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ME 306 APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS (Jan 2012) TUTORIAL ON PSYCHROMETRY

1. A vessel whose volume is 0.5 m3 initially contains dry air at 0.2 MPa and 20°C. Water is added to the vessel until the air is saturated at 20°C. Determine the (a) mass of water added, in kg. (b) final pressure in the vessel, in bar.

2. Moist air enters an air-conditioning system as shown below at 26°C, φ = 80% and a volumetric flow rate of 0.47 m3/s. At the exit of the heating section the moist air is at 26°C, φ = 50%. For operation at steady state, and neglecting kinetic and potential energy effects, determine (a) the rate energy is removed by heat transfer in the dehumidifier section, in tons. (b) the rate energy is added by heat transfer in the heating section, in kW.

3. An air conditioner operating at steady state takes in moist air at 28°C, 1 bar, and 70% relative humidity. The moist air first passes over a cooling coil in the dehumidifier unit and some water vapor is condensed. The rate of heat transfer between the moist air and the cooling coil is 11 tons. Saturated moist air and condensate streams exit the dehumidifier unit at the same temperature. The moist air then passes through a heating unit, exiting at 24°C, 1 bar, and 40% relative humidity. Neglecting kinetic and potential energy effects, determine (a) the temperature of the moist air exiting the dehumidifier unit, in °C. (b) the volumetric flow rate of the air entering the air conditioner, in m3/min.

5. determine (a) the temperature of the moist air leaving the spray section. Determine the relative humidity and temperature. in kW. Neglect kinetic and potential energy effects. of the exiting stream. At steady state. Moist air at 32°C and φ = 77% enters the system and passes through a water spray. 80% relative humidity mixes adiabatically with a stream consisting of 80 m3/min of moist air at 40°C. The pressure remains uniform at 1 atm. Using the psychrometric chart together with the procedure of previous problem. 6. giving a single mixed stream at 1 atm. Moisture is added to the air in the room from the occupants at a rate of 4. in °C. Air is removed from the classroom in a separate stream at a temperature of 27°C and 50% relative humidity. and relative humidity. 1 atm. 50% relative humidity enters an insulated chamber operating at steady state with a mass flow rate of 3 kg/min and mixes with a saturated moist air stream entering at 5°C. (d) the rate of heat transfer to the air passing through the heating unit. Air at 30°C. Heat transfer into the occupied space from all sources is estimated to occur at a rate of 34. in °C. of the exiting stream. in kg/min. 1 bar with a mass flow rate of 5 kg/min. An air-conditioning system consists of a spray section followed by a reheater. 1 bar. each versus the supply air volumetric flow rate ranging from 35 to 90 m3/min. in °C. determine the relative humidity and temperature. and the relative humidity. 1 atm. The moist air is then heated to 25°C and φ = 45% with no change in the amount of water vapor present. in °C. A single mixed stream exits at 1 bar. (b) Plot the supply air temperature. (b) the change the amount of water vapor contained in the moist air passing through the system. A stream consisting of 35 m3/min of moist air at 14°C. in °C.000 kJ/h. 40% relative humidity. . For operation at steady state.(c) the rate water is condensed.5 kg/h. moist air is to be supplied to a classroom at a specified volumetric flow rate and temperature T. 4. leaving the spray section cooled and saturated with water. 7. determine the supply air temperature T. Locate the principal states on a psychrometric chart. in kg per kg of dry air. The moisture can be regarded as saturated vapor at 33°C. (a) For a supply air volumetric flow rate of 40 m3/min.