.SPC Rev. .Eni S. 58 di 89 8.A.14 TEMPLATE DOCKING PILES CENTRING SYSTEM Template docking piles centring system shall be rected after having verified the actual engagement distances and verticality of the erected template docking piles The location of each pile centring cone measuring centre shall be within 12mm of the theoretical location shown on construction drawings.STR.
STR. Contractor shall formulate a quality control plan that shall contain mandatory NDT inspection and the time when they shall be done.SPC Rev. b. c" shall be carried out only 48 hours after completion of welding. Radiographic Testing. Maximum Amplitude of Flaw Echo Height. after welding. All NDT reports are to include all data that allows to repeat the examination in the same conditions.2 DEFINITIONS The following definitions are used: NDT: VI: MT: PT: UT: RT: DAC: HD: Non Destructive Testing. 5 December 2001 Pag. NDT on weld class "e" and on all other classes not considered above may be carried out 24 hours after welding completion. This plan shall be submitted to Client's approval.MET. For offshore welds Contractor shall supply for approval a detail NDT procedure that shall include wait time. Distance Amplitude Correction. before NDT and possible accelerated cooling procedures of the welds. NDT on weld class "a. Divisione Agip 9 9. Ultrasonic Testing. Inspection and NDT prior to PWHT shall be at the Contractor discretion and shall not avoid further tests. Magnetic Particles Inspection.Eni S. The same requirement for weld class "d" with thickness higher than 20mm. They are: API RP 2X API Standard 1104 EN 462 EN 970 . Visual Inspection.1 INSPECTION OF WELDMENTS GENERAL 08833.p. 9. as per a proper schedule and relevant drawings supplied by the Contractor.3 REFERENCE STANDARDS The standards and codes of practice called up by this specification are considered at the latest edition at time of contract award.A. 59 di 89 All welds are to be subjected to non destructive examination (NDT)as fabrication and construction proceed. Dye Penetrant Inspection. 9.
RT For thickness greater than 38mm. The indicated thicknesses are those referred to welding thickness. New UT procedures that permit both to correlate echoes with position on piece through scanner use and to record on magnetic support.SPC Rev.A. In any case UT can not substitute RT for thicknesses lower than 10mm. Their applicability shall conform to the following table. Change of NDT procedure based on these new techniques is solely at Client acceptance. Ir and Yt up to t=38mm. TABLE 9. d 12<t≤38mm RT MT t >38mm UT + 10%RT MT e all thicknesses MT T-butt Fillet UT MT MT PT Table shall be integrated with the following requirements. UT UT shall be applied also for chevron cracks checks on SAW welds with thickness above 25mm. 9. b. UT shall be carried out for deck and modules beams.e. Following isotopes do not require Client's approval: Yt up to t=12mm. may be submitted to Client's approval.Eni S. RT in shop are to be preferably executed by X ray equipment. Thickness limits are relevant to complete one crossed by rays. when the joint geometry issuch that RT is unappropriate. UT shall be applied when RT inspection is not possible (i. 10% of welds (one each ten examined) chosen at Client discretion shall be 100% RT. other than to be in compliance with the requirements of this specification. shall be compared with the results of UT control. Gamma rays may be applied on yard only or on large prefabricated items. T joints) or for offshore welds. c.p. MT and PT. UT. Ir for thickness from 10mm to 19mm with qualification of the procedure test. The use of Co 60 is generally not acceptable. in addition to UT control.MET. 60 di 89 Contractor shall equip themselves with copies of all the standards and codes referred to in this specification and shall make them readily available to all inspection personnel involved on work. 5 December 2001 Pag.STR.4 METHODS OF NDT Accepted NDT methods are RT. Obtained results.1: NDT APPLICABILITY Weld Classes Joint Butt t ≤12mm RT MT MT a. Divisione Agip BS 6072 EN 473 08833. . X rays for thickness above 38mm.
b. 20% inspection for the following elements from the same welding machine. with minimum inspection length of 1m. UT inspection to check chevron cracks shall be carried out even if RT inspection is standard method. Where unacceptable flaws are detected in partially inspected seams the NDT percentage shall be doubled and extended to both adjacent sides of the defective area.SPC Rev. b. Welds class "a.Eni S. c" cruciform joints and start/stop points shall be RT inspected for a 300mm all around area.5 EXTENT OF NDT Extent of NDT shall be as per following table. Divisione Agip 08833. c". shall be UT inspected against lamellar tears and to verify the weld discontinuity. c" mainly submitted to tensile stress. 9. may be RT/UT inspected as follows: 100% inspection on the first three welded elements from every welding machine. The percentage extension shall be the same for main inspection. 61 di 89 MT MT is the reference surface NDT methods for all welds of classes "a. Other requirements For weld class "d" joints RT/UT percentage inspection shall be 20% on yard and 10% on shop. For welds with a length less than 1m. d". For weld class "e" and all classes bevel inspection. b. In case other unacceptable flaws are found in the new area the extension shall become 100%. 5 December 2001 Pag. selected by the Contractor.MET.2: EXTENTION OF NDT ON WELD CLASSES VI UT/RT MT PT Note 1: a 100% 100% 100% - b. TABLE 10. SAW All longitudinal SAW welds class "b. c 100% 100% 20%(1) 100% d 100% 20% 20% - e 100% 20% The MT test for joints and closure welds adjacent to nodes shall be 100%. Table shall be integrated with the following requirements. and 100% inspection on one element every 10 welded elements.2 refer to the total length of each weld. The substitution with PT for parent materials with minimum yield strength not greater than 275MPa requires Client's approval. the required indicated percentages may refer to the percentage of the completed joints of the same type to be inspected (i.e. PT may substitute MT without approval. 20% means 1 weld over 5 to be 100% examined). The NDT control of sea fastening shall comply in any case with the code and the requirements of the Certifying Society in charge of the transport certification The percentages indicated on table 9. test percentage shall be 100%. .A. c.p. except nodes and buoyancy tanks.STR. Fillet welds class "a.
1. 5 December 2001 Pag. geometric relationships (film focus distance. min). double wall/single image. min.MET. technique (equipment rating in voltage or curie. In case the defective weld length. and submit these to the Client's approval prior to commence any testing. 9. Bequerel. The extension of flaw behind the bevel shall be checked by appropriate UT examination using compression probes. all edges shall be inspected to find any eventual defects.Eni S. Client may require the qualification of some or all of the procedures. double wall/double image). exposure conditions (kV. excessive slag lines and cluster porosities) occur repeatedly to Client opinion. external or internal equipment single wall. may be additionally tested up to 100%. The requirements of section 5. cracks and other planar flaw. radiation angle with respect to weld and film. 62 di 89 If severe flaws (i. mA.SPC Rev. all welds made with the same welding procedure during the period in question.A.1 Radiographic Testing (RT) The procedure specification for the radiographic testing is to include at least the following information: radiation source (X-rays or gamma rays. thickness). Any discontinuity extending 5mm and above shall be repaired. or by grinding to verify the laminated area depth. 9. film type (trade name and designation).STR. . Welds of all classes except "e" that become inaccessible during item fabrication shall be 100% NDT.7. after Client's request. Divisione Agip 08833.6 EDGE INSPECTION Prior to assembly for welding.e. If gamma rays. 9. The inspection of the bevel edges shall be carried out with VI integrated with MT or PT when necessary to show defect. focal spot).p.2 shall apply for laminations defects check before the stub to node can and beam to flange welding. is greater than 1% of the inspected length the Client reserves the right to increase NDT percentage up to 100%. type of isotope). intensifying screens (front and/or back material.7 QUALIFICATION OF NDT PROCEDURES The Contractor shall prepare procedures for each of the NDT techniques he proposes to use. object film distance. by demonstration of their capability to detect known flaws. in joints with NDT percentage less than 100%.
Divisione Agip 08833. In this case the requirements of section 9. frequencies.STR.MET. image Quality Indicator sensitivities in percent of the wall weld metal thickness based on sources and film side indicators respectively. which is at least to include the following information: type of instrument. also for double walls 9.2 Ultrasonic Testing (UT) A procedure specification for the ultrasonic testing according API RP 2X is to be established. calibration details. the above requirements apply images. check of calibration. The representative radiographic procedures are to be qualified by making two radiographic exposures of a welded joint with the same or typical configuration and dimensions. but submitted to Client's approval. density (the radiographs density measured on the sound weld metal image). UT carried out by automatic equipment is generally acceptable.3 Magnetic Particle Inspection (MT) . In order to check the sensitivity. type of couplants. on a material equal to or similar to that which is to be used in the structure. recording details. stopbath. drying. reference to applicable welding procedures. temperature range The qualification test is to be performed under normal working conditions and at Client presence.7. material thickness and curvature range. scanning techniques.Eni S. type of transducer.A. 5 December 2001 Pag.). The test pieces are to be available as reference all over the inspection work.SPC Rev. etc. fixation.7. 63 di 89 processing (developing time and temperature. surface requirements. film coverage.4 shall apply 9. washing.p.
surface preparation including background paint. magnetizing current (for prod magnetizing: the prod type and spacing are to be stated). classifying reflectors as planar. The internal qualification of NDT personnelshall comply with EN 473. The procedure is considered qualified based on approval of the testing procedure specification.Eni S. EN 473 or equivalent level III. the Client may require their interdiction to production activities until their ability has been satisfactorily demonstrated.MET.3. performing an operational test under production conditions. Divisione Agip 08833.A. RT operators are to be fully capable of performing an operational test using the qualified radiographic procedure. interpreting the screen display. is required within the project and within yard or shop organization. 64 di 89 A procedure specification for the magnetic particle testing is to be established which is to include at least the following information: materials and dimensions. If the qualification of the personnel is in doubt.STR. Moreover all ultrasonic operators shall be especially qualified in accordance with API RP 2X paragraph 2. temperature range No special procedure qualification test is required.p. representative of the construction configuration that must be carried out.SPC Rev. wet or dry method. and magnetic particle operators shall be qualified to EN 473 or an equivalent rule. make and type of magnetic particle and contrast paint. UT operators shall have up to date certification in accordance with ASNT-TC-1A and are to be capable of: calibrating the equipment. . A scheme for qualification of operators conform to EN 473 or an equivalent rule shall be established by Contractor. 9. Operators shall examine the number of test plates defined by the above scheme and shall set a written examination. as supervisor. 5 December 2001 Pag. Contractor is responsible for manufacturing suitable test joints.8 QUALIFICATION OF NDT PERSONNEL Radiographic. evaluating size and location of reflectors. ultrasonic. including artificial and natural flaws. cylindrical or spherical. type of equipment.
The stub to node weld inspection shall be carried out with the aid of clipped disk.0 to 3.A. The execution procedures for the radiographic control must be qualified when the source is not accessible during the production control. Divisione Agip 08833.1 RADIOGRAPHIC TESTING EXECUTION General Contractor shall prepare a document in which he indicates the radiation source (X and isotopes) he intends to use in function of thickness ranges.SPC Rev.10. at the denominator of the formula.1 ULTRASONIC TESTING EXECUTION Equipment .p. shops) and relevant to the whole job conditions. 9.0 . and the sensitivity of the source side indicator is to be equal to or better than the requirements given in for "single wall technique".6 to 3. only film side penetameters are required. Only lead reinforced screens are to be used.11 9. If the panorama technique is used to include 100% of tubular girth weld in one exposure. In case that the source side is inaccessible during production radiography.3. 5 December 2001 Pag. EN 462). For single images the density shall be in the range 2. 65 di 89 Operators performing MT testing are to be capable of performing an operational test. Radiographs are to have a density at the weld metal image in the range 2. worksite locations (yard.8 for the double images with a minimum of 1.MET. at least one penetrameter is to be recorded on each film.10 9.STR. The film type utilised shall be as per ISO 5579. The image quality indicators are to be clearly identified.9 VISUAL INSPECTION EXECUTION Visual Inspection shall be carried out in accordance with EN 970.Eni S.10. i. but shall be marked with an "F" and the procedure shall be qualified.2 Examination Image quality indicators shall be of the wire type as recommended by IIW/IIS 62-60 or ISO Standard and are to be placed on the source side.e. If the multiple exposure technique is used.11. at 120° one from eachother. using the test method or technique that is to be applied in production. For "double wall technique" the IQI sensitivity shall be calculated putting the total weld thickness penetrated. two times the plate thickness plus the two weld reinforcements. 9. In this case the permissible IQI values shall be double of those indicated (ref. 9. 9. The maximum acceptable film lengths are defined by the film references. a minimum of three penetrameters are to be equally spaced around the circumference.
using a 45° 4 MHz probe. 60° and 70°. UT equipment shall be left warming up before initiating the testing. Calibration of the ultrasonic equipment is to be carried out whenever it has been out of function for any reason. allow echoes with amplitudes of 5% of full screen amplitude to be clearly detectable under test conditions. 9. Tandem technique keeping constant the inclination angle relevant to the weld seam axis may be applied. SAW welds shall be examined for transverse (chevron) cracking by weld cap scanning. For echo amplitude evaluation.Eni S.p.3 Examination Ultrasonic testing of production welds.11. . T-butt welds are to be examined also from through member opposite face. Flaw width shall be evaluated with the 6dB technique. 5 December 2001 Pag. Equipment horizontal and vertical linearity shall be always calibrated before the any examination beginning.11.MET. The weld shall be ground as necessary to facilitate this inspection. and angle beam transducers of 45°. The reference block for gain calibration and construction of DAC is to be manufactured from the actual production material and be in accordance with the requirements of API RP2X for Level A. have a flat screen accessible from the front for direction plotting of reference curves. cover the frequency range from 2 to 6 MHz. For SMAW welds the separate probes for transmitter and receiver method shall be applied when surface conditions are detrimental to correct inspection.A.2 Calibration Calibration shall be in accordance with API RP 2X requirements. shall be carried out in accordance with API RP 2X and with the following requirements. a DAC reference curve is to be established and plotted on the instrument screen. For portable testing equipment the IIW/ISO calibration block is to be used. flaw length shall be evaluated with the "half-value-drop" method. DAC curve construction shall be in accordance with the indications of API RP2X. 66 di 89 The equipment used for ultrasonic testing is to: be applicable for the pulse echo technique and for the double probe technique.STR.SPC Rev. and whenever there is any doubt concerning proper functioning of the equipment. Divisione Agip 08833. The weld is to be examined from at least two sides. satisfy vertical linearity according to ASME V and horizontal linearity in accordance with ASTM. 9. include straight beam transducers.
67 di 89 The use of beam path lengths longer than 200mm is not allowed.Eni S.5 to 4. The magnetic field adjustment shall be verified by a relevant instrument. Other DC equipment. 9. the prod spacing is within the range 75200mm with a current of 5-6A for each millimeter. To ensure detection of discontinuities having axes in any direction. for sections with thickness 20mm or more. permanent magnets or equipment which introduce current directly in the item shall not be used. The ratio between the ampere turns and the diameter of the pipe work piece to be tested is to be 8 to 16 ampere turns per each mm. or "soft prods" are required. Surface shall be grind to an appropriate standard for the inspection purpose. 5 December 2001 Pag.12. the coil magnetising current is to be chosen depending on the number of turns of the coil. The equipment used for magnetic particle testing is to establish a field strength among 2400 A/m (30 Oersted) and 4000 A/m (50 Oersted). for sections with thickness less than 20mm. Equipment and calibration blocks applied to verify the above requirements shall be available to NDT personnel and to the Client.MET. Inspection for acceptance of butt welds over 60mm thick.2 Examination The surface of the parts subjected to test is to be clean and dry.1 MAGNETIC PARTICLE INSPECTION EXECUTION Equipment Only AC equipment or DC equipment with current obtained through half wave rectifier) may be used for testing. This need not be proven by measurement in case of coil or prod magnetizing.SPC Rev.p. the current is to be 3. 9.5kg with 300mm prode spacing.STR. and with thickness above 40mm the tandem technique shall be used. shall include unrestricted scanning from the surface of the weld. For butt welds with bevel angle between 0° and 10°. provided the following requirements are met: AC electromagnetic yoke is to have a lifting power of at least 5 kg at the pole working spacing.A. free from any dirt that may interfere with the examination. with prode spacing within the range 75-200mm.5 A per each mm prod spacing. AC electromagnetic yoke is to have a lifting power at least 4.12. the examination is to be performed with the magnetic field shifted in at least two directions on each area. Divisione Agip 08833. to which access is limited to one side only.12 9. . for surface defects only. Prods tipped with lead.
3: ACCEPTABLE UNDERCUTS Weld Classes Depth mm Length mm a 0. Abutting porosities. Wet particles shall be applied on smooth welding surface only.p. Surface painting shall be used to improve the detection of flaws: white background paint is preferred.MET. All detected defects that are higher than the following acceptability limits shall be repaired. Divisione Agip 08833.1 Visual Inspection Acceptance Standard All the outside and inside welds whenever accessible shall be visually inspected. when necessary. Magnetic particle examination is not to be performed on parts with surface temperature exceeding 300°C.SPC Rev.STR. 9.5 20 e 1 40 . Wet magnetic particle examination is not to be performed on parts with surface temperature exceeding 60°C.13.12. Care is to be taken to avoid local heating of the test surface. 9. Glasses and contact lens shall not be photosensitive.3 Magnetic fluorescent particles This control type shall be done in a darkened room using an ultraviolet radiation light with wavelength within the range 3200/3800 Angstrom. Ultraviolet radiation light shall be measured by a particular instrument.5 10 d 0. Ultraviolet radiation light intensity shall be measured each 8 hour or whatever the working position is changed.Eni S. Before starting the testing the operator shall remain for 5 minutes to accustom his eyes to low luminosity. 68 di 89 Non-fluorescent wet or dry particles are to provide adequate contrast with the background of the surface being examined. Demagnetization shall be provided. it is necessary to wait 5 minutes for a correct heating and for a correct operation. 5 December 2001 Pag. All prod burns shall be ground out and PT. Acceptable undercuts are as follows: TABLE 9.13 STANDARDS OF ACCEPTABILITY Any weld imperfection that prevents the sizing of. Cracks and lamellar tears found by any of the NDT methods are not admitted in any case and for any weld classes. gas cavities. the weld restored and a new NDT inspection carried out all over the interested area. There shall be 800 microwatt/cm² on the examined surface.25 Intermittent b. 9. c 0. or may prevent the detection of. a weld flaw is itself a flaw and shall be repaired.A. and slag inclusions are to be repaired. Before light intensity measurement. All this type of discontinuities shall be inspected to find out the originating cause.
root penetr. but having darkness density giving a doubt on their depth shall be re examined with UT technique. b HD > DAC (100%) 10mm HD > DAC/2 (50%) 20mm HD = maximum amplitude defect echo.5t over 12t 10mm 1. padeyes. shall be repaired whichever is their echo height. 69 di 89 9. All other elements as nodes.5. The lack of fusion and incomplete penetration acceptance standard for weld class "d" may be applied to longitudinal double welds class "b. All echoes that exceed 50% DAC shall be classified and evaluated in size.p.3 UT Acceptance Standard Any flaw from which echo height exceeds the DAC by 6db shall be repaired and reexamined. like cracks or lamellar tears. buoyancy tanks and their supports are excluded.5t d t/3 or 6mm 3t 12t or 150mm 6mm 2.A.5: NON PLANAR ACCEPTABLE UT FLAWS Maximum HD and DAC a. deck beams and bracings.5t or 6mm 2t or 30mm not admitted not admitted not admitted Two gas cavities are treated like a linear porosity when the distance between them is less than 6 times the diameter of the biggest porosity.5t or 6mm t or 20mm not admitted 1. The lengths of acceptable volumetric flaws are as follows: TABLE 9.5t over 12t 1.Eni S. All flaws classified as planar. c" as diagonals.STR. where indication can be unequivocally correlated to longitudinal defects. The lengths of acceptable volumetric flaws are as follows: TABLE 9.13. c 30mm 45mm d 40mm 60mm Planar defects.4: ACCEPTABLE RT FLAWS Defect type Gas Cavities Linear Porosity individual cumulative Slag Inclusions individual cumulative Lack of fusion individual cumulative Incom.75t c t/3 or 6mm 1. All transverse defects are to be regarded as defects requiring repair. 5 December 2001 Pag.2 RT Acceptance Standard Flaws on films appearing to meet the acceptance standards limits. . regardless of size. in accordance with table 9. Divisione Agip 08833. individual cumulative a. This requirement does not apply.5t or 60mm 10mm 1.MET. 9. b t/3 or 6mm 0.13.SPC Rev.6. clearly detected as lack of fusion and incomplete root penetration may be accepted for weld class "d" as per table 9.
5 December 2001 Pag. separated by 1.5t over 12t Flaw type Lack of fusion Incomplete root penetration Depth (mm) 1.5t over 12t 1. Divisione Agip 08833.5t Max Individual 10mm 10mm The lack of fusion and incomplete penetration acceptance standard for weld class "d" may be applied to longitudinal double welds class "b. The report is to indicate if the weld quality meets the acceptance standard limits of this specification. flaw description and dimensions.SPC Rev.A.6: FLAW ACCEPTABILITY FOR WELD CLASS "b. deck beams and bracings. not weld geometry.p. acceptable rounded indications shall not be greater than 4mm. All other elements as nodes. or as circular shape in other cases.5 1. Two gas cavities are treated like a linear porosity when the distance between them is less than 6 times the diameter of the biggest porosity.MET.Eni S. 70 di 89 TABLE 9. .14 REPORTS Operator shall formalise. 9. The report shall clearly show the type of flaw detected (i. c" in diagonals. padeyes. incomplete penetration.STR. having the limits indicated below: linear indications are not acceptable whichever their dimensions.d " length cumulative 1. 9. any remark.e.5mm or less from edge to edge. Linear indications are the remainders. in the following 24 hours after test completion. sketch of the welded joint and probable flaw location. All surfaces to be examined shall be free from linear and rounded indications caused by weld defect. repair flaws. buoyancy tanks and their supports are excluded. The minimum requirements shown in a NDT report shall be the following: procedure qualification informations. and indicate the flaws to be repaired. c.13.5 Length (mm) t/2 1.4 MT Acceptance Standard Detected rounded indications shall be classified as elliptical shape if the length is equal to or less than three times the width. lack of fusion. weld identification number. the testing results. and there shall not be more than three indications in line. porosity and slag) including a repairing flaws location sketch from a particular point choosen as reference.
14.p. 5 December 2001 Pag. 9. film location.3 MT reports The report shall show.14. 9.MET. the following: film identification number. beyond general requirements. black light intensity. beyond general requirements. the following: tested surface conditions.SPC Rev. .14.STR.Eni S. Divisione Agip 9.A. 71 di 89 The report shall show. powder and solvent types used.1 RT reports 08833.2 UT reports The report shall show. beyond general requirements. the following: planar and not planar flaw evaluation.
operability shall be tested while flooding lines are under pressure. 72 di 89 When large and complex assembly items shall be joined offshore. fitted and welded so that the connection can be easily installed or removed. 10.SPC Rev. The air pressure shall be set to 0. Flooding valves are to be lubrificated and checked before load out to ensure that they are in the closed position. 5 December 2001 Pag. Contractor shall carry out a yard assembly test in order to verify the correct fit.STR.5 times the design pressure).1 TESTING OF PACKERS SYSTEM Testing of line .2 RISER PRESSURE TESTING Pressure test of risers shall be carry out in accordance with the requirements of the applicable project specifications.Eni S. Divisione Agip 10 10.5 10.3 PNEUMATIC TESTING OF BUOYANCY TANKS AND JACKET LEGS Members that are designated to provide buoyancy shall be pneumatically tested prior to load-out.2-0. components and piping of jacket ballasting and grouting system shall be tested both by pressure test and in working conditions. before the load-out. when present. Items such as bolt or pin shall be assembled.4 TESTING OF BALLASTING AND GROUTING SYSTEMS All equipment. and to verify for their smooth and free operability. Pressure shall be maintained at least for one hour.1 TESTING OF FIELD INSTALLED COMPONENTS PREASSEMBLY TESTING 08833. The leak test shall be done by hydrotest at the maximum working pressure. 10. Pressure testing shall be done in conditions of minimum temperature variation as per applicable piping specification. During testing flanged manways shall be tested with soap solution technique. 10.5. Flooding values shall be hydrotested to detect leaks either from body or trim.MET. and that protective caps or other obstructions are not present that would prevent proper valve operation.A. Testing shall be done according to relevant line service conditions (1.3 bars and the variations measured over a period of 2 hours with a well-type manometer. Handrail sections or other similar items shall be stamped or metal tagged so that it is possible easily to restore their exact position during offshore assembly.p. 10. Reach-rods and flooding valves.
STR.MET. . 73 di 89 All air lines shall be isolated from the grout packers. to prevent damage to grout packers. before this testing to be done prior to load out.p.5. Test pressure shall be 1.A. 5 December 2001 Pag. Divisione Agip 08833.5 times the design pressure and shall be held for one hour. Contractor shall apply purchaser requirements for acceptance test when previous certification is not available. After testing of all lines.Eni S.2 Testing of packers When packers are already inside the barrels. the purchaser shall give a certification relevant to the acceptance test. dried and re-connected to the grout packers. they shall be completely drained.SPC Rev. There shall be no pressure drop and no leaks. 10.
Stairs and walkways. Fenders.STR.MET. Flare and supports bridges Typical nodes with simple geometry.Eni S. structural walls. Risers supports. Water tight diaphragms. complex shape and stresses concentration not easily foreseeable Module and Deck 08833. pin piles c Essential structural elements for the total structure safety with simple geometry and with fatigue stress not dimensioning Significant structural elements for the local safety of the structure Beams with height higher or equal to 300 mm or thickness higher than 15 mm. Launchways and relevant attachments. bracings. Tubular and beam elements situated between two legs.A. Legs. Foundation piles. Buoyancy tanks. Boat landings. flood and air system. Lifting padeyes and their connection to the deck. Not structural walls.p. sea fastening. Legs. Padeyes for pile and conductors guides. sea fastening d Conductor guide frames. Anode core. Diagonal braces. 5 December 2001 Pag. 74 di 89 Jacket a Not typical nodes with complex geometry Not typical nodes with complex geometry b Structural elements essential for the global safety of the platform Typical nodes with simple geometry. Divisione Agip 11 APPENDIX 1: STRUCTURAL CLASSES Structural Classes Definition Structural elements essential for the safety of the platform with low structural redundancy. Lifting padeye of jackets and templates and elements connected to. Blow down e Unimportant structural elements and nonstructural elements Chequered plates.SPC Rev. bridge structure and flare structure Beams with height lower than 300 mm and thickness up to 15 mm. predrilling template and conductors installation guides Pumps casing. Supports and reinforcements of floatation tanks. Mud mats. Grouting. Stairs and walkways. Crane columns. Sleeves. Draining system .
1 Beam weld. Divisione Agip 12 APPENDIX 2: FIGURES 3.1 3.7 8.Eni S.2 7.p.1 5. WPQ test samples Special test for TKY joints Permanent backing strip weld Charpy-V set for grout bead Improved weld profile Beam splices Node working point position Ring stiffeners Roof shape Web stiffener Stiffened plate panel Mismatch on cruciform joints Opening and penetration Mismatch between centering guide 08833.1 7.6 7.2 7. 75 di 89 .4 7.A. 5 December 2001 Pag.MET.2 3.3 3.3 7.5 7.SPC Rev.4 5.STR.
76 di 89 Weld bead Beam web Beam web Weld bead MATERIAL QUALITY NOT Z MATERIAL QUALITY Z . WPQ test sample 08833.STR. 5 December 2001 Pag.MET.A. Divisione Agip Fig 3.1 Beam weld.SPC Rev.Eni S.p.
A.2 Special test for TKY joints 08833.SPC Rev. 5 December 2001 Pag.p.Eni S.MET. 77 di 89 CAN VERTICAL AXIS BRACE ACUTE ANGLE DOWNWARD 300mm min . Divisione Agip Fig 3.STR.
Eni S. Divisione Agip Fig 3.STR.SPC Rev.p. 5 December 2001 Pag.3 Permanent backing strip weld 08833.A.MET. 78 di 89 < 60° YES TACK 4 mm NO TACK 40 mm 1mm MAX .
MET.A. 5 December 2001 Pag. 79 di 89 = = .4 Charpy-V set grout bead 08833.Eni S.p.STR.SPC Rev. Divisione Agip Fig 3.
1 Improved weld profile 08833.SPC Rev. WITHOUT EDGER OR SIGNIFICANT GROOVES. Divisione Agip Fig 5. TOE GRINDING: IS TO BE PERFORMED AROUND THE STUB TO CHORD WELD WHERE INDICATED ON DRAWINGS SO TO PRESENT SMOOTH SURFACE.5mm UNDER ANY VISIBLE UNDERCUT BUT NOT GREATER THAN 2mm OR 0.05T WHICHEVER IS THE LESS. .MET.STR. WITH BURR ROTATION DIRECTION PERPENDICULAR TO THE WELD LENGTH.A.Eni S.p. 5 December 2001 Pag. 80 di 89 STUB WELD R 8 min * CAN 6 min * 0.
MET.Eni S.SPC Rev. 5 December 2001 Pag.STR.2 Beam splices 08833. Divisione Agip Fig 5.p.A. 81 di 89 ZONES IN WHICH SPLICES ARE ALLOWED L/8 L/4 L/4 L/8 L/2 L/2 L .
A.Eni S.p.MET.1 Node working point 08833. 5 December 2001 Pag.SPC Rev. 82 di 89 ACTUAL WORK POINT TRUE WORK POINT ANYWHERE IN SPHERE OF ERROR RADIUS OF ERROR SPHERE .STR. Divisione Agip Fig 7.
Divisione Agip Fig 7.SPC Rev.Eni S.STR.01 h 3mm MAX DEVIATION . 83 di 89 DESIGN POSITION t h OUT OF LOCATION OUTSTAND 0.p. 5 December 2001 Pag.01 h 6mm MAX b 0.05 b h WEB BOW FLANGE 0.A.MET.2 Ring stiffener 08833.
Eni S. Divisione Agip Fig 7.MET. 84 di 89 6mm max .3 Roof shape 08833.SPC Rev.STR.p.A. 5 December 2001 Pag.
SPC Rev.A.Eni S.4 Web stiffener 08833.STR. Divisione Agip Fig 7.5% h .MET.p. 85 di 89 h 0. 5 December 2001 Pag.
p. 86 di 89 TRANSVERSE STIFFENERS LENGTH BETWEEN GIRDERS L LONGITUDINAL STIFFENERS sy py L1 LENGTH BETWEEN STIFFENER ay .5 Stiffened plate panels 08833. Divisione Agip Fig 7.Eni S. 5 December 2001 Pag.MET.A.STR.SPC Rev.
A.MET.6 Mismatch on cruciform joints 08833. 87 di 89 t3 t1 t2 .Eni S.STR.p.SPC Rev. 5 December 2001 Pag. Divisione Agip Fig 7.
Divisione Agip Fig 7.MET.A.7 Openings and penetrations 08833. 88 di 89 CENTRELINE OF OPENING AND PENETRATION .Eni S. 5 December 2001 Pag.STR.SPC Rev.p.
SPC Rev.MET. 5 December 2001 Pag. Divisione Agip Fig 8.STR.1 Mismatch between centering guides 08833.A.Eni S.p. 89 di 89 MEASURED CENTRE ai BEST FIT LINE when (ai)^2 = minimum = 90° = = = MEASURED CENTRE .
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