i. iTED ST.-\ TE:') [)El\\ In\1 E:'\T 0 F T l! c I :'\TER.

10 R
rOR NPS USE: ONLY
PARK SERVICE
>1
NATIONAL REGISTER OF h'1STORIC PLACES
INVENTORY -- NO!\.IINATION FORM
I --'-- ___
·1
"----lli iNSTRUCTIONS !N HOW TO COMPLETE NATIONAL REGISTER FORMS
TYPE ALL ENTri.'::),- COMPLETE APPLICABLE SECTIONS
HISTOrllC
Cr es c ant Ar ca Historic _
------;:ND/c1i'\ COI"' ....
II
Averrue, 1st, 2nd and Jrd Place, Park Avenue between Crescent
i'}]LOCATION
and Street. Ninth Street between Park Ave. and Hatchung Ave , ;
ST.iEET'" NLJMi3ER
\{atchui1.g AV2. b e tween 7th and 9th, 7th St. b e twe en Hatchung and 9th
and Fr ankl.Ln Place_ _NOTFOR _
cvrv. TOV.'N
__-'==-'- CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT
Plainfield
VICINITY OF 12th
STATE CODE COUNTY coot:
034
Union
Qi9
C-"TEGORY OWNERSHIP STATUS PFl=SENT USE
2:;.OISTi11CT _PUBLIC _AGRICULTURE

X PRIVA-:-C: ,_UNOCCUPIED ERCiAL _PARK
__80Th _WORK IN PROGRESS _EDUCATIONAL RESIDENCE
PU8L:C ,,,-CQU:SrrlDN ACCESSIBLE _ENTERTAINMENT X RELIGIOUS
;r
__
__ :N PRCC,-S'3 _YES: RESTRICTED _GOVERNMENT _SCIENTiFIC
__ V>'<S,O='1,,0 UNRESTRICTED _INDUSTRIAL -_TRANSPORTATION
_,NO _MILITARY _OTHER:
N!\r--,1 E
______ l t . , _
&.
STAT:
,------------,-
COUR-ir.CLSi::.
PEGISTPY OC:
Elizabeth
REPRESENTATION IN EX1STING SURVEYS
County Historic Landmarks Lnv en tor v - Feb .
___.. . f i:: __I!j t .. _:r Que _-: . . ._..
.l97!f
.
SfAH
J.Elli":L
(PLainfiEcld)
.__. ,._.__.. _
_
__FEDEnA\. _STATE XCOUNTY _LOU'l
s -- --- II i '-;3;; '" t P t, ------ - ------ ---- --_.--- --------,--.-- '- --..
_ .. Ci£! __ _(l'l
Gl
nnj,I1,z_DeILL..;...) _
CIFl. TOV'JI"J STATF
New Jer.c;e'-,
'."..•..,,_..---.. ..- .. - .- ---<_.--_. .. -_.' -'--""--'--"'--- - ---.- ._..__.. ---.-----.... ----_...- - . ---.',------ _.,_._- 'J-- ------.--.----.-..
CONDITION CHECK ONE CHECK ONE
__ EXCELLENT _DETERIORATED _uNALTERED SITE
XGOOD
_ RUINS _MOVED D:'TE _
._UNEXPOSED
DESCRiBE THE PRESENT AND ORIGINAL (IF KNOWN) PHYSICAL APPEARANCE
The general conditions and brief descriptions with photos of
buil ding s wi th in the Cre s ce rrt Area Hi stor ic Di st r ict are attached.
There are some more detailed descriptions of several of the more
significant buildings and photos of significant details, as well as
some streetscapes showing the cohesive condition and aesthetic
of the proposed district.
-
'l'he Crescent Area Histor-ic District is a cohesive residential area
d a ti nq from the 1870' s . Over seventy percent of the dwellings were
built within the dates of
There is a less than ten percent rate of intrusions. There are also
nine vacant lots (not calculated in the totals).
The present housing is single family residential and multi-family
res Ld e nt; i 31. Several 0 f the apartments are modern bui Ld i nq s, but a
high number of the historical structures (originally single f ami Ly )
have been converted into two and three unit apartments.
?ne chart pr ov Lde s a street by street period breakdown of
th9 within the districi::.
:,
1860-75 1880:"'85 1890-1900 1910-1925 Modern
-e - ,
, ;
Pi . 2 j 4 7
\
'7"'"',
l' 1 rs Co Pl ( 8 ) 3 2
·
(
(.
E . 7t h St J ) 2 3
(
i 1
\
ire PI ,
J
7 2
·

;1 t c h :,: ng
i
; 5 ) 6 5 2
...,
C'r eac en t,
\
q
.- .: 11 3 3 l
F-r-al1X:l 1:1
,
"f :) ) 4 7 3
Pa.rk "
,
,-
v
S
J
\
3 2
·
9
:-
h
,
-).
")
)
.
-
, j
7 11 5 3
12 2 13 47 39 12 11
Many fine examples of Carpenter Gothic, Italianate, Second Empire
(na.nsard), Queen Anne, and Shingle style architecture survive within
t hc district. Other styles r e coqri i z e d include the Colonial Revival, ­
Eastlake, English Tudor, and Mission, although these are uncommon
e.xa:·:pJes in the district.
I
I
FliF.-f)"':'3UC.":-. '
01/78)
UNITED STr"TES OF THE INTERIOR
HER I T2,GE: CCi'bERVATI .L..;<D RECf<E/l, TI ON SERVI CE
NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES
INVENTORY -- TI ON FORM
Crescent Area Eistoric District
[alan County
Jersey
CONTI NUATION SHEET ITEM NUMBER
·FOR;HCRS··•.•··USE

:::::..:.::...::.:.. : :.: .: .'.::.:::.. ..::-.-:-.: .:
DAfEENTERED.
PAGE 1
7. DESCRIPTION (continued)
The boundaries Here chosen because of either a division of usage of
the structures (commercial residential along East Seventh
Street) or enough modern construction outside of the district to
I
seriously alter the character of the historical surroundings (Prospect i
Avenue, Park Carnegie Avenue, and Richmond Street).
i
Attacjed is a sG=vey prepared for every property within the

district.
t
I
I
e
:,
i
I
I
I
r"·
(
1
I
--
---
--------
See Continuation Sheet
[IDCEOGRAPHICAL DATA
7
ACREAG" or ',G\1!NA1ED
Plainfield QU ADRANGLE SCALE
1:?'1,000
A
I' / I 9 ,. l 6 a OJ
ZONE EASTiNCi NORTHiNG ZONe· EASTING NORTHING
C IS! 4 i 9) 7 : 7 1I) ! ! 4 f 41 9 , 5 I9 ! 8 !.
o 7 1
0
I
C,'-+ t ,0; ! !

6,01
[Si4
J9!s.2\oi
1
4
; 4 ! 9 ; 5 17 , 9 , o l
F 3 t 8 L2J

I ! I HLLJ 1-Ll..LU LU
I I
1st, 2nd and 3rd Place, P2rk AveD.ue
b e twe en Crescent and i7in::ll S::reet:. Ninth Street between Park Avenue ar.d \'atc.huD.g;
Watchung Avenue between Seventh and Ninth, Seventh Street between and Ninth
___ F':'-;:;-:-l1:: pI c-:-----,--:----,--,--:--------,-----:--:-=c-:-:c-:--,------,------,---­
LIST ALL_ Sf:" TES AND CQUN: IES ,O.:;OPERTIES OVERLAPPING STATE OR COUNTY BOUNDARIES
COUNTY CODE
Crescent Avenue,
57,:' TE CO;]:: COUNTY CODE
'4 [)XLVi D D '[;' P \. 'D 't;' D ...... V
.1· ..... J.. ...... ..;......: ./ ••__ n;"
NA!Y!E/T1TLE Charles H. Det:-lil.ier, Jr., A.LA., Architect
!!arilyn Rupp , Historian
----- -------- -=cc= DAT:-:c
E-------
Cner Le s H.. D2G'iiller,
October 2 , 1979
TELEPHONE
120 De?ot "Park
CITY os TOW N
New
2::aSTATE :HISTCRIC PRESERVA'_rION OFFICER CERTIFICATION
'"He 0VALiJAT;:O Si,,;;'!.FIC.o,:,CE 0;: THIS PROPERTY WITHIN HI::: STATE IS:
ST,iHE _ LOCAL
As the deslg;l,ned St3te h!stcric P,es"'Na,'on O:'f,cer fur the Historic Act of 1956 (Public La w 89-665), I
her2by nominate ::-:" Drooerty for !nCIUSIO'1 in tn s Register and certify t t it has been evaluated accor dinq to the
. . - hb '-- N IP' - ! Ii. ·1 V
cuter ra and procedures set torn v trie , erx ij Ii r at ron a ,
De'C'.l!:'l ' 1,< 7
SHITi' HISiORIC PRi:SERVATION OFFICER SIGNATU9E # r:F,vVtl-'i.P.- f?
1\ i .... I!
e--, -U- C-" I I :\, f r"V ­
. __TIT=r: Li DATE YJ'" \1 f'\
THIS PROPERTY IS INCLUDED IN THE NATIONAL -·----l
i; DATE ..
i KEEPEROF THE HATJONAL REGISTER
DATE
!-- -------CHI E-;=OF-:=ZE"UST'RATI ON -'--- --.-----.--.------.--,---.------- --,----,,--,--. ----------------------.-- .------.--,----- ------­
I
1 -_J I
;.>ERIOD /l.REAS OF SiGNIFICANCE -­ CHECK AND JUSTIFY BELOW
jRErllSTOrliC _-ARCHEOLUGY-PREHISTORIC _COMMUNITY PLANNING _LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE _RELIGION
.\400·14% _.AHCdECLOGY-HISTORIC _CONSERVATION _LAW _SCIENCE
..__ 1500-1 599 --AGRICULTURE _ECONOMICS _LITERATURE _SCULPTU'lE
_1600-1 b99 _EDUCATION _MILITARY ARIAN
iJOQ-1799 --.ART _ENGINEERiNG _MUSIC _THEATER
<: 1800-1899 _COMMeRCE _EXPLORATION/SETTLEMENT _Phi LOSOPhY _TRANSPOiHAT:ON
._1500­ _INDUSTRY _POLITICS/GOVERNMENT _OTHER 'SPECIFY)

SPECIFIC DATES BUILDER/ARCH ITECT
OF SIGNIFICANCE
At the intersection of Watchung
.s,
Avenue, 7th Street and Crescent Avenue
is a unique collection of 19th century buildings. This area was
developed as a speculative r e a I estate venture in the 1870 I s by Job
Hale, who buil t some 30 or more of the 100+ buildings now standing
within the boundaries of this proposed historic district. What is 20St
significant about this group of buildings is the virtually undisturbed
of these houses to one another and lack of intrusion of
Lat.er construction. Although some buildings have been altered, the
general ambiance of an upper middle class mid-19th century residential
area is preserved with many of the larger homes adapted to apartments
c::nc ::11..l.lti-family homes. The architectural significance of these
buildings is most Impr e s s r ve with a collection of heavy Italianate and
Mansard masonry homes. Designed for wealthy bustnessmen along Crescent
Avenue, they have broad piazzas and spacious The street still
retains an impressive elegance and the beautiful trees and shrubs
c ornpl eme nt; the old homes , :,ynieh collectively are a virtual architec­
tural mu s e u.n , Failninq cu t; from Crescent Avenue are three short
s r r e e t s r I s t; , Zri d a;-;.:'; 3rd ?lace. The houses along these streets,
al enough not qu it e 38 Ie ':;2, also reflect the same style of a r. en i tec­
ture and are well Dair'.c..:':'::.ed. Ninth ·Street and Franklin Place, which
bring up the S00th-Easte:Ly boundary of the district, also contain fine
e x amp l e s of Vi c tor ian wi th a range from strong Federal over­
tones to f r arne r a rmriou se and early multi-family designs. The true
significance and a district is the total effect of all these
buildings one's outstanding qualities.
F"HR ··8<300!\
(11/78)
UNITED STATES DEPJlRH·1ENT OF THE INTERIOR
HERIT!',GE AND RECREATIOi\! SERVICE
NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PUlI.CES
INVENTORY -- NOMINATION FORM
Crescent Are.a Eistoric District
Plainfield, County
.Je r s ev
CONTI NUATION SHEET
ITEM NUMBER PAGE 1
8. SIGNIFICANCE (continued)
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
Prior to the arrival of the white man, the Lenni-Lenape Indians, part
of the Tribe, lived in this area of New Jersey. The Ice Age
had endowed this area with a protective terrain, productive farmlands
and forests and "wonderful pure air and springs." Indian trails became
the h i qhway s and s t r e e t s still in use in Plainfield today, I'latchung
Avenue located in the heart of the Historic District was once one of
those trails. Remains of an Indian village and burial grounds have
been found in the locality of First, Second and Third Place which are
wi th in t ae boundar i es of the proposed Crescent Avenue His tor ic Di s­
trict.
The first white settlers from Scotland and Holland arrived in the
area in the 1580 's. The first permanent settler was Thomas Gordon
who s e horne L12 s on Cedar Br-ook adj acent to Cre scent Avenue, and whose
land holc inq s rcos t of what is present-day Plainfield. The
enthusiastic heme detailing the healthful climate, plen­
tifll1 ga8e, fish anj good soil and water brought other settlers
to New Jersey, in spite of the "Flee salt most trouble­
some in tb.2 s:;m;Ti.2::'." r'::-: e s e elements continued through the years to
attract \
Dur i nq the Re vol .: t i:J;;ar=:· h'ar, patr iots from area fami I ies served in
militia as soldiers and officers. An important battle,
the cf was fought in the area in June of 1777
and r e pe Ll I nq the British in tJe\v Jersey. SOITte of
the homes or t no s e 'J-/hv supported the cause of the Revolution still
exist today: The Drake House Museum, where Washington rested and
briefed his officers, 2!1d the Vermule home s t.e ad , where the officers
pere quactered.
Following the war, industry and transportation began to q r ow a nd .
take on added import ance, con t r ibu t ing to the economi c prosper it y. ­
Pl.::dnfieL3 be c ame officially r e coc n i ze d on Apr i I 1 r 1800 with a popu­
lation of 215. The Gordon Gazateer in 1834 a glowing aCCoLnt of
all the rich and noted that "the SOC}:.:ty rs
mora.l and religious."
f-=-HR-8-
(U/;;;:,)
UNIYED STATES OF THE INTERIOR
1T;\CC r 1 r,,\J SERVI C=
1"J/\ 'rIONAl. REGlSTER Or' HISTORIC PLACES
iN 't: 7l::N
T
'T' r" D "'/ NTO'· n"r "'OUM
x VLi ......in" -- j. lVt l''ll 11v1" A' ... ,1 0'
Cr e s c e n t t.c e : Historic District

"JeIN Jersey
CONTi NUAT!ON SHEET ITEM NUMBER
RECEIVED
DATE ENTERED,
____.J
PAGE
2
8. SIGNIFICANCE (continued)
It was in Plainfield In 1847 that the model for the public school
system for the state was devised. Through the efforts of the Dr.
Charles ::. Stillman, Plainfield physician, the New Jersey Legislature
empowered the city to raise money by taxation in order to a
public school s y s t em . An account of the day declares, "No one can
measure effect of this enlightened policy in extending the fame of
the city a nd building up its prosperity." Many of the people wh o were
active in education and cultural activities lived within the bounds of
the Historic District.
rnos t; i nf Lue n t i a I force to the development of Plainfield \';3.5 the
railroad, which about a change in the social and economic
character of the town. a direct connection was made between
Ple.infield ana New Yo r k Citoi, c. 1850, Plainfield became a c orunu t e r
t () \'(t.l •
Duri0S Civil ioeal residents were involved in the fight­
Ing. 2 on McCleland's staff, built his home
setcled First the War.
who became known as "Plainfield's Grand
Old i']aL" r settled in in 1867, following the Civil An
inventor, he h2d the loading of ferry slips with a patented
12
c
)" '=> l i r;'J Ci':C-'-'lCcC'. with Evan Jones, twenty four acres of
Land ·'in. tl-,2 s uc c r r s _ .!..-:::1 it out in village lots and streets and
erec: t;2 cJ t; e - - 1" E _::: 'C;:. .: ': :.. res ide nee s 0 f fine arch i teet 1.1 r a 1 de s i 9 n ,
drr:','ving t:-.e pl3.::3 ::·;:-:1:2G all h i ms.e Lf " He was his own cont.ractor and c
0','1',,'2:3 a g:-ea::.,::?:' of c:he Land that includes Crescent and h'<J.tcflung
Avenues. Se designed a p2:-ticularly distinctive style of architecture
"s'cucco-wa.lled, r oo f e d , still standing toddy." He continued to
build h orne s in different parts of the city until his po s e e s c i o n s
inclcded more than one hundred Plainfield houses. His obituary notice
i r: ';891 noted t h at. "hi.s purse always ready to respond to the calls o f
(2e,:;cr,'ing charity." He wa s a public benefactor, mi:ikinc; po s a i b I.c the
t.hc .Jo o , '-. 1 ;=0("
I.:: he ·n0 S pit a 1., t; 11 e Cr ('; s c '2 n t A"l C n II '2 Pre s b " t (' ,- 1 ('I n Ch u r c h , c1 n d the
:.! J. i :.1 Ch ;1 c •
Improvements"
spirit that
houses are
their plain
the ir
bay win­
(11/72)
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE HIJTERIOR
- ····: ·•····C·······R··· ····Si..UcE···:··:OO· .··L····Y·· f
trO
R
......
···
_.
H
t"' .. :".:.- "oJ - " ":.". . ....." ·i '.'
CUJS:::RVf>nC\; /.ND SERVICE
·········
NATIONAL REGISTER OF l-llSTORIC PLACES
..
,i,:':' : ",
INVE1'ITORY -- NOMINATION FORM
Crescent Area Ejstoric District
Plainfield, County
CONTI NUATION SH!:ET ITEM NUMBER
PAGE 3
8. SIGNIFICANCE (continued)
A CeDtral New Jersey Times account in 1870 of "Our Town
wr o t e , "T'h e improvements in building is the expression of a
leads to progressive movements in other directions. The old
not recognizable with tints of brown and cream and olive,
r oo f s me t arno r phos e d by pediments, fancy gables and corn i ce s,
p r i tni t i ve 3 .irnpl ic i t Y converted into modern beauty by wings,
dows, recessed and every variety of develop­
ment. II The writer further comments on the "new houses, with t he i r
aspiring t owe r s , F-cench roofs and cupolas." It was the kind of com­
riun i t.y that led the E'l i z abe t h Herald in May of 1888 to wr i t e , "The
bu s t Li r.q activity of the city of Plainfield. • is r emar k abLe v And "
to c oricLud e , "The n e xt; move in P'l a i n f i e l.d , no doubt, 'dill be the horse
cars. "
Plainfi"ld had b e c ome c., fashionable summer;resort and eventually
attracted 23ny wealtny New businessmen to settle here year 'round.
rEb'::, Gas L'iq h t; A':]'2 e,:rc:-::=-s r.e mo r i.e s of Plainfield with theatricals,
minstrel ''3]:;o'..;s; r o Ll e r r ';'::;,:s and other forms of entertainment. The
site 0 f hot ;21 S r th", I:r..;, '::.benroc>d was reputed to be one of the "most
h e aIth f u I r '>,' acce s s i.bl e inland s umme r resorts in the
COUll t.r y .. n
By 1390, sub s t antial wealth and Lmpr ovement s , Plainfield con­
tinued to advance and prosper, attracting people of substance to live
here. F.S s ucce s s f u I and their families settled in the
C'>c'C,.::;",n.: ':,.';:::,,-'0' :::c?d became active in the cultural, religious,
2:"d .:::Jucat':'J'la:L ::'::':3.:':-::-': o r the city. James W. Jackson, William D.
l-lur cay bo t n se rv 2':: ,i3 ;::: 23 ident s of the new.Ly-e f o rmed YMCA. Henry C.
Squires established th2 Hope Chapel on January 1, 1888 as a branch of
Ave;;ue Church. Augustus Baldwin wory-eo
closely Job in establishing the first free public library and
the art gallery. In 1883 some of the first subscribers to lithe last
word in modern efficiency", the telephone, lived in the District:
Go dd a r d , F.O. Herring! Leander Lovell, and the Dumond family.
Mlnv served as members of the Common
(l1/78)
UNITED ST.L\TES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
HC.KlT!\GE f-,,'\jD SERVICE
I'{li. TIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES
INVENTORY-- NOMINAnON FORM
Crescent .4:["22. Eistoric District
?lainfield, (:lion County
:': J er S 2):
CONTI NUATION SHEET ITEM NUMBER PAGE 4
8. SIGNI2ICANCE
After Job Male's death, Plainfield continued to be a highly desirable
neighborhood and remained that 0ay until the 1930's, when many of the
large homes were converted to apartments. This process continues with
sing1e f amily residences almost non-exi stant today. The al terat ions
for the most part are tastefully done and are not detrimental to the
basic sty}9 and of the original building. This makes for a
p e r t i cu l a r l y fine collection of buildings appropriate to an Historic
District.
NOTES ON RECOLLECTIONS OF LONG TIME RESIDENTS OF THE AREA
Longtime residents of have been interviewed regarding their
recollect ions of famous residents of this area. Those persons inter­
vIewed were Mrs. Lawrence Heely, Mrs. Henry Mrs. Dorothy Wills,
Hrs. Helen '\lygatt, ;Vir. .Jo hn Harmon, Miss Gwen Cochran, t1rs. Dorothy
D(: H2 C t, :,1 i. ,3 Do r 0:: '! L<2 ;:. ,"";., I"I:r. A1 f red Ge nung, Mr. Ale x Kroll, rot r •
Marsh, Mrs. Van Oss and others.
920ple lived who were cultural fields,
e duc a t ion po Li t ic s , 2iS we Ll as very successful p r o f e s s i ona l and
business active and 'in York City. Also educators
and lived tere.
John a and of the National Academy lived
vt J·c.-d ?':::,'O" c': :3c:.::' ..Ie I who achieved international f arna for his
desisns Another prominent artist who lived here was
Thomas Hart brother lived for many years on Crescent ­
Avenue. Also William Gilbert, a well known illustrator, lived on
The author of the White Cliffs of Dover, Alice Duer Miller, A Van Darn
Honeyman, the famous historian, lived on 9th Street, and also Van Wyk
Brooks another well known author. Ernest Ackerman, a representative in ..
u.s. Congress in the 1870's and his brother Ackerman, who lived
on Crescent Avenue, founded the Lone Star Cement Company and were
deeply Lnvol ved in many large national important financial ::>nd irulus­
t i a 1 n t; e rpr ise s •
(11/78)
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
hERIT:....GE CONSERVATION RECREf\TION SERVICE
I'll\. TIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES
INVENTORY -- NOMINAnON FORM
Crescent Area Historic District
Plainfield,
Jersey
CONTI NUATiON SHEET ITEM NUMBER PAGE 5
8. SIGNI?ICANCE (continued)
The famous opera singer, Mario Caruso, married a Goddard and was fre­
quently G:i visitor to P'l a i n f i e Ld" to the Goddard House at 213 East 9th
St r e e t . This family had a profound influence on the musical advance­
ment of the entire area.
The area abounded in Lawye r s , judges and politicians, including four
Mayors of a"d people in the foreign service for 25 years,
such as Hendrick Van Oss, most recently served as ambassador to Mada­
gasc3r and other countries.
The Crescent Avenue area was truly the heart of the and boasted

the most important and influential people of the period 1860 through
I
1320. The homes of these ?8ople reflect their taste, affluence and are I
a tangible piece of architectural history reflecting a glorious past.
:r I
I
The Crescen:: '::.'.'2:-.'..:e Area Historic District is a great deal
I
mere than of jeuses. It is probably one of the finest
c o l Le cc i o ns of e rch ite c t ur e in the Country. The term Vic­
torian i3 all 2nd ernbracesnumerous styles that echo tastes
and d e cor a t i v e =: other periods of architecture from other
countries than the one in which the present buildings
CO;--,?tr...:,::t:::0, of these have what in a r c h i t e c t ur a I
- which stems the architectural
styles going back as far as Byzantine derivative
styles, arid i.3::: c en t ur y Venetian palaces. These variety of design ­
styles result in the sudden surge of interest in European cultures and
an at t ernp t; by t be s udd e n.l y succes sful and new c lass of ',oi'e al thy bus i­
nessmen who were anxious to reflect their success in the work of
finance in their homes. These interests were stimulated by their
travels abroad and what they had seen, which was considered elegant.
Thus we have Tuscan towers, Italian villas, Palazzo's with loggia and
- ..

Plainfield, Vniail County
(11-78)
New Jersey
United States Department of the Interior
tjaritage Conservation and Recreation Service
Register of Historic Places
F"olm
Continuation sheet
Item number Page 6
8. (continued)
-
arcaded window and arches, Renaissance, Egyptian motifs, classical
elements, and finally the exuberant eclectic styles throwing the more
American traits of carpenter Gothic and Stick style in for good mea­
sure. English architecture is also reflected wi t h half timber, pro­
jecti.ng gables, Sastlake influence, Queen Anne and Edwardian styles.
The detail photos of these buildings reflect the painstaking crafts­
manship of the builders and imaginative design abilities of the archi­
tects. is truly a tangible record of the past which should be
pres e rved as close to its original state as practical, in their new
role of many being converted for multi-family use.
The Crescent Area Historic District is one of the finest collections of suburban
architecture in New Jersey. Developed as a speculative real venture
in the 1870's by Job Male, the hllildings are an irepressive presentation of Itali2nate
arid Se cond 2o-:upire style ar chi tec t u r e of the mid to late 19th century. The houses Her-e
p r Lmz- r Ll.y ignec for weal. t hy bus Lnessme n and, cons aquenj Ly , visages wl t h Ln the
d i s.t r Lc t s t i l.I retain a f Lne e Le.ganc e in their total ambiance of buildings and their
streets, sidewalks, and trees.
1
Crescent Area Historic District
United States Department of the Interior
Her!tage Conserv:ation and Recreation Service
N,ational Register oj Historic Piaces
inventory-Nomination Form
Ccntinuation sheet Item number Page
9. BIBLIOGIt.<\PHY
AUTHOR
TITLE DATE
Blumenson, John J.G.
Identifying American Architecture
Central New Jersey Times
1870-1885
Clayton, Woodford
History of Union & Middlesex Co. 1882
Cochran, Jean Carter
History Crescent Ave. Church
The Gaur i er New s
of Plainfield
'",ourler News
Nov.
1954
Dev1in, Harry
Grandfather's House We Go
Architecture of Countuy Houses
The
r. •
..... , "II •
The Plainfield .t'UD i r c
Dunham, F .A..
City of and 1894
Bora of North Plainfield
& CD. (Pub.) Plainfield City Directory 1876-7
Springfield, Mass.
of American Living
Honeyman, .A.. '·ia.n Dor n 3istory of Union County
Volumes I, II, & III
Howard History of Plainfield 1942
League of Women Voters This is Plainfield
Nc Cabe ,
Historic Tour - Plainfield, N.J. 1974
1954
Crescent Area Eistoric District
Plainfield, Union County
:'; ew Jer s ey
tinned States Department of the Interior
neritage Conservation and Recreation Service
Naiionai Register of Historic Places
inv,'eniory-Nomination Form
2
Continuation &"leet Item number Page
9, (continued)
AUTHOR
TITLE DATE
Plfd. Area of Commerce Plainfield Area, N.J.
Pub. by Courier News Plainfield & Vicinity Pictures 1926
Plainfield Daily Press
Fri. & Sat.
Jan. 30,31, 1891
Plainfield Evening News
Sat.
Hay 23, 1888
Plainfield & North Plainfield
1879-80
City Directory
?iainfield & North Plainfield
1894-5
City Directory
Pratt, Dorochy & Richard A Guide to Early Amer i.canTlome s
Smi l.ey , F.T. of Plainfield 1891

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