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What is First Aid?

First aid is the provision of immediate care to a victim with an injury or illness, usually effected by a lay person, and performed within a limited skill range. First aid is normally performed until the injury or illness is satisfactorily dealt with (such as in the case of small cuts, minor bruises, and blisters) or until the next level of care, such as a paramedic or doctor, arrives. Guiding principles The key guiding principles and purpose of first aid, is often given in the mnemonic "3 Ps". These three points govern all the actions undertaken by a first aider.

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Prevent further injury Preserve life Promote recovery

First aid sign in Israel. The nature of first aid means that most people will only have a limited knowledge, and in emergency situations, first aiders are advised to FIRST seek professional help. This is done by calling, or assigning an able bystander to call, an emergency number, which is 9-1-1 in many places. There is no worldwide common emergency number. The European Union has established 1-1-2 as the universal emergency number for all its member states. The GSM mobile phone standard designates 1-1-2 as an emergency number, so it will work on GSM systems to contact help, even in North America. In the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, the numbers 999, 112 and 911 all work in parallel. In emergency situations, it is important that the responder seek help immediately, seeking professional help by other means, if telephone contact is unavailable. The risks of inadvertently doing further injury to a victim, and/or the responder sustaining injury themselves while applying aid, can often outweigh the benefits of applying immediate treatment. first aid, immediate and temporary treatment of a victim of sudden illness or injury while awaiting the arrival of medical aid. Proper early measures may be instrumental in saving life and ensuring a better and more rapid recovery. The avoidance of unnecessary movement and over-excitation of the victim often prevents further injury. Conditions that require immediate attention to avert death include cessation of breathing (asphyxia), severe bleeding, poisoning, strokes, and heart attack. The essentials of first aid treatment also include the correct bandaging of a wound; the application of splints for fractures and dislocations; the effective methods of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and artificial respiration; and treatment of shock, frostbite, fainting, bites and stings, burns, and heat exhaustion. Aims

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Preserve life: the overriding aim of all medical care, including first aid, is to save lives Prevent further harm: also sometimes called prevent the condition from worsening, or danger of further injury, this covers both external factors, such as moving a patient away from any cause of harm, and applying first aid techniques to prevent worsening of the condition, such as applying pressure to stop a bleed becoming dangerous. Promote recovery: first aid also involves trying to start the recovery process from the illness or injury, and in some cases might involve completing a treatment, such as in the case of applying a plaster to a small wound Objectve1

The idea is to quickly treat a minor condition so that it does not. With critical patients. You can purchase first-aid kits at many drugstores or assemble your own.. Coban. Each has their advantages and disadvantages. and then make and enact a decision about continued care. Related Answers: What are the main objectives of firstaid? The main objective of first aid is to stabilize the victim by providing basic/advanced life support Keep the patient alive. including France. Others.g.com Special to CNN. so you can safely move them to a wellequipped facility super-fast. first aid is an important part of the overall To provide basic life support till professionals arrive. to help someone in need to alliviate suffrering The main objective of first aid is to stabilize the victim by providing basic/advanced life support to the victim until the victim can receive full medical care at a hospital. before transporting. It would be unfair to say one method is better than the other universally. This means that. including a roll of elastic wrap (Ace. Curad.The primary goal of First Aid by definition is to assess and stabilize the patient. Ideally. at least two pair Gauze pads and roller gauze in assorted sizes Eye goggles . others) and bandage strips (Band-Aid. Contents of a first-aid kit should include: Basic supplies           Adhesive tape Aluminum finger splints Antibiotic ointment Antiseptic solution or towelettes Bandages. Children old enough to understand the purpose of the kits should know where they are stored. as a first aid responder. They'll often send an ER Doctor along with the first response team.com A well-stocked first-aid kit can help you respond effectively to common injuries and emergencies. This applies to a cut finger that may later become infected as well as to a cardiovascular event that may eventually become terminal. hold that the idea is to stabilze critical patients as quickly as possible. subscribe to a different approach. doctors and such). Keep at least one first-aid kit in your home and one in your car. others) in assorted sizes Instant cold packs Cotton balls and cotton-tipped swabs Disposable latex or synthetic gloves. and perform more in-field procedures than an American team will. First-aid kits: Stock supplies that can save lives From MayoClinic. over time. and to prevent further harmful effects from occurring. become more serious. you aren't really looking to "cure" the patient -you're addressing an immediate issue that often will require continued professional care (e. Store your kits in easy-to-retrieve locations that are out of the reach of young children. and get them to a higher level of care. American theory (and I believe UK as well).

local emergency services. such as an auto-injector of epinephrine (EpiPen) Syringe. drugs to treat an allergic attack. others) Aspirin and nonaspirin pain relievers (never give aspirin to children) Calamine lotion Over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream Personal medications If prescribed by your doctor. Quickly tie a light restricting band both above and below the bite area a few inches away from the puncture/bite marks. waterproof flashlight and extra batteries Candles and matches for cold climates Sunscreen Mylar emergency blanket IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING A SNAKE BITE: Remove any jewelry or tight fitting clothing. including contact information for your family doctor and pediatrician. tweezers and a needle Soap or instant hand sanitizer Sterile eyewash. emergency road service providers and the regional Poison Control Center Small. . such as a saline solution Thermometer Triangular bandage Turkey baster or other bulb suction device for flushing out wounds Medications Activated charcoal (use only if instructed by Poison Control Center) Anti-diarrhea medication Over-the-counter oral antihistamine (Benadryl. medicine cup or spoon Emergency items       Cell phone and recharger that utilizes the accessory plug in your car dash Emergency phone numbers.           First-aid manual Petroleum jelly or other lubricant Plastic bags for the disposal of contaminated materials Safety pins in assorted sizes Save-A-Tooth storage device containing salt solution and a travel case Scissors. Rapidly apply antiseptic cleanser to the entire area and place cold compress as closely as possible without interfering with suction process. Continue strong suction and alternate the location of compress to avoid injury from severe cold.

Movement to proper treatment facility is more crucial than maintaining immobile status.\ What should you do if someone has a heart attack? . Keep victim warm and immobilize as practical.Check constriction bands periodically as swelling may occur and loosen as appropriate. Maintain above treatment functions throughout.

see Burn (disambiguation).A heart attack will cause severe chest pains behind the breast bone. For other uses. the free encyclopedia This article is about the injury. First aid courses are offered all over the country at night schools or by voluntary organisations such as St John Ambulance or British Red Cross. there may be only a few minutes to act before it is too late. They are fun. We highly recommend that you do one of these courses. If someone has a cardiac arrest or heart attack. To perform CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and artificial respiration (mouth-to-mouth resuscitation) effectively. . training and frequent practice on resuscitation dummies are essential. It is vital to know what to do beforehand. Burn From Wikipedia. often radiating towards the left arm. and it's only by learning what to do in the calm environment of a course that you can reliably deliver care in the highly charged situation of a cardiac arrest.

such as muscle. bone. Complications such as shock. The treatment of burns may include the removal of dead tissue (debridement). painful and can result in disfiguring and disabling scarring. and blood vessels can also be injured. modern treatments developed in the last 60 years have significantly improved the prognosis of such burns. applying dressings to the wound. especially in children and young adults. Managing burn injuries properly is important because they are common. fluid resuscitation. multiple organ dysfunction syndrome.[6] . approximately 1 out of every 25 people to suffer burns will die from their injuries. Burns may be treated with first aid.electrolyte imbalance and respiratory distress may occur.A burn is a type of injury to flesh caused by heat. deeper tissues. or may require more specialized treatment such as those available at specialized burn centers. Rarely. infection. The majority of these fatalities occur either at the scene or on the way to hospital. administering antibiotics. chemicals. light. and skin grafting.[1][2][3] Most burns affect only the skin (epidermal tissue).amputation of affected parts or death in severe cases. electricity. radiation or friction. While large burns can be fatal. in an out-of-hospital setting.[4][5] In the United States.