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Wireless USB

Wireless USB is a short-range, high-bandwidth wireless radio communication protocol created by the Wireless USB Promoter Group. Wireless USB is sometimes abbreviated as "WUSB", although the USB Implementers Forum discourages this practice and instead prefers to call the technology "Certified Wireless USB" to distinguish it from the competing UWB standard. Wireless USB is based on the (now defunct) WiMedia Alliance's Ultra-WideBand (UWB) common radio platform, which is capable of sending 480 Mbit/s at distances up to 3 metres (9.8 ft) and 110 Mbit/s at up to 10 metres (33 ft). It was designed to operate in the 3.1 to 10.6 GHz frequency range, although local regulatory policies may restrict the legal operating range for any given country.

Wireless USB is used in game controllers, printers, scanners, digital cameras, portable media players, hard disk drives and flash drives. Kensington released a Wireless USB universal docking station in August, 2008. It is also suitable for transferring parallel video streams, while utilizing the Wireless USB over Ultra-wideband bandwidth. [edit]Wireless

USB vs. 60 GHz

A few issues differentiate Wireless USB from the use of the 60 GHz band as promoted by the Wireless Gigabit Alliance:  Line of Sight: at 60 GHz, radio communication is blocked by any intervening object, which implies the need for open line of sight. Wireless USB is based on the Ultra-WideBand(UWB) platform, which operates in the 3.1 to 10.6 GHz frequency range, and thus can pass through intervening bodies. Mobility: the 60 GHz technology is appealing to the wireless video market because it is supposed to [1] deliver multi-gigabit-speed wireless communications. In order to support such heavy demands, the underlying MAC layer should be able to process this huge amount of data. For these requirements, the 60 GHz-based solutions will need higher power consumption, and bigger chips, which are less suitable for mobile units or devices.

[edit]Development The Wireless USB Promoter Group was formed in February 2004 to define the Wireless USB protocol. The group consists of Agere Systems (now merged with LSI Corporation),HewlettPackard, Intel, Microsoft, NEC Corporation, Philips and Samsung. In May 2005, the Wireless USB Promoter Group announced the completion of the Wireless USB specification. In June 2006, five companies showed the first multi-vendor interoperability demonstration of Wireless USB. A laptop with an Intel host adapter using an Alereon PHY was used to transfer high definition video from a Philips wireless semiconductor solution with a Realtek PHY, all using Microsoft Windows XP drivers developed for Wireless USB.

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approved the first complete Host Wire Adapter (HWA) and Device Wire Adapter (DWA) wireless USB solution from WiQuest Communications for both outdoor and indoor use. a digital camera could act as a device when connected to a computer and as a host when transferring pictures directly to a printer. Kensington's Docking Station enables wireless connectivity between a notebook PC and an external monitor. These products included embedded cards in the notebook PCs or Hub/Adapter solutions for those PCs that do not currently include Wireless USB. a DWA allows existing USB 2. Imation announced Q408 availability of a new external Wireless HDD. On March 16. WUSB host capability can be added to existing PCs through the use of a Host Wire Adapter (HWA). Lenovo and D-Link began shipping products that incorporated WiQuest technology. .1 of the Wireless USB Specification was announced. and existing wired USB peripherals. The first retail product was shipped by IOGEAR using Alereon. speakers. to the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG). For example. Intel and NEC silicon in mid-2007. to facilitate migration from wired to wireless. The HWA is a USB 2.0 devices to be used wirelessly with a WUSB host. Because there are no wires or ports. WiMedia will transfer all current and future specifications. It delivers several backwards-compatible improvements: UWB upper band support for frequencies 6 GHz and above.0/High Speed solution. which in addition to being a WUSB device. WUSB also supports dual-role devices (DRDs). Wireless USB Promoter Group and the USB Implementers Forum.S. On September 29. marketing and related administrative [2][3][4] items. the WiMedia Alliance will cease operations. In 2008. number of former WiMedia members had not and would not sign up to the necessary agreements for the intellectual property transfer. In October 2009. This product was unique as it was the first product on the market to support video and graphics over a USB connection. a new Wireless USB Docking Station from Kensington was made available through Dell. but significant. can function as a host with limited capabilities. However. version 1. Both of these products are based on WiQuest technology. including work on future high speed and power optimized implementations. Around the same time. and support for NFC and proximity based association. A small. Bluetooth 3. Dell. Sometimes referred to as a "WUSB hub". [edit]Compatibility [8] options for older hardware The WUSB architecture allows up to 127 devices to connect directly to a host. there is no longer a need for hubs. the WiMedia Alliance announced it is entering into technology transfer agreements for the WiMedia Ultra-wideband (UWB) specifications. WUSB introduced a new Device Wire Adapter (DWA) class. Belkin. 2009. the Bluetooth Special Interest Group has dropped development of UWB as part of the alternative MAC/PHY. 2010. After the successful completion of the technology transfer. by using DisplayLink USB graphics technology. The Bluetooth group is now turning its [5][6][7] attention from UWB to 60 GHz. improved power management and consumption.In October 2006 the U.0 device that attaches externally to a desktop or laptop's USB port or internally to a laptop's MiniCard interface.

6.0(proposed Specificatio ) n Rev. WiMedia. CCK.4 GHz 2.OFD OFDM GFSK . DQPSK.4 GHz Bandwidth 53-480 Mbit/s 1 Mbit/s Max. and UWB. DBPSK. WUSB is a protocol promulgated by the USB-IF that uses WiMedia's UWB radio platform.1 Wi-Fi (IEEE 802. 450 Mbit/s per band Max.1 GHz to 10.4 GHz and/or 5 GHz 5 GHz 2.11ac + EDR ) Frequency band 3.11a/b/g & Bluetooth [9] Specification Wireless Bluetooth USB 4.93 Gbit/s per band Max. and the terms WUSB and UWB are not synonymous.11n) WiBluetoot Fi (IEEE h 2. Other protocols that have announced their intention to use WiMedia's UWB radio platform include Bluetooth and the WiMedia Logical Link Control Protocol. [edit]Comparison of digital RF systems Wireless USB vs. Some [which?] companies use UWB for ground penetrating radar.1 802. 3 Mbit/s Distance 3–10 m unknown distance 100 m 1–100 m dependin unknown g on output Modulation MB-OFDM MB-OFDM DSSS.1 GHz– 10. UWB is a general term for a new type of radio communication using pulses of energy which spread emitted Radio Frequency energy over 500 MHz+ of spectrum or exceeding 20% fractional bandwidth within the frequency range of 3. 2002. 1.6 GHz 2. through wall radar and yet another company Pulse-LINK uses it as part of a whole home entertainment network using UWB for transmission over both wired and wireless media. UWB is not specific to WiMedia or any other company or group and there are in fact a number of groups and companies developing UWB technology totally unrelated to WiMedia.[edit]Relation to ultra-wideband (UWB) A common source of confusion is about the relationship between WUSB. The UWB and WUSB technologies are not the same. 802.6 GHz as defined by the FCC ruling issued for UWB in Feb.

tv. Retrieved 2011-12-02. ^ "WiMedia Tech Transfer". The result is that the name Certified Wireless USB was adopted to allow consumers to identify which products would be adherent to the standard and would support the correct protocol and data rates.usb. ^ http://www. Wireless Gigabit Alliance. ^ Bluetooth group drops ultrawideband. Retrieved 2011-12-02. ^ "Incisor Magazine November 2009".pdf 9. The same is also true for other radio frequency based wire replacement systems which can carry USB. Pulse-LINK. Retrieved 2011-12-02. ^ Nikkei Electronics 2007/10/8 10.1_TechBulletin_Spec_FINAL. Retrieved 2011-12-02. such as those based on the competing direct [10] sequence UWB technology by Cable-Free USB. 5. 4. 8. Incisor. 2009-03-16. ^ "Pulse-LINK". External links       Wireless USB Promoter Group WiMedia Alliance Challenges of Migrating to Wireless USB 5 Steps to Wireless USB Quality Assurance Certified Wireless USB products at USB IF official site Latest WiMedia Regulatory Status Chart . Retrieved 2011-12-02. ^ "Ecosystem". References 1.M Standardizatio n September 2010 June 2010 September 2009 preJuly 2007 standard [edit]Competitors Other forms of USB over wireless exist. ^ "Incisor Wireless News: What to make of the Bluetooth SIG / WiMedia merger?". ^ Report: Ultrawideband dies by 2013 ^ [1] [dead link] USB. Incisor. eyes 60 GHz 6. 2009-03-16.

com/ Cypress: http://www. microwave oven (interference).unigen. Disadvantages: Lower speed compared to wired Fontana 2004: http://www. Affected by ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES Advantages:         Flexible if there is ad-hoc situation when additional workstation was they'll read all your information (username.php/3578521 Hazen 2006: http://rfdesign.artaflexmodules.. (of course!) Less secure because hacker's laptop can act as Access Unigen: Wimedia: http://www.alereon.pdf Griffith 2006: http://www.REFERENCES Alereon: If you connected to their laptop. Implementation cost is cheaper than wired Artaflex: http://www.html?cat_id=1 Aurel: http://www. http://www. Intel: http://www.aurelwireless.ultrawidebandplanet.g: walls (blocking).com/ Bluetooth: http://www. far distance (attenuation) . Ideal for temporary network Ideal for the non-reachable places such as across river or mountain or rural area.. al 2004: Lunttila et. More complex to configure than wired network.multispectral.usb.

with billions of devices in use around the world. called Wireless USB Specification version 1. NXP Semiconductors. It is based on an Ultra-wideband (UWB) radio system called orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) which was created by the WiMedia Alliance expressly for wireless USB. At the heart of Certified Wireless USB is a radio technology new to the consumer space: Ultra-wideband.CERTIFIED WIRELESS USB Certified Wireless USB is the natural evolution and extension of the ubiquitous Universal Serial Bus (USB) protocol. and Samsung Electronics .defined the core specification with the support of more than 100 contributing members. LSI Logic. low-power method of wireless data transmission enables the secure.0 (soon to be 1. Since its introduction. The Wireless Promoter Group. . This high-bandwidth. will be revised to version 1. first introduced in 1994. Certified Wireless USB was designed from the ground up to address the specific challenges of wireless communications and personal networking. Certified Wireless USB includes features necessary for the long-term viability of the solution. USB has become the de facto standard in the personal computing industry. Microsoft Corporation. This radio platform. HP. NEC Corporation. additional security features. high-speed connection required for the USB-like user experience. consisting of seven companies . and.0 in May 2005 by the Wireless USB Promoter Group.1 sometime in 2008 and add updates for better power efficiency and support for frequencies above 6 GHz.1). released as version 1. developed by the WiMedia Alliance. is managed by the USB Implementers Forum (USB-IF). The official specification. such as radio power management.Intel Corporation. was chosen in 2004 to serve as the foundation for wireless USB. Wireless USB promises to expand on the legendary ease of use of traditional wired USB by extending the "plug-and-play" paradigm to an environment where the cables between the PC and devices no longer exist. the potential for the datarate to improve as Certified Wireless USB support is adopted natively by new hardware and operating system updates. This specification.

but on much larger storage devices stored in a briefcase or in a jacket pocket. How fast is Certified Wireless USB? What is its operating range? Real-world performance is expected to vary greatly depending on the distance required. and revolutionary new products such as wireless monitors and displays. This means consumer electronics without the typical rat's nest of wires. Why might I want Certified Wireless USB? Certified Wireless USB builds upon the consumer awareness of USB and its legendary ease of use. it is reasonable to expect performance approaching 200 Mbps and beyond. Or streaming video to multiple displays within a room . Apart from removing the wires from computer peripherals to make them more convenient to use. Similar to the impact on networking and the freedom that Wi-Fi brought to mobile internet access in the last decade. Imagine eliminating the thick cables between your display and your computer. with performance decreasing as distance increases. . 2. this is a theoretical maximum. Because the maximum throughput of wireless USB promises to be significantly higher than the fastest Wi-Fi connections.without a video splitter and without video cables. wireless USB promises a user experience with fewer cables. wireless USB opens up some rather interesting product opportunities. It is reasonable to expect performance upwards of 50-100 Mbps at short range. easier installation and set-up for devices in the digital home.including your 60-inch flat panel . Digital cameras would be able to store the captured images not just on large flash cards in the camera. Although speeds of up to 480 Mbps are advertised.1. Wireless USB is designed for optimal performance when the devices are less than 10 meters (33 ft) away from the computer. richer and more interactive user experiences will be possible. As more computing systems integrate native support for Wireless USB rather than using dongles or adapters. That same digital camera could then stream pictures and video to any wireless USB enabled display in the room.

but without cables. How does Wireless USB work? Certified Wireless USB builds on top of the fundamental operational model of traditional wired USB. . The ultra-wideband radio system employed by Certified Wireless USB is different from other wireless technologies on the market because it spreads data transmission over a very wide frequency spectrum in the form of brief. Unlike wired USB.6 GHz.4 GHz. which operates in the frequency range of 3. some cordless phones). That is. The orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) scheme. Mainly a technology developed under classified US government programs.3. and Bluetooth devices). keyboards. developed by the WiMedia Alliance and selected as the exclusive radio platform for Certified Wireless USB.11 Wi-Fi networks are commonly operating at 2. and storage media to the computer in a "plug-and-play" fashion. because there are no wires. microwave ovens. (For reference. UWB now enjoys much more research and development attention without classification restrictions. such as the 5 GHz range (802. In order to accomplish was invented in the 1960s primarily for military use in secure communications and ground-penetrating radars. UWB is actually not a new technology .1 to 10. Certified Wireless USB employs a wireless technology called Ultra-wideband (UWB). In short. wireless USB connects devices such as printers. this is possible without hubs. One of the key advantages to a UWB system is the low power consumption (great for portable devices) and wide frequency spectrum of operation. allows the bit rate and signal strength of each carrier to adapt so that good channels get used more than those that hamper transmission. the same frequency as some cordless phones.11a. 802. both new hardware adapters and new software drivers are required. Certified Wireless USB allows up to 127 devices to connect directly to the host computer. At the heart of a wireless USB system is the radio and antenna system. low-power pulses. this allows the wireless system to avoid transmission at troublesome frequencies.

will allow you to plug wired USB peripherals into the hub. however. Where are all the Wireless USB products? Wireless USB products have been late in arriving. the concept of Device Wire Adapters (DWA) and Host Wire Adapters (HWA) was created. you would need a computer so-equipped to enjoy wireless USB built-in. at least for the foreseeable future. DWAs. traditional USB ports are here to stay.4. mainly due to manufacturers needing to overcome technical hurdles inherent in any new technology launch. the industry will move towards more integrated solutions where any required hardware is built-in to the computer and adapters will not be necessary. All of your current USB peripherals will still utilize the wired USB connection they always have. 5. you can experience the convenience of wireless connectivity without replacing all your USB peripherals with wireless versions. or "Wireless USB hubs". and you can expect to . Wireless USB. but the hub itself will enjoy a wireless connection to the computer. HWAs are essentially "dongles" that physically connect to the computer via USB 2. allow existing wired USB devices to be used wirelessly with a WUSB host. or bridging devices. Over time. opens up a variety of new types of devices. To aid in the transition from a world with only wired USB to one where Certified Wireless USB will one day be supported natively on the motherboard of new computers. In this way. Of course. and provide Wireless USB host capability to any number of WUSB devices.0 or a laptop's CardBus or ExpressCard interface. Wireless USB hubs. But the wait is over. What hardware do I need to use WUSB? Will my existing USB peripherals still work? Think of wireless USB as an additional way in which to connect devices to a computer. Thus.

It is just that much more straightforward and fast to get electrons traveling nicely down a few pieces of copper than it is to transmit signals through thin air and in the presence of interference.see numerous product announcements leading up to the Christmas season.0 (a. compatibility and robustness will improve in successive product generations as the technology becomes more widely adopted and manufacturers tweak. Everything USB will be bringing you a new Wireless USB section soon. Wired USB 2. for instance.WUSB video solution with zero-install option. Mac compatible Imation Pro WX Wireless Hard Drive . For now.k. good old wired connections still enjoy speed and some security advantages over their wireless counterparts.A 1.5TB hard drive housed in a Staccatopowered WUSB enclosure IOGear Wireless USB AV Kit . wireless USB audio . and redesign their products for optimal performance. but are always an order of magnitude more difficult to solve in a wireless environment.Notebook dock with DisplayLink. when the cable is directly connected to your PC (provided your networking environment is properly secure). SuperSpeed USB) standard are not going away. speed.0 and the new USB 3.A low-cost adapter that converts a single USB node to wireless Imation Wireless Projection Link . here are the links to some Certified Wireless USB products on this site:       Cables Unlimited Wireless USB Adapter Set . Naturally.15 feet of freedom Toshiba DynaDock Wireless USB Dock . The issues of speed and distance pose significant challenges to any connection standard. revise.a.Adapter set capable of streaming both 720p to VGA and stereo sound to RCA Kensington WUSB Dock for Notebooks . There is simply no chance of an unwanted party connecting to your local USB storage device. but will remain the device interconnect standard of choice for the foreseeable future. Will Wireless USB eventually replace wired USB? Despite rapid advancements in wireless technology through the course of the computing industry. . 7. While this is exciting for the industry as a whole.Wireless video.1 sound & isochronous USB support 6. it will be a while before native hardware and driver support for Certified Wireless USB is built into computers and major operating systems.

although a specific date for wide-scale availability has not been provided. 7. Microsoft has stated officially (warning: MS DOC) that Windows drivers for the Wireless Host Controllers Interface (WHCI). What operating systems support Certified Wireless USB? In a nutshell. Is Certified Wireless USB secure? By design. you can be sure to read it here on our site. Encryption is incorporated at . we expect native wireless USB support to be built in. 8. In classic Apple fashion. Interface chips simply are less complex in a wired world. Apple has not released any information regarding Mac OS X support for Certified Wireless USB. the issue of cost will likely always favor the wired USB solution over wireless USB. depending on hardware availability and other such factors. wireless USB functionality is provided only by proprietary software drivers and is largely device-specific. and that allows the cost of products that contain them to be lower as well. there is the possibility for data in the air to be available to other wireless receivers in range with malicious intent. all major computer operating systems are planned to support wireless USB. As the standard matures and subsequent releases of your favorite operating system become available. Host Wire Adapters (HWA) and Device Wireless Adapters (DWA) are currently in Alpha. As with any wireless technology. However. at the moment. Products containing DWA and DHA will utilize custom wireless USB drivers for the foreseeable future. When some official announcement is made. Shipping drivers are said to be forthcoming. For users who don't need the convenience and freedom that wireless USB offers. Certified Wireless USB is a very secure method of data transmission. they may be just playing these cards close to their chest.Lastly. wired USB is here to stay.

Since the maximum range is not more than 10 metres. UWB is very tolerant of interference from other UWB sources but equally important. Interference robustness is far better than Wi-Fi. even at close proximity. the threat of data being stolen or read by others is limited to those who can be situated within close proximity to the wireless USB network. Bluetooth. which forces a secure relationship to be automatically negotiated between each wireless USB device and the host computer using unique keys.1). Will other wireless technologies interfere with my WUSB devices? The wireless transmission techniques used in Certified Wireless USB promise to be some of the most robust schemes of their type in the consumer market. will "peacefully" co-exist with other wireless networks such as Wi-Fi and not interfere with Wi-Fi operation. The reason for this is the use of a wide frequency spectrum with extremely low power at any one given frequency (but high power spectral density) versus "narrowband" systems which occupy only a small range of dedicated bands. or cordless phones.multiple layers of the protocol. This type of arrangement provides an extremely high-level of security to the data link. 9. . The inherent low-power nature of the ultra-wideband radios used in Certified Wireless USB also plays a factor in the security. without passwords for the user to enter or forget. meaning that devices can be introduced to their computers by a touch-and-go action. Put simply. More information about wireless USB bonding and device association methods can be found here. Ultra-wideband signals will not be affected by out-ofband interferers such as Wi-Fi. first-time device association will be simplified through the use of Near Field Communication (NFC) capabilities. Coming in the updated specification (version 1. the limited range of UWB will undoubtedly be more of a limitation for potential users than interference robustness.

Inc. Freescale and its CableFree USB promoters have abandoned the market.5 kbps. none of which play any significant role in the market today. This meant that users could make a seamless transition from wired USB 2.4 GHz radio with a datarate of only 62.).0 or 1. Its key application lies in the wireless connections of human interface devices (HIDs) such as mice and keyboards. trademarked "CableFree USB". This variant used an ultra-wideband radio technology called direct sequence (DS-UWB) and its main advantage was that it was built on top of the USB 2. or software drivers. limited "variant" of USB that was primarily targeted as a replacement for Bluetooth. It is a very low-speed. Since that time. operating system. several alternate "flavors" of wireless USB have been developed. What does the future hold for WUSB and what about those competing standards? Over the past few years. It uses a proprietary 2. and promoted by the UWB Forum and its partners. The first such flavor was released by Cypress Semiconductor in 2003 and is technically the only version that can be called WirelessUSB [tm] because it is trademarked. CableFree USB was a very compelling advancement in 2005 and 2006.1 to a CableFree wireless USB system with absolutely no changes required to the computer.10. The second flavor was pioneered by Freescale Semiconductor (formerly a division of Motorola. leaving only one viable solution remaining: Certified Wireless USB. and was actually first to market at the Consumer Electronics Show in 2006 with the multi-award-winning Belkin CableFree USB 4-port hub. Cypress' WirelessUSB has very limited appeal in today's consumer electronics and computer industry and is rarely mentioned in mass publications or on the internet. .0 protocol in use today.

4 GHz radio frequency and currently is limited to a maximum datarate of about 2. Originally developed to address the problem of deploying Local Area Networks (LANs) without cabling. but it was not ready and is still in its infancy. Introduction of Wireless USB The Universal Serial Bus (USB). with one billion units in the installed base. Benefiting from exceptionally strong industry support from all market segments.True competition for Certified Wireless USB will come primarily from Bluetooth and IEEE 802. is the most successful interface in PC history. USB continues to evolve as new . Knowing that the maximum throughput would need to be able to scale higher to ensure the future viability of Bluetooth. are without question the standard in wireless networking. In its latest iteration. 802. many manufacturers of digital cameras and printers proceeded to install support for 802. data rates in excess of 100 Mbps are achievable at a range of up to 30m or greater. with similar high data rate capabilities for multimedia applications such as video streaming. Bluetooth became popular primarily for low-speed short-range personal area communications and due to its extremely low cost of implementation. most gaming consoles. Projections are for 3. It uses the massively crowded 2.11 networking in order to achieve wireless data transfer. Starting a few years ago.11g/b/a). supporters of Bluetooth selected the OFDM-UWB radio platform for future integration with Bluetooth technology.11n (the latest and fastest variant of Wi-Fi). due to the lack of any other high-speed wireless protocol.11n. 802.5 billion interfaces shipped by 2006. and many mobile devices and mobile phones. Certified Wireless USB would have been a more logical choice. it has truly changed the face of mobile computing and is supported by every major operating system. and whether Bluetooth and Certified Wireless USB will be able to co-exist. This means that future versions of Bluetooth will use very much the same wireless technology as Certified Wireless USB.1 Mbps. It will certainly be very interesting to see how this plays out.11n (and its predecessors 802.

but so did some printers and a variety of odd things like Palm Pilots and digital cameras. USB and in particular. often with limited success and not much speed. Usage will be targeted at PCs and PC peripherals. so the installation of the device drivers is quick and easy. and most computers only came with one. " Modems used the serial port. USB Ports Just about any computer that you buy today comes with one or more Universal Serial Bus connectors on the back. The operating system supports USB as well. To maintain the same usage and architecture as wired USB. and has proliferated into consumer electronics (CE) and mobile devices as well. Wireless USB paper takes a brief look at the widely used interconnect standard.technologies and products come to market. Wireless USB will build on the success of wired USB. connecting devices to computers has been a real headache! " Printers connected to parallel printer ports. This will enable an easy migration path for today's wired USB solutions. These USB connectors let you attach everything from mice to printers to your computer quickly and easily. at the emerging technology of Wireless USB and its requirements and promises. and they are very slow in most cases. too. It is already the de facto interconnect for PCs. Most computers have at most two serial ports. would use the parallel port as well. The Wireless USB is the first the high speed Personal Wireless Interconnect. serial ports and special cards that you install inside the computer's case). consumer electronics and mobile devices. bringing USB technology into the wireless future. USB devices are incredibly simple! Anyone who has been around computers for more than two or three years knows the problem that the Universal Serial Bus is trying to solve -. . Compared to other ways of connecting devices to your computer (including parallel ports. Things like Zip drives. the Wireless USB specification is being defined as a high-speed host-todevice connection. which need a high-speed connection into the the past.

The goal of USB is to end all of these headaches. " Low-power devices (such as mice) can draw their power directly from the bus. " Up to 127 devices can connect to the host. to install the software for some of the cards. easy-to-use way to connect up to 127 devices to a computer. " USB devices are hot-swappable. " A USB cable has two wires for power (+5 volts and ground) and a twisted pair of wires to carry the data. " On the power wires. devices can be up to 30 meters (six cables' worth) away from the host. The Universal Serial Bus gives you a single. If the device has already been installed. Hubs can have their own power supplies to provide power to devices connected to the hub. ." Devices that needed faster connections came with their own find the USB connector on the back of your machine and plug the USB connector into it. USB devices can be connected and disconnected at any time. standardized.the bus has a maximum data rate of 480 megabits per second.. meaning you can plug them into the bus and unplug them any time. either directly or by way of USB hubs.D. " Individual USB cables can run as long as 5 meters. the number of card slots is limited and you needed a Ph. Unfortunately. which had to fit in a card slot inside the computer's case. USB Features The Universal Serial Bus has the following features: " The computer acts as the host. If it is a new device. High-power devices (such as printers) have their own power supplies and draw minimal power from the bus. " Many USB devices can be put to sleep by the host computer when the computer enters a power-saving modenbsp. " With USB 2. the computer can supply up to 500 milliamps of power at 5 volts. the computer activates it and starts talking to it. with hubs. In fact almost all the devices manufactured today are designed to be interfaced to the computer via the USB ports. the operating system auto-detects it and asks for the driver disk. Just about every peripheral made now comes in a USB version. USB Connections Connecting a USB device to a computer is simple -.