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Chapter 5 Intermediate Sanctions: Between Probation and Incarceration

Multiple Choice 1. A philosophy of correctional treatment that embraces decentralization of authority, citizen participation, redefinition of the population for whom incarceration is most appropriate, and places an emphasis on rehabilitation through community programs is called a. community corrections. b. restitution. c. incapacitation. d. just deserts. Answer: a 2. Punishment options for initial sentences more restrictive than traditional probation but less restrictive than jail or prison are called a. trap-door or side-door programs. b. front-end programs. c. back-end programs. d. net widening. Answer: b 3. Sanctions that move offenders from higher levels of control to lower ones for the final phase of their sentences are called a. trap-door or side-door programs. b. front-end programs. c. back-end programs. d. net widening. Answer: c 4. Emergency release options for special docket offenders, generally used to relieve prison overcrowding are called a. trap-door or side-door programs. b. front-end programs. c. back-end programs. d. net widening. Answer: a 5. Intermediate Sanctions are sometimes referred to as a. back-end programs. b. alternatives to incarceration. c. evidence based corrections. d. net widening. Answer: c

Philadelphia. b. Intensive supervision probation (ISP) involves a. all of these Answer: c . intensive supervision probation. d. parole monitoring program. c. c. New York. bail. all of these e. The nation’s first drug court was developed in a. b. Answer: c 7.6. A financial penalty used as a criminal sanction is called a a. random drug and alcohol testing. frequent contact between offender and probation officer. c. Chicago. d. fine. work release programs. b. bond. The control of offenders in the community under strict conditions. felony court. Answer: b 9. none of these Answer: d 8. Answer: d 10. b. crack court. d. d. drug court. by means of frequent reporting to a probation officer whose caseload is generally limited to 30 offenders is called a. A special court that is given responsibility to handle cases involving drug-addicted offenders is called a. d. b. probate court. strict enforcement of conditions. c. probation ordered by the court. c. Miami.

California. New York. A sentence to serve a specified number of hours working in unpaid positions with nonprofit or tax supported agencies is called a. fine. Florida. intensive probation. Illinois. e.000. Vermont c. c. Answer: c 15. Community service as a criminal sanction began in the United states in a. c.000. c. e. all of these Answer: d 12. bond. a day fine. d. $150.11. b. The states of ______________. his day fine was a. d. Ohio. $250. $217. b. Washington d. d. South Carolina Answer: c . A financial penalty scaled both to the defendant’s ability to pay and the seriousness of the offense is called (a) a. day fine. Answer: d 13. Jussi Salonoja of Finland was caught driving 50 mph in a 25 mph zone. a workhouse. community service. a. d. c. $1. West Virginia b. Georgia and Texas are making extensive use of community service. b. Based on Finland’s day fine policy. Answer: a 14. bail. b.

c. In 1983. Technologies that probation and parole officers use to monitor remotely the physical location of an offender are known as a. for education. an open institution. or vocational programs. low band emissions. the departments of corrections in ____________ and Georgia opened the first adult prison programs modeled after military boot camps. showing how each hour will be spent is called a. c. or vocational programs. Answer: b 18. b. for work. d. South Carolina d. for work. house of correction. b. b. or for treatment in the community is called a. A community correctional center to which an offender reports each day to file a daily schedule with a supervision officer. A medium-security correctional setting that resident offenders are permitted to leave regularly. house of correction. A medium-security correctional setting that resident offenders are permitted to leave regularly. a residential community center. an open institution. Answer: b 19. a. or for treatment in the community is called a. a residential treatment center. d. a day reporting center. c. Answer: b 20. Florida c. an intensive supervision center.16. Oklahoma Answer: d . in an effort to alleviate prison crowding and reduce recidivism. a halfway house. unaccompanied by staff. day fine center. ground radar clutter. halfway house. d. California b. c. for education. day fine center. Answer: d 17. remote-location monitoring. extreme high frequency. unaccompanied by staff. b. d.

d. c. e. expanding their boot camp program to include violent offenders. c. nonviolent . with the least severe crimes. c. boot camp. boot camps are only for juveniles. What type of offenders are in boot camps? a. Answer: c 25. the reduction in criminal activity is greatest a. a halfway house. Most research has shown that a. a house of correction. with the most severe crimes. d. a day fine center. Answer: e 23. there is no evidence that boot camps significantly reduce recidivism. juvenile boot camps have a much lower recidivism rate than any other program. young. d. an open institution. Answer: c . expanding their boots camps from 3 to 8. there are no adult boot camps Answer: a 22. going to do a national study of boot camps to determine their effectiveness. for offenders with the lest severe drug problems. juvenile boot camps have a higher recidivism rate than institutionalization in a juvenile facility. for offenders with the most severe drug problems. b. d. c. A short institutional term of confinement that includes a physical regimen designed to develop self-discipline. juvenile boot camps have reduced recidivism to only about 14%. mostly hardened criminals who have failed everywhere else in the system c. and drug possession inmates b. b. The Federal Bureau of Prisons recently announced that they were a. responsibility. b.21. going to close down their Intensive Confinement Center. For those sentenced in drug court. b. respect for authority. Answer: c 24. only violent offenders who failed in other programs d. and a sense of accomplishment is called a.

Minnesota Answer: d 29. A philosophy of correctional treatment that embraces decentralization of authority. The increase in the number of offenders sentenced to a higher level of restriction has been called a. boot camp b. Answer: community corrections . California c. How many states have passed community corrections acts? a. 39 percent more d. Texas b. prison c. Which of the following sentencing options is the most expensive? a. front-end programs. Which state was the first state to adopt a Community Corrections Act? a. Illinois d. trap-door or side-door programs.26. Massachusetts. halfway houses Answer: a Fill-in-the-Blank 1. redefinition of the population for whom incarceration is most appropriate. a. 13 percent more b. and places an emphasis on rehabilitation through community programs is called ______________. 39 percent less Answer: b 27. back-end programs. ten c. all 50 Answer: c 28. Answer: d 30. d. found that drug court participants were _____________ likely to be re-arrested. net widening. c. jail d. 13 percent less c. A study in Suffolk County. only four b. 28 d. citizen participation. b.

Answer: fine 9. Answer: community service 11. Answer: Washington 13. A sentence to serve a specified number of hours working in unpaid positions with nonprofit or tax supported agencies is called __________. The states of ______________. Answer: Miami 8. Answer: drug court 7. generally used to relieve prison overcrowding are called ______________. is called ________________. Sanctions that move offenders from higher levels of control to lower ones for the final phase of their sentences are called _____________. The control of offenders in the community under strict conditions. A financial penalty scaled both to the defendant’s ability to pay and the seriousness of the offense is called a ______________. Punishment options for initial sentences more restrictive than traditional probation but less restrictive than jail or prison are called ______________. Answer: intensive supervision probation 6. by means of frequent reporting to a probation officer whose caseload is generally limited to 30 offenders is called ______________. A community correctional center to which an offender reports each day to file a daily schedule with a supervision officer.2. Community service as a criminal sanction began in the United States in _______. Emergency release options for special docket offenders. The nation’s first drug court was developed in _________________. Answer: trap-door or side-door programs 5. Answer: day fine 10. showing how each hour will be spent. Answer: front-end programs 3. A special court that is given responsibility to handle cases involving drug-addicted offenders is called _____________. Answer: back-end programs 4. A financial penalty used as a criminal sanction is called a ___________. Answer: a day reporting center . Answer: California 12. Georgia and Texas are making extensive use of community service.

respect for authority. A short institutional term of confinement that includes a physical regimen designed to develop self-discipline. and a sense of accomplishment is called ____________. Most research about boot camps has shown that _____________. those of the drug court are much less punitive and more healing and restorative in nature. for education. for work. Answer: net widening True/False 1. unaccompanied by staff. or for treatment in the community is called __________. In comparison with the aims of other types of courts. Answer: True 2. Answer: True . A medium-security correctional setting that resident offenders are permitted to leave regularly. Answer: False 4. In 1983. Answer: boot camp 17. Answer: False 3. the research shows that the use of “drug courts” has been a failure and the recidivism is higher for drug court graduates than regular probation. Answer: a residential community center 15. Answer: Oklahoma 16. in an effort to alleviate prison crowding and reduce recidivism. responsibility. Answer: Minnesota 19. Answer: there is no evidence that boot camps significantly reduce recidivism 18. the departments of corrections in ____________ and Georgia opened the first adult prison programs modeled after military boot camps. The increase in the number of offenders sentenced to a higher level of restriction has been called _____________. __________ was the first state to adopt a Community Corrections Act. A day fine gets it name from how much a burglar can steal in one day. At this point. or vocational programs. Most boot camps target young. first time offenders who have been convicted of such nonviolent crimes as drug possession.14.

Community service as a criminal sanction began in the United States in New York. unaccompanied by staff. Since January. 2003.5. respect for authority. Answer: True 9. Answer: False 14. The body of literature on location monitoring meets the threshold of scientific rigor. While prisons are expensive. by means of frequent reporting to a probation officer whose caseload is generally limited to 30 offenders is called intensive supervision probation. Answer: False 13. or for treatment in the community is called a residential community center. Answer: False 8. for education. for work. Answer: True . Answer: False 10. Research on recidivism shows that boot camps are no more successful than other kinds of juvenile treatments. A short institutional term of confinement that includes a physical regimen designed to develop self-discipline. responsibility. or vocational programs. The control of offenders in the community under strict conditions. and a sense of accomplishment is called boot camp. A financial penalty used as a criminal sanction is called a fine. many boot camps are even more expensive. Answer: True 12. A financial penalty scaled both to the defendant’s ability to pay and the seriousness of the offense is called a day fine. Answer: True 15. A sentence to serve a specified number of hours working in unpaid positions with nonprofit or tax supported agencies is called a day fine. A medium-security correctional setting that resident offenders are permitted to leave regularly. Answer: True 7. Answer: True 11. the nation’s jail and prison population has continued to decline. Answer: True 6.