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Original Title: RECTBEAM_(318-05)(1)

Uploaded by Juan Jose Gutierrez Vidal

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Program Description:

"RECTBEAM" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis/design of rectangular beam or column sections. Specifically, the ultimate moment capacity, bar spacing for crack control, moments of inertia for deflection, beam shear and torsion requirements, and member capacity for flexure (uniaxial and biaxial) with axial load are calculated. There is also a worksheet which contains reinforcing bar data tables.

This program is a workbook consisting of ten (10) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name

Doc Complete Analysis Flexure Crack Control Shear Torsion Inertia Uniaxial Biaxial Rebar Data

Description

This documentation sheet Beam flexure, shear, crack control, and inertia Ultimate moment capacity of singly or doubly reinforced beams/sections Crack control - distribution of flexural reinforcing Beam or one-way type shear Beam torsion and shear Moments of inertia of singly or doubly reinforced beams/sections Combined uniaxial flexure and axial load Combined biaxial flexure and axial load Reinforcing bar data tables

1. This program follows the procedures and guidelines of the ACI 318-05 Building Code. 2. This program utilizes the following references: a. "Design of Reinforced Concrete - ACI318-05 Code Edition", by Jack C. McCormac (7th Ed.) b. "Notes of the ACI318-05 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete", by PCA 3. The "Complete Analysis" worksheet combines the analyses performed by four (4) of the individual worksheets all into one. This includes member flexural moment capacity, as well as shear, crack control, and inertia calculations. Thus, any items below pertaining to any of the similar individual worksheets included in this one are also applicable here. 4. In the "Flexure", "Uniaxial", and "Biaxial" worksheets, when the calculated distance to the neutral axis, 'c', is less than the distance to the reinforcement nearest the compression face, the program will ignore that reinforcing and calculate the ultimate moment capacity based on an assumed singly-reinforced section. 5. In the "Uniaxial" and "Biaxial" worksheets, the CRSI "Universal Column Formulas" are used by this program to determine Points #1 through #7 of the 10 point interaction curve. For the most part, these formulas yield close, yet approximate results. However, these results should be accurate enough for most applications and situations. 6. To account for the fact that the CRSI "Universal Column Formulas" originally utilized f =0.70 for compression, which was applicable up through the ACI 318-99 Code, they have been factored by (0.65/0.70) to account for the reduction in the factor f = 0.65 for compression beginning with ACI 318-02 Code and continuing with the ACI 318-05 Code. This modification has been made to the equations applicable to Points #1 through #7. 7. In the "Uniaxial" and "Biaxial" worksheets, the CRSI "Universal Column Formulas", which are used by this program, assume the use of the reinforcing yield strength, fy =60 ksi. 8. In the "Uniaxial" and "Biaxial" worksheets, this program assumes a "short", non-slender rectangular column with symmetrically arranged and sized bars. 9. In the "Uniaxial" and "Biaxial" worksheets, for cases with axial load only (compression or tension) and no moment(s) the program calculates total reinforcing area as follows: Ast = (Ntb*Abt) + (Nsb*Abs) , where: Abt and Abs = area of one top/bottom and side bar respectively.

10. In the "Uniaxial" and "Biaxial" worksheets, for pure moment capacity with no axial load, the program assumes bars in 2 outside faces parallel to axis of bending plus 50% of the total area of the side bars divided equally by and added to the 2 outside faces, and program calculates reinforcing areas as follows: for X-axis: As = A's = ((Ntb*Abt) + (0.50*Nsb*Abs))/2 for Y-axis: As = A's = ((Nsb*Asb+4*Atb) + (0.50*(Ntb-4)*Atb))/2 11. In the "Uniaxial" and "Biaxial" worksheets, for Point #8 (fPn = 0.1*f'c*Ag) on the interaction curve the corresponding value of fMn is determined from interpolation between the moment values at Point #7 (balanced condition, f = 0.65) and Point #9 (pure flexure, f <= 0.90). 12. In the "Complete Analysis" and "Flexure" worksheets as well as the "Uniaxial" and "Biaxial" worksheets (for Point #9, pure flexure) the program first determines the strain in tension reinforcing (et), then the capacity reduction factor (f),and finally ultimate moment capacity (fMn) based on actual input reinforcing. a. For et >= 0.005 ("tension-controlled" section): f = 0.90. b. For fy/Es < et < 0.005 ("transition" section): f = 0.65+0.25*(et-fy/Es)/(0.005-fy/Es) < 0.90 (Es=29000 ksi) c. For et <= fy/Es ("compression-controlled" section): f = 0.65 Note: the ACI 318-05 Code requires that the strain in the tension reinforcing (et) >= 0.004 for both singly and doubly reinforced sections. 13. In the "Uniaxial" and "Biaxial" worksheets, design capacities, fPn and fMn, at design eccentricity, e = Mu*12/Pu, are determined from interpolation within the interaction curve for the applicable axis. 14. In the "Biaxial" worksheet, the biaxial capacity is determined by the following approximations: a. For Pu >= 0.1*f'c*Ag, use Bresler Reciprocal Load equation: 1/fPn = 1/fPnx + 1/fPny - 1/fPo Biaxial interaction stress ratio, S.R. = Pu/fPn <= 1 b. For Pu < 0.1*f'c*Ag, use Bresler Load Contour interaction equation: Biaxial interaction stress ratio, S.R. = (Mux/fMnx)^1.15 + (Muy/fMny)^1.15 <= 1 15. The "Rebar Data" worksheet contains tables of reinforcing bar data which include various bar properties, reinforcing bar areas based on spacing, and various plain welded wire fabric properties. 16. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

YSIS/DESIGN

heet trol, and inertia y reinforced beams/sections xural reinforcing shear hear nforced beams/sections nd axial load d axial load ables

Job Name: Job Number: Input Data:

b=12''

Flexure, Shear, Crack Control, and Inertia for Singly or Doubly Reinforced Sections Per ACI 318-05 Code Subject: Originator: Checker:

Beam or Slab Section? Exterior or Interior Exposure? Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c = Beam Width, b = Depth to Tension Reinforcing, d = Total Beam Depth, h = Tension Reinforcing, As = No. of Tension Bars in Beam, Nb = Tension Reinf. Bar Spacing, s1 = Clear Cover to Tension Reinf., Cc = Depth to Compression Reinf., d' = Compression Reinforcing, A's = Working Stress Moment, Ma = Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = Ultimate Design Shear, Vu = Total Stirrup Area, Av(stirrup) = Tie/Stirrup Spacing, s2 = Results:

Beam Exterior 60 4 12.000 15.000 18.000 3.000 4.000 3.000 2.000 0.000 0.000 120.00 170.00 20.00 0.220 6.0000

ksi ksi in. in. in. in.^2 in. in. in. in.^2 ft-kips ft-kips kips in.^2 in.

h=18''

d=15''

As=3

d' A's h d b

As

Moment Capacity Check for Beam-Type Section: b1 = 0.85 c= 5.190 in. a= 4.412 in. rb = 0.02851 r= 0.01667 r(min) = 0.00333 As(min) = 0.600 in.^2 <= As = 3 in.^2, O.K. r(temp) = N.A. (total for section) As(temp) = N.A. in.^2 (total) r(max) = 0.02064 As(max) = 3.716 in.^2 >= As = 3 in.^2, O.K. e's = N.A. f 's = N.A. ksi et = 0.00567 >= 0.005, Tension-controlled f= 0.900 fMn = 172.72 ft-k >= Mu = 170 ft-k, O.K. Shear Capacity Check for Beam-Type Section: fVc = 17.08 kips fVs = 24.75 kips fVn = 41.83 kips >= Vu = 20 kips, O.K. fVs(max) = 68.31 kips >= Vu-(phi)Vc = 2.92 kips, O.K. Av(prov) = 0.220 in.^2 = Av(stirrup) Av(req'd) = 0.026 in.^2 <= Av(prov) = 0.22 in.^2, O.K. Av(min) = 0.060 in.^2 <= Av(prov) = 0.22 in.^2, O.K. s2(max) = 7.500 in. >= s2 = 6 in., O.K.

Crack Control (Distribution of Reinf.): Per ACI 318-05 Code: Es = 29000 ksi Ec = 3605 ksi n= 8.04 fs = 36.93 ksi fs(used) = 36.93 ksi s1(max) = 11.24 in. >= s1 = 3 in., O.K. Per ACI 318-95 Code (for reference only): dc = 3.0000 in. z= 139.61 k/in. z(allow) = 145.00 k/in. >= z = 139.61 k/in.,

Moment of Inertia for Deflection: fr = 0.474 ksi kd = 6.0125 in. Ig = 5832.00 in.^4 Mcr = 25.61 ft-k Icr = 2818.77 in.^4 Ie = 2848.08 in.^4 (for deflection)

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ections

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Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Beam or Slab Section? Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c = Beam Width, b = Depth to Tension Reinforcing, d = Total Beam Depth, h = Ultimate Design Moment, Mu = Tension Reinforcing, As = Depth to Compression Reinf., d' = Compression Reinforcing, A's = Beam 60 4 12.000 15.000 18.000 170.00 3.000 0.000 0.000 Ultimate Moment Capacity of Singly or Doubly Reinforced Sections Per ACI 318-05 Code Subject: Originator: Checker:

b=12''

h=18''

d' A's b

b1 = 1.05-0.05*f'c >= 0.65 c = (As*fy/(0.85*f'c*b))/Beta1

in. in.

a = b1*c

Reinforcing Criteria: r= rb = r(min) = As(min) = r(temp) = As(temp) = r(max) = As(max) = 0.01667 0.02851 0.00333 0.600 N.A. N.A. 0.02064 3.716 r = As/(b*d) rb = 0.85*b1*f'c/fy*(87/(87+fy) r(min) >= 3*SQRT(f'c)/fy >= 200/fy As(min) = r(min)*b*d <= As = 3 in.^2, O.K. r(temp) = 0.0018*60/fy for fy >= 60, else 0.002-0.00002*(fy-50) As(temp) = r(temp)*b*h r(max) = 0.85*f'c*Beta1*(0.003/(0.003+0.004))/fy As(max) = r(max)*b*d for singly reinforced, or for doubly reinforced:

As(max) = (0.85*f'c*b1*c*b+A's*(c-d')/c*ec*Es)/fy for c = ec*d/(ec+0.004)

Ultimate Moment Capacity: e's = f 's = et = f= fMn = N.A. N.A. 0.00567 0.900 172.72

>= As = 3 in.^2, O.K. e's = ec*(c-d')/c f 's = e's*Es et = ec*(d-c)/c >= 0.005, Tension-controlled f = 0.65+0.25*(et-fy/Es)/(0.005-fy/Es) <= 0.90 for singly reinforced: fMn = f*(As*fy*(d-a/2)) for doubly reinforced: fMn = f*(As1*fy(d-a/2)+A's*f 's*(d-d')) >= Mu = 170 ft-kips, O.K.

ksi

ft-kips

Comments:

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YSIS

tions

d=15''

As=3

As

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Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Beam or Slab Section? Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c = Beam Width, b = Depth to Tension Reinforcing, d = Total Beam Depth, h = Ultimate Design Shear, Vu = Ultimate Design Axial Load, Pu = Total Stirrup Area, Av(used) = Tie/Stirrup Spacing, s = Beam 60 4 10.000 13.500 16.000 20.00 0.00 0.220 6.0000 Beam or One-Way Type Shear Per ACI 318-05 Code Subject: Originator:

Checker:

d Vu

Vu d

Results:

Vu

Typical Critical Sections for Shear For Beam: fVc = fVs = fVn = fVc+fVs = fVs(max) = Av(prov) = Av(req'd) = Av(min) = s(max) = 12.81 22.28 35.08 51.23 0.220 0.071 0.050 6.750

kips kips kips >= Vu = 20 kips, O.K. kips >= Vu-(phi)Vc = 7.19 kips, O.K. in.^2 = Av(used) in.^2 <= Av(prov) = 0.22 in.^2, O.K. in.^2 <= Av(prov) = 0.22 in.^2, O.K. in. >= s = 6 in., O.K.

Comments:

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YSIS

d Vu

Vu d

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Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Beam or Slab Section? Exterior or Interior Exposure? Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c = Beam Width, b = Depth to Tension Reinforcing, d = Total Beam Depth, h = Tension Reinforcing, As = No. of Tension Bars in Beam, Nb = Tension Reinf. Bar Spacing, s = Clear Cover to Tension Reinf., Cc = Working Stress Moment, Ma = Beam Exterior 60 4 10.000 13.500 16.000 2.400 4.000 3.000 2.000 75.00

b=10''

ksi ksi in. in. in. in.^2

Crack Control - Distribution of Flexural Reinforcing Per ACI 318-05 Code Subject: Originator:

Checker:

Beam

b

h 2*dc dc

One-Way Slab Results: Per ACI 318-05 Code: Es = Ec = n= fs = fs(used) = s(max) = 29000 3605 8.04 32.18 32.18 13.64 Es = modulus of elasticity for steel Ec = 57*SQRT(f'c*1000) n = Es/Ec ksi fs = 12*Ma/(As*d*(1-(SQRT(2*As/(b*d)*n+(As/(b*d)*n)^2)-As/(b*d)*n)/3)) ksi fs(used) = minimum of: fs and 2/3*fy in. s(max) = minimum of: 15*40/fs(used)-2.5*Cc and 12*40/fs(used) >= s = 3 in., O.K. (for reference only)

ksi ksi in. k/in.

Note: The above calculation of the 'z' factor is done solely for comparison purposes to ACI 318-05 Code. Comments:

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YSIS

d=13.5''

As=2.4

d

As

One-Way Slab

)*n)^2)-As/(b*d)*n)/3))

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Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c = Beam/Section Width, b = Depth to Tension Reinforcing, d = Beam/Section Total Depth, h = Tension Reinforcing, As = Depth to Compression Reinf., d' = Compression Reinforcing, A's = Working Stress Moment, Ma = 60 4 10.000 13.500 16.000 2.400 0.000 0.000 75.00

ksi ksi in. in. in. in.^2 in. in.^2 ft-kips

Moment of Inertia of Singly or Doubly Reinforced Sections Per ACI 318-05 Code Subject: Originator:

Checker:

b=10''

h=16''

d' A's h

Doubly Reinforced Section Results: fr = Es = Ec = n= r= B= kd = Ig = Mcr = Icr = Ig/Icr = Ie = 0.474 29000 3605 8.04 N.A. 0.5180 5.5430 3413.33 16.87 1790.06 1.907 1808.52

ksi ksi ksi

fr = 7.5*SQRT(f'c*1000)/1000 Es = modulus of elasticity for steel Ec = 57*SQRT(f'c*1000) n = Es/Ec r = (n-1)*A's/(n*As) B = b/(n*As) kd = (SQRT(2*d*B+1)-1)/B Ig = b*h^3/12 Mcr = fr*Ig/(h/2)/12 Icr = b*kd^3/3+n*As*(d-kd)^2 Ig/Icr = ratio of gross to cracked inertias Ie = (Mcr/Ma)^3*Ig+(1-(Mcr/Ma)^3)*Icr <= Ig

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YSIS

d=13.5''

As=2.4

d

As

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Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c = Beam Width, b = Depth to Tension Reinforcing, d = Total Beam Depth, h = Ultimate Design Shear, Vu = Ultimate Design Torsion, Tu = Ultimate Design Axial Load, Pu = Total Stirrup Area, Av+t(used) = Closed Stirrup Spacing, s = Edge Distance to Tie/Stirrup, dt = 60 4 16.000 23.500 26.000 60.00 30.00 0.00 0.400 7.0000 1.7500

ksi ksi in. in. in. kips ft-kips kips in.^2 in. in.

Beam Torsion and Shear Per ACI 318-05 Code Subject: Originator:

Checker:

b=16'' xo=12.5''

Al h = yo At 26''

As

Beam Section Results: For Shear: fVc = fVs = fVn = fVc+fVs = fVs(max) = Av(prov) = Av(req'd) = Av(min) = s(max) = For Torsion: Tu(limit) = Tu(max) = At(prov) = At(req'd) = At(min) = Al(req'd) = Al(min) = 8.14 71.51 0.119 0.117 0.000 1.171 1.021

ft-kips < Tu = 30 kips, must consider torsion! ft-kips >= Tu = 30 kips, O.K. in.^2 = (Av+t(used)-Av(req'd))/2 in.^2 <= At(prov) = 0.119 in.^2, O.K. in.^2 <= At(prov) = 0.119 in.^2, O.K. in.^2 >= Al(min) = 1.021 in.^2, thus use Al(req'd) in.^2 < Al(req'd) = 1.171 in.^2, thus use Al(req'd)

kips kips kips >= Vu = 60 kips, O.K. kips >= Vu-(phi)Vc = 24.33 kips, O.K. in.^2 = Av+t(used) in.^2 <= Av(prov) = 0.4 in.^2, O.K. in.^2 <= Av(prov) = 0.4 in.^2, O.K. in. >= s = 7 in., O.K.

For Combined Shear and Torsion: Total (Av+t) = Total (Av+t)(min) = Comments: 0.395 0.093

in.^2 <= Av+t(prov) = 0.4 in.^2, O.K. in.^2 <= Av+t(prov) = 0.4 in.^2, O.K.

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YSIS

d=23.5''

dt=1.75''

m Section

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For X-Axis Flexure with Axial Compression or Tension Load Assuming "Short", Non-Slender Member with Symmetric Reinforcing (per ACI 318-05 Code) Job Name: Subject: Job Number: Originator: Checker: Input Data: Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c = Total Member Width, Lx = Total Member Depth, Ly = Distance to Long. Reinforcing, d' = Ultimate Design Axial Load, Pu = Ultimate Design Moment, Mux = Total Top/Bot. Long. Bars, Ntb = Top/Bot. Longitudinal Bar Size = Total Side Long. Bars, Nsb = Side Longitudinal Bar Size = Results: X-axis Flexure and Axial Load Interaction Diagram Points fPnx (k) fMnx (ft-k) ey (in.) Comments Nom. max. compression = fPo 948.55 0.00 0.00 Allowable fPn(max) = 0.8*fPo 758.84 0.00 0.00 758.84 105.09 1.66 Min. eccentricity 0% rebar tension = 0 ksi 640.36 170.72 3.20 25% rebar tension = 15 ksi 534.60 207.29 4.65 50% rebar tension = 30 ksi 447.71 232.10 6.22 100% rebar tension = 60 ksi 303.20 261.59 10.35 fPn = 0.1*f'c*Ag 129.60 225.87 20.91 (Infinity ) 0.00 199.20 Pure moment capacity -341.28 0.00 0.00 Pure axial tension capacity

X-AXIS INTERACTION DIAGRAM

1200

Lx=18 Y

X Nsb=0

Ly=18

d'=2.5 (typ.)

Member Section

Location Point #1 Point #2 Point #3 Point #4 Point #5 Point #6 Point #7 Point #8 Point #9 Point #10

Gross Reinforcing Ratio Provided: rg = 0.01951 Member Uniaxial Capacity at Design Eccentricity: Interpolated Results from Above: fPnx (k) fMnx (ft-k) ey (in.) 457.21 228.60 6.00

fPnx (k)

1000

800

600

400

Effective Length Criteria for "Short" Column: k*Lu <= 9.90 ft. (for k*Lu/r(min) <= 22) k*Lu <= 18.00 ft. (for k*Lu/r(min) <= 40) Pure Axial Compression Capacity without Reinforcing: fPn = 572.83 kips Tie Minimum Size and Maximum Spacing: #3@16''

200

0 0

-200

50

100

150

200

-400

-600

fMnx (ft-k)

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YSIS

Ntb=8

d'=2.5 (typ.)

ERACTION DIAGRAM

250

300

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For Biaxial Flexure with Axial Compression or Tension Load Assuming "Short", Non-Slender Member with Symmetric Reinforcing (per ACI 318-05 Code) Job Name: Subject: Job Number: Originator: Checker: Input Data: Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = 60 Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c = 4 Total Member Width, Lx = 18.000 Total Member Depth, Ly = 18.000 Distance to Long. Reinforcing, d' = 2.500 Ultimate Design Axial Load, Pu = 200.00 Ultimate Design Moment, Mux = 100.00 Ultimate Design Moment, Muy = 100.00 Total Top/Bot. Long. Bars, Ntb = 8 Top/Bot. Longitudinal Bar Size = 8 Total Side Long. Bars, Nsb = 0 Side Longitudinal Bar Size = 8 Results: Gross reinforcing ratio provided: rg = 0.01951

ksi. ksi in. in. in. kips ft-kips ft-kips

0 0 1200

1200

Y-

1000

1000

800

800

600

600

X Nsb=0

Ly=18

Ntb=8

200

fPny (k)

50 100 150 200 250 300

400

400

200

0 0

d'=2.5 (typ.)

-200 -200

Member Section

-400 -400

-600

fMnx (ft-k)

-600

Location Point #1 Point #2 Point #3 Point #4 Point #5 Point #6 Point #7 Point #8 Point #9 Point #10

X-axis Flexure and Axial Load Interaction Diagram Points fPnx (k) fMnx (ft-k) ey (in.) Comments Nom. max. compression = fPo 948.55 0.00 0.00 Allowable fPn(max) = 0.8*fPo 758.84 0.00 0.00 758.84 105.09 1.66 Min. eccentricity 0% rebar tension = 0 ksi 640.36 170.72 3.20 25% rebar tension = 15 ksi 534.60 207.29 4.65 50% rebar tension = 30 ksi 447.71 232.10 6.22 100% rebar tension = 60 ksi 303.20 261.59 10.35 fPn = 0.1*f'c*Ag 129.60 225.87 20.91 0.00 199.20 (Infinity ) Pure moment capacity -341.28 0.00 0.00 Pure axial tension capacity

Location Point #1 Point #2 Point #3 Point #4 Point #5 Point #6 Point #7 Point #8 Point #9 Point #10

Y-axis Flexure and Axial Load Interaction Diagram Points fPny (k) fMny (ft-k) ex (in.) Comments Nom. max. compression = fPo 948.55 0.00 0.00 Allowable fPn(max) = 0.8*fPo 758.84 0.00 0.00 758.84 87.47 1.38 Min. eccentricity 0% rebar tension = 0 ksi 651.66 136.89 2.52 25% rebar tension = 15 ksi 543.64 165.23 3.65 50% rebar tension = 30 ksi 456.48 181.87 4.78 100% rebar tension = 60 ksi 312.47 196.34 7.54 fPn = 0.1*f'c*Ag 129.60 170.84 15.82 0.00 152.76 (Infinity ) Pure moment capacity -341.28 0.00 0.00 Pure axial tension capacity

Member Uniaxial Capacity at Design Eccentricity, ey: Interpolated Results from Above: fPnx (k) fMnx (ft-k) ey (in.) 457.21 228.60 6.00 Biaxial Capacity and Stress Ratio for Pu >= 0.1*f'c*Ag: kips fPn = 1/(1/fPnx + 1/fPny -1/fPo) <= 1.0 fPn = 263.93 S.R. = Pu/fPn <= 1.0 S.R. = 0.758 Biaxial Stress Ratio for Pu < 0.1*f'c*Ag: S.R. = (Mux/fMnx)^1.15 + (Muy/fMny)^1.15 <= 1.0 S.R. = N.A.

Member Uniaxial Capacity at Design Eccentricity, ex: Interpolated Results from Above: fPny (k) fMny (ft-k) ex (in.) 376.52 188.26 6.00 Effective Length Criteria for "Short" Column: k*Lu <= 9.90 ft. (for k*Lu/r(min) <= 22) k*Lu <= 18.00 ft. (for k*Lu/r(min) <= 40) Pure Axial Compression Capacity w/o Reinf.: kips fPn = 0.80*0.70*(0.85*f'c*Ag) fPn = 572.83

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50

100

150

200

250

fMny (ft-k)

oad Interaction Diagram Points Comments Nom. max. compression = fPo Allowable fPn(max) = 0.8*fPo Min. eccentricity 0% rebar tension = 0 ksi 25% rebar tension = 15 ksi 50% rebar tension = 30 ksi 100% rebar tension = 60 ksi fPn = 0.1*f'c*Ag Pure moment capacity Pure axial tension capacity

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Reinforcing Bar Properties Diameter Area Perimeter (in.) (in.^2) (in.) 0.375 0.11 1.178 0.500 0.20 1.571 0.625 0.31 1.963 0.750 0.44 2.356 0.875 0.60 2.749 1.000 0.79 3.142 1.128 1.00 3.544 1.270 1.27 3.990 1.410 1.56 4.430 1.693 2.26 5.320 2.257 4.00 7.091 Typical specification: ASTM A615 Grade 60 Deformed Bars

Weight (lbs./ft.) 0.376 0.668 1.043 1.502 2.044 2.670 3.400 4.303 5.313 7.650 13.600

Spacing (in.) 3 3-1/2 4 4-1/2 5 5-1/2 6 6-1/2 7 7-1/2 8 8-1/2 9 9-1/2 10 10-1/2 11 11-1/2 12

#3 0.44 0.38 0.33 0.29 0.26 0.24 0.22 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.115 0.11

Reinforcing Bar Area for Various Bar Spacings (in.^2/ft.) Bar Size #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 0.80 1.24 1.76 2.40 3.16 4.00 0.69 1.06 1.51 2.06 2.71 3.43 0.60 0.93 1.32 1.80 2.37 3.00 0.53 0.83 1.17 1.60 2.11 2.67 0.48 0.74 1.06 1.44 1.90 2.40 0.44 0.68 0.96 1.31 1.72 2.18 0.40 0.62 0.88 1.20 1.58 2.00 0.37 0.57 0.81 1.11 1.46 1.85 0.34 0.53 0.75 1.03 1.35 1.71 0.32 0.50 0.70 0.96 1.26 1.60 0.30 0.47 0.66 0.90 1.19 1.50 0.28 0.44 0.62 0.85 1.12 1.41 0.27 0.41 0.59 0.80 1.05 1.33 0.25 0.39 0.56 0.76 1.00 1.26 0.24 0.37 0.53 0.72 0.95 1.20 0.23 0.35 0.50 0.69 0.90 1.14 0.22 0.34 0.48 0.65 0.86 1.09 0.21 0.32 0.46 0.63 0.82 1.04 0.20 0.31 0.44 0.60 0.79 1.00

#10 5.08 4.35 3.81 3.39 3.05 2.77 2.54 2.34 2.18 2.03 1.91 1.79 1.69 1.60 1.52 1.45 1.39 1.33 1.27

#11 6.24 5.35 4.68 4.16 3.74 3.40 3.12 2.88 2.67 2.50 2.34 2.20 2.08 1.97 1.87 1.78 1.70 1.63 1.56

Tension Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c=3,000 psi and fy=60 ksi Development Class "B" Splice Standard 90 deg. Hook Bar Size Top Bar Other Bar Top Bar Other Bar Embed. Leg Length Bend Dia. (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) #3 22 17 28 22 6 6 2-1/4 #4 29 22 37 29 8 8 3 #5 36 28 47 36 10 10 3-3/4 #6 43 33 56 43 12 12 4-1/2 #7 63 48 81 63 14 14 5-1/4 #8 72 55 93 72 16 16 6 #9 81 62 105 81 18 19 9-1/2 #10 91 70 118 91 20 22 10-3/4 #11 101 78 131 101 22 24 12 #14 121 93 ----37 31 18-1/4 #18 161 124 ----50 41 24 Notes: 1. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above tables are based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing >= 3*db without ties or stirrups or >= 2*db with ties or stirrups, and bar clear cover >= 1.0*db. Normal weight concrete as well as no transverse reinforcing are both assumed. 2. Standard 90 deg. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover >= 2.5" and bar end cover >= 2" without ties around hook. 3. For special seismic considerations, refer to ACI 318-05 Code Chapter 21.

Tension Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c=4,000 psi and fy=60 ksi Development Class "B" Splice Standard 90 deg. Hook Bar Size Top Bar Other Bar Top Bar Other Bar Embed. Leg Length Bend Dia. (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) #3 19 15 24 19 6 6 2-1/4 #4 25 19 32 25 7 8 3 #5 31 24 40 31 9 10 3-3/4 #6 37 29 48 37 10 12 4-1/2 #7 54 42 70 54 12 14 5-1/4 #8 62 48 80 62 14 16 6 #9 70 54 91 70 15 19 9-1/2 #10 79 61 102 79 17 22 10-3/4 #11 87 67 113 87 19 24 12 #14 105 81 ----32 31 18-1/4 #18 139 107 ----43 41 24 Notes: 1. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above tables are based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing >= 3*db without ties or stirrups or >= 2*db with ties or stirrups, and bar clear cover >= 1.0*db. Normal weight concrete as well as no transverse reinforcing are both assumed. 2. Standard 90 deg. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover >= 2.5" and bar end cover >= 2" without ties around hook. 3. For special seismic considerations, refer to ACI 318-05 Code Chapter 21.

Tension Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c=5,000 psi and fy=60 ksi Development Class "B" Splice Standard 90 deg. Hook Bar Size Top Bar Other Bar Top Bar Other Bar Embed. Leg Length Bend Dia. (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) #3 17 13 22 17 6 6 2-1/4 #4 22 17 29 22 6 8 3 #5 28 22 36 28 8 10 3-3/4 #6 33 26 43 33 9 12 4-1/2 #7 49 37 63 49 11 14 5-1/4 #8 55 43 72 55 12 16 6 #9 63 48 81 63 14 19 9-1/2 #10 70 54 91 70 15 22 10-3/4 #11 78 60 101 78 17 24 12 #14 94 72 ----29 31 18-1/4 #18 125 96 ----39 41 24 Notes: 1. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above tables are based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing >= 3*db without ties or stirrups or >= 2*db with ties or stirrups, and bar clear cover >= 1.0*db. Normal weight concrete as well as no transverse reinforcing are both assumed. 2. Standard 90 deg. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover >= 2.5" and bar end cover >= 2" without ties around hook. 3. For special seismic considerations, refer to ACI 318-05 Code Chapter 21.

Tension Lap Splice Classes For Other than Columns For Columns Area (Provided) / Area (Req'd) % of Bars Spliced Maximum Tension Stress % of Bars Spliced <= 50% > 50% in Reinforcing Bars <= 50 % > 50% <2 B B <= 0.5*fy A B >= 2 A B > 0.5*fy B B

Compression Development and Splice Lengths for fy=60 ksi Bar Size Development Length (in.) Splice Length (in.) f 'c=3000 f 'c=4000 f 'c=5000 f 'c=3000 f 'c=4000 f 'c=5000 #3 9 8 8 12 12 12 #4 11 10 9 15 15 15 #5 14 12 12 19 19 19 #6 17 15 14 23 23 23 #7 19 17 16 27 27 27 #8 22 19 18 30 30 30 #9 25 22 21 34 34 34 #10 28 24 23 38 38 38 #11 31 27 26 43 43 43 #14 37 32 31 ------#18 50 43 41 ------Notes: 1. For development in columns with reinforcement enclosed with #4 ties spaced <= 4" on center, values above may be multiplied by 0.75, but shall not be < 8". 2. For development in columns with reinforcement enclosed by spiral reinforcement >= 1/4" diameter and <= 4" pitch, values above may be multiplied by 0.83, but shall not be < 8". 3. For splices in columns with reinforcement enclosed with #4 ties spaced <= 4" on center, values shown above may be multiplied by 0.83 for #3 thru #11 bars, but shall not be < 12". 4. For splices in columns with reinforcement enclosed by spiral reinforcement >= 1/4" diameter and <= 4" pitch, values above may be multiplied by 0.75 for #3 thru #11 bars, but shall not be < 12".

Maximum Allowable Spacing of Column Ties (in.) Vertical Bar Size Tie Bar Size Tie Bar Size Tie Bar Size #3 #4 #5 #5 10 ----#6 12 ----#7 14 ----#8 16 16 --#9 18 18 --#10 18 20 --#11 --22 22 #14 --24 27 #18 --24 30 Notes: 1. Maximum tie spacing should be <= least column dimension. 2. For special seismic considerations, refer to ACI 318-05 Code Chapter 21.

Plain Welded Wire Reinforcement Properties Welded Wire Reinf. Wire Diameter Wire Area Reinf. Weight Designation Each Way (in.) Each Way (in.^2/ft.) (psf) 6x6 - W1.4xW1.4 0.135 0.028 0.21 6x6 - W2.0xW2.0 0.159 0.040 0.29 6x6 - W2.9xW2.9 0.192 0.058 0.42 6x6 - W4.0xW4.0 0.225 0.080 0.58 4x4 - W1.4xW1.4 0.135 0.042 0.31 4x4 - W2.0xW2.0 0.159 0.060 0.43 4x4 - W2.9xW2.9 0.192 0.087 0.62 4x4 - W4.0xW4.0 0.225 0.120 0.85 Notes: 1. Welded wire reinforcement designations are some common stock styles assuming plain wire reinf. per ASTM Specification A185. (fy = 65,000 psi) 2. First part of welded wire reinf. designation denotes the wire spacing each way. 3. Second part of welded wire reinf. designation denotes the wire size as follows: W1.4 ~= 10 gage , W2.0 ~= 8 gage W2.9 ~= 6 gage , W4.0 ~= 4 gage

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