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SUBMITTED BY

:
PRIYABRAT PRASAD MAHAPATRA
XII ROLL NO. -

INDEX  CORROSION  FACTORS AFFECTING CORROSION  PREVENTION OF CORROSION • • • • Barriers Protection Sacrificial Protection Electrical Protection Use of Anti rust Solutions  AIM OF THE EXPERIMENT  MATERIALS REQUIRED  PROCEDURE  OBSERVATION TABLE  RESULT  PRECAUTIONS .

To study to corrosion of zinc using house hold liquid .

Signature of the Teacher Principal’s Signature . Has successfully completed the Chemistry Project “STUDY OF CORROSION ZINC USING HOUSEHOLD LIQUIDS’ under my guidance. Roll No………….BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE This is to certify that Priyabrat Prasad Mahapatra of Class – XII.

. Ekparna Chatterjee and Mrs.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I am highly indebted to our Chemistry Teachers Mr. Priyabrat Prasad Mahapatra Class – XII Roll No………………….. I also thank my parents who helped me to submit the project. Soumya Ranjan Mohanty. I have successfully completed the project work “STUDY OF ZINC USNIG HOUSEHOLD LIQUIDS’. Mrs. Debjani Mallick under whose supervision.

MATERIALS REQUIRED  3 Test tubes  Harpic  Nimyl  Acid .

PROCEDURE:  3 Clean test tubes are taken. Harpic are taken separately. .  In each test tube acid.  The Zinc plates are put into the test tubes.  Zinc plates are washed and rubbed with sand paper.

oxygen. carbon dioxide etc. The natural tendency of metals to get converted into their respective combined states when exposed to atmospheric condition corrosion. moisture.CORROSION:  Some metals are gradually converted into their compounds when they are exposed to environment i.e. .

no rusting is caused if iron is kept in vacuum. Presence of Electrolytes: The presence of electrolytes also makes corrosion process faster. Strains in Metals : Strains in metals also help in corrosion. For example. For example in iron articles.FACTORS THAT AFFECT CORROSION : The factors that the rate of corrosion are : Reactivity of the Metal : The more active metals are more prone to corrosion.    . rusting is more pronounced on the areas having bends. For example. The presence of gases like CO2 and SO2 in air makes it still rapid.   Presence of impurities : Presence of impurities helps in setting up a corrosion cell and makes the corrosion to occur rapidly. pure iron does not rust. dents. Air and Moisture : Air and moisture are quite helpful in corrosion. iron rusts more rapidly in saline water. nicks and cuts. For example. scratches.

PREVENTION OF CORROSION There are various processes for protecting metals from corrosion. . copper.  By electroplating the material with some non corrosive metal such as nickel. but so long it is present. Some of these methods are being discussed below :Barrier Protection: In this method. etc. This active metal loses electrons in preference to the material and hence. However. even the nearly uncovered surfaces of the material do not get rusted. surface of the material is covered with a layer of more active metal like zinc. Sacrificial Protection: In this method. In this type of protection. scratches in the protective layer of this type are not harmful this type of protection is called Sacrificial Protection.  By Coating the surface with a thin film of oil and grease. Barrier protection can be achieved by any of the following methods:  By painting the surfaces. if scratches or cracks appear in the protective layer then surface of the materials may get exposed. IN this way. chromium. the covering metal gets consumed in due course of time. In this region. prevents the rusting of the material. a barrier film is introduced Between the material and the atmospheric oxygen and moisture. moisture and oxygen may come in contact with the material and rusting extends beneath the protective layer.

This method. The alkaline nature of solutions decreases the availability of H+ ions which facilitates the oxidation of iron to Fe2+. The material surface. zinc etc. a protective insoluble film of iron phosphate is formed on them. act as cathode. In this method. For example. the exposed surface of the material is protected by connecting it to some more active metal such as magnesium. This film protects the articles from rusting. The more active metals act as anode and loses electrons in preference to the material.Electrical Protection: This is also a case of sacrificial protection. . is also called catholic protection of the material. therefore. The other materials that are used for this purpose are aluminum. Use of Anti – rust solutions: The alkaline solution of phosphate and chromate salts act as anti – rust solutions. when iron particles are dipped into the boiling and strongly alkaline solution of sodium phosphate.

PRECAUTIONS: • The test tube should be washed properly. .OBSERVATION TABLE : Colour of the Zinc strip : Silver White Chemicals Colour of Used The Chemical Colour change of Chemical Chemical Zn strip Time Taken for change NIMYL Green White White Reddish Brown Partly Black Slight Reddish Brown tinge 3(1/2)Days HARPIC Blue White White With a Fizz 4 Days ACID Faint Yellow 1 (1/2) Days RESULT: The zinc strips has been corroded. • The zinc strips must be washed and rubbed with sand paper.