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Equilibrium Thermodynamics

Spring 2013

Homework #9

Due Date: March 15 Group +Individual + Partner Assignment

This HW problem contains a “Group Assignment”. The reason for this is two-fold. First, this is getting your “group” together as you will work on your project soon. Second, the problem is challenging and your group, working together, will likely tackle it more efficiently than an individual working alone.

1. (Group Assignment) Refrigerant R-143a (1,1,1 trifluoroethane) is being used as the working fluid in a turbine. The inlet to the turbine is 500 K and 25 bar. If the turbine exhaust is 5 bar, what is the actual outlet temperature of the turbine if it operates at 80% efficiency? What is the shaft work of the turbine? Please solve the problem two ways: a. Assume the fluid is described by the Peng-Robinson Equation of State b. Obtain the data needed from the NIST Webbook

Hint (1): In both cases, you will need to set the entropy change equal to zero across the turbine (re: isentropic) to calculate the reversible part. That’s where you will start. Once you find the temperature that makes this true, you can calculate the reversible work. Using the efficiency, you can calculate the actual work and, ultimately, determine the actual outlet temperature (not the outlet temperature if reversible)

Hint (2): In part (a), you will need the ideal gas heat capacity values for R-143a. They aren’t in the Appendix. Normally, this is the situation (most compounds aren’t in the back of the book). What would you do? Find other resources or estimate the properties. In this case, however, I

. 8-15 (only parts a.. In this problem (while you will do all of the parts). b. for part (d). (Partner Problem) Using the Polynomial (latest version) spreadsheet provided. Using both VDW and PREOS…. Use the PR EOS at the state of interest at 100 C. 8-21 a. Also.acetone at 25 C.pdf Note that what they report as Cp in equation (3) is actually Cp/R and they give it in terms of the reduced temperature. Do your integration 2. Use the PR EOS to obtain the saturation fugacity and then use the Poynting Correction Factor . 8-1 (only parts a and b) please use the Polynomial spreadsheet (properly modified) to solve this problem.sato.. find the vapor pressure and saturated liquid and saturated vapor volumes for the following substances at the following temperatures: a. Using both VDW and PREOS. 5.have found a paper that has done speed-of-sound measurements to obtain the ideal gas heat capacity. b and c) 4. Please use these values: http://www. calculate the answer two ways: i. b.keio.