9/12/2007

Agenda

Maintenance Techniques Evolution Maintenance Program Goals and Objectives Maintenance Perspective on the SDLC Maintenance Strategies
Maintenance For ORT/Express/High Speed Toll Lanes
September 12, 2007

Questions and Answers

Maintenance Techniques Evolution

Goals of Maintenance Program Extend the availability of the system’s intended functionality Avoid the consequences due to the failure of the system components operational failures: result in revenue loss and cost of repair Increased traffic congestion safety failures: endanger personnel and equipment non-operational failures: result in cost of repair

1930-1950
Fix it when it breaks

1950-1980
Scheduled Maintenance (PM) Planning Systems Computerization

1980-2000

2000-Present

MTBF Predictive Condition Maintenance Monitoring Failure Modes & Effects Applications Diagnostics Proactive Maintenance TPM/RCM

System Analysis Maintenance Computerized Online Maintenance Management Management Systems

Consequences of System Failures

Where/When do we start planning for maintenance?

1

going to constant operating conditions (high availability). Manufacturer and Installation Defects Expected Life • Starting with system tuning. The failure pattern that applies to ORT/Express Lanes Mean Time between Failures (MTBF): the number of installed components multiplied by the total operational hours for the period. most importantly. manufacturing and installation defects. divided by the failures in that period FMEA (Failure Mode and Effects Analysis): identify all the events which are reasonably likely to cause each failed state.9/12/2007 Where/When do we start planning for maintenance? Maintenance Strategy SDLC – Project Definition and Feasibility Maintenance Strategy The appropriate maintenance strategy determined by a complete understanding and analysis of the following. ending in normal component failures rates SDLC – System Analysis and Requirements Definitions Gantry/Canopy Design Tremendous influence on Maintenance requirements and resulting maintenance performance SDLC – System Analysis and Requirements Definitions Open Road/Express Lanes Susceptible to Lightning Accessibility of the installed components 2 . their effect on the operation of the system SDLC – Project Definition and Feasibility Maintenance Strategy The failure pattern that applies to ORT/Express Lanes Failure Rates Where/When do we start planning for maintenance? A (bathtub curve) Gantry Construction System Availability Reliability Maintainability Time System Tuning.

e.maintenance work requiring immediate response from maintenance employees due to unforeseen component failures Corrective Maintenance Definition – restoring a component or subsystem to a prescribed state. Factory Tests Performance Tests Operational Tests Reliability The probability that equipment will not fail in a given time period A measure of the frequency of downtime Measured in Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF) Sometimes confused with system accuracy Availability time available for production . 2hr repair for highest priority Lane Closures Single barrier vehicle 3 . recalibration or realignment of components Maintenance Procedures Emergency Maintenance/Corrective Maintenance Traditional or Low speed Lanes Response/Repair Times – priority based Typically . i.downtime time available for production A measure of the equipment uptime Maintainability The required time in which a specified component or subsystem will be restored to a specified condition A characteristics of design and installation Where/When do we start planning for maintenance? Component Selection Component Diagnostics FMEA finalized Degraded Mode of Operations MOMS/CMMS Where/When do we start planning for maintenance? Prototyping Maintenance Procedures Failure Priorities determination Maintenance Procedures Emergency Maintenance Definition .2hr response.9/12/2007 SDLC – System Analysis and Requirements Definitions SDLC – System Analysis and Requirements Definitions Software Reliability Usually measured in the number of anomalies (bugs) per line of code. within design tolerance or specifications. metric development still in its infancy Conduct a series of tests including.

9/12/2007 Maintenance Procedures Emergency Maintenance/Corrective Maintenance Open Road/Express Tolling Response/Repair Times – priority based Typically . flash counts. Immediate versus week(s) notice 1-2 hours setup and take down Maintenance Procedures Predictive Maintenance Traditional Predictive Maintenance definition – monitoring and tracking the “run-rate” or “accumulated” metrics such as operating hours. Where/When do we start planning for maintenance? Question and Answers Environmental Testing Reliability/Maintainability Demonstration Tests QA/QC Maintenance Procedure and Techniques MOMS/CMMS notifications 4 . Repairs times dependent on failure. etc Maintenance technician skill sets shifts to accommodate this evolution in preventive maintenance Lane Closures Full MOT requirements Modify lane closure request procedures. trends analysis. calibrations conducted on a prescribed frequency Open Road/Express Tolling Shifts from the “physical” performance tasks to more of system analysis. realignments. inspections. image quality. axle counts. lubrications.2hr response. Review and interpret system log files. etc against the designed life of the components Open Road/Express Lanes Uses a combination of time based (MTBF) or runrate described above for predictive maintenance and condition monitoring Maintenance Procedures Condition Monitoring 100% Operating Condition Failure starts to occur P Failure can be detected Degradation of performance detected Failure has occurred F Time . or failed component Lane Accessibility or component accessibility Maintenance Procedures Preventive Maintenance Traditional Definition – scheduled maintenance activities such as.

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