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# Mechanics

01.

M.M.Fazeel B.Sc M.Sc PGDE

In an experiment to find the density of coconut oil you are provided with the following: (1) (2) (3) U-tube on to a vertical frame with appropriate scales Water and sufficient amount of coconut oil Funnels

(a) (i)

Draw a labeled diagram of the experimental setup, clearly showing the levels of water and coconut oil columns and their common interface.

(ii) (b)

On the diagram draw above mark, as

and

, the two measurements that you have to take. respectively, write down an expression for

If the densities of coconut oil and water are given by in terms of

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (c) (i) Select the correct procedure out of the following in order to draw a graph in determining (1) Adding more water to the respective arm. (2) Adding more coconut oil to the respective arm. …….………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (ii) Give the correct reason for not selecting the other procedure. ………….……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (iii) In such a graph the gradient is fount to be 0.87. Determine the density of coconut oil (density of water = 103 kg m-3). .....……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………………… .Mechanics M. (f) What is the experimental disadvantage of using mercury instead of water in this experiment? …. Name the measuring instrument that is not shown in the figure given but needed for the experiment. 02.Sc M.Fazeel B. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….M. …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… iv.………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. …………. Figure (1) shows an experimental setup of Hare’s apparatus used in a school laboratory to measure the relative density of a liquid. (a) .. i. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. State clearly how you would establish and maintain water and liquid columns in the arms of the Hare’s apparatus.………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (e) If you want to determine the density of coconut oil with a fractional error of 0. of the tube in both arms in a Hare’s apparatus normally used in a school laboratory …………………………………………………………………… ii. Give reason for your answer. If the figure.Sc PGDE (d) In this experiment which liquid should be poured into the U-tube first. ……………………………………………………………………. water and liquid are labeled as A and B respectively. water should be the minimum height possessed by a liquid column? Assume that the height of a liquid column can be measured with an accuracy of 1 mm. iii. What is the special advantage of this method over the U tube method ? ………………………………………………………………………………….1. Give an approximate value for the diameter in cm.

write down expression for PW and PL in terms of relevant parameters. hl ) be the heights of the columns. and if you know the value of dw. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. r and g in the form of y = mx + c. Why is it always suitable to have the heights of the water and liquid columns as large as possible ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 03. If you graph of hw versus hl.Fazeel B. ……………………………………………………………………………. Let P0 be the pressure of air above the water and liquid meniscus. Assume that the contact angles of water and liquid with glass are zero.Sc M. (d W. dl) be the densities and (T w . …………………………………………………………………………….Sc PGDE …………………………………………………………………………………. If Pw. ii. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. iii. r and g what quantities you should extract from the graph to determine Tl and dl . (h W . PL are the pressures at point W and L respectively. iv. Tw. Tl. as shown in figure (2). T l) be the surface tension of water and liquid respectively. . ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. dl. Tw. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. dw. Hence derive an expression for hw in terms of hl.M. i. (b) In order to determine the surface tension as well as the density of a liquid a student has modified the Hare ‘s apparatus by replacing its both arms with identical tubes of internal radius r.Mechanics M.

Mechanics M.Fazeel B.Sc PGDE .M.Sc M.