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International Women's Day

Introduction
The International Women's Day (8 March) is a date to celebrate women's groups worldwide. This date is also commemorated at the United Nations and is a national holiday in many countries. When women on all continents, often divided by national boundaries and by ethnic, linguistic, cultural, economic and political, come together to celebrate their day, can see a tradition of not less than ninety years of struggle for equality, justice, peace and development. The International Women's Day refers to ordinary women as makers of history and is rooted in the centuries-old struggle of women to participate in society on an equal basis with men. In ancient Greece, Lysistrata initiated a sexual strike against men in order to end the war in the French Revolution; Parisian women calling for "liberty, equality, fraternity" marched on Versailles to demand women's suffrage. The idea of an international day of women emerged at the end of the nineteenth century; it was, in the industrialized world, a period of expansion and turbulence, booming population growth and radical ideologies.

Chronology:
1909: According to a statement by the Socialist Party of the United States of America on February 28 is celebrated throughout the United States, the first National Women's Day, they continued to celebrate the last Sunday of February until 1913. 1910: The Socialist International, meeting in Copenhagen, proclaimed International Women's Day, international in character as homage to the movement for women's rights and to help achieve universal suffrage. The proposal was unanimously approved by the conference of over 100 women from 17 countries, including the first three women elected to the Finnish parliament. No fixed date for the celebration. 1911: Following the decision taken at Copenhagen the previous year, International Women's Day was celebrated for the first time (19 March) in Austria, Denmark and Switzerland, with meetings attended by more than 1 million of women and men. Besides the right to vote and hold public office, they demanded the right to work, to vocational training and employment discrimination. Less than a week later, on March 25, more than 140 young workers, mostly Italian and Jewish immigrants, died in the tragic Triangle Factory fire in New York City. This event had a significant impact on labor legislation in the United States, and the subsequent celebrations of International Women’s Day were referred to working conditions that led to disaster.

The International Women's Day is becoming an opportunity to reflect on progress made. Russian women again chose the last Sunday in February to strike in demand for "bread and peace". Since those early years. Political leaders opposed the timing of the strike. Russian women observed their first International Women's Day on the last Sunday in February 1913. demand change and to celebrate acts of courage and determination by ordinary women who have played an extraordinary role in the history of women's rights. 1917: In response to the 2 million Russian soldiers dead in the war. has helped make the commemoration a rallying point for coordinated efforts on behalf of women's rights and participation in the life political and economic. according to the Gregorian calendar used in other countries. and on March 8. women held rallies around 8 March of the following year to protest the war or to express solidarity with other women. The growing international women's movement. The rest is history: Four days later the Czar was forced to abdicate and the provisional Government granted women the right to vote. In the rest of Europe.1913-1914: As part of the movements for peace that emerged on the eve of World War I. . International Women's Day has assumed a new global dimension for women in developed and developing countries. reinforced by the United Nations through four world conferences on women. That historic Sunday fell on 23 February on the Julian calendar then used in Russia. but the women went on anyway.