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Answers to Sections 1-4

Answers to Sections 1-4 only

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Introduction to the answers
As a student, grammar can be boring. The answers the students write should contain all the elements that are given in these answers. The sequence is not as important as their understanding of the reason each part of the sentence functions. Following directions is also important. You will find that =(is), a missing “is”, and just “is”.
 An = (is) the determiner and apple the noun. (is missing between apple and the)

 This is ok in English. If you repeat a word too often it becomes
redundant. Leaving it out is often normal, as it is understood, and not needed. I hope these answers will help you.

Dr. Paul R. Friesen

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Part I Nouns
Unit 1 The Basic Sentence
Sub. Pred

3.

He / waved to me.
Speaking = He (=) equals the subject and waved to me (=) equals the predicate.
Sub. Pred

4. A pencil / lay on the desk. Speaking = A pencil (=) equals subject and lay on the desk (=) equals the predicate.
Sub. Pred

5. John / went to the game. Speaking = John (=) equals the subject and went to the game (=) equals the
predicate.
Sub. Pred

6.

The fire / scorched the earth.
Speaking = The fire (=) equals the subject and scorched the earth (=) equals the
predicate.
Sub. Pred

7.

Each boy / had a pencil.
Speaking = Each boy (=) equals the subject and (=) equals the predicate.
Sub. Pred

8. I / wanted a hat.

Speaking = I (=) equals the subject and wanted a hat (=) equals the predicate.
Sub. Pred

9.

Our camp / was in the woods.
Speaking = Our camp (=) equals the subject and (=) equals the predicate.

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His house / is up the street. Many friends / met at the concert. Sub. Speaking = They (=) equals the subject and lit the lamp quickly (=) equals the predicate. Sub. Sub. Pred 17. Pred 14. Pred 11. Jim / enjoyed the pancakes. Speaking = Jerry (=) equals the subject and has given me his pencil (=) equals the predicate. Pred 13. 15. Speaking = This house (=) equals the subject and is very dark (=) equals the predicate.Sub. Speaking = His house (=) equals the subject and is up the street (=) equals the predicate. Dogs / bark. Speaking = Many friends (=) equals the subject and met at the concert (=) equals the predicate. Pred 12. That boy / is my friend. Speaking = Dogs (=) equals the subject and barked (=) equals the predicate. This house / is very dark. Speaking = That boy (=) equals the subject and is my friend (=) equals the predicate. Jerry has given me his pencil. 4 . Sub. Pred 10. They / lit the lamp quickly. Pred Sub. Sub. Sub. Pred 16. Speaking = Jim (=) equals the subject and enjoyed the pancakes (=) equals the predicate.

Sub. Speaking = A lamp (=) equals the subject and stood on the desk (=) equals the predicate. Pred 18. Sub. A lamp / stood on the desk. Sub. Some days / seem very long. Pred 19. 5 . Pred 20. She / cried easily. Speaking = She (=) equals the subject and cries easily (=) equals the predicate. (to be) Speaking = Some days (=) equals the subject and (to be) very long (=) equals the predicate.

Speaking = Your = (is) the determiner and coat the noun. The = (is) the Determiner and story and story the noun. Their ideas are good. D N D N 3. These flowers smell good. D N D N 9. Each girl seemed happy. Speaking = Each = (is) the determiner and girl the noun. My brother told the story. Speaking = Their = (is) the determiner and ideas the noun. Your coat is on a hanger. Speaking = An = (is) the determiner and apple the noun. An apple stood on the table. Speaking = Our = (is) the determiner and school the noun. Speaking = These = (is) the determiner and flowers the noun. Speaking = Your = (is) determiner and hat the noun. D N D N 8. The = (is) determiner and door the noun.Unit 2 D Determiners N 2. D N 7. Speaking = My = (is) the determiner and brother the noun. D N D N 4. A = (is) the determiner and hanger the noun. D N 5. Our school is new. The = (is) the determiner and table the noun. Your hat is near the door. D N 6. 6 .

An = (is) the determiner and apple the noun. Any idea will help. Its tail was a stub. Speaking = Either is the determiner and road is the noun. My car went into the ditch. Those deer are on the road. Either road will do. D N D N 11. Speaking = That = (is) the determiner and girl the noun. Speaking = My = (is) the determiner and car the noun. Speaking = An is the determiner and orchard the noun. A = (is) the determiner and stub the noun. Our plans were very detailed. An orchard produced the fruit. D N 12. Speaking = Those = (is) the determiner and deer the noun. Speaking = Any is the determiner and idea is the noun. That girl gave me an apple. 7 . The = (is) the determiner and road the noun. The = (is) the determiner and ditch the noun. D N D N 14. D N 16. D N D N 15. D N D N 13. D N 17.D N D N 10. The is the determiner and fruit the noun. Speaking = Its = (is) the determiner and tail the noun. Speaking = Our = (is) the determiner and plans is the noun.

Another boy took her book. D N 21. Speaking = Neither = (is) the determiner and boy is the noun. D N D N 23. Her hat was on a hook. All men are created equal. D N D N 20. Speaking = All = (is) the determiner and men the noun. D N D N 24. Speaking = Those = (is) the determiner and girls the noun. Those girls helped my mother. Speaking = Their = (is) the determiner and book the noun. My = (is) the determiner and mother the noun. Speaking = Another = (is) the determiner and boy the noun. A = (is) the determiner and hook the noun. D N D N 22. 8 . Her = (is) the determiner and book the noun. Every = (is) the determiner and board the noun. Neither boy wanted any help. Speaking = Each is the determiner and camper the noun. His is the determiner and tent the noun. The men wanted every board. Any = (is) the determiner and help is the noun. D N D N 25. Each camper took his tent. Many = (is) the determiner and pictures the noun. D N D N 19.D N D N 18. Their book had many pictures. Speaking = Her = (is) the determiner and hat is the noun. Speaking = The = (is) the determiner and men the noun.

The game was a pleasure.Unit 3 D N IDENTIFYING NOUNS D N 3. The men did their work. A rock rolled down the hill. D N 5. The = (is) the determiner and street is the noun. Speaking = Jim = (is) the noun because if its position as the subject. D N D N 10. N D N 9. N D N 4. Susan hid behind a tree. Speaking = Many = (is) the determiner and parks the noun. D N D N 8. Speaking = My = (is) the determiner and father is the noun. Speaking = The = (is) the determiner and game the noun. My father came to our picnic. There = (is) the determiner and work the noun. D N D N 6. Trees give us some shade. “A” is the determiner and tree is the noun. Speaking = A = (is) the determiner and rock the noun. Speaking = The = (is) the determiner and men is the noun. The = (is) the determiner and hill the noun. Many parks are quite clean. Speaking = Susan is a noun because of its position as the subject. Some = (is) the determiner and shade the noun. A = (is) the determiner and pleasure the noun. 9 . Our = (is) is the determiner and picnic is the noun. Jim ran down the street. N D N 7. Speaking = Trees = (is) the noun because of its position as the subject.

N D N 12. Cars sped down the road. Their cabin was among the trees. The = (is) the determiner and rabbit the noun. Speaking = My = (is) the determiner and ball the noun. Speaking = There = (is) the determiner and cabin the noun. Speaking = Tom = (is) a noun because of its position as the subject. N D N 16. Your dog ran after the rabbit. Speaking = Your = (is) the determiner and dog the noun. The = (is) the determiner and creek the noun. His cat chased the dog. Speaking = His = (is) the determiner and cat the noun. Speaking = Each = (is) the determiner and day the noun. D N D N 13. Tom lay inside our hammock. D N D N 14. The = (is) the determiner and road is the noun. The = (is) the determiner and trees the noun. Speaking = Cars = (is) a noun because of its position as the subject. Some = (is) the determiner and fun the noun. D N D N 17. Speaking = A = (is) the determiner and weasel the noun. D N D N 15. 10 . A weasel crossed the creek. A is the determiner and window the noun. D N D N 18. Each day gives us some fun. Our is the determiner and hammock the noun. My ball hit a window.D N D N 11.

11 . The = (is) the determiner and floor the noun. People stood quietly. Every lamp stood on the floor. Speaking = People = (is) a noun because of its position as the subject. Speaking = Every = (is) the determiner and lamp the noun. D N D N 20.N 19.

Speaking = The = (is) a the determiner and nights is a plural noun because of the “s” ending. Cows ate with the calves. D N D N 3. The = (is) is the determiner and food is a singular noun because of the missing “s” ending. Speaking = The = (is) the determiner and boys is a plural noun because of the “s” ending. The = (is) the determiner and valleys a plural noun because of the “s” ending. Lilies bloomed in the valleys. The = (is) the determiner and waltzes is a plural noun because of the “es” ending. Speaking = The = (is) the determiner. The = (is) the determiner and calves a plural noun because of the “s” ending. Pets = (is) a plural noun because of the “s” ending. Speaking = Lilies = (is) a plural noun because of the “s” ending.UNIT 4 N THE PLURAL ENDINGS OF NOUNS N D N 2. Speaking = Dogs and Cats are plural nouns because of the “s’ ending. D N D N 8. 12 . The = (is) the determiner and floor is a singular noun because of the missing “s” ending. The women enjoyed the waltzes. The nights were long. The boys served the food. and the determiner. D N 6. Dogs and cats are our pets. N D N 5. and boxes is a plural noun because of the “s” ending. Speaking = Cows = (is) a plural noun because of the “s” ending. Speaking = The = (is) the determiner. N D N 4. and women is a plural noun because of the plural spelling ( woman/women). The boxes lay on the floor. D N D N 7.

D N D N 14. Classes passed in the hall. The = (is) the determiner and pasture a singular noun because of the missing “s” ending. Speaking = The = (is) the determiner and axes a plural noun because of the “es” ending. The = (is) a determiner and tables a plural noun because of the “s’ ending. Speaking = Mary = (is) a singular noun because of its position as the subject. Speaking = Classes = (is) a plural noun because of its position as subject and the “es:” ending. The (is) the determiner. (teeth/tooth) N D N 12. D N D N 10. 13 . N 15. Children = (is) a plural noun because of the “ren” ending. Speaking = Churches = (is) a plural noun because of its position as the subject and the “es” ending. Speaking = Some = (is) the determiner and lies is a plural noun because of the plural determiner and the “ies” ending.D N D N 9. The axes stood in the corner. D N 11. Mary gave it to the children. The = (is) the determiner and corner a singular noun because of the missing “s” ending. The = (is) the determiner and hall a singular noun because of the missing “s” ending. Speaking = My = (is) the determiner and teeth is a plural noun because of its form. The sheep are in the pasture. My teeth were clean. N D N 13. Speaking = The = (is) the determiner and sheep = (is) a plural noun because of the plural verb usage (are). Churches are built yearly. Some flies were on the tables.

D N D N 20. The is the determiner and bosses a plural noun because of its “es” ending. His wishes came true. The men are the bosses. Speaking = The = (is) the determiner and citizens is a plural noun because of the “s” ending. Speaking = Some = (is) the determiner and ladies a plural noun because of its position and the “ies” ending. The = (is) the determiner and taxes a plural noun because of the “s” ending. D N 17. The citizens paid the taxes.D N D N 16. N D N 19. 14 . D N 18. Speaking = John is a noun because of its position as subject. John surrendered to his enemies. Speaking = The = (is) the determiner and men a plural noun because of its form (man/men). Speaking = His = (is) the determiner and wishes a plural noun because of its position as subject and the “es” ending. His is the determiner and enemies a plural noun because of the “ies” ending. Some ladies are waiting.

D Poss. D Poss. Speaking = Explorer’s = (is) a possessive plural noun because of the apostrophe and the ending “s”. Mane is a noun signaled by the possessive “pony’s. Speaking = Joe = (is) a noun because of its position as subject. N N 3. The class read Dickens' prose. The men's hats were brown. Men’s = (is) a plural possessive noun because of the apostrophe . Speaking = The = (is) the determiner and class the noun. N N THE POSSESSIVE ENDING OF NOUNS 2. The is the determiner and pony’s a possessive noun because of the apostrophe – s. Maps = (is) a plural noun signaled by the possessive “Explorers” and the “s” ending. D N Poss. N N 6. Hats = (is) a plural noun signaled by the possessive noun men’s and the “s” ending.s and the ending “s”. N N 4. Speaking = The = (is) the determiner. Speaking = The = (is) the determiner and mothers’ a plural possessive noun because of the apostrophe and the “s” ending. Joe pulled the pony's mane. Speaking = John’s = (is) a possessive noun because of the apostrophe – s and sister = (is) a noun signaled by the possessive noun John’s. 15 . John's sister came with us. N D Poss. The mothers' tea lasted long. Explorers' maps are available. Dicken’s = (is) a possessive noun because of the apostrophe – s. N N 5. N 7. Poss.UNIT 5 Poss. Prose = (is) a noun signaled by the possessive “Dicken’s”.

Jack’s = (is) a possessive noun because of the apostrophe – s. Joan’s = (is) a possessive because of the apostrophe – s. That animal is Joan's cat. Tim's pencil is on the desk. 16 . D N Poss. D N Poss. Speaking = Some = (is) the determiner and men the plural noun because of the plural form. Some men pushed Jim's car. D N Poss. Bike = (is) a noun signaled by the possessive “Tom’s”. and book = (is) a noun signaled by the possessive “author’s”. Speaking = That = (is) the determiner and animal the noun. Each class read the author's book. D N Poss. Car = (is) a noun signaled by the possessive “Jim’s”. Cat = (is) a noun signaled by the possessive “Joan’s”. Speaking = Tim’s = (is) a possessive noun because of the apostrophe – s. N N 12. Pencil is a noun signaled by the possessive noun “Tim’s”. N N D N 8. Speaking = Any = (is) the determiner and boy the noun. Any boy would like Tom's bike. Tome’s = (is) a possessive noun because of the apostrophe. Our home is near Jack's house. Author’s = (is) a possessive noun because of the apostrophe – s. N N 10. N N 11.Poss. Speaking = Each= (is) the determiner and class is the noun. Speaking = Our = (is) the determiner and home the noun. D N Poss. N N 9. Jim’s = (is) a possessive noun because of the apostrophe – s. The = (is) a determiner and desk a singular noun. House = (is) a noun signaled by the possessive “Jack’s”. N N 13.

Poss. D N Poss. The man's wife is here.Poss. Speaking = Sally’s = (is) a possessive non because of the apostrophe – s. N N D N 18. N N 15. Boat = (is) a noun because of the possessive “Jerry’s”. and signaled by the possessive “children’s”. Speaking = Some = (is) the determiner and girls a plural noun because of the “s” ending. Speaking = My = (is) the determiner and father the noun. Picture = (is) a noun signaled by the possessive “Sally’s”. Tom’s = (is) a possessive noun and ladders a plural noun because of the “s” ending and signaled by the possessive “ Tom’s”. D Poss. N N D N 19. Sally's picture is on the wall. N N 16. D N Poss. (man/men) D Poss. My father borrowed Tom's ladders. Man’s is a possessive noun because of the apostrophe – s. Speaking = The = (is) the determiner and children’s a possessive noun because of the apostrophe – s. Wife = (is) the noun signaled by the possessive “man’s”. Jerry’s = (is) a possessive noun because fo the apostrophe – s. Wagons = (is) a plural noun because of the “s” ending. Brother = (is) a noun signaled by the possessive “Harry’s”. Speaking = The = (is) the determiner. N N 17. Some girls rode in Jerry's boat. Speaking = Harry’s = (is) a possessive noun because of the apostrophe – s. The children's wagons were on the street. The = (is) the determiner and street is the noun. The = (is) the determiner and men is a plural noun because of its form. The = (is) the determiner and wall a noun signaled by the determiner. N N D N 14. 17 . Harry's brother came with the men.

Jack’s = (is) a possessive noun because of the apostrophe – s. and signaled by the possessive “Jack’s”. Our plans are based on Jack's ideas. N N 20.D N Poss. 18 . Speaking = Our = (is) the determiner and plans a plural noun because of the “’ ending. Ideas = (is) a plural noun because of the “s” ending.

and signaled by the determiner “His”. D N 7. D N 6. The preacher was very unhappy. Speaking = Preacher is a noun because of the determiner “The” and the suffix “er”. The Russians practice Communism. Communism is a noun because of the suffix “ism”. Speaking = Criticism is a noun because of its position as the subject. His criticism seems unjust.UNIT 6 D N NOUN SUFFIXES 2. The singer pleased nearly everyone. It is signaled by the determiner “Some”. Speaking = “Singer” is a noun because of the determiner “the” and the suffix “er” D N D N 3. Humor is a noun because of the determiner “a” and the suffix “ist”. D N 5. The author was a humorist. the suffix “ism”. 19 . Some differences are obvious. D N 8. Speaking = Weakness is a noun because of the suffix “ness” and its position as the subject. Speaking = Author is a noun because of the determiner “The”. D N N 4. Speaking = Differences is a noun because of its position as the subject and the suffix “ence”. Speaking = Russians is a noun because of the determiner “The”. His weakness is evident.

Those officers caught the gangster. Speaking = People is a noun because of its position as the subject. Speaking = Assistant is a noun because of its position as subject. The argument appeared useless. and the determiner “The” N N 11. and the suffix “ant”. the suffix “ment”. D N 13. he plural determiner “Some”. the determiner “My”. My assistant will help you. D N D N 14. Terrorists is a noun because of the suffix “ist”. D N N 15. Kindness is a noun because of the suffix “ness”. Speaking = Annoyances is a plural noun because of its position as the subject. Speaking = Man is a noun because of its position as the subject and the determiner “The”. Some annoyances bother the boys. The soldiers were terrorists. 20 . Pantomimic is a noun because of the determiner “a” and the suffix “ic”. Some people appreciate your kindness. Speaking = Officers is a noun because of its position as subject and the determiner “Those”.D N N 9. Speaking = Argument is a noun because of its position as subject. Speaking = Soldiers is a noun because of its position as subject and the determiner “The”. Gangster is a noun signaled by the determiner “the’ and the suffix “ster”. and the suffix “ance”. The man is a pantomimic. Boys a plural noun signaled by the determiner “the” and the “s” ending. D N D N 12. the “s” ending. D N 10.

and the suffix “ment”. Your judgment will help the plan. D N D N 18. Her sister ate a spoonful. Speaking = Neatness is a noun because of its position as the subject. Spoonful is a noun because of the determiner “a” and the suffix “ful”. 21 . and signaled by the determiner “The”. D N 20. and signaled by the determiner “One”. Government is a noun because of the suffix “ment”. Speaking = Difference is a noun because of the suffix “ence”. Speaking = Judgment is a noun because of its position as the subject. D N N 17. the determiner “His”. the determiner “Your”. its position as the subject. Plan is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. its position as the subject. Speaking = Girls is a plural noun because of the “s” ending. The girls studied our government. D N N 19.D N 16. His neatness was appreciated. and the suffix “ness”. Speaking = Sister is a noun because of its position as the subject and signaled by the determiner “Her”. One difference seemed clear.

remember that capitalized words also indicate nouns. Although we have had no unit on this. An apostrophe (‘) or apostrophe . determiners tell us that the word following = a noun. 5. His fomps are by the tampster. Fomps / tampster libes / turler Moden / roxes mabes / dirgdom dasks / enden Moshences / stooner 22 . Plural endings like s. 5. My libes walked over the turler.s (‘s) = a signal for a possessive noun. 2. 2. 3. Many moshences are by his stooner. Noun suffixes often signal nouns. 6. and en often signal nouns. Some Moden gave me some roxes. 6. In basic sentences only.Summary Noun Signals 1. es. 4. A noun will often occupy the subject position in a basic sentence. Our dasks seem near the enden. Neither mabes are for either dirgdom. Can you identify the nouns in the following nonsense sentences? 1. 4. 3.

That morko walked by Dirneys. 10. blibism / orgful keepness / frug morko / Dirneys koobes / drup minnikin / scrops baktion / cares 23 . The blibism kept their orgful. Her keepness is a frug. 9. 8. 12.7. Several koobes told about a drup. 11. A minnikin fell by your scrops. All baktion are in your cares.

” D N D N Pron. D N 6. D N 5. Speaking = Sharon is a noun because of its position as the subject. The dog was lazy. A woman sat on the chair. 4. She sat on the chair. Speaking = Girl is a noun signaled but the determiner “A” and its position as the subject. It is a pronoun replacing “dog”. N D N Pron.UNIT 8 D N IDENTIFYING SUBJECT PRONOUNS D N Pron. I is a pronoun which replaces the noun Sharon. D N Pron. Sharon is my name. A girl sat on the swing. Girl is a singular noun signaled by the determiner “a. They is the pronoun replacing “boys”. She sat on the swing. The boys left early. They left early. D N 7. Speaking = Dog is a noun because of its position and signaled by the determiner “The”. N D D N Pron. Chair is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. He helped the man. She is a pronoun replacing “girl” D N Pron. Speaking = Father is a noun signaled by the determiner “My” and its position as the subject. She is a pronoun replacing the noun“woman”. Speaking = Woman is a singular noun signaled by the determiner “A” and its position as the subject. 24 . My father helped the man. Name is a noun signaled by the determiner “my”. D N 2. I am a girl. He is a pronoun replacing the noun “father”. 3. It was lazy. Speaking = Boys is a plural noun because of its position and signaled by the determiner “The” and the sending “s”. Swing is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. Man is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”.

Your name is John. D N D N Pron. They lay on the desk. Speaking = Name is a noun because of its position as the subject and signaled by the determiner “Your”. D N 10. She is a pronoun replacing the noun “teacher”. D N 14. You is a pronoun replacing “name”. N 13. It dripped for an hour. Speaking = Money is a noun signaled by the determiner “The” and its position as the subject. Joyce is my name. I am a girl. D N 11. Speaking = Cars is a noun because of its position as the subject and signaled by the determiner “Some”. The water dripped for an hour. You are John. D N D N Pron. Name is a noun signaled but the determiner “my”. Speaking = Joyce is a noun because of its position as the subject. Speaking = Items is a plural noun signaled by the determiner “The” and its position as the subject and the “s” ending. D N D N Pron. D N D N Pron. 8. D N 12. She came into the room. They is a noun replacing “cars”. My teacher came into the room. N D N Pron. I is a pronoun replacing the noun “Joyce”. It is hidden. John is a noun because it is a name. D N 9. Girl is a noun signaled by the determiner “a”. The money is hidden. Speaking = Water is a noun signaled by the determiner “The” and its position as the subject . 25 . The items lay on the desk. IT is a pronoun replacing the noun “money”. They is a plural pronoun replacing the plural noun “items”. It is a pronoun replacing the noun “water”.D N Pron. They ran off the road. N D N Pron. Some cars ran off the road. Speaking = Teacher is a noun signaled by the determiner “My” and its position as the subject .

2. We met them at the park. Speaking = Ellen is a noun because of its position as the subject. Them is an object pronoun because of its position. Speaking = Ball is a noun signaled by the determiner “The’ and its position as the subject. Speaking = Crowds is a plural subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. Us is an object pronoun because of its position. D N 7. Speaking = His is the subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. Movie is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. Tom took him to the movie. Me is an object pronoun because of its position. and signaled by the determiner “The”. The ball hit him. The crowds applauded us. Pron. 6. N Pron. Pron. Movie is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. Ellen saw me at the movie. Him is an object pronoun. D N 5. 26 . Speaking = Tom is a noun because of its position as the subject. D N 3. Pron. Me is an object pronoun because of its position. Speaking = We is a subject pronoun because of its position. His acts displeased me. D N Pron.UNIT 9 Identifying object pronouns D N Pron. N Pron. the “s” ending. 4. Park is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. Pron. Him is an object pronoun because of its position. .

N Pron. The grocer sold me a steak. Pron. Pron. Pron. Paper is a noun signaled by the determiner “some”. Me is an object pronoun because of its position as the object. D N 9. Speaking = I is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. Us is an object pronoun because of its position as the object. N Pron. Game is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. Speaking = John is a noun because of its position as the subject. Pron. John sold us a ticket. Pron. Pron. Pron. You showed me your book. Steak is a noun signaled by the determiner “a”. They laughed at her. Her is an object pronoun because of its position as the object. Speaking = You is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. Me is an object pronoun because of its position as the object. 12. Pron. Me is an object pronoun because of its position as the object. D N 10. Speaking = Grocer is a noun because of its position as the subject and signaled by the determiner “The” . 27 . D N 14. Speaking = It is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. It flew under him. Him is an object pronoun because of its position as the object. Speaking = They is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. 11. Pron. D N 8. Speaking = She is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. Them is an object pronoun because its position.Pron. Ticket is a noun signaled by the determiner “a”. She gave me some paper. Book is a noun signaled by the determiner “your”. D N 13. I saw them at the game.

15. 17. Speaking = I is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. I told him about it. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. 20. Me is an object pronoun because of its position as the object. Speaking = It is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. Pron. Pron. Her is an object pronoun because of its position as the object. Pron. D N Pron. 18. Pron. He sat by me. Us is an object pronoun because of its position as the object. The picture looks like her. We ran after them. 19. Speaking = She is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. Pron. She pushed us. It is an object pronoun because of its position as the object. Pron. It is for him.Pron. Speaking = Picture is a noun because of its position as the subject and signaled by the determiner “The” . Speaking = We is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. 28 . Them is an object pronoun because of its position as the object. Him is an object pronoun because of its position as the object. 16. Pron. Pron. Pron.

Few attended the game. Any day is satisfactory. Speaking = Bats is a noun because of its position as the subject and the determiner “Both”. Game is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. Both bats were broken. D N IP 8. Speaking = Day is a noun because of its position as the subject and the determiner “any”. D N Pron. Some is an indefinite pronoun because of its position as the subject and it is used alone. Us is an object pronoun because of its position as the object. and signaled by the determiner “Many”. 6. D N N IP N 7. D N IP 4. Any will do. Few is an indefinite pronoun because of its position as the subject and it is used alone. Speaking = Children is a plural noun because of its position and form (child/children). Few people attended the game. One lay on the floor. Speaking = People is a noun because of its position as the subject and signaled by The determiner “Few”. Many like a circus. D N D N IP D N 5. Any is an indefinite subject pronoun because of its position as the subject and it is used alone. Speaking = Boys is a noun because of its position as the subject and the determiner “Some”.UNIT 10 Determiner OR Indefinite pronoun D N D N IP D N 3. One person lay on the floor. Some helped us. Some boys helped us. One is an indefinite subject pronoun because of its position as the subject and it is used alone. IP Pron. Both is an indefinite pronoun because of its position as the subject and it is used alone. Many children like a circus. Circus is a noun signaled by the determiner “a”. 29 . Both were broken. Speaking = Person is a noun because of its position as the subject and the determiner “One”. Many is an indefinite subject pronoun because it is used alone and its position as the subject.

Speaking = Birds is a noun because of its position as the subject and the determiner “Some”. D N IP 11. Game is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”.D N IP 9. Each is an indefinite pronoun because of its position as the subject and it is used alone. Speaking = Fans is a noun because of its position as the subject and the determiner “Many”. Each walked in line. Some is an indefinite pronoun because of its position as the subject and it is used alone. Each child walked in line. Any reading appears satisfactory. Any appears satisfactory. Some is an indefinite subject pronoun because of its position as the subject and it is used alone. Many fans were at the game. D N IP 14. Speaking = Balls is a noun because of its position as the subject and the determiner “Two”. Two floated on the water. D N D N IP D N 13. Some were painted. Some were on the lawn. Two is an indefinite pronoun because of its position as the subject and it is used alone. Some birds were on the lawn. Speaking = Houses is a noun because of its position as the subject and the determiner “Some”. Any is an indefinite pronoun because of its position as the subject and it is used alone. 30 . Speaking = Child is a noun because of its position as the subject and the determiner “Each”. Speaking = Reading is a noun because of its position as the subject and the determiner “Any”. Some houses were painted. Two balls floated on the water. Many were at the game. D N D N IP D N 10. Many is an indefinite pronoun because of its position as the subject and it is used alone. D N D N IP D N 12.

Neither is an indefinite pronoun because of its position as the subject and it is used alone.D N IP 15. Another crashed. Speaking = Plane is a noun because of its position as the subject and the determiner “Another”. D N IP 16. Another is an indefinite subject pronoun because of its position as the subject and it is used alone. All is an indefinite pronoun because of its position as the subject and it is used alone. D N N IP N 17. Speaking = Boy is a noun because of its position as the subject and the determiner “Neither”. Another plane crashed. Neither boy tried hard. Speaking = Cats is a plural noun because of its position as the subject and the determiner “All”. Animals is a plural noun because of its position as the object and the “s” ending. and the “s” ending. Neither tried hard. All cats are animals. 31 . All are animals.

Speaking = Lake is a noun signaled by the determiner “This”. D N DP 8. Those appear spoiled. These are sharp. This is mine. Those apples appear spoiled. Speaking = Pencils is a plural noun signaled by the plural determiner “These” and the “s” ending. Bumps is a plural noun. Ball is a noun signaled by the determiner “my”. This is my ball. because of the plural determiner “many” and the “s” ending. This is a demonstrative pronoun because of its position and it is used alone. 32 . This is a demonstrative pronoun because of its position and it is used alone. 5. D N Pron. That road has many bumps. D N D N DP D N 7. This coat is mine. DP Pron. This lake has many fish. Fish is a plural noun signaled by the determiner “many”. Those are really tall. Speaking = Buildings is a plural noun signaled by the plural determiner “Those” and the “s” ending. Those is a demonstrative pronoun because of its position and it is used alone. Speaking = Coat is a noun signaled by the determiner “This” and the. That is very true.UNIT 11 Determiner or Demonstrative pronoun D N DP 3. D N D N DP 4. Speaking = Apples is a plural noun signaled by the plural determiner “Those” and the “s” ending. These pencils are sharp. Speaking = Road is a noun signaled by the determiner “That”. These is a demonstrative pronoun because of its position and it is used alone. Those is a demonstrative pronoun because of its position and it is used alone. That is a demonstrative pronoun because of its position and it is used alone. Those buildings are tall. Mine is an object pronoun because of its position as the object. D N DP 6.

That movie was good.D N DP 9. That is a demonstrative pronoun because of its position and it is used alone. D N DP 11. These are dusty. These is a demonstrative pronoun because of its position and it is used alone. House is a noun because of the determiner “my”. Speaking = Picture is a noun signaled by the determiner “That”. Speaking = Move is a noun signaled by the determiner “That”. D N DP 10. Those is a demonstrative pronoun because of its position and it is used alone. D N DP D N 12. That is a demonstrative pronoun because of its position and it is used alone. Those are too large. This is a demonstrative pronoun because of its position and it is used alone. D N DP 13. This is torn. Speaking = Page is a noun signaled by the determiner “This” ending. 33 . Speaking = Books is a plural noun signaled by the plural determiner “These” and the “s” ending. Those dresses are too large. That picture is unusual. This page is torn. That is unusual. That is my house. These books are dusty. Speaking = Dresses is a plural noun signaled by the plural determiner “Those” and the “s” ending.

Candy is a noun because of its position as object. Speaking = You is a subject pronoun. Book is a noun signaled by the determiner “that”. D N V 3. V Pron. Throws is the verb. Speaking = I is a subject pronoun. Speaking = I is a subject pronoun because of its position. 34 . Buys is the verb. My is an object pronoun signaling work which is the noun. D N 7.Part II Verbs Identifying Verbs (1) Pron. The boy throws well. N V N D N 4.V Pron. Does is the verb. N V Pron N 6. Jerry does his work well. N 2. Speaking = Jane is a noun because of its position. Give is the verb. I go with him on Monday. Go is the verb. You give me that book. Monday is a noun because of its position is the object. Pron. His is an object pronoun signaling the noun work. N 5. Speaking = Boy is a noun because of its position and signaled by the determiner “The”. Pron. Speaking = Jerry is a noun because of its position as the subject. Him is an objective pronoun. I do my work carefully. Me is an object pronoun. Store is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. Do is the verb. Jane buys candy at the store.V Pron.

35 . The sun rises each morning. His is an object pronoun signaling farm the noun. Speaking = Brother is a noun because of its position as the subject signaled by the pronoun “Her. Tuesday is noun because of its position as object. Rises is the verb. Sings is the verb. I see your ball on the field. Pron. D N V D N 12 A deer walks near the fence. Speaking = Boy is a noun position as the subject signaled by the determiner “Each”. Tom grows apples on his farm. V Pron. Her brother walks by the church. Speaking = We is a subject pronoun because of its position. We write to them on Tuesday. N 10. Speaking = Tom is a noun because of its position as the subject. Each boy sings well. Pron. Morning is a noun because of its position as the object signaled by the determiner “each”. Pron. N V D N 14. Write is the verb. D N V D N 9. Walks is the verb. V Pron. See is the verb. Church is a noun because of its position as the object signaled by the determiner “the”. D N V 13. Fence is a noun because of its position as the object and signaled by the determiner “the”. N 8. Speaking = Sun is a noun because of its position as the subject signaled by the determiner “The”. Field is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. Speaking = Deer is a noun because of its position and signaled by the determiner “A”. Speaking = I is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. Grows is the verb. Walks is the verb. N D N 11. Ball is an object signaled by the determiner “your”. Them is an object pronoun because of its position as the object.N V N Pron. Apples is a noun because of its position as the object.

Tells is the verb. Speaking = Dog is a noun because of its position as the subject signaled by the pronoun “My”. D N V 17. Speaking = Man is a noun because of its position as the subject and signaled by the determiner “That”. V D N 16. My dog barks loudly. We enjoy each meal. Speaking = She is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. That man plays hard. N V 15. D N V 20. I like pop. Plays is the verb. Pron. Pron.Pron. Eat is the verb. and because of its position as the subject. Meal is a noun signaled by the determiner “each” and its position as the object. Pop is a noun because of its position as the object. Story is a noun because of its position as the object signaled by the determiner “that”. V N 18. V D N 19. Like is the verb. Speaking = Children is a noun signaled by the determiner “Most”. Speaking = I is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. Most children eat slowly. Pron. She tells that story. Barks is the verb. Enjoy is the verb. Speaking = We is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. 36 .

I __buy________ candy. I __love________ candy. 37 . I __make________ candy. I __form________ candy. I __throw________ candy. I __eat________ candy.Directions See if you can find six verbs to fill the position of the blank in this sentence.

drew is a past tense verb. man a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. Speaking = The = a determiner. A bee stung the man. D N V-ed D N 6. cake is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. N V-ed D N 4. Father bought a tire. and puddle is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. bought a past tense verb. 38 . I ate the cake. bee a noun. ate a past tense verb. D N V-ed D N 5.V-edD N 7. Speaking = He = a subject pronoun. N V-ed D N 8. window a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. Speaking = Father = a noun because of its position as the subject. child a noun. V-ed D 2. Speaking = Jerry = a noun because of its position. D N V-ed D N 3. ball a noun because of the determiner “the”. stung a past tense verb. Pron. broke a past tense verb. He broke the window. The fielder caught the ball.UNIT 2 Identifying Verbs (2) (The past tense) N Pron. and tire is a noun signaled by the determiner ”a”. fell is a past tense verb. Speaking = A = a determiner. Jerry fell into the puddle. Speaking = I = a subject pronoun. Speaking = Each = a determiner. picture is a noun because of the determiner “a”. fielder a noun. caught is a past tense verb. Each child drew a picture.

flowers a noun. Pron. V-ed D N 14. Speaking = We = is a subject pronoun. people a noun. A ship went by the pier. poem a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. grew is a past tense verb. gave a past tense verb. N V-ed D N 15. Most people gave a lot. V-ed D N 13. Many flowers grew slowly. hour a noun signaled by the determiner “an”. pier a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. John lay there an hour. hopped a past tense verb. Pron. Speaking = John = ship a noun because of its position as subject. Speaking = A = a determiner. Speaking = Some = a determiner. D N V-ed 12. D N V-ed D N 10. I knew the poem well. lay a past tense verb. Pron. lot is a noun signaled by the determiner ”a”. Speaking = She = a subject pronoun. Some players fought hard. bed a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. We hopped up the steps.D N V-ed 9. Speaking = Most = a determiner. 39 . knew a past tense verb. step sis a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. V-ed D N 16. fought is a past tense verb. D N V-ed D N 11. She rose from the bed. rose a past tense verb. Speaking = Many = is a determiner. ship a noun. players a plural noun because of its position and the ending “s”. went a past tense verb. Speaking = I = a subject pronoun.

bought a past tense verb. V-ed Pron. students a noun. Several students knew about it. us an object pronoun. 40 . pictures a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. dock a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. knew a past tense verb. D N 18. The boys swam to the dock. swam a past tense verb. Speaking = The= a determiner. showed a past tense verb. Pron. Speaking = Several = a determiner. V-ed D N 20. Speaking = They = a subject pronoun. Pron. They showed us the pictures. D N V-ed D N 19. it a noun signaled by the determiner “about”.D N V-ed D N 17. They bought the house. Speaking = They = a subject pronoun. boys a noun. house a noun signaled by the determiner “the”.

Judy took the bus this morning. A thief stole the money. She springs to the saddle. Each boy wanted the bicycle. V-ed 12. V-ed 7. I get up early.UNIT 2 Identifying Verbs (Determining the present/past tense) V-ed = past = present = present = past 2. V 13. 41 . Grace wears a hat. V = present = past V 6. = present = past = present = past = past = past 8. Each boy wants the bicycle. V-ed = past 14. V-ed 5. She sprang to the saddle. V-ed 9. He tries hard. I got up early. V-ed 11. Most parents paid taxes V 10. V 3. Grace wore a hat. V 4. Most parents pay taxes.

We dived with glee.V = present = past = past 15. V = past 20. Tom takes it each day. 42 . Tom took it each day. V-ed 16. A thief steals the money. We dive with glee. V = present 18. Tom took the car that night. V-ed 17. V-ed = past 19.

UNIT 3
Pron. Aux.V

Identifying Verbs (3) (Auxiliary Verbs)
V

2. She can sing very well. Speaking = She is a subject pronoun, and “can sing” is a verb phrase.
N Aux. V V-ed D N

3. Mother has bought the hat. Speaking = Mother is a noun because of its position as the subject. “has bought”
is a verb phrase, and hat a noun signaled by the determiner “the”.
D N Aux. V V Pron.

4. The boy might catch us. Speaking = Boy is a noun because of its position as the subject signaled by the
determiner “The”. “might catch” is a verb phrase, and us an object pronoun.
D N Aux. V V

5. Each boy does try hard. Speaking = Boy is a noun because of its position as the subject and signaled by
the determiner “Each”. “does try” is a verb phrase.
D N Aux. V V D N

6. The boys should draw the pictures. Speaking = Boys is a plural noun because of its position as the subject, signaled by
the determiner “The”, and the “s” ending. “should draw” is a verb phrase, and pictures a plural noun signaled by the determiner “the and the “s” ending.
Pron. Aux.V V D N

7. He will eat the salad. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. “will eat”
is a verb phrase, and salad a noun signaled by the determiner “the”.
D N Aux.V V Pron.

8. The men will hear us. Speaking = Men is a noun because of its position as the subject and signaled by
the determiner “the”. “will heart” is a verb phrase, and us an object pronoun because if its position.

43

N.

Aux. V V

D

N

9. Sandy may know about the plans. Speaking = Sandy is a noun because of its position as the subject. “may know” is a
verb phrase, and plans a plural noun signaled by the “s” ending and determiner “the”.
Pron. Aux. V V D N

10. I can prove that story. Speaking = I is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. “can
prove” is a verb phrase, and story a noun signaled by the determiner “that”.
D N. Aux. V V

11. Most children must rise early. Speaking = Children is a plural noun because of its position as the subject and its
form (child/children).“must rise” is a verb phrase.
Pron. Aux. V V D N

12. We shall tear the paper. Speaking = We is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. “shall
tear” is a verb phrase. Paper is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”.
N Aux. V V D N

13. Joe might write the letter. Speaking = Joe is a noun because of its position as the subject. “might write” is a
verb phrase, and letter a noun signaled by the determiner “the”.
N Aux. V V D N

14. Chris did write the letter. Speaking = Chris is a noun because of its position as the subject. “did write” is a
verb phrase, and letter a noun signaled by the determiner “the”.
Pron Aux. V V D N

15. We shall eat our lunch. Speaking = We is a noun because of its position as the subject. “shall eat” is a
verb phrase, and lunch a noun signaled by the determiner “our”.

44

N Aux. V V

N

16. Tom will sing for us. Speaking = Tom is a noun because of its position as the subject. “will sing” is a
verb phrase, and us an object pronoun.
Pron. Aux. V V-ed N

17. They have played all morning. Speaking = They is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. “have
played ” is a past tense verb phrase signaled by the “ed” ending. Morning is a noun because of its position as the object.
D N Aux. V V

18. The skies could clear soon. Speaking = Skies is a noun because of its position as the subject and signaled by
the determiner “The”. “could clear” is a verb phrase.
D N Aux.V V Pron.

19. Our parents would want it. Speaking = Parents is a plural noun because of its position as the subject, the “s”
ending, and signaled by the determiner “Our”. “would want” is a verb phrase, and it an object pronoun.
Pron. Aux. V V D N

20. We shall avoid the problem. Speaking = We is a subject pronoun because of its position as the subject. “shall
avoid” is a verb phrase, and problem a noun signaled by the determiner “the”.

45

Pencil is a noun indicated by the determiner “the”. D N V-en D N 8. Speaking = Jim is a noun indicated by its position. He has the pencil. its form (man/men) and its position as subject. Prize is a noun indicated by the determiner “the”. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun indicated by its position. He has taken the pencil. Speaking = Men is a noun indicated by the determiner “The”. Letter is a noun indicated by the determiner “the”. Pencil is a noun indicated by the determiner “the”. Pron. “has” is a present tense verb. Cars is a plural noun indicated by the determiner their and the “s” ending. “has taken” is a past participle. Letter is a noun indicated by the determiner “the”. Speaking = Boys is noun indicated by its position signaled by the determiner “Some”.UNIT 4 D N Identifying Verbs (4) V-en D N 2. Speaking = Boys is noun indicated by its position signaled by the determiner “Some”. N V D N 5. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun indicated by its position. “has” is a present tense verb. Some boys have taken the prize. The men have taken their cars. Some boys have the prize. V-en D N 4. Prize is a noun indicated by the determiner “the”. Jim has the letter. Jim has written the letter. “has written” is a past participle. “has taken” is a past participle. 46 . V D N 3. D N V D N 7. “have taken” is a past participle. Pron. “has” is a present tense verb. N V-en D N 6. Speaking = Jim is a noun indicated by its position.

Speaking = Men is a plural noun because of the “s” ending. 47 . “has read” is a past participle. Chores is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. its position. A man has taken the key. Book is a noun indicated by the determiner “a”. Do is a noun-auxiliary. Each child has read a book.D N V D N 9. Each child has a book. Key is a noun indicated by the determiner “the”. Leave is the present tense verb. and the determiner “The”. Speaking = Man is a noun indicated by its position and signaled by the determiner “A”. Speaking = Joy is a noun because of its position as the subject. Speaking = Men is a plural noun because of the “s” ending. Speaking = Child is a noun indicated by its position and signaled by the determiner “Each”. Do is a present tense verb. A man has the key. D N V D N 11. “has” is a present tense verb. “has” is a past participle. Book is a noun indicated by the determiner “a”. D N V D N 3. D N N-Aux V 4. and the determiner “The”.Don’t get confused N V 2. The men do leave early. its position. D N V-en D N 10. Does is a present tense verb. Joy does try hard. A Little Change --. Key is a noun indicated by the determiner “the”. Speaking = Man is a noun indicated by its position and signaled by the determiner “A”. The men do the chores well. Speaking = Child is a noun indicated by its position and signaled by the determiner “Each”. D N V-en D N 12. “has” is a present tense verb.

Speaking = Boys is a plural noun because of its position. Lesson is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. Did is a past tense verb. N V D N 7. Speaking = I is a subject pronoun because of its position. I did the lesson easily. Speaking = June is a noun because of its position. Several boys do loaf in the hall. and fly a present tense verb. House is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. Clothes is a plural noun signaled by the determiner “the” and the “s” ending. N V D N N-Aux 8. Did is a noun auxiliary in the past tense. 48 . I did learn the lesson. Work is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. Does is a present tense verb. and loaf a present tense verb. Do is a noun auxiliary. Speaking = Birds is a plural noun because of its position. Speaking = June is a noun because of its position. Many birds did fly over the house. and the “s” ending. signaled by the determiner “Several”. Several boys do the work. signaled by the determiner “Many”. Speaking = Boys is a plural noun because of its position and the “s” ending. June does the laundry. June does rinse the clothes. V-ed D N 6. Did is a past tense verb. Laundry is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. V-ed D N 5. Speaking = I is a subject pronoun because of its position. Do is a present tense verb. Hall is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. Does is a noun auxiliary and rinse a present tense verb. Lesson is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”.Pron. and the “s” ending. D N V D N 9. D N N-Aux V D N 10. Pron. D N N-Aux V D N 11.

Speaking = We is a subject pronoun because of its position. We do go in the afternoon. and go a present tense verb. Do is a noun auxiliary.Pron. 49 . N-Aux V D N 12. Afternoon is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”.

Hat is a noun because of its position as the subject and signaled by the determiner “a”. The boy is Tom. Speaking = Men is a noun because of its position and signaled by the determiner “The”. “are sitting” is a present tense verb phrase. Seat is a noun because of its position as the object signaled by the determiner “my”. D N Be+V+ing D N 4. Pron. Be D N 5. You are in my seat. Was is the past tense of the verb “to be”. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun. Tom is a noun because of its position as the subject. Speaking = You is a subject pronoun. He was cold. . “was buying” is a past tense verb phrase. Pron. Were is the past tense of the verb “to be”. Be 7. Garage is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. Speaking = Boy is a noun because of its position and signaled by the determiner “The”. Tom is a noun because of its position as the subject. He was buying a hat.UNIT 5 D Identifying Verbs (5) (Be + V + ing) N Be N 3. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun. The boy is walking by the house Speaking = Boy is a noun because of its position and signaled by the determiner “The”. Pron. “is walking” is a present participle verb phrase. Pron. Speaking = You is a subject pronoun. D N Be D N 9. Be+V+ing D N 8. You are sitting in my seat. Be+V+ing D N 6. Are is a present tense of the verb “to be”. Seat is a noun because of its position as the subject signaled by the determiner “my”. 50 . The men were in the garage.

Teacher is a noun signaled by the determiner “a”. D N Have+Be+V+ing D N 2. Pron. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun because of its position. Are is a present tense verb. We are in the house. D N Have+Be+V+ing D N 3. Be D N 11. The men have been going each day. English is a noun signaled by the determiner “you”. Be D N 13. Pron. Am is the present tense of the verb “to be”. House is a noun because of its position signaled by the determiner “the”. Speaking = I is a subject pronoun. Pron. House is a noun signaled by the determiner “the”. He is helping me. Friend is a noun signaled by the determiner “my” and its position as the object. “am teaching” is the present tense verb phrase. “were going” is a past tense verb phrase.D N Be+V+ing D N 10. Be+V+ing Pron. 51 . Speaking = I is a subject pronoun. 14. Me is an object pronoun because of its position as the object. Be+V+ing D N 12. Pron. The men were going into the house. of the verb “to be”. Sometimes we use other helpers with be. He is my friend. “is” a present verb tense. Pron. Jim has been sleeping late. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun because of its position. Be D N 15. “is helping ” a present tense verb phrase. I am teaching you English. I am a teacher. of the verb “to be”. Speaking = We is a subject pronoun because of its position. Speaking = Men is a noun because of its position and signaled by the determiner “The”.

D Have+Be+V+ing Pron. You might have been going by now. Some boys had been trying for an hour. Pron. N. They had been singing the song. Pron. I could have been telling you a lie. D N Have+Be+V+ing 8. D N Have+Be+V+ing 7. D N 10. N Have+Be+V+ing Pron. Several girls had been drawing all period. Some pupils have been talking. Have+Be+V-ed+ing D N 12. John has been giving me some help. 52 . N-aux Have+Be+V+ing Pron. N Have+Be+V+ing D N 16. Pron. Have+Be+V+ing D N 15. She has been telling us about it. D N Have+Be+V-ed+ing D N 13. Jim has been stopping near the door. They could have been trying too hard.aux Have+Be+V+ing 5. D N 6. The divers will be leaving now.D N Have+Be+V+ing D N 4. Pron. He has been laying the bricks. D N Have+Be+V-ed+ing N 9. D N-aux Have+Be+V+ing 11. Our dogs had been taking the meat. D N 14.

Jim has sung well 5. Jim can sing well. I write every day Pron. He bowls frequently. Pron.V 8. You may go now. 1. D N V-ed N Pron. N V-aux V Be+V+ing D N 10. Harry has drowned the ants. V-aux +V 14. V-aux V N D N D N 12. Jim sang well 3. V D N 16. D N V-ed D N V-ed Aux. 11. V 17. Jean is trying the problem. She smiles often. Jim is singing well. . Pron. V-aux +V-ed 13. Jim sings well. The boys played for an hour. He did want the present. Jim has been singing well.V Have+en V Be+V+ing Have+Be+V+ing Aux. Our parents gave it to us. Pron. Jim does sing well. Pron. Pron. We shall walk rapidly. Draw a line to the correct form to match the symbol. 15. 7. 6. 4. V 9.Try to identify the verb forms in the sentences below. 2. 53 .

I am writing the paper now. Pron. V D N 22.Pron. Pron. Be+V+ing D N 18. 20. Pron. Pron. We have the supplies. V D N 21. He was my friend. Jerry has been going too. Our helpers are stopping now. 54 . You do talk quite loud. Have+V-en D N 23. D N Be+V+ing 24. N Have+Be+V+ing 19. V-aux. They have ridden the horse.

Part III Prepositions 55 .

sang is a past tense verb. V-ed 3. sub. sub. He jumped over the log. sub. jumped is a past tense verb. We dove off the board. sub. Speaking = Harry is a simple subject. and “off the board” a prepositional phrase. Judy sat near us. V-ed 7. sat is a past tense verb. Speaking = Book is the simple subject signaled by “The”. sub. jumped is a past tense verb.Unit 1 IDENTIFYING PREPOSITIONS sub. smiled is a past tense verb. sub. She smiled at him. sub. Harry drove into the garage. jumped is a past tense verb. The book dropped on the floor. Speaking = She is a simple subject pronoun. V-ed 4. Speaking = He is a simple subject pronoun. and “over the log” is a prepositional phrase. and “near us” is a prepositional phrase. V-ed 9. and “ at him” is a prepositional phrase. V-ed 2. dropped is a past tense verb. V-ed 6. V-ed 5. drove is a past tense verb. He sang for me. They fought for their liberty. Speaking = He is a simple subject pronoun. and “into the garage” is a prepositional phrase. V-ed 8. and “for their liberty” a prepositional phrase. 56 . Speaking = He is a simple subject pronoun. Speaking = We is a simple subject pronoun. and “for me” is a prepositional phrase. and “on the floor” a prepositional phrase. Speaking = Judy is a simple subject.

Speaking = Facts is a simple subject. V-ed 11. sub. Speaking = Men is a simple subject. Speaking = House is a simple subject. walked is a past tense verb. Speaking = Deer is a simple subject signaled by “A”. sub. were is a past tense verb. V-ed 10. and “ for hours a prepositional phrase. sub. “is” a present tense verb. V-ed 13. “is” a present tense verb. sub. That road beyond us is long. Speaking = Road is a simple subject signaled by “That”. V 12. The men walked for hours. V-ed 14. The house near us is old. Speaking = Boys is a simple plural subject signaled by “Several”. The boy with the candy was happy. A deer stood amid the trees. The facts of the matter were obvious. and “of the matter” prepositional phrase. and “amid the trees” a prepositional phrase. “beyond us” a prepositional phrase. and “with the candy” is a prepositional phrase. were missing is a “to be” past tense verb plus “ing”. sub. Several boys were missing from school. and “from school“ is a prepositional phrase. 57 . was is a past tense verb. V 15. and “near us” a prepositional phrase. stood is a past tense verb. Be +V-ed+ ing 16. sub.sub. Speaking = Boy is a simple subject.

. The robin in the nest flew away. “of the book” a prepositional phrase. “in the nest” a prepositional phrase. and flew is a past tense verb. Speaking = Robin is a simple subject signaled by “The”. and was a past tense verb. sub.sub. . Speaking = Cover is a simple subject. V-ed 17. V-ed 18. 58 . The cover of the book was attractive.

Sub. Each pole stood (near a house). V-ed P OP 4. Ted ran through the store. V-ed P OP 7. Speaking = Scott is the simple subject pronoun. Speaking = They is the simple subject pronoun. Speaking = Pole is the simple subject pronoun. She walked (through the house). and “with Gary” a prepositional phrase. talked the past tense verb. and “at her“ a prepositional phrase. and “near a house“ a prepositional phrase. Speaking = They is the simple subject pronoun. laughed the past tense verb. Speaking = She is the simple subject pronoun. played the past tense verb. and “through the house“ a prepositional phrase. V-ed 2. Speaking = Men is the simple plural subject. walked the past tense verb. Sub. stood the past tense verb. Sub. Sub.Unit 2 More about PREPOSITIONS P OP Sub. V-ed P OP 5. talked the past tense verb. and “with Tom him“ a prepositional phrase. The boys left with Gary. V-ed P OP 8. V-ed P OP 3. 59 . and “to him “ a prepositional phrase. left the past tense verb. and “to him “ a prepositional phrase. Sub. Speaking = Boys is the simple plural subject. Some men laughed (at her). Scott played (with Tom). They talked (to him). Sub. V-ed P OP 6.

I sat behind Sue and Jane. We played against Tom and Bill. It looked (like rain or snow). He read (about cowboys and cattle). Sub. Sub. Sub. V P OP OP 6. V-ed P OP P OP 2. V-ed P OP P OP 3.    60 . V compound objects of the preposition. Sub. Sub. Jack went (with him and me). V P OP OP 5. Now look for Sub.There may be more than one prepositional phrase in a sentence. Sub. Jim talked (to us) (from the front) (of the room). Sub. She sat (by me) (near the door). V P OP OP 7. I left (for the game) (at dawn). Mother looked (for shoes and a dress). V-ed P OP P OP 5. V P OP OP 4. Sub. Sub. It depends (upon him and me). V P OP OP 3. They walked (over the hill) (to the mill). P OP OP ~~~ 2. V P OP OP 8. Sub. V-ed P OP P OP P OP 4.

I did it in spite of her. They sat ahead of us. watch for phrasal prepositions. V-ed P OP 6. Sub. V-ed P OP 3. We left in spite of the weather. V-ed P OP 4. V-ed P OP 5.In these sentences. He went by means of a car. 61 . V-ed P OP 2. It happened because of him. Sub. Sub. Sub. Sub.

Part IV Adjectives and Sentence Patterns 62 .

which helps us understand the subject “It”. which helps us understand the subject “dress”. which helps us understand the subject “She”. “has been” is in our list followed by quiet. V LV Adj. Are is in our list followed by pretty. and “to us” a prepositional phrase. It does smell good (to me). 5. Speaking = Clouds is the plural subject signaled by “The”. 6. 2. “looks” is the verb. D N LV Adj. and “for a minute” a prepositional phrase. The clouds (in the sky) are pretty. “has been” is the verb. Speaking = It is the subject pronoun. which is a predicate adjective. Speaking = Dress is the subject signaled by “the”. and “to me” a prepositional phrase. which is a predicate adjective. 4. That horn sounds awful (to us). 63 . which helps us understand the subject clouds. “in the sky” a prepositional phrase. D N LV Adj. 3. The dress looks lovely (on you). Pron. “does smell” is the verb phrase. Pron. which helps us understand the subject “That”. “are” is the verb.Unit 1 D N IDENTIFYING THE ADJECTIVE LV Adj. Speaking = Horn is the subject signaled by “That”. which is a predicate adjective. Looks is in our list followed by pretty. and “on you” a prepositional phrase. which is a predicate adjective. Speaking = She is a subject pronoun. which is a predicate adjective. Sounds is in our list followed by awful. She has been quiet (for a minute). LV Be+en Adj. “Does smell” is in our list followed by good. “sounds” is the verb.

The picture (on the wall) is pretty. Speaking = Picture is the subject signaled by “The”. and “on the table” a prepositional phrase. Speaking = Tom is the subject. which helps us understand the subject food. 64 . which is a predicate adjective. The children are noisy.Pron. There is no prepositional phrase. Note: Every sentence does not have a prepositional phrase method to the sentences below. “was” is the past tense verb. Speaking = Children is the plural subject signaled by “The”. which is a predicate adjective. There is no prepositional phrase. which helps us understand the subject Tom. “will be” is the verb. and “on the wall” a prepositional phrase. “will be” is in our list followed by good. 9. which helps us understand the subject “children”. 8. He will be good (for an hour). N LV Adj. D N LV Adj. “is” is in our list followed by pretty. “is” the verb. and “for an hour” a prepositional phrase. Was is in our list followed by delicious. Be Adj. “are” is the verb. 7. Are is in our list followed by pretty. D N LV Adj. D N LV-ed Adj. Speaking = Food is the subject signaled by “The”. The food (on the table) was delicious. which is a predicate adjective. which is a predicate adjective. 11. which helps us understand the subject picture. which helps us understand the subject clouds. “is” the verb. which is a predicate adjective. “Is” is in our list followed by handsome. 10. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun. Tom is handsome.

Pron. Remained is in our list followed by quiet. which helps us understand the subject Tommy. and “at thirty” a prepositional phrase. LV Adj. 17. 65 . Speaking = Tommy is the subject. “Be” is in our list followed by hard. N Be + en Adj. “Seem” is in our list followed by hard. “has been” is in our list followed by ill. “during the class” a prepositional phrase. which helps us understand the subject men. Look is in our list followed by old. LV-ed Adj. which is a predicate adjective. Speaking = Men is the plural subject signaled by “Some”. “for us” a prepositional phrase. 14. “has been” is the verb. which is a predicate adjective. “seem” is the verb. “remained” is the past tense verb. Speaking = Problems is the plural subject signaled by “The”. Pron. and “in the morning” a prepositional phrase. Tommy has been ill (for a week). The problems could be hard (for us). 15. 13. She remained quiet (during the class). Speaking = She is the subject pronoun. which helps us understand the subject problems. Feel is in our list followed by good. and “for a week” a prepositional phrase. 12. which is a predicate adjective. 16. Speaking = Problems is the plural subject signaled by “The”. which helps us understand the subject “She”. which is a predicate adjective. I feel good (in the morning). which helps us understand the subject problems. The problems seem hard. “look” is the verb. “be” is the verb. which helps us understand the subject I. Speaking = I is the subject pronoun. which is a predicate adjective. which is a predicate adjective. D N LV Adj. “feel” is the verb. There is no prepositional phrase. D N LV Adj. Some men look old (at thirty).D N LV Adj.

helps us understand the subject girls. Appear is in our list followed by selfish. which helps us understand the subject boys. Speaking = Joe is the subject. Some girls appear selfish. “in the room” a prepositional phrase. Had been is in our list followed by noisy. Speaking = Boys is the plural subject signaled by “The”. 19. There is no prepositional phrase. 66 . which is a predicate adjective which. Joe had been noisy (in the room). 20. which is a predicate adjective. Speaking = Girls is the plural subject signaled by “Some”. 18. which is a predicate adjective. D N LV-ed Adj. which helps us understand the subject Joe. “had been” is the past tense verb.N LV-ed= Be + en Adj. D N LV Adj. “appear” is the verb. The boys continued confident. “continued” is the past tense verb. Continued is in our list followed by confident.

I am a player (on the team). Sub. The boy (on the raft) is Jerry. “Is” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by Shirley. Speaking = It is the subject pronoun. Speaking = He is the subject. and “with me” a prepositional phrase. 67 . It was Judy (with me).Unit 2 Sub. that tells us about or refers to the subject “I”. “Is” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by mother. Sub. Helen is the mother (in the play). Sub. Sub. Sub. Speaking = I is the subject pronoun. “was” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by Judy. LV-ed PN 3. “Is” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by hero. Speaking = Helen is the subject. and “on the team” a prepositional phrase. a predicate noun. that tells us about or refers to the subject “He”. and in the play” a prepositional phrase. a predicate noun. “is” the verb. and “at the door” a prepositional phrase. that tells us about or refers to the subject boy. He will be the hero (of the hour). LV PN 5. LV PN 7. “will be” the verb. Speaking = That is the subject. The Predicate Noun Pattern LV PN 2. a predicate noun. a predicate noun. and “on the raft” a prepositional phrase. a predicate noun. Speaking = Boy is the subject. “is” the verb. LV PN 4. “am” the verb. “Is” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by Jerry. “is” the verb. a predicate noun. and “of the hour” a prepositional phrase. “Is” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by player. that tells us about or refers to the subject Helen. that tells us about or refers to the subject “That”. “was” the verb. that tells us about or refers to the subject boy. That is Shirley (at the door). LV+be PN 6.

a predicate noun that tells us about or refers to the subject boy. Harold seemed a stranger (to us). The boy continued (to be) my helper. “remained” the past tense verb. that tells us about or refers to the subject “Harold”. and “for years” a prepositional phrase. LV-ed PN 11. Speaking = I is the subject pronoun. Sub. and “to us” a prepositional phrase. 68 . “are” the verb. Sub. that tells us about or refers to the subject “I”. “Looked” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by wreck. a predicate noun. and “in the hall” a prepositional phrase. a predicate noun. LV PN 8. a predicate noun that tells us about or refers to the subject “men”. “Remained” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by friend. LV-ed PN 12. Those men are friends (of mine). That was Jane (in the hall). The car looked a wreck (to him). Speaking = That is the subject. that tells us about or refers to the subject “That”.Sub. “Continued” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by helper. and “of mine” a prepositional phrase. LV-ed PN 13. a predicate noun. Speaking = Men is the plural subject. Speaking = Harold is the subject. Speaking = Car is the subject. Sub. I remained his friend (for years). that tells us about or refers to the subject “car”. a predicate noun. “was” a past tense verb. “continued” the verb. “was” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by Jane. and “to him” a prepositional phrase. “Are” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by friends. LV PN 9. “Is” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by stranger. Sub. (to be is understood) Speaking = Boy is the subject. Sub. “seemed” the verb. LV PN 10. “looked” the verb.

a predicate noun. “Became” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by hostess. “seemed” a past tense verb. and “for the day” a prepositional phrase. a predicate noun. “became” the verb. Joe seemed a stranger (to them). a predicate noun. LV-ed PN 19. that tells us about or refers to the subject cat. Speaking = Cat is the subject. that tells us about or refers to the subject “She”. LV-ed PN 15. “was” a past tense verb. LV-ed PN 18. that tells us about or refers to the subject “man”. 69 . The cat (on the fence) was Tammy. and “to the man” a prepositional phrase. She became the hostess (for the day). Speaking = Joe is the subject. and “of mine” a prepositional phrase. “Became” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by Jerry.Sub. LV+Be PN 14. and “on the fence” a prepositional phrase. a predicate noun. Jim appeared a liar (to the man). There is no prepositional phrase. that tells us about or refers to the subject Joe. “Seemed” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by stranger. a predicate noun. Sub. “Appeared” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by liar. “appeared” a past tense verb. Sub. LV PN 16. that tells us about or refers to the subject “Joe”. “will be” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by friend. Speaking = Joe is the subject. that tells us about or refers to the subject Jim. “Was” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by Tammy. Speaking = Jim is the subject. Sub. Speaking = She is the subject pronoun. “became” the verb. “will be” the verb. Sub. That man became a beggar. a predicate noun. Sub. Speaking = Man is the subject. Joe will be a friend (of mine). LV PN 17. and “to them” a prepositional phrase.

Sub. a predicate noun. a predicate noun. It is they near the school. 2. “Has been” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by neighbor. 6. that tells us about or refers to the subject building. 3. “Became” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by pal. and “for the day” a prepositional phrase. LV Pron. LV Pron. “Appeared” is in the list of linking verbs and is followed by success. The man by the car was he. LV Pron. LV Pron. 5. LV-ed PN 20. “has been” the verb. The boy has been a neighbor (to me). “appeared” a past tense verb. Sub. Sub. that tells us about or refers to the subject dog. Speaking = Boy is the subject. LV Pron. That is he with my father. 70 . LV PN 21.Sub. “became” the verb. a predicate noun. Speaking = Building is the subject. That was they (by the house). 4. Sub. The man was he by the car. The dog became my pal (for the day). LV+en PN 22. Sub. The building appeared a success. Speaking = Dog is the subject. Section 2 Sub. There is no prepositional phrase. and “to me” a prepositional phrase. that tells us about or refers to the subject boy. Sub.

Sub. This is I. 11. Sub. LV Pron. LV Pron. 9. 12. 7. It is they behind us. V Pron. That was she in the kitchen. 10. Sub. 71 . 8. It was she on the stage. Sub. Sub. Sub. This is he. V Pron. LV Pron. LV-ed Pron. It was they beyond the hill.

It is transitive. An accident caused the trouble for us. Sub. Jack threw a curve at me. “studied” is the verb. “hit” is the verb. It is transitive. followed by the direct object curve. and “at me” is a prepositional phrase. It is transitive. followed by the direct object ball. and “for us” is a prepositional phrase. and “at noon” is a prepositional phrase. Speaking = Jim is the subject. Sub. Speaking = Jack is the subject. V-t DO 4. Sub. He hit the ball across the field. “threw” is the verb. Caused is a linking verb because there is a prepositional phrase. Speaking = He is the subject pronoun. The fielder caught the fly. Sub. Studied is a linking verb because there is a prepositional phrase. It is transitive. V-t DO 7. V-t DO 6. followed by the direct object fly. Threw is a linking verb because there is a prepositional phrase. “recited” is the verb. “caught” is the verb. It is transitive. Speaking = Fielder is the subject. “caused” is verb. Speaking = She is a subject pronoun. V-t DO 2. Recited is a linking verb because there is a prepositional phrase.Unit 3 The Direct Object pattern Sub. Jim recited his piece at home. followed by the direct object lesson. followed by the direct object piece. V-t DO 5. She studied her lesson at noon. 72 . Sub. and “at home” is a prepositional phrase. Hit is a linking verb because there is a prepositional phrase. Caught is not a linking verb because there is not a prepositional phrase. Speaking = Accident is the subject. followed by the direct object trouble. V-t DO 3. and “across the field” is a prepositional phrase. It is transitive.

It is transitive. Built is a linking verb because there is a prepositional phrase. It is transitive. Speaking = Tom is the subject. The boys built a dam across the pond. followed by the direct object papers. Father burned the papers. Picked is not a linking verb because there is not a prepositional phrase. Sub. Speaking = Father is the subject. Burned is not a linking verb because there is not a prepositional phrase. “picked” is the verb. 73 . Sub. V-t DO 13. “shot” is the verb. V-t DO 11. followed by the direct object dam. It is transitive. “burned” is the verb. Speaking = Men is the plural subject.Sub. Tom sold his bicycle to him. Sold is a linking verb because there is a prepositional phrase. Grabbed is not a linking verb because there is not a prepositional phrase. Sub. It is transitive. V-t DO 12. V-t DO 8. followed by the direct object deer. “built” is the verb. followed by the direct object bicycle. It is transitive. Sub. V-t DO 10. Some girls picked the daisies. Shot is a linking verb because there is a prepositional phrase. “grabbed” is the verb. The men grabbed their axes. “sold” is the verb. He shot a deer in the woods. Speaking = Boys is the subject. V-t DO 9. followed by the direct object daisies. It is transitive. and “to him” is a prepositional phrase. and “in the woods” is a prepositional phrase. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun. Speaking = Girls is the subject. and “across the pond” is a prepositional phrase. followed by the direct object axes Sub.

“lost” is the verb. Baked is a linking verb because there is a prepositional phrase. Served is a linking verb because there is a prepositional phrase. “drove” is the verb. Drove is not a linking verb because there is not a prepositional phrase. It is transitive. It is transitive. V-t DO 14. The child found his mother. “found” is the verb. followed by the direct object mother. “served” is the verb. Speaking = Fred is the subject. Tore is a linking verb because there is a prepositional phrase.Sub. V-t DO 16. “baked” is the verb. The maid served tea at night. and “into shreds” is a prepositional phrase. Speaking = Sue is the subject. V-t DO 15. V-t DO 17. followed by the direct object nails. It is transitive. Sub. Sub. followed by the direct object cake. followed by the direct object tea. followed by the direct object paper. Tom tore his paper into shreds. It is transitive. and “for me” is a prepositional phrase. 74 . It is transitive. Sub. She lost a dime at the store. and “at night” is a prepositional phrase. Sub. V-t DO 20. It is transitive. Speaking = Tom is the subject. V-t DO 18. Sub. Sub. Speaking = Child is the subject. Found is not a linking verb because there is a prepositional phrase. V-t DO 19. followed by the direct object dime. Sue baked a cake for me. Lost is a linking verb because there is a prepositional phrase. Speaking = Maid is the subject. and “at the store” is a prepositional phrase. “tore” is the verb. He threw the eraser to me. Fred drove the nails. Speaking = She is a subject pronoun.

 Because pronouns can substitute for nouns. pronouns can substitute for nouns in the direct object position.Speaking = He is a subject pronoun. Sub. Sub V-t DO 7.  Notice that the verbs are most often past tense. Sub. Sue told them (about it). Sub. V-t DO 5. Mother told her (about it). He pushed us (into the water). I saw it (in the woods). V-t DO 2. 75 . “threw” is the verb. It is transitive. Threw is a linking verb because there is a prepositional phrase. when using the Direct Object. and “to me” is a prepositional phrase. Sub. V-t DO 3. Sub. V-t DO 6. A bee stung me (on my arm). followed by the direct object eraser. V-t DO 4. Joe grabbed him (by the collar).

at noon is a prepositional phrase. Speaking = Man is the subject. Mary wrote Jane a letter (about home). The verb is not linking. Speaking = Mary is the subject. but it is transitive with “letter” the direct object and Jane the indirect object. but it is transitive with “boat” the direct object and us the indirect object. The verb is not linking. showed the verb. The verb is not linking. but it is transitive with “lesson” the direct object and them the indirect object.Unit 4 The Indirect Object pattern Sub. Speaking = He is the subject. but it is transitive with “whistle” the direct object. at the dock is a prepositional phrase. Father carved John a whistle. The verb is not linking. She gave me an apple (at noon). He told them the lesson (for the day). The man (at the dock) showed us a boat. V-g I0 DO 5. 76 . gave the verb. Speaking = Father is the subject. The usher found us a seat (in front). but it is transitive with “apple” the direct object and us the indirect object. V-g I0 DO 7. V-g I0 DO 4. Sub. Sub. wrote the verb. Sub. V-g I0 DO 6. Sub. for the day is a prepositional phrase. Speaking = She is the subject. Speaking = Usher is the subject. carved the verb. V-g I0 DO 2. but it is transitive with “apple” the direct object and me the indirect object. and John the indirect object. in front is a prepositional phrase. told the verb. There is no prepositional phrase. The verb is not linking. found the verb. The verb is not linking. V-g I0 DO 3. about home is a prepositional phrase. Sub.

gave the verb. about the meeting is a prepositional phrase. The verb is not linking. The verb is not linking. V-g I0 DO 9. near us is a prepositional phrase. The verb is not linking. gave the verb. bought the verb. Speaking = Harry is the subject. The girl (near us) gave me the book. Sub. V-g I0 DO 10. near us is a prepositional phrase. We sent Sue a note (about the meeting). for pop is a prepositional phrase. Harry gave Jim a push (into the water). Sub. V-g I0 DO 11. gave the verb. Speaking = Boy is the subject. The verb is not linking. June gave her sister a dime (for pop). V-g I0 DO 13.Sub. Sub. Sub. Sub. Speaking = We is the subject. V-g I0 DO 12. Speaking = Girl is the subject. Speaking = June is the subject. 77 . but it is transitive with “dime” the direct object and sister the indirect object. but it is transitive with “note” the direct object and Sue the indirect object. Speaking = Father is the subject. sent the verb. but it is transitive with “apple” the direct object and Tom the indirect object. but it is transitive with “push” the direct object and me the indirect object. The verb is not linking. but it is transitive with “ball” the direct object and me the indirect object. into the water is a prepositional phrase. The verb is not linking. Father bought Tom a suit. gave the verb. V-g I0 DO 8. but it is transitive with “book” the direct object and me the indirect object. The boy (near us) gave me a ball.

for it is a prepositional phrase. The verb is not linking. There is no prepositional phrase. but it is transitive with “painting” the direct object and me the indirect object. V-g I0 DO 16. found the verb. He gave me the painting. I told her the story (at night). but it is transitive with “story” the direct object and her the indirect object. sold the verb.Sub. My father found me the job. The verb is not linking. Speaking = He is the subject. The verb is not linking. typed the verb. Speaking = I is the subject. Speaking = Father is the subject. but it is transitive with “money” the direct object and me the indirect object. of me is a prepositional phrase. V-g I0 DO 15. V-g I0 DO 20. The verb is not linking. He owes me the money (for it). The baker sold us a cake. but it is transitive with “picture” the direct object and him the indirect object. Speaking = Baker is the subject. owes the verb. but it is transitive with “job” the direct object and me the indirect object. Speaking = I is the subject. 78 . Sub. V-g I0 DO 4. told the verb. but it is transitive with “cake” the direct object and us the indirect object. The verb is not linking. Sub. The verb is not linking. but it is transitive with “letter” the direct object and me the indirect object. The verb is not linking. have given the verb. Speaking = He is the subject. Sub. I have given him a picture (of me). of thanks is a prepositional phrase. V-g I0 DO 18. V-g I0 DO 17. V-g I0 DO 19. Speaking = Hazel is the subject. Sub. Sub. Hazel typed me a letter (of thanks). at night is a prepositional phrase. gave the verb. Sub.

Sub. 6. There are no prepositional phrases. Sub. 4. Speaking = Chipmunk is the subject. 3. traveled is the verb.Unit 5 The Adverb pattern Sub. The students danced (merrily). VI Adv. but it is intransitive. Speaking = We is the subject. The chipmunk chattered (loudly). followed by the adverb quickly. VI Adv. 5. but it is intransitive. Speaking = Tom is the subject. Harry walked (in). but it is intransitive. Speaking = Students is the subject. VI Adv. There are no prepositional phrases. followed by the adverb loudly. 2. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Speaking = Tom is the subject. 7. but it is intransitive. 79 . There are no prepositional phrases. followed by the adverb fast. but it is intransitive. There are no prepositional phrases. Sub. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. followed by the adverb slowly. VI Adv. followed by the adverb in. VI Adv. chattered is the verb. but it is intransitive. There are no prepositional phrases. ran is the verb. Tom ran (quickly). Tom ran (fast). The verb is neither linking nor transitive. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Sub. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. We traveled (slowly). stayed is the verb. Sub. VI Adv. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. followed by the adverb merrily. There are no prepositional phrases. ran is the verb. walked is the verb. Speaking = Harry is the subject.

9. Speaking = Sun is the subject. Sub. Many boys waited (patiently). Sub. VI Adv. Sub. 80 . followed by the adverb slowly. laughed is the verb. followed by the adverb quietly. Speaking = Boys is the plural subject. Speaking = She is the subject pronoun.Sub. followed by the adverb soon. There are no prepositional phrases. but it is intransitive. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Speaking = Boy is the subject. but it is intransitive. There are no prepositional phrases. but it is intransitive. but it is intransitive. waited is the verb. They will leave (soon). There are no prepositional phrases. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. VI Adv. followed by the adverb patiently. 10. 8. stumbled is the verb. 12. 11. The sun rises (slowly). VI Adv. rises is the verb. Speaking = They is the subject pronoun. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. There are no prepositional phrases. VI Adv. Note: Remember that the word lists in this book are only examples and that usually there are many more words like them. followed by the adverb onward. Sub. There are no prepositional phrases. will leave is the verb phrase. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. VI Adv. but it is intransitive. The boy stumbled (onward). She laughed (quietly).

Now see how many adverbs you can write to fit in the blank below. The boy ran slowly quickly sweetly now soon always here out not too almost The boy ran quietly fast merrily then never often there in quite very partly 81 .

Lecture is the direct object. 82 . 5. “told” is the verb. “bumped” is a past tense verb.transitive verbs followed by us the indirect object. LV IO D DO P OP 4. “lay” is a linking verb. (indirect object pattern) Speaking = Man is the subject. (adverb pattern) Speaking = Pencil is the subject signaled by “The”. Sub. V-g IO D DO P OP 7. at the dock is a prepositional phrase. (indirect object pattern) Speaking = He is a subject pronoun. an adverb. “told“ is in our list of linking verbs followed by story. “gave“ is a non. “was“ is in our list of linking verbs followed by president. The ship (at the dock) bumped our boat. a noun signaled by “the”. He gave us a lecture (about safety). A man told Tom the story (of the event). (adverb pattern) Speaking = Dog is the subject signaled by the determiner “His”. of the club is a prepositional phrase. D Sub. My father was the president (of the club). D Sub. P OP V-t D DO 3.Summary Pattern #6 D Sub. of the event is a prepositional phrase. “bumped“ is a transitive verb followed by boat. VI Adv. followed by quietly an adverb. (direct object pattern) Speaking = Ship is the subject. and signaled by the determiner “our”. LV D N P OP 2. D Sub. Down the road is a prepositional phrase. “was” is the verb. “trotted” is a linking verb. (predicate noun pattern) Speaking = Father is the subject signaled by “My”. The pencil lay there. “gave” is the verb. followed by there. D Sub. P D OP 6. His dog trotted quietly (down the street). about safety is a prepositional phrase. a predicate adjective. VI Adv.

V-t D DO P OP 13. Pron. Sub. Each boy took his book (to the library). a predicate adjective. “took” is a transitive verb. “appeared“ is in our list of linking verbs followed by happy. (adverb pattern) Speaking = She is the subject pronoun. an predicate adjective. Jim was the leader (of the group). Gracefully is an adverb. about our plans is a prepositional phrase. “tastes” is the verb. (predicate adjective pattern) Speaking = Girl is the subject. V-t D DO 9.Sub. “Was“ is in our list of linking verbs followed by leader. “wanted” is a past tense transitive verb. LV PAdj. LV Adj. Paper is a direct object. 83 . “was” is the verb. We wanted the paper (by noon). (direct object pattern) Speaking = Boy is the subject signaled by the determiner “Each”. “tastes“ is in our list of linking verbs followed by good. to the boys is a prepositional phrase. by noon is a prepositional phrase. Sub. “is“ is in our list of linking verbs followed by Susan an adjective. VI Adv. “appeared” is the verb. The bread tastes good (to the boys). (predicate noun pattern) Speaking = Jim is the subject. “is” a present tense verb. Pron. D Sub. P OP LV P. P D OP 12. (predicate noun pattern) Speaking = Bread is the subject. Jean appeared happy (about our plans). (direct object pattern) Speaking = We is the subject. 14. a noun. LV D N 10. P OP 11. to the library is a prepositional phrase. “walked” is a linking verb. The girl (near me) is Susan. of the group is a prepositional phrase. D Sub. P D OP 8. Book is a direct object adjective. near me is a prepositional phrase. She walked gracefully (to him). to him is a prepositional phrase.Adj. (predicate adjective pattern) Speaking = Jean is the subject.

VI Adv. “left” is a linking verb. (adverb pattern) Speaking = June is the subject. LV D N P D OP 19. June talked happily. Early is an adverb. V 21. You look unhappy. fly is a verb. There is no prepositional phrase. “look” is the verb.Adj. Sub. a noun signaled by “the”. but not stated or written. about it is a prepositional phrase. Harold is a direct object Pron. Pron. talked a linking verb. (predicate noun pattern) Speaking = He is the subject pronoun. Drove is an intransitive verb. Mother told Harold (about it). told a transitive verb. “became“ is in our list of linking verbs followed by leader. 20. (predicate adjective pattern) Speaking = You is the subject. Car is a direct object. LV P. for the fair is a prepositional phrase. Sub. There is no prepositional phrase. 18. a determiner. a predicate adjective. P D OP 15. He became the leader (of the boys). of the boys is a prepositional phrase. . (direct object pattern) Speaking = Grace is the subject. V-t DO P OP 17. V-t D DO P OP 16. (direct object pattern) Speaking = Mother is the subject. Birds fly. VI Adv. Grace drove the car (to church). Happily is an adverb. Sub. (This can end up as any of the listed) Speaking = Birds is a plural subject. (adverb pattern) Speaking = We is the subject. We left early (for the fair). 84 . Sub. to the church is a prepositional phrase. The object is assumed. “look“ is in our list of linking verbs followed by unhappy. became a linking verb.Pron.

LV Adj. D Sub. Sue gave me the information.Sub. (predicate noun pattern) Speaking = He is a subject pronoun. (direct object pattern) Speaking = I is the subject pronoun. Smells is a linking verb. “seem“ is in our list of linking verbs followed by tall. and down an adverb. LV D N P OP 23. Some trees fell down. 27. There is no prepositional phrase. remained is a linking verb followed by friend. 25. Me is an indirect object. an adjective. Him is a direct object pronoun. Ground is a direct object. “hit” is the verb. (predicate adjective pattern) Speaking = Tress is a plural subject signaled by “Some”. pushed is a transitive verb. D Sub. There is no prepositional phrase.Adj. fell is a linking verb. 28. (predicate adjective pattern) Speaking = Bread is the subject signaled by “The”. (direct object pattern) Speaking = Trees is the subject signaled by ”The”. V-g IO D DO 22. The bread smells good (to us). into the lake is a prepositional phrase. (indirect object pattern) Speaking = Sue is the subject. He remained my friend (for years). VI Adv. V-t D DO. seem is the verb. D Sub. a predicate adjective. “smells“ is in our list of linking verbs followed by good. 85 . gave is the verb. V-t DO P D OP 24. For years is a prepositional phrase. There is no prepositional phrase Pron. 26. (adverb pattern) Speaking = Trees is the plural subject signaled by “Some”. Some trees seem tall. The trees hit the ground. Information is the direct object. There is no prepositional phrase. D Sub. LV P. Pron. to us is a prepositional phrase. I pushed him (into the lake).

Each boy took his pen (with him). with him is a prepositional phrase. LV D N P OP 29. took is a linking verb followed by a noun pen.D Sub. (predicate noun pattern) Speaking = Boy is the subject signaled by “Each”. 86 .

but there is no predicate word after it. “Tastes” is in the list of linking verbs followed by “good”. which describes the subject. which describes or refers to the subject. which describes the subject. and there are no prepositional phrases.Adj. which describes the subject. 7. LV P. “Has been” is therefore a linking verb in this sentence. Speaking = Boys is the subject. but there is no predicate word after it which describes or refers to the subject. “Has been” therefore is not linking in this sentence. Speaking = Man is the subject. D N VI D N 6. tasted the verb. “in the pool” is a prepositional phrase. 87 . Speaking = Candy is the subject.Adj 3. “is” the verb. has been the verb. which describes or refers to the subject. and “with me” a prepositional phrase. and there are no prepositional phrases. Jim has been our chairman. She is (in the pool). Jim has been (with me). “has been” the verb. “is” is in the list of linking verbs but there is no predicate word after it.Unit 6 When Linking VERBS Don’t Link Pron. VI 4. Speaking = She is the subject pronoun. “Is” therefore is not linking in this sentence. The boys tasted the candy. N LV D P. “Is” therefore is not linking in this sentence. N VI 8. Speaking = Jim is the subject. “Tastes” is therefore a linking verb in this sentence. “Has been” is in the list of linking verbs. “Is” is in the list of linking verbs followed by “lovely”. She is lovely. “Has been” is in the list of linking verbs followed by “chairman”. and there are no prepositional phrases. is the verb. “tastes” the verb. There are no prepositional phrases. The candy tastes good.Adj 5. “Tasted” is in the list of linking verbs. D N LV P. Speaking = Jim is the subject. Pron. “Is” is therefore a linking verb in this sentence.

VI 9. D N LV P. They are young. “felt” the verb. Speaking = They is the subject pronoun. “Are” therefore is not linking in this sentence. was the verb. “Are” is in the list of linking verbs followed by “young”. and there are no prepositional phrases. which describes the subject. “Feel” is therefore a linking verb in this sentence. and “on the wall” is a prepositional phrase. Speaking = Salesman is the subject. “are” the verb. Speaking = Boys is the subject. are the verb. The boys feel happy. “Feel” is in the list of linking verbs followed by “happy”. and there are no prepositional phrases. but there is no predicate word after it which describes or refers to the subject. The clock was (on the wall). 11.Pron. “Was” is in the list of linking verbs. D N VI D N 14.Adj 13. Pron. “Felt” is in the list of linking verbs but there is no predicate word after it which describes or refers to the subject. “Was” is in the list of linking verbs followed by “large”. was the verb. Speaking = They is the subject pronoun. which describes the subject. which describes the subject. Speaking = Clock is the subject.Adj. and “in the kitchen” is a prepositional phrase. The salesman felt the cloth. LV 10. “Are” is in the list of linking verbs. D N LV P. and there are no prepositional phrases. D N VI 12. Speaking = Clock is the subject. “Was” therefore is not linking in this sentence. and “on the wall” is a prepositional phrase. 88 . but there is no predicate word after it which describes or refers to the subject. “Felt” therefore is not linking in this sentence. “feel” the verb. “Is” is therefore a linking verb in this sentence. “Has been” is therefore a linking verb in this sentence. They are (in the kitchen). The clock (on the wall) was large.

and there are no prepositional phrases. “Sounds” is in the list of linking verbs. “sounded” the verb. “Grew” is in the list of linking verbs followed by “old”. Speaking = John is the subject. but there is no predicate word after it which describes or refers to the subject. sounds the verb. Speaking = He is the subject pronoun. VI D N 18. and there are no prepositional phrases.Adj 19. and “to me” a prepositional phrase. John sounded the horn. “Grew” is therefore is not linking in this sentence. but there is no predicate word after it which describes or refers to the subject. 89 . VI 15. D N LV P. followed by “good”. “Smells” is therefore a linking verb in this sentence. “Grew” is in the list of linking verbs. “Sounded” therefore is not linking in this sentence. His father grew some tomatoes. “smelled” the verb. and there are no prepositional phrases. which describes the subject. Speaking = Father is the subject. The perfume smells good. D N LV P. It sounds good (to me). “smells” the verb. His father grew old. “Smelled” is therefore is not linking in this sentence. which describes the subject.Pron. Speaking = Perfume is the subject. “grew” the verb. “Sounds” therefore is not linking in this sentence. He smelled the perfume. but there is no predicate word after it which describes or refers to the subject. “Grew” is therefore a linking verb in this sentence. D N VI D N 20. and there are no prepositional phrases. 17. and there are no prepositional phrases. Pron. “grew” the verb. but there is no predicate word after it which describes or refers to the subject. N VI D N 16. “Smells” is in the list of linking verbs. “Sounded” is in the list of linking verbs. Speaking = Man is the subject. “Smelled” is in the list of linking verbs. Speaking = Father is the subject.Adj.

It could be the man. VI D N 23. 25. “Be” is in the list of linking verbs. “continued” is in the list of linking verbs. D N VI D N 22. 90 . LV D P. “Continued” is therefore a linking verb in this sentence. Speaking = Students is the subject.Adj 24. “Turned” is in the list of linking verbs. The weather continued cold. and “on the stove” is a prepositional phrase. but there is no predicate word after it which describes or refers to the subject. Speaking = Weather is the subject.D N LV P. “continued” the verb. followed by “man”. and there are no prepositional phrases. but there is no predicate word after it which describes or refers to the subject. “Be” is therefore a linking verb in this sentence. Speaking = Jerry is the subject. and there are no prepositional phrases. “Turned” is therefore a linking verb in this sentence. “Continued” is in the list of linking verbs followed by “cold”. but there is no predicate word after it which describes or refers to the subject. “Be” therefore is not linking in this sentence. Pron. and there are no prepositional phrases. turned the verb. The students continued the lesson. which describes the subject. She turned the switch (on the stove). Speaking = Weather is the subject. N VI 26. The weather turned cold. which describes the subject. and there are no prepositional phrases. and there are no prepositional phrases. “Continued” is therefore is not linking in this sentence. “continued” the verb. “turned” the verb. “be” the verb. “be” the verb. which describes the subject.Adj 21. Jerry could be outside. “Be” is in the list of linking verbs.Adj. Speaking = She is the subject pronoun. “Are” therefore is not linking in this sentence. “Turned” is in the list of linking verbs followed by “cold”. Pron. D N LV P. Speaking = It is the subject pronoun.

VI P. The men were (near us). “Be” is in the list of linking verbs. It was he (near us). and “near us” is a prepositional phrase. 28. but there is no predicate word after it which describes or refers to the subject. “Were” is in the list of linking verbs. He could be (in the house).Adj.Adj. Speaking = It is the subject pronoun. which describes the subject. and there are no prepositional phrases. “Be” therefore is not linking in this sentence. followed by “he”. but there is no predicate word after it which describes or refers to the subject. and “near us” is a prepositional phrase. “Appeared” is in the list of linking verbs followed by “hungry”. “be” the verb. D N VI 29. and “in the house” a prepositional phrases. D N LV P.Pron. “Be” therefore is not linking in this sentence. “Was” is therefore a linking verb in this sentence. VI 27. which describes the subject. “was” the verb. “were” the verb. Speaking = Dog is the subject. The dog appeared hungry. “Is” is therefore a linking verb in this sentence. 91 . Speaking = He is the subject pronoun. “Was” is in the list of linking verbs. “appeared” the verb. 30. Pron. Speaking = Men is the subject.

Sub. Early modifies the verb left. Quickly he ran (up the hill). The verb is neither linking nor transitive. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Adv. and “for her mother” a Prepositional phrase. Rapidly modifies the verb worked. left the verb. 4. (modifies left) Speaking = Boys is the subject. worked the verb. (modifies ran) Speaking = He is a subject pronoun. John fell down (by the steps). Sub. VI D N Adv. VI Adv. 92 . Quietly modifies the verb talked. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. (modifies rapidly) Speaking = Mary is a subject. Down modifies the verb fell. Adv. Slowly the dog scratched his ear. (modifies scratched) Speaking = Dog is a subject. fell the verb. Slowly modifies the verb scratched.Unit 7 Adverbs modifying Verbs D Sub. There are no prepositional phrases. The boys left the house early. Quickly modifies the verb ran. “by the steps” a prepositional phrase. VI D N 8. D Sub. VI 5. 3. Mary worked rapidly (for her mother). and “up the hill” a prepositional phrase. fell the verb. talked the verb. They talked (to each girl) quietly. There is no a prepositional phrase. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. VI Adv. 6. 7. (modifies talked) Speaking = They is a subject pronoun. VI Adv. Sub. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. scratched the verb. and “to each girl” a prepositional phrase. Sub. (modifies fell) Speaking = John is the subject.

VI Adv. and “for an hour” a prepositional phrase. Gracefully the deer loped (up the hill). Slowly modifies the verb walk. Quietly Jean gave them the candy. 10. He laughed merrily (at the kitten). (modifies is playing) Speaking = She is a subject pronoun. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Adv. V-g Pron. Adv. and “up the hill” a prepositional phrase. V-g Pron. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. (modifies loped) Speaking = Deer is the subject. 14. (modifies gave) Speaking = She is a subject pronoun. walk the verb. Slowly modifies the verb walk. “is playing” a verb phrase.D Sub.Adj. loped the verb. 9. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. VI Adv. Them is an object pronoun and candy a predicate adjective. Then she gave them the ball. There are no prepositional phrases. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. gave the verb. 11. Our baby cried loudly (for an hour). There are no prepositional phrases. (modifies laughed) Speaking = He is a subject pronoun. VI Adv. VI 15. left the verb. Adv. Merrily modifies the verb laughed. and “at the kitten” a prepositional phrase. Sub. She is playing ball now. 13. Sub. gave the verb. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Loudly modifies the verb cried. Sub. D P. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Then modifies the verb gave. (modifies gave) Speaking = Jean is the subject. D N 12. Sub. Sub. I shall walk (down the hall) slowly. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Now modifies the verb phrase “is playing”. Be + ing N Adv. There are no prepositional phrases. and “down the hall” a prepositional phrase. (modifies cried) Speaking = Baby is the subject. 93 . (modifies walk) Speaking = I is a subject pronoun. laughed the verb. Quietly modifies the verb gave. D Sub.

Sub.

Adv.

VI

N

16. Joe now seems hungry. (modifies seems) Speaking = Joe is the subject, seems the verb. There are no prepositional
phrases. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Now modifies the verb seems.
D Sub. VI Adv.

17. The rabbits ran fast (by me). (modifies ran) Speaking = Rabbits is the subject, ran the verb, and “by me” a prepositional
phrase. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Fast modifies the verb ran.
Sub. VI Adv.

18. Sharon went leisurely (on her way). (modifies went) Speaking = Sharon is the subject, went the verb, and “on her way” a
prepositional phrase. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Leisurely modifies the verb went.
D Sub. Adv. VI D N

19. Soon he will be a man. (modifies be) Speaking = He is a subject pronoun, “be” the verb. There are no prepositional
phrases. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Will modifies the verb “be”.
D Sub. VI Adv.

20. The bird fell there (by the tree). (modifies fell) Speaking = Bird is the subject, fell the verb, and “on her way” a prepositional
phrase. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. There modifies the verb fell.
Adv. Sub. VI Pron. D P.Adj.

21. Quickly he gave him the pencil. (modifies gave) Speaking = He is a subject pronoun, gave the verb. There are no prepositional
phrases. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Quickly modifies the verb gave.

94

D

Sub.

VI

Adv.

22. The plane flew (over us) swiftly. (modifies flew) Speaking = Plane is the subject, flew the verb, and “over us” a prepositional
phrase. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Swiftly modifies the verb flew.
Sub. VI Adv.

23. I jumped down (on the ground). (modifies jumped) Speaking = I is a subject pronoun, jumped the verb, and “on the ground” a
prepositional phrase. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Down modifies the verb jumped.
Adv. Sub. VI Pron.

24. Immediately she left us. (modifies left) Speaking = She is a subject pronoun, left the verb. There are no prepositional
phrases. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Immediately modifies the verb left.
Sub. VI Adv. D N

25. Mary was often the chairman. (modifies was) Speaking = Mary is a subject, was the verb. There are no prepositional phrases.
The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Often modifies the verb was.
D Sub. VI D N Adv.

26. The boxer hit his opponent hard. (modifies hit) Speaking = Boxer is the subject, hit the verb. There are no prepositional phrases.
The verb is neither linking or transitive. Hard modifies the verb hit.
Sub. VI D N Adv.

27. He walked past the house rapidly. (modifies walked) Speaking = He is a subject pronoun, walked the verb. There are no prepositional
phrases. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Rapidly modifies the verb walked.
Adv. D Sub. VI Adv.

28. Suddenly the dog became friendly. (modifies became) Speaking = Dog is the subject, became the verb. There are no prepositional
phrases. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Suddenly and friendly both modify the verb left.

95

Adv.

Sub.

VI

D

N

29. Laboriously he copied the letter. (modifies copied) Speaking = He is a subject pronoun, copied the verb. There are no prepositional
phrases. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Laboriously modifies the verb copied.
Sub. Adv. VI D N

30. Bill gracefully rode the horse. (modifies rode) Speaking = Bill is the subject, rode the verb. There are no prepositional phrases.
The verb is neither linking or transitive. Gracefully modifies the verb rode.
Adv. Sub. VI

31. Now he seems quiet. (modifies seems) Speaking = He is a subject pronoun, seems the verb. There are no prepositional
phrases. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Now modifies the verb seems.

96

VI Int. 2. Speaking = We is the subject pronoun. “Too” is an intensifier modifying proud. an adjective. felt the verb. a predicate adjective. Sub. 7. an adjective. PA 6. Speaking = Bob is the subject. an adjective. Speaking = It is the subject pronoun.Unit 8 Adverbs modifying Adjectives Sub. Bob is quite handsome. We shall be very happy (with it). Adv. It was too thin. was the verb. LV Int. an adjective. “Very” is an intensifier modifying felt. “is” the verb. an adjective. “Shall be” is in our list of linking verbs followed by happy. “Very” is an intensifier modifying happy. LV Int. LV Int. PA 5. LV Int. PA. a predicate adjective. a predicate adjective. “Is” is in our list of linking verbs followed by proud. She is too proud (for us). Speaking = She is the subject pronoun. a predicate adjective. Sub. Was in our list of linking verbs followed by thin. “With it” is a prepositional phrase. There are no prepositional phrases. 97 . There are no prepositional phrases. Sub. a predicate adjective. PA 3. “Too” is an intensifier modifying thin. “shall be” a verb phrase. “Quite” is an intensifier modifying handsome. Speaking = Cake is the subject. LV Int. Sub. “is” a verb. Was is in our list of linking verbs followed by delicious. There are no prepositional phrases. Sub. Speaking = Sue is the subject. “Very” is an intensifier modifying delicious. PA 4. Felt is in our list of linking verbs followed by good. “For us” is a prepositional phrase. “About it” is a prepositional phrase. an adverb. was the verb. Sue felt very good (about it). an adverb. “Is” in our list of linking verbs followed by handsome. The cake was very delicious.

an adjective. a predicate adjective. Sub. a predicate adjective. There are no prepositional phrases. “Quite” is an intensifier modifying healthy. a predicate adjective. an adjective. “Was” s in our list of linking verbs followed by cold. Speaking = It is the subject pronoun. LV Int. Speaking = We is the subject pronoun. “Is” is in our list of linking verbs followed by cheerful. Sub. We were unusually glad (about it). “Unusually” is an intensifier modifying glad. “is” the verb. “was” a verb. “Very” is an intensifier modifying pretty. “Too” is an intensifier modifying thin. LV Int. “Was” is in our list of linking verbs followed by healthy. PA 9. “In the room” is a prepositional phrase. Sub. “Were” is in our list of linking verbs followed by glad. LV Int. an adjective. LV Int. Speaking = Darlene is the subject. LV Int. “around us” is a prepositional phrase. Darlene is very pretty. an adjective. “To me” is a prepositional phrase. “were” a verb. Tom was quite healthy (for a boy). an adjective. “About it” is a prepositional phrase. a predicate adjective. Speaking = Water is the subject. PA 12. Speaking = He is the subject pronoun. a predicate adjective. “is” a verb. LV Int.Sub. PA 10. a predicate adjective. “Quite” is an intensifier modifying clear. “is” the verb. “Not” is an intensifier modifying cheerful. 98 . He is not cheerful (around us). Sub. “Looked” is in our list of linking verbs followed by clear. PA 8. Sub. PA 11. PA 13. an adjective. “Is” is in our list of linking verbs followed by pretty. “For a boy” is a prepositional phrase. It is too cold (in the room). The water looked quite clear (to me). “looked” a verb. Speaking = Tom is the subject.

Jane has been unusually sad (about it). a predicate adjective. “Extremely” is an intensifier modifying angry. “Unusually” is an intensifier modifying sad. There are no prepositional phrases. “Really” is an intensifier modifying happy. LV Int. “With us” is a prepositional phrase. PA 17. His clothes looked quite dirty. seems the verb. Speaking = Jane is the subject. looked the verb. PA 15. Speaking = He is the subject pronoun. LV Int. There are no prepositional phrases. an adjective. LV Int. He seems extremely angry (with us). “Has been” is in our list of linking verbs followed by sad. a predicate adjective.Sub. “has been” a verb phrase. a predicate adjective. Sub. Sub. Seems is in our list of linking verbs followed by angry. Speaking = Clothes is the subject. PA 16. Became is in our list of linking verbs followed by happy. The boy became really happy. Looked is in our list of linking verbs followed by dirty. became the verb. an adjective. 99 . an adjective. “Quite” is an intensifier modifying dirty. “About it” is a prepositional phrase. an adjective. a predicate adjective. PA 14. Speaking = Boy is the subject. LV Int. Sub.

Speaking = Pat is the subject. VI Int. VI Int. 4. “In the play” is a prepositional phrase. sang the verb. 6. 3. Sub. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Speaking = Boy is the subject. He sang very well (in the play). VI Int. Sub. Jim works quite fast. 2. works the verb. “Very” is an intensifier modifying the adverb well. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. jumped the verb. 5. She skates unusually well. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. “Too” is an intensifier modifying the adverb slowly. Well is a “how” adverb modifying the verb skates. Adv. “Quite” is an intensifier modifying the adverb fast. Sub. “Unusually” is an intensifier modifying the adverb well. There are no prepositional phrases. The boy (in front) reads too slowly. Pat jumped almost perfectly (over it). Sub. “In front” is a prepositional phrase. perfectly is a “how” adverb modifying the verb jumped. Speaking = Jim is the subject. “Almost” is an intensifier modifying the adverb perfectly. 100 . Speaking = He is a subject pronoun. Adv. VI nt. Speaking = She is a subject pronoun. Adv. “Over it” is a prepositional phrase. skates the verb. Adv. Fast is a “how” adverb modifying the verb works. Slowly is a “how” adverb modifying the verb read. Well is a “how” adverb modifying the verb sang. VI Int. Adv. There are no prepositional phrases. The verb is neither linking nor transitive.Section 2 Adverb Focus Sub. reads the verb.

There are no prepositional phrases. Quickly is a “how” adverb modifying the verb spec. 9. Sub. Adv. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. 7. VI Int. “Very” is an intensifier modifying the adverb quickly. VI Int. A car sped very quickly (by us). VI Int. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. There are no prepositional phrases. talked the verb. Sub. “Quite” is an intensifier modifying the adverb well. Adv. Constantly is a “how” adverb modifying the verb talked. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Speaking = Tim is the subject. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun. 10. Some girls dance quite well. Eagerly is a “how” adverb modifying the verb listened. “has eaten” a verb phrase. Adv. 101 . There are no prepositional phrases. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. “Too” is an intensifier modifying the adverb quickly. Sub. “Very” is an intensifier modifying the adverb eagerly. Adv. VI Int. Sub. Speaking = Jim is the subject. “To me” is a prepositional phrase. Speaking = Girls is the subject. dance the verb. “Almost” is an intensifier modifying the adverb constantly. Quickly is a “how” adverb modifying the verb “has eaten”.Sub. Speaking = Car is the subject. Adv. He listened (to me) very eagerly. Tim talked almost constantly. Jim has eaten too quickly. 8. listened the verb. VI Int. “By us” is a prepositional phrase. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. sped the verb. Well is a “how” adverb modifying the verb dance. 11.

VI Int. There are no prepositional phrases. 14. “Too” is an intensifier modifying the adverb slowly. VI Int. Speaking = We is a subject pronoun. Sub. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun. 15. Unwillingly is a “how” adverb modifying the verb went. A squirrel dashed very fast (by us). Adv. She read too slowly (for the part). . 13. VI Int. “Unusually” is an intensifier modifying the adverb well. “To town’ is a prepositional phrase. Slowly is a “how” adverb modifying the verb read. “Very” is an intensifier modifying the adverb unwillingly. sang the verb. There are no prepositional phrases. Speaking = She is the subject. “Very” is an intensifier modifying the adverb fast.Sub. Adv. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. went the verb. “By us” is a prepositional phrase. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Speaking = Squirrel is the subject. Sub. He proved the problem very easily. 102 . The tenor sang unusually well. “Very” is an intensifier modifying the adverb easily. Easily is a “how” adverb modifying the verb proved. proved the verb. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. VI Int. Fast is a “how” adverb modifying the verb dashed. read the verb. “For the part us” is a prepositional phrase. Sub. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Speaking = Tenor is the subject. 12. We went (to town) very unwillingly. Adv. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Adv. VI Int. Sub. Well is a “how” adverb modifying the verb sang. 16. Adv. dashed the verb.

VI Adv. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. met the verb. “saw” a verb. 4. 6. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. 3. VI Adv. He jumped ten feet (over the brook). N. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun. 2. Sub. Speaking = I is the subject pronoun. Speaking = She is a subject pronoun. was the verb. VI Adv. “Ten feet” is an adverbial noun. “was worth” a verb phrase. 103 . Sub. N. Sub. I saw him last week. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun.Unit 9 Adverbial Nouns (Pattern) Sub. “Fifty dollars” is an adverbial noun. “Last week” is an adverbial noun. There are no prepositional phrases. “Last night” is an adverbial noun. There are no prepositional phrases. N. “That day” is an adverbial noun. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. VI Adv. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. 5. and “at the park” is a prepositional phrase. jumped the verb. Our dog was worth fifty dollars. Sub. She walked ten miles (to town). N. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. VI Adv. 7. N. Speaking = Dog is the subject. “Ten miles” is an adverbial noun. and “to town” is a prepositional phrase. and “in the house” is a prepositional phrase. and “over the brook” is a prepositional phrases. He met me last night (at the park). N. walked the verb. Sub. VI Adv. He was there (in the house) that day.

Speaking = We is a subject pronoun. ran the verb. 8. backed the verb. Speaking = Car is the subject. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. “shall go” a verb phrase. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. waited the verb. VI Adv. John waited two hours (in the depot). N. 12. Sub. and “to him” is a prepositional phrase.Sub. Three times the car ran (around the track). walked the verb. Adv. Speaking = We is a subject pronoun. We backed up one inch. He sat quietly five minutes. N. “Three times” is an adverbial noun. N. “Four days” is an adverbial noun. “Two hours” is an adverbial noun. “One inch” is an adverbial noun. We shall go this afternoon (to him). “This afternoon” is an adverbial noun. 104 . and there are no prepositional phrases. Sub. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. and “in the depot” is a prepositional phrase. VI Adv. Sub. sat the verb. VI Adv. and there are no prepositional phrases.VI 9. Sub. and there are no prepositional phrases. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun. VI Adv. VI 14. N. 10. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. VI Adv. “All morning” is an adverbial noun. rained the verb. Adv. N. Speaking = She is a subject pronoun. N. 13. We drove (over the roads) all morning. Sub. Speaking = It is a subject pronoun. “Five minutes” is an adverbial noun. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Four days it rained. and “over the roads” is a prepositional phrase. Speaking = John is the subject. Sub. N. 11. and “around the track” is a prepositional phrase. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. The verb is neither linking nor transitive.

“was worth” a verb phrase. N. 105 . N. 16. VI Adv. “offered” a verb. “Next month” is an adverbial noun. “shall pay” a verb phrase. Sub. 19. The book was worth five dollars. 21. and there are no prepositional phrases. N. and “to him” a prepositional phrase. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. “went” a verb. His hat was worth ten dollars. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. “Six inches” is an adverbial noun. It dropped six inches. VI Adv. Speaking = Butter is the subject. “was worth” a verb phrase. Speaking = Book is the subject. Sub. N. N. Speaking = I is a subject pronoun. “This morning” is an adverbial noun. Speaking = She is a subject pronoun. “dropped” a verb. I shall pay you next month. Speaking = It is a subject pronoun. 17. Sub. “was worth” a verb phrase. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. “Ten dollars” is an adverbial noun. Sub. and “to him” a prepositional phrase. VI Adv. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. We offered it (to him) five times. VI Adv. Speaking = Hat is the subject. “Five times” is an adverbial noun. N. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. and “to town” a prepositional phrase. N. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Sub. VI Adv.Sub. Sub. “Five dollars” is an adverbial noun. The butter was worth sixty cents. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. VI Adv. VI Adv. 20. She went (to town) this morning. Speaking = We is a subject pronoun. “Sixty cents” is an adverbial noun. and there are no prepositional phrases. 15. There are no prepositional phrases. 18. There are no prepositional phrases.

23. VI Adv. 106 . Sub. Speaking = He is a subject pronoun. Speaking = You is a subject pronoun. Sub. “will come” a verb phrase. “came” a verb. N. “was worth” a verb phrase. and “during the day” a prepositional phrase. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. Speaking = Car is the subject. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. VI Adv. “Tomorrow morning” is an adverbial noun. “Ninety dollars” is an adverbial noun. You must walk two miles (during the day). N.Sub. There are no prepositional phrases. There are no prepositional phrases. 24. “Two miles” is an adverbial noun. Jim came last night. N. He will come (to me) tomorrow morning. N. Sub. “must walk” a verb phrase. VI Adv. Speaking = Jim is the subject. VI Adv. 22. 25. The car was worth ninety dollars. and “to me” a Prepositional phrase. The verb is neither linking nor transitive. “Last night” is an adverbial noun.