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EOOW ORALS MODEL QUESTIONS

ORAL QUESTIONNAIRE
1 2 3 4 Explain what do you know about the M notices. Explain what do you know about the 'code of safe working practices'. What portable fire extinguishers would you expect to find in an engine room and what colour code is used. What type of fire extinguisher would be used for a fire in:(a) galley (b) accommodation (c) control room or radio room (d) electrical switchboard (e) pump room What are the main causes of serious engine room fires. What immediate actions must be taken if a fire becomes serious enough to have to evacuate all personnel from the engine room and what precautions must be taken before re-entering. What pumps on board ship can be used to supply water to the fire main. Is there an emergency fire pump? If the answer is yes, where is it fitted and how is it tested. Define what would you consider to be an enclosed space where the internal atmosphere may be frequently hazardous to personnel who may enter. Describe the procedure which should be adopted: (a) before anyone is allowed to enter the enclosed space (b) while anyone is working inside the enclosed space. What type of pumps are suitable for use as bilge pumps. Give reasons why a bilge pump may not be able to remove water from bilges. State typical suction and discharge pressures. Explain what is the emergency direct bilge suction, why is it necessary and how is it brought into use. What is the purpose of the oily water separator. How does it work. Explain in detail the procedure for testing steering gear before leaving port. What is the duty of the engine room crane. Detail checks, which should be carried out before using the crane and the possible hazards if the crane is not functioning correctly. Give the correct procedure for starting an air compressor. What is the purpose of fitting a bursting disc into the air compressor casing.

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Describe the procedure required to connect in parallel one diesel or steam driven alternator to another similar driven alternator already on the switchboard. What is the purpose of having the synchroscope and why must it be allowed to run continuously. Explain how an emergency alternator starts and supplies power in the event of a blackout. How can a 'black out' be simulated to test the operation of the emergency generator. How often should an electric motor be cleaned. How would you overhaul an electric motor that has been flooded with sea water. Explain how to check the insulation resistance of the motor using a 'megger'. Outline the dangers to personnel who may have to enter a battery room and check condition of the batteries on charge. What is the temperature inside low pressure evaporator and why is the water produced suitable for drinking. What are the reasons for using the main engine turning gear. Why is tappet clearance necessary and what effect would insufficient or excessive clearance have on engine operation. Describe how to prepare the main engine from cold to ready to start to manoeuvring including tests. Why should the cylinder indicator cocks be left open until the engine has first been turned over on starting air. Describe the routine inspection you would carry out before taking over the watch on a manned engine room arrangement. Give the various operating pressures and temperatures of an engine you are familiar with. What factors must be present for an explosion to occur in the diesel engine crankcase. What device must be used to detect and warn of dangerous conditions within the crankcase. What immediate action should be taken in the event of a warning being given. What factors must be present for a scavenge air manifold lfire to start. How would you become aware that a scavenge fire had started. How would you deal with the scavenge fire.

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What factors must be present for an explosion to occur within the starting air pipelines and what limits effect of explosion. What is meant by the supercharging of a diesel engine and how is th is achieved. Describe the operating cycles of a two-stroke and four-stroke diesel engine. Explain how would you remove a cylinder liner from a large two-stroke slow speed engine. Explain the function of a turbo-charger. Explain how scales form on the heating surface of boilers. Why is the scale undesirable. Why is the boiler water tested and what tests are made and how often. What is the purpose of adding chemicals to boiler water. Explain how the water level in the gauge glass can verified to be correct. If you find no visible water in the boiler gauge glass what immediate action should be taken. Why is the presence of oil in the boiler water most undersirable. Why should the oxygen content of boiler water be reduced to a minimum. How can this be achieved when an open hot-well and feed system is used. If the plan were unmanned, what would be provided to raise the alarm if the water level in the boiler is too low or too high and how often are these tested. What causes fire to start in boiler uptakes, what are these hazards and how are they detected. When coming into port, how do you change over from HO to DO? Why do you blend the oil. What is cavitation and where would it appear. Which bottom end bolt would you expect to fail first, a bolt fitted to a four-stroke engine or a bolt fitted to a two-stroke engine. How is fuel oil with steam atomisation, prevented from being removed from the boiler while the fuel and steam are still flowing. Why are inter-coolers fitted onto air compressors. Why is boiler furnace air heated. Describe turbo-charger surging.

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How do you test main engine trips and how often are these tests carried out. Describe the process of transferring heavy fuel oil from a double bottom tank to a settling tank. What is the purpose of fuel oil settling tanks. Why are weighted cocks fitted to sounding pipes. Where and why are quick closing valves fitted in a fuel system and how can they fail to operate. Why are OWS's necessary in an engine room. Which pumps on board can be used to pump out engine room bilges. Give possible reasons why an engine room bilge pump may not be able to empty the bilges. What immediate action must be taken if an engine room fire is serious enough to have to be evacuated by all personnel. Where would you expect to find the emergency fire pump and what is a very important valve to make sure is closed before if the pump has to be used. Describe the procedure before the start of a voyage to ensure that the steering gear is operating satisfactorily. What gases are found in an empty ballast tank. What is the danger when using flame from a tester to detect leakage of freon gas. What type of clutch is used on an electric windlass. What means are taken to ensure that the lifeboat engine will start in any climatic conditions such as extreme cold. What means are provided to prevent over-speeding of a lifeboat whilst it is being lowered. Describe how would you check a BA set. Having reassembled a pump, you saw water leaking from a packed shaft gland. Would you nip it up to stop the leak. What temperature would you expect on a ME exhaust and what deviation would be acceptable. What temperature would you expect for the ME LO in normal service. What temperature would you expect for the ME jacket cooling water, what may happen if the temperature is too low.

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If the SW cooling temperature were too low, what effect would it have on the main engine. How would you start a diesel generator on manual. What would you expect if the engine failed to start on air / fuel. What would you do in the event of a scavenge fire. How often do you inspect the scavenge drains. What do you expect to see from the drains. What scavenge air temperature would you expect. How often do you blow gauge glasses on a package boiler. How often do you blow down level transmitters. Passing the fridge unit, you see bubbles in the sight glass. What do you suspect. How would you remove air from a fridge system. You are checking the LO on a system, it has a milky quality about it. (a) would you use it. (b) what is wrong with it. Why do we take power-cards on a main engine, how do you work out the power per cylinder. Why do you need to cool the air from a turbo-blower before passing it to the scavenge space. If steering motor were overloaded, would it trip out on overload. Why are there three water supplies to a purifier. What safety devices would prevent an explosion in an air starting line. Explain how a fusible plug works. If there is excessive water discharging from the purifier, what is the problem. How do self cleaning filters work. Why are purifiers contained in a separate compartment. How does a water transducer valve work. What is the purpose of back-pressure in a purifier. Explain what safety measures are in an electric starter box. Describe the safety features on a main switchboard. Give two reasons why an air compressor may run hot. Describe how would you test a smoke alarm.

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What action would you take if a purifier lost its seal. How do you know if a purifier is upto speed. If a tube failed on an exhaust gas boiler, would you (a) stop the engine (b) reduce the engine speed (c) continue at full speed. Describe how would you test the operation of the emergency bilge injection valve. Explain the difference between a purifier and a clarifier. What would be the problem if there is oil carry over from the purifier. At full away, what plant changes are made. What is the difference between phenopthalein alkalinity and total alkalinity. Describe the symptoms of undercharge in a refrigeration system. Describe how would recharge a fridge system. Describe a fridge cycle. State the safety devices fitted to a fridge compressor. Explain the different types of pumps. Explain the drive linkage of a purifer. What type of bilge pump would be fitted on a lifeboat and what would you do it you could not get suction. Describe how the main engine lube oil is heated. Describe the difference between a positive and a negative cam with respect to starting air and a fuel pump. Where are the auxiliary blowers, where do they take suction from. Describe the construction of a scavenge space. Why do you have 2 different air pressures in the scavenge space. What cut outs are fitted to a main engine. If a main engine alarm is activated, will the engine stop or slow down. How does the engine stop after receiving an alarm. How do you lift a fuel pump.

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How do you reduce the salinity of an evaporator. What are intrinsically safe fittings. Describe how to operate a bulk CO2 system. What could be the cause of the exhaust temperature of one cylinder reading higher than the rest. When would you expect to call the Chief Engineer if you are the only engineer on watch. Where are the BA sets situated, describe the safety line. How does an air ejector work and what is its purpose. How would you deal with a fire in the boiler uptake. What are the last drains you would close when flashing a water-tube boiler. What would be the operating pressure and temperature of the fuel system. Describe an insulation test on a three phase AC motor. Describe a jerk type fuel pump, how does it work. What problems can occur when running a FO purifier with different types of bunkers. What is the purpose of an inter-cooler, what are the problems of undercooking air. What safety devices are fitted to lifeboat lowering gear. Describe how to lower a lifeboat. What is a tricing pennant, bowsing tackle. Describe the bridge and local operation of a powered watertight door. Draw the fire-main and all main isolating valves. Explain what action you would take before going UMS. How does the patrol alarm work. How is the purifier motor connected to the pump. What do you look for in fuel tanks. How and why do you soot blow. Why do you drain air bottles and what are the dangers if they are not drained regularly.

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How do you know if an air start valve is leaking exhaust gas through the air start line and what are the dangers. Define safe and hazardous zones with regard to a tanker. Where do you use bled steam. What is ODME. What precautions would you take when recharging a dry powder fire extinguisher. How is the air in the scavenge manifold prevented from flowing back through the coolers when the piston is on the downward stroke. Describe how you would withdraw a burner for cleaning. What is the purpose of the vortex plate. With regard to bilges, what is the B/5 rule. If when opening a valve water hammer occurs, what should be done. What is the purpose of taking crankcase deflections. What is the purpose of a stuffing box, What is the function of a bedplate. What would happen if the exhaust valve of one unite were blocked. Do you have plastic pipes on sewage plants. What is the problem if there is no fluid flowing through them and what would you do. How do you put a piston on a slow speed engine back in the engine, with regards to lining up. |What could be the reason for the piston sticking in the liner during replacement. What is the TBN rating as applied to LO. State suitable TBN ratings for LO suitable for medium speed diesel engines. Describe how would you change piston rings. What would you be looking for. What actions would you take if an air compressor ran hot. How do you test smoke alarms. How do you control the steam flow through the heating coil i.e. by inlet or outlet valves. Give reasons for the same.

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In some instances, cleaning agents are used to clean bilges. What type of cleaning agents are used and what are their advantages and disadvantages. How often should the emergency generator and the emergency electrical system be tested. When operating in UMS mode, some Classification Societies have regulations for the type of alarms to be fitted. These types are collected in 2 groups. What are these groups. What is the purpose of your role as a watch-keeper. What could be the problem if the temperature of a cylinder gradually increases over a few hours. What detergents do you use on board your ship for cleaning the bilges. How do they work. How do they affect the operation of the OWS. The engine is racing and slowing. A white haze can be seen for about 10 miles behind the vessel. What is the problem and what would you do. The water in the boiler is higher than the guage glass. What are the problems and what actions would you take. When carrying out pre-sailing checks, what special attention should be paid to the rudder bearing. What is the function of an engine governor. Explain its operation. In a slow speed engine, any dirt, etc. resulting from blow-plast is collected in the scavenge space and therefore does not enter the crankcase. What happens to blow-plast in a trunk piston engine and what steps are taken to prevent damage to the engine from occurring. What is the purpose of a soot-blower. What safety devices are fitted to air compressors. What is the difference between a slow acting and a fast acting detergent. How does a coalescer work. How do you tell the difference between a coalescer and a filter by looking at it. What is meant by 'steady flow' and 'eddy flow' Where do the drains from the washbasin in the engine room lead to. What is meant by critical speed. Explain how a turbo-charger surges.

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If oil floats on top of water, why cant you just pump the bilge well slowly seeing as how the suction is in the water.