VOICE

The
Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

Weekly

http://www.thevoicemyanmar.com

Vol.9 / No.6

pm 34

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

tar&duef
[dkw,ftkyfpk
&efukefESifU
rEåav;wGif
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESH&efjyif

bPfuwfoHk;
aps;0,f&mwGif
zkef;vdkif;aMumifU
tcufBuHK

ESpf 20
twGif;
tBuD;qHk;
rdk;oD;a<u

1
The

pm 7

pm 11

"mwfyHk - &efEdkif

"mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif

images.bestwestern.com

INSTITUTIONAL
POLITICS

tajccHOya'yg jynfe,fESifUwdkif;rsm;&ydkifcGifU
vTwfawmfESifU yl;aygif;jyifqifrnf

OD;qef;qifU
omoema&;
0efBuD;
wm0ef,lrnf

aejynfawmf? azazmf0g&D 5

zJGY

ykodrf? azazmf0g&D 6

wdkif;a'oBuD;twGif;&Sd
rJqE´&iS rf sm;u vTwaf wmfOuú|
tjzpf o mwm0ef , l & ef qE´
xkwfazmfrIrsm; jyKvkyfaeaomf
vnf; {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD;
vT w f a wmf O uú | (a[mif ; )
OD ; qef ; qif h u Ed k i f i H a wmf
or®w\a&G;cs,fcefYtyfcsuf
twdik ;f omoema&;0efBuD;Xme
jynfaxmifpk 0efBuD;wm0efudk
xrf;aqmifomG ;rnfjzpf aMumif;
The Voice Weekly odkY ajym
Mum;onf/
,if;udpöESifhywfoufí
zGUJ pnf;yHk tajccHOya'yk'fr 232
(ps)t& EdkifiHawmf pm 23

pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'utyfEiS ;f xm;aom jynfe,fEiS Yw
f ik d ;f a'oBuD;rsm;&ydkifcGifhwGif o,HZmwwl;azmfxkwf,l oHk;pGJcGifhrsm;ay;tyfxm;jcif;r&SdonfhtwGuf
zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yk'fr 188? Z,m; 2 yg jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmfrsm; Oya'jyKciG q
hf ikd &f mtcef;udk vTwaf wmfEiS yhf ;l aygif;jyifqif&ef
n§dEdIif;xm;aMumif; EkdifiHawmfor®w½Hk;jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;pdk;odef;u ajymMum;onf/
]]a&eHeYJ obm0"mwfaiGUxGuw
f hJ
jynfe,ftoD;oD;u xGuf&Sd jynfe,ftpdk;&rsm;udk tcsKd;uscGJa0 EkdifiHawmfor®w½kH;wGif jyKvkyfonfh
hf ckd aJG y;r,f/ usew
f m
aom obm0&if;jrpfrsm;rS &&Sdonfh Ekid &f ef vTwaf wmfEiS yhf ;l aygif;vkyaf qmif owif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJü ¤if;uajym a'orSm oH;k pGcJ iG u
udk wjcm;a'oawGtwGuf pm 21
0if a iG u d k jynf a xmif p k t pd k ; &ES i f h vsu&f adS Mumif; azazmf0g&Dv 3 &ufaeYu Mum;onf/

wpfEdkifiHvHk; vQyfppfrD;tjynfU&&Sd&ef urÇmhbPfulnDrnf

pm 6

yk*¾vdu
0efxrf;rsm;
yifpifcHpm;cGifU
&rnf
oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;ZkeftwGif;&Sd usL;ausmfrsm; ESpfywftwGif;rajymif;a&TYygu axmifcsrnf[kqdk
pm 14

(66)ESpaf jrmuf &Sr;f jynfe,faeY tcrf;tem; udk azazmf0g&Dv 7&ufaeY n 7em&D tcsdefu '*HkjrdKUe,f&Sd
trsKd;om;uZmwf½HkwGifusif;ycJh&m a'ocHwdkif;&if;om;rsm; wufa&mufvmonfudk awGY &pOf/

"mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif

pm 6

SUPPLEMENT
OICE
A
47

The

Monday,
Monday,February
February 11
11--17,
17, 2013
2013
Vol.9 / No.6

V

umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf(av)udk qufoG,fa&;0efBuD; cefhtyfrnf

VOICE

The

Weekly

&efukef? azazmf0g&D 8

ef;pdef\ t&yfom;tpdk;&tzJGUvufxufwGif qufoG,fa&;0efBuD;tjzpf 2 ESpfeD;yg; wm0ef,lcJhaom AkdvfcsKyfodef;xGef;(Nidrf;)\ qufoG,fa&;? owif;tcsuftvufESifh
or®w ODenf;od;ynm0ef
BuD;Xme0efBuD;&mxl;wGif wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyf(av) Akv
d cf sKyfBuD;jrwf[ed ;f udck efYtyf&ef or®wOD;ode;f pdeu
f azazmf0g&Dv 8 &ufaeYwiG f usi;f yaom jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmftpnf;ta0;odkY o0PfvTmay;ydkYcJhaMumif; jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfem,u OD;cifatmifjrifhu ajymMum;onf/
f jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;
]]enf;ynm0efBuD;qdkwJhae&m tzGJUrS tkdifwDynm&SifwpfOD;vnf; cJhNyD; AkdvfrSL;? AdkvfcsKyfrsm;tm; EkdifiH or®wOD;ode;f pde\
rSm enf;ynmudkem;vnfwwfuRrf; jzpf o l pma&;q&m bavmh * g \ta&;BuD;aom tcef;u@rsm; tay: ar;cGef;xkwfp&mrsm;jzpfay:
wJholukdyJ cefYoifhw,f}} [k MIDO OD;aebkef;vwfu oHk;oyfajymMum; wGif t"duwm0efay;tyfxm;jcif;rSm vmaMumif; jynfwGif;tkdifwDynm&Sif
todik ;f t0dik ;f u a0zefajymMum;onf/
NyD;cJhonfh Zefe0g&DvtwGif;
rdkbdkif;vfzkef;rsm;udk aps;EIef;jyifqif
owf r S w f í a&mif ; cs&ef jref r mh
qufoG,fa&;vkyfief;u aMunm
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 8
]Oya'txufwGif vTwfawmf OD;eE´ausmfpGm? tzG J U 0if r sm;tjzpf cJhaom jynfaxmifpkpm&if;ppfcsKyf xm;cJhNyD; ¤if;wkdY0efBuD;XmetwGif;
&S d o nf } [k Above The Law jynfolYvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm; Oya'udk jyifqifonfh Oya'Murf;ESihf aiGaMu;qkid &f mjyóemrsm; ay:ayguf
k ajccHOya'qdik &f m cJhaomaMumifh xdyfwef;t&m&SdBuD;
acgif;pOfjzifh vTwfawmftrwfrsm;udk jzpfaom a'gufwmpd;k &if? OD;cdik af rmif&nf? EdkifiaH wmfzUJG pnf;yHt
tifwmeufay:wGif a0zefa&;om;cJh OD;odef;ñGefY? OD;tkef;BudKif? OD;rif;aqG cHk½Hk;Oya'udk jyifqifonfh Oya' rsm;udk jynfxaJ &;u ac:,lppfaq;
dS l
kd pf m;vS,f Murf;wdkYudk &nf&G,fí vTwfawmf aeaMumif; or®w\ajyma&;qkcd iG &h f o
aom a'gufwmqdwfzGm;qdkoludk ESihf trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfu,
f twnfjyKajymMum;xm;NyD;
ta&;,l&ef azazmf0g&Dv 8 &ufaeY a'gufwmjrwfÓPpd;k ? OD;zke;f jrifah tmif? onf Oya'txufwGif&SdaeaMumif; OD;&Jx#G u
k idk ;f vfzek ;f rsm;a&mif;csrnf&h ufuv
k d nf;
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmftpnf;ta0; OD;atmifNidrf;? OD;uHñGefY? OD;pdkif;ausmf a'guf w mqd w f z G m ;trnf j zif h rdb
h nf/
wGif tzGUJ 0if 17 OD;yg pHpk rf;ppfaq;a&; aZmoef ; ? OD ; vS a qG ? OD ; od e f ; OD ; ? tifwmeufay:wGif a0zefa&;om;cJh tuefYtowfr&Sd a&TUqkid ;f xm;cJo
,ck o r® w u tqk d j yKaom
l w
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f
aumfr&Siw
f pf&yf zGUJ pnf;vdu
k af Mumif; OD;pef;vGif? a':usifpef;wdkY yg0if jcif;udk jynfoYv
G af &;0efBu;D opfukd jynfaxmifpk
a'gufwmpdk;&ifu Zefe0g&Dv 17 qufo,
jynf a xmif p k v T w f a wmf e m,u aMumif; od&onf/
]]a'gufwmqdwzf mG ;udk awGUNyDyJ &ufaeYwGif aumfr&SifzGJUta&;,l&ef vTwfawmfu oabmwltwnfjyKNyD;
OD;cifatmifjrifhu ajymMum;onf/
ygu rkdbdkif;vfzkef;rsm; tjrefqHk;
Edik if aH wmfvNkH cHKa&;? w&m;Oya' xm;ygOD;/ b,fvdkoufaojyrvJ/ tqdkwifoGif;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
pdk;rdk;a&;? &yf&Gmat;csrf;om,ma&; Cyber Law r&Sdbl;? Cyber Police
ESifh jynfolwdkY\ udk,fusifhw&m; r&Sdbl;/ bmBuD;rSef;rodwmBuD;udk
tvdkYiSm jy|mef;xm;onfh Oya'? Legally t& b,fvdkvkyfrvJ}} [k
enf;Oya'rsm;ESihf qefYusirf I &S?d r&Sd ESihf ta&;,lrIwGif rnfodkYaqmif&Guf
rnfoYkdta&;,laqmif&u
G o
f ifah Mumif; Ed k i f a Mumif ; aocsma&&mrI r &S d b J
aumfr&Sifu wifjy&rnfjzpfaMumif; aemufqHk;tqifh tqdkygyk*¾dKvfu
OD;cifatmifjrifhu ajymMum;onf/
vlpm;xd;k cJv
h Qifyif rnfoYkd aqmif&u
G f
tqdyk gaumfr&Siw
f iG f trsK;d om; rnf ra&&maMumif; tdkifwDynm&Sif &efukef? azazmf0g&D 8
vTwfawmf 'kwd,Ouú| OD;jrndrf;u OD;&Jjrwfou
l oH;k oyfajymMum;onf/
jynfyrS um;opfrsm;wifoGif; yHpk rH sm;rSmvnf; toH;k jyK&eftqifrajyrI
Ouú|tjzpf aqmif&u
G í
f 'kw,
d Ouú|
jynf a xmif p k v T w f a wmf w G i f vmNyD;aemuf pufrIZkefxkwf*spfrsm; rsm;&Sad omaMumifh rnfonfph ufrIZkef
tjzpf jynfolY vTwfawmf'w
k ,
d Ouú| Zefe0g&Dv 14 &ufaeYu rJcq
JG ;kH jzwf udk toHk;jyKolenf;yg;vmNyD; rlv *spfum;udkrqdk jynfwGif;rSxkwfvkyf
aom Station Wagon (rSeftvHkyHkpH)
ud,
k x
f nfrsm;jzifh ajymif;vJtoH;k jyKciG hf
NEWS MAKER
udk NyD;cJhonhfv 29 &ufaeYrSpí
cG i f h j yKvk d u f a Mumif ; uk e f ; vrf ;
yd k Y aqmif a &;nT e f M um;rI O D ; pD ; Xme
rEÅav;? azazmf0g&D 8
nTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;aomif;vGifu
The Voice Weekly odYk ajymMum;onf/
rEÅav;NrdKU y&[dw vlrI
wHcg;ESpfaygufyHkpH jynfwGif;
tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;onf azazmf0g&Dv
xkwfudk,fxnfrsm;udkomajymif;vJ
13 &ufaeYwGif usa&mufaom
cGijhf yKrnfjzpfNyD; ajymif;vJc 2000 usyf
trsKd ; om;acgif;aqmifBuD;
cefY ay;oGi;f &rnfjzpfaMumif; uke;f vrf;
Akv
d cf sKyaf tmifqef;\ (98) ESpf
ydkYaqmifa&;nTefMum;rI OD;pD;Xme
ajrmuf a rG ; aeY t xd r f ; trS w f
'kwd,nTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;rkd;jrihfu
a[majymyJGESifh ukodkvfjyKyJGrsm;
The Voice Weekly odYk ajymMum;onf/
udk usif;yMurnfjzpfaMumif;
]]*spfum;ydkif&SifawG 'Dwkdif;&yf
rEÅ a v;Nrd K UcH vl r I y &[d w
xm;&r,fhtpm; jyeftoHk;jyKvdkY&
tzGJUtpnf;rsm;xHrS pkHprf;od&dS
"mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif
atmifvyk af y;wmyg}} [k OD;aomif;vGif
&onf/
u qkdonf/
]]Ed k i f i H e J Y vl r sKd ; twG u f pG e f Y vT w f t epf e mcH í aqmif & G u f c J h a om jref r mh v G w f v yf a &;zcif B uD ;
,cifu vkid pf if0ifvQif wyfqif
AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;udk *kPfjyKwJhtaeeJY pDpOfusif;ywm}} [k rEÅav;NrdKU Zmwdrmefvli,fpmzwftoif; wm0ef
xm;aom trdk;tumrsm; jzKwfcsNyD;rS
&dSol OD;vSrif;OD;u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
vkid pf if0if&aMumif;? ,ck yHpk aH jymif;cGifh
]]uRefawmfwdkYEdkifiHrSm&dSwJh vli,fawGMum;rSmjzpfaewmu azazmf0g&D 13 AdkvfcsKyfarG;aeY? uav;rsm;aeY
jyKvkdufí tvkyfydkrsm;rvkyf&awmh
qdkwmudk todenf;MuNyD; 14 &uf(cspfolrsm;aeY) qdkwmudkyJ todrsm;Muw,f/ 'g pdwfraumif;p&myg/
aMumif ; *spf u m;vuf 0 ,f & &S d o l
AdkvfcsKyfarG;aeYudk uRefawmfwdkYowd&NyD; AdkvfcsKyfaus;Zl;udk atmufarhapcsifygw,f/ 'gaMumifhvnf;
wpfOD;uqkdonf/
uRefawmfwdkYqDu bkef;awmfBuD;oifynma&;ausmif;av;rSm Adv
k cf sKyfeYJywfoufwu
hJ Asmav;awGudk uav;awG
rl v yH k p H u d k trd k ; wyf ½H k j zif h
udk,fwdkif&GwfzwfwJhtpDtpOfav;awG yg0ifrSmyg}} [k AdkvfcsKyfaus;Zl;rarhaom vli,frsm; (yvdyf) rS
toH;k jyKEkid af omum;rsm;rSm tqifajy
OD;aersKd;cdkifu qdkonf/
aomf v nf ; tcsKd U *spf u m;rsm;rS m
obm0ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;vkyfief;rsm; tpOfwpdkufaqmif&Gufaeaom pdrf;a&mifpdk Activities
trd;k vHyk pkH aH jymif;vQif um;ud,
k x
f nf
u rEÅav;jrdKUta&SUbuf a&Tusifa&awmifwef;ay:&dS a&Tusifa&tajccHynmrlvwef;ausmif;ü todynm
wpfckvHk;jyefvnf jyKvkyf&rnfjzpfNyD;
ay;a[majymjcif;ESifh pma&;ud&d,mrsm; vSL'gef;jcif;udkvnf;aumif;? uHwufukef;rpdk;&drfukodkvfjzpfaq;cef;
usyf 15 odef;ausmf ukefusrnf
(jrifhjrwf{&m0wDvlrIuGef&uf) u arG;aeUtxdrf;trSwfaoG;vSL'gef;yGJudkvnf;aumif; usif;yjyKvkyfMu
jzpfaomaMumifh yHkpHajymif;cGifhjyKaomf
rnfjzpfaMumif; pDpOfol vlrItzGJUtpnf;rsm;rS trIaqmifrsm;u qdkonf/
vnf ; toH k ; jyKol & S d r nf r [k w f

a'gufwmqdwfzGm;udk ta&;,lrnfUaumfr&SifzGJY

a&mif;csay;rnf&h ufukd rMumcif aMunm
Ekid zf ,
G &f adS Mumif; jynfwiG ;f zke;f ta&mif;
qkdifrsm;u cefYrSef;ajymMum;onf/
or®wu jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf
em,u OD;cifarmifjrifhxHay;ydkYaom
o0PfvmT wGif Akv
d cf sKyfBuD; jrwf[ed ;f
udk qufoG,fa&;0efBuD; cefYtyf&ef
ESifhtwl e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xme
jynfaxmifp0k efBuD; 'kw,
d Akv
d cf sKyBf uD;
od e f ; aX;ud k ppf b uf w m0ef r sm;
jyefvnfxrf;aqmifap&eftwGuf
¤if;\ae&mudk umuG,af &;OD;pD;csKy½f ;kH
rS 'kwd,Akdvcf sKyfBuD;oufEidk 0f if;jzifh
tpm;xdk; cefYtyfoGm;&efazmfjyyg&Sd
aMumif; OD;cifatmifjrifu
h tpnf;ta0;
wGif zwfMum;cJhonf/
topfcefYtyfcH&aom 0efBuD;
okH;OD;rSm jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
oabmwlnDrI&&Sdygu usrf;opöm
usdefqkdrnfjzpfonf/

pufrIZkef*spfrsm; acwfESifUtnD
Station Wagon yHkpH ajymif;vJcGifUjyK

rEåav;vlrItzGJYtpnf;rsm; AdkvfcsKyfarG;aehusif;yrnf

aMumif; um;0,fa&mif;vkyfudkifol
OD;rif;rif;xGef;u qkdonf/
]]*spfum;t&if;u odef; 30
xm;? aemufxyf Station Wagon (rSef
tvHkyHkpH) ajymif;wmu 16 odef;
avmufukefr,f/ aygif;vkduf&if 46
odef;avmufusr,f/ jyefa&mif;&if
tJ'Daps;vnf;r&bl;/ aemuf 15
odef; ? odef; 20 pdkufvdkuf&if *syef
um;&NyDavAsm/ 'gBuD;tvkyf½IyfcH
b,fvyk af wmhrvJ}} [k ¤if;uoH;k oyf
ajymMum;cJhonf/
pufrZI ek *f sprf sm;rSm rMumao;cif
umvu xk w f v k y f c J h a omf v nf ;
BuHhckdifrIenf;ojzifh yHkpHajymif;cGifh
tpm; ,mOftdka[mif;tyfErHS pI epfuhJ
odYk um;udktyfum topfwifoGif;
cG i f h j yKoih f a Mumif ; ¤if ; u xyf r H
ajymMum;onf/
]]tckyHkpHajymif;cGifheJY *spfum;
awG tyfcGifhjyKzdkY&Sdwm r&SdwmeJYrqkdif
ygbl;/ pufrIZkefum;awGu topf
taeeJYxkwfcJhwmyg/ pufrIZkefawGu
aumif;aumif;rxkwfvdkY BuHhckdifrIr&Sd
wmuawmh pufrIZkefawGeJYyJ qkdifyg
vdrhfr,f}} [k ukef;vrf;ydkYaqmifa&;
nTefMum;rI OD;pD;XmerS tBuD;tuJ
wpfOD;uqkdonf/
pufrIZkef*spfum;rsm;udk 2006
ckEpS cf efYrpS wifxw
k v
f yk pf Ofu yHpk EH Sifh
tif*siftaetxm;udkvkdufí usyf
ode;f 110 rS 180 aps;aygufcNhJ y;D vuf&dS
aygufaps;rSm usyfodef; 40 0ef;usif
&SNd yD; 0,forl &Sad Mumif; um;aps;uGuf
twGif;rS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/

46
B
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

tpdk;&ESifU UNFC wdkh csif;rdkifwGif aqG;aEG;rnf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 8

tdkiftdkuOuú|tjzpf wm0ef,lxm;aom vufeufudkifwdkif;&if;om; 11 zGJUjzihf zGJYpnf;xm;onhfnDnGwfaom wdkif;&if;om;rsm; zuf'&,faumifpD(UNFC)
(UNFC)ESihf tpdk;&Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifa&;
vkyfief;aumfrwDwYkd ,ckazazmf0g&DvtwGif; xdkif;EdkifiH csif;rdkifNrdKUwGif awGUqHkaqG;aEG;rnfjzpfaMumif; Nidrf;csrf;a&;tusKd;awmfaqmifrsm;xHrS od&onf/
,if ; awG U qH k a qG ; aEG ; yG J u d k wGif yg0ifaom tzGJUtpnf;rsm;\ wGif awGUqHkaqG;aEG;&ef pDpOfcJhjcif; (EdkifiHa&; aphpyfaqG;aEG;a&;) udk jzpfonf/
2011 ckESpf azazmf0g&Dv 12
azazmf0g&Dv 9 &ufaeYwGif awGUqHk n§Ed iId ;f aqmif&u
G rf rI sm; &Sad eaomaMumihf jzpfaMumif; ¤if;wdkYu&Sif;jyonf/
jyKvk y f r S m jzpf y gw,f / Political
aqG;aEG;&efpDpOfcJhaomfvnf; UNFC azazmf0g&Dv16 &ufaeYaemufydkif;
]] UNFC eJY Political Dialoge Dialoge vdkYajymwJhtcgrSm tpktzGJU &ufaeYwGif wdkif;&if;om;tzGJUrsm;
eJYvnf; aqG;aEG;vdYk&ovdk wpfzUJG csi;f nDvmcHü vufeufudkiftzGJU 13 zGJU
vnf ; aqG ; aEG ; vd k Y & ygw,f } } [k jzihf zuf'&,fjynfaxmifpk ay:xGef;
Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;tusKd ; awmf a qmif a&;aumfrwD(CFMOFU) udk zGJUpnf;
wpfOD;u The Voice Weekly odkYajym NyD;aemuf ,if;ESpf Edk0ifbmv4 &uf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 8
aeYwGif wdkif;&if;om;tzGJU 11 zGJUjzihf
Mum;onf/
uGmvmvrfy?l *,m(tdE,
d´ )? uGru
f sK;d
MAI ESifh Air France wdYkonf
jref r mEd k i f i H \ tvH w if
G af omwdik ;f &if;om;rsm; zuf'&,f
tpd;k & Nird ;f csr;f a&;azmfaqmifa&; nDnw
hf arÇm'D;,m;Ekid if o
H Yk d Air Bus av,mOf vkyfief;aumfrwDonf azazmf0g&Dv aumifpD (UNFC) udk jyefvnfzUJG pnf;
wpfckwnf;aom avaMumif;vdkif; 2012 ckESpf Zlvdkifv 26 &ufaeYwGif ESiu
jzpfonfh tjynfjynfqdkif&m jrefrm jyifopfEdkifiH Chateaux de la loive ü &Sppf if;jzifah jy;qGaJ eaom avaMumif; twGif;wGif autdkiftdktzGJUESihfvnf; cJhNyD; Ouú|tjzpf autdkiftdkOuú|
avaMumif; MAI u 0efaqmifrI vkyif ef; Maintainance & Engineering vkdif;BuD;wpfvkdif;jzpfonf/
a&TvDNrdKUü awGUqHkaqG;aEG;Murnf OD;aZmif;[&m;u wm0ef,cl o
hJ nf/
rsm; tqifhjr§ifhwifEdkif&ef jyifopf Services ESih f enf;ynmydik ;f qdik &f m oifwef;
S f
EdkifiHtajcpdkuf jyifopf avaMumif; ydYk csrIrsm;twGuf oabmwlvufrw
vkdif; (Air France)ESifh ,ckvtwGif; a&;xdk;cJhNyD; ,ck 2013 Zefe0g&Dv
pmcsKyfcsKyfqdkoGm;rnf jzpfaMumif; wGif Airbus Type Rating oifwef;
'kw,
d tokwu
f kd ydYkcsay;vsu&f ad S Mumif; &efukef? azazmf0g&D 8
MAI ref a e*sm a':at;r&omu
tqdyk gavaMumif;vdik ;f xHrS od&onf/
vlaygif;wpfodef;ausmf tkd;rJh
ajymMum;onf/
,ckv 6 &ufaeYu tjynfjynf tdrfrJhjzpfyGm;aeaom &ckdifjynfe,f
,if ; od k U pmcsKyf c sKyf q d k N yD ;
oH;k vtwGi;f MAI rS 0efxrf; 600 ausmf qd k i f & m jref r mavaMumif ; MAI y#dyu©udpörsm;ukd ajz&Si;f a&;twGuf
d tBurd af jrmuf tvky½f aHk qG;aEG;yGJ
udk rdrdwdkYoufqdkif&mXme tvdkuf ½Hk;csKyfü Air France rS 'kwd,Ouú| 'kw,
0efaqmifrIt&nftaoG;rsm; jr§iw
hf if Mr. Philippe CHEVRIER, General ukd aejynfawmf MICC cef;rwGif
&eftwGuf jyifopf avaMumif;vdkif;\ Manager Herve’ MOULIN ESihf MAI azazmf0g&D aemufqkH;ywfü usif;y
tBuHay;tzGUJ (Air France Consulting) rS Managing Director OD ; pnf o l oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; e,fpyfa&;&m
u oifwef;rsm; ydYck somG ;rnfjzpfaMumif; wd k Y onf MAI ES i f h Air France 0ef B uD ; Xme? e,f p yf a 'oES i f h
twlyl;aygif;í c&D;onf0efaqmifrI wkdif;&if;om;vlrsK;d rsm; zGYNH zK;d wk;d wufa&;
¤if;u qufvufajymMum;onf/
]]tJ't
D zGUJ eJYvyk w
f m enf;ynm tydkif;? Commercial tydkif;wdkYtjyif OD ; pD ; XmerS nT e f M um;a&;rS L ;csKyf
"mwfykH-atmifpdk;
ydkif;a&m 0efaqmifrIydkif;yg aumif;rGef urÇmwpf0ef;&Sd avaMumif;vdkif;rsm; OD;axG;vSu ajymMum;onf/
azazmf0g&Dv 26 &ufESifh 27 2012ckESpf pufwifbmv wwd,ywftwGif;u aejynfawmfü jyKvkyfcJhaom
atmifvkyfwmyg/ MAI taeeJY EdkifiH ESifh ydkrdkus,fjyefYpGm csdwfqufEdkif&ef
wumtqifhrDzdkY&,f? avaMumif; aqG;aEG;cJhaMumif; ,if;avaMumif; &ufaeYwkdYwGif usif;yrnfh ,if; &cdkifjynfe,fy#dyu©ajz&Sif;a&; yxrtBudrftvkyf½HkaqG;aEG;yJG wufa&muf
tvkyf½kHaqG;aEG;yGJukd &ckdifjynfe,f&Sd vmolrsm;udkawGU&pOf
vdik ;f awGeYJ urÇmvH;k qdik &f mcsdwq
f ufrI vdkif;u owif;xkwfjyefonf/
MAI avaMumif;vdkif;onf
vlYtzGJUtpnf;ESpfckvkH;rS yk*¾Kdvfrsm;? ygwDrsm;? ukvor*¾ tygt0if A[kdtqifhwGifomru atmufajc
awGvyk zf YkdtwGuf yl;aygif;vkyaf qmif
wmjzpfygw,f}} [k ¤if;uqdk onf/ &efukefrS befaumuf? pifumyl? &ckdifjynfe,ftpkd;&tzGJY? EkdifiHa&; NGO, INGO rsm; ponfwYu
d k d k zdwMfum; tzGJUtpnf;rsm;rSmyg vkyfaqmifoifh
oGm;rnfjzpfNyD; jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; aMumif; or®w\ ajyma&;qkdcGifh&Sdol
POLITICS
rsm;vnf ; wuf a &muf r nf j zpf OD;&JxG#fu okH;oyfonf/
jrefrmEdik if v
H ;Hk qkid &f m armfv0DtzGUJ
aMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/
]]yxrwpfBurd jf yKvyk w
f hJ tvky½f kH XmecsKyrf S taxGaxGtwGi;f a&;rSL;csKyf
aqG;aEG;yGu
J dk Follow Up vkyo
f mG ;rSmyg/ M.A, OD;ausmpf ;dk urI ]]tvky½f akH qG;aEG;yGJ
rEÅav;? azazmf0g&D 8
yg0ifr,fh Topic awGukdawmh ajymvkdY &JUaqG;aEG;r,ft
h aMumif;t&m udv
k nf;
trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyf\ &yf^aus;nDvmcHudk,fpm;vS,fa&G;yGJwGif rormrIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhaMumif;
r&ao;bl;}} [k OD;axG;vSu &Si;f jyonf/ rodao;bl;/ aqG;aEG;jzpf&ifawmh
pGypf cJG suEf iS hf jynfoYlvw
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,af ':cifoEÅmudk t,kt
H Munfr&Sd uefYuu
G af Mumif;wdik pf mudk jynfaxmifpk
,if;tvkyf½kHaqG;aEG;yGJtwGuf bmomaygif;pkH cspMf unfa&; ½Iaxmifh
a&G;aumufyGJaumfr&SifxH azazmf0g&Dv 4 &ufaeYu wdkifMum;pmay;ydkYxm;aMumif; ausmufqnfc½dkifnDvmcH
w&m;0ifzw
d Mf um;rI r&&Sad o;aMumif; uyJ aqG;aEG;oGm;r,f}} [k &Si;f jyonf/
usif;ya&;aumfr&Sif twGif;a&;rSL; OD;atmifpdk;jrifhu ajymMum;onf/
yxrtBud r f a qG ; aEG ; yG J w G i f
&ckid pf mayESihf ,Ofaus;rItoif; (&efuek )f
trsKd;om;'Dru
kd a&pDtzGUJ csKyf jynfoYlvw
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f a':cifoEÅmudk t,kt
H Munfr&Sd uefYuu
G af Mumif;
vkHNcKHa&;? Nidrf;csrf;a&;? w&m;Oya'
rS Ouú| a':apmcifwifhu qkdonf/
vufrSwfpkaqmif;jcif;udk Zefe0g&Dv 25 &ufaeYu pwifcJh&m rJqE´&Sif 1300 ausmf\ vufrSwfrsm;pkaqmif;
]]jyefvnfxlaxmifa&;udpöyJ pk d ; rk d ; a&;ES i f h a'ownf N id r f a t;
&&SdcJhaMumif; ¤if;u qufvuf&Sif;jyonf/
jzpfzkdYrsm;ygw,f/ jyefvnfae&m csrf;a&;? ab;'ku©rsm;avQmYcsa&;ESifY
2012 ckESpf 'DZifbmv 24 &ufaeUu usif;ycJhaom wHwm;OD;NrdKUe,f trSwf (1) &yfuu
G f &yf^aus; nDvmcH
csxm;a&;udpaö wGukdvkyf&if ckd;0ifol vl o m;csif ; pmemaxmuf x m;rI
wGif jynfoYlvw
T af wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,f a':cifoEÅmu ¤if;\tpfujkd zpfol qE´r&J &daS p&ef &yfuu
G f rS NLD ygwD0if
awG tvkdvkd Premit &oGm;Ekdifw,f/ ay;a&;? ,m,Dtajccsaexkdifa&;ESifh
13 OD;wdYkukd tuspÐ rsm;ay;í rormrIjyKvkycf YJaMumif; Ouú|a':atmifqef;pkMunfxH wdik Mf um;pmü azmfjyyg&do
S nf/
awmfawmfav; owdxm;NyD; aqG;aEG; jyefvnfxal xmifa&;? &ifMum;apha&;
a':cifoEÅmudk uefYuu
G af Mumif; qE´rxkwfazmfrDESifh jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&SifxH wdkifMum;rI
&r,f}} [k ¤if;u xyfraH jymMum;onf/ ESihf vlraI &;o[Zmwjzpfa&;? a&&Snf
rjyKvyk rf t
D zGUJ csKyOf uú| a':atmifqef;pkMunfxH wdik Mf um;xm;aomfvnf; ,aeUtxd xl;jcm;rIwpfpw
Hk pf&mr&daS o;
ES p f z uf M um;em;vnf r I u d k zGHUNzKd;wkd;wufa&;ponfh acgif;pOf
aMumif; OD;atmifpdk;jrifhu ajymqdkonf/
wkd;yGm;apEkdifNyD; y#dyu©ajz&Sif;a&; rsm;jzifh 2012ckESpf pufwifbmv
tusÐpvmbfxdk; rJqG,fonfh pGyfpGJcsufonf rcdkifrmaMumif;? trSwf (1) &yfuGufwGif ygwD0if 65
twGuf trsm;BuD; taxmuftul 22 &uf a eYrS 23 &uf aeYxd
OD;&SdNyD; &yf^aus;nDvmcHa&G;cs,fyGJudk wufa&mufol 35 OD;&SNd y;D rwufa&mufonfhol 30 OD;&Sad Mumif;? tpfudkjzpfol
jyKEikd af Mumif; tvky½f aHk qG;aEG;yGrJ sm;ukd aejynfawmfwGif jyKvkyfcJhonf/
rJ 31 rJ&&SdaMumif; a':cifoEÅmu ajymMum;onf/
]]rJ&zdYk vly*k Kd¾ vf 13 OD;udk vmbfx;kd NyD; rormrIjyKw,faygh/ olwYkdpyG pf o
JG vdq
k &kd ifawmh usew
f o
hJ al wGukd tuspÐ ay;zdYk
usecf OhJ ;D r,fqw
kd hJ t"dymÜ ,fjzpfaew,f}} [k jynfolYvTwfawmfwiG f Edik if aH wmf\uwdu0wfrsm; tmrcHrIaumfrwD0if
wm0efxrf;aqmifvsuf&dSol a':cifoEÅmu &Sif;jyonf/
rEÅav;? azazmf0g&D 7
]]vlxkutmPmay;w,f/ vlxkeJY qefYusifbufjyKNyDqdk&ifawmh tJ'DtmPmudk vlxku jyef,lcGifh&dSw,f}}
jrefrmEkdifiHokdY **Fg-rJacgif ynmoifqkESpfpOfay;tyfvsuf&dS&mrEÅav;
[k uAsmq&mBuD;udkav; (tif;0*kP&f nf)u oH;k oyfajymMum;onf/
wkdif;a'oBuD;twGuf ynmoifqkig;qkac:,lxm;um azazmf0g&Dv 14
jrefrmEkid if \
H 'Dru
kd a&pD toGiu
f ;l ajymif;a&;wGif a':atmifqef;pkMunf\ OD;aqmifrjI zifh trsKd;om; 'Dru
kd a&pD
&ufaeYtxd avQmufxm;Ekid af Mumif; tdE,
´d aumifppf0ef½Hk;xHrSod&onf/
tqkyd gynmoifqw
k iG f tdE,
´d Ekid if &H Sd wuúov
dk Ef pS &f mausmfü aq;ynm
tzGJUcsKyf ygwD0ifrsm; wuf<upGmvkyfaqmifaecsdefwGif ygwDwGif;jyóemudk ygwDtwGif; 'Drdkua&pDusifhpOft&
bmom&yfrv
S u
JG m rdrpd w
d 0f ifpm;onfb
h mom&yfrsm;udk avQmufxm;Ekid af Mumif;
tjyeftvSef av;pm;rI&Sd&Sd ajz&Sif;oifhaMumif; jrefrmhEidk if t
H a&; avhvmapmifhMunfholwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
tdEd´,aumifppf0ef½Hk;xHrS od&onf/
]]tefwDhtaeeJYvnf; ygwDwnfaqmuf ygwDcdkifrma&; enf;enf;owdxm;oifw
h ,f/ atmufajcrcdik v
f Ykd
ynmoifqkavQmufvTmrsm;ESihf odvo
dk nfrsm;udk tdE,
´d aumifppf0ef
vdu
I pf m;&if NyKd wwfw,f}} [k ¤if;u tBuHjyKajymqdkonf/
½Hk;wGif pHkprf;EkdifaMumif; tqkdyg½Hk;rSod&onf/

au

jyifopfavaMumif;vdkif;ESifU MAI pmcsKyfcsKyfrnf

&ckdifjynfe,fy#dyu© 'kwd,tBudrf rsufESmpkHnDtajz&Smrnf

wHwm;OD;NLDudk,fpm;vS,f t,kHtMunfr&Sd[kwkdifMum;

**Fg - rJacgifynmoifqk rEåav;wkdif;twGuf ig;OD;ac:,l

47
C

VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

usKdufxD;½dk; qE´azmfxkwfrIacgif;aqmif armfawmf,mOftoif;udk jyefvnfawmif;yef
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 8

rnfausmf usKdufxD;½dk;apwDodkYwufa&muf&m &aohawmifwGif bk&m;zl;,mOfrsm;&yfem;ay;&eftwGuf Zefe0g&Dv 15 &ufaeYu qdkifcef;ydkif&Sifrsm;? txrf;orm;rsm; 153 OD; yg0ifaomtzGJUudk
OD;aqmifí awmifwufarmfawmf,mOftoif;udk qE´azmfxkwfcJhol &aohawmifpcef; pdk;pHvufzuf&nfqkdifydkif&Sif OD;aZmf0if;u azazmf0g&Dv 5 &ufaeYwGif awmifwufarmfawmf,mOf
toif;udk jyefvnfawmif;yefcJhaMumif; tqdkygtcrf;tem;odkYwufa&mufcJholrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
OD ; aZmf 0 if ; u &aoh a wmif awmif w uf u m;vrf ; tajctae? &Sm;yg;rI? bk&m;zl;rsm; ab;tEÅ&m,f Zefe0g&Dv 15 &ufaeYwGif usKdufxdk ajy;qGJcGifhay;&ef? awmifwufum;
pcef;wGif um;rsm;*dwq
f ;kH xm;ajy;qGJ awmifausmfay:wGif azmufvkyfxm; uif ; &S i f ; rI paomtcsuf r sm;ud k a*gufuGif;rSaeí jynfe,fcef;r rsm;udk eHeufydkif;üom ajy;qGJ&ef?
&ef awmif ; qk d r I r S m tvG e f w &m aom um;*dwfrsm;\ tus,ft0ef; rsuu
f ,
G jf yKNyD; aiG&iS af Mu;&Sit
f csKUd \ txd qE´azmfxkwfcJhNyD; awmifwuf ,mOfpD;cEIef;xm;rsm;udk avQmhcsay;
rSm;,Gi;f aMumif; odjrifcNhJ yD;jzpfaMumif;? tuefYtowf? uRrf;usif,mOfarmif; ajr§mufyifhrIt& ,mOfpD;a&wkd;ay; armfawmf,mOfrsm;udk 143 pD;om &ef? bk&m;zl;,mOfrsm;udk &aohawmif
&ef awmif;qdkrIrSm vufawGUb0ESifh ajy;qGJcGifhay;xm;rIudk y,fzsufí wGif &yfqkdif;ay;&efawmif;qdkcJhMu
uif;uGmvSaMumif;? ¤if;ESifhvkdufyg rnf o l r qd k ,mOf v k d i f ; rsm;wG i f jcif;jzpfonf/
„
qE´jycJholtrsm;pkrSm bmrSrodbJ
¤if;\jzm;a,mif;pnf;½Hk;rIt&tod
rJhyg0ifcJhMujcif;jzpfaMumif;? ,ck
uJhodkYqE´azmfxkwfrIrsKd;udk aemif
b,fawmhrS vkyfaqmifrnfr[kwf
aMumif;ESifh rSm;,Gif;vkyfaqmifNyD;
cJhorQudk awmifwufarmfawmf,mOf
&efukef? azazmf0g&Dv 7
toif;ESifh txuftmPmykdiftzGJU
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 8
vlav;OD;aoqHk;cJhaom qDwGJ
]]b,favmufMumr,fqdkwmudk tpnf;rsm;udkvnf; tEl;tnTwf
a&,mOf r D ; avmif r I j zpf y G m ;&onf h twd t usrajymEd k i f a o;bl ; }} [k awmif ; yef a Mumif ; awmif w uf
taMumif;&if;udk od&SdEdkif&ef azazmf ,if;XmerS tBuD;wef;t&m&SdwpfOD; armfawmf,mOftoif;odkY ay;tyfcJh
aom awmif;yefpmwGifazmfjyxm;
0g&Dv 6 &ufaeYwiG f pHpk rf;ppfaq;a&; u ajymMum;onf/
tzGJU zGJUpnf;í pwifppfaq;vsuf&Sd
pH k p rf ; ppf a q;a&;tzG J U onf onf/
]]uRefawmfwdkYeJYudkaZmf0if;u
aMumif; &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; tpdk;& rD ; avmif & onf h t aMumif ; t&if ; ?
tzGJUxHrS od&Sd&onf/
qHk;½HI;rIwefzdk;? vlaoqHk;&onfh &if;ESD;vmwm ESpf 20 avmuf&SdygNyD?
tqdkygtzGJUwGif trSwf (2) taMumif;t&if;? ta&;,l&rnfo
h u
l kd qE´jyNyD;wJhaemuf vlMum;xJoGm;wJh
&Jwyf&if;rsm; uGyfuJa&;tzGJU 'kwd, twd t us pH k p rf ; azmf x k w f E d k i f & ef tcg olYudkrac:rajymMuwmwdkY? olY
uG y f u J a &;rS L ; acgif ; aqmif N yD ; wdkif;a'oBuD;tpdk;&tzGJUu pHkprf; pD;yGm;a&;tqifrajyjzpfvmwmwdkY
wdkif;a'oBuD;&JwyfzUJG ? wdik ;f a'oBuD; ppfaq;a&;tzGUJ zGUJ pnf;&jcif;jzpfaMumif; BuH K vmwJ h t cg ol r S m ;rS e f ; od N yD ;
jyefawmif;yefwmyg/ tckol'Dvdk
rD ; owf O D ; pD ; Xme? wd k i f ; a'oBuD ; tzGJU0ifwpfOD;xHrS od&onf/
taxG a xG t k y f c sKyf a &;OD ; pD ; Xme?
vdIijf rpftwGi;f jr0wDpufo;kH qD jyefawmif;yefwmudk 0rf;omygw,f}}
jref r mh q m;ES i f h tPÖ 0 g"mwk a A' jzefYjzL;a&;ydkifqDwGJrS tjcm;a&,mOf [kawmifwufarmfawmf,mOftoif;
a&mif;0,fa&;vkyif ef;? atmufjrefrmjynf ESppf ;D odYk 'DZ,fxnfph Of azazmf0g&Dv Ouú| OD;0dwifu The Voice Weekly
rIcif;&JwyfzGJUrS udk,fpm;vS,fwpfOD;? 4 &ufaeY nae 5 em&D 5 rdepfü odkYjyefvnfajymMum;onf/
&aohawmifwiG f bk&m;zl;,mOf
a&eHEiS hf obm0"mwfaiGUa&mif;0,fa&; rD;avmifaygufuGJ&mu vlav;OD;
"mwfykH-rkd;ausmf
vk y f i ef ; wd k i f ; a'oBuD ; ref a e*sm aoqHk;NyD; ajcmufOD;'Pf&m&&SdcJh rsm; r&yfbJ awmifay:odkYwkduf½dkuf
tygt0if t&m&SdckepfOD;jzifhzGJUpnf; aMumif; &efuek w
f ikd ;f a'oBuD;rD;owf ajy;qG J r I a Mumif h pm;0wf a ea&;
wefzdk;enf;tdrf&mpDrHudef;aqmif&Gufrnhf vIdifom,mNrdKUe,f
usyfwnf;vmonhftwGuf qkdifcef;
xm;aMumif; jref r mEd k i f i H r D ; owf OD;pD;XmexHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
(5) &yfuGufESifh (3) &yfuGuftMum;&Sd 18 {uajruGufwGif 0ifa&muf
ydkif&Sifrsm;ESifh txrf;orm;rsm;u
OD;pD;XmexHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
„
usL;ausmfaexdkifolrsm;udk w&m;Oya'ESifhtnD w&m;pGJqkdoGm;rnf
jzpfaMumif; NrdKU&GmESifhtdk;tdrfzGHUNzdK;a&;OD;pD;Xme ajrcGefajrwkdifXmecGJrS
'kw,
d nTeMf um;a&;rSL;OD;[efcsKOd ;D u The Voice Weekly odYkajymMum;onf/
usL;ausmfrsm; aexkdifvsuf&SdaomajruGufonf pwm;vkduf
ukrP
Ü ED iS hf NrdKU&GmESit
hf ;kd tdrzf UHG NzdK;a&;OD;pD;XmewkYd uydik q
f idk Nf yD; usL;ausmf
rsm;aexkdifvsuf&Sdonfhae&monf ukrÜPDydkifjzpfygu ukrÜPDtaeESifh
w&m;pGJqkdrnfjzpfum Xmeydkifjzpfygu Xmeuw&m;pGJqkdoGm;rnfjzpf
aMumif; ¤if;uqufvufajymMum;onf/
jynf? azazmf0g&D 8
usL;ausmaf exkid o
f rl sm;rSm Zefe0g&Dv 31 &ufaeYrpS wifí tqkyd g
yJcl;wkdif;a'oBuD; a&Tawmif 'Pf&m&atmifjyKvkyfcJhol trSwf(2) a&mufvmw,f}}[k rsujf rifO;D xGe;f jrifh
ae&modYk0ifa&mufvmcJNh yD; wpfywftwGi;f wjznf;jznf;csi;f wk;d vmum
NrdKUe,fwGif 2012 ckESpf Zefe0g&Dv &Jpcef;rS 'kwyfMuyf oJarmifarmifudk \w&m;½Hk;odkY usrf;usdefxGufqkdcsuf
tdraf jc 1000 ausmcf efYtxd &So
d mG ;NyDjzpfaMumif; (3) &yfuu
G \
f &yfuu
G f
qef;ujzpfyGm;cJhaom qkdifu,fwdrf; Oya'ES i f h t nD ta&;,l a y;&ef ud k w&m;pG J q k d c H & ol \ a&S U ae
tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL; OD;oefYaZmfuajymMum;onf/
f aS rmifu jyefvnfajymqko
d nf/
d af vQmufxm;cJ&h mrS jynfw&m;½Hk; OD;pdev
arSmufraI Mumifh wuúov
k d af usmif;om; OD;wku
]]nydkif; 7 em&D 8 em&Davmufu um;awGeJY 0g;awGo,fvmNyD;
tqkdygjzpfpOftwGuf jynf
armifaumif;qufydkif aoqHk;rIwGif u tqkdygyk'frrsm;ESifh pGJcsufwifcJh
tdrfaqmufaeMuwm}} [k ¤if;u qufvufajymMum;onf/
qkdifu,fudkwdrf;arSmufatmifjyKvkyf jcif;jzpfaMumif; aoqHk;ol\zcif w&m;½Hk;odkY w&m;vkdjzpfolrS OD;wkduf
xdkuJhodkY wpfpkwpfpnf;wnf;a&mufvmonfudk Munfhjcif;
avQmufxm;cJ&h m w&m;½H;k u usihf 202
ol[k pGyfpGJcH&oludk a&TawmifNrdKUe,f OD;at;[kefu &Sif;jyonf/
tm;jzifh usL;ausmfolrsm;\aemufuG,fwGifBudK;udkifaom pD;yGm;a&;
]]'k w yf M uyf u ol w d k Y ES p f O D ; jzifh ppfaq;apNyD; ESpfzufppfaq;
w&m;½H;k w&m;olBuD;u pGcJ sufwif
orm;rsm;&SdEkdifaMumif;? xkdolrsm;udk azmfxkwfta&;,loifhaMumif;
rwif trdefYcsrSwfrnfjzpfaMumif; 2011 ckESpf ESpfopful;nu &efjzpf csufrsm;tay: oHk;oyfí txufyg
NrdKU&GmESifhtdk;tdrfzGHUNzdK;a&;OD;pD;Xmewm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
tqkyd gtrIwiG f vku
d yf gaqmif&u
G af om wJhudpöeJYywfoufNyD; vkdufaewm/ yk'frrsm;jzifh pGJcsufwifppfaq;csdef
]]b,futzGJUtpnf;vJawmh rodygbl;/ olwkdYu ,lvkdY&w,f
Oya'tusK;d aqmifrsm;xHrSod&onf/ tJ'DaeY (3.1.2012) u awGUw,f/ trI&ifqkdifumvwGif w&m;vdkrS
ajymvkdY uRefrwkdY,lwmyg/ uRefrwkdYu r&Sdqif;&Jom;qkdawmh n§dn§d
jynfNrdKUw&m;½Hk;odkY 2012 ckESpf olu rif;EIwfoD;vm;vkd aZmfrif;OD; a&Tawmifw&m;½H;k odYk ½H;k ajymif;avQmuf
EIdif;EIdif;yJ ajz&Sif;apcsifygw,f}} [k tqkdygajruGufwGif 0ifa&muf
Zefe0g&Dv 17 &ufaeYwGif w&m;vkd udak r;w,f/ olwYkduarmif;ajy;w,f/ xm;cJhaMumif;? 2012 ckESpf ZGefvwGif
aexkdifol touf 40 cefY trsKd;orD;wpfOD;uqkdonf/
O D ; a t ; [ k e f u a o q H k ; o l &xm;vrf;ab;u ajruRHwJhae&m w&m;½Hk;ajymif;rdefYuscJhNyD; a&Tawmif
jrefrmtpdk;&ESifh *syefEkdifiHwkdY tusKd;wlyl;aygif;aqmif&Gufae
armifaumif;qufyikd f armif;ESiaf eaom a&muf a wmh BuH y if e J Y w k d u f w ,f / w&m;½H;k odYk 2013 ckEpS f azazmf0g&Dv
aom oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;ZkefpDrHudef;wGifvnf; usL;ausmfolrsm;udk
k m;refusn;f yifeYJ wku
d w
f ,f/ 5 &ufaeYtxd trI½;kH csed ;f aygif; 14 Burd f
qkid u
f ,fukd wrifuefvu
dk í
f aoqH;k aemufuv
ESpfywftwGif;rajymif;a&TUygu NrdKU&GmESifhajr,mtufOya't&
f
aponfhtjyif qdkifu,faemuf r S tJ'DrSm aZmfrif;OD;u jyKwfusw,f/ oGm;a&mufcNhJy;D jzpfaMumif; OD;at;[keu
tusOf;csxm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ausmufwef;NrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;u
pD;eif;vkdufygvmol aZmfrif;OD;udkyg qkdifu,fu,dkifNyD; "mwfwkdifudk0if ajymMum;onf/
trdefYxkwfjyefcJhonf/
„
qkdifu,fay:rSqcJG sum tjyif;txef wkdufw,f/ aemufrS oJarmifarmif
„jrwfEkd;cif

qDwGJa&,mOfrD;avmifrI
pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;tzGJY zGJY

wuúodkvf0ifwef;ausmif;om;aoqHk;rI pGJcsufwif rwif
trdefhcsrnf

vIdifom,musL;ausmfrsm;udk
w&m;pGJrnf[kqdk

48
D
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

&efukefodkhwifoGif;vmaom pm;oHk;&efroifUonfU Muuftonf;tjrpf ESpfwefeD;yg;zrf;rd
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 7

rmEdkifiHESifh t"due,fpyfukefoG,fzufEdkifiHwpfckjzpfaom xdkif;EdkifiHrS &efukefaps;uGufodkYwifoGif;vmonfh usyf 42 odef;ausmfwefzdk;&Sd pm;oHk;&efroihfonfh Muuftonf;tjrpf 1 'or 7
wefudk jr0wDe,fpyfukefoG,fa&;vrf;aMumif;wGif azazmf0g&D 2 &ufaeYuzrf;qD;&rdcJhaMumif; e,fpyfuek o
f ,
G af &;OD;pD;XmenTeMf um;a&;rS
um;a&;rSL; OD;ausmf'Gef;u The VoiceWeekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
,if;Muuftonf;tjrpfrsm; ukefpnfa&GUvsm; ppfaq;a&;tzGYJu &efcGihfjyKxm;jcif;r&SdonhftwGuf axmufccH surf sm;udk ig;vkyif ef;OD;pD;Xme ukefypönf;trsm;qHk; yg0ifNyD; ½kyjf rif
udk xdkif;EkdifiHrSwpfqihf armfvNrdKif zrf;qD;&rdcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; tqdkyg tqdkyg oGif;ukefrsm;ESihfywfoufí uppfaq;ay;vsuf&SdNyD; jynfyodkY oHMum;puf? tcsKd&nfESihf t0wf
-&efuek v
f rf;aMumif;twdik ;f wifoiG ;f ppfaq;a&;tzGUJ xHrS pHpk rf;od&&dS onf/ a&m*guif ; &S i f ; aMumif ; &S d ? r&S d u d k wifydkYonfhtom;rsm;udkrl arG;jrLa&; txnf r sm;vnf ; yg0if a Mumif ;
vmpOf ppfawmif;wHwm;ta[mif;
tom;ESihfa&xGufukefypönf; rnfonfhXmeurQ ppfaq;jcif;r&Sd ES i h f u k o a&;OD ; pD ; Xmeu ppf a q; jr0wD-&efukefvrf;aMumif;a&GYvsm;
ESihf topfqHk&mae&mü w&m;r0if rsm; jynfwGif;odkY w&m;0ifwifoGif; aMumif; jrefrmEkdifiHykpGefvkyfief;&Sif axmufcaH y;vsu&f o
dS nf[k OD;ESi;f OD; ppfaq;a&;tzGJYxHrS od&onf/
rsm;toif; 'kwd,Ouú| OD;ESif;OD; u qdkonf/
tqdkyg e,fpyfvrf;aMumif;rS
uqdkonf/
jr0wD-&efuek v
f rf;aMumif;wGif NyD;cJhonhf Edk0ifbmvtwGif;u xdkif;
]]uef Y owf u k e f y pö n f ; awG arSmifcu
kd ek o
f ,
G rf rI sm;udk pwifzrf;qD; EdkifiHrS wifoGif;vmonhf ykpGefjzL
o,faqmifwJhtwGuf taumufcGef cJhonfh Zefe0g&Dv 20 &ufaeYrS 4582 uDvdk*&rfESifh Muuftonf;
Oya'eJYta&;,lzkdYvkyfaeygw,f}} [k azazmf0g&Dv 5 &ufaeYtxd w&m;r0if tjrpf 3500 uDvdk*&rfwdkYudk zrf;qD;
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 8
OD;ausmf'Gef;uqdkonf/
uk e f o G , f o nh f t rI w G J 19 wG J r S &rdcJhaMumif; pD;yGm;a&;ESihf ul;oef;
tm&SzGHYNzdK;a&;bPf (ADB) u a<u;opftjzpf tar&duefa':vm
jynfyodYkwifyYkdaeonfh a&xGuf usyfodef;aygif; wpfaxmifausmf a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme\ xkwfjyef
jrefrmEkid if &H dS u@toD;oD;wGif uln&D ef 512 oef;udk acs;cJhonf/
ukefypönf;rsm;ESihf ywfoufonhf zrf ; qD ; &rd c J h a Mumif ; ? zrf ; qD ; &&S d csufrsm;t& od&Sd&onf/
tar&duefa':vm oef; 50 xyfacs;
tqkyd gacs;aiGrsm;udk ¤if;wkYd \ a&m*guif;&Sif;aMumif; usef;rma&; onhfukefypönf;rsm;wGif pm;aomuf
rnfjzpfaMumif; ,aeYusif;yaom umvwd?k umv&Sn&f nfreS ;f csufrsm;
owif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJwGif ,if;bPf jzpfonfh uRrf;usifrIwnfaqmuf
Ouú|[½l[u
D u
kd ½l 'kd gu ajymMum;onf/ ay;jcif ; ? ,S O f N yd K if E d k i f p G r f ; &S d a om
tqkyd gacs;aiGrsm;udk ynma&;? pD;yGm;a&; tajccHcsrSwfay;&efESifh
Nrd K UjyzG Y H N zd K ;wk d ; wuf a &;? tajccH txdckduftvG,fqHk;? tumtuG,frJh
taqmuftOD? a'owGif;yl;aygif; qHk;a'orsm;txd tusKd;oufa&muf &efukef? azazmf0g&D 7
1988 aemufyikd ;f ujycGiyhf w
d yf if jzpfonfh Zm*em? iSufaysmaMumf? tm;xkwfaeNyDjzpfaMumif; aw;*Dw
aqmif&Gufa&;? c&D;oGm;vkyfief;? ap&efEiS hf tvkyt
f ukid t
f cGit
hf vrf;rsm;
hf kd 24 ESpaf usmf uif;aumif? zdk;jzL? t½dkif;? a*:ZDvm ydik ;f udk tu,f'rD"&d mrd&k u
f wm0ef,l
t&yfbufvlYtzGJUtpnf;rsm;? vdif zefwD;ay;Edkif&ef tpdk;&\ BudK;yrf;rI cHc&hJ onfh jrykPrÖ mtNird u
(cGjJ cm;qufqrH )I ESihf tnmaus;vuf rsm;udk axmufyHh&efwkdYwGif toHk;cs tMum vmrnfhrwfv 27 &ufaeYü ESihf oD;av;oD;tygt0if vl&iT af wmf rnfjzpfaMumif; OD;ol&uqdkonf/
jynf o l Y & if j yif w G i f jyef v nf u jy 10 OD;ESihf rif;orD;rSmrl ,cifjrykPrÖ m
] t&ifqck H w
h J h J jrykPrÖ muvl&iT af wmf
a'ozGUH NzdK;a&;wdYk yg0ifaom pD;yGm;a&; rnfjzpfonf/
hJ rl sm;r[kwb
f J rif;orD;opf awGeYJ jrykPrÖ mqkw
d hJ acgif;pOfatmuf
u@toD;oD;wGif pDrHudef;rsm;ESifh
tm&S z G H U Nzd K ;a&;bPf O uú | azsmfajz&ef jyifqifaeNyDjzpfaMumif; wGiyf g0ifco
e n f ; y n m t a x m u f t y H h r s m ; wpf O D ; taeES i f h yxrqH k ; tBud r f jrykPÖrm\ OD;aqmiftzGJU0ifwpfOD; ta,muf 30eD;yg; ujyazsmfajz&ef rS m jyef a zsmf a jzcG i f h & wm tawmf
aqmif&Gu&f ef ulnjD cif;wdYkwiG f toH;k jrefrmEkdifiHodkY vma&mufjcif;jzpfNyD; jzpfol vl&Tifawmf'g½dkufwm OD;ol& pDpOfxm;aMumif;? yHkpHopfazsmfajz auseyfzYkdaumif;w,f}} [k vl&iT af wmf
jyKrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;wdYkaMunmcsuf Ek d i f i H a wmf o r® w OD ; od e f ; pd e f e S i f h (ac:) Zm*emu The Voice Weekly Ekdif&ef pdwful;xm;NyD; jyufvHk;opf? iSufaysmaMumfu ajymMum;onf/
„
oDcsif;opfrsm;jzpfap&ef BudK;yrf;
wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
aejynfawmfwGif azazmf0g&Dv 7 odkYajymMum;onf/
]]uRefawmf udkol&wdkYuwJhyGJudk
jyefvnfay;qyf&rnfh twdk; &ufaeYu awGUqHktNyD; ,ckuJhodkY
EIe;f ESihf tcsdeu
f mvudk rwfvtwGi;f &v'frsm; xGuaf y:vmjcif;jzpfonf/ pDpOfcsifaewmawmfawmfMumygNyD/
tpdk;&ESifh n§dEdIif;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
tm&SzUHG NzKd ;a&;bPf\vkyif ef;pOf tckrSyJ qkdufqkdufNrdKufNrdKufpDpOfcGifh
,if;bPf\ ta&SUawmiftm&SzUHG NzdK;rI rsm;aqmif&u
G af y;rnf½h ;kH udk 2012 ckEpS f &w,fqdk&rSmyg}} [k tqkdygyGJ jzpf
l pfO;D jzpfol Bo Bo
XmecGJ ñTeMf um;a&;rSL; ule,
D q
kd ef*u Mo*kwfvtwGif;u &efukefNrdKYawmf&Sd ajrmufa&;pDpOfow
The Voice Weekly odYk ajymMum;onf/
tif;vsm;vdwf[dkw,fwGif zGifhvSpf Entertainment rS OD;bdkpef;uajym
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 8
qkdonf/
2013 ckEpS f Zefe0g&DvtwGi;f u xm;onf/
,cifjrykPrÖ m0dik ;f awmfom;rsm;
„
a<u;a[mif; qyf N yD ; csd e f w G i f v nf ;

ADB uefa':vm oef; 50 xyfacs;rnf

wpfausmUjyef jrykPÖrmtNidrfU jynfolh&ifjyifwGifazsmfajzrnf

csi;f jynfe,faus;&GmtcsKq
Yd efjywfvyf

oufBu;D tm;upm;uavmif&iS f vlraI &;ya'omyifxal xmifrnf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 8

jrefrmEdik if t
H m;upm; uavmif&iS f
rsm;tzGUJ csKyfonf oufBuD;tm;upm;
uavmif&iS Bf u;D rsm;twGuf use;f rma&;?
vlrIa&; &efyHkaiGay;tyfyGJudk &efukef
NrdKU&Sd qD';kd em;[dw
k ,f &efuif;cef;rü
azazmf0g&Dv 10 &uf we*FaEGaeY

eHeuf 10 em&DwGif usif;yrnfjzpf
aMumif ; toif ; twG i f ; a&;rS L ;
OD;pdk;rdk;ausmfu ajymMum;onf/
jrefrmEdik if H tdv
k yH pfaumfrwD\
yl;aygif;ulnDrIjzifh &efyHkaiGay;tyf
jcif;jzpfNyD; touf 70 txuf

tonf;a&mif bDydk;rawGU&Sdol
rsm;udk umuG,faq;tcrJh oHk;Budrf
xdk;ay;rnfjzpfNyD; bDydk;ppfaq;jcif;
ESihf umuG,af q;xd;k jcif;jyKvyk v
f o
dk nfh
owif;pmq&mrsm;taejzifh OD;0if;Nidr;f
(tvif;wef;*sme,f) zke;f 01-254252?
rjrwfa&T&nf0if; (tonf;azmifa';&Si;f )
odkY pm&if;ay;ydkYEkdifaMumif; ,if;
azmifa';&Sif;xHrS od&onf/

tm;upm;uavmif&Sif 18 OD;udk
*g&0jyKuefawmhrnfjzpfum touf
ti,fq;kH 72 ESp?f toufBuD;qH;k 94
ESpftxd yg0ifrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u
qufvuf&Sif;jyonf/
]]&efuek t
f jyife,fu av;OD;udyk g
xnf h o G i f ; xm;w,f } } [k ¤if ; u
qufvufajymqdkonf/
oufBuD;tm;upm;uavmif
&SifBuD;rsm;twGuf &efyHkaiGESifh tvSL
ypön;f rsm; vSL'gef;vdak omtzGUJ tpnf;
ESifh vlyk*¾dKvfrsm;onf jrefrmEdkifiH
tm;upm;uavmif&Sifrsm;tzGJUcsKyf
Ouú| a'gufwmwifxGef;OD; (zkef;09-5050254)? twG i f ; a&;rS L ;
OD;pdk;rdk;ausmf (zkef;-09-5084776?
09-5092662)? wGzJ uftwGi;f a&;rSL;
OD;ausmfpdefoef; (zkef;-09-450025868)? trIaqmif OD;az'D (zkef;09-5403986)? OD;Zifvif;xGef;
(zkef;-09-73132731) ESifh
OD ; oef ; atmif x d k u f (zk e f ; -0942008054) wdkYxHodkY qufoG,f
vSL'gef;Edik af Mumif; zdwaf c:xm;onf/

„

„

owif;pmq&mrsm;udk
bDydk;umuG,faq; tcrJUxkd;ay;rnf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 8

jrefrmtonf;azmifa';&Sif;ESifh
yk*¾vdupme,fZif;rsm; emrusef;
&efyHkaiGtzGJUwdkYyl;aygif;í owif;pm
q&mrsm;tm; tonf;a&mifbDydk;
ppfaq;jcif;ESihf umuG,af q;xk;d jcif;
udk azazmf0g&Dv 24 &ufaeY eHeuf
9 em&DrS 11 em&Dxd &efukefNrdKU
jr&dyfnKd&GKdif&,f[kdw,fwGif tcrJh
aqmif&u
G af y;rnfjzpfaMumif; tqkyd g
azmifa';&Sif;xHrSod&onf/

"mwfykH-&JEkdifOD;

vrf;yef;qufo,
G af &;cufcNJ yD; zGUH NzdK;rIaemufusonfh csi;f jynfe,f&dS
xefwvefNrdKUe,fwiG f &moDOwkazmufjyefraI Mumifh qefpyg;jywfvyfvsuf
&SdaMumif; csif;jynfe,f [m;cg;NrdKUe,frS a'ocHtrsKd;orD;wpfOD;u
ajymMum;onf/
tqkyd gNrdKUe,ftwGi;f &Sd aus;&GmtcsKUd wGif vGecf ahJ omvtenf;i,frS
pwifí &moDOwkazmufjyefNyD; oD;ESt
H xGuEf eI ;f rsm;usqif;um awmif,m
pyg;rSmvnf; a'owGif;zlvHkrI&Sdjcif;aMumifh qefpyg;jywfvyfonfh
tcuftcJrsm;BuHKawGUae&aMumif;? ,if;odkYqefpyg;&Sm;yg;jywfvyf
vmrIaMumifh csif;jynfe,ftwGif; qefaps;jrifhwufoGm;vsuf&Sd&m
,cifqefwpftw
d v
f Qif ESpaf omif;oH;k axmifusyfay;0,fc&hJ mrS ,ckwiG f
usyfoHk;aomif;ausmftxd jrihfwufoGm;cJhaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/
qefpyg;jywfvyfrIBuHKawGUae&jcif;ESifhywfoufí csif;jynfe,f
uefyufvufNrdKUe,f tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL; u ]]'DrSmawmh bmrSrMum;rdbl;/
qefuawmh yHkrSeftwkdif;yJ/ jywfwmawmh r[kwfygbl;}} [k jyefvnf
ajzMum;onf/
csi;f jynfe,ftwGi;f 2007 ckEpS rf S 2009 ckEpS t
f wGi;f wGif 0g;yef;rsm;
yGifhjcif;aMumifh <uufaomif;usef;rIrsm;jzpfay:NyD; qefpyg;jywfvyfrI
„
rsm;jzpfay:cJhonf/

Vol.9 / No.6 - February 11 - 17, 2013

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

THE VOICE WEEKLY 33

NEWS

VOICE

The

ucsif? &ckdifta&;avUvm&ef ukvvlhtcGifUta&;txl;ukd,fpm;vS,f jrefrmEkdifiHvmrnf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 7

csijf ynfe,fwiG jf zpfymG ;cJah omy#dyu©rsm;ESihf &cdik jf ynfe,f'u
k o
© nfpcef;rsm;&dS tajctaeudak vhvm&ef jrefrmEdik if q
H ikd &f m ukvor*¾vYltcGit
hf a&;ud,
k pf m;vS,f aomrwfpt
f akd [;uifwm;em;onf
azazmf0g&Dv 11 &ufaeYwGif jrefrmEkdifiHokdY a&muf&SdrnfjzpfaMumif; or®w\ajyma&;qdkcGifh&dSol OD;&JxG#fu The Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
azazmf0g&D 11 &ufaeYrS 16 ESifh &ckdifjynfe,fwkdYukd oGm;a&muf typftcwf&yfpJa&;ESifh jidrf;csrf;a& uifwm;em;uqdkaMumif; ,if;xkwf jynf o l r sm; tvT m toD ; oD ; ES i f h
&ufaeYxd ajcmuf&ufMumvma&muf avhvmrnfjzpf&m ucsifjynfe,f ;aqG;aEG;rIupd rö sm;udk avhvmppfwrf; jyefcsufwGif azmfjyonf/
awGUqHkum vlYtcGifhta&;umuG,f
rnf¤h if;\c&D;pOfwiG f ucsifjynfe,f wGif trsKd;om;jyefvnfoifhjrwfa&;? ,l&ef? &cdkifjynfe,f'ku©onfpcef;
¤if;\c&D;pOfwGif ukvor*¾ a&;? 'Drdkua&pD toGiful;ajymif;a&;?
rsm;wGif y#dyu©'Pfoifholrsm;\ vlYtcGifhta&;aumifpDrS uRrf;usif trsKd ; om;jyef v nf o if h j rwf a &;
tajctaersm;udk avhvmoHk;oyf&ef ynm&Sifrsm;yg0ifrnfjzpfNyD; tpdk;& vkyfief;pOfrsm; qufwdkufwdk;wuf
jzpfaMumif; ukvor*¾ vlYtcGit
hf a&; t&m&dSrsm;? vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f jrif h r m;ap&ef &nf & G , f o nf [ k
aumifprD S w&m;0ifowif;xkwjfyefonf/ rsm;? w&m;pD & if a &;yk * ¾ d K vf r sm;? uifwm;em;uqdkaMumif; tqdkyg
c&D;pOfEiS yhf wfoufí tao;pdwf t&yf b uf v l U tzG J U tpnf ; rsm;ES i f h xkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
uku
d m; OD;&Jx#G u
f ajymMum;jcif;r&Sd ao;ay/ vnf; awGUqHkrnfjzpfjyD; jrefrmEdkifiH
aomrwfpt
f akd [; uifwm;em;
]]jref r mEd k i f i H o m;awG & J U vl Y &dSvlYtcGifhta&;qkdif&mtajctae onf jrefrmEdkifiH&dS vlYtcGifhta&;
&efukef azazmf0g&D 7
tcGifha&;&&dSrItajctaeu jrefrm&JU rsm;ud k uk v or*¾ v l Y t cG if h t a&; csKd;azmufrIrsm;udkavhvm&ef ,ck
tpd;k &opfoufwrf; 2 ESpjf ynhf 0ef B uD ; Xme 'k w d , 0ef B uD ; tjzpf taygif;vu©PmaqmifwJh jyKjyif aumifpDokdY rwfv 11 &ufaeYwGif wpfBudrfrwkdifrD ckepfBudrfw&m;0if
awmhrnftcsed w
f iG f 2010 a&G;aumufyJG OD;atmifxeG ;f ? owåKwGif;0efBuD;Xme ajymif;vJa&; pdefac:rIawGudk wef wifoGif;rnfjzpfonf/
vma&mufcJhNyD;jzpfonf/
ü jynf a xmif p k BuH h c d k i f a &;ES i f h 'kw,
d 0efBu;D tjzpf OD;oef;xGe;f atmif? jyef o uf a &muf a eygw,f } }[k
tpd k ; &t&m&d S r sm;? a'ocH
zGHYNzdK;a&;ygwD\ t"du,SOfNydKifbuf tvkyo
f rm;tvkyt
f udik Ef iS f h vlrzI v
l ak H &;
ygwDwpfcjk zpfonfh trsK;d om;'Dru
kd a&pD 0efBuD;Xme 'k w d , 0ef B uD ; tjzpf
tiftm;pkygwDrS ud,
k pf m;vS,w
f pfOD; a':0if;rmxGef;? odyHÜESihfenf;ynm
udk 'kw,
d 0efBu;D tjzpf yxrqH;k tBurd f 0ef B uD ; Xme 'k w d , 0ef B uD ; tjzpf
cefYtyfaMumif; azazmf0g&Dv 6 &ufaeY a'gufwmaZmfrif;atmifwdkYjzpfonf/
wGif Edik if aH wmfor®w½Hk;u xkwfjyef
twd k u f c H y gwD 0 if w pf O D ; uk d
vdkufonfh 'kwd,0efBuD;rsm; cefYtyf yxrqHk;tBudrftjzpf 'kwd,0efBuD;
onfh pm&if;t& od&onf/
cefYtyfjcif;taMumif;t&if;udkrod
¤if;rSm tpd;k &opfvufxufwiG f aomfvnf; wkdif;jynftwGuftusKd;
rEÅav;? azazmf0g&D 7
BuHhcdkifa&;ygwD0ifr[kwfonfh tjcm; &Sad &;udo
k ma&S;½Ií ygwDra&G; cefYtyf
rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD; jrpfom;NrKUd e,f &pfuefaus;&GmteD;&Sd v,fajrrsm;ukd tv,fyidk ;f wkid ;f ppfXmecsKyfu
ygwD0ifvw
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,w
f pfO;D wm0efay;rIuBkd udKqakd Mumif; trsK;d om;
bufppHk u
dk yf sK;d arG;jrLa&; NcHvyk if ef;vkyu
f idk &f ef odr;f qnf;xm;jcif;rS jyefvnf&&Sad &;twGuf Ekid if aH wmfor®wxH
udk tpd;k &tzGYJ0if 'kw,
d 0efBuD;tjzpf 'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyf twGif;a&;rSL;
wifjyawmif;cHoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; jrpfom;NrKdUe,f a'ocHawmifolrsm;u wnDwnGwfwnf; ajymMum;onf/
yxrOD;qHk; cefYtyfcH&jcif;jzpfonf/ OD;ÓPf0if;u rSwfcsufay;onf/
wyfrawmfuodrf;qnf;xm;aom v,fajrrsm;ukdjyefay;&ef umuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyf\trdefYnTefMum;csuf
[dkw,fESifh c&D;oGm;vma&;
a'gufwmwifa&Tonf trsK;d om;
xGufvmNyD; wpfywfcefYtMumwGif ,ckowif;xGufay:vmjcif;jzpfonf/
vkyif ef;0efBuD;Xme 'kw,
d 0efBuD;tjzpf vT w f a wmf & ef u k e f w d k i f ; a'oBuD ;
aus;&GmywfvnfwiG f trSwf (4) bufpkHpkdufysKd;arG;jrLa&;NcHtwGuf {u 1500 ausmf odrf;qnf;xm;NyD;
cefYtyfcH&ol trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pD rJqE´e,ftrSwf (6)rSjzpfNyD; 69ESpf
rnfonfhtusKd;jzpfxGef;rIrSr&SdaMumif; tv,fykdif;wkdif;ppfXmecsKyfu pkdufysKd;jcif;r&Sdí awmifolrsm;epfem
tiftm;pkygwD0if a'gufwmwifa&T t&G,f taxGaxGa&m*gukq&m0ef
qkH;½IH;rIrsm;jym;cJhaMumif; jrpfom;NrKdUe,f awmifwGif;aus;&GmrS awmifolOD;bkdrSL;u ajymMum;onf/
rSm trsKd ;om;vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f wpfOD;jzpfonf/
]]trSwf (4) bufpNHk cHuaev,fawGord ;f NyD; oD;pm;jyefcsw,f? vkyu
f idk cf iG &fh wmvnf; a'ocHawG r[kwb
f J
jzpfNyD; vpfvyfaeaom 'kw,
d 0efBuD;
trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtiftm;pk
jrif;NcHEGm;xkd;BuD;? a,mwkdYbufuvlawG a'ocHwpfa,mufrS vkyfcGifhr&bl;}} ¤if;uqkdonf/
ig;OD;ae&mudk jyefvnfcefYtyf&mwGif ygwDonf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfwiG f
awmifolv,form;rsm;onf acwftqufquftESrd cf cH &hJ NyD; tpk;d & ½kH;jyifuem;ukd 0ifxGuf&ef tcuf
yg0if cefYtyfcH&jcif;jzpfonf/
ud,
k pf m;vS,if g;OD;ESifh wdik ;f a'oBuD;
tcJ&dSí or®w½kH;ukd0ifxGuf&ef ulnDay;oGm;rnf[k jrpfom;NrKdUcH OD;*sKd;*sKd;uqkdonf/
]]'kwd,0efBuD;tjzpfcefYtyf vTwaf wmfwiG f ESpOf ;D ae&m&&Sx
d m;onf/
1996-97 pku
d yf sK;d arG;jrLa&;vkyif ef;rsm; vkyu
f idk &f eftwGuf trSwf (4)bufpHk pku
d yf sK;d arG;jrLa&; NcHprD u
H ed ;f
vdkufwmudk *kPf,lygw,f/ tckvdk
omoema&;0efBu;D Xme jynfaxmifpk
ukd tv,fyidk ;f wkid ;f ppfXmecsKyfu taumiftxnfazmfpOf jrpfom;NrKdUe,ftwGif;&Sd awmifwGif;? &pfuef? wJBuD;?
cefYtyfr,fqdkwmvnf; BudKwifrod 0efBuD;tjzpf {&m0wDwkdif;a'oBuD;
0ufxrd ;f ? rusD;uef aus;&GmwkYd rS v,f,majr 1500 cefY ukd odr;f ,lcahJ Mumif; awmiforl sm;xHrS pkpH rf;od&&dS onf/
cJ h y gbl ; }}[k 'D r d k u a&pD t if t m;pk vTwaf wmfOuú|OD;qef;qihEf iS f h jynfaxmifpk
wyfrawmftpkd;&vufxufu taMumif;trsK;d rsK;d aMumihf odr;f ,lxm;aom v,f,majrrsm;wGif wyfrawmf
ygwD\Ouú| OD;cifarmifaqGu The &mxl;0eftzGUJ tzGUJ 0iftjzpf OD;oef;xGe;f
twGuf trSefwu,frvkdtyfaomajrrsm;ukd rnfonhftcaMu;aiGrrS ,lbJ rlvykid &f iS rf sm;ukd jyefvnfvyk u
f idk f
wd k Y ud k cef Y tyf a Mumif ; ud k v nf ;
Voice Weekly okdYajymMum;onf/
cGiahf y;&ef oufqid k &f m wyf&if;wyfzUJG toD;oD;odYk umuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyf½;Hk u nTeMf um;xm;NyD;jzpfaMumif; umuG,af &;
,if;tjyif jyefvnfcefYtyfcH azazmf0g&Dv 6 &ufaeYwiG f Edik if aH wmf
0efBuD;Xme ppfaxmufcsKy½f ;Hk rS wGJzufppfaxmufcsKyfAkdvfcsKyfrif;Ekdifu ajymMum;onf/
&onhf 'kw,
d 0efBu;D av;OD;rSm pGr;f tif or®w½H;k u owif;xkwjf yefcJhonf/

u

BuHUcdkifa&;ygwD0ifr[kwfonfU

vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f 'kwd,0efBuD;cefhtyfcH&

tv,fykdif;wkdif;ppfXmecsKyf bufpkHNcH? v,fajrrsm;
jyef&&Sda&; or®wxHwifjy

4
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

EDITORIAL

qdkifbmvkHNcHKa&;
rMumao;cif&ufydkif;twGif;u The Voice Weekly \ tGefvdkif;vlrIa&; pmrsufESm facebook account
aESmifh,Sufwkdufckduf Hack cHcJh&ygonf/ xdkrwdkifrDuvnf; The Voice Weekly \ 0ufbfqdk'fESifh jynfwGif;rS
emrnfBuD; rD'D,mwpfckjzpfonfh Eleven Media 0ufbfqdk'fudkvnf; [ufumrsm;u wdkufcdkuf cJhygonf/
xdkYtjyif EdkifiHawmfor®w½kH; 0ufbfqdk'fudkyif wdkufcdkufvmonftxd twifh&Jvmonfudk awGU&ygonf/
þtajctaersm;udkMunfhvSsif jrefrmEdkifiH\ qdkifbmvkHNcKHa&;rSm txl; pdk;&drfzG,f&maumif; aeNyDjzpfaMumif;
odomxif&mS ;vSygonf/ odYk qv
kd sS if xdo
k Ykd wdu
k cf u
dk af ESmif,
h u
S rf rI sm;udk rnfoYkd wm;qD;umuG,Ef idk yf goenf;/
wdkufckdufolrsm;udk rnfokdYazmfxkwf ta&;,lEkdifygoenf; qdkaom ar;cGef;rsm; ar;&ef&Sdvmygonf/
rSefygonf/ xdkar;cGef;rsm;udk tajccHusus ajzqdk&rnfqdkygu tGefvdkif;ay:wGif &SdaeMuaom
0ufbfqdk'frsm;? vlrIa&;uGef&ufpmrsufESmrsm; vkHNcKHa&;twGuf oufqdkif&m um,uH&Sifrsm;taeESifh
rdrdwdkYbmom vkHNcKHa&;udk BudKwifpOf;pm; jyifqifxm;&rnf[laom tajzjzpfygonf/ xdkodkY jyifqif
xm;onfMh um;u wdu
k cf u
dk cf &H ygu wnfqOJ ya'rsm;u wwfEikd o
f rQ tumuG,af y;Edik &f ygrnf/ Ekid if w
H um
wGifrl qdkufbm&mZ0wfrIrsm; apmifhMunfh xdef;uGyfay;um? vdktyfygu ta&;,lrIyg aqmif&Gufay;onfh
qdkufbm&Jrsm;&Sdygonf/ jrefrmEdkifiHwGifrl qdkufbmtrItcif;rsm;twGuf pepfwus jyifqifaqmif&Guf
xm;jcif;rsKd; r&Sdaomfvnf; xdkodkY jyifqifaqmuf&Guf&ef pDrHcsufrsm;a&;qGJxm;aMumif; udkom
tdkifwDavmuom;tcsKdUxHrS Mum;od&ygonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif2004ckESpftwGif; EdkifiHawmfat;csrf;om,ma&;ESifhzGHYNzKd;a&;aumifpDu jy|mef;
twnfjyKcJhaom tDvufx&GefepfqufoG,fa&;Oya'&Sdygonf/ tdkifwDavmuom;tcsKdU\ tqdkt&
xdkOya'wGif tGefvdkif;rSwpfqifh usL;vGefEdkifaom jypfrIrsm;ESifhywfoufí &Sif;vif;csufrsm;? ta&;,l
aqmif&GufEdkifonfh jypf'Pfrsm; yg0ifonf[k od&ygonf/ odkYaomf 2007ckESpf oHCmawmfrsm; qE´jyrItNyD;
emrnfausmf[motEkynm&Sifudkol&ac: Zm*emESifh tm;upm;*sme,f t,f'DwmcsKyf udkaZmfoufaxG;
tygt0if tmPmydkifwdkY rsufrkef;usKd;aeoltcsKdU xdktDvufx&Gefepf qufoG,fa&;Oya't& jynfyrS
ay;ydkYaom tD;ar;vfvufcHrdonfhtwGuf axmif'Pf 15ESpf tjypfay;jcif; wpfckom xif&Sm;odomaom
ta&;,lrIjzpfygonf/ ,aeYtcsdeftxd 0ufbfqdk'frsm;ESifh tGefvdkif;vlrIa&; uGef&uf pmrsuEf mS rsm;udk
wdu
k cf u
kd af eonfh [ufumrsm;udk pkpH rf;azmfxw
k t
f a&;,lEikd jf cif; wpfpw
Hk pf&mr&Sad o;ay/
jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd rD'D,mrsm;? vlyk*¾dKvfrsm;? tzGJYtpnf;toD;oD;ESifh EkdifiHawmfor®w½kH;wkdY\
w&m;0if0ufbfqdk'frsm;ESifh tGefvdkif;vlrIa&;pmrsufESmrsm;ay:wGif tqdk;jrifoabmxm;rSwfcsuf?
okH;oyfcsufrsm;udk &nf&G,fcsuf&Sd&Sd wifaeMujcif;? jynfolvlxkudk owif;jyefMum;ay;jcif;jzifh EdkifiHawmf
tusKd;pD;yGm;twGuf rD'D,mwm0efxrf;aqmifaeMuonfh owif;rD'D,mrsm;udk aESmifh,Suf Ncdrf;ajcmufjcif;?
jynfolvlxktygt0if Oya'jyKa&;? tkyfcsKyfa&;? w&m;pD&ifa&;? aps;uGuf? t&yfbufvlYtzGJYtpnf;? rD'D,m?
wyfrawmfEiS hf wdik ;f &if;om;vufeufuikd t
f zGYJtpnf;wdYktMum; txiftjrifvrJG mS ;ap&ef tqd;k jrif oufoufjzifh
aoG;xdk;vIHUaqmf&efwdkufay;jcif;wdkYonfvnf; stakeholder tm;vkH; tm;BudK;rmefwuf vkyfaqmifaeonfh
Edkifiw
H nfaqmufa&;? 'Drdkua&pDtoGiful;ajymif;a&;? trsKd;om;jyefvnfpnf;vkH; nDnGwfa&;ESifh Nidrf;csrf;a&;
wnfaqmufrIwdkYudk t[efYtwm;jzpfapygonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHonf ,cktcg urÇmBuD;wpfckvkH;ESifh t&mtm;vkH;eD;yg; csdwfqufrdaeNyDjzpfygonf/
wpfenf;tm;jzifhqdk&ygu urÇmhtjrefvrf;rBuD;ay:wGif a&muf&Sdaeaom ,mOfwpfpif;jzpfaeygonf/
xdkYaMumifh tjrefvrf;rBuD;wGif BuKH&Edkifonfh ab;tEÅ&m,frsm; umuG,fa&;? vkHNcKHa&;udkvnf; rjzpfrae
jyifqifvkyfaqmifxm;&rnfjzpfygonf/ EdkifiHtwGif;odkY pD;yGm;a&;t& &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH ukefoG,f&efaomf
vnf;aumif;? enf;ynm? twwfynm? vlrIa&;tultnDay;&eftm;jzifhaomfvnf;aumif; vma&muf
Muol EdkifiHjcm;om;? EkdifiHjcm;vkyfief;&Siftoif;tzGJYrsm;ESifh EdkifiHom;tm;vkH;udk qdkifbm&mZ0wfrIrsm;?
qdkifbmaESmifh,SufzsufqD;vdkolrsm; tEÅ&m,frS tumtuG,fay;Ekdifrnfh vkHNcKHa&;pepfwpf&yf tylwpfjyif;
vdktyfaeNyDjzpfygonf/ xdkodkYaqmif&GufEkdif&ef oufqdkif&m0efBuD;XmetoD;oD;rS wm0ef&Sdolrsm;onf
tdkifpDwDavmutwGif;rS ynm&Sifrsm;? rD'D,mrsm;? EdkifiHwum&Sd qdkufbm&mZ0wfrI apmifhMunfh xdef;csKyf
ta&;,lrItawGYtBuKH&Sdol EdkifiHwumqdkufbm&JwyfzGJYrsm;? vGwfvyfonfh tzGJYtpnf;rsm; ESifh awGYqkH
aqG;aEG;um vkNH cKHa&;? pkpH rf;azmfxw
k af &;? tjypf'Pfcs ta&;,lEidk af &;wdYkukd yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G o
f ifyh gaMumif;
txl;wdkufwGef; EId;aqmftyfygonf/
t,f'Dwm(6-2-2013)

The

VOICE

The Product of
Myanmar Partners
Think Tank
Group
(A Sister
Publication of
Living Color Magazine)

or®wOD;odef;pdef aemfa0odkh
yxrqHk;tMudrf oGm;a&mufrnf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 7

rawmftpd;k &vufxufwiG f twdu
k t
f cHtiftm;pkrsm;udk t"duaxmufyHh
cJhaom aemfa0EkdifiHodkY EkdifiHawmfor®wOD;odef;pdef yxrqHk;tBudrf
oGm;a&mufrnfjzpfaMumif; EdkifiHawmfor®w\ ajyma&;qdkcGifh&dSol OD;&JxG#fu
The Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/

wyf

"mwfykH-rdk;ausmfvGif

]]or®wBu;D c&D;pOfeUJ ywfoufNyD;
aqG;aEG;aeqJyg/ tpDtpOfeYJ c&D;pOf
twdtusawmY rod&ao;ygbl;}}[k
¤if;uxyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/
or® w BuD ; OD ; od e f ; pd e f o nf
azazmf 0 g&D v aemuf q H k ; ywf w G i f
aemfa0EdkifiHodkY vma&mufrnfjzpfNyD;
ESpfEdkifiH&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;ESifhywf
oufí t"duxm;aqG;aEG;oGm;&ef&dS
aMumif ; aemf a 0Ek d i f i H t ajcpd k u f
owif;rD',
D mrsm;wGiaf zmfjyxm;onf/
NyD;cJhonfhESpf Edk0ifbm3&uf
aeYu aemfa0EdkifiH0efBuD;csKyf H.E.
Mr. Jens Stoltenberg jrefrmEdkifiHodkY
a&muf&dSvmNyD; EkdifiHawmfor®w
OD;odef;pdef jynfolYvTwfawmfOuúX
ol&OD;a&Tref;? trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pD
tzGYcJ sKyyf gwDOuú| a':atmifqef;pkMunf
wdkYESifh awGUqHkum ESpfEdkifiHukefoG,f
rIESifh &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIjr§ifhwifa&;ESifh
Nidrf;csrf;a&; azmfaqmifrIvkyfief;pOf
rsm;wGif yg0ifulnD&ef uwday;ajym
Mum;cJhonf/
aemfa0EkdifiHonf wyfrawmf
tpd k ; &vuf x uf w pf a vQmuf w G i f
jrefrmEkdifiHudk 'Drdkua&pDtoGiful;
ajymif;a&; jyKvky&f ef wGe;f tm;ay;cJh
NyD ; 'D r d k u a&pD t if t m;pk r sm;ud k
t"duaxmufyu
hH m tpd;k &qefYusiaf &;
rD ' D , mrsm;ES i f h wd k i f ; &if ; om;
twdkut
f cHacgif;aqmifrsm;udk tajccs
aexd k i f c G i f h a y;xm;onf h E k d i f i H w pf

EkdifiHvnf;jzpfonf/
aemfa0Ekid if t
H ajcpdu
k f Ekb
d ,fvf
Nidrf;csrf;a&;qkaumfrwDu 1992
ckEpS w
f iG f jrefrmtwdu
k t
f cHacgif;aqmif
trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJYcsKyf Ouú|
a':atmifqef;pkMunfudk Ekb
d ,fvf
Nidrf;csrf;a&; qkcsD;jr§ifhcJhonf/
aemfa0Ekid if o
H nf 2010 jynfEh pS f
aemufydkif; jrefrmhEkdifiHa&; tajymif;
tvJrsm; jyKvkyfNyD;aemufwGif Nidrf;
csrf ; a&;azmf a qmif r I v k y f i ef ; rsm;?
ynma&;? usef ; rma&;u@rsm;
zGHNzdK;wdk;wufa&;ESifh wdkif;&if;om;
a'orsm; zGHYNzdK;a&;? ajrjr§Kyfrdkif;
&Sif;vif;a&;udpörsm;wGif yg0ifulnD
vsuf & S d N yD ; jynf a xmif p k 0 ef B uD ;
OD;atmifrif; Ouú|tjzpfaqmif&Guf
aeaom jrefrmNidrf;csrf;a&;pifwmudk
t"duaxmuftyHhay;vsuf&Sdonf/
jrefrmtpdk;&u aemfa0EdkifiH
tay:wif&aSd eaom a<u;NrD tar&duef
a':vm 534 oef;udk aemfa0 tpd;k &u
avQmyf pfvu
kd af Mumif; Edik if yH ikd o
f wif;pm
\ xkwjf yefaMunmcsut
f &od&onf/
aemfa0EdkifiHonf jrefrmEkdifiH
ESifh 1956 ckESpfuwnf;u oHwref
tquftoG,f&dScJUaomfvnf; jrefrm
EdkifiHütajcpdkufoH½Hk;zGifhvSpfcJhjcif;
r&dSbJ oHwrefa&;rsm;udpö&yfrsm;udk
&efukeftajcpdkuf jAdwdoQoH½Hk;ESifh
befaumuftajcpdu
k f aemfa0oH½;kH wdYku
wm0ef,al qmif&u
G af y;vsu&f o
Sd nf/ „

Chief Editor - Kyaw Min Swe, Editor in-Charge-Zeya Thu, Managing Editor-Kyaw Naing, Contributer -Nathan Maung,
Senior Executive Editors - Kyaw San Min, Khine Cho Zaw Win Tin, Zin Zin Thaw, Thiri Zaw, Nwet Kay Khine,
Senior Editors-Mya Hnin Aye, Thu Rein Hlaing @ Khunn Thu,
Graphic Editors - Myo Htoo Htet, Ngu War Khine, Soe Han, Hein Tint, Chief Reporter -Naing Min Wai,
Photo Editor-Moe Kyaw Lwin, Editorial Secretary- Aung Soe,
Foreign Affairs - Aung Kyaw Soe (Desk Editor), Tin Aye Kyaw, Thant Zin Soe, Aung Nyein Chan,
Editors - Min Htet San, Aung Bo Bo Shein, Kyaw Swar Soe, Min Myo, Kyi Kyi Lwin, Zin Mar Lar Htay @ Green,
Moe Khine, Kyu Kyu Thin (Moe Myay), Editorial Assistant- Swe Nyein Aye, Chan Nyein Phyu, Thiri Win Thu Lwin.
Senior Reporters-Tin Linn, Pyae Phyo Lin, Aung Myint Htun, Le Yee Myint,
Reporters - Ei Mon Aung, Ye Zon Aung, Naw Ko Ko, Shwe Sin Oo, Nyan Myo Aung , Kyaw Oo Naing, Aung Aung Tun, Sid Nyein Thu, Zarni Oo,
Pyae Phyo Aung, Ye Naing Oo, Khine Cherry Htun, Thant Zin Oo, Thin Yadanar Su, Han Thu Tun, Zay Nway Tun,Thazin Oo, Kan Zaw,
Photographer- Ye Pyae Zarni, Mandalay- Ye Win Naing, Aye Thanda Tun,Win Shwe Yi Oo, Min Min Soe, Monywa - Ko Thet, Thi Ha Phone Mo (Magway)

5

VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sif tpD&ifcHpmapmifUMunfU&ef 0rfaygifwdkufwGef;
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 5

yHawmif;awmifpDrHudef; qefYusifqE´jyolrsm;udk tMurf;zuf NzdKcGif;&mwGif w&m;r0ifvufeufrsm; toHk;jyKonf[k owif;rD'D,mtcsKdUu a&;om;azmfjyrItay: pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sif\

vuf aemufqHk; tpD&ifcHpmudkom apmifhMunfhay;&ef jrefrm0rfaygifukrÜPDu wdkufwGef;aMumif; owif;xkwfjyefvdkufonf/

"mwfykH-atmifpkd;

¤if;wdkYukrÜPDtaeESifhvnf;
pH k p rf ; a&;aumf r &S i f \ 0if a &muf
ppf a q;rI r sm;ud k yG i f h v if ; jrif o m

rIrsm;jzifh yl;aygif;aqmif&GufcJhNyD;
tpD&ifcHpmESifh EdkifiHawmfor®w½Hk;\
vrf;ñTecf surf sm;tay: txl;tav;xm;

vdkufemMurnfjzpfaMumif; ,if ;
xkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
NyD ; cJ h o nf h & uf y d k i f ; twG i f ;
tar&duefjynfaxmifpktajcpdkuf
e,l;a,mufwdkif;rfowif;pmwGif
vuf y H a wmif ; awmif p D r H u d e f ;
qefYusifqE´jyolrsm;udk tMurf;zuf
NzdKcGif;&mü ppfajrjyifwGif toHk;jyK
onfh rD;pkef;jzLyg0ifonfh vufeuf
rsm; toHk;jyKxm;aMumif; txuf
jref r mjynf a &S U aersm;uG e f & uf E S i f h
tar&duefjynfaxmifpktajcpdkuf
vlYtcGifhta&;vIyf&Sm;olrsm;tzGJU\
ppfaq;csuft& od&onf[k owif;
a&;om;cJhonf/
,if ; owif ; pmwG i f vuf y H

oDv0gqdyfurf; taumufcGef0efxrf; 13 OD;
wm0efrS tem;ay;cH&
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 5

vdkifpifcGifhjyKcsufESifhrudkufnD
aom armfawmf,mOfwifoGif;rIwGif
yg0if c J h o nf h oD v 0gqd y f u rf ; rS
vufaxmufñTefMum;a&;rSL;tqifh
tygt0if taumufceG 0f efxrf; 13 OD;
udk ,ckv 1 &ufaeYwGif Xmeu
r,lrae& tNidrf;pm;ay;jypf'Pf
(Force to Retire) csrSwfvdkufaMumif;
,if;OD;pD;Xme\ wm0ef&Sdolu The
Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
¤if;wdkY 13 OD;onf armfawmf
,mOfwifoGif;rIESifhywfoufí rrSef
ruefvkyfaMumif; wdkifMum;cH&onfh
twGuf txl;pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;tzGJU
u ac:,lppfaq;NyD;aemuf b@ma&;
ESihf tcGe0f efBuD;Xme\ ñTeMf um;csuf
t& taumuf c G e f O D ; pD ; Xmeu
xkwyf ,fvu
kd jf cif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u
ajymMum;onf/
]]wif o G i f ; vmwJ h u m;awG & J U
armf',fvftedrfhtjrifh uGm[aewm
udk une (ukef;vrf;ydkYaqmifa&;
ñTefMum;rIOD;pD;Xme)udk a&mufrS od&
w,f/ aemufawmh poH;k vH;k u ac:ppfNyD;
0efBuD;Xmeu ñTeMf um;csux
f u
G v
f m
wmyJ/ twdkifcH&wmvnf; ygwm
aygh}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
taumuf c G e f O D ; pD ; Xme\
w&m;0if Website wGifrl ,if;udpö
ESifhywfoufí taumufcGef0efxrf;
16 OD;udk 0efxrf;pnf;urf;azmufzsuf

The

VOICE
Weekly

The Product of
Myanmar Partners
Think Tank
Group
(A Sister
Publication of
Living Color Magazine)

usL;vG e f r I a Mumif h r,l r ae&
tNidrf;pm;ay; jypf'PfcsrSwfcJh&m
vufaxmufñTefMum;a&;rSL;ESpfOD;?
OD;pD;t&m&SEd pS Of ;D ESihf use0f efxrf; 12 OD;
yg0ifNyD; tqdkygudpöESifh ywfouf
onfh ukrP
Ü ED iS hf taumufceG f at;*sihf
rsm;ud k v nf ; w&m;Oya't&
ta&;,l&ef aqmif&GufaeaMumif;
azmfjyxm;onf/
,if;azmfjyxm;rIEiS yhf wfoufí
taumufceG Of ;D pD;XmerS ñTeMf um;a&;rSL;
wpf O D ; ud k quf o G , f a r;jref ; &m
oDv0gqdyfurf;udpöESifhywfoufí
tjypfay;cH&onfh0efxrf; 13 OD;om
jzpfNyD; usefoHk;OD;wGif ESpfOD;rSm ,cif
uwnf;u EkwfxGufoGm;cJhNyD;jzpf
um usefwpfOD;rSm uG,fvGefNyD;jzpf
aMumif; jyefvnfajzMum;onf/
,refEpS u
f vnf; taumufcGef
0efxrf; 35 OD;udk txl;pHpk rf;ppfaq;
a&;tzGJUu ac:,lppfaq;í or®w
½H k ; \ñT e f M um;csuf j zif h ta&;,l
tjypfay;cJhaMumif; Zefe0g&Dv 26
&ufaeYu jyKvkyfonfh owif;pm
&Sif;vif;yGJwGif ,if;OD;pD;Xme wm0ef
&Sdolrsm;u ajymMum;xm;onf/
qufoG,fa&;? owif;tcsuf
tvufEiS hf enf;ynm0efBuD;XmewGif
vnf; ,ckEpS pf ydik ;f wGiyf if jynfaxmifpk
0ef B uD ; Ek w f x G u f t NyD ; jref r mh
qufo,
G af &;vkyif ef; tif*sief ,
D mcsKyf

ESpOf ;D tygt0if wm0ef&o
dS l tBu;D tuJ
&SpfOD;udk jrefrmEdkifiH &JwyfzGJUrIcif;
Xmeu EdkifiHydkifaiGtvGJoHk;pm;rIjzifh
w&m;pGJ&ef pDpOfaeonf/

awmif;awmifpDrHudef; qefYusifqE´
jyolrsm;udk tMurf;zufNzdKcGif;&mwGif
usef&pfcJhonfh tydkif;tptcsKdUudk
xdkif;EdkifiH befaumufNrdKU tajcpdkuf
"mwf c G J c ef ; wpf c k w G i f ppf a q;&m
,if;tydkif;tprsm;wGif rD;pkef;jzL
yg0ifrIyrmPrsm;jym;aeaomaMumifh
tMurf;zufolrsm;udk NzdKcGif;&mwGif
rD;pkef;jzLyg0ifaom AHk;vufeufrsm;
oH k ; xm;onf r S m aocsmonf [ k
txufjrefrmjynfa&SUaersm;uGef&uf
rS OD ; od e f ; oef ; OD ; u ajymMum;
aMumif; azmfjyonf/
tqdkygowif;udk udk;um;í
jynf w G i f ; jynf y rD ' D , mrsm;wG i f
a0zef a &;om;rI r sm;jym;vmonf h
twGuf 0rfaygifurk P
Ü u
D aumfr&Sif
\ aemufqHk;tpD&ifcHpmonf aMu;eD
pDru
H ed ;f \ ppfreS af omtajctaeudk
rQwrSefuefpGm azmfxkwfoGm;Edkifvdrfh
rnf[k arQmfvifhaMumif;? rD',
D mrsm;
tygt0if a'ocHjynfolrsm;taeESihf
vnf; aumfr&Si\
f tqH;k tjzwfuo
kd m
apmifMh unfo
h ifah Mumif; 0rfaygifukrÜPD
u xkwjf yefaMunmvdu
k jf cif;jzpfonf/
0rfaygifurk P
Ü \
D ,if; xkwjf yef
csufESifhywfoufí OD;odef;oef;OD;u
]]olwdkY b,fvdkyJ owif;xkwfjyef
ygap/ tck uRefawmfwdkYppfaq;

awG U &S d c suf u 0rf a ygif u k r Ü P D u d k
tjypfwifaewmr[kwb
f ;l / tjzpfreS f
od & zd k Y wpf z uf w pf v rf ; uae
EdkifiHwum pHcsdefpHñTef;awGeJYtnD
rS e f r S e f u ef u ef ppf a q;azmf x k w f
xm;wmyg/ aumfr&Sifudkvnf; ulnD
ajz&S i f ; ay;wJ h o abmyg/ owif;
vnf; xkwfjyef a y;oG m ;r,f } } [k
OD;odef;oef;OD;u The Voice Weekly
odkY ajymMum;onf/
w½k w f u k r Ü P D 0rf a ygif E S i f h
jrefrmtpdk;&? jrefrmOD;ydkifukrÜPDwdkY
tusKd;wlyl;aygif;aqmif&Gufaeaom
vufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDpDrHudef;
udk uefYuGufqE´xkwfazmfaom rHk&Gm?
yckuúL? rEÅav;wdkYrS oHCm tyg;
500 ESifh vlyk*¾dKvf 200 ausmfwdkYudk
wefaqmifrkef;vjynfhausmf 1 &uf
eHeuf 2 em&DcefYwGif tiftm;oHk;
NzdKcGif;cJhNyD; oHCmtyg; 100 ausmf
ESifh vlyk*¾dKvf 20 ausmf jyif;xefpGm
'Pf&m&&SdcJhonf/
,if;uJhodkY jzpfyGm;NyD; ESpf&uf
tMumwG i f Ed k i f i H a wmf o r® w u
a':atmifqef;pkMunfOD;aqmifaom
pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Siu
f kd tpd;k &u
zG J U pnf ; ay;cJ h a omf v nf ; tzG J U 0if
tcsKdUrSm yg0ifaqmif&Gufvdkjcif;r&Sd
ojzifh xyfrjH yifqifzUJG pnf;cJo
h nf/

POWER

rEÅav;wdkif;wGif aea&mifjcnfpGrf;tifjzifU
vQypf pf"mwftm;ay;&ef tar&duefurk P
Ü w
D pfcEk iS Uf aqG;aEG;
rEÅav;? azazmf0g&D 5

rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD;twGif; aea&mifjcnfpGrf;tifjzifh vQyfppf"mwftm;&&Sda&;twGuf tar&duefukrÜPD
wpfcu
k &if;ES;D jr§KyfE&HS ef wkid ;f a'oBuD;tpd;k &tzJUG ESihf aqG;aEG;n§Ed idI ;f aqmif&u
G v
f su&f adS Mumif; wkid ;f a'oBuD;tpd;k &
tzGJUxHrS od&onf/
qkdvmpepfjzifh vQyfppf"mwftm;xkwf,l&mwGif vuf&Sd"mwftm;crsm;xuf ydkrdkukefusaeojzifh aps; EIef;
n§Ed idI ;f rItqifajyygu tqkyd gpDru
H ed ;f taumiftxnfazmfomG ;&ef&adS Mumif; wkid ;f a'oBuD;tpd;k &tzGUJ ESihf eD;pyfol
wpfOD;uqkdonf/
]]qkdvmpepfeJY vQyfppf"mwf tm;xkwf,lrSmu jrif;NcHbufawmh vsmxm;rI&Sdw,f/ wpfae&mwnf;rSm
xkwfrSmr[kwfbJ oHk;ae&mavmuf xkwfzkdYtpDtpOf&Sdw,f}}[k ¤if;uqkd onf/
qkdvmpepfjzifh vQyfppf"mwftm;xkwfvkyf&&Sdygu trsm;jynfoloufomonfh aps;EIef;&&Sd&ef
vQyfppf0efBuD;Xmejzifh n§dEIdif;aqmif&Gufvsuf&SdaMumif; 0efBuD;csKyf OD;&Jjrifhuqkdonf/
]]xkwfvkyf&&SdwJh vQyfppf"mwftm;udk jynfaxmifpk vQyfppf"mwftm;jzefYjzL;wJhvkdif;rSm csdwfNyD;awmh
trsm;jynfou
l jkd zefYa0ay;r,f/ wpf,el pfb,favmufEeI ;f eJY,rl ,fqw
kd mawmh aqG;aEG;aew,f}}[k wkid ;f a'oBuD;
0efBuD;csKyfOD;&Jjrifhu ajymMum;onf/
r*¾g0yf 200 ueOD;vQyfppf"mwftm;xkwfvkyfEkdifa&;twGuf tar&duefjynfaxmifpk ACO Investment
k ;f u awGUqHak qG;aEG;cJhonf/
Group? Great Chance Co.,Ltd. ESifh wkdif;a'oBuD;tpdk;&tzGJUwkdY ,ckvqef;ydi
]]aea&mifjcnfo;kH pGr;f tifu wnfaqmufvnfywfwmajcmufvavmufyMJ umw,f/ tJ'guvnf; tjrefq;kH
vQyfppf"mwftm;&&Sdr,fhenf;vrf;jzpfvkdY jrefjrefaqmif&GufoGm;zkdYawmhaqG;aEG;aeygw,f}}[k wkdif;a'oBuD;
vQyfppfESifh pufrIvufrI0efBuD; a'gufwmjrifhMuLu ajymMum;onf/

Publisher - Daw Khin Kywe Oo (4099),Finance - Pe Aung Zin(Genernal Manager), San Thida (Manager), Htet Htet Nyein (Deputy
Manager), Saw Thandar Aye (Assistant Manager, HR), Marketing - Kyaw Than (Manager), Phyu Phyu Thi (Deputy Manager),
Min Aung, Pyae Phyo Aung, Nu Nu Nge, Shwe Sin Tun,
Thein Aung Htut (Designer), Production - Aung Kyaw Sann (Manager) , Soe Win Zaw
DTP - Ma Khine (Manager), Cho Cho Zin, Khin Mar Myint, Kyi Chan Hnin,
Distribution - Htet Khaung (Manager), Khin Myo Chit (Deputy Manager), Jack Too Too, Htet Aung,
Receptionist - Su Eindray Oo, Lai Yee Oo Web Administrator - waiyan, Kyaw Htun Khine,
Web Team- thevoicewebteam@gmail.com, Website - www.thevoicemyanmar.com,
Office -No (458-460), 4th Floor (E), Corner of 31st Street and Mahabandula Road, Pabaedan Township, Yangon.
Tel: 01 - 242424, 389210, 389211, 372905.
Marketing - 01 242424, 09 51 76835, 01 11220284 , Distribution - 09 42 1006579, Hot Line (News) - 09 73248886, 0973064592.
E-mail-Admin; Chief Editor : c-editor@thevoiceweekly.net, News Room : newsroom@thevoiceweekly.net,
Press- Hnit Thit Oo Printing House Nawaday Cinema Compound , MayangoneTsp,Yangon.

6
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

POWER

wpfEdkifiHvHk; vQyfppfrD;tjynfU&&Sd&ef urÇmhbPfulnDrnf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 5

jref

rmwpfEkdifiHvHk; vQyfpD;rD;tjynfht0ay;tyfEkdif&efvdktyfaeonfh vQyfppfr*¾g0yf 300 xyfrH&&Sd&ef urÇmhbPfu aiGaMu;ESifhenf;ynmrsm; tultnDay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
urÇmhbPfvkyfief;pktzGJU0if IFC tvkyftrIaqmif 'kwd,Ouú|ESifh trIaqmift&m&SdcsKyf *sifa,mifcsKdif;u azazmf0g&Dv 5&ufaeYu jyKvkyfaomowif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJwGif ajymMum;onf/

vuf&Sd vQyfppfxkwfvkyfae
aom a&tm;vQyfppfpuf½Hkrsm;rSm
xkwv
f yk Ef ikd pf rG ;f avsmhusaeonfrsm;
udk jyefvnfjyKjyifygu r*¾g0yf 150
&&S d r nf j zpf N yD ; topf x yf r H w nf
aqmufrnfh pDru
H ed ;f rsm;rS r*¾g0yf 150
xyfr&H &Srd nfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEkid if &H dS
urÇmb
h Pf½;kH wm0ef&o
dS x
l rH S od&onf/
]]'DpDrHudef;twGuf toHk;jyKaiG
yrmPawGu ynm&SifawGoHk;oyf

wGufcsufNyD;rSodEdkifrSmyg/ tckcsdefrSm
u n§dEdIif;aqG;aEG;aewkef;yJ &Sdygao;
w,f}}[k urÇmb
h Pf\ ta&SUtm&SEiS hf
ypdzdwfa'oqdkif&m 'kwd,Ouú|
tufq,fAefxa&mhpefbwf*u
f ajym
Mum;cJhonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif vlav;OD;vQif
wpfOD;om vQyfppf"mwftm;oHk;pGJEdkif
aomaMumifh vQyfppf"mwftm;ay;a0
rIudkwdk;jr§ifhaqmif&Gufa&;onf zGHUNzdK;

wdk;wufa&;pDrHudef;wGif OD;pm;ay;
aqmif&Guf&ef tcsufjzpfaMumif;
*sifa,mifcsKdif;u ajymMum;cJhonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHü vQyfppfrD; tvHk
tavmuf & &S d y gu uav;rsm;\
ynma&;? &Gmom;rsm;twGuf tvkyf
tudkiftcGifhtvrf;rsm; zefwD;Edkif
rnfph ;D yGm;a&;vkyif ef;rsm; wnfaxmif
vmEdik rf nft
h jyif aus;vufa'oqif;&JrI
udkvnf; avQmhcsEdkifrnfjzpfaMumif;

0,fawmifa&eHarSmrf S vpOf ode;f &mausmf tcGeaf Mu;aumufcrH I
yGifUvif;jrifomrI&Sd&ef a'ocHrsm;awmif;qdk
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 7

rauG;wdkif;a'oBuD; yckuúL
c½dkif NrdKifNrdKUe,f 0,fawmiftkyfpk&Sd
0,fawmif&Gm 0,fawmifa&eHarSmf&Sd
usif;ydkifESifh usif;vkyfom;rsm;xHrS
aus;&Gma'ozGUH NzKd ;a&;tzGUJ u aumufcH
í rauG;wdkif;½kH;odkY aiGrsm;ay;&
onf [ k q d k u m aumuf c H c J h a om
ud p ö & yf r sm;ud k yG i f h v if ; jrif o mrI
&Sdap&efESifh pHkprf;azmfxkwfay;&ef
a'ocH r sm;u Ek d i f i H a wmf o r® w ?
rauG;wkid ;f a'oBuD; tpd;k &tzGUJ wdYk xH
pmwif j y awmif ; qd k x m;aMumif ;
0,fawmif&Gm a'ocHrsm;xHrS pHkprf;
od&Sd&onf/
,if;tjyif tqdkyg toem;cH
wifjytultnD awmif;jcif;pmudk
tjynfjynfqdkif&m tvkyform;tzGJU
(ILO) ? vl Y tcG i f h t a&;qk d i f & m
aumfrwDESifh jynfwGif;Nidrf;csrf;a&;
ESifh w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;aumfrwDwdkY
xHodkYyg Zefe0g&Dv 20 &ufaeYwGif
ay;ydkYxm;aMumif;? wifjyxm;aom
tzGJUtpnf;rsm;xJwGif rauG;wkdif;
a'oBuD;tpd;k &tzGYJ rv
S í
JG usefaom
½k;H tzGYJrsm;onf ¤if;wdYx
k H qufo,
G u
f m
,if;udp&ö yftay: ar;jref;pHkprf;rIrsm;
&Sad Mumif; 0,fawmifa'ocH wpfO;D jzpfol
OD;oef;vGiu
f Zefe0g&Dv aemufq;kH ywf
twGif; ajymMum;onf/
,if;a'owGif 1998ckepfwGif
a&TraJ &eHrsm; xGucf NhJ yD; wl;azmfvyk u
f idk f
cGi&hf &ef rauG;wkid ;f a'oBu;D &dS oufqidk f
&m½k;H rsm;odYk tcGeaf iGrsm;udk ay;aqmif
cJh&aMumif;? ,if;odkYay;aqmif&ef
aus;&Gma'o zGUH NzdK;a&;tzGYJukd zGYJpnf;
cJ h N yD ; aemuf wpf y D y gvQif 8000

EIef;jzifh aumufcHum wkdif;½kH;rsm;odkY
vpOf aiGoed ;f wpf&mausmf ay;aqmif
cJh&aMumif;? ,if;a&eHarSmfrS vpOf
yD y gaygif ; 2500rS 3000Mum;
xGu&f o
dS jzifh vpOf ode;f 200 ausmcf efY
udk aus;&GmzGYHNzdK;a&;tzGYJu rauG;wdik f;
a'oBuD;½kH;rsm;odkY ay;aqmifcJh&
aMumif;? ay;aqmifcJh&onfh aiGrsm;
twGuf tcGefajypmrsm;udk a'ocH
rsm;xH ,aeYtxd jyo&Sif;vif;jcif;
r&Sdojzifh tvkyform;rsm;tay:
acgif;yHkjzwfum pm;aomufaeonf
[k ,HkMunfaomaMumihf yGifhvif;jrif
omrI&Sdapa&; pHkprf;azmfxkwfay;&ef
usif;ydkifusif;om;rsm;u tultnD
awmif;cHjcif; jzpfaMumif; ,if;xkwjfyefcsuf
pmwGif azmfjyxm;csut
f & od&onf/
]]wpf y D y g 8000 EI e f ; rS m
wdkif;udk 4000? a'otwGuf 4000
qdkNyD; ajymxm;ayr,fh tcku 8000
pvHk;udk wdkif;udkay;ae&ygw,f/
a'ozG H U Nzd K ;a&;vk y f p &m bmrS
rusefawmhygbl;/ a'ozGHUNzdK;a&;
trnf c H N yD ; bmrS r usef b l ; }} [k
OD;oef;vGifu qdkonf/
rauG;wdik ;f a'oBuD;tpd;k &tzGUJ
xH The Voice Weeklyu qufo,
G cf hJ
aomfvnf; jyefvnfajzMum;rnfhol
r&Sday/
0,fawmifaus;&GmwGif tdraf jc
500cefY&SdNyD; 400eD;yg;rSm a&eHwl;
jcif;vkyfief;udkom t"duvkyfudkif
aMumif;? wdkif;a'oBuD;tpdk;&tzGJYodkY
vpOf tcGefaMu;tjzpf wpfyDygvQif
8000 usyEf eI ;f ay;aqmifae&ojzifh
0,fawmif a'ozGUH NzdK;a&;vkyif ef;rsm;

pifumyl Academy (KHEA) ynma&;aqG;aEG;rnf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 7

pifumylEkdifiH Kaplan Higher Education Academy (KHEA) \ 2013 ckEpS f
ausmif;zGifhcsdefwGif wufa&mufvdkolrsm;twGuf ynma&;aqG;aEG;yGJudk trSwf
(62) pD? tif;vsm;vrf;? urm&GwfNrdKUe,f&Sd Unique Life Educational
Consultancy & Services (ULEC) wGif azazmf0g&Dv 16 &ufaeY eHeuf 10
em&D 30 rdepf rS aeYv,f 12 em&D 30 rdepftxd usif;yjyKvkyfrnfjzpfaMumif;
tqkdygausmif;xHrS od&onf/
tao;pdwo
f &d v
dS ykd gu zke;f -01-53756? 73210001? 09-73153699
odkY wdkuf½dkufqufoG,fpHkprf;ar;jref;Edkifrnfjzpfonf/

vkyfaqmif & ef aES m if h a ES ; vsuf & S d
aMumif; a'ocHwpfOD;jzpfol OD;rSL;u
ajymMum;onf/

tuf q ,f A ef x a&mh p ef b wf * f u
oHk;oyfajymMum;onf/
jrefrmEdkifiH\ tdrfeD;csif;EkdifiH
rsm;jzpfonfh vmtkdEkdifiHwGif urÇmh
bPfu aus;vufa'orsm;txd
vQyfppf"mwftm;ay;a0Edkif&ef ulnD
cJ h j cif ; aMumif h vmtk d j ynf o l 80
&mcdkifEIef; vQyfppfrD;toHk;jyKEdkifcJhNyD;
AD,uferfEidk if w
H iG f jynfol 97 &mcdik fEIef;
vQyf p pf r D ; oH k ; pJ G E k d i f N yD j zpf a Mumif ;
urÇmhbPf\ owif;xkwfjyefcsuf
wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
IFC (International Finance
Corporation) \ ,ckv 3&ufrS 5&uf

aeYc&D;pOfwiG f jrefrmEdik if t
H wGuf vQypf pf
"mwftm; vdktyfcsufjznfhqnf;&ef?
qufoG,fa&;pepfESifh bPfydkif;qdkif
&mu@rsm; jr§ifhwifay;&ef oabm
wlnrD rI sm;&&Scd ahJ Mumif; tqdyk gxkwjf yef
csuft& od&Sd&onf/
urÇmhbPfu pdkufysKd;a&;tyg
t0if tjcm;b@maiGaxmufyHh&rnfh
OD;pm;ay;e,fy,frsm;twGuf twd;k EIe;f

vHk;0r,laom rwnfaiG 165 oef;
udv
k nf; tultnDay;rnfjzpfaMumif;
*sifa,mifcsKdif;u ajymMum;cJhonf/
jrefrmEdik if w
H iG f vQypf pf"mwftm;
xkwfvkyfay;aom a&tm;vQyfppf
"mwftm;ay;puf½Hk 18 ½Hk? ausmufrD;
aoG;oHk;"mwftm;ay;puf½Hk wpf½Hk?
obm0"mwfaiGYo;kH "mwftm;ay;puf½kH
10 ½H?k pkpak ygif; 29 ½H&k &dS m ,if;puf½kH
rsm;rS "mwftm;xkwfvkyfEdkifrIonf
rdk;&moDwGif trsm;qHk; 1610 r*¾g0yf
cefY&jdS yD; aEG&moDwiG f trsm;qH;k 1340
r*¾g0yfcefYom&SdojzifY 2012 aEG&moD
wGif oHk;pGJrIonf 1850 r*¾g0yftxd
&Sad eaomaMumifY "mwftm;vHak vmuf
pGm jzefYjzL;ay;Edkifjcif;r&SdbJ trsm;
jynfoo
l Ykd tkypf o
k ;kH pkcu
JG m tvSnu
hf s
"mwftm;ay;cJh&onf/
jrefrmEdik if \
H vwfwavmvQypf pf
vkt
d yfcsurf mS 300r*¾g0yfx d & S d a eNyD ;
tqkdygvkdtyfcsufudk urÇmhbPfu
jznfq
h nf; ay;rnfjzpfonf/

oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;ZkeftwGif;&Sd usL;ausmfrsm;
ESpfywftwGif;rajymif;a&TYygu axmifcsrnf[kqdk
&efukef? azazmf0g&Dv 7

oDv0g
txl; pD;yGm;a&;
Zkepf rD u
H ed ;f twGi;f
&Sd usL;ausmfrsm;
udk ESpyf wftwGi;f
ajymif;a&TUay;&ef
ESifh rvdkufemyg
u atmufjrefrm
EdkifiH NrdKU&GmESifh
ajr,mtufOya'
21 t& &ufaygif;
"mwfykH-atmifatmifxGef;
30 tusO;f csxm;
rnfjzpfaMumif; Zefe0g&Dv 31 &ufaeY&ufpGJjzifh aMunmpmrsm;uyfí ausmufwef;NrdKUe,f NrdKUe,ftyk cf sKyfa&;
rSL;u vufrSwfa&;xdk;xkwfjyefxm;onf/
odkY&mwGif jrefrm-*syef tusKd;wlyl;aygif;aqmif&Gufrnfh oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;ZkefpDrHudef;{&d,m
twGif;&Sd usL;ausmfrsm;ESifh pDrHudef;aMumifh xdcdkufepfemrnfo
h rl sm;udk oifah vsmaf om jyefvnfay;tyfrIrsm;
jyKvkyfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; Zefe0g&Dv 9 &ufaeYu trsKd;om;pDrHudef;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufrI0efBuD;Xme
'kwd,0efBuD; OD;qufatmifu The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
]]tdk;tdrfu avsmfaMu;udpörajymbl;/ AvmESifxkwfwm? ta&;tcif;umvavmufu wpf{u
ESpfaomif;ay;NyD; twif;odrf;oGm;zl;w,f}}[k a&TYajymif;&GmwGifyg0ifonfh tvGrf;qGwf&GmwGif ESpfaygif; 30
ausmf v,f,mvkyu
f ikd af eol OD;wifa&Tu qdkonf/
,if; pDrHudef;e,fajrtwGif;wGif em*pfrek w
f ikd ;f 'Pfoifh vma&muftajccsaexdkifolrsm;? EdkifiHydkifpuf½Hk
rsm;&Sd tvkyform;rsm;? usyef;tvkyform;rsm;ESifh v,f,majrvkyfudkifolrsm; aexdkifMujcif;jzpfaMumif;
,if;pDrHudef;e,fajr&Sd tvGrf;qGwf&Gmom;rsm;uqdkonf/
]]uReaf wmfwYkdrmS ajy;p&majrr&S?d ay;p&maiGr&Sjd zpfaew,f/ vlBu;D awGvmvnf; awmif;yef&rSmyJ/ aemufq;kH
odr;f oGm;&ifvnf; 'Dem;u vGww
f ahJ e&mav;rSmyJ uyfaeyg&apvdYk awmif;yef&rSmyJ}} [k OD;wifa&T u &Si;f jyonf/
oufqikd &f muaMunmcsufxw
k jf yefxm;aomfvnf; tqdyk gpDru
H ed ;f e,fajrrS ajymif;oGm;onfh usL;ausmf
r&Sdao;aMumif;? oufqdkif&mwm0ef&Sdolrsm;bufu vma&mufppfaq;jcif;rsKd;vnf; r&Sdao;aMumif;
tvGrf;qGwf&Gmae usyef;vkyfudkifol OD;armifjrifhu qdkonf/
,if;oDv0g txl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkeu
f sL;ausmrf sm;ESiyhf wfoufí NrKd U&GmESihf td;k tdrzf YHG NzdK;a&;OD;pD;Xme? aejynfawmf
ESihf &efuek ½f ;Hk rsm;odYk qufo,
G af r;jref;aomfvnf; ajzMum;rnfo
h lr&Sdao;aMumif;om jyefvnfajymMum;onf/
vGefcJhonfh 18ESpfcefYuwnf;u EdkifiHydkifajrrsm;jzpfaom oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;ZkefpDrHudef;e,fajr
twGif;&Sd v,f,majrrsm;wGif usL;ausmfrsm;&SdaMumif;? xdkYtjyif ,if;pDrHudef;{&d,mtwGif; omoemydkif
taqmufttHkrsm;? tjcm;EdkifiHydkiftaqmufttHkrsm;vnf;&Sdao;aMumif;? ,if;taqmufttHkrsm;udk csefvSyf
um pDru
H ed ;f udt
k aumiftxnfazmfomG ;rnfjzpfaMumif; 'kw,
d 0efBuD; OD;qufatmifu ajymMum;onf/

TELECOM

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

7

VOICE

The

Online pmrsufESmrsm; wdkufcdkufcH&rI enf;ynmu@ukdpdefac:
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 6

uf owif;tcsut
f vufqdkif&m t"dutm;xm;&onfh or®w½kH;
ESifh
paom jynfoY0l efaqmifrI
rD'D,m pmrsufESmrsm;udk
jynf olNyD;rcJsmho;twG
nfh oDwif;ywfrsm;twGif; tqufrjywfwdkufcdkufrIrsm; BuHKawGYcJhjcif;aMumifh t&Sdef,lzGHYNzdK;pjyKvmaom jynfwGif;tdkifwDu@ESifh tpdk;&\ t"dupDru
H ed ;f wpf&yfjzpfaom
Website

The Voice Weekly, Eleven Media Group

Online

e-Government

azmfaqmifa&;twGuf BuD;pGmaompdefac:rIwpf&yfjzpfvmNyD; tm;vHk;yl;aygif;aqmif&Guf&efvdktyfaMumif; EdkifiHawmfor®w½kH; nTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;aZmfaX;u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
]]tifpwDusL;&Si;f ydik ;f tm;enf;
wm? qdkufbmrIcif;awGeJY ywfouf
vdYk Edik if w
H umeJY yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G rf I
tm;enf;wm awGU&w,f/ tJh'gudk
tpd;k &? ynm&Sief YJ rD',
D mawGtygt0if
tm;vHk; pHkpHknDnD aqG;aEG;tajz&SmzdkY
vdkygw,f}} [k Online vHkNcHKa&;ESifh
ywf o uf í oH k ; oyf a jymMum;NyD ;
tqdkygwdkufcdkufrIrsm;rSm pDtdkifat
ESihf yifw*Geu
f o
hJ Ykdaom urÇmausmXf me
BuD;rsm;yif tqufrjywfBuHKawGUae&
aom enf;ynmpdefac:rIwpf&yfjzpf
aMumif; ¤if;u xyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/

Facebook pmrsuE
f mS udk [ufumrsm;u

jynfwGif;owif;rD'D,mwpfck
jzpfonfh Eleven Media Group Website
ud k Red-Army-Team trnf c H
[ufumrsm;u Zefe0g&DvtwGif;
wdkufcdkufcJhNyD; TheVoice Weekly?
Eleven Media Group ponfh owif;
rD'D,mrsm;\ Facebook pmrsufESm
D
ESihf or®w½k;H Website rsm;udk azazmf&v
yxrywftwGif; xyfrHwdkufcdkufcHcJh
&aMumif; tqdyk g Website pmrsufEmS
rsm;ud k wm0ef , l x m;ol r sm;\
ajymMum;csuft& od&onf/
or®w½k;H Website udk wdu
k cf u
kd f

jrefrmEdkifiHwGif yxrqHk;
Apps Expo 2013 usif;y

jcif;rSm DDOS enf;ynmtoHk;jyKí
wdkufcdkufjcif;jzpfNyD; Website udk
0ifa&muf[ufc&H jcif; r[kwaf Mumif;
or®w½kH; nTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;aZmfaX;
u ajymMum;cJu
h m The Voice Weekly\
Facebook pmrsufESmudkrl azazmf0g&D
v 5&ufaeYwGif [ufumrsm;u

xde;f csKyf&,lum tjcm;pDrcH efYcyJG ikd cf iG hf
ay;xm;aom TheVoice Weekly rS
wm0ef&o
dS rl sm;\ Facebook Account
rsm;udkyg jzKwcf sí vH;k 0xde;f csKyo
f mG ;
cJjh cif;jzpfonf/
xyfrHí azazmf0g&D 7 &ufaeY
wG i f Eleven Media Group \

0if a &muf w d k u f c d k u f u m acgif ; pD ;
"mwfyHkudk ajymif;vJcJhaomfvnf;
tcsed rf D jyefvnfxed ;f csKyfEikd cf ahJ Mumif;
Weekly Eleven *sme,f t,f'Dwm
csKyf OD;a0NzdK;u The Voice Weekly
odkY ajymMum;onf/
]]rD',
D mawGukd OD;wnfwu
kd cf dkuf
wmawmh raumif;bl;aygh/ 'gayrJh
rwdkufatmifvkyfvdkYr&bl;/ twdkuf
rcH&atmifbJ ud,
k b
hf ufu umuG,f
&rSm}} [k tdik w
f yD nm&Siw
f pfOD;vnf;
jzpfol bavmh*g udn
k n
D o
D v
H iG u
f The
Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;cJhonf/
jynfwiG ;f rD',
D mrsm;\ Online
pmrsufESmrsm;udk wdkufcdkufrIrsm;
twGufaqG;aEG;&ef owif;aumifpD
tpnf;ta0;udk azazmf0g&Dv 9
&ufaeYwGif usif;yrnfjzpfaMumif;
,if;aumifpDxHrS od&onf/

&efukef? azazmf0g&D 5

jref r mEd k i f i H w G i f Software
vkyfief; rsm;yd k r d k z G H U Nzd K ;wd k ; wuf r I
twGuf wGe;f tm;ay;&ef &nf&,
G u
f m
yxrqH k ; tBud r f t jzpf jynf w G i f ;
Software ukrÜPDrsm;u zefwD;aom
uGefysLwmESifh rdkbdkif;vf Software
xkwfukefrsm;yg0ifaom Apps Expo
udk &efukefNrdKUvIdifNrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd
jrefrmtifzdkwufwGif azazmf0g&D 5
&ufrS 6 &ufaeYtxd ESpf&ufwdkif
usif;yvsuf&SdaMumif; ,if;Expo udk
pDpOfolwpfOD;jzpfonfh uGefysLwm
ynm½Sif OD;aZmfaZmfrsK;d vGiu
f The Voice
Weekly odYkajymMum;onf/
]]yxrqHk;qdkayr,fh atmifjrif
w,fvdkY ajymvdkY&ygw,f/ pdwf0if
pm;rIvnf; awmfawmfrsm;w,f}}[k
Apps Expo jyyG J E S i f h y wf o uf í
¤if;u &Sif;vif;ajymMum;cJhNyD; Apps
Expo qd k o nf r S m uG e f y sLwmES i f h
rdkbdkif;vfypönf;rsm;wGif toHk;jyKrnfh
aqmh z f 0 J x k w f u k e f r sm;ud k pk p nf ;
jyoaom enf ; ynmjyyG J w pf c k
jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u xyfavmif;ajym
Mum;onf/
,ckjyyGJodkY ukrÜPD 12 ckrS

jycef;aygif; 20 ausmfyg0ifjyo
vsuf½SdNyD; oufqdkif&mukrÜPDrsm;rS
¤if;wdkY\ Software xkwfukefrsm;
taMumif; &Sif;vif;wifjyjcif;ESifh
*d r f ; a&;qG J j cif ; ? aqmh z f 0 J a &;qG J
jcif ; rsm;ud k o½k y f j yoG m ;rnf j zpf
aMumif; yGJpDpOfolrsm;\ajymMum;
csuft& od&onf/
]]jynfwGif; Software vkyfief;
awG odyyf gwmrawGY&awmh bmrS rxl;
ovdyk /J enf;ynmyGx
J uf aps;a&mif;yGJ
eJY ydw
k al ew,f}}[k tqdyk gyGu
J kd vma&muf
avh v mol uG e f y sLwmwuú o d k v f
yxrES p f a usmif ; om;wpfOD;jzpfol
ud&k v
J if;atmifu The Voice Weekly
odYk ajymMum;cJNh y;D jrefrmEdik if \
H aqmhz0f J
vkyfief;rsm;ESifh csdwfqufEdkifrnfh
tcGifhtvrf;rsm;udk ,ck Apps Expo
2013 wGif arQmfvifhaMumif; ¤if;\
qE´udk xkwfazmfajymMum;onf/
Apps Expo 2013 udk rlvu
Zefe0g&DvtwGif; usif;y&efpDpOf
cJhNyD; jyyGJtwGuf ydkrdktcsdef,lEdkif&ef
twGuf azazmf&v
D twGi;f odYk ajymif;vJ
usif;ycJhjcif;jzpfaMumif;od&onf/

bPfuwfoHk; aps;0,f&mwGif zkef;vdkif;aMumifU tcufBuHK
&efukef? azazmf0g&Dv 6

EkdifiHwumESifh jynfwGif;bPfuwfrsm;oHk;um aps;0,fEkdifonfhae&mrsm; ay:aygufvmaomfvnf;
aiG&Sif;&mwGif zkef;vdkif;raumif;aomaMumihf tcufBuHKae&aMumif; MPU uwftoHk;jyKaeolrsm;u The
Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
bPfuwfjzifh aiG&Sif;&onfh POS pufwGif MPU uwfudk zwf&m qufoG,fa&;zkef;vdkif;jywfjcif;
rsKd;&SdonfhtwGuf ,if;uwfESifh aiG&Sif;r&jcif;jzpfaMumif; jrefrmhaiGay;acsrIaumfrwD (MPU) twGif;a&;rSL;
OD;&Jrif;OD;u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
POS pufjzifh bPfuwfzwf&mwGif pufrSwpfqifh MPU Data Centre? ,if;rSoufqdkif&mbPf?
bPfrSwpfqifh MPU Data Centre odkY tqifhqifh tcsuftvufay;ydkY&onfjzpf&m zkef;vdkif;usjcif;? vdkif;
jywfawmufjcif;aMumifh puftrSm; (Error) wufjcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u &Sif;jyonf/
]]'Dpuf (POS) u Data awGu zkef;vdkif;uwpfqifh oGm;wmqdkawmh vkdif;jywfwm? vdkif;uswm&Sdw,f/
tJ'gawGudk jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;eJY nd§EIdif;aeygw,f}} [k OD;&Jrif;OD;u qdkonf/
vwfwavmwGif bPfuwfjzifh aps;0,fEkdifonfh POS pepfoHk;pufrsm;udk [dkw,f? pm;aomufqdkif?
"mwfqDqdkif? tDvufx&Gefepfqdkif? em&Dqdkif? ausmufrsuf&wemqdkif? aq;½Hkaq;cef;? uGefysLwm ta&mif;
qdkifwdkYESifh emrnfBuD; MK zuf&Sifqdkifrsm;? Asia Light aps;0,fpifwmrsm;wGif toHk;jyKvsuf&Sdonf/
]][dkaeYu aps;oGm;0,fawmh ydkufqHygayr,fh MPU uwfeJY aiG&Sif;vdkufw,f/ ig;rdepf? q,frdepf
avmufMumwJhtxd pufuvHk;0rzwfbl;/ aemuf Error (trSm;wufNyD; ydkufqHeJYyJ &Sif;vdkuf&w,f}} [k
yef;qdk;wef;vrf;&Sd Kyaw Home Mart wGif MPU uwfESifh aps;0,folwpfOD;u qdkonf/
,if; POS pufrsm;wGif w½kwaf iGay;acsuwf (CUP) udk rwfvukew
f iG v
f nf;aumif;? *syefta<u;0,fuwf
(JCB)? ADZmuwfEi
S hf rmpwmuwfwYkd ukd 2013 ckEpS f ESpv
f ,fyikd ;f wGiv
f nf;aumif; oH;k pGEJ ikd rf nfjzpfaMumif;
OD;&Jrif;OD;xHrS od&onf/
,if;odYk bPfuwfjzifh aps;0,fjcif;tjyif ATM pufrsm;wGif aiGxw
k &f mwGiv
f nf; tifwmeufvikd ;f raumif;ojzifh
aiGxw
k &f if;&yfwefYomG ;onfrsm;? xkwrf &awmhjcif;rsm; jzpfay:aeaMumif; MPU uwfo;kH pGo
J rl sm;xHrS od&onf/

8
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

tpd;k &bwf*suv
f adk iG 5 &mcdik Ef eI ;f atmufavQmch sEidk yf gu
a<u;NrD av;yHkoHk;yHk yJ&pfuvyfxyfavQmfrnf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 3

pfwmtwGif; EkdifiHawmftoHk;p&dwfvdkaiG
jyrIudk 5 &mcdkifEIef;atmufavsmhusatmif
wpf ESaqmif
&u
G Ef idk v
f Qif yJ&pfuvyftzGUJ 0ifEidk if rH sm;u a<u;NrD 75 &mcdik Ef eI ;f txd avQmaf y;rnfjzpfaMumif; b@ma&;
(Budget-Deficit)

ESit
hf cGe0f efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifp0k efBuD; OD;0if;&Sed u
f aejynfawmf&dS pufr0I efBuD;XmewGif owif;rD',
D mrs
mrsm;ES
m;ESiahf wGUqHpk Of
ajymMum;onf/
,cifa<u;NrD ajcmufbDvD,H tpdk;&u roHk;oifhwmoHk;NyD; oHk;oifh twGif; aqG;aEG;rnfhusefudk;EkdifiH
udkavQmfay;cJhNyD;aemuf yJ&pfuvyf wmroHk;ygu bwf*sufvkdaiGjyjcif; rSmvnf; a<u;NrDrsm; &mEIe;f jynfah vQmf
u tcsufEpS cf sufukd xyfraH wmif;qkd jzpf v maMumif ; ? ,if ; aMumif h ay;&ef urf ; vS r f ; xm;aMumif ;
xm;aMumif;? wpfESpftwGif; EkdifiH bwf*sufvkdaiGjyrIavsmhusatmif EkdifiHawmfor®w\ pD;yGm;a&;ESifh
wumaiGaMu;&efyHkaiGtzGJU (IMF) ESifh vkyfckdif;jcif;rSm tpdk;&\toHk;p&dwf v l r I a & ; t B u H a y ; a u m i f p D 0 i f
yl;aygif;um tao;pm;ESifh tvwf rsm;udk rSefrSefuefueftoHk;jyK&ef a'gufwmaZmfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
]]usef w J h a<u;NrD a wG v nf ;
pm;pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;wGif atmif xde;f ausmif;jcif;jzpfaMumif;? ta<u;
jrifatmifvyk af qmif&efEiS hf Ekid if aH wmf a[mif;avQmfypfjcif;rSm wpfenf; qyfEkdifrSmyg/ aemufwpfcg yJ&pf
b@mvk d a iG j yrI u d k 5 &mcd k i f E I e f ; tm;jzifh ta<u;opfxyfxkwfay; uvyfudkoGm;&ifawmh NrD&SifEkdifiH
atmufavsmhusap&efwkdY jzpfaMumif; jcif;jzpf&m tpdk;&u wpfvGJtoHk;jyK tjzpfeJYyJ &p&mawG oGm;awmif;csif
ygu ta<u;jyefqyfEkdifrnfr[kwf w,f}}[k OD;0if;&Sdefuqkdonf/
¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
jyif o pf E k d i f i H tajcpd k u f
]]bwf*suv
f adk iGukd 5&mcdik Ef eI ;f &m ,if;udkxdef;ausmif;jcif;vnf;
atmuf a vQmh c scd k i f ; w,f q k d w mu jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqufvuf&Sif;jy a<u;&SifEkdifiHrsm; yl;aygif;zGJUpnf;
xm;onfh yJ&pfuvyfonf jrefrm
aiGazmif;yGrIEIef;udk 5 &mcdkifEIef;xuf onf/
jyif o pf ? zif v ef ? tD w vD ? EkdifiHrSawmif;,l&ef&Sdonfh ta<u;
rausmfatmif vkyfcdkif;wJhoabmyJ}}
[k pD;yGm;a&;rl0g'a&;&mynm&Sif *syef? aemfa0? e,fomvef? NAdwdef? a':vmoef;aygif;udk;axmifhajcmuf
f iG f oef;aygif;ajcmufaxmif
a'gufwmatmifuu
kd u
kd &Si;f jyonf/ 'def;rwf? uae'g? MopaMw;vsESifh &mausmw
bwf*sufvkdaiGjyrIaMumifh aiG *smreD w k d Y r S m yJ & pf u vyf t zG J U 0if cefYudkavQmfay;cJhNyD; ,if;yrmP
azmif;yGrjI zpfjcif;? &if;ES;D jr§KyfErHS rI wnf NrD&SifEdkifiHrsm;jzpfNyD; aemfa0EkdifiHu onf yJ&pfuvyforkdif;wGif qif;&J
rNidrfjzpfjcif;? pkaqmif;rIEIef;edrfhus jrefrmEkdifiHay:wif&Sdaeonfhta<u; NyD; ta<u;xlonfEh idk if rH sm;udk avQmaf y;
jcif;? ukeaf ps;EIe;f rwnfrNidrjf zpfjcif; rsm;udk 100 &mcdkifEIef;? *syefEkdifiHu onfh trsm;qHk;yrmPjzpfaMumif;
ponfhqkd;usKd;rsm;pGmjzpfapaMumif;? 60 &mcdkifEIef;avQmfay;NyD; ajcmufv a'gufwmaZmfOD;u &Sif;jyonf/
INSTITUTIONAL

udkvdkeDacwfvuf&m w&m;½kH;csKyftaqmufttHk
[dkw,faqmufcGifUrjyK
aejynfawmf? azazmf0g&D 7

tpdk;&u yk*¾vduydkifjyKvkyfum [dw
k ,faqmufvyk rf nf[k owif;xGufay:cJhaom &efukefNrdKUtwGif;&Sd
NAdwo
d Q udv
k ekd aD cwfvuf&m w&m;½k;H csKyfudk [dkw,faqmufvkyfcGifhjyKrnfr[kwfbJ Oya'qdkif&m rSDjirf;
udk;um;Ekdifrnfh pmMunfhwdkufESifh w&m;a&;qdik &f m ½k;H cef;rsm;tjzpfom toHk;jyKoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; jynfaxmifpk
w&m;vTwfawmf 'kwd,a&SYaecsKyf OD;xGef;xGef;OD;u ajymMum;onf/
tqdyk gOya'a&;&m pmMunfw
h u
kd u
f dk xGef;azmifa';&Sif;bPfu wm0ef,l aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
¤if;uqufvufajymMum;onf/
tqdyk g w&m;½k;H csKyyfu
f kd [dw
k ,ftjzpf aqmufvkyfrnfr[kwfaomfvnf; &efukefNrdKU urf;em;vrf;ESifh
bPfvrf;axmifh&Sd pkaygif;w&m;½kH; taqmufttHkudkrl [dkw,ftjzpf wnfaqmufcGifhjyKoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
¤if;uqdkonf/
tqdyk g pkaygif;w&m;½k;H taqmufttHkrSm 30 &mcdkifEIef; jyKjyif&rnfjzpfaomaMumifh a':vmoef;aygif;
rsm;pGm ukefusrnfjzpfum tpdk;&u tukeftuscH jyKjyifrnfhtpm; yk*v
¾ duvkyfief;&Sifrsm;u a&&Snfxed ;f odr;f
Ekid &f efEiS hf urÇmv
h n
S chf &D;oGm;rsm;udk qGJaqmifEkdif&ef Flying Tiger ukrP
Ü u
D kd [dw
k ,ftjzpf wnfaqmufcGifh
jyK&jcif;jzpfaMumif; jynfaxmifpk'kwd,a&SUaecsKyf OD;xGef;xGef;OD;u ajymMum;onf/
azazmf0g&Dv 7 &ufaeYu usif;yjyKvkyfaom yxrBudrf jynfoUl vTwaf wmf q|ryHrk eS t
f pnf;ta0;wGif
uefyufvuf rJqE´e,f jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f ol&OD;atmifudku w&m;½kH;csKyfESifh pkaygif;w&m;½kH;
taqmufttHkrsm;udk w&m;pD&ifa&;twGuf qufvufxm;&Sd&ef jynfolrsm;ESifh a&SUaersm;u vdkvm;ojzifh
rlvtwdik ;f xm;&Sad y;&ef jynfaxmifpt
k pd;k &udk wdu
k w
f eG ;f aMumif; ta&;BuD;tqdu
k kd wifoiG ;f cJ&h m jynfaxmifpk
w&m;vTwfawmf'kwd,a&SUaecsKyf OD;xGef;xGef;OD;u ,if;odkY ajzMum;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
w&m;a&; taqmufttkaH [mif;rsm;udjk yifqif&ef a':vmoef;csD ukeu
f srnfjzpf
zpfojzifh yk*v
¾ u
d vkyif ef;&Sifrsm;
udk rlvvuf&mrysuf jyifqifcGihfay;rnfjzpfNyD; w&m;pD&ifa&;udk qufvufvkyfaqmifEkdifrnfjzpfaMumif;
OD;xGe;f xGe;f OD;u ajymqko
d nf/
EkdifiHwumwGif ,Ofaus;rItarGtESpfrsm;udk tpdk;&u wm0ef,lapmihfa&Smufay;aMumif; ol&OD;atmifudk
u aqG;aEG;cJhonf/
a&S;a[mif;w&m;a&;taqmufttkrH sm;udk yk*v
¾ u
d pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef;&Sirf sm;udk vTt
J yfNyD; jyifqifum jywku
d f
jyKvkyfcGifhay;ojzifh &efukefa&SUaersm;uGef&ufu 2012ckESpf Ekd0ifbmvtwGif; uefYuGufqE´azmfxkwfcJhonf/
a&S;a[mif; w&m;a&;qdkif&m taqmufttHkrsm;udk jyifqif&ef vkdtyfonfhaiGaMu;yrmPudk a&SUaersm;
uGef&ufu uscHEkdifvQif yk*v
¾ duydik v
f t
JT yfrnfr[kuaf Mumif; a&SUaersm;uGef&ufESifh &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD;
vTwaf wmfwiG f 2012ckEpS w
f iG f awGUqHpk Of Ekid if aH wmfor®w½H;k jynfaxmifp0k efBuD; OD;pk;d ode;f u ajymMum;cJo
h nf/

VOICE OF THE WEEK
ucsijf ynfe,ftwGi;f vuf&jdS zpfymG ;aeaomwdu
k yf rJG sm;ESiyhf wfouf
í wpfzufEiS w
hf pfzuf tjyeftvSef tjypfajymqdak erIrsm; r&yfqikd ;f oa&GU
Nidrf;csrf;a&; tvSrf;a0;aeOD;rnfjzpfaMumif; tif*sef;,ef rJqE´e,frS
jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f a':'GJblu zvm;0g;e,l;odkY Zefe0g&Dv
22 &ufaeYu ajymonf/
wu,fwrf;Nidrf;csrf;a&;vdkcsifw,fqdk&ifawmh uRefruawmh
wpfa,mufeJYwpfa,muf tjypfzdkYwmrsKd;awGxm;cJhapcsifwmaygh/
Zefe0g&Dv 20 &ufaeYxw
k f owif;pmwGif autdik af t^autdik t
f kd
wdkY\ tzsufvkyfief;aMumifh ysufpD;rIrsm;udk azmfjycJhonf/ ,if;ESifh
ywfoufí a':'GJblu ]]'Dvdkrazmfjyoifhygbl;/ tckvdkazmfjywmawG[m
Nidrf;csrf;a&; &zdkYtwGuf taxmuftyHhrjzpfEdkifygbl;}} [k ajymonf/
Zefe0g&Dv 29 &ufaeYxkwf Flower News *sme,fyg
]wpfzufESifhwpfzuf tjypfajymqdkaerIrsm; r&yfqdkif;oa&GU
Nidrf;csrf;a&;tvSrf;a0;aernf[k ucsifvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
a':'GJblajymNyD} owif;rS aumufEkwfcsuf
]]tpfrBuD;a':atmifqef;pkMunfuv
kd nf; 'DNidr;f csr;f a&;vkyif ef;pOfrmS
0dkif;ulay;ygvdkY or®wBuD;uvnf; ajymxm;NyD;om;yg/ olYtaeeJY
ulncD sifwt
hJ cef;u@uae 0ifuv
l Ykd &ygw,f? a':atmifqef;pkMunfukd
zdwfac:xm;NyD;om;yg? olygvm&if uRefawmfwdkYu 0rf;omygw,f/
wpfaeY yg0ifvmrSmjzpfygw,f/ oleJY uRefawmfwdkY eD;eD;uyfuyf
aqmif&Gufygw,f? olYudkvnf; aus;Zl;wifygw,f? olYudkMunfh&wm
yifvnf;yifyef;ygw,f? vufyHawmif;awmifudpövnf; oluudkifwm?
olYygwDnv
D mcHBu;D vnf;vkyOf ;D r,f? bmyJjzpfjzpf wpfaeYaeY wpfcsed cf sed f awmh
ygvmrSmjzpfw,fvYkd ajymcsiyf gw,f}} [k jynfaxmifp0k efBuD;u qdo
k nf/
Zefe0g&Dv 31 &ufaeYxkwf Venus News *sme,fyg
]Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;rI a':atmifqef;pkMunfyg0ifvmrnf[kqdk}
owif;rS aumufEkwfcsuf
]]'D KIA, KIO aMumifh uRefawmfwdkYwyfrawmfom;awG trsm;BuD;
aocJh&NyD;NyD/ NyD;awmh a'ocHjynfolawGcrsmrSmvnf; tdk;rJhtdrfrJhawG
jzpfaeNyD/ 'Dvrkd sK;d taetxm;rSm jrefrmhwyfrawmfu wdu
k af v,mOfo;kH NyD;
xdk;ppfqifw,f/ 'gudktar&duefwdkY? ukvor*¾wdkYu vlom;csif;pmem
axmufxm;wmawG? bmawGeYJ wdu
k yf rJG mS wdu
k af v,mOfroH;k oifb
h ;l av;
bmav;eJY ajymMuw,f/ wdkufav,mOf0,fxm;ygw,fqdkrS ppfwdkufzdkY
0,frSmaygh/ ppfwdkufp&mr&Sd&if vlwifav,mOfawGyJ0,fNyD; ydkufqH&Sm
rSmaygh/ ajym&&if KIA, KIO udpö wyfrawmfbufu wdkufav,mOf
oH;k wmeJYywfoufNyD; taemufEikd if aH wGeYJ ukvor*¾&UJ a0zefcsuu
f vH;k 0
t"dyÜm,fr&Sdbl;}} [k OD;atmifodef;vif;rS Hot News owif;axmuf
ESifhawGUqHkpOf ajymMum;oGm;cJhonf/
Zefe0g&Dv 31 &ufaeYxkwf Hot News *sme,fyg
]ucsifwdkufyGJwGif; wdkufav,mOftoHk;jyKjcif;ESifhywfoufí
tar&duef\ ajymqdkrIu t"dyÜm,fr&SdaMumif;
OD;atmifodef;vif;ajym} owif;rS aumufEkwfcsuf
awmifOuúvmy (7) &yfuu
G w
f iG f Max pufo;kH qDqikd f aqmufvyk f
jcif;ESifhywfoufí ]]vlwpfa,muftwGuf odu©muta&;BuD;qHk;ygyJ/
uRefawmf abmvHk;tay: apwem&SdvGef;vdkY odef;aygif; 2 aomif;
ausmfawmif oHk;vmcJhNyD;NyD/ 'Dae&mav;wpfcktwGufeJY uRefawmfh
odu©mudk tqHk;½HI;rcHygbl;/ &,lzdkYvnf;r&Sdygbl;/ 'Dae&mrSm rxm;csif
bl;? rif;ajymif;awmhqdk&if uRefawmf a&TUoGm;yghr,f/ bmyJjzpfjzpf
uRefawmfvkyfay;yghr,f}} [k Zefe0g&Dv 26 &ufu jyKvkyfaom
pme,fZif;&Sif;vif;yGJwGif Max OD;aZmfaZmfu ajymonf/
Zefe0g&Dv 31 &ufaeYxkwf ay:jyLvmowif;*sme,fyg
]awmifOuúvm (7) &yfuGufwGif Max pufoHk;qDta&mif;qdkif
aqmufvkyfjcif;ESifhywfoufí OD;aZmfaZmf\ ajymMum;csuf} rS
aumufEkwfcsuf
þu@wGif aumufEkwfazmfjyxm;aom taMumif;t&mrsm;
onf oufqdkif&mrD'D,m odkYr[kwf pma&;olrsm;\ tmabmfom
jzpfNyD; The Voice Weekly t,f'DwmtzGJUtaeESifh oabmwljcif;
rwljcif;udk ud,
k pf m;rjyKbJ taygif;vu©Pmjzpfap? tEkwv
f u©Pmjzpfap
xl;jcm;aom toGifwpfckaqmifaeygu pmzwfy&dowfrsm; owdjyKrd
apvdkí jyefvnfudk;um;azmfjyjcif; jzpfygonf/

jyifqifcsuf
t,f'DwmtzJGU\ nHhzsif;ayghqrIaMumifh 2013 ckESpf? azazmf0g&Dv 4
&ufaeYxkwf The Voice Weekly Vol. 9/ No. 5 wGif pmrsufESm 16wGif
yg&Sad om ]csyo
f if;&xm;blwm qDwGJ wdrf;arSmufrI &xm;vrf;auGUaMumifhjzpf}
[kazmfjyrdcJhonfh owif;yg csyfoif;blwm pmom; tpm; csyfBuD;blwm [k
jyifqifzwf½Iay;yg&ef/
t,f'Dwm

9

VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

&cdkify#dyu©wGif ywfoufrIr&SdaMumif; xkwfjyefay;&ef

AZG awmif;qdk

&efukef? azazmf0g&D 7

&

cdkifjynfe,fy#dyu©wGif AZG ywfoufrIr&SdaMumif; tpdk;&taejzifh jynfolvlxkod&Sdatmif w&m;0ifxw
k jf yefay;&efvt
kd yfaMumif; e,fpnf;rxm;q&m0efrsm;tzGJU (AZG) jrefrmEdkifiHqdkif&mXmae
udk,fpm;vS,f Peter Paul de Groote u ajymMum;onf/
r&Sdbl;vdkY aMunmay;p&mawmif jyKvkyfaomtcg b*FgvDvlrsKd;rsm;udk yg0ifywfoufrjI zifh xde;f odr;f cHcJh&í
rvdkbl;}} [k ¤if;u oHk;oyfonf/
EdkifiHom;tcGifhta&; qHk;½HI;aeonf ,if;tzGJUtpnf;udk a'ocHrsm;u
&cdkifjynfe,fwGif EdkifiHwum [kqu
kd m ykrd akd xmufychH MhJ uNyD; y#dyu© r,HkMunfMuaMumif; a'ocHrsm;xH
tzGJUtpnf;rsm;u axmufyHhrIrsm; jzpfyGm;rIrsm;wGifvnf; AZG 0efxrf; qufo,
G af r;jref;csut
f &od&&d S onf/

ppfawGwiG f 'kuo
© nfrsm;twGuf aetdrf 600 ausmaf qmuf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 7
"mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif

y#dyu©jzpfyGm;pOfu vufeuf
rsm;awGU&Sdonf[k owif;rsm;xGuf
a y : o j z i f h Medecins Sans
Frontieres-Holland (AZG) ½H;k cef; rsm;
udk tpdk;&u 0ifa&muf&SmazGppfaq;
cJ h a omf v nf ; y#d y u© E S i f h ywfouf
qufE,
T rf w
I pf p H k wpf&mrawGU&SdcJh
aMumif; PeterPauldeGrooteu&Si;f jyonf/
]]aumvm[vaMumifh rlwnf
NyD; MSF (AZG) udk roHk;oyfzdkYvdkyg
w,f/ aumvm[vaMumifh t&rf;
xd c d k u f e pf e mygw,f } } [k AZG
½Hk;csKyfrS ñTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf Arjan
Hehenkamp u ajymMum;onf/
AZG tzGJUu &cdkifjynfe,fodkY

oGm;a&mufí b*FgvD'ku©onfpcef;
rsm;udk aq;ukoaomtcg vltcsKdU
\Ncd r f ; ajcmuf r I r sm;? [ef Y wm;rI
rsm;aMumifh aq;ukorIrsm; tcuftcJ
BuHKawGUae&aMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
AZG tzGJUonf &cdkifjynfe,f
wGif aq;ukoaomtcg tpdk;&tzGJU
ESifh n§dEdIif;vkyfaqmifrIr&Sdí ,if;odkY
t[efYtwm;rsm; BuHKawGUae&jcif;
zpfaMumif; &cdkif jynfe,f tpd;k &tzGUJ
owif;jyefMum;a&;qyf a umf r wD
twGif;a&;rSL; OD;0if;NrdKifu ajym
Mum;onf/
]]axmufyHhulnDrIawGrSm nDrQ
cJhw,fqdk&if y#dyu©rSm ywfoufrI

&cdkifjynfe,f ppfawGNrdKUwGif qwf½dk;usacsmif; wpfzufurf;ü 'ku©onfrsm;twGuf aetdrf 600 ausmf
azazmf0g&Dv yxrywfrSpwifum aqmufvkyfaeNyDjzpfaMumif; &cdkifjynfe,ftpdk;&tzGJU owif;jyefMum;a&;
qyfaumfrwDtzGJU0if OD;rsKd;oefYu ajymMum;onf/
aetdrfwpfvHk;twGuf usyfodef; 40 0ef;usif toHk;jyKoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? rwfvwGif tNyD; aqmufvkyf
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
]]b,folawGudk ae&mcsxm;ay;r,fqdkwmudkawmh rod&ao;bl;}} [k OD;rsKd;oefYu &Sif;jyonf/
,if;aetdrfajcmuf&mausmfudk &cdkifjynfe,ftpdk;&u 269 vHk;? &cdkifjynfe,f pnfyifom,ma&;
aumfrwDu 200 vHk;ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xmeu 200 vHk; pkpkaygif; 669 vHk;aqmufvkyfrnfjzpfNyD;
tdrftrsKd;tpm;rSm ay 30_40 ywfvnf oGyfrdk;? ysOfcif;? 0g;x&Hum ajcwH&n
S t
f rd t
f rsK;d tpm;jzpfaMumif;
&cdkifjynfe,f vTwfawmftrwf OD;atmifjrausmfu ajymMum;onf/
ppfawGwGif 'ku©onfrsm;onf bkef;awmfBuD;ausmif;&Spfausmif;cefYü cdkvHIvsuf&SdNyD; tcsKdU'ku©onf
rsm;rSm aqGrsKd;rsm;\aetdrfrsm;wGif ajymif;a&TUaexdkifMuNyD; 'ku©onftdrfaxmifpktenf;qHk; 400 cefY&Sd
EdkifaMumif;? ,if;'ku©onfrsm;rSm 'ku©onfpcef;rsm;wGif aexdkifjcif;r[kwfí EdkifiHwumtzGJUtpnf;rsm; \
axmufyHhulnDrIudkvnf; r&&SdMuaMumif; 0Hvufazmifa';&Sif;rS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;uqdkonf/
&cdkifjynfe,fwGifjzpfyGm;cJhaom y#dyu©rsm;aMumifh tkd;rJhtdrfrJh 'ku©onfOD;a& wpfodef;wpfaomif;
ausmf&Sdonf/

10
The

VOICE

ydkhukeftcGefwHqdyfrsm; ydkvQHí jynfwGif;ü
a&mif;csaom pD;u&ufbl;rsm;wGif uyfcGifUjyK[kqdk
aejynfawmf? azazmf0g&D 7

;pD;XmewGif ydkYukeftcGefwHqdyfvufusef rsm;jym;pGmusef&SdaeonfhtwGuf b@mESpf
jynf wGwpfiEf;tcGSpftewGfrsm;OD
if; EdkifiHb@mrqHk;½HI;ap&ef jynfwGif;wGifa&mif;csaeaom pD;u&ufbl;rsm;twGif; jynfyydUk ukef
ydYkuek t
f cGew
f q
H yd u
f kd tpm;xd;k xkwaf y;jcif;jzpfaMumif; jynfwiG ;f tcGerf sm;OD;pD;Xme ukeo
f ,
G v
f yk if ef;cGef XmecGJrSwm0ef&Sdolu
The Voice Weekly \ ar;jref;csufukd ajzMum;onf/
aps;uGuftwGif;&Sd Red Ruby Myanmar Pte.Ltd uk r Ü P D o nf ,if;tcGeftrSwfwHqdyfrsm;udk vHkNcHK
pD;u&ufbl;rsm;udk aps;uGuf tajc 2011-2012 b@mES p f t wG i f ; a&;ESifhqdkifaom yHkESdyfvkyfief;rsm;
taet& jynfyodYk rwifyYb
kd J jynfwiG ;f ukefoG,fvkyfief;cGef xrf;aqmifol nTefMum;a&;rSL;½Hk; (0gZD)rSwpfqifh
wGio
f m t"dua&mif;csae&m ,if;ydYu
k ek f tqif(h 2)ae&mwGif &Sad eNyD; ,if; CC jynf w G i f ; tcG e f r sm; OD ; pD ; Xmeu
f yfxm;onfh pD;u&ufb;l rsm; xkwfay;jcif;jzpfaMumif; ukefoG,f
tcGefwHqdyfrsm; tv[ó rjzpf wHqyd u
ap&ef jynfwGif;tcGefrsm;OD;pD;Xme twGuf BudKwifcGef usyfaiG 12.5 vk y f i ef ; cG e f X mecG J wm0ef & S d o l u
D u
H kd ay;oGi;f xm;Ny;D jzpfaMumif;? &Sif;jyonf/
\ nTefMum;csufjzifh ,if;wHqdyf bDv,
pD;u&ufbl;rsm;wGif C1, C2,
uyfí a&mif;csapjcif;jzpfaMumif; trSefuyfESdyf&rnfh C1 wHqdyf tpm;
CC wHqy
dt
f cka& 139'or246 oef; C3 ES i f h CC tcG e f w H q d y f r sm;ud k
¤if;u ajymMum;onf/
,if; CC wHqdyfyg Red Ruby udk Xmeu xkwaf y;xm;jcif; jzpfaMumif;? a&mif;csonfh tay:rlwnf cGjJ cm;xm;
pD;u&ufbl;rsm; jynfwGif;aps;uGuf ,if ; trS w f w H q d y f w pf c k t wG u f jcif;jzpfNyD; usyfwpfaxmifatmufEiS fh
k Ef ydS cf wpfusyfcefY ukeu
f saMumif; a&mif;csvQif C1? usyfwpfaxmif
twG i f ; jzef Y csd a &mif ; csaerI E S i f h ½du
ywfoufí tifwmeuf pmrsuEf mS rsm; ,if;OD;pD;XmexHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/ txufqdkvQif C2? jynfwGif;wGif
xkwfvkyfolvkyfief;&Sifrsm;u EdkifiHjcm;aiGESifh a&mif;csvQif C3 ESifh
wGif tqdkygpD;u&uf xkwfvkyfonfh
f wGi;f xkwv
f yk rf nfh ukeyf pön;f ydkYukefwifydkY a&mif;csrnfqdkvQif
ukrÜPDtaeESifh tcGefwdrf;a&Smif wpfEpS t
aeonf[laom aumvm[vrsm; \ cef Y rS e f ; yrmPud k wpf E S p f r S IRD, Export Only, CC wH q d y f
wpfESpfcGJtwGif; jynfwGif;tcGefrsm; uyfEydS &f rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;OD;pD;Xme
jzpfay:cJhonf/
OD;pD;XmeodkY BudKwifjy&jcif;jzpfNyD; u xkwfjyefxm;onf/
Rothmans of Pall Mall

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

News in Brief
t .x .u xkH;bdk tmp&d,ylaZmfrnf
&efukef? az
azazmf
azmf0g&D 6

ESpfpOfusif;yNrJjzpfaom t.x.u xkH;bdkNrdKU ausmif;om;? ausmif;ol
a[mif;rsm;\ (15) Budraf jrmuf tmp&d,ylaZmfyu
JG kd 2013 ckEpS f azazmf0g&Dv
24 &uf eHeuf 9 em&DrS aeYv,f 12 em&Dtxd usif;yjyKvkyfrnfjzpfygí
&yfa0;&yfeD;rS ausmif;om;? ausmif;ola[mif;rsm; wufa&mufEdkif&efESifh
tvSLaiGrsm; xnf0h ifvLS 'gef;Edik &f ef ylaZmfyu
JG si;f ya&; aumfrwDxrH S od&&dS onf/
qufoG,fvSL'gef;vdkolrsm;taejzifh &efukefNrdKUwGif OD;oef;0if; 095311066? OD;ausmrf if; 09-73091686? OD;atmifrsK;d xGe;f 09 -43070837?
OD;wif&edS f 09-6521221? jynfNrdKUwGif a'gufwmaerif;tkyf 09-49500996?
a'gufwm,Ofrif; 09-5310736? OD;ausmfaqG 053 24088? OD;cifarmifaxG;
09-49500137? OD;atmifausmfOD; 09-5310944? xkH;bdkNrdKUwGif OD;jrifhaZmf
09-423735435? OD;rdk;aZmf 09-423724242? OD;aZmfBuD; 09-8680113?
OD;Anm;armif 09-49512129? OD;aumif;xufvdIif 09-5312551? OD;pd;k rif;OD;
09-42374412? OD ; pd k ; Ed k i f 09-423724294? OD ; &ef E d k i f a tmif
09-43136744? OD;atmifrif;pdk; 09-5312685 wdkYxHodkY qufoG,f vSL'gef;
Edkifonf/

t .x .u (5) MunfUjrifwkdif tmp&d,ylaZmfrnf
&efukef? Zefe0g&D 28

t.x.u (5) Munhfjrifwkdif\ yOörtBudrfajrmuf tNidrf;pm;q&mBuD;?
q&mrBuD;rsm;tm; ylaZmfuefawmhyGJ tcrf;tem;udk 2013 ckESpf azazmf0g&Dv
12 &ufaeY (jynfaxmifpkaeY) eHeuf 10 em&DrS rGef;vGJ 1 em&Dtxd tqdkyg
ausmif;wGifjyKvkyfrnfjzpfaMumif; pDpOfolrsm;xHrSod&onf/
quf o G , f v S L 'gef ; vd k o l r sm;taejzif h OD ; armif a rmif v G i f 09420009299? OD;ausmfpdk;0if; - 09-73207295? OD;ausmfrif;pdk; 0973100947? OD;cifjrihf 09-73008765? OD;Ekdifvif; 09-421092980?
OD;vSrsKd;atmif 09-73030664? rckdifndK 09-420031436? t.x.u (5)
Munhfjrifwkdif 01-534948 wdkYxHodkY qufoG,fpHkprf;vSL'gef;Ekdifonf/

odef; 1600 ausmfoHk;í okomefrsm;tqifUjr§ifUrnf

HR Management oifwef;opfzGifhrnf

&efukef ? azazmf0g&D 5

&efukef? Zefe0g&D 31

vlO;D a&wd;k yGm;vmaom &efuek Nf rdKUawmftwGif;&Sd okomefav;ckwGif tqifhjr§ifhwifonfhvkyfief;rsm;
vkyfaqmifae&m ESpfckudkjyifqifíESpfckudkxyfrHwnfaqmuf&mü usyfodef; 1600 ausmftoHk;jyKrnf
jzpfaMumif; &efuek Nf rdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD ywf0ef;usifxed ;f odr;f a&;ESihf oefY&iS ;f a&;XmetBuD;wef;
t&m&SdwpfOD;u The Voice Weekly okdY ajymMum;onf /
a&a0;ESifh xdefyifokomefwkdYwGif ,cif tkwfrD;cdk;acgif;wdkifrsm; &moDOwkESifh rD;tyl&SdefaMumifh aqG;vm
ojzifh t*FawrD;cd;k acgif;wdik t
f jzpfjyifqifaeNyD; usLacsmifEiS hf qdyBf uD;caemifwkd okomefwYkd wiG f rD;oN*ØK[fpuf?
acgif;wdkifESihf taqmufttHkrsm; aqmufvkyfaeaMumif; ,if;XmexHrSod&onf/
tqdkyg okomefrsm; tqifhjr§ifhrIudk 2012 ckESpf 'DZifbmvrS pwifjyifqifvsuf&SdNyD; azazmf0g&Dvukef
wGif tNyD;owfrnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;XmexHrS od&onf/
a&a0;okomefwGif rD;cdk;acgif;wdkifESpfckteuf 65 ay tjrihf &Sd tkwfrD;cdk;acgif;wdkifudk ay 100 tjrifh
uGefu&pf (RCC)rD;cdk;acgif;wdkiftjzpfvnf;aumif;? xdefyifokomef&Sd 65 ay tjrifhtkwfrD;cdk;wdkifESpfckudk
uGefu&pf (RCC) tjzpfvnf;aumif; jyifqifaeaMumif; ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;ESifh oefY&Sif;a&;Xme
wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
xkdUtjyif usLacsmifokomefESifh qdyfBuD;caemifwdk&Sd okomefwdkYwGif rD;oN*ØK[fpuf? acgif;wdkifESihf
taqmufttHrk sm; aqmufvyk af eNyD; vkyif ef;rsm;udk azazmf0g&Dvukew
f iG f tNyD;owfaqmif&u
G rf nfjzpf&m vuf&dS
wGif 50 &mcdik Ef eI ;f rS 80 &mcdik Ef eI ;f txd NyD;pD;aeaMumif; ywf0ef;usix
f ed ;f odr;f a&;ESihf oefY&iS ;f a&;XmexHrS od&onf/
&efuek Nf rdKUawmfwiG f a&a0;? xm;0,facsmif? xdeyf if? 'v? qdyBf uD;caemifw?kd usnfp?k Munfjh rifwikd Nf rdKUe,f
wpfzufurf;&Sd usLacsmifoo
k mefwYt
kd ygt0if okomefaygif;ckepfck&SdNyD; wpf&ufvQif ysrf;rQ vl 100 cefYudk
rD;oN*ØK[fay;&aMumif; ,if;XmexHrS od&onf/

NGO rdwfqufoifwef;rsm; zGifhvSpfaeaom OESC Training Center
HR Management for NGOs bmom&yfESifh ydkYcsNrJjzpfaom Introduction
to NGO bmom&yfrsm;udk vmrnfhazazmf0g&Dv 16 &ufaeYwGif pwif

u

zGifhvSpfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;pifwmxHrS od&onf/
tao;pdwfod&Sdvdkygu OESC (Training Center) tcef; 304? "evdIif
wm0g? (3) vTm? uarÇmZbPftay:xyf? ajreDukef;? '*Hkpifwm (II) teD;?
jynfvrf;? prf;acsmif;NrdKUe,f? zkef;-01-519092? 09-73094060 odkY quf
oG,fpHkprf;Edkifrnfjzpfonf/

pifumyl

KHEA

ausmif;0ifcGifUac:

&efukef? Zefe0g&D 30

pifumylEkdifiH Kaplan Higher Education Academy (KHEA) \ {NyD
vausmif;zGifhcsdeftwGuf avQmufxm;EkdifaMumif; ULEC ynma&;0efaqmifrI
vkyif ef; xHrS od&onf/ tao;pdwt
f csut
f vufrsm;udk od&v
dS o
dk rl sm;taejzifh
ULEC trSwf 62(pD)? tif;vsm;vrf;? urm&GwfNrdKUe,f? zkef;- 01-537562?
09-73210001 odkY pHkprf;ar;jref;Ekdifrnfjzpfonf/

11

VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

News in Brief
rif;uif;]t} oHk;vHk;tzGJY ykvJ&wkawGYqHkrnf
&efukef? Zefe0g&D 15

ppfudkif;wkdif;a'oBuD; rif;uif;NrdKUe,f&Sd oufBuD;pmrwwfol 1500
cefYudk 1983 ckESpfu ]t}oHk;vHk;ausoifwef;rsm;oifMum;ay;cJhMuaom
&efukefwuúodkvfpmwwfajrmufa&; vkyftm;ay;tzGJU0ifrsm;\ tESpf (30)
ajrmufykvJ&wkjyefvnfawGUqHkyGJ usif;yEkdif&ef n§dEIdif;tpnf;ta0;udk
azazmf0g&Dv 12 &uf (jynfaxmifpk)aeY eHeuf 9 em&DwGif wmarGNrdKUe,f
vuf0Jrif;'ifvrf;(wmarGNrdKUe,fw&m;½Hk;ESifh 0efxrf;a&G;cs,fa&;½Hk;cGJteD;)
&S d rif ; uif ; ausmif ; wk d u f ü usif ; yrnf j zpf & m rif ; uif ; Nrd K Ue,f w G i f
vkyftm;ay;cJhMuol ]t}oHk;vHk;q&m? q&mrrsm;ESifh ausmif;om;? ausmif;ol
a[mif;tm;vHk;wufa&mufyg&ef jzpfajrmufa&;tzGJUu EId;aqmfxm;onf/
tqkdygn§dEIdif;aqG;aEG;yGJodkY rif;uif;NrdKUe,ftjyif tjcm;NrdKUe,ftoD;
oD;? ynmoifESpftoD;oD;wGif ]t}oHk;vHk;vIyf&Sm;rIrsm;wGif yg0ifcJhaom rnf
onfhwuúodkvf^aumvdyfvkyftm;ay;tzJGU0ifrqkd pdwfyg0ifpm;ygu yg0if
wufa&mufEkdifaMumif; qufvufEdI;aqmfxm;onf/
þtpnf;ta0;ESifhywfoufí pHkprf;ar;jref;vkdygu OD;rsKd;oefY (wGJzuf
ygarmu©? jrefrmpmXme(Nidrf;)? &efukefwuúodkvf? zkef; 09-50107542?
OD;MunfvGif (tvdr®mpmay) 09-5500537? OD;pdefvS(t*Fvdyfpm) 09540000634? a':at;oufarmf 09-73010416 wkdYxH qufoG,fpHkprf;Ekdif
onf/

armfvNrdKif t .x .u(7) tmp&d,ylaZmfrnf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 5

armfvNrdKifNrdKU trSwf (7) tajccHynmtxufwef;ausmif; ausmif;om;?
ausmif;ola[mif;rsm;\ t|rtBudrfajrmuf tmp&d,ylaZmfyGJudk rwfv 27
&ufaeYwGif tqkdygausmif;cef;raqmifopfwGif usif;yrnfjzpfaMumif;
ausmif;om;a[mif;rsm;xHrS od&Sd&onf/
tmp&d,ylaZmfyGJtwGuf tvSLaiGyg0ifvSL'gef;vdkygu OD;vS&Sdef
(em,u) 057-21003? OD;pdk;nGefY(Ouú|) 09-5322772? OD;ÓPfOD; ('kwd,
Ouú|) 09-8701356? OD;pHvif; ("eygvDyGJ½Hk) 057-22460? 09-5321899?
udkxGef;atmifausmf (ok0PÖ'Dyaq;qkdif? &efukefNrdKU) 09-73071333?
a'gufwmcspfudkudk (ausmif;tkyfBuD;) 09-5059562? AkdvfBuD;cJrkdif; 09401652678? a':oef;oef;0if; (v-1) ausmif;tkyfBuD; 09-425281228?
a':cdkifrr 09-5320947? a':cdkifcdkifarmf 09-425319022? q&mr
a':jrMunf 09-8700253? q&mra':ndrf;ndrf;0if; 09-425328574xHodkY
qufoG,fvSL'gef;EkdifaMumif;od&Sd&onf/

Chatrium [dkw,f Valentine's Day npm

pDpOf

&efukef? azazmf0g&D 7

&moDtvkduf? yGJawmftvkduf txl;tpDtpOftrsKd;rsKd;jyKvkyfpDpOfavh&Sd
onfh A[ef;NrdKUe,f ewfarmufvrf;&Sd Chatrium Hotel Royal Lake Yangon
wGif Valentine's Day twGuf &nf&G,fí Moment of Love & Romance'
trnfjzifh npmtpDtpOfudk azazmf0g&Dv 14 &ufwGif pDpOfcif;usif;xm;
rnfjzpfaMumif; tqkdyg[kdw,f\ Marketing Communication Manager
a':oÍÆmjrwfrGefuajymMum;onf/
,if;npmtwGuf pHkwGJarmifESHwpfwGJvQif tar&duefa':vm 100
owfrSwfxm;NyD; blaz;npm? 0dkifESifh tjcm;pdwf0ifpm;zG,fvufaqmifrsm;
udkvnf; pDpOfay;xm;aMumif;? rdrdcspfolcifolrsm;twGuf txl;npmjzifh
wnfcif;ay;Ekdif&ef&nf&G,faMumif;? [dkw,f\ The Emporia Restaurant
wGifjzpfap? Sunset Terrace wGifjzpfap oHk;aqmifEkdifNyD; zkef;- 544500
vdkif;cGJ- 6294? 6287 wkdYodkY qufoG,fí BudKwifrSmMum;EkdifaMumif; ¤if;u
qkdonf/

tar&duef [dkw,ftkyfpk
&efukefESifU rEåav;wGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH&efjyif
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 5

ar&dueftajcpdkuf urÇmh'kwd,tBuD;qHk; Best Western International [dw
k ,fvyk if ef;pkBuD;u 2013 ckESpftwGif;
&efukefESifhrEÅav;NrdKUrsm;wGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm; jyKvkyfoGm;&efpDpOfaeaMumif; befaumufNrdKU&Sd tqdkyg
ukrÜPD\tm&SESifh ta&SUtv,fydkif;qdkif&m EdkifiHwumpDpOfnTefMum;a&;XmerS 'kwd,Ouú|jzpfol Glenn de Souza
uajymMum;onf/
tqdkyg ukrÜPDu jrefrmEdkifiH jcif;aMumifh 2012 ckEpS x
f uf c&D;oGm; ck jzifYvnfywfvkyfukdifaeonf/
wGif [dkw,fvkyfief; vkyfudkif&ef ta&twGufydkrdk0ifa&mufvm rnf[k
,if;vkyfief;pku urÇmausmf
twGuf rsufpdusaeaMumif;? ,ckESpf cefYrSef;xm;onf/
ae&mrsm;jzpfonfhxkdif;EkdifiH&Sd zl;cuf
twGif; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;udk pwif
1946 ckEpS w
f iG f pwifwnfaxmif urf;ajcESihf tif'ekd ;D &Sm;&Sd bmvDuRef;
Edkif&efpDpOfaeNyD; wm0ef&Sdolrsm;ESifh cJhaom Best Western International, wkdYwGifvnf; ,ckESpfwGif; [dkw,f
aqG;aEG;aeonf[v
k nf; BloomBerg Inc.,[dw
k ,fvyk if ef;onf Edik if aH ygif; rsm;zGifhvSpfEkdif&ef BudK;yrf;vsuf&Sd
owif;Xmeü azmfjyxm;onf/
wpf&mausmw
f iG f [dw
k ,faygif; 4295 aMumif; xkwjf yefxm;onf/
]]'DEdkifiHrSm tcGifhtvrf;BuD;
BuD;rm;rm;awG&Sdw,f/ aemufNyD;
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIOya'opfvnf;&Sdae
w,f}} [k Glenn de Souza uqdo
k nf/
jrefrmEdkifiH\ [dkw,fu@
onftaxmuftyHrh sm;ESihf &if;ES;D jrK§ yEf rHS I
rsm; BuD;BuD;rm;rm;vdktyfaeonfh
twGuf rdrdwdkYtwGuf &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH
&ef tcGifYta&;jzpfaeaMumif; ¤if;u
aejynfawmf? Zefe0g&D 30
ajymMum;onf/
]]'gaumif;wJh udpyö g/ wu,f
tif'ekd ;D &Sm;Ekid if w
H iG f usi;f ycJah om (26) Budraf jrmuf ta&SUawmif
taumif t xnf a zmf r ,f q d k & if
tm&Stm;upm;NydKifyGJwGif wm;jrpfaq;oHk;pGJaMumif; ppfaq;awGU&SdcJh
uRefawmfwdkYtwGufvnf; tusKd;
onfh tm;upm;orm;oHk;OD;xHrS qkwHqdyfrsm;udk jyefodrf;cJhaMumif;
&Sdygw,f/ jrefrmhc&D;oGm;u@u
ta&SUawmiftm&Stm;upm;tzJGUcsKyf aq;aumifpD Ouú| a'gufwm
a&&SnfrSm 'Dxufwdk;wufvmrSmqdk
jrav;pdefu ajymMum;onf/
awmh [dkw,fvkyfief;rSm &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH
aejynfawmfwGifusif;yonfh 'kwd,tBudrfajrmuf tmqD,H
rI a wG v nf ; yd k 0 if v mrS m yg}} [k
tm;upm;0efBuD;rsm;tqifh aq;aumifpDtpnf;ta0;ü qkwHqdyf
jref r mEd k i f i H &ef u k e f [ d k w ,f Z k e f r S
jyefodrf;jcif;udk twnfjyKvkdufjcif;jzpfonf[k tif'dkeD;&Sm;EkdifiH
wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
aq;aumifpDtzGJU0if Dr.Bayu Raahadian uajymqkdonf/
tqdyk gudpEö iS yhf wfoufí jrefrm
qkwHqdyfjyefvnf½kyfodrf;cH&olrsm;wGif rav;&Sm;EkdifiHrS rDwm
EkdifiH&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIaumfr&Sifxo
H Ykd
av;&mvufqifu
h rf;ajy;yGaJ &T&olwpfO;D ? tav;raMu;wHqyd q
f &k iS f wpfO;D
The Voice Weeklyu qufo,
G af r;jref;
pkpkaygif;ESpfOD;? tif'dkeD;&Sm;EkdifiHrS urfydktm;upm;enf;jzifh a&TwHqdyf
&mwGif aumfr&SiEf iS h fvwfwavmvma&muf
&&Scd o
hJ w
l pfO;D pkpak ygif;oH;k OD;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u qufvuf&iS ;f jyonf/
aqG;aEG;aeaom Edik if jH cm;ukrÜPDrsm;
xkduJhodkY qkwHqdyfjyefodrf;cH&olrsm;teuf rDwmav;&m
wGif Best Western International,
vufqifhurf;upm;orm;udk ta&SUawmiftm&SESifh tm&Stm;upm;
Inc., ukrP
Ü D ryg0ifao;aMumif; wm0ef
NydKifyrJG sm;wGif 0ifa&muf,OS Nf ydKifciG hf 2 ESpyf w
d yf ifNyD; urfyt
kd m;upm;enf;
&So
d w
l pfO;D u jyefvnfajzMum;onf/
jzifh a&TwHqdyf&&Sdolu tm;upm;avmurS tem;,l&ef avQmufxm;
2012 ckESpftwGif; jrefrmEdkifiH
cJo
h nfukd jyefvnfo;kH oyf&ef qH;k jzwfcahJ Mumif; ,if;tpnf;ta0;wuf
odYk urÇmvSnchf &D;oGm; OD;a&pkpak ygif;
a&mufolrsm;xHrS od&onf/
wpfoef;ausmf 0ifa&mufcJhaMumif;
wDarmEkdifiH\ ½dk;&mtm;upm;jzpfonfh urfydktm;upm;enf;rSm
[dw
k ,fEiS Ycf &D;oGm;vma&;vkyif ef;0efBu;D
ta&SUawmiftm&SEiS hf tm&Stm;upm;enf;rsm;teuf tdv
k yH pftm;upm;
Xme\ aMunmcsurf sm;t& od&&d S onf/
enf;r[kwí
f urÇmw
h m;jrpfaq;qefYusifa&;tzGUJ wGif vufrw
S af &;xk;d
,ckESpftwGif; jrefrmEdkifiHwGif
xm;&aMumif; a'gufwmjrav;pdefuajymqdkonf/
(27) Budrfajrmuf ta&SUawmiftm&S
urfydktm;upm;enf;udk (27) Budrfajrmuf SEA Games NydKifyGJ
tm;upm;Nyd K if y G J t ygt0if urÇ m Y
wGif xnfhoGif;usif;yrnfjzpfonf/
pD;yGm;a&; zdk&rfrsm;usif;y&ef&Sdae

t

wm;jrpfaq;oHk;pGJoloHk;OD;\
SEA Games qkwq
H yd f jyeford ;f

12
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

uefa':vm 165 oef; urÇmhbPf twdk;rJUacs;
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 5

bPfu jrefrmekdifiH\ pdkufysKd;a&;tygt0if tjcm;b@maiGaxmufyHh&rnfh OD;pm;ay;e,fy,frsm;twGuf
ESp&f n
S t
f wd;k rJah cs;aiGtjzpf tar&duefa':vm 165oef; ay;tyfomG ;rnfjzpfaMumif; urÇmb
h PfvufatmufcH
tzGJUtpnf;wpfckjzpfonfh tjynfjynfqdkif&mb@ma&;aumfydka&;&Sif; (IFC) rS tvkyftrIaqmif 'kwd,Ouú|ESifh
trIaqmift&m&SdcsKyfjzpfol *sifa,mifcsKdif;u ,ckv 5 &ufaeY owif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJwGif ajymMum;onf/

"mwfykH-rkd;ausmf

pdkufysKd;a&;u@tjyif tjcm;
rnfonfhu@rsm;udk OD;pm;ay;oifh
aMumif; jrefrmtpd;k &ESihf aqG;aEG;vsuf
&S d o nf [ k owif ; pm&S i f ; vif ; yJ G
xkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
,refEpS t
f wGi;f uvnf; jrefrm
EkdifiH\ Nidrf;csrf;a&;? EdkifiHawmf&oHk;
rSe;f ajcaiGpm&if;ESihf jynfoYlb@ma&;
tpDtrHrsm;zGUH NzdK;wd;k wufa&;? ausmif;
ynma&;? usef;rma&;aq;ay;cef;
rsm;? vrf;rsm;? aus;vuftaqmuf
ttHkrsm; zGHUNzdK;a&;vkyfief;rsm;vkyf
aqmif&efvnf; urÇmb
h Pfu twd;k rJh
ESp&f n
S af cs;aiGtar&duefa':vmoef;
80 ay;tyfcJhonf/

urÇmhbPfu jrefrmEkdifiHodkY
tar&duefa':vm 245 oef;acs;rnf
[k ,refESpfuyif uwdjyKcJhNyD; oef;
80 udkay;cJhum ,ckrS usef 165
oef;udk xyfraH y;tyf&ef oabmwlchJ
jcif;jzpfonf/
]]urÇmhbPfeJY yHkrSefqufqHa&;
&SdvmNyDqkdawmh aemufydkif;acs;aiG
awG&wmaygh/ pdkufysKd;a&;rSm ulnD
ay;w,fqakd wmh qif;&JryI aysmufa&;
udv
k nf; taxmuftuljyKwmaygh? IFC
qDuae yk*¾vdubPfawGtwGufeJY
t&if;tESD;aps;uGufawGtwGufvJ
enf;ynmawG &&SdvmEkdifw,f}} [k
uarÇmZbPf 'kw,
d Ouú| OD;oef;vGif

u rSwfcsufjyKonf/
,if;tjyif jrefrmEdkifiHom;ESpf
odef;ausmfukd 2020 jynfEh pS üf tao;pm;
acs;aiGcsay;&ef tao;pm;b@maiG
axmufyahH &;tzGUJ tpnf; wnfaxmif
í urÇmb
h Pfu ACLEDA bPfwiG f
tar&duefa':vm ESpo
f ef;rwnfxm;
aMumif; txufygowif;xkwfjyef
csufwGif qufvufazmfjyxm;onf/
jrefrmEdik if \
H tao;pm;b@m
aiGvdktyfcsufrSm tar&duefa':vm
&Spfoef;cefY&SdaomaMumifh tao;pm;
b@maiGyHhydk;rI qef;ppfavhvmcsuf
h jyif
rsm;wGif IFC uulnaD y;oGm;rnft
tjref q H k ; taumif t xnf a zmf & ef
vdktyfcsufrsm;udkvnf; axmufjy
oGm;rnfjzpfonf/
IFC tzGJUu ,ckv 3 &ufrS
5 &ufaeYtxdc&D;pOfwGif EkdifiHawmf
or® w ? a':atmif q ef ; pk M unf ?
t&yf b uf v l Y tzG J Y tpnf ; rsm;ES i f h
awGYqckH NhJ yD; jrefrmEdik if t
H wGuf vQypf pf
"mwftm; vdktyfcsufjznfhqnf;&ef?
qufo,
G af &;pepfEiS hf bPfyikd ;f qdik &f m
u@rsm;jr§iw
hf ifay;&ef oabmwlnrD I
rsm;&&Scd ahJ Mumif; tqdyk gxkwjf yefcsuf
„ausmfZifxGef;
wGif yg&Sdonf/

oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef0ef;usif tdrf? NcH? ajr
qufwkduft0,fvkduf

pOf
1/
2/
3/
4/
5/
6/
7/
8/
9/
10/
11/
12/
13/
14/

trnf
yJqD
pm;tkef;qD
tmvl;
&Srf;MuufoGefjzL
MuLukwfMuufoGefjzL
MuufoGefeD
0g;c,fri½kwf&Snf
oMum;
anmifOD; (aq;xef;)
refusnf; (tom;)
*ZD,mqef
*awmifysHqef
*ay:qef;qef
*a&Tbkday:qef;

31 . 1 . 2013
4500
1400
400 - 530
550 - 900
1800
375 - 475
2300
925
925
850
14000
26000
26000
36000

7 . 2 . 2013
4500
1430
400 - 530
600 - 950
1900
375 - 450
2300
925
925
850
14000
26000
26000
36000

+^+
+
+
-

wpfydóm^wpftdwf* tcsdefESifhvkdufí aps;EIef;tajymif;tvJ&SdEkdifygonf/

jrefrmha&Taps;
(usyf)

&ufpGJ
2.2.2013
4.2.2013
5.2.2013
6.2.2013
7.2.2013
Source

zGihfaps;
763ç400
763ç200
761ç600
762ç000
762ç600

urÇmYa&Taps;
(a':vm)

ydwfaps;
763ç000
760ç700
762ç300
761ç200
762ç600

zGihfaps;
1667
1671
1674
1673
1679

ydwfaps;
1667
1664
1677
1669
1675

/ / &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; a&Tvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;

(7-1-2013) ac:aps;

&efukef? Zefe0g&D 30

tBuD;pm;pufrIvkyfief;rsm;vkyfudkifrnfh oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkefywf0ef;usif&Sd ajruGufrsm;udk
jynfwGif;jynfy pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm; pdwf0ifpm;aomaMumifh Zefe0g&DvtwGif; qufwkduft0,fvkdufae
aMumif; tdrf? NcH? ajrtusKd;aqmifrsm;uajymMum;onf/
oDv0gpDrHudef;aMumifh oefvsifteD;0ef;usifwGif ta&mif;t0,fjyefjzpfaeNyD; jynfwGif;rS yrmP
tajrmuftjrm;&if;ES;D jr§KyfEEHS idk jf cif;r&Sad omaMumifh jynfyrSrnfrQ &if;ES;D jr§KyfErHS nfqo
dk nft
h ay:rlwnfí ta&mif;
t0,fydkrdkíjyefjzpfEkdifaMumif; tdrf? NcH? ajr0efaqmifrItoif;rS taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL; a':rdkYrkdYatmifu
qkdonf/
]]vuf&SdoDv0gywf0ef;usif tdrf? NcH? ajr ta&mif;t0,ftaetxm;uawmh aumif;w,fvkdYajym&r,f/
t0,fvkdufaewm oHk;ywfavmuf&SdaeNyD/ 0,fwJholawGuvnf; vkyfief;&SifawGrsm;w,f}}[k oefvsifNrdKU&Sd
uHaumif; tdrf? NcH? ajrtusKd;aqmifvkyfief;rS OD;rif;cefYu&Sif;jyonf/
2015 ckEpS w
f iG f vkyif ef;\av;yHw
k pfyNkH yD;pD;&efvt
kd yfojzifh pDru
H ed ;f wpfcv
k ;kH twGuf vkyo
f m;oH;k ode;f cefY
vkdrnfjzpfaomaMumifh aexdkifoGm;vma&;ESifhywfoufonfh uGef'kdwkdufcef;rsm;? aps;0,fpifwmrsm; zGHUNzdK;vm
rnfjzpfaMumif; pdik ;f cGeaf emif tdr?f NcH? ajrtusK;d aqmifvyk if ef;rS taxGaxGrefae*smOD;&efatmifu ajymMum;onf/
txl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef ywf0ef;usifjzpfaomaMumifh a&&SnfudkarQmfrSef;um us,f0ef;aom ajruGufrsm;udk
ydkrdkpdwf0ifpm;MuNyD; jynfwGif;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;omru EkdifiHjcm;om;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;uyg pdwf0ifpm;aeMu
„
aMumif; ¤if;urSwfcsufjyKonf/

aps;EIef;
(usyfodef;)
2008-09 5i-6i
120-125
Probox Succeed
2008 5i-6i
120
AD Van (ykHajymif;)
2008 5i-6i
120
Mazda Demio (ykHajymif;)
1997-98 5i-6i
160-170
Van (zifaumuf)"mwfqD
2001-02 5i-6i
195-200
Toyota Ipsum
2002-03 5i-6i
200-230
Toyota Wish
2001-02 5i-6i
235-245
Toyota Kluger
2004
5i-6i
140-145
Mark II a&Tig;(ykHajymif;)
2009-10 5i-6i
160-165
Toyota Belta
1999 5i-6i
180-190
Honda CRV-4
1996-97 5i-6i 350 0ef;usif
Prado TZ
,mOf\tajctaetay:rlwnfí aps;EIef;ajymif;vJEdkifygonf/
,mOftrsKd;tpm;

armf',f

tu©&m

tar&duefa':vm? ,l½kdESifU pifumyla':vm aehpOfaygufaps;
&ufpJG

tar&duefa':vm
(usyf)

,l½kd
(usyf)

pifumyla':vm
(usyf)

4.2.2013
5.2.2013
6.2.2013
7.2.2013

855
855

1158
1158

688
689

856
856

1159
1153

688
688

tcsdefESifhvkdufí aps;EIef;tajymif;tvJ&SdEkdifygonf/ w&m;0ifaygufaps;rsm;jzpfonf/

a&eHpdrf;
"mwfaiGU
"mwfaiGU&nf
oMum;
yJykyf
ajymif;
*sKH
aMu;eD

-

1 bbl
1 MMBtu
1 MT
1 lb
1 Ton
1 bu
1 bu
1 lb

tar&duefa':vm
tar&duefa':vm
tar&duefa':vm
qifh
tar&duefa':vm
qifh
qifh
qifh

117.42
3.44
1005.5
18.2
468
717.5
761.5
374.7

13

VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

EkdifiHwum t*Fvdyfpm pmar;yGJta&GY
ZifZifaomf
umwuúodkvfrsm;wGif
Ekdif iHoGwm;a&muf
ynmoif,lrnfh
olrsm;twGuf r&Sdrjzpf vdktyfaom
EkdifiHwumtqifh t*Fvdyfpmt&nf
tcsif;ppfpmar;yGJ&rSwfrsm;twGuf
IELTS ESihf TOEFL pmar;yGp
J epfwYkdukd
rdrdoGm;a&mufrnfhEkdifiH? wufa&muf
vdo
k nfah usmif;? ajzqdEk idk o
f nft
h csdef
ponfwYt
dk ay:rlwnfí tqifajyovdk
a&G ; cs,f j yif q if a jzqd k v mcJ h M u&m
vl B ud K uf r sm;jcif ; rrsm;jcif ; ES i f h
vlBudKufajymif;jcif; rajymif;jcif;wdkY
onfvnf; olYtaMumif;&if;ESifhol
&SdaecJhygonf/ ,if;pmar;yGJpepf
ESpfrsKd;teuf EkdifiHwum t*Fvdyfpm
t&nftcsif;ppfpmar;yGJajzqdkrnfh
olrsm;Mum; NyD;cJhonhf ESpfukefydkif;u
vIyfcwfoGm;cJhaom TOEFL pmar;yGJ
pepftajymif;tvJonf rNyD;qHk;
ao;bJ ,ckwpfzef xyfrHvIyfcwf
oGm;jyefNyDjzpfonf/
Ny;D cJo
h nfh Ek0d ifbmvu TOEFL
Paper-based (PBT) aemufq;kH ajzqk&
d
jcif;jzpfonf[k ajymqdkrIrsm;&Sd&m
ajzqdkEkdifolta&twGuf vsifjrefpGm
jynfo
h mG ;Ny;D oifwef;rsm;vnf; ra&r&m
jzpfcJhonf/ tcsKdUoifwef;rsm;url
,if;ukd 0efaqmifrIay;onfh ETS \
2013 tcsdefZ,m;udk apmifhMunhf
OD;rnf[kqdkcJhMuonf/ ,ckwpfzef
vmrnfh arv 4 &ufaeYajzqdrk o
I nf
vuf&SdwpfESpfpmazmfjyrI tcsdefZ,m;
t& aemufqHk;jzpfonf[k aocsmrI
&SdoGm;aomtcg &yfem;xm;cJhaom
TOEFLoifwef;rsm;vnf; jyefvnf
zGifhvSpfvmonf/ tcsKdUaompmar;yGJ
jyifqifoltcsKdUu ra&&mrIudkausm
ckdif;um IELTS bufodkY ajcOD;vSnhf
oGm;Muonf/ odYk aomf ,ck arvajz
qdkEkdifonf[k od&csdefwGif tb,f
aMumifh TOEFL ajzvdkolwdkY vIyf&Sm;
oGm;Muoenf;/ ]]a[; arv pmar;yGJ
udk tvGwfray;ygeJY ajzvdkufMuyg/

bmvdYkvq
J akd wmh ig iBT ajzzl;vdYk yg/
olu odyv
f n
S ph f m;rIrsm;w,f/ 'gaemufqHk;
tcGifhta&;yg/}} ,if;rSm tar&du
a&mufausmif;om;wpfO;D \ TOEFL
Paper Based ajz&ef oli,fcsi;f rsm;odYk
EdI;aqmfvkdufjcif; jzpfonf/
t&nf t csif ; ppf pmar;yG J
ESpfrsKd;teuf IELTS (International
English Language Testing System)
onf British English TOEFL (The
Test of English as a Foreign Language)
onf North American English
,if;ESpfrsKd;pvHk;wGif Academic Test
ESihf General Test wdYk&&dS m Academic u

ynmoif,lrnfholrsm;ESifhqkdifonf/
ausmif;0ifcGifhtwGuf pOf;pm;
a&G;cs,fMu&mwGif txufyg pmar;yGJ
ESprf sK;d pvH;k vufcaH om Ekid if EH iS hf ausmif;
rsm;wdk;yGm;vmonfudk awGUjrifvm
&NyD; rdrdESifhtqifajyrnfh pmar;yGJ
pepfudk a&G;cs,fvmEkdifMuonf/
tm&SEkdifiHrsm;wGifpepf ESpfrsKd;pvHk;
jzifh avQmufxm;Ekid o
f vdk tar&duef
jynfaxmifpk&Sd TOEFL trSwfudk
omvufcHaom ausmif;rsm;vnf;
vG e f c J h a om ES p f t enf ; i,f r S p NyD ;
IELTS udy
k g vufcv
H monf/ pmar;yGJ
&if;jrpfESpfrsKd;wdkY\ bmompum;
toH x G u f E S i f h toH k ; tEI e f ; tcsKd U
uGjJ ym;aejim; trSew
f u,f t*Fvyd pf m
t&nftcsif;ppfEkdifonfhpepfrsm;jzpf
&m rnfonfEh idk if w
H iG f oif,v
l o
kd nf
jzpfap rdrEd pS o
f uf&mpepfukd a&G;cs,f
EkdifonfhoabmjzpfvmNyD; ,if;pepf
\ tm;omcsuftcsKdUaMumifh IELTS
twGuf oifMum;ol? zGifhvSpfonfh
oifwef;? ajzqdo
k w
l Ykd ydrk rkd sm;jym;vm
cJhNyD;jzpfonf/ odkY&mwGif TOEFL
ajzqdkolwdkYvnf; BudKwifpm&if;ay;
rIrsm;jynhEf u
S af ecJNh rJjzpfonf/ tqkyd g
TOEFL pepfwGif xyfrHNyD; Paper
Based (PBT) tjyif CBT (Computer
Base) ud k j yif q if v k d u f o nf h ,ck

aemufqHk; iBT (Internet Based) [k
&Sdjyef&m iBT rSm pmppfXmersm;&Sd&m
Ekid if rH sm;tvku
d f TOEFL ud0k efaqmif
rIay;onfh ETS \ cGifhjyKrItwkdif;
vdkufygajymif;vJppfaq;&onhf pepf
jzpfonf/ jrefrmEkdifiHwGif TOEFL
udk ,cifuyif ESpfrsKd;pvHk;ajzqdkEkdif
onfh pifwmrsm;&Sad eNyD; Paper Based
jzifh ajzqdrk rI sm;pGm tom;usaecJ&h mrS
,cktcg Paper Based ajzqdkcGifhr&Sd
awmhonfh taetxm;udk ETS u
xkwfjyefonfh tcsdefZ,m;u azmfjy
vkduf&m ,if;pepfjzifh ajzqdkolrsm;?
oifMum;ydkYcsolrsm;Mum; vIyfcwfrI
rsm;jzpfoGm;cJhonf/
od k Y &mwG i f ,if ; arvtNyD ;
xkwfjyefcsufudkapmifhMunhfum iBT
twGuf jyifqifrIrsm;&SdvmEkdifonf/
,ckyif ,if;twGuf jyifqifrIrsm;&Sd
aeNy[
D k oifwef;ausmif;ESihf 0efaqmifrI
vkyfief;todkif;t0ef;wGif;rS od&
onf/ TOEFL twGuf Registration
0efaqmifraI y;aom May International
Education and Training Center
'g½dkufwmjzpfol a':aroEÅmu iBT
twGuf ,cifuyif Test Center

tjzpfaqmif&Guf&ef avQmufzl;NyD;
uGefysLwmrsm;vnf; toifhjyifqif
xm;aMumif;? tjcm;oifwef;ausmif;
ESihf 0efaqmifrrI sm;vnf; jyifqifrI
jyKvkyfzG,f&SdaMumif; ajymMum;onf/
Yangon English Service (YES) rS
tkyfcsKyfrIqkdif&m wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;
jzpfonfh OD;NzKd ;rif;Edik u
f vnf; ]]Service

oHk;av;ck jyifaew,fMum;w,f}}[k
qkdonf/ avhusifhoifMum;a&;ykdif;
twGuf ¤if;wdkY oifwef;ausmif;
taejzif h r l rnf o nf h o if M um;rI
jyefvnfpwifrnfudk rqHk;jzwf&
ao;aMumif; ajymMum;onf/ tqkyd g
tajymif;tvJEiS yhf wfoufNyD; TOEFL
Test Center wpfcjk zpfonhf tar&duef
pifwmodkY ar;jref;&m ]]tifwmeuf
uGefeuf&Sifaumif;&ifawmh vkyfay;
rSmyg/ avmavmq,fawmh toifh
rjzpfao;bl;}} [k tkyfcsKyfa&;ydkif;
wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajzMum;onf/
,cifu wpfESpfvQif ajcmuf
Bud r f c f Y omppf a q;aom tqk d y g
pmar;yGJonf tifwmeufjzifh ajzqdk
&mwGif 2013 ckESpftwGif; ETS \
tcsed pf m&if;t& rEÅav;wGif ud;k Budr?f
&efuek w
f iG f 10 Budrf ajzqdEk idk rf nfjzpf
onf/ ajzqdk&efpm&if;oGif;rI? &v'f
apmihfqkdif;&rIwdkYtwGuf tcsdefydkusKHU
oG m ;rnf / ,ck a jzqd k r I y H k p H w G i f
Speaking ydkif;yg yg0ifonf/ ,cif
pepfEiS ,
hf OS af omf IELTS onf ppfaq;
rIudk ydkrkdyHkay:atmif azmfaqmifEkdif
onf/ ydrk o
kd ufaojyKEidk o
f nf[k ajzqdk
olEiS hf oifMum;a&;q&mrsm;u qdMk u
onf/ IELTS pm&if;oGi;f &efv,
G u
f l
onf/ vpOfajzEkdifonf/ jrefrmaiG
owfrSwfxm;onf/
Internet Connection twGufrl
rdrdwkdYEkdifiHtaetxm;ESifh ajzqdk&ef
tcuftcJrsm;&SdEdkifNyD; jynfytdrfeD;
csif ; Ek d i f i H o d k Y oG m ;a&muf a jzqd k r S

tqifajyzG,&f o
dS nf[k oH;k oyfou
l
oHk;oyfol&Sdovkd Test Center jyKvkyf
olrsm;taejzifh tqifajyatmifpDpOf
ygvdrfhrnf[k qdkoluqkdonf/
TOEFL ukd Internet Based
ajzqdo
k o
l nf ,ckvuf&w
dS iG f ajzqko
d l
vpOf 30 OD;cefY&SdaeNyD; EkdifiHjcm;om;
oHwreftodkif;t0dkif;rS ajzqdkolrsm;
onf[k jrefrmEkid if \
H wpfcw
k nf;aom
iBT twGuf0efaqmifrIay;ol Test
Center jzpfonfh Myanmar Inspiration
Co., Ltd. \'g½du
k w
f m OD;ausmo
f u
l
ajymMum;onf/ ]]Connection raumif;
&ifvnf; jyefwm0ef,lay;w,f}} [k
¤if;uqkdonf/
]]2004-2005 rSm ETS u
iBT udk pwifprf;oyfcsdefu jrefrm
ausmif;om;awGudk a':vm 100 pD
ay;NyD;ajzcdik ;f zl;cJw
h ,f/ csuv
f ufrw
S f
eJYay;awmh ay;ayr,fh r&awmhjzpf
cJhw,f}} [k May Education Center
\ 'g½du
k w
f m a':aroEÅmu iBT \
pwifpyf;oyfxdawGUrIudk jyefvnf
ajymjyonf/
TOEFL udk Internet Based
ajzqdkol tjcm;ppfaq;rIrsm;ESifh ,SOf
u Demand odyrf &Syd g[k qdMk uaomfjim;
Paper Based ae&mwGif tpm;xk;d rnfh
Internet Base twG u f oif w ef ;
0efaqmifrIESifh ppfaq;rIwdkYudk pwif
jyifqifol? jyifqif&ef csifhcsdefaeol
wdkY&Sd&m ajymif;vJvmrnfh tajctae
udk apmifhMunhf&zG,f&Sdaeonf/

&efukefEdkifiHjcm;bmomwuúodkvfwGif ½k&Sm;pifwmzGifUvSpfrnf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 4

&efuek f Edik if jH cm;bmomwuúov
kd f
wG i f yxrqH k ; jynf y ,Of a us;rI
pifwmtjzpf ½k&Sm;pifwmudk {NyDv

jrefrmausmif;om;ESpfodef;ausmf tajccHynmNyD;qHk;a&;
ESpfEdkifiH ulnDrnf
&efukef? Zefe0g&D 30

jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd ausmif;om; ausmif;olESpfodef;ausmf\ tajccHynmrlvwef;tqifNh y;D qH;k atmifjrifa&;
twGuf NAdwdefEdkifiHESifh MopaMw;vsEdkifiHwdkY yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufay;rnfjzpfaMumif; ESpfEdkifiHoabmwlnDrI
xkwfjyefcsufudk Zefe0g&Dv 29 &ufaeYu xkwfjyefaMunmvdkufonf/
]]jrefrmEdkifiH&JU vuf&SdrsKd;qufopfawGu olwdkYrdbawGxuf ynma&;tqifhtwef; edrfhusaewJhtwGuf
Edik if o
hH rdik ;f rSm yxrqH;k tusyftwnf;tcuftcJawGeYJ BuHKae&w,f}} [k MopaMw;vsEdik if H Edik if jH cm;a&;0efBuD;
Mr.Bob Carr u ajymMum;onf/
xdkYtjyif jrefrmEdkifiHwGif ausmif;aet&G,fuav;OD;a& ig;oef;\wpf0ufom rlvwef;ynma&;udk
NyD;jynfhpHkatmif wufEdkifonfudk awGU&Sd&aMumif; ¤if;u xyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/
tqdkygaxmufyHhrItpDtpOftwGuf ukvor*¾EiS hf Edik if pH t
kH vSL&Sif rsm;yg0ifaom Myanmar Education
Consortium tzGJUudk ESpfEdkifiHaygif; tar&duefa':vm 13 oef;ausmf yHhydk;ay;rnfjzpfaMumif;? ,if;pDrHudef;
wGif &cdkifjynfe,fESifh ucsifjynfe,f y#dyu©a'owdkY&Sd uav;rsm;\ ynma&;twGuf ta&;ay:axmufyHhrI
rsm;vnf; yg0ifaMumif; xkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&;tzGJUonf toufoHk;ESpfrS ig;ESpft&G,f&Sd uav;OD;a& ig;aomif;ig;axmif\
ynma&;? rlvwef;tqifh uav;OD;a& wpfodef;ajcmufaomif;\ynma&;wdkYtwGuf axmufyHhay;rnfhtjyif
ausmif;jyify pmoifausmif;rsm;u q&m q&mrOD;a& av;axmifhig;&mESifh bkef;awmfBuD;oif pmoifausmif;
rsm;rS q&m? q&mrOD;a&ESpaf xmifih g;&mwdYktwGuv
f nf; oifMum;a&;qdkif&m yhHydk;rIrsm; aqmif&Gufay;rnf
jzpfaMumif; xkwfjyefcsufrsm;t& od&onf/
jrefrmEdkifiHonf tajccHynm rlvwef;tqifw
h iG f ausmif;xGufEIef;jrifhrm;aeonfhtwGuf 2011-2012
ynmoifEpS w
f iG f ynma&;0efBuD;Xmeu roifrae& rlvwef;ynma&;pepfudk pwifusifhoHk;cJhonf/

twGif; zGifhvSpfEdkifrnfjzpfaMumif;
tqd k y gwuú o d k v f ygarmu© c sKyf
a'gufwmvGifvGifpdk;u The Voice
Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
½k&mS ;bmomudk jrefrmausmif;om;?
ausmif ; ol r sm; a&G ; cs,frIenf;yg;
jcif;ESifh ESpfEdkifiHMum; a0;uG m vG e f ;
onft
h wGuf eD;pyfr&I &Sad p&ef ,Ofaus;rI
pifwmxm;&Sdjcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u
xyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/
½k&Sm;,Ofaus;rIxGef;um;vm
ap&ef t wG u f ½k & S m ;A[d k X meud k
zGifhvSpfEdkif&ef BudK;yrf;aeaMumif;?
tqdkygpifwmwGif oif½dk;ñTef;wrf;
pmtkyfrsm;? uGefysLwmESifh tjcm;
½k&Sm;,Ofaus;rIqdkif&mypönf;rsm;udk

xnf h o G i f ; oG m ;rnf j zpf a Mumif ; ?
,if;twGufvnf; toifhjyifqifNyD;
jzpfaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiHqkdif&m ½k&Sm;
oH½kH;rS aumifppf0efjzpfol Dmitry
V.Darchenkov u The Voice
Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
tqdkyg½k&Sm;A[dkXmezGifhvSpf
a&;udk ynma&;0efBuD;Xme 'kwd,
0efBuD; a'gufwmba&TESifh jrefrm
EdkifiHqdkif&m ½k&Sm;EdkifiHoHtrwfBuD;
H.E.Mr. Vasily B.POSPELOV wdkY
Zefe0g&Dv 31 &ufaeYu ynma&;
0efBuD;Xme{nfhcef;rü awGUqHkpOf
aqG;aEG;cJhMuaMumif; EdkifiHydkifowif;
pmwGif azmfjyxm;onf/

ta&SYawmiftm&SaumvdyfyGJ usif;yrnf
&efukef? Zefe0g&D 30

tar&duefo½H ;kH ynma&;at*sipf D
u OD;pD;usi;f yaom ta&SUawmiftm&S
aumvdyyf u
JG kd 2013 ckEpS f azazmf0g&Dv
13 &ufaeYwGif &efukefNrdKU&Sd awmf0if
pifwm 7 vTmü rGef;vGJ 1 em&DrS n
8 em&Dtxd usif;yrnfjzpfaMumif;
jrefrmEkdifiHqkdif&m tar&duefoH½Hk;
xHrS od&Sd&onf/
tqdkygjyyGJwGif tar&duef
jynfaxmifpku todtrSwfjyKxm;
aom aumvdyfESifh wuúodkvfrsm;rS
udk,fpm;vS,frsm;vma&mufrnfjzpf

NyD; jrefrmEkdifiHu txufwef;ESifh
wuú o d k v f a usmif ; om;rsm;onf
ynmoifqkrsm;ESifh tar&duwGif
ynmoif , l & ef enf ; vrf ; rsm;ud k
avh v mEk d i f r nf j zpf a Mumif ; ,if ;
xkwjf yefcsut
f &od&onf/ wufa&muf
vd k o l r sm; http://educationusa_
rangoon.eventbrite.com rSwpfqihf
pm&if; ay;oGi;f Ekid Nf yD; a':oif;rk;d rd;k vGif
(ynma&;tBuHay;)zke;f 01-536509
vkdif;cGJ 4194 odkY qufoG,fpHkprf;
pm&if;ay;oGif;Ekdifonf/

14
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

vlrIzlvkHa&;aMu;roGif;aomtvkyf&Sifrsm; ppfaq;ta&;,lrnf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 5

vk y f o rm;rsm;twG u f vl r I z l v k H a &;xnf h 0 if a Mu;ay;oG i f ; &ef
ysufuGufaomtvkyf&Sifrsm;ukd 2012 ckESpf vlrIzlvkHa&;Oya'
tmPmwnfygu pwifppfaq;ta&;,lawmhrnfjzpfaMumif; vlrIzlvkHa&;tzGJY
Ouú| OD;,kvGifatmifu ajymMum;onf/

t

"mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif

tvkyform;rsm;twGuf vlrI
zlvkHa&; xnfh0ifaMu;aiGESifh ysuf
uG u f a Mu;rsm;uk d ay;oG i f ; &ef
ysufuGufygu tvkyf&Sifukd wpfESpf
xuf r yk d a om axmif ' Pf j zpf a p?
aiG'Pfjzpfap? jypf'PfEpS cf v
k ;Hk jzpfap
csrSwfEkdifaMumif; 2012ckESpf vlrI
zlvkHa&;Oya'wGif azmfjyxm;onf/

vuf&SdwGif vlrIzlvkHa&;aMu;
rxnf h o G i f ; jcif ; ? tvk y f o rm;
OD;a&ukd avQmhjyjcif;? &&Sdonfhvpm
ukd vdrfvnfazmfjyjcif;rsm;&SdaeNyD;
vl r I z l v k H a &;Oya' tmPmwnf
onfESifh ,if;vkyf&yfrsm;ukd pwif
ppfaq;ta&;awmhrnfjzpfaMumif;
¤if;qkdonf/

]]vlrzI v
l aHk &;aMu;oGi;f zkYd ysuu
f u
G f
wJY tvky&f iS af wGudk ppfaq;awGU&Sd&if
xnfY0ifaMu;jyefay;&r,ft
h jyif ysuu
f u
G f
aMu;uk d v nf ; avsmf & r,f / xyf
ysuf u G u f & if xyf a qmif ; avsmf &
r,f/ tvkyo
f rm;ukv
d nf; tvkyo
f rm;
avsmfaMu; Oya't& avsmf&r,f}}[k
OD;,kvGifatmifu &Sif;jyonf/
vuf0g;txnfcsKyfvkyfief;
ykdif&Sif OD;cifarmifat;url tvkyf
orm;rsm;\ tcG i f Y t a&;twG u f
vlrIzlvkHa&;aMu;rsm;ukd rjzpfrae
ay;oGif;&rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;tjrif
ukd &Sif;jyonf/

&efukef? azazmf0g&D 5

xkdif;EkdifiHwGif a&muf&Sdaeaom
jrefrmtvkyo
f rm;rsm;\ uav;ESpo
f ed ;f
cefYukd w&m;0iftaxmuftxm;
xkwfay;a&;udpöukd xkdif;tpkd;&\

&efukef? azazmf0g&D 5

Datuk Seri Ahmad Husni Hanadzlah

u Zef e 0g&D v 30 &uf a eYwG i f
ajymMum;aMumif; rav;&Sm;EkdifiH
rD'D,mrsm;wGif azmfjyonf/
Levy tcGeaf Mu;rsm;udk vkyi
f ef;cGif
ay:rlwnfum wpfvvQif rav;&Sm;
&if;*pf 43 'or 16 (usyf 10000
ausmf) rS 154 'or 16 (usyf
40000 ausm)f xday;oGi;f &rnfjzpfonf/
]]tenf;qHk; vpmudk udk;&m
owfrSwfvdkufwJhtwGuf tvkyf&Sif
awGu ray;csifMuvdkY tvkyform;
awGqDu Levy aMu; jyefawmif;
vkdufwJhoabmyJ}} [k rav;&Sm;EkdifiH
wGif vkyfouf &SpfESpfMumjrihfaeNyD
jzpf N yD ; ,ck * sKd [ d k ; Nrd K U y&d a bm*
puf½&kH dS OD;Ekid v
f if;u ajymMum;onf/
rav;&Sm;EkdifiHü Zefe0g&Dv 1
&ufaeYrS pwifum a&TUajymif;tvkyf
orm;rsm;ud k tenf ; qH k ; vk y f c
owfrSwfNyD; wpfvcefYtMumwGif
Levy pepfudk pwifjcif;jzpfonf/
]]Levy rjzwfwmawmifrS ydu
k q
f H
tdrfjyefrydkYEkdifwJholawG&Sdw,f/ ckvdk
qdak wmh ydq
k ;dk wmaygh}} [k jynfytvkyf
tuk d i f & S m azG a &;at*sif p D w pf c k r S
tkycf sKyrf 'I g½du
k w
f mwpfO;D u qko
d nf/
Levy tcGea
f Mu;ay;ay:vpDukd
rav;&Sm;EkdifiHwGif 1992 ckESpfrS
pwifusifhoHk;cJhNyD; 2009 ckESpftxd
vkyfom;rsm;uom ay;aqmifcJh&um
2009 ckESpfwGif tvkyf&Sifrsm;ukd
uscH a p&ef rav;&S m ;tpd k ; &u

qHk;jzwfcJhonf/
EkdifiHjcm;a&TUajymif;vkyfom;
wpfOD;twGuf tvkyf&Sifu wpfESpf
vQif Levy tcGefaMu;0efaqmifrI
vkyfief;wGif &if;*pf 600 rS 1850?
pdu
k yf sK;d a&;vkyif ef;wGif &if;*pf 590 ?
ukefxkwfvkyfrIESifh aqmufvkyfa&;
vkyfief;rsm;wGif &if;*pf 1250 ay;
oGif;&aMumif; rav;&Sm;owif;rsm;

t& od&Sd&onf/
,ck tpDpOfopft& a&TUajymif;
vkyo
f m;rsm;xHrS Ekid if t
H wGuf tcGeaf iG
wpf E S p f v Qif &if ; *pf ES p f b D v D , H
ausmf&&SdrnfjzpfNyD; jynfwGif;tvkyf
orm;rsm;twGuf tvkyftukdiftcGifh
tvrf ; yd k r d k & &S d E k d i f r nf j zpf a Mumif ;
rav;&Sm; vkyfief;&Sifrsm; toif;u
qkdonf/

yk*v
¾ u
d 0efxrf;rsm; yifpifcpH m;cGi&Uf rnf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 5

¤if;u &Sif;jyonf/
vlrIzlvkHa&;aMu;xnfhoGif;
ygu tvkyf&Sifrsm;taejzifh tvkyf
orm;rsm;xd c k d u f r I ? obm0ab;
tEÅ&m,fusa&mufrI? tvkyform;
aoqkH;rIrsm;twGuf vlrIzlvkHa&;
tzGYJ u avsmfrnfjzpfojzifY tvky&f iS f
avsmf&efrvkdawmhbJ vkyfief;quf
vufvnfywfEkdifrnfh tcGifhta&;
rsm;uk&d &Srd nfjzpfaMumif; OD;,kviG af tmif
u qkdonf/
]]vlrIzlvkHa&; aMu;oGif;&if

a'0gvDcH&wJh tvkyf&Sif r&Sdawmh
bl;ayghAsm}}[k ¤if;u &Sif;jyonf/
puf r I Z k e f v k y f i ef ; rsm;wG i f
vkyo
f ufMumjrifv
h mNyDjzpfaomfvnf;
vlrIzlvkHa&;uwfr&&Sdolrsm; rsm;pGm
&S d a Mumif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;xH r S
od&Sd&onf/
vl r I z l v k H a &; Oya'tmPm
wnfap&ef vmrnfhrwfvwGif xkwf
jyefoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; vlrIzlvkHa&;
tzGJYxHrS od&onf/
vlrIzlvkHa&;Oya'ukd 2012
ckEpS f Mo*kwv
f 31 &ufaeYu Ekid fiHawmf
or®wvufrSwfa&;xkd;cJhonf/

xkdif;wGif jrefrmuav;rsm;ukd taxmuftxm;xkwfay;&ef
ajcmufvcefh xyfMumrnf

rav;&Sm;tpd;k & jrefrmvkyo
f m;rsm;xHrS Levy tcGeaf Mu;jyefaumufrnf
rav;&Sm;EkdifiHwGif a&TUajymif;
vkyfudkifaeaom jrefrmtvkyform;
tygt0if EkdifiHjcm; tvkyform;rsm;
tm;vHk; aexkdifcGifhtwGuf Levy
tcGefaMu;pwif a umuf a wmh r nf
jzpfaMumif; rav;&Sm;Ekid if H b@ma&;
ESifh tcGef0efBuD;XmerS 'kwd,0efBuD;

]]tvkyf&SifawGtwGufvnf;
Cover (tumtuG,f) jzpfw,f}} [k

vkyfief;pOfrsm; tNyD;rowfEkdifao;
ojzifh ajcmufvcefY apmifhqkdif;NyD;rS
pwifxkwfay; EkdifrnfjzpfaMumif;
tvkyo
f rm;? tvkyt
f ukid Ef iS h f vlrzI v
l aH k &;
0efBuD;Xme tvkyo
f rm;nTeMf um;a&;
OD ; pD ; XmerS nG e f M um;a&;rS L ;csKyf
OD;rsKd;atmifu ajymMum;onf/
xkid ;f Ekid if w
H iG f w&m;r0if jrefrm
tvkyo
f rm;rsm; rSwyf w
Hk ifa&;pDpOf&ef
oufwrf;wk;d umvudk azazmf0g&Dv
15 &ufaeYrSarv 15 &ufaeYtxd
rSwfykHwifpcef; 11 ckwGif One Stop
Sevirce tpDpOfjzifh xkwaf y;&ef xki
d ;f
EkdifiHu qkH;jzwfcJhonf/
,if;tpDtpOfwGiftouf 15
ESpaf tmuf om;? orD;rsm;ukyd g,m,D
Ek d i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f (ok d Y r[k w f )
oufaocH taxmuftxm;xkwaf y;

&ef?rdbESifhoufwrf;wl aexkdifcGifhjyK
&ef xkdif;tpkd;&u oabmwlxm;
aMumif;? taxmuftxm;&&Sdaom
jrefrmvkyo
f m;rsm;\ uav;i,frsm;
onf ynmoifciG hf &&Srd nfjzpfaMumif;
¤if;u qkdonf/
15ES p f a tmuf uav;rsm;
twGuf ADZmwpfBudrf jyKvkyfvQif
bwfaiG 500 aumufcHrnfjzpfNyD;
oufwrf;wkd;ygu aemufxyf bwf
500 aumuf c H r nf jzpf a Mumif ;
xkid ;f Ekid if t
H pk;d &u xkwjf yefxm;onf/
xkid ;f Ekid if w
H iG f w&m;r0if jrefrm
tvkyform; wpfoef;cefY&SdjyD; jrefrm
tvkyo
f rm;rsm;\ 15ESpaf tmufuav;
ESpfodef;cefY&SdaMumif; tvkyform;?
tvkyftukdifESifh vlrIzIvkHa&;0efBuD;
Xme rSod&Sd& onf/

oufjynfhtNidrf;pm; tusKd;cHpm;cGifh (3 &mcdkifEIef; + 3 &mcdkifEIef;)
vpm 55ç000 usyf&olwpfOD;twGuf
aemufqHk;cefYrSef;vpm
117827d^- 136594d^- 158350d^vpOfxnfh0ifaMu;
1650d^pkaqmif;ouf(ESpf)
30
35
40
vpOfyifpifr,lbJ aiGvHk; 50 odef;cefY 80 odef;cefY 120 ode;f cefY
aiG&if;,lvdkygu
yifpif,lcsdef&rnfh u½kPm 5 odef;cefY 12 odef;cefY 25 odef;cefY
aMu;
vpOfyifpif(cefYrSef;)
34000d^- 48000d^- 67000d^cefYrSef;uG,fvGefcsdef (75) 30 odef;cefY 60 odef;cefY 100 ode;f cefY
aiGvHk;aiG&if;
cefYrSef;uG,fvGefcsdef (85) 11 odef;cefY 48 odef;cefY 100 ode;f cefY
aiGvHk;aiG&if;

tpk;d &0efxrf;rsm;om&&Sad eaom yifpifcpH m;cGiu
hf dk vlrzI v
I aHk &;aMu;
vaygif; 360 (ESpf 30) txuf xnf0h ifaom yk*v
¾ u
d 0efxrf;rsm; vpOfyifpif
cHpm;cGifh&&SdrnfjzpfaMumif; vlrIzlvkHa&;tzGJUOuú| OD;,kvGifatmifu
ajymMum;onf/
tNrJwrf; tvkyv
f yk Ef idk pf rG ;f r&Srd I tusK;d cHpm;cGi?hf toufjynft
h Nidr;f pm;
tusKd;cHpm;cGifhESifh usef&pfol yifpiftusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;ukd &&Sdvkdaom
tvkyo
f rm;rsm;onf vpOf vpmaiG 3 &mckid Ef eI ;f ESihf tvky&f iS u
f 3 &mckid Ef eI ;f
ukd vlrIzlvkHa&;aMu;tjzpf xnfh0if&rnfjzpfonf/
xnf0h ifaMu;ukd 12 vatmuf xnf0h ifxm;olonf xnf0h ifxm;
aomaiGrsm;ukd wpfv;Hk wpfcw
J nf; xkw,
f El idk fNyD; 12 vtxuf vaygif;
360 atmuf xnfh0ifxm;olqkdygu ,if;xnfh0ifaiG wpfvkH;wpfcJ
jyefxkwf,lcGifhtjyif vlrIzlvkHa&;u owfrSwfxm;aom twkd;vnf;
&rnfjzpfaMumif; vlrIzlvkHa&;tzGJUxHrS od&Sd&onf/
]]tusK;d cHpm;cGiahf wGwu,f&r,fq&kd ifawmh vlrzI v
l akH &;aMu;xnfrh mS aygh}}
[k aq;ukrP
Ü w
D pfcw
k iG f ckepfEpS cf efYvyk o
f uf&t
dS vkyo
f rm;wpfO;D uqdo
k nf/
,if;Oya'wGif tvkyv
f ufrt
hJ usK;d cHpm;cGihf tmrcHpepfvnf;yg0ifNyD;
vlrIzlvkHa&;aMu;tjzpf tvkyf&SifESifh vkyfom;u vpm\ 1 &mckdifEIef; xnfhoGif;&rnfjzpfNyD; tusKd;cHpm;cGifhtaejzifh aemufqkH;wpfESpftwGif;
ysrf;rQvkyfc\ 45 &mckdifEIef;rS 50 &mckdifEIef;txd &&Sdrnfjzpfum tvkyv
f ufrhJ tenf; trsm;ay:rlwnfNyD; cHpm;cGifhtajymif;tvJ&Sdonf/
xnfh0ifaMu;umv wpfESpf&SdvQif wpfqufwnf; &uf 30 cHpm;cGifh&rnfjzpfNyD; ajcmufESpfESifh txufxnfY0ifxm;vQif wpfqufwnf; &uf 180
trsm;qkH; cHpm;cGifh&&Sdrnf jzpfonf/
vlrIzlvkHa&;Oya'wGif tusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;&Sdaomfvnf; vlrIzlvkHa&;uwfr&Sdaom tvkyform;rsm;pGm&Sdaeao;aMumif; atmifa<ujym;puf½kH
tajccHtvkyform;tzGJYtpnf; Ouú| OD;oefYZifOD;u ajymMum;onf/
2012 ckESpf vlrIzlvkHa&; Oya'wGif use;f rma&;ESihf vlrIa&;apmifha&SmufrItmrcHpepf? tvkyfvkyfEkdifpGrf; r&SdrI tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? toufjynfhtNidrf;
pm;tusKd;cHpm;cGifhESifh usef&pfoyl ifpiftusK;d cHpm;cGit
hf mrcHpepf? tvkyfvufrJh tusKd;cHpm;cGifhpepf? tvkyfwGif xdckdufrItusKd;cHpm;cGifhtmrcHpepf?
tjcm;vlrIzlvkHa&; tmrcHpepf (tdrf&mpDrHudef;rsm;) wkdY yg0ifonf/

15

VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

rkwÅryifv,fauGY e,fedrdwfowfrSwf&efcufcJ
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 4

ay:ü rsKd;wkH;aysmufuG,fvkeD;eD; a&an§mifhEIwf0dkif;iSufrsKd;pdwf Spoon-billed Sandpiper rsm;tygt0if aqmif;cdkiSuftrsm;tjym; vma&mufusufpm;avh&Sdonfh rkwåryifv,fauGUudk
jrefrmEkdifiH\ 'kwd,ajrmufxl;jcm;a&wdrfa'o (Ramsar Site) tjzpfowfrSwfEkdif&eftwGuf e,fedrdwfwkdif;wmowfrSwf&mwGif tcuftcJrsm;BuHKawGUae&aMumif; ZD0rsKd;pHkrsKd;uGJESifh
obm0xdef;odrf;a&;toif; (BANCA) Ouú| a'gufwmxifvSu aejynfawmfwGif azazmf0g&Dv 2 &ufaeYujyKvkyfaom urÇmYa&wdrfa'oaeYtcrf;tem;ü ajymMum;onf/
Ramsar Site tjzpfowfrw
S &f ef ajrpm&if;? opfawmOD;pD;XmeESifh owfrw
S af y;&efvt
kd yfaMumif; ¤if;u
tqkdjyKvTmwifoGif;&mwGif yxrqHk; Oya'ESifhqkdifaom tzGJUtpnf;rsm;? qkdonf/
vkyfief;pOftjzpf e,fedrdwfowfrSwf rGejf ynfe,f? &efuek w
f idk ;f a'oBuD;ESihf
rGejf ynfe,f? &efuek w
f idk ;f a'o
&rnfjzpfNyD; vuf&SdwGif owfrSwfí yJ c l ; wk d i f ; a'oBuD ; wd k Y wG i f & S d a om BuD;ESifh yJcl;wkdif;a'oBuD;&Sd NrdKUe,f
r&aom tcuftcJrsm;ESifhBuHKawGU tkyfcsKyfa&;qkdif&m tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;? udk;NrdKUe,fonf e,fedrdwfowfrw
S f
ae&aMumif;? v,f,mpdkufysKd;a&;? a&vkyif ef;? ig;vkyif ef; ponfh Xme &mwGif yg0ifvsu&f NdSy;D ,cifaumif;uif
ukef;vrf;ydkYaqmifa&;? aMu;wkdifESifh qkdif&mrsm;u yl;aygif;í e,fedrdwf ajryHkrsm;t& tMurf;owfrw
S x
f m;&m

tif;av;uefxdef;odrf;a&; MopaMw;vstajcpdkuf
a':vmajcmufoef;axmufyHUrnf

IID

aejynfawmf? Zefe0g&D 24

tmqD,t
H arGtESpf wpfcjk zpfNyD;
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif 'kwd,tBuD;qHk;
awmifay:a&uefjzpfonfh tif;av;
uef a&&S n f w nf w H h a &;twG u f
MopaMw;vsEdkifiHtajcpdkuf Institute
for International Development(IID)

u a&&Snpf zk UJG aqmif&u
G &f rnfh vkyif ef;
pOftaejzifh ywf0ef;usix
f ed ;f odr;f a&;
ES i f h opf a wma&;&m0ef B uD ; Xme
yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G rf nfjzpfNyD; a':vm
ajcmufoef;axmufyHhrnfjzpfaMumif;
IID tzGJUwm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajym
Mum;onf/
obm0ywf0ef;usif xde;f odr;f
a&;ESihf tif;av;uefukd a&&Snw
f nfwhH
aom enf;vrf;jzifh pDrHcefYcGJrItwGuf
vkyfief;pDrHcsufudk 2010 jynfhESpfrS
2015 txd yHhydk;ulnDrnfjzpf&m
tif;av;ueftmPmydkiftzGJU zGJUpnf;
jcif ; ? tif ; av;uef apmif h M unf h
avhvma&;? tif;av;uef tcsuf
tvufrw
S w
f rf;pk? N*dK[fw"k mwfyjkH zifh
pdrf;vef;pdkjynfrIrSwfwrf;aumuf,l
jcif;? aA'gxdef;csKyfa&;? erfhrvuf
a&aMumif;vrf; jyefvnfvrf;aMumif;
azmfjcif;? c½kxdef;csKyfa&;? aomuf
a&prf;vkyfief;? obm0ywf0ef;usif
oefY&iS ;f a&; prf;oyfvyk if ef;? a&prf;oyf
ppfaq;a&; vufawGUvkyfief;? rD;
oN*ØK[fpufaqmufvkyfa&; jzpfEdkif
ajc? todynmESifh ,HkMunfrIrsm;
ppf w rf ; aumuf , l j cif ; ? obm0

ywf0ef;usiyf nmay; vkyif ef;tpDtpOf?
ynmoifqrk sm; ponfwYkyd g0ifaMumif;
tif;av;uefxdef;odrf;a&; tem*wf
twGuf pDrHcsuftqkdjyKvTmwGifyg&Sd
onf/
2000 jynfhESpfu pwifum
tif;av;uefrdkif ESpfq,f0ef;usif&Sd
opfawm? a&? ajr? om;iSux
f ed ;f odr;f
umuG,fa&;twGuf ig;ESpfpDrHudef;
rsm; qufwu
kd af qmif&u
G cf ahJ omfvnf;
tif;av;uefBuD; a&&SnfwnfwHhap
&efEiS hf ywf0ef;usiaf 'ozGUH NzdK;wd;k wuf
a&;twGuf ajz&Si;f &mwGif jyóemrsm;
&Sq
d jJ zpfaMumif;? ,if;wdYk rmS tif;av;
uefrsufESmjyif usOf;ajrmif;vmrI?
tif;av;ueftwGi;f aA'gESihf a&arSmf
rsm; wd;k yGm;vmrIEiS hf ZD0rsKd;pHrk sKd;uGrJ sm;
avsmhenf;qHk;½HI;vmrI? ueft&nf
taoG;usqif;vmrI? Eke;f ydYk csr?I a&a0
a&vJa'orsm;rSm awmjyKef;wD;rI?
uRef;arsmrsm; wdk;yGm;vmrIwdkYjzpf
aMumif; ywf0ef;usix
f ed ;f odr;f a&;ESihf
opfawma&;&m0efBuD;Xme OD;0if;xGe;f
u Zef e 0g&D v 24 &uf a eYwG i f
aejynfawmfü usif;yjyKvkyfaom
tif;av;uefxdef;odrf; umuG,fa&;
tvky½f akH qG;aEG;yGw
J iG f ajymMum;onf/
]]tif;av;uefrSm tyifawG
&S d r S tpmuG i f ; quf & S i f o ef r ,f /
tckqdk tusKd;jyKwJhtyifawGavsmhNyD;
aygif;yifeYJ aA'gyifawG? c½keaD wGw;kd
yGm;vmwmu tif;av;uef,,
kd iG ;f rI

vu©PmawGyg}}[k tjynfjynfqikd &f m
a&wdrfa'o jyefvnfxdef;odrf;a&;
uRrf;usifol Dr.Anne Jensen u
ajymMum;onf/
tif;av;uef\ ta&;ygt&m
a&mufrIrsm;aMumifh vGefcJhaom ESpf
aygif;rsm;pGmuyif uefrwdrfaum
ryaysmufap&ef enf;rsKd;pHkESifhxdef;
odrf;a&;vkyfief;rsm; aqmif&GufcJhMu
aMumif;? vuf&w
dS iG f UNDP uvnf;
tif;av;uef xdef;odrf;umuG,fa&;
ESihf jyefvnf xlaxmifa&;pDru
H ed ;f rsm;
wGif yl;aygif;yg0ifaeNyD; UNESCO
uvnf; tif;av;uefudk urÇmhtarG
tESpfa'orsm; pm&if;wGifazmfjyEdkif
&ef enf;ynmrsm; yHhydk;aeaMumif;
jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;0if;xGef;u
qdkonf/
]]2010 u 2012 txdu oabm
wl n D r I & atmif vk y f a qmif c suf ?
ppfwrf;aumuf,laewJhumvyg/
'Dvkyfief;awGudk tckpvkyfrSmyg}} [k
IID wm0ef&o
dS w
l pfO;D u ajymMum;onf/
tqdyk g IID tzGUJ ESihf 0efBuD;Xme
wdkY ,ckvtwGif; oabmwlnDrI
pmcsKyfcsKyfqdkrnfjzpfonf/
„ZmPDxGPf;

rkwåryifv,fauGUudk aumif;uifrSjrifawGU&ykH
wGif ppfawmif;jrpftaemufbufjcrf;
anmifcg;&Snf aus;&GmupwifaMumif;?
,ckwiG f tqdyk gaus;&Gmonf ppfawmif;
wHwm;ESihf oH;k rdik u
f mG [vsu&f o
dS nfukd
awG U &S d & aMumif ; ? Ramsar Site
qdo
k nfrmS opfawme,ferd w
d Ef iS hf rwl
nDbJ e,fedrdwfonf a&xJwGifom
jzpfjcif;aMumifh e,ferd w
d o
f wfrw
S &f m
wGif ,if;tcsufrsm;udk owdjyK
aqmif&u
G &f rnfjzpfaMumif; BANCA
tzGUJ tBuHay;jzpfol OD;atmifjrwfausmf
u &Sif;jyajymqkdonf/
tqkdyga'oudk EdkifiHwum
xl;jcm;onfh a&wdrfa'o (Ramsar
Site ) tjzpf owfrSwf&eftqdkwif
oGif;&jcif;rSm &Sm;yg;rsKd;wHk;vkeD;yg;
tEÅ&m,fESifh &ifqkdifae&onfh a&
an§mifhEIwfoD;0kdif;iSuftrsm;tjym;
ES i h f tjcm;aom a&aysmf i S u f r sm;
vma&muf u suf p m;avh & S d o nf u d k
awGU&S&d aMumif;? ,if;tjyif ,if;a'o
onf Ramsar Site tqifh owfrSwf
csufrsm;ESifh udkufnDrIawGU&Sd&jcif;

"mwfykH-rkd;ausmf

aMumifh tqkjd yKvTma&;qGu
J m Ramsar
Convention xHoYkd wifoi
G ;f oGm;&rnf
jzpfaMumif; ywf0ef;usix
f ed ;f odr;f a&;
ES i f h opf a wma&;&m0ef B uD ; Xme
obm0ywf0ef;usifESifh om;iSuf
wd&pämefxdef;odrf;a&;Xme nTefMum;
a&;rSL; OD;0if;Ekdifaomfuqkdonf/
Ramsar Site tjzpfowfrSwf
NyD;yguvnf; tqdkyga'oajrae&m
rsm;udk odrf;,ljcif;r[kwfbJ ZD0rsKd;pHk
rsKd;uGJrsm; rsKd;wHk;aysmufuG,fjcif;
r&Sd&atmif xdef;odrf;oGm;jcif;om
jzpfaMumif;? a'ocHa&vkyo
f m;rsm;udk
ig;ESifh iSufrsm;tvGeftuRHzrf;qD;rI
rsm;rjyKvkyf&ef todynmay;jcif;
ponfhvkyfief;pOfrsm;udkaqmif&Guf
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u&Si;f jyonf/
jrefrmEkdifiHonf 2005 ckESpfrS
pwifí Ramsar Convention tzGUJ 0if
EkdifiHjzpfcJhNyD; a&wdrfa'o 99 ck&u
dS m
10 ckukd ywf0ef;usifxed ;f odr;f a&;ESihf
opfawma&;&m0efBuD;Xmeu umuG,f
xde;f odr;f vsu&f o
dS nf/
„

vlxkyg0ifrIjzifU ab;rJUawmig;ckxdef;odrf;a&;
tif'dk-jrefrmESifU yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufrnf
&efukef? Zefe0g&D 28

{&m0wDjrpf0Srf;a'ozGHY NzdK;a&; yxrtBudrfvlxktBuHjyK
aqG;aEG;rnf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 4

jrefrmEdkifiH t"duyifrtoufaoG;aMumjzpfonfh {&m0wDjrpf xm0&
pD;qif;Edkif&efESifh {&m0wDjrpf0Srf;a'owGifaexdkifMuaom vlom;? opfyif?
awmawmif? a&ajrrsm;yg0ifaom a*[aA'pepfBuD;wpfcv
k ;kH zGUH NzdK;a&;vkyif ef;
rsm;wGif vdt
k yfonfrsm;udk 0dik ;f 0ef;tBuHay;aqG;aEG;Edik &f eftwGuf yxrtBudrf
vlxktBuHjyK tpnf;ta0;usif;yrnfjzpfaMumif; tqdkygtpnf;ta0;udkpDpOf
aqmif&Gufonfh a&? okawoeESifh avhusifha&;ynmXme (Water Research
and Training Center) rS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
tqdkygtpnf;ta0;udk azazmf0g&Dv 9 &uf rGef;vGJ 2 em&DrS nae 5
em&D 30 rdepftxd &efukefNrdKU a&T*Hkwdkifvrf;&Sd awmf0ifESif;qDpm;aomufqdkif
wGif usif;yrnfjzpfonf/
„

jrefrmEdkifiHwGif ZD0rsKd;pHkrsKd;uGJrsm;ESihf obm0ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;Ekdif&efumuG,fxm;aom obm0
ab;rJhawmrsm;jzpfonhf tif;awmfBuD;? csyfoif;? rif;pHkawmif? r[mNrdKif? &ckdifqifab;rJYawmwdkYwGif a'ocH
jynfolvlxk yl;aygif;yg0ifvmap&ef NAdwdefEdkifiHtajcpdkuf tif'dk-jrefrmtzGJUESihf ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;ESihf
opfawm0efBuD;XmewkYd yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G &f ef Zefe0g&Dv 10 &ufaeYu oabmwlnrD pI mcsKyaf &;xd;k NyD;jzpfaMumif;
tif'kd-jrefrmtzGJU ajyma&;qkdcGihf&SdolwpfOD;u The Voice Weekly okdY ajymMum;onf/
ucsifjynfe,f&dS tif;awmfBuD; awm½dik ;f wd&pämefab;rJah wmtwGi;f a&&Snt
f usKd;jzpfxeG ;f aponhf ig;zrf;
enf;pepfrsm;yHhydk;ay;jcif;? jrefrmEdkifiHwGifom&SdNyD; xdef;odrf;arG;jrLxm;aom Mu,fvdyfrsm;udk rEÅav;wkdif;
a'oBuD;&dS rif;pHkawmifab;rJhawmwGif obm0twkdif;aexdkifEkdif&ef jyefvTwfay;jcif;? ppfudkif;wkdif;a'oBuD;&Sd
csyo
f if;ab;rJah wmwGif a&Torifrsm;xde;f odr;f &eftwGuf a'ocHrsm;udk 0ifaiGw;dk vkyif ef;rsm;azmfaqmifay;jcif;?
&ckid jf ynfe,f&dS &ckid q
f ifab;rJah wm&Sd qifEiS Ehf Ykd wu
dk o
f wå0grsm; xde;f odr;f &eftwGuf a'ocHrsm;yg0ifvmapjcif;
wkdYtwGuf &nf&G,faMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/
]]a'ocHawGyl;aygif;rIr&&if rjzpfEkdifbl;/ opfawmb,favmuf&Sd&Sd taumifb,favmufaygayg
vlawGaMumihf ukefwmyJ/ 'gaMumihf qif;&JwJha'ocHawGudk t"duxm;NyD; a&&SnftusKd;jzpfxGef;apwJh
o,HZmwoHk;pGJenf;awGudk ynmay;oGm;rSmjzpfygw,f}} [k ¤if;\tqkdt&od&onf/
„

16
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

&J&Gma&tm;vSsyfppfxkwfvkyfrI yHkrSefatmufavsmUenf;
rEÅav;? azazmf0g&D 1

0yf 800 xkwfvkyfEkdifonfh &J&Gma&tm;vQyfppfpuf½HkwGif a&enf;umva&mufNyDjzpfojzifh pGrf;tm;jynfhvnfywfjcif;r&dSbJ r*¾g0yf 600 xdom xkwfvkyfae&aMumif; rEÅav;wkdif;a'oMuD;
vQyfppfESifh pufrIvufrI0efBuD; a'gufwmjrifhMuLu The Voice Weekly okdYajymMum;onf/
rkd;&moDumvrwkdifrDESifh aEG ysuv
f u
kd v
f mvku
d jf zpfaeojzifh vkyif ef; "mwftm;xkwfvkyfrI 70 &mcdkifEIef; "mwftm;&&dS&ef pDpOfvsuf&dSaMumif; avhvma&; twGuf MoU vufrSwf
k f vQyf p pf E S i f h puf r I v uf r I 0 ef B uD ; xkd;xm;w,f/ qkdvmpepfeJY r*¾g0yf
&moDtwGif; vQyfppf"mwftm;xkwf vnfywf&mwGif tcuftcJawGUae &dNS yD;aEG&moDwiG f a&tm;vQyfppfxw
vkyfEkdifa&;twGuf okdavSmifxm;Ekdif aMumif; rEÅav;NrdKU&dS qDpufydkif&Sif vkyfrIrSm vHkavmufpGmr&&dSojzifh a'gufwm jrifhMuLuajymMum;onf/ 200 ueOD; xkwv
f yk Ef idk zf Ydk tar&duef
]]rav;&Sm;ukrÜPDeJY ausmuf uukrÜPDeJY aqG;aEG;rIawGjyKvkyfae
rEÅav;wkid ;f a'oBuD;twGi;f ausmuf
onfh a&yrmPESifh wGufcsufNyD; OD;oef;vGifuqkdonf/
pGr;f tm;jynfh vnfywfjcif;r&daS Mumif;
jrefrmEkdifiHwGifa&tm; vQyfppf rD;aoG;ESifh qdkvmpepfwdkYrS vQyfppf rD;aoG;puf½HkwnfaqmufzkdY ajrjyif w,f}} [k ¤if;uqkdonf/
„
¤if;uqkdonf/
&J&Gma&tm;vQyfppfpuf½HkwGif
r*¾g0yf 200 pD xkwv
f yk Ef idk o
f nfh puf
av;vH;k jzifh yHrk eS v
f nfywfaomfvnf;
,cka&enf;csdefwGif trsm;jynfol rEÅav;? azazmf0g&D 5
rEÅav;NrdKUawmfwGif yGifhvif;
vQyfppfrD;oHk;pGJonfhtcsdefay:rlwnf
NyD; pufwpfv;kH rSo;kH vH;k xd vnfywfrI &moDjzpfojzifh tdrf? NcH? ajraps;
&dSaMumif; vQyfppfESifh pufrIvufrI uGufjyefvIyfvmaomfvnf; 2010
0efBuD; a'gufwmjrifhMuLuqkdonf/ jynfhESpfwGif jzpfay:cJhaom tjrifhqHk;
]]t&ifvdk av;vHk;vHk;wpfNydKif ajrayguf a ps;atmuf ,ck u mv
f ed ;f 100 avsmh
wnf; rvnfwt
hJ wGuf r*¾g0yfawmh aygufaps;rSm aiGusyo
tjynfhr&bl;/ rD;tvSnfhuspepfoHk; vsu&f adS Mumif; rEÅav;NrdKU ref;ajr&mZm
jyD; rD;ay;zkdYavmufxd enf;wmvnf; tdrf? NcH? ajrtusKd;aqmifukrÜPD
r[kwfawmh toHk;rsm;vmwJhtcsdef vkyfief;&SifOD;ausmf0if;u The Voice
rS m wpf v H k ; xyf v nf v k d u f w ,f / Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
tqdkyg ajraps;,cifuJhodkY
'gaMumifh wpfvHk;eJY wpfvHk;wkd;xkwf
h ;kH aps;EIe;f odYk ra&muf&jcif;rSm
wJh tcgrSm rD;tm;aqmifhwufrIrjzpf tjrifq
atmifvkdYaqmif&GufwJhtcg rD;ysuf rEÅav;NrdKU ausmufaps;uGuf ta&mif;
wmawmhjzpfygw,f}}[k¤if;uqko
d nf/ t0,fat;jcif;? um;aps;uGufysuf
jcif;wkdYaMumifh pD;yGm;a&;orm;rsm;
,if;odYk a&tm;acRwmum &J&mG
a&tm;vQyf p pf x k w f v k y f r I a Mumif h aiGyHkatmay;0,fjcif;r&SdawmhbJ aps;
aEG&moDwGif trsm;jynfolokdYjzefYa0 uGufxJr0ifvmEkdifjcif;aMumifhjzpf
"mwfykH-rkd;ausmf
&mwGit
f vSnu
hf s tcsed t
f wGi;f tjynfh aMumif; OD;ausmf0if;uqdkonf/
2010 jynfhESpfü rEÅav;wGif usyfodef; 1800xd? vrf;ay:wifay rEÅav;NrdKU tdrf? NcH? ajraps;uGuf aqmif0dkif;rS a':csKduqdkonf/
t0ay;Ekid rf nfjzpfaMumif;vnf; ¤if;u
rEÅ a v;Nrd K U csrf ; jrompnf
jrifw
h ufcahJ om ajraps;EIe;f rSmNrdKUwGi;f (40_60) wpfuGufvQif usyfodef; rsm; jyefvnfvIyfcwfum umv
qufvufajymMum;onf/
]]a&SUavQmufr;D u awmufavQmuf vrf;Mum; ayusOf;ay (30_50) aomif;*Pef;xd? pufrINrdKUopfMum; aygufaps;usaomfvnf; 0,fvuf NrdKUe,f&Sd wefzdk;enf;tdrf&mpDrHudef;
f rSw(f rr)ESihf (qq)
ysufawmhrSmqkdawmh qDpm;oufom wpfuGufvQif usyfodef; 7000 xd? uGufay (40_60) wpfuGufvQif rsm;rSm ,cifuJhodkY tvHk;t&if;ESifh teD;&Sd tuGut
G v
f Qif usyfodef; 800 cefYxd aps;EIef;rsm;&SdcJh 0ifa&mufvmjcif;r&Sdao;aMumif; rsm;rSm ,cifvu odef; 350 txd
wJrh ;D puf aemufwpfv;kH xyf0,fxm;& 78 vrf; ay (30_60) wpfuu
ac:aps;&SdcJh&mrS ,ckazazmf0g&DvrS
w,f}} [k NrdKYwGif;&dStifwmeufqkdif usyfodef; 7000 ausmfrS usyfodef; aMumif; rEÅav;NrdKU pdrf;Ektdrf? NcH? a':csKduqdkonf/
d m
d qdo
k nf/
]]rEÅav;NrdKU ,ckESpfajrayguf pwifí ode;f 450 txdac:aps;&Su
aomif;*Pef;xd? NrdKUopfBuD;Mum; ajr0dik ;f rS tusK;d aqmifa':csKu
ydkif&Sifu ajymqkdonf/
,ck a zazmf 0 g&D v rS p wif í aps;usw,fomajymwmyg/ omref 0,fvuftrsm;qHk;Munfhonfh ae&m
aeYcif;wGifvQyfppfrD;&&dSrIrSm uGufay (40_60) wpfuGufvQif
d xyfraH jymqdo
k nf/
vlwef;pm;awG awmf½HkeJYruyfEkdifwJh jzpfaMumif; a':csKu
vGecf o
hJ nfEh pS v
f cefYu tuGuf
ajraps;awGygyJ/ uRefawmfwkdYawGu
awmh ajraps;usav tdrfykdifeJY aeEkdif trSwf (00) (vv) tuGufrsm; ay
zdkY tcGifhta&;&SdvmzdkY arQmfvifhvkdY (40_60) Mum;uGuf wpfuGufvQif
&vmavayghAs}} [k rEÅav;NrdKUcH aiGusyfodef; 700 aygufaps;&SdcJhNyD;
f ed ;f 450 txd csa&mif;cJah omf
csrf;jrompnfNrdKUe,f jr&nfeE´m aiGusyo
&yf u G u f a e touf 35 ES p f c ef Y vnf; ta&mif;t0,fjzpfcjhJ cif;r&Sad y/
,ck Zefe0g&Dv yxrywfcefY
OD;vSa&Tuqkdonf/
wefzdk;enf;tdrf&mpDrHudef;ESifh rSpwifí ,if;ukefwifum;BuD;0if;
rEÅav;? azazmf0g&D 1
ukefwifum;BuD;*dwf ajymif;a&TUrnfh teD;&Sd tuGuftrSwf (vv) (00)
rEÅav;NrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD (MCDC) u NrdKUwGif;&Sd ukefwif*dwfrsm;ESifh okH;weftxuf
pDrHudef;rsm;aMumifh tdrf? NcH? ajr rsm;tm; ay (40_60) Mum;uGuf
,mOfrsm;udk pnfyifom,mOya't& pwifta&;,lawmhrnfjzpfaMumif; rEÅav;NrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;
G v
f Qif aiGusyo
f ed ;f 850 txd
aps;rsm; ,ckazazmf0g&DvrSpwifí wpfuu
aumfrwD (MCDC) \ Zefe0g&Dv 31 &ufaeYxkwfjyefcsuft&od&onf/
l su&f NdS yD; vrf;ay:wif
jyefvIyfvsuf&SdaMumif; ref;ajr&mZm aps;ay;0,f,v
,if;xkwfjyefcsufwGif NrdKUwGif;rSukefwifum;*dwfrsm;onf rEÅav;NrdKUawmf pnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD
tdrf? NcH? ajrtusKd;aqmifukrÜPD ay (40_60) wpfuGufvQif aiGusyf
u topfaqmufvkyfNyD;jzpfonfh jynfBuD;r*Fvmukefwif,mOf&yfem;pcef; (pG,fawmf) odkY azazmf0g&Dv 5
ode;f 1500 txd aps;ay;0,f,v
l suf
ydkif&Sif OD;ausmf0if;u qdkonf/
&ufaeYrS 15 &ufaeYtwGif; ajymif;a&TU&rnfjzpfum owfrSwf{&d,mtwGif; okH;wefESifh txuf,mOfrsm;
rEÅav;NrdKU NrdKUopfwGif NrdKUopf &S d a Mumif ; rEÅ a v;td r f ? NcH ? ajr
0ifa&mufygu pnfyifOya't&ta&;,lrnfjzpfaMumif; azmfjyyg&Sdonf/
BuD;ESihf pufrNI rdKUopf[k ESpyf dkif;&Sd&m aps;uGuftwGif;rS od&Sd&onf/
]]Zefe0g&Dv 16 &ufaemufydkif; ta&;,lrSmyg/ ukefwif*dwfawGu owfrSwf&uftwGif; ajymif;a&TUzGifh
,if;ajraps;rsm;ESihfywfoufí
NrdKUopfBuD;&Sd tuGuftrSwf (ww)?
vSpfjcif;r&Sd&if pnfyifOya't& ta&;,lrSmyg/ b,fvdkta&;,lr,fqdkwmawmh tJ'D&ufra&mufao;wJh
(PP)wdkYrSm ta&mif;t0,fjzpfae tqkdygjr&nfeE´m&yfuGuf tuGuf
twGuf twdtusajymvdkYawmhr&ao;bl;}} [k rEÅav;NrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD (MCDC) tcGef
NyD; Mum;uGuaf y(40_60) wpfuu
G f trSwf rr(6)xJ&dS ykid &f iS Of ;D at;ausmf
Xme XmecGJrSL;u The Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
vQif odef; 1500 txd aygufaps;&Sd ukdar;jref;&m ]]ck&ufykdif;0,fzkdY vm
]]wm;jrpfxm;wJhae&mawGrSm okH;weftxuf,mOfawG0if&ifawmh vuf&SdumvrSm 'PfaiGoHk;aomif;
aMumif;? vrf;ay:wifay 40? 60 ar;wJholawG&Sdvmw,f/ aps;vnf;
usyfay;aqmifNyD; ,mOfudkjyefvTwfygw,f/ 'gu t&ifowfrSwfxm;wJhvrf;aMumif;t&yg/ tckxkwfjyefwJh
wpfuGufvQif odef; 3000 ausmfrS ay;vmw,f/ 'gayrJh uRefawmfu
vrf;aMumif;u topfqakd wmh olY&ufuvnf;ra&mufao;awmh ajymvdYk r&ao;ygbl;}} [k ¤if;u azazmf0g&Dv
od e f ; 12ç000 txd a yguf a ps;&S d awmh xkwrf a&mif;ao;bl;/ ckpnfyif
1 &ufaeYwGif The Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
f uGuaf wGudk 0ef;cwf?
aMumif;? tqdkygNrdKUopfBuD;ajraps; uvnf; rdryd idk t
NyD;cJo
h nfh 2012 ckEpS f Zlvidk v
f 23 &ufaeYu ukew
f ifum;*dwv
f yk if ef;&Sirf sm;ESihf MCDC tcGeXf merSL;wdYk
rSm ,cifuwnf;u aps;EIef;usoGm; taqmufttkaH qmufzYdk owif;pmxJ
awGUqHkrIjyK&mwGif *dwfvkyfief;&Sifrsm;u topfaqmufrnfh ukefwif,mOf&yfem;pcef;0if; tcef;cudk usyfodef;
jcif;r&Sb
d J ta&mif;t0,fat;ae&mrS ygvmw,fav}}[k jyefvnfajzMum;
250 ESifh usyfodef; 300 qdkygu0,f,lEkdifNyD; usyfwpfodef;cGJqdkygu iSm;&rf;EkdifaMumif;wifjycJhonf[k
jyefta&mif;oGufum aps;jrifhvm onf/
tqkdyg*dwf vkyfief;&Sifrsm;xHrS od&onf/
„
aMumif; pdrf;Ek tdrf? NcH? ajrtusKd;
„

ajraps;jyefvIyfaomfvnf; tjrifUqHk;aygufaps;atmuf odef; 100 avsmU

rEåav;NrdKYwGif;ukef*dwfrsm;ESifU okH;weftxuf,mOfrsm;udk
pwifta&;,lrnf

17

VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

oa&acwÅ&m ysLNrdKYa[mif;jyKjyifxdef;odrf;a&; ESpfveD;yg;Mumaqmif&Gufrnf
jynf? azazmf0g&D 5

cl;wkdif;a'oBuD;taemufydkif; jynfNrdKUrS ig;rdkifcefYtuGmwGifwnf&Sdaom oa&acwå&mysL,Ofaus;rI tarGtESpfe,fajrwGif;&Sd a&S;a[mif;taqmufttHkrsm;ESifh Zkefae&mrsm;jyKjyifxdef;odrf;jcif;
vkyfief;rsm;ukd Zefe0g&Dv 30 &ufrSpí ESpfvMumaqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; a&S;a[mif;okawoeenf;ynmausmif; 'kwd,ausmif;tkyfBuD;OD;ndrf;vGifu ajymMum;onf/
dS ajctaeudk ¤if;u a[mif;okawoe enf;ynmausmif; tzJGUrS 'kwd,OD;pD;rSL; OD;rsKd;Zif0if;u enf;ynmausmif;xHrS od&onf/
wl;azmfNyD;cJhaom eef;awmf&m w,f}} [k vuf&t
jynfNrdKUrS ig;rdik t
f uGmwGi&f adS om
'kwd,ausmif;tkyf OD;ndrf;vGifu ajymMum;onf/
ukef;ESifh tjcm;ukef; 52 ukef;tyg qkdonf/
oa&acwå&m ysLNrdKUa[mif;wGif oa&acwå&m ysL,Ofaus;rItarG
2011-2012 ckESpfu wl;azmf ajymMum;onf/
t0if a&S;a[mif;taqmufttHkrsm;
NrdKUay:wGif um;ckepfpD;jzifh 3 &mpk0ef;usifu rD;avmifysufpD;cJh tESpfe,fajrwGif at'Dig;&mpkcefYu
jyKjyifxdef;odrf;a&;vkyfief;rsm;udk xde;f odr;f a&;vkyif ef;rsm;udk aemufq;kH
I o
f rd ;f aeaomfvnf; trdu
I o
f rd ;f onfh taxmuftxm;rsm;&Sdaom xGef;um;cJhaom ysLNrdKUa[mif;wnf&Sd
Ekid if aH wmf\ nTeMf um;csujf zihf Zefe0g&D jyKvkyfcJhaMumif;? a&S;a[mif; tarG trdu
k ;l azmfxm;NyD; xde;f odr;f csdefwGif taMumif;trsKd;rsKd;aMumifh aMumihf 3 &mpkrwkdifcifuwnf&SdcJh NyD; NrdKU½dk;? usKH;ESifhtwl eef;awmf&m?
v 30 &ufaeYrSpwifaqmif&Gufae tESprf sm;udw
aMumif; ¤if;ujznfph u
G af jymMum;onf/ rIr&Sdygu ysufpD;rnfjzpfaMumif; roGefMubJ nbufvlta&mufenf; yHk&SdNyD; vuf&SdwGif ,if;NrdKUa[mif; bmoma&;qdik &f m taqmufttHrk sm;?
f xyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/ aom ae&mrsm;wGif trdIufxkyfrsm; tygt0if [efvif;ESifh AdóEdk;ysLNrdKU '*Fg;rsm;? qif;wkawmfrsm;? ysLuacsonf
]]vkyfom; ckepfq,fausmfeJY OD;ndr;f vGiu
urÇmt
h arGtESppf m&if;wifoiG ;f cd;k ypfrrI sm;&Sad eaomaMumifh apmifzh rf; a[mif;rsm;udkurÇmh,Ofaus;rI tarG t½kyrf sm;ESihf a&TayvTmrsm;udk wl;azmf
jyKjyifxdef;odrf;a&;vkyfief;awGudk
vk y f a ewmyg/ vk y f o m;awG u &ef BudK;pm;aeaom oa&acwå&m ysL ae&aMumif;? a&S;a[mif;e,fajrjzpf tESpfpm&if;wifoGif;&ef aqmif&Guf awGU&Scd ahJ om a&S;a[mif;e,fajrwpfck
I f onft
h wGuf trdu
I rf ypf&[kowfrw
S f aevsu&f adS Mumif; a&S;a[mif;okawoe vnf;jzpfonf/
,leufpudu
k vmwke;f u wGv
J yk v
f m ,Ofaus;rItarGtESpef ,fajrwGif trdu
„jrwfEdk;cif
k v
f yk rf Irsm; xm;aomfvnf; ,ciftcsdefrsm;u
wJo
h al wGygyJ/ jyKjyifrrG ;f rHa&;rSmvnf; pGeYfypfrrI sm;ESihf ausmufxw
olwYt
kd jyif OD;pD;t&m&Sad wG? vufaxmuf aMumifh a&S;a[mif;e,fajrywf0ef;usif vnf; xdktrdIufrsm;udk &Sif;ay;cJh&
nTefrSL;awGvnf; BuD;Muyfay;aeyg xdcdkufrnfudk pdk;&drfae&aMumif; a&S; aMumif; NrdKUe,fpnfyifom,ma&;

0efwifoabFmysuf q,f,l&&Sd
[oFmw? azazmf0g&D 5

qif'Hk;a&vkyfom;or*¾ rSwfyHkwif
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 5

{&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD; rtlyif
c½dik f anmifwek ;f NrdKUe,f qif';kH aus;&Gm
a&vkyo
f m;rsm;pkpnf;Ny;D 0rf;a&;twGuf
at;csrf;pGm &SmazGpm;aomufEdkif&ef
qif';kH a&vkyo
f m;or*¾ukd Zefe0g&Dv
24 &ufaeYu zGUJ pnf;cJu
h m Zefe0g&Dv
30 &ufaeYwiG f rtlyifoYkd oGm;a&muf
rSwyf w
kH ifcahJ Mumif; a&vkyo
f m;rsm;udk
ulnDaqmif&Gufay;aeolwpfOD;u
ajymMum;onf/
aiGaMu;csKdUwJhaom tif;a&

vkyfom;rsm;onf aiGaMu;tiftm;
&SNd yD; tpd;k &½H;k rsm;udk 0ifxu
G Ef ikd af om
avvHatmif tif;olBuD;rsm; tEdkif
txufjyKjcif;udk tESpf 20 cefY cg;pnf;
cH c J h & aMumif ; ? tif ; ol B uD ; rsm;\
'Pfudk wpfOD;csif;&ifqdkifjcif;xuf
pkaygif;&ifqdkif&ef &nf&G,fí qif'Hk;
a&vkyo
f m;or*¾zUJG pnf;jcif;jzpfaMumif;
a&vkyfom; OD;0if;aZmfuqdkonf/
w&m;0if t rnf a yguf t if ;
r[kwfonfh {&m0wDjrpfaumacsmif;

tif;udk teD;&Sd tif;avvHatmifxm;
olwpfO;D wnf;u vuf0g;Bu;D tkyx
f m;í
a&vkyif ef;rdom;pkrsm; pm;0wfaea&;
cufcJae&aMumif; a&vkyfom;rsm;udk
tultnDay;aeol OD;oefYZifuqdo
k nf/
vuf&Sdor*¾wGif trIaqmif
ckepfOD;tygt0if a&vkyfom; 37 OD;
0if a &muf x m;NyD ; jzpf a Mumif ;
OD;0if;aZmfu ajymMum;onf/
]]b,fvykd jJ zpfjzpf rSwyf w
kH if&zdYk
BudK;pm;oGm;r,f}}[k ¤if;uqdo
k nf/„

rkH&Gmukefpnf'kdif pnf;rsOf;tcsKdY jyifqif
rkH&Gm? Zefe0g&Dv 31

rkH&Gmukefpnf'kdiftoif;BuD;\
toif;tzGUJ rSww
f rf;ESifh pnf;rsO;f tcsKUd
ukd trsm;qE´jzihf jyifqifowfrw
S cf hJ
aMumif; rkH&Gmukefpnf'kdiftoif;0if
ukeo
f nf? yGpJ m;trsm;pkuajymMum;onf/
vuf&jdS yifqifcahJ om pnf;rsO;f
tcsKUd rSm toif;0ifvyk if ef;&Siw
f pfO;D u
tjcm;vkyfief;&SifwpfOD;xHokdY toif;
0ifrSwfykHwifuwfjym; vTJajymif;cGifh
r&Sjd cif;ukd jyefvnfvTJajymif;cGihfjyKcJh
aMumif;? ,cifpnf;rsO;f wGif toif;
BuD;tm; trsm;qE´t& zsufodrf;cGifh

&So
d nftpm; pnf;rsO;f topfwiG zf suf
odrf;cGifhr&SdaMumif; jyefvnfjyifqif
cJhjcif;ESifh jypf'PfowfrSwfjcif;wGif
emrnfysupf m&if;aMunmí qufpyf
tzGJUtpnf;rsm;xHay;ykdY taMumif;
Mum;jcif; jypf'Pfxyfwkd;xnfhoGif;
cJhaMumif; ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
]]pnf;rsO;f topfawG twnfjyK
Ekid zf dYk ukefpnf'kdif&JU aMumfjimbkwfrSm
10 &uf a vmuf aMumf j imcJ h N yD ; rS
uefYuu
G w
f o
hJ rl &Sw
d t
hJ wGuf twnf
jyKNyD; ajymif;vJcw
hJ myg}}[k rk&H mG ukepf nf

'kid t
f rIaqmiftzGUJ 0ifwpfO;D u qko
d nf/
toif;0ifrSwfykHwifuwfjym;
vTJajymif;a&mif;cscGifh jyKay;onfh
twGuf xkdufoihfwJhcHpm;rIrsm; &&Sd
vmrnfjzpfaMumif; trIaqmiftzGJU0if
wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
rk&H mG NrKUd ukepf nf? yGpJ m;? pufyidk f
rsm; r[muxdeaf wmftoif;ukepf nf
'kdifukd 1991 ckESpfwGif pwifwnf
axmifcJhNyD; rkH&Gmum;av;uGif;teD;
ukefonfvrf;wGif wnf&Sdonf/
„ukdouf(rkH&Gm)

"mwfykH-aerif;xuf

{&m0wDjrpftwGif; [oFmw
NrdKUe,f om,mat;&GmteD; epfjrKyf
aeaom 0efwifoabFmysufwpfpif;
udk azazmf0g&Dv 3 &ufaeYu q,f
,l&&SdaMumif; ,if;a'ocHrsm;xHrS
pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
tqkdygoabFmacgif;ydkif;wGif
ENERGY qkdonfh pmom;ESifh yJhydkif;
wG i f ENERGY RANGOON qk d
onfh pmom;rsm;awGU&Sd&NyD; bdGKifvm
pepfjzifh armif;ESifaoma&S;acwf
oabF m ysuf w pf p if ; jzpf a Mumif ;
oabF m q,f , l c J h a om a&T b k d N rd K U
ausmufajrmif;a&bk&if a&ikyftzGJUrS
OD;ausmfEkdifu ajymMum;onf/
a&ik y f t zG J U om; 10 OD ; jzif h
2012 ckESpf Ekd0ifbmv 2 &ufaeYrS
pwifq,f,lcJhNyD; azazmf0g&Dv 3
&ufaeYwGif a&rsufESmjyifay:odkY

tNyD;owfq,f,lEkdifcJhaMumif; ,if;
a&ikyftzGJUxHrS od&onf/
tvsm; 85 ay? teH 16 ay?
aZmufajcmufaycefY&Sd ,if;oabFm
onf a&S;acwf0efqo
JG nfo
h abFmysuf
jzpfNyD; ESpftwdtusrcefYrSef;Ekdifao;
aMumif; a&t&if;tjrpfEiS hf jrpfacsmif;
rsm; zGUH NzdK;wk;d wufa&;OD;pD;Xme c½dik rf LS ;
OD;vSodef;uajymMum;onf/
tqkdygoabFmysuf q,f,l
&&Sdonhf ae&mteD;wGif vGefcJhonfh
ESpf 50 cefYu r,fArmc&D;onfwif
ESpfxyfoabFmepfjrKyfcJhjcif;aMumifh
c&D ; onf 50 ausmf a oqH k ; cJ h N yD ;
oabF m ud k j yef v nf q ,f , l & &S d z l ;
aMumif; ,if;jzpf&yfudk od&SdcJhaom
[oFmwNrdKUe,f pdeaf wmifBuD;aus;&Gm
rS touf 75 ESpft&G,f OD;pHwifu
ajymqkdonf/
„aerif;xuf

e,fjcm;apmifUwyft&m&SdESifU jr0wDa'ocHtcsKdY ajr,mydkifqkdifrItjiif;yGm;
jr0wD? Zefe0g&D 31

xkdif;-jrefrm e,fpyfukefoG,fa&;wGif
tcsuftcsmusonfh jr0wDNrdKU trSwf (4)
ajreDuek ;f wk;d csJU&yfuu
G af e a'ocH 200 ausmf
ESifh jr0wDtajcpkduftrSwf (907) e,fjcm;
apmihfwyf&if;rS AkdvfrSL;BuD;odef;aZmfrif;wdkY
ajr,mydkifqkdifrI tjiif;yGm;vsuf&SdaMumif;
jr0wDNrdKUe,f taxGaxGtkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;½Hk;rS
pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
jr0wDNrdKU trSwf (4) ajreDukef; wkd;csJU
&yfuu
G &f dS ajr{u 30 cefYukd e,fjcm;apmifw
h yf
t&m&Sdu rdrdykdifajr[kqdkum ,if;&yfuGuf

twGif;&Sd vlaetdrfrsm;udk z,f&Sm;ckdif;vsuf
&SdaMumif; ,if;&yfuGuftwGif;aexkdifvsuf
&Sdol OD;0if;jrifhuajymMum;onf/
tqdkygwkd;csJU&yfuGufudk 2004 ckESpfu
ajrvGwfajr½dkif;[kqdkum tpdk;&u ckwfxGif
&Si;f vif;aecGijhf yKojzifh &yfuu
G o
f pfwnfum
aexkdif&jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqufvuf
ajymMum;onf/
]]e,fjcm;apmifht&m&Sdu ,cif ESpf 30
pdkufysKd;cGifh *&efudkydkifqkdifxm;wmjzpfr,f/
olurpdkufawmh tpdk;&u ajrvGwfajr½dkif;

qdkNyD; aecGihfay;vkdufwm/ ajraps;wufawmh
oljyefvckd siw
f ,f/ &Gmom;awGeYJ jyóemwuf
awmhwmyJ}} [k jr0wDNrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;
OD;odef;aZmfuHu &Sif;jyonf/
tqkyd gajr,m tjiif;yGm;rIEiS yhf wfouf
í trSwf (907)e,fjcm;apmifw
h yfrS Adv
k rf LS ;BuD;
ode;f aZmfrif;udk qufo,
G af r;jref;&m]]uReaf wmf
wdYk {u 30 pvH;k jyefawmif;wm r[kwyf gbl;/
10 {uudk aexkdifcGifhjyKxm;w,f/ Oya'
twkid ;f yJ &ifqidk o
f mG ;rSmyg}} [k ajzMum;onf/
tqkyd gajr{u 30 ausmf &yfuu
G t
f wGi;f

wGif tdrfajc 50 ausmfcefY&SdaMumif; ,if;
&yfuGuftwGif; aexkdifolrsm;uqkdonf/
wyfrawmftpd;k &vufxufu taMumif;
trsKd;rsKd;aMumihf odrf;,lxm;cJhaom v,f,m
ajrrsm;udk trSew
f u,frvdt
k yfygu ajrydik &f iS f
trSeftm; rnfonhftcaMu;aiGrQr,lbJ
vkyfukdifcGifhjyefay;&ef oufqdkif&mwyf&if;
wyfzGJU toD;oD;odkY nTefMum;xm;aMumif;
umuG,fa&;0efBuD;Xme ppfaxmufcsKyf½Hk;rS
wGJzufppfaxmufcsKyf AdkvfcsKyfrif;Ekdifu
ajymMum;onf/
„&Ja'G;(jr0wD)

18
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

aqGNidrf;at;? csrf;Nidrf;jzL
ESpyf g;\vufukd wpfzufwpfcsuf
wGif qGJudkifumNyHK;aysmfaeonfh
uav;rsm;? ausmif;pmtkyfrsm;xnfhxm;onfh
vG,t
f w
d u
f kd rEdik w
hf Edik o
f ,fum ajy;vTm;ckeaf yguf
aysmfjrL;aeMuonfh ausmif;ol? ausmif;om;
av;rsm;? &xm;blwm? um;rSwfwdkif? oabFm
qdyfrsm;wGif aq;vdyf? uGrf;,m? pm;p&mrkefY
tcsKdtcsOfrsm;udk vdkufvHa&mif;csum rdom;pk
wpf0rf;wpfcg;twGuf aiGaMu;&SmazGae&onfh
uav;rsm;? trIu
d v
f n
S ;f udw
k eG ;f um wpfvrf;0if
wpfvrf;xGuf trIdufvdkufodrf;&onfh uav;
rsm;ponf ponfjzifh uav;rsm;onf b0udk
auseyf aysmf&iT pf mG ? pdwt
f vdrk usrIrsm;pGmwdYk jzifh
jzwfoef;aeMu&onf/ xdkuJhodkYaom uav;
rsm;pGmwdkYtwGuf urÇmay:&Sd EdkifiHrsm;wGif
uav;rsm;aeUudk owfrSwfusif;yay;ouJhodkY
jrefrmEdkifiHüvnf; AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;arG;zGm;
cJhonfh azazmf0g&Dv 13 &ufaeYwGif uav;
rsm;twGuf yGJrsm;usif;ycJhMuonf/
jrefrmEkdifiH\ vGwfvyfa&;zcifBuD;
Adv
k cf sKyfatmifqef;udk 1915 ckEpS f azazmf0g&Dv
13 &uf paeaeYwGif a&SUaeOD;zmESifh rdcifa':pk
wkYdu arG;zGm;cJNh yD; arG;csi;f ud;k OD;teuf ti,fqHk;
jzpfonf/ 1932 ckEpS f touf 18 ESpt
f &G,w
f iG f
txufwef;atmifjrifí &efukefwuúodkvfodkY
wufa&mufcJhonf/ 1935 ckESpfwGif wuúodkvf
or*¾trIaqmifESihf or*¾rSxkwfa0aom tdk;a0
pmapmif pmwnf;tjzpf aqmif&GufcJhNyD; 1936
-37 ck E S p f ü wuú o d k v f a usmif ; om;or*¾
'kwd,Ouú|tjzpf a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufjcif;cH&
onf/ 1937-38 wGif jrefrmEdkifiHvHk;qdkif&m
ausmif;om;or*¾'w
k ,
d Ouú|tjzpf a&G;aumuf
wifajr§mufjcif;cHcJh&NyD; 1938 ckESpfü jrefrm
EdkifiHvHk;qdkif&m ausmif;om;or*¾Ouú|tjzpfrS
xGufí 'dkYArmtpnf;t½Hk;odkY 0ifa&mufum
twGif;a&;rSL;tjzpf aqmif&GufcJhonf/
1939 ckESpfwGif 'kwd,urÇmppfBuD;
jzpfyGm;vm&m jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHawmfBuD;
e,fcsJUvufatmufrS vHk;0vGwfajrmuf&rnf
[laom t"d|mefjzifh 1940 jynhfESpf Mo*kwfv
ü jynfyodkY wdwfwqdwfxGufcGmoGm;NyD;aemuf
jrefrmEdik if u
H kd vGwv
f yfa&;&ap&rnf[k uwday;
aom *syeftpdk;&\ tultnDudk,lum &Jabmf
oHk;usdyfESihftwl 1941 ckESpf 'DZifbmv 26
&ufwGif ,dk;',m; (xdkif;) EdkifiH? befaumuf
NrdKUwGif ArmhvGwfvyfa&;wyfrawmfudk zGJYpnf;
onf/ AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;BuD;rSL;a&SUaqmif
aom ArmhvGwfvyfa&;wyfrawmfonf *syef
ppfwyfrsm;ESifhtwl yl;wGJcsDwufcJhNyD; t*Fvdyf
rsm;vufatmufrS jrefrmEdkifiHudk jyefvnf&,l
EkdifcJhonf/ odkYaomf *syeftpkd;&onf uwd
rwnfbJ vlxkudk ESdyfpufn§Of;yef;rIjyKojzifh
AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;onf ArmhvGwfvyfa&;
wyfrawmfESihf wpfEdkifiHvHk;udk acgif;aqmifum
1945 ckESpf? rwfv 27 &ufwGif zufqpf*syef
wdkYudk t*FvdyfvufatmufrS vGwfvyfa&;&&Sd
ap&ef 1947 ckESpf Zefe0g&Dv 2 &ufwGif
NAdwdef? vef'efNrdKUodkYoGm;NyD; vGwfvyfa&;
twGut
f a&;qdí
k atmifqef;-tufwvDpmcsKyf
csKyfqdkcJhNyD; wpfESpftwGif; vGwfvyfa&;&ap
&rnf[k vlxkudk uwdjyKcJhonf/ AdkvfcsKyf
uwdjyKcJhonfhtwkdif; 1948 ckESpf Zefe0g&Dv
4 &ufaeYwGif vGwfvyfa&;&&SdcJhaomfvnf;
1947 ckESpf Zlvdkifv 19 &ufaeYwGif vkyfBuHcH
&NyD; uG,fvGefcJhaomaMumifh olBudK;pm;vkyf

aqmifcJhaom vGwfvyfa&;\ toD;tyGifhudk
jrifawGUcGifhr&cJh&Smay/
]]AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;udk uRefr tav;
pm;qHk;tcsufu ol[m wdkif;jynfacgif;aqmif
wpfOD;jzpfayr,fh rmefrme0ifh<um;rIr&Sdbl;/
tckacwfvlawG&JUoabmu udk,fhrSm tmPm
vkyfydkifcGifh wpfckck&SdvmNyDqdk&if rmefrmeawG
&SdvmMuNyD/ AdkvfcsKyfuawmh tJvdkr[kwfbl;/
oltouf&iS w
f ek ;f rSm olwwfEikd o
f rQ taumif;qHk;
BudK;pm;NyD; vkyfay;cJhw,f/ olvkyfBuHcH&wJh
tcsdefu ajymr,fqdk&if i,fi,fav;yJ&Sdao;
w,f/ tJ'DtcsdefrSmqHk;oGm;awmh vlawG&JU
pdwx
f rJ mS ESajrmwma&m? 'Dt&G,af v; 'Davmuf
awmif vkyfEdkifcJhw,faygh/ NyD;awmh]AdkvfcsKyfom
rusqHk;bJeJY&SdcJh&if igwdkYjrefrmEkdifiH} qdkwJh
pdwfrsKd;vnf; vlBuD; vli,ftm;vHk;&JUpdwfxJrSm
tenf;eJYtrsm;&SMd uw,f/ Adv
k cf sKyfu jrefrmEdik if H
twGuf tpm;xdk;vdkYr&wJh acgif;aqmifwpfOD;
yg}} [k ukrÜPD0efxrf;wpfOD;jzpfol touf
26 ESpft&G,f rZifa0vif;u AdkvfcsKyfESifh
ywfoufí ajymqdkonf/
vmrnfh 2013 ckESpf azazmf0g&Dv 13
&ufaeYonf Adv
k cf sKyfatmifqef;\ 98 ESpjf ynhf
arG;aeYjzpfonf/ xko
d Ykd jrefrmvlxw
k pf&yfv;kH \
av;pm;twk,zl ,
G af umif;aom? pmaytEkynm
udk jrwfEdk;avaom? jrefrmEdkifiHvGwfvyfa&;
twGuf EdkifiHa&;wGif b0udkepfjrKyfxm;av
aom? rdom;pkEiS hf jynfojl ynfom;rsm;tay:wGif
apwemarwåmw&m; BuD;rm;avaom? tepfem
cHwwfNyD; acgif;aqmifpdwftjynfht0&Sdaom
AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;udk av;pm;*kPfjyKaom
tm;jzifh AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;\arG;aeYudk trSD
jyKum azazmf0g&D 13 &ufaeYudk uav;rsm;
aeY[k owfrSwfcJhMuavonf/
uav;rsm;aeUtjzpf AdkvfcsKyfarG;aeY
jzpfonfh azazmf0g&D 13 &ufaeYudk owfrSwf
cJhMuaomfvnf; jrefrmEkdifiHwGif uav;rsm;aeY
udk ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm tarhavsmhcHjzpfaecJhonf/
uav;rsm;aeYudk tpkd;&ausmif;rsm;ü usif;y
jcif;r&SdbJ AdkvfcsKyfarG;aeU usif;yjcif;ESihftwl
trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyf (NLD) wGifom
usif;ycJhonf/
]]uav;rsm;aeY (Adv
k cf sKyaf rG;aeY)udk 1996
ckEpS u
f wnf;pNyD; ESpw
f idk ;f usi;f ycJw
h ,f/ 'DEpS rf mS
uav;pmayNydKifyGJawG? ÓPf&nf N yKd i f y G J a wG
usif;yzdYk &ydS gw,f}} [k NLD ynma&;uGe&f ufrS
tzGJU0ifjzpfol OD;odef;vGifu ajymqdkonf/
uav;rsm;aeYudk ESpfpOfusif;yjcif;jzifh
uav;i,frsm;onf AdkvfcsKyfESihfywfoufí
wkid ;f jynfwpfjynf\ pHjyjzpfNyD; av;pm;twk,l
p&maumif;aom vlwpfa,muftaMumif; od&Sd
*kP,
f w
l wfrnfjzpfaMumif; tqkyd guav;rsm;
aeY usif;ya&;wGif yg0ifaqmif&GufolwpfOD;
jzpfol NLD ygwD A[dt
k rsK;d orD;vkyif ef;tzGUJ 0if
a':vJhvJhuolUtjrifudk ajymqkdonf/
]]'Duav;rsm;aeYrmS Adv
k cf sKyfocD sif;jzpfwhJ
tm&Sol&Jaumif;oDcsif;qdkNydKifyGJ&,f? AdkvfcsKyf
rdefYcGef;NydKifyGJ&,f usif;yrSmyg/ uav;awGu
NLD ynma&;uGef&ufu uav;awG&,f?
tjyifu uav;awG&,f tpHk0ifNydKifMurSmyg/
touf 12 ESpfatmufuav;awG NydKifMur,f/
AdkvfcsKyfrdefYcGef;NydKifyGJrSmqdk&if rdefYcGef; oHk;ck
ay;xm;wJhtxJu uav;awGNydKif&rSmyg}} [k
¤if;u uav;rsm;aeYusif;yrnfhtaMumif;
ajymjyonf/

ajrmufOuúvm&Sd tarhtdrf ynm'ge
pmoifausmif;wGifvnf; 2011 ckESpf azazmf
0g&D v 13 &uf a eYu uav;rsm;aeYud k
usi;f ycJah vonf/ ausmif;om;? ausmif;olav;
rsm; ynm&nfwdk;wufrI ÓPfprf;NydKifyGJrsm;
usif;ycJhNyD; AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;yHkwl yef;csD?
oif½dk;uAsm&Gwf o½kyfazmfESifh atmifqef;
Zmenf uAsm&Gwf o½kyaf zmfNydKifyrJG sm; usif;yNyD;
qkrsm;csD;jr§ifhcJhaMumif; tGefvdkif;pmrsufESm
rsm;wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
]]'DuaeYudk uav;rsm;aeYvdkY bmvdkY
owfrSwfvJqdkwm ajymjycsifygw,f/ tarwdkY
EdkifiHu uav;awGu rSefrSefuefuef pOf;pm;
wwfzYkd b,fvjkd zpfoihw
f ,f? b,fvpkd w
d "f mwf
rsKd;xm;oihfw,fqdkwmudk em;vnfatmifvdkY
'DaeYudk uav;rsm;aeYtjzpf owfrSwfwmyg/
tck 'DuAsmav;rSmqd&k if BuBhH uchH ikd w
f ZhJ menfbmG ;
qdkwmrSm Zmenfqdkwm tmZmenfuaevmwm
tmZmenfqdkwm rlvt"dyÜm,ft&? tdE´d,u
vmwJh t"dymÜ ,ft& ajym&&if rsK;d ½d;k aumif;w,f
qdkwJh t"dyÜm,f&Sdw,f/ 'gayrJh wcsKd U u
rsKd;½dk;qdkwm tvG,fpOf;pm;vdkufvdkY&Sd&ifawmh
rdb? rdom;pkaumif;w,f jrihw
f ,fvdkY owfrSwf
Muw,f/ tarwdkY wu,hf tmZmenf wu,hf
rsKd;½dk;aumif;w,fqdkwm pdwfxm;rSefuefNyD;
pdwfxm;jzLpifjrihfjrwfwJh yk*dK¾ vfvdkY 'DvdkyJ tar
wdYku owfrw
S w
f ,f/ 'gaMumihrf YkdvYkd uav;rsm;
aeYudk AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;arG;aeYrSmvkyfw,f
qdkwm uav;rsm;u wu,fudk jrihfjrwfwJh
pdwfxm;awGxm;EdkifatmifvdkY jzpfw,f}} [k
a':atmifqef;pkMunfu ajymMum;cJhonf/
]]uav;awGu uav;rsm;aeYudk vmvdkY
&Sd&if rkefYpm;&r,f/ vufaqmifav;awG&r,f/
NydKifyGJav;awG0ifr,f/ 'Dvdkaysmfwmvnf;
rSefygw,f/ tNrJyJpOf;pm;&rSmu bmjzpfvdkY
uav;awG u d k 'D v k d a ysmf a tmif vk y f o vJ
qdkwmu uav;awGudk aysmfatmifvkyfNyD;awmh
trSefajym&&if rSefrSefuefuef oifay;csifvdkY/
ausmif;udkoGm;&&if aysmfwJhuav;awG&Sdw,f/
ausmif;oGm;wmaysmfMu&JUvm;/ wcsKdUuvnf;
aysmf w ,f / wcsKd U uvnf ; raysmf b l ; /
ausmif;oGm;wmaysmfrS pmoif,lvdkY&r,f/
ausmif;rSmraysmfvdkY&Sd&if pmoif,lvdkYr&bl;/
'gaMumihfrdkY tarwdkYuaeNyD;awmh uav;rsm;
aeYrS m uav;awG u d k aysmf a tmif v k y f w J h
&nf&G,fcsufuawmh uav;awGudk rSefrSef
uefuef oifcef;pmawG oifay;csifvkdYyJ/
'DvdkbmjzpfvdkY uav;rsm;aeYvkyfvJ/ uav;
awG[m b,fvdkvlBuD;awG jzpfvmapcsif
ovJqdkwmudk tarwdkYu jycsifvdkY 'Dvdkuav;
rsm;aeY vk y f & wmjzpf y gw,f / 'gaMumih f
uav;awG[m uav;rsm;aeYrSm aysmfaysmf
&Tif&TifeJYaeMuyg/ pm;&wmvnf; aumif;aumif;
pm;yg/ &wJ h v uf a qmif a wG t wG u f v nf ;
0rf;omMuyg/ NydKifyGJ0ifwJhuav;awGvnf;
qk&Muygap/ 'gayrJh b,fawmhrS rarh&r,hf
udpöuawmh 'Duav;av;awG[m wpfcsdef
wpfcgrSm tarwdkY&JUEdkifiHudk tusKd;jyK&r,hf
uav;av;awG? EdkifiHtwGuf tvkyfvkyf&r,hf
uav;awGrdkY 'Dvdktvkyfvkyf&r,hf vlBuD;awG
jzpf v m&r,f q d k w mvnf ; rarh y geJ Y }} [k
a':atmif q ef ; pk M unf u uav;rsm;uk d
OD;wnfajymMum;cJhonf/
AdkvfcsKyfarG;aeYjzpfonfh azazmf0g&Dv
13 &ufaeYudk uav;rsm;aeYtjzpf owfrSwf
&jcif;\ taMumif;udk touf 70 ausmft&G,f
OD;xGef;atmifu AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;udk *kPfjyK
vdkjcif;uvnf; wpfaMumif;? Adv
k cf sKyaf tmifqef;
uJhokdY xl;cRefonfh? wdkif;jynfcspfonfh? jynfol
twGuf tepfemcHwwfonfh acgif;aqmif
aumif;rsm; ay:xGufvmaap&ef &nf&G,fcsuf
jzif h owf r S w f c J h j cif ; jzpf E d k i f a Mumif ; ol \

tjrifudk qdkonf/
¤if;u ]]r.q.vygwDacwfu tpd;k &ausmif;
awGrSm uav;rsm;aeYqdkNyD; oD;oefYyGJawG
rvkyfcJhayr,fh yk*¾vduausmif;awGrSmawmh
ausmif;tkyfq&mBuD;rsm;u uav;rsm;aeY
tcrf;tem;awGudk pmpDpmuHk;NydKifyGJ? uAsm
&GwfqdkNydKifyGJ? tm;upm;NydKifyGJpwJh aysmfyGJ
&TifyGJawG vkyfay;w,f}} [kqdkonf/
tpdk;&opfwufvmNyD; ydkrkdyGihfvif;vm
aom ,aeYacwftcsdefwGif vGwfvyfa&;zcif
Adv
k cf sKyfatmifqef;ESifh ywfoufí vGwv
f yfpmG
ajymqkdaqG;aEG;Ekdifaomfvnf; AdkvfcsKyfarG;aeY
jzpfaom uav;rsm;aeYrSmrl arS;rdSefaeqJyif
jzpfonf/
]]uav;rsm;aeY arS;rdSefae&wmuvnf;
AdkvfcsKyfarG;aeYeJY jynfaxmifpkaeYu wtm;
uyfoGm;wmvnf;ygw,f/ jynfaxmifpkaeYu
t&ifwkef;uqkd&if wpfjynfvHk;twdkif;twmeJY
usif;ywmqdkawmh AdkvfcsKyfarG;aeYu arS;rdSef
cJhw,f/ NyD;awmh wyfrawmftpkd;&vufxuf
wpfavQmufv;kH Adv
k cf sKyef YJ ywfoufwm tm;vH;k
azsmufzsufcJhawmh ydkqdk;wmaygh}} [k jrefrm
Ekid if u
H av;rsm;aeY (Adv
k cf sKyfarG;aeY)udk vltrsm;
od&SdrIr&Sdjcif;ESifh ywfoufí touf 40
ausmft&G,f t,f'DwmwpfOD;u ajymqkdonf/
uav;rsm;aeYESifh ywfoufí vlBuD;rsm;
omru vli,frsm;tMum;pdw0f ifpm;rIenf;yg;
&jcif;rSm uav;rsm;aeYNyD; aemufwpf&ufwGif
azazmf0g&Dv 14 &ufaeYjzpfonfh A,fvef
wdkif;a'; (cspfolrsm;aeY) [k owfrSwfxm;
aomaeYukd ydí
k tm½kx
H m;Mujcif;vnf;jzpfonf/
]]azazmf0g&Dv 14 &ufaeYyJodw,f/
uav;rsm;aeYawmh rodchJbl;/ jrefrmEkdifiH
uav;rsm;aeYudk AdkvfcsKyfarG;aeY (azazmf0g&D
13 &ufaeY) rSm owfrSwfxm;w,fqdkwm
odwm rESpu
f rSow
d m/ uav;rsm;aeYqakd yr,fh
i,fi,fwkef;uwnf;u tJ'DaeYeJU ywfoufNyD;
bmrSodwmr&Sdbl;}} [k touf 23 ESpft&G,f
rcifESif;aru qdkonf/
]]uRef a wmf u awmh Ad k v f c sKyf a rG ; aeY
a&muf&if bm&,fr[kwfbl;/ vrf;avQmuf
jzpfw,f/ ajreDuek ;f uae tmZmenfArd meftxd
vrf;avQmufoGm;? vrf;avQmufjyefjzpfw,f/
tJ'gu ESpfwdkif;vkyfjzpfwmyg/ t"duuawmh
AdkvfcsKyfudk av;pm;wmeJY udk,fwwfEdkifwJh
bufu *kPfjyKMunhfwmyg/ uav;rsm;aeY
usif;ywmawmh uRefawmfrBuHKzl;bl;/ tJ'D
aeUrSm wpfEdkifiHvHk;u uav;awG aysmfatmif
vkyfay;Mu&ifawmh taumif;qHk;ayghAsm/ ckqdk
ucsifbuf? &cdkifbufu uav;awGqdk&if
aysmfp&mqdkwm bmrSef;awmifodMuyghrvm;?
uav;awG&JU obm0t& vGwfvyfjzLpifpGm
aysmfMu&wm taumif;qHk;ygyJ}} [k touf
24 ESpft&G,f udkoefYu qdkonf/
arG;uif;prS touf 12 t&G,ftxdudk
uav;[k pdwfynmwGif owfrSwfxm;NyD;
uav;rsm;twGuf i,fb0onf aemifvlBuD;
jzpfvmrnfhumvtwGuf vGefpGmyif ta&;BuD;
avonf / b0rsKd ; pH k w G i f BuH K awG U aexd k i f
ae&aom uav;rsm;onf tajccHrwl? BuD;jyif;
vm&yH k c sif ; rwl M uaomf v nf ; pd w f a t;
oufompGm aysmf&TifvdkMuonfrSm uav;wdkif;
\ qE´yifjzpfonf/ xdkYaMumifh azazmf0g&D 13
&ufaeY AdkvfcsKyfarG;aeYudk uav;rsm;aeY[k
owfrSwfNyD;onfh oumvwGif jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd
rnfonfh uav;wdkif;rqdk yg0ifcGifh&Sdrnfh
aysmf y G J & T i f y G J r sm;? Ad k v f c sKyf a tmif q ef ; ES i f h
ywfoufonfh trSwfw&rsm; jrefrmEdkifiHtESHU
usif;yjyKvkyfay;rnfqdkygu uav;wdkif;\
&ifxJwGif AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;udk tNrJtrSwf&
vsuf av;pm;tm;usaernfjzpfayonf/ „
aqGNidrf;at;? csrf;Nidrf;jzL

BUYING GUIDE
19

VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

The

Vol.9 / No.6

VOICE

February 11 - 17 , 2013

acgif;aqmifaumif;
wpfa,mufjzpfvma&;
w

jrefrmjynfaxmifpk0g' jrefrmUEkdifiHa&;\aemufqHk;tajz
qvkdif;rmef
xkwfa0wkduf - &opmtkyfwkduf? wefzdk; - 10
1000

nDxufatmif
tck a zmf j yxm;wJ h jref r m
jynfaxmifp0k g'pmwrf;u jrefrmEkid if H
rSm EkdifiHawmf&JUtkyfcsKyfa&; ,EÅ&m;
vnfywfyHkudk b,fvdkrS taxmuf
tulrjyKap½Hkomru ½IyfaxG;rIudk
omjzpfapwwfwJh tvkyfvkyf&cuf
apwwfwJh A[dkcsKyfudkifrI rjzpfrae
avQmh c s&r,f h tydkif;wcsKd U &,f ?
jynf a xmif p k pepf y D j yif v mapzd k Y
rjzpf r aejyKjyif a jymif ; vJ & r,f h
tcsufawG&,f? jynfaxmifpkpepfeJY
wpfjynf
n axmifpepf
e ac: A[dkOD;pD;

tkycf sKyfa&;pepf ESprf sK;d &JU aumif;uGuf
qdk;uGufawG&,fudk avhvmazmfjy
xm;jcif;jzpfw,fvYkd qdw
k ,f/ pma&;ol
[m ynm&Sifwpfa,muf r[kwfwm
aMumihf 'Dpmwrf;rSm tm;enf;csuf
awG&EdS idk rf mS ygvdYk vnf; zGi[
hf a&;om;
xm;w,f / jynf a xmif p k p epf u d k
½Ijrif&mrSm 'Dpmwrf;[m taxmuftul
wpfckjzpfEkdifzdkY&,f vdktyfwJh jyKjyif
ajymif;vJrI wcsKdUay:aygufap&efom
arQmfvifhw,fvdkY pma&;ol&JU qE´udk
trSmpmrSm zwf&w,f/ ]EkdifiHwpfck
wG
H m;wpfa,muf
wiaf exkid af omEkid if o
taejzif
h Ekid if w
H pfcw
k iG f yg0ifaexdik f
t
&vd
& kaom &nf&G,fcsufudkar;cJhygu
EkEddifiH\ b,ft&yfa'owGif aexdkif
onf
o j zpf a p uRef a wmh f t aejzif h
vH
k nf/ uRefawmf\
v kNcHKrIcpH m;&vdo
wpf
kd af & zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufcGifh&csif
w u,
ygw,f
/ uRef a wmf a exd k i f a om
y
a'oud
v
k nf; zGUH NzdK;wk;d wufapcsiyf g
a
onf
o ...} qd k wJ h p mom;awG u
EkEddifiHom;wpfa,muf&JU t½dk;&Sif;qHk;
qE´
kd nf;awGUjrifciG &hf apvdrfhr,f/
q uv
jref
j rmEkdifiH[m jynfaxmifpktjzpfudk
ODO;wnfqJ EkdifiHtjzpfom&Sdaeao;
aMumif
;? tmPmcGJa0yHkenf;yg;wJh
a
tjyif
t A[dkwGifom tmPmtm;vHk;
pkpxm;NyD; txufatmuf tqifhqihf
eJe Yom vnfywfwJh EkdifiHtjzpfom
&S&daeao;aMumif;vnf; pma&;olu

olY&JU tjrifudka0rQxm;w,f/ jrefrm
jynfaxmifpk0g'? wpfjynfaxmif
pepf (A[dck sKyu
f ikd rf pI epf)? jynfaxmifpk
pepf (A[dkcsKyfudkifrIavQmhcsaom
pepf)? ppfreS af om jrefrmjynfaxmifpk
ay:xGef;a&;? EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;wnf
aqmuf y H k jyóemajz&S i f ; a&;?
wkdif;a'oBuD; jynfe,ftpdk;&wif
ajr§mufcGifh&&Sda&;? tpkd;&Xmersm;tm;
cGJa0ay;a&;? zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'
wGifjyifqif&rnfh tajccHtcsuf 4
csuf? EkdifiHawmfor®w OD;odef;pdefESifh
jynfaxmifpk vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f
rsm;odkY? jrefrmEkdifiHa&;orm;rsm;?
jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;orm;rsm;odkYpwJh
taMumif;t&maygif; 10 ckausmfyg
0ifw,f/ 'Dpmtkyf&JU tESpfom& 'grS
r[kwf EkdifiHa&;tajzwpfcktjzpf
vnf; ,lqEkid w
f hJ pmom;awGukd tck
vd k z wf & ygr,f / jref r mEk d i f i H a &;
jyóemrSm A[dkcsKyfudkifrIavQmhcsa&;
omjzpfygonf/ qdkvdk&if;rSm wkdif;
a'oBuD ; ES i f h jynf e ,f r sm;tm;
vGwfvyfcGifhay;jcif;? vkyfydkifcGifhydkrdk
ay;tyfjcif; jzpfygonf/ ,if;uJhodkY
ay;tyf j cif ; onf w k d i f ; a'oBuD ; ?
jynf e ,f w pf c k \ tusKd ; pD ; yG m ;
ouf o uf r [k w f b J A[d k t wG u f
rvdkvm;tyfaom 0efxkyf0efydk;avQmh
csjcif; wpfenf;tm;jzifh BudK;eDpepfukd
avQmhcsjcif;omjzpfonf/

xkwfa0wkduf - Humanity Books
wefzdk;- 1600

rl&iff;pma&;ol atmff&efftl;&pff
(AUREN URIS) &JU How to be a
k phJ mtkyu
f kd nDxufatmif
Leader qdw

u jrefrmbmomjyefqdkxm;wmyg/
t*Fvef? tar&duefpwJh taemufwikd ;f
EdkifiHa&;? pD;yGm;a&;? vlrIa&;0ef;usif
awGudk tajccHa&;om;xm;wmrdkY
'DpmtkyfrSm wifjyxm;wJh o½kyfjy
om"uawGukd taotcsmem;rvnf
Edik af yr,fh pmzwfoal wGtzdYk oufom
vG,fulpGm em;vnfEdkifpGrf; &Sdaumif;
&Srd mS jzpfaMumif;? olYtaeeJYawmh Oyrm
om"uawG ab;csw
d Nf yD; ajymvdw
k ehJ w
D d
aqmifyk'fawGudkomcsJUxGifpOf;pm;jzpf
aMumif;? tcef;wdik ;f vdv
k rkd mS ud,
k u
hf ,
kd f
udk,f jyefppfzdkY ar;cGef;av;awGygae
vdYk pmzwfoal wGtzdYk rvdrrf nmjyefppf

aq;rd&ifuykd J 'Dpmtkyu
f kd aus;Zl;wif
&rSmjzpfaMumif; q&matmifoif;u
'Dpmtkyf&JU tESpfcsKyfudk trSmpmrSm
xnfha&;xm;ygw,f/
pHy,fjzLr*¾Zif;rSm azmfjycJhzl;wJh
aqmif;yg;awGudk pkpnf;xm;wmyg/
vlwpfOD;csif;pD&JUp½dkufeJY pdwåaA'udk
uGu
J jyJ G m;jym;odxm;r,fqkd acgif;aqmif
enf ; oH k ; enf;jzpfwJh tmPmoHk;
acgif;aqmif e nf;? 'D r d k u &uf w pf
acgif;aqmifenf;eJYtxde;f rJch gif;aqmif
enf;wdkYxJu tajctaeay:vdu
k Nf yD;
b,facgif;aqmif enf;oH;k &r,fqw
kd m
odzYkd acgif;aqmifrI enf;emedó,awG
odxm;zdkY vdkw,fvdkY bmomjyefqdk
olu qdkxm;w,f/
acgif;aqmifaumif; wpfa,muf
jzpfvma&;qdkwJh acgif;pOfeJYyJ tcef;
&SpfckcGJxm;wmjzpfNyD; acgif;pOfcaJG wGeYJ
tao;pd w f w if j yay;xm;w,f /
'DpmtkyfudkaocsmzwfNyD; rdrdudk,f
rdrd&yfum wefYum oHk;oyfrdw,f
qd&k ifyJ acgif;aqmifaumif;&JU yxrqH;k
ajcvS r f ; ud k vS r f ; rd E d k i f y gw,f v d k Y
q&matmifoif;u ñTef;qdkw,f/

owdjyKumuG,fxm;vrf;ay:rStEåå&m,frsm;
a'gufwmjrifhoef; (anmifav;yif)
xkwaf 0wku
d f - &Sirf awmifpmay? wefz;kd - 2000

acwfNydKifurÇmtxifu&yk*¾Kdvf 100-2012
wifarmifjrifU? wifUaZmfxGef;atmif
xkwfa0wkduf - Owå&vrif;? wefzdk;- 22000
000

awG U jrif a eus orm;½d k ; us
tw¬KyÜwrdå sK;d r[kwb
f J u@toD;oD;
e,fy,ft&yf&yfu xif&Sm;ausmf
Mum; txifu&yk*K¾ v
d af wG tcsi;f csif;
wpfOD;tay:wpfOD; rsufarSmufypöu©
rSonf tem*wfumvtxd a0zef
oHk;oyftuJjzwfwefzdk;oifhrIawGyg
0ifw,fvYdk qkw
d ,f/ BREAKOUTS
(azmufxGufolrsm;)? PIONEERS
(vrf;opfazmufolrsm;)? MOGULS
(ol < u,f B uD ; rsm;)? LEADERS
(acgif;aqmifrsm;)? ICONS (oauFw
½kyyf v
kH mT rsm;) qkNd yD; trsKd;tpm;ig;rsKd;
cG J j cm;xm;w,f / ouf q k d i f & m
acgif ; pOf a tmuf r S m yg0if o l a wG
aygif;vku
d &f if 100 OD;wdwd &Syd gw,f/
wifarmifjrifeh YJ wifah ZmfxeG ;f atmifwkdYu
bmomjyef qkday;xm;w,f/ 2012
ckEpS t
f wGuf acwfNydKiu
f rÇmh txifu&
yk*¾KdvfawGxJ jrefrmEkdifiH EkdifiHawmf
or®w OD;ode;f pdev
f nf; acgif;aqmif
rsm;qkw
d hJ u@atmufrmS yg0ifaewm
awGUw,f/ or®wjzpfol OD;odef;pdef
&JUtaMumif;tusOf;csKyfudk rl&if;
a&;olu jrefrmordik ;f ynm&Sief YJ pma&;
q&mjzpfwJh oefYjrifhOD;yg/ olu

or®wBuD;tay: ckvkdoHk;oyfed*Hk;csKyf
wifjyxm;w,f/ ]olatmifjrifonf
jzpfap? ratmifjrifonfjzpfap ,if;
BudK;yrf;rIrsm;onf jrefrmEkdifiH\ 55
oef ; aom jynf o l v l x k t wG u f
omru tm&Sa'owpfckvHk;twGuf
ygta&;BuD;aeygvdrrhf nf/ tu,fí
OD;odef;pdefomatmifjrifxdk;azmuf
c&D;a&mufcJhygvQif ,if;onf Nidrf;
csrf;pGmjzifh 'Drkdua&pDEkdifiHtjzpfodkY
ajymif;vJa&;twGuf rMumrDtwGif;
pH e rl e mwpf & yf j zpf v mvd r f h r nf / }
yk*K¾ dvf 100xJ csefau&Sdwf\ xdkif0rfr
rS 'Drkdua&pDbufawmfom;wpfOD;\
orD;jzpfol tvkyo
f rm;acgif;aqmifi
tD*sifyl;vnf; yg0ifwmawGUw,f/
olYudk tckvkdoHk;oyfxm;wm zwf&
ygr,f/ ]tD*spfyl;u atmufwef;
aemuf w ef ; usvG e f ; onf h "m;rr
aemufydwf acG;vlwef;pm;udk vl&m
0ifatmifpGrf;aqmifEkdifcJhjcif;yif/
pepfwpfck? acwfwpfckudk ajymif;vJ
v
vkdufjcif;yif/ olYyef;wkdifudk yl;u
'D v k d a jymjyonf / ]td r f w k d i f ; rS m
Nidrf;csrf;&r,f? w&m;rQwrI&Sd&r,f}/
urÇmeJYt0ef; olYwkdY&JUpGrf;aqmifcsuf
u

awG? t&nftcsif;awG? pDrHcefYcGJEkdifrI
awGaMumifh emrnfausmfMum;olxJ
yg0ifcJholyk*¾Kdvf 100&JUtaMumif;
tESpfcsKyf avhvmEkdifygvdrfhr,f/
½kyyf akH wGeYJwuG azmfjyay;xm;NyD; rl&if;
pma&;ol a wG & J U trnf u d k v nf ;
wpf a ,muf p D & J U taMumif ; t&m
atmufwidk ;f rSm azmfjyay;xm;w,f/

2010 jynhfESpftwGuf okw
ya'om (odyEHÜ iS hf toH;k csoyd )HÜ twGuf
pmayAdrmefpmrlqk&xm;wJhpmtkyfyg/
jrefrmEkdifiHrSmomru wpfurÇmvHk;
rSmBuHKawGUae&wJh armfawmf,mOfrsKd;
pHkwkdY&JU rawmfwqjzpf&yfawGaMumifh
vltrsm;xdcdkufaoaus'Pf&m&rI
awG? ysufpD;qHk;½IH;&rIawGudk buf
aygif;pHkua&;om;xm;wJhtjyif armf
awmf,mOfawG? vrf;awG? ,mOfeJY
vrf;pnf;urf;awG? trsm;jynfolod
&SdvkdufemoifhwJhtcsuftvufawG
udkazmfjyxm;wm[m EkdifiHtwGuf
vkdtyfaewJh ½Iaxmifhwpfckudk wifjy
xm;Edik w
f mrkYd 'Dqek YJ xu
kd w
f efw,fvYdk
,lqaMumif;vnf; 'Dpmtkyfxkwfa0
olutrSmrSmqkdxm;w,f/ armfawmf
um;? tm&Swdkuf jrefrmEkdifiHwkdYESifh
,mOftEÅ&m,f? tEÅ&m,fa&m>yef;aom
armfawmfum;vrf;rsm;? armfawmfqidk f
u,fESifh ,mOfwkdufrIrsm;? vlYcE¨m
udk,f? ed*Hk;qHk;NyD; tcef; (6)cef;ydkif;
qpfwifjyxm;w,f/ tcef;wpfcck sif;
pDwkdif;rSm oufqkdif&macgif;pOfcGJawG
eJY xyfrHjznfhpGufa&;om;xm;w,f/
ude;f *Pef;tcsut
f vufawG? aemufcH
orkdif;aMumif;awGeJYyg yHhydk;a&;xm;
wmrdYk tcsut
f vuf&,lvo
dk ?l ud;k um;
csifolawGtwGufvnf; toHk;wnfh
Edik rf ,fph mtkyrf sKd;yg/ armfawmfum;qkd
wJhtcef;rSmqkd um;rsm;ESifh urÇm?
,mOfrsm;\BuHhcdkifrI txl;owdjyK?
owdjyKygoifw
h m,m? armfawmf,mOf
vufuikd b
f ;D rSm;,Gi;f aerI? armfawmf
,mOf r sm;twG u f pd w f 0 if p m;zG , f

tcsuffjyudd&d,m? owdjd yKavQmufzf Ykd
vdyk gonf? ,mOfarmif;ESifhjrifuGif;?
tvif;tarSmifEiS rhf suv
f ;kH ? toufu,f
cg;ywf r sm;? qD p m;ouf o mapzk d Y
enf;vrf;rsm;? ,mOfaMumydwq
f YdkrEI iS hf
,mOftEÅ&m,frsm;? b&dwfrsm;udk
ppfaq;ygpwJh acgif;pOfcGJaygif; 30
eD;yg;eJYbufpHkatmif wifjyxm;w,f/
,mOftEÅ&m,frsm;jym;vSwJh NrdKUawmf
&efuek rf mS um;wufarmif;olawGtae
eJYvnf; 'Darmfawmfum;qkdwJh tcef;
atmufu acgif;pOfcaJG wG&UJ ta&;ygyH?k
tEÅ&m,fumuG,fyHkawGudk *½kwpku
d f
awG;rdMuyg&JUvm;vkYd ar;cGe;f xGufay:
vmapavmufatmif pHkpHkaphapha&;jy
xm;w,f/ A[kow
k &apEkid rf ,ft
h jyif
udk,fhtwGuftEÅ&m,fudk umuG,f
Ekid rf mS rsK;d awGyg0ifwmrkYd aqmifxm;NyD;
zwf½IoifhwJhpmtkyfrsKd;yg/

20
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

SHOP

bm*grsKd;pHk&wJU

Burger House

bm*gBudKufolawGtwGuf a&G;cs,fvkdY&atmif bm*grsKd;pHka&mif;csay;aewJh qkdifav;
wpfqkdifudk azmfjycsifygw,f/ Burger House vkdY trnfay;xm;wJh 'Dqkdifav;rSm u,fvzD ;kd eD;,m;
pwkid b
f m*g? ruúqu
D dk pwkdifbm*g? ½k&mS ;pwkid b
f m*g povkd bm*grsKd;pHktjyif tom;ESpfxyfbm*g
eJY oufowfvGwfbm*gyg a&mif;csay;aewmrdkY rwlwJhbm*gt&ompHk jrnf;prf;Munfhcsif
w,fqdkolawGeJY bm*gcspfolawG tBudKufawGUaprSmyg/ 'ghtjyif Hotdog? Pizza? aumfzD
tat;rsKd;pHktjyif xrif;yga&mif;csay;wmawGU&NyD; xrif;eJYwGJzufpm;aomufzkdY ukef;abmifBuD;
aaMumfwkdYvdk? xdkif;csOfpyf[if;csKd
wdYkvkd Menu awGvnf; trsm;tjym;
w
aa&mif;csay;wm awGU&ygw,f/
qkdiftcif;tusif;oefY&Sif;oyf&yf
q
wmawGU&NyD; qdkiftay:xyfrSmqdk
w
&&if rdom;pkawG? oli,fcsif;awG?
udk,fcspfol cifolawG oD;oefY
u
xkdifvkdY tqifajyr,fh ae&mav;
x
aawGukd 0g;tuefYav;awG 0g;ckaH v;
aawGeJY cspfpzG,f jyKvkyfxm;wm
aawGUw,f/ aps;EIef;vnf; oifhwifh
w,f q k d & ygr,f / trS w f - 36?
w
oDwmvrf;? ausmif;ajrmif;BuD;
o
G ?f wmarG NrdKUe,f? &efuek ?f
&&yfuu
zzke;f - 09-428204010 rSm Burger
H
qdw
k q
hJ idk af v;&Syd gw,f/
House

wpfcgwnf;eJh t0wfrsm;rsm;avQmfcsif&if
ck n T e f a y;csif w mu t0wf
wf a vQmf p uf
wpfvHk;yg/ LG trSwfwHqdyf jzpfNyD; FULLY
AUTO trsKd ; tpm; armf ' ,f v f - WF-T
1051 TD jzpfyg w,f/ aps;uGufxJ 7 kg,
m;
8 kg t0wf avQmfpufawG tawGUrsm;
&m uae tck t 0wf a vQmf p uf u
TURBO DRUM 10 uDvkd*&rftxd
avQmf z G y f E k d i f r S m aMumif h apmif a wG ?
jcifaxmifawG pwJh yrmPcyfrsm;rsm;;
udk wpfcgwnf; avQmfzGyfypfvkdufcsifif
olawGtwGuf tqifajyrSmrdkY txl
xl;
nTefay;vkduf&jcif;yg/
pwD ; uef t rsKd ; tpm;jzpf w mrd k Y
oHacs;wufrSmrsKd; ylp&mrvkdwJhtjyif a&pm;
oufomapwJh WATER-DETERGENT
ENT
oHk;jyK
AUTO WATER LEVEL pepfudk toH
xm;w,fvYdk ypön;f xkwfolawGu qkdw,f/
Air Dry pepf yg0ifwmrdkY t0wfawGu
udkd tajcmuf
eD;yg;txd avQmfzGyfEkdifygvdrfhr,f/ xddkif;EkdifiHxkwf
trsKd;tpm;jzpfwJh 'Dt0wfavQmfpufu avQmfpufxJ xGif;azmufjrifEkdifwJh Transparent Foldable
Window Cover udk oHk;xm; w,fvkdY qkdw,f/ usyf 230ç000 eJY Multi Generation Electronics
Wholesales Centre trSwf- 508^512? o&zDue
G 'f ?kd qdyu
f rf;omvrf;eJY ukefonfvrf;axmifh?
ausmufwHwm;NrdKUe,f? &efukef/ zkef;- 09-73240123 rSm 0,fvkdY&ygw,f/
TECH

topfjyefvnfrGrf;rHvkdufwJU
CHATRIUM u Tiger Hill
ae&mxdik cf if;tqifrh rD cD rf;crf;em;em;av;&SdwJh pm;aomufqkdifav;wpfckrSm tpm;taomuf
oHk;aqmifcsifolawG? {nfhonfudk{nfhcHauR;arG;zkdY&SdaeolawGtwGuf tjyiftqiftcif;tusif;
xl;xl;jcm;jcm; ajymif;vJrv
I yk x
f m;wJh Chatrium [dkw,fu w½kwfpm;aomufqkdifav;wpfckudk
nTefay;csifw,f/ 'D pm;aomufqidk u
f kd Ekid if w
H umtqifhrD rGrf;rHjyifqifrIawGvkyfcJhw,fvkdY qkdNyD;
xdkif;EkdifiH&JU emrnf&aqmufvkyfa&; y&dabm*eJY twGif;ydik ;f jyifqifa&;rSm emrnfausmu
f krÜPD
wpfckjzpfwJh Task Interior u wm0ef,jl yifqifay;w,fvYdk 'D[w
kd ,f&JU wm0ef&Sdoluajymjyw,f/
w½kwfpmBudKufolawGomru tpm;taomufaumif;zkYd vdt
k yfwJhtjyif vSvSyyae&mav;rSm
pm;&rSmqkdolawGtwGuf 'Dqkdifav;udkoGm;MunfhvdkufzkdY nTefay;&jcif;yg/
ckrStopfrGrf;rHxm;wJh 'D Tiger Hill Chinese Restaurant rSm tjzL? teD? aiGa&mif?
a&Ta&mifawGeJY jyifqifjc,foxm;wJh Main Dining Hall &,f? acwfay:tEkynmvuf&meJY
w½kwf½dk;&mpwkdifvTrf;wJh oD;oefYcef;ig;cef;&,ftjyif a&ul;uefudk ½IjrifEkdifwJh Dining ae&mudkyg
wkd;csJUxm;vkdY vlOD;a& 100 avmuftxd us,fus,f0ef;0ef;oHk;aqmifEdkifr,fvkdY od&w,f/
'Dpm;aomufqkdifav;rSm emrnfausmfw½kwfpm;zdkrSL; Mr.Kittichot Boonsut &JU w½kwf½dk;&meJY
uefwkeftpm;taomufawG oHk;aqmifEkdifr,fhtjyif 'ifqrf;trsKd;aygif; 90 ausmfyg0ifwJh
aeYv,fpm? Chinese a la cartc Buffet npmudkyg oHk;aqmifEkdifrSmyg/
ckvwfwavmawmh w½kwfESpfopful;txdrf;trSwfa>rESpfudk BudKqkdwJhtaeeJY uHaumif;jcif;
[if;vsmvdkYac:MuwJh Yee Sang &Dqef;tokyfeJY w½kwfESpfopful;[if;vsmawGudk pm;oHk;EkdifrSmyg/
txl;tpDtpOftaeeJY w½kwf½dk;&mig;tpdrf;vTmokyfwpfrsKd;jzpfwJh &Dqef;tokyfudk uuwpfig;eJY
oHk;aqmifr,fqkd a':vm 20? aqmfvrGef;ig;eJYqkd 25 a':vmEIef;jzpfNyD; &Dqef;tygt0if
wjcm;uHaumif;jcif;[if;vsmawGyg 0ifwhJ 20ç000? 30ç000? 50ç000 usyf toD;oD;owfrw
S x
f m;wJh
Set Menu awGvnf; pDpOfxm;w,fqkdw,f/ 'Daps;EIef;awGeJY azazmf0g&Dv 15 &ufaeYtxd
txl;a&mif;csay;rSmyg/
trSwf-40? ewfarmufvrf;? wmarGNrdKUe,fu CHATRIUM HOTEL ROYAL LAKE
YANGON rSm Tiger Hill Chinese Restaurant qkdwJhqkdifav;&SdNyD; tao;pdwfodcsif&if zkef;
544500 vkdif;cGJ-6253 udk qufoG,fEkdifygvdrfhr,f/

GSM

zkef;tcsif;csif;
aiGjznfaU y;r,f
ud,
k &hf UJ rdom;pk0ifwpfa,mufa,mufyjJ zpfjzpf taygif;toif; oli,fcsif;wpfa,mufa,muf
yJjzpfjzpf wpfcgwpf&HrSm c&D;vGefaevkdYjzpfap? vrf;yef;qufoG,frIaMumifhjzpfap GSM zkef;xJrSm
aiGvufusefr&SdawmhwJhtcg teD;tem;rSmvnf; aiGjznfhuwf0,fzkdYrvG,fwJhtcg? 'grS r[kwf
aiGjznhfuwf0,fzkdY taMumif;aMumif;aMumifh ydkufqHjywfoGm;wJhtcgrsKd;yJjzpfjzpf toHk;wnfhEkdifrSm
rsKd;yg/ udk,fh&JU GSM zkef;uaewpfqifh aiGjznfhzdkYvkdaewJhol&JU GSM zkef;xJudk wkduf½dkuf
aiGjznfhay;vkdY&r,fhenf;vrf;udk nTefay;csifygw,f/
enf;vrf;uawmh odyfrcufvSwmawGU&rSmyg/ aiGjznfhuwfrSmygwJh twkdif; *123* NyD;awmh
uk'ef yH gwfav;awG½u
kd Nf yD;wJt
h cg # udrk ½du
k b
f J * av;xyfcNH yD;awmh ud,
k yf Ydk csifwhJ ol&UJ zke;f eHygwfukd
09 upNyD; tjynfh pHk½dkufvkdufyg/ NyD;rS # udk½dkufNyD; Call udkEdSyfvu
dk &f if You have succeessfully
gifted ... vdkYay:vm&if olYzkef;xJudk aiG0ifoGm;ygNyD/ wpfcgwpf&HrSm zkef;vkdif;tcuftcJaMumifh
tqifrajy jzpfae&if ESpfBudrf oHk;BudrfjyefvkyfMunhfzdkYawmhvdkygvdrfhr,f/
tJh'Denf;vrf;av;udkoHk;NyD; tcuftcJawGUaeoludkyJjzpfjzpf vufaqmifay;csifwmjzpfjzpf
vG,fvG,fululeJY aiGjznfhay;vkdY&w,fqkdwm vufwkdYvkduf&jcif;yg/

Windows 8 enf;ynmoHk;
Touch Screen eJh Laptop
Windows 8 oHk;csifwJholawGtwGuf enf;ynmopfeJY xkwfvkyfxm;wJh Sony &JU Laptop
trsKd;tpm;opfyg/ tJ'D Laptop u Corei7 ivy Bridge CPU udk toHk;jyKxm;wJh Laptop jzpfNyD;
Harddisk u 1TB yg0ifwmrdkY Data awG odrf;qnf;wmrSmvnf; cyfrsm;rsm; odrf;qnf;vdkY
&ygw,f/ Gamer awGtwGufvnf; *drf;udktBudKufupm;vdkY&atmif 2GB Graphic Card yg0ifNyD;
Screen u 14" vufr&SdwJhtwGuf
tqifajypGm ½kyfudkMunfhvdkY&rSm
jzpf y gw,f / DVD Writer vnf ;
yg0if N yD ; Model eH y gwf u awmh
Sony SVE 14A jzpf y gw,f /
aps;EIef;uawmh US 1210 jzpfNyD;
pdwf0ifpm;w,f q d k & if Eastern
Computer trS w f - (129)?
qdyfurf;omvrf ; (atmuf ) ? zk e f ; 398224? 398490? 398491 wdkYrSm qufoG,f
pHkprf;0,fvdkY&rSmyg/

21

VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

VOICE FROM ABROAD
,cku@rSm jrefrmEkdifiHtwGif;jzpfay:vsuf&Sdaom
Ekid if aH &;? pD;yGm;a&;ESihf vlraI &;tygt0if tjcm;u@toD;oD;rS
tajctaet&yf&yfwkdYESifhywfoufí EkdifiHwumrSrD'D,mrsm;?
ynm&Sifrsm;ESifh apmifhMunfhavhvmolrsm;\a&;om;ajymqkd
xkwfvTifhcsufrsm;teufrS xl;jcm;NyD; tav;teufxm;xnfh
oGif;pOf;pm;oifhonf[k ,lqaomtcsufrsm;udkaumufEkwf
azmfjyay;jcif;jzpfygonf/ aumufEkwfcsufrsm;rSm rl&if;
tmabmftwkid ;f bmomjyefqx
kd m;jcif;jzpfNyD; The Voice Weekly
\tmabmfr[kwfaMumif; azmfjyvkdygonf/
t,f'Dwm

tajccHOya'yg jynfe,fESifUwdkif;rsm;&ydkifcGifU
vTwfawmfESifUyl;aygif;jyifqifrnf
aejynfawmf? azazmf0g&D 5

pnf;yHktajccHOa'utyfESif;xm;aom jynfe,fEiS Yw
f ikd ;f a'oBuD;rsm;&ydkifcGifhwGif o,HZmwwl;azmfxkwf,l
oHk;pGJcGifhrsm;ay;tyfxm;jcif;r&SdonfhtwGuf zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yk'fr 188 Z,m; 2 yg jynfe,fESifY wdkif;
a'oBuD;vTwfawmfrsm; Oya'jyKciG q
hf ikd &f mtcef;udk vTwaf wmfEiS hf yl;aygif;jyifqif&efn§dEdIif;xm;aMumif; EkdifiHawmfor®w½Hk;
jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;pdk;odef;u ajymMum;onf/

zGJY

jrefrmawGvkHcsnfr0wfbJaeawmUrSmvm;
jrefrmEkdifiHonf ,cktxd vkH;0xl;jcm;vsuf&SdqJjzpfNyD; ½kd;&m
,Ofaus;rIuv
dk nf; ,aeYtxd xde;f odr;f apmifah &SmufaeqJyifjzpfonf/
vkHcsnf[kac:aom ½kd;&mt0wftpm; 0wfqifMuoljynfolrsm;&Sdonfh
wpfckwnf;aomEkdifiHvnf;jzpf\/ aus;vufa'orsm;wGifrl jrefrmh
½k;d &m"avhp½ku
d Ef iS hf ,Ofaus;rIrsm; qufvufxed ;f odr;f xm;Ekid q
f yJ ifjzpf
onf/ Thammasat wuúokdvf? owif;pmynmESifh vlxkqufqHa&;
ynmXmerS enf;jyXmerSL; Anucha Thirakanont u ]] jrefrmjynfoYdk
Ekid if jH cm;,Ofaus;rIrsm; 'va[m0ifa&mufvmrIaMumifh jynfwiG ;f rS &S&d if;pGJ
,Ofaus;rIrsm; acwfaemufusoGm;vdrrhf nf/ jrefrmjynforl sm;uvnf;
jrefrmh,Ofaus;rIudk acwfaemufusaom t&mtjzpfowfrw
S Mf uvdrrfh nf}}
[k ajymMum;onf/ aocsmonfrmS vkyaf vhvyk x
f &Sad om ½k;d &mtpOftvm
rsm;ESihf xk;H wrf;"avhrsm;twkid ;f vku
d yf gaqmif&u
G rf I uG,af ysmufomG ;um
,if;ae&mrsm;ukd rsuaf rSmufacwf\ "avhp½ku
d rf sm;utpm;xk;d oGm;rnf
jzpfonf/ ]]ra0;awmhonfh tem*wfwiG f vlMum;olMum;xJü ½k;d &mt0wf
tpm;qif,if0wfqifrrI sm; uG,af ysmufomG ;rnfjzpfum? trsKd ;om;a&;
trSwv
f u©Pmrsm;ukv
d nf; arharhaysmufaysmufjzpfomG ;Muayvdrrhf nf}}
[k ¤if;ucefYreS ;f ok;H oyfonf/
(The Nation owif;pmrS Myanmar reforms to focus on
public services next [lonfhaqmif;yg;rS aumufEkwfcsuf)

,l*kdqvmAD;,m;eJhwlvkdhrjzpfwJU jrefrm
EkdifiHa&;rsm;rSm ½IyfaxG;NyD;rm,mrsm;vGef;vSygonf/ EkdifiHwum
wGif a&;om;azmfjyrItrsm;pkrSm odu©m&Sdonfhor®wBuD; OD;odef;pdefESifh
EkdifiHa&;o&zlraqmif;&ao;ol a':atmifqef;pkMunfwkdYESpfOD;tMum;
qufqHa&;ukdom tav;ay;aejcif;jzpfonf/ okdYaomf xkduJhokdYyif
ta&;BuD;onfrSm EkdifiHa&;OD;wnfcsufBuD;rm;aom AkdvfcsKyfBuD;a[mif;
wpfO;D jzpfol jynfoYlvw
T af wmfOuúXol&OD;a&Tref;ESihf a':atmifqef;pkMunf
wkdY\ vTwfawmfwGif;tvkyfoabmqufqHa&;yifjzpfonf/ trSefqkd&
vQif jrefrmEkdifiHtwGuf tvGefw&mta&;BuD;vSonfrSm jynfwGif;
Nidrf;csrf;a&;ukd tjrefqkH;taumiftxnfazmfa&;yifjzpfonf/ xkdokdY
azmfaqmif&ef jrefrmtaejzifh ,l*kdqvm;AD;,m;ESifh ajymif;jyefykHpHrsdK;
jzpf&ayvdrhfrnf/ ,l*kdqvm;AD;,m;rSm NyD;jynfhpkHrIr&Sdonfh 'Drkdua&pD
toGiful;ajymif;a&;umvwGif EkdifiHa&;t&Zmwfwkdufxm;onfh
wk d i f ; &if ; om;vl r sd K ;pk t csif ; csif ; tMurf ; zuf r I ü Nyd K vJ c J h & aom
wk d i f ; &if;om;vlrsdK;pkHEkdifiHjzpfcJhonf/ wkdif;&if;om;vlrsdK;wdkY\
e,f a jrtawmf r sm;rsm;wG i f vuf e uf u k d i f y #d y u© r sm;&S d c J h o nf h
jrefrmtaejzifh 2015 a&G;aumufyGJrwkdifrD tqkdygta&;udpörsm;ukd
rajz&Sif;Ekdifygu ,cif,l*kdqvyfuJhokdY rdrdjynfe,f? rdrdvlrsdK;om
tjcm;vlrsdK;xufomonf[laom vlrsdK;a&;? bmoma&;tpGJrsm;jzifh
rJqE´&Sifrsm;tMum; tuGJtNyJBuD;jzpfvmayvdrfhrnf/
(Globe and Mail owif;pmyg Suu Kyi's still waiting for her
crown aqmif;yg;rS aumufEkwfcsuf)

yg0gEkdifiHBuD;awGeJh upm;r,fUjrefrm
jyóem\t"duZmpfjrpfrSm ½kd[if*smrsm;ukd EkdifiHom;tjzpf
todtrSwfrjyKaom jrefrmEkdifiHzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'ESifh tjcm;
jynfwGif;Oya'rsm;yifjzpfaMumif; tmqD,HtaxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL;
a[mif; ql&ifypfqm0rfuajymMum;onf/ jrefrmEkid if w
H iG ;f rS tjcm;aom
tkypf rk sm;uvnf; &ckid jf ynfe,fwiG f t"dutajccsaexkid af om ½k[
d if*sm
vlrsKd ;&Spo
f ed ;f cefYudk todtrSwrf jyKMuaMumif; ¤if;uqko
d nf/ ]] 'Djyóemukd
nifnifomomukid w
f ,
G af jz&Si;f oGm;&rSmyg/ bmaMumifv
h q
J adk wmh jyify
EkdifiHawGu0ifa&mufpGufzufvmr,fhudpt
ö ay: jrefrmtmPmykdifawGu
pkd;&drfylyefaeMuvkdYygyJ/ ukvor*¾u tJ'Dudpöukdvkyfukdifaqmif&Guf
ay;aew,fqkdayr,fhvnf; *½kwpkdufeJY vkyfukdifay;zkdYvkdygw,f/
tmqD,t
H aeeJYuawmh vlom;csi;f pmemaxmufxm;wJph w
d ef YJ ajz&Si;f ay;
oifhygw,f}} [k ql&ifypfqm0rfuajymonf/
(The Nation owif;pmrS Asean must address Rohingya issue
on humanitarian grounds surin insists owif;rS aumufEkwfcsuf)

"mwfykH -

jynfe,ftoD;oD;u xGuf&Sd
aom obm0&if;jrpfrsm;rS &&Sdonfh
0if a iG u d k jynf a xmif p k t pd k ; &ES i f Y
jynfe,ftpdk;&rsm;udk tcsKd;uscGJa0
Ekdif&ef vTwfawmfESifh yl;aygif;vkyf
aqmifvsuf&SdaMumif; azazmf0g&Dv
3 &ufaeYu EkdifiHawmfor®w½kH;
wGijf yKvyk o
f nfh owif;pm&Si;f vif;yGüJ
¤if;uajymMum;onf/
]]a&eH e J Y obm0"mwf a iG U
xGufwJha'orSm oHk;pGJcGifhudk cGJay;
r,f/usefwmudk wjcm;a'oawG
twGuf oHk;&r,f}} [k pufrI0efBuD;
Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;u qdkonf/
jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD;
tpd;k &rsm;onf jynfaxmifpt
k pd;k &u
cGifhjyKaom bwf*suftay:wGif rSDcdk
ae&ojzifh a'ozGYHNzdK;vkyfaqmif
&mwGif tcuftcJrsm;&SdaeaMumif;
rGefjynfe,frS trsKd;om;vTwfawmf
udk,fpm;vS,f OD;Anm;atmifrdk;u

ajymjyonf/
]]jynfoleJY eD;pyfwJha'ou
tpdk;&awGudk vkyfydkifcGifhtmPmrsm;
rsm;ay;oif h y gw,f } } [k ¤if ; u
a0zefonf/
tqdkyg jynfe,ftpdk;&rsm;
&ydkifcGifYESifY Oya'jyKcGifY enf;yg;
aeygu acwftqufquf jzpfyGm;
vmaeonfh wdik ;f &if;om;vufeufudkif
y#dyu©rsm; csKyNf idr;f Ekid zf ,
G rf &Sad Mumif;
jrefrmEkid if aH &;avYvmoH;k oyfopl ma&;
q&mausm0f if;u ajymMum;onf/
]]wdkif;&if;om;awG ajymaewJh
&ydkifcGifYqdkwmudk tajccHOaya'rSm
wdwdusus azmfjyxm;EkdifrS y#dyu©
awG ajz&Si;f Ekid rf ,f? 'grSyJ Nidr;f csr;f a&;
jzpfpOfxJ vlxyk gvmr,f}} [k ¤if;u
qufvufajymMum;onf/
obm0ywf0ef;usiEf iS hf a'ocH
jynfolvlxktay: xdcdkufrIrsm;jzpf
ay:Ekdifonfh o,HZmwwl;azmfonfh

MKL

EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;udk a'ocH
wdik ;f &if;om;acgif;aqmifrsm; oabm
rwlvQif cGijhf yKawmhrnfr[kwaf Mumif;
jrefrmh&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIaumfr&SifOuú|
EkdifiHawmfor®w½kH; jynfaxmifpk
0ef B uD ; OD ; pd k ; od e f ; u ajymMum;
xm;onf/
tajccH O ya'yk ' f r (188)
Z,m; (2) wGif azmfjyxm;aom
jynfe,fEiS hf wdik ;f a'oBuD;vTwaf wmf
rsm;Oya'jyKcGifhwGif pm&if;udk u@
&Spfckjzifh azmfjyxm;NyD; ,if;u@yg
azmfjycsufrsm;onf jynfe,ftpd;k &
rsm;twGuf vHak vmufaomvkyfydkifcGifh
r[kwfaMumif; EkdifiHa&;avYvmol
rsm;u oHk;oyfMuonf/
,if;odkY vkyfydkifcGifhenf;jcif;
aMumif h jynf e ,f v T w f a wmf r sm;
Oya'jyK&efcufcaJ eaMumif; jynfe,f
vTwfawmfOuú|wpfOD;u The Voice
Weekly odkY ajymMum;xm;onf/

autkdifatESifU wkdif;&if;om;vufeufukdiftzGJYrsm;ukd
jynfaxmifpkaehwufa&muf&ef or®wzdwfMum;
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 7

vuf&SdwkdufyGJrsm; jzpfyGm;aeqJjzpfaom autkdiftkdtzGJUtpnf;tygt0if typftcwf&yfpJxm;onfh
vufeufukdifwkdif;om;tzGJUrsm;tm;vkH;yg0ifaom jynfaxmifpkaeYtcrf;tem;jzpf&ef EkdifiHawmfor®wBuD;
OD;ode;f pdeu
f zdwMf um;xm;aMumif; azazmf0g&Dv 4 &ufaeY autkdiftkdESihf aqG;aEG;yGJtNyD;wGif EdkifiHawmfor®w½Hk;
0efBuD;OD;atmifrif;u The Voice Weekly okdY ajymMum;onf/
y#dyu©ajz&Si;f a&;nTeMf um;a&;rSL; a'gufwmrif;aZmfOD;u ]]EkdifiHawmfor®wu wkdif;&if;om;tm;vkH;
yg0ifapzkdYtwGuf zdwfMum;xm;w,fvkdY ,lqygw,f}}[k rSwfcsufay;onf/
tqkdygzdwfMum;csufukd autkdiftkdtaeESihf vwfwavmqkH;jzwfEkdifjcif;r&SdbJ A[kdaumfrwDtpnf;
ta0;okdY wifjyí taMumif;jyefoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; autkdifat 'kwd,ppfOD;pD;csKyf AkdvfcsKyf*Grfarmfu
ajymMum;onf/
tjcm;vufeufukdif wkdif;&if;om;tzGJUtpnf;rsm; wufa&mufjcif; &Sd r&Sdukdvnf; azazmf0g&Dv 7&uf
aeYxd taMumif;jyefMum;jcif; r&Sdao;aMumif; Nidrf;csrf;a&;ukd,fpm;vS,frsm;xHrS od&onf/
NrKdUawmfopfoufwrf; ckepfESpf&SdNyDjzpfaom aejynfawmfwGif usif;yrnfh jynfawmfpkaeYtcrf;tem;ukd
vufeufukdifwkdif;&if;om;tzGJUtpnf;rsm; wufa&mufrnfqkdygu jrefrmEkdifiHwGif yxrqkH;wkdif;&if;om;
tm;vkH; yg0ifaom jynfaxmifpkaeYjzpfvmrnfjzpfonf/

"mwfy

22
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

]wu,fukd vHkNcHKpdwfcs&wJUtajctaewpfck
zefwD;zdkh BudK;pm;aeygw,f}
KIA

'kppfOD;pD;csKyf AdkvfcsKyf*GrfarmfESifUawGYqHkjcif;

atmifpdk;
k;&wyfrawmfESifh wkdufyGJrsm;jzpfyGm;aeonfh
ESifh jynfaxmifpktqifh Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifa&;
jref rmtpd
vkyfief;aumfrwD\awGUqHkaqG;aEG;yGJudk azazmf0g&Dv 4 &ufaeYu a&TvDNrdKUwGifjyKvkyfcJh&m owif;rD'D,mrsm;
KIA

wufa&mufowif;&,lcGifhrjyKcJhaomfvnf; aqG;aEG;yGJNyD;qHk;csdefwGif cef;rtwGif;ü xGufcGmvmaom autkdifattzGJUrS
'kwd,ppfOD;pD;csKyf AdkvfcsKyf*Grfarmftm; owif;rD'D,mrsm;u awGUqHkar;jref;cJhonfrsm;udk azmfjytyfygonf/
Media : typf t cwf & yf p J a &;eJ Y
nTefMum;r,fvdkYajymw,fAs/ tJ'g bufuvnf; tpjyKay;Edkifw,f/
ywfoufNyD; AkdvfcsKyfb,fvdk jrifvJ/ [kwfygovm;As/
aumif;rGefwJhvrf;aMumif;oGm;Edkif
GM
: ud p ö a wmh Agreement
GM
: rSey
f gw,f/ 'gu uReaf wmf atmif olwdkYbufu pwifay;wJh
(oabmwl n D c suf ) &zd k Y qd k & if wkdYbufu taetxm;wpfcktay: oabmrsd K ;uk d ½I j rif c sif w ,f v k d Y
aemufxyftqifhawG oGm;zdkYvkdao; em;vnfrI &oGm;w,fqdk&if uRef a wmf w d k Y 'D v d k y J o abmxm;
w,f/ 'DudpöjyefNyD; aqG;aEG;r,f/ uRefawmfwkdY wyfawGukd nTefMum;zdkY ygw,f/
Cease-Fire (typftcwf&yfpJ)&zd k Y
Voice : Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;aqG ; aEG ; yG J
tpDtpOf vkyfxm;ygw,f/
twGuf vdktyfwJh jyifqifraI wGvyk zf Ykd Media : 'gayrJ h tck j zpf a ewJ h awGu a&TvDrSmyJvkyfwmrsm;w,f/
aemufxyftpnf;ta0;awG ac:r,fvYkd awmufavQmufrSm tpdk;&bufuae aemufwpfBudrfaqG;aEG;yGJu azazmf
ckcHppfqdkNyD;ajymw,f/ ajymawmh 0g&DvtwGif; vkyfr,fvdkY aMunm
qH;k jzwfMuw,f/
Media : aejynfawmfrSm usif;y
vd k i f Z mem;a&muf w J h t ajctae csuf x J r S m vnf ; ygw,f q d k a wmh
r,fh jynfaxmifpak eYudk or®wBuD;u &S d w ,f / tJ ' D v d k r sKd ; tajctaerS m jynfwGif;wpfae&m&mrSm vkyfzdkYaum
0efBuD;OD;atmifrif;uwpfqifh KIA vnf; ckeuvdk ckcpH pfqw
kd m t"dymÜ ,f [dkbufuurf;vSrf;xm;wm 'Dbuf
udk zdwfw,fvdkYajymw,f/ AdkvfcsKyf ½SdEdkifyghrvm;/
u oabmwlzdkY&Sdovm;/
wdkY wufzdkYtpDtpOfrsm;&Sdvm;/
GM
: uRefawmfwkdYu 'gaMumifh
GM
: &Sy
d gw,f/ uReaf wmfwYdku
rdkYvkdY ckcHppfeYJ xd;k ppfqw
kd m odyrf ajym jynfyrSmvkyfw,fqdkwmu rlwpfck
GM
: uRefawmfwkdY avmavm
q,fwufzdkY tpDtpOfr&Sdao;bl;/ bJeJY jyóemjzpfEdkifwJha'oawGvdkY usatmif Bud K ;pm;aewm jzpf y g
'gayrJh pOf;pm;r,f/ wufzdkYtajc nTef;NyD;ajymygw,f/ 'DuaeYvnf; w,f/ rlwpfcck sNyD;wJah emuf jynfwiG ;f
tae ay;? ray;eJY b,foloGm;rSmvJ wyf&if; (6) a'orSm wdkufyGJawG rSmyJ vkyfrSmyg/
qd k w m uRef a wmf w k d Y w&m;0if jzpfaewke;f ygyJ/ t"duta&;BuD;wm Voice : aemufwpfcku jynfwGif;
xkwfjyefzdkY&Sdygw,f/
uawmh b,fvkdyJjzpfjzpf wkdufyGJawG Nidr;f csr;f a&;jzpfpOfxrJ mS ol&OD;a&Tref;
Media : 'D a eYyG J u k d Ad k v f c sKyf
jzpfaewJu
h pd ö &yfqikd ;f oGm;zdYk? BudK;pm;zdYk u aomfvnf;aumif;? a':atmifqef;
ukd,fwdkif vmwufvmw,fqdkawmh jzpfygw,f/
pkMunfuaomfvnf;aumif; yg0if
b,fvdkoHk;oyfay;csifvJAs/ rD'D,m Media : 'D a eYaMunmcsuf r S m apcsifwJhqE´&Sdw,fvdkY ajymxm;
awGuwpfqifh vlxkudk bmrsm; vnf;ygw,f/ Cease-Fire twGuf w,fcifAs/ tJ't
D ay:Adv
k cf sKyftaeeJY
ajymcsifovJAs/
avhvmolygvm&if arQmfvifhcsuf b,fvdkoabmxm;vJ/
GM
: vlxkukd vHkNcHKpdwfcsEdkif
twGuf ykdNyD;cdkifrmvmEdkifrvm;/
GM
: uRef a wmf w k d Y buf u
wJ h t ajctaewpf c k a &muf a tmif GM : cdik rf mvmr,fvYkd ,HMk unf rESpfu Zefe0g&Dv 20 &ufaeYrSm
0d k i f ; 0ef ; Bud K ;yrf ; r,f v d k Y t"d u w,f/ uRefawmfwkdYbufuvnf; OD;atmifaomif;wdkYukd ay;xm;wJh
ajymcsifw,f/ Nidrf;csrf;a&;vdkYajymwJh UN ukd BuD;MuyfNyD;awmh Edik if BH uD;awG Proposal (tqdkjyKcsuf)&Sdygw,f/
tcgrSm typftcwf&yfqdkif;xm;½HkeJY jzpfwhJ w½kwjf ynfoYl or®wEdik if &H ,f? tm;vH k ; yg0if E d k i f w J h a qG ; aEG ; yG J r S m
Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;&wJ h tajctaersKd ; tar&duef&,f 'Dupd rö mS 0ifa&mufNyD; yg0ifoifholrsm;tm;vHk; yg0ifEdkifzdkY
G af y;zdYk / aemufNyD; ,lauukd 'DuaeYtpnf;ta0;rSmvnf; tJ'gukd
r[kwfbJeJY wu,fukd vHkNcHKpdwfcs aqmif&u
&wJ h t ajctaewpf c k zef w D ; zd k Y oufaotjzpfeJY yg0ifay;zdkYqdkNyD; jyefNyD; wifjyxm;w,f/ tm;vHk;
uRef a wmf w k d Y pmawG y k d Y xm;wm yg0ifvmEdkif&if yxrtcsufuawmh
BudK;pm;aeygw,f/
Media : tJ ' D a wmh Ad k v f c sKyf w d k Y
&Sdygw,f/
uRefawmfwYkd tm;vH;k b,forl v
S rd v
f Ykd
'D a zazmf 0 g&D v aemuf w pf B ud r f Media : tJ'pD maum olwYkdbufu r&bl;/ 'kw,
d tcsuu
f awmh b,forl S
awGUr,fhMum;xJrSm wdkufyGJawGjyef wHkYjyefvm;/
aemuf q k w f v k d Y r &bl ; / tJ ' D a wmh
jzpfOD;r,fh tajctae&Sdvm;As/
GM
: tckcsdeftxd wHkYjyefwm
vGwfvyfNyD;awmh tm;vH;k yg0ifEdkifwJh
GM
: wcsdKUae&mawGrSm jzpfEdkif
r&Sdayr,fh tvkyfawGvkyfaer,fvdkY aqG;aEG;yGu
J kd uRefawmfwYdk wufrmS yg/
Voice : t&ifaqG;aEG;yGJawGxuf
ygw,f/ 'gayrJh wdkufyGJawGukd t&Sdef uRefawmfwdkYcHpm;&ygw,f/
avQmhoGm;NyD;rS wjznf;jznf; wdkufyGJ Media : txl ; ojzif h 'D a eY y G J r S m pm&if 'DaqG;aEG;yGJu t&ifaqG;aEG;
awGr½Sad tmif tpDtpOfawG uRefawmf qkd&if w½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiHu yGaJ wGeYJ bmtm;enf;csu?f bmtm;om
t"du Force vkyfwmukd;/ aqG;aEG; csuf ½ S d o vJ / Ad k v f c sKyf & J U tjrif
wkdY BudK;pm;NyD;vkyfaeygw,f/
Media : wyf r awmf b uf u a&m
wmukd? tdrf½Siftjzpf cefYtyfwmudk oHk;oyfay;yg/
bmajymvJAs/
AdkvfcsKyftaeeJY b,fvdkjrifvJ/
GM
: t"duuawmh 'DaqG;aEG;
GM
: olwYb
kd ufuvnf; BuKd ;pm; GM : w½kwfEdkifiH&JUtcef;u@ yGJrSm w½kwfEdkifiHtpdk;&bufuae
r,fvkdYajymygw,f/
uawmh uRefawmfwYdk aemufxyfomG ; oufaotjzpfvmNyD; Munfh½Iay;
Media : tJ'a
D wmh Adv
k cf sKyfbufu r,f h a jcvS r f ; awG tpjyKay;r,f h w,f/ aemuf autifef,ltygt0if
vnf; wyfawGukd rdrdukd,fukd,f taetxm;uk d uRef a wmf w k d Y u wjcm; nDaemifwikd ;f &if;om;tzGUJ awG
ck c H ½ H k u vG J N yD ; awmh rwd k u f c k d u f z d k Y vufcHzdkY tqifoifh&Sdygw,f/ olwdkY uae oufaotaeeJY vmwufa&muf

"mwfykH - atmifpdk;

wmawmh wu,f t m;aumif ; wJ h
tcsufjzpfygw,f/
Media : autdkiftdktaeeJY t&if
EdkifiHa&;aqG;aEG;yGJvrf;pOfeJY oGm;ae
&muae tckpNyD;aqG;aEG;wJhtcsdefus
awmh olY&JU Process u ajymif;vJ
oGm;r,fhtaetxm;&Sdovm;/
GM
: uRefawmfwdkY Principle
(&yfwnfcsu)f t&uawmh ajymif;vJrI
r&Sdygbl;/ aqG;aEG;yGJeJYtajz&Smr,f
qd k w J h r l t ay: t"d u tm;jyKxm;
ygw,f/
Media : w½k w f u pD p Of a y;wm
awmh pDpOfay;wmaygh/ aemufwpfck
u wcsKdUoHk;oyfaewm&Sdw,fAs/
vdik Zf mteD;rSm½Sw
d hJ awmifuek ;f awGudk
tpdk;&bufuwdkufaewkef; 'Dtpnf;
ta0;Bu;D u ay:vmw,faygh/ 'gqd&k if
tpdk;&bufuae zdtm;ay;NyD;awmh
ppfa&;tompD;eJY aqG;aEG;w,fqdk
wJhtjrifrsKd;awG&Sdw,f/ AdkvfcsKyf
taeeJY b,fvdkoHk;oyfvJ/ b,fvdk
jrifvJ/
GM
: uRef a wmf w k d Y uawmh
ppfa&;t&zdtm;ay;NyD; aqG;aEG;yGJ
vkyw
f mukd uReaf wmfwYkd vufrcHb;l vdYk
ajymxm;NyD;om;jzpfygw,f/ tck
vdkifZmukd uyfaew,fqdkwJh tae
txm;uvnf; wu,fawmh aqG;aEG;
yGJawGt& atmifjrifoGm;w,fqkd&if
'Dwu
kd yf aJG wG[m tcsnf;ES;D wdu
k cf w
hJ hJ
wd k u f y G J j zpf o G m ;rS m jzpf y gw,f /
tJ ' D a wmh uRef a wmf w k d Y uvnf ;
EdkifiHa&;t&aqG;aEG;wmukd t"du
xm;oGm;rSmyg/ wu,fawmh vdkifZm
[m uRefawmfwkdYXmecsKyf½Hk;pdkuf&m
jzpfayr,fh vdkifZmr½SdwJhtcsdefrSm
vnf ; wjcm;ae&mawG r S m vnf ;
uRefawmfwdkYu XmecsKyfpcef;awG
jzpfoGm;Edkifygw,f/
Media : wyfawGqkwfzkdYudpöawG
a&m t&ifwek ;f uvdk aqG;aEG;jzpfao;
vm;/
GM
: 'DwpfBur
d rf mS awmh raqG;aEG;
jzpfbl;/ 'gayrJh aqG;aEG;zdkYqdkNyD;
'DaeYaqG;aEG;yGJrSmxnfhNyD;rS wifoGif;

xm;ygw,f/
Media : 'D M um;xJrmS aum wku
d yf GJ
awGjzpfEdkifwJhtajctae&Sdvm;As/
GM
: wd k u f y G J a wG u &S d E d k i f y g
w,f/ 'DuaeYvnf; wyf&if; (6) eJY
zm;uef Y a 'obuf r S m &S d y gw,f /
uRefawmfwkdY aoaocsmcsmrvkyf
EdkifwJhtajctaewGif;rSm wkdufyGJawG
trsm;BuD;&SdEdkifygw,f/
Media : A d k v f c s K y f w d k Y t a e e J Y
'DaqG;aEG;yGJeJYywfoufvkdY ajymp&m
&Sd&ifajymay;ygOD;/
GM
: 'D a qG ; aEG ; yG J q d k w mu
autdkifatuae tNrJwrf;aqG;aEG;
a&;vrf;pOft&ajz½Sif;r,fqdkwJhrlukd
&yfwnfaewmjzpfygw,f/ qufNyD;
awmhvnf; aqG;aEG;yGaJ wGudk wufrmS
jzpfygw,f/ ppfa&;t&zdtm;ay;xm;
aomfvnf;yJ uRefawmfwkdY&JUwdkufyGJ
awG ykdNyD;jyif;xefvmayr,fh aqG;
aEG;yGJukd uRefawmfwkdY wufrSmyg/
Media : ppfoHkYyef;vJvS,fa&;udpö
b,ftajctaea&mufNyDvJ/
GM
: oHkYyef;udpö vJvS,fa&;
taeeJY uRefawmfwkdYrajymygbl;/
uRef a wmf w k d Y qD r S m a&muf a ewJ h
ppfom;rsm;ukd jyefykdYay;zdkY pDpOfcJh
w,f / ratmif j rif c J h b l ; / tck
olwkdYudk uRefawmfwdkYu olwdkYtpD
tpOfeJY olwdkYjyefzkdY pDpOfxm;NyD;ygNyD/
wcsKdUvnf; jyefoGm;ygNyD/
Media : KIA udk tzsufvkyfief;
awGvkyfw,fvdkYajymqdkaewJhtay:
rSm bmrsm;ajymcsifygovJ/
GM
: uRefawmfwkdYbufu 'D
tzsufvkyfief;vdkY ajymwJhtcgrSm
t"d y Ü m ,f e J Y ,l q csuf t ay:rS m
rlwnfygw,f/ tJ'Dawmh uRefawmf
wkdYu ajz&Sif;rIrvkyfbl;/ wdkufyGJawG
jzpfaewJt
h csed rf mS trsK;d rsK;d tajctae
t& a&SUwef;awGrSm trsKd;rsKd;jzpfEikd f
ygw,f/ wpfzufu umuG,af &;vdkY
ajymwmukd wpfzufu tzsuv
f yk if ef;
vdkYajymvkdY&ygw,f/ 'DudpöawGukd
tjiif;yGm;zdkYqE´r&Sdygbl;/
atmifpdk;

23

VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

]w½kwfuawmU 0dkif;vkyfay;wJU oabmrsKd;eJh vmwmyg}
jynfaxmifpktqifU Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifa&;vkyfief;aumfrwD'kwd,Ouú|
OD;atmifrif;ESifUawGYqHkjcif;
atmifpdk;
aom t&yfom;tpdk;&tzGJUvufxufwGif wkdif;&if;om;vufeufudkiftzGJUtpnf;rsm;
or®w ODES;iodfh Nidef;rpdf;ecsrffOD;;aqmif
a&;&&Sdatmif aqG;aEG;ay;Ekdifaom jynfaxmifpktqifh Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifa&;vkyfief;
aumfrwD'kwd,Ouú| or®w½Hk;0efBuD; OD;atmifrif;udk azazmf0g&Dv 4 &ufaeYwGif a&TvDNrdKUü KIA tzJGUESifh
Nidrf;csrf;a&; aqG;aEG;yGJNyD;qHk;NyD;aemuf owif;rD'D,mrsm;u awGUqHkar;jref;cJhonfrsm;rS aumufEkwfazmfjyygonf/
xm;w,f/ 'gawGukd wdwdusus ckHwmvnf; vH;k 0r&S/d aemufwpfBudrf
Media : ppf a &;tajctaeeJ Y y wf
oufvdkY AdkvfcsKyf*Grfarmfu bmajym vkdufemr,fqdk&if wdkufyGJawGvnf; aqG;aEG;zdkYvnf; vkyfxm;NyD;om;
jzpfp&mtaMumif; bmrSr&Sdawmhbl;/ jzpfw,fav/ 'gaMumifh atmifjrif
ao;vJcifAs/
jynfolvlxkpdk;&drfwJhudpv
ö nf; bmrS wJhaqG;aEG;yGJjzpfw,fvdkY ajym&rSm
UAM : ppf a &;uawmh aemuf
wpfBudrrf mS wyfeYJ tao;pdwaf qG;aEG; rjzpfawmhbl;ayghaemf/ 'gav;awGu yJav/
r,fav/ tckavmavmq,fawmh aumif;wJhtpOftvmjzpfygw,f/
Media : Ad k v f c sKyf * G r f a rmf w d k Y uk d
ppfa&;t&Sed af wGavQmhzYkd / tJ'gav;ukd Media : 'DaeYaqG;aEG;cJhwJhtajc jynfaxmifpkaeYukdwufzdkY 0efBuD;wdkY
t"duxm;NyD;awmh ajymygw,f/ taeav; xyfajymjyay;ygOD;/
u zdww
f ,fvYkdMum;w,fAs/ Adv
k cf sKyf
olwYdkbufuvnf; or®wBuD;uJhodkY UAM : 'D a eY a qG ; aEG ; yG J u awmh *Grfarmfwufr,fajymygovm;cifAs/
trdefYxkwfr,f/ ckcHppfrSty wkdufyGJ t"duuawmh tJ'gyJav/ t&if UAM : AdkvfcsKyf*GrfarmfwdkY tajz
rvkyf&bl;qdkNyD; olYwyfawGukd ol wkef;u wpfa,mufeJYwpfa,muf awmh ray;ao;bl;/ olwkdYA[dktxd
trdefYxkwfr,f/ olb,ftcsdef trdefY awGUzdkYawmif awmfawmfcufwmav/ wifNyD;awmh txufrSmvnf; vlBuD;
xkwfrvJqdk&if 'DuaejyefNyD;&if 'DrSmvnf; cJcJ,Of;,Of;eJYawGUNyD; awG&Sdawmh wufEdkifwmayghaemf/
trd e f Y xk w f r ,f v d k Y ajymygw,f / awmh wpfa,mufeJYwpfa,mufem; uRefawmfu ajymwmawmh wufay;
'Dbufu or®wBuD;uvnf; xkwf vnfrI&w,f/ cifAsm;wdkY rsufpd yg/ or®wBuD;ukd,fwkdifu zdwfwm
xm;w,f/ [dkbufuvnf; xkwf a&SUwifyJ aysmfMuNyHK;Mu? jiif;wm jzpf w ,f / usef w J h t zG J U awG v nf ;

OD;qef;qifU omoema&;0efBuD; wm0ef,lrnf
ykodrf? azazmf0g&D 6

wdkif;a'oBuD;twGif;&Sd rJqE´&Sifrsm;u vTwfawmfOuú|tjzpfomwm0ef,l&ef qE´xkwfazmfrIrsm;
jyKvkyfaeaomfvnf; {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmfOuú|(a[mif;) OD;qef;qifhu EdkifiHawmfor®w\
a&G;cs,fcefYtyfcsuftwdkif; omoema&;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;wm0efudk xrf;aqmifoGm;rnf
jzpfaMumif; The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
,if;udpEö iS yh f wfoufí zGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'yk'rf 232 (ps) t& Edik if aH wmfor®wu jynfaxmifpk0efBu;D tjzpf
cefYtyfonfhaeYrSpwifum wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmfOuú|tjzpf wm0efxrf;aqmifcGifhr&SdawmhaMumif;
OD;qef;qifhu qdkonf/
Edik if aH wmfor®w½H;k u azazmf 0g&Dv 4 &ufaeYwiG f tajccHOya'yk'rf 232 t& {&m0wDwikd ;f a'oBu;D vTwaf wmf
Ouú| OD;qef;qifhukd omoema&;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;tjzpfcefYtyfaMumif; xkwfjyefaMunmonf/
{&m0wDwikd ;f a'oBu;D vTwaf wmf Ouú|OD;qef;qifhonf wdkif;a'oBuD;twGif; jynfolvlxkoabmrwlygu
,if;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;wm0efudk xrf;aqmifrnfr[kwf[kqdkxm;aomfvnf; EdkifiHawmfor®w\
cefYtyfrI tajccHOya'yk'fr 232 (ps) t& wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmfOuú|tjzpf wm0efxrf;aqmifciG rhf &Sad wmh
aMumif; OD;qef;qifhu xyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/
jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;tjzpfcefYtyfjcif;rjyKbJ wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmfOuú|tjzpfom qufvufwm0ef
xrf;aqmifcGifhjyK&ef EdkifiHawmfor®wxH azazmf0g&Dv 3 &ufaeYu wifjycJhaomfvnf; azazmf0g&Dv 4 &ufaeY
wGif EdkifiHawmfor®w½Hk;u omoema&;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;tjzpf cefYtyfaMumif; xkwfjyefaMunm
vdkufonf[k OD;qef;qifhu &Sif;jyonf/
tajccHOya'yk'fr 232 (ps) wGif jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;onf vTwfawmfwpf&yf&yf\ud,
k pf m;vS,fjzpfvQif
jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;tjzpf cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfhaeYrSpí vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftjzpfrS EkwfxGufNyD;
jzpfonf[k rSwf,l&rnf[k azmfjyxm;onf/
Edik if aH wmfor®w½H;k u OD;qef;qifhudk jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;cefYtyfaMumif; xkwfjyefaMunmNyD; aemufwpfaeY
wGif ykodrfc½dkif usKHaysmfNrdKUü a'ocH 100 ausmfu OD;qef;qifhudk wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmfOuú|tjzpfom
qufvufwm0efxrf;aqmif&efqE´xw
k af zmfrjI yKvyk cf ahJ Mumif; ,if;qE´xw
k af zmfru
I kd OD;aqmifol OD;ode;f jrifah tmif
u qdkonf/
]]OD;qef;qifhu v,form;awGbufu tjynfht0&yfwnfvdkY olUukdvTwfawmfOuú|yJ qufvkyfapcsif
wmyg}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
{&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmfOuú| OD;qef;qifhudk omoema&;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;tjzpf
cefYtyfjcif;rjyKbJ wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmfOuú|wm0efudk vTwfawmfoufwrf;wpf&yfukefqHk;onftxd
qufvufwm0efay;&ef {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD; ykodrfNrdKUa'ocH 8500 cefYu Zefe0g&Dv 30 &ufaeYu
vufrSwfa&;xdk;awmif;qdkcJhaMumif; tqdkygvufrSwfa&;xdk;a&;vIyf&Sm;ol OD;xGef;xGef;OD;u qdkonf/
{&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD; vTwfawmfOuú| OD;qef;qifhudk omoema&;0efBuD;tjzpf cefYtyf&ef Zefe0g&Dv
31 &ufaeYu usif;yaom jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfwGif vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftm;vHk;u oabmwlojzifh
vTwfawmfutwnfjyKcJhonf/
EdkifiaH wmfor®wu OD;qef;qifu
h kd omoema&;0efBuD;tjzpf cefYtyf&ef Zefe0g&Dv 22 &ufaeYwGif
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYkd o0PfvmT ay;ydkYcJhonf/

"mwfykH - atmifpdk;

wufMurSm/ wufay;ygvdkY ajymxm;
NyD;om; jzpfwmayghaemf/ 'g xl;jcm;
wmygyJ/ t&ifwkef;uawmh
yxrvG w f v yf a &;aeYuwnf ; u
zdwfzdkY/ vGwfvyfa&;aeYu zdwfzdkYu
tcsdefav;u awmfawmfwdkoGm;wm
ayghaemf/ 'gaMumifh jynfaxmifpk
aeYrSm zdwfrSmaygh/ uRefawmfwkdY
Myanmar Peace Centre uyJ wm0ef
,lNyD; zdwfay;r,f/ BudKr,f? qdkr,f?
'gawGvkyfr,f/
Media : Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;&zd k Y tzG J U
tpnf;awGtm;vHk; aygif;vkyfzdkY ajym
w,fayghaemf/ tck0efBuD;wdYkeYJ Nidr;f csr;f
a&;,lxm;wJt
h zGUJ awGvnf; ygvmwJh
twGuf AdkvfcsKyf*Grfarmfu tJ'Dtay:
bmrsm;rSwfcsufay;ovJcifAs/
UAM : 'gu aumif;wJhtcsuf
ygyJ/ ucsifwpfckwnf;usefwmav/
usef w J h w d k i f ; &if ; om;awG v nf ;
olwdkYvnf; Nidrf;csrf;a&;,lwJhtcgrSm
tpd k ; &tay:rS m Bud K uf w mvnf ;
&Sdw,f? rBudKufwmvnf;½Sdwmaygh/
tckbmyJjzpfjzpf olwdkYrsufESmcsif;
qdkifawGU&awmh BudKufw,f? rBudKuf
bl;vnf; ar;cGifh&w,f/ tukefvHk;
vGwfvGwfvyfvyf&Sdw,f/ 'g[m
olYtwGuf tcGifhta&;wpfckaygh/
ol w d k Y tzG J U uvnf ; raumif ; &if
raumif ; bl ; bJ ajymrS m yJ a v/
aumif;&ifaumif;w,fajymrSmyJav/
'gyGifhvif;jrifomrI&SdwJhpepfayghaemf/
'DpepfeYJuu
dk rf /S tckvnf; 'Dtwdik ;f yJ
vkyfoGm;rSmjzpfygw,f/
Voice : a z a z m f 0 g & D v x J r S m
aemufwpfBudrf aqG;aEG;yGJvkyfr,f
qdkawmh jynfaxmifpkaeYrwdkifcif
vkyfjzpfzdkYrsm;&Sdovm;cifAs/
UAM : bmjzpfvYdv
k q
J akd wmh tcsed f
odyfuyfoGm;NyD/ jynfaxmifpkaeY
us&if olwdkYvmr,fqdkvdkYuawmh
BudKMu? qdkMu 'gav;awG½SdrSmaygh/
ol w k d Y ajymxm;wmawmh azazmf
0g&D v ruk e f c if r S m vk y f r ,f v k d Y
ajymxm;w,fav/ azazmf0g&Dv
rukefcifvkyfrSmayghaemf/
Voice : Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;aqG ; aEG ; yG J
awGu a½TvDrSmyJrsm;w,f/ aemuf
wpf B ud r f v k y f j zpf & if jynf w G i f ;
wpfae&mjzpfEdkifrvm;cifAs/
UAM : jynf w G i f ; rS m jzpf z d k Y rsm;
ygw,f/ olrsm;Edik if rH mS vmvky&f wm

cifAsm;wdkYukd,fwdkifu vm&oGm;&
cufwmayghaemf/ jynfwGif;usawmh
vnf; cifAsm;wdkYu BudKufovdkoGm;?
Bud K uf o vd k v m/ aemuf N yD ; awmh
'Dwdkif;&if;om;awGtm;vHk;uvnf;
jref r mEd k i f i H o m;awG y J j zpf w ,f /
ukd,fhe,fajrrSm jrefrmEdkifiHBuD;udk
wdkif;&if;om;awGtm;vHk;ykdifw,f/
'De,fajrrvkyfbJ wjcm;e,fajrrSm
vmvkyf&wm wu,fawmh pOf;pm;
Munfh&if? ½Sif;½Sif;ajym&&if t&om
odyfrawGUbl;ayghAsm/ ukd,fykdifwJh
e,fajrrSm ukd,fvkyfEdkif&r,faygh/
olwdkYvnf;ajymjyw,f/ uRefawmf
wkYdeYJ vkyw
f hJ aqG;aEG;yGaJ wGtm;vH;k [m
bmuef Y owf c suf r S r ½S d b l ; av/
cifAsm;wdkYjrifwJhtwdkif;yJ/ tukefvHk;
ukd vGwv
f w
G v
f yfvyfajymvkYd &w,f/
vGwv
f w
G v
f yfvyfaqG;aEG;vdYk &w,f/
rauseyfcsuaf wGajymvkYd&w,f/ bmrS
uefYowfcsufawGay;xm;wm r&Sb
d ;l
av/ 'gaMumif h vmyg/ ,H k , H k
MunfMunfeJY vkyfyg/ 'gav;ukd
ajymjyvkdufwmayghaemf/
Voice : aemufwpfcsufu 'DaeY
aqG;aEG;yGJu xl;xl;jcm;jcm; t&if
aqG;aEG;yGJawGeJY rwlbl;/ w½kwf
bufu wufvmwm&Sw
d ,f/ olwYkdu
0ifaqG;aEG;wmwkdY? tBuHjyKwmwdkY
½Sdygovm;/ 'DaqG;aEG;yGJudk bmudk
ud,
k pf m;jyKvmwufovJrodb;l /
UAM : w½kwu
f awmh 0dik ;f vkyaf y;
wJhoabmrsKd;eJYvmwmyg/ bmjzpf
vkdYvJqdkawmh tdrfa&SUrSm rD;avmif&if
tdrfaemufrSm rcsrf;ombl;/ olu
vnf ; bmjzpf j zpf jzpf a ewmuk d
ol v nf ; pd w f r csrf ; ombl ; aygh /
tJ ' gaMumif h r d k Y ol u 'D y G J a v;
jzpfatmif vdktyfwmav;ukd olY
e,fajrrSm [dkw,fpDpOfay;w,f?
awGUEdkifatmifvkyfay;w,f/ 'gygyJ/
aqG;aEG;wmawmh uRefawmfwkdYeJYol
wd k Y y J a qG ; aEG ; wmaygh / usef w J h o l
awGu avhvmoltjzpf? Observer
bserver
tjzpf w uf v k d Y & w,f / 0if a &muf
aqG;aEG;ykdifcGifhr&Sd/ 0ifa&mufqHk;jzwf
ykdifcGifhr&Sdbl;/ aqG;aEG;wm? qH;k jzwfwm
uRefawmfwkdYESpfzGJUyJ vkyfoGm;rSmaygh/
ol w d k Y u wuf a &muf v k d Y &w,f /
aqG ; aEG ; vd k Y r&bl ; / qH k ; jzwf v d k Y
r&bl;/
atmifpdk;

24
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

bdvyfajrazsmfpuf oefh&Sif;a&;jyKvkyf&mrS vlESpfOD;aoqkH;
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 7

&ef

ukew
f idk ;f a'oBu;D vIid o
f m,mNrKUd e,f bk&ifah emiftrSw(f 2)wHwm;opfprD u
H ed ;f Yangon Crown aqmufvyk af &;ukrP
Ü w
D Gif azazmf0g&Dv 2 &uf rGef;vGJ 3em&Dtcsdefu tvkyform;ESpfOD;
bdvyfajrazsmfpufudk oefY&iS ;f a&;jyKvk
a&;jyKvyk af epOf pufarmif;olu azsmfpufcvkwfESdyfrdojzihf aoqk;H cJah Mumif; &efuek w
f idk ;f a'oBuD; &JwyfzGJUrSL;½kH;xHrSpkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
tqkyd g vli,fEpS Of ;D rSm touf bdvyfajrrsm;ukd 0ifa&mufcmG ,laepOf armif;ol OD;atmifol&u bdvyfajr aoqkH;ol ukdbkdbkd\zcif OD;zkd;qku vrf;wGifaoqkH;cJhaMumif; &Srf;acsmif;
17ESpt
f &G,f ukdcifaZmfESihf touf ykdif (Pile) pkdufaomae&mü bdvyf azsmpf yf&ef pufcvkwEf ydS pf Of puftwGi;f ajymMum;onf/
aus;&GmOuú|jzpfol OD;aZmfBuD;\
19 ESpft&G,f ukdbkdbkdwkdYjzpfNyD; ajravmif;&ef ESppf ifwrD w
D mcefY vkt
d yf wGif vl&adS eonfudk rod&adS omaMumifh
aoqk H ; ol uk d c if a Zmf o nf ajymMum;csuft& od&onf/
bdvyfajrazsmfpuftwGif; cJaeaom aeaomaMumihf bdvyfajrazsmfpuf nyfru
d m aoqH;k oGm;jcif;jzpfaMumif; {&m0wDwidk ;f a'oBuD; ajrmif;jrNrKUd e,f
ukrÜPDbufu aoqkH;ol\
bkef;ausmfpkaus;&GmwGif aexkdifNyD; psmyeukd wm0ef,laqmif&Gufay;NyD;
ta':jzpfoal exkid o
f nhf vIid o
f m,m wpfOD;vQif epfemaMu;aiG usyf odef;
&Srf;acsmif;aus;&GmodkY azazmf0g&Dv 70 ay;tyf c J h a Mumif ; tqk d y g
29 &ufaeYwGif tvnfa&muf&Sdvm rdom;pk0ifrsm;u qkdonf/
um 31 &ufaeYwiG f aqmufvyk af &;
tqkyd gaoqk;H rIEiS fh ywfoufí
vkyfief;cGiw
f iG f 0ifa&mufvyk u
f idk &f m Yangon Crown aqmuf v k y f a &;
u ok;H &ufajrmufaeYwGif ,if;uJhokdY ukrP
Ü o
D Ydk azazmf0g&Dv 6&ufaeYwiG f
wrl;? azazmf0g&D 6
ppfudkif;wdkif;a'oBuD; wrl; 7907 awmifh? usnftdrfrsKd;pHk 195 aq;0g;rsm;qd k i f & m Oya'yk ' f r jzpfyGm;cJhaMumif; ¤if;u xyfrHajym oGm;a&mufar;jref;&m tqkdygukrÜPD
0efxrf;u ajzMum;Ekdifjcif;r&Sday/
NrdKUwGif c½dkifw&m;½Hk; bdvpfpma&; ck ? ,rf ; awmif h 251 awmif h E S i f h 15^16 (c)^22(c)^21 wdYk jzifh trIziG hf Mum;onf/
ukcd ifaZmfonf jzpfymG ;ae&mwGif
,if;trIudk vIid o
f m,mNrKdUe,f
a':jzLjzL0if;\ aetdrüf vufeufEiS hf ,rf;BudK;acGav;acGwdkYudk odrf;qnf; ta&;,l x m;NyD ; rl ; ,pf a q;0g;
qufpyfypönf;trsKd;aygif; 8500 &rdcJhaMumif; jrefrmEdkifiH&JwyfzGJU\ o,f,lcdkif;ol OD;&Jpdk;0if;udk zrf;qD; aoqkH;cJhNyD; ukdbkdbkdrSmrl tif;pdef &Jpcef;u (y) 132^13? yk'rf 304-ujzihf
ausmftygt0if rl;,pfaq;0g;rsm; vlru
I eG &f ufwpfcjk zpfaom Facebook &rda&;twGuf pHkprf;&SmazGaeaMumif; jynf o l Y aq;½k H r S &ef u k e f j ynf o l Y trIzGifhta&;,lxm;aMumif; tqkdyg
aq;½kHBuD;okdY vTJajymif;wifykdYpOf &Jpcef;xHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
udk azazmf0g&Dv 3 &ufaeYwGif pmrsufESmwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
wrl;&Jpcef;xHrS od&Sd&onf/
zrf ; qD ; &rd a Mumif ; wrl ; Nrd K Ue,f
ppfaq;csut
f & a':jzLjzL0if;\
&JwyfzGJUpcef;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/ cifyeG ;f OD;pd;k jrif0h if;onf jynfaxmifpk
,if;NrKd Ue,f pE´u;l (3) &yfuu
G f? trsKd;om;vGwfajrmufa&;wyf O D ; od k Y
tdrftrSwf 20 wGif rl;,pfaq;0g; &dum© rsm;ydYkaqmifaeoljzpfNyD; vufeuf
100 'or 8 uD v d k t ygt0if rsm;rSm 2010 jynfhESpf ZlvdkifvcefYu
vufeufESifh qufpyfypönf;trsKd; ,if;wyfOD;rS AdkvfrSL;BuD;tqifh&Sdol
aygif; 8500 ausmfudk odrf;qnf; OD;wGeb
f ESihf Adv
k t
f qif&h o
dS l jrifah tmif
&rdcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; wrl;NrdKUe,f wd k Y u vma&muf t yf E S H c J h o jzif h &efukef? azazmf0g&D 6
&JwyfzGJUpcef;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/ od r f ; qnf ; xm;jcif ; jzpf a Mumif ; ?
A[ef ; Nrd K Ue,f w G i f j zpf y G m ;cJ h 'Pf&m 14 csufjzifh aoqH;k cJo
h nf[k qdkcJhonf/
tdrfa&SUü &yfxm;onfh Super rl;,pfaq;0g;rsm;rSm tdE´d,e,fpyf aom Nyd K if u m;armif ; ol r sm;\ xGufqdkcJhaMumif; cdkuf&efjzpfyGm;cJhpOf
tqdkygppfaq;onfhaeYwGif
cG e f r G e f ; EG e f & G m om; OD ; &J p d k ; 0if ; u tkyfpkzGJU ½dkufESufrIaMumifh vlwpfOD; aoqH k ; ol E S i f h t wl &S d a ecJ h a om ½d k u f E S u f o l [ k , l q &onf h ud k ; OD ;
Custom um;ay:rS puú L *syf z m
rsm;jzif h xk y f y d k ; xm;onf h ql ' d k rEÅav;odkY usyfodef; 60 ay;um aoqHk;cJhrIESifhywfoufí azazmf oli,fcsif; OD;rsKd;rif;a0u ajymMum; bufrS trIvdkufygaqmif&Gufae
tufzD'&if tmedoifyg tat;rd o,f a qmif c d k i f ; jcif ; jzpf a Mumif ; 0g&Dv 5 &ufaeYwGif &efukefwdkif; onf/
onfh a&SUaewpfOD;u tqkwfjzLa&mf
ESmap;aysmufaq;jym;rsm;udk pwif &JwyfzUJG 0ifrsm;\ppfaq;csufajzqdkrI a'oBuD; taemufydkif;c½dkifw&m;½Hk;
tqdkygq&m0ef\ avQmufvJ oGm;onfrSm wDbDa&m*grsm;aMumifh
awGU&SdcJhNyD; aetdrfudk xyfrH&SmazG&m rsm;udv
k rl u
I eG &f ufwiG af zmfjyxm;onf/ odkY rIcif;q&m0efBuD;u vma&muf csufudk jypfrIusL;vGefol[k ,lq& jzpfEdkifjcif;&Sd r&Sd ar;jref;cJhonfh
tdyfcef;ckwifatmufwGif vufeuf
zrf ; qD ; &rd o nf h vuf e uf xGufqdkcJh&m 0rf;acgif;wGif; aoG; onf h udk;OD;tzGJUbufu vdkufyg tay: tqk w f E S i f h y wf o uf o nf h
rsKd;pHk av;vufESifh qufpyfypönf; trsKd;tpm;rsm;udk uRrf;usiforl sm;u vGefonfh 'Pf&mrsm;jzifh aoqHk;cJh aqmif&Gufaeonfh a&SUaewpfOD;u a&m*grsm;jzpfyGm;vQif tqkwfrSm
rsm;udk &SmazGawGU&SdcJhaMumif; wrl;NrdKU pHkprf;ppfaq;aeojzifh vwfwavm onf[kxGufqdkcJhaMumif; tqdkyg ausmuf u yf a &td w f r S m acsmf v J usKHUjcif;? yGjcif;ESifh temrsm;awGU
e,f &J w yf z G J U pcef ; rS wm0ef u s tao;pdwo
f wif;xkwjf yefí r&ao; w&m;½Hk;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
us&mrS xdcdkufrdaomf uGJEdkifjcif;&Sd EdkifNyD; tqkwfjzLa&mfonfrSm tlodrf
&Jt&m&SdwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
aMumif; jrefrmEdkifiH&JwyfzGJUXmecsKyf
aoqH k ; ol \ tqk w f o nf r&Sd ar;jref;cJhrItay: rIcif;q&m0ef aoG;aMumrsm; aygufxGufrIaMumifh
tqdkygtdyfcef;atmufü 10 rIcif;XmexHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
aoG;r&SdawmhouJhodkY jzLa&mfoGm;NyD; BuD;u acsmfvJusíuGJaMuEdkifonfh aoG;vGeu
f m jzLa&mfco
hJ nf[k oH;k oyf
ay ywfvnf ajratmuf wdkufcef;&Sd
tqd k y g vuf e uf E S i f h w uG tl o d r f a b;&S d aoG ; aMumrsm; &mcdkifEIef;rSmenf;yg;NyD; uGJcJhvQif &aMumif; rIcif;q&m0efBuD;u xGuf
oHaowåm 10 vH;k twGi;f rS vufeuf rl ; ,pf a q;0g;awG U &S d r I u d k wrl ; aygufxu
G u
f m ausmufuyfab;wGif ES p f v H k ; ruG J E d k i f b J jyif ; xef o nf h qdkcJhonf/
rsKd;pHk 92 vufESifh AHk;oD;rsKd;pHk tvHk; &J p cef ; u (y)12^2013? rl ; ,pf &Sdaom a&tdwfESpfvHk;aygufxGufí 'Pf&maMumifhom uGJaMu&jcif;jzpf
2012 ckESpf atmufwdkbmv
60? eif;rdkif; 23 vHk;? usnfrsKd;pHk aq;0g;ESifh pdwfudkajymif;vJapaom 0rf;acgif;wGif;aoG;vGefNyD; jyify aMumif; tqdkygw&m;½Hk;wGif xGuf 23 &ufaeY n 10 em&D 30 rdepfwGif
urÇmat;bk&m;vrf;ray: [mrpfwpf
rSwfwdkifü NydKifum;wpfpD; pwefY
xGifarmif;ESifcJhNyD; um;ysufí &yfae
pOf ESif;qDukef;bdk;bGm;&dyfom\
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 6
oefY&Sif;a&;0efxrf;&Jausmfoltyg
jrefrmEdkifiH\rD;avmifrItjzpfyGm;qHk;NrdKUrsm;wGif wpfckyg0ifaom &efukefNrdKUawmfü azazmf0g&DyxrywftwGif;u oHk;&ufqufwdkuf tBuD;pm;
t0ifoHk;OD;u teD;rS oDcsif;qdkí
rD;avmifrIrsm;jzpfyGm;cJhaMumif; &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; rD;owfOD;pD;XmexHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
jzwfavQmufoGm;&m NydKifum;armif;
azazmf0g&Dv 3 &ufaeY n 7 em&Du vdIifom,mNrdKUe,f (5) &yfuGuf? jr&dyfndK 5 vrf;wGif rD;avmifcJhNyD; tdrf 18 vHk;ESifh taqmifajcmufaqmif
onfhtzGJUu rauseyfí ar;jref;&mrS
avmifuRrf;cJhum rD;ab;'ku©onfaygif; 725 OD; tdk;rJhtdrfrJhjzpfyGm;cJhaMumif; &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; &JwyfzGJUrSL;½Hk;xHrS od&onf/
&Jausmfolu awmif;yefcJhaomfvnf;
xkdYtwl vdIifNrdKUe,f (4) &yfuGuf&Sd jr0wDpufoHk;qDjzefYjzL;a&;0if; (tdk0rf;) qdyfurf;teD; vdIifjrpftwGif;wGif jr0wDydkifqDwGJtrSwf 003 u
NydKifum;ESifhtzGJUxJrS vlwpfOD;u
aumif;jrwfausmf qDwifa&,mOfESifh atmifokc{&mqDwifa&,mOfwdkYudk 'DZ,fxnfhpOf aumif;jrwfausmfa&,mOfu pufEdI;&mrS azazmf0g&Dv 4
teD;&Sd aomufa&td;k jzifh &Jausmfo\
l
&ufaeY nae 5 em&D 5 rdepfcefYwGif rD;avmifuRrf;cJh&m vlav;OD;aoqHk;um ajcmufOD;'Pf&m&cJhNyD; aumif;jrwfausmfa&,mOfrSm epfjrKyfcJhaMumif;
&efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; rD;owfOD;pD;Xmeu owif;xkwfjyefonf/
OD ; acgif ; ud k ½d k u f c G J c J h a Mumif ; ?
]]rD;cd;k awGutlNy;D a&xJrmS u rD;avmifaewm/ wcsKUd aowJo
h q
l &kd if t½d;k awGawmifay:aewm}} [k ,if;rD;avmifru
I kd jrifawGUcJo
h l OD;aZmfrif;u ajymqko
d nf/
xdkYaemuf vlav;OD;xyfrHa&mufvm
azazmf0g&Dv 5 &uf rGe;f vGJ 2 em&Duvnf; ajrmufOuúvmyNrdKUe,f a&TayguúNH rdKUopf pufrZI ek f 19 &yfuu
G ?f uaemifvrf;oG,f (1) vrf;&Sd Annsu
NyD ; 0d k i f ; 0ef ; uef a usmuf c J h o jzif h
a&jr§Kyfpuf½HkwGif azmhjym;rsm;udk vQyfppfjzwfpufjzifh jzwfawmuf&mu tylvGefNyD;rD;avmifuRrf;cJhaomaMumifh puf½Hk*dka'giftygt0if puf½HkukefMurf;
&J a usmf o l a oqH k ; cJ h a Mumif ; ,if ;
rsm;ESifh pufypönf;rsm;qHk;½HI;cJhaMumif; &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; rD;owfOD;pD;XmexHrS od&onf/
jzpf&yfudk tptqHk;rsufjrifawGU&Sdol
&efuek w
f ikd ;f a'oBuD;twGi;f Zefe0g&DvwGif rD;avmifrt
I Budrf 20 jzpfymG ;cJah Mumif; wdik ;f a'oBuD;rD;owfO;D pD;Xme\pm&if;Z,m;rsm;t& od&onf/
wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/

w&m;½Hk;pma&;tdrfwGif vufeufypönf;&SpfaxmifausmfESifU
rl;,pfaq;0g;zrf;rd

NydKifum;armif;olrsm;\ tkyfpkzGJY½dkufESufrI
rIcif;q&m0efxGufqdk

&efukefwGif oHk;&ufquf tBuD;pm;rD;avmif

NET N TECH
'

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

Vol.9 / No.6

The

VOICE

25

VOICE

The

February 11 - 17 , 2013

*syefpum;udk jrefrmbmomeJh vG,fvG,fulul
tGefvdkif;u avUvmr,f
ynma&;eJY pD;yGm;a&;qkdif&m
tcGit
hf vrf;awGaMumifh tm&Sxyd o
f ;D
*syefpmeJY *syefpum;u vli,fawG
Mum;rSm ydkrdka&yef;pm;vmygw,f/
'gaMumifhrdkY jrefrmvli,fawG *syef
pm *syefpum;udk jrefrmbmomeJY
tGefvkdif;uae vG,fvG,fululavh
vmEkdifr,fh urÇmausmf*syef½kyfoH
wpfckjzpfwJh NHK &JUtpDtpOfav;
udk nTefjycsifygw,f/
Ek d i f i H w um½k y f o H v T i f h X me
wpfckjzpfwJh NHK World uaeNyD;

awmh *syefpum;ajymoifcef;pmawG
udk tywfpOfa&'D,dkuaewpfqifh
jrefrmbmomtygt0if bmompum;
17 rsKd;eJY xkwfvTifhay;aeNyD; tGef
vkdif;rSmvnf; oifcef;pmawGeJY toH
zkdifawG? pmzdkifawGudk jynfhjynfhpHkpHk
wifay;xm;vkdY udk,fh&JU MP3 xJrSm
jzpfjzpf oifykef;uGefysLwmav;xJrSm
jzpfjzpf Download jyKvkyfxm;NyD;
tcsderf a&G; avhvmEkid rf mS jzpfygw,f/
oifcef;pmawGrSm toHawG
tm;vHk;udk *syefvlrsKd;ppfppfawGu

yg0ifo½kyfaqmifay;xm;NyD; oif
cef;pmtm;vHk;udk *syefbmomoif
Mum;a&;ynm&SifawG&JU BuD;MuyfrIeJY
jyKpkay;xm;w,fvkdY od&ygw,f/
*syefpum;ajymoifcef;pmwkdif;rSm
toHk;0ifwJhtoHk;tEIef;awGudk toH
Zmwfvrf;uae pdwf0ifpm;p&m avh
vmEk d i f r ,f v k d Y qk d x m;ygw,f /
'ghtjyif *syef,Ofaus;rI? vkyfief;
usifh0wfeJY toHk;EIef;awGudk azmfjy
xm;vdkY *syefrSmaexdkifa&;twGuf
rSwfom;p&mawG avhvmEkdifrSmyg/
'gaMumifhrdkY b0
&yfwnfrIrSm bmom
pum;wpfrsKd;xuf ydkrdk
wwfuRrf;xm;jcif;u
Bu;D pGmaom taxmuftyHh
jzpf w J h t wG u f *syef
pum;? *syef½dk;&meJ Y
*syef[if;csufenf;awG
utp tGefvkdif;uae
cyf v G , f v G , f x k d i f & m
rx avhvmvkdY&atmif
http://www.3.nhk.
or.jp/lesson/burmese/
index.html udk

TECH

Software roHk;bJ USB Flash Drive udk

Software toHk;rjyKbJeJY USB
Flash Drive udk Password eJYydwfenf;

av;udk ajymjyay;csifwmyg/ t&if
qHk; udk,foHk;r,fh USB udk Computer
rSmoGif;vkdufyg/ NyD;&if Right Click
udkESdyfNyD; Turn Bitlocker on qkdwm
av;udk ESdyfay;yg/ tJh'D USB Flash
Drive uvnf ; topf j zpf z d k Y v d k y g
w,f/ topfr[kwf&if ol Data awG
wG
udk Encrypt vkyfaewmeJYwif Mum
Ekdifygw,f/ NyD;&if Bitlocker udk On
vkyfNyD;wmeJY Use Password Unlock
ck
the drive qkdwmudk trSefjcpfay;yg/
g/
NyD;&if Password udk ESpcf gxnfah y;NyD
NyD;
awmh Next udkESdyfay;yg/ oluae
Password arh o G m ;&if j yef N yD ; awmh
wmh
Recovery vkyfvkdY&wJh uD;zdkifav;
xkwfay;&if vHkNcHK&wJhwpfae&mrSrmm
odrf;vkdufyg/ Oyrm- Desktop rm
rSm
odrf;&if odrf;rvm; rodrf;bl;vm;
m;

ydwfr,f

qkdwmudk ar;ygvdrfhr,f/ NyD;wmeJY
udkESdyfyg/ NyD;&ifoHk;NyD;om;
USB qkd&ifawmh atmufupmjzpfwJh
Next

Encrypt entry drive(slower but best
for PCs and drive already in use) qkd

wmudk a&G;ay;&rSmjzpfNyD; roHk;&ao;
wJh topfqkd&ifawmh Encrypt used
disk space only (faster and best for

rSm;zsufrdwJUzdkifudk jyef,lr,f
Folder wpfcx
k u
J zdik af wGtrsm;
BuD;udk Select ay;NyD; zsufvkdufwJh
tcsdefrSm udk,fh&JUta&;BuD;wJhzdkifyg
oGm;&if ysm,mcwfomG ;wwfygw,f/
NyD;awmh tJh'DtcsdefrSmvnf; tJh'Dzdkif
udk jyefvkdcsifvkdY jyef,lwJhtcsdefrSm
Software &Sd&if tqifoifhjzpfayr,fh
Recovery Software r&Sd&if Google
rSm&Sm&? Internet ay:u Download

cs&? acGqkdifrSm0,f&jzpf wwfyg
w,f/ tJ'DvdkrsKd; Software r&Sd wJh
tcsdefrSm Recovery vkyfvkdY&atmif
vk y f e nf ; av;ud k a jymjyay;csif y g
w,f/ t&ifqHk;udk zsufvdkufrdwJh
Folder av;udk Right Click ay;yg/
NyD;&if Restore Previsious Version
qkdwmudkESdyfyg/ NyD;&if Restore udk
ESdyfvkdufwmeJY zkdifudkjyef&ygNyD/

FREEWARE

rdausmif;av;awGzrf;&r,fU

nTefay;

vkdufygw,f/

Password eJh

TECH

new PCs and drive) qkdwmudka&G;ay;
yg/ tJ h ' gqk d & if Password ud k
Software roH k ; bJ yd w f v d k Y & ygNyD /
'gayrJh wpfckowdxm;&rSmu 'D
Password ay;wmu Windows puf
awGay:rSmyJxkd;NyD; toHk;jyKvkdY&rSm
jzpfygw,f/

Croc Crusher Up top free game
tvkyfawG
rsm;vd k Y acgif ; yl
vm&if y J j zpf j zpf
ÓPfrulbJ taysmf
wrf; *drf;av;cPwm
wm
aqmhupm;csif&if
yJjzpfjzpf cyfvG,fvG,
,ff
upm;Ek d i f r ,f h *d rrff ;
wpf r sKd ; yg/ 'D * d r f ;
av;u wu,f h
vuf a wG U upm;
uGif;awGrSm aqmh
upm;Ekid w
f h J tayguf
av;xJu acgif;av;
awG xGufvmwm
ud k vk d u f x k & wJ h
*drf;trsKd;tpm;eJY
qif w l y gw,f /
'D * d r f ; xJ r S m awmh
taygufav;xJu
rdausmif;acgif;av;; xGufvmwmudk
vufeJYtjrefzrf;&rSmjzpfNyD; ay;xm;
wJhtcsdeftwGif; udk,fb,favmuf
zrf;rdvJqkdwmudkyg azmfjyay;xm;
ygw,f/ rdausmif;av;awG zrf;&m
rS m oH k ; Bud r f v G J a csmf o G m ;&if a wmh
tpudk jyefa&mufoGm;rSmyg/ rsufpd

&Sif&Sif vufoGufoGufupm;&rSm
jzpf y gw,f / Android zk e f ; awG e J Y
Tablet awGrmS aqmhupm;Eki
d rf mS jzpfNyD;
http://www.1mobile.com/croccrusher-up-top-free-game-575760.

eJY 1Mobile Market rSm tcrJh
&,lEkdifygvdrfhr,f/

html

26
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

odkY
t,f'DwmcifAsm
wwd,t&G,ftxd rdrdjzwfoef;cJh&aom b0twGif;rS
tawGUtBuHKEiS ahf vhvmqnf;yl;rdorQukd trsm;twGuf tusK;d &Sad p
vdak om qE´jzihf þpmudak &;om;tyfygonf/ rdrrd mS tnm a'o
awmiforl sK;d ½d;k rS qif;oufvmol wpfO;D jzpfonft
h avsmuf i,fpOf
uawmifoltvkyfudk tvsOf;oihfovdk0ifa&mufvkyfcJhzl;onf/
t&G,fa&mufvmaomtcg tpdk;&½Hk;vkyfief;ESifh owåK
oefYpifvkyfief;wdkYwGifvnf; vkyfcJhzl;onf/ ,aeYwGif ywf0ef;
usifxdef;odrf;a&;Xmeü vkyfudkifqJjzpfí ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;
a&;udk tm½Hkpkdufvmaom þacwfwGif tcsuftvuftcsKdUudk
wifjycsifvmygonf/
vlOD;a&yrmPrsm;vmaom ,aeYacwfwGif wkd;yGm;vm
aom vlOD;a&\ pm;? 0wf? aea&;ESifh vlrIa&; ajyvnf&ef
twGuef nf;rsKd;pHjk zihf BuHqvmMuonf/ pD;yGm;a&;zGUH NzdK;rIvyk if ef;
rsm; aqmif&GufvmMuonf/ vlOD;a&rsm;vmjcif;udktaMumif;cH
xm;í udk,fhtusKd;pD;yGm;twGuf vIyf&Sm;Muonf/
zGUH NzdK;rIvyk if ef;trsm;pkonf ywf0ef;usifukd xdcu
dk w
f wfyg
onf/ zGHUNzdK;rIt&Sdeft[kefjrifhaeaom þacwfBuD;wGif owåK
wGi;f vkyif ef;rsm;aMumifh ywf0ef;usix
f cd u
dk &f onf[k vnf;aumif;?
"mwkaA'puf½Hkvkyfief;rsm;aMumifh ywf0ef;usifxdckduf&onf
[kvnf;aumif; þodkYomvltrsm;uodaeMuonf/
pdkufysKd;a&;vkyfief;aMumifh ywf0ef;usifxdcdkufEkdifonfudk
rl vlodenf;ouJhodkY rdrdudk,fwkdifvnf; ywf0ef;usifudkxdckduf
atmif zefw;D aeol[k qifjcifro
d rl mS tenf;pkomjzpfygvdrrfh nf/
rdr\
d Zmwdjzpfaom &Sirf awmifa'oudk jyefpOf;pm;Munh&f m
rSwfrdonfh t&G,frSpí ,muGufrsm;rSm rsufpdwpfqHk;&SdESifhNyD;
jzpfonf/ NrdKU&Gmvlae&yfuGufrsm; us,fjyefYvmonfrSmvnf;
vufawGUrsufawGUyif/ wpfcsdeu
f opfawmopfyifEiS hf pdr;f pdck rhJ nfh
obm0jrifuiG ;f onf bk;d bGm;? bDbifwYkd\ vufqifu
h rf;oHk;pGJrI
aMumifh ,mcif;rsm;jzpfomG ;&NyD? vlaeNcH0ef;rsm;jzpfc&hJ NyD? arG;&myg
vlYtcGit
hf a&;[kqv
kd Qif &Ekid af omfvnf; ,if;rSm ajrtoGit
f jyif
ajymif;vJrI (Land Disturbance) ywf0ef;usif xdckdufrIwpfckyif
jzpfygonf/ xdYk tjyif pdu
k yf sKd;a&;vkyif ef;wdYk ü "mwkajrMoZmrsm;
oHk;pGJrIESifh ydk;owfaq;oHk;pGJrIEIef; jrifhrm;vmaom ,aeYacwfü
xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;oifhaom xdcdkufrIrsKd;jzpfvmygNyD/
vGefcJhonfh ESpf 50 cefYu rdrdywf0ef;usif&Sd &Gmwpf&GmvQif

t,f'DwmrSwpfqifh
NrdKUawmf0efcifAsm;
uRefawmfonf &efukefNrdKUrS vkyfom;jynfol wpfa,muf
jzpfygonf/ ,refESpf 20.1.2012 &ufu &efukefNrdKUxJodkY 62
vkid ;f um;jzifo
h mG ;&m A[dpk nfrw
S w
f idk rf pS í Adv
k cf sKyaf ps;rSww
f idk t
f xd
um;rSm wa&GUa&GUESifh wjznf;jznf;oGm;ojzifh um;rsm;ay:yg
c&D;oGm;&[ef;&Sifvl axmifaomif;rsm;pGm pdwfnpf&ygonf/
AdkvfcsKyfvrf;rBuD; ydwfqdkYouJhodkY r[mAE¨Kvvrf;ESifh urf;em;
vrf;rBuD;rsm;vnf; ydwfqdkYukefygonf/ taMumif;&if;rSm
oHaps;rD;yGdKifhrS vomvrf;rD;yGdKifhtxd w½kwfESpfopful;udk
taMumif;jyNyD; vrf;rBuD;wpfjcrf;vHk;udk av;&ufwdkifwkdif
ydwfqdkYNyD; pnf;urf;rJhpGm aps;a&mif;jcif;aMumifhjzpfygonf/
w½kwfESpfopful;udktaMumif;jyKNyD; þuJhodkY vrf;rwpfjcrf;
ydwfí pnf;urf;rJhpGm aps;a&mif;jcif;aMumifh aeYpOfNrdKUxJodkYoGm;
vmaeol c&D;oGm;jynfolrsm;pGm wdkYrSm um;vrf;ydwfqdkYjcif;
aMumifh rdrdwdkY\ wefzdk;&SdvSaom tcsdefrsm;pGm um;ay:wGif
tv[óukefqHk;jcif;aMumifh c&D;oGm;vkyfom;jynfol axmif
aomif;rsm;pGmwdkYrSm pdwfqif;&Judk,fqif;&J jzpfMu&ygonf/
aq;½HkBuD;? A[dkpnfaq;½HkodkYvmonfh ta&;ay:vlemrsm;rSm
vnf; vrf;ydwfqdkYrIaMumifh vlemwifum;ay:wGif toufqHk;
½I;H Ekid yf gonf/ ESpo
f pfu;l aps;a&mif;rnfo
h rl sm;udk ae&m us,f0ef;
onhf av[mjyifaps;uGi;f xJwiG f zGiahf y;oihyf gonf/ ESpo
f pfu;l
aps;0,frnfholrsm;onf rnfonhfaps;rS rqdk 0,f,lEkdifygonf/

pufb;D oH;k pD;rQyifr&Sad om acwfrS ,aeYqv
kd Qif ,if;&Gmrsm;wGif
qdkifu,f 10 pD;cefYpD&SdaeMuNyD/ qdkifu,fudk toHk;jyKí
zGHUNzdK;a&;vkyfief;rsm;tm; ajy;ajy;vTm;vTm; aqmif&Gufaeolrsm;
rSm EdkifiHtESHYyif&Sdonf/ pufbD;pD;jcif;onf usef;rma&;ESifh
nDñGwfonf? ywf0ef;usifudk npfnrf;apaom rD;cdk;rxGuf[k
vlwdkif;odaomfvnf; qdkifu,fudkom OD;pm;ay;pD;Muonf/
zGHUNzdK;a&;vkyfief;twGuf aqmif&Guf&mwGif rdrdudk,fwdkifvnf;
ywf0ef;usifudk zsufqD;aeonfhtjzpfudk odMuapcsifygonf/
taemufEdkifiHrsm;wGif 18 &mpkESpfuwnf;u owåKwGif;
vkyfief;rsm;udk vkyfudkifcJhMuonf/ owåKwGif;tawGUtBuHKESifh
owåKaA'tawGUtBuHKrsm; &ifu
h suv
f monfEiS t
hf rQ zGUH NzdK;wd;k wuf
vmcJhMuonf/ zGHUNzdK;rIESifhtNydKif ywf0ef;usifudk xdcdkufwwf
onf[al om todrmS vnf; xdo
k w
l Yku
d yif pwifocd MhJ ujcif;jzpfonf/
xdcdkufrItenf;qHk;jzpfatmif vkyfaqmif&rnfhenf;pOfrsm;
udkvnf; awG;awmBuHqa&;qGJjy|mef;cJhMuonf/ jrefrmEdkifiH
twGuf avhvmp&mom"ursm;ESifh a&G;cs,fp&menf;pOfrsm;
urÇmwGif trsm;tjym;&SdESifhNyD;jzpfygonf/
wGif;xGufowåKrSm a&ESifhavuJhodkY jyefvnfjynfhNzdK;NrJ
t&if;tjrpfr[kwfyg/ Non Renewable Resource jzpfygonf/
xdkYaMumifhvnf; owåKxkwf,l&mwGif tavtvGifhtenf;qHk;
jzpfatmif? toHk;jyK&mwGifvnf; xda&mufrIt&SdqHk;jzpfatmif?
tusKd;jyK&mwGifvnf; jynfoljynfom;trsm;pktwGufjzpf
atmif owdxm;oifhvSonf/
a&S;tpOfaMu;acwfoHacwfrSpí bk&iftqufqufacwf
uwnf;u olwYkdprG ;f oavmuf wGi;f xGuo
f wåKudk xkw,
f o
l ;kH pGcJ hJ
Muonf/ oHk;pGJcJhonfha&S;½dk;&mypönf;trsm;tjym;&Sdovdk wl;azmf
cJMh uonfh ajc&mvuf&mrsm;vnf;&Scd yhJ gonf/ aemifvmaemufom;
rsm;twGuf &nf&G,fí csefxm;cJhonfqdkonfhpum; rMum;zl;
ao;yg/ aemifvmaemufom;rsm;twGuf obm0ywf0ef;usif
aumif;xm;cJh&efrSm vuf&Sdvlom;wdkif;wGif wm0ef&Sdygonf/
xdkodkY tvm;wlolwdkYtwGuf&nf&G,fí obm0t&if;
tjrpfrsm;udk csefxm;cJhEdkifvQifawmh taumif;qHk;yifjzpfygrnf/
þodkYqdkvQif ajrydkr&Sd? a&csKdr&Sd? wGif;xGufowåK o,H
Zmwr&SdbJ jrefrmEdkifiHxuf wpfOD;us0ifaiGtqrsm;pGm ydkrsm;
aom pifumylEdkifiHvdkjzpf&efrSm ÓPf&nfzGHUNzdK;aomvlom;
t&if;tjrpfrsm; trsm;tjym;&Sd&ef vdkygrnf/
wpfEdkifiHvHk;twdkif;twmjzifh BudK;pm;&rnfjzpfygonf/
ÓPf&nfÓPfaoG;ESifhywfoufí þae&mwGif ywf0ef;usif
xdef;odrf;a&;ESifh opfawma&;&m0efBuD;Xmeu xkwfa0aom
,refESpfwkef;u ,ckuJhodkY um;rrsm;ao;yg/ ,ckuJhodkY
um;rsm;aomif;csDí oGif;xm;csdefwGif ,cifrESpfuuJhodkY
um;vrf;ydwfqdkYaps;a&mif;ygu c&D;oGm;jynfolodef;ESifhcsDí
pdwfnpf&rnfjzpfonf/ w½kwfESpfopful; aps;a&mif;csjcif;jzifh
aps;onf 200 0ef;usicf efY 0ifaiG&rnfjzpfNyD; &efuek w
f pfNrdKUvH;k rS
c&D;oGm;jynfolodef;ESifhcsDí pdwfnpf&rnfjzpfonf/ pnf;urf;rJh
aps;onfrsm; vrf;ray:wufNyD; aps;a&mif;csjcif;onf Adv
k cf sKyaf jym
onfh rdefYcGef;xJrS vGwfvyfNyDqdkNyD; vrf;ray:aq;½dk;wufvSrf;
onfEiS hf tvm;oP²mefwn
l yD gonf/ qif;&JraJG wrIEiS hf pnf;urf;
r&SdrIwdkYonf wjcm;pDjzpfygonf/ qif;&JrGJawrIudk taMumif;
jyNyD; pnf;urf;rJh aps;a&mif;jcif;udk vHk;0vufrcHyg/ pnf;urf;
rJph mG vrf;ray:odYk aps;wufa&mif;jcif;onf c&D;oGm; jynfov
l x
l k
wpf&yfvHk;udk *½krpdkuf apmfum;onfESifhwlygonf/ pnf;urf;
rJh aps;onfrsm; vrf;ray:wufí aps;a&mif;jcif;onf ,mOfaMum
ydwfqdkYrI tcsufajcmufcsufxJrS wpfcsuftygt0ifjzpfojzifh
NrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDu vmrnfh w½kwfESpfopf
ul; azazmf0g&Dv 10 &ufaeYwiG f oHaps;rD;yGKd ift
h xd av;&ufwidk f
pnf;urf;rJhpGm vrf;ydwfaps;a&mif;csjcif;udk vHk;0 (vHk;0) cGifhrjyK
oifhyg/ c&D;oGm;jynfolvlxkwpf&yfvHk;\ udk,fpm;vrf;ray:
wuf aps;a&mif;jcif;udk vHk;0 (vHk;0) uefYuGufygonf/ &efukef
wpfNrdKUvHk;rS vrf;rBuD;rsm;ay:wGif yvufazmif;rS ausmfvGefí
pnf;urf;rJhpGm aps;a&mif;jcif;udk xdxda&mufa&muf ta&;,l
ay;yg&ef &efukefNrKdUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDodkY wifjy
tyfygonf/
vrf;ydwfqdkYjcif;rjzpfapvdkol

vuf u rf ; pmapmif y gtcsuf w pf c suf u d k wif j yvd k y gonf /
urÇmwGif 0g;awm{&d,mydkifqdkifrI wwd,ae&mwGif&Sdaeaom
jrefrmEdkifiH\ 0g;ESifhBudrfrS&&Sdaom 0ifaiGrSm tar&duefa':vm
13 oef;cefYom&Sdí w½kwfEdkifiH\ 2006 ckESpfu ,if;rS&aom
0ifaiGrSm tar&duefa':vm 1748 oef;&Sdaeygonf/ xdkYtjyif
tjcm;tdrfeD;csif;EdkifiHrsm;xufvnf; enf;onfudkvnf; azmfjy
xm;ygonf/ þonfrSm rdrdwdkYvlrsm;pk\tvkyftay: pdwf0if
pm;rIenf;jcif;ESifh ÓPf&nfÓPfaoG;uGm[rIyifjzpfygrnf/
þajrü BuD;jyif;cJhaom rdrdtaejzifh ynmwwftvkyf
vufrrhJ sm; pkyakH eaom þajr0,ftvkyu
f ,
kd pf D &&Sad pvdyk gonf/
rdrdwwfaomynmjzifh wdkif;om;jynfolwdkY\ tqifhtwef;udk
jrifhonfxufjrifhatmif aqmif&GufEdkifMuapvdkygonf/ yrmP
BuD;rm;aom wGif;xGufowåKudk xkwf,lpOfwGif Revegetation
vkyfief;aqmif&Gufvsufvnf;aumif;? xkwf,lNyD;umvü
Rehabilitation vkyfief;aqmif&Gufjcif;jzifhvnf;aumif; obm0
udk wkyEdkifaom zefwD;rIrsm;udk wdusaumif;rGefpGm vdkufem
aqmif&GufMuapvdkygonf/
zdk;vl - &Sifrawmif

The Voice Weekly t,f'DwmrSwpfqifh

EkdifiHawmftBuD;tuJrsm;odkY
EkdifiHawmfrS 'Drkdua&pDvrf;aMumif;ay:odkY a&S;½IcsDwuf
vsuf&Sd&mwGif EkdifiHawmfu bwf*sufvdktyfcsuft& b@maiG
rsm; ,dkzdwfrIr&SdbJ tjynhft0&&Sdap&efrSm jynfoltm;vHk;\
wm0efyifjzpfygonf/
,cktcsdeftcgwGif Xmeqkdif&m ajrrsm; (Oyrm-pnfyif
om,ma&;ydkifajr? tdk;tdrfydkifajr? tm;upm;0efBuD;XmeydkifajrESifh
tjcm;Xmeqkid &f mrsm;ydik af jr) udk Xmeqdik &f mrsm;u aqmufvyk af &;
uefx½dkufwmrsm;ESifh tusKd;wlyl;aygif;í 50 &mckdifEIef;pD
tusKd;cHpm;cGifh,lNyD; aqmufvkyftaumiftxnfazmfvsuf
&Sdonf/
,if ; od k Y aqmif & G u f & ef & &S d v maom tcef ; rsm;tm;
uefx½dkufwmrsm;onf owif;pm? *sme,f? vufurf;aMumfjim?
jyyGJrsm;wGif aMumfjimí tqrwef aps;jr§ihfa&mif;csvsuf&SdNyD;
Xmeqkdif&mrsm; &&Sdonhf tdrfcef;rsm;udkrl yGifhvif;jrifomrIr&SdbJ
a&mif;csvsuf&Sdonfudk awGU&Sd&ygonf/ aqmufvkyfNyD;pD;aom
Xmeqdkif&m tdrfcef;rsm;udk yGifhvif;jrifomrI&SdpGmjzifh aeYpOf
owif;pmwGif avvHaMumfjimí Murf;cif;aps; owfrSwfavvH
wifa&mif;csygu trSefwu,f tdrfcef;vdktyfaeolrsm; tae
jzifh aps;EIef;csKdompGmjzifh 0,f,lEkdifrnfjzpfygonf/ EkdifiHawmf
b@maiG&&SdrIrSmvnf; yGifhvif;jrifomrI &SdEkdifrnfjzpfygonf/
Xmeqkdif&majray:wGif aqmufvkyfxm;onfh tdrfcef;aps;EIef;
rsm;rSmvnf; jynfoltrsm; vufvSrf;rrDEkdifaom aps;EIef;rsm;
jzpfonfudk owdcsyfoifhygonf/ ,ckvuf&Sd aqmif&Gufaejcif;
onf vufwpfqkyfpm c½dkeDrsm;tusKd;twGufom jzpfonfudk
owdcsyfoifhygonf/
aqmufvkyfNyD;Xmeqdkif&mrS &&Sdaom tdrfcef;rsm;udk
aqmufvkyfonfh uefx½dkufwmrsm; n§dEdIif;aps;jzihf Xmeqkdif&m
rsm;xHrS0,f,lí tqrwefaps;jr§ihfa&mif;csvsuf&Sdonf[k
Mum;od&ygonf/ uefx½dkufwmrsm;u Xmeqdkif&mrS tdrfcef;
rsm;udk 0,f,ljcif;rSmvnf; ¤if;wdkY&&Sdonfh tcef;rsm;udk aps;ydkrdk
jr§ifhí a&mif;csEkdif&ef pDpOfjcif;jzpfygonf/
odkYjzpfygí Xmeqdkif&mrsm;onf uefx½dkufwmrsm;ESifh
¤if;\udk,fpm;vS,frsm;tm; vHk;0a&mif;csjcif; rjyK&eftwGuf
xdef;odrf;aqmif&Gufoifhygonf/
EkdifiHawmfb@maiG ydkrdk&&Sda&;? yGifhvif;jrifomrI&&Sda&;?
jynfoltrsm;aps;EIef;oufompGmjzifh tdrfcef;rsm; 0,f,l&&Sda&;
wkdY yGifhvif;jrifomaom pepfudk azmfaqmifoifhNyDjzpfygonf/
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;taejzifh vTwfawmfwGif
wifjyí EkdifiHawmf b@maiGtavtvGifh r&Sdapa&;twGuf
Oya'? vkyfxHk;? vkyfenf;rsm;owfrSwfaqmif&Guf&ef tcsdefus
a&mufNyDjzpfygaMumif; odkYrSomvQif EkdifiHb@maiGrsm; vkyfief;
wkdif;rS&&SdNyD; bwf*sufvdkaiGjyrIrsm; r&SdawmhrnfjzpfygaMumif;
EkdifiHom;wpfOD;taeESifh tBuHjyKwifjytyfygonf cifAsm;/
wm0efodjynfolwpfOD;

t,f'DwmUxHay;pmESifU qufoG,fvdkolrsm;odkh
The Voice Weekly onf EkdifiHtusKd;twGuf wpfaxmifhwpfae&mrS yg0ifvdkol EkdifiHom;pmzwfolrsm;uay;ydkYaom tBuHjyKpmrsm;ESifh jynfolYtoHrsm;udk t,f'DwmhxHay;pmu@
jzifh yHkrSefazmfjyay;vsuf&Sdygonf/ ,cifxuf ydkrdkyGifhvif;vmaom tajymif;tvJrsm;ESifhtnD ,cifuay;pmu@wGif razmfjyEkdifcJhonfh pmrsm;udkyg azmfjyay;vsuf&Sdygonf/ odkYaomf
ay;ydkYaom owif;tcsuftvuf rSefuef? wdus? cdkifvHkrI&Sd? r&SdESifh ay;ydkYaomowif; tcsuftvuf\ cdkifrmwdusrIudk trSefwu,fwm0ef,lEkdifjcif;&Sd? r&Sd t,f'DwmtzGJUu
twnfjyKcsuf&,lEidk &f ef ,if;u@odYk ay;pma&;om;ay;ydYk olrsm;taeESihf azmfjyapvdo
k nfh trnftjyif a&;om;ay;ydYk o\
l trnf&if;? ae&yfvyd pf m? rSwyf w
kH ifeyH gwf? qufo,
G &f efw,fvzD ek ;f
eHygwfwkdYudk (rjzpfrae)xnfhoGif;ay;ydkYMuyg&ef av;pm;pGmxyfrHtoday;tyfygonf/ pmrsufESmtcuftcJt& ay;ydkYvdkaom taMumif;t&mrsm;udk vkd&if;xdxdrdrdjzifh wdkwkduspfuspf
a&;om;ay;Muyg&ef arwåm&yfcHtyfygonf/
The Voice Weekly wGif yHkrSefazmfjyvsuf&Sdaom Perspective (½Iaxmifhtjrif)u@odkY pmrlrsm;ay;ydkY&mwGifvnf; a&;om;ol\ uavmiftrnftjyif trnf&if;? ae&yfvdyfpm? rSwfyHkwif
eHygwf? qufoG,f&ef w,fvDzkef; eHygwfponfjzifh udk,fa&;tcsuftvufwkdYudk (rjzpfrae)xnfhoGif;ay;ydkYMuyg&efESifh tqkdygay;pmESifh ½Iaxmifhtjrifu@ pmrlrsm;ay;ykdY&mwGif e-mail
jzifh ay;ykdYygu c-editor@ thevoiceweekly.net okdYom ay;ykdY&ef av;pm;pGmtoday;tyfygonf/
t,f'Dwm

27
THE VOICE WEEKLY 27

Vol.9 / No.6 - February 11 - 17, 2013

PERSPECTIVE
VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

uk

vor*¾tygt0if EdkifiHwumtodkif;t0dkif;ü urÇmhy#dyu©rsm;\ tppftrSef jyif;xefvSaom oabmobm0rsm;udk &ifqdkifawGUBuHKajz&Sif;vm&aomtcgwGif tusKd;oufa&mufrIr&SdvSaom
tajctaersm;udk rMumcPawGUBuHKvmMu&onf/ y#dyu©rsm;\ oabmobm0onf ajymif;vJvsuf&Sdonf/ jynfaxmifcsif; (Interstate) ppfyGJrsm;? jyóemrsm;rSonf wpfjynfaxmifwGif;
(Intrastate) jyóemrsm;tjzpf ajymif;a&TUvsuf&Sdonf/ xdkYaMumifhyifvQif tpdk;&rsm;ESifh EdkifiHwumtzGJYtpnf;rsm;twGif;txdyif t&yfbufyHkpHzGJUpnf;xm;aom Nidrf;csrf;a&; wnfaqmufrIESifh
jyóemumuG,fwm;qD;rIwdkYudk pdwf0ifpm;vmMuonf/ Oyrm-ukvor*¾twGif;a&;rSL;csKyfudk,füuyif ]jyóemjzpfrS wHkYjyefaom,Ofaus;rI} tpm; ]jyóemudk umuG,fwm;qD;aom ,Ofaus;rI}
tjzpf ajymif;a&TUpOf;pm;Mu&ef ajymqdkvm&onf/ Oa&myor*¾? Oa&myvHkNcHKa&;ESifh yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm; tygt0if tzGJUtpnf;rsm;pGmu xdkoabmxm;udk vufcHcJhMuonf/
þtajymif;ta&TUtwGuf ta&;ygqH;k aom tcsdwt
f quf
jzpfap yg0ifonfhtkyfpk toD;oD;udk oabmwlnDcsufwpfck&&ef
rSm CSOs
Os ac: t&yfbuftzGJYtpnf;rsm;jzpfMuonf/ urÇm
zdtm;ay;Edkifonf/ trsKd;orD;vlrItzGJUtpnf;rsm;u y#dyu©
wpfvmT ;&Sd Edik if aH &;acgif;aqmifrsm;u t&yfbuftzGUJ tpnf;rsm;\
jzpfaeonfh tkyfpkrsm;tay: zdtm;ay;EdkifcJhaomjzpfpOfudk
twG i f ; yd k i f ; jyóemrsm;wG i f yg0if a jz&S i f ; aqmif & G u f E d k i f r I
vdkifab;&D;,m; aphpyfn§dEdIif;yGJrsm;wGif awGU&SdEdkifonf/
tvm;tvmrsm;udk todtrSwfjyKvmMuonfhwdkif xdkajz&Sif;rI
CSOs rsm;\ pnf;½Hk;vIHYaqmfrIjzifh wdkif;jynftwGif;ü
e,f y ,f r sm;twG i f ; t&yf b uf t zG J Y tpnf ; rsm;\ yg0if
Nidrf;csrf;a&;oabmwlnDrIvdkvm;aom tiftm;rsm;ay:ayguf
aqmif&GufrItwdkif;twmrsm;rSm tjynfht0pkpnf;aqmif&Guf
vmatmif jyKvkyfEdkifonf/ ajrmufydkif; tdkif,mvefNidrf;csrf;a&;
Edik af om tajctaer[kwaf o;ay/ rMumcPqdo
k vdk tpd;k &rsm;
vkyfief;pOfwGif t&yfbuftzGJYtpnf;rsm;\ pnf;½Hk;vHIYaqmfrI
u Nidrf;csrf;a&;ESifh vHkNcHKa&;udpörsm;wGif tpdk;&r[kwfaom
rsm;aMumifh ,cifu xdyfoD;ydkif;om oabmwlcJhMuonfh Good
yk*¾dKvfrsm; (Non-State Actor) yg0ifaqmif&GufrIudk cGifhjyK&ef
Friday oabmwlnDcsufudk trsm;vufcHvmMuonf/
vufwGefYaeqJyifjzpfonf/
jynfolYoabmxm;ppfwrf;aumuf,laom enf;udkvnf;
xdkodkYaom vufwGefYaerIrsm;&Sdaevifhupm; t&yfbuf
toHk;jyKEdkifonf/ xdkppfwrf;rsm;rS vlxktrsm;pku Nidrf;csrf;a&;
at;armif
a
usmf
tzGJYtpnf;rsm;\ y#dyu©BudKwifumuG,fa&;ESifh Nidrf;csrf;a&;
oabmwlnrD &I &Sad &;vdv
k m;aMumif; jyovmvQif aphpyfzsefajzrI
wnfaqmufa&;jzpfpOfrsm;wGif vufawGUyg0ifaqmif&GufrIrsm;
tzGJUudk ,if;tcsufudktoHk;csNyD; y#dyu©jzpfaeaomtkyfpkrsm;
rSm rsm;pGmatmifjrifvsuf&Sdonfudk awGU&onf/ ¤if;tzGJUtpnf;
tm; zdtm;ay;Edkifonf/
rsm;\ &yf&Gmacgif;aqmifrsm;toGifjzifhvnf;aumif;? trsKd; oifhonf/ tcsKdUtkyfpkrsm;u aphpyfn§dEdIif;a&;pm;yGJodkY tvSrf;rrD
A[kokwESifh uRrf;usifrIqdkif&m toif;tzGJUrsm;\ tcef;
orD;tkyfpkrsm;? ynm&Sifrsm;? *sme,fvpfrsm;? wuf<uaom ojzifhaomfvnf;aumif;? oabmwlnDcsuf wpfck&,la&;wGif onfvnf; ta&;BuD;onf/ Nidrf;csrf;a&;wnfaqmufrIqdkif&m?
pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;taeESifhvnf;aumif; xdkjzpfpOfrsm;wGif rdrdwdkYtm; z,fMuOfcH&onf[k,lqojzifh uefYuGufqefYusif vlYtcGifhta&;qdkif&m odkYr[kwf w&m;pD&ifa&;qdkif&m uRrf;usif
k aomfvnf;aumif; vufeufjzifah jz&Si;f vmEdik o
f nfh tEÅ&m,f olrsm;? trsKd;orD;toif;tzGJUrsm;rS udk,fpm;vS,frsm;? okaw
yg0ifaqmif&GufMujcif;rsm;rSm ppfom;rsm;ESifh oHwrefrsm; vdí
a&muf&adS om twdik ;f twmxuf ausmv
f eG af &muf&EdS ikd Mf uonfukd rsm;udk Nidr;f csrf;a&;vkyif ef;pOfwiG f yg0ifapjcif;tm;jzifh auseyfrI oee,fy,frS udk,fpm;vS,frsm;? wpfoD;yk*¾vokawoDrsm;udk
&&SdvmapEdkifonf/
awGU&ayonf/
yg0ifapjcif;jzifh EdkifiHtwGif;&Sd vlrItzGJUtpnf;rsm;ua&m? EdkifiH
aqG;aEG;yGJwGif yg0ifonfh tkyfpkuGJrsm; tzGJUrsm;tm; wumtpdk;&r[kwfonfhtzGJUtpnf;rsm; (INGO) uyg aphpyf
xdkYaMumifh aphpyfzsefajzn§dEdIif;rIjzpfpOfrsm;wGif vlpHkwufpHk
yg0ifrIu ¤if;vkyfief;pOfrsm;udka&m? a&&SnfwnfwHhaom t&yfbuftzGJUtpnf;ESifh tjcm;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;rS apmifhMunfh zsefajzyGt
J ay:vHak vmufonfh A[kow
k rsm;ay;Edik o
f nfukd awGU&onf/
oabmwlnDcsufrsm;&&Sda&;twGufyg tusKd;oufa&mufap jcif;? zdtm;ay;jcif;jyKvkyfEdkifonf/ ¤if; CSOs rsm;u Mum;0if
jzpfpOftawmfrsm;rsm;wGif INGO rsm;onf aphpyfzsefajzrI
aphpyfzsefajzol (Mediator's) \ AsL[mudk ulnDyHhydk;EdkifNyD; aphpyf vkyfief;pOftm; EdkifiHwumESifh jynfwGif;wwfodynm&SifwdkYudk
onfudk awGU&onf/
ta&;BuD;aomtkypf w
k ikd ;f yl;aygif;yg0ifvmatmif aqmif&u
G f aqG;aEG;rIumvtwGif;jzpfap odkYr[kwf aqG;aEG;yGJjyifywGif vG,fulpGm &,lEdkif&ef aqmif&Gufay;onfh tcef;u@rS yg0if
Muonf/ Oyrm-zD*sD-2009 Nidrf;csrf;a&;vkyfief;pOfrsm;twGif;
ukvor*¾EiS hf "eo[m,yl;wGXJ meonf t&yfbuf tzGUJ tpnf;
rsm;xHrS tNrJrjywf tBuHÓPfrsm;&,lcJhNyD; vlYtzGJUtpnf;0if
rsm;tay: aphpyfzsefajzrIESifh qufpyfonfh ,lqcsufoabm
qufoG,fajymqdkjcif;
uRrf;usif&ef
w&m; prf;oyfrIrsm; jyKvkyfay;EdkifcJhonf/ xkdodkY jyKvkyf&mwGif
avhusifhynmay;jcif;
tvGwfoabmjyKvkyfjcif;jzpfojzifh vkyfief;pOfudk tzGJUtpnf;
owif;tcsuftvuf
wpfckck\ MoZmvTrf;rdk;rI&Sdaeonfqdkaom tjrifapmif;rIrsm;rS
tk
y
f
p
k
u
G
J
r
sm;tMum;
jzefYa0jcif;ESifh
a&SmifvTJEdkifcJhonf/ 1990 jynfhESpf qdkrm;vD;,m;wGif yxr
aqG
;
aEG
;
zvS
,
f
r
I
r
sm;
vlxktusKd;jyK rD'D,m
tBudrf ukvor*¾aphpyfzsefajzrIaqmif&GufpOfu aphpyfzsefajz
jyKvkyfjcif;
vkyfief;rsm;
olrsm;tm; yHhydk;ay;&ef EdkifiHwumESifh jynfwGif;okawoDrsm;
yg0ifonfh Reference Group wpfckwnfaxmifum qDG'iftajc
pdkuf 'INGO' jzpfonfh 'Life and Peace Institute' \ tultnD
jzifh pDpOfaqmif&GufcJhonf/
,ckzdvpfydkif? rif'gemtdkNidrf;csrf;a&;vkyfief;pOftwGuf
oabmwlnDcsufrsm;
'International Contact Group' \ aqmif&Gufcsufonf 'INGO'
taumiftxnf
tul;tajymif;umv
azmfjcif;twGuf
rsm;rS aphpyfzsefajzrItzGJUtm; uRrf;usifrIydkif;qdkif&mudk ay;Edkif
w&m;Oya'qdkif&m
enf;ynmqdkif&m
vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;rsm;
½HkrQru a'ocHrsm;ESifh csdwfqufay;rIrsm;udkvnf; jyKvkyfay;
taxmuftuljyK
azmfxkwfjcif;
EdkifaMumif; awGU&onf/
vkyfief;rsm;
w&m;0ifaphpyfnE§d iId ;f rIwpfct
k wGuf t&yfbuftzGUJ tpnf;
w&m;0if
rsm;rSm 0dkif;0ef;yHhydk;ulnDEdkifyHkudk wpfzufygyHkwGif awGUEdkifonf/
w&m;0ifaphpyfnE§d iId ;f yGrJ sm;ESihf ¤if;ud0k ef;&Haeaom taMumif;t&m
aphpyfn§dEdIif;yGJrsm;
rsm;tMum; tjyeftvSef Feedback rsm; toGif;txkwfn§dEdIif;
Mujcif;tm;jzifh trSeEf iS hf teD;pyfq;kH aom tajctaeodYk a&mufatmif
&yf&Gmjyefvnf
oGm;EdkifyHkudk azmfjyjcif;jzpfonf/
aphpyfnd§EdIif;jcif;
oifhjrwfa&;ESifh
,ck rMumao;rD&ufydkif;rsm;u EdkifiHawmfor®wudk,fwdkif
taxmuftuljyK
trsKd;om;&ifMum;apha&;
tzGJUrsm;ESifh
jynfwGif;Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifrIvkyfief;rsm;wGif t&yfbuf
vkyfief;rsm;
tBuHay;tzGJUrsm;
aqmif&Gufjcif;
tzGJUtpnf;rsm; (CSOs) yg0ifvkyfaqmifMu&ef ta&;BuD;yHkESifh
yg0ifulnDaqmif&GufMu&ef ajymMum;oGm;onfudk awGU&onf/
þodkYoabmxm;vmjcif;rSm jrefrmEdkifiH\ Nidrf;csrf;a&;
azmfaqmifrIvkyfief;pOfrsm;twGuf tm;wufp&m? 0rf;ajrmuf
*kPf,lp&myifjzpfygonf/ jynfwGif;ESifh EdkifiHwum vlpHkwufpHk
yg0ifaom BudK;yrf;ajz&Sif;rIrsm;&SdvmvQif jrefrmjynfwGif;
zGHUNzdK;a&;vkyfief;rsm;
aphpyfn§dEdIif;jcif;qdkif&m
Nidrf;csrf;a&;rSm ra0;vSaomumvwGif qkyfqkyfudkifudkif&&Sdvm
yl;wGJaqmif&Gufjcif;
ynmay;vkyfief;rsm;
vdrfhrnfjzpfygonf/ wpfqufwnf;yif y#dyu©vGefjyóemrsm;
jzpfaom zGHUNzdK;a&;rsm;? pdwf'Pf&mukpm;rIrsm;? rdkif;&Sif;vif;a&;
okawoeESifh
rsm;? jyefvnfwnfaqmufa&;rsm;wGifyg t&yfbuftzGJUtpnf;
avhvma&;vkyfief;rsm;
rsm;rS wufwuf<u<u qufvufulnDEdkifvdrfhrnf[k ,HkMunf
ESifh rSwfwrf;rSwf&m
pkaqmif;jcif;
&ygonf/

Nidrf;csrf;a&;
wnfaqmufrIjzpfpOfESifU
t&yfbuftzGJYtpnf;rsm;

vkyfief;rsm;

at;armifausmf

28
The

VOICE

odkYaompepfjzifh wnfaqmufwnfaqmuf?
Edkif iHrnfuodk rnf
nfhacgif;aqmifyifwufwuf pOf;pm;wwfaom
olrsm; arG;xkwfray;EkdifvQif? rpOf;pm;MuvQif? rpOf;pm;EkdifvQif
a&SUodkY wdk;aygufEkdifrnfr[kwf/
pOf;pm;wwf&ef pOf;pm;jcif;udk tm;ay;zdkYvdkonf/ pOf;pm;
wwfjcif;onf vlwpfO;D wpfa,mufcsi;f \ p½du
k ?f tm;xkwrf EI iS hf
vnf; oufqdkifaomfvnf; t"durSm ynma&;yifjzpfonf/
ynma&;\ t"du&nf&G,fcsufonf pOf;pm;wwf&efjzpf
onf/ yg&*lbUJG ESpx
f yfurG ;f ? ok;H xyfurG ;f yif &xm;ygap rpOf;pm;
wwfvQif ynmrwwfao;/ twef;ynm rnfrQ&Sd&Sd rpOf;pm;
wwfvQif ynmwwfonf rrnf/ bGYJ&omjzpfrnf? ynmwwfrjzpf
Ekdif/ wufcJhaomausmif;rsm;? ausmif;aecJhaomESpf ta&twGuf?
wuúov
kd af &mufjcif; ra&mufjcif;onf pOf;pm;wwfjcif;udk tmrcH
Ekdifjcif;r&SdbJ oG,f0dkufwdkif;wmjcif;omjzpfonf/
twef;ynmrwwfbJ? twef;ynmenf;yg;aomfvnf;
b0wGif atmifatmifjrifjrif aeEkdifMuolrsm;udk avhvmMunfh
vQif pOf;pm;wwfaomolrsm;? pOf;pm;wwfatmif avhusifhxm;
aomolrsm; jzpfonfukd awGU&onf/ tar&duefor®wrsm;teuf
tatmifjrifqkH; or®wwpfOD;jzpfol vifuGef;onf pkpkaygif;
twef;ynm wpfESpfcefYom &SdcJhonf/ tm&SrS yxrOD;qkH;
ukvtaxGaxGtwGi;f a&;rSL;csKyf OD;oefYonf wuúov
kd f 'kw,
d
ESpfom a&mufonf/ Windows ? Office ponfh uGefysLwm
Software rsm;xkwv
f yk o
f nfh Microsoft wnfaxmifol Bill Gates
onf wuúov
kd f wpfEpS ?f ESpEf pS o
f mwufNyD; ukrP
Ü D wnfaxmif
cJo
h nf/ Apple wnfaxmifol Steve Jobs wpfa,mufvnf;
wuúov
kd f wGif cPomaecJo
h nf/ rnfonft
h cgrQESihf rwlaom
t&S d e f j zif h urÇ m wd k ; wuf a tmif ? omref v l r sm;vuf w G i f ;
uGefysLwma&mufvmatmif wpfwyfwpftm;pGrf;aqmifEkdifcJha
om Gates ESifh JobswdkY ESpfa,muf onf ausmif;ynma&;
wpf0ufwpfysuf jzpfcahJ omfvnf; tjrJwap xdk;xGif;pOf;pm;aeMu
olrsm;jzpfonf/ vifuGef;\ pOf;pm;EkdifpGrf;onf ol\twef;
ynma&;ESifh wdkuf½dkuftcsKd;rus/ OD;oefY\ vufaxmufrsm;onf
yg&*lbY&JG urÇmt
h qifyh nm&Sirf sm;jzpfonf/
jrefrmEkdifiHudk a&&SnfwnfaqmufrnfqdkvQif ynma&;udk
t"duxm; wnfaqmuf&rnfrSm tm;vkH;tod/ ynma&;udk
wnfaqmufjcif;onf pOf;pm;wwfatmif avhusiahf y;jcif;jzpfonf/
ynmoif&mwGif t"dutm;jzifh ESpfrsKd;&avh&Sdonf/ wpfoufqikd &f mbmom&yfEiS hf ywfoufaom oD;oefYtaMumif;t&m
rsm; uRr;f usiaf p&ef/ q&m0efynmoifvQif aq;0g;? vlemukorI
ESifh ywfoufaomt&mrsm;? pD;yGm;a&;ynmoifvQif pD;yGm;a&;/
ESpf-tjcm;e,fy,fwGifyg tokH;csEkdifaom taxGaxGtaMumif;
t&mrsm; uRrf;usifap&ef/ pOf;pm;wwfatmif avhusifhay;jcif;
onf ,ck'kwd,tcsufwGif yg0ifonf/ xdkYaMumifh rnfonfh
bmom&yfoifoif pOf;pm;wwfatmif vkyf&efvdkonf/ pOf;pm;
wwfoGm;vQif tif*sifeD,mu or®wvkyfEdkifovdk? q&m0efu
vnf; pD;yGm;a&;vkyfí&onf/
pOf;pm;wwfjcif;onf ar;cGef;ar;wwfjcif;ESifh qdkifonf/
ar;cGe;f ar;jcif;rSm odvpkd w
d u
f kd azmfjyonf/ odvjdk cif;onf pOf;pm;
jcif;\tpjzpfonf/ ar;cGe;f ar;&mrS tajzudk &Smvdpk w
d af y:vm&
onf/ tajzud&k mS &ef pOf;pm;&awmhonf/ nDvmcHrsm;? a[majymyGJ
rsm;wGif jrefrmwdYk onf ar;&efjref;&ef 0efav;wGeYf qw
k Mf uonf/
&Suaf omaMumifv
h m;? tawGUtBuKeH nf;aomaMumifv
h m;? ud,
k u
hf ,
kd u
f ,
kd f
,kHMunfrIr&SdaomaMumifhvm;rod/ ar;onf qdkaomaMumifh
vltrsm;Mum;atmif ar;cGef;xkwfp&m? tjyifodkY zGifh[ar;p&m
vdck sirf S vdrk nf/ rdrb
d mom pdwx
f w
J iG f ar;cGe;f xkw?f rdrb
d mom
ajzEkdifatmif MudK;pm;jcif;jzifhvnf; pOf;pm;wwfvm aponf/
ar;cGef;xkwfjcif;ESifh ywfoufvQif uRefawmf tBudKufqkH; rSm
jrwfpGmbk & m;a[mMum;cJ h o nf h umvmrok w f j zpf o nf /
tpOftvmjzpfaomaMumifv
h nf; r,kEH iS ?hf q&majymaomaMumifh

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

vnf; r,kHESifh? trsm;vufcHxm;aom aMumifhvnf; r,kHESifh
ponfponfjzifh tvG,w
f ulr,kb
H J rdrÓ
d PfEiS phf Of;pm; csichf sed fNyD;
,kHoifhrS,kH[k qkH;rxm;onfrSm pOf;pm;wwfatmif qkH;rxm;
jcif;yif jzpfonf/
]iSurf sm;onf ys&H if;ESihf aoMu&onf/ vlrsm;onf BuH&if;
ESifh aoMu&onf} qdkonfhpum;u vlwdkY\ tm;omcsufudk
azmfjyonf/ wd&pämefEiS hf vlom;wdYk tMum; t"duuGmjcm;csufrmS
pOf;pm;wwfjcif;jzpfonf/ vl[lí jzpfvmNyD; rpOf;pm;vQif
vlYtcGit
hf vrf;udk tok;H rcswwfjcif;jzpfNyD; wd&pämefEiS hf eifvm;
igvm;tqifo
h Ykd a&mufomG ;ayrnf/ pOf;pm;jcif;onfvnf; tjcm;
aom t&nftcsif;rsm;uJhokdYyif avhusifh,ljcif;jzifhom wkd;wuf
ay&m tusifhrvkyfvQif wjznf;jznf; tm;enf;,dk,Gif;wwfNyD;

pOf;pm;&if;
EkdifiHwnf
aZ,sol

Muufa&;iSufa&; tcsdefa&mufrS rnfrQacgif;ylatmif pOf;pm;
pOf;pm;? tBuHaumif; ÓPfaumif;rxGufEkdifawmh/
ynma&;wGif tvGwu
f sufajzjcif; a&SUwef;a&mufvmjcif;
onf pOf;pm;jcif;udk csKd;ESdrfvdkufjcif; jzpfonf/ \? onf ra&G;
tvGwu
f sufajzjcif;onf rSwÓ
f Pfukd aumif;vmapaomfvnf;
pOf;pm;ÓPfudk zsufqD;vdkuf&ma&mufonf/ wuúodkvftqifh
wGiyf if 'goif? 'gar;? 'gajz[k pmenf;enf;om a&G;oifNy;D xdx
k rJ S
ar;cGef;xkwf? ajzapjcif;aMumifh pOf;pm;NyD;ajzolrsm;xuf
tvGwfusuform;rsm;onf trSwfaumif;? tqifhaumif;
MuonfrmS oHa0*&p&m/ xko
d Ykd jrefrmEkid if H pmar;yGrJ sm;wGif trSwrf sm;
r,kEH idk af vmufatmif aumif;oltcsKdUonf Ekid if &H yfjcm;rSppfaom
pmar;yGJrsm;ESifhBuKHvQifrl cGufcGufvefatmif t½IH;jyawmhonf/

pOf;pm;ykH pOf;pm;enf; tm;enf;olonf Unseen ac: rjrifz;l aom
ykpämrsm;udk ajz&Sif;&onfhtcg b,fup? b,fvdkudkif&rSef; rod
awmh/ b0wGif ajz&Sif;&rnfhjyóemrsm;? ykpämrsm;onf Unseen
rsm;omjzpf&m i,fi,fu tvGwu
f suNf yD; wpfEpS w
f pfwef;atmif?
tqifjh rifjh rifjh zifh atmifco
hJ rl sm;onf rnfoYkd ajz&Si;f Murnfenf;/
xdo
k w
l Ydk &mxl;BuD;rsm;? tvkyt
f udik Bf uD;rsm; rawmfwq&MuvQif
wpfEG,fiif? wpfpifyg tm;vkH;'ku©a&mufMu&awmhrnf/
b,fvv
kd yk &f rvJukd odjcif; (How) onf pOf;pm;onft
h qifh
wGif atmufem;wGifom &Sdao;onf/ bmaMumifh 'Dvdkvkyf&ovJ
(Why) udk odzdkYvdkonf/ tqifhedrfhynma&;onf How udkom
ay;NyD; tqifjh rifyh nma&;onf How udak &m Why udyk gay;onf/
f wfzYkdvo
dk nf/
wpfcck u
k kd od&vQif jrif&vQif Mum;&vQif Why vkyw
,if;okdY Why vkyfwwfvQif rtawmh? olwpfyg; tvSnfhzsm;
rcH&awmh/ txl;ojzifh ,aeYacwfonf owif;acwfjzpfonf/
owif;r&rSm ryl&bJ owif;aomif;ajcmufaxmifxrJ S trSew
f &m;
udk a&G;xkwf,lEidk zf Ykd om yl&aomacwfjzpfvmonf/ xdYk aMumifh
,aeYowif;acwfBu;D xJwiG f Why vkyEf idk &f ef ydrk v
kd t
kd yfvmonf/
pmpDpmuk;H rsm; a&;apjcif;onf pOf;pm;wwfatmif avhusiahf y;
jcif;jzpfonf/ pmpDpmukH;pmtkyfrsm;xJrS (ydkrdkyd&daomolrsm;url
*dkufujzpfap? usL&Sifq&mujzpfap a&;ay;aom) pmpDpmukH;rsm;
udk tvGwfusufjyD;ajzMujcif;rSm pOf;pm;ÓPfpOf;pm;usifhudk
owfvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/ pmpDpmukH; aoaocsmcsm ra&;wwf
aom rsK;d qufonf tenf;qk;H wpfquf&adS eonf/ pOf;pm;wwf
aomtusiu
hf kd i,fuwnf;u r&cJv
h Qif rpOf;pm;wwfjcif;onf
ao&mygoGm;Ekdifonf/ rpOf;pm; wwfaomolrsm;onf rdrd
aumif;usKd;? rdom;pkaumif;usKd;udk jzpfatmif pOf;pm;qkH;jzwf
Ekdifrnfvm;/ rpOf;pm;wwfaom olrsm;ESifh wnfaqmufxm;
aomEkdifiHonf pOf;pm;wwfyg rnfvm;/ rpOf;pm;wwfvQif
rdrdEkdifiHtwGuf rSefuefaom qkH;jzwfcsufrsm; csrSwfEkdifygrnf
vm;/ pOf;pm;wwfaomEkid if rH sm;ESihf &ifqikd ,
f OS Nf ydKifEidk yf grnfvm;/
'Drdkua&pDatmifjrif&ef pOf;pm;wwfaomEkdifiHom;rsm;
vdt
k yfonf/ tmPm&Siaf cwfwiG f xdyyf ikd ;f acgif;aqmifrsm; pOf;pm;
wwfvQif &onf/ 'Dru
kd a&pDacwfwiG rf l jynforl sm;u acgif;aqmif
rsm;udk a&G;cs,&f onf/ pOf;pm;wwfonfh acgif;aqmifukd jynfol
vlxku pOf;pOf;pm;pm; a&G;cs,fEkdifrSom EkdifiHudk a&SUodkYa&muf
atmif OD;aqmifEidk rf nfh acgif;aqmifu&kd rnf/ wpfzef taMumif;
aMumif;aMumifh jynfov
l x
l k axmufcrH eI nf;aom rl0g'rsm;onf
aumif;yifaumif;aomfvnf; tqdkjyK taumiftxnfazmf&ef
acgif;aqmifrsm;onf vufweG YfwwfMuonf/ aumif;aomrl0g'udk
aumif;aMumif;od&ef? raumif;aomrl0g'udk raumif;aMumif;
od&efrSm pOf;pm;wwf&efvdkonf/ vGwfvyfpGm ajymqdka&;om;
cGit
hf & tawG;vG?J tjrifvrJG sm;udk ajymqdak &;om; azmfjyaeygap
pOf;pm;wwfaomolrsm;url ,kMH unfMurnfr[kw/f rpOf;pm;wwf
vQirf l tvG,w
f ul,MHk unfMurnf/ pOf;pm;wwfaom jynforl sm;
onf 'Drdkua&pD\ t"duvdktyfcsufjzpfaMumif; xdkodkYaom
taMumif;rsm;aMumifh Ekid if aH &;ody*HÜ ½k rk sm;u rdeYfqkd Mujcif; jzpfonf/
Ekid if q
H o
kd nf xdEk idk if w
H iG ;f rSw
D if;aexdik o
f rl sm;jzifh wnfaqmuf
xm;jcif;jzpfonf/ acgif;aqmifrsm;tygt0if EkdifiHol EkdifiHom;
rsm;\ qk;H jzwfcsuf tm;vk;H \ aygif;v'f (Collection of all decisions)
onf xdkEkdifiH vuf&Sd&yfwnfaeaom ae&myifjzpfonf/ &mxl;
Xme? tvkyt
f udik ?f touft&G,?f aexdik o
f nfah e&m? Opöm"e? MoZm
t&Sdeft0gtay:rlwnfNyD; rdrdqHk;jzwfcsufonf EkdifiHtay:
oufa&mufrt
I wdik ;f twm uGm[rnfjzpfaomfvnf; qH;k jzwfcsuf
wdkif; oufa&mufrI &Sdonfcsnf;jzpfonf/ wpfO;D csi;f qk;H jzwfrI
tm;enf;aomaMumifh wpfOD;csif; wdk;wufrI enf ; yg;vQif
EkdifiHwdk;wufrI EkHeJYrnfom/ xdkYaMumifh qkH;jzwfcsufaumif;rsm;
csEkdif&ef pOf;pm;wwfzdkYvdkonf/
EkdifiHwnfaqmufa&;onf pOf;pm;wwfa&;om/
aZ,sol

29

VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

az

az[m &efuek w
f uúov
kd u
f o
kd yd cf spfw,f/ wuúov
kd x
f 0J ifvu
dk w
f meJY pdwu
f wpfrsKd;cHpm;&w,f/ wuúov
kd &f yd o
f mvrf;uae t"dywdvrf;xd0ifwmeJY ta0;rSmjrif&wJh bGUJ ESi;f obifcef;rBuD;[m
xnfxnf0g0geJY usufoa&tjynhf/ bmeJYrS,SOfvdkYr&wm/ uHhaumfNrdKifwef;u wuúodkvf&JUtvSudk ydkNyD;wifhw,fygw,f/

wpfaeYu azaz&efuek w
f uúov
kd f 0dZÆmcef;rrSm a[majymyGJ
wpfaeY vkyfcJhygw,f/ yGJu jrefrmEkdifiH0dZÆmeJY odyÜHynm&Sifrsm;
tzGUJ uBuD;rSL;usi;f ywJyh /JG azaza[mwJh acgif;pOfu ]aumif;rGew
f hJ
tkyfcsKyfrI? oefY&Sif;aomtpkd;&eJY ynm&Sifrsm;&JUtcef;} udk wifjy
aqG;aEG;cJhwmjzpfygw,f/
tckvdka[majymay;zdkY jrefrmEkdifiH 0dZÆmeJYodyÜHynm&Sif
rsm;tzGJU Ouú| q&mBuD; OD;oef;OD;u yefMum;cJhwm/ q&mBuD;
uajymawmh azaz rjiif;omcJhygbl;/
'Dacgif;pOfudk azazu ynm&SifawGeJY aqG;aEG;csifwm
MumygNyD/ ynm&Siaf wG[m wnfNidrw
f ,f? at;aq;w,f/ bmod
bmom aexkdifwwfMuw,f/ rdrdpdwf0ifpm;wJh rdrdavhvmaewJh
bmom&yfuvGJNyD; wjcm;udpöawGrSm tm½Hkr&SdMubl;/ ajym&&if
qifpG,feef;awmfrSmyJ aeMuw,f/ 'Dvdkaewm[mvnf; jrwfEdk;
p&m? av;pm;p&mudpöjzpfygw,f/ aeYpOfjzpfysufaewmawGeJY
uif;uif;&Sif;&Sif;aeEkdifwm[mvnf; xl;jcm;rIwpf&yfyg/
azazwkdYEkdifiHrSm rarQmfvifhwJh xl;jcm;vSwJhajymif;vJrI
awGjzpfaew,fqdkwmudk jiif;vdkYr&bl;/ 'Dtajymif;vJawG
txJrSm EkdifiHawmfor®wBuD;udk,fwkdifajymoGm;wJh Good
Governance eJY Clean Government [m txl;jcm;qH;k jzwfw,f/
tn§muaevIyfukdifvkdufjcif;yJjzpfw,f/ 'Dudpö[m EkdifiHa&;
e,fy,frmS omru pD;yGm;a&;? tkycf sKyfa&;? vlraI &;e,fy,fawGrmS
pOf;pm;aqmif&Guf&wJhudpöjzpfw,f/
a[majymyGu
J kd 0dZmÆ cef;rrSm usif;yw,f/ azaza&mufawmh
y&dowfawGtawmfpHkNyD/ 0dZÆm? odyÜH ynm&SiftzGJUu tzGJU0if
q&mrBuD;awGu pdwf&Snfvuf&SnfeJY a&SUwef;rSm ae&m,lae
Muw,f/ tv,fwef;eJY aemufwef;awGrSmawmh ygarmu©
ti,fawG q&m?q&mrti,fawG bGJUvGefausmif;om;awG
tjyif y&dowfawGucef;vH;k jynh/f &efuek w
f uúov
kd u
f ygarmu©csKyf
eJY 'kwd,ygarmu©csKyfu ydyd&d&dpDpOfxm;w,f/ a[majymyGJeJY
ywfoufNy;D aMumfjimudk wuúov
kd &f yd o
f mvrf;xdyrf mS csw
d x
f m;w,f/
azazuawmh xHk;pHtwkdif; Laptop udk udk,fwkdifudk,f
usudkif&rS auseyfwmrdkY tqifajyatmifvkyfay;Muygw,f/
tcrf;tem;udk Ouú|BuD;q&mOD;oef;OD;u zGifhay;w,f/ azaz
&J U ud k , f a &;&mZ0if u d k pD ; yG m ;a&;wuú o d k v f u ygarmu©

a[majymyGJ
tawGYtBuHK (119)
ygarmu© a'gufwmatmifxGef;ouf
a'gufwmOD;oufvGif zwfNyD; y&dowfawGeJY rdwfqufay;w,f/
q&moufvGifu odyfcspfzdkYaumif;wJhol/
azazeJYtwl pD;yGm;a&;wuúodkvfrSm tvkyfvkyfcJhwJhol?
enf;enf;awmhBuD;w,f/ olu Czech (csuf)EkdifiHu Ph.D ukd
pm&if;tif;ynmeJY&xm;wJo
h /l pm&if;ynmrSm erlem aumufwm
eJY ywfoufNyD; txl;jyKwt
hJ wGuf ausmif;om;awGu aemufajymif

CARTOON OF THE WEEK

NyD; erlemoufvGifvdkY uifyGef;wyfcJhwm/
tckawmh q&mu tNidrf;pm;,lNyD; 0dZÆmeJYodyÜHynm&Sif
tzGJUrSm trIaqmifvlBuD;wm0ef,laeoljzpfw,f/ wavmu
taumif;qHk; q&mqk&cJhw,f/
azazu 0dZÆmeJYodyÜH ynm&Sifrsm;tzGJU Academy udktm;
ud k ; w,f / av;pm;w,f / Academy &J U tm;ud k t oH k ; csNyD ;
wkdif;jynfrSm vdktyfwJh jyKjyifajymif;vJrIawGudk tm;ay;ap
csifw,f/ trSefawmh or®wBuD;ajymwJh Good Governance eJY
Clean Government udk ynm&SifawGtaeeJY ½IaxmifhbufpHku
tm;ay;EkdifrSmjzpfygw,f/
Oyrm-'óeduynmudt
k ajccHNyD; vlYusif0h wfeYJ nDatmif
aexdkifEdkifzdkY Ethics udk b,fyHkb,fenf; a&SUwef; wifEdkifr,f
qdkwmudk rD;armif;xdk;EdkifrSmjzpfw,f/ 'DvdkyJ pDrHcefYcGJrIynm
½Iaxmifhuae Good Governance udk tm;ay;EdkifrSmjzpfw,f/
azazh&UJ a[majymcsufrmS Good Governance eJYywfoufNyD;
tcsuf&Spfcsufudk wifNyNyD; Clean Goverment udk b,fyHk
b,fenf;ynm&SifawGu axmufjyEdkifyHkudk wifjycJhygw,f/
azaz[m Slides awGoHk;NyD; udk,fwifjycsifwmawGudk wpfem&D
ausmfausmf wifjycJhygw,f/
azaz&JUa[majymrINyD;wJhtcsdefrSm tcrf;tem;rSL; vkyfay;
MuwJhq&mrESpfOD;u y&dowfawGudk ar;cGef;awGar;zdkY zdwfMum;
cJhygw,f/ yxrOD;qHk; 0ifa&mufaqG;aEG;olu q&mBuD;
a'gufwmarmif'D/ q&mBuD;u wpfcsdefuygarmu©csKyf? aemuf
ynma&;'kwd,0efBuD;/ "mwkaA'ynm&SifBuD;wpfOD;/ q&mBuD;
armif'Du b,fvdkar;cGef;rsm; ar;vdrfhrvJvdkY azazu pOf;pm;
aerdw,f/ q&mBuD;u ar;cGe;f ar;wmr[kwb
f J azazhtaMumif;
y&dowfawGodapcsifwmrdkY tckvkd 0ifNyD;ajymwmudk pum;
yv’ifcHNyD; wifjyoGm;ygw,f/ trSefawmh q&m'Dajymovdk
q&m[m rEÅav;wuúov
kd rf mS wm0efxrf;aewke;f azaz&JUOD;av;
jzpfwJh ygarmu© a'gufwmOD;pdk;jrifh? ta':jzpfwJh ygarmu©
a':tHk;MunfwdkYeJY &if;ESD;cJhMuw,f/ q&mh&JUuav;awGudk
OD;av;uyJ arG;zGm;ay;cJhwm/ orD;&JU OD;av;u jrefrmjynfrSm
emrnfausmf OG q&m0efBuD;/ aemufydkif; q&m'D[m armfvNrdKif
wuú o d k v f r S m wm0ef u swk e f ; uvnf ; OD ; av;i,f j zpf w J h
AdkvfrSL;BuD; rsKd;atmifeJYtwlwGJNyD; tvkyfawGvkyfcJhwJhtaMumif;
xnfhajymoGm;ao;w,f/ qufNyD; wpfcsdefu azazhudk EdkifiHjcm;
oGm;zdkY ydwfyifxm;cJhwJhtaMumif;udkvnf; ajymoGm;w,f/
azaz&JU bBuD;jzpfolu ocifAodef;wif? olYaMumifh azazhudk
oHo,jzpfNyD; tckvdk ydwfyifcJhwm/ 'DtaMumif;udk q&m'Dudk
azazajymjywJhtcg q&mu 0efBuD;csKyfOD;armifarmifcudk wifjy
cJhNyD; olYqDu cGifhjyKcsuf&cJhwmudkvnf; ajymjyoGm;w,f/
q&m'D&JUaus;Zl;aMumifh azaz[m &awmifh&cJtcGifhta&;jzpfwJh
bGJUvGefyg&*lbGJUudk taemuf*smreDrSm oHk;ESpfeD;yg;oGm;a&mufNyD;
okawoejyKcGifh&cJhygw,f/ q&majymoGm;wJhtxJ bbBuD;[m
olykefjzpfayr,fh ynmwwfolykefjzpfw,fvdkY csD;rGrf;oGm;cJhw,f/
q&mBuD;ajymwmudk Mum;&awmh azazh&ifxJrSm cHpm;rIrsKd;pHk
ay:aygufcJhygw,f/
q&m'D t ck v d k y g0if a qG ; aEG ; NyD ; y&d o wf a wG t xJ u
ar;cGef;awG ar;Muw,f? aqG;aEG;Muw,f/ azazuvnf;
udk,fodoavmuf jyefvnfajzMum;cJhygw,f/ a[majymwJh
acgif;pOfu pdwf0ifpm;p&maumif;vdkY xifyg&JU ar;cGef;awGu
trsm;BuD;/ azazuvnf; tm;&yg;&ajzMum;cJhygw,f/
azazhrSm tckvdka[majym&wJhtaMumif;&if; &Sdygw,f/
'guawmh ynm&SifawGtaeeJY wdkif;jynfrSmjzpfaewJh ajymif;vJrI
awGudk wufwuf<u<uyg0ifapcsifwJh apwemeJYyg/
tckvdk tar;tajzNyD;NyD;csdefrSm tcrf;tem;udk q&mBuD;
OD;oef;OD;u ed*Hk;csKyfpum;ajymMum;cJhygw,f/
wuúodkvf&JU&ifcGif[m at;jrvSygw,f/ uHhaumfawm&JU
&eHY[mvnf; oif;ysvSygw,f/ tckvdk ajymif;vJaewJh tcif;
tusif;rSm ynm&Sifrsm;taeeJY wufwuf<u<ua&SUwef;u
yg0ifEdkifMuygapvdkY azazqE´jyKrdygw,f orD;/
ygarmu© a'gufwmatmifxGef;ouf

30
The

VOICE

ev
f n
S v
h f nfvmaom um;wef;Bu;D udk jrefrmxbDEiS hf &ifz;Hk ESihf
u xdtuste
taemufEkdifiHolu vrf;ab;rS 0rf;yef;wom
tm;&yg;& "mwfykH½dkufaeonf/ olYab;wGifvnf; EkdifiHjcm;om;
trsK;d om;u vkcH snu
f kd ykyH suyf ef;ysu0f wfNyD; wNyK;H NyK;H ESihf um;wef;
udk wai;warm/ tm;vkH;u MunfEl;p&m qGwfysHYp&m/ jrefrmh
,Ofaus;rItpOftvm uxdefbmoma&;yGJawmfudk {nfhonf
jrefrmqefvo
kd u
l pdw0f ifwpm;ESihf rSww
f rf;wifaejcif;/ odYkaomf
aeygOD;/ wpfpw
Hk pfck tBuD;tus,rf mS ;,Gi;f aeonf/ OOOOOOO
hhhhhhhhh sexy ladddyyyyyyyy/ Aka'¨g? bk&m;a&/ Opa
Gangnam Style oDcsif;eJY uxdefcif;vmwmygvm;/
tawmf ½kyyf sufqif;ysufEikd v
f o
S nfh jrifuiG ;f / "mwfy½Hk u
kd f
ol wpfjynfou
l jrefrmqefqef? t½du
k cf &H olrsm;u zm;wpfyikd ;f
ig;wpfyikd ;f / ,do
k rl &Suf jrifo&l u
S ?f &Suv
f u
kd o
f nfjzpfjcif;/ &yfuu
G f
wGif;&Sd uxdefyGJrsm;wGifvnf; xdk tdkyg;*ef;eef;pwdkifu BuD;pdk;
aeonfwJh/ nBuD;rdk;csKyfxd xdk*ef;eef;pwdkifESifh em;wpfqlql
vlBu;D olr ½k;H ujyefvmol tdyv
f Yrk d & em;vdYrk &/ wpfcsed v
f ;H k *ef;eef;pwdik /f
acwftvdkuf onfvdkawmh &SdrSmaygh? olYacwfeJY olYtcg
onfvykd aJ v qdv
k o
kd w
l Ykd &SMd urnf/ odYkaomf b,fEeI ;f pH b,faywH
ESiw
hf ikd ;f wdik ;f uxdeEf iS hf Gangnam uawmh rqDav;wJrh rS qdik [
f k
qd&k vdrrhf nf/ nuvyfwiG ?f arG;aeYyw
JG iG ?f naecif; r*Fvm{nfch yH JG
wGi?f ygwDwiG f MudKuo
f nfah e&mzGi?hf ucsio
f vdu
k / odYkaomf uxdef
uJhokdY bmoma&;? ,Ofaus;rIa&m,Sufaeonfh txGwftjrwf
xm;&aom yGJvrf;rsdK;udk xdkoDcsif;jzifh vSnfhvnfvmonfrSm
tjrifrwifhw,f/ t&yf&yf Mum;vdkYrSrawmf qkdavmufatmif
½kyfysufqif;ysufEkdifvSonf/ oDcsif;zGifhaomolrsm;udkyJ rEkdifvdkY
vm;? cif;vmaom vlMuD;rif;rsm;vnf; oDcsi;f xJu oHNydKit
f vdu
k f
twdkif; Sexy lady vkyfcsifvkdYyJvm;rod/ uxdefum;wef;BuD;
rsm;uawmh tdkyg;*ef;eef;pwdkifudk toHus,fus,favmifavmif
zGifhNyD; &efukefNrdKYtESHY vSnfhvnfcJhMuonfrSm Mum;&em;0rcsrf;
om? tjrifrawmf qifawmfESifh cavmuf/ olwdkY udk&D;,m;½dk;&m
,Ofaus;rIyw
JG iG yf if ud&k ;D ,m;acwfay:oDcsi;f K-Pop trsK;d tpm;
Gangnam Style jzifh usif;yrnfr[kwf/
jrefrmh,Ofaus;rI xde;f odr;f &rnfqakd omaMumifh aoQmifx;Hk
BuD;xkH;? awmif&Snfykqdk;0wf? xdkifrodrf;jzifh ae&rnf rqdkvdkyg/
,ckuJhokdY pm;okwfokwf? vmokwfokwf? oGm;okwfokwf okwf
okH;usrf;eif; acwfMuD;xJwGif jrefjrefxufxuf ajy;EkdifvTm;Ekdif
wufEkdifqif;Ekdif&ef vdkufzufaom t0wftpm;rsm; 0wfpm;zdkYvdk
onf/ oDcsi;f BuD; oDcsi;f cefYrsm;om em;axmifou
D sL;&rnf rqkv
d /kd
,Ofaus;rI qko
d nfrmS a&aor[kw?f wpfae&mwGif &yfwefYroGm;?
a&&SifuJhokdY pD;qif;aeonf/ ,Ofaus;rIonf vlvkyfaomt&m
jzpfaomaMumifh vlajymif;vQi?f acwfajymif;vQif vdu
k af jymif;onf/
yk*aH cwfu jrefrmwdYkEiS hf ,ckacwf jrefrmwdYk 'DaoG; 'Dom; 'Dval wG
twlwjl zpfaumif;jzpfrnf? 0wfypHk m;ykaH exdik yf Hk ,Ofaus;rIum; wlrnf
r[kwfawmh/ odkYaomf jrefrmqdkvQif jrefrmrSef;awmhMunfv
h u
kd f
onfEiS h f od&efvo
k d nf/ jrefrm[kqv
kd u
kd v
f Qif t½d;k cHtajccHawmhw&l rnf/
,Ofaus;rIonf yg0gtEk Soft Power jzpfonf/ vlBudKuf
rsm;aom ,Ofaus;rIonf tjcm;Ekid if rH sm;? vlrsK;d rsm;udk MoZmanmif;

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

onf/ tajccH cdkifrmawmifhwif;jcif;ESifh jzefYjzL;onfh ud&d,m
aumif;rGefjcif;wdkY aygif;pyfEkdifvQif xdk,Ofaus;rIonf Soft
Power jzpfvmonf/ tar&duef,Ofaus;rIonf tar&duef\
Soft Power ? w½kwf,Ofaus;rIonf w½kwf\ Soft Power jzpf
onf/ yg0gtEk\tpGrf;udkodaom EkdifiHBuD;rsm;onf rdrdEdkifiH\
yg0gEk tm;wufatmif tpOfBudK;pm;aeonf/ tar&duef\
a[mvd0k'f½kyf&Sif? *sif;? udkumudkvm? 'Drdkua&pDwdkYonf wpf
urÇmvkH;udk MoZmanmif;onf/ w½kwfuvnf; w½kwfbmom
pum;oifwef;rsm;? uGefjzL;&Syfausmif; (Confucius Institute)
rsm;udk urÇmtESYH vdkufvHzGifhvSpfjcif;jzifh w½kwf\ Soft Power
udk jr§iw
hf if&ef rD;uke,
f rf;ukef BudK;pm;aeonf/ awmifu&kd ;D ,m;
\ K-Pop udk&D;,m;acwfay: ,Ofaus;rI (*Dw? udk&D;,m;
Zmwfvrf;wG)J wdYk onf ta&SUawmiftm&SwpfciG Ef iS hf ta&SUajrmuf
tm&SEkdifiHtcsKdUudk MoZmvTrf;rdk;aeonf/ a':atmifqef;pkMunf
awmifu&kd ;D ,m;c&D;pOfwiG f ud&k ;D ,m;o½kyaf qmifrsm; vma&muf
awGUqkHMuonfrSm yg0gtEkudk jr§ifhwifjcif; AsL[mwpf&yf[k
,lqEkdifonf/ tjcm;EkdifiH\ jrifhrm;aomyg0gEkonf rdrdEkdifiHudk
vma&mufvrT ;f rd;k wwfonfrmS "r®wm? odYk aomf rdr,
d Ofaus;rIukd
0g;rsdKoGm;onftxd jzpfvQifrl vlrsKd;aysmufoGm;NyD/

uxdef
Gangnam Style
rdk;nGefhvkvif
udk,fcHtm;aumif;aom ,Ofaus;rIonf rdrdxHodkY0ifvm
aom ,Ofaus;rIudk rdrdvuf&SdESifhaygif;NyD; rdrd,Ofaus;rItjzpf
zefw;D vdu
k o
f nf/ olY,Ofaus;rI\ 0g;rsKjd cif;udk rcHvu
kd &f / jrefrm
wdYkonf,Ofaus;rI tm;aumif;vSonfh w½kwEf iS hf tdE,
´d Edik if MH uD;
ESpEf idk if t
H Mum; ESpaf xmifcsaD ecJMh uonf/ xdo
k YkdaevmcJah omfvnf;
jrefrmwdYo
k nf olY[efEiS o
hf l olY,Ofaus;rIEiS o
hf l usecf o
hJ nf/ w½kw?f
tdE,
´d ,Ofaus;rIwYkd yg0ifaomfvnf; a&mpyfaygif;zufum tdrcf H
,Ofaus;rIEiS hf a&maESmvdu
k Ef idk Nf yD; ud,
k yf ikd ,
f Ofaus;rIukd xde;f odr;f
xm;EkdifMuonf/
oBuFefyGJonf jrefrmh,Ofaus;rIyGJobifxuf jrefrmh
,Ofaus;rI ,d,
k iG ;f aejcif;udk vSp[
f jyonfh yGo
J bifjzpfvmonf/
jrefrmoMuFeo
f nf jrefrmwdYkwpfawG vSn;f aeavSatmif; jrif;aZmif;
rusef waysmfwyg;qifETJMuonfh ½dk;&mESpfopful;yGJ/ ,ckESpfrsm;
wGif oBuFeo
f nf a&yuf½u
Hk vGNJ yD; jrefrmh,Ofaus;rI&eYH enf;onf
xufenf;vmonf/ aysmfyGJ&TifyGJ t&ufaomufyGJ atmf[pfyGJrsm;
udk a&yuf&if; qifETJMuonfxuf rydkaomyGJwpfyGJ jzpfvmcJh
onf/ usefonfhtcsdefwGif uJh&JU½IwfcscH&rnfh tjyKtrlrsKd;rsm;udk
oBuFeEf iS hf a&mBudwNf yD; tcGiahf umif;,lMuonfyh o
JG mom jzpfvm
onf/ xdik ;f uJo
h YdkEidk if rH sm;wGiyf if nuvyf? &m*Ed;k qGonfh Munfh

CARTOON OF THE WEEK

jrefrmU,Ofaus;rI xdef;odrf;&rnfqdkaomaMumifh
aoQmifxkH;BuD;xkH;? awmif&Snfykqdk;0wf?
xdkifrodrf;jzifU ae&rnf rqdkvdkyg/
,ckuJUokdh pm;okwfokwf? vmokwfokwf?
oGm;okwfokwfokwf okH;usrf;eif;acwfMuD;xJwGif
jrefjrefxufxuf ajy;EkdifvTm;Ekdif
wufEkdifqif;Ekdif&ef vdkufzufaom
t0wftpm;rsm; 0wfpm;zdkhvdkonf/
oDcsif;BuD; oDcsif;cefhrsm;om
em;axmifoDusL;&rnf rqkdvdk/
,Ofaus;rI qkdonfrSm a&aor[kwf?
wpfae&mwGif &yfwefhroGm;?
a&&SifuJUokdh pD;qif;aeonf/
,Ofaus;rIonf vlvkyfaomt&mjzpfaomaMumifh
vlajymif;vQif? acwfajymif;vQif vdkufajymif;onf/
csiyf rJG sm;? Sexy Show rsm;wGio
f m jrif&Ekid o
f nfh &rufxefaponfh
wdkifywftursKd;udk oBuFefwGif; pifay:wGif &uf&ufa&ma&m
ujy tokH;awmfcHEkdifonf/ cspfol&nf;pm; vifr,m;qkdvQifyif
qdwfuG,f&mwGifom aqmif&Gufoifhonfh tjyKtrlrsKd;udk ta0;
uyif jrifEidk o
f nfh a&yufpifjrifah y:wGif 0if0h if<h um;<um; jyKvkyf
vmMuonfrSm rxdwfom rvefYom &Sdvkdufonfhjzpfjcif;/
jrefrmEkdifiHonf tawmfxl;qef;onf/ jrefrmEkid if w
H iG f
pdppfjzwfawmufjcif; Murf;onfhacwfuyif rufa'gem;wdkY?
b&pfweDpyD;,m;wdkY ujytokH;awmfcHvQifyif rsufckH;yifh a0zef
cH&onft
h ursK;d udk qifqmjzwfjcif;r&Sd/ &J&JBuD; pifjrifhxufwGif
ujy olu ujy? Munf½h o
I u
l vnf; Munf½h EI iS hf tawmftvkyjf zpfae
Muonf/ rodovdv
k kd odovdv
k jkd zifh xdak zsmaf jzyGrJ sm;onf cd;k ul;acG
rsm;rSwpfqifh aps;oufoufomomjzifh jrefrmEkid if w
H pfew
H pfvsm;
odYkvnf;a&mufcNhJ yD/ ,Ofaus;rIvnf; pD;ul;? twkjriftwwfoif?
rodvdkufrodbmom vufcHcJhNyD/
urÇmBuD;wpfcv
k ;Hk ao;i,fusKUH 0ifomG ;atmif qufo,
G af &;
enf;ynm? ydkYaqmifa&;enf;ynmrsm; jrifhrm;wdk;wufaeonfh
urÇm&h mG acwfBuD;wGif tawG;tac:rsm;? tBuHÓPfrsm;? ,Ofaus;rI
rsm; vGwv
f w
G v
f yfvyf pD;ul;onfqadk omfvnf; ,Ofaus;rIysUH ESYH
tm;aumif;aom ,Ofaus;rIu omvGefpD;ul;jyD;? tm;enf;aom
,Ofaus;rIudk 0g;rsKdoGm;rnfrSm ajrBuD;vufcwfrvGJ/
tdkyg;*ef;eef;pwdkifESifh aysmfaysmfyg;yg;BuD; vSnfhvnfvm
aom uxdefum;wef;BuD;ukd jrefrm0wfpkH0wf EkdifiHjcm;olu
pHkpHkrufrufwzsyfzsyf "mwfyHk½dkuful;aeqJ/ vrf;ab;Aef;xJ
wGifcif;xm;onfh jynfyom;rsm;Mum;xJrS jrefrm0wfpkHjynfh
a':atmifqef;pkMunfykH rsufESmzkH;jzifh *sme,fpm&GufwdkYvnf;
avwdu
k x
f w
J iG f wvGiv
hf iG fh wvGifhvGifh/
rdk;nGefYvkvif

31

VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

rh mS ud,
k yf ikd v
f yk if ef;av;wpfc&k ydS gw,f/ wu,fu
h kd
uRef awmf
vkyif ef;ao;ao;av;yg/ xrif;pm;zdYk&½Hyk gyJ/ uReaf wmf
u &efuek Nf rdKUrSm aeygw,f/ ydu
k q
f t
H ydk vH;k 0roH;k wwfygbl;/
bD,mraomufwwf? aq;vdyfraomufwwf? um&mtdkau
roGm;wwf? uGrf;,mrpm;wwf? tvkyfvkyfaezdkYyJ0goem
xufoefwv
hJ lwpfa,mufyg/ tvkyfudkvnf; nOfheufwJhtxd
vkyw
f wfygw,f/ em;&ufqw
kd mvnf;r&Syd gbl;/ oBuFe&f ufawG
rSmyJ bmrSvkyfvdkY r&vdkY em;jzpfygw,f/
'gayrJh uReaf wmf rcsr;f omygbl;/ csr;f omzdYkrajymeJY wpfveJY
wpfv tvsOrf aD tmif renf;½ke;f uef&ygw,f/ tvkyu
f kd BudK;pm;
vkyfawmh rcsrf;omayr,fh ta<u;awmhuif;w,fvdkY ajymvdkY&
ygw,f/ a<u;r&SdvdkY acgif;yloufom½Hkuav;ygyJ/ uRefawmhf
toufu ig;q,fwif;wif;jynfhygNyD/ vlwef;aphav;aeEdkif&
r,fqw
kd &hJ nf&,
G cf suef YJ toufq,fah jcmufEpS t
f &G,f wuúov
kd f
ausmif;om;b0uwnf;u tvkyfudk BudK;pm;yrf;pm; vkyfudkif
vmcJw
h m'DaeYtxdygyJ/ or®mtmZD0tvkyyf v
J yk u
f ikd Nf yD; csr;f omzdkY
wpfcktwGuf olrsm;udk'ku©ay;wm? rw&m;vkyfcJhwmr&Sdygbl;/
ppftpdk;&pwufwJhtcsdef vljzpfvmwmqdkawmh wpfoufvHk;
acwfqdk; pepfqdk;BuD;xJrSm ½kef;uefaexdkif &SifoefcJh&ygw,f/
tJ'aD cwfpepfq;kd &JU'PfaMumifh b,favmufyt
J vkyBf udK;pm;vkyf
onfjzpfap ausmaxmufaemufcrH &S?d t&if;tES;D aiGaMu;rjynfph kH
qdak wmh xrif;rSerf eS pf m;&atmif awmfawmfBuD;½ke;f uef&ygw,f/
tckacwfpepfav;aumif;rvdkjzpfvmawmh enf;enf;arQmfvifh
csuf&SdvmNyDvdkYawmh ajymvdkY&ayr,fh cktcsdefxdawmh bmrSa&a&
&m&m r&Sdao;ygbl;/
ckwpfavm xrif;wpfeyfavQmhpm;&if ta<u;wifaewJhol
awGawmif ta<u;awGausatmifqyfEikd w
f ,fqw
kd hJ ajymoH qdo
k H
awG Mum;ae&vdYk 'Dpmudak &;jzpfomG ;wmyg/ uRefawmfv
h uf&b
dS 0
tawGUtBuHKav;udkrQa0NyD; xrif;rpm;&if a<u;ausEdkifvm;
rausEdkifvm; a0zefqifjcifEdkifMuapcsifvdkY a&;& ajym&jcif;om
jzpfNyD; b,folYudkrS wdkufcdkufvdkwJhoabm? xdcdkufepfemapvdkwJh
oabmrygbl;qdkwm ajymyg&ap/
uRefawmfu xrif;wpfeyfyJpm;aewm ESpfeJYcsDaeygNyD/
npmrpm;wmyg/ OykofapmifhNyD; ukodkvf,lzdkY? aiGav;aMu;av;
pkrdaqmif;rdzdkY r[kwfygbl;/ npmrpm;&if usef;rma&;twGuf
ydkaumif;w,fqdkwm zwfzl;rSwfzl;vdkY udk,fhtouft&G,ft&
oihfawmfr,fxifvdkY rpm;wmyg/ wu,fvnf; usef;rma&;
twGuf trsm;BuD; taxmuftuljzpfygw,f/ aevdkYxdkifvdkY
ydkaumif;wmtrSefyg/ (npmxrif;rpm;bl;qdkayr,fh &efukefrSm
aewJhvlqdkawmh opfoD;awmh enf;enf;yg;yg; pm;Edkifygw,f/
'gvnf;usef;rma&;twGuf aumif;w,fqdkvdkYyg/ &efukefrSmu
awm&Gmaus;vufvrkd [kwyf gbl;/ vrf;xdyrf mS wif opfawmfo;D ?
yef;oD;? vdar®mfoD;? iSufaysmoD; pwmawG tvG,fwul0,fvdkY&
ygw,f/ uRefawmf pOf;pm;Munfhygw,f/ awm&GmrSmaeNyD;
v,f,mvkyfief;vkyfudkifMuwJh OD;BuD;wdkY ta<u;auszdkYjzpfjzpf?
usef;rma&;twGufjzpfjzpf npmxrif;rpm;bJ opfoD;opfO
pm;Mur,fqdk&if uRefawmfwdkY NrdKUom;awGvdk vG,fulyghrvm;/
0,fvYkd jcrf;vdYk &yghrvm;? 0,fp&maiGaMu;uaum NrdKUuvlawGvkd
tvG,fwul&Sdyghrvm; pOf;pm;Munfhawmh enf;enf;touf&SL
usyfvmygw,f/
uRefawmfawmh npmrpm;wm ESpef YJ csDaeayr,fh ckxyd u
kd q
f H
ydkpkrdwm r&Sdao;ygbl;/ aep&mudk,fydkiftdrfvnf;r&Sdao;yg
bl;/ tdrfiSm;ae&ygw,f/ [kdwpfavmu wefzdk;enf;t&pfus
tdrfawG a&mif;awmhr,fqdkwmeJY awmfawmfBuD;udk 0rf;omrday
r,fh tck aemufq;kH od&oavmuf wefz;kd enf;wdu
k cf ef;wpfcef;udk
oef;ESp&f m0ef;usifeYJ a&mif;r,f? aemufNyD; ud,
k 0f ,fEikd &f ifawmif
rS udk,fhtvSnfha&mufzdkY b,fqDb,f0,f aiGyifv,fqdkwmrsKd;
jzpfaeavawmh awmfawmfpdwf"mwfuscsifaeygw,f/

uRefawmfwdkYwdkif;jynfrSm aiGaMu;jynfhpHkwJh a&ay:qD
vlwef;pm;qdkwm r&Sdwmawmh r[kwfygbl;/ vufwpfqkyfpm
avmufawmh&ydS gw,f/ qif;&Jom;utrsm;pkyg/ vlvwfwef;pm;
qdw
k mu r&So
d avmufjzpfygw,f/ wu,fwrf;u vlvwfwef;
pm;rsm;atmif 0dkif;vkyfEdkifrS 'Drdkua&pDvdkYajymaewJh EdkifiHa&;pepf
eJY vlYtzGJUtpnf; vdkufavsmnDaxGjzpfEdkifNyD; tJ'D 'Drdkua&pDu
a&&Snw
f nfwnfNidrNf idref YJ wnfwEhH ikd rf mS jzpfygw,f/ v,form;
trsm;pk&SdwJh pyg;pdkufwJh aus;vufaevlxktrsm;pkjzpfwJh EdkifiH
jzpfwmeJYtnD avmavmq,f trsm;pkqif;&JrGJawaewJh v,f
orm;awG touf&LS racsmifbeJ YJ wdik ;f jynfb,fawmhrS rwd;k wuf
Edik yf gbl;/ or®wuvnf; v,form;csr;f omrS wdik ;f jynfcsr;f om
w,fvYkdajymygw,f/ aoG;xGuaf tmifreS w
f phJ um;yg/ v,form;
awGcsrf;omrS? oHk;EdkifpGJEdkifrS ukefypönf;xkwfvkyfol a&mif;csol
tygt0if ußGefawmfwkdYvdk NrdKUaevlwef;pm;awGtygt0if vlxk
vlwef;pm;tvTmtm;vHk; trSefwu,f <u,f0csrf;omEdkifr,f
jzpfygw,f/ wdkif;jynf<u,f0csrf;omEdkifr,fjzpfygw,f/
bmaMumifv
h q
J akd wmh v,form;vkYd ac:wJh aus;vufaevlxu
k
vlxk&JUtBuD;rm;qHk; tpdwftydkif;jzpfaevdkYyg/
apmapmuajymwJh a&ay:qDvlwef;pm;qdkwmu xrif;
wpfeyfrpm;vnf; ta&;rBuD;ygbl;/ aygifrkefYwdkY? acgufqGJwdkY
wjcm;Oa&mypm;zG,f&mawGpHkwJh blaz;awG? 'ifemawG? Supper

uRefawmf
xrif; wpfeyfyJ
pm;ygonf
ydkufwif
(nv,fpmawG) BudKufoavmufpm;Edkifygw,f/ xrif;pm;wm
rpm;wmu olwYkdtzdYk ta&;rygygbl;/ remvdv
k Ykd ajymwmr[kwf
ygbl;/ trSew
f &m;udak jymwmyg/ uReaf wmfwYkw
d pfawGvnf; ydu
k q
f H
csrf;om&if aumif;aumif;ae aumif;aumif;pm;jzpfrSmygyJ/
qif;&Jom;awGtwGuf cufcJwJhtaMumif; xrif;wpfeyftay:
oabmxm;awGrwlEdkifwJhtaMumif; odapcsifvdkY xnfhajym&
jcif;omjzpfygw,f/
uRefawmfqdk&if xrif;wpfyef;uef&JUwpf0ufavmufudk
aeYv,fpmtjzpfpm;ygw,f/ toD;tESHeJY ig;rsm;rsm;xnfhpm;yg
w,f/ qDudkenf;enf;av;yJpm;ygw,f/ usef;rma&;twGufyg/
uRefawmfpm;wJhxrif;wpfeyfudk wefzdk;wGufMunfh&if (tdrfrSm
wif csufjyKwfpm;wmjzpfawmU) ig;&musyfxufrydkygbl;/ npm
rpm;awmh uRefawmf wpf&ufudk aiGig;&mpkrdw,fvdkYajymvdkY&yg
w,f/ 'gayrJh uRefawmf vlvwfwef;pm; pm&if;r0ifao;ygbl;/
ydkufqHpkvdkYr&ao;ygbl;/ (wjcm;tydkvHk;0roHk;wJhtaMumif;
uRefawmfajymNyD;ygNyD)
'Dawmh v,form;awG xrif;wpfeyfpm;&if ta<u;awG
qyfEdkifrvm; uRefawmf pOf;pm;Munfhygw,f/ olwdkYwu,fyJ
wpfeyfavQmhpm;NyD; ta<u;aMuatmifqyfEdkif&if awmfawmf
aumif;rSmyJvdkY pOf;pm;Munfhygw,f/ EdkifiHawmfor®wajymovdk
wdkif;jynfcsrf;omrS v,form;csrf;omr,fqdkwmvnf; trSef
jzpfavawmh v,form;awGcsrf;omzdkY t&ifqHk;awmh olwdkY
tay:wifaewJhta<uG;awG auszdkYvdkwmaygY/ v,form;awG
zufrSvnf; csKdU,Gif;csuf? tm;enf;csufawG wcsdKU&Sdaewmawmh

The Voice Weekly

'DawmU v,form;awG xrif;wpfeyfpm;&if
ta<u;awG qyfEdkifrvm;
uRefawmf pOf;pm;MunfUygw,f/
olwdkhwu,fyJ wpfeyfavQmUpm;NyD;
ta<u;aMuatmifqyfEdkif&if
awmfawmfaumif;rSmyJvdkh pOf;pm;MunfUygw,f/
EdkifiHawmfor®wajymovdk wdkif;jynfcsrf;omrS
v,form;csrf;omr,fqdkwmvnf;
trSefjzpfavawmU v,form;awGcsrf;omzdkh
t&ifqHk;awmh olwdkhtay:wifaewJU
ta<uG;awG auszdkhvdkwmaygh/
v,form;awG zufrSvnf; csKdY,Gif;csuf?
tm;enf;csufawG wcsdKY &SdaewmawmU trSefyg/
'gayrJU tJ'gawGu acwfpepfqdk;'PfudkcHcJh&wmu
wpfaMumif;? olwdkhrSm&SdoifUwJU A[kokwawG
todynmawGvdktyfaewmuwpfaMumif;aMumifU
jzpf&wmrsm;ygw,f/
olwdkhudk jznfUqnf;ay;zdkh
uRefawmfwdkhtm;vHk;rSm wm0ef&Sdygw,f/
trSefyg/ 'gayrJh tJ'gawGu acwfpepfqdk;'PfudkcHcJh&wmu
wpfaMumif;? olwYkdrmS &So
d ifw
h hJ A[kow
k awG todynmawGvt
kd yf
aewmuwpfaMumif;aMumifh jzpf&wmrsm;ygw,f/ olwdkYudk
jznfq
h nf;ay;zdYk uReaf wmfwYkdtm;vH;k rSm wm0ef&ydS gw,f/ (Oyrmv,form;awGvnf; trsm;enf;wl ESpfvHk;xD xdk;Muygw,f/
wu,fawmh vGJrSm;wJhenf;eJY xGufayguf&SmMuwmyg/ aiG
ESpfaomif;oHk;aomif;qdkwm wpfywfavmuf ESpfvHk;xDxdk;vdkuf
&ifuek w
f mygyJ/ tJ'aD wmh wpfzufu acs;aiGw;kd ay;&if;? txGuf
wd;k enf;ynmudk OD;BuD;wdYk vufc,
H MkH unfvmatmifynmay;&if;
wpfzufuvnf; ESpfvHk;xDvdkudpörsdK;udk xdxda&mufa&muf
ESdref if;Mu&ygr,f/) wu,fu
h kd a0;vHacgifow
D t
hJ &yfu v,form;
awGpm;wJhxrif;wpfeyf b,favmufwefrvJqdkwm wGufMunfh
vdkY&ygw,f/ olwdkYvnf; qDrsm;rsm;rpm;Edkifygbl;/ tom;[if;
awGrsm;rsm;rpm;Edkifygbl;/ (awmrSm wpfvwpfcgavmuf 0uf
ay:NyD;a&mif;wwfygw,f/ tdrfwdkif;aph 0,frpm;Edkifygbl;/)
acsmif;xJajrmif;xJuig;eJY v,fxJu[if;&Gufudk 0rf;pmtwGuf
avSmifxm;wJhqefeJY csufpm;wJhxrif;wpfeyfu aMuG;qyfEdkif
avmufatmifawmh wefaMu;r&SdEdkifwmtrSefyg/
uRefawmfhvdk NrdKUaevlwef;pm;wpfa,mufu usef;rma&;
twGuf ig;&m? ajcmuf&mavmufwefwhJ npmxrif;wpfeyfukd
avQmhpm;wmawmif tdrfwpfvHk;udk,fydkifr0,fEkdifavawmh
bmrSwefaMu;r&SdwJh xrif;wpfeyfudk usef;rma&;twGufvnf;
r[kwf bmaMumifhrSvnf;r[kwfbJ qif;&JvGef;vdkY? rwwfEdkifvdkY
jzpfovdkpm;aomufae&wJh v,form;awG wpfeyfavQmhpm;½HkeJY
b,fvdkrS wdkif;jynfwdk;wufrvmEdkifygbl;/ qif;&JrGJawrIvnf;
ryaysmufEkdifygbl;/
wdkif;jynfcsrf;omcsif&if ukefxkwfpGrf;tm;udk wdk;wuf
atmifvyk &f ygvdrrhf ,f/ pyg;awG olrsm;wdik ;f jynfenf;wl wpf{u
wif;oH;k av;&mxGuaf tmif v,form;awGukd enf;ynm? aiGaMu;
pwmawGyyhH ;kd ay;Edik &f if ta<u;aus½w
kH ifruygbl;/ v,form;awG
qDOD;axmywfpm;NyD; uRefawmfwdkYwdkif;jynfvnf; aocsmayguf
csrf;omvmr,fqdkwm uRefawmf &J&JBuD;tmrcHygw,f/
ykdufwif

wGif azmfjyyg&SdcJUaom atmifxG#f aqmif;yg;rsm;pkpnf;rI

EdkifiHwnfaqmufa&;? 'Drdkua&pDtoGiful;ajymif;a&;ESifU
acsmwdkifwufolrsm;

xGufNyD

32
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

b0ajzmifUaMumif; wapUwapmif; (37)
ZmvDausmf
mawGudk ajymwJh
udk,f vktcgrSyfcmJhwuav;b0u
BuKHwm
awGvnf;ajym&rSmyJ/ vli,fb0
uBuH K cJ h w mawG ? vl & G , f b 0u
BuHKcJhwmawG? tck'Dt&G,f 50 ausmf
xd BuHKwmawGudk wpfckpD wpfckpD
ajymjyr,f/
bmtwGufajymrSmvJ/ udk,f
aumuf r vd k v d k j zpf c J h w mawG u d k
raumufcJhwm? udk,fauG;rvdkvdkjzpf
cJhwmawGudk rauG;cJhwmawG ajymjy
&if aemifajzmifhcsifwJholawGtwGuf
aus;Zl;rsm;w,f/ aemufqHk; udk,f
aumuf c J h w mvnf ; ajym&rS m yJ /
ud,
k af umufcw
hJ ek ;f u aumufcw
hJ ,f
av/ aemufraumufbeJ YJ ajzmifo
h mG ;
vnf;&wmyJ/
tJvdkajymjywJhtcgrSm ajymwm
qdk&ifawmh em;axmifwJholaygh/ a&;
wmqdk&ifawmh zwfwJhol? vkyfwm
qdk&ifawmh MunhfwJhol jrifwJholaygh
'D v d k & S d w myJ / ywf 0 ef ; usif q d k w m
udk,fa&;wm olrsm;zwfw,f/ udk,f
ajymwm ol r sm;em;axmif w ,f /
ud k , f v k y f w m ol r sm;Munh f w ,f /
'Dvdk aus;Zl;rsm;cJhMuwmudk;/

zwfyg? em;axmifyg? jrifyg
'gjzih f & if ud k , f a &;wma&m
udk,fzwfvdkYr&bl;vm;/ udk,fa&;
wm ud,
k zf wfvYkd&wmyJ/ uk,
d af &;wm
ud,
k zf wfvYkd &&if ud,
k af jymwmvnf;
ud k , f e m;axmif v d k Y &ud k & &r,f /
udk,fvkyfcJhwmvnf; udk,fMunhfwm
MunhfvdkYudk &udk&&r,f/ vlwkdif;u
pmtkyaf &;NyD; rsuv
f ;kH eJYzwfvYkd wjcm;
pDxifw,f/ pdwfeJYzwf&wm/ udk,f
ajymwm udk,fem;axmifwmusawmh
udk,fh[mudk,fajymNyD; udk,fh[mudk,f
em;axmifvYkd &w,f/ ud,
k u
hf ,
kd u
f ,
kd f
qHk;rw,fqdkwm tJ'gyJ/
udk,fvkyfwm udk,fMunhfw,f
qdkwmvJ udk,fvkyfaewJhtcg olrsm;
MunhfvdkYjrifovkd ukd,fvnf;jrifEkdif
&rSmaygh/ udk,fa&;wm udk,fzwfNyD;
udk,fjyif&ifawmh aus;Zl;rsm;wmaygh
av/ udk,fajymwm udk,fem;axmif
NyD; udk,fMum;NyD;awmh jyif&ifawmh
aus;Zl;rsm;wmaygh/ tJvykd J uk,
d v
f yk f
wm udk,fMunhf&w,f? udk,fjrif&
w,f/ jrifNyD;awmh udk,fh[mukd,f
bmqufvkyf&rvJ od&wmaygh/
uav;vnf; uav;obm0?
vlBuD;vnf; vlBuD;obm0/ olY
t&G,ef YJo?l olYobm0eJYol &Sw
d mud;k /
obm0u vGefqefvdkYr&bl;/ b0
udk ajymif;vdkYr&bl;/ udk,fhpdwfudkyJ
todÓPfr&Sw
d hJ pdwu
f ae todÓPf
&Sw
d phJ w
d jf zpfatmif ajymif;ay;&wmyJ/
bk&m;&Sifudk,fawmfjrwfBuD; bk&m;
jzpfomG ;wm avmuBuD;udk ajymif;wm
r[kwfbl;/ bk&m;&Sifudk,fawmfjrwf
BuD;&JU pdwf"mwfawmfBuD;udk ajymif;
oGm;wm/
wpfenf;ajymygqdk&if owå0g
awGudk yHkoP²mefajymif;wmr[kwf
bl;/ 'ku©opömBuD;udk okcopömjzpf
atmif ajymif;wmr[kwfbl;/
owå0gawG&JU oP²mefrSm&SdwJh
wPSm? ork',opöm? udavomawG
udk r&Sad tmifvyk w
f m/ wPSm? ork',
opömjzpfr,fhtpm; ÓPfOD;aqmif
wJh r*¾opömjzpfzdkYvkyfwm/

'gawGusawmh i,fwJholawG
em;vnfcsifrS em;vnfrSmyg/ ajym
csifwm b0BuD;qdkwm ajymif;vdkYr&
bl;/ wu,fBudK;pm;tm;xkwf&rSm
udk,fhpdwfrSm todÓPfay:zkdY/

yGJodrf;wJU vufoD;wpfcsuf
cdk;aMumif ckd;0SufBuD;vkyfcJhwm
r[kwfygbl;/ tJ'gav;wpfckawmh
ajymjycsifygw,f/ pdwfxJrSmvnf;
pdwaf umif;wmwpf0uf? pdwrf aumif;
wmwpf0ufjzpfaew,f/ tJ'gvlawGvkd
avmuoabmajym&ifawmh udk,f
ajymvkduf&&if &ifacsmifwmayghav/
rajymbJxm;&wm awmfawmfusO;f usyf
w,f/ 'DvdkajymcGifh&wmudkyJ 0rf;om
w,f/ wcsKdUu tJvdk&ifacsmifatmif
rajymbJ Buw
d af ewJo
h al wG &Sad ew,f/
bke;f bke;f wdY&k yfuu
G rf mS tif;0rif;
vufxuf? tif;0acwfu we*FaEG
rif;BuD; wnfxm;wJh bk&m;BuD; tJ'D
Ak ' ¨ y l Z ed , yG J a wmf B uD ; usif ; ywm
aemufEpS q
f kd ESpf 100 jynhaf wmhr,f/
bke;f bke;f wdYki,fuwnf;u 'D&yfuu
G f
rSmarG;? 'D&yfuu
G rf mS BuD;wm/ bk&m;yGJ
usi;f yw,f/ yGu
J awmh 7 &uf? 8 &uf
rSm 6 &uf aeYuwnf;u jyifMuqifMu
aygh/ tck qdk&ifawmh bkef;bkef;wdkY
aomwmyef qD r D ; usif ; yawmh 4
&uf? 5 &uf uwnf;upw,f/
tbdk;ao&if ajr;aysmfw,fqdk
wmrsKd; bk&m;yGJ&Sd&if uav;awGaysmf
wmaygh/ bkef;bkef;u 10 wef;
t&G,f/ 'guawmh udk,foHa0*&wm
ud,
k jf yefajymwmayghav/ emrnfawG
xnhfajymvdkY&ygw,f/ &GmrSmbk&m;yGJ
awG&SdMuawmh vlBuD;awGu jyifMu
qifMu? uav;awGu upm;Mu?
aqmhMuaygh/
bke;f bke;f wdYkqu
D Z&yfBu;D vnf;
vkyfxm;w,f/ wnf;zdkYcdkzdkY/ yGJus&if
tJ'Day:rSm um;vdyfawGwifMu½HkyJ/
bkef;bkef;wdkYrSmu nDtpfudkarmifESr
10 a,muf&Sdw,f/ bkef;bkef;emrnf
u pdk;rif;/ bkef;bkef; atmufunD
emrnfu at;rif;? aemufnw
D pfa,muf
emrnfu ode;f rif;? zd;k wkwv
f Yv
kd nf; ac:
w,f/ bke;f bke;f u 10 wef;? wpfa,muf
9 wef;? wpfa,mufu 8 wef;/
&efjzpf&rSm bkef;bkef; wtm;
aMumufwm/ udk,fhvm&efjzpf&if
vnf; a&Smifwm/ 'D&efjzpfwJhtvkyf
BuD;udk b,fvdkac:rvJ t&nfr&?
tzwfr&/ 'Dpdwfqdk;wmwdkY? a'go
jzpfwmwdkY 0goemrygbl;/ bmjzpf
jzpf at; at;eJY ajymvkdufNyD;wmyJ/
b,foljzpfjzpf [kwfuJh? [kwfuJh
ajymvkdufNyD;wmyJ/
jzpfyHku tHhp&maumif;wm/
Zmwfur,fhZmwfcHkay:rSm Zmwfum;
ra&mufao;bl;? Zmwfuwm bke;f bke;f
wdkY t&yfxJrSm tJ'Dwkef;uawmh
&vu Ouú| 'umBuD; OD;bnGefY?
'g,dumrBuD; a':at;jrihf? tckxd&Sd
ao;w,f/ bkef;bkef;r,fawmfBuD;
eJYqkd wu,fn
h rD t&if;awGvkd cspfMu
wm/ olwdkYuvnf; om;orD;awGxJ
rSm awmufavQmuf wef;arG;xm;wm
xdyfu om;oHk;a,muf/ jrihfaqGwJh?
jrifha0wJh? jrifhaZmfwJh? cspfMuygw,f/
'DvdkyJ udk,hfnDtpfudkawGvdk
cspfMuw,f/ ckvnf; olwdkY udk,fh
MunfnKdwmyJ udk,fvnf;cspfwmyJ/

quf&&if udk,fvnf; avQmufupm;
&if;eJY 10 wef;qdkawmh [dk 8 wef;?
9 wef;avmufawmh rupm;bl;aygh/
tJ'rD mS ode;f rif;qkw
d hJ zd;k wkwu
f jrifah Zmf
eJY xdk;awmhr,f/ b,fub,fvkdjzpf
rSef;rodbl;/ ZmwfcHkay:rSm csawmh
r,f/ Zmwfwu
dk w
f mr[kwb
f ;l / wu,f
&efjzpfawmhrSm/
tJ'geJY igyg&aumif;rvm;?
ryg&aumif;rvm;/ jrifhaqGqkdwm
tBuD;qHk;/ cspfw,f? wtm;cspf
w,f/ &if;ESD;w,f? twef;vnf;wl
w,f/ tJ'g olwdkYnDESpfa,mufbuf
u jrifhaqGu 0ifygwm/ wGufMunfh
av ud,
k n
hf ED pS af ,mufbufu ud,
k f
yg&rvm;? ryg&bl;vm;/ pOf;pm;w,f/
&ef j zpf w meJ Y ywf o uf N yD ;
bkef;bkef;wkdYrdom;pk? bkef;bkef;wkdY
aqGrsKd;awG&JU xHk;wrf;pOfvm&Sdw,f/
b,fvkd&efyGJqkd jzpf&r,f? b,fvkd
&efyq
JG dk rjzpf&bl;/ tJ'gawmh oyfoyf
&Sad o;w,f/ pOf;pm;w,f/ ESpaf ,muf
csMuawmhrmS / wu,fx;kd MuawmhrmS /
[du
k tBuD;u 0ifygawmh ud,
k u
f yg&
awmhwmaygh/ ygcsifvkdY ygwmawmh
r[kwfbl;/ rygrjzpfvkdY yg&wm/
b0qdkwm tJ'gyJ/ 'Dt&G,f
wkef;u igrygrjzpfvkdY yg&awmhr,f
qkdwJhpdwfyJjzpfwm/ udk,fvkyfwmudk
Munfh½HkMunfhw,f/ rjrifbl;/ jrif
awmhjrifw,f rodb;l / ckusawmh od
vmw,f/ b0qkdwm vkyfcsifvkdYvkyf
&wmr[kwfbJeJY rjzpfvkdYvkyf&wm
awGrsm;w,f/ ygcsifvkdYrygbJeJY ryg
csib
f eJ YJvnf; yg&wmawG trsm;BuD;/
nDESpfa,mufeJY nDESpfa,muf
jzpfaewm/ [djk rifah qGBuD;u 0ifygNyD/
ajymw,f udk,fuajymw,f/ [dku
xd;k awmhr,f&,
G af erS ud,
k u
f bmoGm;
ajymvJ/ bkef;BuD;jzpfr,fhuHygvm;
rodygbl;/ w&m;a[mr,fh "r®uxdu
jzpfrSm aocsmvm;rodygbl;/ [m
jrifhaqGBuD; [kdrSm at;rif;eJY jrifha0eJY
csawmhrSm? [dkrSmzdk;wkwfeJY jrifhaZmfeJY
csawmhrSm rif;MunfhajymygOD;/
bmjzpfwkH;uG rif;wkdY bmjzpf
w,f? nmjzpfw,f oluvkyfwm/
udk,fuajymvkdufvkdY olu olYnDESpf
a,mufajym&if ukd,fu ukd,fhnDESpf
a,mufajymr,faygh/ bmjzpfwkH;uG
bmnmeJY olurmw,f/ tJ'gudk
udk,fuxyfNyD; 'Dtcsdefw&m;a[mvkdY
r&awmhbl;av/
tif ; ig&ef j zpf & awmh r ,f /
rvkycf sifq;kH tvkyBf uD;udk vky&f awmh
r,f/ &efjzpfr,fqkdawmh jzpfNyDwJh?
at;rif;u jrifha0xufawmifhw,f/
udk,fvHk;csif;uawmh odyfruGmbl;/
tm;awmifhw,f/ zdk;wkwfvkdYac:wJh
ode;f rif;uvnf; jrifah Zmfxufawmifh
w,f/ 0w,f/ olwkdYu tm;upm;
orm;awG/ ud,
k u
f ydeyf ed f tJ'jD rifah qG
qd k w musawmh ud k , f h E S p f v H k ; pm?
oH;k vH;k pmavmuf&w
dS ,f ud,
k v
f ;kH u/

ig&efrjzpfatmif ajymw,f/
igjzpf&awmhr,f/ jzpf&ifawmh olY
txk;d cH&if igvJNyD/ tJ'aD wmh bmvkyf
rvJqHk;jzwfvkdufw,f/ bkef;bkef;u
pOf;pm;w,f? odvkdufw,f/ olu
udk,fhxuf'DavmufBuD;0wm olom
xdk;&if udk,facGvJoGm;rSm/ igemrnf
ysufrSm/ wpfcsufcHvkduf&wm[m
wpfoufvHk;emrnfysufr,fhtvkyf
tjzpfrcHEdkifbl;/
bmvkyfrvJ/ igxdk;r,f pNyD;
awmh igpxdk;zdkY&mtwGuf ig&efrjzpf
atmifwm;wJhyHkpHrsKd; vkyfxm;r,f/
olxkd;r,fudkrxifatmif vkyfxm;&
r,f/ tJ'Dawmh r[kwfygbl;uGm rif;
uvnf; udk,fhtcsif;csif;awGuGm/
vlBuD;csif;uvnf; 'Davmuf&if;ESD;
aewm/ tarcsif;uvnf; nDrawG
vkad ewm/ bmjzpfw,f? nmjzpfw,f?
udk,fu(tJvkd)olYudk avajyav;eJY
ajymae&if; xdk;zdkYae&mvkduf&Smwm/
pOf;pm;Munfhav 'Davmuf
awmifhwJhaumifBuD; Akdufxdk;vdkYb,f
&rSmwk;H ? &ifbwfx;kd vnf; b,f&rSm
wk H ; / pOf ; pm;w,f bk e f ; bk e f ; /
aemufqHk;usawmh rwwfEkdifbl;?
csufaumif;xdk;vdkufw,f/ ol ukd,hf
bmrSrvkyfEdkifawmhbl;/ Ekdifwm ½IH;
wm t"dur[kwfbl;/ &efrjzpfcsif
wmBuD;udk rjzpfatmifvkyfae&wm/
ol tBuD;yJ olxed ;f NyD;wJ[
h mudk
tJvv
dk rl sKd;udk uk,
d jhf yefrxd;k Ekid af tmif
csufaumif;aqmfvkdufawmh tJovdk
jzpfw,f[/ &efjzpfMuw,fwJhqkdNyD;
awmh bk&m;yGJrSm vlBuD;awGvnf; &Sd
aewmyJ/ tukefvHk;u wufvmNyD;
awmh zsOv
f u
kd Mf uawmh &efyaJG t;w,f/
'DtaMumif;udk ajymvnf;ajym
csifw,f? rajymvnf; rajymcsifbl;/
pdwfxJrSm auseyfwm&Sdovdk raus
eyfwmvnf;&Sdw,f/ pdwfxJaumif;
wmvnf;&Sdw,f? raumif;wmvnf;
&Sdw,f/ &efrjzpfcsifbJ jzpf&wmBuD;?
ESpftdrfhwpftdrfvdkaewJh tdrfawGu
nDtpfudkt&if;vdk aeMuwJholawG
nDrt&if;vdkaeMuwJh tarawGu
arG;Ny;D 'DvjkdzpfMuwm b,faumif; rvJ/

avmufaumif;rvJ/ bk&m;&Sifudk,f
awmf j rwf B uD ; vuf x uf w k e f ; u
'Dvdk&efjzpfr,fh[mawG todÓPf0if
oGm;vdYk ajyvnfMuwmawG wpfyBkH uD;/
tenf ; qH k ; obm0qd k w m
jyifvYkdr&bl;/ uav;csi;f upm;&if;
eJY &efjzpfMuwm jyifvdkYr&bl;/ tod
ÓPfEke,fwJholtcsif;csif;? tod
ÓPfrjynfhpHkao;wJholtcsif;csif;
pD ; yG m ;Opö m ? &mxl ; *k P f o d e f a wG e J Y
upm;Mu&if ; eJ Y &ef j zpf M uwm
obm0/ 'gjyifvdkYr&bl;/ 'gayrJh
todÓPf&ifhwJholu yGJxdef;aygh/

olvdkw,f

tJ'gyJ? b0rSmu &efrjzpfcsif
bJ jzpfMu&wmawG&Sdw,f/ ajymvdkY
qdkvdkYudkr&vdkY &efjzpf&if &efyGJ&yfzdkY
ta&;BuD;w,f/ b,folta&;BuD;
wmvJ 'D & ef y G J u d k &yf E d k i f w J h o l u
wu,f [d k b uf ' D b uf M unf h N yD ;
&ef j zpf w m raumif ; ygvm;qd k w J h
tod Ó Pf r suf p d & S d z d k Y y J ta&;BuD ;
w,f/ todÓPfrsufpdr&SdwJh rIef0g;
aewJh rsuv
f ;kH rsK;d usawmh owday;wJh
taeeJY bke;f bke;f i,fuwnf;u xd;k cJh
rdygw,f/ pdwaf wmhraumif;bl;aygh/
'gaMumifhrdkY 'DtaMumif;awGudk
rajymcsifbJeJY ajym&wm/ ajymcsifvdkY
udk ajym&wm/ 'gawGzwfNyD;awmh
udk,fhvkyf&yfudk udk,fjyefMunfhEdkifMu
yg/ udk,fa&;wmudk udk,fjyefzwfEdkif
Muyg/ udk,fajymwmudk udk,fjyef
em;axmifEdkifMuyg/ bkef;bkef;awmh
tJovdkrsKd; udk,fvkyfwJhtvkyfawGudk
ud k , f j yef M unf h j rif od N yD ; awmh r S
b,fvdkvyk &f r,fqw
kd m aumif;onf
xufaumif;atmif? ajzmifhonfxuf
ajzmifhatmif BudK;pm;cJhygw,f/
ZmvDausmf

ol&efrjzpfEdkifatmif udk,fu
vkyfvdkuf&wm/ csufaumif;aqmf
vdkufwm/ avmurSm tJ'gyJ/ olYrSm
vnf; olYtodik ;f t0dik ;f &Sw
d ,f/ ud,
k fh
rSmvnf; udk,fhtodkif;t0dkif; &Sdw,f/
olYrSmvnf; olYtzGJUtpnf;&Sdw,f/
udk,fhrSmvnf; udk,fhtzGJUtpnf; &Sd
w,f/ atmufuvlawGu b,favmuf
&efapmifNyD; wdkufr,f? cdkufr,f?
owfr,fjzwfr,f? xdk;r,f ykwfr,f
vdkY ZmwfcHkay:wufNyD; Zmwfuovdk
rsKd; &efapmifMuygap OD;awmh tpfudk
jzpfwJholu wm;vdkuf&ifNyD;wmyJ/
tBuD;jzpfwJholu wm;vdkuf&ifNyD;
wmyJ/ b,folrS &efjzpfp&mrvdkbl;/
'D&efyGJudk b,folujzpfcsif
rvJ/ rjzpfcsifvdkY 'DvluqHk;jzwf
Edkifw,fqdk rjzpfMueJYuGmvdkY udk,f
ajym olrjzpf&if NyD;wmyJ/ udk,fajym
w,f olr&bl;/ jzpfMuwmaygh/
trSefawmh oleJYudk,feJY oltBuD;
udk,ftBuD;yJ/ taz tar ygp&m
rvdkygbl;/ nDawG &efjzpfp&mrvdkyg
bl;/ 'Dvdkom ajyat;Mu&if b,f

vufoD;b,fem;
odcsifMurSmyJ/ t&Sifbk&m;
b,fxdk;vdkufwkH;/ bkef;bkef; pOf;pm;
w,f/ olYudkxdk;csifwm r[kwfbl;/
'D&efyGJBuD; Nidrf;csifwm/ rjzpfeJYvdkY
ajymw,f? r&bl; jzpfw,f/ jzpf&if
vnf; jrefjrefjzpfNyD; Nidrf;at;apcsif
w,f/ rxdk;csifbJeJY xdk;vdkuf&wm
awmh pdwrf aumif;bl;/ b,fx;kd vdu
k f
wmwkef;qdkawmh rsufvHk;/ rsufvHk;
udk uef;atmifxdk;wmr[kwfbl;/
'Duef;aewJhrsufvHk;BuD;? tod
ÓPfrygwJh rsufvHk;BuD;eJYMunfhNyD;
awmh &efjzpfcsifwJhpdwf aysmufoGm;
atmifxdk;vdkufwm/ olYrsufvHk;xdk;
vdkufawmh bmrSMunfhr&awmhbl;/
wG u f N yD ; om; wpf z uf r jrif w meJ Y
oltm;enf;oGm;NyD/ avmuBuD;udk
uef;wJhrsufvHk;BuD;eJY? todÓPf
enf;wJh rsufvHk;BuD;eJY &efjzpfzdkYyJ
pOf;pm;wJholawGrsKd;udk bkef;bkef;
i,f u wnf ; u rS w f o m;avmuf
atmif rsufvHk;udkxdk;w,f/
ig&efjzpfcsifpdwfawGrsm;vGef;
vdkY ighrsufvHk; txdk;cHvdkuf&ygvm;?
&efjzpfwm raumif;ygvm;vdkY olod
rodawmh rodb;l / bke;f bke;f &nf&,
G f
csufu tJ'gyJ/ 'gayrJh tJ'DrsufvHk;
rxdk;csifvdkYyJ xdk;? rjzpfcsifvdkYyJ xdk;?
bmaMumifyh x
J ;kd xd;k bke;f bke;f b,fbuf
rsufvHk;wpfzufuawmh ta0;rIef
w,f/ qdk;usKd;uawmh &wmyJ/

zwf? MunfU? em;axmif . . . NyD;awmU

33

VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

ucsifjynfe,fNidrf;csrf;a&;a&mifeDESifU jyefvnfxlaxmifa&;tpysKd;csdef
owif;aqmif;yg; - rif;xufpH? atmifbkdbkd&Sdef
pdk;&Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifa&;vkyfief;aumfrwDESifh autdkiftdkwdkY w½kwfjynfolYor®wEkdifiHa&TvDNrdKUwGif awGUqHkaqG;aEG;um oabmwlnDrI&&SdcJhjcif;onf jrefrmEkdifiH\ jynfwGif;Nidrf;csrf;a&;
twGuf ueOD;ajcvSrf;rsm;jzpfaMumif; Nidrf;csrf;a&;tusKd;aqmifrsm;u wlnDpGmajymqkdMuonf/

wyfrawmfESifh autdkifatwkdY
wkdufyGJjzpfyGm;cJhonfrSm wpfESpfESifh
q,fvausmcf NhJyjD zpfNy;D xku
d mvtwGif;
ES p f O D ; ES p f z uf t Bud r f B ud r f a wG U qH k
aqG;aEG;cJhaomfvnf; &v'faumif;
rxGufcJhay/ odkYaomf azazmf0g&Dv
4 &ufaeYwGif tpdk;&Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmf
aqmifa&;vkyfief;aumfrwDESifh au
tkdifatwdkY awGUqHkaqG;aEG;cJh&mwGif
tcsuif g;csuu
f kd oabmwlnED idk cf o
hJ nf/
oabmwl n D c suf r sm;wG i f
ES p f O D ; ES p f z uf q uf o G , f a &;vrf ;
aMumif;xm;&Sd&eftygt0if ESpfzuf
ppfa&;wif;rmrIavQmhcsEdkifa&;ESifh
aemufwpfBudrfaqG;aEG;yGJwGif avh
vmolrsm;? oufaorsm;yg0ifEkdif&ef
oabmwlnDcJhonf/
tpd k ; &Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;vk y f i ef ;
aumfrwDESifh autdkiftdk^autdkifat
tzGJUwkdYonf tqkdyga&TvDawGUqHk
aqG;aEG;yGJwGif azazmf0g&Dvaemuf
qHk;ywfü aqG;aEG;yGJqufvufjyK
vkyfEkdif&efvnf; oabmwlnDrI&&Sd
cJhonf/ ,if;awGUqHkaqG;aEG;yGJodkY
u&iftrsKd;om;tpnf;t½Hk; (KNU)
Ouú | Ak d v f c sKyf B uD ; rl w l ; aq;zk d ; ?
taxGaxGtwGi;f a&;rSL; y'dak pmuG,f
xl;0if;? &Srf;jynfjyefvnfxlaxmif
a&;aumif p D RCSS/SSA tzG J U rS
AkdvfrSL;csKyf pdkif;vlESifh w½kwfjynfolY
or®wEkdifiH EkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;XmerS
oHtrwfBuD;rpöwmvsKdausmufa0h
wkYdu oufaotjzpfwufa&mufcMhJ u
onf/
aqG;aEG;yGJjyKvkyfonfh aeY&uf
wkdif;wGif xHk;pHtwkdif;wkdufyGJrsm;
jzpfyGm;aeaomfvnf; ,ckaqG;aEG;yGJ
onf Nidrf;csrf;a&;twGufaumif;rGef
onf h & v'f j zpf a Mumif ; ES i f h trS e f
wu,f v uf a wG U vk y f a qmif c suf
vk d t yf a Mumif ; ucsif j ynf e ,f
Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;tusKd ; awmf a qmif
OD ; ,G y f a Zmf a cgif u The Voice
Weekly odkYrSwfcsufay;onf/
azazmf0g&DvtwGif;wGif Nidrf;
csrf ; a&;azmf a qmif a &;vk y f i ef ;
aumfrwDESifh autdkiftkdxyfrHaqG;
aEG;OD;rnfjzpfaomfvnf; a&SUwef;
pcef;rsm;wGif wkdufyGJrsm;jzpfyGm;aeOD;

rnfjzpfaMumif; autdkifat'kwd,
ppfO;D pD;csKyf Adv
k cf sKyf*rG af rmfu owif;
rD',
D mrsm;ESihf awGUqHpk OfajymMum;onf/
]]typftcwf&yfpw
J hJ Nird ;f csr;f a&;
rsKd;r[kwfbJ a'ocHawG vHkNcHKrI
tjynfh&SdwJh Nidrf;csrf;a&;rsKd;&Sdatmif
vkyaf qmifomG ;rSmyg}}[k ¤if;uqko
d nf/
NyD ; cJ h o nf h 2012 ck E S p f
atmufwkdbmv 30 &ufaeYwGif
tpdk;&Nidrf;csrf;a&;aumfrwD tyg
t0if wyfrawmfrS AkdvfcsKyftqifh
t&m&S d r sm;wuf a &muf & mwG i f
autdkifatbufrS AkdvfcsKyf*Grfarmf
wufa&mufcJhjcif;r&Sday/
xdkaqG;aEG;yGJwGif wpfpHkwpf&m
aqG;aEG;EkdifcJhjcif;r&SdonfhtwGuf
wkdufyGJrsm;jyif;xefvmcJhNyD; 2013
ckEpS f Zefe0g&Dvukew
f iG f autkid af t
\a&SUwef;wyfpcef;tm;vHk;eD;yg;
udk wyfrawmfu av,mOfjzifhAHk;BuJ
jcif;? vufeufBuD;rsm;jzifhypfcwf
jcif;rsm;jzifh odrf;,lcJhonf/
autdkifat'kwd,ppfOD;pD;csKyf
AkdvfcsKyf*Grfarmf atmufwkdbmv 30
&ufaeY aqG;aEG;yGJodkYrwufa&muf
jcif ; ES i f h y wf o uf í ,if ; umvü
wkdufyGJrsm; aeYpOfjzpfyGm;aeonfh
twGuf wyf&if;rsm;udkwdkuf½dkuf
nTefMum;&onfhtjyif ESpfzufawGU
qHkaqG;aEG;yGJrsm;wGif autdkifat
taeES i f h aqG ; aEG ; cJ h j cif ; r&S d b J
autdkiftkd\OD;aqmifrIjzifhom aqG;
aEG;onfhtwGuf rvma&mufjcif;
jzpfaMumif;ajymqkdxm;onf/
vuf & S d a qG ; aEG ; aepOf u mv
twG i f ; wG i f autd k i f a tXmecsKyf
vk d i f Z mteD ; v*sm;,ef a 'owG i f
wk d uf y G J r sm; Nid r f ouf p jyKaeaomf
vnf ; autd k i f a twyf r [m (2)
atmuf&Sd wyf&if; (6)e,fajrjzpf
aom zm;uefYa'owpf0dkufwGifrl
wkdufyGJrsm; jzpfyGm;aeqJjzpfaMumif;
¤if;wdkYuajymMum;onf/
wyfrawmfESifh autkdifatwkdY
wkdufyGJjzpfyGm;cJhonfh ESpfESpfeD;yg;
umvtwG i f ; wG i f wk d u f y G J a ygif ;
2400 ausmf jzpf y G m ;cJ h a Mumif ;
autdkifat\xkwfjyefcsufrsm;t&
od&onf/

wyfrawmfESifh autdkifatwdkY
\wkdufyGJrsm;aMumifh ucsifjynfe,f
wGif; ae&yfpGefYcGmvm&onfh 'ku©
onfaygif; wpfodef;eD;yg;rSm 'ku©
onfpcef;wGif aexdkifae&onf/
,if;'ku©onfrsm;udk ulnD&ef EkdifiH
wumtzGJUtpnf;rsm;u tpdk;&xH
awmif ; qk d x m;&m vH k N cH K a&;tae
txm;rsm;aMumif h cG i f h j yKjcif ; r&S d
aomfvnf; azazmf0g&Dvqef;ydkif;rS
pwif u m uk v or*¾ t ygt0if
EkdifiHwumtzGJUtpnf;rsm; ucsif
jynf e ,f w G i f ; 'k u © o nf r sm;ud k
tuefYtowfr&Sd ulnDcGifhjyKvdkuf
NyDjzpfaMumif; EkdifiHawmfor®w½Hk;
0efBuD; OD;pdk;odef;uajymMum;onf/
]]tpdk;&u UN tzGJUtpnf;awG
ud k ul n D c G i f h j yKvk d u f v k d Y rpö w m
erfbD;,m;ujrpfBuD;em;udk udk,f
wkdifvmavhvmwmyg}}[k 0efBuD;u
azazmf0g&Dv 5 &ufaeYwGif ajym
Mum;onf/

uk v or*¾ txl ; tBuH a y;
yk*¾Kdvf rpöwmerfbD;,m;uvnf;
]]ucsif j ynf e ,f r S m Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;
a&mifeDay:vmygNyD/ y#dyu©jzpfvm
wmvnf;MumNyDqkdawmh jyefvnf
wnfaqmufzkdYvnf; MumaeOD;rSmyg/
ukvor*¾taeeJYvnf; ulnDzkdY tpD
tpOf a wG & S d y gw,f } }[k rS w f c suf
ay;onf/
Ek d i f i H a wmf o r® w ½H k ; 0ef B uD ;
OD;pdk;odef;ESifh rpöwmerfbD;,m;wkdY
onf vufeufudkify#dyu©jzpfyGm;
aeaom ucsifjynfe,fodkY yxrqHk;
tBudrfvma&mufjcif;jzpfNyD; jrpfBuD;
em;Nrd K Ue,f E S i f h 0d k i f ; armf N rd K Ue,f
twGif; 'ku©onfpcef;rsm;udk avh
vmcJhNyD; t&yfbufvlYtzGJUtpnf;
rsm;ESifh azazmf0g&Dv 5 &ufaeYwGif
awGUqHkaqG;aEG;cJhonf/
jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;pdk;odrf;
u jrpfBuD;em;NrdKU qGwfidkifawmif
'ku©onfpcef;wGif 'ku©onftrsKd;

orD;wpfOD;ukd tdrfjyefrnfhtcsdef
udkar;jref;&mwGif xdktrsKd;orD;u
atmufygtwkdif;ajymqkdvdkufonf/
]]uRefrwkdYrSm tdrfjyefp&mr&Sd
awmhbl;? rD;avmifoGm;NyD}}
xdktrsKd;orD;uJhodkYaom 'ku©
onfrsm;twGuf ae&yfa'owGif
jyefvnfaexdkifEkdifa&;twGuf arQmf
vifch suaf &mifev
D if;vmcJNh yDjzpfonf/
ucsifjynfe,ftpdk;&tzGJUu
vnf; aetdrfrsm;wnfaqmufay;
rnf[k w&m;0ifowif;xkwfjyef
vkdufonfhtjyif ukvor*¾tzGJU
tpnf;rsm;uvnf; ulnDaxmufyHh
rIrsm; vma&mufawmhrnfjzpfonf/
vuf&Sdtaetxm;onf
ucsifjynfe,f Nidrf;csrf;a&;a&mifeD
ESifh jyefvnfxlaxmifa&;tpysKd;csdef
a&muf&SdNyDjzpfaMumif; tpdk;&Nidrf;csrf;
a&;azmf a qmif a &;aumf r wD E S i f h
autdkiftkdwkdYu wlnDpGmajymqkdMu
onf/
„

&cdkifjynfe,fy#dyu© vTwfawmfwGifaqG;aEG;&eftqkd½IH;
&efukef? azazmf0g&Dv 7

&cd k i f j ynf e ,f y#d y u© o nf
e,fpyfvHkNcHKa&;? e,fajrtkyfcsKyfa&;
ESifh vl0ifrIBuD;Muyfa&;wdkYESifhqdkif
onfhtjyif EkdifiHawmf\ tcsKyftjcm
tmPmESifhygoufqdkifojzifh a&wdk
a&&Snfvkyfaqmif&rnfhpDrHudef;rsm;
udk pDrHaqmif&Guf&ef jynfaxmifpk
tpd;k &ukd wdu
k w
f eG ;f aMumif; tqdu
k dk
trsKd;om;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
a'gufwmat;armifu wifoGif;&m
uefYuu
G rf rJ sm;í tqd½k ;Hl edrcf ahJ Mumif;
trsKd;om;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
rsm;u ajymMum;onf/
&cd k i f y #d y u© E S i f h y wf o uf í
vTwaf wmfu BuKd wifaqG;aEG;vQif &cdik f
y#dyu© pHpk rf;a&;aumfr&Si\
f qH;k jzwf
csuftay: vTwfawmfu zdtm;ay;
vTrf;rdk;ouJhodkYjzpfrnfpdk;&drfaom
aMumifh raqG;aEG;oifhaMumif; rauG;
wdkif;a'oBuD;rS trsKd;om;vTwfawmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,Of ;D vSaqGuuefYuu
G o
f nf/
,if;tqdkudk azazmf0g&Dv 7
&ufaeYu usif;yaom yxrtMudrf
trsKd ; om;vT w f a wmf q|ryH k r S e f
tpnf;ta0;wGif trsK;d om;vTwaf wmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,f a'gufwmat;armifu
wifoGif;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
,if;tqdu
k kd vufcaH qG;aEG;&ef
oifh? roifh vTwfawmftrwfrsm;ukd
rwfwwf&yfaxmufcaH p&m uefYuu
G f
olrsm;í tqdk½IH;edrfhoGm;onf/
]]wdkif;&if;om; vlenf;pkudk
umuG,af y;zdYk wdik ;f &if;om;awGyg0if
wJhjynfolYppfvdkrsKd;awG zGJUay;oifh
w,f}} [k a'gufwmat;armifuajym
Mum;onf/

b*FgvDvlrsdK;rsm;onf tpdk;&
\ tm;enf;csufudk tcGifhaumif;,l
um pepfwustpövmrfvTrf;rdk;a&;
(Islamization) jyKvy
k af eojzifh 1982
Ekid if o
H m;jzpfa&; Oya'twdik ;f Ekid if o
H m;
ppfaq;a&;udk pepfwusvkyfaqmif
oifhaMumif; ¤if;uxyfrH&Sif;jyonf/
&ckdifjynfe,f y#dyu©ESifhywf
oufí a&wkda&&Snfvkyfaqmif&rnfh
tqkdukdraqG;aEG;bJ twl,SOfwGJ
aexkdifa&;udpörsm;ukdom aqG;aEG;
oifhaMumif; ar,kawmifwef;a'o

uGe&f uftrnfjzifh Capacity Building
vkyfief;rsm;ukd vkyfaqmifaeaom
½dk[if*sm[kqkdol OD;ausmfpdk;u ajym
qkdonf/
&ckid o
f [m,toif;rS taxGaxG
twGi;f a&;rSL; OD;omjrausmu
f rl &ckid f
jynfe,fudpEö Sifhywfoufí aqG;aEG;
onfhudpöyifjzpfap? pkHprf;ppfaq;
onfhudpöyifjzpfap y#dyu©ajz&Sif;&
rnfu
h pd rö sm;ukd tcsed rf qGb
J J tjrefq;Hk
vkyaf qmifoifah Mumif; ok;H oyfonf/

tm;upm;owif;wdkrsm;
- rwfv 2 &ufaeYwiG f pwifusif;yrnfh AFC Challenge Cup
NydKifyGJwGif jrefrmtoif;ESifh xyfrHqHkawGUvdkaMumif; jrefrmtoif;udk
tEdkif&&SdcJhonfh ajcprf;yGJtNyD;owif;pm&Sif;yGJwGif zdvpfydkifenf;jyu
ajymqdkcJhonf/
- y&dowfrsm;ESihf jyóemjzpfymG ;ygrS toif;uxkwyf ,fonf
txdta&;,lomG ;rnfjzpfaMumif; &wemyHt
k oif;ydik &f iS u
f ajymqdx
k m;onf/
- tm&SabmvHk;tzGJUcsKyfu zGifhvSpfonfh AFC (C) vdkifpif
oifwef;odYk wufa&mufaeonfh jrefrmhvufa&G;pifupm;orm;a[mif;?
b@mtcGefupm;orm;a[mif;ESifh uarÇmZupm;orm;a[mif;wpfOD;
jzpfonfh pd;k jrwfrif;u uarÇmZtoif;wGif enf;jyvky&f efqE´&adS eaMumif;
xkwfazmfajymqdkxm;onf/
- jynfoYlvw
T af wmf tm;upm;?,Ofaus;rIEiS hf jynfoYlqufqaH &;
zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufrIaumfrwDOuú| ol&OD;at;jrifhESifh jynfolYvTwfawmf?
trsdK;om;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm; aejynfawmf&Sd tm;upm;uGif;
rsm;ESifh avhusifha&;pcef;rsm;udk azazmf0g&Dv 6 &ufaeYu vma&muf
avhvmcJhonf/
- SEA Games NydKifyGJ0ifrnfh jrefrmh½dk;&mjcif;vHk;tzGJUtaeESifh
tjrifq
h ;kH a&Twq
H yd q
f ak jcmufco
k m&rnfjzpfaMumif; tzGUJ csKyt
f wGi;f a&;rSL;
OD;&JatmifxHrSod&onf/
„

„

34
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

ajcmufvtwGif; qifajcmufaumif towfcH&
ykodrf? azazmf0g&D 5

awmjyKef ; wD ; rI a Mumif h vl a eaus;&G m rsm;teD ; wpf 0 d k u f x d o G m ;vmaeojzif h qif p G , f r k q k d ; rsm;\
owfjzwfrIBuHKawGUae&onfh awmqif½dkif;rsm; {&m0wDwkdif;a'oBuD; iykawmNrdKUe,fwGif ajcmufvtwGif;
ajcmufaumif acgif;jzwftowfcHcJh&aMumif; opfawmOD;pD;XmexHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
f rSpwif owfjzwfcaH e&jcif;
Zef e 0g&D v twG i f ; yif qif qifrjzpfNyD; ESmarmif;jywf acgif;jywf Mo*kwv
ESpfaumif acgif;jzwftowfcH&NyD; um tpG,Ef w
k ,
f cl &H jcif;jzpfaMumif;? jzpfNyD; iykawmNrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd jrpf
Zefe0g&Dv 29 &ufaeYu ykodrfc½kdif qif\0Jbufwifyg;wGif vS;D jzwfxm; wpf&m? qifr? qifrpIH onfh opfawm
iykawmNrdKUe,f qifrBudK;0dkif;twGif; onfh'Pf&m&SdNyD; taygufwpfayguf BudK;0dik ;f rsm;teD;rS awmBuD;? prf;BuD;?
qifaowpfaumif xyfraH wGU&Sad Mumif; awGU&ojzifh tqdyfjrm;jzifhtypfcH& awmacsmif;? ydk;avmif;? qifrIHponfh
,if;XmexHrS od&onf/
jcif;[k,lqaMumif; iykawmNrdKUe,f aus;&Gmrsm;teD;ü acgif;jywfaeonfh
]]'Dvdkomowfae&if awmqif arG;jrLa&;ESiu
hf o
k a&;OD;pD;XmeOD;pD;rSL; qifaorsm;udk awGY&jdS cif;jzpfaMumif;?
½dkif;awGtwGuf pdk;&drfp&mygyJ}} [k a'gufwmjrifhoef;u ajymqkdonf/ &cdkif½dk;rESifh qufpyfvsuf&Sdaom
iykawmNrKd Ue,f wdik ;f a'oBu;D vTwaf wmf
iykawmNrdKUe,f &JwyfzUJG pcef;u iykawmNrdKUe,frmS {&m0wDwikd ;f a'o
udk,fpm;vS,f OD;at;Munfu The qifowfrIudk trIzGifhxm;NyD; w&m;cH BuD ; wG i f awmqif ½ d k i f ; trsm;qH k ;
zrf;rda&; BudK;pm;qJjzpfaMumif; ,if; usupf m;onfah 'ojzpfNyD; qifaumif
Voice WeeklyodkY ajymMum;onf/
Zef e 0g&D v 29 &uf a eYu pcef;rS wm0efus&JwyfzUJG 0ifwpfO;D u a& 800 cefY&SdaMumif; opfawmOD;pD;
Xmepm&if;rsm;t&od&onf/
towfccH &hJ onfh ajcmufaumifajrmuf qkdonf/
awmqif½ikd ;f rsm;rSm 2012 ckEpS f
awmqif½dkif;rSm touf 40 cefY&Sd
„armifrsKd;xuf

xD;csKdifUwGif w½kwfzkef;oHk;pGJrIrsm;jym;
xD;csKdif? azazmf0g&D 5

tpm;jzpfNyD; tifwmeufvkdif;vnf;
aumif;rGefaMumif;? Website rsm;udk
0ifMunfhvQif aiGukefusrIenf;yg;
aomf v nf ; Download vk y f v Qif
aiGukefusrIjrefaMumif;? eHygwf 153
ESifhpNyD; aiGoGif;vkdvQif w½kwfe,f
pyfwiG f vlc&H ydS guoGm;a&mufaiGoiG ;f
Ekid af Mumif; OD;atmifausmu
f qkdonf/
waumif ; awmif a y:wG i f
zkef;rkdufu½dka0hwm0gwkdif pdkufxl
xm;aMumif; awmifay:odYkwufa&muf
cJholwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/ „

ukrP
Ü v
D ikd ;f rS vQHxu
G v
f monfh vkid ;f
udkoHk;pGJjcif;jzpfNyD; wpfrdepfvQif 10
usycf efYusoifu
h m SIM uwfwpfuwf
vQif 12 em&Dtxdo;kH pGEJ idk af Mumif; zke;f
oHk;pGJolOD;atmifuajymMum;onf/
]]oHk;aomif;cGJqkd uwfaum
tcGHa&m aumif;aumif;&w,f}} [k
OD;atmifuqkdonf/
zkef;pepfrSm WCDMA trsKd;

&efukef? azazmf0g&D 5

jrefrmEdik if w
H iG f ESpaf ygif;20 twGi;f tBuD;qH;k rd;k oD;a<uusjcif;[k
owfrSwfEdkifonfh rdk;oD;BuD;rsm; &Srf;jynfe,fta&SUydkif; usKdif;wHkNrdKUwGif
azazmf0g&Dv 3 &ufaeY nae 5 em&D 30 rdepfu a<uuscJhaMumif;
rdk;av0oESifh ZvaA'nTefMum;rIOD;pD;Xme vufaxmufnTefMum;a&;rSL;
OD;ausmfvGifOD;u ajymMum;onf/
]]yHkrSef rwf? {NyDrSmqdk rdk;oD;a<uw,f/ t&G,ftpm;u qD;aph
avmufyJ&Sdw,f/ 'gayrJh tckwpfBudrfu olYxufBuD;w,f/ xl;jcm;
rdk;av0ojzpfpOfaygh}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
ta&SUbufjcrf;u 0ifa&mufvmaom avxkxJwGifa&aiGYyg0ifrI
yrmPjrifrh m;jcif;aMumifjh zpfNyD; rd;k wdraf wmifrsm;jzpfay:&mwGif txuf
atmufavwdkufEIef; rsm;jym;jcif;aMumifhjzpfaMumif;? rdk;onf;xefpGm
&GmoGef;cJh&mwGif ,if;uJhodkY MuufOt&G,ftpm;cefY&Sdaom rdk;oD;BuD;rsm;
a<uusjcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;wdkYXmewdkif;wmxm;aom tcsuftvuf
rsm;t& ,ckusKdif;wHkNrdKUwGif a<uuscJhaomrdk;oD;onf ajrjyiftxuf
ayig;aomif;cefY&Sd rdk;wdrfawmifwpfckrS t&G,ftpm;tBuD;rm;qHk;ESifh
tiftm;tjyif;qHk; a<uuscJhonfh rdk;oD;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
usKdif;wHkNrdKUwGif tqkdygrdk;onf;xefpGm&GmoGef;NyD; rdk;oD;BuD;rsm;
a<uuscJhjcif;aMumifh aetdrftcsKdUysufpD;cJhaMumif; jynfwGif;owif;
pmapmifrsm;wGif azmfjyxm;csufrsm;t& od&Sd&onf/
„

xD;csKdifh? azazmf0g&D 4

&moDOwka&ajrtaetxm;ESihf
tpOftvmt& &Sifoefaexdkifjcif;
r&Sdaom a>rayG;udkppfukdif;wkdif;a'o
BuD; ta&SUbufjcrf; waumif;awmif
ajc eDu,fowåKoefYpifa&;puf½Hk
teD; armif;ukef;&Gm BuHcif;twGif;
wGif xl;xl;jcm;jcm;awGU&SdcJhaMumif;
armif;uke;f &Gmtkycf sKyaf &;rSL; OD;ode;f Ekid f

{&m0wDjrpftwGif; ausmufjyefxkwfcGifUjyK
[oFmw? azazmf0g&D 5

jrpfurf;yg;NydKusrIaMumifh 14
&ufMum &yfem;xm;onfh yJcl;wkdif;
a'oBu;D vufyw
H ef;NrKd Ue,f&dS {&m0wD
jrpf a Mumif ; twG i f ; jrpf a usmuf
xkwf,lonfh vkyfief;rsm;udk azazmf
0g&Dv 2 &ufaeYu vkyfudkifcGifhjyef
vnfciG jhf yKaMumif; ,if;ausmufxw
k f
vkyfom;rsm;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
Zefe0g&Dv 20 &ufaeYrpS wifum
jrpfausmufxkwfvkyfief; &yfem;cJh&
jcif;aMumifh ausmufxw
k v
f yk o
f m;rsm;
vkyfief;cGifaysmufqHk;ojzifh vkyfudkif
cGifh&&Sd&ef oufqkdif&mXmersm;odkY

ESpf 20 twGif; tBuD;qHk;rdk;oD;a<u

waumif;awmifajc a>rayG;awGY

"mwfykH-Ekdifrif;a0

ppfuikd ;f wdik ;f a'oBu;D uomc½dik f
xD;csKdifhNrdKUwGif SIM uwfwpfuwf
vQif usyf 8000 cefYESifh tifwmeuf
yg w½kwzf ek ;f oH;k pGrJ I ESpv
f cefYtwGi;f
ododomomwGifus,fvmaMumif;
a'ocHrsm;xHrSpHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
xD ; csKd i f h ta&S U buf u rf ;
waumif;awmif eDu,fpDrHudef;wGif
oHk;pGJ aeonfh Surfing w½kwfzkef;

"mwfykH-&efEkdif(usKdif;wkH)

awmif ; qk d M uojzif h vuf y H w ef ;
NrdKUe,f ,Gef;oG,faus;&GmESifh ESpfrdkif
cefYa0;aomae&mwGif ausmufxkwf
vkyfuGufrsm; jyefvnfowfrSwfcGifh
jyKjcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;wkdYuajym
Mum;onf/
yJcl;wkdif;a'oBuD; a&t&if;
tjrpfESifh jrpfacsmif;rsm;zGHUNzdK;wkd;
wufa&;OD;pD;XmerS tif*sifeD,m
OD;&JaoG;atmifu urf;yg;NydKusEkdif
rnfh ae&mrsm;udk vkyfudkifcGifhray;bJ
owfrSwfxm;aomae&mrsm;wGifom
ausmufusif;a&tuefYtowfjzifh

xk w f v k y f c G i f h j yef v nf a y;jcif ; jzpf
aMumif; ajymqkdonf/
[oFmwNrdKUe,ftwGif; jrpf
urf;yg;rsm;NydKusjcif;? yJcl;wkdif;
a'oBuD; vufyw
H ef;NrdKUe,f,eG ;f oG,f
aus;&Gmxdcdkufjcif;? apwD? bk&m;
tcsKdUysufpD;jcif;aMumifh ,Gef;oG,f
aus;&Gma'ocHrsm;u ausmufxkwf
vkyfief;&yfwefY&ef uefYuGufjcif;jzpf
aMumif; jrpfausmufxkwfvkyfief;
&yf w ef Y apvk d o l bk d u av;uRef ;
aus;&GmrS OD;jrifhckdifuqkdonf/
„aerif;xuf

u ajymMum;onf/
azazmf0g&Dv 2 &ufaeY nae
3 em&DcefYwiG f t&Snu
f ;kd vufr? vH;k ywf
wpf v uf r cef Y a>rwpf a umif u d k
rnfonfha>rtrsKd;tpm;rSef;rodbJ
BuHckwfvkyfom;rsm;,lvmí ppfaq;
Munhf&m a>rayG;aygufwpfaumuf
jzpfaeonf[k ¤if;uqdkonf/
tqdyjf yif;a>rrsm; aexdik u
f supf m;
jcif;r&So
d nfh waumif;awmifajcwGif
,cka>rayG;udk awGU&Sd&jcif;rSm eDu,f
pDrHudef;rS w½kwfEkdifiHom;rsm;pm;oHk;
&eftwGuaf &mif;csonfh pm;aomufqidk f
tcsKUd rS vGwx
f u
G v
f mjcif;jzpfEidk af Mumif;?
pm;aomufqkdifwGif a>rayG;om;[if;
wpfcGufudk usyfwpfaomif;cGJcefYjzifh
a&mif;csaMumif; pm;aomufqkdifvkyf
ief;&Siw
f pfO;D jzpfol OD;ae0if;uqko
d nf/
yg;pyf&mZ0ifrsm;t& armif
aygufusKid ;f e*g;Ekid yf jkH yift& waumif;
awmifwGif tqdyf&Sda>rrsm;r&SdcJhovdk
tat;uJ&moDOwkaMumifh vGecf ahJ om
ESpfrsm;u ,lvmonfh a>rayG;tcsKdU
yjcKyftwGif;rSmyif aoqHk;aMumif;?
,cka>rayG;&Sio
f efaeonfrmS &moDOwk
ajymif;vJ azmufjyefrIaMumifhjzpfEkdif

aMumif; ¤if;uqufvuf&iS ;f jyonf/
]]yHkrSeft&qkd uRefrwkdYa'oudk
a>rayG;0ifavhr&Sb
d ;l / aq;½Hak wGrmS vnf;
tJ'aD >rudu
k v
f Ydk tqdyrf Nd y;D a&mufvmwJh
vlemrsKd;rawGUzl;ao;bl;}}[k xD;csKdifh
NrKd Ua'ocHtrsK;d orD;wpfO;D u&Si;f jyonf/
vGefcJhonfh &ufowåwpfywf
ESpyf wfcefYu tcsdef 40 usyfom;cefY
&So
d nfh a>rayG;wpfaumif&&Scd ahJ Mumif;?
vG e f c J h o nf h a jcmuf v cef Y uvnf ;
w½kwfpm;aomufqkdifwpfqkdifonf
a>rrsK;d pHak vSmiftrd jf zifh pkaqmif;a&mif;cs
pOf oufqidk &f mu0ifa&mufppfaq;rnf
qkdonfhowif;Mum;í a>rrsm;udk
vTwfypfcJhaMumif; armif;ukef;&Gmom;
OD;vSoef;uqkdonf/
]]'Dukd a>rayG;awGa&mufvmwm
pdwfawmfawmfraumif;bl;/ t&ifu
Mum;awmifrMum;zl;bl;}}[k v,f,m
orm;BuD; OD;vSoef;uqkdonf/
a>rayG;onf wpfBurd o
f m;ayguf
vQif taumif 60 cefYaygufzGm;avh
&SNd yD; ESppf OfjrefrmEkid if üH a>rudu
k af oqH;k
ol 82 &mcdkifEIef;onf a>rayG;aMumifh
[k use;f rma&;0efBuD;Xmeuxkwjf yef
xm;onf/
„

35
3
5

VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

]or®wjzpfrS Oya'awGzsufr,f? topfa&;qGJr,f
qdk&ifawmU 'gtmPmEdkifiHa&;orm;jzpfoGm;rSm}
jynfolhvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
Oya'tusKd;aqmif OD;odef;nGefhESifUawGYqHkjcif;
tzJGY0ift,f'Dwm
,cifwpfywfrStquf
ckeuajymwJhtxJrSm wpf
zufeJYwpfzuf em;vnfrI r&Sdwmaygh
aemf/ t"duu tckuRefawmfwkdY
rD',
D m½Iaxmifu
h Munfw
h t
hJ cg tpk;d &
tzGJUaomfvnf;aumif;? vkyfief;&Sif
aomfvnf;aumif; vkyfief;&Sifqkday
r,fhvnf; rnfumrwåvkyfief;&Sif
awGu bmvkdYvJqkdawmh awmfawmf
rsm;rsm;u ynmeJYBuD;yGm;csr;f omwm
r[kwb
f J tquftoG,af umif;vkdY?
Akv
d cf sKyfBuD;rsm;eJY &if;ES;D vkYdtp&So
d jzihf
Cronism aygh/ 'gawGeJY BuD;yGm;csrf;
omvmawmh olwYdrk 'D ,
D mukd em;rvnf
Ekdifbl;/ ESpfaygif;rsm;pGmvnf; tpkd;&
&JU 0g'jzefYrD'D,meJYyJ ,Ofyg;cJhw,f/
'Dbuf ESpfESpfq,fwpfavQmufvkH;
uvnf; 0g'jzefYrD'D,mawGeJY tpkd;&
udkqJwJh Opposition rD'D,mawGaygh/
'DEpS cf yk J xdawGUcJw
h t
hJ cgusawmh Professional jzpfwhJ rD',
D mawG? pwkw¬
r@dKifyDowJh rD'D,mawGeJY ,Ofyg;rI
r&Sdbl;/ rD'D,mqkdwm b,fvkdtcef;
u@u &yfwnfw,fqkdwm tpkd;&
bufua&m vkyfief;&Sifqkdolrsm;
emrnfcHwJh Crony Businessmen
awGuvnf; em;rvnfbl;/ tJawmh
wpfzufuvnf; usio
fh ;Hk vmwJh pepf
awGt& uRefawmfwdkY rD'D,mawG
ukd,fwkdifuvnf; ckeuajymcJhwJh
pepfeJYyJ ,Ofyg;cJhw,f/ tJ'gaMumihf
tpkd;&&JU Duty and Responsibility?
vTwaf wmf&UJ Duty and Responsibility?
w&m;a&;&JU Duty and Responsibility?
Constitution &JU wcsKdUtykdif;awGukd
uRefawmfwkdY rD'D,mawG em;rvnf
wmawG&Sdao;w,f/ qkdawmh ESpfzuf
pvk;H rSm Capacity aygh/ ckeuajymwJh
em;vnfrI r&Sb
d ;l qkw
d m Democratization rS m &S d w J h &S d & r,f h wm0ef e J Y
vkyfykdifcGihfawGudk wpfzufeJY wpfzuf
uGu
J jJG ym;jym;rodMubl;/ rodwt
hJ wGuf
jyóemjzpfwmvnf; wpfykdif;aygh
aemf/ tJawmh rD'D,mbufukda&m
wjcm;wpf z uf u k d a &m uk d , f w k d i f
owif;pmorm;tvkyfvkyfcJhbl;wJh
tefu,fhtaeeJY Mum;csNyD; a0zef
tBuHjyKp&m &Sd&ifajymygOD;/ ESpzf uf
pvk H ; rS m Capactiy t&nftcsif;?
t&nftaoG; vkt
d yfcsu&f adS ewJt
h wGuf
rD',
D mawGuvnf; b,fvkd&yfwnf
NyD;awmh b,fvkdem;vnfay;&r,f
qkdwmukdyg/
UTN : tJ ' guawmh avmavm
q,f ylylaEG;aEG; uRefawmfukdifwG,f
aewJ h t rI r S m ouf q k d i f o l a wG u k d
uReaf wmftNrJwrf;ajymygw,f/ a&mif;
Voice :

awmha&mif;aumif;rSmaygh/ *sme,f/
'gayrJh a&mif;aumif;wJhaemufvkduf
NyD;awmh wpfpkHwpf&mukd pdwfvkduf
rmefyg vkyfvkduf&if tJ'Dowif;&JU
vIHUaqmfrIaMumifh jyefay;&EkdifwJh
tusKd;qufawG trsm;BuD;&dSwmaygh/
tck wcsKdUudpöawGu qufrjzpfzYdk
vdkwmaygh/ qufjzpf&if or®wBuD ;
taeeJYa&m pkd;&drfylyefcsufawGukd
uRefawmfwdkYu em;vnfzdkYvdkw,f/
'D&JUtusKd;qufawGu trsm;BuD;jzpf
vmrSm/ 'Dawmh owif;rD'D,mawG
vkyfwJh 1962 urÇmat;nDvmcHrSm
jy|mef;xm;wJh usifh0wfawG&Sdw,f/
tJ'u
D si0hf wfawGxrJ mS tedrq
hf ;kH
udk,fa&;wJhowif;&JU azmfjycsuf[m
b,fvdktusKd;qufawG jzpfvmEdkif
w,f q d k w mud k wG u f c suf & w,f /
vlNydef;BudKufawG ra&;&bl;/ vlNydef;
BudKuo
f wif;awG a&;om;jcif;tm;jzifh
*sme,fa&mif;aumif;ayr,fh usif0h wf
t&qd&k if tifrwefrS *sme,fux
kd cd u
kd f
wmawG&w
dS ,f/ tJ'v
D o
kd wif;rsKd;awG
usawmhvnf; *sme,fawGbufu
xdef;ausmif;zdkYvdkwmaygh/ &efrD;udk
at;apr,fhtcsufawGaygh/ OyrmuRefawmfwdkYrDvdkufw,f/ oefY&Sif;wnfNrJuGJwJh umvawGrSm tcsKdU
owif;rD',
D mawG bufwpfzufwnf;
&yf N yD ; a&;MuwJ h t ay:rS m vnf ;
uRefawmfwdkY wdkif;jynf&JU tuGJtNyJ
Zmwfvrf;u ydkBuD;vmcJhwmaygh/
tJ'Dawmh owif;rD'D,mawG wm0ef
od&ifodovdk wdkif;jynf&JU EdkifiHa&;
tay:rSm MoZm&SdEdkifw,f/ owif;
rD',
D mawG wm0efrod&ifawmh ckeu
ajymwJh vlNydef;BudKufowif;awG
aMumifh wdik ;f jynfrmS rvdt
k yfwt
hJ qd;k
jzpf&yfawG jzpfvmEdkifovdk udk,f
rxdef;EdkifwJhtcgusawmh ygwDwpfck
&JU MoZmcHrD'D,mawGjzpfoGm;&w,f/
tJ'Dawmh b,fygwD&JU MoZmudkrS riJh
bJeJY wdkif;jynfeJYvlrsKd;udk Munfw
h hJ
rD',
D mawGjzpfatmif tedrq
hf ;kH rdrdwdkY&JU
usi0hf wfukd rdrw
d Ykt
d wGux
f ed ;f odr;f oifh
w,fvdkY uRefawmfjrifw,f/ rD'D,m
orm;awGtwGuf tBuHjyKcsifw,f/
Voice : tcku awmfawmfrsm;rsm;
wpfzufwnf;udk ajymMuwmrsm;w,f/
tJ'Dawmh tpdk;&taeeJYvnf; bmjzpf
vmvJqakd wmh vufyaH wmif;awmifudpö
rD',
D mawGukd olwYu
kd kd Blame vkyw
f ,f
qdkwJh ½IaxmifhuyJ jrifvmw,f/
jrifvmawmh uRefawmfwdkYtaeeJY
'grsKd; pdk;&drfaomu&Sdw,f/ aemuf
wpfcku uRefawmfwdkYwdkif;jynfrSm
'Drdkua&pD toGiful;ajymif;umv
tifrwef Eke,fao;wJt
h wGuf vTwf

"mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif

awmfeJY tpdk;& wu,ftppftrSef
xdef;ausmif;rIxufpm&if yk*¾dKvfa&;
Politic ,SuE
f,
T af ewJt
h wGuf tcsi;f csi;f
Mum;rSm em;vnfrIvGJatmif Information udk wpfae&muwpfae&m
ydkYaewJholawG&Sdw,f/ uRefawmfwdkY&JU
owif;&if;jrpfu vTwfawmfjzpfae
w,f/ e*du
k wnf;u Tention &Sad ewJh
vTwaf wmfeYJ tpd;k &Mum;rSm uRefawmf
wdYku vTwaf wmfbufu&yfNyD; tpd;k &
udck sw,fqw
kd t
hJ jrifeYJ tpd;k &udk wGe;f
wm&Sw
d ,f/ wpfzufrmS vnf; rD',
D m
orm;&JUwm0efu tpdk;&? vTwfawmf
eJY wyfrawmftygt0if Edik if aH wmfwpfck
vHk;eJY jynfolvlxktusKd;tm;vHk;
yg0ifwt
hJ wGuf vTwaf wmfeYJywfouf
vdYk &&dS if vTwaf wmftaeeJY rD',
D mawG
ukd jypfrIaMumif;qdkif&m w&m;pGJaewJh
Oya'awG jyifqifa&;udpötygt0if
jynfolvlxktm;vHk;eJY aeYpOfb0awG
udk taESmift
h ,Suaf y;aewJh 'Dru
kd a&pD
eJYrnDwJh? acwfumveJYravsmfnDwJh
Oya'awG zsuford ;f zdYk udk OD;wnfcsuf
rsm;rsm;rxm;bJeJY wjcm;udpöawG
tay:rSm vTwaf wmfu tm½Hjk yKaew,f
vdkY a0zefoHk;oyfcsufawG ay:xGuf
vmwmudk tefu,fhtaeeJY b,fvdk
jrifygovJ/
UTN : Oya'opfawG rjy|mef;Edi
k f
cifuwnf;u jynfou
l t
kd umtuG,f
ray;wJOh ya'? pwkwr¬ @dKifzGHUNzdK;rIudk
qefYusib
f uftusK;d oufa&mufapwJh
Oya'awGudk zsufodrf;oifhaMumif;
tqkdukd 'kwd,tBudrf vTwfawmf
uwnf;u uRefawmfwifcJhygw,f/
w&m;½Hk;rsm;udk raxrJhjrifjyKrIOya'?
1950 jynfhta&;ay:pDrHrI Oya'awG
½kyfodrf;zdkYukd 'kwd,tBudrfwkef;u
tqdak ygh/ wwd,tBurd u
f wnf;uae
tcktcsdeftxd tywfwdkif; y,fzsuf
zdYkwifxm;w,f/ wu,fuRr;f usiw
f hJ
ynm&Siaf wGawmif 'DOya'awGaMumifh
ao'PfcsrSwfcH&wJhtxd jzpfysufcJh
wm/ zsuo
f rd ;f oifw
h OhJ ya'awGzsuzf Ykd
udk uRefawmfwdkYvkyf&wm[m Oya'
opfwnfaqmufwmxuf ydv
k ,
G w
f ,f/
vTwaf wmfudk,fpm;vS,f wpfa,muf
taeeJY ajym&&if or®wjzpfrS jynfoYl
tusK;d vkyEf ik d w
f mr[kwyf gbl;/ vTwaf wmf
udk,fpm;vS,ftaeeJYvnf; jynfolY

tusKd;vkyfvdkY&ygw,f/
or®wjzpfrS Oya'awG zsuf
r,f? topfa&;qGJr,fqdk&ifawmh 'g
tmPmEdkifiHa&;orm;jzpfoGm;rSm/
bmtaMumif;eJYyJjzpfjzpf tmPm&rS
om vkyfr,fqdkwJh t,ltqudk tck
tcsdefuwnf;u qefYusifNyD; ajymjy
zdkYvdkw,f/ uRefawmfYvdk omrefvl
wpfa,mufawmif Oya'awGukd zsuf
oifhwmzsufay;zdkY ajymaewJhtcsdefrSm
uRefawmfem;vnfwJh twdkuftcHqdk
wmuawmh jynfolYtusKd;twGuf
vTwfawmfxJrSm tywfwdkif;ajymEdkif
zdkYvdkw,f/
Voice : tefu,fu,
dk w
f idk f tzGUJ 0if
tjzpfyg0ifaewJh w&m;Oya'pd;k rd;k a&;
eJY wnfNidrfat;csrf;a&;aumfrwD0if
taeeJY w&m;a&;r@dKif&JU jzpfay:
wdk;wufrIudk b,fvdkrsm; arQmfvifh
xm;vJ/
UTN : uRefawmf tm;wufrdwm
u w&m;olBu;D awGu,
kd w
f ikd f w&m;a&;
avmu&JU azmufjyefraI wGukd pmeJYajym
vmw,f/ zkef;eJYvnf; ajymw,f/
vludk,fwdkifawGUNyD; ajymwm&Sdw,f/
jrefrmjynf&JU w&m;a&;pepfu b,f
avmufxd qdk;aevJqdk tifrwef
wm0efBuD;wJh yk*¾dKvfawGu wu,f
vlqdk;*dkPf;acgif;aqmifawGvkd ud,
k hf
vufatmufrSm&SdwJh 0efxrf;awGudk
tmPmoH;k Ny;D zsuq
f ;D wJt
h xd tifrwef
&GHp&maumif;wJjh zpf&yfawGukd tcsuf
tvuf &&S d x m;ygNyD / w&m;a&;
avmurSm vmbfpm;w,f? vmbfpm;
½Hw
k ifrubl; ud,
k v
h f ufatmufu0efxrf;
udk tmPmoHk;NyD; ,Ofaus;rIt&
b,fvrkd S vufrcHwv
hJ yk &f yfawG usL;
vGefwmudk emrnfawG? ½H;k awGeYJay;ydYk
vmwm &xm;NyD;NyD? uRefawmfhtaeeJY
w&m;Oya'pk;d rd;k a&;eJY wnfNird af t;csr;f
a&;aumfrwD0ifjzpfvYkd ? oCFe;f uRef;
NrKd Ue,f vTwaf wmfudk,fpm;vS,fjzpfvdkY
r[kwyf gbl;/ uReaf wmfu,
kd w
f idk o
f nf
rw&m;wJh? rrQwwJh pD&ifq;kH jzwfcsuf
awGudk cHcJh&olwpfa,muftaeeJY
jzpfjzpf w&m;a&;pepfajymif;vJa&;twGuf
b,fvt
k d EÅ&m,fBuHKBuHK qufvufNyD;
wkdufyGJ0ifrSmyg/
Voice : aemufq;kH wpfcy
k g/ vlawG
rSm udk,fh&JU tm;omcsufawGyJjrifNyD;

tm;enf;csufawG rjrifbl;vdkYajym
Muw,f/ 2012 udk jyefoHk;oyfwJh
tcg tefu,fhtaeeJY ud,
k u
hf ,
kd u
f dk,f
b,ft&mawGtwGuf auseyftm;&
cJw
h ,f? b,fae&mawGrmS awmh jyKjyif
&r,fh[mawG&Sdw,fvdkY jrifcJhrdwm
&SdvJ/
UTN : txl;ojzifh wkdif;jynfeJY
ywf o uf N yD ; wm0ef , l w J h o l [ m
uRefawmfwdkY tNrJwrf;ajymwJh pum;
yg? rdru
d ,
kd u
f kd a0zefa&;&S&d r,f/ wjcm;
olawG&JUa0zefrIudk owdxm;&r,f/
NyD;cJw
h EhJ pS rf mS trSm;awG bmawG&o
dS vJ
&Sm&w,f/ rdwfaumif;aqGaumif;
&Jabmfaumif;qdkwm odyfta&;BuD;
w,f/ wpfa,mufudkwpfa,muf
a0zefcsuftay:em;axmifwJhtcg
wkid ;f jynftwGu?f vlxt
k wGuf tusK;d
&Sdvm;qdkwJhaywHeJY em;axmifw,f/
uRefawmfwkdY rSm;wJhtrSm;udkvnf;
wjcm;yk*d¾Kvfrsm;u axmufjywJt
h cg
tav;teufcH,lNyD;awmh jyifoifhwJh
tydik ;f jyifzYkd BuKd ;pm;&ygw,f/ uReaf wmf
onfyifvQif 2012 rSm b0cHpm;csuf
eJYajymayr,fh wcsKUd udpaö wGrmS jyif;jyif;
xefxefajymcJhwm&Sdw,f/ tJ'geJY
ywfoufNyD; axmufjywJt
h cg jyefo;kH
oyfwm&Sdygw,f/ acgif;aqmifjzpf
vm&if Armjynf&JUtusifhu tJ'D
acgif;aqmifudk 0dkif;NyD;awmh ajr§muf
xkd;yifhaumfvkyfMuw,f/ olYudk rkd;r
jrifavrjrifjzpfatmifvkyfMuw,f/
a0zefa&;r&Sb
d ;l / tJ'aD cgif;aqmif[m
taES;eJYtjref vlxkeJYuif;uGmNyD;
vufawGUruswJh vkyf&yfawGvkyfvm
w,f/ uRefawmf pHerlem,lwmu
awmh uRefawmfwdkY acgif;aqmifBuD;
AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef; touf 33 ESpf
rjynhcf ifrmS wkid ;f jynftwGuf tHrh cef;
usefcJhatmifvkyfay;Edkifw,f/ Adkvf
vusfmudk OD;ausmfNidrf;wdkYua0zef&if
a0zefrIudkcHNyD; aemufqHk; OD;Eku
Mum;0ifay;cJhwm&Sdw,f/ AdkvfcsKyf
atmifqef;rSm tm;omcsufu trSm;
0efcHw,f/ olYtem;rSm vlawmfawG
xm;w,f/ ocifjrwdkY? 'D;'kwfOD;bcsKd
wdYk tJ'v
D al wGu Adv
k cf sKyfrrSm;&atmif
tNrJaxmufjycJhw,f/
tzJGU0ift,f'Dwm

36
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

tEkynm&SifBuD;rsm;taMumif; rSwfwrf;½kyf&Sif½dkuful;rnf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 3

&Sit
f pnf;t½H;k tvTmtoD;oD;&Sd oufBuD;0gBuD;rsm;udk ulnaD xmufyhH
Edkif&eftwGuf tEkynmavmuwGif atmifjrifausmfMum;cJhaom
tEkynm&SifBuD;rsm;taMumif;udk rSwfwrf;½kyf&Siftjzpf ½dkuful;oGm;rnfjzpf
aMumif; ½kyf&Siftpnf;t½Hk;ZmwfñTef;tvTmrS ZmwfñTef;a&;q&mwpfOD;jzpfol
tu,f'rDa':cifav;odrfhu The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
jref r mh ½ k y f & S i f a vmuwG i f rsm;taMumif;udk ½kyf&Siftpnf;t½Hk;
atmifjrifrIrSwfwdkifpdkufxlcJhMuaom \ a&T&wk? aiG&wkobifpmtkyfrsm;
tEkynm&SiBf u;D rsm;jzpfonfh 'g½du
k w
f m udk udk;um;í ½dkuful;oGm;rnfjzpf
bdkuav;wifhatmif? a':jrifhjrifhcif? aMumif;? rSww
f rf;½ky&f iS rf sm;udk ½ky&f iS f
a':pH&mS ;wif polwYkd\ jzwfoef;vm tpnf;t½H;k &Sd 'g½du
k w
f mESihf ZmwfñeT ;f
cJhaom tEkynmordkif;aMumif;ESifh a&;olrsm;tzGJUrS ½dkuful;oGm;rnfjzpf
atmifjrifrI&&Sd&ef BudK;pm;cJhyHkrsm;? NyD; &efyHkaiG&&Sd&ef jzefYcsdoGm;rnfjzpf
twk,lp&mrsm;? aqmif&efa&Smif&ef aMumif; ¤if;uqufvufajymMum;
rsm;udk rSwfwrf;½kyf&SifwGifxnfhoGif; onf/
½dkuful;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? tcsuf
tEkynm&SifBuD;rsm;taMumif;
tvufrsm; rSefuefwdusrI&Sdap&ef rSww
f rf;½ky&f iS ½f u
kd u
f ;l &ef pDpOfrt
I ay:
twG u f ouf & S d x if & S m ;&S d a eaom vl&iT af wmf[moo½kyaf qmif t½dik ;f u
tEkynm&SifBuD;rsm;taMumif;udk OD; ]]'Dvrkd w
S w
f rf;½ky&f iS rf sK;d awGu uReaf wmf
pm;ay;½dkuful;oGm;rnfjzpfNyD; uG,f wdYk wikd ;f jynfrmS trsm;BuD;vdt
k yfw,f
vGefoGm;NyDjzpfaom tEkynm&SifBuD; As/ Oyrm-AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;wdkY?

OD;oefYwdk? OD;EkwdkYtaMumif;awGqdk
rSwfwrf;taeeJY &SdoifhygvsufeJY
tm;enf;cJhwmawGaygh/ 'DacwfrSm

ckvdk½dkufcGifh&wm aumif;ygw,f/
'grSvnf; aemifvmaemufom;awG
twGuf 'D[mawGusefcJhrSmaygh}} [k

¤if;\ tjrifudk The Voice Weekly
odkY ajymMum;onf/
„

jrefrmoHaw;*DwazsmfajzyGJ tcrJUMunfU½IEkdif
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 4

jrefrmoHaw;*Dwrsm;udk vl
trsm;cHpm;Munhf½IEkdifatmif &nf&G,f
wifqufonfh jrefrmoDcsif; oDqkd
aom aw;oH&iS rf sm;yg0ifazsmfajzrnfh
*DwazsmfajzyGJudk azazmf0g&Dv 16
&ufaeY n 6 em&DcGJwGif &efukefNrdKU
Junction Square &ifjyifü usif;y
jyKvkyfoGm;rnfjzpf&m rnfolrqkd
tcrJhvufrSwfxkwf,lNyD; vma&muf
Munhf½IEkdifaMumif; yGJpDpOfwifquf
onfh Victorious Entertainment rS
trIaqmift&m&SdcsKyf OD;Apfwmu
The Voice Weekly odYk ajymMum;onf/

a&mUcfaw;oH&Sif [,f&Dvif;uG,fvGef

tqk d y g*D w azsmf a jzyG J w G i f
tvuFm0wf&nfaw;*DwtzGJUESifh
wGJzufí aw;oH&Sifudkrif;aemif?
rsKd ; jrif h a v;? armif o d e f ; 0if ; ?
oef;jrwfp;kd ? armifarmifat; (tvuFm
0wf&nf)? oD[wifpdk;? Anm;[ef?
tu,f'rDcsKdNyHK;? arcvm? &J&ifah 0vGif
wkdYu oDqkdazsmfajzMurnfjzpfNyD;
ya'omuyGJESifh 5 Stars vl&Tifawmf
tzGJU\ wpfcef;&yf[morsm;vnf;

yg0ifrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/
*DwazsmfajzyGJtwGuf vuf
rSwfrsm;udk azazmf0g&Dv 10 &ufaeY
rSpí Junction Center &Sd Customer
Service Counter rsm;ESifh Victorious
Entertainment Group \zkef;eHygwf
09-5122733ESihf 09-8617917 wkYd
odkYqufoG,fawmif;,lEkdifaMumif;
OD;Apfwmu qkdonf/
„

vm;½Id;odef;atmif wpfudk,fawmf
azsmfajzyGJ rEåav;wGifusif;yrnf
rEÅav;? azazmf0g&D 1

&efukef? azazmf0g&D 5

"mwfykH - &JjynfhZmenf

*rÇD&0dnmOf Rock oDcsif;jzifh
vli,frsm;Mum;wGif atmifjrifrI&&Sd
cJhaom aw;oH&Sif [,f&Dvif;onf
azazmf0g&D 5 &uf nae 4 em&Dtcsdef
wmarGNrKdUe,f ausmufajrmif;&yfuu
G f
NrKdUywfvrf;&SdaetdrfwGif uG,fvGef
oGm;cJhaMumif; ¤if;\ZeD;a':oD*jÐ rihf
u The Voice Weekly okYd ajymMum;onf/
aw;oH&Sif [,f&Dvif;onf
atmufwkdbmvavmufuwnf;u
xrif ; rpm;Ek d i f j zpf c J h N yD ; c&pö r wf
aemufykdif;wGif ol\trsKd;orD;csuf
aom xrif;ukd rpm;csií
f &ckid x
f rif;
qkid rf S ig;&ufqufwkduf 0,fpm;cJh
aMumif;? ,if;aemuf vnfacsmif;em
í q&m0efoGm;jyaomtcg tpufcs
aq;omay;cJhaMumif;? xkdYaemufykdif;
wGif xrif;rpm;? a&raomuf? qD;
vnf;roGm;awmhí a&"mwfcef;ajcmuf
NyD; tm;jywfovkdjzpfoGm;cJhaMumif;?
aoqkH;csdeftxd tjcm;a&m*gBuD;BuD;
rm;rm;r&SdaMumif; ¤if;\ZeD;jzpfol
a':oD*jÐ rihu
f uG,v
f eG &f jcif;taMumif;
ESihfywfoufí ajymMum;onf/
aw;oH&Sif [,f&Dvif; (c)
xGe;f jrihOf ;D onf touf 52 ESpt
f &G,f

wGif uG,fvGefcJhjcif;jzpfNyD; ZeD;jzpfol
a':oD*jÐ rihEf iS t
hf wl touf 11 ESpf
t&G,f orD;wpfOD;ESihf ckepfESpft&G,f
om;wpfO;D use&f pfco
hJ nf/ [,f&v
D if;
½kyu
f vmyfudk azazmf0g&Dv 7 &uf
nae 5 em&DwGif a&a0;okomefü
rD;oN*KØ[fcJhonf/
[,f&Dvif;onf 1991 ckESpf
rSpí ][,f&Dvif;&JU [,f&Dvif;}
pD;&D;jzifh *DwavmuokYd pwif0ifa&muf
cJNh yD; ausmufacwf\ aemufqkH;aeY?
N*Kd[o
f m;wpfa,muf? aemufvjl rnf;
&ifcsKdygap paom wpfukd,fawmfacG
rsm;tjyif rk e f w k d i f ; \wref r sm;?
cspo
f al wGa&;wJrh w
S w
f rf;? xpfcsKef;rk;d ?
yef;Eka&mifvufxyfy?JG ESi;f a0aqmif;?
rD;yifv,fpaom tzGUJ vku
d af w;pD;&D;
rsm;wGifvnf; yg0ifoDqkdcJhonf/
[,f&Dvif;onf ruG,fvGefrD
tcsed u
f *rÇ&D 0dnmOfocD si;f uJo
h Ydk 0dnmOf
ESiyf h wfoufaom oDcsi;f rsm;ukAd pD 'D t
D jzpf
xkw&f ef pDpOfxm;aomfvnf; qifqm
cGifhjyKcsufr&aomaMumifh jyocGifhr&
chJaMumif; a':oD*Ðjrihfuqkdonf/
aw;oH&Sif [,f&Dvif; uG,f
vGerf EI iS fh ywfoufí ]]oleYJ uRefawmf

&if;ESD;cJhwm ESpfaygif; 25ESpfausmfyg
NyD/ uReaf wmfwYdku rEÅav;wuúov
dk f
rSm wuf&if; Rock oDcsif;awGukd
Bud K uf a ewJ h u mvrS m ol u vnf ;
&efuek rf mS ol&UJ rxGujf zpfcw
hJ hJ ]BuKu
d f
ovkdaeEkdifw,f} pD;&D;oGif;NyD; jyef
vmwJhtcgrS av;jzL&JU rdwfqufay;
rIeYJ podcw
hJ myg/ olu wu,f Rocker
ppfppfwpfa,mufvadk eoGm;cJw
h myg/
pdw&f if;vnf; aumif;ygw,f/ uReaf wmf
aw;a&; auatwDtjzpf &efukefukd
qif;vmwJhtcg wpf&yfuGufwnf;
aewJhtwGuf aw;a&;eJY tqkad wmf
qkw
d mxuf rdwaf qGawGvkdaecJhMu
ygw,f}} [k aw;a&; auatwDu
trSwfw&pum; ajymMum;onf/ „

jrefrmEkdifiHokdYacwåjyefvmcJhaom vm;½Id;odef;atmif\ 'kwd,
tBudrfajrmuf wpfudk,fawmfazsmfajzyJGukd azazmf0g&Dv 10 &ufaeY
nae 6 em&DcefYü rEÅav; Swan Hotel jrufcif;jyifü xyfrHjyKvkyf
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; um,uH&SifrSajymMum;onf/
tqkdyg azsmfajzyGJtm; OD;rkdufu,fatmifMunfESifh OD;&Srf;rwdkYu
yGpJ pD OfMuaMumif;? ,if;yGw
J iG v
f m;½I;d ode;f atmif\ausmMf um;aom oDcsi;f
tyk'f 30 ESifhazsmfajzrnfjzpfonfhtjyif w½kwfoDcsif;oHk;yk'fyg oDqdk
azsmaf jzrnfjzpfaMumif;? ,if;yGw
J iG f Lazy Club Bank ESihf Imperior Band
wdYk u wD;cwfazsmfajzoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; yGpJ pD OfoOl ;D &Sr;f ruqko
d nf/
tqkdygyGJvufrSwfcrsm;udk wpfaomif;usyf? ESpfaomif;usyf?
oHk;aomif;usyfjzifh a&mif;csoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; OD;&Srf;ruqkdonf/
vm;½I;d ode;f atmif\ yxrqk;H tBudrf wpfu,
dk af wmfazsmaf jzyGu
J dk
&efukefNrdKUwGif Zefe0g&D 19 &ufaeYujyKvkyfcJh&m aw;oDcsif; 33
yk'fcefYukdoDqkdEkdifaMumif; tqdkygyJGokdYoGm;a&mufMunfh½IcJholwpfOD;
„
u ajymMum;onf/

rdkifwkdif (76) o&Jum; w&m;0ifpwifjzefhcsd
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 5

"mwfykH - &JjynfhZmenf

jrefrmh½kyf&SifqifqmtzGJU\
ydwfyifrIaMumifh ,cifuw&m;0if
jzefYcsdcGifhr&cJhaomfvnf; ckd;ul;acG
tjzpfMunh½f cI iG &hf pOfuyif y&dowfrsm;

vufct
H m;ay;rI&cJah om rkid w
f idk (f 76)
ac: um;ay:rSmvdu
k v
f mw,fZmwfum;
udak zazmf0g&Dv 5 &ufaeYwiG f w&m;0if
qifqmjzefYcsdvkdufNyDjzpfonf/
]]'D u m;ud k qif q mtzG J U u
2012 ckESpf ZGefvydkif;xJu jzefYcsdcGifh
ray;cJw
h myg/ 'Dum;ukd t&ifwek ;f u
cdk;ul;acGawGuwpfqifh y&dowf
awmfawmfrsm;rsm;MunhfNyD;NyDqdkay
r,fh uRefrwdkY'DaeYpjzefYwm &efukef
acGqkdifawGu 1000 ausmfavmuf
R.C vmjzwfMuygw,f/ t&rf;aumif;
wJh ½kyf&Sifum;awGudk acGjyefjzefY&if
awmif&efukefacGqkdif 1300 ausmf
avmufyJwufygw,f/ ckvdk'Dum;udk
w&m;0ifjzefYcsdwJh tcsdefrSmvnf;
tm;ay;wJh twGuft&rf;0rf;omyg
w,f}} [k rkdifwkdif (76) Zmwfum;udk
xkwfvkyfcJhol o&0Pf AD'D,dkxkwf

vkyfa&;rS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;jzpfol
a':oif ; oif ; at;u The Voice
Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
rkid w
f id k (f 76)Zmwfum;udk 'g½du
k w
f m
armifrsKd;rif;u jzpf&yfrSefwpfckudk
tajccH½dkuful;xm;NyD; o½kyfaqmif
rsm;tjzpf rif;tkypf ;kd ? vif;ZmenfaZmf?
cGe;f qifah ejcnfwYkd uyg0ifo½kyaf qmif
xm;onf/
tqdyk grkid w
f idk f (76) Zmwfum;
wGiyf g0ifo½kyaf qmifco
hJ l o½kyaf qmif
cGef;qifhaejcnfuvnf; ]]'Dum;u
w&m;0ifjzefYciG rhf &uwnf;u y&dowf
awmfawmfrsm;rsm; Munhfzl;xm;ay
r,fh w&m;0ifjzefYcGifh&wJhtcsdefrSm
&efukefAD'D,kdacGtiSm;qkdif awmfawmf
rsm;rsm; vma&muf0,f,Ml uwm Mum;
&wJt
h wGuf t&rf;0rf;omygw,f}}[k
The Voice Weekly odYak jymMum;onf/„

37
THE VOICE WEEKLY 37

Vol.9 / No.6 - February 11 - 17, 2013

FOREIGN AFFAIRS
VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

w½kwfu *syefppfoabFmudk ypfrSwftjzpf a&'gjzifUcsdefjcif;rSm tvGeftE&Å m,fBuD;[k
*syef0efBuD;csKyfajymMum;
wdkusKd? azazmf0g&D 6

wif;ywfu *syefESifhw½kwfwdkYydkifeuftjiif;yGm;vsuf&Sdaom ta&SUw½kwfyifv,ftwGif;&Sd uRef;pkrsm;
vGef cJteDhaomoD
;odYk 0ifa&mufvmaom w½kwzf &D;*dwpf pfoabFmwpfpif;u *syefppfoabFmudk ypfcwf&ef&nf&,
G í
f a&'gjzifh
csdefjcif;onf tvGeftEÅ&m,fBuD;aom tjyKtrljzpfaMumif; *syef0efBuD;csKyf&SifZdktmab;u ajymMum;vdkufonf/
*syef0efBuD;csKyf &SiZf t
kd mab;u
w½kwEf iS hf *syeftMum;qufqaH &; u *syefppf&[wf,mOfwpfpif;udk
*syef y gvD r ef ü ajymMum;&mwG i f tvGet
f rif;qd;k 0g;aeaom ,cktcsed rf sK;d ,ckuJhodkY ypfcwf&ef&nf&G,fí a&'g
w½kw\
f tqdyk gtjyKtrlonf rcefYreS ;f wGif w½kw\
f txufygvky&f yfonf jzifhcsdef&G,frIjyKvkyfcJhaMumif; *syef
EdkifaomtajctaersKd;jzpfoGm;apEdkif pdk;&drfzG,f&mjzpfonf[k tar&duef umuG,fa&;0efBuD; tDqlEdk&DtdkEdk'D&
u ajymMum;onf/
aMumif;? w½kwt
f aejzifh rdru
d ,
kd u
f ,
kd f tpdk;&u xkwfazmfajymMum;onf/
]]'DvdkrsKd; a&'geJYcsdef&G,fwm
xdef;odrf;rIjyKvkyfoifhaMumif; ajym
xdkYjyif Zefe0g&Dv 19 &ufaeY
Mum;vdkufonf/
uvnf; w½kwfppfoabFmwpfpif; [m vHk;0yHkrSefr[kwfwJh tjyKtrlyg/

wleD;&Sm;twkduftcHacgif;aqmifvkyfBuHcH&NyD;aemuf
Mum;jzwftpdk;& tjrefzGJYrnf
wlepf? azazmf0g&D - 7

wleD;&Sm;EdkifiHwGif txifu&
twk d u f t cH a cgif ; aqmif vk y f B uH
owfjzwfcv
H u
dk &f Ny;D aemuf bufvu
dk rf I
r&Sdaom Mum;jzwftpdk;&tzGJUopfukd
zGJUpnf;xlaxmifoGm;&ef 0efBuD;csKyf
[mrm'D*sDbmvDu aMunmaMumif;
BBC owif;Xmeua&;om;azmfjyonf/
topfzGJUpnf;rnfh wleD;&Sm;
tpdk;&tzGJUtaejzifh a&G;aumufyGJ
rusi;f yrDtcsed t
f xd wkid ;f jynfwm0ef
rsm;ukd vkyfukdifaqmif&GufoGm;rnf
jzpfaMumif;? ,if;tpkd;&tzGJUwGif
*kdPf;*PpGJr&Sdol wuúEkdu&ufrsm;
yg0ifrnfjzpfaMumif; 0efBuD;csKyf
[mrm'D*sDbmvDuqkdonf/ ,if;okdY
tpd;k &opfzUJG rnft
h pDtpOfrmS wle;D &Sm;
emrnfausmftwkduftcHacgif;aqmif
ESifh tpövmrpfqefYusifa&; EkdifiHa&;
orm; csKd u&Dbv
D w
d v
f yk Bf uHowfjzwf
cHvu
dk &f NyD;aemuf em&Dyidk ;f tMumwGif
xGufay:vmjcif;jzpfonf/
rpö w mcsd K u&D b D v d w f o nf

aoewfjzifyh pfcwfvkyBf uHcv
H u
dk &f jcif;
jzpfNyD; ¤if;\aoqkH;rIu wleD;&Sm;
wGif vrf;ray:qE´jyrIBuD;rsm;ukd
jzpfay:apcJo
h nf/ vuf0,
J rd ;f a&SUae
wpfOD;vnf;jzpfNyD; tpGef;a&muf
tpövmrpfbmoma&;tay: xdwv
f efY
aMumuf&GHUolrsm;bufrS aqmfMo
ajymMum;ol rpöwmcsdKu&DbDvdwf
onf tvkyo
f Yo
d k mG ;pOf armfawmfqid k u
f ,f
aemufwGif vkdufygvmolaoewf
orm;u aoewfjzifhypfcwfrIaMumifh
OD;acgif;ESifhvnfyif;wkdY xdrSefum
aoqkH;oGm;jcif;jzpfonf/
]]tpdk;&opftzGJU0if 0efBuD;rsm;
taejzifh a&G;aumufyGJxyfrHrusif;y
EkdifrDumvtwGif; wkdif;jynfa&;&m
udpö&yfrsm; vkyfykdifcGifh&&Sdrnfjzpf
onf}}[k 0efBuD;csKyu
f ajymMum;onf/
twkduftcHacgif;aqmifcsdKu
&DbDvdwfvkyfBuHcH&rItay:rauseyf
onfh qE´jyvltyk u
f jynfxaJ &;0efBu;D
XmetjyifbufwiG f pka0;um tpd;k &tzGUJ

EkwfxGufay;&ef zdtm;ay;Muovkd
wleD;&Sm;awmfvSefa&;opfpwif&ef
vnf; awmif;qkdMuonf/
wleD;&Sm;wGif 2011 ckESpfu
ay:ayguf c J h a om tm&yf a EG O D ;
awmfvSefa&;NyD;aemuf ,ckqE´jyrI
onf yxrqkH;tBudrfjzpfaMumif;?
vuf&t
dS aetxm;wGif wle;D &Sm;ppfwyf
u wleD;&Sm;awmfvSefa&;pwifcJh&m
Sidi Bouzid wGiw
f yfjzefYxm;aMumif;
Reuters owif;uqkdonf/

Photo - EPA

'Dvv
kd yk jf cif;tm;jzifh wpfcw
k avrsm;
vGaJ csmo
f mG ;cJ&h if tvGet
f EÅ&m,fBuD;wJh
tajctaersKd;jzpfoGm;apEdkifw,f}}
[k *syefumuG,fa&;0efBuD;u ajym
Mum;onf/
txufygjzpf&yfEiS hf ywfoufí
w½kwt
f pd;k &u wpfpw
kH pf&mrSwcf suf
jyKajymMum;jcif;r&Sdao;aomfvnf;
tqdkygvkyf&yfonf a'owGif;wnf
Nidrfa&;udk Ncdrf;ajcmufvsu&f adS Mumif;
tar&duefEdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD; Xme
ajymcGi&hf yk*Kd¾ vf Apfw;kd &D;,m;Elvefu
owday;ajymMum;onf/
ta&SUw½kwfyifv,ftwGif;&Sd
*syeftac: qefuul? w½kwftac:
'dkiftdk,kuRef;pkrsm;ESifh ywfoufí

tmz&dutwGufwefzdk;enf;prwfzkef;

*syef? w½kwEf iS hf xdik 0f rfwYkdrmS ydik q
f ikd rf I
tjiif;yGm;vsuf&Sdonf/
tqdkyguRef;pkrsm;rSm *syef
tpdk;&\ xde;f csKyrf aI tmufwiG &f Sdaomf
vnf ; yd k i f q d k i f r I E S i f h y wf o uf í rl
ESpftawmfMumuyif tjiif;yGm;vsuf
&Sdonf/
2012 ckESpf pufwifbmvu
txufyguRe;f pkrsm;xJrS uRe;f oH;k uRe;f
udk yk*¾vduydkif *syefvlrsKd;rsm;xHrS
*syeftpdk;&u 0,f,lcJhNyD;aemuf
w½k w f - *syef w if ; rmrI j yef v nf
jyif ; xef v mcJ h N yD ; tqd k y gyd k i f e uf
{&d,mtwGi;f odYk w½kwo
f abFmrsm;
0ifxGufoGm;vmrIrsm; tBudrfBudrf
jyKvkyfvsuf&Sdonf/

Huawei pwifjzefhcsd

qD,ufw,fvf? azazmf0g&D 5

enf;ynmukrP
Ü BD uD; Microsoft
onf w½kwrf b
kd ikd ;f zke;f ukrP
Ü D Huawei
ESihf yl;aygif;í tmz&duwdu
k w
f pfvmT ;
jynfot
l rsm;pk wwfEikd rf nfh prwfzek ;f
rsm; pwifjzefYcsad y;vdu
k Nf yD jzpfaMumif;
t*FgaeYu owif;xkwjf yefvu
kd o
f nf/

tD*spfa&muftD&efor®w zdeyfjzifUypfaygufcH&udef;ESifUBuHKawGY
ukdif½kd? azazmf0g&D- 7

tD*spEf idk if o
H Ydk tvnftywfa&muf&adS eaom tD&efEidk if o
H r®wtmruf'eD *D suo
f nf trsKd ;om;wpfO;D \ zdeyfjzifh
ypfaygufc&H rnfu
h ed ;f ESiBhf uHKawGUcJ&h aMumif; NrdKUawmfuidk ½f t
dk ajcpku
d Ef idk if w
H umrD',
D mrsm;u a&;om;azmfjyonf/
BBC owif;wpf&yftqkt
d & tD&efor®wtmruf'eD *D suo
f nf tD*spEf idk if NH rdKUawmfuidk ½f &dk dS AvDwpfco
k YdkomG ;
a&mufpOf ¤if;udk trsdK;om;wpfOD;u zdeyfjzifhypfayguf&efBudK;yrf;cJhaMumif;? okdYaomf tD&efor®wtm; zdeyfjzifh
csed &f ,
G af epOfrmS yif ,if;trsKd ;om;ukd tapmifrh sm;uzrf;qD;xde;f odr;f vku
d af Mumif;od&onf/ zdeyfjzifyh pfayguf&ef
BuKd ;yrf;olrmS qD;&D;,m;vlrsKd ;[k,q
l &Ny;D qD;&D;,m;tpd;k &tay: tD&efEidk if u
H ausmaxmufaemufcaH y;aerIudk rauseyf
aomaMumifh ,ckvdk zdeyfjzifw
h u
dk cf u
dk &f efBudK;yrf;jcif;jzpfaMumif; ukid ½f t
dk ajcpku
d f BBC owif;axmufuqko
d nf/
]tJ'v
D u
l tD&efor®wukd ol&aJ bmaMumifwv
hJ q
l Ndk yD; atmf[pfxu
G o
f mG ;w,f} [k ¤if;uqko
d nf/ tD&efor®w
onf tD*spw
f iG u
f si;f yaom tpövmrfy;l aygif;aqmif&u
G af &;tzGUJ (OIC) xdyo
f ;D aqG;aEG;yGo
J Ydkwufa&muf&ef ukid ½f o
dk Ydk
a&muf&adS ejcif;jzpfonf/ wl&uD½yk o
f XH meuxkwv
f iT o
hf mG ;aomtpDtpOfwiG f tqkyd gtrsKd ;om;u zdeyfuu
dk idk af qmifNy;D
vltyk t
f wGi;f rSw;dk xGuu
f m or®wtm;ypfayguf&efBudK;yrf;aeykrH sm;yg&So
d nf/ ,ckjzpf&yfaMumifh &S,
D mrGwpf vif
BuD;pk;d aom tD&efEiS q
hf eG ef rD w
G pf vifBuD;pk;d aom tD*spt
f Mum;y#dyu©jzpfaprnfh tajctaeokYdqu
dk af &mufEidk af Mumif;
avhvmtuJ cwfoltcsdKUuqkdonf/
tcif;jzpfymG ;onfAh vDjyifywGirf l qD;&D;,m;ta&;ESiyhf wfoufí tD&efEidk if \
H oabmxm;ukd qefYusiaf Mumif;
a&;om;azmfjyxm;onfh pmwef;rsm;ukd ukdifaqmifol vli,ftcsdKUqE´jyvsuf&SdonfukdawGU&aMumif; BBC
owif;axmufu qkdonf/

Huawei 4Afrika [k trnfay;
xm;aom tqdkyg prwfzkef;onf
tar&duefa':vm 150 0ef;usifcefY
om a&mif;aps;&Sjd yD; Window Phone 8
pufESifpepf (Operating System) udk
pGr;f aqmif&nf tjynft
h 0jzifh xnfh
oGi;f ay;xm;aMumif;? tmz&duvlxk
oH;k pG&J mwGif tqifajyap&ef tmz&du
wdu
k o
f m; ynm&Sirf sm;ud,
k w
f ikd f pDpOf
azmfaqmifxm;aom zkef;jzpfaMumif;?
tmz&dujynforl sm;taejzifh tqifjh rifh
enf;ynmESifhtwl vIyf&Sm;wuf<u
aom urÇmh&Gmom;rsm;jzpfvm&ef
vdt
k yfaom owif;tcsut
f vufrsm;
udk ¤if;wdYk wwfEikd af vmufaom aps;EIe;f
jzifh &&SdEdkifawmhrnf jzpfaMumif;
Microsoft \ ta&SUtv,fydkif;ESifh
tmz&dua'oqdik &f m xdyw
f ef;tBuD;
tuJ tvDzm&rf0u
D ajymMum;onf/
Huawei 4Afrika zkef;rsm;udk
ueOD;taejzifh tef*dkvm? tD*spf?
tdkifA&DudkYpf? uifnm? armf½dkudk?
Edkif*sD;&D;,m;ESifh awmiftmz&du
wdkYwGif pwif0,f,l&&SdEdkifNyD jzpfNyD;
tmz&du\ usefaomEdkifiHrsm;wGif
yg 2013 ckEpS rf ukecf if 0,f,&l &SEd ikd &f ef

BudK;yrf;jzefYcsdoGm;rnf[k od&onf/
qif;&JEGrf;yg;aom tmz&du
wdkuftwGuf aps;EIef;txl;csdKom
vSpGm xkwfvkyfxm;onf[k qdkaomf
vnf; Microsoft \ Website wGif
w&m;0ifxkwfjyefxm;aom tcsuf
tvufrsm;t& av;vufrt&G,f
xd a wG Y rI r suf E S m jyif ? 1.2 GHz
tjref E I e f ; &S d Processor? xd a wG Y
pGrf;aqmifrI taxmuftyHhenf;ynm
opfjzpfaom Zero-Gap Touch ?
Adreno 305 *&yfzpfy½dq
k ufqm? 5 MP
uifr&mponfwYkd jzifh auseyftm;&
zG , f pG r f ; aqmif & nf j rif h r m;rI r sm;
yg0ifaMumif; awGU&onf/
tmz&duEdik if rH sm;wGif yHrk eS pf rwf
zkef;wpfvHk;\aygufaps; tar&duef
a':vm 700 ausmt
f xd&adS eNy;D xdak ps;EIe;f
aMumifh urÇmwpfvmT ; vufuikd zf ek ;f
oH;k pGo
J rl sm;\ 45 'or 5 &mcdik Ef eI ;f u
prwfzkef;rsm; ydkifqdkifxm;MucsdefwGif
tmz&dujynforl sm;\ 10 &mcdik Ef eI ;f
cefYuom prwfzek ;f rsm; udik af qmifEikd f
Ü \
D
MuaMumif; IDC okawoeukrP
ppfwrf;rsm;u qdkonf/
qufydkifvif;cefY (aq;-2)

38
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

½k&Sm;wGifqE´jyrIrsm;r&Sdap&ef or®wylwif Ncdrf;ajcmufrIrsm;jyKvkyf[k ckda'gUpuD;a0zef
armfpukd? azazmf0g&D - 7

difiHor®w Avm'Drmylwifonf tajccHvlwef;pm; ½k&Sm;vlrsdK;rsm;taejzifh ¤if;tay:qefYusifqE´jyrIrsm;
½k&Sm; EkrjyKvk
yfEkdifa&;twGuf zdtm;ay;Ncdrf;ajcmuffrIrsm;ukdwkd;jr§ifh&ef ododomomBudK;yrf;vsuf&Sdonf[k zrf;qD;
xdef;odrf;cHxm;&ol a&eHolaX; rDac;vfckda'ghpuD;u ajymMum;aMumif; Reuters owif;Xmeua&;om;azmfjyonf/
tmPm&Sifqefaom or®w[k Mum;onf/ ckda'ghpuD;onf Reuters Brezhnev vufxuf ½k&mS ;jynf Ekid if aH &;
Ek d i f i H a &;orm;tawmf r sm;rsm;\ owif;Xmeu a&SUaersm;rSwpfqifh ESifh pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufrIr&Sdaom
owfrSwfajymqdkcHxm;&ol or®w ay;ykdYvkdufaom ar;cGef;rsm;ukdaxmif acwfumvrsdK;xJokdYa&muf&SdoGm;&ef
ylwifonf ¤if;\tmPmqufvuf wGif;rSaeí pmjzifhjyefvnfajzMum; wkid ;f jynfuw
dk eG ;f ykYv
d su&f o
dS nf[k ¤if;u
wnfNrJEidk af &;twGuf qE´jyqefYusif vkdufjcif;jzpfonf/ or®wylwif qkdonf/
rIrsm; rjyKvkyfEkdifatmif omref½k&Sm; onf qE´jyqefYusifrIrsm; ta&;edrfh
]]vuf&Sd ylwiftpdk;&tay:
jynfolrsm;tay: Ncdrf;ajcmufvsuf oG m ;ap&ef Bud K ;yrf ; ae½k H o mru twku
d t
f cHjyKrv
I yk rf aI wG wk;d yGm;vsuf
&Sdonf[k ckda'ghpuD;u okH;oyfajym ,cif qkdAD,ufacgif;aqmif Leonid &Sdovkd qufvufwkd;yGm;rnfomyif

qif;&J? csrf;omuGm[rI avQmUcs&ef
tedrfUqkH;vkyftm;cjr§ifUwifay;rnf[k w½kwftpdk;&aMunm
ab*sif;? azazmf0g&D -6

w½kwfjynfolYor®wEkdifiHwGif
qif;&J? csrf;om uGm[rIBuD;rm;
us,fjyefYpGmjzpfay:aerIukd avQmhcs
Ekdifa&;twGuf tedrfhqkH;vkyftm;c
rsm; jr§ifhwifay;oGm;rnfhtpDtpOfukd
ab*sif;tpdk;&u owif;xkwfjyef
aMunmonf/
xkdokdY w½kwfjynfwGif; tedrfh
qkH;vkyftm;c jr§ifhwifrnfhtpDtpOf
ukd twnfjyK&ef umvMum&SnfpGm
apmifhqkdif;cJhMu&aMumif;? ,if;tpD
tpOft& vmrnfh 2015 ckESpfrSpí
NrdKUjya'orsm;\ vkyfcukd ysrf;rQ 40
&mckdifEIef;txd tedrfhqkH;jr§ifhwifay;
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; EkdifiHykdif Xinhua
owif;Xmeuazmfjyonf/ w½kwf
EkdifiHykdifvkyfief;BuD;rsm; taejzifh
¤if;wkdY\tusdK;tjrwftpk&S,f,m
rsm;ukd tpkd;&xHokdYykdrkd ay;oGif;oGm;
&efvkdtyfrnfjzpfNyD; tpdk;&u vlrI
vkHNcHKa&;twGuf &efykHaiGtjzpftokH;
jyKoGm;rnfjzpfonf/ w½kwfjynf
wG i f us,f j yef Y p G m jzpf a y:aeaom
qif;&J? csrf;omuGm[rIu EkdifiHa&;
ESifh vlrIa&;wnfNidrfrItay: *,uf
½kdufcwfvmrnfukd tpdk;&u pkd;&drf
ylyefvsuf&Sdonf/
]]'DtpDtpOfopfu tpd;k &tae

eJY 0ifaiGjzefYa0rIxuf 0ifaiGwkd;wuf
rI t ay: yk d r k d t av;ay;vmatmif
vrf ; nT e f x m;wmjzpf y gw,f } }[k
w½kwfabm*aA'ynm&Sif Zhang
Zhiwei uajymMum;onf/
xkdtpDtpOfonf tedrfhqkH;
vkyt
f m;cjri§ w
hf ifa&;ukd vk;H vk;H vsm;vsm;
ypf r S wf xm;&S d jcif ; r[k wf a Mumif ; ?
qif;&JErG ;f yg;aom vlO;D a&avQmch sa&;
ESifh vlvwfwef;pm;OD;a& wkd;yGm;vm
a&;ukd t"duypfrSwfxm;jcif;jzpf
aMumif; ¤if;u qufvufajymqko
d nf/
,cktpDtpOfuMdkunfrh nfqv
dk Qif
0ifaiG rnDrQrIavQmhcsa&;vkyfief;pOf
ukd taumiftxnfazmf&mü tpkd;&
wG i f tcuf t cJ r sm;&S d a eonf u k d
jrifawGU&ovkd tpdk;&tay:zdtm;
ay;onfhtkyfpkrsm;bufrS jyif;jyif;
xefxef qefYusio
f nft
h aetxm;rsm;
&Sad eonfukdygawGU&aMumif; ¤if;u
qkdonf/
w½k w f t pd k ; &onf jyKjyif
ajymif;vJrrI sm;jyKvkyrf nf[k ,cifu
xkwaf zmfaMunmcJah omfvnf; vufawGU
taumiftxnfazmf aqmif&Guf&mü
tusdK;oufa&mufrI&Sdatmif aqmif
MuOf;Ekdifjcif;r&SdcJhay/ vwfwavm
ES p f r sm;twG i f ; w½k w f p D ; yG m ;a&;

BuD;xGm;vmrIaMumifh 0ifaiGjrifhwuf
rIrsm;(txl;ojzifh NrdKUjya'orsm;ü)
&Sdvmum aiGaMu;csrf;omum vlae
rI t qif h t wef ; jrif h a om vl v wf
wef;pm;rsm;ukd arG;xkwfay;EkdifcJh
onf/ okdYaomf aus;vufa'orsm;
wGifaexkdifolwkdYrS qif;&JEGrf;yg;rI
rsOf;atmufwGifom&Sdaeao;onf
jzpf&m wkdif;jynfpD;yGm;a&;wkd;wuf
rIu vlwkdif;twGuf tusdK;tjrwf
jzpfxGef;aprIr&Sdovkdjzpfaponf/

Photo - AP

jzpfonf/ ylwiftpd;k &twGuf tEÅ&m,f
rsm;rSmvnf; tqufrjywf BuD;xGm;
vsu&f ydS gonf}} [k rpöwm ckda'ghpuD;
u pmjzifha&;om;ajymqkdonf/
omref½&k mS ;jynfov
l x
l k taejzifh
qE´jyrIrsm;rjyKvkyfEkdifatmif wif;
usyfrIrsm;jyKvkyfaeonfrSm oHo,
jzpfp&myifrvkdaMumif;? ,cifacwf
a[mif ; u zd E S d y f a omvk yf&yfrsm;
wkd;csJUvkyfukdifvmovkd zdESdyfrIjyKEkdif
rnfh enf;pepfopfrsm;ukdyg wDxGif
zef w D ; vsuf & S d a Mumif ; ? tu,f í
vkdtyfygu t&yfbuftcGifhta&;
rsm;ESifh vGwfvyfrIrsm;ukd xdef;csKyf
Ekdif&ef Oya'aMumif;t& jyifqifrI

rsm;yif jyKvkyfvsuf&SdaMumif; ¤if;u
qkdonf/
rpöwmckda'ghpuD;onf ylwif
\yxrqkH;or®w&mxl;oufwrf;
umvtwG i f ; 2003 ck E S p f w G i f
tcGefa&SmifrI? aiGaMu;c0gcsrI wkYd jzifh
zrf;qD;xde;f odr;f cHc&hJ onf/ ,cktcg
touf 49ESpft&G,f&SdNyDjzpfaom
ck d a 'gh p uD ; onf ½k & S m ;Ek d i f i H w G i f
or® w yl w if t ay: a0zef r I r sm;
jyif;jyif;xefxefjyKvkyfcJholjzpfonf/
¤if;onf axmif'Pf 13 ESpfjypf'Pf
uscaH ecJ&h onfjzpf&m ,cktcg vGwf
ajrmuf&ef 18 vrQomvkad wmhaMumif;
a&SUaersm;uajymMum;onf/

tm&Som;tar&duefrsm; umvDzkd;eD;,m;wGif
wkd;wufatmifjrifrI tvsifjrefqkH;[kqkd
umvDzkd;eD;,m;? azazmf0g&D 5

umvD z k d ; eD ; ,m;jynf e ,f r S
tm&SEG,fzGm;tar&duefEkdifiHom;rsm;
onf ,if;jynfe,f\ EkdifiHa&;ESifh
pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;wGif ta&;yg
aom tcef;u@rSyg0ifvsuf&SdNyD;
wkd;wufatmifjrifrIvsifjrefonfh
vlrsdK;rsm;jzpfMuonf[k avhvmrI
ppfwrf;wpf&yfudk Xinhua owif;Xm
eu ukd;um;azmfjyonf/

umvDzkd;eD;,m;jynfe,fwGif
,cktcg tm&SrsdK;EG,ftar&duef
EkdifiHom; 5 'or 6 oef;eD;yg;&Sd
aMumif;? ,if;vlOD;a&yrmPonf
2000jynf h E S p f E S i f h 2010jynf h E S p f
tMum; 34 &mckdifEIef;wkd;jrifhvmjcif;
jzpf a Mumif ; ppf w rf ; uqk d o nf /
,if ; ok a woeppf w rf ; uk d tm&S
ypdzdwftar&duefOya'pifwmESifh

&ufpGJrSwfwrf;
wevFm ? azazmf0g&D 4 ? zdvpfydkifawmifydkif; ZlvluRef;&Sd tpövmrfvufeufudkifarmf½dkvGwfajrmufa&;wyfOD;ESifh tblaq,uftzGJUESpfzGJUMum; tjyeftvSef
wkdufcdkufrIrsm;ay:aygufaejcif;aMumifh a'ocH&maygif;rsm;pGm ae&yfpGefYcGmxGufajy;ae&onf/ tblaq,uftzGJU zrf;qD;xm;aom EkdifiHjcm;om;
"m;pmcHrsm;udku,fwif&ef armf½kdvGwfajrmufa&;wyfOD;u xdk;ppfqifwkdufcdkuf&mrSwpfqifh wkdufyGJrsm;ay:aygufaejcif;jzpfonf/
- qD;&D;,m;EkdifiHwGif;odkY tpöa&;wkdufav,mOfrsm;0ifa&mufwkdufcdkufoGm;aomfvnf; jyefvnfvufwkHYjyefwdkufckdufoGm;rnfr[kwfaMumif; qD;&D;,m;
umuG,fa&;0efBuD;u ajymMum;oGm;onf/ qD;&D;,m;EkdifiHwGif;&Sd tpöa&;opömcHvufeufudkifrsm; ppf½IH;aejcif;aMumifh tpöa&;udk,fwkdif 0ifa&muf
pGufzufjcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;upGyfpGJajymMum;oGm;onf/
t*Fg ? azazmf0g&D 5 ? BuD;rm;aom toHk;p&dwfavQmhcsrIrsm;udka&Smif&Sm;Ekdif&ef umvwkdtoHk;p&dwfavQmhcsrIrsm;ESifh tcGefpepfjyKjyifajymif;vJa&;jyKvkyf&ef
uGe*f &ufvw
T af wmfoYd k tar&duefor®wu wku
d w
f eG ;f oGm;onf/ toH;k p&dwt
f BuD;tus,f avQmhcsrIrsm;udk arv 1 &ufaeY pwifusifo
h ;kH &efppD OfaeNyD;
,if;uJhodkYjyKvkyfygu pD;yGm;a&;tBuD;tus,f xdcdkufvmEdkifonf/
- b*Fvm;a'h&Sfxdyfwef; tpövmr®pfygwDacgif;aqmif tblum'grlvefudk 1971 b*Fvm;a'h&SfvGwfvyfa&;wkdufyGJumvtwGif; vlom;rsKd;EG,ftay:
jypfru
I sL;vGecf o
hJ nfqu
dk m w&m;½H;k u axmif'PfwpfoufcsrSwcf o
hJ nf/ ,if;uJo
h Ykd jypf'Pfcsrw
S cf &H rIukd rauseyfjcif;aMumifh wpfEidk if v
H ;kH twkid ;f twm
qE´jyrIrsm;jyKvkyfoGm;&ef tpövmr®pfygwDu vIHYaqmfxm;onf/
Ak'[
¨ ;l ? azazmf0g&D 6 ? ypdzw
d o
f rk'&´ mawmifyikd ;f &Sd aqmfvrGeu
f Ref;pkteD; jyif;tm; 8 tqif&h dS ivsifwpfcv
k yI cf wfcjhJ cif;aMumifh vltenf;i,fxcd u
kd 'f Pf&m
&&SdoGm;NyD; aetdrfrsm;ysufpD;oGm;onf/ ivsifvIyfcwfrIaMumifh oHk;aytjrifh&Sd qlemrDa&vIdif;rsm; aqmfvrGefESifh AemwluRef;rsm;wGifay:aygufvm
cJhaomfvnf; vuf&SdtcsdefwGif qlemrDowday;csufrsm;udk jyefvnf½kyfodrf;cJhonf/

tm&SOya'qkdif&mtzGJUu jyKvkyfcJh
jcif;jzpfNyD; tm&SrsdK;EG,ftar&duef
EkdifiHom;rsm;onf umvDzkdeD;,m;
jynfe,f\ EkdifiHa&;e,fy,fwGif
vnf;aumif;? pD;yGm;a&;e,fy,fwGif
vnf;aumif; ta&;ygt&ma&muf
aom ae&mrSyg0ifvsuf&Sdonf [k
qkdonf/
umvDzkdeD;,m;jynfe,f vlOD;
a&pkpkaygif;\ 15 &mckdifEIef;cefY&Sd
aom tm&Som;tar&duefEkdifiHom;
rsm;rSm jynfe,fwpfckvkH;wGif&Sdaom
pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief; oef;aygif;rsm;pGm
\xuf0efcefYudk ykdifqkdifaMumif;
ppfwrf;uqkdonf/
xkYdjyiftm&Star&duefEidk if o
H m;
rsm; onf EkdifiHom;jzpfrIEIef;wGif
vnf; jrifhwufvmovkd rJay;ykdifcGifh
&&SdrIEIef;wGifvnf; &SpfESpftwGif; 51
&mck d i f E I e f ; cef Y jrif h w uf v monf /
okYd aomf tm&Star&duefEidk if o
H m;rsm;
onf umvDzkd;eD;,m;jynfe,fwGif
ajymif;a&TUaexkdifrI? qif;&JEGrf;yg;rI
ESifh usef;rma&;apmifha&SmufrIqkdif&m
ta&;udpörsm;ESifhvnf; &ifqkdifae
&onf/
rSww
f rf;rsm;t& umvDz;dk eD;,m;
jynf e ,f r S tm&S t ar&d u ef O D ; a&
av;od e f ; ausmf c ef Y rS m w&m;0if
rS w yf w
Hk ifxm;jcif;r&Sad y/

39

VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

tD&eftay:jy|mef;xm;onfU ydwfqkdhrIrsm;ukd tar&duefxyfrHwif;usyf
0g&Sifwef? azazmf0g&D 7

[D&eftpk;d &taejzifh EsLuvD;,m;vufeuftpDtpOfzsuford ;f vmEkid af &;twGuf tD&efEidk if t
H ay: vuf&jdS y|mef;
xm;aom ydwfqkdYta&;,lrIrsm;ukd tar&duefjynfaxmifpku xyfrHwif;usyfvkdufaMumif; BBC owif;Xmeu
a&;om;azmfjyonf/
xyf r H w if ; usyf v k d u f o nf h twnfjyKcJhaom Oya'rlMurf;t& rsm;ukd xdxad &mufa&mufyif ydwyf ifEidk f
awmhrnf}} [k ajymMum;onf/
tpDtpOft& tD&ef\ a&eHa&mif;cs xGufay:vmjcif;jzpfonf/
]]EsLuvD ; ,m;tpD t pOf e J Y
rIrS&aom 0ifaiGrsm;tay: uefYowf
xyf r H w if ; usyf v k d u f a om
H umtokid ;f t0kid ;f
ydwfyifrIrsm; jyKvkyfrnfjzpfovkd ydwfqdkYrItopft& tD&eftaejzifh ywfoufNyD; Ekid if w
h pd t
ö ay: tD&efEidk if H
tD&efEidk if yH idk rf 'D ,
D mukv
d nf; b@ma&; a&eHa&mif;csaeaom EkdifiHukd;EkdifiHrS u pk;d &dryf yl efaewJu
qkdif&m uefYowfydwfqdkYrIrsm;jyKvkyf &&Srd nfah iGaMu;rsm;ukd ,if;Ekid if rH sm;rS u wkHYjyefajz&Sif;rIrjyKvkyfao;oa&GU
oG m ;rnf j zpf o nf [ k owif ; u ukefypönf;rsm;0,f,la&;twGufom ,ckvkd wif;MuyfwJhydwfqkdYta&;,lrI
awG&SdaeOD;rSmyg}} [k tar&duef
qkdonf/
tokH;jyKEkdifawmhrnfjzpfonf/
,ckuJhokdY ydwfqkdYta&;,lrI
tar&duefb@ma&;0efBuD;Xme b@ma&;0efBuD; a';Apfukd[efu
tpDtpOfopfrsm;onf tar&duef u ]],cktpDtpOfonf tD&ef\jynfy ajymMum;onf/
xkYd jyif tD&efEidk if w
H iG ;f vlYtcGihf
uGef*&ufu vGefcJhonfhajcmufvu a&eH a &mif ; csrI r S & &S d r nf h a iGaMu;

wD

EkdifiHjcm;om; tcGefuif;vGwfcGifU w½kwfzsufodrf;rnf
ab*sif;? azazmf0g&D 7

w½kwfjynfolYor®wEkdifiHwGif
ajymif;vJvkdufonfh tcGefpepft&
EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfeSHolrsm;twGuf
,cif u ay;tyf x m;aom tcG e f
uif;vGwfcGifhrsm;udk ay;awmhrnf
r[kwfaMumif; South China
Morning Post owif ; wG i f a zmf j y
xm;onf/
w½kwfzGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;ESifh
jyKjyif a jymif ; vJ a &;aumf r &S i f E S i f h
0efBuD;Xme oHk;ckyg0ifa&;qGJxm;
aom tpDtpOfwGif w½kwfEkdifiHawmf
aumif p D \ tqk d j yKcsuf ü w½k w f
NrdKUaevlcsrf;omrsm;ESihf aus;vufae
EGrf;yg;olrsm;tMum; 0ifaiGumG [csuf
usOf ; ajrmif ; ap&ef t wG u f Oya'
tqkdjyKcsuf 35 ckyg0ifaom tcGef
pepfjyKjyifajymif;vJrItpDtpOfudk
w½kwfEkdifiHawmfaumifpDu xkwfjyef
cJhonf/
tqkdygtpDtpOfwGif yg0if
aom Oya'tqkdjyKcsufwpfckwGif
EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;rS &&Sdaom
tjrwfrsm;? qkaMu;aiGrsm;&&Sad eaom
EkdifiHjcm;om;rsm;tay: tcGefuif;
vGwfcGifhay;cJhjcif;udk y,fzsufrnfh

tqkdjyKcsufvnf;yg0ifonf/
w½kwfEkdifiHwGif vuf&SdtcGef
Oya't& &S,f,m&Sifrsm;&&Sdaom
tjrwf a iG r sm;? qk a Mu;aiG r sm;rS
tcGef 20 &mcdkifEIef;aumufcHvsuf
&Sdonf/
w½kwfb@ma&;ESifh tcGefpDrH
cefYcGJa&;0efBuD;Xmeonf oifhawmf
onfh tcGefOya'rsm;? pnf;rsOf;pnf;
urf;rsm;udk pwifajymif;vJrnfjzpfonf/
tcGefESifhywfoufaom tusKd;
cHpm;cGifhrsm;udk zsufodrf;jcif;jzifh
tcGefa&SmifrIwkdufzsufa&; pHkprf;ppf
aq;rI r sm;twG u f v nf ; aumif ; ?
EkdifiHwum tcGefa&SmifrIrsm;udkvnf;
aumif; wkdufzsufEkdifrnfjzpfaMumif;
tcGefqdkif&ma&SUaewpfOD;jzpfol Liu
Tianyong uajymMum;onf/
]]'DtcGefuif;vGwfcGifhOya'u
t&iftpdk;&csKyfudkifwJhpD;yGm;a&;pepf
wkef;u&SdcJhwJh acwfrrDawmhwJhOya'
yg/ 'gudkzsufypfoifhaewmMumvS
ygNyD}}[k ¤if;uajymMum;onf/
w½kwEf idk if w
H iG f pD;yGm;a&;wHcg;
rsm;zGifhp 1970jynfhausmfESpfrsm;wGif
EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIudk qGJaqmif

Ekid &f ef&nf&,
G í
f Edik if jH cm;vkyif ef;rsm;
ESifh EkdifiHjcm;om;rsm;udk tcGefuif;
vGwfcGifhay;cJhonf/ odkYaomf 2003
ckESpfrSpwifí w½kwftpdk;&onf
tcGefOya'rsm; txl;ojzifh EkdifiHjcm;
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHolrsm;ESifh qkdifaomOya'
rsm;udk pHEIef;owfrSwfcsufrsm;jyKvkyf
cJhonf/

Photo - EPA

ta&;csd K ;azmuf r I ? txl ; ojzif h
tD&efjynfolrsm;\ tajccHtcGifh
ta&;rsm;jzpfaom vGwfvyfpGmajym
qdck iG ?hf pnf;½k;H cGi?hf a&;om;xkwaf 0cGihf
rsm;ukd ydwfyifrIrsm;twGuf t"du
wm0ef&adS om vly*k Kd¾ vEf iS hf tzGUJ tpnf;
rsm;ukv
d nf; ypfrw
S x
f m;um uefYowf
ydwfyifrIrsm;jyKvkyfoGm;&ef&SdaMumif;
¤if;u qufvufajymqkdonf/
tD & ef E k d i f i H u rl tar&d u ef
jynfaxmifpk\ ,ckaemufqkH;xkwf
azmfvkdufaom ydwfqdkYrIonf tD&ef
tay: &efjyKonfhvkyf&yfyifjzpfonf
[k wkHYjyefajymMum;onf/
tD&efEidk if jH cm;a&;0efBu;D u ]]zdtm;

ay;rIawG avsmhusysufjym;oGm;ap
r,fh enf;vrf;opfawGudk uReaf wmfwYdk
&SmazGaeygw,f}} [kajymMum;onf/
tD&efEkdifiH\ EsLuvD;,m;
tpDtpOfonf pGrf;tifxkwfvkyfa&;
ESihf okawoetwGuo
f mjzpfonf[k
wD[D&eftpdk;&u xkwfazmfajymqkd
xm;aomf v nf ; tar&d u ef E S i f h
taemuftyk pf u
k zsut
f m;jyif;vufeuf
wyfqif&efBudK;yrf;aejcif;omjzpf
aMumif; pGyfpGJxm;onf/
tD&efEsLuvD;,m; tpDtpOf
twG u f Ek d i f i H w umaqG ; aEG ; yG J u d k
,ckazazmf0g&Dvukeyf idk ;f wGif usif;y
jyKvkyf&ef&Sdonf/

tpöa&;avaMumif;wdkufcdkufrI vufwHkhjyefrnfr[kwf[k
qD;&D;,m;umuG,fa&;0efBuD;qkd
'rwfpuwf? azazmf0g&D 4

qD;&D;,m;EdkifiHwGif; tpöa&;
wdkuaf v,mOfrsm;0ifa&mufwu
kd cf u
kd f
cJhaomfvnf; vufwHkYjyefwdkufcdkuf
oG m ;rnf r [k w f [ k qD ; &D ; ,m;
umuG,fa&;0efBuD; zm[wft,fz&d
u xkwfazmfajymMum;oGm;aMumif;
Al Jazeera owif;wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
NyD ; cJ h o nf h & uf y d k i f ; twG i f ;
qD;&D;,m;NrdKUawmfteD;&Sd vufeuf
prf ; oyf a &;Xmewpf c k u d k tpö a &;
wdkufav,mOfrsm; 0ifa&mufwdkuf

cdkufcJhaMumif; qD;&D;,m;EdkifiHu
ajymMum;oGm;onf/
odYak omfvnf; tqdyk gwdu
k cf u
k d rf rI mS
vufeufprf;oyfa&; Xmeudw
k u
kd cf u
kd f
jcif;r[kwfbJ vufbEGefEdkifiHwGif;&Sd
&S D ; ,d k u f r G w f p vif v uf e uf u d k i f
[pfZbdkvmtzGJUudk axmufyHhay;ydkY
onfh ppf,mOfwef;udk wdkufcdkufjcif;
[k owif;rsm;xGufay:aeonf/
,if;uJhodkY 0ifa&mufwdkufcdkuf
jcif ; rS m qD ; &D ; ,m;Ed k i f i H w G i f ; &S d

AD,uferftpdk;&udk jzKwfcs&efBuHpnfrIjzifU EkdifiHom; 22 OD;udk axmif'Pfcs
[EGdKif;? azazmf0g&D 4

AD,uferftpd;k &tm; jzKwfcs&efBuHpnfonfh Ekid if o
H m; 22 OD;udk w&m;½H;k u axmif'PfwpfoufrS 10 ESpx
f d jypf'PfcsrSwfvkdufaMumif; BBC
owif;wGifazmfjyxm;onf/
obm0c&D;oGm;vkyfief;wpfckwnfaxmifNyD; AD,uferftpdk;&jzKwfcsa&;vkyfief;rsm;udk vQKdU0SufBuHpnfcJhaMumif; w&m;vdka&SUaeu ajymMum;
oGm;onf/
AD,uferfjynfolYtkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJUudk jzKwfcs&efBuHpnfcJhonf[k w&m;cH 22 OD;vHk;u 0efcHoGm;aMumif; w&m;cHrsm;\a&SUaejzpfol ik,if0SrfuGD;u
ajymMum;oGm;onf/
,if;wdkYrSm vlodenf;aom bdkifqGefOya'ESifhjynfolYa&;&maumifpDtzGJU0ifrsm;jzpfaMumif; owif;wGifazmfjyxm;onf/
tqdkygtzGJUacgif;aqmif zefAefoludk axmif'PfwpfoufcsrSwfcJhNyD; useftzGJU0ifrsm;udk axmif'Pf 10 ESpfrS 17 ESpfxdcsrSwfcJhonf/
tpdk;&qefYusifa&;pm&Gufpmwrf;rsm;udk w&m;cHrsm;u a&;om;jzefYa0cJhaMumif; AD,uferftpdk;&tzGJUu pGyfpGJajymMum;oGm;onf/
AD,uferfEkdifiHtwGif; twkduftcHrsm;tay: zdESdyfrIrsm;wkd;jr§ihfjyKvkyfaeNyD; NyD;cJhonhfvtwGif;uvnf; ausmif;om;ESifhbavmh*grsm;yg0ifaom
EkdifiHa&;vIyf&Sm;ol 14 OD;udk axmif'PfcsrSwfcJhonf/
tar&duefEiS Ahf ,
D uferfEpS Ef idk if MH um; ESppf Ofusi;f yNrJjzpfaom vlYtcGit
hf a&;aqG;aEG;yGu
J v
kd nf; AD,uferfEkdifiHwGif; zdESdyfrIrsm;wkd;jr§ihfvmjcif;aMumifh
aqG;aEG;yGJrjyKvkyf&ef tar&duefEkdifiHu qHk;jzwfcJhonf/

tpöa&;vufudkifwkwf vufeufudkif
ol y k e f r sm; ½H I ; ed r f h a ejcif ; aMumif h
0ifa&mufpGufzufjcif;jzpfaMumif;
qD ; &D ; ,m;umuG , f a &;0ef B uD ; u
pGyfpGJajymMum;oGm;onf/
avaMumif ; wd k u f c d k u f r I r S m
1973 ck qD;&D;,m;-tpöa&; ppfyNJG yD;qH;k
NyD ; aemuf y d k i f ; csKyf q d k x m;aom
ppf&yfqdkif;a&;oabmwlpmcsKyfudk
azmufzsujf cif;jzpfaMumif; qD;&D;,m;
Edik if u
H ukvor*¾oYkdwifjyuefYuu
G f
xm;onf/
NyD ; cJ h o nf h &uf y d k i f ; twG i f ;
qD;&D;,m;avaMumif;&ef umuG,f
a&;pepfrsm;udk olykefrsm;u ypfrSwf
xm;wdkufcdkufcJhojzifh vHkNcHKonfh
ae&mwpfckwnf;wGif avaMumif;
umuG,fa&;pepfrsm; pkpnf;xm;&Sd
&mrS wpfqifh a&'guif;vGwfZkefrsm;
ay:aygufvmaMumif; umuG,fa&;
0efBuD;u ajymMum;oGm;onf/
a&'guif ; vG w f Z k e f r sm;ud k
qD ; &D ; ,m;ol y k e f r sm;rS w pf q if h
tpöa&;wdkY od&SdoGm;NyD; ,ckuJhodkY
avaMumif;wdu
k cf u
kd rf rI sm; jyKvkyjf cif;
jzpfaMumif; ¤if;upGyfpGJoGm;onf/
qD ; &D ; ,m;Ed k i f i H w G i f ; od k Y
avaMumif ; wd k u f c d k u f r I j yKvk y f c J h
aMumif; tpöa&;umuG,fa&;0efBuD;
tD [ G w f b m&wf u xk w f a zmf a jym
Mum;oGm;aomfvnf; wjcm;aom
tpöa&;tpdk;&t&m&Sdrsm;u w&m;0if
ajymMum;oGm;jcif;r&Sday/

40
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

xdyfwef;pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&SiftrsdK;orD;ukd jynfxJa&;0efBuD;tjzpf tkdbm;rm;a&G;cs,f
0g&Sifwef? azazmf0g&D -7

ar&duefjynfaxmifpkwGif emrnfausmfMum;vlodrsm;onfh obm0ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;orm;ESifh
trsdK;orD; pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&SifwpfOD;jzpfolukd jynfxJa&;0efBuD;tjzpf or®wbm;&uftkdbm;rm;u
a&G;cs,fcefYtyfvkdufaMumif; DPA owif;Xmeu azmfjyonf/
rpöq,fvD*sL0Jvf\ukrÜPDrSm 0efBu;D tjzpf cefYtyfvu
dk jf cif;jzpfonf/
tar&duefjynfxJa&;0efBuD;
]]ol[m xufjrufNyD;pGr;f aqmif
Xme\ xdyfqkH;&mxl;cefYtyfjcif; Recreational Equipment Incorporate
cH&ol trsdK;orD;rSm touf 56 jzpfNyD; 0g&SifwefNrdKUwGiftajcpdkuf &nf&SdwJh acgif;aqmifwpfOD;jzpfyg
ESpft&G,f&Sd rpöq,fvD*sL0Jvfqkdol um ES p f p Of t ar&d u ef a ':vm w,f/ uRefawmfwkdY&JUtem*wfukd
jzpfNyD; ¤if;onf obm0ywf0ef;usif ESpfbDvD,Hzkd;cefY vufvDa&mif;tm; ykHazmfr,fh pGrf;tifeJY&moDOwkqkdif&m
xdef;odrf;a&;orm;wpfOD;jzpfovkd &Sdonf/ tdrfjzLawmfrSt&m&SdBuD;rsm; ta&;udpöawG uRrf;usifwJhynm&Sif
t0wftpm;ESifh tjcm;ypönf;rsm; tqdkt& rpöq,fvD*sL0Jvf\t&nf wpfOD;vnf;jzpfygw,f}} [k or®w
vufvDa&mif;csonfh ukrÜPDrS trI tcsif;rsm;ukd vGefpGmBudKufESpfouf tkdbm;rm;u rpöq,fvD*sL0Jvf\
aqmift&m&SdcsKyfvnf;jzpfonf/
aomaMumifh tkb
d m;rm;u jynfxaJ &; t&nftcsif;rsm;ukd csD;rGrf;ajymMum;

t

vmrnfU ESpf20 twGif; azmufuvefuRef;udkxdef;csKyfrnf[k
tm*sifwD;em;qkd
vef'ef? azazmf0g&D 6

tm*sifwD;em;ESifh NAdwdefwkdY
ydkifqkdifonf[k tjyeftvSefjiif;ckH
vsuf&adS om azmufuvefuRef;pkrsm;
udk vmrnfhESpfaygif; 20 twGif;
xdef;csKyfEkdifrnf[k tm*sifwD;em;
Ekid if jH cm;a&;0efBuD; [ufwmwDAmref
u ajymMum;cJhaMumif; BBC owif;
wpf&yfuqkdonf/
azmufuvefuRef;udk NAdwdef
u ydkifonf[k b,folrSraxmufcH
MuygaMumif; ¤if;uvef'efoYkd a&muf
&SdaepOf ajymMum;cJhonf/ NAdwdef
owif;pmrsm;ESifh awGUqHkpOf NAdwdef
onf azmufuvefuRe;f pkrsm;&Sd a&eHEiS hf
obm0t&if;tjrpfrsm;udk vkdcsif
aomaMumifh odrf;ydkufxm;jcif;jzpf
onf[k Ekid if jH cm;a&;0efBuD; [ufwm
wDAmrefu ajymqkdcJhjcif;jzpf\/
rwfvwGif azmufuvefuRe;f \
tem*wf a &;twG u f qE´ c H , l y G J
wpf&yfukd azmufuvefuRe;f om;rsm;
u rJay;Mu&rnfjzpfonf/
tm*sif w D ; em;Ek d i f i H j cm;a&;
0efBuD;onf NAdwdefatmufvTwfawmf

od k Y a&muf & S d p Of azmuf u vef r S
a&G;aumufcrH sm;ESihf xdyw
f u
dk af wGUqHk
cJhonf/ 0efBuD;onf azmufuvef
uRe;f rsm;\tem*wftwGuf a&;om;
xm;aompmudv
k ufc&H ef jiif;qefcNhJ yD;
azmufuvefrS a&G;aumufcHtrwf
rsm;ESifhawGUqHk&efvnf; cGifhrjyKcJhay/
tm*sifwD;em;bufrSoabmxm;udk
azmfjy&eftvkYdimS atmufvw
T af wmfwiG f
vma&muf&iS ;f vif;azmfjycJjh cif;jzpfonf/
NyD;cJhonfh vrsm;twGif;u
NAd w d e f E S i f h tm*sif w D ; em;wk d Y \
qufqaH &;rSm qk;d &Gm;cJo
h nf/ Ny;D cJo
h nfh
ESpo
f nf tm*siw
f ;D em;u tqkyd guRef;
udk ppfwyfjzifh 74 &ufMum wuf
a&muf o d r f ; ydkufrI tESpfoHk;q,f
jynfhonfhESpfvnf;jzpfonf/
rpöwmwDAmrefu owif;axmuf
rsm;ESifh tm*sifwD;em;oH½Hk; twGif;
awGUqHpk Of ]]aemufxyf tESpf 20 Mum
awmhr,fvnf; rxifygbl;/ tJ'DrSm
aeaewJholawG[m a&TUajymif;ac:,l
oGm;cH&olawGjzpfygw,f}}[k ¤if;u
rSwfcsufjyKcJhonf/

NAdwdefonf uRef;üaexdkifol
rsm;udk EdkifiHa&;t& toHk;csaeNyD;
tm*sifw;D em;jynforl sm;ydik q
f idk af om
a&eH E S i f h obm0"mwf a iG U wk d Y ud k
&&Sd&ef vkyfaqmifaeaMumif;? rdrdwkdY
bufrS wpfzufowfajymaejcif;
r[kwfaMumif; tm*sifwD;em;0efBuD;
u axmufjyajymqkdoGm;onf/

Photo - EPA

onf/ rpöq,fv*D sL0Jvo
f nf vuf&dS
REI uk r Ü P D \ xd y f q k H ; &mxl ; ud k
r&&SdrD ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;bPf
vkyfief;wGif vkyfukdifcJhonf/ ¤if;\
yxrqkH;tvkyfrSm a&eHwl;azmfa&;
vkyif ef;qkid &f m tif*sief ,
D mjzpfonf/
rpöq,fvD*sL0Jvfonf
jynfxJa&;0efBuD; uefq,fv,fZm
\ae&mukd tpm;xkd;0ifa&mufrnf
jzpfaMumif;? okdYaomf ¤if;tm;&mxl;
cefYtyfrnfu
h pd u
ö dk tar&duefq;D edwf
\oabmwl c G i f h j yKcsuf & ,l & ef

vkt
d yfrnfjzpfaMumif; tdrjf zLawmfu
ajymMum;onf/ jynfxJa&;0efBuD;\
wm0ef r S m Grand Canyon uJ h o k d Y
trsd K ;om;O,smOf r sm;tygt0if
trsm;jynfolykdifajrrsm; xdef;odrf;
a&;uk d txl ; BuD ; Muyf a qmif & G u f
&onf/
rpöq,fvD*sL0Jvfonf trsm;
jynfolqkdif&m ajrxdef;odrf;a&;ESifh
jyify tyef;ajza&;wkdYESifhywfoufí
umvMum&S n f p G m aqmf M ocJ h o l
trsdK;orD;wpfOD;vnf;jzpfonf/

urÇmvH;k cst
D Murf;zufwu
dk cf u
kd &f ef [pfZbdv
k mtzGpYJ pD Of[q
k kd
wJvftbpf? azazmf0g&D 5

urÇmvHk;csDtMurf;zufwkduf
cdu
k f&ef vufbEGeEf idk if t
H ajcpku
d f &SD;,m;
rGwfpvifvufeufudkif[pfZbdkvm
tzGUJ upDpOfaeonf[k tpöa&;0efBu;D csKyf
aewefnm[ku xkwfazmfajymMum;
oG m ;aMumif ; BBC owif ; wG i f
azmfjyxm;onf/
urÇmvHk;csD tMurf;zuftzGJU
tpnf;udk [pfZbdkvmtzGJUu wnf
axmifxm;NyD; EkdifiHaygif; 24 EkdifiH
wG i f tMurf ; zuf r I r sm;jyKvk y f & ef

pDpOfaeaMumif; tpöa&;0efBuD;csKyfu
owday;ajymMum;oGm;onf/
tD&efEkdifiHESifh [pfZbdkvmtzGJU
wdYky;l aygif;NyD; urÇmvH;k csD tMurf;zuf
tzGJUtpnf;wpf&yfwnfaxmifae
aMumif; tpöa&;0efBuD;csKyfu pGyfpGJ
ajymMum;oGm;onf/
Oa&myawmifyikd ;f &Sd bla*;&D;,m;
Ekid if w
H iG ;f jzpfymG ;cJah om 2012 c&D;onf
wifarmfawmfum;AHk;aygufuGJrIonf
[pfZbdv
k mtzGUJ ESiyhf wfoufr&I adS Mumif;

awmifajrmufzufpyfykdifauaqmif;pufrIZkef ydwfrnf[kajrmufukd&D;,m;Ncdrf;ajcmuf
NyKH,rf;? azazmf0g&D 7

,refESpf 'DZifbmv 'kH;usnfprf;oyfypfvTwfcJhjcif;aMumihf ukvor*¾vkHNcKHa&;aumifpDu ta&;,ljypf'Pfcsrw
S cf &hJ mwGif awmifu&dk ;D ,m;taejzihf
awmifESihfajrmufzufpyfykdifqkdifonfh auaqmif;pufrIZkefukdxdyg;cJhygu tqkdygpufrIZkefukdydwfypfrnf[k ajrmufukd&D;,m;uNcdrf;ajcmufajymqkd
vkdufaMumif; CNA owif;wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
ajrmufukd&D;,m;tay: aemufq;Hk csrw
S cf ahJ omukvor*¾\ta&;,lydwfqkdYrIukdxif[yfap&ef awmif-ajrmufukd&D;,m;zufpyfykdifonfhauaqmif;
pufrIZkefokdYykdYaqmifrnfhpufypönf;rsm;ukd wif;wif;usyfusyfppfaq;rnf[k ukd;&D;,m;aygif;pnf;a&;qkid &f m awmifu&dk ;D ,m;0efBuD;Xmeu aMunm
vdu
k Nf y;D aemuf ajrmufu&dk ;D ,m;u ,ckuJhokdY jyif;jyif;xefxefwkHYjyefajymMum;vkdufjcif;vnf;jzpfonf/
uk&d ;D ,m;ESpEf idk if eH ,fpyf ajrmufu&dk ;D ,m;bufjcrf;wGif wnfaqmufxm;aom auaqmif;pufrIZkefonf ukd;&D;,m;ESpfEkdifiHtwGuf ta&;ygaom
pD;yGm;a&;csdwfqufxm;rIvnf; jzpfonf/
tqkyd gpufrZI ek w
f iG f awmifu&dk ;D ,m;ukrP
Ü D 120 vkyif ef;vnfywfvsuf&NdS yD; ajrmufu&dk ;D ,m;vkyo
f m; 53ç000ukd tvkycf efYxm;í vkyo
f m;uJuek pf nf
rsm;jzpfaom txnfcsKyfvkyfief;? zdeyfvkyfief;ESihf rD;zkdacsmifokH;ypönf;rsm;xkwfvkyfonf/
auaqmif;pufrIZkefonf rnfonfhykHpHrsKd;jzihfjzpfap tenf;i,frQyifxdyg;cJhygu ,if;vkyf&yfonf ajrmufukd&D;,m;tay:ta&;,lydwfqYjdk cif;
[k ,lqaMumif; ajrmufu&dk ;D ,m;trsKd;om;pD;yGm;a&;aumfykda&;&Sif;aumfrwD\ajymcGihf&yk*¾dKvfu xkwfjyefaMunmonf/
,if;okdYjzpfvmcJhygu rdrdwkdYtaejzihf auaqmif;pufrIZkefukd ppfbufZkeftjzpf jyefvnfajymif;vJypfrnf[kvnf; ajrmufukd&D;,m;tpk;d &ykid f
KCNA ukd uk;d um;í ¤if;uajymMum;onf/ auaqmif;pufrZ
I ek u
f dk taESmift
h ,Sufjzpfap&ef &nf&G,fcsufr&SdygaMumif; ukd&D;,m;aygif;pnf;a&;qkdif&m
awmifukd&D;,m;0efBuD;XmeajymcGifh&trsKd;orD;u ajymMum;onf/
ajrmufu&dk ;D ,m;onf ,refEpS 'f DZifbmvu qufoG,fa&;N*Kd[fwkvTwfwifonfh wma0;ypf'kH;usnfprf;oyfypfvTwfrIjyKvkyfjcif;ESihfywfoufí
EkdifiHwumu wkdufcsif;ypf'kH;usnfprf;oyfypfvTwfjcif;jzpfonf[½k jI rifxm;NyD; ta&;,lyw
d q
f Ydkrt
I opfrsm;csrSwfcJhonf/
ajrmufu&dk ;D ,m;onf Ekid if w
H um\ydwfqkdYta&;,lrIrsm;ukd wkHYjyefonfhtaejzihf rMumrD&ufykdif;twGif; wwd,tBudrfajrmuf EsLuvD;,m;
prf;oyf&ef jyifqifvsuf&Sdonf/

owif;xGuaf y:vmNyD;aemuf tpöa&;
0efBu;D csKy\
f ajymMum;csuaf y:xGuv
f m
jcif;jzpfonf/ yifv,feuftyef;ajz
NrdKUüjzpfymG ;cJah om tqkyd gtMurf;zuf
wkdufcdkufrIaMumifh tpöa&;c&D;oGm;
ig;OD; aoqHk;cJhonf/
tqkdygtMurf;zufwkdufcdkufrI
onf 1980 jynfeh pfaemufyikd ;f Oa&my
ajray:ü yxrqHk;tBudrfjyKvkyfcJh
onfh [pfZbdv
k mtzGUJ \tMurf;zuf
wkdufcdkufrIjzpfonf/
bla*;&D;,m;Ekid if w
H iG ;f AH;k azmufcJG
wkdufcdkufcH&rIESifhywfoufonfh oifh
avsmfaomwkYHjyefrIrsm;jyKvkyfoGm;
rnf j zpf a Mumif ; Oa&myor*¾
EkdifiHjcm;a&;rl0g' tBuD;tuJ½Hk;u
owif;xkwfjyefoGm;onf/
]]Oa&mywk d u f o mru wpf
urÇmvHk;udkvnf; tMurf;zufNcdrf;
ajcmufrIBuD;awG jyKvkyfaew,f}} [k
tar&dueftMurf;zufwkdufzsufa&;
tBuD;tuJ *Refb&,feefu xkwf
azmfajymMum;oGm;onf/
tem*wftMurf;zufwkdufcdkuf
rIrsm; xyfrrH jyKvyk Ef idk &f ef [pfZbkdvm
tzGJU\ aiGaMu;axmufyHha&;vkyfief;
rsm;ESifh ppfqifa&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;udk
zsufqD;oGm;&ef vdktyfaMumif; ¤if;
u ajymMum;oGm;onf/
bla*;&D;,m;tMurf;zufwu
dk cf u
kd f
rIwiG f [pfZbdv
k mtzGUJ yg0ifywfoufae
aMumif; pGyfpGJajymMum;rIrsm;ay:ayguf
aeaomfvnf; ,if;pGyfpGJcsufrsm;udk
[pfZbdv
k mtzGUJ u rSwcf sujf yKajzMum;
jcif;r&Sdao;ay/

41
Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

VOICE

The

ygupöwef\,Ofaus;rIrsuEf mS pmESpzf uf odrhk [kwf vpfb&,favm? a&S;½d;k pGaJ vm
oefhZifpdk;

yg

upöwefvli,frsm;tzkdY t&Sdw&m;ESpfckESifh 'd|"r®BuHKaeMu&onf/ urÇmMunfh Munfhjrifaom aumhprkdydkvDwef ygupöwefEkdifiHESifh wpfzufu w&m;ao0g' bmoma&;t,loD;olrsm;\
ygupöwefwkdYjzpf\/ olwdkY vlYtzGJUtpnf;tMurf;zufrIrsm;? w&m;aoqkyfudkifxm;rIrsm;wkdYudkyif azmfjya0zefvsuf&Sdaom BBC, CNN tp&Sdaom EkdifiHwumowif;&if;jrpfrsm;xHrS ygupöwef
vli,fwkdY owif;em;axmifMuonf/ ausmif;wuf&a&;vIyf&Sm;onfh rmvmvm,lqGwfzfZdkif;qkdonfh rdef;uav;i,facgif;udkaoewfESifhtypfcH&onfhowif;wGif ygupöwefudk EkdifiHwum
rD'D,mrsm;u o½kyfazmfMuyHkaMumifh ynmwwfvli,ftodkif;t0dkif;wGif pdwfysuf&rIrsm;&Sdonf/
xdkenf;wlpGmyif a'ocHrD'D,m ausmif ; wuf & ef vI H Y aqmf o nf h eD,mrsm;? azmufonfqufqHa&;
rsm;u xdktaMumif;t&mudk odyf rdef;uav;udkaoewfjzifh acgif;udk refae*smrsm; ponfh ygupöwefwYdk u
tom;ray;cJah omtcgvnf; pdwyf suf ypf a om tpG e f ; a&muf r l q vif \ vef'ef? e,l;a,mufESifh urÇmvHk;
&jyef\/ ]]EkdifiHjcm;rD'D,mrsm;aMumifh owif;onf taemufurÇmrSmuJo
h Ykyd if qkdif&m vkyfief;cGJBuD;rsm;wGif vnf
½kd;&mvlYtzJGUtpnf;\ tpdwftydkif; olwdkYvnf;em;rvnfEkdifatmif jzpf& ywf v k y f a qmif v suf & S d M uuk e f \ /
rsm;wGif usm;rcGJjcm;qufqHjcif;? av\/ wnfNidrf? ynmwwfonfh iPhone Application rsm;a&;onfh
vufxyfxrd ;f jrm;ay;jcif; ponfwYdkü ygupöwefxuf rmvmvm,lqw
G zf Zf idk ;f vkyif ef;utp Ekid if w
H umtifwmeuf
tajymif ; tvJ o uf a &muf r I r sm;&S d jzpf&yfrsK;d udk tom;ay;jcif;u a&SUaemuf pmrsufESmrsm;a&;aeaom ygupöwef
aMumif;}} pma&;q&m [ufqefpD'pf rnDru
I kd ydNk yD;jzpfvmapvsuf&adS y\/ rsm;&Sday\/ ta&SUtv,fydkif;ESifh
u a&;om;azmfjyxm;onf/
tar&duefwiG f 9/11 wku
f Ydkuo
hJ Ykd Ekid if rH sm;odYk ynmawmf
d cf u
kd rf I NAdwdew
tpövmrfrpfx;kH wrf;rsm;? ½d;k &m jzpfuwnf;u ygupöwefu ,Ofaus;rI oifxGufcGmMuum tdrfjyefvmNyD;
rsm;udk a'oBuD;wpfcv
k ;kH ruGrJ u
D uJo
h Ykd ESpfrsKd;ESifh wkdif;jynfpjzpfvmcJh\/ vkyfief;udkifief; vkyfaqmifolrsm;u
vufcHxm;olrsm;pGm&SdNyD; ygupöwef or®wa[mif;ygAufZfrl&Sm&ufzfu 'keJYa';yifjzpf\/
\trsm;pku tv,ftvwf0g'Drsm; rD ' D , mtay: tpd k ; &\tk y f c sKyf r I
aiG a Mu;taxmuf t yH h u if ;
jzpfMuayonf/ xkdYaMumifh tv,f ajzavQmhay;vkdufNyD;oumv a'o aom ygupöwefvli,f Professional
tvwf 0 g'D r sm;rS m ygupö w ef \ wGif;ESifh EkdifiHwum½kyfoHvkdif;rsm; rsm;u jynf y rS m BuH K cJ h & ovd k ? rsm; ½kyfoHxJwGif jrif&avaomtcg ausmif;cGJrsm;wGif wufMuayonf/
tpGe;f a&mufrrI sm;taMumif; a0zefc&H
yGifhvef;vmcJo
h nf/ xkt
d cg ygupöwef w,fvDaA;&Sif;rSm awGU&ovkd b0 yxrykdif; rSifwuftHhMooGm;Mu\/ ausmif;qif; 15000avmuf&Sd\/
aomtcg rsufEmS b,fxm;&rSe;f rod onf taMumif ; t&mtopf r sm;? aeenf;udk ydkcHkrifMuvm\/
wkdif;jynfukd xlaxmifcJhonfh rkd[m t,f[l'gausmif;rsm;ukd okawoe
atmifjzpfMu&\/ ygupöwefonf ,Ofaus;rItopfrsm;ESifh urÇmhNrdKUBuD;
NyD ; cJ h o nf h E S p f r sm;utxd ruf tvD*sifem;BuD;u ygupöwefudk vkyfxm;aom vm[kd;pDrHcefYcGJrI odyÜH
wl&uDuJhodkY tpövmrfrpfEkdifiHvm;? rsm;vkd NrdKUjyvlaerIyHkpHtopfrsm; aeYpOfvkyfief;cGifodrf;ygu ½dk;&m wl&uDvkd EkdifiHrsKd;tjzpf jrifvkd\? wuúokdvfrS ygarmu© qm'ufzftm
aqmf'DuJhodkY tpövmrfrpfEkdifiHvm;qkd ydkNyD;xGef;um;vmawmh\/
0wfpHkqifjref;um EkdifiHawmf½kyfoH rjrif v k d \ jiif ; ck H r I r sm;vnf ; &S d ruf u xk d a usmif ; qif ; rsm;onf
onfudk vpfb&,frsm;ESifh uGefqm
NrdKUjyvli,frsm; vlvwfwef; vkdif;uvmaom Zmwfvrf;wGJrsm; vmonf/
rwluGJjym;jcm;em;onfh yk*dK¾ vfrsm;ukd
aA;wpf Ek d i f i H a &;orm;rsm;u pm;wkdYonf taemufNrdKUawmfBuD;rsm; rd o m;pk x d k i f M unf h ? npmpm;NyD ;
]]Zmwfvrf;wGaJ wGxu
J vkd b0 onf;cH&mü tm;enf;MuNyD; ½IjrifyHk
tv,ftvwf0g'DwkdY\rJ&atmif rS vlaerIyHkpHrsm;cGifokdY vsifvsif tdyfMujcif;omjzpfcJh\/ ,aeYawmh ykHpHrsKd; ygupöwefu aexkdifusihfokH; wpf r sKd ; vnf ; xm;&S d M uonf [ k
NydKif&ayrnf/ pma&;ol[ufqefp'D pf jrefjref0ifvmMuay\/ tpövmr®pf xko
d Ykrd [kwaf wmhNyD/ pydefref*dkpwkdifvf r,fqkd&if wkdif;jynf&JU zcifBuD; axmufjyxm;onf/ xkdtifpwDusL
\ Yale Global rS a qmif ; yg;ud k yHkpHtwkdif; aexkdifa&;0g'uvnf; 0wfpm;NzD;vdrf;NyD; nxGufvnf? tvD*sif;em; csrSwfcJhwJh EkdifiHa&;rSm u trsK;d orD;rsm;\u@ukd tpövmr®pf
tESpcf sKyf bmomjyefxm;jcif;jzpf\/ aysmufawmhroGm;ay/ rsm;jym;vSaom abmvD;0k'frS qvrefcef;Zmwfum; bmoma&; ra&mzkdYeJY rwlnDwmukd tok d i f ; t0k d i f ; \ wif ; usyf a om
ygupöwefjynfoltrsm;pkrSm ½dk;&m,Ofaus;rIESifh bmoma&;tzGJU udk ½HkrSmoGm;Munfh? [rfbm*gpm;Mu vufcaH y;Ekid rf q
S af y;xm;NyD;
I w
dk hJ t&mawGuv
dk nf; pnf;rsOf;rsm;jzihf owfrw
tpGef;ra&mufaom tv,ftvwf tpnf ; rsm;u Ed k i f i H j cm;yH k p H b 0 avNyD/
wefzkd;xm;&rSm jzpfw,f}}[k trsKd; ,kHMunfouf0ifolrsm;vnf; rsm;
Ekid if jH cm;rD',
D mrsm;aMumifh ½k;d &m orD;"mwfykHq&mr rm&ufcfu olr vmvsuf&Sday\/
0g'Drsm;jzpfMuaomfvnf; urÇmrh 'D ,
D m aeenf;rsm;udk wGef;vSefMuNyD; rMum
rsm;u tpGef;a&mufrsm; yHkazmfwwf cP vufygajcygjzpf&yfrsm; awGU& vlYtzGJUtpnf;\tpdwftydkif;rsm; \tjrifukdqkdonf/
tajymif;tvJukd rvkdvm;Mu
vsu&f &dS m rD'D,mu xkdudpöudkom wGif usm;rcGJjcm;qufqHjcif;? vuf
Muonf/
ygupöwefNrKdUawmfBuD;rsm;wGif olrsm;u Globalization ukd wm;jrpf
xyfxdrf;jrm;ay;jcif; ponfwkdYü ,Ofaus;rI ykHoP²mef ajymif;vmjcif; onfh olwkdYarQmfrSef;csuf zufwG,f
wkdif;jynfwpfckwnf;rSm t&Sd rD;armif;xdk;\/
NrdKUaevli,f vlvwfwef;pm; tajymif;tvJ oufa&mufrrI sm; &Sv
d m ukd vlwkdif;u oabmwlnDMuonf a&SUqufqjJ zpf\/ vlraI &;t& tqif
w&m;ESpfckjzpfaeonfudk rsuf0g;
xifxifMunfhEkdifzkdY&m ygupöwef\ ygupöwefrsm;u tifwmeufESifh onf/ ]]abmvD;0k'f tcspf½kyf&Sifum; awmh r[kwfay/ a&S;½kd;pGJrsm;? w&m; rajyrI tm;vkH;ukd taemufwkdif;
,Ofaus;rINrdKUawmftpGe;f rS aumfzq
D idk f N*dK[fwk½kyfoHowif;rsm;wGif olwkdY awGaMumifh vlwkdif;[m olwkdY&JUb0 ao0g'D r sm;u Ek d i f i H j cm; taoG ; pwkid v
f af exkid rf aI Mumifh vufnKd§ ;xk;d
f dk uk,
d w
f idk yf J &Smcsiv
f mMu ta&mifrsm; awGUvmMujcif;ukd rESpf qJyifjzpfonf/ ygupöwefukd wmvD
wpfckxuf a0;a0;vHvHoGm;p&m taMumif;usawmhrygbJ tpGe;f a&muf tazmfreG u
k m azmfjyaeawmh aMumifppD D w,f}}[k vm[kd;NrKdUom; rkdbif;cef; NrKdUouJhokdY tajymif;tvJukdvnf; befpwkdifvf tkyfcsKyfapvkdMuonf/
rvkyd g/ aumfzq
D idk x
f J xkid af eMuonfh rIrsm;udo
zuf & S i f u sus0wf p m;xm;Muaom jzpfMu&onf/ EkdifiHpHkaumfydka&;&Sif; u ajymMum;onf/ olu aqmf'Dtm vufoihfrcHMuay/ olwkdYu aqmf'D ]]taemufwkdif;,Ofaus;rIu rdef;r
trsKd;om; trsKd;orD;wkdYMum;wGif rsm;rS refae*smrsm;? aqmh0Jvftif*sif a&;AD;,m;&Sd ukefypönf;ykdYaqmifonfh tma&;AD;,m;ukd tpövmrfbmoma&; awGukd zdESdyfrIr&Sdbl;qkd bmjzpfvkdY
vkyfief;BuD;wpfckrS refae*smwpfOD; t& wif;usyfxm;rIudk vkv
d m;MuNyD;? rdef;rawGu uGm&Sif;aeMuwmvJ}}[k
jzpf\/ twwfynmwpfcck k uRr;f usif ,Ofaus;rIrsm; xyfw;dk vmrIudk &yfwefY ygupöwefwmvDbef tmqefElvm
ol vli,frsm;u tifpwDusL;&Si;f rsm; apvkdMuonf/
tmqefu ygupöweftrsKd;orD;rsm;
FOREIGN CARTOON
wGif avhvm&if; twef;azmfrsm;ESihf
t,f [ l ' gac: bmoma&; tdrfaxmifuGm&Sif;rI jrifhwufvm
om awGUqkcH spBf uKu
d f vufxyfMu\/ ausmif;rsm; ygupöwefwiG f atmifjrif jcif;ESihfywfoufNyD; jyefvSefar;cGef;
cspfo&l nf;pm;xm;um xGuv
f nfMu vmaeonf/ ausmif;rwufEdkifaom? xkwfonf/ KFC qkdifawG rD;½IdU?
jcif;ukd vlUusihf0wfESihfrnDaomae ygupöwef\ qif;&Jaom a'orsm; ½kyf&Sif½kHawGukd NzKd? Billboard awGukd
xkid rf [
I k vufcx
H m;aomfvnf; NrKUd jyae aMumifhvnf; tqkdygausmif;rsm; &Sif;[k ,lqcsufrsm;&Sdonf/
vlvwfwef;pm;wkYd wiG f xku
d pd &ö yfrsm; atmifjrif&onf/ a&S;½kd;pGJynma&;
vpfb&,fESihf a&S;½kd;pGJt,l
&SdvmNyD; vpfb&,fukd ,kHMunfaom tpDtpOfrsm;onf txufwef;vTm tqrsm; ysH U ES H Y v suf & S d a omf v nf ;
rdbrsm;u cGifhjyKvmMu\/
trsK;d orD;rsm;ESifh tvkyo
f rrsm;txd ygupö w ef v l t rsm;pk r S m tv,f
]]uReaf wmfo
h il ,fcsi;f awG trsm;pk ausmif;om;rsm;u yg0ifMuayonf/ tvwf 0 g'D rG w f q vif r sm;om
[m cspfuRrf;0ifcJhMuNyD;aysmf&TifpGm t,f[l'gonf "mwfykHt½kdufcHjcif;? jzpfMuonf/ 9^11 NyD;uwnf;u
vufxyfcJhMuwmyg/ olwkdYrdbawG yGJwufjcif;? arG;aeYvkyfjcif; ponf vpfb&,fESihf uGefqmaA;wpfwkdYu
uvnf; cGifhjyKMuw,f}}[k vm[kd; wkYdudk oabmrwlMuay/ 1990 umv olwYdkpuf0idk ;f ukd csUJ vmMuNyD; vlrsm;pk
pD;yGm;a&;wuúokdvfrS ausmif;om; rsm; tv,fykdif;avmufu paumh tv,ftvwfwkdY\toHukd wdraf p
wpfa,mufu ajymMum;onf/
wvefwGif ynmoifcJhaom trsKd; cJo
h nf/ wpfzufzufu tom&oGm;
wl&uD ½kyfoHZmwfvrf;wGJrsm; orD;wpfOD;wnfaxmifcJhonhf xkd vQifawmh ,Ofaus;rIyidk ;f y#dyu©rsm;
ygupö w ef w G i f atmif j rif v mNyD ; ausmif;rsm;onf ae&m 70avmuf rjzpfbJ ygupöwefwnfNidrfaumif;
tm&yfaEGOD;umvaemufydkif; tD*spfEdkifiHa&;rwnfNidrfrIrsm;udk
wl&uDuJhokdYaom tpövmrfrpf vlY wGif ygupöwefNrKdUBuD;rsm;ü zGifhvSpf wnfNidrrf nf/ ygupöwefonf wl&uD
umwGef;q&mu o½kyfazmfxm;yHk
tokid ;f t0kid ;f wpfcw
k iG f yGiv
hf if;vGwf xm;um Oa&my? ajrmuftar&duwkYd&dS avm? aqmf'Davm/
oefYZifpdk;
vyfaom a,musmf ;-rde;f rqufqaH &; ygupöweftEG,f0ifrsm;yif xkda'o

42
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

Soccer Weekly Fixtures
9-2-2013 (paeaeY) jrefrmae&Sife,fvd*fyGJpOf- 5
&wemyHk - aZ,sma&Tajr
nae 3;30 em&D
Axl;
{&m0wD - &cdkif
nae 4;00 em&D
atmifqef;
aqmuforf; - rauG;
nae 4;00 em&D
ok0PÖ
&efukef - aejynfawmf
YUSC
nae 4;00 em&D
y&D;rD;,m;vd*fyGJpOf-26
pyg; - e,l;umq,f
n 7;15 em&D
csJvfqD; - 0D*ef
n 9;30 em&D
aemf0pfcsf - zlvf[rf
n 9;30 em&D
pwkwfpD;wD; - &D;'if;
n 9;30 em&D
qef;'g;vef; - tmqife,f
n 9;30 em&D
qGrfqD; - usLyDtm
n 9;30 em&D
vmvD*gyGJpOf - 23
rma,mhum - tdkqmqlem
n 9;30 em&D
qJvfwmAD*dk - AvifpD,m
n 11;30 em&D
pD;&D;atyGJpOf - 24
*sLAifwyf - zDtdk&ifwD;em;
n 11;30 em&D
bGef'ufpfvD*gyGJpOf (21)
a'ghrGef - [rf;bwf
n 9;00 em&D
*vufbwf - avAmulqif
n 9;00 em&D
pwk*wf - 0g'gb&Drif
n 9;00 em&D
[efEdkAm - [dkyifudef;
n 9;00 em&D
*½komzwf - 0kzfbwf
n 9;00 em&D
z&efYzwf - Ek,ifbwf
n 9;00 em&D
jyifopfvD*l;yGJpOf (24)
yDtufpf*sD - bufpwD&m
eHeuf 2;00 em&D
pdeYftufo,
D ef - armifyh ,fv,
D m
n 10;30 em&D
10-2-2013 (we*FaEGaeY) jrefrmae&Sife,fvd*fyGJpOf- 5
ok0PÖ
nae 4;00 em&D
[Hom0wD - uarÇmZ
ZGJuyif - raemajr
atmifqef;
nae 4;00 em&D
tmz&duzvm;wwd,ae&mvkyGJ
*gem - rmvD
eHeuf 00;30 em&D
y&D;rD;,m;vd*fyGJpOf - 26
aqmuforfweff - refpD;wD;
eHeuf 00;00 em&D
ADvm - 0ufpf[rf;
n 8;00 em&D
ref,l - tJAmwef
n 10;30 em&D
vmvD*gyGJpOf - 23
vDAefaw; - rmvm*g
eHeuf 1;30 em&D
'DydkYwDAdk - *&efem'g
eHeuf 3;30 em&D
&D;&Jvf - qDADvm
eHeuf 3;30 em&D
bmpDvdkem - *Dwmaz;
nae 5;30 em&D
Zm&m*dkZm - qdkpD'uf
n 10;30 em&D
pD;&D;atyGJpOf - 24
vmZD,dk - emydkvD
eHeuf 2;15 em&D
yg;rm; - *sDEdktm
n 6;00 em&D
twåvEÅm - umwm;eD;,m;
n 8;30 em&D
uuf*vD,m&D - atpDrDvef
n 8;30 em&D
ygvmrdk - yufpfum&m
n 8;30 em&D
qrf'dk;&D;,m; - ½dk;rm;
n 8;30 em&D
bdkavmh*fnm - qDem
n 8;30 em&D
tl'D;eD;pf - wdk&DEdk
n 8;30 em&D
bGef'ufpfvD*gyGJpOf - 21
bdkif,efjrL;epf - a&Smfvfau;
eHeuf 00;00 em&D
atmhpfbwf - rdefYZf
n 9;00 em&D
z½dkif;bwf - 'ufq,fa'ghzf
n 11;00 em&D
jyifopfvD*l;yGJpOf - 24
t*smpD,dk - abmf'dk;
eHeuf 1;30 em&D
eefpD - &drf;pf
eHeuf 1;30 em&D
x½dkif,ufpf - qdkacsmhZf
eHeuf 1;30 em&D
Edkufpf - vdk&D,efY
eHeuf 1;30 em&D
Avefpif;eufpf - b&ufpf
eHeuf 1;30 em&D
tDAD,ef - rmaq;vf
n 7;30 em&D
&ef;eufpf - wl;avmhpf
n 10;30 em&D
11-2-2013 (wevFm) vmvD*gyGJpOf-23
bDvfbmtdk - tufpfyefndK
eHeuf 00;30 em&D
A,fvu
D mEdk - tufovufwu
D kd
eHeuf 2;30 em&D
pD;&D;atyGpJ Of - 24
tifwmrDvef - csaD ,Adk
eHeuf 2;15 em&D
jyifopfv*D ;l yGpJ Of - 24
vdik ,
f eG f - vdik v
f D
eHeuf 2;30 em&D
tmz&duzvm;Adv
k v
f yk JG
Ekid *f s;D &D;,m; - bmuDemzmqkd
eHeuf 00;30 em&D
12-2-2013 (t*Fg) y&D;rD;,m;vd*yf pJG Of - 26
vDAmyl;vf - 0ufpb
f &Ge;f
eHeuf 2;30 em&D
vmvD*gyGpJ Of - 23
bufwpf - A,fvm'd;k vpf
eHeuf 3;00 em&D
13-2-2013 (Ak'[
¨ ;l ) cseyf ,
D v
H *d f (16) oif;tqifh (y-ausm)h
qJvw
f pf - *sLAifwyf
eHeuf 2;15 em&D
Avifp,
D m - yDtufp*f sD
eHeuf 2;15 em&D
14-2-2013 (Mumoyaw;) cseyf ,
D v
H *d f (16) oif;tqifh (y-ausm)h
&Suw
f m'd;k eufpf - a'ghreG f
eHeuf 2;15 em&D
&D;&Jvf - ref,l
eHeuf 2;15 em&D

'DwpfywfrSmawmh EdkifiHwumajcprf;yGJawG upm;cJh&ovdk
Mum;&ufrmS cseyf ,
D v
H *d ?f ,l½ykd gvd*yf u
JG syaf wGaMumifh toif;BuD;
awG trSwfqHk;½HI;&EdkifNyD; wef;qif;ZkefwdkufyGJ[mvnf; jyif;xef
vmwmrdYk rxifrw
S w
f &hJ v'fawG xGuaf y:vmEdik w
f hJ y&D;rD;,m;vd*f
yGJpOf (26) cefYrSef;rI/
'Dwpfywf&JUtapmqHk;yGJpOfjzpfovdk yGJaumif;wpfyGJMunfh&rSmjzpfygw,f/
pyg; (4) Vs e,l;umq,f (15) pyg;toif
;[m tdru
f iG ;f ESpyf o
JG m½H;I xm;NyD; e,l;umq,feYJaemufq;kH av;yGaJ wGY
aemufqkH;awGUqkHrI (3)yGJ
qHrk rI mS wpfyo
JG mEdik x
f m;vdYk 0du
I [
f ufved ;f rSm ½ke;f uef&zG,&f o
dS vdek ,l;umq,f
umq,f 2 - 1 pyg; (2012)
&JU jyifopfupm;orm;awG&UJ pGr;f aqmif&nfudk pyg;toif;avQmhwGufxm;zG,f
pyg; 5 - 0 umq,f (2012)
awmh
r&S
d
y
gbl
;
/
'gayrJ
h
toif
;
&J
U
&v'f
y
d
k
i
f
;
[m
wd
k
;
wuf
v
mNyD; umq,f&JU
umq,f 2 - 2 umq,f (2011) ½kef;tm;eJY topfac:,lxm;wJh upm;orm;awG txdkifrusao;wmaMumif
h
pyg;toif; oa&avmufawmh upm;oGm;r,fvdkY xifygw,f/
½HI;yGJqufrIawGaMumifh enf;jybifeDwufZf&JU &mxl;NrJzdkY&m upm;orm;awG
csJvfqD; (3) Vs 0D*ef (18)
tay:rSm rlwnfaewmaMumifh 'DyGJudkawmh Match Plan aocsmjyifqifNyD;
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
zdtm;awGeJY upm;oGm;r,fvdkYxifygw,f/ toif;rSm t"duarmif;ESiftm;
0D*ef 0 - 2 csJvfqD; (2012)
jzpfwhJ rmwmeJY vrf;ywfwYkd aumif;&ifaumif;ovdk &v'fawG aumif;vmwwf
csJvfqD; 2 - 1 0D*ef (2012)
ygw,f/ 0D*eftoif;uawmh wef;qif;ZkefumuG,fzdkY zdzdpD;pD;upm;aevdkY
0D*ef 1 - 1 csJvfqD; (2011)
csJvfqD;wdkY ayghrSmawmhr[kwfygbl;/ 'DyGJrSmEdkifrSjzpfr,fhcsJvfqD;&JU upm;tm;
udk 0D*efwdkYwm;qD;zdkY tiftm;r&SdEdkifygbl;/ 'gaMumifh 0D*efwdkY *dk;trsm;eJY ½HI;oGm;Edkifygw,f/
aemh0Spfcsftoif;&JU ckepfyGJqufEdkifyGJaysmufqHk;rI[m 'DyGJrSm &yfwefYEdkifzdkY
aemh0Spfcsf (14) Vs zlvf[rf (13) wdku
fppfrSL; a[mhvfeJY [lvmwefwdkY&JU upm;tm;tay: rlwnfaeygw,f/
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
r&f iS t
f oif;[m tdru
f iG ;f &v'faumif;rGew
f t
hJ &Sed af Mumifh {nfo
h nfwYkd ½ke;f uef
zlvf[rf 5 - 1 aemh0Spfcsf (2012) td
,fawmh&Sdygw,f/ zlvf[rftoif;[mvnf; &moDtp wdkufppfpGrf;tm;
aemh0Spfcsf 1 - 1 zlvf[rf (2012) &zG
qHk;cJhovdk toif;vdkufpdwf"mwfydkif;yg usqif;aeNyD; ta0;uGif;&v'f
zlvf[rf 2 - 1 aemh0Spfcsf (2011) aysmuf
uvnf; tm;&p&mr&SdwmaMumifh tdrf&SiftwGufawmh tcGifhtvrf;awG&&Sd
Edkifygvdrfhr,f/ 'gaMumifh tdrfuGif;&v'faumif;NyD; Teawork aumif;rGefwJh tdrf&SifwdkY EdkifyGJjyef&SmawGUoGm;Edkifygw,f/
enf;jywdkeDyl;vpftzGJUom;awG upm;tm;aumif;rGefayr,fh wdkufppfydkif;rSm
pwkwfpD;wD; (10) Vs &D;'if; (17)
tm;enf ; csuf a wG & S d a ewmaMumif h &v'f y d k i f ; usqif ; vmwmyg/ yH k r S e f
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
vkyftm;EIef;taeeJUqdk &D;'if;udk rEdkifp&mtaMumif;r&Sdygbl;/ pwkwfpD;wD;
&D;'if; 1 - 1 pwkwf (2012)
[m tdru
f iG ;f ½H;I yGw
J pfyo
JG m&Sv
d Ykd &D;'if;twGuaf wmh cufcufccJ J ,SONf ydKif&rSmyg/
pwkwf 6 - 5 &D;'if; (2008)
&D;'if;taejzifh wef;qif;ZkefuvGwfzdkY ½kef;uef&mrSm oHk;yGJqufaemufqHk;rdepf
&D;'if; 1 - 0 pwkwf (2012)
tEdik *f ;kd awGaMumifh pwkwpf ;D wD;yGcJ sed jf ynfo
h wdxm;upm;&ifjzifh 'Dy[
JG m tdr&f iS f
EdkifyGJjzpfoGm;EdkifwmrdkY a0gvfwm? yDwmca&meJY tufo&ifwefwdkY *dk;b,favmufoGif;rvJqdkwm apmifhMunfh&rSmyg/
NyD;cJhwJhyGJpOfrSm ½HI;cJhvdkY tdrf&Siftoif; 'DyGJudk aocsmjyifqifvmygvdrfhr,f/
qef;'g;vef; (12) Vs tmqife,f (6) rmwif
tdkae;vftzGJUom;awG[m cHppfupm;&mrSm pkpnf;rIaumif;rGefNyD;
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
jyefwu
kd pf pfuvnf; xda&mufr&I w
dS maMumifh cHppftm;enf;wJh 0if;*g;wdYk &UJ
tmqife,f 0 - 0 qef;'g;vef; (2012) wef
wef;uawmh tvkyf½IyfrSm aocsmygw,f/ 'gayrJh {nfhonftoif;
qef;'g;vef; 2 - 0 tmqife,f (2012) aemuf
EdkifyGJjyef&vmvdkY pdwf"mwfydkif;tompD;&xm;NyD; 'Pf&mjyóemawG
qef;'g;vef; 1 - 2 tmqife,f (2011) [m
&SdaewJh qef;'g;vef;twGufawmh tompD;&,lupm;zdkY rjzpfEdkifwmaMumifh
tvif;a&mifuGif;rSmawmh tdrf&SifwdkYtjrifhqHk; arQmfvifh&rSmuawmh oa&avmufygyJ/
aemufqHk; oHk;yGJquf *dk;aygufaysmufaewJh rDcsL;wdkYwdkufppfupm;yHk
qGrfqD; (8) Vs usLyDtm (20) tqHk;owf vGJrSm;aeygw,f/ qGrfqD;[m &rSwfvdktyfcsufr&SdwmaMumifh
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
zdtm;uawmh {nfo
h nftoif;xuf avsmyh gw,f/ usLyDtmuawmh wef;qif;Zkef
usLyDtm 0 - 5 qGrfqD; (2012) vGwfajrmufzdkY BudK;pm;&mrSm &v'fydkif;odompGmaumif;rGefvmNyD; topfac:,l
usLyDtm 3 - 0 qGrfqD; (2012) xm;wJh jyifopfupm;orm;awGom yg0ifcGifh&r,fqdk&if tdrf&SifwdkY rvG,f
qGrfqD; 1 - 1 usLyDtm (2011) avmufygbl;/ 'gaMumifh wdkufppfydkif;&v'fusqif;aewJh tdrf&SifawG&JU
tm;enf;csufudk enf;jy&ufeuf tcGifhta&;,lum oa&avmufawmh xdef;upm;oGm;r,fvdkY xifygw,f/
;jyopfvufxuf pdefYwdkYEdkifyGJ&SmrawGUao;vdkY tdrf&Siftm;eJY {nfhonf
aqmuforfwef (16) Vs refp;D wD; (2) udk enf
zdtm;ay;zdYkawmh&ydS gw,f/ aqmuforfwef&UJ tdru
f iG ;f &v'f[m aumif;rGerf I
aemufq;k H awGUqHrk I (3) yGJ
b
d J ay;*d;k uvnf;rsm;ygw,f/ refp;D wD;uawmh ref,el YJ ud;k rSwu
f mG oGm;vdYk
refp;D wD; 3 - 2 aqmuforfwef (2012) r&S
;i,fawGeYJ awGU&mrSm 'DtcGit
hf a&;udak wmh vufvw
T cf rH mS r[kwyf gbl;/
refp;D wD; 0 - 1 aqmuforfwef (2001) toif
rf&SifwkdY[m enf;jyopfvufxufupm;uGufajymif;xm;NyD; cHppfudkydkrdk
aqmuforfwef 0 - 2 refp;D wD; (2000) td
OD;pm;ay;upm;vmwmaMumifh t*l½dk? aw;AufeJY 'DZDudkwkdY pdwf&SnfzdkYvdktyfNyD;
vkdtyfaewJhEkdifyGJudk &v'fusOf;ajrmif;pGmjzifh &,loGm;r,fvkdY oHk;oyfyg&ap/
;qif;Zkex
f aJ &mufaevdYk ADvmwkYd 'yD u
JG kd zdzpd ;D pD;upm;oGm;zG,&f ydS gw,f/
tufpwefAv
D m(19)Vs 0ufp[
f rf;(11) ADvwef
myghpfrSm tdrf&SifwkdY[m ta0;uGif;&v'fydkif;raumif;wJh [rf;rm;wkdYudk
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
&v'f y d k i f ; aumif ; rG e f v mEk d i f y gw,f / [rf ; rm;wk d Y [ m
0ufpf[rf; 1 - 0 ADvm (2012) aocsmupm;&if
yikd ;f yGaJ wGrmS cHppfupm;yHrk aumif;bJ wdu
k pf pfyikd ;f uom wd;k wufvmvkYd
ADvm 3 - 0 0ufpf[rf; (2012) aemuf
i,fupm;orm;trsm;pk&JU jrefEIef;jrifhupm;yHkudk yGJcsdefjynfhxdef;EkdifzkdY
0ufpf[rf; 1 - 2 ADvm (2011) vl
rvG,fbJ trSwfvkdaewJhtdrf&SifwkdY&JU n§pftm;aMumifh tm;ay;r,fqkd
wef;qif;ZkefxJu ADvmudkyJtm;ay;zkdY ajymyg&ap/
ref,lwdkYxdyfqkH;ae&mNrJapzkdY {nhfonfawGudk {nfhcH&mrSmwm0efauszkdYawmh
ref,l (1) Vs tJAmwef (5)
rvG,af vmufygbl;/ ref,[
l m tJAmwefeYJ awGUqHw
k idk ;f tompD;upm;avh&NdS yD;
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
uawmh usO;f ajrmif;avh&w
dS mudak wmh owdxm;zkYdvydk gvdrrhf ,f/ {nfo
h nfwYdk
tJAmwef 1 - 0 ref,l (2012) &v'f
uvnf; ref,ltoif;taMumif; aemausatmifodxm;MuolrkdY owdxm;xde;f
ref,l 4 - 4 tJAmwef (2012)
m;zG,&f ydS gw,f/ ref,&l UJ tdru
f iG ;f &v'f[maumif;rGeNf yD; ½IH;yGJuvnf;
tJAmwef 0 - 1 ref,l (2011) upm;oG
wpfyGJom&SdwmrdkY z,fvkdifeD? zD;vfeAD;? atmhprefeYJ *sv
D mApfwYd&k UJ upm;tm;
b,favmufaumif;rvJqw
dk m apmifMh unf&h rSmyg/ cseyf ,
D v
H *d yf pJG OfaMumifh tdr&f iS w
f YdkEidk rf ,fq&dk ifawmif *d;k enf;Ekid yf gw,f/
td r f & S i f w k d Y [ m&v'f y d k i f ; wk d ; wuf v mNyD ; *s&wf & J U ajcpG r f ; jyrI e J Y t wl
vDAmyl;vf (7) Vs 0ufpfb&Gef; (9)
pwm;&pf&JUwkd;tm;aMumifh upm;yHkaumif;rGefvmovkd wkdufppf[m *dk;awG
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
0ufpb
f &Ge;f 1 - 2 vDAmyl;vf (2012) ydk&vmaeygNyD/ 0ufpfb&Gef;toif;uawmh vlumvl? tkd'rf0if*DwkdY&JU
0ufpb
f &Ge;f 3 - 0 vDAmyl;vf (2012) *dk;aygufvGJacsmfrIeJYtwl oHk;yGJqufwkdufEkdifyGJaysmufqHk;rIudk tqkH;owfzkdY
vDAmyl;vf 0 - 1 0ufpb
f &Ge;f (2011) 'DyGJrSmvnf; tcGifhtvrf;enf;yg;EkdifNyD; ta0;uGif;&v'f raumif;rGefrIaMumifh
vDAmyl;vftoif;&JU tEdkif&vkdrIudkawmh {nfhonftoif;wm;qD;EkdifzG,f
rjrifrdygbl;/

Breaking News
awmh[if[rfa[mhpyg;toif;\t"duwkdufppfrSL;'Dzkd;onf avhusihfa&;uGif;twGif;&&SdcJhonfh ajccsif;0wf'Pf&m
aMumihf okH;ywfcefYtem;,l&rnfjzpfojzifh ,ckwpfywftdrfuGif;0Iduf[ufvdef;wGifupm;rnfh e,l;umq,fESihfyGJukd
vGJacsmfrnfjzpfaMumif; pyg;toif; Website wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
refp;D wD;toif;\ tkid Af &DuYdkpf t"duuGi;f v,fvl ,m,mwkad &;onf tmz&duzvm;wGif tkypf t
k qifu
h yif xGucf mG cJ&h
ojzihf toif;okYd apmpD;pGmjyefvmum ref,El iS f h 9rSwf tjzwfcx
H m;&onfh refp;D wD;ukd zvm;&,lay;Ekid &f ef vmrnfah qmuforfwef
toif;ESihfyGJwGif yg0ifupm;rnfjzpfaMumif; The Sun owif;pmodkY ajymMum;cJhonf/ olonf refpDwD;toif;wGif
vpmtjrihfqkH;upm;orm;wpfOD;jzpfNyD; wpfywfvQif aygif 200ç000 xd cHpm;cGifh&olvnf; jzpfonf/

a
39
VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

wuúov
kd 0f ifwef; "mwkaA'ajzqkrd v
I rf;nTef
]*kPfxl;xGufvkdolawGtwGuf wpfcef;csif;u
uGufvyfjznfUtm;vHk;udk jy|mef;uyJMunfUyg}
q&mnDnD? N3 ukd,fykdiftxufwef;ausmif;

t

&ifqHk; ar;cGef;yHkpHudk ajymygr,f/
2012 ckEpS f wkid ;f a'oBuD;eJY jynfe,f
toD;oD;rSm ar;oGm;wJhar;cGef;yHkpHt& ar;cGef;
rSm Section A ESihf B qkdNyD; &Sdygw,f/ ar;cGef;
1 u rSm;? rSef ar;cGef;jzpfNyD; Chapter 1 rS 7
txd tcef;rsm;u wpfaMumif;pDar;rSmjzpfyg
w,f/ 7 rSwfzkd;jzpfNyD; a&G;cs,fcGihfr&Sdyg/
ar;cGef; 2 onf uGufvyfjznhfar;cGef;
rsm;jzpfNyD; Chapter 8 rS 14 txd tcef;rsm;u
wpfaMumif;pDar;rSm jzpfygw,f/ 7 rSwfzkd;
jzpfNyD; a&G;cs,fcGihfr&Sdyg/
ar;cGef; 3 u Select ar;cGef;ajz&rSmyg/
Chapter 15, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 wpf c ef ; pD u
wpfaMumif;pDar;rSm jzpfygw,f/ 7 rSwfzdk;
jzpfNyD; a&G;cs,fcGihfr&Sdyg/
ar;cGef; 4 rSefwmwGJajz&r,hf ar;cGef;
jzpfygw,f/ List A ESihf List B wkdYudk rSefwm
wGJzufay;&r,hfar;cGef;yg/ Chapter 7 rS 13
wkYd rS ar;avh&ydS gw,f/ 7 rSwzf ;dk jzpfNyD; a&G;cs,f
cGihfr&Sdyg/
ar;cGef; 5 Definition awG a&;ckdif;wJh
ar;cGef;jzpfygw,f/ &Spfckar;ygw,f/ ESpfpOf
Chapter 1 rS 7,13 uae wpfcef;rS wpfckyHkpHeJY
ar;avh&Sdygw,f/ 8 rSwfzkd;jzpfNyD; a&G;cs,fcGihf
r&Sdygbl;/ Section A rSm trSwfaygif; 36
rSwfzdk;jzpfygw,f/
Section B &JU ar;cGef; 6 rSm wpfyk'fudk 2
rSwfeJY ajcmufyk'ftwGuf 12 rSwfjzpfygw,f/
Chapter 1, 2, 8, 4, 5 ESifh 15 uae ar;rSmjzpfygw,f/
ar;cGef; 7 rSm wpfyk'fvQif 4 rSwfeJY ig;
yk'fajz&rSmjzpfygw,f/ pkpkaygif;trSwf 20 zkd;
jzpfygw,f/ &Spfyk'fay;xm;NyD; BudKuf&m ig;yk'f
ajz&rSmyg/Chapter 4, 5, 1, 10, 2, 9, 6, 15 wkdYrS
ar;oGm;ygw,f/
ar;cGef; 8 rSm wpfyk'fvQif 8 rSwfeJY
BudKuf&m av;yk'fa&G;&rSmjzpfygw,f/ pkpkaygif;
&Spfyk'fay;xm;r,f/ 32 rSwfzkd;ay;xm;ygw,f/
pH uwpfyk'f? Chapter (7) Hess’s Law
ykpämeJY ÓPfprf;wpfyk'f? Chapter (14) Organic
Chemistry u 2 yk'f? Chapter 10,11,12 u

wpfyk'f? Chapter 10, 11, 12 u
"mwfaiGUxkwfazmfyHk? Chapter 3 u Titration
eJY Chapter 9 rS Manufacture ar;oGm;ygw,f/
atmif½HkyJ rSef;wJholawGuawmh Chapter
1 u 7 txd Munh&
f if&NyD; *kPx
f ;l rSe;f wJo
h al wG
uawmh Chapter 1 to 7 tjyif Chapter 13, 14
ydkif&if *kPfxl;xGufygNyD/ *kPfxl;xGufcsifol
awGu 1 rSwfweftm;vHk; ydkifatmifMunhfzkdY
vkdygw,f/
Manufacture

jyefvSefavhusifh&r,hf pmrsm;taeeJY
Chapter 1 wGif Definition rsm;? Complete
Electronic Structure, Essential Electronic
Structures a&;wwf&r,f/ Group, Period,
Valence pojzihf &Smwwf&r,f/ Atomic Size,
Ionize Size ÓPfprf;ar;cGef;rsm;? Ionization
Energy, Electron Affinity ÓPfprf;rsm;? Ionic
Bond, Covalent Bond, Coordinate Bond

ÓPfprf;ar;cGe;f rsm;eJY wpfrw
S w
f efar;cGe;f twkd
txGmrsm;udk jyefvnfavhusihfyg/
Chapter 2 wGif Gas Law awGusuw
f t
hJ cg
pmom;tjyif ocFsmenf;azmfjycsuu
f akd wmif;&if
vdktyfovkd ajzqkday;&r,f/ Definition awG
wpfckrusef usufzkdYvdktyfw,f/ Boyle’s Law
qkdif&mykpäm? Relation T and P qkdif&mykpäm? Gas
Law equation qkdif&mykpämawGu 4 rSwfwefrSm
tar;rsm;wJYtwGuf yHkaoenf;awGrrSm;atmif
avhusifhyg/ Log Z,m;udkzwfwm wdusygap/
Graham’s Law qkdif&m ykpämrsm;tajzay;wJh
tcg ,lepfudk*½kpdkufyg/ Mole Concept eJY
qkdifwJh ykpämawGjyefusihfyg/ Density of gas eJY
Relative density of gas ukd cGJjcm;wwf&r,f/
Equation qkdif&m ÓPfprf;ykpämawGar;vmNyD
owdxm;yg/
Chapter 3 wGif 8 rSwfwefar;wJhtcg
jy|mef;pmtkyfu ykpämawGudk yHkpHwl*Pef;vGJ
odkYr[kwf wkduf½dkufyJar;ygw,f/ "mwfjyK
nDrQjcif;awGa&;wJt
h cg Solid(s), Liquid(l), gas
(g), Aqueous(aq) pojzihf Condition awG rusef
ygapeJY? nDrQjcif;atmufrmS vnf; Mole tcsK;d ukd

"mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif

a&;zkYdrarhygeJY/ ykpmä &JUqkv
d &dk if;udk em;vnfatmif
vkyNf yD; oH;k &r,hyf akH oenf;rsm;eJY csdex
f ;kd pOf;pm;
wGufcsufwwfzkdYvdkygw,f/
Chapter 4 rSm Electrolysis jzpfpOfrS
Cathode, Anode Reaction rsm;udk tydi
k af vhusifh
xm;yg/ Chemical Energy in to Electrical
Energy rSm rD;rSdefwJhjzpfpOf? ÓPfprf;udkMunhf
xm;&r,f/ Faraday First Law, Second Law
qkdif&m ykpämawGudk ESpfpOfar;aewmudk owdjyK
&r,f/ Electroplating, Silver Plating, Chromium Plating u toH;k jyKwhJ Electrode Equation
ukd txyfxyfjyefMunhfyg/
Chapter 5 rS m Oxidation Number
&Smenf;? Equation wpfaMumif;rSm b,fol
"mwfwkd;w,f (Oxidized) b,fol"mwfavsmh
w,f (Reduced) qkdwm od&r,f/ b,folu
Oxidizing Agent jzpfNyD; b,folu Reducing
Agent jzpfw,fqkdwm cGJjcm;wwf&r,f/nDrQ
jcif;awGukd Oxidation Number Method odYkr[kwf
Ion Electron Method eJY n§djcif;eJYywfoufvkdY
ay;xm;wJh avhusihfcef;rsm;udk aocsmjyefwGuf
yg/
Chapter 6 eJY 7 rSm 4 rSww
f ef Equilibrium
ukd ESpfpOfwpfyk'f ar;avh&SdwmaMumihf Equilibrium ukd oufa&mufwJYtcsufawG avhvm
usufrSwfxm;&r,f/ Rate of Reaction tay:
vTr;f rd;k wJt
h csuf ajcmufcsufuv
kd nf;usufrw
S f
&r,f/ Hess’s Law eJY ykpämvnf; ESpfpOf 8
rSwfwefrSm ar;avh&Sdygw,f/
Chapter 8 rSm ta&;BuD;wJh 8 rSww
f efawG
uawmh Downs Process, Solvay’s Process,
Magnesium from sea water wkdYyJjzpfygw,f/
Chapter 9 u 2012 ckESpf ar;cGef;udk jyef
qef;ppfwt
hJ cg 8 rSww
f efawGu Copper from
copper Pyrites, Zinc from zinc blende, Iron
from haematite, Silver from silver glance

(Cyanide process) wkdYjzpfygw,f/

4 rSwfwef
taeeJY 'Dtcef;u nDrQjcif;enf;wJhtwGuf
owåKawG&JU*kPfowdå? toHk;0ifyHk? Z,m;awG
&,f? zGJUpnf;rIowåK½dkif;trnfZ,m;awGeJYtwl
nDrQjcif; 15 aMumif;cefYukd usurf w
S o
f ihyf gw,f/
Chaper 10, 11, 12 rSm xkwfazmfyHku
ESpfpOf 8 rSwfwefar;ygw,f/ Manufacture
wpfyk'f 'DESpfygEkdifygw,f/ 4 rSwfweftaeeJY
awmh Equation odYkr[kwf ÓPfprf;wpfy'k f ESppf Of
ar;avh&ydS gw,f/ wpfrw
S w
f eftaeeJY uGuv
f yfrmS
3 rSwfzkd;? Matching rSm 3 rSwfzkd; ar;avh&Sd
ygw,f/
Chapter 13 rSm Definition aocsmusuf?
pH ykpmä awGukd tjyefve
S w
f u
G /f pH ay;NyD; (H+)
Concentration ar;wJy
h pk mä awGukd yHak orrSwb
f J
udef;*Pef;ajymif;vJar;rSm owdjyKyg/ Ka eJY
pKa ykpämydkif;vnf; ydkifatmifvkyf/ Acid wkdY&JU
Strength awG[m pKa tenf;? trsm;qkdifwm
aocsmMunh?f Salt hydrolysis awGvnf; ar;aeNyD/
Chapter 14 ESpp
f Of 8 rSww
f ef ESpyf 'k af r;wJh
twGuf *kPx
f ;l &zkYd tydik u
f sufrw
S &f r,ht
f cef;
jzpfw,f/ Equation awGukd a&;usuyf g/ emrnf
pmvHk;aygif;awGudk rrSm;atmif *½kpdkufyg/
ar;cGef;yHkpHtrsKd;rsKd;udk aocsmcGJjcm;NyD; avhvm
usufrSwfyg/ 8 rSwfwefajzr,hf av;yk'frSm
Organic ukdydkif&if ESpfyk'faocsmNyDqkdwJhtodeJY
txyfxyfavhusifhyg/ Petroleum Chemistry
taeeJY 8 rSwfweftjynhfrvmEkdifbl;/ Organic
Equation eJYwGJNyD; 4 rSwfzkd;avmufyJar;r,f/
*kPfxl;xGufvkdolawGtwGuf wpfcef;
csif;u uGufvyfjznhftm;vHk;udk jy|mef;uyJ
Munhfyg/ jy|mef;ur[kwfbJ rqkdifwmajz&if
trSwfr&ygbl;/ rSm; ? rSefuawmh ar;csifwdkif;
ar;vdkY&w,f/ wpfrSwfwef 36 rSwfzdk;rSm 20
zkd;avmufawmh tm;vHk;&r,farQmfvifhygw,f/
„

44
b
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17 , 2013

wuúúodkvf0ifwef; yx0D0ifbmom&yfajzqdkrIvrf;ñTef
wu
]ausmif;om;twGufomru EkdifiHtwGufygta&;ygwJU bmom&yfjzpfygw,f}
a':eDeDat; (uxdu? XmerSL;? yx0D0ifXme? usKdif;wkHwuúokdvf)
tay:rSmvnf; rlwnfygw,f/
tck r S pmvk y f r ,f h o l t wG u f a wmh
tqifajyEdkifrSmr[kwfbl;/
ausmif;om;trsm;pk ykpämwGufwJhtcg
aumif ; uif " mwf y H k r S m Equation av;awG
usuf r S w f & r,f / ajrjyif t xuf t jrif h u
(Above the Sea Level) udak wmh A vdYk owfrw
S f
wmudk rrSm;ygapeJY? aocsmrSwx
f m;yg/ A
vm;? H vm;

x0D0ifar;cGef;yHkpHrSm tydkif; u? c? *?
C? i? p qdkNyD;&Sdygw,f/ tydkif; u rSm
1-u? c? * vdkY xyf&Sdygw,f/ 1-u rSm rSm;?
rSef a&G;&rSmyg/ wpfcu
k kd wpfrw
S ef YJ ig;ckajz&wJh
twGuf ig;rSw?f 1-c rSm uGuv
f yfig;ckar;xm;
w,f/ wpfckudk wpfrSwfEIef;eJY ig;rSwfyg/ 1-*
rSmawmh uGufvyfjznfhzdkY tajz oHk;ckay;xm;&m
rSm tajzrSefwpfckudk jznfhay;&rSmyg/ wpfckudk
wpfrSwfEIef;eJY ig;ckqdkawmh ig;rSwfyg/
ar;cGef;tydkif; (c) obm0yx0D0ifrSm
oHk;yk'far;NyD; wpfyk'fajz&rSmyg/ tJ'DrSm ar;cGef;
eHygwf 2? 3? 4 jzpfNyD; ar;cGef; 2? 3 u Essay
Type jzpf N yD ; ar;cG e f ; 4 u Short Note
(rSwpf w
k )kd yHpk aH v;ckar;r,f/ ESpcf k ajz&ygr,f/
ar;cGef;tydkif; (*) pD;yGm;a&;yx0D0ifrSm
oHk;yk'far; wpfyk'fajzyg/ ar;cGef; 5? 6? 7
ay;xm;&mrSm 5? 6 u Essay Type jzpfNyD; 7
uawmh Short Noteav;ckay;NyD; ESpcf ak jz&rSmyg/
ar;cGe;f tydik ;f (C) jrefrmEdik if H yx0D0ifrmS
ar;cGef; 8? 9? 10 rSm 8? 9 u Essay Type ?
10 u Short Note av;ckay; ESpfckajzyg/
ar;cGef;tydkif; (i) urÇmhyx0D0ifrSm
ar;cGef; 11? 12 u Essay Type jzpfNyd; 13 u
Short Note ajz&rSmyg/ 'Dar;cGef;awGtwGufu
15 rSwfzdk;pDjzpfygw,f/
ar;cGef;tydkif; (p) vufawGUyx0D0ifrSm
ar;cGef; 14-u ? c &SdNyD; 14-u rSm ykpäm
wGucf sufrjI zpfNyD; 14-c uGe'f akd jryHjk zpfygw,f/
atmifrw
S rf eS ;f wJh ausmif;om;awGuawmh
ar;cGe;f tydik ;f u rS i txd&w
dS hJ urÇmyh x0D0if?
jrefrmhyx0D0if? pD;yGm;a&; yx0D0if? obm0
yx0D0ifwYkdxu
J wpfcck ek YJ vufawGUyx0D0ifukd
tydkifMunfhr,fqdk&if atmifrSwfrSef;vdkY&ygNyD/
tydkif; p vufawGUyx0Du ydkifydkifEdkifEdkif
ajzEdik &f if vH;k 0trSwaf vQmhvYkd r&wJh trSwjf ynfh
&EdkifwJh ar;cGef;yg/ tJ'gudk ajzEdkif&if 25 rSwf
zdk;&NyD/ aemuf tydkif; c rS i txd tydkif;
wpfckrSm wpfyk'fajzEdkifr,fqdk&if 15 rSwf&NyD/
yHkuvnf; tcsKd;pm;user,f? vufa&;vnf;
&Sif;vif;r,f? tcsuftvufawGvnf; tukef
ygr,fqdk&if 15 rSwfu vHk;0ravsmhygbl;/

y

'gaMumifh trSwf 40 u aocsm&Edkifygw,f/
yx0D0ifrSm yHkaumif;&ifvnf; trSwfay;xm;
NyD;om;yg/ tcsKd;pm;use&if ravsmhygbl;/
vufawGUyx0D 0ifrmS ydik Ef ikd pf mG avhusix
hf m;&if
tjynfh&rSmyg/ tcef;awGudk jzefYNyD;rusufbJeJY
wpfyikd ;f udk xH;k vdak cs a&vdak ESmuf ajzEdik &f ygr,f/
yx0D0ifbmom&yfu *kPx
f ;l xGuv
f ,
G f
wJh bmom&yfyg/ *kPfxl;rSef;wJh ausmif;om;
ausmif;olawGu tydkif;ajcmufckvHk;udk tydkif
vkyfxm;wJhtwGuf tay:ar;cGef; tydkif; u rS
rSm;? rSefajzwJhae&m? uGufvyfjznfhwmawG
twGuv
f nf; vG,u
f o
l mG ;Ny?D tJ't
D wGuf 15 rSwf
ajy;rvGwb
f ;l / tydik ;f c rS i twGuu
f vnf;
xH;k vdak cs a&vdak ESmuf Munfx
h m;NyDq&kd if tydik ;f
wpfckcsif;pDrSm aumif;aumif;ajzEdkifrSmyg/
yH k q G J & if v nf ; twd t usr[k w f & if a wmif
tcsKd;pm;use&if trSwfavsmhp&mr&Sdygbl;/
tcsuftvufjynfhpHk&if pdk;&drfp&mr&Sdygbl;/
tcktcg urÇmrSm yx0D0ifbmom&yfeJY
pdrfh0ifaewJht&mawG trsm;BuD;&SdwJhtwGuf
aMumifh pdw0f ifpm;wmeJYtrQ *kPx
f ;l xGuEf ikd w
f hJ
bmom&yfyg/ ausmif;om;&JU pdwf0ifpm;rI

]]

pmar;yGJcef;uae
apmapmxGufwmu
ajzEdkifwm? rajzEdkifwmxm;
olt&ifxGufw,f?
igt&ifxGufw,fqdkNyD;
pwdkifvkyfMuw,f/
apmapmrxGufygeJh?
tcsdefjynfUajzyg/
ajzxm;wm jyefppfzdkh
tcsdefcsefxm;ay;yg/

}}

rrSm;ygapeJY/ olY&JU Equation awG od&r,f/
tJ'gav;awG rSm;wwfw,f/ uGef'dkrsOf;tajccH
oabmawG em;vnfxm;&r,f/ uGef'dkrsOf;
tpdyftusJudkMunfhNyD; 'gu b,fae&mrSm&SdvJ?
b,fa'ovJ? avhvmjyefq&kd wmawG vufawGU
yx0D0ifrmS ajz&w,f/ jynfe,fcek pfc?k wdik ;f ckepfc&k JU
NrdKUawmfawGudk od&r,f/ NrdKUawmfudkodNyD;
{&m0wDjrpfuawmh b,fwdkif;udk jzwfpD;w,f?
oHvGifjrpfuawmh b,fwdkif;udk jzwfw,f?
ppfawmif;uawmh b,fujkdzwfw,f/ b,fuo
kd Gm;
w,fqw
kd m A[kow
k taeeJY odxm;rSom uGe'f kd
ajryHak jzwJt
h cgrSm wGucf sufwmawG vkyv
f Ykd &
r,f/ yHq
k w
JG m wu,fwrf;awmh rcufcv
J b
S ;l /
uGef'dkajryHkudk qGJr,fqdk&ifvnf; uGef'dk
ajryHk&JU tjcif;&mvu©PmawGudk odxm;zdkY
vdkw,f/ em;vnfoabmaygufzdkY vdkw,f/
tJ'DyHkawG&JUatmufrSm Index vdkYac:wJh yHk&JU
tñTef;awG&Sdw,f/ uGef'dkrsOf;awG qufqGJoGm;
wJhtcg wpfckeJYwpfck tjrifhayjcm;em;jcif;
qdkwmawG&Sdw,f/ tJ'gawGvnf; od&r,f/
yHkatmufrSm pau;ay;xm;wJhtwGuf 'DyHk[m
pmwrf;pau;vm;? yHjk ypau;vm; cGjJ cm;od&r,f/
aemufwpfcku vwåDusL? avmif*sDusL
qG J w mod & r,f / ausmif ; om;trsm;pk u
vwåDusL? avmif*sDusLudk rodMubl;/ uGJuGJ
jym;jym; odxm;zdkYvdkygw,f/
yx0D 0 if b mom&yf [ m ausmif ; om;
twGufomru EdkifiHtwGufyg ta&;ygyg
w,f / bmaMumif h v J q d k a wmh t"d u u
Geolecturer qd k w J h yx0D 0 if e nf ; pepf e J Y
taMumif ; jcif ; &mrsm;\ tusKd ; taMumif ;
quf p yf r I u d k em;vnf r S o m wd k i f ; jynf u d k
tusKd;jyKEdkifrSmjzpfw,f/ 21 &mpkrSm jrefrmrSm
omru urÇmrSmyg ta&;ygvmNyD/ 21 &mpkrSm
urÇmrSma&BuD;w,f? ajrNydKw,f? rD;awmif
aygufw,f? 'gawGjzpfaew,f/ jrefrmrSmvnf;
'gawGudk BudKwifjyifqifNyD;vkyf&r,f/ tJ'Dvdk
BudKwifjyifqifzdkY yx0D0ifudk em;vnfae&
r,f/ oabmaygufae&r,f/
Oyrm-ae&mwpfckrSm taqmufttHk
wpfck aqmufr,fq&kd if tJ'aD e&m&JU wnfae&m

vwå D w G ' f b,f a vmuf ? avmif * sD w G ' f
b,favmufrSm&SdaevJ/ b,fvrf;uae oGm;&
rvJqdkwm azmfjyxm;wJh ajryHkvdkygw,f/
&efoal wGukd wdu
k cf u
kd zf YkdtwGuf olwYkd &Sw
d hJ
ae&m? awmifuek ;f awG odr;f ydu
k af wmhr,fqv
kd nf;
ajryHkvdkwmygyJ/ EdkifiHtwGuf ta&;ygygw,f/
yx0D0ifynm&Siaf wG[m Environmental
ywfoufolawGygyJ/ obm0ywf0ef;usifeJY
ywfoufwJh jzpfay:aewJh taMumif;t&mawG
udk ajz&Sif;r,fqdk&if yx0D0ifynm&SifawG
t"duusygw,f/ yx0Dynm&SifawGu One
Dimension r[k w f b J Multi Dimension
bmom&yfyg/ tbufbufudk OD;wnfaewJh
bmom&yfyg/ tukev
f ;kH aMumif;usKd;qufE,
T rf I
&SdwJh bmom&yfjzpfwJhtwGuf ausmif;om;
twGufomru EdkifiHtwGufyg ta&;ygwJh
bmom&yfjzpfygw,f/
yx0D0ifbmom&yfudk ausmif;om;awG
pdwf0ifpm;rIenf;yg;vmjcif; aemufuG,frSm
qd k ; usKd ; awG & S d y gw,f / yx0D 0 if q d k w m
rnHhatmif oifwmyg/ vlnHh&if wdkif;jynf
nH h r ,f / yx0D 0 if r oif w J h ausmif ; om;
wpfa,mufu ta&SU? taemuf? awmif? ajrmuf
udk rodawmhbl;/ t&yfrsufESmudk rod&if
ta&SU? taemufrSm qufET,faewJh tdrfeD;csif;
EdkifiHawGudkvnf; rodawmhbl;/ tdrfeD;csif;
Edik if u
H rkd od&if e,ferd w
d jf yóemawG ay:ayguf
vmr,f/ 'Djyóemudkrod&if wdkif;wpfyg;&JU
e,fajrcsJUxGifrIudk cHpm;&rSmaygh/ 'gaMumifh
vlnHhrjzpfatmif oif&rSmyg/
tajccHuae wuúodkvfa&mufwJhtxd
yx0D0ifbmom&yfudk r,lrae&? roifrae&
qdkNyD; oif&r,f/ tJ'DvdkrSvnf; yx0DtajccH
udk em;vnfr,f/ vlnrhH jzpfawmhb;l / wu,fvYkd
wuúov
kd af &muf&ifvnf; tajccHuae oifxm;
wJt
h wGuf yx0D0ifeYJ ywfoufwhJ taMumif;t&m
awG A[kokw&SdaeNyD/ 'gawGudk odaeNyDqdk&if
b,fbmom&yfyJ,l,l 'Duav;wpfa,mufu
Edik if u
H t
kd usK;d jyKEikd w
f o
hJ l jzpfvmrSmyg/ ausmif;om;
wdkif; yx0D0ifudk pdwf0ifpm;rIenf;wmeJYtrQ
EdkifiHrSmyg qdk;usKd;jzpfapygw,f/
pmar;yGJrSm tydkif;ajcmufckygwJhtwGuf
tydkif;wpfcktwGuf em&D0uftcsdef&ygw,f/
aoaocsmcsmusurf w
S x
f m;wJt
h wGuf tydik ;f u
udk tcsdefodyf,lp&mrvdkbJ ajzEdkif&if 15 rdepf
avmufeJY &r,f/ tydkif; c rS i txdu Essay
Type jzpfwJhtwGuf vufa&;jywfom;NyD; yHkudk
tcsKd;usqGJEdkifr,fqdk&if rdepf 20 avmufeJY
ajzEdkifr,f/ ydkwJhtcsdefawGonf vufawGU
yx0DrSmjznfhNyD; jyefvnfppfaq;zdkY 10 rdepf
avmuf csefxm;&if tqifajyygw,f/
yGJr0ifcif tjyifujyifqifwJhtaeeJY
yHkMurf;qGJr,f? ar;cGef;a[mif;ajzMunfhr,f?
tcsdeftuefYtowfeJY csdefudkufavhusifhr,f
qdk&if tqifajyygw,f/
rSm;avh&Sdwmu vwåDwG'f? avmif*sDwG'f
awG rSm;a&;rdwwfwm? yHkqGJwJhtcg 'oreJY
jzwfwJhae&mawGrSm rsm;aomtm;jzifh rSm;wwf
Muw,f/ yHkqGJwJhtcg tNrJwrf;ajrmuft&yfudk
ñTefjywwfygw,f/
pmar;yGJcef;uae apmapmxGufwmu
ajzEdkifwm? rajzEdkifwmxm; olt&ifxGuf
w,f? igt&ifxGufw,fqdkNyD; pwdkifvkyfMu
w,f/ apmapmrxGufygeJY? tcsdefjynfhajzyg/
ajzxm;wm jyefppfzdkY tcsdefcsefxm;ay;yg/
yx0Dynm&yf jrefrmEdkifiHtESHYrSmysHUESHYNyD;
ausmif;om;jynfow
l pf&yfv;kH udk todynmawG
wdk;yGm;zdkYarQmfvifh&if; ajzMum;vdkufygw,f/

45
c

VOICE

The

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

wuúúodkvf0ifwef; orkdif;bmom&yfajzqdkrIvrf;ñTef
wu
]tcsdefukdufajzEkdifatmif avhusifhyg}
a'gufwmodef;OD; (uxdu? orkdif;Xme? &efukefwuúodkvf)

pm

ar;yGJeJYywfoufNyD; orkdif;bmom&yf
udk ajym&r,fqdk&if ar;cGef;yHkpHuae
pajymygh r,f/ ar;cGef;yHkpHrSm (u? c? *?C)
&Sdw,f/ ar;cGef; tyd k i f ; u? 1-u) rS m
uGuv
f yfjznfch idk ;f w,f/ tJ'rD mS urÇmo
h rkid ;f u
ig;ck ? jref r mh o rk d i f ; u ig;ck ? wpf c k u d k
wpfrSwfEIef;eJY 10 rSwf&r,f/
1 (c) rSm rSm;? rSefa&G;&r,f/ tJ'DrSm
urÇmhorkdif;u ESpfck? jrefrmhorkdif;u oHk;ck?
wpfckudk wpfrSwfEIef;eJY 5 rSwfyg/ rSm;? rSef
qdkwmyJajz&ygr,f/
1 (*) rSm ay;xm;wmawGxJu trSef
a&G;&wmyg/ ay;xm;wJh tajzoHk;ckxJu tajz
wpfckudk ajzay;&wm/ jrefrmhorkdif;u ESpfck?
urÇmhorkdif;u oHk;ck? wpfck wpfrSwfEIef;eJY 5
rSwfyg/
ar;cGe;f tydik ;f (c) rSm rSwpf w
k kd &Spyf 'k af r;
w,f/ jrefrmhorkdif;u av;yk'f? urÇmhorkdif;u
av;yk'f? tJ'DtxJu BudKufwmav;yk'fa jz&
ygr,f/ wpfyk'fudk 5 rSwfEIef;eJY trSwf 20
zdk;ajz&rSmyg/
tydkif; (*) rSm ar;cGef;&Snfyg/ jrefrmh
ordkif; ig;yk'fay;xm;&mrSm BudKufESpfouf&m
ESpfyk'fajz&ygr,f/ wpfyk'fudk 15 rSwfEIef;eJY
ESpfyk'f ajz&rSmyg/
tydkif; (C) rSm urÇmhordkif; ig;yk'fay;
ESpyf 'k af jzr,f/ wpfy'k f 15 rSwef YJ ESpyf 'k q
f akd wmh

]]

trSwf 30 zkd;yg/ 'gawGtm;vHk;aygif;vkduf&if
trSwf 100 zkd;jynfhygNyD/
ausmif ; om;awG &nf r S e f ; csuf t &
*kPx
f ;l twGuf rSe;f w,fq&kd if urÇmo
h rkid ;f a&m?
jrefrmhorkdif;a&m tcef;pHk tESHYavhvm&r,f/
bmaMumifhvJqdkawmh ar;cGef;rSm tcef;aygif;pHk
yg0ifatmif ar;cGef;xkwfxm;wmyg/ orkdif;

ausmif;om;awG ar;cGef;udk aocsmrzwfbJ
omrefumvQHumzwfNyD; ajzwmawG awGY&ygw,f/
ar;cGef;u Oyrm-yxrurÇmppfjzpf&wJUtaMumif;t&if;udkar;&if
vwfwavmeJh tajccHtaMumif;t&if;qdkwm &Sdygw,f/
tJ'grSm;wwfygw,f/ ar;wmeJh ajzwmeJhrudkuf&if
bmtrSwfrS ay;vdkhr&ygbl;/
tm;emNyD; trSwfay;wmvnf; r&Sdygbl;/

}}

bmom&yfrSm&SdwJh tcef;awGtm;vHk; rydkif&if
awmh *kPfxl;rxGufygbl;/
atmif½HkavmufyJ rSef;xm;w,fqdk&if
awmhjrefrmhorkdif;tm;oef&if jrefrmhorkdif;
csnf;yJMunhf? urÇmhorkdif;tm;om&if urÇmh
orkdif;udkyJ tydkifMunhfyg/ Oyrm - urÇmhorkdif;
u tcef; ajcmufcef;? jrefrmhorkdif;u tcef;
ajcmufcef;&Sdygw,fqdkygpdkY? urÇmhorkdif;a&m
jrefrmhorkdif;a&m ajzcsifw,fqdk&if urÇmh
orkdif;tcef; oHk;ck? jrefrmhorkdif; tcef; oHk;ck
Munhf&ifvnf;&ygw,f/
ordkif;bmom&yf jy|mef;csufawG[m
ausmif;om;awGtwGuf t&rf;rsm;ygw,f/
ausmif;om;&JU BudK;pm;tm;xkwfrIvdktyfovdk?
q&muvnf; ausmif;om;awG pdwfyg0ifpm;
atmif oifEikd rf jS zpfrmS yg/ q&mudck spfrS bmom
udkcspfw,fqdkwJhpum;t& ordkif;bmom&yfudk
ausmif;om;u pdwf0ifpm;w,fqdk&if tJ'D
bmomoifwJhq&mudk cspfvdkYyg/ 'gaMumifh
q&mtay:rSm rlwnfovdk pmt&rf;rsm;wJh

twG u f ausmif ; om;uvnf ; Bud K ;pm;
tm;xkwfEdkifrSjzpfrSmyg/
jyóem&Sdwmu ar;cGef; (c) rSwfpkwdk
rSm vdk&if;wdk;&Sif;yJajzyg/ bD'Datqdk bD'Dat
taMumif;? bDtdkifatqdk bDtdkifattaMumif;yJ
ajzyg/ ausmif ; om;awG rS m ;wwf w mu
Oyrm-bD'Datar;w,fqdk&if &JabmfoHk;usdyf
uae pajzwwfMuw,f/ usufxm;wJhtwdkif;
ajzw,f/ q&mwdkYtaeeJY pmppfwJhtcgrSm
olwdkYajzxm;wJhtxJrSm trSwfay; pnf;rsOf;eJY
ud k u f n D w mawG a wG U &vd k Y trS w f & ayr,f h
ajzqdkwJh ausmif;om;twGuf ar;xm;wmudk
uGufwdrajzEdkifwJhtwGuf ajzqdkwJh tcsdefawG
ukefygw,f/
oifwJhq&mawGtaeeJY 'Duae pajz?
'Dem;rSm&yfqdkwmawG ajymjyxm;zdkY vdktyfyg
w,f/
ausmif;om;awG ar;cGef;udk aocsmrzwf
bJ omrefumvQHum zwfNyD;ajzwmawG awGU&
ygw,f/ ar;cGef;u Oyrm-yxrurÇmppf
jzpf&wJhtaMumif;t&if;udkar;&if vwfwavm
eJY tajccHtaMumif;t&if; qdkwm&Sdygw,f/
tJ'grSm;wwfygw,f/ ar;wmeJY ajzwmeJY
rudkuf&if bmtrSwfrS ay;vdkYr&ygbl;/ tm;em
NyD; trSwfay;wmvnf; r&Sdygbl;/
t"durSmcsifwmu ordkif;rSm ouú&mZf
rSm;&if trSwrf ay;ygbl;/ jrefrmEdik if H vGwv
f yf
a&;&wm 1948 ckESpf Zefe0g&Dv 4 &ufqdk&m
rSm ouú&mZfrSm;wmeJY vHk;0trSwfay;vdkY r&yg
bl ; / ord k i f ; bmom&yf r S m ouú & mZf u
toufyg/ trSm;rcHygbl;/
pmar;yGJrSm ordkif;bmom&yfajzqdkcsdef
ravmufbl; rjzpf&atmif tckcsdefupNyD;
udk,f&NyD;om;pmudk tvGwfcsa&;Munfhjcif;
jzifh tcsdefudkufajzEdkifatmif avhusifhyg/
tvGwfcsa&;wJhtwGuf Mumcsdeftwdkif;twm
udk odEdkifrSmjzpfygw,f/ ordkif;bmomu
usupf mjzpfwt
hJ wGuf pdwt
f m½Hpk pk nf;rI&atmif
pmrusufcif w&m;xdkifyg/ w&m;xdkifNyD;rS
pmusufyg/

tvkd&Sdonf
Web Developer (1) Post
1/ owif;rD'D,mvkyfief;udk pdwfyg0ifpm;NyD; tcsdefay;Edkif&rnf/
2/ wuúodkvf0ifwef;atmifjrifNyD; touf 35 ESpfxuf rBuD;oljzpf&rnf/

Web Team Staff (1) Post
1/ tifwmeufwGif toHk;jyKonfh jrefrmpm½dkufpepf aZmf*sDESifh ,leDukwf (ESpfrsKd;pvHk;)
udk em;vnf&ef vdktyfNyD; aZmf*sDudk uRrf;usifpGm toHk;jyKwwf&rnf/
2/ owif;rD'D,mvkyfief;udk pdwfyg0ifpm;NyD; tcsdefay;Edkif&rnf/
3/ wuúodkvf0ifwef;atmifjrifNyD; touf 30 ESpfxuf rBuD;oljzpf&rnf/

aejynfawmfESifh rEÅav;½Hk;cGJ
owif;axmuf

(4) OD; (usm;^r)
1/ owif;rD'D,mvkyfief;udk pdwfyg0ifpm;NyD; tcsdefay;Edkif&rnf/
2/ wuúodkvf0ifwef;atmifjrifNyD; touf 30 ESpfxufrBuD;oljzpf&rnf/
3/ aejynfawmfESifh rEÅav;NrdKUwGif aexdkifolrsm;om avQmufxm;EdkifNyD;
vkyfief;tawGUtBuHK&Sd&ef rvdktyfyg/
4/ aejynfawmf½Hk;cGJtwGuf trsKd;orD;rsm;udk OD;pm;ay;a&G;cs,frnf/

pdwf
wfyg0ifpm;olrsm;onf ,ck aMunmonfhtcsdefrSpí azazmf0g&Dv 28 &uf aemufqHk;xm;NyD; newsrooms@thevoiceweekly.net odkY tD;ar;vfjzifhjzpfap? zufpfjzifhjzpfap
atmufazmfjyyg Living Color Media (The Voice Weekly) ½Hk;cef;odkY vludk,fwdkifjzpfap vma&mufavQmufxm;Edkifonf/
1/ &o
&omuG
muGef'dk? trSwf 458-460? av;vTm? tcef; (E) ? 31 vrf;ESifh r[mAE¨Kvvrf;axmifh? yef;bJwef; NrdKUe,f? &efukef/ zkef;-95-1-242424? 389210? 389211? 372905
2/ trSwf ( 16^4)? jroDwmvrf;oG,f? 63 _ 64 ESifh 24 _ 25 Mum;? atmifajrompHNrdKUe,f? rEÅav;/ zkef;-02-74113

38
d
The

VOICE

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

vlrIa&;tzGJYav;ckudk

MFF

ESifU {&m0wDazmifa';&Sif; usyfodef; 200 axmufyHU

&efukef? azazmf0g&D 5

rmEdkifiHabmvHk;tzGJUcsKyf (MFF) ESifh {&m0wDazmifa';&Sif;wkdYu
wdkif;a'oBuD;av;ck&Sd vlrIa&;tzGJUtpnf;av;ckudk azazmf0g&Dv 5
&ufaeYu MFF ½Hk;cef;wGif axmufyHhaiGusyfodef; 200 ay;tyfcJhaMumif;
jrefrmEdkifiHabmvHk;tzGJYcsKyf jyefMum;a&;wm0efcHOD;pdk;rdk;u ajymMum;onf/
tqdkygvSL'gef;aiG usyfodef;
200 rSm 2013 ckESpf uGefjrLewD
zvm;NydKifyGJu&&Sdonfh uGif;0ifaMu;
ESifh MNL toif;ydkif&Sifrsm; pkaygif;
vSL'gef;onfh usyfodef; 100 ESifh
{&m0wDazmifa';&Si;f Ouú|u vSL'gef;
onfh usyfoed ;f 100 wdYk jzpf aMumif;
¤if;uqdkonf/
&efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; wGHaw;
NrdKUe,f bk&m;BuD;aus;&Gm&Sd r*Fvm
y&[dw bkef;awmfBuD;oifynma&;
ausmif;? yJcl;wdkif;a'oBuD; a&Tusif
NrdKUe,f&dS ynmhArd mefy&[dwbke;f awmf
BuD ; ausmif ; ? em*pf r k e f w d k i f ; 'Pf

t"ducHpm;cJh&onfh {&m0wDwdkif;
a'oBuD; a';'&JNrKd Ue,ftwGi;f &Sd rdbrJ?h
roefprG ;f ESihf csKdUwJEh rG ;f yg;uav;i,f
rsm; ynmoifp&dwfESifh rauG;wdkif;
a'oBuD; rif;bl;NrdKUe,f rZÑrd vGijf yif
vlrIuGef&ufwdkY&Sd uav;i,frsm;
ynmoifMum;Edik af &;twGuf axmufyhH
ulnDay;jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;xHrS
od&onf/
jrefrmae&Sife,fvd*fNydKifyGJ0if
toif;rsm;taejzifh wnfaqmufqJ
umvjzpfaomfvnf; y&[dwpdwf
tjynfhjzifh trsm;tusKd;aqmif&Guf
aeonfh y&[dwbkef;awmfBuD;oif

ynma&;ausmif;rsm;ESifh vlrIuGef&uf
tzGJYrsm;udk ulnDay;jcif;jzpfaMumif;?
rdom;pkpD;yGm;a&;tcuftcJaMumifh
vrf;rSm;a&mufomG ;Edik o
f nfh uav;i,f
rsm;udk ynmoifMum;ay;aeonfh
vlrItzGJYtpnf;rsm;udkvnf; ulnD
ay;&efvakd Mumif; {&m0wDazmifa';&Si;f
Ouú| OD;aZmfaZmfuajymqdkonf/
y&[dwtzGJYrsm;udk axmufyH
ay;tyfrIrSm arwåmay;tyfrIwpfckyif
jzpfNyD; wkdif;jynfwkd;wuf&ef ,if;
arwåmrsm;vkt
d yfaMumif; yJc;l wdik ;f a'o

SEA Games

BuD; a&TusiNf rdKUe,f&dS ynmhArd mef y&[d
wausmif;rSausmif;xdkifq&mawmf
a'gufwm&Sift*¾pm&u oHk;oyfajym
qdkonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHabmvHk;tzGJYcsKyf
taeESifh uGefjrLewDzvm;NydKifyGJudk
ESpfpOfusif;yoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; ESpfpOf
y&[dwbkef;awmfBuD;oif ynma&;
ausmif;rsm;ESifh vlrItzGJYtpnf;rsm;
ud k a xmuf y H h a y;oG m ;rnf j zpf o nf h
twGuf abmvHk;y&dowfrsm;tae
ESifh uGif;xJodkYvma&muftm;ay;

jcif ; jzif h ul n D a y;&ef v d k a Mumif ;
jref r mEd k i f i H abmvH k ; tzG J Y csKyf \
jyefMum;a&;wm0efcH OD;pdk;rdk;uajym
qdkonf/
jrefrmEdkifiH abmvHk;tzGJYcsKyf
taejzifh uGefjrLewDzvm;NydKifyGJudk
2012 ckESpf Edk0ifbmvu ae&Sife,f
vd*fcsefyD,H &efukef,lEdkufwufESifh
½HI;xGufzvm;csefyD,H {&m0wDwdkY
yxrqHk;tBudrf,SOfNydKifcJh&m &efukef
,lEdkufwufu tEdkif&&SdcJhonf/
„

a&TwHqdyf 460 ay;rnf

&efukef? azazmf0g&D 7

ta&SUawmiftm&S tm;upm;
NyKdiyf JG (SEA Games) tzGUJ csKyfaumifpD
tpnf;ta0;qk;H jzwfcsut
f & tm;upm;
enf; 33 rsK;d yg0ifrnfh (27)Budraf jrmuf
SEA Games NyKdifyGJwGif a&TwHqdyfqk
460 ay;rnfjzpfaMumif; tm;upm;
0efBu;D Xme nTeMf um;a&;rSL;OD;aX;atmif
u The Voice Weekly ukd ajymMum;onf/
tkdvHypftm;upm;enf; 33rsKd;
wGif tm;upm;trsKd;tpm;aygif;
460 yg0ifrnfjzpfaomaMumifh a&T
wHqdyf 460 owfrSwfvkdufjcif;jzpf
onf[k ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
tqkyd g tpnf;ta0;rwkid rf u
D
tm;upm;enf; 31 rsKd;rS a&TwHqdyf
qk 444 ckomay;&ef owfrSwfxm;
aomfvnf; a'owGif;EkdifiHrsm;u
tkv
d yH pftm;upm;enf;tcsKUd ukd xyfrH
xnfhoGif;ay;&ef awmif;qkdrIrsm; &SdcJh
onft
h wGuf ,ckuo
hJ Ydk tm;upm;enf;
ESifh qkwq
H yd rf sm; wk;d jr§iv
hf u
dk jf cif;jzpf
onf[k ¤if;uqkdonf/
tm;upm;enf; 33 rsKd;teuf
aejynfawmf&Sd tm;upm;uGif;rsm;
wGif tm;upm;enf; 26 rsKd;? &efukef
wGif ajcmufrsKd;? rEÅav;wGif trsKd;
orD;abmvHk;NydKifyGJESifh ykodrfNrdKUe,f&Sd
aiG a qmif u rf ; ajcwG i f &G u f a vS
tm;upm;enf;rsm;udk usif;yoGm;
rnfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEdkifiHtdkvHypf

aumfrwD twGi;f a&;rSL;OD;rsK;d vdiI x
f rH S
od&onf/
,ckusif;yrnfh SEA Games
NyKdifyGJwGif atmifjrifrI&&eftwGuf
tm;upm;tzGUJ csKyfrsm;taeESihf upm;
orm;rsm; tokH;jyKrnfh tm;upm;
ypönf;rsm;? tm;upm;enf;tvkduf
usif ; yrnf h u G i f ; rsm;? ½k H r sm;wG i f
ynm&Sifrsm;ESifh BuKdwifjyifqifxm;
&efvadk Mumif; ¤if;utBujH yKajymqko
d nf/
ta&SUawmiftm&S tm;upm;
NyKdifyGJ tzGJUcsKyfaumifpD tpnf;ta0;
u owfrSwfvkdufonfh tm;upm;

enf; 33rsK;d wGif tm;upm;trsK;d tpm;
aygif; 460 ygrnfjzpfonfhtwGuf
aiGwHqdyf 460ESihf aMu;wHqdyf 637
ck yg0ifrnfjzpfaMumif; tm;upm;0efBu;D
Xme nTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;aX;atmifu
xyfavmif;ajymqkdonf/
aejynfawmf? &efukef? rEÅav;
ESihf ykodrfNrKdU&Sd aiGaqmifurf;ajcwkdY
wGif (27) Budrfajrmuf SEA Games
NyKdifyGJukd 'DZifbmv 11 &ufaeYrS 22
&ufaeYxd usi;f yrnfjzpfonft
h wGuf
NyKdifyGJusif;y&ef &ufaygif; 305&uf
„
om usef&Sdawmhonf/

tm;upm;owif;wdkrsm;
- tm;upm;enf; 22rsKd ;yg0ifrnfh SEA Games tBuKd jynfaxmifpk
zvm; tm;upm;NydKifyGJudk azazmf0g&D v28 &ufaeYrS rwfv 7 &ufaeY
txd aejynfawmf&Sd tm;upm;uGif;rsm;wGif usif;yrnfjzpfaMumif;
tm;upm;0efBuD;Xme ½Hk;tzGJUrSL;OD;ausmfOD;xHrS od&onf/
- SEA Games NydKifyGJwGif ydkufausmfjcif; tm;upm;enf;rS
upm;enf; 10 rsdK; yg0ifrnfjzpfaomfvnf; a&TwHqdyf oHk;ck&&ef
&nfreS ;f xm;aMumif; jrefrmEdik if yH u
kd af usmfjcif;tzGUJ csKyfu twGi;f a&;rSL;
OD;ausmfZifrdk;uqdkonf/
- 'Pf&maMumifh tem;,lae&onfh Munfvif;? a'Apfxef;ESifh
Edkifvif;OD;wdkYudk SEA Games NydKifyGJtwGuf jyefvnfa&G;cs,foGm;rnf
jzpfaMumif; zdvpfydkifESifh ajcprf;yGJtNyD; owif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJwGif
enf;jycsKyfywfaqmif[Gmu ajymMum;cJhonf/
„

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

Vol.9 / No.6

xm;0,fpDrHudef;yg puf½HktrsKd;tpm; w&m;0ifrowfrSwf&ao;[kqkd
xm;0,f? azazmf0g&D 4

rHudef;qkdif&m ajrjyifvkyfief;rsm;udk 2010 jynfhESpfuwnf;upwifcJhonfh xm;0,ftxl;pD;yGm;a&;ZkefwGif yg0ifrnfhpuf½Hkrsm;udk ,cktcsdeftxd w&m;0ifrowfrSwf&ao;aMumif; ywf0ef;usif
xdef;odrf;a&;ESifh opfawma&;&m0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;OD;0if;xGef;u azazmf0g&Dv 4 &ufaeY jynfolYvTwfawmftpnf;ta0;wGif ajymMum;onf/
f xd taumiftxnf "mwfaiGU&nf (Liquefied Natural
xm;0,ftxl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef\ rS vlYusef;rma&;ESifh obm0ywf0ef; jcif;? tpD&ifcHpmpdppfoHk;oyfjcif;? vnf; ,cktcsed t
pufrv
I yk if ef;rsm;wGiyf g0ifrnfh puf½?kH usifudk xdcdkufapaom puf½Hkrsm; pDrHudef;vkyfief;cGif cGifhjyKjcif;wkdYESifh azmfaqmif&GufEkdifjcif;r&SdcJhay/
Gas) (LNG) ESifh a&eH"mwfaiGU&nf
zGJUpnf;rItm;enf;aomaMumifh Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)
tvkyf½HktrsKd;tpm;rsm;udk w&m;0if cGifhrjyKa&; ar;cGef;ESifhywfoufí pyfvsOf;í trsm;jynfolrsm;od&Sd&ef
owfrSwfxm;jcif;r&Sdao;bJ jynfy jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;0if;xGef;u xkwfjyefaMunmay;oGm;rSmjzpfyg tpdk;&u &nfrSef;xm;aom Zefe0g&D okad vSmif½rkH sm;udk wnfaqmufrnfjzpf
ukrP
Ü rD sm;udv
k nf; vkyif ef;aqmif&u
G f xkdokdYajymqkdcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
aMumif; wifjytyfygw,f}} [k olu vukefwGif a&eufqdyfurf;pwl;NyD; aMumif; tBuD;wef;trIaqmift&m&Sd
vQyfppfpuf½Hkrsm;wnfaqmufrnfh wpfOD;\ ajymMum;csufudkudk;um;í
cG i f h j yKxm;jcif ; r&S d a o;aMumif ;
obm0ywf0ef;usifESifh vlrI vTwfawmfwGif ajymqkdonf/
OD;0if;xGef;uqkdonf/
a&;qkdif&m xda&mufrIppfwrf;wkdYudk
tBuD;pm;vkyif ef;rsm; rpwifrD vsmxm;csuftygt0if tjcm;tcsuf Zefe0g&DvaESmif;ydik ;f u befaumufyYkpd f
acsmufrJqE´e,frS jynfolY uRrf;usifonfhyk*¾Kdvfrsm;yg0ifonfh tao;pm;ESifh tvwfpm;puf½Hkrsm; rsm; rjzpf a jrmuf c J h a Mumif ; vl r I owif;pmwGif azmfjycJhonf/
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fESifh jynfolY vGwv
f yfonft
h zGUJ tpnf;u aumuf,l udk NyD;cJhonfh 2012 atmufwkdbmv 0efxrf;ESifh jyefvnfae&mcsxm;a&;
xm;0,fwGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH&ef
vTwfawmf o,HZmwESifh obm0 oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; OD;0if;xGef;u wGif pwiftaumiftxnfazmfawmh 'kwd,0efBu;D OD;bke;f aqGu Zefe0g&Dv twGuf ig;ESpfwmumvESifh a&&Snf
ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;qkdif&m qdkonf/
rnf[k xkdpOfu xm;0,fpDrHudef; 24 &ufaeYwGif xm;0,fNrdKUawmf wGifjzpfvmEkdifonfh ueOD; pl;prf;
aumfrwDtwGi;f a&;rSL; OD;ode;f vGiu
f
]]ywf 0 ef ; usif E S i f h vl r I a &;? taxmuftuljyKtzGJUOuú|jzpfonfh cef;rüusif;yonfh tpnf;ta0; avhvmrIudk jyKvkyfNyD;jzpfaMumif;
xdik ;f Ekid if H &a,mif;jynfe,f rwåmyGwf use;f rma&;wkYdtay: xdcu
kd rf I qef;ppf OD;wifarmifaqGu ajymMum;cJhaomf wpf&yfwGif ajymMum;onf/
,if;owif;pmwGifazmfjyonf/
]]jzpfrvmwm taMumif;t&if;
tDwmvs-H xkid ;f ukrP
Ü \
D pDru
H ed ;f
u uRefawmfwkdY rlvzGJUpnf;cJhwJh zGJU pdwu
f ;l tpDtpOft&rl xm;0,ftxl;
pnf;rItm;enf;cJhwmvnf;ygw,f}} pD;yGm;a&;Zkew
f iG f obm0ywf0ef;usiu
f kd
[k OD;bkef;aqGuqkdonf/
qk;d &Gm;pGmxdcu
kd af ponf[k ywf0ef;usif
xdkif;EkdifiHu npfax;pufrIZkef xdef;odrf;a&;ynm&Sifrsm;ESifh a'ocH
rsm; xm;0,fwGif vma&muftajccs rsm; axmufjyajymqdak eonfh ausmufr;D
rnfudkpdk;&drfaom jrefrmESifh xdkif; aoG;oH;k "mwftm;ay;puf½?kH a&eHEiS hf
xm;0,f? azazmf0g&D 3
tajcpdu
k f vlrt
I zGUJ tpnf;rsm;? a'ocH obm0"mwf a iG U puf ½ H k r sm;? a&eH
rsm;\rlv)opfom;tdrfu rNydKbJ rsm;u ywf0ef;usiEf iS hf vlYuse;f rma&; "mwkpuf½pkH onfh puf½rkH sm;yg0ifonf/
r*¾g0yf 4000 xkwfvkyfrnfh
tckrSaqmufaewJhwkdufu NydKw,f udk xdcdkufapaom a&eH"mwkuJhodkY
qkdawmh vlaezdkYpOf;pm;p&mawGjzpf tBuD;pm;pufrIvkyfief;rsm; vufrcH ausmuf r D ; aoG ; oH k ; "mwf t m;ay;
vmw,f}}[k xm;0,fa'ozGHUNzdK; oifhaMumif; tpOfwpdkuf axmufjy puf½Hkwnfaqmufa&;udkrl ,refESpf
tpdk;&u &yfqkdif;cJhonf/
wk;d wufa&;tzGUJ (DDA) rS ebkv,f ajymqkdcJhonf/
xm;0,f p D r H u d e f ; taumif
ueOD;aqmufvkyfcGifh&
a'o n§dEIdif;a&;rSL;OD;av;vGifu
txnfazmfaqmif&u
G &f mwGif pDru
H ed ;f uefx½dkufwmrsm; wnfaqmufrI
ajymqkdonf/
b0gNrdKUopfprD u
H ed ;f wGif ueOD; ueOD; taumiftxnfazmfaqmif aESmifhaES;aeaomaMumihf xkdif;ESifh
rl ; 'l ; aus;&G m rS a 'ocH r sm;ud k a&T U &Gufonfh tDwmvsH-xkdif; ukrÜPD\ jref r mtpd k ; &csif ; csd w f q uf a om
ajymif;&efpDpOfxm;onf[k od&NyD; aiGaMu;tcuftcJ&ifqidk &f jcif;tjyif pDrHudef; tjzpftoGifajymif;cJhonf/
okYad omf pDru
H ed ;f taumiftxnf
,ckuJhodkYtdrfNydKjcif;aMumifh a'ocH avsmaf Mu;pHEIef;rwlnDjcif;ESifh ajr,m
jyóemrsm;udk &ifqkdifaeonf/
azmfa&;tzGJUtpnf; ,EÅ&m;tNyD;
av'PfaMumifhNydKvJcJhaom aqmufvkyfqJaetdrf "mwfykH-Dawei Watch rsm;u pdk;&drfvsuf&Sdonf/
xkdif;tpkd;&ydkif PTT rS obm0 rowfEkdifao;ay/ Dawei Watch
Dawei Watch
xm;0,fpDrHudef;aMumifh a&TU
]]rd;k u&Gmaew,f/ avuvnf;
ajymif;&rnfha'ocHrsm;twGuf wnf wk d u f a ew,f / 0k e f ; ceJ t oH M um;
aqmufay;vsuf&Sdaom b0gNrdKUopf awmh rk d ; Bud K ;ypf o H v k d Y xif w m/
pDru
H ed ;f ü wnfaqmufqJ tv,fvwf xMunfhawmh tdrfNydKaewmudk awGU
tqifh&Sd taqmufttHkwpfvHk;rSm w,f}}[k udkrdk;rdk;u&Sif;jyonf/
avjyif;'PfaMumifh Zefe0g&Dv 30
,if;ukrP
Ü \
D wnfaqmufqJ
&ufaeYwGif NydKuscJhaMumif; a'ocH taqmufttHkESpfvHk; 2012 ckESpf
rsm;uajymMum;onf/
ZlvdkifvaESmif;ydkif;wGif NydKuscJhNyD;
a'ocHrsm;u rlvaqmufvkyf ajcmufvcefYtMumwGif aemufxyf
aexkdifaom opfom;tajcjyKaetdrf td r f w pf v H k ; xyf r H N yd K uscJ h j cif ; jzpf
rsm;rSm xdcu
kd rf rI &Sb
d J xdak qmufvufp onf / Nyd K usjcif ; ES i f h y wf o uf í
uGefu&pf tajcjyKaetdrf NydKuscJh ukrÜPDu rnfonfh&Sif;vif;ajymqkd
&jcif;jzpfonf/ tcsKdUtaqmufttkH rIrQ r&Sdao;ay/
rsm;rSm avjyif;aMumifh trdk;rsm;vef
b0gNrdKUopfpDrHudef;wGif wnf
cJhonf/
aqmufaeonfh taqmufttHkrSm
{&m0wD v if ; yd k i f u k r Ü P D r S RC oG y f r k d ; ES p f x yf t d r f r sm;jzpf N yD ;
wm0ef,lwnfaqmufaeonfh tkwf tBuD;? tvwf? tao;[k oHk;rsKd;cGJ
eH&HrJhacgifrdk;om&Sdaom ,if;tdrfrSm jcm;xm;onf/ tdrftBuD;\wefzdk;
n 12 em&D0ef;usifwGif NydKuscJhjcif; rSm usyf 206 odef;? tvwfusyf
jzpfaMumif; aqmufvufptaqmuf ode;f 180 ESih f tao;usyo
f ed ;f 150 ode;f
ttHek aH b;&Sd opfom;ESpx
f yftrd w
f iG f toD;oD;wefzdk;owfrSwfxm;onf/
aexdkifonfh touf 24 ESpft&G,f
]]tckNydKusoGm;wJh wku
d af b;rSm
udkrdk;rdk;uajymqkdonf/
&SdwJh t&ifuaqmufxm;wJh (a'ocH

xm;0,fpDrHudef; jyefvnfae&mcsxm;a&;{&d,m
aqmufvufptdrf xyfNydK

"mwfykH-weoFm&Dcspfolrsm;

,ck&ufykdif;twGif; vkdifpifrJhum;rsm;ukd pwifzrf;qD;aeNyDjzpfonf/
,cktcsdeftxd vkdifpifrJhum;tcsKdU zrf;qD;&rdxm;NyD;jzpfaMumif; oufqkdif&mxHrS od&Sd&onf/

42
ii
The

VOICE

Oya'ajrBuD;ay:ta&muf
onfrGef
BuD;us,fus,f taMumif;t&mr[kwf/ wpfavmu EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;
jr§KyEf rHS q
I ikd &f m enf;Oya'xGuv
f mawmh zwfMunf&h if; Oya'qdw
k u
hJ pd u
ö kd
awG;rdygw,f/ tckESpfydkif;xJrSm pdwf0ifpm;p&maumif;wJh tajymif;tvJawG
jzpfwhJ vl? rlEiS hf Oya'pwmawGxu
J Oya'qdw
k u
hJ pd w
ö pfcu
k kd awG;qMunfrh yd gw,f/
Oya'a&;&m *sme,fwpfckrSm udprö sm;twGuf w&m;½Hk;awmf&JU a&SU
zwfrw
d mu w&m;cGiaf wGrmS Oya'eJY arSmufrSm pdppftwnfjyKzdkY &nf&G,f
tnD &SmazGqHk;jzwfavh&SdwJh trSef w,fvdkY qdkygw,f/ 'gayrJh vlxku
w&m;u Oya't& trSefw&m;om bmaMumif h Oya'rsm;tay:rS m
jzpfygw,fwJh/ w&m;rQwrItay: ouf0ifrI tm;enf;&ygovJ/
tajccH N yD ; vl w d k Y o wf r S w f a &;qG J
oabmw&m;t& Oya'qdw
k m
xm;wmjzpfwJhtwGuf tcsdefra&G;? awG[m w&m;rQwrIudktajccHNyD;
ae&mra&G; rSefuefwJh trSefw&m;rsKd; a&;qGJw,fvdkY qdkayr,fh tmPm&Sif
r[kwfygwJh/
EdkifiHvm;? 'Drdkua&pDEdkifiHvm;qdkwJh
'gqdk&if tNrJwrf;rSefwJh trSef tay:rlwnfNyD; Oya'rSm w&m;rQwrI
w&m;rsKd; r[kwfbJeJY bmaMumifh b,fESusyfom;ygovJqdkwJhudpöu
'DOya'awGu vdt
k yfygovJ/ vlawG&UJ pum;ajymvmygw,f / 'gh t jyif
tjyKtrludk ajymif;vJzdkY 'grSr[kwf vTwfawmfutrwfrsm; tvkyfvkyf
xde;f csKyfzYkd? NyD;awmh usif0h wfeYJ rnDwhJ rvkyf? w&m;rQwrIudk vdkcsif rvdkcsif

tpdrf;a&mifpufbD;tzGJY ESifU xm;0,f
tzGJYrsm; qufvufvufwGJ&efpDpOf
xm;0,f? azazmf0g&D 2

"mwfykH-Dawei Watch

tpdrf;a&mifpufbD;tzJGU xm;0,fpDrHudef;{&d,mokdY a&muf&SdvmpOf
&efuek rf S xm;0,fprD u
H ed ;f {&d,m csifw,f}} [k ¤if;uajymonf/
odkY rdkifav;&mausmfc&D;a&muf&Sdvm
tqd k y gtpd r f ; a&mif p uf b D ;
onfh tpdrf;a&mifpufbD;tzGJUonf tzGJUonf 2013 ckESpf Zefe0g&Dv
xm;0,f a 'ocH obm00ef ; usif 25 &ufaeYwGif &efukefrS pwifcJhNyD;
tzGJUrsm;ESifh vufwGJrnfjzpfaMumif; rGejf ynfe,f bD;vif;? usKu
d x
f ?kd oHjzL
xdkpufbD;tzGJUwGif vdkufygvmonfh Z&yf? pufpu
J rf;ajcrS a&;NrdKU? weoFm&D
wdkif;a'oBuD; c&rf;acsmif;aus;&Gm?
Gaia Sustainable Management
a&umwmpDrHudef; wnfaqmuf&ef
Institute (GSM) rS OD;oufEdkifuajym
vsmxm;aom uvH;k xmaus;&Gma'ocH
Mum;onf/
NyD;cJhonfh&ufydkif;twGif;u rsm;ESifhvnf; awGUqHkcJhonf/
xd k Y tjyif ebk v ,f a 'o&S d
xm;0,f o d k Y a&muf & S d v maom
tpd r f ; a&mif p uf b D ; tzG J U onf xm;0,f-xdik ;f vrf; tlaMumif;tpESihf
obm0ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&; r,if;BuD;? vJa&Smif yka*gZGe;f aus;&Gm
vk y f i ef ; vk y f a qmif a eol r sm;ES i f h wdYkwiG f a'ocHrsm;ESiahf wGUqHck ahJ Mumif;?
H ed ;f {&d,mtwGi;f &Sd ausmufxw
k f
vdkufvHawGUqHkum a'ocHrsm;ESifh pDru
obm0ywf0ef;usifqdkif&m tawG; vkyfaeonfh wvdkif;owfawmifESifh
ajymif;a&TUae&mcsxm;ay;rnfhae&m
tjrifrsm; zvS,fcJhonf/
]]wpfoufvHk;pdkufysKd;xm;wJh jzpfonfh b0gNrdKUopfpDrHudef;wdkYodkY
O,smOfNcHajrawG obm0tvSawGu a&muf&Sdum azazmf0g&Dv 1 &ufaeY
pDrHudef;awG0ifvm&if ysufpD;oGm;Edkif wGif ,if;c&D;pOfNyD;qHk;cJhonf/
tpdrf;a&mifpufbD;tzGJUonf
w,f / 0d k i f ; 0ef ; NyD ; awmh nD n D
ñGwfñGwfeJY umuG,fzdkYvdkw,f}} [k 2004-2005 ckEpS rf pS wifum &efuek ?f
yJcl;? {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD;c&D;pOf
¤if;uqdkonf/
]]pufb;D tzGUJ rSm trsKd;orD;awG wdkYudk pD;eif;cJhNyD; 2012 ckESpfwGif
yg ygvmwmawGUawmh udk,fhudk,f jynfNrdKUc&D;pOfudk pD;eif;cJhonf/
weoFm&Dwdkif;a'oBuD;c&D;pOf
udk,f toHk;rusovdkcHpm;&w,f/
f &Snv
f sm;qH;k c&D;pOfjzpfonf/
wpfEdkifwpfydkifvkyfaqmifaeayr,fh rSm rdik t
aemufydkif;tpktzGJUeJY vkyfaqmifoGm;
Dawei Watch

Monday, February 11 - 17, 2013

qdkwJhtay:rSm rlwnfNyD;awmhvnf;
uGmjcm;oGm;Edkifygw,f/
Oya'rsm;u w&m;rQwrIudk
tajcrcH&if Oya'udk vlawGouf0ifrI
tm;enf;w,fqw
kd mudk tm;vH;k ud,
k f
awGUBuHKae&NyDjzpfygw,f/
atmufajcvlxu
k kd topfxu
G f
wJhOya'rsm;udk rdwfqufay;wJhtcg
txif;om;awGU&wmu Oya'rsm;
tay:rSm pdwyf suw
f m? ,HMk unfu;kd pm;rI
r&Sdwmyg/
]]Oya'u Oya'yJ/ cHae&wmu
cHae&wmyJ}}
]]Oya'u pmtkyx
f rJ mS yJ&w
dS myg}}
]]Oya'qd k w J h pum;vH k ; ud k
Mum;yJMum;zl;w,f}} qdkwJh pum;
awGudk trsm;qHk;Mum;&ygw,f/
'g[m tvGeftEÅ&m,frsm;wJh
udpjö zpfygw,f/ vuf&SdjyKjyifajymif;
vJrIaMumifh jzpfay:vmwJh tajymif;
tvJukd cHpm;cGi&hf zdYk q&kd if 'DtpGJ 'DtcH
awGukd wwfEikd o
f rQ cRwzf Ykdvykd gw,f/
Oya'qdw
k hJ pum;vH;k udk Mum;yJ
Mum;zl;w,fvdkY atmufajcvlxku
ajymwmvnf;rrSm;/ Oya'pmtkyf
awGu pmtkyfqdkifwdkif;rSm vG,fvifh
wul 0,fvdkY&EdkifwJh taetxm;rsKd;
r[kwf/ 'ghtjyif Oya'topfrsm;udk
jynfolvlxkudk&Sif;jywm rdwfquf
wmrsKd;vnf; us,fus,fjyefYjyefY
vkyfavhr&Sdawmh tckvdkrsKd;jzpfonf
rSm rqef;ay/
aemufwpfcku Oya'rSma&;
xm;wmawG[m omrefjynfolawG
a&SmceJem;vnfoGm;apwmrsKd;awG
r[kww
f mygyJ/ 'ghtjyif wdik ;f jynfukd
pDrHcefYcGJcGifh&xm;olrsm;u Oya'rJh
vkyfwm? Oya'udkta&;rpdkufwm?
Oya'udk vufwpfvHk;jcm;vkyfwm
rsK;d awGaMumifv
h nf; Oya'xJu wcsKUd
&Sm;&Sm;yg;yg; tcGit
hf a&;awGuakd wmif
jynfolawG rcHpm;&wmrsKd;&Sdygw,f/

tm;enf;csufrsm;? [muGufrsm;&Sd
w,fvdkY a0zefcH&wJh xm;0,ftxl;
pD;yGm;a&;ZkefOya'&JU wcsKdUaumif;wJh
tcsuaf wG[m pDru
H ed ;f qdik &f m wm0ef
&SdolawG&JU *½krxm;rIaMumifh a'ocH
awG epfemcJh&wmawG &Sdygw,f/
tvkyo
f rm;cefYxm;jcif;qdik &f m
udprö mS wcsKdUtcsufrsm;jzpfwhJ tvkyf
tudik t
f cGit
hf vrf;udk pDru
H ed ;f umv
tvdu
k f &mcdik Ef eI ;f owfrw
S Nf yD; rnfa&GU
rnfrQ ay;&r,f? ruRr;f usio
f rl sm;udk
oif w ef ; ay;&r,f q d k w mawG [ m
pmtkyx
f rJ mS yJ&w
dS mawG jzpfaecJyh gw,f/
'ghtjyif avsmfaMu;udpörSm
vnf; oD;yifpm;yifrsm;vdkY Oya'u
qdkxm;aomfvnf; wu,fhvufawGU
rSm ay;csifwJhtyifrsm;udkom ay;yg
w,f/ 'Dudpöudk rauseyfaomfvnf;
us,fus,favmifavmif ajymwJhol
awmh rsm;rsm;pm;pm;r&SdvSay/ Oya'
udk rodwm odNyD;rajym&Jwm pwJh
taMumif;awGaMumifh Oya'wpf&yf&UJ
touf0ifr[
I m Xmeqdik &f mu wm0ef
&SdolawG ta&;w,l toHk;jyKrSom
touf0ifovdkjzpfaeygw,f/
tckvnf; Edik if jH cm;&if;ES;D jr§KyEf rHS I
enf;Oya'xGuv
f mawmh 0rf;omp&m
yk'frwpfckudk awGUygw,f/ EdkifiHjcm;
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI enf;Oya'yk'fr 14
t& uefYowf odYkr[kwf wm;jrpfxm;
wJh &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIudk EdkifiHjcm;om;
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHolu vkyfcsifw,fqdk&if
tqd k j yKwJ h &if ; ES D ; jr§ K yf E S H r I t ay:
oufqdkif&ma'ou e,fajrcHvlxk
'grSr[kwf vlrIa&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;&JU
oabmxm;? tkycf sKyfa&; tzGUJ tpnf;
rsm;&JU oabmxm;eJYvyk if ef;aqmif&u
G f
r,fah 'otay:rlwnfNyD; aejynfawmf
aumifpD odkYr[kwf oufqdkif&mwdkif;
a'oBuD;tpdk;& odkYr[kwf jynfe,f
tpdk;&tzGJU&JU oabmxm;pwmawG
tay:rSm tajccHNyD; pdppfr,fvYkdqx
kd m;

ygw,f/ Oya'uajymwJh uefYowf
odYkr[kwf wm;jrpfxm;wJh &if;ES;D jr§KyEf rHS I
qdw
k m Edik if t
H wGi;f rSm&Sw
d hJ wdik ;f &if;om;
vlrsK;d rsm;udk xdcu
kd af paom vkyif ef;awG?
usef;rma&;? obm0ywf0ef;usifudk
xdcdkuf tqdyftawmufjzpfapwJh
vk y f i ef ; awG ? w&m;r0if a o;wJ h
aq;0g;awG? EdkifiHom;awG vkyfudkif
EdkifwJh ukefxkwfvkyfief;? pdkufysKd;
arG;jrLa&;? a&vkyfief; tJ'gawGudk
uefYowfwm;jrpfwJh vkyfief;tjzpf
EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI enf;Oya'u
qdkxm;ygw,f/
'DOya't&qdk&if rdk;ay:uus
vmwJhpDrHudef;rsm;&SdawmhrSmr[kwf/
a'ocHvlxkeJY vlrIa&;tzGJUtpnf;
rsm;&JU oabmxm;eJYpdppfNyD; cGifhjyK
xm;wJh pDrHudef;rsm;om&Sdygawmh
r,f/ 'gayrJh 'Dyk'fr b,favmuf
touf0ifrvJqw
kd mudak wmh apmifMh unfh
&OD;rSmjzpfygw,f/
Oya'u pmtkyfxJrSmyJ &Sdrae
zdYk ? wpfenf;ajym&&if Oya'awG r]t}
zdkY? Oya'awG ]ao} raezdkY vlxk&JU
udk,fh&JUtcGifhta&;eJY wm0efudkodrI?
taMumuf w &m;uif ; rI ? vl r I a &;
tzGJUtpnf;awG&JU &J&J0Hh0HhbufvdkufrI
uif;uif; vkyfaqmifrIrsm;u ta&;
BuD;ovdk Oya'rsm;eJY eD;pyfNyD; Oya'
rsm;eJYtnD pDrMH u&wJXh meqdik &f mrsm;u
wm0ef&SdolawGrSmvnf; wm0ef&Sdyg
w,f/ wu,fawmh Oya'qdkwm
Edik if w
H pfEikd if rH mS &Sw
d hJ vlxt
k wGuaf wmh
w&m;rQwrItwGuf ay;xm;csufyg/
tJ'Day;xm;csufudk em;rvnf&if?
ay;xm;csufudk ay;xm;csufrSef;rod
&ifawmh 'Hk&if;u 'Hk&if;jzpfaerSmygyJ/
pmtkyfpifay:? pm;yGJay:rSmyJ&SdwJh
Oya'? ajrBuD;ay:qif;rvmwJh Oya'
qdk&if xl;rjcm;em;ygyJ/
onfrGef

xdkif;a&xGufukef tar&duefppfaq;aeaomfvnf;
tvkyform;rsm; yHkrSefvpm&rnf[kqdk
befaumuf? Zefe0g&D 31

t&nftaoG;edrfhaps;csKdykpGefrsm; wifydkYonf[kqdkum tar&duefjynfaxmifpk\ ppfaq;rIcHae&ojzifh
xkdif;EdkifiH&Sd yifv,fpmxkwfpuf½HktcsKdU tvkyftudkifenf;yg;vmaomfvnf; jrefrmtvkyform;rsm;udk yHkrSef
vkyfcvpmay;&efn§dEdIif;xm;aMumif; xdkif;EdkifiHqdkif&mjrefrmoH½Hk;rS oHrSL; OD;ausmfausmfvGifuajymMum;onf/
jrefrmtvkyform;axmifcsD&Sdaom xdkif;EdkifiHr[mcsKdifNrdKUe,f&Sd pDyDyifv,fpmxkwfpuf½HkwGif tvkyf
orm;rsm; &ufjcm;í tvkyfem;ae&ojzifh tvkyform;axmifcsD tvkyfrS&yfqdkif;&rnfhtaetxm;ESifh BuHKawGU
ae&NyD;aemuf ,if;odkYueOD;n§dEdIif;vdkufjcif;jzpfonf/
Zefe0g&DvrSpí wpfywfvQifoHk;&ufomtvkyfvkyf&ojzifh tvkyform;rsm;\ aeYpOf0ifaiGESifh vpm
rsm;pGm usqif;oGm;NyD; puf½HkwGif jrefrmtvkyform;rsm;qufvufvkyfudkifvdkjcif; r&SdawmhvQif tjcm;puf½HkodkY
pdwfwdkif;usajymif;a&TUEdkifaMumif; puf½Hkwm0ef&Sdolrsm;u qdkxm;onf/
]]tvkyform;awGtqifrajyvdkY tvkyf½HkuBuD;MuyfolawGeJY n§dEdIif;vdkYr&wm oHk;&uf&SdoGm;NyD}} [k
befaumuftajcpdkuf jrefrmtvkyform;tzGJU (FTUB) rS OD;zdk;cGm;u ueOD;u ajymqdkxm;onf/
tar&duefypk eG zf rf;qD;xkwv
f yk o
f rl sm;\ wdik Mf um;csut
f & aps;uGuo
f Ykd t&nftaoG;edrahf ps;csKyd pön;f rsm;
wifydkYrIjzifh xdkif;? w½kwf? tif'dkeD;&Sm;? tDauGa'g? rav;&Sm;? tdE´d,ESifh AD,uferfwdkYrS tar&duefa':vm
av;bDvD,HcefYwefzdk;&SdydkYukefrsm;rSm NyD;cJhonfh&ufowåywfuwnf;u ppfaq;cHae&onf/
tjcm;yifv,ftpm;tpmxkwfvkyfa&; puf½Hkwpfckjzpfonfh evHk;puf½HkwGifvnf; tvkyform;rsm;
wpfywfvQifoHk;&ufomtvkyfqif;&ef tvkyf&SifuñTefMum;xm;aMumif; ,if;puf½HkwGif tvkyfvkyfudkifae
onfh jrefrmtrsKd;orD; tvkyform;wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
]]aemufvwdkifatmif ykpGefrsm;rxkwfEdkif? rydkYEdkif&if 'DvdkyJ tvkyfqufem;oGm;zdkY&Sdw,fvdkY qdkw,f}}[k
¤if;uqdkonf/
evHk;puf½HkwGif tvkyform; wpfaxmifcefYtvkyfem;cJh&NyD; xdkpuf½kHrStvkyform;rsm; em;&ufwGif
vkyfc&? r&udkrl &Sif;&Sif;vif;vif;rod&ao;ay/
xdkif;tvkyform;0efBuD;XmeESifh jrefrma&TUajymif;tvkyform;rsm; ulnDapmifha&Smufa&;tzGJUtpnf;wdkY
24 &ufaeY awGUqHkyGJwGifvnf; xdkif;xkwfukefykpGefrsm; jynfyodkYrydkYEdkifojzifh yifv,fpmxkwfvkyfa&; puf½Hk
vkyfom;rsm; wpfywfoHk;&ufom tvkyfqif;&aMumif; tvkyform;rsm;u wifjycJhzl;onf/
jrefrmtvkyo
f rm;tcGit
hf a&; uGe&f uftaeESiv
hf nf; pDyu
D rk P
Ü u
D wpfvvQif ESpBf udrt
f vkyo
f rm;rsm;udk
vpmay;onfhtaetxm;udk apmifhMunfhxm;rnf[kqdkxm;onf/
Dawei Watch