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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION BF STRUCTURAL CONCRETE (REPAIRS)

CONTENTS
BF 01 BF 02 BF 03 BF 04 BF 01 SCOPE STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS REQUIREMENTS OF REPAIR WORK MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT SCOPE This specification covers the repair of existing structural concrete elements and the supply, delivery and implementation of the repair procedures for the various types of buildings. Structural concrete shall mean the scope of work to repair all structural concrete components such as walls, columns, stairs and suspended slabs. Joint repairs also form part of this specification. This specification does not include work related to metalwork and paintwork that are specified elsewhere. The complete scope of repair work shall be according to the section BF 03: Detail of repair work. BF 02 BF 02.1 STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS GENERAL STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS The latest edition, including all amendments up to date of tender of the following specifications, publications and codes of practice shall be read in conjunction with this specification and shall be deemed to form part thereof: OW 371 SABS 1200 G SABS 1200 GA SABS 1200 GB SABS 1200 GE SABS 1200 GF SABS 0100 SABS 110 SABS 1077 SABS 1254 SABS 1305 BF 02.2 Specification of Materials and Methods to be used (Fourth Edition, October 1993) Concrete (structural) Concrete (small works) Concrete (ordinary buildings) Precast concrete (structural) Prestressed concrete Structural use of concrete Sealing compounds for the building industry, twocomponent, polysulphide base Sealing compound for the building and construction industry, two-component, polyurethane-base Sealing compounds for the building industry, oleoresinous base, for interior and exterior use Sealing compounds for the building industry, onecomponent, siliconed-rubber-base

ADDITIONAL SPECIFICATIONS Technical Specification BC: Waterproofing Technical Specification BD: Walls Technical Specification BE: Floors Joint materials manufacturer’s specifications (they shall take precedence over others)

40798-DTD-Spec BF-cg-fp

MSW 97-1

3. • Wet area well. or similar approved by the Engineer/Department's representative to be used: • Remove all loose and defective material and clean around affected area to expose aggregate.BF . 40798-DTD-Spec BF-cg-fp MSW 97-1 . All remedial concrete work to be classified into the following categories by the Engineer/Department's representative: • Surface concrete repair Cosmetic repair of concrete surfaces where no reinforcing is exposed.2 Surface concrete repair procedure The following procedure. • Apply an approved shrinkage compensated cementitious repair mortar in strict accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.3. Detailed instructions will be issued during repair for the rehabilitation of such structural concrete elements. Generally when the defective areas have adverse structural implications. • Mild to moderate concrete repair When the reinforcing is exposed and the extent thereof is small compared to the size of the element under consideration. BF 02. will be treated on merit.1 REQUIREMENTS FOR REPAIR OF STRUCTURAL CONCRETE Concrete repair All existing structural concrete to be inspected to determine the extent of damage and repair work required. • The repaired surface to be cured by covering with plastic sheeting and keeping wet for 48 hours or as otherwise specified. 2 Concrete repair materials manufacturer’s specification (they shall take precedence over others) BF 02. where cover to reinforcement is not a problem (non-aggressive environment) and for non-structural repairs.3 BF 02. which will be treated on merit. Any structural concrete elements that are damaged to such an extent that they can not be classified under severe concrete repair. approximately 30 minutes before commencement of repair. • Severe concrete repair Where the front of the reinforcing is exposed in large areas or reinforcing is exposed totally. The above categories do not apply to off-shutter concrete. • Saw-cut 10 mm vertically around edges of repair area and break out concrete within to avoid tapered feathering.

3. grease. require individual specifications to suit. 3 BF 02.3 Mild to moderate concrete repair procedure The following procedure. • Chop around defective area removing all loose and suspect material taking care not to damage the existing reinforcing.3. dry and free of any debris. BF 02. • The damaged area to be chopped rectangular in shape to expose the sound aggregate. • Exposed reinforcing to be wire brushed clean and free of all rust and then coated with an approved single component epoxy zinc primer. firm and clean.4 Severe concrete repair procedure The following procedure or similar approved by the Engineer/Department's representative to be used: • Propping of structure may be necessary during repair period.5 Concrete cracks All existing concrete to be inspected to determine the extent and damage due to cracking of concrete. • Saw-cut 10 mm vertically around edges of repair area and break out concrete within. will be permitted. • Exposed reinforcing to be wire brushed clean and free of all rust and then coated with an approved single component epoxy zinc primer. which will be treated on merit. loose standing water to be removed prior to application of repair mortar.BF . • Apply an approved epoxy resin repair compound strictly in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications. and is sound. The cause of cracking is to be established to determine the correct remedial action to be taken. • Apply an approved shrinkage compensated cementitious repair mortar in strict accordance with the manufacturer's specifications. • The concrete to be thoroughly wetted and kept wet for a minimum of 12 hours before applying remedial product. and feathered edges to be saw-cut vertically and broken out to a minimum depth of 10 mm. • In certain cases.3. 40798-DTD-Spec BF-cg-fp MSW 97-1 . • Ensure that the cavity is clean. or similar approved by the Engineer/Department's representative to be used: • Remove all loose and defective material and break out to a minimum depth of 10 mm. cementitious repair mortars as specified in BF 02. BF 02. to avoid tapered feathering. oil.3. which will in most cases. • Ensure that concrete is free from laitance. etc. The Engineer/Department's representative will determine the extent of repair work required. • The repaired surface to be cured by covering with plastic sheeting and keeping wet for 48 hours or as otherwise specified.3.

or similar approved by the Engineer/Department's representative to be used: • The surface over the entire length of the crack should be wire brushed to remove laitance or any other deleterious materials from the concrete. BF 02. • Pump in approved epoxy liquid to suit crack size/width.3. chase a vee cut into the crack. as specified for the crack injection product to be used. Blow out holes free of drill dust. The size. • Joint former/filler to be inspected and if in poor condition.BF . • If the surface of the concrete is unsound. Approved water-soluble cleaners and/or acid etching cleaners must be used strictly in accordance with manufacturers specifications. Only skilled workmen experienced in the preparation for and application of the remedial products shall carry out the work. • Install injection nipples into the holes as specified. stained. clean and dry concrete surface. and are aesthetically displeasing to the eye. etc. and must be carried out by approved specialists or suitably trained persons.3. • The above repair system to be done strictly in accordance with the manufacturers specifications and requirements.8 Expansion joints Existing horizontal and vertical expansion joints to be inspected to determine the extent of damage to the joints.7 Cleaning of concrete Concrete surfaces which have been soiled.9 Expansion joint remedial procedure The following procedure to be used for remedial work to expansion joints.3. • Remove all loose materials mechanically to ensure a sound. Allow for air release holes. BF 02. • Remove all damaged sealant from expansion joint.3. BF 02. must be removed. • Drill holes into the crack. • All debris to be removed. marked. The site Engineer/Department's representative to confirm the remedial procedure required for each application and all workmanship is subject to his approval. • Seal the face/s with an approved epoxy. depth and centres etc. 4 BF 02. The extent of the expansion joint remedial work to be determined by the site Engineer/Department's representative.6 Concrete crack repair procedure (Generally used where cracking could adversely affect the structure) The following procedure. must be cleaned to as close as possible. The existing expansion joints and other building elements shall be protected from damage during the progress of any repair work of expansion joints and on completion shall be cleaned and handed over in a perfect condition. 40798-DTD-Spec BF-cg-fp MSW 97-1 . to new condition.

• Where required. 5 • Where required. instructions will be issued during construction. Engineer/Department's representative to determine on site. • A primer coat to be applied to all surfaces. the edges of the expansion joints to be provided with a fillet. • All materials to be submitted to the Engineer/Department's representative for approval prior to installation. • Install a closed cell resilient foam cord or release film or bond breaking tape before applying sealant. • Install a non-bituminous.BF .item BE 05 Measurement and Payment Detailed 40798-DTD-Spec BF-cg-fp MSW 97-1 . brushed well into the faces of the joint. BF 03 DETAIL OF REPAIR WORK The Schedule of Quantities shows approximate quantities of work. the sides of the concrete joint to be cut smooth and straight with an angle grinder or diamond saw. non-extruding resilient joint filler where existing joint former/filler was removed. • Install a single component fast curing polyurethane joint sealer strictly according to the manufacturers specifications. BF 04 MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT Refer to Technical Specification BE: Floors .

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