DESIGN, DEVELOP, DELIVER, DOMINATE

SOLDIERS AS THE DECISIVE EDGE
Dear Reader:
the first look, first strike advantage with unprecedented speed, accuracy, and lethality.

Soldiers are our most important customers. They are the focus of all our plans and are central to all that we accomplish. We are a workforce that
is dedicated to meeting the needs of Soldiers around the clock and around the world. We are an organization comprised of 10 Program Executive
Offices, two Joint Program Executive Offices, eight Deputy Assistant Secretaries, one Deputy for Acquisition and Systems Management, and
several major subordinate commands of the U.S. Army Materiel Command.

The Army Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology community joins with our key stakeholders to develop and field a versatile and affordable mix
of weapon systems and equipment to allow Soldiers and units to succeed in full-spectrum operations and maintain our decisive advantage over
any enemy we face. We make Soldiers strong by providing them with leading-edge technologies and advanced capabilities to dominate in our
current operations across the battlespace, while simultaneously preparing them to respond decisively to future threats.

In providing our Soldiers with world-class capabilities, we remain aware that our most important asset is our people. Our skilled and dedicated
professionals execute diverse responsibilities on a daily basis to enable the disciplined management of an extensive acquisition portfolio of
programs that include tactical wheeled vehicles; Soldier systems; air and missile defense; network; simulation; aviation; ground combat systems;
intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance; and precision fires. These responsibilities include science and technology as well as research and
development, program management, contracting, systems engineering, procurement policy, logistics policy, chemical weapons destruction and
demilitarization, defense exports and international cooperation, and other areas.

As we move forward, I will continue to emphasize sound business practices, program management, and effective execution of major weapons
systems while we help the Army to prioritize capabilities and modify existing programs to achieve long-term success. With this in mind, I think
all of you realize the future resource environment will be challenging. We can expect that budgets are going to be tighter, which means we have to
become a lot more efficient in the way we do business.

Every day America’s Soldiers put mission, unit, and country first. They serve with distinction in nearly 135 countries worldwide: Afghanistan,
Iraq, Bosnia, Kuwait, the Sinai, South Korea, the Philippines, and on every continent. They face threats that constantly evolve, and their skill
and courage in meeting these challenges is second to none. As you read this publication and learn more about the Acquisition, Logistics, and
Technology community and our major acquisition programs, you will understand that our highest priority is to continually improve force
protection and Soldier survivability. Soldiers are our most important customers. We will not let them down.

Heidi Shyu
Acting Assistant Secretary of the Army
(Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology)
and Army Acquisition Executive
WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
II

Table of Contents
How to Use this Book..................................................................................................... VI Chemical Demilitarization .............................................................................................66
Clip-on Sniper Night Sight (SNS) ..................................................................................68
Introduction .....................................................................................................1 Close Combat Tactical Trainer (CCTT) ........................................................................... 70
Combat Service Support Communications (CSS Comms) ............................................ 72
Weapon Systems ............................................................................................19 Command Post Systems and Integration (CPS&I) Standardized Integrated
2.75 Inch Rocket Systems (Hydra-70)........................................................................... 20 Command Post Systems (SICPS) .......................................................................... 74
Abrams Tank Upgrade .................................................................................................. 22 Common Hardware Systems (CHS) .............................................................................. 76
Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS) ............................................... 24 Common Remotely Operated Weapon Station (CROWS)................................................ 78
Advanced Threat Infrared Countermeasure/Common Missile Warning System Countermine ................................................................................................................. 80
(ATIRCM/CMWS) ................................................................................................. 26 Counter-Rocket, Artillery, Mortar (C-RAM)/Indirect Fire
Air Warrior (AW)............................................................................................................ 28 Protection Capability (IFPC)................................................................................... 82
Air/Missile Defense Planning and Control System (AMDPCS)........................................ 30 Cryptographic Systems ................................................................................................84
Airborne Reconnaissance Low (ARL) ............................................................................ 32 Defense Enterprise Wideband SATCOM System (DEWSS) ............................................ 86
All Terrain Lifter Army System (ATLAS).........................................................................34 Distributed Common Ground System-Army (DCGS-A)................................................... 88
Armored Knight ............................................................................................................ 36 Distributed Learning System (DLS) ...............................................................................90
Army Key Management System (AKMS) ....................................................................... 38 Dry Support Bridge (DSB) ............................................................................................. 92
Artillery Ammunition .....................................................................................................40 Enhanced Medium Altitude Reconnaissance and Surveillance System (EMARSS) .........94
Aviation Combined Arms Tactical Trainer (AVCATT)....................................................... 42 Enhanced Q-36 ............................................................................................................96
Battle Command Sustainment Support System (BCS3).................................................44 Excalibur (M982) .......................................................................................................... 98
Biometric Enabling Capability (BEC) ..............................................................................46 Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) ................................................................ 100
Black Hawk/UH/HH-60 ................................................................................................48 Fixed Wing.................................................................................................................. 102
Bradley Fighting Vehicle Systems Upgrade.................................................................... 50 Force Protection Systems .......................................................................................... 104
Calibration Sets Equipment (CALSETS) ......................................................................... 52 Force Provider (FP) ..................................................................................................... 106
CH-47F Chinook ...........................................................................................................54 Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2) ............................................. 108
Chemical Biological Medical Systems-Diagnostics ........................................................ 56 Forward Area Air Defense Command and Control (FAAD C2) ...................................... 110
Chemical Biological Medical Systems-Prophylaxis ........................................................ 58 Future Tank Main Gun Ammunition (FTMGA) ...............................................................112
Chemical Biological Medical Systems-Therapeutics ...................................................... 60 General Fund Enterprise Business Systems (GFEBS) ...................................................114
Chemical Biological Protective Shelter (CBPS) M8E1 .................................................... 62 Global Combat Support System-Army (GCSS-Army) ................................................... 116
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Dismounted Global Command and Control System-Army (GCCS-A) ............................................... 118
Reconnaissance Sets, Kits, and Outfits (CBRN DR SKO) .......................................64 Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) .................................................................................... 120

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Guardrail Common Sensor (GR/CS) ............................................................................ 122 Joint Chemical Agent Detector (JCAD) M4E1 ............................................................. 176
Guided Multiple Launch Rocket System (GMLRS) DPICM/Unitary/ Joint Chemical, Biological, Radiological Agent Water Monitor (JCBRAWM) ................. 178
Alternative Warhead (Tactical Rockets) .............................................................. 124 Joint Effects Model (JEM) ........................................................................................... 180
Harbormaster Command and Control Center (HCCC) ................................................. 126 Joint Effects Targeting System (JETS) Target Location Designation System (TLDS) .... 182
Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck (HEMTT)/ Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netted
HEMTT Extended Service Program (ESP) ........................................................... 128 Sensor System (JLENS) ...................................................................................... 184
Heavy Loader ............................................................................................................. 130 Joint Land Component Constructive Training Capability (JLCCTC) .............................. 186
HELLFIRE Family of Missiles ...................................................................................... 132 Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) .............................................................................. 188
Helmet Mounted Night Vision Devices (HMNVD) ......................................................... 134 Joint Personnel Identification Version 2 (JPIv2) .......................................................... 190
High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) ......................................................... 136 Joint Precision Airdrop System (JPADS)...................................................................... 192
High Mobility Engineer Excavator (HMEE) I and III ....................................................... 138 Joint Service General Purpose Mask (JSGPM) M-50/M-51......................................... 194
High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) Joint Service Transportable Small Scale Decontaminating
Recapitalization (RECAP) Program ...................................................................... 140 Apparatus (JSTSS DA) M26 ................................................................................ 196
Improved Environmental Control Units (IECU).............................................................. 142 Joint Tactical Ground Station (JTAGS) ......................................................................... 198
Improved Ribbon Bridge.............................................................................................. 144 Joint Tactical Radio System Airborne and Maritime/Fixed Station (JTRS AMF) ...........200
Improved Target Acquisition System (ITAS) ................................................................. 146 Joint Tactical Radio System Ground Mobile Radios (JTRS GMR) ................................202
Improvised Explosive Device (IEDD) ............................................................................ 148 Joint Tactical Radio System Handheld, Manpack, Small Form Fit (JTRS HMS) ............204
Individual Semi-Automatic Airburst System (ISAAS)-XM25 ........................................ 150 Joint Tactical Radio System Multifunctional Information
Installation Protection Program (IPP) .......................................................................... 152 Distribution System (MIDS) .................................................................................206
Instrumentable-Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System (I-MILES)................... 154 Joint Tactical Radio System, Network Enterprise Domain (JTRS NED) ........................208
Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) ................................................................. 156 Joint Warning and Reporting Network (JWARN).......................................................... 210
Integrated Family of Test Equipment (IFTE) ................................................................ 158 Joint-Automatic Identification Technology (J-AIT) ....................................................... 212
Interceptor Body Armor............................................................................................... 160 Kiowa Warrior ............................................................................................................. 214
Javelin ....................................................................................................................... 162 Light Utility Helicopter (LUH)/UH-72A Lakota.............................................................. 216
Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM) ............................................................................. 164 Lightweight 155mm Howitzer System (LW155) .......................................................... 218
Joint Battle Command-Platform (JBC-P) .................................................................... 166 Lightweight Counter Mortar Radar (LCMR) .................................................................220
Joint Biological Point Detection System (JBPDS) ....................................................... 168 Lightweight Laser Designator/Rangefinder (LLDR) AN/PED-1.....................................222
Joint Biological Standoff Detection System (JBSDS) ................................................... 170 Line Haul Tractor ........................................................................................................ 224
Joint Biological Tactical Detection System (JBTDS) ................................................... 172 Load Handling System Compatible Water Tank Rack (Hippo) ......................................226
Joint Chem/Bio Coverall for Combat Vehicle Crewman (JC3) ......................................174 Longbow Apache (AH-64D) (LBA) ..............................................................................228

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
IV

Table of Contents
M106 Screening Obscuration Device (SOD)-Visual Restricted Terrain (Vr) ..................230 Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable Tactical Terminal (SMART-T) ...................................286
Medical Communications for Combat Casualty Care (MC4) ........................................ 232 Sentinel ......................................................................................................................288
Medical Simulation Training Center (MSTC) ................................................................234 Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS) ................................290
Medium Caliber Ammunition (MCA) ............................................................................236 Small Arms-Crew Served Weapons ............................................................................292
Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS) ........................................................238 Small Arms-Individual Weapons..................................................................................294
Meteorological Measuring Set-Profiler (MMS-P)/ Small Caliber Ammunition ...........................................................................................296
Computer Meteorological Data-Profiler (CMD-P) ................................................. 240 Spider .........................................................................................................................298
Mine Protection Vehicle Family (MPVF) ...................................................................... 242 Stryker Family of Vehicles ...........................................................................................300
Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles (MRAP).................................................... 244 Tactical Electric Power (TEP) ......................................................................................302
Mobile Maintenance Equipment Systems (MMES) ..................................................... 246 Tactical Mission Command (TMC)/Maneuver Control System (MCS) ..........................304
Modular Fuel System (MFS)........................................................................................ 248 Tank Ammunition ........................................................................................................306
Mortar Systems ..........................................................................................................250 Test Equipment Modernization (TEMOD) ....................................................................308
Movement Tracking System (MTS) ............................................................................. 252 Transportation Coordinators’ Automated Information for
MQ-1C Gray Eagle Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) ..................................................254 Movement System II (TC-AIMS II)........................................................................ 310
Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) M270A1 .......................................................256 Tube-Launched, Optically-Tracked, Wire-Guided (TOW) Missiles ................................ 312
NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (GPS) .................................................................258 Unit Water Pod System (Camel II) ............................................................................... 314
Nett Warrior (NW) .......................................................................................................260 Warfighter Information Network-Tactical (WIN-T) Increment 1 .................................... 316
Night Vision Thermal Systems-Thermal Weapon Sight (TWS) ..................................... 262 Warfighter Information Network-Tactical (WIN-T) Increment 2 .................................... 318
Non-Intrusive Inspection Systems (NIIS) ....................................................................264 Warfighter Information Network-Tactical (WIN-T) Increment 3 .................................... 320
Nuclear Biological Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle (NBCRV)- Weapons of Mass Destruction Elimination (WMD-E) ................................................... 322
Stryker Sensor Suites..........................................................................................266 XM806 .50 Caliber Machine Gun ................................................................................ 324
One Semi-Automated Force (OneSAF) ........................................................................268
Paladin/Field Artillery Ammunition Supply Vehicle (FAASV) ......................................... 270 Science & Technology ....................................................................... 326
Palletized Load System (PLS) and PLS Extended Service Program (ESP) ................... 272 Force Protection ......................................................................................................... 327
PATRIOT Advanced Capability-Three (PAC-3).............................................................. 274 Advanced Aircraft Survivability ............................................................................ 327
Precision Guidance Kit (PGK) ...................................................................................... 276 Threat Detection and Neutralization for Route Clearance ..................................... 327
Prophet....................................................................................................................... 278 Defense Against Rockets, Artillery, and Mortars (RAM) Technologies .................. 327
Rough Terrain Container Handler (RTCH) ....................................................................280 Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance .......................................................... 328
RQ-7B Shadow Tactical Unmanned Aircraft System (TUAS) ........................................ 282 Advanced Common Sensor Payload .................................................................... 328
RQ-11B Raven Small Unmanned Aircraft System (SUAS) ............................................284 Integrated Radio-frequency Operations Network (IRON) Symphony ..................... 328

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Flexible Display Initiative ..................................................................................... 328 Appendices ........................................................................................ 341
Command, Control, Communications, and Computers ................................................329 Glossary of Terms .......................................................................................................342
Collaborative Battlespace Reasoning and Awareness (COBRA) ........................... 329 Systems by Contractors ..............................................................................................346
Multi-Access Cellular Extension (MACE).............................................................. 329 Contractors by State ...................................................................................................359
Lethalty ......................................................................................................................330 Points of Contact ........................................................................................................364
Small Organic Precision Munitions ......................................................................330
Medium Caliber Weapon and Ammunition ...........................................................330
Next-Generation Kinetic Energy Cartridge ...........................................................330
Medical ...................................................................................................................... 331
Advanced Transition Training Strategies for Post-Deployment: ArmySMART ....... 331
Detection and Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)...................................... 331
Alternative Dengue Fever Vaccine Strategy ......................................................... 331
Candidate Multivalent Vaccine Against HIV-1 .......................................................332
Damage Control Resuscitation ............................................................................332
Unmanned Systems ....................................................................................................333
Safe Operations of Unmanned Systems for Reconnaissance in
Complex Environments ........................................................................................333
Soldier Systems ..........................................................................................................334
Soldier Planning Interfaces and Networked Electronics .......................................334
Helmet Electronics and Display System-Upgradeable Protection (HEADS-UP) .....334
Reducing Soldier and Small Combat Unit Load ....................................................334
Aviation ......................................................................................................................335
Advanced Rotary Wing Vehicle Technology ..........................................................335
Logistics .....................................................................................................................336
Advanced Affordable Engine Technology .............................................................336
Transformational Vehicle Management System ...................................................336
Basic Research ........................................................................................................... 337
Summary ....................................................................................................................339

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
VI

How to Use this Book

All systems are in alphabetical order System interdependencies

204 205

Highlighted rectangles Lightweight 155mm Howitzer System (LW155)
indicate investment Lightweight 155mm Howitzer
System (LW155)

component Foreign military sales
INVESTMENT COMPONENT FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
MISSION Software upgrades incorporating the SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES Australia and Canada
Modernization
Provides direct, reinforcing, and general Enhanced Portable Inductive Artillery Other Major InterdependenciesArmy
Recapitalization CONTRACTORS
artillery fire support to maneuver forces. Fuze Setter and the Excalibur Platform Software Blocking, Defense Advanced
Prime:
Integration Kit hardware give the Global Positioning System Receiver
Maintenance BAE Systems (Hattiesburg, MS; Barrow-
DESCRIPTION
The Lightweight 155mm Howitzer
(M777A2) will replace all M198 155mm
M777A2 the capability to program and
fire the Excalibur precision-guided
munition.
PROGRAM STATUS
• 4QFY11: Full-rate production with a
in-Furness, United Kingdom)
Cannon Assembly (GFE):
Watervliet Arsenal (Watervliet, NY)
Contractor information
howitzers in operation with the Army total of 794 systems delivered—Army
(346), Marine Corps (391), Foreign Titanium Castings:
and Marine Corps. The extensive use Specifications for the M777A2
Military Sales (51), and the logistics Precision CastParts Corp. (Portland, OR)
of titanium in all its major structures Excalibur-compatible howitzer are:
base (6) Body:
makes it 7,000 pounds lighter than Emplace: Less than three minutes
Triumph Structures (Chatsworth, CA)
its predecessor, the M198, with no Displace: Two to three minutes
Castings:
sacrifice in range, stability, accuracy, Maximum range: 30 kilometer (rocket PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
• 2QFY12-2QFY14: Continued full- Howmet Castings (Whitehall, MI)
or durability, and it can be dropped by assisted round)

Mission statement: parachute. The M777A2’s independent
suspension, smaller footprint, and lower
profi le increase strategic deployability
Rate-of-fire: Four rounds per minute
maximum; two rounds per minute
sustained
rate production, Continued Army
and Marine Corps New Equipment
Training and fieldings, Support FMS

How the system benefits and tactical mobility. The system uses
numerous improvements to enhance
reliability and accuracy, and significantly
Ground mobility: Family of Medium
Tactical Vehicles (FMTV), Medium
Tactical Vehicle Replacement, five-ton
partners (Canada and Australia)

Warfighters, combatant increase system survivability.

The M777A2 is jointly managed; the
trucks
Air mobility: Two per C-130; six per
C-17; 12 per C-5; CH-53D/E; CH-47D;

commanders, and Marine Corps led the development
of the howitzer and the Army led
the development of Towed Artillery
MV-22
155mm compatibility: All fielded and
developmental NATO munitions

support personnel Digitization, the digital fire control
system for the M777A2.
Digital and optical fire control: Self-
locating and pointing, digital and voice
communications; self-contained power
supply

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support
Contractor locations
UNITED STATES ARMY WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012 are highlighted

Highlighted rectangles indicate
acquisition phase

UNITED STATES ARMY
VII

WHAT ARE SYSTEM Maintenance programs include the Production and Deployment achieves • Interoperability
INTERDEPENDENCIES? repair or replacement of end items, an operational capability that satisfies • Disposal/demilitarization
parts, assemblies, and subassemblies that mission needs. Components of this
The purpose of the System wear out or break. phase are: Because the Army is spiraling
Interdependencies section is to • Low-rate initial production technology to the troops as soon as it
identify which other weapon systems or • Full-rate production criteria is feasible, some programs and systems
components (if any) the main system WHAT ARE ACQUISITION • Full-rate production and deployment may be in all four phases at the same
works in concert with or relies upon PHASES? • Military equipment valuation time. Mature programs are often only
for its operation. We categorize the in one phase, such as operations and
interdependencies in two ways: 1) under Technology Development refers to Operations and Support ensures support, while newer systems are only
the heading “In this Publication,” which the development of a materiel solution that operational support performance in technology development.
is a listing of systems in this 2012 edition to an identified, validated need. During requirements and life cycle sustainment
and 2) “Other Major Interdependencies,” this phase, the Mission Needs Statement of systems are met in the most cost- For additional information and
which is a listing of systems that are not is approved, technology issues are effective manner. Support varies but definitions of these categories and terms,
included in this publication. considered, and possible alternatives are generally includes: please see the Glossary.
identified. This phase includes: • Supply
• Concept exploration • Maintenance
WHAT ARE INVESTMENT • Decision review • Transportation
COMPONENTS? • Component advanced development • Sustaining engineering
• Data management
Modernization programs develop and/ Engineering and Manufacturing • Configuration management
or procure new systems with improved Development is the phase in which • Human factors engineering
warfighting capabilities. a system is developed, program risk • Personnel
is reduced, operational supportability • Manpower
Recapitalization programs rebuild and design feasibility are ensured, • Training
or provide selected upgrades to and feasibility and affordability • Habitability
currently fielded systems to ensure are demonstrated. This is also the • Survivability
operational readiness and a zero-time, phase in which system integration, • Safety and occupational health
zero-mile system. interoperability, and utility are • Information technology supportability
demonstrated. It includes: • Environmental management functions
• System integration • Anti-tamper provisions
• System demonstration
• Interim progress review

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
THE AMERICAN SOLDIER IS
OUR HIGHEST PRIORITY AND MOST PRECIOUS ASSET

UNITED STATES ARMY
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WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
2

ASA(ALT)
MISSION VISION

Provide our Soldiers a decisive advantage in any Highly efficient, effective, agile organization
mission by developing, acquiring, fielding, and responsible for acquiring, developing, delivering,
sustaining the world’s best equipment and services supporting, and sustaining the most capable
and leveraging technologies and capabilities to meet affordable systems and services for our Soldiers:
current and future Army needs • Enabling our Soldiers to dominate the
battlespace, safely and securely
• Enabling our Soldiers to achieve first look,
first strike advantage with unprecedented
speed and accuracy
UNITED STATES ARMY
3

STRATEGIC CONTEXT
The U.S. Army is involved in combat operations around the world key stakeholders to build a versatile mix of tailorable and networked
against adaptive enemies able to take advantage of the ever-increasing organizations, operating on a rotational cycle, to provide a sustained
pace of technological change. Concurrently, we are facing an flow of trained, equipped, and ready forces for full-spectrum
increasingly constrained fiscal environment. In this challenging operations and to hedge against unexpected contingencies—at a
environment, our goal in the Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology tempo that is predictable and sustainable for our all-volunteer force.
community is to do everything we can to provide the best equipment
and services to our Soldiers, to enable them to be successful across
the full range of military operations today and into the future. Our
Soldiers need the fire and maneuver capabilities that allow them to
communicate, engage, and disengage. Our troops must continue to
operate with confidence in their equipment, operational capabilities,
communication, enhanced situational awareness, and force protection.
We must provide our Soldiers a decisive advantage in every fight so they
return safely from every operation and engagement.

Modernizing the Army enables us to counter rapidly emerging
threats that change the nature of battlefield operations. This is
accomplished by capturing lessons learned from the range of combat
to include close combat and improved explosive devices. The Army
must develop and field new capabilities or sustain, improve, or divest
current systems based on operational value, capabilities shortfalls,
and available resources. These decisions are based on the principles
identified in the Army’s Modernization and Equipping Strategies
and are influenced by the results of detailed deliberations within the
Army’s maturing Capability Portfolio Reviews.

Decentralized operations are required within the context of Mission
Command. The complex and uncertain strategic environment
dictates the need for capabilities and weapon systems that provide
the essential qualities of adaptability and versatility to operate
in current and future environments across the full spectrum of
military operations.

Lessons learned from the current operating environment and a
capability-based assessment revealed that some current capabilities
do not adequately counter the current threats and lack the
capability needed to adequately meet the operational requirements
of future warfighting concepts and threats. We are working with

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
4

SOLDIERS AS THE DECISIVE EDGE
The Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and
Technology (ASA(ALT)) is deeply invested in developing, delivering,
and sustaining the best weapons technology available to assist
Soldiers in executing the myriad of operational requirements in a
fluid and volatile strategic environment. With the Soldier as the key
focus, ASA(ALT) seeks to equip Soldiers with the best in cutting-
edge technology and effectively manage up to 600+ programs that
are vital to success in combat.

ASA(ALT)’s focus is closely aligned with the Army Modernization
Strategy, which outlines a series of key goals—such as the
continued development of new technologies engineered to provide
Soldiers with the decisive edge in battle. These technologies in
development span a range of new capability to include robots,
sensors, Unmanned Aircraft Systems, missiles and missile guidance
systems, emerging combat platforms such as the Ground Combat
Vehicle, and key technologies such as the Army’s maturing network,
designed to connect Soldiers, sensors, and multiple nodes to one
another in real-time to improve operational effectiveness across the
full spectrum of combat operations.

UNITED STATES ARMY
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At the same time, the modernization strategy places a premium on examination of groups of technologies and systems from a portfolio
finding affordable solutions, identifying and applying efficiencies perspective—with a focus on perceiving how they relate to one
designed to maximize the value of dollars spent on development, another and the full capability perspective of the operating force. A
and more rapidly delivering greater technological capability within key emphasis of the CPRs is to identify areas where efficiencies can
an increasingly constrained fiscal environment. To this end, the be increased and redundancies can be eliminated. The reviews are
Army has developed an Affordable Modernization Strategy that grounded in the reality that the defense budget will not increase nor
seeks to develop needed systems while ever mindful of budgetary be sustained at the levels it has in recent years, therefore creating an
responsibility. Part of this involves synchronizing and integrating uncertain fiscal and geo-political environment that demands strict
programs, platforms, and systems in relation to one another discipline in developing and preserving battlefield dominance in a
from a system-of-systems point of view in order to maximize time of reduced resources.
interoperability, reduce redundancy, and prioritize an acquisition
strategy that correctly organizes and develops technologies as The CPRs include Aviation; Network; Radios; Precision Fires;
interconnected systems. Air and Missile Defense; Tactical Wheeled Vehicles; Combat
Vehicle Modernization; Soldier Systems; Engineer Mobility/
• ASA(ALT) is working vigorously to implement guidance from the Countermobility; Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance
office of the Secretary of Defense, which calls upon the Services (ISR); Training Ammunition; Software/Hardware; and Watercraft.
to sustain Current Force structure and needed modernization
by achieving two to three percent real growth. The current and The CPRs are also aimed at informing the Army’s overarching
planned base defense budget has steady but modest growth of one investment strategy that seeks to effectively manage taxpayer
percent per year, necessitating innovative processes and doing dollars, and provide the best technologies to our Soldiers while
more without more. maintaining affordability. For instance, the Precision Fires CPR
• To make up the difference and preclude reductions in needed determined that the Army no longer needed to develop the Non-
military capability, the difference of one to two percent per year Line-of-Sight Launch System (NLOS-LS) because it already has
will be made up elsewhere across the Department of Defense and similar capabilities in its arsenal. As a result of the CPR, the
the Services. The goal is to significantly reduce excess overhead requirement for the NLOS-LS was cancelled in an effort to remove
costs and apply savings to force structure and modernization. redundancy while still developing the best capabilities for Soldiers
• The structural approach to achieve these savings includes the in combat.
application of Lean Six Sigma methodologies and Continuous
Process Improvement guidelines.

This modernization process success—emphasizing this system-of-
systems engineering and validation of core-required capabilities—
hinges upon the results of the Army’s Capability Portfolio
Reviews (CPRs). These CPRs are designed to conduct a detailed

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
6

LEADING ARMY
MODERNIZATION
SO OUR SOLDIERS
DOMINATE THE
BATTLEFIELD
TODAY AND
TOMORROW

UNITED STATES ARMY
7

ASA(ALT) is developing technologies that will successfully counter Also for this reason, the Army’s acquisition strategy is designed to
the ever-changing contingencies in today’s combat environment. counter changing threats and addresses the emergence of hybrid
Soldiers are the decisive edge in a wide range of potential conflict threats—the dynamic combination of conventional, irregular,
scenarios ranging from peacekeeping and nation-building to fighting terrorist, and criminal capabilities. The Army seeks to train, develop,
conventional, irregular, or hybrid enemies. Army doctrine calls upon and equip Soldiers who are able to stay in front of an adaptive, fast-
the force to be prepared for what is called full-spectrum operations, changing adversary. By emphasizing the best design, delivery, and
meaning they must be equipped for all potential scenarios to include sustainment of Army equipment, ASA(ALT) will remain focused on
high-, medium-, and low-intensity conflict. The Army’s acquisition harnessing scientific innovations in order to identify and develop the
strategy and weapons platforms must accommodate this operational most promising new technologies.
reality and prepare Soldiers to be adaptive to an entire range of
potential operations. We must make sure that the equipment we THE ARMY MODERNIZATION STRATEGY
provide Soldiers is the best hedge against the wide range of threats The primary goal of ASA(ALT) is to ensure that America’s Army
that will be a central feature of an uncertain strategic environment in remains the world’s most capable and decisive force by equipping
the coming decades, particularly existential threats to our Nation or and sustaining Soldiers in a timely and responsible manner with
allies that only a ground force can counter. the best technologies available. The Army’s Modernization Strategy
is squarely aimed at supporting this goal; ASA(ALT) is constantly
For this reason, acquisition processes need to be synchronized with working to identify and develop emerging technologies that have
the requirements process to best identify needs and capability gaps the potential to strengthen Soldiers. As a result, continued scientific
experienced by Soldiers in battle today; ASA(ALT) will continue and technological innovation is a constant Army focus; the Army
to work closely with the Army’s Training and Doctrine Command works to preserve and build upon its relationships with its partners
to ensure that the requirements development process is deeply in academia and industry to enhance the learning curve and
interwoven with weapon systems modernization. There are times advance technology for the benefit of Soldiers. A key focus of the
when systems in development need to change, adjust, and tailor modernization effort is the need to prepare Soldiers for the fast pace
their requirements to meet with current capabilities and urgent of change on today’s battlefield by keeping abreast of the latest in
needs coming from combatant commanders in theater. This scientific discovery.
process is one that requires continuous evaluation and reassessment
throughout the weapon systems development process.

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
8

A centerpiece of this strategy is the recognition that many of The June-July 2011 NIE at White Sands Missile Range put a large
the systems in this handbook are interdependent, meaning they number of emerging systems in combat-like scenarios for the
rely upon and reinforce one another. For this reason, ASA(ALT) purpose of assessing their utility to Soldiers. The NIE placed six
approaches acquisition from a system-of-systems point of view that systems under test and as many as 29 systems under evaluation.
places a premium upon looking at how technologies work in tandem This was the first in a series of semi-annual exercises aimed at
as part of a larger system. Modernization and development of new assessing and integrating emerging and developmental technologies
capability must accommodate this system-of-systems approach. before they are deployed in theater. At the heart of the exercise is an
overarching effort to develop a single battlefield network able to push
For instance, the Army is changing the way it supplies network key information to the Soldier, linking them to command posts,
systems and capabilities to operational units by incrementally vehicles on-the-move, and higher headquarters. The idea is to use the
aligning the delivery of new technology with the Army Force best available technologies to move information, voice, video, data,
Generation process. This effort will drive networked and non- and images faster, further, and more efficiently across the force, and
networked capabilities to the Small Unit and Soldier level—those develop systems within a Common Operating Environment (COE),
that need these critical capabilities the most. meaning they are built on software foundations that enable the
maximum amount of interoperability.
As the Army aligns network programs and developmental efforts,
it will rely on a series of coordinated, Soldier-driven Network By utilizing an “open architecture” and building systems to operate
Integration Evaluations (NIEs) that will help solidify the integrated within the aforementioned COE, we intend to not only improve
network baseline and help to validate the Capability Sets. interoperability but increase efficiency. A COE means that there will
no longer be as many independent, stove-piped software systems
In July 2011 the Army concluded the first NIE. The NIE is the separately developed in isolation; rather, new systems will be built
first in a series of semi-annual evaluations designed to integrate to work within a common foundation or common computing
and mature the Army’s tactical network and is a key element of environment. New applications can be built to operate within an
the Army’s emerging Network Strategy. The evaluation was a existing framework, using common Internet Protocol standards,
six week effort conducted at White Sands Missile Range, NM, thus speeding up development and maximizing interoperability,
involving the 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division. while also driving down costs and increasing efficiency.
Its primary purpose was to conduct formal tests of acquisition
programs of record, with a secondary purpose to less formally During 2012 the Army will continue to conduct NIEs. A triad—
evaluate developmental and emerging network and non- the Brigade Modernization Command, Army Test and Evaluation
networked capabilities. The 2011 exercise was the first of this Command, and ASA(ALT)—will assess network and non-network
type of combined test and evaluation, which brought together the capabilities and determine their implications across the force. The
doctrine, acquisition, and test communities as part of a new process evaluations will also begin to establish the Objective Integrated
to demonstrate the Army’s holistic focus to integrate network Network Baseline and common connectivity across the Brigade
components simultaneously in one operational venue. Combat Team structure, and introduce industry participation in
the NIE evaluation cycle.

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Central to the network baseline is the continued evaluation of
non-proprietary high-bandwidth waveforms such as Soldier Radio
Waveform and Wideband Networking Waveform. These use a larger
portion of the available spectrum than legacy waveforms to move
voice, video, images, and data in real-time across multiple nodes in
the force.

The NIE provided Army testers and program managers the
advantage of assessing how new and emerging technologies work
in relation to one another from a system-of-systems perspective.
The NIE is aimed at refining the acquisition of new technologies
and blending programs of record with commercial-off-the-
shelf solutions as part of a process designed to keep pace with
rapid technological change. Some of the promising technologies
demonstrated at the NIE include: Joint Tactical Radio Systems,
software-programmable radios; Connecting Soldiers to Digital Apps,
smartphones placed in the hands of Soldiers to pass combat-relevant
information in real-time; and Joint Capabilities Release, software with
digital mapping technology designed to provide forces with position-
location information.

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
10

UNITED STATES ARMY
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THE NETWORK AND ARMY MODERNIZATION
The idea of the Army network is to connect multiple echelons and by the terrestrial layer is connected to Warfighter Information
move information from the dismounted Soldier on the tactical edge, Network-Tactical (WIN-T), a satellite network able to send
up to the platoon and company level, and all the way up to higher information over long distances using fixed nodes as well as vehicles
headquarters. The Army’s network will make it possible for Soldiers on-the-move.
in a vehicle on-the-move to view and share real-time feeds from a
nearby robot, ground sensor, or Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS)— The Army’s “network” can use the terrestrial layer in addition to
instantaneously providing them combat-relevant information and beyond-line-of-sight satellite connections; the line-of-sight radio
enabling them to share that information with other units on-the- connections can be extended through use of an “aerial layer” that
move, dismounted Soldiers, and higher echelons of the force. places JTRS Rifleman Radios on aircraft such as Aerostat blimps,
UH-60 Black Hawks, AH-64 Apaches, and Shadow UAS. With
The technologies and systems are being developed in tandem with the aerial layer, units do not have to place a relay team on the
one another; a sensor feed needs a network to travel through for top of a mountain ridge or reposition a command post to ensure
Soldiers to gain the benefit of accessing real-time, battle-relevant communication between ground units over extended distances.
information across the force at the battalion level, above and
below. The network uses high-bandwidth waveforms to move The “aerial layer” connects multiple nodes in a mobile-ad hoc network
more information faster and more efficiently across the force in able to move voice, video, data, and images across the force in real-time.
real-time—marking a substantial technological leap beyond the The aerial layer is an example of extending a terrestrial line-of-sight
capabilities on today’s battlefields. network for Soldiers who might be operating in an austere environment
and not be able to rely on satellites. As demonstrated during the June-
The information travels through a terrestrial network able to July 2011 NIE, there is tremendous value in being able to move combat-
send voice, video, data, and imagery through Joint Tactical relevant information across the force in real-time. JTRS uses encryption
Radio Systems (JTRS), software-programmable radios, using so that information can be safeguarded.
high-bandwidth waveforms such as Soldier Radio Waveform and
Wideband Networking Waveform. Information sent and received

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
12

COMBAT VEHICLE MODERNIZATION The Army has also initiated elements of the Combat Vehicle
The Combat Vehicle Modernization Capability Portfolio Review Modernization strategy to upgrade and sustain its fleet through
functions to provide a holistic view of the combat vehicles in the at least 2050. Efforts include improving the protection, space
Heavy Brigade Combat Team and Stryker Brigade Combat Team utilization, weight capacity, and power generation capabilities
formations in order to maintain portfolio health, set vehicle resident in existing vehicles in the fleet, specifically the Abrams
priorities for modernization, and ensure portfolio affordability. and Bradley, to more closely match emerging development of
the Ground Combat Vehicle. The idea is to engineer, upgrade,
Within the portfolio, the Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle and modernize the formations to meet a range of capability gaps
represents the Army’s ongoing effort to find a suitable replacement identified for the force to include such areas as force protection,
for the aging M113 inventory of vehicles, which are slated to be mobility, and networking.
divested from the fleet. The Army is currently exploring a range
of vehicles that might be capable of performing the mission sets The Ground Combat Vehicle represents a leap forward in the area
required for the M113s. of protected mobility, networking, and space, weight, and power
capabilities, and is engineered as a single vehicle able to deliver a full
Other areas of the modernization strategy include modifications nine-man squad under armor into the full spectrum of potential
to the existing Stryker fleet of vehicles, such as the addition of the combat scenarios. It is being designed with growth potential so as to
Double V-Hull (DVH), engineered to improve Soldier protection by have the ability to accept technological innovations as they emerge
building in a blast-debris-deflecting V-shaped hull. The first Stryker in such areas as networking and lighter weight armor composites,
DVH vehicles, which were delivered in 2011, have performed well among others.
in combat. The vehicles have been built with a stronger suspension
designed to accommodate the extra weight of the DVH.

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MRAP FORCE PROTECTION SAVING LIVES A prime example of the search for efficiencies within major
As further force protection, ASA(ALT) has continued investment programs, the Department of Defense, Army, and Marine Corps
in proven technologies such as Mine Resistant Ambush Protected have succeeded in achieving a $2 billion cost avoidance on the
(MRAP) vehicles. MRAPs are engineered with a blast-debris MRAP program by applying systems engineering techniques
deflecting V-shaped hull and an armored capsule to protect Soldiers and Lean Six Sigma practices to the program. The thrust of the
from roadside bombs and improvised explosive devices (IEDs). The cost avoidance was achieved through several key methodologies;
MRAPs, and the lighter weight more mobile MRAP All Terrain MRAP program managers streamlined and coordinated the
Vehicles, have proven their ability to save Soldiers’ lives in combat. requirements process to better determine which vehicles to upgrade
As a result of their performance in battle and proven value to and developed a database portal aimed at sharing key information
Soldiers, MRAPs will remain a vital part of the Army’s Tactical across the 25,000-strong fleet of vehicles.
Wheeled Vehicle fleet for years to come. MRAPs will be assigned to
specific Brigade Combat Teams so that they are available to perform PAVING THE WAY FOR THE GROUND COMBAT VEHICLE (GCV)
key functions such as route clearance and Soldier transportation The Army is developing a GCV Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)
when needed. as a centerpiece of its combat vehicle modernization strategy. The
Army requires an IFV that can deliver a squad to the battlefield in a
Also, some MRAPs have been outfitted with the latest in Army full-spectrum operation under armor. Plans for the vehicle include
networking technology. Using a software-programmable radio such development of a system that has abilities equivalent to or surpassing
as JTRS and satellite technology such as WIN-T, the networked the mobility of the Stryker and the protection of an MRAP.
MRAPs are able to share real-time information, such as sensor
feeds from nearby robots and UAS across the force, while on- Based on lessons learned in over ten years of war, the Army has
the-move. This new capability—validated in technical field tests confirmed that the existing fleets, including the Bradley IFV, cannot
and network exercises such as the NIE—connects units at the provide the needed combination of space, weight, and power,
battalion and company levels and below to one another and to advanced force protection, and mobility needed to prevail in 21st
higher headquarters in real-time using Force XXI Battle Command century full-spectrum operations.
Brigade and Below display screens.
The Ground Combat Vehicle will be able to maneuver in urban
MRAPs and other vehicles in the Army fleet will take advantage environments, withstand IED attacks, and house the state of-the-art
of lighter weight armor composites as they become available. The in vehicle computing technology—all while delivering a squad to the
Army Research Laboratory is testing combinations of lighter weight battlefield under the best armor protection available. Further, it will be
materials that can out-perform traditional steel; these technologies engineered in an incremental fashion with built-in growth potential
will spin out into the force as they become available. so that it can accommodate new technologies as they emerge, such as
advances in networking and lighter-weight armor composites.

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
14

The Army’s GCV acquisition strategy, which emphasizes affordability assessment, along with contractors design efforts, will inform final
and a seven-year schedule, calls for aggressive exploration of GCV GCV requirements and facilitate a full and open competition for the
IFV capabilities trade-space via continued requirements and next phase of the GCV program.
affordability analysis during a 24-month Technology Development
Phase. These efforts will help the Army realize program schedule and GRAY EAGLE UAS QUICK REACTION CAPABILITY
affordability objectives as GCV requirements are finalized prior to The Army has deployed two “Quick Reaction Capabilities” (QRC) of
the next major program milestone. The Army remains committed to its MC-1Q Gray Eagle UAS, a 28-foot-long surveillance aircraft with
a seven-year schedule as the appropriate amount of time necessary to a 56-foot wingspan that is capable of beaming images from up to
design, develop, build, and test the next-generation IFV. 29,000 feet for more than 24 consecutive hours.

To support well-informed decision points prior to Milestone B, the The QRCs are designed to bring valuable emerging technologies
Army has undertaken a three-pronged approach. First, contractors to theater while simultaneously developing a formal program of
will work collaboratively with the Army to develop competitive, record; they consist of four aircraft and two ground stations each.
best-value engineering designs to meet critical Army needs. At the The QRC concept is intended to sharpen requirements for the
same time, the Army has initiated an update to its GCV IFV analysis program and get desired capability in the hands of Soldiers sooner
of alternatives and is conducting a separate technical and operational for the benefit of the war effort.
assessment of existing non-developmental vehicles. Results from this

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One QRC is deployed with Army Soldiers in Iraq and another is with
U.S. Special Operations Forces in Afghanistan.

The Gray Eagle aircraft are equipped with a laser designator,
signals intelligence capability, and an electro-optical/infrared
camera designed to survey the ground below, track enemy
movements, and hone in on targets. They are also equipped to
carry HELLFIRE missiles.

The Gray Eagle addresses an ever-increasing demand for greater
range, altitude, endurance, and payload flexibility. At 3,200
pounds, this UAS has improved take-off and landing performance,
coupled with the flexibility to operate with or without satellite
communications data links.

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
16

TRANSFORMING ARMY ACQUISITION AND
BUSINESS PRACTICES
The Army remains sharply focused on finding ways to continually Also, the Army continues to build upon the challenge area of codifying
examine and improve the acquisition process while increasing rapid acquisition procedures with more traditional approaches,
efficiency and serving as a full partner in the Department of with Quick Reaction Capabilities (QRC) such as the Army’s Gray
Defense’s Better Buying Power Initiatives. For instance, at the Eagle Unmanned Aircraft Systems program. QRCs place emerging
request of the Secretary of the Army, an independent panel of technologies in the hands of Soldiers to address requirements while
experts has completed a 120-day study—an Army Acquisition simultaneously developing a longer-term program of record complete
Review—aimed at assessing the strengths and weaknesses implicitly with milestones and various check and balances.
woven into the acquisition processes with the intent to further
transformation; the idea of the study was to take a holistic look at The ultimate goal of acquisition reform is for ASA(ALT) to work
the many nuances of acquisition management to include policy, with our industry and academic partners to more efficiently develop
funding, requirements, major programs, and synchronization with and deliver capabilities needed by the Soldier. A key aspect of this
the Army Force Generation process. is an effort to identify and address inefficiencies discovered in the
acquisition process. The rationale for this effort is based on the idea
As a result of this Army Acquisition Review, the Secretary of accomplishing more acquisition objectives without necessarily
of the Army and ASA(ALT) are implementing 63 specific receiving more financial resources. ASA(ALT) continuously seeks to
recommendations aimed at improving the acquisition process. improve its capacity to Design, Develop, Deliver, Dominate—and
Among the many reforms being implemented are: streamlining Sustain. We must do more without more.
the requirements process to focus on more collaboration in order
to properly align requirements and ensure greater affordability, In addition, the Army is emphasizing Lean Six Sigma business
technological maturity, and realistic “achievability” of program practices in many of its programs. These are specific, business-
goals; more widespread Army purchasing of Technical Data proven methods aimed at identifying ways to streamline
Packages in order to encourage competition and drive down prices; productivity and reduce overhead costs. Applying these methods
better codifying of rapid acquisition procedures; and increasing recently resulted in a $2 billion cost-avoidance on the MRAP
testing and prototyping earlier in the developmental cycle as a way program because program managers found ways to consolidate and
to reduce costs and risks. streamline vehicle upgrade requirements.

A major challenge to acquisition continues to be the need to A system-of-systems approach is vital to these ongoing efforts to
properly prioritize, streamline, and collaborate on requirements transform business practices. The Army must look at developing,
at the front end of the process in order to emphasize technological managing, and acquiring technologies in the most efficient way
maturity, affordability, and productivity. The revised Request possible, an approach which includes the need to understand the
for Proposal for the Ground Combat Vehicle is an excellent interdependencies among systems. There must be an emphasis
demonstration of how we approached reform in this area; upon maturing the capability to synchronize programs and
requirements were properly “tiered” and industry was given “trade integrate schedules, deliveries, and other developments across the
space” designed to encourage innovation. acquisition process.

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As a result of these and other practices, the acquisition community ELIMINATING CHEMICAL WEAPONS
remains acutely aware of its need to further the transformation of Achieving excellence in acquisition involves continuous stewardship
its business efforts. These initiatives help the Army transform as an and superb management of highly sensitive and visible programs for
institution and ensure that the best value possible is provided to the which ASA(ALT) has executive agent authority, such as the Nation’s
taxpayer and the Soldier—who is at the very center of these efforts. chemical weapons disposal program.

COMMUNICATING AND COLLABORATING WITH INDUSTRY The U.S. Army Chemical Materials Agency (CMA), using
The Army must continue to foster, develop, and enhance its acquisition processes as its baseline, works with private industry,
relationships with vital industry partners as a way to ensure the academia, and other interested policy and environmental
best possible development of new and emerging systems. With stakeholders to eliminate America’s obsolete chemical weapons.
this as an organizing principle, ASA(ALT) has created an industry
outreach engagement program squarely focused on furthering Overall, CMA has destroyed 88 percent of the Nation’s obsolete
partnerships with industry and facilitating constructive dialogue chemical weapons stockpile and anticipates that it will reach at least
designed to achieve the best results for Soldiers in combat. 90 percent destruction by 2012.
Recognizing the importance of revitalizing industry engagement,
the Army continues to nurture this outreach program, fostering So far, four sites have completed operations: Johnston Atoll
and preserving strong relationships between the Army and its key Chemical Agent Disposal System, Newport Chemical Agent
industry partners. Disposal Facility in Indiana, Aberdeen Chemical Agent Disposal
Facility in Maryland, and Pine Bluff Chemical Agent Disposal
Often there are circumstances where procurement sensitivities and Facility in Arkansas.
ongoing competition may preclude the occasion to dialogue with
industry. There are, nonetheless, ample opportunities for positive, Operations continue at Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility in
proactive, and constructive engagement with industry partners. Utah, Anniston Chemical Agent Disposal Facility in Alabama, and
While placing a premium upon the importance of properly defining Umatilla Chemical Agent Disposal Facility in Oregon.
the parameters for discussion with industry partners, ASA(ALT)
seeks to foster an environment of open dialogue. CMA also responds to discoveries of non-stockpile chemical
weapons and safely stores those weapons until their disposal.
The ASA(ALT) industry engagement program brings leaders of Moreover, CMA partners with the Federal Emergency Management
industry together with key Army decision makers in an effort Agency to prepare local communities to deal with potential
to facilitate dialogue and collaboration; both the Army and emergencies involving those weapons.
its industry partners benefit from this forum. The rationale
behind such an approach is based on the effort to minimize
misunderstandings and “eleventh hour” reactions. This industry
program is designed to anticipate future developments, recognize
and communicate industry trends, and identify the evolution of key
technologies that will support and protect our Soldiers in combat.

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
18

PATH FORWARD
We will provide whatever it takes to achieve the Nation’s objectives in
the current fight. At the same time, we will develop a shared vision to
build the Army of 2020—designing and preparing units, developing
Soldiers, and growing leaders to win in an increasingly competitive
learning environment. We will continue to maintain battlefield
dominance but remain versatile and adaptable to any task our Nation
may call upon us to perform. Continuous modernization is key to
transforming Army capabilities and maintaining a technological
advantage over our adversaries across the full spectrum of operations.
ASA(ALT) looks forward to continued support from members of
Congress to achieve its broad modernization goals while supporting a
cost-conscious culture.

The systems listed in this book are not isolated, individual products.
Rather, they are part of an integrated system-of-systems investment
approach designed to make the Army of the future able to deal
successfully with the challenges it will face. Each system and capability is
important. We have an obligation to provide our Soldiers with the most
effective, high-quality equipment in the most sustainable, cost-effective
manner. Our goal is to develop and field a versatile and affordable mix
of equipment that will enable Soldiers to succeed in full-spectrum
operations today and tomorrow, ensuring that we maintain our decisive
advantage over any enemy we face.

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WEAPON
SYSTEMS
LISTED IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER
20

2.75 Inch Rocket Systems (Hydra-70)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides air-to-ground suppression, None
Recapitalization smoke screening, illumination, and direct
and indirect fires to defeat area materiel PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance • Current: Producing annual
and personnel targets at close and replenishment for training, theater
extended ranges. combat expenditures, and war reserve
requirements
DESCRIPTION
The Hydra-70 Rocket System of 2.75 PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
inch air-launched rockets is employed by • FY11: Continue Hydra-70 production
tri-service and special operating forces on and safety, reliability, and producibility
both fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft and is program activities
inherently immune to countermeasures.
This highly modular rocket family
incorporates several different mission-
oriented warheads for the Hydra-70
variant, including high-explosive, anti-
personnel, multipurpose submunition,
red phosphorus smoke, flechette, training,
visible-light illumination flare, and
infrared illumination flare.

Diameter: 2.75 inches
Weight: 23-27 pounds
(depending on warhead)
Length: 55-70 inches
(depending on warhead)
Range: 300-8,000 meters
Velocity: 700+ meters per second
Area suppression: No precision

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

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2.75 Inch Rocket Systems
(Hydra-70)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Hydra-70: Colombia, Japan, Kuwait, the
Netherlands, Singapore, Thailand, and
United Arab Emirates

CONTRACTORS
Prime System:
General Dynamics (Burlington, VT)
Grain:
Alliant Techsystems (Radford, VA)
Warhead Fuzes:
Action Manufacturing (Philadelphia, PA)
Shipping Container (Fastpack):
CONCO (Louisville, KY)
Fin and Nozzle:
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (Anniston, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
22

Abrams Tank Upgrade

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Lethality improvements include the operating system designed to run the PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Stabilized Commander’s Weapon Station Common Operating Environment • FY12-14: Army Prepositioned Stock
Recapitalization (SCWS) and ballistic solution upgrades for (COE) software. Both the GPS and the 4 (Korea); 1st and 2nd Brigades, 1st
the M829A3 kinetic and the M1028 canister Commander’s Independent Thermal Infantry Division; 116th Heavy Brigade
Maintenance Combat Team, Idaho ARNG; 170th
rounds. Common Abrams modifications Viewer (CITV) on the M1A2 SEP tank
include Blue Force Tracking (BFT), which include the improved thermal imaging Heavy Brigade Combat Team or 172nd
is a digital command and control system capabilities of the new Block I second- Heavy Brigade Combat Team; and
MISSION that gives Army commanders across the generation FLIR technology. The M1A2 Forces Command will be fielded with
SEP has improved frontal and side armor the Abrams M1A2 SEP v2 tank. M1A1
Closes with and destroys enemy forces on battlefield current information about their
SA fielding continues to the 30th North
the integrated battlefield using mobility, location relative to friendly forces; and the for enhanced crew survivability. The
Carolina ARNG, 81st Washington
firepower, and shock effect with lethality, Power Train Improvement and Integration M1A2 SEP is also equipped with battery-
ARNG, 155th Mississippi ARNG,
Optimization Program (TIGER engine and based auxiliary power, Total InteGrated
survivability, and fightability necessary to 1-145th Ohio Combined Arms Army
improved transmission), which provides Engine Revitalization (TIGER), and an Battalion (CAB), 2-137th Kansas CAB,
defeat advanced threats. more reliability, durability, and a single upgraded transmission for improved and the 11th ACR
standard for the vehicle’s power train. automotive reliability and durability. • FY12-13: Continue M1A2 SEP v2
DESCRIPTION Survivability improvements include frontal multiyear contract production with
The Abrams tank upgrade includes armor and turret side armor upgrades. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES final delivery in June 2013
two powerful variants, the M1A1 SA None • FY12: Continue TIGER production
(Situational Awareness) and the M1A2 M1A2 SEP v2: Upgrades include
SEP (System Enhancement Program) improved survivability, automotive PROGRAM STATUS
version 2. The 1,500-horsepower AGT power pack, computer systems, and • Current: The 1st Brigade, 2nd Infantry
turbine engine, the 120mm main gun, night vision capabilities. Lethality Division; 2nd Brigade, 1st Armored
and special armor make the Abrams improvements include Common Division; 3rd Infantry Division; and
tank particularly lethal against heavy Remotely Operated Weapon Station the Training and Doctrine Command,
armor forces. (CROWS) and ballistic solution Ft. Benning, GA, are equipped with the
upgrades for the M829A3 kinetic and Abrams M1A2 SEP v2
M1A1 SA: Improvements include the the M1028 canister rounds. The M1A2 • Current: Abrams production of the
SEP v2 has improved microprocessors, M1A2 SEP v2 tank continues for
Gunners Primary Sight (GPS) with
both the Active Army and the Army
improved thermal imaging capabilities of color flat panel displays, improved
National Guard (ARNG) to meet the
the new Block I 2nd generation forward- memory capacity, better Soldier-
Army’s modularity goals by 2013
looking infrared (FLIR) technology. machine interface, and a new open

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

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Abrams Tank Upgrade

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
M1A1: Australia (59), Egypt (1,005),
Iraq (140)
M1A2: Kuwait (218), Saudi Arabia (329)

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
General Dynamics Land Systems
(Sterling Heights, MI)
Engine:
Honeywell (Phoenix, AZ)
Transmission:
Allison Transmission (Indianapolis, IN)
Anniston Army Depot (Anniston, AL)

Combat weight (tons): M1A1 - 68.59; M1A2 SEP v1 - 68.57;
M1A2 SEP v2 - 69.29
Speed: 42 mph, 30 mph x-country
Main gun/rounds (basic load): M1 - 105mm/55 rounds;
M1A1 - 120mm/40 rounds; M1A2 - 120mm/42 rounds
Machine guns: .50 caliber 900 rounds, 7.62mm 11,400 rounds

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
24

Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION fire support systems. The system has
Provides the Army, Navy, and Marine been used in operations in Iraq and
Recapitalization Corps automated fire support command, Afghanistan.
Maintenance control, and communications.
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
DESCRIPTION In this Publication
The Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Tactical Mission Command (TMC)/
Data System (AFATDS) pairs targets to Maneuver Control System (MCS); Battle
weapons to provide optimum use of fire Command Sustainment Support System
support assets and timely execution of (BCS3); Distributed Common Ground
fire missions. AFATDS automates the System-Army (DCGS-A); Global
planning, coordinating, and controlling Command and Control System-
of all fire support assets (field artillery, Army (GCCS-A)
mortars, close air support, naval gunfire,
attack helicopters, offensive electronic Other Major Interdependencies
warfare, fire support meteorological Lightweight Forward Entry Device
systems, forward observers, and fire (LFED), Pocket-Sized Forward Entry
support radars). Device (PFED), Joint Automated Deep
Operations Coordination System
AFATDS will automatically implement (JADOCS), Theater Battle Management
detailed commander’s guidance in the Core System (TBMCS), Gun Display
automation of operational planning, Unit-Replacement (GDU-R)
movement control, targeting, target
value analysis, and fire support PROGRAM STATUS
planning. AFATDS is designed to • 2QFY11: Full Materiel Release (FMR)
interoperate with the other Army of AFATDS 6.7.0 (BC11)
battle command systems; current and
future Navy and Air Force command PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
and control weapon systems; and the • 1QFY13: FMR of AFATDS
German, French, British, and Italian 6.8.0 (BC13)

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

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Advanced Field Artillery Tactical
Data System (AFATDS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Australia, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan,
Portugal, Taiwan, Turkey

CONTRACTORS
Software:
Raytheon (Ft. Wayne, IN)
Hardware:
General Dynamics (Taunton, MA)
Raytheon (Ft. Wayne, IN)
NET:
VIATECH (Lawton, OK)
Technical:
Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC)
(Eatontown, NJ)
Fielding:
CACI (Eatontown, NJ)
IV&V:
L-3 (Lawton, OK)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
26

Advanced Threat Infrared Countermeasure/Common Missile
Warning System (ATIRCM/CMWS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION Infrared Laser Jammer, and Improved • Current: In process, next-generation
Modernization
Detects missile launches/flights, protects Countermeasure Dispensers (ICMDs). Electronic Control Unit (ECU) and
Recapitalization This configuration can vary with aircraft Missile Warning Algorithms for
aircraft from Tier 1 infrared (IR)-guided
and type. all aircraft
Maintenance missiles, and provides threat awareness
and IR countermeasures using an
CMWS can function as a stand-alone PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
airborne self-protection system. system with the capability to detect missiles • Continue: ATIRCM Quick Reaction
and provide audible and visual warnings to Capability (QRC), the Army’s latest
DESCRIPTION pilots. When installed with the Advanced Aircraft Survivability Equipment (ASE)
The Advanced Threat Infrared IRCM Munitions and ICMDs, it activates initiative to protect crews and aircraft
Countermeasure/Common Missile expendables to decoy/defeat IR-guided from advanced threat Man-Portable
Warning System (ATIRCM/CMWS) missiles. ATIRCM adds the Directed Air Defense Systems (MANPADS)
integrates defensive infrared Energy Laser Countermeasure Technology • Ongoing: Fielding to CH-47D/
to CMWS and is a key for Future Force F models
countermeasures capabilities into
• 3QFY12: Start of fielding next-
existing current-generation aircraft to Army aircraft.
generation ECU (for CMWS)
engage and defeat multiple IR-guided
missile threats simultaneously. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Other Major Interdependencies
The U.S. Army operational requirements AH-64A, AH-64D, C-12R/T/U, C-23,
concept for IR countermeasure systems C-26, Constant Hawk-A, Constant
is the Suite of Integrated Infrared Hawk-I, DHC-7, HH-60L, HH-60M,
Countermeasures (SIIRCM). It MH-47E/G, MH-60K/L/M, RC-12/C-12,
mandates an integrated warning and RC-12K/N/P/Q, UC-35
countermeasure system to enhance
aircraft survivability against IR- PROGRAM STATUS
guided threat missile systems. The • Current: All aircraft deployed to
ATIRCM/CMWS program forms the Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation
core element of the SIIRCM concept. Enduring Freedom equipped with
ATIRCM/CMWS has a modular CMWS prior to deployment; OH-58D,
configuration consisting of an integrated Kiowa Warrior is latest platform to
ultraviolet missile warning system, an integrate CMWS

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
27

Advanced Threat Infrared
Countermeasure/Common Missile
Warning System (ATIRCM/CMWS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
ATIRCM/CMWS (Prime):
BAE Systems (Nashua, NH)
Logistics Support:
AEPCO (Huntsville, AL)
Software Configuration Management
Support:
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (Huntsville, AL)
CMWS-GTRI E2E Data Analysis/SIL
Development:
Georgia Tech Applied Research Corp.
(Atlanta, GA)
OH-58D Product Documentation
Update:
Bell Helicopter Textron (Ft. Worth, TX)
Test Support Data Analysis:
MacAulay-Brown Inc. (Dayton, OH)
UH-60A/L P31 Upgrade:
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)
Engineering/Tech Production Support:
Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC)
(Huntsville, AL)
OATS Phase 3:
David H. Pollock Consultants (Eatontown, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
28

Air Warrior (AW)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION • Microclimate Cooling System, which SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides enhanced mission effectiveness, increases effective mission duration in In this Publication
Recapitalization leveraging clothing and equipment to heat-stress environments by more than Fixed Wing
maximize aircrew member survivability. 350 percent
Maintenance
• Aircrew Integrated Helmet System, PROGRAM STATUS
DESCRIPTION a lighter helmet with increased head • FY09: Fielded Air Warrior Increment
Air Warrior (AW) is a modular, and hearing protection III systems
integrated, rapidly reconfigurable • FY10: Fielding of the CEPS and
combat aircrew ensemble that saves AW Increment III: SKRAM
lives and maximizes Army aircrew • Electronic Data Manager (EDM), a
mission performance. Previous aviation portable digital-mission planning PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
life support equipment consisted of a device for over-the-horizon messaging • FY11: Continue fielding and reset
non-integrated assemblage of protective and enhanced situational awareness of Air Warrior to units prior to
and survival gear. AW uses a systems capabilities through connectivity to Blue deployment
approach to equipping the aircrew and Force Tracking, Aviation • FY12-14: Field Encrypted AWIS
closes the capability gap between human • Aircraft Wireless Intercom System
and machine. Fielded incrementally (AWIS) for secure cordless, hands-free
in blocks to rapidly provide enhanced aircrew communications
capabilities to the Warfighter, AW • Survival Kit, Ready Access,
leverages and integrates clothing and Modular (SKRAM) Go-Bag with
equipment, such as the Army Aircrew integrated hydration
Combat Uniform and ballistic protection, • Portable Helicopter Oxygen Delivery
from other Product Managers. System, a Soldier-worn supplemental
breathing oxygen system for high-
AW Block I provides: altitude operations
• Survival Equipment Subsystem, which • Communication Enhancement and
integrates first aid, survival, signaling, Protection System (CEPS) provides
and communications equipment helmet hear-through capability
with body armor and over-water
survival subsystems

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
29

Air Warrior (AW)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Australia, Bahrain, Canada, United Arab
Emirates

CONTRACTORS
Telephonics Corp. (Farmingdale, NY)
General Dynamics C4 Systems Inc.
(Scottsdale, AZ)
BAE Systems (Phoenix, AZ)
Aerial Machine and Tool Corp. (Vesta, VA)
Westwind Technologies Inc. (Huntsville, AL)
Carleton Technologies Inc. (Orchard Park, NY)
Med-Eng Systems Inc. (Ogdensburg, NY)
Raytheon Technical Services (Indianapolis, IN)
Secure Communication Systems Inc.
(Santa Ana, CA)
US Divers (Vista, CA)
CEP Inc. (Enterprise, AL)
Science and Engineering Services Inc.
(SESI) (Huntsville, AL)
Gibson and Barnes (Santa Clara, CA)
Oxygen Generating Systems International
(Buffalo, NY)
Gentex Corp. (Rancho Cucamonga, CA)
Mountain High Equipment and Supply Co.
(Redmond, OR)
Taylor-Wharton (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
30

Air/Missile Defense Planning and Control System (AMDPCS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION AMDPCS in ADA brigades and PROGRAM STATUS
Provides an automated command and AAMDCs provides expanded staff • 1QFY11: Complete fielding of 10
Recapitalization control (C2) system that integrates Air planning and coordination capabilities ADAMs procured in FY10
for integrating defense of the air • 1QFY11: Complete FY10 reset of
Maintenance and Missile Defense (AMD) planning 32 ADAMs
battlespace. AMDPCS includes shelters,
and operations for Air Defense Airspace • 3QFY11: Fielded AMDPCS to the
automated data processing equipment,
Management (ADAM) systems in tactical communications, standard 164th ADA Brigade (FL ARNG)
Brigade Combat Teams (BCTs) and vehicles, tactical power, and the • 4QFY11: Fielded AMDPCS to the 11th
at every Air Defense Artillery (ADA) ADA Brigade (Ft. Bliss)
following two software systems for force
echelon, battery through theater. operations/engagement operations:
Air and Missile Defense Workstation PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION (AMDWS) and Air Defense System • 1QFY12: Complete FY11 reset of
The AMDPCS is an Army Objective Integrator (ADSI). 15 ADAMs
Force system that provides integration • 2QFY12: Fielding AMDWS version
of AMD operations at all echelons. AMDWS is a staff planning and 6.5.1 with 3D display
AMDPCS systems are deployed battlespace SA tool that provides • 2QFY12: Fielding AMDPCS to
with ADAM systems, ADA brigades, commanders with a common tactical 174th ADA Brigade (OH ARNG)
and Army Air and Missile Defense and operational air picture. It is the ADA • 4QFY12: Fielding AMDPCS to
component of Army mission command. 357th AAMDC
Commands (AAMDCs).
• 4QFY13: Fielding AMDPCS to
ADSI is a joint multicommunications
94th AAMDC
ADAM provides the commanders at processor that provides external joint
BCTs, fires brigades, combat aviation messaging for operations by subordinate
brigades, and division and corps tactical or attached units.
operations systems with situational
awareness (SA) of the airspace. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
ADAM provides collaboration and None
staff planning capabilities through
the Army Battle Command System
and operational links for airspace
coordination with Joint, interagency,
multinational, and coalition forces.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
31

Air/Missile Defense Planning and
Control System (AMDPCS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Netherlands (AMDWS)

CONTRACTORS
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)
Ultra Inc. (Austin, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
32

Airborne Reconnaissance Low (ARL)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION and operated via onboard open- (SOUTHCOM) with one to four ARL-M
Provides tactical commanders with a day/ architecture, multifunction workstations. aircraft, United States Forces Korea
Recapitalization night, near all-weather, real-time airborne Intelligence collected on the ARL can be (USFK) with three ARL-M aircraft, and
communications intelligence/imagery analyzed, recorded, and disseminated U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM)
Maintenance
on the aircraft workstations in real-time with one aircraft. Future sensor
intelligence (COMINT/IMINT) collection
and stored on-board for post-mission enhancements are focused on upgrades
and designated area surveillance system. processing. During multi-aircraft to the COMINT, IMINT, and radar
It consists of a modified DeHavilland missions, data can be shared between payloads to support emerging threats.
DHC-7 fixed-wing aircraft equipped with cooperating aircraft via ultra high-
COMINT, IMINT, Ground Moving Target frequency air-to-air data links, allowing Capabilities include:
Indicator/Synthetic Aperture Radar multiplatform COMINT geolocation • Endurance/ceiling: 8 hours/20,000 feet
(GMTI/SAR), and electro-optical (EO)/ operations. The ARL system includes a • Speed/gross weight: 231 knots/ 47,000
infrared (IR) full-motion video capability. variety of communications subsystems pounds
to support near-real-time dissemination • Range with max payload: Greater
Four onboard operators control the
of intelligence and dynamic retasking than 1,400 nautical miles
payloads via onboard open-architecture, of the aircraft. ARL provides real-time • Mission completion rate: Greater
multifunction workstations and can down-link of MTI data to the Common than 90 percent
communicate directly with ground units. Ground Station (CGS) at the Brigade
Combat Team through echelon-above- SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
DESCRIPTION corps level. Eight aircraft are configured None
Airborne Reconnaissance Low (ARL) as ARL-Multifunction (ARL-M),
is a self-deploying, multisensor, day/ equipped with a combination of IMINT, PROGRAM STATUS
night, all-weather reconnaissance, COMINT, and SAR/MTI payload and • 4QFY11: Field ARL-M8
intelligence system. It consists of a demonstrated hyperspectral imager • 4QFY11: Completed workstation upgrade
modified DeHavilland DHC-7 fixed- applications and multi-intelligence
wing aircraft equipped with COMINT/ (multi-INT) data fusion capabilities. Four PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
IMINT and Ground Moving Target mission workstations are on-board the • FY12-14: Continue imagery, radar,
Indicator/Synthetic Aperture Radar aircraft and are remote-operator capable. COMINT, system interoperability, and
(GMTI/SAR) and electro-optical The Intelligence and Security Command workstation architecture upgrades
(EO)/infrared (IR) full-motion video (INSCOM) operates all ARL systems and
capability. The payloads are controlled currently supports Southern Command

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
33

Airborne Reconnaissance Low (ARL)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Sierra Nevada Corp. (Hagerstown, MD)
Aircraft Survivability:
Litton Advanced Systems (Gaithersburg,
MD)
COMINT Subsystem:
BAE Systems (Manchester, NH)
EO/IR Subsystem:
WESCAM (Hamilton, Ontario, Canada)
Engineering Support:
CACI (Berryville, VA)
Radar Subsystem:
Lockheed Martin (Phoenix, AZ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
34

All Terrain Lifter Army System (ATLAS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION for handling loads weighing up to 10,000 Cruising range: 10 hours of operation
Provides a mobile, variable reach, rough pounds at 48-inch load center (Air Force before refueling
Recapitalization terrain forklift (RTFL) capable of handling 463L pallets). Road speed: 23 miles per hour
all classes of supplies. Force protection: Integrated armor
Maintenance
ATLAS is a key component of the Army’s
DESCRIPTION Container Oriented Distribution System. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The All Terrain Lifter Army System The ATLAS II is an Environmental None
(ATLAS) is a C-130 air-transportable, Protection Agency Tier III-compliant
10,000 pound-capacity, variable-reach ATLAS with improved reliability, PROGRAM STATUS
RTFL. ATLAS supports transportation, performance, survivability, and • 2QFY07: ATLAS II contract award;
quartermaster, ordnance, missiles transportability. ATLAS I and ATLAS ongoing production and fielding of
and munitions, engineer, aviation, II systems are used to handle all classes ATLAS I
and medical Army units. ATLAS’ of supply and are essential to the
cross-country mobility allows it to deployment of a continental U.S.-based PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
support the Brigade Combat Teams, Army and to the sustainment of a • Continue: Fielding to units
and it is a critical asset supporting an deployed force.
expeditionary Army.
Crew survivability is being addressed in
ATLAS is a military-unique vehicle: accordance with the Army’s Long Term
commercial forklifts cannot meet Armor Strategy.
military requirements. It is capable
of lifting 4,000 pounds at a 21.5 feet ATLAS Features:
reach, 6,000 pounds at 15 feet, and Length: 27.02 feet
10,000 pounds at four feet. ATLAS is Width: 8.35 feet (ATLAS II is four
equipped with two interchangeable fork inches narrower)
carriages: a 6,000-pound carriage for Height: 8.92 feet
stuffing and unstuffing standard Army Weight: 33,500 pounds
pallets with 24-inch load centers from Power train: 165-horsepower Cummins
20-foot containers weighing up to 6,000 diesel engine; Funk 1723 PowerShift
pounds; and a 10,000-pound carriage (three-speed forward and reverse)
mechanical transmission

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
35

All Terrain Lifter Army System
(ATLAS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
JLG Industries Inc. (McConnellsburg, PA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
36

Armored Knight

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION survivability and maneuverability Other Major Interdependencies
Assists Heavy and Infantry Brigade over the unarmored M707. The system FS3, FOS
Recapitalization Combat Teams (HBCTs and IBCTs) in includes a full 360-degree armored
performing terrain surveillance, target cupola and integrated Knight mission PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance
equipment package. • FY11: Cumulative total of 370 M1200
acquisition and location, and fire support Armored Knight vehicle systems
for combat observation lasing team The mission equipment package includes: produced out of 465 vehicle systems
missions. Fire Support Sensor System (FS3) mounted procured, with FY11 being the last
sensor, Targeting Station Control Panel, procurement FY, meeting Army
DESCRIPTION Mission Processor Unit, Inertial Navigation Acquisition Objective of 465s
The M1200 Armored Knight provides Unit, Defense Advanced Global Positioning
precision strike capability by locating System Receiver (DAGR), Power PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
and designating targets for both Distribution Unit, and Rugged Handheld • FY12: Complete Validation of
ground- and air-delivered laser- Computer Unit (RHC) Forward Observer Targeting Under Armor (TUA),
guided ordnance and conventional Software (FOS). increased force protection/survivability
munitions. It replaces the M707 Knight capability for M1200 Armored Knight
High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Other Armored Knight specifications: • 1QFY13: Procure TUA retrofit kits
Vehicle (HMMWV) base and M981 fire Crew: Three COLT members for M1200 AK fleet retrofit and field
support team vehicles used by combat Combat loaded weight: Approximately M1200 TUAs to next deploying units
15 tons in HBCTs/IBCTs/BfSBs in Active
observation lasing teams (COLTs) in
Component and Army National Guard
both HBCTs and IBCTs. It operates Maximum speed: 63 miles per hour
• 3QFY13: Complete M1200 Armored
as an integral part of the brigade Cruising range: 440 miles
Knight Production
reconnaissance element, providing Target location accuracy: Less than 20
COLT and fire support mission planning meters circular error probable
and execution.
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The Armored Knight is a M117 Armored In this Publication
Security Vehicle (ASV) chassis/hull Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data
with add-on armor fragmentation System (AFATDS), Force XXI Battle
kits installed, providing enhanced Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2)

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
37

Armored Knight

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
M1117 ASV Hull:
Textron Marine & Land Systems
(New Orleans, LA)
Precision Targeting Systems
Production/Vehicle Integration:
DRS Sustainment Systems Inc. (St. Louis,
MO; West Plains, MO)
FS3 Sensor:
Raytheon (McKinney, TX)
Inertial Navigation Unit:
Honeywell (Clearwater, FL)
Common Display Unit:
DRS Tactical Systems (Melbourne, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
38

Army Key Management System (AKMS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
an organic key generation capability AKMS infrastructure to provide • 2QFY12: Complete refresh of
Modernization
and an efficient secure electronic key increased security. PD COMSEC has ACES hardware
Recapitalization distribution means. AKMS provides a been involved in the transition planning • 2QFY12: Complete LCMS software
system for distribution of COMSEC, and will procure and field the KMI upgrade version v5.1.0.5
Maintenance • FY12: ACES software upgrade version
electronic protection, and signal operating Management Client (MGC) workstations
instructions (SOI) information from the and provide New Equipment Training 3.1; SKL software upgrade version 8.0
• 3QFY12: KMI IOC
planning level to the point of use in support (NET) and total life-cycle management
• FY13: ACES software upgrade version
MISSION of current, interim, and objective forces at support for the system.
3.2; SKL software upgrade version 9.0
Automates the functions of division and brigade levels.
• FY13: SKL upgrade to Common Load
communication securities (COMSEC) key SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES Device (CLD)
management, control, and distribution; The LCMS (AN/GYK-49) workstation Other Major Interdependencies • FY14: ACES software upgrade version
provides automated key generation, AKMS systems are considered enabling 3.3; SKL software upgrade version 10.0
electronic protection generation and
distribution, and COMSEC accounting. systems for equipment/systems to
distribution; and signal operating The ACES (AN/GYK-33), which is the receive key and frequency allotments
instruction management to provide frequency management portion of AKMS,
planners and operators with automated, has been designated by the Military PROGRAM STATUS
secure communications at theater/tactical Communications Electronics Board as • FY11: AACES software upgrade version
and strategic/sustaining base levels. the Joint standard for use by all Services 3.0; SKL software upgrade version 7.0
in development of frequency management • FY11: Initiate ACES hardware Refresh
DESCRIPTION and cryptographic net planning and SOI • FY11: Initiate LCMS software upgrade
The Army Key Management System generation. The SKL (AN/PYQ-10) is the version v5.1.0.5, Common User
(AKMS) is a fielded system composed associated support item of equipment that Application Software v5.1 and the Card
of three subsystems: Local COMSEC provides the interface between the ACES Loader User Application Software v5.1
workstation, the LCMS workstation, the • 3QFY11: Fielding of the Common User
Management Software (LCMS),
Application Software Training Simulator
Automated Communications Engineering Warfighters’ End Crypto Unit, and the
Software (ACES), and the Data Transfer Soldier. It is a small, ruggedized handheld
Device/Simple Key Loader (SKL). key loading device. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Under the umbrella of the objective • FY12-FY14: Continue to procure
National Security Agency Electronic Key AKMS supports the Army transition to and field SKLs for Air Force, Navy,
Management System, AKMS provides NSA’s Key Management Infrastructure Foreign Military Sales, and other
tactical units and sustaining bases with (KMI), which will replace the current government organizations

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
39

Army Key Management System
(AKMS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada,
Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Greece,
Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
NATO, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway,
Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey,
United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Sierra Nevada Corp. (SNC) (Sparks, NV)
Mantech Sensors Technology Inc. (MSTI)
(Red Bank, NJ)
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (San Diego, CA)
CACI (Eatontown, NJ)
Sypris (Tampa, FL)
CSS (Augusta, GA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
40

Artillery Ammunition

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Separate-loading ammunition, used in
Provides field artillery forces with 155mm howizters, has separately issued
Recapitalization modernized munitions to destroy, projectiles, fuzes, propellant charges, and
neutralize, or suppress the enemy by primers. After installing the appropriate
Maintenance
fuze on the projectile, the fuzed projectile
cannon fire.
is loaded into the cannon along with the
DESCRIPTION appropriate amount of propellant charges
The Army’s artillery ammunition and a primer.
program includes 75mm (used for
ceremonies and simulated firing), The artillery ammunition program
105mm, and 155mm projectiles and their includes fuzes for cargo-carrying
associated fuzes and propelling charges. projectiles, such as smoke and
illumination, and bursting projectiles,
Semi-fixed ammunition for short and such as high-explosives. This program
intermediate ranges, used in 105mm also includes bag propellant for the
howitzers, is characterized by adjusting 105mm semi-fixed cartridges and
the number of multiple propelling modular artillery charge system for
charges. Semi-fixed ammunition for 155mm howitzers.
long ranges contains a single bag of
propellant optimized for obtaining SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
high velocity and is not adjustable. None
The primer is an integral part of the
cartridge case and is located in the base. PROGRAM STATUS
All 105mm cartridges are issued in a • 4QFY11: Type Classification of the
fuzed or unfuzed configuration. Both 105mm M1130 high-explosive
cartridge configurations are packaged
with propellant. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
• 2QFY12: Full Materiel Release of the
M1122 high-explosive projectile

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
41

Artillery Ammunition

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Australia, Canada, Israel, Lebanon

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (Le Gardeur, Canada)
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (Valleyfield, Canada)
General Dynamics Ordnance and
Tactical Systems-Scranton Operations
(Scranton, PA)
American Ordnance (Middletown, IA)
McAlester Army Ammunition Plant
(McAlester, OK)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
42

Aviation Combined Arms Tactical Trainer (AVCATT)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION members in crew coordination, flight, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides a collective training system to aerial gunnery, hoist, and slingload- Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization meet aviation training requirements and related tasks. AVCATT requires Synthetic
to support institutional, organizational, Environment Core (SE Core) to provide
Maintenance
The AVCATT single suite of equipment terrain databases and virtual models;
and sustainment training for Active
consists of two mobile trailers that house AVCATT requires the OneSAF program
and Reserve Army aviation units six reconfigurable networked simulators to provide the common SAF available to
worldwide in combined arms training to support the Apache, Apache Longbow, multiple virtual training simulators
and mission rehearsal in support of full- Kiowa Warrior, Chinook, and Black Hawk.
spectrum operations. An after-action review theater and a battle PROGRAM STATUS
master control station are also provided as • 1QFY11: Block II Kiowa Warrior
DESCRIPTION part of each suite. upgrade complete
The Aviation Combined Arms • 4QFY11: Fielding of the first Non-
Tactical Trainer (AVCATT) is a AVCATT builds and sustains training Rated Crew Member Manned Module
mobile, transportable, multistation proficiency on mission-essential tasks (NCM3) to Ft. Campbell, KY
virtual simulation device designed to through crew and individual training
support unit collective and combined by supporting aviation collective tasks, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
arms training. AVCATT provides six including armed reconnaissance (area, • 1QFY12: SE Core and OneSAF
manned modules reconfigurable to any zone, route); deliberate attack; covering integration complete; begin fielding
combination of attack, reconnaissance, force operations; downed aircrew recovery new software baseline with new model/
lift, and/or cargo helicopters. There are operations; Joint air attack team; hasty database/SAF capabilities
four role player stations for battalion/ attack; and air assault operations. The • 1QFY12: Production and fielding of
squadron staff, combined arms system also has multiple correlated visual the 2nd NCM3 to Ft. Campbell, KY
elements, integrated threat, or friendly databases to include Iraq and Afghanistan. • 2QFY12: UH-60M and CH-47F
upgrade contract awarded
semi-automated forces (SAF). Exercise
• 2QFY12: Production and fielding of
record/playback with simultaneous AVCATT is fully mobile, capable of
3rd, 4th, and 5th NCM3s
AAR capability is provided. The Non- using commercial and generator power,
Rated Crew Member Manned Module and is transportable worldwide. The
(NCM3, a sub-system of AVCATT) will system is interoperable via local area
be a mobile, transportable, multistation network/wide area network with other
virtual simulation device designed to AVCATT suites and the Close Combat
support training of non-rated crew Tactical Trainer (CCTT).
ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
AVCATT-A 43
2 Trailer Suite

Aviation Combined Arms Tactical
Trainer (AVCATT)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
AVCATT:
L-3 Communications (Arlington, TX)
NCM3:
SAIC (Orlando, FL)
Technology Refresh:
AVT (Orlando, FL)

Manned Simulator

Manned Simulators

Apache AH-64A Kiowa Warrior OH-58D

Chinook Ch-47D Black Hawk UH-60A/L

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
Apache Longbow AH-64D
44

Battle Command Sustainment Support System (BCS3)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION time. Specifically, BCS3 offers its users system (GATES/WPS), In-Transit
To provide integrated logistics command access to a Logistics Reporting Tool Visibility (ITV) for Surface Deployment
Recapitalization and control (C2) functionality onto (LRT) that provides a standardized and Distribution Cargo (ISDDC),
a common mission command (MC) format for submission of sustainment United States Marine Corps Last Tactical
Maintenance
status reports, in-transit visibility Mile System (LTM), Sustain Business
architecture and provide critical
(ITV) of supplies and equipment in the System Modernization-Energy (BSM-E)
logistics C2 to Joint, interagency, distribution pipeline, and asset visibility
intergovernmental, and multinational (AV) of resources with the units and PROGRAM STATUS
(JIIM) users in order to enhance the supply points. • 2QFY11: SW Delivery BCS3-NM P16.1
commander’s and staff’s ability to • 3QFY11: SW Delivery BCS3-NM P16.2
effectively conduct collaborative mission SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
planning and execution across the full In this Publication PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Movement Tracking System (MTS), • 1QFY12: SW Delivery BC10.02
spectrum of military operations.
Global Transportation Network (GTN) • 1QFY14: BC 13.0.0
DESCRIPTION
Battle Command Sustainment Support Other Major Interdependencies
System (BCS3) enables commanders LIW/LOGSA, ILAP, SARSS, SASS-
and their staffs to effectively conduct MOD, PBUSE, EMILPO, RFID, Joint-
collaborative mission planning, Automatic Identification Technology
coordination, control, and execution (JAIT), Radio Frequency (RF), Satellite
across the full spectrum of military Transponders and Enhanced ITV
operations. It is an automated sustainment data feeds (Orbit One, Global Track,
support system that provides integrated and SUPREME (Hawkeye) Class I
functionality within a common Battle shipments), Container Intrusion
mission command architecture. and Detection Devices (CIDD)
Radio Frequency Tag capability,
BCS3 supports sustainment operations Integrated Data Environment/Asset
by providing a COP with map-centric Visibility and Global Transportation
functionalities that enable end users Network Convergence (IGC), Global
to access, scale, and tailor critical Air Transportation and Execution
sustainment information in near-real- Management System/Worldwide Port

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
45

Battle Command Sustainment
Support System (BCS3)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Software Development/Engineering
Services:
IBM (San Diego, CA)
Program Support:
CACI (Chantilly, VA)
Tapestry (Yorktown, VA)
LMI (McLean, VA)
Hardware:
Dell Computer Corporation (Round Rock,
TX)
New Equipment Training:
Raytheon (Ft. Wayne, IN)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
46

Biometric Enabling Capability (BEC)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION PROGRAM STATUS • 4QFY11: Full deployment decision for
Modernization
Serves as the Department of Defense • 4QFY08: DoD Biometrics Acquisition BEC Increment 0
Recapitalization authoritative biometric repository enabling Decision Memorandum (ADM) directs
Milestone B no later than FY10 PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Maintenance identity superiority.
• 1QFY09: Biometrics in support • 2QFY12: Biometrics BEC Increment
DESCRIPTION of Identity Management Initial 1 Capability Development Document
Biometric Enabling Capability Capabilities Document approved by approved
(BEC), using an Enterprise System- Joint Requirements Oversight Council • 3QFY12: Milestone B for BEC
• 4QFY09: DoD Biometrics ADM directs Increment 1, i.e., permission to
of-Systems architecture, will serve as
Analysis of Alternatives (AoA) to be enter system development and
DoD’s biometric repository, enabling
completed 2QFY10 demonstration
multimodal matching, storing, and
• 3QFY10: DoD Biometrics ADM
sharing in support of identity superiority
approved name change from Biometric
across the Department. Enterprise Core Capability (BECC) to
Biometric Enabling Capability (BEC)
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES • 2QFY11: DoD Biometrics ADM
In this Publication approved Biometric AoA final report;
Joint Personnel Identification Version 2 ADM also directed the current
(JPIv2) operational Next Generation-
Automated Biometric Identification
Other Major Interdependencies System to a full deployment decision
Automated Identity Management System (BEC Increment 0) in FY11; DoD
(AIMS), Department of Homeland Biometrics ADM directed Milestone
Security IDENT, FBI Integrated Automated B for BEC Increment 1 in FY12 and
Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS), delegated Milestone Decision Authority
U.S. Navy Personnel Identification Version to Army Acquisition Executive
1 Program (PIv1), Special Operations • 3QFY11: Milestone Decision Authority
Identity Dominance (SOID) for BEC Increment 0 delegated to
Program Executive Officer Enterprise
Information Systems (PEO EIS)
• 4QFY11: NG-ABIS Capability
Production Document approved

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
47

Biometric Enabling Capability (BEC)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Program Management Support
Services:
CACI (Arlington, VA)
The Research Associates (New York, NY)
System Development and Integration:
BEC Increment 0-System Integrator:
Northrop Grumman
BEC Increment 1-System Integrator:
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
48

Black Hawk/UH/HH-60

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Common Avionics Architecture System, control, and aeromedical evacuation. Full
Provides air assault, general support, fly-by-wire flight controls, and full rate production for the new-build UH-60M
Recapitalization aeromedical evacuation, command authority digital engine control upgrade began in 2007, and the UH-60M and HH-
and control, and special operations to the GE-701D Engine. 60M MEDEVAC aircraft continue to be
Maintenance
deployed in combat rotations.
support to combat, stability, and
There are also dedicated Medical
support operations. Evacuation (MEDEVAC) versions of SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
the UH-60 Black Hawk: the HH-60A, Other Major Interdependencies
DESCRIPTION HH-60L, and HH-60M. Each includes Blue Force Tracker (BFT)
The Black Hawk (UH/HH-60) is an integrated MEDEVAC Mission
the Army’s utility tactical transport Equipment Package (MEP) kit, providing PROGRAM STATUS
helicopter. The versatile Black Hawk day/night and adverse weather emergency • Current: Production and fielding of
has enhanced the overall mobility of the evacuation of casualties. UH-60M and HH-60M aircraft
Army due to dramatic improvements in
troop capacity and cargo lift capability. On the asymmetric battlefield, the Black PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
It will serve as the Army’s utility Hawk enables the commander to get • Continue: Production and fielding of
helicopter in the Future Force. to the fight quicker and to mass effects UH-60M and HH-60M aircraft
throughout the battlespace across the • FY12: Multiyear/Multiservice VIII
There are multiple versions of the full spectrum of conflict. A single Black contract award
UH-60 Black Hawk: the original UH- Hawk can transport an entire 11-person, • FY12: Materiel Development
60A; the UH-60L, which has greater fully equipped infantry squad faster Decision for Improved Turbine Engine
gross weight capability, higher cruise than predecessor systems and in most Program (ITEP)
weather conditions. The aircraft’s critical • FY13: Milestone A for ITEP
speed, rate of climb, and external load;
and the UH-60M, which includes the components and systems are armored or
improved GE-701D engine and provides redundant, and its airframe is designed
greater cruising speed, rate of climb, to crush progressively on impact, thus
and internal load than the UH-60A and protecting crew and passengers. The
UH-60L versions. During FY10, the UH-60M is a digital networked platform
Army decided to continue only with with greater range and lift to support
developmental testing of the UH-60M maneuver commanders through air
P3I Upgrade components, including assault, general support command and

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
49

Black Hawk/UH/HH-60

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
UH-60M:
Bahrain, Jordan, Mexico, United Arab
Emirates, Taiwan, Thailand, Sweden
UH-60L:
Brazil, Colombia, Egypt, Saudi Arabia,
UH-60A UH-60L UH-70M Thailand

CONTRACTORS
UH-60M:
Sikorsky (Stratford, CT)
701D Engine:
General Electric (Lynn, MA)
Multifunction Displays:
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)
Flight Controls:
Hamilton Sundstrand (Windsor Locks, CT)

UH-60A UH60L UH60M
MAX GROSS WEIGHT (pounds): 20,250 22,000 22,000
CRUISE SPEED (knots): 149 150 152
RATE CLIMB (feet per minute): 814 1,315 1,646
ENGINES (2 each): GE-700 GE-701C GE-701D
EXTERNAL LOAD (pounds): 8,000 9,000 9,000
INTERNAL LOAD (troops/pounds): 11/2,640 11/2,640 11/3,190
CREW: two pilots, two crew chiefs
ARMAMENT: two 7.62mm machine guns
WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
50

Bradley Fighting Vehicle Systems Upgrade

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION navigation with GPS, inertial navigation, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Provides infantry and cavalry fighting and enhanced squad SA includes a squad • 1QFY12: Army Prepositioned Stocks-4
Recapitalization vehicles with digital command and control leader display integrated into vehicle (Korea) Field Bradley A3
capabilities, significantly increased digital images and IC3. • 2QFY12: 4th Brigade, 1st Cavalry
Maintenance
Division
situational awareness, enhanced
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
lethality and survivability, and improved Other Major Interdependencies
sustainability and supportability. Army Battle Command System (ABCS),
Blue Force Tracker (BFT), FM Voice-
DESCRIPTION Advanced SINCGARS Improvement
The Bradley M2A3 Infantry/M3A3 Program (ASIP) Radio, Forward
Cavalry Fighting Vehicle (IFV/CFV) Observer Systems (BFIST Only),
features two second-generation, Ground Mobile Radio System (GMRS),
forward-looking infrared (FLIR) System of Systems Common Operating
sensors—one in the Improved Bradley Environment (SOSCOE)
Acquisition Subsystem (IBAS), the
other in the Commander’s Independent PROGRAM STATUS
Viewer (CIV). These systems provide • 2QFY11: Field Bradley A3 2nd Brigade,
“hunter-killer target handoff” capability 1st Armor Division and 3rd Brigade,
with ballistic fire control. The Bradley 3rd Infantry Division; Field ODS SA
A3 also has embedded diagnostics and 30th Heavy Brigade Combat Team
an Integrated Combat Command and North Carolina Army National Guard
Control (IC3) digital communications • 3QFY11: Field Bradley A3 2nd Brigade,
suite hosting a Force XXI Battle 3rd Infantry Division
• 4QFY11: Field Bradley A3 1st Brigade,
Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2)
2nd Infantry Division and 3rd Brigade,
package with digital maps, messages,
4th Infantry Division; ODS fielded to
and friend/foe information. These
TSS, Korea
systems provide the vehicle with
• 4QFY11: Field Bradley A3 1st Brigade,
increased shared battlefield situational 3rd Infantry Division
awareness (SA). The Bradley’s position

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
51

Bradley Fighting Vehicle Systems
Upgrade

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
BAE Systems (York, PA; Santa Clara, CA)
DRS Technologies (Palm Bay, FL)
Raytheon (McKinney, TX)
L-3 Communications (Muskegon, MI)
Curtiss-Wright (Littleton, MA)
Elbit Systems of America (Ft. Worth, TX)

SPEED: 40 mph
RANGE: 250 miles
PAYLOAD: 6,000 pounds
VEHICLE WEAPONS: 25mm, TOW II, 7.62mm
M2/M3A3 MMBF REQUIRED/ACTUAL: 400/681
DEPLOYABLE AIRCRAFT: C17, C5 WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
52

Calibration Sets Equipment (CALSETS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization percent mobile and transportable by tactical support mission. The platform SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
surface mode or aircraft (C-130, C-5, applies a network-centric approach None
Recapitalization and C-17). CALSETS is designed to to precision maintenance support
calibrate 90 percent of the Army’s operations and data handling via an PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance • 1Q-4QFY11: Total-package fielding
test, measurement, and diagnostic integrated data network, capable of
equipment workload with an objective sending calibration management system to National Guard TASMG units
of 98 percent. CALSETS is configured in data to higher Army headquarters and of CALSETS Secondary Transfer
MISSION several set configurations. obtaining calibration software updates. Standards, AN/GSM-705
Provides the capability to test, adjust, The set of instruments is contained in • Current: Sustainment of CALSETS
Secondary Transfer Standards Basic, AN/ a 37-foot semi-trailer with a M1088A1 Secondary Transfer Standards Basic,
synchronize, repair, and verify the AN/GSM-286; Secondary Transfer
accuracy of Army test, measurement, GSM-286: This set consists of baseline Medium Tactical Vehicle Tractor with an
integrated 15-kilowatt power generator. Standards Augmented, AN/GSM-287;
instruments and components capable
and diagnostic equipment across all Secondary Transfer Standards, AN/
of supporting precision maintenance
measurement parameters. GSM-421 and AN/GSM-705
equipment in the physical, dimensional, Secondary Transfer Standards, AN/
• Current: Fielding of CALSETS
electrical, and electronic parameters. GSM-421: This set is a subset of the
Secondary Transfer Standards, AN/
DESCRIPTION baseline instruments designed to GSM-705 (National Guard, TASMG)
Calibration Sets Equipment Secondary Transfer Standards support up to 70 percent of the Army’s • Current: System demonstration of an
(CALSETS) consists of calibration Augmented, AN/GSM-287: This set high-density precision measurement up-armor capable CALSETS Secondary
instrumentation housed in fixed facilities consists of baseline instruments and equipment in forward areas. The Transfer Standards, AN/GSM-421(v2)
or contained within tactical shelters augmented components with expanded system is modular and configurable
with accompanying power generation capability to support a wider variety to meet mission requirements and PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
equipment. CALSETS provides of precision maintenance equipment. can operate in a true split-based • 2QFY12: AN/GSM-421(v2) limited
support to maintenance units and area It is capable of supporting precision mission posture. Designed for rapid user assessment
support organizations from brigade to maintenance equipment in the physical, deployment by surface or air, AN/GSM- • 4QFY12: AN/GSM-421(v2) first
multitheater sustainment operations dimensional, electrical, electronic, 421 will not radiate or be disrupted by unit equipped
and ensures a cascading transfer of radiological, electro-optical, and electromagnetic interference. This set
precision accuracy originating from the microwave frequency parameters. is contained in a shelter mounted on
U.S. National Institute of Standards. an M1152 High Mobility Multipurpose
CALSETS is designed to plug into Army Secondary Transfer Standards, AN/ Wheeled Vehicle with an integrated
enterprise and battle networks. CALSETS GSM-705: This set configuration 10-kilowatt power generator.
tactical shelters are 100 contains baseline instruments and
augmented components designed for a
ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
53

Calibration Sets Equipment
(CALSETS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Afghanistan, Egypt, Japan,
Lithuania, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan,
United Arab Emirates

CONTRACTORS
Dynetics Inc. (Huntsville, AL)
Agilent Technologies Inc.
(Santa Clara, CA)
Fluke Corp. (Everett, WA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
54

CH-47F Chinook

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION pounds. The CH-47F can lift intra-
Supports a full spectrum of operations theater payloads up to 16,000 pounds in
Recapitalization including disaster relief, homeland high/hot environments.
Maintenance defense and security, and current
• Max gross weight: 50,000 pounds
overseas contingency operations with a
• Max cruise speed: 160 knots
Future Force system design. • Troop capacity: 36 (33 troops plus 3
crew members)
DESCRIPTION • Litter capacity: 24
The CH-47F Chinook is the Army’s only • Slingload capacity: 26,000 pounds
heavy-lift cargo helicopter, supporting center hook, 17,000 pounds forward/
combat operations and many other aft hook, 25,000 pounds tandem
critical operations other than war. The • Minimum crew: 3 (pilot, copilot, and
CH-47F aircraft has a suite of improved flight engineer)
features such as an upgraded digital
cockpit featuring the Common Avionics SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Architecture System (CAAS), a new Other Major Interdependencies
monolithic airframe with vibration ARC-231, BFT, CXP (APX-118), CXP
reduction, and the Digital Automatic (APX-123), IDM, AMPS
Flight Control System (DAFCS), which
provides coupled controllability for PROGRAM STATUS
operations in adverse environments • 2QFY07: Complete Initial
(reduced visibility, brown out, high Operational Testing
winds). The CH-47F’s common • 4QFY07: First unit equipped
cockpit enables multiservice digital • 1QFY08: Multiyear procurement
compatibility and interoperability for contract award
improved situational awareness, mission • 3QFY10: Six units equipped
performance, and survivability, as well
as future growth potential. The CH-47F PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
has an empty weight of 24,578 pounds • FY13: Multiyear II contract award
and a maximum gross weight of 50,000 • 1QFY18: CH-47F fielding complete

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
55

CH-47F Chinook

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Australia

CONTRACTORS
Aircraft and Recap:
Boeing (Philadelphia, PA)
Engine:
Honeywell (Phoenix, AZ)
Software:
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)
Engine Controls:
Goodrich (Danbury, CT)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
56

Chemical Biological Medical Systems-Diagnostics

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Delivers safe, effective, and robust None
Recapitalization medical products that protect U.S. forces
against validated CBRN threats. CBMS PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance • 1QFY10: FDA clearance for Avian Flu
applies government and industry best (H5N1) in vitro diagnostic (IVD) kit
practices to develop or acquire Food and • 3QFY11: FDA clearance for Q-Fever
Drug Administration (FDA)-approved IVD Kit
products within rigorously managed cost, • 4QFY11: Complete Navy fielding
schedule, and performance constraints. (31 systems)

DESCRIPTION PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The Joint Biological Agent Identification • FY12-14: Procurement of Next
and Diagnostic System (JBAIDS) is a Generation Diagnostic System (NGDS)
reusable, portable, modifiable biological
agent identification and diagnostic
system capable of rapid, reliable, and
simultaneous identification of multiple
biological agents and other pathogens
of operational concern. The ruggedized
and hardened system is configured to
support deployed medical personnel
with the ability to identify specific
biological organisms from clinical and
environmental sources and samples.
The JBAIDS anthrax, tularemia, plague,
H5N1, and Q-fever detection systems are
FDA-cleared for diagnostic use. JBAIDS
is operated throughout the combat zone
by medical laboratory personnel.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
57

Chemical Biological Medical
Systems-Diagnostics

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Idaho Technologies (Salt Lake City, UT)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
58

Chemical Biological Medical Systems-Prophylaxis

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Recombinant Botulinum Toxin Vaccine SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Delivers safe, effective, and robust A/B (rBV A/B): None
Recapitalization medical products that protect U.S. forces The Recombinant Botulinum
against validated CBRN threats. CBMS Bivalent Vaccine is comprised of PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance • 1QFY11: rF1V manufacture scale-up
nontoxic botulinum toxin heavy
applies government and industry best and validation ongoing
chain (Hc) fragments of serotypes A
practices to develop or acquire Food and and B formulated with an aluminum • 1QFY11: BSCAV In Process Review
Drug Administration (FDA)-approved hydroxide adjuvant and delivered • 3QFY11: Plague Vaccine completes
products within rigorously managed cost, intramuscularly prior to potential Phase 2b clinical trial volunteer
schedule and performance constraints. exposure to botulinum toxins. vaccinations
• 4QFY11: rF1V large-scale
manufacturing validation
DESCRIPTION Bioscavenger (BSCAV):
• 4QFY11: rBV A/B large-scale
Chemical Biological Medical Systems- The Bioscavenger program fills an
manufacturing process validation
Prophylaxis consists of the following urgent capability gap in Warfighter’s
complete
components: defense against nerve agents by
• Current: Smallpox and AVA in
development of a nerve agent sustainment
Anthrax Vaccine Absorbed (AVA): prophylactic that significantly reduces
The Anthrax Vaccine Absorbed is the or eliminates the need for post-exposure PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
only FDA-licensed anthrax vaccine antidotal therapy. • 1QFY12: rBV A/B consistency lot
in the United States that provides manufacturing begins
cutaneous, gastrointestinal, and aerosol Smallpox Vaccine System (SVS): • 1QFY12: BSCAV Milestone Decision
infection by battlefield exposure to The Smallpox Vaccine System Program • 2QFY12: rBV A/B Milestone C
Bacillus anthracis. provides both the ACAM2000™ Decision
smallpox vaccine and the Vaccinia • 3QFY12: rF1V manufacturing process
Recombinant Plague Vaccine (rF1V): Immune Globulin, Intravenous (VIGIV) validation complete
The Recombinant Plague Vaccine is a to vaccinate and protect the Warfighter • 4QFY12: rF1V Phase 3 clinical trial
highly purified polypeptide produced from potential exposure to smallpox. begins
from non-sporeforming bacterial Both products are FDA-approved.
cells transfected with a recombinant
vector from Yersinia pestis to prevent
pneumonic plague.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
59

Chemical Biological Medical
Systems-Prophylaxis

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
AVA:
Emergent BioSolutions (Bioport)
(Lansing, MI)
rF1V:
DynPort Vaccine (Frederick, MD)
rBV A/B:
DynPort Vaccine (Frederick, MD)
BSCAV:
To be determined
SVS:
Acambis plc. (Cambridge, MA)
Cangene Corp. (Winnipeg, Manitoba,
Canada)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
60

Chemical Biological Medical Systems-Therapeutics

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Improved Nerve Agent Treatment Hemorrhagic Fever Viruses (HFV)
Delivers safe, effective, and robust System (INATS) is an enhanced medical countermeasures will mitigate
Recapitalization medical products that protect U.S. forces treatment regimen against the effects of the threat of illness or death, as well
against validated CBRN threats. CBMS nerve agent poisoning. The new oxime as lessen issues with performance
Maintenance
component of INATS will replace 2-PAM degradation resulting from exposure.
applies government and industry best
in the Antidote Treatment Nerve Agent Due to the general severity of these
practices to develop or acquire Food and Autoinjector (ATNAA). diseases, HFV therapeutics will be
Drug Administration (FDA)-approved administered to infected Warfighters
products within rigorously managed cost, Medical Radiation Countermeasure while under direct medical observation.
schedule, and performance constraints. (MRADC) Acute Radiation Syndrome
(ARS) manifests primarily as SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
DESCRIPTION hematopoietic (bone marrow), None
Chemical Biological Medical Systems- gastrointestinal, and cerebrovascular
Therapeutics consists of the following subsyndromes, depending on the dose PROGRAM STATUS
components: of radiation received. The lead MRADC • 1QFY11: HFV Phase 1 trials begin
is Protectan CBLB502, a recombinant • 2QFY11: In-life portion of RAMPART
Advanced Anticonvulsant System protein under investigation to reduce study (DoD autoinjectors complete)
(AAS) will consist of the drug the risk of death following whole body • 1QFY11: HFV Milestone B Decision
midazolam in an autoinjector. The irradiation. The portfolio of MRADC • 3QFY11: IBP Phase 1 trials begin
midazolam-filled autoinjector will will, when used as a system, provide a • 4QFY11: HFV Phase II Pivitol
replace the fielded Convulsant Antidote robust capability to the Warfighter. Animal Studies
for Nerve Agents (CANA) that contains
diazepam. Midazolam, injected Intracellular Bacterial Pathogens PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
intramuscularly, will treat seizures and (IBP) will mitigate the threat of illness • 1QFY12: INATS Phase 1 Clinical
prevent subsequent neurological damage or death, as well as lessen issues with Trial begins
caused by exposure to nerve agents. AAS performance degradation resulting from • 1QFY13: INATS Milestone B
will not eliminate the need for other exposure. • 1QFY13: AAS Milestone C
protective and therapeutic systems. • 1QFY13: MRADC Milestone B

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
61

Chemical Biological Medical
Systems-Therapeutics

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
AAS:
Meridian Medical Technologies
(Columbia, MD)
Battelle Biomedical Research Center
(Columbus, OH)
INATS:
Southwest Research Institute
(San Antonio, TX)
Battelle Memorial Institute (Columbus, OH)
MRADC:
Osiris Therapeutics (Columbia, MD)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
62

Chemical Biological Protective Shelter (CBPS) M8E1

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION medical operations. Armor-equipped PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Provides medical personnel with a M1085A1R2 prime-mover provides • 1QFY12: Production
Recapitalization collective protection capability to perform crew protection during mobile/convoy • 2QFY12: Type classification/
operations. Provides 400 cubic feet per Materiel Release (TC/MR)
Maintenance their mission in a toxic-free area without
minute of CBR filtered air to maintain
the encumbrance of individual protective
the TFA. CBPS will be assigned to trauma
equipment in the forward battle area. treatment teams/squads of maneuver
battalions, medical companies of
DESCRIPTION forward and division support battalions,
The Chemical and Biological Protective nondivisional medical treatment teams,
Shelter (CBPS) is a mobile, self- squads, division and corps medical
contained, rapidly deployable, chemically companies, and forward surgical teams,
and biologically protected shelter and can provide a dual-use medical
that provides a contamination-free, capability for homeland defense.
environmentally controlled medical
treatment area for U.S. Army medical SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
units. CBPS provides the operating In this Publication
crew with a chemical, biological, and Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles
radiological (CBR)-protected toxic-free (FMTV), Single Channel Ground and
area (TFA) to execute their mission Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS)
without the encumbrance of individual
protective clothing/equipment. Key Other Major Interdependencies
components include: 400-square-feet The shelter system is integrated onto an
CBR protected, decontaminable, air armored MTV
beam-supported fabric shelter that
allows for rapid deployable and strike; PROGRAM STATUS
maintained internal temperature of • 1-2QFY11: First Article Testing (FAT)
60º F to 90º F in environments from • 2QFY11: Follow-on Operational
40º F to +125º F; and onboard primary Testing (FOT)
and fully redundant auxiliary power
for uninterrupted power during CBR

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
63

Chemical Biological Protective
Shelter (CBPS) M8E1

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Smiths Detection Inc. (Edgewood, MD)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
64

Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Dismounted
Reconnaissance Sets, Kits, and Outfits (CBRN DR SKO)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION by traditional CBRN reconnaissance-
Provides chemical, biological, radiological, mounted platforms. CBRN site
Recapitalization and nuclear (CBRN) reconnaissance in assessments help planners determine if
confined spaces and terrain inaccessible more thorough analysis is required to
Maintenance
mitigate risks or gather intelligence on
by traditional CBRN reconnaissance-
adversaries’ chemical warfare agents,
mounted platforms/vehicles. biological warfare agents, or toxic
industrial material capabilities.
DESCRIPTION
The Chemical, Biological, Radiological, From 2008 to 2010, 27 DR SKO-like
Nuclear Dismounted Reconnaissance systems were fielded in support of Joint
Sets, Kits, and Outfits (CBRN DR SKO) Urgent Operational Needs Statements
system consists of commercial- and (JUONS) to Central Command and
government-off-the-shelf equipment the Services.
that provides personnel protection from
CBRN hazards, as well as detection, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
identification, sample collection, None
decontamination, marking, and hazard
reporting of CBRN threats. The system PROGRAM STATUS
is composed of handheld, man-portable • 2QFY11: Critical Design Review
detectors that detect and identify • 2QFY11: Milestone B Decision
potential Weapons of Mass Destruction
(WMD) and/or WMD precursors and PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
determine levels of protection required • 2QFY11: Operational Assessment
to assess a sensitive site. The system • 4QFY13: Milestone C, Low-Rate Initial
supports dismounted reconnaissance, Production Decision
surveillance, and CBRN site-assessment • 1-2QFY13: Multiservice Operational
missions to enable more detailed CBRN Testing
information reports for commanders. • 4QFY13: Full-Rate Production
These site locations may be enclosed or Decision
confined, and are therefore inaccessible

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
65

Chemical, Biological,
Radiological, Nuclear Dismounted
Reconnaissance Sets, Kits, and
Outfits (CBRN DR SKO)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
ICx Technologies (Pittsburgh, PA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
66

Chemical Demilitarization

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES • 2QFY12: Complete closure of
Modernization
Enhances national security by eliminating None Anniston, AL facility
Recapitalization U.S. chemical warfare materiel (CWM)
and supporting CWM responses, while PROGRAM STA PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance • 1QFY11: Completed final agent
ensuring maximum protection for the disposal campaign at Pine Bluff, AR
public, workers, and the environment. • 2QFY11: CMA destroyed 85 percent of
the chemical agent stockpile since entry
DESCRIPTION into force of the Chemical Weapons
The Chemical Materials Agency (CMA) Convention
mission is mandated by public law • 3QFY11: Tooele, UT completes
scheduled plant operations, destroying
and includes the design, construction,
last mustard ton container
systemization, operations, and closure
• 3QFY11: Anniston, AL completes final
of chemical agent disposal facilities in
HD ton container campaign
Alabama, Arkansas, Indiana, Maryland,
• 4QFY11: CMA exceeded the destruction
Oregon, Utah, and Johnston Atoll in of 88 percent of the chemical agent
the South Pacific. Demilitarization stockpile since entry into force of the
operations have been completed in Chemical Weapons Convention
Indiana, Maryland, Arkansas, and
Johnston Atoll. Stockpile disposal at PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
locations in Colorado and Kentucky • 4QFY12: Complete final agent disposal
is the responsibility of the Assembled campaign at Anniston, AL
Chemical Weapons Alternatives • 2QFY12: Complete final agent
Program, which reports directly to the disposal campaign at Tooele, UT and
Office of the Secretary of Defense. Umatilla, OR
• 2QFY12: CMA achieves 90 percent
CMA is also responsible for emergency destruction of the chemical agent
stockpile since entry into force of the
preparedness activities at the chemical
Chemical Weapons Convention
weapons storage depots and assessment
• 2QFY12: Complete closure of Pine
and destruction of non-stockpile and
Bluff, AR facility
recovered chemical warfare materiel.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
67

Chemical Demilitarization

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
URS Corp. (Anniston, AL; Pine Bluff, AR;
Umatilla, OR; Tooele, UT)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
68

Clip-on Sniper Night Sight (SNS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION and allows the M110 SASS to maintain
Enables the sniper to acquire and engage bore sight throughout the focus range of
Recapitalization targets using the M110 Semi-Automatic the SNS and the M110 day optical sight.
Maintenance Sniper System (SASS) during periods of
Weight: < 3.5 pounds
limited visibility and at low-light levels.
Focus range: 25 meters to infinity
DESCRIPTION Power: One AA battery
The AN/PVS-29 Sniper Night Sight
(SNS) is a lightweight, in-line weapon- SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
mounted sight used in conjunction None
with the day optic sight on the M110
SASS. It employs a variable gain image PROGRAM STATUS
intensification tube that can be adjusted • FY11: Competitive procurement;
by the sniper depending on ambient light fielded to snipers supporting
levels. When used in conjunction with Operation Enduring Freedom and
the M110 day optical sight, it provides Operation New Dawn
for personnel-sized target recognition
at quarter moon illumination in clear PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
air to a range of 600 meters. The SNS • FY12: Continue to field in accordance
has an integrated rail adapter that with Headquarters Department of the
interfaces directly to the MIL-STD-1913 Army guidance
rail for quick and easy mounting to or • FY13: Continue to field in accordance
dismounting from the weapon. with Headquarters Department of the
Army guidance
The SNS allows a sniper to maintain
the current level of accuracy with the
M110 and to deliver precise fire within 1
minute of angle. Use of the SNS does not
affect the zero of the day optical sight

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
69

Clip-on Sniper Night Sight (SNS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Knight’s Armament Co. (Titusville, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
70

Close Combat Tactical Trainer (CCTT)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
the Bradley Fighting Vehicle, the High aviation and air defense artillery) and all • 2QFY11: Award of the Dismounted
Modernization
Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle opposing forces. All battlefield operating Soldier (DS) contract
Recapitalization (HMMWV), the Heavy Expanded systems are represented, ensuring • 2-4QFY11: Production and fielding
Mobility Tactical Truck (HEMTT), and an effective simulation of a combat of the RVS/RVTT to Camp Shelby,
Maintenance MS; Ft. Jackson, SC; Camp Atterbury,
the M113A3 Armored Personnel Carrier environment that encompasses daylight,
offer sufficient fidelity for collective night, and fog conditions. CCTT’s IN; Camp Casey, South Korea; Camp
Roberts, CA; and Ft. McCoy, WI
mission training. Modular components virtual terrain databases cover 100 by
MISSION include the Reconfigurable Vehicle 150 kilometers, 3.5 kilometers of active PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Provides collective training for infantry, Simulator/Reconfigurable Vehicle visual terrain, and eight kilometers of • 2QFY12: Production and fielding of
armor, mechanized infantry, cavalry Tactical Trainer (RVS/RVTT), which extended range for the M1A2 System the fixed and mobile RVTT to Camp
simulates the HMMWV, the Armored Enhancement Program Abrams tank Bullis, TX; Ft. Bragg, NC; and Gowen
units, and their associated staffs using Field, ID
Security Vehicle (ASV), and the HEMTT. and the M2A3 Bradley Fighting Vehicle.
manned module simulators within • 2QFY12: User Acceptance Testing for
An additional capability for CCTT CCTT supports training of both Active
a virtual, synthetic environment, to instructors/operators and training units Army and Army National Guard units DS, fielding of DS test suites at Ft.
improve readiness, provide more is the Mobile Theater After-Action at installations and posts in the U.S., Benning, GA; Ft. Bragg, NC; and Ft.
realistic collective training, and support Europe, and South Korea. Leonard Wood, MO
Review (MTAAR). The newest addition
• 3QFY12-4QFY12: Production and
urgent full-spectrum operations training to the CCTT family of simulators is
fielding of Low-Rate Initial Production
requirements. Dismounted Soldier (DS), which will SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES DS suites to Ft. Bliss, TX; Ft. Hood, TX;
provide individual Soldiers, fire teams, Other Major Interdependencies
and Ft. Campbell, KY
DESCRIPTION and squad leaders a capability to train CCTT requires Synthetic Environment • 4QFY12-2QFY14: Production and
The Close Combat Tactical Trainer infantry and Improvised Explosive Core (SE Core) to provide terrain fielding of CCTT Concurrency
(CCTT) is a virtual, collective training Device-Defeat (IED-D) tasks in a fully databases and virtual models; the One Upgrades for 8th U.S. Army, CCTT
simulator that is fully interoperable with immersive, virtual environment. Semi-Automated Force (OneSAF) will Mobiles, Ft. Hood, TX; Ft. Bliss, TX; Ft.
the Aviation Combined Arms Tactical provide a common SAF through SE Core Stewart, GA; Ft. Benning, GA; Ft. Riley,
Trainer (AVCATT). Soldiers operate from Soldiers use command and control in the future KS; and Ft. Carson, CO
simulators representing Dismounted equipment to simulate the battle
Infantry, Mechanized Infantry/Tank, direction of artillery, mortar, combat PROGRAM STATUS
Company Teams, Armored Cavalry engineers, and logistics units to • 1QFY11: Production and fielding
Troops, or Combat Service Support support their training mission. A semi- of the RVTT to Ft. Sill, OK; Ft. Dix,
weapon systems. Crewed simulators, automated forces (SAF) workstation NJ; Ft. Lee, VA; Ft. Hood, TX; and Ft.
such as the Abrams Main Battle Tank, provides supporting units (such as Campbell, KY

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
71

Close Combat Tactical Trainer
(CCTT)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Prime - RVS/RVTT:
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
Prime - Dismounted Soldier:
Intelligent Decisions (Ashburn, VA)
Prime - Post Deployment Software
Support (PDSS):
Kaegan Corporation (Orlando, FL)
Prime - Visual System:
Rockwell Collins (Salt Lake City, UT)
Prime - Man-Year Equivalents:
Electronic Consulting Services Inc.
(Fairfax, VA)
Sub - RVTT:
DRS Mobile Environmental (Cincinnati, OH)
Meggitt Training (Suwanee, GA)
Sub - Visual System:
Dedicated Computing (Waukesha, WI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
72

Combat Service Support Communications (CSS Comms)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
and sustaining base automated systems. and high-speed terrestrial links that SATCOM COOP failover testing and
Modernization
CAISI provides unit commanders and provide a highly effective, easy-to-use, performance evaluation
Recapitalization logistics managers an interface device to transportable, SATCOM-based solution • 2QFY11: Initiated major software
support CSS doctrine for full-spectrum to CSS nodes. CSS SATCOM supports upgrade for CAISI
Maintenance • 3QFY11: Initiated Condition Based
operations. This capability supports a information exchange up to the Sensitive
non-contiguous concentration of users Information level, is rapidly deployable Replacement program for CSS VSAT
• 3QFY11: Received Certificate of
and the transfer of real-time information anywhere in the world, and is fully
Networthiness for CAISI
MISSION in both fixed and mobile operating integrated into the Non-secure Internet
Provides a worldwide commercial satellite environments. CAISI allows deployed Protocol Router Network (NIPRNET)
communications network, engineering Soldiers to connect CSS automation segment of the Global Information Grid PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
devices to a secure wireless network and (GIG). CSS SATCOM eliminates the • 2QFY12-4QFY12: Complete fielding of
services, Integrated Logistics Support,
electronically exchange information via often dangerous need for Soldiers to CAISI and CSS VSAT systems
infrastructure, and portable remote terminal • 2QFY12-4QFY12: Identify replace
tactical or commercial communications. hand-deliver requisitions via convoys in
units in support of Army Combat Service combat areas. modem for CSS VSAT terminals
Support (CSS) Logistics Management CAISI employs a deployable wireless LAN
Information Systems operating from infrastructure linking Army Logistics SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
garrison or while deployed. Information System computers in a seven In this Publication
square-kilometer area. It is certified in Global Combat Support System-Army
DESCRIPTION accordance with Federal Information (GCSS-Army)
Combat Service Support Processing Standards (FIPS) 140-2 Level
Communications (CSS Comms) 2-approved encryption for use with Other Major Interdependencies
includes the Combat Service sensitive information. CAISI, CSS SATCOM
Support Automated Information
Systems Interface (CAISI) and the CSS SATCOM includes commercial off- PROGRAM STATUS
Combat Service Support Satellite the-shelf Ku-band auto-acquire satellite • 1QFY11: Received Authority to
Communications (CSS SATCOM) terminals, called Combat Service Operate for CAISI
system. CAISI allows current and Support Very Small Aperture Terminals • 1QFY11: Participated in GCSS-A test
emerging battlefield CSS automation (CSS VSATs), repackaged in fly-away events
devices to electronically exchange transit cases, along with a contractor- • 2QFY11: Completed CSS VSAT TM
information via tactical networks. CAISI operated fixed infrastructure of four and distributed to users
also interfaces with other battlefield primary and three COOP teleports • 2QFY11: Completed extended

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
73

Combat Service Support
Communications (CSS Comms)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Equipment:
Telos Corp. (Ashburn, VA)
LTI DataComm Inc. (Reston, VA)
Juniper Networks (Herndon, VA)
L-3 Global Communications Solutions Inc.
(Victor, NY)
Segovia Global IP Services (Herndon, VA)
Project support/training:
Systems Technologies (Systek) Inc. (West
Long Branch, NJ)
Tobyhanna Army Depot (Tobyhanna, PA)
Software Engineering Center-Belvoir
(SEC-B) (Ft. Belvoir, VA)
U.S. Army Information Systems
Engineering Command (USAISEC) (Ft.
Huachuca, AZ)
CACI (Eatontown, NJ; Arlington, VA)
DISA Satellite Transmission Services-
Global NETCOM (Ft. Huachuca, AZ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
74

Command Post Systems and Integration (CPS&I) Standardized
Integrated Command Post Systems (SICPS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION is currently being fielded to the Army’s PROGRAM STATUS
Provides commanders standardized and Active component, Army National Guard, • 1QFY11-4QFY11: Fielded SICPS to
Recapitalization mobile command posts with a tactical, and Army Reserve units. 45 brigade level or higher units, seven
separate battalions, and several Battle
Maintenance fully integrated, and digitized physical Command Training Centers
SICPS provides the integrated NeMC
infrastructure to execute Networked-
platform and infrastructure to allow
enabled Mission Command (NeMC) and shared situational understanding of the PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
achieve information dominance. COP based on the various Army and Joint • QFY12-2QFY14: Continue SICPS
command and control, communications, fielding and NET to 101 units and
DESCRIPTION and network systems in the command organizations in accordance with the
The Command Post Systems and post. Scalable and modular, SICPS Unit Set Fielding schedule
Integration (CPS&I) product office supports echelons from battalion through
provides commanders with standardized, Army Services Component Command by
mobile, and fully integrated command providing tactical flexibility to support all
posts for the modular expeditionary phases of operations. By integrating the
force, including support for Future Force tactical internet with current and future
capabilities and Joint and coalition forces. mission command capabilities, command
The Standardized Integrated Command post operations are revolutionized
Post System (SICPS)-based command through a combination of state-of-the-art
post is where commanders and their staffs data processing, communications, and
collaborate, plan, and execute NeMC, information transport methods to achieve
maintain situational awareness using the information dominance.
Common Operational Picture (COP),
and make decisions based on available SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
information. Per the SICPS Capabilities Other Major Interdependencies
Production Document (CPD), a family Warfighter Information Network-
of Command Post Platforms (CPP) Tactical (WIN-T) Battle Command
with standardized shelters, Command Common Services (BCCS) Server,
Center Systems (CCS), Command Post Distributed Common Ground Systems
Communications Systems (CPCS), and (DCGS), Mobile Electric Power (MEP),
Trailer Mounted Support Systems (TMSS) Command Post of the Future (CPOF)

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
75

Command Post Systems and
Integration (CPS&I) Standardized
Integrated Command Post Systems
(SICPS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Command Post Platform/NET:
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)
Trailer Mounted Support System:
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)
SICPS AMCOM EXPRESS (SETA):
Sigmatech Inc. (Huntsville, AL)
Materiel Fielding:
Tobyhanna Army Deport (Tobyhanna, PA)
SICPS (TOCNET Intercommunications
Systems):
SCI Technology Inc. (Huntsville, AL)
Common Hardware Systems:
General Dynamics C4 Systems Inc.
(Tauton, MA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
76

Common Hardware Systems (CHS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION of version 1), version 2 (ruggedized),
Provides state-of-the-art, fully qualified, and version 3 (fully rugged, MIL-SPEC
Recapitalization interoperable, compatible, deployable, Rugged Handheld Unit).
Maintenance and survivable hardware for command,
CHS also provides worldwide repair,
control, and communications at all
maintenance, logistics, and technical
echelons of command for the Army and support through strategically located
other DoD Services with worldwide contractor-operated regional support
repair, maintenance, and logistics centers (RSC) for tactical military units
support through contractor-operated and management of a comprehensive
CHS Regional Support Centers and five-year warranty.
management of a comprehensive
warranty program. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Other Major Interdependencies
DESCRIPTION Army Battle Command Systems (ABCS)
The Common Hardware Systems (CHS)
program is the command and control PROGRAM STATUS
enabler for Army Transformation, • 4QFY11: CHS-4 contract award award
providing modularity, interoperability, with $3.7 billion ceiling
and compatibility to support • 4QFY11: Total Asset Visibility (TAV)
implementation of net-centricity. The contract award
CHS contract includes a technology
insertion capability to continuously PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
refresh the network-centric architectural • FY12: HEMP and NBC testing
building blocks, add new technology, • FY12-FY14: Continuing data collection
and prevent hardware obsolescence. for TAV database
CHS products can be procured in four • FY12-FY14: Manage the acquisition
versions: version 1 (non ruggedized), and delivery of CHS equipment in
version 1+ (moderate ruggedization support of customer requirements

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
77

Common Hardware Systems (CHS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Australia, Colombia, Philippines

CONTRACTORS
CHS-3 Production Contract:
General Dynamics (Taunton, MA)
CHS-4 Production Contract:
To be determined
Engineering:
Engineering Solutions and Products (ESP)
(Oceanport, NJ)
CACI (Eatontown, NJ)
Sensor Technologies (Red Bank, NJ)
Logistics, Ordering:
Engineering Solutions and Products (ESP)
(Oceanport, NJ)
Lab/Tech Support:
Northrop Grumman (Eatontown, NJ)
Consultant:
Sensor Technologies (Red Bank, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
78

Common Remotely Operated Weapon Station (CROWS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Potential enhancements include
Enables Soldiers to acquire and engage integration of other weapons, escalation-of-
Recapitalization targets with precision effects while force systems, sniper detection, integrated
protected inside an armored vehicle. 360-degree situational awareness, increased
Maintenance
weapon elevation, Javelin integration, and
DESCRIPTION commander’s display.
The Common Remotely Operated
Weapon Station (CROWS) is a stabilized SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
mount that contains a sensor suite Other Major Interdependencies
and fire control software, allowing CROWS mounts the MK19, M2, M240B,
on-the-move target acquisition and or M249 machine guns
first-burst target engagement. Capable
of target engagement under day and PROGRAM STATUS
night conditions, the CROWS sensor • Current: Fielded over 5,000 CROWS
suite includes a daytime video camera, under urgent materiel release in
thermal camera, and laser rangefinder. support of Operation New Dawn
CROWS is designed to mount on any (OND) and Operation Enduring
tactical vehicle and supports the MK19 Freedom (OEF)
Grenade Machine Gun, M2 .50 Caliber • Current: Integrated on multiple types
Machine Gun, M240B Machine Gun, of platforms
• 3QFY11: Type Classified
and M249 Squad Automatic Weapon.

CROWS also features programmable PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
target reference points for multiple • Continue: Field and sustain CROWS in
locations, programmable sector support of OND and OEF
surveillance scanning, automatic target • 4QFY12: Full Materiel Release
ballistic lead, automatic target tracking,
and programmable no-fire zones.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
79

Common Remotely Operated
Weapon Station (CROWS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Kongsberg Defense & Aerospace
(Johnstown, PA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
80

Countermine

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION • The Interrogation Arm provides PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Provides Soldiers and maneuver route-clearance MMPVs the capability • 4QFY11: AMCS Production Decision
Recapitalization commanders with a full range of for mechanical standoff interrogation • 4QFY12: VOSS Milestone C
of suspected IEDs. • 2QFY13: AMDS Milestone B
Maintenance countermine capabilities, plus immediate
• The AN/PSS-14 Mine Detecting Set is • 2QFY13: HMDS Milestone B
solutions to counter improvised explosive • 2QFY14: HMDS Milestone C
a handheld multisensor mine detector.
devices (IEDs) and other explosive • The Area Mine Clearance System • 2QFY14: VOSS Full-Rate Production
hazards, allowing the maneuver (AMCS) is a flail system that destroys
commander to achieve assured mobility all types of landmines.
on the battlefield. • The Autonomous Mine Detection
System (AMDS) will detect, mark,
DESCRIPTION and neutralize hazards from a small,
The Countermine product line robotic platform.
comprises several different systems:
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
• The AN/VSS-6 Husky Mounted Other Major Interdependencies
Detection System (HMDS) is a AMDS, HMDS
ground-penetrating radar that
upgrades the Vehicle Mounted Mine PROGRAM STATUS
Detection (Husky) platform with the • Current: AN/VSS-6 HMDS, VOSS,
capability to detect and mark buried, and IED Interrogation Army Joint
low metal, and metallic-cased IEDs Urgent Operational Needs (JOUNS)
and anti-tank landmines. production and fielding continues
• The Vehicle Optics Sensor System in support of overseas contingency
(VOSS) is a multisensor camera operations
system that allows route-clearance • Current: AN/PSS-14 and MTRS
full-rate production and Army-wide
and explosive ordnance disposal
fielding continues through FY14
(EOD) Medium Mine Protected
Vehicles (MMPV) the capability for
on-the-move detection of IEDs.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
81

Countermine

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
IED Interrogation Arm:
Netherlands
VOSS:
Canada
AN/VSS-6 HMDS:
Canada

CONTRACTORS
AN/PSS-14:
L-3 CyTerra Corp. (Waltham, MA;
Orlando, Fl)
VOSS:
Lockheed Martin Gyrocam Systems LLC
(Sarasota, FL)
IED Interrogation Arm:
FASCAN International (Baltimore, MD)
HMDS:
NITEK (Sterling, VA)
AMCS:
A/S Hydrenna (Denmark)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
82

Counter-Rocket, Artillery, Mortar (C-RAM)/
Indirect Fire Protection Capability (IFPC)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION Audio/Visual Emergency System and a approved as a result of 2010 Air and
Modernization
Integrates multiple Army- and DoD- wireless LAN for “warn.” “Response” is Missile Defense (AMD) Capability
Recapitalization provided thru C-RAM integration with Portfolio Review (CPR)
managed systems and commercial-off-
Army/Joint mission command systems. • 3QFY11: C-RAM Program Directorate
Maintenance the-shelf systems with a command and transition to PEO Missiles and Space
control (C2) system to provide protection • 3QFY11: C-RAM SoS demonstration
Using this SoS approach, C-RAM
of fixed and semi-fixed sites from rockets • Current: Sustainment of fielded
completed development, integration,
and mortar rounds. C-RAM SoS capability
and testing in April 2005, meeting the
requirements of the ONS. The C-RAM
DESCRIPTION system was fielded five months after PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The Counter-Rocket, Artillery, Mortar initial funding and just eight months after • 1QFY12: Complete C-RAM sense and
(C-RAM) System-of-Systems (SoS) was ONS validation. C-RAM SoS is currently warn fielding to OEF
developed in response to a Multi-National deployed in two theaters of operation. • 2QFY12: Initiate C-RAM support to
Force-Iraq Operational Needs Statement Department of State/Office of Security
(ONS) that was validated in September In transition to the IFPC acquisition Cooperation-Iraq efforts
2004. An innovative SoS approach program, IFPC Increment 1 will field • 2QFY12: Initiate development/
was implemented in which multiple the C-RAM warn capability to all Army test/integration for near-term
Brigade Combat Teams. C-RAM initiatives
DoD Program of Record systems were
• 2QFY12: Conduct IFPC Increment 1
integrated with commercial-off-the-shelf
Operational Assessment
items to provide seven C-RAM functions: SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES • 3QFY12: IFPC Increment 1 Milestone C
sense, warn, respond, intercept, C2, Other Major Interdependencies
• 4QFY13: Field C-RAM intercept
shape, and protect. Army and Marine Corps Battle capability to 5-5 ADA Battalion
Command Systems, Sentinel Radar • 2QFY14: Begin fielding C-RAM
C-RAM component systems are: initiatives
Forward Area Air Defense Command PROGRAM STATUS
and Control (FAAD C2) system and • 1QFY11: LPWS theater upgrades
Air and Missile Defense Workstation complete
for “C2”; Lightweight Counter Mortar • 1QFY11-4QFY11: C-RAM sense and
Radar and Firefinder Radars for “sense”; warn fielding to Operation Enduring
Land-based Phalanx Weapon System Freedom (OEF)
(LPWS) for “intercept”; and Wireless • 1QFY11: Near-term C-RAM initiatives

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
83

Counter-Rocket, Artillery, Mortar
(C-RAM)/Indirect Fire Protection
Capability (IFPC)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Australia, United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Hardware/Integration/Fielding/
Contractor Logistics Support:
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)
LPWS:
Raytheon Missile Systems (Tucson, AZ)
Software Development/Maintenance:
Northrop Grumman (Redondo Beach, CA)
Common Hardware, Software:
General Dynamics (Taunton, MA)
Shelters and Training:
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
84

Cryptographic Systems

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Protocol (IP) and Asynchronous by the substitution in preference from
To provide Army users strategic and tactical Transfer Mode (ATM) networks. These wide-bandwidth to narrow-bandwidth
Recapitalization advantages through Communication systems are used in both tactical and communication channels.
Security (COMSEC) superiority by strategic networks. The family consists
Maintenance
of systems such as the KG-250, Talon, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
modernizing and fielding cryptographic
and the KG-175 series. In addition, Other Major Interdependencies
equipment and systems, which protect Cryptographic Systems continue to Cryptographic Systems are considered
against cyber threats, increase battlefield support four legacy devices that are enabling systems, which provide
survivability/lethality, and enable critical crucial to the COMSEC capability of required COMSEC capabilities
mission command activities. other fielded systems.
PROGRAM STATUS
DESCRIPTION The LEF family is used to multiplex and • 3QFY11: Cryptographic Systems
Cryptographic Systems are composed encrypt numerous signals into wideband assigned to chartered Project Director
of three fielded families of systems: data streams to be transmitted over fiber, Communications Security
In-Line Network Encryptors (INE), cable, or satellites. The wideband circuits • 3QFY11: Coordinate and validate
Link/Trunk Encryptor Family (LEF), require systems with extremely fast existing and future requirements
and Secure Terminal/Enhanced encryption capabilities. The backbone of • 4QFY11: Complete evaluation of
Cryptographic Cards (ST/ECC). New the modernized LEF is the KIV-7 series equipment obsolescence
and the KIV-19 series. There are nine • 4QFY11: Solidify processes to
and emerging network architectures
minimize fielding wait time
are driving the need to replace the legacy devices that also are supported
current inventory of stovepipe systems and maintained.
with technologically advanced devices PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
that incorporate Chairman of the Joint Finally, the ST/ECC family uses security • FY12-13: Continued modernization of
Chiefs of Staff- and Joint Requirements tokens and/or public key encryption KG-175 series
Oversight Council-directed to provide secure communication. • FY12-13: Continued procurement of
cryptographic modernization, advanced This portfolio is rapidly changing Sectera IP viper
key management, and network-centric as modernized systems, such as the • 3QFY12: Develop operational plans for
performance capabilities. Sectera IP viPer, KSV-21 Electronic layered COMSEC
Crypto Card (ECC), and Secure • 2QFY13: Final replacement of STU-III
The INE family of network Mobile Equipment Portable Electronic
encryption devices provides network Devices (SME PED), replace the twelve
communications security on Internet available legacy devices. This is driven
ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
85

Cryptographic Systems

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
VIA SAT (Carlsbad, CA)
General Dynamics Communication
Systems (Needham, MA)
L3 Communications (Camden, NJ)
Harris Corp (Palm Bay, FL)
Communications Security Logistics
Activity (Sierra Vista, AZ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
86

Defense Enterprise Wideband SATCOM System (DEWSS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization baseband systems, and payload and PROGRAM STATUS PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
network control systems required to • 1QFY11: Complete installation and • 2QFY12: MET First Article Acceptance
Recapitalization support Warfighter use of the high- checkout of Wahiawa, HI starter kit and Commissioning
capacity Wideband Global SATCOM • 2QFY11: Joint Management • 2QFY12: Begin Ft. Detrick Earth
Maintenance Operations System (JMOS) System Terminal Relocation
(WGS) satellite constellation, which
DoD began launching in October 2007. Integration Test • 2QFY12: Begin DEWSS TRANSEC
DEWSS capabilities include super high- • 3QFY11: JMOS First Article Test Modernization
MISSION frequency (SHF), beyond-line-of-sight • 3QFY11: Common Network Planning • 2QFY12: MET Large Fixed First Article
Software (CNPS) v3.1 Government Terminal (non-HEMP) installation
Provides combatant commanders, communications; tactical reachback via
Confidence Test • 3QFY12: RMCE Onsite Acceptance
deployed Warfighters, and senior DoD Teleport and Standardized Tactical
• 3QFY11: Wideband Global Spectrum Test and On Orbit Test
leadership with secure, high-capacity Entry Point (STEP) sites; survivable
Monitoring System (WGSMS) v2.0 • 1QFY13: Ft. Detrick First MET
communications for critical nuclear
satellite connectivity, enabling reachback Authority to Operate installation Complete
command and control; and an anti-jam, • 3QFY11: Replacement Frequency • 3QFY13: Ft. Detrick Second MET
for voice, video, and data communications High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse Modulation Orderwire (RFMOW) v2.4 Installation Complete
and transfer of intelligence information. (HEMP) hardened, anti-scintillation Government Confidence Test • 3QFY13: Ft. Detrick Earth Terminal
capability for key strategic forces. • 4QFY11: Wideband Remote Relocation Complete
DESCRIPTION Management capabilities include Monitoring Sensor (WRMS) System
The Defense Enterprise Wideband the Common Network Management Integration Test
SATCOM System (DEWSS) provides System (CNPS), Wideband Global • 4QFY11: Begin MET First Article
strategic Army and DoD satellite Spectrum Monitoring System (WGSMS), Terminal (HEMP) installation
communications (SATCOM) Wideband Remote Monitoring Sensor • 4QFY11: JMOS System Verification
infrastructure, enabling national (WRMS), Remote Monitoring and Test and Logistics Demonstration
and senior leader communications; Control Equipment (RMCE), Joint • 4QFY11: Remote Monitor and Control
JCS-validated command, control, Management Operations System Equipment (RMCE) Delivery and In-
communications, and intelligence (C3I) (JMOS), and the Replacement Frequency House Acceptance Testing
requirements; tactical reachback to Management Orderwire (RFMOW). • 4QFY11: Global Satellite Configuration
sustaining base for deployed Warfighters; Control Element (GSCCE) v2.11 MR
• 1QFY12: Begin MET First Article Test
and transport for critical intelligence SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
• 1QFY12: RMCE DIACAP Certification
information transfer to deployed forces None
Test
worldwide. DEWSS is modernizing
the enterprise satellite terminals,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
87

Defense Enterprise Wideband
SATCOM System (DEWSS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics
Laboratory (Laurel, MD)
Northrop Grumman (Winter Park, FL)
ITT (Colorado Springs, CO)
Harris Corp. (Melbourne, FL)
Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC)
(Eatontown, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
88

Distributed Common Ground System-Army (DCGS-A)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Common Operating Environment. It volumes of data that DCGS-A must Other Major Interdependencies
provides a flattened network, enabling manage. DCGS-A’s modular, open DCGS Family of Systems (services),
Recapitalization information discovery, collaboration, systems architecture and heavy emphasis Global Information Grid (GIG), Long
production, and dissemination to combat on “design for change” allows rapid Endurance Multi-intelligence Vehicle
Maintenance
commanders and staffs along tactically adaptation to changing circumstances. (LEMV), Network Enabled Command
useful timelines—seconds and minutes Capability (NECC)
vice hours and days. DCGS-A provides DCGS-A will support three primary
MISSION unprecedented timely, relevant, and roles: as an analyst tool set, DCGS-A PROGRAM STATUS
Provides distributed ISR planning, accurate targetable data to the Warfighter. enables the user to collaborate, • 1QFY11: DCGS-A DSB maintenance
management, control, and tasking; This system enables the commander synchronize, and integrate organic and demonstration
to achieve situational understanding non-organic direct and general-support • 1QFY11: DCGS-A DSB logistics
multi-intelligence fusion; and robust Joint,
by leveraging multiple sources of data, collection elements with operations; as demonstration
allied, and coalition forces interoperability. • 1QFY11: DCGS-A DSB FCA/PCA
information, and intelligence, and to the ISR component of the Army Battle
DESCRIPTION synchronize Joint and combined arms Command, DCGS-A can discover and • 3QFY11: DCGS-A DSB DT/EUT
The Distributed Common Ground combat power to see first, understand first, use all relevant threat, noncombatant, • 3QFY11: JFCOM Lead Empire
weather, and geospatial data and Challenge 2011, demonstration
System-Army (DCGS-A) is the Army’s act first, and finish decisively.
of Joint Interoperability and
cornerstone system for Tasking of evaluate technical data and information
Netcentric Operations
sensors, Processing of data, Exploitation DCGS-A will incrementally assume on behalf of a commander; and DCGS-A
of data, and Dissemination (TPED) life-cycle management responsibility provides organizational elements the PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
of intelligence, geospatial, space, and and consolidate/replace the operational ability to control select sensor platforms/ • 1QFY12: DCGS-A DSB 1.0 MS C
weather information at all echelons. capabilities provided by several Post payloads and process the collected data. • 2QFY12: DCGS-A DSB 1.0 IOT&E
DCGS-A provides unprecedented timely, MS C Programs of Record (PORs) and • 4QFY12: DCGS-A DSB 1.0 FDD
relevant, and accurate targetable data to fielded Quick Reaction Capabilities. The SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES • FY12: DCGS-A DSB 1.1 Build Complete
the Warfighter. DCGS-A will be fully Army will produce and field DCGS-A In this Publication • FY13: DCGS-A DSB 1.1 Fielding
interoperable with the Army’s Unified capability on various Hardware (HW) Battle Command Sustainment • FY13: DCGS-A DSB 1.2 Build Complete
Mission Command System (UMCS) and platforms using a consolidated DCGS-A Support System (BCS3), Enhanced • FY14: DCGS-A DSB 1.2 Fielding
Software Baseline (DSB). HW platforms • FY14: DCGS-A DSB 1.3 Build Complete
will provide access to data, information, Medium Altitude Reconnaissance
• FY15: DCGS-A DSB 1.3 Fielding
and intelligence to support battlefield will range from single laptops to and Surveillance System (EMARSS),
visualization and intelligence, surveillance, multiserver transportable configurations Extended Range/Multiple Purpose (ER/
and reconnaissance (ISR) management to large cloud-based computing nodes MP) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS),
in accordance with (IAW) the Army able to process and store the enormous Guardrail Common Sensor (GR/CS)

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
89

Distributed Common Ground
System-Army (DCGS-A)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Mobile Basic Prime Contractor for System
Integration and Design:
Northrop Grumman (Linthicum, MD)
Software Engineering:
Azimuth Inc. (Morgantown, WV)
All Source Integration:
Lockheed Martin (Denver, CO)
GMTI Integration:
General Dynamics (Scottsdale, AZ)
Program Support:
CACI (Tinton Falls, NJ)
Engineering Support:
MITRE (Eatontown, NJ)
Battle Command Integration and
Interoperability:
OverWatch Systems (Austin, TX)
Program Support, System Engineering,
Architecture:
Booz Allen Hamilton (Eatontown, NJ)
MITRE (Eatontown, NJ)
DCGS Integrated Backbone (DIB):
Raytheon (Garland, TX)
Other Support:
NetApp (CA), Cloudera (CA), Vmware (CA),
Esri (CA), Tucson Embedded Systems (AZ),
L3 Comm (AZ), Dell (TX), Potomac Fusion (TX),
Overwatch (TX), Ringtail Design (TX),
Redhat (NC), Digital Reasoning (TN)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
90

Distributed Learning System (DLS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION • Globally located Digital Training military occupational specialties and
Modernization
Acquires, deploys, and maintains a Facilities (DTFs) capable of delivering self-development; supported migration
Recapitalization multimedia courseware for individual of courseware to ALMS; began fielding
worldwide, distributed learning system
or group training via computer or DDTC; increased Army e-Learning
Maintenance to ensure our nation’s Soldiers receive and Rosetta Stone (foreign language
Video Tele-Training (VTT)
critical training for mission success. training) enrollments
• Enterprise management of the DLS
DESCRIPTION infrastructure, with customer support
The Distributed Learning System (DLS) for training applications PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
provides a worldwide information • The Army Learning Management • 2QFY11: Upgrade ALMS to ALMS
technology infrastructure that innovatively System (ALMS), for Web-based 3.0 software
combines hardware, software, and delivery of multimedia training and • 4QFY11: Complete fielding of
telecommunications resources with streamlined, automated training 14 DDTCs
training facilities and Web-based management functions • 4QFY13: Full deployment of DDTCs
applications to electronically deliver • Deployed Digital Training Campuses • 4QFY14: Complete production
course content for training of Soldiers and (DDTC) to deliver multimedia of DDTCs
courseware to deployed Soldiers • 1QFY11-4QFY21: Continue to sustain
Department of the Army (DA) Civilians
all fielded DLS training capabilities;
anytime, anywhere. DLS leverages
continue to produce, deploy and
technology to increase training efficiencies, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES maintain a total of 50 DDTCs
increase individual and unit readiness, Other Major Interdependencies
support Soldiers’ career advancement, and Army Knowledge Online is used for
improve their quality of life. identification, authorization, and to gain
access to the ALMS. Student training
DLS provides users: results are transmitted via the ALMS to
• Access to Army e-Learning, Web-based the Army Training Requirements and
training, consisting of more than 5,400 Resources System (ATRRS) as the system
commercial business, information of record for Army training.
technology, and 32 Rosetta Stone foreign
language courses PROGRAM STATUS
• 2QFY04-4QFY10: Sustained a centrally
managed global training enterprise;
electronically delivered training in

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
91

Distributed Learning System (DLS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Army Learning Management System
(ALMS):
IBM (Fairfax, VA)
DTF Management:
N-Link Corp (Bremerton, WA)
Language Training:
Rosetta Stone (Harrisonburg, VA)
Enterprise Management Services:
IBM (Fairfax, VA)
Army e-Learning:
Skillsoft Corp. (Nashua, NH)
Deployed Digital Training Campus:
Lockheed Martin (Alexandria, VA)
Program Management Support
Services:
MPRI, an L-3 Company (Alexandria, VA)
VTT Communications Support:
Sprint Communications Co. (Reston, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
92

Dry Support Bridge (DSB)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION DSB modular structure allows launch PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Supports military load classification 100 and retrieval from either end without a • 2QFY12: Fielding to 50th MRBC
Recapitalization (wheeled)/80 (tracked) vehicles over dedicated or special training area and • 2QFY12: Fielding to 341st MRBC
can be placed directly over pavement to • 3QFY12: Fielding to 250th MRBC
Maintenance 40-meter gaps via a modular military
reinforce damaged sections, bridges, or
bridge.
spans. Air transport for the DSB system
DESCRIPTION is accomplished by C-130 if divided
The Dry Support Bridge (DSB) is (bridge: one flat-rack per a/c; launcher
a mobile, rapidly erected, modular vehicle: split into 3 loads, five hours
military bridge system. DSB is fielded to work), or by C-17 and C-5 intact.
Multi-Role Bridge Companies (MRBCs)
and requires a crew of eight Soldiers to SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
deploy a 40-meter bridge in fewer than Other Major Interdependencies
90 minutes (daytime). DSB sections have DSB operations rely and are
a 4.3-meter road width and can span a interdependent upon fully mission-
40-meter gap or two 20-meter gaps at capable M1977 Common Bridge
military load classification (MLC) 100 Transporters and M1076 PLS trailer
(wheeled)/80 (tracked) normal crossing assets within a fully Modified Table
and MLC 110 (W) caution crossing. The of Organization and Equipment-
system includes a DSB bridge, a launcher equipped MRBC
mounted on a dedicated Palletized
Load System (PLS) chassis that deploys PROGRAM STATUS
the modular bridge sections, and This system has been fielded since 2003.
seven M1077 Flatracks to transport the • 1QFY11: Fielding to 1041st MRBC
bridge sections. The bridge modules • 2QFY11: Fielding to 50th MRBC
are palletized onto seven flat racks and • 3QFY11: Fielding to 189th MRBC
transported by equipment organic to the • 4QFY11: Fielding to 502nd MRBC
MRBC. DSB is designed to replace the
M3 Medium Girder Bridge.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
93

Dry Support Bridge (DSB)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Manufacturer:
Williams Fairey Engineering Ltd.
(Stockport, United Kingdom)
PLS Chassis:
Oshkosh Corp. (Oshkosh, WI)
Logistics:
XMCO (Warren, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
94

Enhanced Medium Altitude Reconnaissance and Surveillance
System (EMARSS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization warning. EMARSS is a key contributor EMARSS contains a tailored set of This combination of attributes provides
to the tightly woven, highly integrated Distributed Common Ground System- the ground tactical commander an assured
Recapitalization network of intelligence and operations Army (DCGS-A)-enabled software and near-real-time operational view of the
Warfighting functions that is necessary ISR processing software functionalities to battlespace, enabling tactical ground forces
Maintenance
to maintain contact and develop targets process, exploit, and rapidly disseminate to operate at their highest potential.
of interest in an Irregular Warfare (IW) the intelligence derived from the imagery
environment and across the range of sensor. The APG operator brings onboard SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
MISSION military operations (ROMO). his processing and software tools to control In this Publication
EMARSS is the Army’s next generation the APG sensor and perform analysis and Distributed Common Ground System-
C-12 based, direct support, manned EMARSS is a multi-INT AISR system that reporting. The imagery and APG operators Army (DCGS-A)
airborne intelligence collection, provides the capability to detect, locate, release time-sensitive information directly
classify/identify, and track surface targets to the supported BCT and subordinate PROGRAM STATUS
processing, and targeting support
in day/night, near-all-weather conditions units, and to the DCGS-A. The COMINT • 1QFY11: Milestone B Completed,
system. EMARSS provides a persistent with a high degree of timeliness and sensor is controlled through LOS and Engineering and Manufacturing
multi-intelligence capability to detect, accuracy. The EMARSS AISR capabilities BLOS communications at the DCGS-A, Development (EMD) contract awarded
locate, classify/identify, and track surface include an electro-optical/infrared (EO/ where the processing, analysis, and timely • 1QFY11: Industry GAO Protests
targets with a high degree of timeliness IR) with full motion video (FMV) sensor, a reporting to the supported tactical force is resulting in Stop Work Order
communications intelligence (COMINT) accomplished. Selected EMARSS imagery • 3QFY11: Protests resolved, EMD
and accuracy. EMARSS aircraft will be
sensor, and an Aerial Precision Guidance is immediately processed on the aircraft contract efforts resume
assigned to the U.S. Army Intelligence and
Security Command’s (INSCOM’s) Aerial (APG) sensor—all supported by line- and the collected imagery is also forwarded
of-sight (LOS) and beyond-line-of-sight to the DCGS-A for further processing, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Exploitation Battalions (AEB).
(LOS/BLOS) communications and hosted analysis, and reporting. EMARSS complies • 4QFY12: Joint Requirements Oversight
DESCRIPTION on a manned, medium-altitude, derivative with the DoD Information Technology Council consideration of the CPD
EMARSS is a multi-intelligence of the commercial Hawker-Beechcraft Standards Registry and Defense • FY13: Developmental Test and Limited
airborne intelligence, surveillance, and King Air 350ER aircraft. EMARSS operates Information Systems Network (DISN). User Testing
reconnaissance (AISR) system dedicated as a single platform in support of tactical This architecture permits interoperability • FY13: Milestone C
specifically to direct support of the tactical missions, but through connectivity with any multiservice or Joint system that
commander. It enhances Brigade Combat to tactical and national networks complies with DoD-standard formats for
Team (BCT) effectiveness by defining and also contributes to the Joint overall data transfer and dissemination.
assessing the environment and providing AISR constellation.
surveillance, targeting support, and threat

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
95

Enhanced Medium Altitude
Reconnaissance and Surveillance
System (EMARSS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
EMD Contractor: The Boeing Company
(Prime) (Ridley Park, PA), Hawker-
Beechcraft (Airframe) (Wichita, KS),
L-3 Communications West (SATCOM)
(Salt Lake City, UT), BAE Systems
(COMINT Hardware/Software) (Nashua,
NH), Avenge (Training and Operational
Testing) (Dulles, VA), Rockwell Collins
(Cockpit Avionics) (Cedar Rapids, IA)
Systems Engineering/Technical
Assistance (SETA) Support: CACI
(Tinton Falls, NJ), Booz Allen Hamilton
(Eatontown, NJ)
Engineering/Program Management:
MITRE (Eatontown, NJ)
Aircraft Engineering: CAS Inc. (Huntsville,
AL), Science Applications International
Corp. (SAIC) (Huntsville, AL)
Information Assurance: Sensor
Technologies (Red Bank, NJ)
Program Support: CACI (Arlington, VA)
Software Engineering Support:
Lockheed Martin (Tinton Falls, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
96

Enhanced Q-36

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To provide the next generation answer to In this Publication
Recapitalization the aging legacy Firefinder radars (the AN/ Counter-Rocket, Artillery, and Mortar
TPQ-36 and AN/TPQ-37), by providing (C-RAM)/Indirect Fire Protection
Maintenance
Capability (IFPC)
improved acquisition and identification
of artillery, mortar, and rocket munitions PROGRAM STATUS
in the 90-degree mode and introducing • FY11: Non-Recurring Engineering
the additional capability to operate in the Increment 2 for system integration
360-degree mode at greater ranges and • 3QFY11: Developmental/Operational
capabilities than the current 360-degree Test LUT Increment 1; Developmental
Testing Increment 2
AN/TPQ-48 and AN/TPQ-49 Lightweight
• End FY11: QRC production continued;
Counter Mortar Radar (LCMR) system. LRIP begins
DESCRIPTION
The EQ-36 is a replacement of the legacy PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
AN/TPQ-36 and AN/TPQ-37 target • 3QFY12: Limited Users Test #2
acquisition counter-fire radar systems. scheduled
It provides improved operational • 4QFY12: Quick Reaction Capability
capability over the legacy radar systems. Production continued until 4QFY12
The EQ-36 provides Warfighters • End of FY12: LRIP ongoing until end
continuous and responsive counter- of FY12
battery target acquisition capabilities • FY13-FY15: Full-Rate Production
for all types of military operations. The
EQ-36 detects in-flight projectiles and
determines and communicates firing
point locations of mortars, artillery,
rockets, and missiles with a high degree
of accuracy and low false alarm rates.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
97

Enhanced Q-36

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Integration/ICS:
Lockheed Martin (Syracuse, NY)
Technical Support:
(statewide, MD)
(statewide, NJ)
FSRs:
JB Management (Alexandria, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
98

Excalibur (M982)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The program is using an incremental SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides improved fire support to the approach to provide a combat capability In this Publication
Recapitalization maneuver force commander through to the Soldier as quickly as possible, Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data
a precision-guided, extended-range, and to deliver advanced capabilities System (AFATDS)
Maintenance
and lower costs as technology matures.
artillery projectile that increases lethality
The initial variant (Increment Ia-1) Other Major Interdependencies
and reduces collateral damage. includes a unitary high-explosive Enhanced Portable Inductive Artillery
warhead capable of penetrating urban Fuze Setter (EPIAFS), Modular Artillery
DESCRIPTION structures and is also effective against Charge System (MACS)
Excalibur (M982) is a 155mm, Global personnel and light materiel targets.
Positioning System (GPS)-guided, Increment Ia-2 will provide increased PROGRAM STATUS
extended-range artillery projectile, range (up to 37.5 kilometers) and • Current: Army and Marine Corps
in use as the Army’s next-generation reliability improvements. The third units in Afghanistan and Iraq are
cannon artillery precision munition. variant (Increment Ib) will maintain Excalibur capable
The target, platform location, and performance and capabilities while • 2QFY11: Approved Full-rate
GPS-specific data are entered into the significantly reducing unit cost and Production of Increment Ia-2
projectile’s mission computer through increasing reliability.
an Enhanced Portable Inductive PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Artillery Fuze Setter (EPIAFS). Excalibur is designed for fielding to the • 1QFY12: Increment Ia-2 Initial
Lightweight 155mm Howitzer (M777A2), Operational Capability
Excalibur uses a jam-resistant internal the 155mm M109A6 self-propelled • 3QFY12: Milestone C Low-Rate Initial
GPS receiver to update the inertial howitzer (Paladin), and the Swedish Archer Production Decision for Increment Ib
navigation system, providing precision howitzer. Excalibur is an international • 4QFY12-1QFY13: Initial Operational
in-flight guidance and dramatically cooperative program with Sweden, Test & Evaluation for Increment Ib
improving accuracy regardless of range. which contributes resources toward • 2QFY14: Increment Ib Initial
the development in accordance with Operational Capability
Excalibur has three fuze options:
height-of-burst, point-detonating, and established Cooperative Development and
delay/penetration. It is employable in all Production agreements.
weather conditions and terrain.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
99

Excalibur (M982)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Australia, Canada, Sweden, United
Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Raytheon (Tucson, AZ)
L3 Communications (Anaheim, CA)
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (Healdsburg, CA)
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (Niceville, FL)
Atlantic Inertial Units (Plymouth, England)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
100

Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization The Medium Tactical Vehicle (MTV) technical manual, significantly lowering Other Major Interdependencies
has a 5-ton capacity (cargo, long- operating and support costs compared AGSE, CBDP-CP, HMMWV
Recapitalization wheelbase-cargo with and without with older trucks. Replacement Interchange, LMS-788
materiel handling equipment, tractor, Ops Shelter and Sensor Pallet, Other
Maintenance
van, wrecker, 8.8-ton Load Handling Units are equipped with FMTVs at Interchange, P/M CAP, Surface
System (LHS), 8.8-ton LHS trailer, and more than 68 locations worldwide; Launched Advanced Medium Range Air-
10-ton dump truck models). Three truck 54,835 trucks and 13,293 trailers are in To-Air Missile (SLAMRAAM), USAF
MISSION variants and two companion trailers, field units as of June 2011. The Army AN/TPS-75 Radar
Provides unit mobility/resupply, with the same cube and payload capacity developed, tested, and installed add-
equipment/personnel transportation, as their prime movers, provide air on-armor and enhanced add-on-armor PROGRAM STATUS
drop capability. MTV also serves as the kits, and a Low Signature Armored • 3QFY11: Government PVT of select
and key ammunition distribution,
platform for the High Mobility Artillery Cab (LSAC) for Southwest Asia. The non-wrecker Oshkosh FMTV variants
using a family of vehicles based on a to include live fire tests completed
Rocket System (HIMARS) and resupply newest armored version, the Long-term
common chassis. vehicle for PATRIOT and HIMARS. Armor Strategy (LTAS) A-Cabs are • 3QFY11: Oshkosh FMTV trucks and
MTV operates worldwide in all weather integral to new production and are being companion trailers began shipping to
DESCRIPTION and terrain conditions. fielded. The LTAS B-kit is available. the field
The Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles Approximately 6,000 FMTVs have been
(FMTV) is a system of strategically FMTV enhances crew survivability armored in Southwest Asia in support PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
deployable vehicles that performs through the use of hard cabs, three-point of Operation New Dawn and Operation • 2QFY12: Complete Government PVT
general resupply, ammunition resupply, seat belts, automatic braking system, Enduring Freedom. of Oshkosh FMTV wrecker variant
maintenance and recovery, engineer and central tire inflation capability.
support missions, and serves as weapon FMTV enhances tactical mobility SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
systems platforms for combat, combat and is strategically deployable in C5, In this Publication
support, and combat service support C17, and C130 aircraft. It reduces the Chemical Biological Protective Shelter
units in a tactical environment. Army’s logistical footprint by providing (CBPS) M8E1, Enhanced Q-36, High
commonality of parts and components, Mobility Artillery Rocket System
The Light Medium Tactical Vehicle reduced maintenance downtime, (HIMARS)
(LMTV) has a 2.5-ton capacity (cargo, high reliability, and high operational
van, and chassis models) and has a readiness rate (more than 90 percent).
companion trailer. FMTV incorporates a vehicle data
bus and class V interactive electronic

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
101

Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles
(FMTV)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Afghanistan, Canada, Djibouti, Greece,
Iraq, Jordan, Macedonia, Saudi Arabia,
Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, United
Arab Emirates

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Oshkosh Corp. (Oshkosh, WI)
Axles:
Meritor (Troy, MI)
Transmission:
Allison Transmission (Indianapolis, IN)
Engine:
Caterpillar (Greenville, SC)

LMTV A1 Cargo MTV A1 Cargo
Payload: 5,000 pounds 10,000 pounds
Towed load: 12,000 pounds 21,000 pounds
Caterpillar Caterpillar
Engine:
6-cylinder diesel 6-cylinder diesel
Allison Transmission Allison Transmission
Transmission: Automatic Automatic
Horsepower: 275 330
Drive: 4 x 4 6x6

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
102

Fixed Wing

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
the warfight, and worldwide peacetime • TG-14 Research, Development, Contractor Support (LCCS)
Modernization
contingencies and humanitarian relief Test & Evaluation maintenance contract (M-7
Recapitalization (Homeland Defense) support. • T-34 Research, Development, Aerospace)
Test & Evaluation • C-20 and C-37 aircraft are
Maintenance sustained using Life Cycle
The Fixed Wing fleet consists of 19 aircraft • UV-18 Golden Knights
platforms and 319 aircraft that allow the • C-31 Golden Knights Contractor Support (LCCS)
maintenance contracts (NGST and
Army to perform day-to-day operations • U-21 Training
Gulfstream)
MISSION in a more timely and cost-efficient • B-300 Medium Altitude
• EO-5 aircraft are sustained using
Provides operational support and focused manner without reliance on commercial Reconnaissance Surveillance System
a Life Cycle Contractor Support
logistics missions for U.S. Army, Joint transportation. Special electronic mission (MARSS) (LCCS) maintenance contract
Services, national agencies, and multinational aircraft provide commanders with critical • CE-182 USMA-West Point (King Aerospace)
intelligence and targeting information, • 2QFY11: Procured and delivered
users in support of intelligence and electronic
enhancing lethality and survivability The EO-5, RC-12, and B-300 are classified two HBC King Air 350ER aircraft for
warfare, transportation of key personnel, and on the battlefield. All Army aircraft are as special electronic mission aircraft Precision Light Detection and Ranging
movement of critical time-sensitive logistical commercial-off-the-shelf products or are and provide the real-time intelligence (LIDAR) capability supporting the U.S.
support for battle missions and homeland commercial derivative aircraft. collection in peace and wartime Army’s intelligence, reconnaissance,
security. environments. The C-12, C-23, C-26, and surveillance (ISR) mission
The fleet includes: and UC-35 are classified as operational
DESCRIPTION • C-12 Utility support aircraft and provide direct fixed PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Army Fixed Wing aviation units • C-20 Long-range Executive Transport wing support to warfighting combatants. • FY12-13: Delivery of three UV-18
support their customers by enhancing • C-37 Long-range Executive Transport (Twin Otter) Replacement Aircraft for
the lethality and survivability on the • C-23 Cargo SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES the U.S. Army Parachute Team (Golden
battlefield with intelligence and electronic • C-26 Utility None Knights)
warfare assets. The Fixed Wing fleet • EO-5 Airborne Reconnaissance • FY12-13: Acquire four T-34
provides timely movement of key Low (ARL) PROGRAM STATUS Replacement Aircraft for the Army Test
personnel to critical locations throughout • RC-12 Guardrail Common • 1QFY11-4QFY11: and Evaluation Command (ATEC)
• C-12, RC-12, and UC-35 aircraft • FY15: Acquire one Replacement
the theater of operations, transports Sensor (GR/CS)
are sustained using a Life Cycle Aircraft for the Air Traffic Services
time-sensitive and mission-critical supply • UC-35 Utility
Contractor Support (LCCS) Command (ATSCOM)
items and repair parts needed to continue • O-2 Research, Development,
Test & Evaluation maintenance contract (L-3 Vertex)
• C-208 Research, Development, • C-23 and C-26 aircraft are
Test & Evaluation sustained using a Life Cycle

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
103

Fixed Wing

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
L-3 Vertex (Madison, MS)
M-7 Aerospace (San Antonio, TX)
King Aerospace (Addison, TX)
Gulfstream (Savannah, GA)
Hawker Beech Corporation (Wichita, KS)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
104

Force Protection Systems

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION changes in threat conditions and apply PROGRAM STATUS
Detects, assesses, and responds to restrictive entrance criteria consistent BAIS:
Recapitalization unauthorized entry or attempted intrusion with the force protection condition. • 2QFY11: BAIS First Article Testing
successfully completed
Maintenance into installations or facilities.
The Battlefield Anti-Intrusion System • 4QFY11: BAIS production systems
DESCRIPTION (BAIS) is a compact, modular, sensor- delivery and fielding
Force Protection Systems consist of the based warning system that can be used as LKMD:
following components: a tactical stand-alone system. The system • 1QFY11-4QFY11: LKMD production
consists of a handheld monitor and three and fielding
• 4QFY11: LKMD RFP release for
Automated Installation Entry (AIE) seismic/acoustic sensors and provides
follow-on procurement contract
is a software and hardware system coverage across a platoon’s defensive front
designed to read and compare vehicles (450 meters). It delivers early warning
and personnel identification media. and situational awareness information, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The results of the comparison are used classifying detections as personnel, BAIS:
to permit or deny access to installation vehicle, wheeled, or tracked intrusions. • 2QFY12-4QFY13: BAIS production
in accordance with installation and fielding
commanders’ criteria. AIE will use a The Lighting Kit, Motion Detector • 2QFY13: BAIS RFP release for follow-
database of personnel and vehicles that (LKMD) is a simple, compact, modular, on procurement
have been authorized entry onto an sensor-based, early-warning system LKMD:
Army installation and appropriate entry providing programmable responses of • 2QFY12: Award LKMD follow-on
illumination and sound. The LKMD procurement contract
lane hardware to permit/deny access
• 2QFY12-2QFY14: LKMD production
to the installation. The system will enhances unit awareness during all
and fielding
validate the authenticity of credentials types of operations and environments,
presented by a person with data available including those in urban terrain.
from defense personnel and vehicle
registration databases. AIE will have SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
the capability to process permanent None
personnel and enrolled visitors and
to present a denial barrier to restrict
unauthorized personnel. The system will
also be capable of adapting to immediate

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
105

Force Protection Systems

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
BAIS:
L-3 Communications-East (Camden, NJ)
LKMD:
EG&G Technical Services Inc.
(Albuquerque, NM)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
106

Force Provider (FP)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION two wastewater evacuation tank/ man base camps configured in 150-
Modernization
Provides the Army, Joint U.S. military, trailers, 26 mobile electric power man subsets to support an operational
Recapitalization distribution replacement systems, and needs statement (ONS)
host nation, and coalition forces
56 environmental control units. FP is • 3QFY11: Integration of the Shower
Maintenance personnel with a high-quality deployable Water Reuse System (SWRS) into FP
prepositioned in Army Prepositioned
base camp to support the expeditionary 600-man base camps through urgent
Stocks (APS) 1, 3, and 4 to support
missions; develops, integrates, acquires, materiel release to support ONS
combatant commanders’ requirements.
fields, sustains, and modernizes base All system components weigh less than
camp support systems to improve 10,000 pounds and are prepacked for PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
the Warfighter’s fighting capabilities, rapid transport via air (C-130, C-141, • 1QFY12: Capabilities production
performance, and quality of life. C-5, C-17), sea, road, or rail. document approval supporting
improved capabilities
DESCRIPTION Additional operational add-on kits • 1QFY12: Integration of additional
Each Force Provider (FP) is a high- include: a cold-weather kit that allows resource efficiency upgrades into
quality deployable base camp that operation to -15 degrees Fahrenheit, FP baseline
provides billeting, laundry, shower, prime-power kit, large-scale electric • 3QFY12: Projected completion of
kitchen, and resource efficiency add-ons delivery of FP production modules
latrine, food service, shower water
to APS
reuse, and morale, welfare, and to include a shower water reuse system
recreation (MWR) kits to support and energy saving shelter shade and
600 Soldier camps. Additionally, FP insulating liner systems. New modules
can be configured to support 150 base use an Airbeam Shelter technology that
camps. FP includes 75 deployable triple reduces set-up time from days to hours.
container (TRICON) systems, with eight
latrine systems, eight shower systems, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
four kitchen systems, containerized Other Major Interdependencies
batch laundry systems, four TRICON 60-kilowatt Tactical Quiet Generator
refrigerated containers, 26 60-kilowatt
tactical quiet generators, 26 modular PROGRAM STATUS
personnel tents (air supported), four • 2QFY10: Production underway for 17
400,000 BTU water heaters, four modules to replace deployed APS assets
improved fuel distribution systems, • 3QFY10: Deployment of two FP 600-

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
107

Force Provider (FP)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Force Provider Assembly:
Global Defense Engineering (Easton, MD)
Letterkenny Army Depot (Chambersburg, PA)
Expeditionary TRICON Kitchen System
and FP Electric Kitchen:
Tri-Tech USA Inc. (South Burlington, VT)
Airbeam TEMPER Tent:
Vertigo Inc. (Lake Elsinore, CA)
Environmental Control:
Hunter Mfg. (Solon, OH)
TRICON Container:
Charleston Marine Containers (Charleston, SC)
Waste Water Evacuation Tank/Trailer:
Marsh Industrial (Kalkaska, MI)
Cold Weather Kit Assembly:
Berg Companies Inc. (Spokane, WA)
Mobile Electric Power Distribution
System Replacement:
Lex Products Corp. (Stamford, CT)
Expeditionary TRICON Systems
(shower, laundry, latrine):
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
108

Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The system features platform SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides integrated, on-the-move, timely, interconnections through two In this Publication
Recapitalization relevant battle command information to communication systems: FBCB2- Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data
tactical combat leaders and Soldiers from Enhanced Position Location Reporting System (AFATDS), Battle Command
Maintenance
System (EPLRS), supported by the Sustainment Support System (BCS3),
brigade to platform and across platforms
tactical Internet; and FBCB2-Blue Force Distributed Common Ground System-
within the brigade task force and other Tracking, supported by L-Band satellite. Army (DCGS-A), Movement Tracking
Joint forces. The Joint Capabilities Release (JCR) is the System (MTS), Nett Warrior (NW),
next software release and addresses Joint Warfighter Information Network-Tactical
DESCRIPTION requirements, database simplification, (WIN-T) Increment 1, Warfighter
The Force XXI Battle Command Brigade Type 1 encryption, a product line Information Network-Tactical (WIN-T)
and Below (FBCB2) forms the principal software approach, and enables the Increment 2, Warfighter Information
digital command and control system for transition to the Blue Force Tracking II Network-Tactical (WIN-T) Increment 3
the Army at brigade levels and below. It (BFT II) transceiver, allowing a tenfold
provides increased situational awareness increase in data throughput. FBCB2 Other Major Interdependencies
(SA) on the battlefield by automatically is the primary platform-level digital AMDWS, ASAS, BFT-AVN, DTSS,
disseminating throughout the network Battle Command (BC) for the Army and CPOF, JTCW, JSTARS, MCS, JC2C
timely friendly force locations, reported Marine Corps at brigade-and-below,
enemy locations, and graphics to consisting of computer hardware and PROGRAM STATUS
visualize the commander’s intent and software integrated into tactical vehicles • Current: In production
scheme of maneuver. and aircraft. The system distributes SA
data and BC messages within/between PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
FBCB2 is a key component of the Army platforms and command posts using the • Current: Continue production
Battle Command System (ABCS). Lower Tactical Internet EPLRS or L-Band
Appliqué hardware and software are satellite as its means of communication.
integrated into the various platforms
at brigade-and-below, as well as at
appropriate division and corps slices
necessary to support brigade operations.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
109

Force XXI Battle Command Brigade
and Below (FBCB2)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Australia

CONTRACTORS
Software, Encryption, and Installation
Kits Prime:
Northrop Grumman (Carson, CA)
Field Service Representatives,
Trainers, Installers:
Engineering Solutions and Products (ESP)
(Eatontown, NJ)
Hardware:
DRS Technologies (Palm Bay, FL)
ViaSat Inc. (Carlsbad, CA)
Program Management Support:
CACI (Eatontown, NJ)
Test Support:
MANTECH (Killeen, TX)
Aviation Hardware:
Prototype Integration Facility
(Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
110

Forward Area Air Defense Command and Control (FAAD C2)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Air Defense (SHORAD) and C-RAM PROGRAM STATUS
Collects, processes, and disseminates SoS. FAAD C2 uses the following • 1QFY11: Complete FY10 reset effort of
Recapitalization real-time target tracking and cuing communication systems: 37 FAAD C2 shelter systems
• Enhanced Position Location • 2QFY11: Field final Maneuver Air and
Maintenance information to all short-range air defense
Reporting System (EPLRS) Missile Defense Battalion (1-188 Air
weapons and provides command and Defense Artillery)
• Multifunctional Information
control (C2) for the Counter-Rocket, Distribution System (MIDS) • 4QFY11: Field FAAD C2 software
Artillery, Mortar (C-RAM) System-of- • Single Channel Ground and Airborne version 5.5A with 3D display
Systems (SoS). • 4QFY11: Complete fielding of Sensor
Radio System (SINCGARS)
C2 nodes to all COMPO 1 divisions
DESCRIPTION FAAD C2 provides Joint C2
Forward Area Air Defense Command interoperability and horizontal PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
and Control (FAAD C2) software integration with all Army C2 and air • 1QFY12: Complete FY11 reset effort of
provides critical C2, situational defense artillery systems, including, but 23 FAAD C2 shelter systems
awareness, and automated air track not limited to: • 4QFY12: Technology Refresh of FAAD
information by integrating engagement • PATRIOT C2 systems in three BNs
operations software for multiple • Avenger • 4QFY12: Full Materiel Release of
systems, including: • Theater High-Altitude Area Defense FAAD C2 version 5.5A
• Avenger (THAAD) • 1QFY13: Complete fielding of Sensor
• Airborne Warning and Control C2 nodes to all COMPO 2 divisions
• Sentinel
• Army Mission Command System (AWACS)
• C-RAM SoS • C-RAM
• Army Mission Command
FAAD C2 supports air defense and
C-RAM weapon systems engagement SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
operations by tracking friendly Other Major Interdependencies
and enemy aircraft, cruise missiles, Radar systems providing input data
unmanned aerial systems, and mortar such as Sentinel, Firefinder, Lightweight
and rocket rounds as identified by Counter-Mortar Radar (LCMR), and
radar systems and by performing C2 Joint external sensors (e.g., AWACS)
engagement operations for Short Range

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
111

Forward Area Air Defense Command
and Control (FAAD C2)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Australia, Egypt, United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Software:
Northrop Grumman Space and Mission
Systems Corp. (Redondo Beach, CA)
Hardware:
Tobyhanna Army Depot (Scranton, PA)
PKMM (Las Vegas, NV)
CHS 3:
General Dynamics (Taunton, MA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
112

Future Tank Main Gun Ammunition (FTMGA)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION capabilities into one munition, thus
Provides overwhelming lethality streamlining the logistical footprint
Recapitalization overmatch to the heavy armor fleet. associated with deploying heavy forces.
This cartridge will further enhance
Maintenance
DESCRIPTION survivability and lethality for Abrams
The Future Tank Main Gun Ammunition tanks in the 0-4 kilometer range.
(FTMGA) suite consists of two cartridges
and will provide enhanced lethality and SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
increased capability to the Heavy Brigade In this Publication
Combat Team. Abrams Tank Upgrade

The next-generation kinetic energy Other Major Interdependencies
(KE) cartridge, designated M829E4, will The FTMGA suite must be compatible
use an advanced penetrator to defeat with the Abrams tank fleet through the
future heavy armor targets equipped remainder of its service life
with explosive reactive armor and active
protection systems. This will increase PROGRAM STATUS
survivability of the Abrams tank in the • 4QFY09: Milestone B for M829E4
0-4 kilometer range. • FY10: M829E4 engineering and
manufacturing development
The Advanced Multi-Purpose (AMP) (EMD) initiation
cartridge will combine the capabilities • FY11: Award of two competing EMD
of a number of existing munitions contracts for M829E4
into one cartridge. This cartridge • Current: M829E4 TRL-6
demonstrated, AMP
will utilize air-bursting warhead and
TRL-6 demonstrated
multimode fuze technology to combine
those capabilities and provide new
capability against dismounted infantry PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
at longer ranges. This cartridge will • FY12: Milestone B for AMP
employ high-explosive, anti-personnel,
obstacle-reduction, and anti-helicopter

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
113

Future Tank Main Gun Ammunition
(FTMGA)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
M829E4:
Alliant Techsystems (Plymouth, MN)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
114

General Fund Enterprise Business Systems (GFEBS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION facilitate a more accurate understanding
Provides a new core financial of the value, location, and characteristics
Recapitalization management capability that is compliant of all property. GFEBS will provide
with congressional mandates, administers a comprehensive system for many of
Maintenance
the Army’s financial and accounting
the Army’s General Fund, and improves
functions including general ledger,
performance, standardizes processes, accounts payable, revenue and accounts
and meets future needs. receivable, cost management, financial
reporting, and real property inventory
DESCRIPTION and management. Anticipated benefits
The Army will implement a commercial to be realized are $960 million between
off-the-shelf Enterprise Resource FY10 and Life Cycle FY22.
Planning (ERP) system that meets the
requirements of the Chief Financial SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Officers Act and the Federal Financial None
Management Improvement Act of 1996
and that is capable of supporting PROGRAM STATUS
the Department of Defense with • Current end users are approximately
accurate, reliable, and timely financial 33,000 at over 160 sites
information. The General Fund • FY11: Deployed to Waves 3, 4, 5, and 6
Enterprise Business Systems (GFEBS) • 1QFY11: Deploy release 1.4.2
implementation involves standardizing • 3QFY11: Deploy release 1.4.3
financial management, accounting • 3QFY11: Received Full Deployment
functions, real property inventory, and Decision
management across the Army. As a
result, Army financial and real property PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
professionals will have access to timely, • 2QFY12: Deploy release 1.4.4
reliable, and accurate information. • 4QFY12: Complete deployment to
GFEBS will also improve cost remaining sites
management and control, allow more • 4QFY12: Move to full Army-wide
time to perform financial analysis, and deployment—Operations and
Support phase

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
115

General Fund Enterprise Business
Systems (GFEBS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
System Integrator:
Accenture (Reston, VA)
Program Management Support-
Acquisition:
Binary Group (Bethesda, MD)
Program Management Support
Services-Engineering:
iLuMinA Solutions (California, MD)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
116

Global Combat Support System-Army (GCSS-Army)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION GCSS-Army uses commercial-off-the- SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides commanders and staffs with a shelf (COTS) ERP software products In this Publication
Recapitalization responsive and efficient automated system to support rapid force projection in the General Fund Enterprise Business
that provides one coherent source for battlefield functional areas of fixing, Systems (GFEBS), Logistics
Maintenance
fueling, sustaining, and tactical logistics Modernization Program
accurate and timely logistics information to
financial processes. The GCSS-Army
improve situational awareness and facilitate solution replaces the logistics Standard PROGRAM STATUS
the decision-making cycle. Army Management Information Systems • 4QFY08: Milestone B
(STAMIS) in tactical and installation units • 1QFY09: Acquisition program
DESCRIPTION and will establish an interface/integration baseline signed
Global Combat Support System-Army with applicable C2 and Joint systems. • 4QFY10: Release 1.1 “Go-Live”
(GCSS-Army) is one program with two • 4QFY10: Developmental test and
components. GCSS-Army Enterprise GCSS-Army (ERP Solution) is the primary evaluation, initial government test
Resource Planning (ERP) Solution is an enabler for the Army transformation vision • 4QFY11: MS C Decision
automation information system that serves of a technologically advanced ERP that
as the primary tactical logistics enabler to manages the flow of logistics resources PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
support Army and Joint Transformation and information to satisfy the Army’s • 1QFY12: Initial Operational Test
for Sustainment using an ERP system. The modernization requirements. AESIP and Evaluation
program re-engineers current business integrates Army business functions by • 3QFY12: Full Deployment Decision
processes to achieve end-to-end logistics providing a single source for enterprise
and integration with applicable command hub services, business intelligence and
and control (C2)/Joint systems. The second analytics, and centralized master data
component, Army Enterprise Systems management across the business domain.
Integration Program (AESIP), formerly GCSS-Army will meet the Warfighter’s
known as Product Lifecycle Management need for responsive support at the
Plus (PLM+), integrates Army business right place and time and improve the
functions by providing a single source for commander’s situational awareness with
enterprise hub services, master data, and accurate and responsive information.
business intelligence.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
117

Global Combat Support System-
Army (GCSS-Army)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Northrop Grumman Information Systems
(Richmond, VA)
PMO Support:
LMI Consulting (McLean, VA)
MPRI, an L-3 Company (Alexandria, VA)
Capgemini (IV&V) (New York, NY)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
118

Global Command and Control System-Army (GCCS-A)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES “modernization” and DRRS-A Phase 4
Modernization
Provides critical automated command and In this Publication requirements
Recapitalization Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data • 2QFY12-2QFY14: Development of
control (C2) tools for combatant commanders
System (AFATDS), Battle Command assigned JC2 capability requirements
Maintenance to enhance Warfighter capabilities throughout • 2QFY12-4QFY14: Continue support
Sustainment Support System (BCS3)
the spectrum of conflict during Joint and for OND/OIF
combined operations. • 2QFY12-4QFY14: Continue fielding
Other Major Interdependencies
hardware to support GCCS-A and
ABCS, CPOF, DRRS-A, DTSS, GCCS-J,
DRRS-A
DESCRIPTION GSORTS, JOPES
Global Command and Control System-
Army (GCCS-A) is the Army’s strategic, PROGRAM STATUS
theater, and tactical command, control, • 1QFY11-4QFY11: Support Operation
communications (C3) system. It New Dawn and Operation Iraqi
provides a seamless link of operational Freedom (OND/OIF)
information and critical data from the • 1QFY11-4QFY11: Development in
strategic Global Command and Control support of GCCS-A modernization
System-Joint (GCCS-J) to Army theater efforts
elements and below. GCCS-A assists in • 1QFY11-4QFY11: Release Defense
Readiness Reporting System-Army
mission planning, deployment support,
(DRRS-A) Force Readiness Tool (Phase
operations in theater, and redeployment.
3) to the field
It provides a common picture of Army
• 1QFY11-2QFY11: Support to the
tactical operations to the Joint and
Joint Command and Control (JC2)
coalition communities and delivers Joint Capability Analysis of Alternatives
asset visibility to the Army to facilitate (AoA)
operations. GCCS-A is the commander’s • 1QFY11-4QFY11: Continue fielding
battle command asset for force planning hardware to support GCCS-A and
and projection (provided by Defense DRRS-A
Readiness Reporting System-Army
(DRRS-A)), readiness, and situational PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
awareness, and it is the system of record for • 2QFY12-2QFY14: Continue
theater Army headquarters worldwide. development in support of GCCS-A

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
119

Global Command and Control
System-Army (GCCS-A)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Develop and Field Software:
Lockheed Martin (Springfield, VA; Tinton
Falls, NJ)
System Hardware:
GTSI (Chantilly, VA)
Systems Engineering and Support:
Accenture (Reston, VA)
Field Support Representatives (FSRs):
Engineering Solutions and Products (ESP)
(Eatontown, NJ)
General Dynamics (GDIT) (Fairfax, VA)
Systems Engineering and Integration:
Systems Technologies (Systek) Inc. (West
Long Branch, NJ)
Program Support:
Booz Allen Hamilton (Eatontown, NJ)
Systems Integration and Testing:
General Dynamics (GDIT) (Fairfax, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
120

Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION capable of providing both destructive
Provides the infantry squad with a highly fires against armored vehicle threats
Recapitalization mobile, protected transport to decisive and direct fire support for the squad
locations on the battlefield. during dismounted assaults. Flexible
Maintenance
capabilities can shape the operating
DESCRIPTION environment with effects that can vary
The Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) is from a “shove” to a lethal overmatch.
a critical element of the Army’s effort
to transform, replace, and improve SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
its Combat Vehicle fleet. The GCV None
Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) will
provide force protection to deliver PROGRAM STATUS
a nine Soldier infantry squad in an • FY11: Competitive Development prior
improvised explosive device (IED) to Engineering and Manufacturing
threat environment. It will protect Development Phase; issued Request
occupants from IEDs, mines, and for Proposals for Technology
other ballistic threats with scalable Development Phase of three phase
armor that provides mission flexibility program; DAE approved entry of GCV
for the commander. GCV IFV will be into the Technology Development
Phase on 17 August 2011 in accordance
designed with sufficient power and
with the Milestone A Acquisition
space to host the Army’s advanced
Decision Memorandum
network. The IFV will feature an open
• 1QFY12: Technology Development
architecture to facilitate the integration
Phase began
of current and future communications,
computers, and surveillance and PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
reconnaissance systems. The GCV IFV • 3QFY13: Technology Development
will have enhanced mobility to allow Phase completed, Milestone B
it to operate effectively in a variety
of complex environments, including
urban and cross county terrain. The
GCV IFV’s organic weapons will be

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
121

Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
122

Guardrail Common Sensor (GR/CS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
signals and ELINT signals; identifies Planned improvements through • 3QFY11: Fielded Aircraft #3, #4 to
Modernization
and classifies them; determines source Guardrail modernization efforts 1st MI
Recapitalization location; and provides near-real-time support a full spectrum of operations. • 4QFY11: Fielded Aircraft #5 to
reporting, ensuring information Enhancements include precision 224th MI
Maintenance
dominance to commanders. GR/CS uses geo-location subsystem, the
a Guardrail Mission Operations Facility Communications High-Accuracy PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
(MOF) for the control, data processing, Location Subsystem-Compact • FY12-14: Field the remaining 9
MISSION and message center for the system. GR/ (CHALS-C), with increased frequency aircraft, retrofit aircraft 1 thru 9 with
Provides signals intelligence (SIGINT) CS includes: coverage and a higher probability to enhancement and begin de-fielding
• Integrated COMINT and ELINT collect targets; a modern COMINT systems from Korea
collection and precision targeting that
intercepts, collects, and precisely locates collection and reporting infrastructure and core COMINT
• Enhanced signal classification subsystem, providing a frequency
hostile communications intelligence
and recognition and precision extension, Enhanced Situational
radio frequency emitters and electronic emitter geolocation Awareness (ESA); a capability to process
intelligence threat radar emitters. • Near-real-time direction finding special high-priority signals through the
Provides near-real-time info to tactical • Advanced integrated aircraft cockpit high-end COMINT subsystems High
commanders in the Joint Task Force Area • Tactical Satellite Remote Relay System Band COMINT (HBC) and X-Midas;
supporting full spectrum of operations and elimination of non-supportable
(close in and deep look collections). A standard system has RC-12 aircraft hardware and software. Ground
flying operational missions in single processing software and hardware are
DESCRIPTION ship or multiship operations. Up to being upgraded for interoperability
The Guardrail Common Sensor (GR/ three aircraft/systems simultaneously with the Distributed Common Ground
CS) is a fixed-wing, airborne, SIGINT collect communications and electronics System-Army (DCGS-A) architecture
collection and precision targeting emitter transmissions and gather lines of and Distributed Information Backbone.
location system. It provides near- bearing and time-difference-of-arrival
real-time information to tactical data, which is transmitted to the Mission SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
commanders in the corps/Joint task Operations Facility (MOF), correlated, None
force/Brigade Combat Team (BCT) and supplied to supported commands
area of operations with emphasis on via NSA net. PROGRAM STATUS
Indications and Warnings (I&W). It • 2QFY11: Fielded Aircraft #1, #2, to
collects low-, mid-, and high-band radio 1st MI

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
123

Guardrail Common Sensor (GR/CS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
System Integrator, ESA Subsystem, and
MOF Software/System Support:
Northrop Grumman (Sacramento, CA)
Data Links:
L-3 Communications (Salt Lake City, UT)
CHALS-C:
Lockheed Martin (Owego, NY)
X-MIDAS Subsystem:
ZETA (Fairfax, VA)
HBC Subsystem:
ArgonST Radix (Mountain View, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
124

Guided Multiple Launch Rocket System (GMLRS) DPICM/
Unitary/Alternative Warhead (Tactical Rockets)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION incorporating an alternative warhead Other Major Interdependencies
Provides a persistent, responsive, all- (AW) has been initiated. The AW will be GPS, Joint Systems, National Systems
Recapitalization weather, rapidly deployed, long-range, compliant with the 2008 DoD Policy on
surface-to-surface, area-and-point Cluster Munitions & Unintended Harm PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance • 2-3QFY08: GMLRS Unitary initial
to Civilians. The AW rocket will service
precision strike capability. operational test
area target sets without producing
DESCRIPTION unexploded ordnance and will begin • 1QFY09: GMLRS AW Configuration
The Guided Multiple Launch Rocket fielding in FY16. Steering Board (CSB) Acquisition
System (GMLRS) is a major upgrade Decision Memorandum (ADM) halts
to the M26 rocket, producing precise The original GMLRS development was an new DPICM procurements
destructive and shaping fires against international cooperative program with • 1QFY09: GMLRS Unitary Full-Rate
the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Production Decision
a variety of target sets. GMLRS is
• 4QFY09: GMLRS AW Milestone A
employed with the M270A1 upgraded and Italy. An urgent materiel release
• 4QFY10: GMLRS AW Warhead
MLRS tracked launcher and the M142 version of the GMLRS unitary variant has
Prototype Technical Demonstrations
High Mobility Artillery Rocket System been produced and fielded in support of
• 4QFY11: Selection of GMLRS AW
(HIMARS) wheeled launchers. GMLRS U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) warhead vendor for further development
munitions have greater accuracy forces with over 2,000 rockets used in in Engineering and Manufacturing
with a resulting higher probability of operations through July 2010. Development (EMD) Phase
kill, smaller logistics footprint, and
minimized collateral damage. Rocket Length: 3,937mm PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Rocket Diameter: 227mm • 1QFY12: GMLRS AW Milestone B
There are two fielded variants of the Rocket Reliability: Threshold 92 • 1QFY17: GMLRS AW Initial
GMLRS: the previously produced percent; objective 95 percent Operational Capability
dual-purpose improved conventional Ballistic Range(s): 15 to 70+ kilometers
munitions (DPICM) variant designed
to service area targets; and the unitary SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
variant with a single 200-pound class In this Publication
high-explosive charge to provide Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data
precision strike blast and fragmentation System (AFATDS), High Mobility Artillery
effects with low collateral damage. Rocket System (HIMARS), Multiple
The development of a third variant Launch Rocket System (MLRS) M270A1

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
125

Guided Multiple Launch Rocket
System (GMLRS) DPICM/
Unitary/Alternative Warhead
(Tactical Rockets)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
United Kingdom, United Arab Emirates,
Singapore, Bahrain, Japan, Canada,
Jordan, Thailand, Finland, Germany,
and France

CONTRACTORS
Lockheed Martin (Camden, AR; Grand
Prairie, TX)
Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control
(Las Cruces, NM)
Guidance Set:
Honeywell (Clearwater, FL)
Rocket Motors:
Aerojet (Camden, AR)
Technical System Support:
Systems, Studies, and Simulation
(Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
126

Harbormaster Command and Control Center (HCCC)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION Router Network (SIPRNET) technical Redstone Test Center, Huntsville, AL
Modernization
Serves as a deployable and tactically connectivity to populate the Common • 3QFY11: Technical Manuals (TM)
Recapitalization Operating Picture (COP). Verification at Tobyhanna Army Depot
mobile system to provide the Army
(TYAD), PA
Maintenance logistician conducting distributed logistics • 4QFY11: 492nd New Equipment
The system provides the technical
the sensors and knowledge management Training (NET) and fielding at Ft.
command and control (C2) connectivity
tools to establish and maintain battle Eustis, VA
to shift time and point of delivery of
awareness (BA) and command and • 4QFY11: New Equipment Material In-
forces, equipment, sustainment, and
Brief (NMIB) 653rd at Tacoma, WA
control (C2) of the harbor and littoral support. The HCCC System is composed
• 4QFY11: NMIB with 201st Mare
environment for all worldwide Overseas of a main and remote command center. Island, CA
Contingency Operations (OCOs). Each system consists of two Command • 4QFY11: Logistics Maintainability
Post Platforms (CPPs), two Trailer Demonstration (LMD) at TYAD, PA
DESCRIPTION Mounted Support Systems-Medium • 4QFY11: Battle Command System-
The Command Post Systems and (TMSS-M), two Harbormaster Trailer of-Systems Integration Training
Integration (CPS&I) product office Sensor Platforms (HTSPs), two Dual (BCSoSIT) at Ft. Eustis, VA
provides a Harbormaster Command 18kw Generator Set, and two Family of • 4QFY11: Operational Test (OT) at Ft.
and Control Center (HCCC) System Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTVs). Eustis, VA
that provides the ability to facilitate
safe navigation of watercraft in the SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
harbor and littorals. The HCCC Other Major Interdependencies • 1QFY12: TM Final
System is capable of Command, Global Command and Control System • 1QFY12: Type Classification/Materiel
Control, and Communications (GCCS), Movement Tracking System Release (TC/MR)
operations that incorporate Local (MTS), SIPR/NIPR Access Point • 2QFY12: 653rd and 201st NET and
Area Network (LAN) equipment and (SNAP), Battle Command Sustainment fielding
Satellite Communications (SATCOM). Support System (BCS3) • 3QFY12: 338th NET and fielding
The system provides sensors and • 4QFY12: 393rd and 545th NET and
fielding
management tools to collect and process PROGRAM STATUS
• 2QFY13: 651st NET and fielding
environmental and asset tracking data • 1QFY11: System-of-Systems
relevant to supporting distribution in Demonstration at Redstone Arsenal,
the littorals. The HCCC System possess Huntsville, AL
Non-Secure Internet Protocol (IP) • 3QFY11: Reliability, Availability,
Network (NIPRNET) and Secret IP and Maintainability (RAM) event at

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
127

Harbormaster Command and
Control Center (HCCC)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Command Post Platform:
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)
Trailer Mounted Support System:
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)
AMCOM EXPRESS (SETA):
Sigmatech Inc. (Huntsville, AL)
Materiel Fielding:
Tobyhanna Army Deport (Tobyhanna, PA)
TOCNET Intercommunications
Systems:
SCI Technology Inc. (Huntsville, AL)
Common Hardware Systems:
General Dynamics C4 Systems Inc.
(Tauton, MA)
Harbormaster Trailer Sensor Package
(HTSP):
SPAWAR Pacific (San Diego, CA)
HP-6G 18KW Generator:
DHS Systems (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
128

Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck (HEMTT)/
HEMTT Extended Service Program (ESP)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization for field refueling of ground vehicles and suspension, a J-1939 data-bus providing SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
aircraft. The M984 wrecker includes a an updated electrical system, climate Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization crane and winch retrieval system and control, and a larger common cab. The M983 HEMTT LET Tractor paired
serves the primary role of recovery and with the Fifth Wheel Towing Device
Maintenance
evacuation of heavy wheel vehicles and HEMTT ESP, known as HEMTT and High Mobility Recovery Trailer are
combat systems. The M983 Tractor RECAP, is a recapitalization program together designated as the Interim Stryker
is the prime mover for the PATRIOT that converts high-mileage, older version Recovery System (ISRS) for Stryker and
MISSION missile. The M983 Light Equipment HEMTT trucks into the current A4 MRAP recovery. Other vehicles that
Supports combat units by performing Transporter (LET) Tractor serves as the production configuration. Modernizing utilize the HEMTT chassis are: M1142
line and local haul, unit resupply, aviation prime mover for tactical semitrailers in the fleet to one model reduces logistic Tactical Fire Fighting Trucks, M1158 Heavy
refueling, tactical vehicle refueling, and engineering units to include the M870 footprint and operational and Mobility Water Tender Truck, M1977
series, Intermediate Stryker Recovery sustainment (O&S) cost of maintaining HEMTT Common Bridge Transporter
related missions in a tactical environment.
System (ISRS), and Mine Resistant old vehicles. (CBT), Theatre High Altitude Area Defense
DESCRIPTION Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicles. Missile System (THAAD), and the M985
The Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical The HEMTT Load Handling System HEMTT has several configurations: GMT Guided Missile Transport used in
Truck (HEMTT) 10-ton, 8-wheel drive (LHS) provides NATO interoperability • M977: Cargo truck with light materiel PATRIOT Battalions.
is designed for cross-country military with standard flatrack and mission handling crane
missions up to 11 tons to transport modules for delivery of general supplies, • M985: Cargo truck with heavy PROGRAM STATUS
ammunition, petroleum, oils, and equipment, and ammunition with materiel handling crane • 1QFY09: HEMTT A4 Family of
lubricants. Variants include: M977, Palletized Load System (PLS) style • M978: 2,500-gallon fuel tanker Vehicles was type classified standard
M985, M978, M983, M984 and M1120. load handling systems. The system is • M984: Wrecker and full materiel released (TC/MR)
compatible with the PLS Trailer, capable • M983: Tractor
The M977 is utilized for delivery of of a 26,000 pound payload. • M983 LET: LET fifth wheel vertical PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
general supplies, equipment, and loading has 45K winch with gross • FY12: Distribute HEMTT A4s in
ammunition with an onboard crane with The HEMTT A4 began fielding in towing weight of 45.4 kilograms accordance with Headquarters
4,500 pounds load capacity. The M985 December 2008. Enhancements include • M1120: LHS transports palletized Department of the Army G8
cargo has an onboard crane with 5,400 a modern power train consisting of a materiel and International Standards distribution plan to next deployers to
pounds load capacity and is the primary Caterpillar C-15/500 horsepower Engine Organization (ISO) containers Theater, Army National Guard, Army
transporter for Multiple Launch Rocket and Allison Transmission (4500 SP/5- Reserve, Homeland Defense, and Army
System (MLRS) ammunition. The M978 speed automatic), anti-lock braking Prepositioned Stock
tanker is a 2,500 gallon fuel transporter system and traction control, air-ride

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
129

Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical
Truck (HEMTT)/HEMTT Extended
Service Program (ESP)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Egypt

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Oshkosh Corp. (Oshkosh, WI; Killeen, TX)
Engine:
Caterpillar (Peoria, IL)
Transmission:
Allison Transmission (Indianapolis, IN)
Tires:
Michelin (Greenville, SC)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
130

Heavy Loader

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Heavy Loaders provide the capability
Provides engineering units the capability to lift, move, and load a variety of
Recapitalization to perform lifting, loading, hauling, materials. They are also used to perform
digging, and trenching operations in horizontal and vertical construction
Maintenance
tasks supporting military construction
support of Combat Support Brigades and
operations including construction
Brigade Combat Teams. of roads, bridges, airfields, medical
facilities, and demolition of structures,
DESCRIPTION as well as loading in quarry operations.
The Heavy Loader is a commercial
vehicle modified for military use. The SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
military version of the loader will Other Major Interdependencies
be armored with an A-kit (armored M916/M870 truck trailer for highway
floor plate) on all loaders and a C-kit transportability
(armored cab) on select loaders. There
are two types of loaders: the Type PROGRAM STATUS
I-Quarry Teams, with a capacity of 4.5 • Current: Completing fielding
cubic yards, and Type II-General Use,
with a capacity of 5 cubic yards. The PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Heavy Loader currently has state-of- • Future: Continue fielding to units
the-art operator displays, onboard
diagnostics and prognostics, and
blackout lighting. For operator comfort,
each loader is equipped with heating
and air conditioning as well as an air
suspension seat. Modifications include
chemical-resistant coating paint, rifle
rack, military standard (MIL-STD-209)
lift and tie-down, and hydraulic quick
coupler systems for attachments.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
131

Heavy Loader

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Afghanistan

CONTRACTORS
OEM:
Caterpillar Defense and Federal Products
(Peoria, IL)
Armor:
BAE Systems (Rockville, MD)
Logistics:
XMCO (Warren, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
132

HELLFIRE Family of Missiles

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION targets (AGM-114M); and a metal Maximum range:
Engages and defeats individual moving or augmented charge (MAC) warhead Direct fire: 7 kilometers
Recapitalization stationary advanced armor, mechanized (AGM-114N) for urban structures, Indirect fire: 8 kilometers
or vehicular targets, patrol craft, bunkers, radar sites, communications Minimum range: .5-1.5 kilometers
Maintenance
installations, and bridges. Beginning
buildings, or bunkers while increasing
in 2012, a HELLFIRE multipurpose SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
aircraft survivability. warhead variant (AGM-114R) will None
be available to the Warfighter that
DESCRIPTION allows selection of warhead effects PROGRAM STATUS
The AGM-114 HELLFIRE Family of corresponding to a specific target type. • Current: Laser HELLFIRE II missiles
Missiles includes the HELLFIRE II The AGM-114R is capable of being are procured annually to replace
and Longbow HELLFIRE missiles. launched from Army rotary-wing and combat expenditures and war reserve
HELLFIRE II is a precision strike, Semi- UAS platforms and provides the pilot requirements
Active Laser (SAL) guided missile and is increased operational flexibility.
the principal air-to-ground weapon for PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
the Army AH-64 Apache, OH-58 Kiowa The Longbow HELLFIRE (AGM- Laser HELLFIRE
Warrior, Gray Eagle Extended Range 114L) is also a precision strike missile • Continue: In production
Multipurpose (ERMP) Unmanned using millimeter wave (MMW) radar Longbow HELLFIRE
Aircraft System (UAS), Special guidance instead of the HELLFIRE II’s • Continue: Sustainment activities
Operations aircraft, Marine Corps semi-active laser. It is the principal anti-
AH-1W Super Cobra, and Air Force’s tank system for the AH-64D Apache
Predator/Reaper UAS. Longbow helicopter and uses the same
anti-armor warhead as the HELLFIRE
The SAL HELLFIRE II missile is II. The MMW seeker provides beyond
guided by laser energy reflected off the line-of-sight fire and forget capability, as
target. It has three warhead variants: well as the ability to operate in adverse
a dual warhead, shaped charge high- weather and battlefield obscurants.
explosive anti-tank (HEAT) capability
for armored targets (AGM-114K); a Diameter: 7 inches
blast fragmentation warhead (BFWH) Weight: 99.8-107 pounds
for urban, patrol boat and other “soft” Length: 64-69 inches

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
133

HELLFIRE Family of Missiles

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Laser Hellfire:
Australia, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel,
Japan, Kuwait, Netherlands, Saudi Arabia,
Singapore, Spain, Taiwan, Sweden, United
Arab Emirates, and United Kingdom
Direct commercial sale:
United Kingdom, Norway, Netherlands,
Saudi Arabia and Turkey
Longbow Hellfire:
Israel, Japan, Kuwait, Singapore, Taiwan,
and United Arab Emirates
Direct commercial sale:
United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Prime Contractor:
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
Seeker:
Lockheed Martin (Ocala, FL)
Rocket Motor/Warhead:
Alliant Techsystems (Rocket City, WV)
Control Section:
Moog Inc. (Salt Lake, UT)
Firing Component (ESAF):
L-3 Communications (Chicago, IL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
134

Helmet Mounted Night Vision Devices (HMNVD)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization during limited visibility, and under hands-free operation. The AN/PVS-14 PROGRAM STATUS
all lighting conditions while enabling can also be mounted to the M16 Rifle/ • FY11: Fielded to units supporting
Recapitalization rapid detection and engagement with M4 Carbine receiver rail. Operation Enduring Freedom and
rifle-mounted aiming lasers. The ENVG Operation New Dawn
Maintenance • FY11: Production and fielding
combines the visual detail in low light AN/AVS-6 Aviator’s Night Vision
conditions that is provided by image Imaging System (ANVIS) • FY11: Awarded two 3-year Indefinite
intensification with the thermal sensor’s The AN/AVS-6 provides Army aircraft Delivery/Indefinite Quantity contracts
MISSION ability to see through fog, dust, and the capability to support missions of for AN/PVS-14 and related spares
target acquisition, target engagement, for sustainment, other Services, and
Enhances the Warfighter’s visual smoke that obscure vision. This thermal
Foreign Military Sales
ability and situational awareness while capability makes the ENVG, unlike troop lift, and logistical support during
• FY11: Performed Production
successfully engaging and executing earlier night vision devices, useful periods of reduced visibility at night,
Qualification Testing of new AN/PSQ-
during the day as well as at night. The by enhancing the tactical advantage
operations day or night, whether in 20 systems from multiple vendors
ENVG allows Soldiers to rapidly detect and capability of the aircrew. The AN/
adverse weather or visually obscured and engage targets because it permits use AVS-6 provides the capability for Army PROGRAM STATUS
battlefield conditions. of existing rifle-mounted aiming lights. aircraft to conduct missions at night and • FY12: Production and fielding in
during periods of reduced visibility, by accordance with Headquarters
DESCRIPTION AN/PVS-14 Monocular Night Vision amplifying ambient light from sources Department of the Army G8 priorities
Helmet Mounted Night Vision Devices Device (MNVD) such as the moon, stars, and sky glow, • FY12: Complete AN/PSQ-20
(HMNVD) support the tactical level of The AN/PVS-14 provides the Warfighter making the viewed scene clearly visible qualification testing, reach a Full-
war, enabling the individual Soldier to see, with the ability to perform night time to the operator. Additionally, the ANVIS Rate Production Decision, and issue a
understand, and act first and permitting operations, while driving, walking, enables the aircrew to maneuver the production award(s)
performing first aid, reading maps, and aircraft during low-level, nap-of-the- • FY12: Award new production
superior tactical mobility and decisive
contract(s) for AN/AVS-6(v)3
engagement during limited visibility conducting maintenance. The AN/PVS- earth (NOE) flights, providing the
• 4QFY12: Final Army AN/PVS-14
conditions. These devices include: 14 MNVD is a helmet-mounted passive capability to gather combat intelligence
delivery
device that amplifies ambient light and and to acquire and successfully engage
The AN/PSQ-20 Enhanced Night very near infrared (IR) energy to enable targets, thereby supporting normal and
Vision Goggle (ENVG) night operations. The system is designed wartime missions.
The AN/PSQ-20 provides dismounted for use in conjunction with rifle-
Brigade Combat Team Warfighters the mounted aiming lights. The AN/PVS-14 SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
capability to observe and maneuver in all has a helmet mount assembly compatible None
weather conditions through obscurants with the Advanced Combat Helmet for

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
135

Helmet Mounted Night Vision
Devices (HMNVD)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Support approved cases for AN/PVS-7,
AN/PVS-14, and AN/AVS-6

CONTRACTORS
AN/PVS-14:
ITT (Roanoke, VA)
L-3 Communications Electro-Optic
Systems (Tempe, AZ; Garland, TX;
Londonderry, NH)
AN/AVS-6(V)3:
ITT (Roanoke, VA)
AN/PSQ-20:
ITT Geospatial Systems (Roanoke, VA),
L-3 Insight (Londonderry, NH), DRS
(Parsippany, NJ), Raytheon (Dallas, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
136

High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION rockets. HIMARS carries either six rockets (ARNG) battalions for total of 13
Modernization
Provides close- and long-range precision or one missile, is self-loading and self- battalions fielded
Recapitalization locating, and is operated by a three-man • Continued Increased Crew Protection
rocket and missile fire support for Army
crew protected from launch exhaust/ (ICP) and Universal Fire Control
Maintenance and Marine early-entry expeditionary System (UFCS) fleet upgrades
debris and ballistic threats by an armored
forces, contingency forces, and Modular • Provide support to fielded units/units
man-rated cab. It operates within
Fires Brigades supporting Brigade in combat
the MLRS command, control, and
Combat Teams. • Field and provide sustainment and
communications structure.
support activities for foreign military
sales customers
DESCRIPTION Ordnance options: All current and
The M142 High Mobility Artillery Rocket future MLRS rockets and ATACMS PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
System (HIMARS) is a combat-proven, missiles, to include GMLRS DPICM • Continue fielding to active and reserve
wheeled artillery system, rapidly deployable and Unitary components, with the last of 17
via C-130 and operable in all weather and Empty weight: 29,800 pounds battalions fielded in FY13
visibility conditions. HIMARS is mounted Max speed: 100 kilometers per hour • Continue ICP and UFCS fleet retrofit
on a five-ton modified Family of Medium Max cruising range: 480 kilometers • Field Long Range Communication,
Tactical Vehicles chassis. The wheeled Blue Force Tracker, and Drivers Vision
chassis allows for faster road movement SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES Enhancement (DVE) mods
and lower operating costs, and requires Other Major Interdependencies
far fewer strategic airlifts (via C-5 or C-17) C130/C-17, CNR (Combat Net
to transport a firing battery than the Radio), GPS, JSTARS, MLRS
tracked M270 Multiple Launch Rocket MODS, PEO Integration, Q36/Q37
System (MLRS) that it replaces. The M142 FIREFINDER, Sensor Suite, TBMCS
provides responsive, highly accurate, and (Air Space Clearance)
extremely lethal surface-to-surface rocket
and missile fires from 15 to 300 kilometers. PROGRAM STATUS
HIMARS can fire all munitions in the • 1QFY11: Last Full-Rate Production VI
current and planned suite of the MLRS contract award
Family of Munitions (MFOM), including • 2QFY11: Hot panel quick strike
Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) successfully demonstrated and fielded
missiles and Guided MLRS (GMLRS) • Fielded two Army National Guard

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
137

High Mobility Artillery Rocket
System (HIMARS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Jordan, Singapore, United Arab Emirates

CONTRACTORS
Prime: Lockheed Martin (Grand Prairie, TX;
Camden, AR)
Increased Crew Protection (ICP) Cab:
BAE Systems (Sealy, TX)
LIU, WIU, PSU: Harris Corp. (Melbourne, FL)
Chassis: BAE Systems (Sealy, TX)
PNU: L-3 Communications Space &
Navigation (Budd Lake, NJ)
Universal Gun Display Unit:
EFW (Ft. Worth, TX)
Controller Assembly, Ball Screw:
R&D Electronics (Brownsboro, AL)
Pump, Reservoir, Motor:
Eaton-Vickers (Jackson, MS)
ADU, Boom/Hydraulic Gear Box:
Smiths Industries (Whippany, NJ)
Metal Parts: Beacon Industries (Dallas, TX)
Hydraulic Lines: Eaton Aeroquip
(Jackson, MI)
Reloader Hoist: Breeze (Union, NJ)
Manifolds: Real Time Labs
(Boca Raton, FL)
Geared Bearing: Kaydon (Muskegon, MI)
Fire Control System: Various vendors

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
138

High Mobility Engineer Excavator (HMEE) I and III

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION IBCTs, HBCTs, SBCTs, Multi-Role
Provides the Army with earthmoving Bridge Companies, and Engineer
Recapitalization vehicles that support self-deployability, Support Companies.
Maintenance mobility, and speed to keep pace with
The HMEE-III Backhoe Loader
the Brigade Combat Teams (BCTs). The
(BHL) is a commercial-off-the-shelf
HMEE-III Backhoe Loader (BHL) provides backhoe loader with minor military
the Army with general excavation and modifications intended for units that are
earthmoving capabilities for general relatively stationary and do not require
engineer construction units. the speed and rapid deployability of
an HMEE-I. Its maximum speed is 23
DESCRIPTION miles per hour on improved roads, and
The High Mobility Engineer 7 miles per hour off-road. The HMEE-
Excavator Type I (HMEE-I) is a non- III Backhoe Loader is used by Combat
developmental, military-unique vehicle Support Brigades in general construction
fielded to the Army’s BCTs and other tasks. It is employed by Horizontal and
selected engineer units. The HMEE-I Vertical Construction Units and other
can travel up to 60 miles per hour on non-engineer units. such as Military
primary roads and up to 25 miles per Police and Quarter Master Units. Tasks
hour on secondary roads. The high performed by the HMEE-I/III include
mobility of the HMEE-I provides repair and improvement of roads, trails,
earthmoving machines capable of bridges, and airfields.
maintaining pace with the Army’s
current combat systems. All HMEE-Is SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
will be capable of accepting armor in the None
form of an armor cab (Crew Protection
Kit), are C-130 transportable without PROGRAM STATUS
armor, and diesel driven. HMEE-I • Currently in fielding
replaces Small Emplacement Excavators
(SEEs) in BCTs and IHMEEs in Stryker PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
BCTs. The HMEE-I is employed in • Fielding is ongoing for both HMEE-I
and III

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
139

High Mobility Engineer Excavator
(HMEE) I and III

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
HMEE-I:
Australia, Germany, New Zealand

CONTRACTORS
HMEE-I OEM:
JCB Inc. (Pooler, GA)
Armor:
ADSI (Hicksville, NY)
Logistics:
XMCO (Warren, MI)
HMEE-III Backhoe Loader OEM:
Case New Holland (Racine, WI)
Armor:
BAE (Columbus, OH)
Logistics:
XMCO (Warren, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
140

High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV)
Recapitalization (RECAP) Program
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
commence production upon successful HMMWV M1097R1 configuration HMMWV RECAP Program
Modernization
completion of the integration and testing incorporates a four-speed, electronic PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Recapitalization of these efforts in FY13. The RECAP of transmission; a 6.5-liter diesel engine; • Evaluate responses to the Request
UAHs will migrate exclusively to and improvements in transportability. It for Proposals
Maintenance • Award contract for prototypes for
the MECV. has a payload of 4,400 pounds.
test and evaluation HMMWV
The HMMWV is a lightweight, highly The M1114 UAH may be converted RECAP Program
MISSION mobile, high-performance, diesel-powered, to the M1151 during RECAP, and the • Conduct Technical Development
four-wheel drive, air-transportable, M1151, M1152, and M1165 remain in Testing
Supports combat and combat service
their current configuration after RECAP. • Award Production contract
support units with a versatile, light, and air-droppable family of tactical
• Conduct production qualification
mission-configurable, tactical wheeled vehicles that satisfy Army, Marine Corps, The M1114, M1151, M1152, and M1165
testing and operational testing
Navy, and Air Force requirements. The UAH configurations are based on the
vehicle. • Procure Low-Rate Initial Production
HMMWV uses common components expanded capacity vehicle (ECV) chassis.
vehicles
DESCRIPTION to enable its reconfiguration as a troop The UAH was developed to provide
The High Mobility Multipurpose carrier, armament carrier, shelter carrier, increased ballistic and blast protection,
Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) ambulance, TOW missile carrier, and scout primarily for military police, special
Recapitalization (RECAP) program vehicle. Since its inception, the HMMWV operations, and contingency force use.
supports the recapitalization of Up- has undergone continuous evolution,
Armored HMMWVs (UAH) returning including: improved survivability; SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
from theater and Non-Armored technological upgrades; higher payload Other Major Interdependencies
HMMWVs (NAH) for National capacity; radial tires; Environmental The HMMWV supports numerous data
Guard homeland security and disaster Protection Agency emissions updates; interchange customers, who mount
relief missions. The RECAP of UAHs commercial bucket seats; three-point seat various shelters and other systems on it;
will incorporate the latest HMMWV belts and other safety enhancements; four- the M1101/1102 Light Tactical Trailer is
technical insertions common to the speed transmissions; and, in some cases, the designed trailer for this vehicle
fleet. The Army initiated a Modernized turbocharged engines and air conditioning.
Expanded Capacity Vehicle (MECV) PROGRAM STATUS
UAH RECAP Modernization effort that There are numerous HMMWV • Initiated the UAH Depot
will add underbody armor to protect the variants. During RECAP, the non- RECAP Program
crew, improve performance, and increase armored configurations are converted • Initiated the Modernized Expanded
vehicle survivability. The Army plans to to the M1097R1 configuration. The Capacity Vehicle (MECV) Competitive

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
141

High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled
Vehicle (HMMWV) Recapitalization
(RECAP) Program

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Red River Army Depot (Texarkana, TX)
Letterkenny Army Depot (Chambersburg,
PA)
AM General (South Bend, IN)
GEP (Franklin, OH)
General Transmissions Products (South
Bend, IN)
MECV:
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
142

Improved Environmental Control Units (IECU)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION • Are organically supportable PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Provides standardized environmental • Are fully operable up to more than • 1QFY12-3QFY15: 60k IECU Full-Rate
Recapitalization control capabilities to the Department 125 degrees Fahrenheit Production (FRP)
• Provide quality cooling, heating, and • 1QFY12-2QFY13: 9k/18k/36k IECU
Maintenance of Defense (DoD) in support of
dehumidification for command posts; Engineering and Manufacturing
national security. Development (EMD) Phase II
command, control, communications,
DESCRIPTION computers, intelligence, surveillance, • 2QFY13: 9k/18k/36k IECU Milestone
The Improved Environmental Control and reconnaissance (C4ISR) systems; C—Enter Production and Deployment
• 3QFY13-4QFY14: 9k/18k/36k IECU
Units (IECU) program consists of four weapon systems; and other battlefield
Low-Rate Initial Production (LRIP)
standard sizes: 9,000 BTUH (British support equipment while using a non-
• 4QFY13: 120k IECU Milestone B—
thermal units per hour), 18,000 BTUH, ozone-depleting refrigerant
Enter Engineering and Manufacturing
36,000 BTUH, and 60,000 BTUH — all
Development (EMD)
in five configurations. Once fielded, Additional improvements to the • 1QFY14-4QFY16: 120k IECU
these systems will provide critical Warfighter in theatre are the IECU’s soft Engineering and Manufacturing
cooling to vital command, control, start and limited inrush current; nuclear, Development (EMD)
communications, computers, and biological, and chemical compatible and
intelligence (C4I), and other military electromagnetic interference protected
electronic and support systems interface; fully embedded diagnostics;
equipment for the U.S. Army and the automatic safety controls; and remote
wider DoD. The IECUs: control capability for operations that
• Use R-410A refrigerant, a commercial require users to be out of the direct area.
industry standard that is compliant
with all current environmental SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
legislative requirements None
• Increase reliability and decrease
weight and power consumption PROGRAM STATUS
compared to current military • 1QFY11-4QFY11: 60k IECU Full-Rate
standard systems Production (FRP)
• Leverage current industry standards • 1QFY11-4QFY11: 9/18/36k IECU
while being ruggedized for military Engineering and Manufacturing
environments Development (EMD) Phase II

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
143

Improved Environmental Control
Units (IECU)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
9,000, 18,000, and 36,000 BTUH IECU
(EMD Phase II):
Mainstream Engineering (Rockledge, FL)
60,000 BTUH IECU:
DRS-ES (Environmental Systems)
(Florence, KY)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
144

Improved Ribbon Bridge (IRB)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION tracked (caution crossing). This MLC PROGRAM STATUS
Improves mobility by providing will support the Joint force commander’s This system has been fielded since 2002.
Recapitalization continuous roadway or raft capable of ability to employ and sustain forces • 1QFY11: 189th and 401st MRBCs
worldwide. The IRB is used to transport • 2QFY11: 132nd and 551st MRBCs
Maintenance crossing military load classification 96
weapon systems, troops, and supplies • 3QFY11: 35th EN TNB BDE
(wheeled)/80 (tracked) vehicles over non-
over water when permanent bridges are
fordable wet gaps. not available. Bridge capabilities are PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
provided in water currents moving at up Fieldings are ongoing based on the Army
DESCRIPTION to 10 feet per second. Requirements Prioritization List.
The Improved Ribbon Bridge (IRB) • 2QFY12: Fielding 361st and 892nd
Float Ribbon Bridge System is issued The bridge system allows two-way MRBCs
to the Multi-Role Bridge Company traffic for HMMWV-width vehicles and • 3QFY12: Fielding 125th and 502nd
(MRBC). The U.S. Army Modified increased MLC at all water current speeds MRBCs
Table of Organization and Equipment over those of the Standard Ribbon Bridge. • 4QFY12: Fielding 250th MRBC
(MTOE) authorizes MRBCs to consist It is usable on increased bank heights over
of: 42 IRB bridge bays (30 interior bays 2.2 meters (7.2 feet) and the improved
and 12 ramp bays), 42 Bridge Adapter folding/unfolding mechanism avoids
Pallets (BAP), 14 Bridge Erection Boats cable breakage. Partially disassembled
(BEB), 14 Improved Boat Cradles (IBC), bays are C-130 transportable and
and 56 Common Bridge Transporters externally transportable by CH-47 and
(CBT). These assets collectively address CH-53 aircraft.
Tactical Float Ribbon Bridge “wet gap”
bridging. All components are required SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
to transport, launch, erect, and retrieve Other Major Interdependencies
up to 210 meters of floating bridge per IRB operations rely and are interdependent
MRBC. The IRB can be configured upon fully mission-capable CBTs, BAPs,
as either a continuous “full closure” IBCs, and BEB assets within a fully MTOE
bridge or assembled and used for rafting equipped MRBC
operations. The IRB has a Military Load
Capacity (MLC) of 105 wheeled/85
tracked (normal) and 110 wheeled/90

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
145

Improved Ribbon Bridge (IRB)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics European Land
Systems-Germany (GDELS-G)
(Kaiserslautern, Germany)
Logistic support:
AM General (AMG) (Livonia, MI)
CBT manufacturer:
Oshkosh Corp. (Oshkosh, WI)
BEB manufacturer:
FBM Babcock Marine (Isle of Wight, United
Kingdom)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
146

Improved Target Acquisition System (ITAS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization requirements. Built-in diagnostics and caliber or MK-19 grenade engagements. PROGRAM STATUS
improved interfaces enhance target The ITAS can fire all versions of the TOW • Current: ITAS has been fielded to
Recapitalization engagement performance. family of missiles. 20 active and 16 reserve component
Infantry BCTs and ten Stryker BCTs
Maintenance • Current: The Marine Corps has begun
ITAS’ second-generation forward-looking The TOW 2B Aero and the TOW
infrared sensors double the long-range Bunker Buster have an extended fielding the ITAS to infantry and tank
surveillance of its predecessor, the M220 maximum range to 4,500 meters. The battalions to replace all Marine Corps
MISSION TOW system. It offers improved hit TOW 2B Aero flies over the target M220A4 TOW 2 systems by 2012
Provides long-range sensor and anti- probability with aided target tracking, (off-set above the gunner’s aim point)
armor/precision assault fire capabilities, improved missile flight software and uses a laser profilometer and PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
algorithms, and an elevation brake magnetic sensor to detect and fire two • Continue: ITAS total package fielding
enabling the Soldier to shape the battlefield
to minimize launch transients. The downward-directed, explosively formed • FY12: Complete fielding
by detecting and engaging targets at
ITAS includes an integrated far target penetrator warheads into the target.
long range with tube-launched, optically- location capability (day/night sight with TOW Bunker Buster, with its high-
tracked, wire-guided (TOW) missiles or laser rangefinder), a position attitude explosive blast-fragmentation warhead,
directing the employment of other weapon determination subsystem, a fire-control is optimized for performance against
systems to destroy those targets. subsystem, a lithium-ion battery power urban structures, earthen bunkers, field
source, and a modified traversing unit. fortifications, and light-skinned armor
DESCRIPTION Soldiers can also detect and engage threats. ITAS operates from the High
The Improved Target Acquisition System long-range targets with TOW missiles or, Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle
(ITAS) is a multipurpose weapon system, using the ITAS far-target location (FTL) (HMMWV), the dismount tripod
used as a reconnaissance, surveillance, and enhancement, direct other fires to destroy platform, and Stryker anti-tank guided
target acquisition sensor. ITAS provides them. The FTL enhancement consists missile (ATGM) vehicles.
long-range anti-armor/precision assault of a position attitude determination
fire capabilities to the Army’s Infantry and subsystem (PADS) that provides the SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Stryker Brigade Combat Teams (BCTs) gunner with his own Global Positioning Other Major Interdependencies
as well as to the Marine Corps. ITAS is a System (GPS) location and a 10-digit grid The ITAS system is integrated on the
major product upgrade that greatly reduces location to his target through the use of M1121/1167 HMMWV and the Stryker
the number of components, minimizing differential GPS. With the PAQ-4/PEQ- ATGM; the ITAS system is the guidance
logistics support and equipment 2 Laser Pointer, ITAS can designate .50 for the TOW missile

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
147

Improved Target Acquisition System
(ITAS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
NATO Maintenance and Supply Agency,
Canada

CONTRACTORS
Raytheon (McKinney, TX)
Training Devices:
Intercoastal Electronics (Mesa, AZ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
148

Improvised Explosive Device (IEDD)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides both mounted and dismounted In this Publication
Recapitalization Soldiers with rapid and enduring Mine Resistant Ambush Protected
capabilities to detect, defeat, and Vehicles (MRAPs)
Maintenance
neutralized explosive hazards.
PROGRAM STATUS
DESCRIPTION SPARK II is currently in OEF, with over
The Improvised Explosive Device 2000 rollers procured and delivered; the
(IEDD) Defeat product is comprised of program is transitioning to a program
several highlighted systems: of record in FY12 under the Explosive
• The Self Protection Adaptive Roller Hazard Pre-Detonation (EHP) CPD
Kit (SPARK) provides a pre-detonation
capability mounted on the family of PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
MRAP vehicles; the latest version, SPARK SPARK II is a New Start in FY12
II has key improvements: variable stand-
off, quick disconnect, and improved
articulation from inside the cab, increased
down pressure, and power generation.
• Entry Control Point (ECP) in a box is a
suite of systems that provide the Soldier
the ability to detect and protect against
personal borne and vehicle borne IEDs.
The suite is comprised of explosive
detection systems, non-lethal systems,
and blast mitigation systems. This effort is
a coordinated effort with PdM FPS.
• Jackal is an IR defeat system integrated
with MRAP platforms. While the
PIR is a low-density threat, it is a very
lethal threat.
• Rhino is a high-density, low-cost system
integrated on MRAP platforms used to
defeat the PIR threat.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
149

Improvised Explosive Device (IEDD)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
SPARK:
ANA

CONTRACTORS
SPARK:
Pearson Engineering (Newcastle upon
Tyne, England)
ECP:
Aardvark Technical (Azusa, CA)
Jackal:
Raytheon Technical Services (Indianapolis,
IN)
Rhino:
Letterkenny Army Depot (Chambersburg,
PA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
150

Individual Semi-Automatic Airburst System (ISAAS)-XM25

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION view optics, laser rangefinder, compass, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Provides the Soldier with a “smart” fuze setter, ballistic computer, and an • 2QFY11-2QFY14: Conduct EMD
Recapitalization revolutionary weapon system that breaks internal display. phase
• 1QFY12: FOA continuation
Maintenance the current small arms direct fire parity
The ISAAS reduces the reliance of small • 1QFY13: Conduct Government
and dramatically increases our forces’ Development Testing
units on non-organic assets (mortars,
lethality and range with a family of 25mm artillery, and air support) and the need • 2-4QFY13: Milestone C decision
programmable ammunition. to compete for priority of fires when time
is critical. In addition to air bursting
DESCRIPTION ammunition, a family of ammunition is
The XM25 Individual Semi-Automatic being developed to support other missions,
Airburst System (ISAAS) enables the which could include armor-piercing and
small unit and individual Soldier to nonlethal scenarios.
engage defilade targets by providing a
25mm air-bursting capability that can SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
be used in all operational environments. None
The ISAAS is an individually fired,
semi-automatic, man-portable weapon PROGRAM STATUS
system. An individual Soldier employing • 2QFY11: Capabilities Development
basic rifle marksmanship skills can Document approved
effectively engage exposed or defilade • 1QFY11: Milestone B Decision
targets in just seconds out to 700 meters. • 1QFY-4QFY11: Prototype units
engaged in OEF Forward Operational
The system allows the individual Soldier Assessment (FOA)
to quickly and accurately engage targets • 2QFY11: Engineering & Manufacturing
Development (EMD) contract awarded
by producing an adjusted aimpoint based
• 3QFY11: Integrated Baseline Review
on range, environmental factors, and user
• 3QFY11: System Requirements Review
inputs. The target acquisition/fire control
integrates thermal capability with direct-

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
151

Individual Semi-Automatic Airburst
System (ISAAS)-XM25

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Alliant Techsystems (Plymouth, MN)
25mm Airburst Weapon:
H&K Gmbh (Oberdorf, Germany)
Target Acquisition/Fire Control:
L-3 Communications/Brashear (Pittsburgh,
PA)
25mm Ammunition:
Alliant Techsystems (Plymouth, MN)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
152

Installation Protection Program (IPP)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Knowledge Online (JKO) and Army Tier 2 applies to installations hosting
Provides an effective chemical, biological, Knowledge Online (AKO) at https://www. one-of-a-kind, critical strategic missions
Recapitalization radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) us.army.mil/suite/page/449823 or through or capabilities. The objective of Tier 2 is to
protection, detection, identification, and a link on the Joint Acquisition CBRN provide installations with the capability
Maintenance
Knowledge System (JACKS) website at to prepare, react, and continue critical
warning system for military installations.
https://jacks.jpeocbd.osd.mil. missions or capabilities without significant
DESCRIPTION interruption. The Tier 2 capability package
The Installation Protection Program Tier 1 focuses on enhancing an includes Baseline and Tier 1 capabilities
(IPP) will allow Department of Defense installation’s existing emergency responder plus fixed chemical detectors for warfare
installations to effectively protect personnel capabilities and enables an installation to agents and toxic industrial materials/
and critical operations against a CBRN prepare, respond, and transfer the mission chemicals, fixed biological collectors with
event, to effectively respond with trained after a CBRN attack. Tier 1 installations analysis and identification laboratory
and equipped emergency personnel, and to are critical to the overall accomplishment support, radiological monitoring
ensure installations can continue critical of the national military strategy or equipment for entry controllers, collective
operations during and after an attack. installations that provide combat service protection for one of a kind strategic assets
support. Tier 1 includes all Baseline Tier (up to 3,000 square feet), and a decision
IPP uses a tiered approach of government capabilities and adds individual protective support system of software tools and
and commercial off-the-shelf capabilities equipment for emergency responders networked sensors.
optimized for an installation. The and first receivers, portable radiological
Baseline Tier provides a foundation for and chemical detection equipment, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
installations to maintain a standard level portable biological collectors with analysis None
of preparedness for a CBRN incident. This and identification laboratory support,
tier consists of non-materiel solutions that personal dosimeters, hazard marking PROGRAM STATUS
address military-civilian interoperability, and controlling equipment, medical • 4QFY11: Complete 16
system architecture, policy, doctrine, countermeasures for first responders/ additional installations
training, and administration. It includes receivers, mass casualty decontamination
Joint training products, planning showers and tents, mass casualty litters
templates, Mutual Aid Agreement and support equipment, mass notification
templates, and exercise templates and systems, an incident management system,
scenarios. The IPP Portal (IP3) makes and new equipment training and field
these solutions available through Joint exercise support.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
153

Installation Protection Program
(IPP)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (Falls Church, VA)
AIE:
Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC) (Falls
Church, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
154

Instrumentable-Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System
(I-MILES)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
and Abrams Tanks. It interfaces and The Shoulder Launched Munitions SLM:
Modernization
communicates with CTCs and home (SLM) replaces Basic MILES and provides • Current: Fielded over 1,000 SLM kits
Recapitalization station instrumentation, providing casualty better training fidelity for blue forces’ to NTC and over 6,000 kits Army-wide
and battlefield damage assessments AT4 weapons and threat weapons using UCD/MCD:
Maintenance • Current: Fielded over 14,000 UCD/
for after-action reporting. I-MILES opposing force RPG7 visual modifications.
CV TESS provides real-time casualty MCD kits Army-wide
TVS/WITS:
effects necessary for tactical engagement The Universal/Micro Controller Devices
• Current: Fielded approximately 11,000
MISSION training in direct fire force-on-force and (UCD/MCD) are low-cost, lightweight
WITS kits to various home stations
Provides force-on-force and force-on- instrumented training scenarios. devices used by observer controllers and
target collective training at home stations maintenance personnel to initialize, set
and Combat Training Centers (CTCs). The I-MILES Individual Weapons up, troubleshoot, reload, reset, resurrect, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
System (IWS) is a man-worn and manage participants during live IWS:
DESCRIPTION dismounted system, providing event force-on-force training exercises. These • FY12: IWS testing completed and
The Instrumentable-Multiple Integrated data that can be downloaded for use modular, self-contained devices interact begin fielding
Laser Engagement System (I-MILES) in an after-action review and training and provide administrative control of all UCD/MCD:
is the Army’s primary live simulation assessment. The IWS replaces Basic other MILES devices. • FY12: Complete basis of issue
system and is composed of several MILES IWS at home stations and CV TESS:
component systems. I-MILES products Maneuver CTCs Army-wide. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES • FY12: CV TESS will complete testing
TVS:
include man-worn systems, combat None
• FY12: TVS will begin fielding
vehicle systems, target systems, The Tactical Vehicle Systems (TVS)
shoulder-launched systems, and encompasses the Wireless Independent PROGRAM STATUS
controller devices. The system operates Target System (WITS) and replaces the IWS:
within a live, virtual, and constructive previously fielded Independent Target • Current: Fielded approximately 14,000
integrated architecture that supports System (ITS) and other Basic MILES IWS kits to the National Training
Army and Joint exercises. currently fielded on non-turret military Center (NTC) and over 64,000 kits
vehicles. TVS/WITS designs include Army-wide
The I-MILES Combat Vehicle Tactical Stryker variants, tactical wheeled MXXI CVS:
Engagement Simulation System (CV vehicle configurations, and a separate • Current: Fielded over 400 systems to
TESS) provides live training devices for configuration for tracked/oversized the NTC and Joint Readiness Training
armored vehicles with fire control systems vehicles such as the M113 and Mine Center
including Bradley Fighting Vehicles Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
155

Instrumentable-Multiple Integrated
Laser Engagement System (I-MILES)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
IWS:
CUBIC Defense Sys. (San Diego, CA)
WITS:
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
TVS:
CUBIC Defense Systems (San Diego, CA)
MXXI CVS:
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
SLM:
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
CV TESS:
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
156

Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION and common C2 system will enable Other Major Interdependencies
Provides the full combat potential of an dynamic defense design and task ABCS, AEGIS, AWACS, BCS, BMDS,
Recapitalization Integrated Air and Missile Defense capability force reorganization, and provide the CAC2S, C2BMC Planner, DD(X),
through a network-centric “plug and fight” capability for interdependent, network- E-2C, THAAD
Maintenance
centric operations that link Joint IAMD
architecture at the component level (e.g.,
protection to the supported force scheme PROGRAM STATUS
launchers and sensors) and a common of operations and maneuver. • 4QFY07: Approval of two-contractor
command and control (C2) system. competitive prototyping strategy
This Army IAMD system-of-systems • 1QFY08: Approval of acquisition
DESCRIPTION architecture will enable extended range strategy
Army Integrated Air and Missile Defense and non-line-of-sight engagements • 2QFY08: Request for proposal released
(IAMD) will enable the integration across the full spectrum of aerial threats, • 4QFY08: IAMD Battle Command
of modular components (current and providing fire control quality data to the System contract award
most appropriate weapon to successfully • 1QFY10: Milestone B approval to
future AMD sensors, weapons, and
enter engineering and manufacturing
C2) with a common C2 capability in a complete the mission. Furthermore, it
development
networked and distributed “plug and will mitigate the coverage gaps and the
• 1QFY10: Down-select to single IBCS
fight” architecture. This common C2, single points of failure that have plagued
development prime contractor
called the IAMD Battle Command AMD defense design in the past, as well • 2QFY10: Award of A-Kit design and
System (IBCS), will provide standard as reduce manpower, enhance training, development contract
configurations and capabilities at each and reduce operation and support costs. • 1QFY11: IAMD Delta Preliminary
echelon. This allows Joint, interagency, Design Review (PDR)
intergovernmental, and multinational SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES • 3QFY11: OSD Overarching Integrated
(JIIM) AMD forces to organize based In this Publication Product Team (OIPT) Update
on mission, enemy, terrain and weather, PATRIOT Advanced Capability-Three
troops and support available, time (PAC-3), Sentinel, Joint Land Attack PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
available, and civil considerations Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netted • 3QFY12: IAMD Increment 2 Critical
(METT-TC). Shelters and vehicles may Sensor System (JLENS), Joint Tactical Design Review
be added to enable broader missions Ground Stations (JTAGS) • 4QFY12: Defense Acquisition Board in
and a wider span of control executed process review
at higher echelons. A network- • 3QFY15: Milestone C
enabled “plug and fight” architecture • 4QFY16: Initial Operational Capability

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
157

Integrated Air and Missile Defense
(IAMD)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
IBCS Development:
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)
A-Kit Design and Development:
Raytheon (Andover, MA; Tewksbury, MA)
SETA Support:
DMD (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
158

Integrated Family of Test Equipment (IFTE)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Electro-Optics Test Facility (EOTF): of aviation, automotive, electronic, and
Develops, acquires, fields, and sustains The EOTF tests the full range of Army missile weapon systems and to isolate
Recapitalization automatic test equipment with the electro-optical systems, including laser faulty components for immediate repair
capability to troubleshoot, isolate, and transmitters, receivers, spot trackers, or replacement. MSD-V3 hosts Interactive
Maintenance
forward-looking infrared systems, and Electronic Technical Manuals and the
diagnose faults, as well as verify the
television systems. It is fully mobile Digital Logbook, is used as a software
operational status of the weapon system. with VXI instrumentation, touch-screen uploader/verifier to provide or restore
operator interface, and an optical disk mission software to weapon systems, and
DESCRIPTION system for test program software and supports condition-based maintenance
The Integrated Family of Test electronic technical manuals. data collection and reporting. MSD-V3
Equipment (IFTE) consists of supports more than 50 weapon systems
interrelated, integrated, mobile, tactical, Next Generation Automatic Test and is used by more than 30 military
and man-portable systems. These System (NGATS): occupational specialties.
rugged, compact, lightweight, general- The NGATS is the follow-on
purpose systems enable verification reconfigurable, rapidly deployable, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
of the operational status of weapon expeditionary interoperable tester and None
systems, as well as fault isolation to screener that supports Joint operations,
the Line-Replaceable Unit (LRU) at all reduces logistics footprint, and replaces/ PROGRAM STATUS
maintenance levels, both on and off the consolidates obsolete, unsupportable • 1QFY11: NGATS Logistics
weapon system platform. IFTE is an automatic test equipment in the Demonstration
Early Infantry Brigade Combat Team Army’s inventory. • 2QFY11: MSD-V3 production
(E-IBCT) Associate Program. • 3QFY11: NGATS PVT
Maintenance Support Device-Version 3 • Current: MSD-V2 fielding
Base Shop Test Facility-Version 3 (MSD-V3): • Current: EOTF operations and support
(BSTF(V)3): The latest generation MSD is a
The BSTF(V)3 is an off platform lightweight, rugged, compact, man- PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
automatic test system that tests electronic portable, general-purpose, at platform • 1QFY12: MSD-V3 first unit equipped
LRUs and Shop-Replaceable Units (SRU) automatic tester that has a docking • 2QFY14: NGATS first unit equipped
of ground and aviation systems. station, detachable core tablet, and
swivel and touch screen capabilities. It
is used to verify the operational status

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
159

Integrated Family of Test Equipment
(IFTE)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
MSD:
Afghanistan, Australia, Bahrain, Chile,
Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Germany,
Israel, Iraq, Jordan, Korea, Kuwait,
Lithuania, Macedonia, Morocco,
Netherlands, Oman, Poland, Portugal,
Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, Turkey, United Arab
Emirates, Uzbekistan, Yemen

CONTRACTORS
MSD-V3:
Vision Technology Miltope Corp. (Hope
Hull, AL)
BSTF(V)3:
Northrop Grumman (Rolling Meadows, IL)
EOTF:
Northrop Grumman (Rolling Meadows, IL)
NGATS:
Northrop Grumman (Rolling Meadows, IL)
DRS-TEM (Huntsville, AL)

At-Platform Automatic Test Systems (APATS)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
160

Interceptor Body Armor

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION groin, and lower back components PROGRAM STATUS
Increases Warfighter lethality and mobility weighs 15.09 lbs. All components • Current: In production and being
Recapitalization by optimizing Soldier protection while provide robust fragmentation and 9mm fielded
protection. The ESAPI (10.9 lbs per • FY11: Fielded 172,000 IOTV; 31,000
Maintenance effectively managing all life-cycle aspects
set) and ESBI (5.1 lbs per set) provide SPCS; 71,000 XSPI; 14,000 XSBI
of personal protective equipment.
classified multihit small arms protection.
DESCRIPTION The total system with all components PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The U.S. Army’s body armor and weighs 31.09 lbs (size medium). The • Continue: Fielding
components offer highly effective IOTV is produced in eleven sizes to
ballistic protection for our Soldiers. accommodate every Soldier on the
The system includes two types of “soft battlefield. ESAPI and XSAPI are
armor”: the Improved Outer Tactical produced in five sizes. ESBI and XSBI
Vest (IOTV) with mission-tailored are produced in one-size. Attachable
protective attachments that protect the throat, groin, shoulder, and lower back
neck, shoulders, groin, and lower back; protectors increase fragmentation and
and the Soldier Plate Carrier System 9mm protection. Webbing attachment
(SPCS), which offers decreased area of loops on the vest accommodate Modular
coverage in order to increase Soldier Lightweight Load-Carrying Equipment
mobility in various terrain conditions. (MOLLE). A medical access panel on the
Two types of hard armor plate systems IOTV allows for treatment to vital areas
are available for use with the IOTV while a quick-release mechanism on
and SPCS: the Enhanced Small both systems allows for rapid doffing of
Arms Protective Inserts (ESAPI) and the system during emergency situations.
Enhanced Side Ballistic Inserts (ESBI); The complete IOTV system provides
and the X Small Arms Protective Inserts 1,085 square inches of fragmentation
(XSPI) and X Side Ballistic Inserts and 9mm handgun protection and 456
(XSBI). Both systems provide classified square inches of ballistic protection for
multihit protection against numerous the SPCS (size medium).
stressing threats. The IOTV base vest
(size medium) weighs 9.86 lbs. The SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
IOTV with yoke and collar ensemble, None

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
161

Interceptor Body Armor

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Ceradyne Inc. (Costa Mesa, CA)
Protective Products (Sunrise, FL)
KDH Defense Systems (Johnstown, PA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
162

Javelin

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION CLU together weigh 48.8 pounds. The Javelin is a complementary system as the
Provides the dismounted Soldier a man- system also includes training devices for lethality solution for the Armed Robotic
Recapitalization portable, fire-and-forget system that tactical training and classroom training. Vehicle-Assault (Light).
Maintenance is highly lethal against targets ranging
Javelin’s fire-and-forget technology SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
from main battle tanks to fleeting targets
allows the gunner to fire and None
of opportunity found in current threat immediately take cover, to move to
environments facing the Army. another fighting position, or to reload. PROGRAM STATUS
The Javelin provides enhanced lethality • 3QFY07: Received Full Materiel
DESCRIPTION through the use of a tandem warhead Release on Block I CLU
The Close Combat Missile System- that will defeat all known armor threats. • 4QFY08: Received Full Materiel
Medium (CCMS-M) Javelin is It is effective against both stationary Release on Block I missile
highly effective against a variety of and moving targets. This system also • Current: Missile and CLU production
targets at extended ranges under day/ provides defensive capability against • Current: CLU total package fielding
night, battlefield obscurants, adverse attacking/hovering helicopters. The and CLU Retrofit
performance improvements in current • Current: Javelin has been fielded to
weather, and multiple counter-measure
more than 95 percent of active duty
conditions. The system’s soft-launch production Javelin Block I CLUs are
units; fielding is underway to the
feature permits firing from enclosures increased target identification range,
National Guard
commonly found in complex urban increased surveillance time with new
terrain. Javelin’s modular design allows battery and software management of the PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
the system to evolve to meet changing “on” time, and external RS-170 interface • Continue: Multipurpose Warhead is
threats and requirements via both for video output. The performance planned to improve lethality against
software and hardware upgrades. The improvements in current production irregular/soft targets
system consists of a reusable command Javelin Block I missiles are increased • Complete: CLU production
launch unit (CLU) with a built-in-test probability of hit/kill at 2,500 meters, • Continue: CLU total package fielding
(BIT), and a modular missile encased in improved warhead lethality, and reduced and CLU Retrofit
a disposable launch tube assembly. The time of flight. In current conflicts the • Continue: Missile production
CLU provides stand-alone all-weather CLU is being used as a stand-alone
and day/night surveillance capability surveillance and target acquisition
ideally suited for infantry operations asset. The Army is the lead for this
in Afghanistan. The Javelin missile and Joint program with the Marine Corps.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
163

Javelin

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Australia, Czech Republic, France, Ireland,
Jordan, Lithuania, New Zealand, Norway,
Oman, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates,
United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
CLU: Raytheon Missile Systems (Tucson, AZ)
DRS Technologies (Dallas, TX)
Raytheon (McKinney, TX; Dallas, TX;
Garland, TX)
GEU: Raytheon Missile Systems (Tucson, AZ)
Raytheon (McKinney, TX; Dallas TX;
Garland, TX)
ESAF/Seeker: Lockheed Martin (Orlando,
FL; Ocala, FL)
FPA: DRS Technologies (Dallas, TX)
Propulsion Unit: Aerojet (Camden, AR)
Missile Final Assembly: Lockheed Martin
(Troy, AL)
FTT, EPBST: ECC International (Orlando, FL)
Batteries: Acme Electric (Tempe, AZ)
Precursor Whd: General Dynamics Ordnance
and Tactical Systems (Camden, AR)
Containers: Independent Pipe Products
(Grand Prairie, TX)
Test Support: Javelin Joint Venture
(Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
164

Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION with the Army, Navy, and Marine SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides a single variant, precision- Corps and includes missiles, trainers, Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization guided, air-to-ground weapon for use containers, support equipment, and Rotary-wing Launcher/Rack: M299;
by Joint service manned and unmanned launchers. Its multimode seeker Fixed-wing Launcher Rack: Design to be
Maintenance
will provide robust capability in determined
aircraft to destroy stationary and moving
adverse weather, day or night, and
high-value land and naval targets. in an obscured/counter-measured PROGRAM STATUS
environment. The warhead is designed • 4QFY08: Competitive technology
DESCRIPTION for high performance against both development contracts awarded
The Joint Air-to-Ground Missile armored and non-armored targets, and • 1QFY09: Integrated baseline review
(JAGM) System is a precision-guided the firing platform is interoperable with • 4QFY09: System requirements review
munition (PGM) for use on Joint the command, control, communications, • 3QFY10: Preliminary design review
rotary and fixed-wing platforms and computer, intelligence, surveillance, and • 1QFY11: Technology Development
unmanned aerial systems (UAS) to reconnaissance (C4ISR) network. JAGM Phase completed
destroy high-value stationary, moving, will be fielded to the Super Hornet
and relocatable land and naval targets. (F/A-18E/F), Apache (AH-64D), and the PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
JAGM is the intended replacement for Super Cobra (AH-1Z) in 2016. Follow- • 1QFY12: Milestone B
HELLFIRE, air-launched TOW, and on fieldings of JAGM on the OH-58D
Maverick families of missiles. Cockpit and Sensor Upgrade Program
(CASUP), Seahawk (MH-60R), and the
JAGM will increase the Warfighter’s MQ-1C UAS are planned for 2017.
operational flexibility by effectively
engaging a variety of stationary and • Diameter: 7 inches
mobile targets on the battlefield from • Weight: 108 pounds
longer ranges, including advanced • Length: 70 inches
heavy/light armored vehicles, bunkers, • Range: 500-16,000 meters for
buildings, patrol craft, command and rotary wing; 2,000-28,000 meters for
control vehicles, transporter/erector fixed-wing
(e.g., SCUD) launchers, artillery
systems, and radar/air defense systems.
The JAGM System is a Joint program

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
165

Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Prime: Raytheon (Tucson, AZ)
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
Launcher Integration: Boeing (St. Louis,
MO)
Rocket Motor: Aerojet (Gainesville, VA)
Alliant Techsystems (Rocket Center, WV)
Ordnance & Tactical Systems: General
Dynamics (St. Petersburg, FL)
Warhead: GD-OTS (Niceville, FL)
Seeker: Lockheed Martin (Ocala, FL)
CAS: Moog Inc. (East Aurora, NY)
Optical Assembly: Perkin Elmer (Ohio, OH)
CCAs Distribution: Avnet (Chandler, AZ)
TJM Electronic (Tempe, AZ)
F/W Plat Int: ATK (Woodland Hills, CA)
FPA: CMC Electronics (Mason, OH)
Comp Midbody: GD-ATP (Lincoln, NE)
Final Assembly: Lockheed Martin (Troy, AL)
R/W Launcher: Marvin Engineering
(Inglewood, CA)
FM: Perkin Elmer (Ohio, OH)
Rocket Motor: Aerojet (Camden, AR)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
166

Joint Battle Command-Platform (JBC-P)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION dismounted, vehicle, logistic, aviation, Network-Tactical (WIN-T) Increment
Provides accurate, on-the-move, digital and command post elements. JBC-P 2, Warfighter Information Network-
Recapitalization command and control and situational software is designed for use over the Tactical (WIN-T) Increment 3
awareness to tactical leaders at all echelons Blue Force Tracking II transceiver and
Maintenance
associated satellite networks, as well Other Major Interdependencies
to the platform and dismounted domains.
as ground-based networks. Other key AMDWS, ASAS, BFT-Avn, DTSS, CPOF,
DESCRIPTION enhancements include a redesigned, JTCW, JSTARS MCS, JTRS HMS, JC2C
Joint Battle Command-Platform intuitive user interface and faster
(JBC-P) is a foundation for achieving mapping software to quickly process PROGRAM STATUS
information interoperability between and display critical graphics. It will • 4QFY09: Milestone B
Joint warfighting elements on current be the primary provider and user of • 4QFY10: Battlefield automation
and future battlefields. As the next digital battle command and situational appraisal
generation of Force XXI Battle awareness across the spectrum of
Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2) operations and will allow Warfighters PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
technology, it will be the principal to more effectively and consistently • 2QFY11: Awarded two Broad Area
command and control system for the communicate critical information over Announcement (BAA) contracts for
Army and Marine Corps at the brigade- networks that connect the most distant Handheld prototyping and evaluation
and-below level, providing users access and remote locations. • 3QFY12: JBC-P Milestone C
to the tactical information necessary Decision review
to achieve information dominance SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES • Continuing: JBC-P development
over the enemy. It consists of computer In this Publication and testing for Capability Set (CS)
13-14; evaluate and select hardware
hardware and software integrated into Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data
candidates; conduct integration
tactical vehicles, aircraft, and provided System (AFATDS), Battle Command
with legacy hardware; conduct
to dismounted forces. JBC-P uses a Sustainment Support System (BCS3),
developmental and operational testing;
product line approach to software Distributed Common Ground System-
continue software development for
development to save costs and promote Army (DCGS-A), Force XXI Battle CS15-16 and CS17-18
a common architecture. Components Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2),
include a core software module that Movement Tracking System (MTS),
provides common functionality required Nett Warrior (NW), Warfighter
of all platforms and tailored software Information Network-Tactical (WIN-T)
modules with unique capabilities for Increment 1, Warfighter Information

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
167

Joint Battle Command-Platform
(JBC-P)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Software Development (Government
performing):
Software Engineering Directorate (SED),
AMRDEC (Huntsville, AL)
Program Support:
CACI (Eatontown, NJ)
Subject Matter Expert:
MITRE (Eatontown, NJ)
Handheld Prototyping:
General Dynamics C4 Systems
(Scottsdale, AZ)
Handheld Prototyping:
DRS (Palm Bay, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
168

Joint Biological Point Detection System (JBPDS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION JBPDS can operate from a local PROGRAM STATUS
Protects the Soldier by providing rapid and controller on the front of each system, • 1QFY11-4QFY11: Continued unit
Recapitalization fully automated detection, identification, remotely, or as part of a network of fieldings
up to 26 systems. JBPDS meets all • 2QFY11: Engineering change proposal
Maintenance warning, and sample isolation of high-
environmental, vibration, and shock (ECP)decision review
threat biological warfare agents.
requirements of its intended platforms,
DESCRIPTION as well as requirements for reliability, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The Joint Biological Point Detection availability, and maintainability. • 1QFY12-4QFY12: Developmental
System (JBPDS) is the first Joint testing
biological warfare agent (BWA) detection The JBPDS includes both military • 1QFY13-4QFY13: First article testing
system designed to meet the broad and commercial global positioning, • 3QFY14: Engineering Change Proposal
spectrum of operational requirements meteorological, and network modem production decision review
encountered by the Services, across the capabilities. The system will interface
entire spectrum of conflict. with the Joint Warning and Reporting
Network (JWARN).
It consists of a common biosuite
that can be integrated onto a service The JBPDS is currently fielded on the
platform, shipboard, or trailer-mounted Stryker Nuclear, Biological, Chemical,
to provide biological detection and Reconnaissance Vehicle (NBCRV), the
identification to all service personnel. M31A2 Biological Integrated Detection
The JBPDS is portable and can support System, and Navy Ships.
bare-base or semi-fixed sites. JBPDS
will presumptively identify 10 BWAs SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
simultaneously. It will also collect a In this Publication
liquid sample for confirmatory analysis Nuclear Biological Chemical
and identification. Technology refresh Reconnaissance Vehicle
efforts will focus on reducing life-cycle (NBCRV)-Stryker Sensor Suites
costs and obsolescence.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
169

Joint Biological Point Detection
System (JBPDS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics Armament and
Technical Products (Charlotte, NC)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
170

Joint Biological Standoff Detection System (JBSDS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION to provide early warning (Detect to Other Major Interdependencies
Provides advanced, early-warning (Detect Warn) theater-wide to limit the effects Combat Service Support Automated
Recapitalization to Warn), standoff detection of biological of biological agent hazards against U.S. Information Systems Interface (CAISI)-
warfare agents (BWA) on a stationary forces at the tactical and operational Inc 1, JWARN-Inc 2
Maintenance
levels of war. JBSDS Increment 2 can
platform or fixed site, used in conjunction
be employed in support of various PROGRAM STATUS
with other biological point detectors for areas (e.g., fixed sites, air ports of • 2QFY11: JBSDS Increment 2 Milestone
advanced warning, reporting, and protection. debarkation/sea ports of debarkation, A decision
forward operating bases, amphibious
DESCRIPTION landing sites), on platforms, or PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The Joint Biological Standoff Detection stationary vehicles. JBSDS Increment • 1QFY12-3QFY13: Prototypes testing
System (JBSDS) will be the first biological 2 will pass detection information and • 3QFY14: Preliminary design review
defense Detect to Warn capability to warnings through existing and planned
protect individual Warfighters. communications networks (e.g., Joint
Warning and Reporting Network).
The JBSDS Increment 1 provides Commanders may integrate JBSDS
initial early warning capability against Increment 2 outputs with information
biological warfare agent attack by from intelligence, meteorological,
detecting aerosol clouds out to five radar, medical surveillance, local area
kilometers with infrared (IR) light operations, and other available assets to
detection and ranging (LIDAR). JBSDS increase force protection, mitigate the
Increment 1 operates at fixed sites or in consequences of biological hazards, and
a stationary mode on mobile platforms. maximize combat effectiveness.
JBSDS Increment 1 system will be used
for training to support Increment 2 SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
concept of operations development. In this Publication
Joint Warning and Reporting Network
JBSDS Increment 2 will provide 24/7 (JWARN)
near-real-time biological warfare agent
(BWA) detection and will network with
existing biological detection systems

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
171

Joint Biological Standoff Detection
System (JBSDS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Increment 1:
Science and Engineering Services Inc.
(SESI) (Columbia, MD)
Increment 2:
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
172

Joint Biological Tactical Detection System (JBTDS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION JBTDS will ultimately support force
Provides a tactical, lightweight, battery- protection and maximize combat
Recapitalization operated, biological warfare agent effectiveness by enhancing medical
(BWA) system capable of detecting, response decision making. When
Maintenance
networked, JBTDS will augment existing
warning, and presumptively identifying
biological detection systems to provide a
and collecting samples for follow-on theater-wide, seamless array capable of
confirmatory analysis. detection and warning.

DESCRIPTION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The Joint Biological Tactical Detection None
Systems (JBTDS) will be a lightweight,
man-portable, battery-operated system PROGRAM STATUS
that detects, warns, and provides • 2QFY11: Milestone A decision
presumptive identification and sample • 3QFY11-4QFY11: Competitive
collection of BWA to provide near-real- prototyping
time detection of biological attacks and
hazards in the area of operation. It will PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
have a local alarm and be networked • 1QFY12-3QFY12: Continue
to provide cooperative capability with competitive prototyping
reduced probability of false alarms. • 2QFY12: Preliminary Design Review
• 3QFY13: Milestone B Decision
JBTDS will be employed organically • 1QFY14-2QFY14: Operational
at the battalion and lower levels by assessment
non-chemical, biological, radiological, • 2QFY14: Critical Design Review
• 3QFY14-4QFY14: Developmental
and nuclear personnel in tactical
testing
environments across multiple
operational locations (e.g. forward
operating bases, operationally engaged
units, amphibious landing sites, air base
operations, etc.)

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
173

Joint Biological Tactical Detection
System (JBTDS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
174

Joint Chem/Bio Coverall for Combat Vehicle Crewman (JC3)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION accessories, protective headwear, hand-
Provides percutaneous protection against wear, footwear, and Army and Marine
Recapitalization chemical and biological (CB) warfare Corps armored vehicles
Maintenance agents to personnel who serve as crew
PROGRAM STATUS
members on armored vehicles.
• FY11: Continued production
DESCRIPTION and fielding
The Joint Chem/Bio Coverall for
Combat Vehicle Crewman (JC3) PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
is a lightweight, one-piece, flame- • FY12-FY14: Continue production
resistant, chemical, and biological and fielding
protective coverall that resembles
a standard CVC coverall. The JC3
is intended to be worn as a duty
uniform; however, it may be worn as
an overgarment. It will resist ignition
and will provide thermal protection
to allow emergency egress. The JC3
will not be degraded by exposure to
petroleum, oils, and lubricants present
in the operational environment. The
JC3 will be compatible with current
and developmental protective masks
and mask accessories, headgear, gloves/
mittens, footwear, and other CVC
ancillary equipment (e.g., Spall vest).

SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Other Major Interdependencies
Existing and co-developmental
protective masks, appropriate mask

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
175

Joint Chem/Bio Coverall for Combat
Vehicle Crewman (JC3)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Group Home Foundation Inc. (Belfast, ME)
ReadyOne Industries (El Paso, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
176

Joint Chemical Agent Detector (JCAD) M4E1

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The JCAD replaces the Automatic PROGRAM STATUS
Protects U.S. forces by detecting, Chemical Agent Detector and Alarm • FY11: Continued fielding M4 variant
Recapitalization identifying, alerting, and reporting the (ACADA or M22), M90, and M8A1 to the Services
systems. The JCAD may replace the • 2QFY11: Production cut-in decision
Maintenance presence of chemical warfare agents and
Chemical Agent Monitor (CAM) review for M4E1
toxic industrial chemical vapors.
and Improved Chemical Agent
DESCRIPTION Monitor (ICAM). PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The Joint Chemical Agent Detector • FY12-FY14: Production and
(JCAD) is a pocket-size, rugged, Specific capabilities include: deployment
handheld detector that automatically • Instant feedback of hazard (mask
detects, identifies, and alarms to only or full Mission-Oriented
chemical warfare agents and toxic Protective Posture)
industrial chemical vapors. • Real-time detection of nerve, blister,
and blood agents
The Services can use the system on • Stores up to 72 hours of detection data
mobile platforms, at fixed sites, and • The M4E1 will be net-ready through
on individuals designated to operate implementation of the common
in a chemical threat area. The system chemical, biological, radiological, and
can operate in a general chemical nuclear standard interface
warfare environment and can undergo
conventional decontamination SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
procedures by the Warfighter. In this Publication
Abrams Tank Upgrade, Bradley Fighting
The Enhanced JCAD (M4E1 JCAD) Vehicle Systems Upgrade, Family of
goes into production in FY11. The Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV)
M4E1 JCAD will reduce operation and
sustainment costs, has an improved user Other Major Interdependencies
interface, and is net-ready. Modular Lightweight Load-carrying
Equipment (MOLLE)

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
177

Joint Chemical Agent Detector
(JCAD) M4E1

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Smiths Detection Inc. (Edgewood, MD)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
178

Joint Chemical, Biological, Radiological Agent Water Monitor
(JCBRAWM)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION JCBRAWM leverages commercial
Protects U.S. forces by detecting and technologies and fielded systems.
Recapitalization identifying the presence of biological JCBRAWM supplements the currently
warfare agents and radiological fielded M272 water-testing kit.
Maintenance
contaminants in water supplies.
The system is being fielded to the Army
DESCRIPTION and Navy.
The Joint Chemical, Biological,
Radiological Agent Water Monitor SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
(JCBRAWM) is a kit that provides a Other Major Interdependencies
waterborne biological and radiological AN/PDR-77 Radiac Set
agent detection capability. The
JCBRAWM kit is one-man portable PROGRAM STATUS
and detects two biological toxins and • FY11: Complete fielding
radiation (alpha and beta particles) in
drinking water. JCBRAWM provides the
ability to detect and identify biological
and radiological contamination during
three water-monitoring missions:
source site selection/reconnaissance,
treatment verification, and quality
assurance of stored and distributed
product water. The system performs
biological detection and identification
functions with an immunoassay ticket
and radiological detection using the
fielded AN/PDR-77 Radiac Set system
and accessory package.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
179

Joint Chemical, Biological,
Radiological Agent Water Monitor
(JCBRAWM)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
ANP Technologies (Newark, DE)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
180

Joint Effects Model (JEM)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION JEM supports planning to mitigate the PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Provides enhanced operational and effects of Weapons of Mass Destruction • FY12-FY14: Continue Increment 1
Recapitalization tactical-level situational awareness of and to provide rapid estimates of hazards production and deployment
and effects integrated into the Common • 4QFY13: Increment 2 Milestone B
Maintenance the battlespace and provides near real-
Operational Picture. JEM interfaces and • 4QFY14: Increment 2 Milestone C
time hazard information before, during,
communicates with the Joint Warning and
and after an incident to influence and Reporting Network (JWARN), associated
minimize effects on current operations. weather systems, intelligence systems, and
various databases.
DESCRIPTION
The Joint Effects Model (JEM) is a Web- SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
based software program. It is the only In this Publication
accredited DoD computer-based tactical Global Command and Control System-
and operational hazard prediction Army (GCCS-A), Joint Warning and
model capable of providing common Reporting Network (JWARN)
representation of chemical, biological,
radiological, nuclear (CBRN), and toxic Other Major Interdependencies
industrial chemicals/toxic industrial Global Command and Control
material hazard areas and effects. It System-Joint, Joint Tactical Common
may be used in two variants: as either Operational Picture Workstation
a standalone system, or as a resident (JTCW)/Command and Control
application on host command, control, Personal Computer (C2PC),
communications, computers, and Meteorological Data Server
intelligence systems. It is capable
of modeling hazards in various PROGRAM STATUS
scenarios, including counterforce, • FY11: Continued Increment 1
passive defense, accidents, incidents, deployment
high-altitude releases, urban • 2QFY11: Increment 2 Milestone A
environments, building interiors, and
human performance degradation.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
181

Joint Effects Model (JEM)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Pending

CONTRACTORS
Northrop Grumman Mission Systems (San
Diego, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
182

Joint Effects Targeting System (JETS)
Target Location Designation System (TLDS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Army forward observers or JTACs to SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides the dismounted Forward have access to precision targeting in all Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization Observer and Joint Terminal Attack operational environments. U.S. Army Portable Forward Entry
Controller the ability to acquire, locate, Device, U.S. Air Force Tactical Air
Maintenance
The JETS consists of two major Control Party-Close Air Support System,
mark, and designate for precision GPS-
subsystems: the Target Location and U.S. Marine Corps StrikeLink
guided and laser-guided munitions, and Designation System (TLDS) and the Target
provides connectivity to the Joint forces Effects Coordination System (TECS). PROGRAM STATUS
through fire and close air support digital • FY11: Technology Development
planning/messaging devices. The TLDS will provide the dismounted Activities for JETS TLDS for
observer and JTAC with a common Milestone B
DESCRIPTION enhanced lightweight handheld • FY11: Approval of TECS
The Joint Effects Targeting System capability to rapidly acquire, accurately development strategy
(JETS) is an Army-led, Joint interest locate, positively identify, and precisely
program with the Air Force (USAF) and designate targets. The TECS will PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Marine Corps to develop and field a interface with the TLDS and will • FY13: Milestone B Decision for
one-man portable targeting system for provide a networked, automated JETS TLDS
forward observers and Joint Terminal communications capability to plan, • FY16: Initial operational capability
Attack Controllers (JTACS). coordinate, and deliver fire support, for JETS TLDS
as well as provide terminal close
This future system will answer the need air support guidance. Based on a
for a very lightweight, highly accurate strategy approved in FY11 by the Army
targeting system that will allow target Acquisition Executive and endorsed
engagements with precision munitions by the Joint Fire Support Executive
(e.g., JDAM, Excalibur, and laser-guided Steering Committee (JFS ESC), the
weapons) and provide crucial digital TECS requirement will be satisfied
connectivity to request and control by continued development of existing
indirect fires and close air support from service-specific forward entry systems,
all joint assets. The JETS’ light weight which will comply with a Joint common
will allow small units supported by minimum messaging set.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
183

Joint Effects Targeting System
(JETS) Target Location Designation
System (TLDS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
BAE Systems (Nashua, NH)
Northrop Grumman Guidance and
Electronics, Laser Systems (Apopka, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
184

Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated
Netted Sensor System (JLENS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization and the surveillance radar systems JLENS also performs as a multirole PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
operating as an “orbit;” however, each platform, enabling extended range • 3QFY12: Limited User Test
Recapitalization system can operate autonomously and communication and control linkages, • 4QFY12: Milestone C Decision
contribute to the JLENS mission. communications relay, and battlefield • 1QFY13: LRIP 1
Maintenance • 4QFY13: First Unit Equipped
situational awareness, and can be
JLENS uses its advanced sensor and configured to detect and track surface • 2QFY14: Initial Operational Capability
networking technologies to provide moving targets. JLENS can stay aloft
MISSION 360-degree wide-area surveillance and up to 30 days, providing 24-hour radar
Provides elevated, persistent, over-the- tracking of cruise missiles and other coverage of the assigned areas. The radar
horizon detection, tracking, classification, aircraft. Operating as an orbit, the systems can be transported by aircraft,
and engagement data of cruise missiles, surveillance radar generates information railway, ship, or roadway.
that enables the fire control radar to
aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles,
readily search for, detect, and track SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
tactical ballistic missiles, large caliber low-altitude cruise missiles and other Other Major Interdependencies
rockets, and surface-moving targets, airborne threats. Once the fire control The JLENS System is dependent on
enabling rapid defensive engagement by radar develops tracks, this information capabilities provided by Cooperative
air-directed, surface-to-air, or air-to-air is provided to tactical data networks so Engagement Capability (CEC),
missile systems. other network participants can assess Multifunctional Information
threat significance and assign systems to Distribution System (MIDS), and the
DESCRIPTION counter the threat. The fire control data Integrated Broadcast System (IBS); the
The Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile supports extended engagement ranges by JLENS program is interdependent with
Defense Elevated Netted Sensor System other network participants by providing PAC-3, MEADS, and Navy Integrated
(JLENS) orbit comprises two systems: a high-quality track data on targets that Fire Control-Counter Air (NIFC-CA)
fire control radar system and a wide- may be terrain-masked from surface-
area surveillance radar system. Each based radar systems. JLENS information is PROGRAM STATUS
system has a 74-meter tethered aerostat, distributed via the Joint service networks • 2QFY08: Orbit preliminary
a mobile mooring station, radar, and contributes to the development of a design review
communications payload, processing single, integrated air picture. • 1QFY09: Orbit critical design review
station, and associated ground support • 4QFY09: Platform first flight
equipment. The JLENS mission is • 4QFY10: Orbit 1 system
achieved by both the fire control radar integration begins

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
185

Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile
Defense Elevated Netted Sensor
System (JLENS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Radar and Systems Engineering:
Raytheon (Andover, MA)
Surv. Radar:
Raytheon (El Segundo, CA)
Platform:
TCOM (Columbia, MD; Elizabeth City, NC)
SETA Support:
SETA (Huntsville, AL)
Engineering and Technical Support:
E&TS Ktrs (Huntsville, AL)
Software:
Raytheon Solipsys (Fulton, MD)
Software Engineering:
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)

JLENS KPPs: Objective Threshold
Combat ID: Yes Yes
SIAP: 360° 100°
IFC: SLAMRAAM / PAC 3 / SM SLAMRAAM / PAC 3
Net-Ready: Meet all top-level IERs Meet critical top-level IERs

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
186

Joint Land Component Constructive Training Capability
(JLCCTC)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Army and Joint training requirements. executing the commander’s tactical • 1QFY12: JLCCTC ERF V6.0 VE
Modernization
JLCCTC is comprised of two separate plan. The targeted training audience with the NSC, this version includes
Recapitalization federations, JLCCTC-Multi-Resolution is comprised of brigade and battalion OneSAF as the ground maneuver
Federation (MRF) and JLCCTC-ERF. battle staffs, functional Command Post model and the upper enclave (TS/SCI)
Maintenance WIM capability
(CP) training, and full CP training.
The JLCCTC-MRF is a Command Battle staffs of higher echelons may also • 2QFY12: JLCCTC MRF-W V6.1
(Corps capability) VE with the NSC
Post Exercise driver designed to train employ JLCCTC-ERF to achieve specific
• 3QFY12: The JLCCTC MRF-W
MISSION Army commanders and their staffs training objectives.
system will be utilized by the MCTP to
Provides unit commanders and their at division through echelons above
support a Corps Level Exercise at Ft.
battle staffs the capability to train in a corps. JLCCTC provides the simulated SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES Hood, TX
constructive environment from battalion operational environment in which None • 1QFY13-2QFY13: JLCCTC MRF-W
computer-generated forces stimulate First Use in Japan (Corps level-Yama
to echelons above corps to support Army
and respond to the mission command PROGRAM STATUS Sakura 63)
and Joint training requirements through (MC) processes of the commanders • 4QFY11: JLCCTC MRF-W V6.0.1 • 4QFY13: JLCCTC MRF-W First Use
a federation of legacy and developing and staffs. JLCCTC models will provide Tech Control forward/distributed Exercise at the Echelons Above Corps
objective systems including Warfighters’ full training functionality for leader site fielding to JBLM, Ft. Hood, and level during the KBSC supported UFG
Simulation, One Semi-Automated Forces and battle staff for the Army and the Schofield Barracks • 1QFY14-2QFY14: The JLCCTC
(OneSAF), Corps Battle Simulation, Joint, intergovernmental, interagency, • 4QFY11: JLCCTC-ERF v5.3 fielding to MRF-W system will be utilized by
and multinational spectrum. JLCCTC Ft. Stewart, Ft. Drum, Ft. Campbell, Ft. the KBSC to support the Yama Sakura
Tactical Simulation, and the Entity Carson, Ft. Bliss, and Ft. Dix
provides an interface to MC Systems, 65 Exercise
Resolution Federation (ERF).
allowing commanders and their staffs • 2QFY14: The JLCCTC MRF-W system
DESCRIPTION to train with their organizational real- PROJECTED ACTIVITES will be utilized by the KBSC to support
The Joint Land Component world MC equipment. • 1QFY12: The JLCCTC MRF-W the Key Resolve Exercise
Constructive Training Capability system will be utilized by the KBSC to
(JLCCTC) is a modeling and simulation JLCCTC-ERF is a federation of support the U.S. Army 2nd Infantry
software capability that contributes to simulations, data collection, and Division’s (2ID) WARPATH II exercise
the Joint training functional concept after-action review tools. It simulates in South Korea
and the Army training mission area the mission command networks and • 1QFY12: The JLCCTC MRF-W
by providing the appropriate levels of systems to facilitate battle staff collective system will be utilized by the MCTP
training by requiring staff reaction to to support the 2ID Full Spectrum
model and simulation resolution as well
Exercise (FSX)
as the fidelity needed to support both incoming digital information while

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
187

Joint Land Component Constructive
Training Capability (JLCCTC)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Lockheed Martin Global Training and
Logistics (Orlando, FL)
Tapestry Solutions Inc. (San Diego, CA)
Booz/Allen/Hamilton (Orlando, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
188

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION and supplemental armor against direct SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides a family of vehicles, with fire and improvised explosive device None
Recapitalization companion trailers, capable of performing threats.
multiple mission roles that will be designed PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance • 4QFY11: Capability Development
Payloads: CTV-3,500 pounds, CSV-
to provide protected, sustained, networked Document approved
5,100 pounds
mobility for personnel and payloads across Transportability: Internal-C-130,
the full range of military operations. External-CH-47@ Curb Weight plus PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
2000 lbs and CH-53, Sea-Height- • 2QFY12: Milestone B, enter
DESCRIPTION restricted decks engineering and manufacturing
The Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) Protection: Scalable armor to provide development (EMD)
Family of Vehicles (FoV) is a Joint mission flexibility while protecting • 2QFY12: Award two full and open
service and international program that the force competition EMD contracts
will be capable of operating across a Mobility: Maneuverability to enable
broad spectrum of terrain and weather operations across the spectrum of
conditions. The Joint Services require terrain, including urban areas
enhanced performance, exceeding the Networking: Connectivity for improved
existing High Mobility Multipurpose battlespace awareness and responsive,
Wheeled Vehicle, supporting the Joint well-integrated command and control
Functional Concepts of Battlespace for embarked forces
Awareness, Force Application, and Sustainability: Reliable, maintainable,
Focused Logistics. The JLTV FoVs maximum commonality across
consist of two variants: Combat Tactical mission role variants, onboard
Vehicle and Combat Support Vehicle. and exportable power, and reduced
The JLTV is transportable by a range fuel consumption
of lift assets, including rotary-wing
aircraft, to support operations across The JLTV FoV balances the “Iron
the range of military operations. Its Triangle” of payload, protection,
maneuverability enables operations and performance.
across the spectrum of terrain, including
urban areas, while providing inherent

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
189

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
To be determined for EMD

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
190

Joint Personnel Identification Version 2 (JPIv2)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION PROGRAM STATUS
Provides tactical biometrics collection • 4QFY08: DoD Biometrics Acquisition
Recapitalization capability configurable for multiple Decision Memorandum (ADM) directs
Milestone B no later than FY10
Maintenance operational mission environments,
• 1QFY09: Biometrics in support
enabling identity superiority. of Identity Management Initial
DESCRIPTION Capabilities document approved by
Joint Personnel Identification Version Joint Requirements Oversight Council
• 4QFY09: DoD Biometrics ADM
2 (JPIv2) will collect, match, store, and
directs the analysis of alternatives to be
share biometrics (fingerprint/face/iris)
completed 2QFY10
data and contextual information from
• 3QFY10: DoD Biometrics ADM
actual or potential adversaries, host-
approved name change from Biometric
nation personnel, and third-country Family of Capabilities for Full
nationals. This system will provide Spectrum Operations (BFCFSO) to
mobile (laptop) and portable (handheld) Joint Personnel Identification
configurations. This Joint and common Version 2 (JPIv2)
solution is a continuation of the U.S. • 2QFY11: DoD Biometrics ADM
Navy’s Personnel Identification Version approves Biometric analysis of
1 Program (PIv1). alternatives final report and directs
Milestone B for JPIv2 in FY12 and
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES delegates Milestone Decision Authority
In this Publication to Army Acquisition Executive
Biometric Enabling Capability (BEC)
PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Other Major Interdependencies • 2QFY12: JPIv2 1 Capability
U.S. Navy Personnel Identification Development Document approved
Version 1 Program (PIv1). • 2QFY13: Milestone B, permission
to enter system development and
demonstration

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
191

Joint Personnel Identification
Version 2 (JPIv2)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Program Management Support
Services:
CACI (Arlington, VA)
The Research Associates (New York, NY)
System Development and Integration:
To be determined pending Milestone B

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
192

Joint Precision Airdrop System (JPADS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
critical supplies with great precision SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES • 3QFY12: Milestone C (Full-Rate
Modernization
along a predetermined glide and flight None Production and fielding decision) for
Recapitalization path. The system is being developed in 10,000-pound variant with subsequent
two weight classes: 2,000 pounds and PROGRAM STATUS award production contract
Maintenance • 3QFY07-4QFY08: Testing for • 1QFY13: Fielding begins for
10,000 pounds. The guidance system
uses military global positioning satellite 2,000-pound variant completed 10,000-pound variant
data for precise navigation and interfaces • 1QFY08: Milestone B (permission
MISSION with a wirelessly updatable mission- to enter system development and
Provides the Warfighter with precision planning module on board the aircraft demonstration phase) received for
to receive real-time weather data and 10,000-pound variant
airdrop capability, ensuring an accurate • 2QFY08: Testing began for
delivery of supplies to forward-operating compute multiple aerial release points.
10,000-pound variant and currently in
forces, reducing vehicular convoys, and developmental testing
JPADS is being designed for aircraft
allowing aircraft to drop cargo at safer • 3QFY09: Milestone C, Type
to drop cargo from altitudes of up to
altitudes and offset distances. Classification-Standard, and Full Materiel
24,500 feet mean sea level. It will release
Release approved for the 2,000-pound
cargo from a minimum offset of eight variant, with production contract
DESCRIPTION kilometers from the intended point of • 4QFY09: Fielding began for
The Joint Precision Airdrop System impact, with an objective capability of 2,000-pound variant and will continue
(JPADS) is a precision-guided airdrop 25 kilometers offset. This offset allows through FY12
system that provides rapid, precise, aircraft to stay out of range of many • 4QFY11: Complete product
high-altitude delivery capabilities that anti-aircraft systems. It also enables improvements to provide increased
do not rely on ground transportation. aircraft to drop systems from a single capabilities for the 2,000-pound
The system ensures accurate and timely aerial release point and deliver them variant in accordance with joint urgent
delivery in support of operational to multiple or single locations, thus operations statement to include:
missions, while providing aircraft with reducing aircraft exposure time. Once accuracy improvements, adding terrain
increased survivability. on the ground, the precise placement of avoidance capability, and reducing the
the loads greatly reduces the time needed retrograde burden
JPADS integrates a parachute decelerator, to recover the load as well as minimizing
an autonomous guidance unit, and exposure to ground forces. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
a load container or pallet to create • 1QFY12: Complete testing of the
a system that can accurately deliver 10,000-pound variant

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
193

Joint Precision Airdrop System
(JPADS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Airborne Systems North America
(Pennsauken, NJ)
Draper Laboratories (Cambridge, MA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
194

Joint Service General Purpose Mask (JSGPM) M-50/M-51

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION and combat vehicle operations, as well
Provides face, eye, and respiratory as the MCU-2/P series of protective
Recapitalization protection from battlefield concentrations masks for Air Force and Navy shore-
of chemical and biological (CB) agents, based and shipboard applications. This
Maintenance
mask is currently being fielded to all
toxins, toxic industrial materials, and
four Services—a first in the history of
radiological particulate matter. development and fielding.

DESCRIPTION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The Joint Service General Purpose Mask Other Major Interdependencies
(JSGPM) is a lightweight, protective The JSGPM will interface with
mask system incorporating state-of- Joint service vehicles, weapons,
the-art technology to protect U.S. communication systems, individual
Joint forces from actual or anticipated clothing, protective equipment, and
threats. The JSGPM provides above-the- CBRN personal protective equipment
neck, head-eye-respiratory protection
against CBRN threats, including toxic PROGRAM STATUS
industrial chemicals. The M-50/M-51 • FY11: Production and fielding
provides improved CB protection,
enhanced field of view, lower breathing PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
resistance, reduced weight/bulk, • FY12-FY13: Continued production
improved drinking system design, and and fielding
improved compatibility over fielded
systems. The JSGPM is interoperable
with existing legacy and commercial
radio systems, while ensuring future
operation with the next generation
of communications equipment. The
M-50/M-51 mask system replaces the
M40/M42 series of field protective masks
for the Army and Marine Corps ground

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
195

Joint Service General Purpose Mask
(JSGPM) M-50/M-51

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Avon Protection Systems (Cadillac, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
196

Joint Service Transportable Small Scale Decontaminating
Apparatus (JSTSS DA) M26
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The M26 will decontaminate Chemical
Provides the capability to conduct Warfare Agents (Nerve-G, Nerve V,
Recapitalization operational and support thorough Blister H) on tactical vehicles and crew
decontamination operations. served weapons below detection levels
Maintenance
of M8 detector paper within 5 minutes
DESCRIPTION contact time after an attack. The M26
The Joint Service Transportable Small will have a reliability of greater than or
Scale Decontaminating Apparatus equal to 0.89.
(JSTSS DA) will enable Warfighters
to conduct operational and support SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
thorough decontamination of non- In this Publication
sensitive military materiel and limited Family of Medium Tactical
facility decontamination at logistics Vehicles (FMTV)
bases, airfields (and critical airfield
assets), naval ships, ports, key command Other Major Interdependencies
and control centers, and fixed facilities High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled
that have been exposed to chemical, Vehicle (HMMWV) Family
biological, radiological, and nuclear of Vehicles; all individual protective
(CBRN) warfare agents/contamination equipment, decontaminants, and detectors
and toxic industrial materials. The
system may also support other hazard PROGRAM STATUS
abatement missions as necessary. The • 2QFY11: Achieved IOC Milestone
M26 is supported with one accessory kit • 3QFY11: Procured the Total Service
and one water blivet per system. Requirement (TSR) for the U.S. Army,
Navy, and Marine Corps
The M26 is transportable by a non-
dedicated platform (i.e., High Mobility PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle • 4QFY13: Complete fielding to achieve
(HMMWV)/Trailer, Family of Medium Full Operational Capability (FOC) for
Tactical Vehicles (FMTV)/Trailer) off- all Services
road over any terrain.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
197

Joint Service Transportable Small
Scale Decontaminating Apparatus
(JSTSS DA) M26

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
DRS Technologies (Florence, KY)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
198

Joint Tactical Ground Station (JTAGS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION communication systems. Five JTAGS • 4QFY12: Initial SBIRS GEO
Modernization
Disseminates early-warning, alerting, are deployed worldwide as part of the certification for operational use
Recapitalization U.S. Strategic Command’s Tactical • 1QFY12-4QFY13: Software support,
and cueing information of ballistic missile
Event System. Army Space and Missile contractor logistics support, and depot
Maintenance attack and other infrared events to operations continue.
Defense Command Soldiers operate
theater combatant commanders by using • 3QFY12: Begin new contract for support
JTAGS, providing 24/7/365 support to
real-time, direct downlinked satellite data. of Pre-Planned Product Improvement
theater operations.
program, includes full GEO satellite
integration and de-shelter
DESCRIPTION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Joint Tactical Ground Stations (JTAGS) Other Major Interdependencies
are forward-deployed, echelon-above- U.S. Air Force’s ACAT I, SBIRS
corps, transportable systems designed satellite program
to receive, process, and disseminate
direct downlinked infrared data from PROGRAM STATUS
space-based sensors. Ongoing product • 1QFY09-4QFY09: Worldwide
improvement efforts will integrate fielding of JTAGS upgrades: Common
JTAGS with the next-generation Space- Data Link Interface, Joint Tactical
Based Infrared System (SBIRS) satellites. Terminal, Multifunctional Information
SBIRS sensors will significantly improve Distribution System, and information
in-theater missile-warning parameters. assurance improvements; upgrades
Expected improvements include higher to all five JTAGS units and the JTAGS
development lab
quality cueing of active defense systems,
decreased missile launch search area,
faster initial report times, and improved PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
impact ellipse prediction. • 1QFY12-3QFY12: Complete fielding
of JTAGS block upgrades including
JTAGS processes satellite data and commercial antenna systems and
disseminates ballistic missile warning information assurance
or special event messages to Warfighters • 2QFY12-4QFY12: Fielding of the
in support of regional combatant Initial SBIRS Geosynchronous Orbit
commanders over multiple theater (GEO) satellite capability

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
199

Joint Tactical Ground Station
(JTAGS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Develop, Deploy, Sustain (CLS):
Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems
(Colorado Springs, CO)
SETA support:
BAE Systems (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
200

Joint Tactical Radio System Airborne and
Maritime/Fixed Station (JTRS AMF)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION is flexible enough to provide point-to- • 4QFY13: SRW/WNW WF available for
Modernization
Provides scalable and modular networked point and netted voice and data, whether platform integration
Recapitalization radio frequency-installed communication it is between Service Command Centers,
capability to meet Joint service requirements Shipboard Command Centers, Joint
Maintenance
Operations Centers or other functional
through two Joint tactical radio sets with
centers (e.g., intelligence, logistics).
common ancillary equipment for both radio
form factors and aircraft, as well as maritime AMF will assist U.S. Armed Forces in
and shore sites. the conduct of prompt, sustained, and
synchronized operations, allowing
DESCRIPTION Warfighters the freedom to achieve
The Joint Tactical Radio System information dominance in all domains —
Airborne and Maritime/Fixed land, sea, air, and space.
Station (JTRS AMF) will provide a
four-channel, full duplex, software- SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
defined radio integrated into airborne, Other Major Interdependencies
shipboard, and fixed-station platforms, Multiple aircraft, maritime, and fixed
enabling maritime and airborne site platforms
forces to communicate seamlessly
and with greater efficiency through PROGRAM STATUS
implementation of five initial waveforms • 2QFY11: Delivery of AMF Small
(i.e., Ultra-High Frequency Satellite Airborne (SA) Engineering
Communications, Mobile User Objective Development Models (EDM) for
System, Wideband Network Waveform, Apache Integration
Soldier Radio Waveform, and Link 16)
providing data, voice, and networking PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
capabilities. JTRS AMF is software- • 2QFY12: Link-16 Waveform (WF)
reprogrammable, multiband/multimode available for platform integration
capable, mobile ad-hoc network capable, • 1QFY13: Milestone C
and it provides simultaneous voice, data, • 2QFY13: SA Limited Rate Initial
and video communications. The system Production (LRIP) delivery

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
201

Joint Tactical Radio System
Airborne and Maritime/Fixed Station
(JTRS AMF)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Lockheed Martin (San Diego, CA;
Alexandria, VA)
Subcontractors:
BAE Systems (Wayne, NJ)
Northrop Grumman (San Diego, CA)
General Dynamics C4 Systems, Inc.
(Scottsdale, AZ)
Raytheon (Ft. Wayne, IN)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
202

Joint Tactical Radio System Ground Mobile Radios
(JTRS GMR)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION radios are Software Communications
Develops, demonstrates, certifies, fields, Architecture compliant with increased
Recapitalization and sustains an affordable, multichannel bandwidth through future waveforms.
networking radio system that meets DoD GMR are interoperable with more than
Maintenance
four legacy radio systems and the JTRS
ground vehicle digitization and tactical
family of radios (HMS, JEM, and AMF).
communication requirements.
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
DESCRIPTION Other Major Interdependencies
Joint Tactical Radio System Ground Enhanced Position Locating Reporting
Mobile Radios (JTRS GMR) are a System (EPLRS), High Frequency (HF),
key enabler of the DoD and Army Network Enterprise Domain (NED),
Transformation and will provide critical Satellite Communications (SATCOM),
communications capabilities across the Soldier Radio Waveform (SRW), Ultra-
full spectrum of Joint operations. High Frequency (UHF), Wideband
Networking Waveform (WNW)
Through software reconfiguration, JTRS
GMR can emulate current force radios PROGRAM STATUS
and operate new Internet protocol- • 2QFY11: Field Experiment 5 (FE 5)
based networking waveforms, offering • 3QFY11: Program undergoing
increased data throughput utilizing Nunn-McCurdy
self-forming, self-healing, and managed • 3QFY11: Customer Test conducted at
communication networks. The GMR the Network Integration Exercise at
route and retransmit functionality links White Sands Missile Range (WSMR)
various waveforms in different frequency
bands to form one internetwork. GMR PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
can scale from one to four channels • 2QFY13: Initial Operational
supporting multiple security levels Capability (IOC)
and effectively use the frequency • 2QFY13: Full Rate Production (FRP)
spectrum within the two megahertz
to two gigahertz frequency range. The

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
203

Joint Tactical Radio System Ground
Mobile Radios (JTRS GMR)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Boeing (Huntington Beach, CA)
Hardware:
BAE Systems (Wayne, NJ)
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)
Northrop Grumman (Carson, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
204

Joint Tactical Radio System Handheld, Manpack,
Small Form Fit (JTRS HMS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The Embedded Small Form Fit versions
Provides the Warfighter with a software of HMS will be used for Joint Service
Recapitalization reprogrammable, networkable multimode Ground Sensor Networks, intelligent
system-of-systems capable of simultaneous munitions deployment and usage,
Maintenance
unmanned vehicles, and other platform
voice, data, and video communications that
applications, including support for the
meets the radio requirements for Soldiers Early Infantry Brigade Combat Team
and small platforms, such as missiles and and Ground Soldier System technical
ground sensors. performance and integration.

DESCRIPTION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) Other Major Interdependencies
Handheld, Manpack, and Small Form SRW, HF, UHF SATCOM, MUOS,
Fit (HMS) is a materiel solution meeting IMS, UGS using SRW and various
the requirements of the Office of the legacy WF mixes
Assistant Secretary of Defense for
Networks and Information Integration/ PROGRAM STATUS
DoD Chief Information Officer for a • 2QFY11: Rifleman Radio (RR)
Software Communications Architecture Verification of Deficiencies (VCD)
(SCA) compliant hardware system • 3QFY11: Milestone C (MS C)
hosting SCA-compliant software • 3QFY11: Manpack (MP) Limited User
waveforms (applications). HMS is an Test (LUT)
Acquisition Category ID program that
encompasses specific requirements to PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
support Special Operations Command, • 1QFY12: RR Initial Operational Test &
Army, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Evaluation (IOT&E)
Navy communication needs. • 2QFY12: RR Initial Operational
Capability (IOC)
• 3QFY12: MP IOT&E

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
205

Joint Tactical Radio System
Handheld, Manpack, Small Form Fit
(JTRS HMS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
MP, 2 CH HH, SFFs -A, -B, -K, AN/PRC-
154 (Rifleman Radio):
General Dynamics (Scottsdale, AZ)
2 CH HH, SFF-B, AN/PRC-154
(Rifleman Radio):
Thales (Clarksburg, MD)
SFF-A, -D, -K:
BAE Systems (Wayne, NJ)
MP, SFF-D:
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)
PM Support:
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (San Diego, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
206

Joint Tactical Radio System Multifunctional Information
Distribution System (MIDS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION increasing force effectiveness and incremental delivery of the advanced
Provides real-time information and minimizing hostile actions and friend- JTRS waveforms through MIDS JTRS
Recapitalization situational awareness to the Joint and on-friend engagements. Three principle platform capability packages, such as
coalition Warfighter in the airborne, configurations of the terminal are in the Joint Airborne Networking-Tactical
Maintenance
production and use an open-system, Edge (JAN-TE) capability.
ground, and maritime domains through
modular architecture. MIDS-LVT(1)
secure, scalable, modular, wireless, provides a Link-16 capability to Navy SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
and jam-resistant digital data and and Air Force platforms, which were Other Major Interdependencies
voice communications. previously unable to use the Joint Link-16, TACAN, JAN-TE Waveforms,
Tactical Information Distribution multiple Joint and coalition airborne,
DESCRIPTION System (JTIDS) due to space and weight ground, and maritime platforms
The Joint Tactical Radio System limitations. MIDS-LVT(2) is an Army
Multifunctional Information variant of MIDS that is a functional PROGRAM STATUS
Distribution System (JTRS MIDS) is replacement for the JTIDS Class 2M • 1QFY11: MIDS JTRS IOT&E report
a secure, scalable, modular, wireless, terminal. MIDS-LVT(3), also referred issued by commander, operational test
and jam-resistant digital information to as MIDS Fighter Data Link (FDL), and evaluation force
system currently providing Tactical is a reduced-function terminal for the • 2QFY11: MIDS JTRS IOT&E report
Air Navigation (TACAN), Link-16, Air Force. issued by director, operational test
and J-Voice to airborne, ground, and and evaluation
maritime Joint and coalition warfighting MIDS JTRS is a Software Defined Radio
platforms. MIDS provides real-time and (SDR) that is compliant with the JTRS PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
low-cost information and situational Software Communications Architecture • 2QFY12: MIDS JTRS initial
awareness. The MIDS Program includes (SCA). MIDS JTRS maintains the Link- operational capability with the USN
the MIDS-Low Volume Terminal (MIDS- 16, J-Voice, and TACAN functionality F/A-18E/F Super Hornet
LVT) and the MIDS JTRS Terminal. of MIDS-LVT, but it also accommodates • 2QFY12: MIDS JTRS full production
future technologies and capabilities. and fielding decision
MIDS-LVT is the foundation of the MIDS JTRS improvements over
MIDS international cooperative MIDS-LVT include Link-16 enhanced
program with Joint service participation. throughput (ET), Link-16 frequency
MIDS-LVT provides interoperability remapping (FR), and programmable
with NATO users, significantly crypto. MIDS JTRS accommodates

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
207

Joint Tactical Radio System
Multifunctional Information
Distribution System (MIDS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
MIDS-LVT:
1,881 terminals (internationally)
JTRS MIDS:
None

CONTRACTORS
ViaSat Inc. (Carlsbad, CA)
Data Link Solutions:
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)
BAE Systems (Wayne, NJ)
EuroMIDS (Paris, France)
Thales (France)
Selex (Italy)
EADS (Germany)
Indra (Spain)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
208

Joint Tactical Radio System, Network Enterprise Domain
(JTRS NED)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Manager (SRWNM), JTRS Enterprise SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Develops portable, interoperable, Network Manager (JENM), and Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization mobile, ad-hoc networking waveforms/ Enterprise Network Services (ENS). Enhanced Position Location and
applications, providing combatant Reporting System (EPLRS), MUOS,
Maintenance
JTRS NED manages the development of Link 16
commanders with the ability to command,
Software Waveforms targeted to operate
control, and communicate with their on platforms such as the Ground Mobile PROGRAM STATUS
forces via secure voice, video, and data Radio (GMR), the Handheld, Manpack, • 1QFY11: Complete ENS Phase 1
media forms during military operations. and Small Form Fit (HMS) radios, (SoftINC) FQT
the Airborne and Maritime/Fixed Site • 1QFY11: Complete SRWNM FQT
DESCRIPTION (AMF) radios, and the Multifunctional • 2QFY11: Complete MUOS FQT
The Joint Tactical Radio System, Information Distribution System • 3QFY11: Complete ENS Phase 1
Network Enterprise Domain (MIDS) radios. The JTRS NED software (TDC) FQT
(JTRS NED) is responsible for the development and sustainment efforts • 4QFY11: Complete JENM
leverage commercial technology and Phase 2 FQT
development, sustainment, and
enhancement of interoperable employ open-system architecture to
networking and legacy software better ensure interoperability and PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
waveforms. NED’s product line consists portability of each waveform. JTRS • 4QFY12: Complete JENM
of: 14 legacy waveforms (Bowman VHF, NED develops networking waveforms to Phase 3 FQT
COBRA, EPLRS, Have Quick II, HF SSB/ support wireless networking with Global
ALE, HF 5066, Link 16, SINCGARS, Information Grid connectivity for
UHF DAMA SATCOM 181/182/183/184, deployed Warfighters at the tactical edge.
UHF LOS, VHF LOS); three mobile ad- In addition, NED provides network
hoc networking waveforms (Wideband management and network services
Networking Waveform (WNW), Soldier software for the planning, execution,
Radio Waveform (SRW), and Mobile configuration, and monitoring of the
User Objective System (MUOS)-Red JTRS radios and networks, including
Side Processing); Network Enterprise route and retransmit services between
Services (NES) including the JTRS networking and legacy waveforms.
WNW Network Manager (JWNM),
Soldier Radio Waveform Network

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
209

Joint Tactical Radio System,
Network Enterprise Domain
(JTRS NED)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
MUOS:
Lockheed Martin (Sunnyvale, CA)
SRW, SRWNM, ENS Phase 1 (SoftINC):
ITT (Ft. Wayne, IN)
PM Support:
SRA (Fairfax, VA)
JWNM, WNW, JENM:
Boeing (Huntington Beach, CA)
ENS Phase 1 (TDC):
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
210

Joint Warning and Reporting Network (JWARN)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Joint Effects Model to provide detailed PROGRAM STATUS
Accelerates the Warfighter’s response hazard prediction plume overlays. • 1QFY11: Increment 1 full
Recapitalization to a chemical, biological, radiological, or JWARN automates the recording and deployment decision
nuclear (CBRN) attack by providing Joint archiving of exposure data for effective
Maintenance
force protection. It reduces the time PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
forces the capability to report, analyze,
from incident observation to warning • FY12-FY14: Continue deployment
and disseminate detection, identification, to within two minutes, enhances
location, and warning information. Warfighters’ situational awareness
throughout the area of operations, and
DESCRIPTION supports battle management tasks.
The Joint Warning and Reporting Network
(JWARN) is a computer-based application JWARN’s component interface device
that networks CBRN sensors directly with connects to the sensors and relays
Joint and service command and control warnings to C4ISR systems via advanced
systems to collect, analyze, identify, wired or wireless networks.
locate, and report information on CBRN
activity and threats and to disseminate SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
that information to decision-makers In this Publication
throughout the command. Global Command and Control
System-Army (GCCS-A), Joint Effects
JWARN’s Mission Application Model (JEM)
Software (JMAS) will be compatible
and integrated with Joint service Other Major Interdependencies
command, control, communications, Global Command and Control System-
computers, intelligence, surveillance, Joint (GCCS-J), Joint Tactical Common
and reconnaissance (C4ISR) systems. It Operational Picture (COP) Workstation
will generate warning and dewarning (JTCW)/Command and Control
information to affected forces via Personal Computer (C2PC)
nuclear, biological, and chemical
reports, Allied Tactical Publication-45
hazard plots, and integrates with the

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
211

Joint Warning and Reporting
Network (JWARN)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Northrop Grumman Information Systems
(Orlando, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
212

Joint-Automatic Identification Technology (J-AIT)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION (IUID). J-AIT provides ITV to DoD PROGRAM STATUS
Manages the Radio Frequency-In Transit through Web portals (Non-Secure • RF-ITV system added satellite data
Recapitalization Visibility (RF-ITV) system, which provides Internet Protocol Router Network feeds and other system upgrades to
(NIPRNET) and Secure Internet support the Warfighters in Southwest
Maintenance automated, accurate, near-real-time data
Protocol Router Network (SIPRNET)) Asia; J-AIT established RF-ITV sites
collection, aggregation, and retrieval of along the Northern Distribution
and feeds ITV data to 26 other systems
ITV data that allows the Warfighter to across the DoD as depicted in the Network in Europe
see and manage cargo and equipment attached RF-ITV OV1 chart. J-AIT’s
shipments worldwide. RF-ITV system is the DoD’s system of PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
record for all active Radio Frequency • 2QFY11: Recompeted the RF-ITV
DESCRIPTION Identification (RFID) data. J-AIT also II contract, which is in Agency Level
The Joint-Automatic Identification provides procurement and technical Protest with Army Contracting
Technology (J-AIT) enables automatic services to DoD for AIT and RFID Command, National Capital Region
data capture for logistics information technology. The RF-ITV system consists (ACC-NCR)
systems and in-transit visibility (ITV) of of production server site in Continental • 4QFY11: Recompete the PM J-AIT
cargo and equipment for commanders United States (CONUS)—the site in Program Support Services 2 (PMSS 2)
Germany is being shut down—and contract
at all levels across the Department of
• 2QFY13: Transition to International
Defense (DoD). J-AIT supports the a worldwide infrastructure of read
Organization for Standardization
Defense Reform Initiative Directive sites covering key DoD transportation
based RFID tags
#54-Logistics Transformation Plans, nodes. J-AIT provides product and
Objective #3, which calls for achieving technical services across the suite of
total asset visibility and accessibility AIT technologies by establishing and
through the use of AIT. maintaining AIT and RFID contracts
that are available to all users across DoD.
The focused logistics transformation
path in Joint Vision 2020 requires SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
the implementation of AIT and like- None
information-systems that provide
accurate, actionable total asset visibility.
AIT is also a critical component of DoD-
mandated Item Unique Identification

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
213

RF-ITV Data Sources and Interfaces Joint-Automatic Identification
Technology (J-AIT)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Unisys Corporation (Reston, VA)
Subcontractor:
Kratos (San Diego, CA)
NextPoint Group (Warrenton, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
214

Kiowa Warrior

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION Additionally, the Army has started an • 4QFY11: OH-58D KW begin Fielding
Modernization
Performs aerial reconnaissance and security aircraft replacement program to address Single Channel FADEC improvements
Recapitalization Kiowa Warrior losses. • 4QFY11: OH-58F KW began structural
in support of ground maneuver forces.
modifications on first KW CASUP
Maintenance test aircraft
DESCRIPTION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The Kiowa Warrior is a single-engine, In this Publication
two-man, lightly armed reconnaissance 2.75 Inch Rocket Systems (Hydra-70), PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
helicopter with advanced avionics, HELLFIRE Family of Missiles • 2QFY12: OH-58D KW begin fielding
navigation, communication, weapons, of Reduced Weight Missile Launcher
and cockpit integration systems. Its Other Major Interdependencies (HELLFIRE) and Composite Universal
mast-mounted sight houses a thermal M3P .50 Caliber Machine Gun, various Weapons Pylon
imaging system, low-light television, communications, navigation, and • 2QFY12: OH-58F KW CASUP Critical
and a laser rangefinder/designator weapons systems Design Review (CDR)
permitting target acquisition and • 4QFY12: First Wartime Replacement
Aircraft delivery from CCAD
engagement at standoff ranges and in PROGRAM STATUS
• 4QFY12: OH-58F KW complete
adverse weather. Sensor imagery from • 1QFY11: OH-58D KW begin fielding
prototype build of first CASUP
compatible Unmanned Aerial Systems Level II Manned Unmanned Teaming
configured aircraft
and manned aircraft can be received • 1QFY11: OH-58F KW CASUP
and relayed to other aircraft or ground successful Milestone B
stations. The navigation system can • 2QFY11: OH-58D KW first production
convey precise target locations to other modifications of Common Missile
aircraft or artillery via its advanced Warning System-equipped Kiowa
Warrior aircraft
digital communications system. It
• 2QFY11: OH-58F KW CASUP
provides anti-armor and anti-personnel
Preliminary Design Review (PDR)
capabilities at standoff ranges. The Army
• 3QFY11: WRA Delivered Pilot KW
is currently installing modifications to
cabin from Bell Helicopter to CCAD
address safety, obsolescence, and weight • 4QFY11: OH-58D KW complete
to keep the aircraft viable through Safety Enhanced Program (SEP) lot 13;
its projected retirement date of FY25. program completion

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
215

Kiowa Warrior

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Taiwan

CONTRACTORS
Airframe:
Bell Helicopter Textron (Ft. Worth, TX)
Sensor:
DRS Optronics Inc. (Palm Bay, FL)
Engine:
Rolls Royce Corp. (Indianapolis, IN)
Mission Computer:
Honeywell (Albuquerque, NM)
Cockpit Displays:
Elbit Systems of America (Ft. Worth, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
216

Light Utility Helicopter (LUH)/UH-72A Lakota

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
six passengers or two NATO standard In 2011 the Security and Support (S&S) • 4QFY11: Completed first S&S
Modernization
litters. Two Turbomeca Arriel 1E2 Battalion MEP and the CTC MEP were MEP retrofit
Recapitalization engines, combined with an advanced added to the UH-72A fleet. The S&S
four-blade rotor system, provide lift MEP provides the National Guard to PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Maintenance • 1QFY12: 271 aircraft are on contract
and speed in a wide range of operating conduct Homeland Security, patrol, and
conditions. When equipped for medical counter drug missions. 100 UH-72A will with 49 to be delivered
evacuation (MEDEVAC) operations be equipped with the MEP and fielded • 2QFY12: First production delivery of
MISSION with two NATO standard litters, there is across the CONUS to include Puerto Rico S&S MEP aircraft
Provides a flexible response to homeland passenger seating for a medical attendant and Hawaii. The CTC MEP provides the • 4QFY12: Complete production of 235
and a crew chief. ability to conduct Opposing Force and aircraft
security requirements such as search • 4QFY13: Complete CTC MEP retrofits
and rescue operations, reconnaissance Observor/Controller missions to support
training at the National Training Center • 2QFY14: 331 aircraft placed on contract
The UH-72A is equipped with modern
and surveillance, and medical evacuation
communication and navigation avionics, (NTC), Joint Readiness Training Center
(MEDEVAC) missions. which facilitate operation in civilian (JRTC), and the Joint Multinational
airspace systems. It includes a 3-axis Readiness Center (JMRC). 40 aircraft will
DESCRIPTION autopilot and single pilot Instrument be retrofitted with the MEP.
The UH-72A Lakota Light Utility Flight Rules (IFR) capability. The
Helicopter (LUH) will conduct general cockpit is compatible with night vision SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
support utility helicopter missions and devices. In addition to the MEDEVAC Other Major Interdependencies
execute tasks as part of an integrated configuration, the UH-72A is also being ARC-231, C-5 (RERP), C-17, Civil
effort with other Joint Services, fielded in a VIP, ARNG Security & Comms, GATM, OH-58A/C,
government agencies, and non- Support (S&S), and Combined Training UH-1, Sealift, USCG Comms, VHF/
governmental organizations. The LUH Center (CTC) configurations. UHF Comms
is to be deployed only to noncombat,
non-hostile environments. The UH-72A The United States Navy Test Pilot School PROGRAM STATUS
is a variant of the American Eurocopter (TPS) ordered five UH-72A aircraft in • 1QFY11: Completed first CTC MEP
U.S.-produced EC-145. 2008. These were fielded in early FY10 retrofit
and support experimental pilot training • 2QFY11: 232 aircraft are on contract
The UH-72A is a twin-engine, single- at the school. with 59 to be delivered
main-rotor commercial helicopter. It • 3QFY11: Placed S&S MEP production
has seating for two pilots and up to and retrofits on contract

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
217

Light Utility Helicopter (LUH)/
UH-72A Lakota

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Airframe:
American Eurocopter (Columbus, MS;
Grand Prairie, TX)
CLS:
Helicopter Support Inc. (Trumbull, CT)
American Eurocopter (Grand Prairie, TX)
Training:
American Eurocopter (Grand Prairie, TX)
CFSR:
American Eurocopter (Grand Prairie, TX)
Program Management:
EADS North America (Huntsville, AL;
Arlington, VA)
Helicopter Support Inc. (Huntsville, AL;
Grand Prairie, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
218

Lightweight 155mm Howitzer System (LW155)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Software upgrades incorporating the SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides direct, reinforcing, and general Enhanced Portable Inductive Artillery Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization artillery fire support to maneuver forces. Fuze Setter and the Excalibur Platform Army Software Blocking, Defense
Integration Kit hardware give the M777A2 Advanced Global Positioning
Maintenance
DESCRIPTION the capability to program and fire the System Receiver
The Lightweight 155mm Howitzer Excalibur precision-guided munition.
(M777A2) will replace all M198 155mm PROGRAM STATUS
howitzers in operation with the Army Specifications for the M777A2 • 4QFY11: Full-Rate Production with a
and Marine Corps. The extensive use Excalibur-compatible howitzer are: total of 794 systems delivered—Army
of titanium in all its major structures Emplace: Less than three minutes (346), Marine Corps (391), Foreign
makes it 7,000 pounds lighter than Displace: Two to three minutes Military Sales (51), and the logistics
its predecessor, the M198, with no Maximum range: 30 kilometer (rocket base (6)
sacrifice in range, stability, accuracy, assisted round)
or durability, and it can be dropped by Rate-of-fire: Four rounds per PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
parachute. The M777A2’s independent minute maximum; two rounds per • 2QFY12-2QFY14: Continued full-
suspension, smaller footprint, and lower minute sustained rate production, Continued Army
profile increase strategic deployability Ground mobility: Family of Medium and Marine Corps New Equipment
and tactical mobility. The system uses Tactical Vehicles (FMTV), Medium Training and fieldings, Support FMS
numerous improvements to enhance Tactical Vehicle Replacement, partners (Canada and Australia)
reliability and accuracy, and significantly five-ton trucks
increase system survivability. Air mobility: Two per C-130; six per
C-17; 12 per C-5; CH-53D/E; CH-47D;
The M777A2 is jointly managed; the MV-22
Marine Corps led the development 155mm compatibility: All fielded and
of the howitzer and the Army led developmental NATO munitions
the development of Towed Artillery Digital and optical fire control:
Digitization, the digital fire control Self-locating and pointing, digital and
system for the M777A2. voice communications; self-contained
power supply

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
219

Lightweight 155mm Howitzer
System (LW155)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Australia and Canada

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
BAE Systems (Hattiesburg, MS; Barrow-
in-Furness, United Kingdom)
Cannon Assembly (GFE):
Watervliet Arsenal (Watervliet, NY)
Titanium Castings:
Precision CastParts Corp. (Portland, OR)
Body:
Triumph Structures (Chatsworth, CA)
Castings:
Howmet Castings (Whitehall, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
220

Lightweight Counter Mortar Radar (LCMR)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION system of systems construct. The radar
Identifies indirect fire threats by providing also is digitally interoperable with AFATDS
Recapitalization the ability to rapidly locate rockets, and FAADC2.
Maintenance artillery, and mortar firing positions
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
automatically by detecting and tracking
In this Publication
the shell and backtracking to the weapon Counter-Rocket, Artillery, and Mortar
position. It provides observed fires (for (C-RAM)/Indirect Fire Protection
friendly fires), will provide accurate “did Capability (IFPC)
hit” data of friendly fires, and will detect
and template hostile locations. PROGRAM STATUS
• December 2011: Milestone C Review;
DESCRIPTION on track for mid-December review
The AN/TPQ-50 Lightweight Counter • September 2011: First Unit Equipped
Mortar Radar (LCMR) is a man-portable • Authority to Operate (ATO) received
and HMMWV 1152A-mountable by PM on 10 May
lightweight radar system used to locate • Army Interoperability Certificate (AIC)
rocket, artillery, and mortar Points of received by PM on 10 June
• Urgent Material Release (UMR) due to
Origin (POO) and Points of Impact
PM by 30 August
(POI) out to a range of 10Km. The radar
accomplishes this by detecting and tracking
the projectile then extrapolating the POI PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
and POO to with-in 50 meters Circular • June 2012: Initial Operational Test &
Error Probability (CEP). The AN/TPQ-50 Evaluation (IOT&E)
has a continuous 360-degree surveillance • Jan 2013: On track to meet all
using an electronically scanned antenna. requirements, Full-Rate Production
The radar can be rapidly deployed by two Decision
Soldiers. The AN/TPQ-50 sends a warning • On track to meet all requirements
message to indicate an incoming round *One Year slip in the schedule
for First Unit Equipped and Full-
and is a critical sensor to the Counter
Rate Production Decision due to
Rocket Artillery and Mortar (C-RAM)
environmental testing improvements

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
221

Lightweight Counter Mortar Radar
(LCMR)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
SRCTec (North Syracuse, NY)
Syracuse Research Corporation (SRC)
(Syracuse, NY)
(statewide, MD)
Yuma Proving Ground (Yuma, AZ)
Tobyhanna Army Depot (Tobyhanna, PA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
222

Lightweight Laser Designator/Rangefinder (LLDR) AN/PED-1

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION designator is being fielded with the Weight (total system): 35 pounds
Provides the dismounted Fire Support LLDR2, which requires less power and (LLDR 1), less than 30 pounds (LLDR
Recapitalization Teams, Combat Observation and Lasing operates on one common SINCGARS 2), and less than 32 pounds (LLDR 2H)
Teams, and Scouts with a precision target battery (BA-5390 or BA-5590). for a 24-hour mission
Maintenance
location and laser designation system that
To provide a precision targeting SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
allows them to call for fire using precision, capability to the dismounted Soldier, None
near-precision, and area munitions. PM SPTD has developed the LLDR 2H,
which integrates a celestial navigation PROGRAM STATUS
DESCRIPTION system with the digital magnetic • FY11: Completed fielding of LLDR 1
The AN/PED-1 Lightweight Laser compass in the TLM to provide highly • FY11: Began fielding reduced weight
Designator/Rangefinder (LLDR) is a accurate target coordinates to allow the LLDR 2 units supporting Operation
crew-served man-portable, modular Soldier to call for fire with precision Enduring Freedom (OEF)
target locator and laser designation GPS-guided munitions. • FY11: Awarded a delivery order for
system. The primary components are the high-accuracy LLDR 2H production
Target Locator Module (TLM) and the The TLM can be used as a stand-alone
Laser Designator Module (LDM). device or in conjunction with the LDM. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
At night and in obscured battlefield • FY12: Continue fielding LLDR 2
The TLM incorporates a thermal imager, conditions, the operator can recognize in accordance with Headquarters,
day camera, laser designator spot vehicle-sized targets at more than 3 Department of the Army guidance
imaging electronic display, eye-safe laser kilometers. During day operations, • FY12: Award a new contract to retrofit
rangefinder, digital magnetic compass, targets can be recognized at more than existing LLDRs (1 & 2) to the high-
Selective Availability/Anti-Spoofing 7 kilometers. The LDM emits coded accuracy LLDR 2H configuration
Module Global Positioning System laser pulses compatible with DoD and • FY12: Accept first deliveries of the
NATO laser-guided munitions. Targets LLDR 2H and begin fielding
(SAASM GPS), and digital export
capability. The original LLDR 1 operates can be designated at ranges greater than
on one BA-5699 battery, but it can 5 kilometers.
also use a Single Channel Ground and
Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS)
battery when laser designation is
not required. A new compact laser

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
223

Lightweight Laser Designator/
Rangefinder (LLDR) AN/PED-1

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Northrop Grumman Guidance and
Electronics, Laser Systems (Apopka, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
224

Line Haul Tractor

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Fifth-wheel capacity: The M915A3 Line Haul Tractor is Non-Developmental Item (NDI) vehicle
six-inch, 30,000 pounds the Army’s key line haul distribution is used primarily to transport the M870
Recapitalization Diagnosis: Electronic platform. It is a 6x4 tractor with a two- 40-ton low-bed semi-trailer.
Brake system: inch kingpin and 105,000-pound gross
Maintenance
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) combination weight capacity. The M917A2 and M917A2 Truck Chassis,
Towing speed: 75,000 gross vehicle weight rating, 8x6
65 miles per hour with full payload Gross vehicle weight: 52,000 pounds (for 20-ton dump truck), 12-cubic yard
MISSION Engine: Detroit Diesel S60 (500 horse Fifth-wheel capacity: dump truck vehicles are authorized in
Supports combat service and support power, 1650 pound-foot torque, DDEC two-inch, 30,000 pounds Corps units, primarily the construction
units with transportation of bulk IV engine controller) Diagnosis: Electronic and combat support companies and
petroleum products, containerized cargo, Transmission: Allison HD4500SP (six- Brake system: ABS the combat heavy battalions. It has
speed automatic) Towing speed: an electronic diesel engine, automatic
general cargo, and bulk water.
65 miles per hour with full payload electronic transmission, ABS, and is
DESCRIPTION The M915A5 truck is equipped with a Engine: Detroit Diesel S60 (430 horse capable of operating at speeds up to 55
The M915A5 Truck Tractor is a 6x4 two-passenger cab and has an updated power, 1,450 pound-foot torque, DDEC miles per hour on flat terrain.
semi-tractor used to perform the power distribution module, upgraded IV engine controller)
Line Haul mission. The M915A5 is a wiring harnesses, and a Roll Stability Transmission: Allison HD5460P (six- SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
block upgrade of the M915A3 system, Control system. Auxiliary power speed automatic) with power take-off Other Major Interdependencies
incorporating enhanced suspension and connections have been added to supply M872, 34-ton flatbed semi-trailer;
power train components. This block emerging systems and added command, The M916A3 Light Equipment Transport M1062A1, 7,500-gallon semi-trailer;
upgrade allows the M915A5 to readily control, communications, computers, (LET) is a 6x6 tractor with 68,000-pound M967/M969, 5,000-gallon semi-trailer
accept armor packages without reducing and intelligence communication gross vehicle weight tractor with
mission capability. systems. A pair of 60-gallon fuel tanks 3-1/2-inch, 40,000-pound capacity, PROGRAM STATUS
increases fuel capacity by 20 gallons to 45,000-pound winch for recovery • FY10: Full production continues in
Gross vehicle weight rating: extend driving range. The cab is ten and transport and compensator fifth support of Army operations in the
120,000 pounds inches wider and extends 34 inches wheel. It has an electronic diesel engine, United States and abroad
Unarmored Gross vehicle weight: behind the driver and passenger seats. automatic electronic transmission, ABS,
26,500 pounds The vehicle has an improved ABS and an and is capable of operating at speeds up PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Armored Gross vehicle weight: updated collision warning system. to 60 miles per hour on flat terrain. This • FY11: Bridge Contract
33,500 pounds

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
225

Line Haul Tractor

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Afghanistan

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Daimler Trucks North America LLC/
Freightliner (Portland, OR;
Cleveland, NC)
Engine:
Detroit Diesel (Detroit, MI)
ABS Brakes:
Meritor (Troy, MI)
Dump body:
Casteel Manufacturing (San Antonio, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
226

Load Handling System Compatible Water Tank Rack (Hippo)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION it is designed to operate in cold weather
Enhances and expedites the delivery environments and can prevent water
Recapitalization of bulk potable water into the division from freezing at -25 degrees Fahrenheit.
and brigade areas, providing the Army The Hippo can be moved, set up, and
Maintenance
established rapidly using minimal assets
with the capability to receive, store, and
and personnel. No site preparation
distribute potable water to units deployed by engineer assets is required, and
throughout the battlefield. its modular configuration supports
Expeditionary Joint Forces Operations.
DESCRIPTION
The Load Handling System (LHS) SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Compatible Water Tank Rack (Hippo) None
represents the latest in bulk water
distribution systems technology. It PROGRAM STATUS
replaces the 3,000 and 5,000 Semi-trailer • 2QFY07: Full Materiel Release
Mounted Fabric Tanks. The Hippo • 1QFY08: Production and fielding
consists of a 2,000-gallon potable water • 4QFY08: Additional quantities placed
tank in an International Organization for on contract
Standardization frame with an integrated • FY09: Updated integrated electronic
pump, engine, alternator, filling stand, technical manuals
and 70-foot hose reel with bulk suction • FY10: Continue production and
fielding with 833 systems fielded as of
and discharge hoses. It has the capacity to
July 20, 2011
pump 125 gallons of water per minute.

The Hippo is fully functional, mounted PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
or dismounted, and is air transportable • FY11 and beyond: Continue
and ground transportable when full, production and fielding
partially full, or empty. It is Heavy • 4QFY11: Final draft submitted to Legal
Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck for Hippo Competitive Solicitation
(HEMTT)-LHS, Palletized Load System • 4QFY11: Request For Proposal
(PLS), and PLS-Trailer-compatible, and Released and Post Synopsis

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
227

Load Handling System Compatible
Water Tank Rack (Hippo)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Mil-Mar Century Inc. (Miamisburg, OH)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
228

Longbow Apache (AH-64D) (LBA)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Modernized-Target Acquisition program is the next evolution of DCGS-A; GCCS-A; SINCGARS; Stryker
Designation Sight/Pilot Night Vision the Apache. Block III meets all the Family of Vehicles; Black-Hawk/UH/HH-
Recapitalization Sensor (MTADS/PNVS) is a major combat requirements for Army and Joint 60; CH-47 Chinook
multiplier on Longbow Apache. interoperability goals for the future and
Maintenance
will add significant combat capability while Other Major Interdependencies
The Apache fleet includes the A model addressing obsolescence issues, and the TCDL; Link 16; JSTARS; AWACS; GPS;
Apache and D model Longbow. The A program will ensure the aircraft remains a AMPS; BFT; Have Quick; SATCOM; Land
MISSION model fleet is being consumed by the viable combat multiplier beyond 2035. Warrior; M-1 Tank; M-2 Bradley; Fire
Conducts armed reconnaissance, close Longbow remanufacturing program. Support; A2C2S; OH-58D; ERMP UAS;
combat, mobile strike, and vertical maneuver There are fewer than 100 Apache A The Block III modernized Longbows will Aircraft System (UAS); Laser Hellfire
missions when required, in day, night, models remaining, with the last A model be designed and equipped with an open
removed from the force structure in systems architecture to incorporate the PROGRAM STATUS
obscured battlefield, and adverse weather
FY13. The Longbow remanufacturing latest communications, navigation, sensor, • 1QFY09: Block III system development
conditions. effort uses the A model and incorporates and weapon systems. and demonstration contract currently 83
a millimeter-wave FCR, radar frequency percent complete
DESCRIPTION interferometer (RFI), fire-and-forget • Combat mission speed: Longbow 145 • 1QFY11: Milestone C decision
The AH-64D Longbow Apache (LBA) is radar-guided HELLFIRE missiles, and knots (max speed); AB3 164 Knots (max • Current: Upgrade Block I and II
the Army’s only heavy attack helicopter other cockpit management and digitization speed) Longbow to Block III configuration with
for both the Current and Future Force. It enhancements. The Longbow is • Combat range: 260 nautical miles eventual acquisition objective of 634
undergoing recapitalization modifications • Combat endurance: 2.5 hours remanufacture airframes and 56 new
is capable of destroying armor, personnel,
• Maximum gross weight: 20,260 pounds build airframes for a total of 690 Block III
and materiel targets in obscured battlefield such as upgraded forward-looking infrared
• Ordnance: 16 HELLFIRE missiles, 76 Longbows
conditions. The Longbow Apache is a technology with the MTADS/PNVS,
2.75-inch rockets, and 1,200 30mm chain
2-engine, 4-bladed, tandem-seat attack non-line-of-sight communications, video
gun rounds
helicopter with 30mm cannon, Hydra-70 transmission/reception, and maintenance PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
• Crew: Two (pilot and copilot gunner)
2.75-inch rockets, laser, and Radio cost reductions. Longbow supports Brigade • FY11: Block I inductions into Block III
Frequency (RF) HELLFIRE missiles. Combat Teams across the full spectrum remanufacturing assembly line
It upgrades 634 Apaches into AH-64D of warfare. Apache is fielded to Active SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES • 1QFY12: Initial Block III deliveries
Longbow Block III configuration with Army, National Guard and Army Reserve In this Publication • 3QFY12: Full-Rate Production Decision
procurement of 259 Fire Control Radars. attack battalions, armed reconnaissance AVCATT; HELLFIRE Family of Missiles; • 3QFY13: Initial operating capability
There will also be 56 new Block III aircraft battalions, and cavalry units as defined in 2.75 Inch Rocket Systems (Hydra-70); • FY25: End of production
built to meet force requirements. The the Army Modernization Plan. Air Warrior (AW); JTRS AMF; RQ-7B
The Longbow Apache Block III (AB3) Shadow Tactical Aircraft System (TUAS);
ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
229

Longbow Apache (AH-64D) (LBA)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Egypt, Greece, Israel, Kuwait, Netherlands,
Saudi Arabia, Singapore, United Arab
Emirates

DIRECT COMMERCIAL SALES
Greece, Japan, United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Airframe: Boeing (Mesa, AZ)
MTADS: Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
REU: Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
Northrop Grumman (Linthicum, MD)
APU: Honeywell (Phoenix, AZ)
Technical: Aviation and Missile Solutions
LLC (Huntsville, AL)
FCR: Longbow LLC (Orlando, FL)
Radar: Northrop Grumman
(Linthicum, MD)
Logistics: AEPCO (Huntsville, AL)
TADS/PNVS: Lockheed Martin
(Goodyear, AZ)
Programmatics: DynCorp
(Ft. Worth, TX)
EGI: Honeywell (Clearwater, FL)
LRUs: Smiths (Clearwater, FL)
IPAS: Honeywell (Tempe, AZ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
230

M106 Screening Obscuration Device (SOD)-Visual
Restricted Terrain (Vr)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides the Warfighter with the ability to None
Recapitalization safely employ short-duration obscuration
in the visual and near-infrared (IR) PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance • FY11: Continued production and
portions of the electromagnetic spectrum, deployment
screening dismounted maneuvers of the
individual Soldier or team on restricted PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
and complex terrain. • 2QFY12: Initial operating capability/
full operating capability
DESCRIPTION
The M106 Screening Obscuration Device
(SOD)-Visual Restricted (Vr) provides the
Warfighter the capability to rapidly employ
small-area, short-duration, screening
obscuration effects in the visual through
near-IR spectrum (0.4-1.2 micron range)
during full-spectrum operations.

The SOD-Vr is designed for use in
restrictive terrain (i.e., urban structures,
subterranean locations, caves). The
SOD-Vr degrades proper operation and
performance of enemy battlefield weapon
systems and enhances friendly capabilities.

The SOD-Vr provides a less hazardous
alternative to current non-colored
smoke and incendiary hand grenades
because the fill is non-combustible and
non-burning.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
231

M106 Screening Obscuration Device
(SOD)-Visual Restricted Terrain (Vr)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Pine Bluff Arsenal (Pine Bluff, AR)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
232

Medical Communications for Combat Casualty Care (MC4)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION also provides units with automated tools SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Integrates, fields, and supports a facilitating patient tracking, medical Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization comprehensive medical information reporting, and medical logistical MC4 relies on software developers such
system, enabling lifelong electronic support. Combatant commanders as DHIMS to provide global software
Maintenance
use the MC4 system to access medical databases to store data generated by
medical records, streamlined medical
surveillance information, resulting in the MC4 system, providing medical
logistics, and enhanced situational enhanced medical situational awareness. situational awareness for operational
awareness for Army tactical forces. Most importantly, MC4 is helping commanders and patient record visibility
deployed service members. By equipping to medical staff worldwide
DESCRIPTION deployed medical units with automated
Medical Communications for Casualty resources, MC4 helps ensure service PROGRAM STATUS
Care (MC4) is a ruggedized system- members have a secure, accessible, • 1QFY11-4QFY1: Fielding TMIP Block
of-systems containing Joint software lifelong electronic medical record, which 2 Release 1 Service Pack 1 worldwide
applications fielded to tactical medical results in better-informed health care
forces throughout the combat zone, providers and easier access to Veterans PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
the U.S., and contingency operations Administration medical benefits. • 1QFY13: TMIP Increment 2 Release
worldwide. MC4 integrates Defense 2 (I2R2) software Full Deployment
Health Information Management System The MC4 system comprises seven Army- Decision Review
(DHIMS) Theater Medical Information approved line items that can be configured • 2QFY13: Begin Fielding TMIP I2R2
Program-Joint (TMIP-J) software, and to support Army levels one through four software
other Army-unique applications, onto and DoD roles one through three of the • 4QFY17: Full Operational Capability
commercial- and government-off-the- health care continuum. Future MC4 (objective)
shelf technology, providing the tools enhancements will be accomplished
needed to digitally record and transfer through minor system upgrades and
critical medical data from the foxhole to major planned upgrades. With 10 years of
medical treatment facilities worldwide. experience managing DoD’s first battlefield
medical recording system, MC4 remains
Deployable medical forces use the MC4 the most widely-used, comprehensive
system to gain quick, accurate access to information management medical system
patient histories and forward casualty on the battlefield.
resuscitation information. The system

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
233

Medical Communications for
Combat Casualty Care (MC4)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
System Integration Support:
L-3 Communications (Reston, VA)
Fielding, Training, and System
Administration Support:
General Dynamics (Fairfax, VA)
Program Management and Support
Services (PMSS2):
Booz Allen Hamilton (Herndon, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
234

Medical Simulation Training Center (MSTC)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION validate their Soldiers’ medical skills computer labs and instrumented
Conducts standardized combat medical prior to deployment and allows the control rooms with a remotely managed
Recapitalization training for medical and nonmedical greatest latitude in creating training training platform are all components of
personnel in support of full-spectrum relevant to the contemporary operating a standardized MSTC suite. The MSTC
Maintenance
environment (COE) and the unit’s training methodology maximizes a
operations (FSO).
mission essential task list (METL). The reconfigurable, modifiable, and sustainable
DESCRIPTION MSTCs are ideal locations where lessons training capability to fully meet COE and
The Medical Simulation Training learned from current military operations FSO training requirements.
Center (MSTC) systems are an Army can be implemented and where Soldier
training asset, with a regional training medics can be educated on new SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
requirement, located at installations, battlefield procedures and equipment. None
delivering effective medical training The MSTC has the ability to provide
with a standardized training platform comprehensive training in several PROGRAM STATUS
for both classroom and simulated formats: the classroom setting, practical • 1QFY11: Fielded Camp Atterbury, IN,
battlefield conditions. The goal is hands-on training simulation, trauma the last of the initial 18 MSTC sites
to better prepare Soldiers for the lanes, and distance learning.
application of medical interventions PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
under combat conditions. MSTC provides a standardized suite • Further development and procurement
of supporting component systems of tetherless mannequin training
The MSTC offers a standardized platform including the Virtual Patient System capability, the MTES System, and the
for training Medical Education and (VPS), Instruction Support System (ISS), MT-C2 System
Demonstration of Individual Competence Medical Training Command and Control • Production and fielding of additional
(MEDIC), Tactical Combat Casualty (MT-C2), and the Medical Training MSTC suites toward meeting the full
Care (TC3), and Combat Life Saver (CLS) Evaluation System (MTES). MSTC requirement of 34 sites
Programs of Instructions (POIs). maximizes the use of enabling technology
and supporting training devices for
The MSTC is a medical skills training both classroom and full tactical training
platform where Soldiers can obtain capabilities. Computerized bleed-breathe
and sustain their medical skills in mannequins that are weighted and airway
accordance with TC 8-800. The MSTC equipped, part task trainers, audiovisual
affords Commanders the flexibility to enhancements, camera surveillance,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
235

Medical Simulation Training Center
(MSTC)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Medical Education Technologies
(Sarasota, FL)
Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC)
(Orlando, FL)
Kforce Government Solutions (KGS)
(Fairfax, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
236

Medium Caliber Ammunition (MCA)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides overwhelming lethality in Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization medium caliber ammunition and point- Medium caliber ammunition is
and area-target engagement via medium dependent upon the weapons platforms
Maintenance
currently in use
handheld and crew-served weapons.
DESCRIPTION PROGRAM STATUS
Medium caliber ammunition (MCA) • Current: In production
includes 20mm, 25mm, 30mm, and
40mm armor-piercing, high-explosive, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
smoke, illumination, training, and • FY11: Multiple year family buys for
antipersonnel cartridges with the 25mm, 30mm, and 40mm ammunition
capability to defeat light armor, materiel,
and personnel targets. The 20mm
cartridge is a multipurpose tracer with
self destruct, used in the Counter Rocket,
Artillery, and Mortar (C-RAM) weapon
system. The 25mm target practice (TP),
high-explosive incendiary and armor-
piercing cartridges are fired from the
M242 Bushmaster Cannon for the
Bradley Fighting Vehicle. The 30mm
TP and high-explosive, dual-purpose
(HEDP) cartridges are used in the
Apache helicopter’s M230 Chain Gun. A
variety of 40mm TP, HEDP, and specialty
cartridges are designed for use in the
M203 Grenade Launcher, M320 Grenade
Launcher, and the MK19 Grenade
Machine Gun.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
237

Medium Caliber Ammunition (MCA)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
25mm:
Israel, Philippines
30mm:
Egypt, Israel, Japan, Kuwait, Netherlands,
Serbia, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates
40mm:
Afghanistan, Canada, Greece, Israel,
Japan, Kenya, Philippines, Tunisia

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (Marion, IL; Red Lion, PA)
Alliant Techsystems (Radford, VA; Rocket
City, WV)
AMTEC Corp. (Janesville, WI; Camden,
AR)
DSE (Balimoy) Corp. (Tampa, FL; Gaffney,
SC)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
238

Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION current missile configuration ranges/ PROGRAM STATUS
Defends maneuver forces and critical altitudes and improves performance • 1QFY11: System program review
Recapitalization assets against the theater ballistic missile, against evolving threats. • Feb. 11, 2011: U.S. decision to
continue development within funding
Maintenance cruise missile, and air-breathing threats in
The MEADS weapon system will use its limits set forth by the Design and
contingency and mature theaters. Development (D&D) Memorandum of
netted and distributed architecture to
DESCRIPTION ensure Joint and allied interoperability, Understanding (MoU)
The Medium Extended Air Defense and to enable a seamless interface to the
System (MEADS) provides a robust, next generation of battle management PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
360-degree defense using the PATRIOT command, control, communications, • Remaining activities to implement
PAC-3 hit-to-kill missile segment computers, and intelligence (BMC4I). The a “Demonstration of Capabilities”
enhancement (MSE) against the full system’s improved sensor components through 2013 with the remaining
spectrum of theater ballistic missiles, and its ability to link other airborne MoU funds to provide a meaningful
anti-radiation missiles, cruise missiles, and ground-based sensors facilitate the capability for Germany and Italy and
unmanned aerial vehicles, tactical employment of its battle elements. a possible future option for the U.S.
air-to-surface missiles, and rotary- and Based on this decision, a new and
The MEADS weapon system’s detailed program/schedule for D&D is
fixed-wing threats. MEADS will also
being developed by NAMEADSMA for
provide defense against multiple and objective battle management tactical
the Board of Directors (BoD) review
simultaneous attacks by short-range operations center (TOC) will provide
and National Armament Director
ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, and the basis for the future common air
(NAD) approval, with contract
other air-breathing threats. MEADS can and missile defense (AMD) TOC, amendment signature expected
be immediately deployed by air for early leveraging modular battle elements and October 2011
entry operations. MEADS also has the a distributed and open architecture • 1QFY12: Multifunction Fire Control
mobility to displace rapidly and protect to facilitate continuous exchange of Radar #1 delivery for integration/
maneuver force assets during offensive information to support a more effective testing at Pratica di Mare, Italy
operations. Netted, distributed, open AMD system-of-systems. • 1QFY12: Launcher-Missile
architecture, and modular components Characterization Test (LMCT) at
are utilized in the MEADS to increase SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES White Sands Missile Range (WSMR)
survivability and flexibility of use in a None
number of operational configurations.
The PAC-3 MSE improves upon the

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
239

Medium Extended Air Defense
System (MEADS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
D&D Contract:
MEADS, Intl. (Syracuse, NY; Orlando, FL;
Huntsville, AL)
Lockheed Martin (Grand Prairie, TX)
PM/SYS:
government (statewide, AL)
MSE:
Lockheed Martin (Grand Prairie, TX)
Security/Exciter:
Lockheed Martin (Grand Prairie, TX)
SETA:
Intuitive Research and Technology
(Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
240

Meteorological Measuring Set-Profiler (MMS-P)/Computer
Meteorological Data-Profiler (CMD-P)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization and other meteorological sensors and three operating systems (OS) and three SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
produces a vertical profile of wind speed separate computing processors onto one Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization and direction, temperature, relative OS and processor. Navy Operational Global
humidity, cloud base height, type Atmospheric Prediction System,
Maintenance
precipitation, and horizontal visibility in Additionally, the local ground sensor Global Broadcast System
the target area, all of which are necessary will be removed to further reduce the
for precise targeting and terminal logistical footprint. The system interface PROGRAM STATUS
MISSION guidance of various munitions. Profiler with the Advanced Field Artillery • 1QFY11-4QFY11: Completed
Provides on-demand, real-time transmits this data to indirect fire Tactical Data System (AFATDS) will production of the Army Authorization
direction centers for use in developing change from the Single Channel and Objective of 108 systems
meteorological data over an extended
the firing solution. The current Profiler Airborne Radio Systems (SINCGARS) to • 1QFY11-4QFY11: With exception of
battlespace. two systems, completed all fieldings to
provides meteorological coverage a Local Area Network (LAN) connection
DESCRIPTION throughout a 60-kilometer radius. in the TOC. The CMD-P will no longer Maneuver Brigade Combat Teams, Fire
The AN/TMQ-52 Meteorological For the first time, Army field artillery require a dedicated Global Broadcast Brigades, Army Prepositioned Stock
Service (GBS) receiver suite (AN/TSR-8) and the training base
Measuring Set-Profiler (MMS-P) systems can apply meteorological data
• 1QFY11-4QFY11: Began fielding of
uses a suite of meteorological sensors, along the trajectory from the firing but instead will rely on the TOC GBS.
the Global Broadcast Service (GBS)
meteorological data from satellites, and platform to the target area. The system software will be capable of
Modification Work Order (MWO)
an advanced mesoscale atmospheric providing Field Artillery Computer MET
model to provide highly accurate The Profiler Block III, or Computer (METCM) and Gridded MET (METGM) PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
meteorological data for indirect fire Meteorological Data-Profiler (CMD-P) messages on demand with or without • 2QFY12-2QFY14: Complete fielding
artillery forces. The system uses AN/GMK-2 System, is the next an operator in-the-loop while extending of last systems and GBS MWO to Army
common hardware, software, and evolutionary block of the Profiler system coverage up to 500 kilometers. CMD-P units
operating systems and is housed in and is designed to reduce the logistical will undergo Development Testing in • 2QFY12-2QFY14: Complete
a command post platform shelter footprint to a laptop configuration FY11 and Operational Testing in FY12. development and testing of Profiler
and transported on an M1152A High located in the Tactical Operations Center Fielding is planned to begin in FY13. Block III during FY12 followed by
Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled (TOC), thus eliminating the Standard The CMD-P will reduce the system’s procurement and fielding of the
Integrated Command Post Shelter footprint and result in a significant CMD-P starting in FY13
Vehicle (HMMWV).
(SICPS)/Command Post Platform Operations and Support cost avoidance
The mesoscale atmospheric model (CPP), support vehicle, and crew. The for the Army as it replaces the MMS-P.
receives large-scale atmospheric data CMD-P software on the laptop will port
from the Air Force Weather Agency MMS-P software that presently runs on

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
241

Meteorological Measuring Set-
Profiler (MMS-P)/Computer
Meteorological Data-Profiler
(CMD-P)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
MMS-P - Block I:
Smiths Detection Inc. (Edgewood, MD)
Pennsylvania State University (University
Park, PA)
CMD-P - Block III:
Prime: Mantech Sensor Technologies Inc.
(Red Bank, NJ)
Sub: CGI Federal (Lawton, OK)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
242

Mine Protection Vehicle Family (MPVF)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The VMMD is a blast-protected, protected platform to transport Soldiers
Provides blast-protected platforms vehicle-mounted mine-detection and and allows them to dismount to mark
Recapitalization capable of locating, interrogating, and lane-proofing system capable of finding and/or neutralize explosive hazards.
classifying suspected explosive hazards, and marking metallic explosive hazards,
Maintenance
including metallic-encased IEDs and SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
including improvised explosive devices
anti-tank mines on unimproved roads. None
(IEDs). It consists of two mine detection
“Husky” vehicles, and a set of three PROGRAM STATUS
DESCRIPTION mine detonation trailers used for MPCV:
The Mine Protection Vehicle Family proofing. The Husky detection platform • 4QFY11: Full Materiel Release/Type
(MPVF) consists of the Medium Mine detects, locates, and marks suspected Classification Standard and Full-Rate
Protected Vehicle (MMPV), the Vehicle metallic explosive hazards over a three- Production Decision
Mounted Mine Detection (VMMD) meters-wide path. The Husky provides • 1QFY12: First Unit Equipped
system, and the Mine Protected protection against mine blasts under VMMD:
Clearance Vehicle (MPCV). Each of the wheels and under the centerline, in • 4QFY11: Full Materiel Release/Type
addition to ballistic protection of the Classification Standard and Full-Rate
the systems in the MPVF has a blast-
Production Decision
deflecting, V-shaped hull, and each operator cab. The system is designed to
• 1QFY12: First Unit Equipped
conducts specific missions. be quickly repairable in the field after a
mine blast.
The MMPV system is a blast-protected PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
command and control vehicle platform The MPCV provides deployed MMPV:
that operates in explosive hazardous forces with an effective and reliable • 2QFY13: Full Materiel Release/Type
environments and is adaptable to blast-protected vehicle capable of Classification Standard
a wide range of security and force interrogating and classifying suspected • 3QFY13: First Unit Equipped
protection activities. The MMPV will explosive hazards, including IEDs. The
support Engineer Units in route and MPCV has an articulating arm with a
area clearance operations and Explosive digging/lifting attachment and camera
Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Companies to remotely interrogate a suspected
as the rapid response vehicle for EOD. explosive hazard and allow the crew
The MMPV will also support Chemical to confirm, deny, and/or classify the
Biological Response Teams. explosive hazard. It provides a blast-

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
243

Mine Protection Vehicle Family
(MPVF)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
MPCV:
United Kingdom
VMMD:
Australia, Canada, Kenya, Saudi Arabia

CONTRACTORS
MMPV:
BAE Systems (York, PA)
MPCV:
Force Protection Industries Inc. (Ladson,
SC)
VMMD:
Critical Solutions International Inc. (Dallas,
TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
244

Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles (MRAP)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization 34,000 to 60,000 pounds, with payloads SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
ranging from 1,000 to 18,000 pounds. Key Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization components (e.g., transmissions, engines) MRAP vehicles are equipped with multiple
vary between vehicles and manufacturers, GFE items, including communications
Maintenance
but generally consist of common equipment and mine and IED counter-
commercial and military parts. measure equipment, in addition to
weapons and crew protection systems
MISSION Four categories of vehicles support the
Provides tactical mobility for Warfighters following missions: PROGRAM STATUS
with multimission platforms capable • Category (CAT) I: Carries four to six • 1QFY11-4QFY11: Produced and
passengers and designed to provide fielded MRAP vehicles to Army, Marine
of mitigating the effects of improvised
increased mobility and reliability in Corps, Air Force, Navy, U.S. Special
explosive devices (IEDs), underbody rough terrain Operations, and foreign military
mines, and small arms fire threats. • CAT II: Multimission operations (such sales customers
as convoy lead, troop transport, and • 2QFY11: Began modernization
DESCRIPTION ambulance), carries 10 passengers of MRAP vehicles returning from
• CAT III: Mine/IED clearance theater in preparation for transition to
The Joint Mine Resistant Ambush
operations and explosive ordnance enduring force requirements
Protected (MRAP) Vehicle Program
disposal (EOD); carries six passengers,
(JMVP) is a multiservice program
plus specialized equipment to support
currently supporting the Army, Navy,
EOD operations. The Force Protection
PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Marine Corps, Air Force, and the U.S. • 2QFY12-2QFY14: Continue support of
Industries Buffalo is the only CAT
Special Operations Command. The MRAP vehicles fielded in response to
III variant. This is the largest
program procures, tests, integrates, fields, urgent theater requirements
MRAP vehicle.
and supports highly survivable vehicles • 2QFY12-2QFY14: Continue
• MRAP All Terrain Vehicle (M-ATV):
that provide protection from IEDs and modernization of MRAP
Carries four Soldiers plus a gunner.
other threats. These four- to six-wheeled vehicles returning from theater
Supports small-unit combat operations
vehicles are configured with government in preparation for transition to
in complex and highly restricted rural,
enduring force requirements
furnished equipment to meet unique mountainous, and urban terrains. The
warfighting requirements. Vehicle combat M-ATV provides better overall mobility
weights (fully loaded without add-on characteristics than the original CAT I,
armor) range from approximately II, and III MRAP vehicles yet retains the
same survivability threshold.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
245

Mine Resistant Ambush Protected
Vehicles (MRAP)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Canada, France, Italy, United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
BAE Systems Land & Armaments, Ground
Systems Division (York, PA)
BAE-TVS (Sealy, TX)
Force Protection Industries Inc. (Ladson,
SC)
General Dynamics Land Systems, Canada
(Ontario, Canada)
Navistar Defense (Warrenville, IL)
Oshkosh Corp. (Oshkosh, WI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
246

Mobile Maintenance Equipment Systems (MMES)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization power inverter. The system consists light combat units. SATS is transported Shop Equipment Welding (SEW)
of a fabricated enclosure mounted by International Organization for provides a full spectrum of welding
Recapitalization on an M113/M1152 High Mobility Standardization 8x8x20 containers capabilities, and supports two-level
Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle that can be mounted on a flat rack or a maintenance utilizing the only qualified
Maintenance
(HMMWV). trailer. The system contains an electric Welders (44B) in the Army. Repairs may
power generator, Environmental Control be performed in all weather, climatic,
Forward Repair System (FRS) is a Unit (ECU), Signal Entry Panel (SEP), and light conditions. The SEW integrates
MISSION high-mobility, forward maintenance ergonomic storage of a complete tool commercial off-the-shelf and NDI
Repairs battle-damaged combat systems and repair system. The FRS places load of lifetime warranted industrial components in an enclosure mounted on
on site and up through the direct support industrial-grade power tools, diagnostic quality tools. SATS has communication an M103A3 Trailer.
level in the forward battle area. test equipment, 35 kW generator, and capability that allows data and voice
heavy lift capability in one package. connections for Global Combat Support SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
DESCRIPTION The FRS is configured with a 5.5-ton System-Army (GCSS-A). SATS is None
The Mobile Maintenance Equipment lift capacity with a 14-foot radius crane transported (towed) by a tactical cargo
Systems (MMES) employ a system- capable of removing and replacing major truck from the Family of Medium PROGRAM STATUS
of-systems approach to provide components on all models of military Tactical Trucks (FMTV). • FRS: Production and fielding
two-level maintenance capability to vehicles. Mounted to a flat rack, it is • SATS: Production and fielding
the Warfighter. Five interconnected transported by Palletized Load System Hydraulic System Test and Repair • SECM: Production and fielding
maintenance systems distributed (PLS) trucks in Heavy Brigades, or by Unit (HSTRU) is designed to perform • HSTRU: FUE (4QFY11)
throughout the Army at multiple levels the Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical diagnostic testing and repair of
and echelons provide a holistic repair Truck Load Handling System (HEMTT- hydraulic systems. HSTRU is capable PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
capability in all environments. LHS) in Stryker Brigade Combat Teams. of transporting and assembling hoses, • SEW: Establish reset program
tubes, and fitting components, and it is • HSTRU: Production and fielding
Shop Equipment Contact Maintenance Standard Automotive Tool Set (SATS) capable of fabricating industry standard • Ongoing: SECM
(SECM) is a first responder providing provides the Warfighter a common tool hoses with crimping technology. HSTRU • Ongoing: SATS
immediate field-level maintenance set with the capability to perform field- is trailer mounted, integrated, and • Ongoing: FRS
and repair to battle-damaged ground level maintenance at all levels of materiel transportable in a standardized enclosure
support and aviation equipment. The system repairs. The SATS includes a Base that is capable of rapid deployment.
SECM has industrial quality tools, light- Tool Set and Field Maintenance Modules
duty cutting and welding equipment, (FMMs) that allow the system to be
and an on-board compressor and tailored to support heavy, medium, and

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
247

Mobile Maintenance Equipment
Systems (MMES)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
FRS and SECM:
Rock Island Arsenal (Rock Island, IL)
Snap-on Industrial (Crystal Lake, IL)
SATS:
Kipper Tool Company (Gainesville, GA)
AAR Mobility Systems (Cadillac, MI)
MCT Industries Inc. (Albuquerque, NM)
HSTRU:
Mandus Group (Rock Island, IL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
248

Modular Fuel System (MFS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION hose assemblies, refueling nozzles, fire PROGRAM STATUS
Provides the ability to rapidly establish extinguishers, grounding rods, a NATO • 3QFY08: CS&CSS approved MFS
Recapitalization fuel distribution and storage capability slave cable, and a fuel-spill control kit. HEMTT/TRM interface
• 1QFY09: ASA(ALT) signed un-
Maintenance at any location regardless of materiel termination letter restoring the MFS as
TRM full retail capability is being
handling equipment availability. an active program.
developed and will include replacing the
DESCRIPTION existing electric pump with a continuous • 2QFY09: Completed MFS-TRM
The Modular Fuel System (MFS), operating electric 20 gpm pump, a interface hardware
• 3QFY10: Completed MFS-TRM
formerly known as the Load Handling filtration system, and a flow meter for fuel
interface logistics and First Article Test
System Modular Fuel Farm (LMFF), accountability. The projected date for the
• 1QFY10: MFS-TRM initial
is transported by the Heavy Expanded TRM retail capability to be fielded is the
operational test
Mobility Tactical Truck-Load Handling fourth quarter of FY12. The PRM includes
System (HEMTT-LHS) and the a self priming 600 gpm diesel engine- PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Palletized Load System. It is composed driven centrifugal pump, filter separator, • 2QFY11: MFS-TRM type classification
of 14 tank rack modules (TRM) and valves, fittings, hoses, refueling nozzles, and Full Materiel Release
two each of the pump and filtration aviation fuel test kits, fire extinguishers, • 3QFY11: MFS-TRM Retail Capability
modules, commonly known as pump grounding rods, flow meter, and NATO Operational Requirement Document
rack modules (PRMs). The TRM can be Connectors. The PRM has an evacuation Amendment Approved
used with the MFS PRMs, the HEMTT capability that allows the hoses in the • 1QFY12: MFS-TRM Retail Capability
Tankers, or as a stand-alone system. system to be purged of fuel prior to and MFS PRM Full-Rate Production
recovery and is capable of refueling both and MFS-TRM and MFS PRM
TRM when used with the HEMTT
Production Contract Award
Tanker doubles the HEMTT Tanker’s ground vehicles and aircraft. MFS is
• 4QFY12: MFS TRM Retail Capability
capacity. The TRM is air-transportable capable of receiving, storing, filtering, and
and MFS-PRM Type Classification and
with fuel and includes a baffled, issuing all kerosene based fuels.
Full Materiel Release
2,500-gallon-capacity fuel storage tank
that can provide unfiltered, limited SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
retail capability through gravity feed Other Major Interdependencies
or the 25-gallon per minute (gpm) MFS TRM is interdependent with
electric pump. The TRM also includes HEMTT Palletized Load System (PLS)
and LHS for transportation

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
249

Modular Fuel System (MFS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
DRS Sustainment Systems Inc. (St. Louis,
MO)
E.D. Etnyre and Co. (Oregon, IL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
250

Mortar Systems

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
mounted variants are the M121 120mm SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 81mm, and 120mm mortar
Modernization
mortar, used on the M1064A3 Mortar In this Publication weapon systems
Recapitalization Carrier (M113 variant), and the 120mm Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data • 1QFY11-4QFY11: Continue
Recoiling Mortar System, used on the System (AFATDS) production and fielding of MSKs,
Maintenance MFCS-D and LHMBCs
M1129 Stryker Mortar Carrier.
Other Major Interdependencies
Lightweight variants of the M252 81mm M95/M96 MFCS-M, M150/M151 PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
MISSION Mortar System and M224 60mm Mortar MFCS-D • 1QFY12: Initial Fielding of the 81mm
Provides enhanced lethality, accuracy, System have been qualified and are Lightweight Mortar (M252A1)
in production/fielding. Both systems PROGRAM STATUS • 1QFY12-4QFY12: Continue
responsiveness, and crew survivability
provide high-rate-of-fire capability and • 1QFY11-4QFY11: MFCS-M fielded production and fielding of 60mm and
while reducing the logistics footprint. 81mm lightweight mortar systems
are man-portable. to one Heavy Brigade Combat Team
DESCRIPTION (HBCT), one HBCT Reset, and two • 1QFY12-4QFY12: Continue
Mortar Fire Control System (MFCS)- The M95/M96 Mortar Fire Control Stryker Brigade Combat Team (SBCT) production and fielding of MSKs,
Resets MFCS-D, and LHMBCs
equipped mortar systems provide System-Mounted (MFCS-M), used on the
• 1QFY11-4QFY11: MFCS-D fielded to • 1QFY12-4QFY12: Complete fielding
organic, indirect fire support to the M1064A3 and M1129, and the M150/M151
seven Infantry Combat Teams (IBCTs) of MFCS-M
maneuver unit commander. Mortars are Mortar Fire Control System-Dismounted
(MFCS-D), used with the M120, combine • 1QFY11-4QFY11: LHMBC fielded to
employed in light and heavy forces, with
five IBCTs, one Special Forces Group
towed- and tracked-carrier versions. a fire control computer with an inertial
(SFG), one HBCT Reset, and twelve
navigation and pointing system, allowing
IBCT Resets
The Army uses three variants of 120mm crews to fire in under a minute, greatly
• 1QFY11-4QFY11: Mortar Weapon
mortar systems, and all have been improving mortar lethality, accuracy, and Systems (60mm, 81mm, 120mm)
qualified and are being equipped with crew survivability. fielded to numerous IBCTs, HBCTs,
MFCS. All of the mortar systems fire a SBCTs and Special Forces groups
full family of ammunition, including The M32 Lightweight Handheld Mortar • 1QFY11-4QFY11: Mortar Stowage Kits
high-explosive, infrared and visible light Ballistic Computer (LHMBC) has a (MSK) fielded to seven IBCTs.
illumination, smoke, and training. The tactical modem and embedded global • 3QFY11: 60MM Lightweight Mortar
M120 120mm Towed Mortar System is positioning system, allowing mortar (M224A1) fielded to one SFG, First
transported by the M1101 trailer and crews to send and receive digital call- Unit Equipped (FUE)
is emplaced and displaced using the for-fire messages, calculate ballistic • 1QFY11-4QFY11: Continue
M326 Mortar Stowage Kit (MSK). The solutions, and navigate. production and fielding of 60mm,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
251

Mortar Systems

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Afghanistan, Australia

CONTRACTORS
60mm and 81mm Mortar Bipod
Production:
MaTech (Salisbury, MD)
60mm and 81mm Baseplate
Production:
AMT (Fairfield, NJ)
MFCS-D and MFCS-M Production,
Fielding, and Installation:
Elbit Systems of America (Ft. Worth, TX)
M32 LHMBC (R-PDA):
General Dynamics C4 Systems Inc.
(Taunton, MA)
120mm, 81mm, and 60mm Cannons
and 120mm Baseplates:
Watervliet Arsenal (Watervliet, NY)

Range Rate of Fire
Mortar (meters) Weight (pounds) (rounds per minute) Crew Ammunition
M120/ 7,240 319 16 for the 4 M121 towed High explosive (HE) (M934A1), white
M121 first minute carrier-mounted phosphorus smoke (M929), illumination (visible light,
120mm 4 sustained 5 M120 towed M930 and infrared [IR], M983), M933A1 (operational
training), and full-range practice (FRP) (M931)
M252 5,935 90 30 first two minutes 3 HE (M821A2), red phosphorus smoke (M819),
81mm 15 sustained illumination (visible light, M853A1 and IR, M816),
M889A2 (operational training), and FRP (M879)
M224 3,489 46.5 30 first four minutes 3 HE (M720A1), WP smoke (M722A1), illumination
60mm (conventional), 20 sustained (visible light, M721 and IR, M767), M768 (operational
18.0 (handheld) training), and FRP (M769) WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
252

Movement Tracking System (MTS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MTS is a non-developmental item velocity management of logistics and SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
(NDI) integrated system consisting of other Army Combat Support assets, Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization a vehicle mounted mobile unit and a from the sustaining base to the theater PM Joint-Automatic Identification
control station. It is used to support of operations. MTS facilitates the rapid Technology (PM J-AIT) In-Transit
Maintenance
missions through the full spectrum of movement of supplies through a stream- Visibility (ITV), PD Battle Command
military operations. Through the use of lined distribution system, bypassing Sustainment Support System (BCS3)
Global Positioning System (GPS), Radio routine warehouse/storage functions
MISSION Frequency Identification (RFID), and from the source to the combatant. PROGRAM STATUS
Tracks the location of vehicles and non-line-of-sight communications and • 2QFY10: Began fielding v5.16 software
logistics assets, communicates with mapping technologies, MTS provides Common user logistic transport vehicles • 4QFY10: Continued developing and
the means for logistics commanders, and CS/CSS units in the Active and testing MTS-ES (Enhanced Software)
vehicle operators, and redirects missions
transportation movement control, Reserve Components and National • 4QFY10: Began fielding ISO 18000-7
on a worldwide, near real-time basis upgrade (RFID read capability)
and CS/CSS operations sections to Guard will be fitted with MTS systems
during peacetime operations, operations exercise assured positive control of according to the Army Acquisition • 2QFY11: MTS follow-on procurement
other than war (natural disasters, assets anywhere in the world through Objective or “Good Enough” policy for cancelled indefinitely
homeland security, expeditionary system distribution. When employed • 3QFY11: Transitioned management of
the use of positioning and commercial
program from PEO EIS to PEO C3T
missions), and war. satellites. Communications between within the distribution system, MTS
MTS-equipped platforms and their improves the effectiveness and efficiency PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION control stations is conducted via text of limited distribution assets, provides • 2QFY12: Field Joint Capabilities
The Movement Tracking System (MTS) and pre-formatted messages and utilizes the ability to identify and reroute Release-Logistics (JCR-Log) software
is the keystone to bringing logistics commercial satellites that enable units to supplies to higher priority needs, (previously called MTS-ES)
into the digitized battlefield of the send and receive traffic over the horizon, avoids identified hazards, and informs • 1QFY14: Transition to Joint Battle
21st century. The system provides the anytime, anywhere. operators of unit location changes. Command-Platform (Logistics) [JBC-P
technology necessary to communicate (Log)] software and BFT-2 transceiver
with and track tactical wheeled vehicles MTS plays a vital role in battlefield Planned enhancements for MTS include
(TWV) and other select Combat Support distribution operations. It helps to embedded equipment diagnostic and
(CS)/Combat Service Support (CSS) ensure that commanders and logisticians prognostic capabilities and two-way
assets and cargo in near real-time, have the right information at the right situational awareness with maneuver
enabling safe and timely completion of time. It provides near-real-time data units (Blue Force Tracking).
distribution missions. for In-Transit Visibility (ITV) and

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
253

Movement Tracking System (MTS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
System Hardware (Military Ruggedized
Tablets):
DRS Technologies (Melbourne, FL)
System Hardware (transceivers):
Comtech Mobile Datacom Corporation
(CMDC) (Germantown, MD)
Field Service Support:
Engineering Solutions and Products Inc.
(ESP) (Eatontown, NJ)
Software v5.16:
Comtech Mobile Datacom Corporation
(CMDC) (Germantown, MD)
Software JCR-Log:
Northrop Grumman (Redondo Beach, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
254

MQ-1C Gray Eagle Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION The Gray Eagle UAS is fielded in
Modernization
Provides combatant commanders a real- company sets, consisting of 12 unmanned
Recapitalization aircraft, six One System Ground Control
time responsive capability to conduct
Stations (OGCS), six Ground Data
Maintenance long-dwell, persistent stare, wide-area Terminals (GDT), three Portable Ground
reconnaissance, surveillance, target Control Stations (PGCS), three Portable
acquisition, communications relay, and Ground Data Terminals (PGDT), three
attack missions. Satellite Ground Data Terminals (SGDT),
an Automated Take-off and Landing
System (ATLS), Light Medium Tactical
DESCRIPTION Vehicles (LMTV), and other ground-
The MQ-1C Gray Eagle Unmanned support equipment, operated and
Aircraft System (UAS) addresses the maintained by a company of 128 Soldiers
need for a long-endurance, armed (up within the Combat Aviation Brigade.
to four HELLFIRE missiles), unmanned
aircraft system that offers greater range, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
altitude, and payload flexibility. Other Major Interdependencies
PM Robotic Unmanned Sensors (PM
The Gray Eagle UAS is powered by a RUS) provides the electro-optical/
heavy fuel engine (HFE) for higher infrared (EO/IR) and SAR/GMTI
performance, better fuel efficiency, payloads, PM Joint Attack Munition
common fuel on the battlefield, and a Systems (PM JAMS) provides HELLFIRE
longer lifetime. missiles, PM Warfighter Information
Network-Terrestrial (PM WIN-T)
Its specifications include the following: provides communications relay payload
• Length: 28 feet
• Wingspan: 56 feet PROGRAM STATUS
• Gross take-off weight: 3,600 pounds • Current: Low-Rate Initial Production
• Maximum speed: 150 knots
• Ceiling: 25,000 feet PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
• Range: 2,500 nautical miles via • 4QFY12: Initial Operational Test and
satellite communications (SATCOM) Evaluation
• Endurance: 27+ hours • 2QFY13: Full-Rate Production Decision

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
255

MQ-1C Gray Eagle Unmanned
Aircraft System (UAS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Aircraft:
General Atomics, Aeronautical Systems
Inc. (San Diego, CA)
Ground Control Station:
AAI Corp. (Hunt Valley, MD)
Tactical Common Data Link:
L-3 Communications (Salt Lake City, UT)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
256

Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) M270A1

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION the ILMS reduces system load and reload • Continue: Providing sustainment
Modernization
Provides coalition ground forces with highly times. The M270A1 provides responsive, and support activities for MLRS
Recapitalization highly accurate, and extremely lethal strategic partners and foreign military
lethal, responsive, and precise long-range
surface-to-surface, close- to long- sales customers
Maintenance rocket and missile fires that defeat point • Continue: Fielding Long-Range
range rocket and missile fires from 15
and area targets in both urban/complex Communications, Driver-Vision
kilometers to a depth of 300 kilometers.
and open terrain with minimal collateral Enhancement and Blue Force
It carries and fires either two launch
damage, via a highly mobile, responsive Tracker mods
pods containing six MLRS rockets
multiple launch system. each or two Army Tactical Missiles,
and is capable of firing all current and
DESCRIPTION future MLRS family of rockets and
The combat-proven Multiple Launch missiles. It operates with the same MLRS
Rocket System (MLRS) M270A1 is a command, control, and communications
mechanized artillery weapon system that structure and has the same size crew as
provides the combat commander with the M142 High Mobility Artillery Rocket
round-the-clock, all-weather, lethal, close- System (HIMARS).
and long-range precision rocket and missile
fire support for Joint forces, early-entry SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
expeditionary forces, contingency forces, Other Major Interdependencies
and modular fire brigades supporting M993 Bradley derivative chassis
Brigade Combat Teams.
PROGRAM STATUS
The M270A1 is an upgraded version • 1QFY11: Completed second M270A1
of the M270 launcher. The program launcher overhaul
entailed the concurrent incorporation • 3QFY11: Inducted third and
of the Improved Fire Control System fourth M270A1 launchers into
(IFCS) and the Improved Launcher overhaul program
Mechanical System (ILMS) on a rebuilt
M993 Carrier (derivative of the Bradley PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Fighting Vehicle). With the IFCS, the • Ramp up: M270A1 launcher
M270A1 can fire future munitions and overhaul program

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
257

Multiple Launch Rocket System
(MLRS) M270A1

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
M270 and M270A1:
Bahrain, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea
M270 and M270B1:
Norway, Turkey, United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Prime and Launcher:
Lockheed Martin (Dallas, TX; Camden, AR)
Chassis:
BAE Systems (York, PA)
Improved Weapons Interface Unit:
Harris Corp. (Melbourne, FL)
Position Navigation Unit:
L-3 Communications Space & Navigation
(Budd Lake, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
258

NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (GPS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Advanced GPS Receiver (DAGR), with • Frequency: Dual (L1/L2) SAASM version 3.7
Modernization
more than 168,000 as handheld receivers • Security: Selective availability anti- • 2QFY12-4QFY14: Continue Materiel
Recapitalization and 128,000 distributed for platform spoofing module Solution Analysis Phase for Tactical
installations for a total of nearly • Satellites: All-in-view Assured Global Positioning System
Maintenance (GPS) Regional (TAGR) for GPS
300,000 DAGRs fielded; the Precision
Lightweight GPS Receiver (PLGR), with SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES augmentation
• 2QFY12-4QFY14: Military GPS User
more than 40,000 in handheld, installed, In this Publication
Equipment (MGUE) development
MISSION and integrated applications. In addition, PATRIOT PAC-3, Excalibur (M982),
Provides real-time positioning, GPS user equipment includes a Ground- Paladin/Field Artillery Ammunition
navigation, and timing data to Based GPS Receiver Applications Support Vehicle (FAASV), Force
tactical and strategic organizations. Module (GB-GRAM). Over 95,000 GB- XXI Battle Command Brigade and
GRAMs have been procured and provide Below (FBCB2)
DESCRIPTION embedded PPS capability to a variety of
The NAVSTAR Global Positioning weapon systems. The Army represents Other Major Interdependencies
System (GPS) is a space-based, Joint- more than 80 percent of the requirement Blue Force Tracking, mobile ballistic
service program led by the Air Force, for user equipment. computers, laser rangefinders,
which distributes positioning, navigation movement tracking systems, and several
and timing (PNT) data to tactical DAGR: unmanned aerial vehicle systems
and strategic organizations. The GPS • Size: 6.37 x 3.4 x 1.56 inches
has three segments: a space segment • Weight: 1 pound; fits in a two-clip PROGRAM STATUS
(nominally 24 satellites), a ground carrying case that attaches to load- • 1QFY11-4QFY11: Continue DAGR
control segment, and a user equipment bearing equipment fieldings and training for Army
segment. User equipment consists of • Frequency: Dual (L1/L2) components
receivers configured for handheld, • Battery Life: 19 hours (4 AA batteries) • 1QFY11-4QFY11: DAGR designated as
ground, aircraft, and watercraft • Security: Selective availability anti- an ACAT II program
applications. Military GPS receivers spoofing module
use the Precise Positioning Service • Satellites: All-in-view PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
(PPS) signal to gain enhanced accuracy • 2QFY12-4QFY14: Continue DAGR
and signal protection not available to GB-GRAM: fieldings and training, including
commercial equipment. GPS receivers • Size: 0.6 x 2.45 x 3.4 inches introduction of DAGR Selective
in the Army today are: the Defense • Weight: 3.5 ounces Availability Anti-Spoofing Module
(SAASM) version 3.7 and GB-GRAM

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
259

NAVSTAR Global Positioning System
(GPS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
PPS-capable GPS receivers have been
sold to 41 authorized countries

CONTRACTORS
DAGR/GB-GRAM Acquisition and PLGR
Support:
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
260

Nett Warrior (NW)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION connect the equipped leader to higher
Provides overmatch operational echelon data and information products to
Recapitalization capabilities to all ground combat Soldiers assist in decision making and situational
and small unit operations. understanding. Soldier position location
Maintenance
information will be added to the network
DESCRIPTION via interoperability with the Army’s
The Nett Warrior (NW) is an integrated Rifleman Radio capability. All of this will
dismounted leader situational awareness allow the leader to easily see, understand,
(SA) system for use during combat and interact in the method that best
operations. The system provides suits the user and the particular mission.
unparalleled SA to the dismounted NW will employ a system-of-systems
leader, allowing for faster and more approach, optimizing and integrating
accurate decisions in the tactical fight. capabilities while reducing the Soldier’s
With advanced navigation, SA, and combat load and logistical footprint.
information sharing capabilities, leaders
are able to avoid fratricide and are SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
more effective and more lethal in the Other Major Interdependencies
execution of their combat missions. Battle Command Product Line, Core
Soldier System equipment, Joint Tactical
The NW program focuses on the Radio System Rifleman Radio
development of the SA system, which
has the ability to graphically display the PROGRAM STATUS
location of an individual leader’s location • 4QFY10-1QFY11: Limited User
on a digital geo-referenced map image. Tests (three)
Additional Soldier and leader locations
are also displayed on the hands-free PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
digital display. NW is connected through • 1QFY12: Milestone C; RFP Release
a secure radio that will send and receive • 2QFY12: Low-Rate Initial Production
information from one NW to another, Contract Award
thus connecting the dismounted leader • 3QFY12-4QFY13: Low-Rate
to the network. These radios will also Initial Production

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
261

Nett Warrior (NW)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
To be determined

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics (Scottsdale, AZ)
Raytheon (Plano, TX)
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
262

Night Vision Thermal Systems-Thermal Weapon Sight (TWS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION • AN/PAS-13(V)1 Light Weapon SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Enables the Soldier to detect and engage Thermal Sight (LWTS) for the M16 None
Recapitalization targets, day or night, in all weather and and M4 series rifles and carbines, as
visibility-obscured conditions. well as the M136 Light Anti-Armor PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance • FY11: Fielded to units supporting
Weapon
DESCRIPTION Weight: 1.9 pounds Operation Enduring Freedom and
The Night Vision Thermal Systems- Field of view: 18 degrees Operation New Dawn
Thermal Weapon Sight (TWS) family Operational time: 7 hours • FY11: Completed 17 micron
is a group of advanced infrared devices Power: Four lithium AA batteries technology validation testing; 17
that can be both weapon mounted micron technology allows production
or used in an observation mode. The • AN/PAS-13(V)2 Medium Weapon of a LWTS clip-on and reduces power
and weight in the MWTS and HWTS
AN/PAS-13 TWS gives Soldiers with Thermal Sight (MWTS) for the M249
individual and crew served weapons Squad Automatic Weapon and M240B
the capability to see deep into the series medium machine guns PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
battlefield, increase surveillance and Weight: 2.8 pounds • FY12: Continue to support and field
target acquisition range, and penetrate Field of view: 6 degrees/18 degrees in accordance with Headquarters
obscurants, day or night. The TWS (narrow/wide) Department of the Army G8 guidance;
systems use uncooled, forward-looking Operational time: 7 hours begin procurement of 17 micron TWS
infrared technology and provide a Power: Six lithium AA batteries • FY13: TWS III contract award (17
standard video output for training, micron)
image transfer, or remote viewing. TWS • AN/PAS-13(V)3 Heavy Weapon
systems are lightweight and mountable Thermal Sight (HWTS) for the squad
to a weapon rail. They operate to the leader’s weapon M16 and M4 series
maximum effective range of the weapon. rifles and carbines, M24 and M107
sniper rifles, and M2 HB and MK19
The TWS family comprises three machine guns
variants, each of which is silent, Weight: 3.9 pounds
lightweight, compact, durable, and Field of view: 3 degrees/9 degrees
battery-powered. They include: (narrow/wide)
Operational time: 7 hours
Power: Six lithium AA batteries

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
263

Night Vision Thermal Systems-
Thermal Weapon Sight (TWS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Deputy Assistant Secretary of the
Army Defense Exports and Cooperation
(DASA DE&C)

CONTRACTORS
BAE Systems (Lexington, MA; Manchester,
NH; Austin, TX; Manassas VA)
DRS Optronics (Dallas, TX; Melbourne, FL)
Raytheon (Dallas, TX; Goleta, CA;
McKinney, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
264

Non-Intrusive Inspection Systems (NIIS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION truck-mounted system that utilizes and backscatter detectors while the
Protects U.S. forces and critical a nuclear source that can penetrate Forward scatter trailer contains the
Recapitalization warfighting materiel by inspecting approximately 6.5 inches of steel. forward scatter detectors.
cars, trucks, or cargo containers for • The Re-locatable Vehicle and Cargo • Personnel Scanners utilize
Maintenance
Inspection System (RVACIS) is a rail- Backscatter X-ray technology to
the presence of explosives, weapons,
mounted system that utilizes the same non-intrusively scan people for the
drugs, or other contraband with nuclear nuclear source as the MVACIS. It operates presence of explosives, weapons, or
(gamma) and X-ray technology. on rails and is employed in static locations other contraband and are American
or moved within 24 hours to locations National Standards Institute
DESCRIPTION where prepared use of the rail system compliant. Depending on the model,
The Non-Intrusive Inspection Systems eliminates the requirement to maintain a these systems can scan between 140-
(NIIS) program consists of commercial truck platform. 240 people per hour.
off-the-shelf (COTS) products that are • The Militarized Mobile VACIS • The T-10 Trailer is a high-energy
employed within a layered force protection (MMVACIS) uses the same gamma gantry vehicle and cargo scanner and
system that includes security personnel source as the other VACIS products uses a 1 MeV Liner Accelerator that
trained to maintain situational awareness but is mounted on a High Mobility penetrates up to four inches of steel
aided by a range of other products Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle. while scanning.
including military working dogs, under- • The Z-Backscatter Van (ZBV) is a
vehicle scanning mirrors, and handheld or van-mounted system that utilizes SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
desktop trace explosive detectors. backscatter X-ray technology. It None
penetrates only approximately
NIIS currently include a variety of one-quarter inch of steel and can be PROGRAM STATUS
products with differing characteristics employed in static locations where • Fielded 31 BVMT
that are added to the Army commander’s room is limited. • Fielded 154 Personnel Scanners
“tool box.” They include mobile, rail- • The BVMT is a mobile inspection • Delivered One HE T-10 Trailer
mounted, but re-locatable, and fixed-site system for vehicles and cargo that
characteristics. The primary systems uses the same backscatter X-ray PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
employed are as follows: technology as the ZBV. The BVMT • 2QFY12: Program Management support;
• The Mobile Vehicle and Cargo trailer contains the X-Ray source preparing documentation for a contract
Inspection System (MVACIS) is a on replacement of 29 older systems that
have reached their useful life and do not
provide stand-off capabilities

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
265

Non-Intrusive Inspection Systems
(NIIS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
American Science & Engineering Inc.
(Billerica, MA)
Rapiscan Systems (Torrance, CA)
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (San Diego, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
266

Nuclear Biological Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle (NBCRV)-
Stryker Sensor Suites
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION through the use of the Joint Service PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Performs nuclear, biological, and chemical Lightweight Standoff Chemical Agent • 1QFY12: Full-Rate Production
Recapitalization (NBC) reconnaissance and locates, Detector (JSLSCAD). It automatically • 1QFY12: Full Materiel Release
identifies, marks, samples, and reports integrates contamination information
Maintenance
from detectors with input from
NBC contamination on the battlefield.
onboard navigation and meteorological
DESCRIPTION systems and transmits digital NBC
The Nuclear Biological Chemical warning messages through the vehicle’s
Reconnaissance Vehicle (NBCRV)- command and control equipment to
Stryker is the chemical, biological, warn follow-on forces. NBCRV can
radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) collect samples for follow-on analysis.
reconnaissance configuration of the
infantry carrier vehicle in Stryker Brigade SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Combat Teams, Heavy Brigade Combat In this Publication
Teams, and chemical companies. Stryker Family of Vehicles,
Joint Biological Point Detection
The NBCRV-Stryker Sensor Suite System (JBPDS)
consists of a dedicated system of CBRN
detection, warning, and biological- Other Major Interdependencies
sampling equipment on a Stryker ACADA, AN/UDR-13 Radiac Detector,
vehicle (high speed, high mobility, CBMS, Chemical Vapor Sampler
armored carrier). The NBCRV detects System (CVSS), JSLSCAD, Nuclear
chemical, radiological, and biological Biological Chemical Sensor Processing
contamination in its immediate Group (NBCSPG)
environment through the Chemical
Biological Mass Spectrometer (CBMS), PROGRAM STATUS
Automatic Chemical Agent Detector • 1QFY11-2QFY11: NBCRV Platform
Alarm (ACADA), AN/VDR-2 Radiac Operational Testing
Detector, AN/UDR-13 Radiac Detector, • 3QFY11: Platform Live Fire Testing
Joint Biological Point Detection
System (JBPDS), and at a distance,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
267

Nuclear Biological Chemical
Reconnaissance Vehicle (NBCRV)-
Stryker Sensor Suites

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Prime Vehicle:
General Dynamics Land Systems (Sterling
Heights, MI)
Sensor Software Integrator:
CACI Technologies (Manassas, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
268

One Semi-Automated Force (OneSAF)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION operating environment. OneSAF has activities. It provides the latest physics-
Provides simulation software that supports been crafted to be uniquely capable of based modeling and data, enhanced data
Recapitalization constructive and virtual training, computer- simulating aspects of the contemporary collection, and reporting capabilities.
generated forces, and mission rehearsal operating environment and its effects
Maintenance
on simulated activities and behaviors. Interoperability support is present
designed for brigade-and-below, combat,
OneSAF is unique in its ability to for industry standards such as
and non-combat operations. model unit behaviors from fire team Distributed Interactive Simulation,
to company level for all units — both High Level Architecture, Military
DESCRIPTION combat and non-combat operations. Scenario Development Language, Joint
One Semi-Automated Forces (OneSAF) Intelligent, doctrinally correct behaviors Consultation Command and Control
is a next generation, entity-level and improved graphical user interfaces Information Exchange Data Model, and
simulation that supports both computer- are provided to increase the span of Army Battle Command System devices.
generated forces and Semi-Automated control for workstation operators.
Forces applications. This enables it to SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
support a wide range of Army brigade- OneSAF represents a full range of Other Major Interdependencies
and-below constructive simulations and operations, systems, and control OneSAF provides required capabilities
virtual simulators. processes in support of simulation for SE Core
applications applied to advanced
OneSAF is currently being integrated concepts and requirements; research, PROGRAM STATUS
by the Synthetic Environment Core development, and acquisition; and • 2QFY11: OneSAF version 5.1 released
program as the replacement SAF for training, exercise, and military • 4QFY11: OneSAF version 5.0
virtual trainers such as the Aviation operations. OneSAF is designed to meet (International) released
Combined Arms Tactical Trainer and the constructive training challenges
the Close Combat Tactical Trainer. presented by transformation. With a PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
OneSAF will serve as the basis for full range of Warfighter functional area • 2QFY12: Release OneSAF version 5.1.1
subsequent modernization activities for representations, OneSAF displays a high
simulators across the Army. OneSAF was fidelity environmental representation.
designed to represent the modular and OneSAF is a cross-domain simulation
Future Force and provides entities, units, suitable for supporting training,
and behaviors across the spectrum of analysis, research, experimentation,
military operations in the contemporary mission-planning, and rehearsal

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
269

One Semi-Automated Force
(OneSAF)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Czech
Republic, Egypt, New Zealand, South
Korea, United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
270

Paladin/Field Artillery Ammunition Supply Vehicle (FAASV)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION and chemical protection on both the • Maximum range: HE/RAP,
Modernization
Provides the primary indirect fire support Howitzer and FAASV 22/30 kilometers
Recapitalization • Responsive fires: Capable of firing within • Cruising range: Paladin, 180 miles;
for modular Heavy Brigade Combat
45 seconds from a complete stop with FAASV, 180 miles
Maintenance Teams and armored and mechanized onboard communications, remote travel • Fire Support Network: Paladin Digital
infantry divisions, as well as an armored lock, automated cannon slew capability, Fire Control System software supports
ammunition resupply vehicle in support of and pivot steer technology Fire Support Network
the Paladin. • Improved survivability: New chassis
structure and armoring provisions are
built in.
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
DESCRIPTION • Extended range: 30 kilometers with In this Publication
The M109A6 (Paladin) 155mm Howitzer high-explosive (HE), Rocket-Assisted Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data
is the most technologically advanced Projectile (RAP) and Excalibur System (AFATDS), Excalibur (M982),
self-propelled cannon system in the Projectiles using M203 or M232/ Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and
Army. The Field Artillery Ammunition M232A1 MACS propellant Below (FBCB2), Artillery Ammunition,
Supply Vehicle (FAASV) provides an • Increased commonality and reliability: Precision Guidance Kit (PGK)
armored ammunition resupply vehicle Through Bradley common powertrain,
in support of the Paladin. track, and suspension components PROGRAM STATUS
• Non-line-of-sight cannon technology: • 3QFY11: Start government
The Paladin Integrated Management Common electric elevation/traverse developmental testing
(PIM) program supports the fleet drives gun system and electric rammer
management strategy for current are included PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Paladins and FAASVs by providing • 3QFY11-3QFY14: Developmental
a low-risk and affordable life-cycle Other PIM specifications include testing
solution that addresses obsolescence, the following: • 3QFY13: Milestone C
space, weight, and power concerns and • Crew: Paladin, four; FAASV, five
ensures long-term sustainment of the • Combat loaded weight: Paladin, 37 tons;
fleet through 2050. FAASV, 28 tons
• Paladin onboard ammo: 39 rounds
PIM uses state-of-the art components • FAASV onboard ammo: 95 rounds
to improve: • Rates of fire: 4 rounds per minute for
• Survivability: “Shoot and scoot” tactics; first 3 minutes maximum; 1 round per
improved ballistic and nuclear, biological, minute sustained

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
271

Paladin/Field Artillery Ammunition
Supply Vehicle (FAASV)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
PIM Development:
BAE Systems (York, PA)
PIM SW Support/FATB/Matrix Support:
Armaments R&D Center (Picatinny
Arsenal, NJ)
Program Management Support:
Tank-Automotive and Armaments
Command (TACOM) (Warren, MI)
Testing:
Yuma Proving Ground (Yuma, AZ)
Aberdeen Test Center (Aberdeen Proving
Ground, MD)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
272

Palletized Load System (PLS) and PLS Extended Service
Program (ESP)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION foot ISO containers, the M3/M3A1 SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Supports combat units by performing Container Roll-in/Out Platform, and None
Recapitalization cross-country movement of configured the M1/M1077A1 flat racks. The PLS
loads of ammunition and other classes of has the ability to operate with a degree PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance • Current: To date, fielded approximately
of mobility commensurate with the
supply loaded on flat racks or in containers. 6,000 PLS trucks and 13,000 PLS trailers
supported weapon systems, to facilitate
DESCRIPTION the fighting capabilities of the supported
The Palletized Load System (PLS) is systems and units. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
a 10-wheel-drive (10x10), multidrive • FY10: PLSA1 type classification/
truck with 16.5 ton capacity that The PLSA1 model began fielding in materiel release
provides the timely delivery of a 2011. It incorporates independent • FY11: PLSA1 first unit equipped
high tonnage of ammunition, unit front suspension, a new C-15 engine, • FY12: PLSA0 RECAP begins
equipment, International Organization the Allison 4500 transmission, J-1939
for Standardization (ISO) containers/ data-bus, and a cab that will be common
shelters, and all classes of supply to with the HEMTTA4, and it is long-term
using units and weapon systems as far armor strategy compliant.
forward in the maneuver battalion area
as the tactical situation allows. The PLS The PLS Extended Service Program
consists of the PLS truck, PLS trailer (ESP) is a recapitalization program that
(PLS-T), and demountable flat racks. converts high-mileage base PLS trucks
The PLS truck is a 10x10 prime mover to 0 miles/0 hours and to the current
with an integral onboard load handling A1 production configurations. The
system that provides self-loading and trucks are disassembled and rebuilt
unloading capability. with improved technology such as
an electronically controlled engine,
There are two PLS truck variants, the electronic transmission, air ride seats,
basic PLS truck (M1075) and the PLS four-point seatbelts, bolt-together
truck with material handling crane wheels, increased corrosion protection,
(M1074). The system also includes enhanced electrical package, and
the PLS trailer (M1076) container independent front suspension on the A1.
handling unit for transporting 20-

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
273

Palletized Load System (PLS) and
PLS Extended Service Program
(ESP)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Israel, Jordan, Turkey

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Oshkosh Corp. (Oshkosh, WI)
Engine:
Detroit Diesel (Emporia, KS; Redford, MI)
Caterpillar C-15 (Peoria, IL)
PLS PLSA1 Transmission:
ENGINE DDC 8V92 - 500 horsepower CAT C-15 - 600 hp @ 2100 RPM Allison Transmission (Indianapolis, IN)
TRANSMISSION Allison CLT-755 - 5 Speed Allison HD 4500 - 6 Speed Tires:
TRANSFER CASE Oshkosh 55,000 - 2 Speed New Oshkosh - 2 Speed Michelin (Greenville, SC)
AXLES FRONT: TANDEM Rockwell SVI 5MR Oshkosh / Rockwell
SUSPENSION: FRONT TANDEM Hendrickson RT-340 - Walking Beam Oshkosh TAK-4TM Steel Spring
AXLES: REAR TRIDEM Rockwell SVI 5MR Rockwell SVI 5MR
SUSPENSION - AXLE #3 Hendrickson-Turner Air Ride Hendrickson-Turner Air Ride
SUSPENSION - AXLES #4 & #5 Hendrickson RT-400 - Walking Beam Hendrickson RT-400 - Walking Beam
WHEEL ENDS Rockwell Rockwell
CONTROL ARMS N/A Standard MTVR on Front Tandem
STEERING GEARS - FRONT 492 Master / M110 Slave M110 Master / M110 Slave
STEERING GEARS - REAR 492 M110
FRAME RAILS 14 inch 14 inch
CAB PLS Common Cab
RADIATOR PLS - Roof Mount PLSA1 - Side Mount
MUFFLER PLS PLSA1 - New
AIR CLEANER United Air United Air
LHS Multilift MK V Multilift MK V
CRANE Grove Grove
TIRES Michelin 16.00 R20 XZLT Michelin 16.00 R20 XZLT
SPARE TIRE 1 - Side Mounted 1 - Roof Mounted
CTI CM Automotive Dana
AIR COMPRESSOR 1400 Bendix 922 Bendix
STARTER Prestolite Prestolite
ALTERNATOR 12/24V 24V - 260 Amp Niehoff

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
274

PATRIOT Advanced Capability-Three (PAC-3)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The PAC-3 primary mission is to PROGRAM STATUS
Protects ground forces and critical assets at kill maneuvering TBMs and counter • 1QFY09: Post deployment build-
Recapitalization all echelons from advanced aircraft, cruise advanced cruise missile and aircraft 6.5 (PDB-6.5) development, test,
threats. The PAC-3 missile uses and evaluation
Maintenance missiles, and tactical ballistic missiles.
hit-to-kill technology for greater
DESCRIPTION lethality against TBMs armed PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The PATRIOT Advanced Capability- with weapons of mass destruction. • 3QFY11-3QFY13: Missile Segment
Three (PAC-3) program is an air-defense, The PAC-3 system upgrades have Enhancement (MSE) Developmental
guided missile system with long-range, provided improvements that increase and Operational Testing
medium- to high-altitude, all-weather performance against evolving threats, • 3QFY12: PDB-7
capabilities designed to counter tactical meet user requirements, and enhance • 4QFY15: MSE fielding begins
ballistic missiles (TBMs), cruise missiles, Joint interoperability. PATRIOT’s
and advanced aircraft. The combat element fast-reaction capability, high firepower,
of the PATRIOT missile system is the fire ability to track numerous targets
unit, which consists of a phased array simultaneously, and ability to operate
radar set (RS), an engagement control in a severe electronic countermeasure
station (ECS), a battery command post, environment make it the Army’s
an electric power plant, an antenna mast premier air defense system. The PAC-3
group, a communications relay group, and Missile Segment Enhancement (MSE),
launching stations (LS) with missiles. currently in development, is planned to
be used with the PAC-3 system and is
The RS provides the tactical functions of the baseline interceptor for the Medium
airspace surveillance, target detection, Extended Air Defense System.
identification, classification, tracking,
missile guidance, and engagement SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
support. The ECS provides command Other Major Interdependencies
and control. Depending upon ABMOC, AEGIS, AMDTF, AOC,
configuration, the LS provides the AWACS, CRC, HAWKEYE, PEO
platform for PAC-2 or PAC-3 missiles, Integration, P/M CAP, RIVET-JOINT,
which are sealed in canisters that serve SHORAD, TACC, TAOC, THAAD
as shipping containers and launch tubes.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
275

PATRIOT Advanced Capability-Three
(PAC-3)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Taiwan,
United Arab Emirates

CONTRACTORS
Missile Program Management Team:
Lockheed Martin (Dallas, TX)
Seeker Program Management Team:
Boeing (Anaheim, CA)
Mods: Raytheon (Tewksbury, MA;
Long Beach, CA)
Seeker Manufacturing/RFDL:
Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control
(Chelmsford, MA)
ELES: Lockheed Martin (Lufkin, TX)
System Integration: Raytheon-El Paso
(El Paso, TX), Raytheon (Huntsville, AL)
Raytheon-Norfolk (Norfolk, VA)
Raytheon-Burlington (Burlington, MA)
Missile Assembly: Lockheed Martin
(Camden, AR)
Integration/GSE: Raytheon (Andover, MA)
Seeker: Boeing (Huntsville, AL)
Seeker Assembly: Boeing (El Paso, TX)
SRM/ACM: Aerojet (Camden, AR)
SETA: Intuitive Research and Technology
(Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
276

Precision Guidance Kit (PGK)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION capability to projectiles containing an
Improve the accuracy of conventional insensitive munition explosive fill and
Recapitalization 155mm high-explosive (HE) projectiles anti-jam capability.
Maintenance in the inventory.
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
DESCRIPTION None
Precision Guidance Kit (PGK)
technology is state-of-the-art and PROGRAM STATUS
provides a first-of-its-kind capability. • Current: Increment 1 program is
PGK contains a Global Positioning in engineering and manufacturing
System (GPS) guidance kit with fuzing development
functions and an integrated GPS receiver
to correct the inherent errors associated PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
with ballistic firing solutions, reducing • 1QFY13: Increment 1 Milestone C
the number of artillery projectiles
required to attack targets. The increase
in efficiency that PGK’s “near-precision”
capability provides allows operational
commander’s to engage assigned targets
and rapidly achieve desired effects while
minimizing collateral damage.

The PGK program is following an
incremental program approach.
Increment 1, the XM1156 PGK,
will be compatible with the 155mm M795
and M549/A1 HE projectiles
fired from the M109A6 Paladin and
M777A2 Lightweight 155mm Howitzer.
Future increments could expand this

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
277

Precision Guidance Kit (PGK)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Increment 1
Prime:
Alliant Techsystems (Plymouth, MN)
Subcontractor:
L-3 Interstate Electronics Corp. (Anaheim, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
278

Prophet

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization common databases for access by the Freedom/Operation New Dawn. Some Tactical Radio Communications
intelligence community. Prophet’s tactical Prophet ES 1 Systems were provided Systems, Light Tactical Vehicles, and
Recapitalization mobility allows supported units to easily Wideband Beyond-Line-of-Site Assured Mobility Systems
reposition its collection capability on the (WBLOS) capabilities, which is based on
Maintenance
battlefield to support evolving situations. the present PM Warfighter Information PROGRAM STATUS
Network-Tactical (WIN-T) architecture. • 1QFY11-4QFY11: Fielded Prophet ES
The Prophet Enhanced System is a non- This capability allows operation 1 and Prophet Enhanced Systems
MISSION platform dependent modular system without the constraints of line-of-sight • 1QFY11-4QFY11: Defield Prophet
Provides a near-real-time picture of the that will allow easy integration onto communication, increasing the system’s Block I systems as Prophet ES 1 and
a vehicle. The Sensor supports both capability to operate at extended Prophet Enhanced Systems are fielded
battlespace through the use of signals
Stationary and On-The-Move (Mobile) distance and perform distributed • 3QFY11: Prophet Enhanced Systems
intelligence sensors with the capability to fielded to 504th Battlefield Surveillance
Operations simultaneously. The Mobile operations. All Prophet Enhanced
detect, identify, and locate selected emitters. Brigade (BfSB)
configuration also has the capability Systems have this capability.
DESCRIPTION to support Manpack Operations. The
Prophet is a 24-hour, all-weather, near- Prophet Enhanced System provides Prophet Control (PC) is integrated on PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
real-time, ground-based tactical signals increased capability over existing Prophet an armored M1165 HMMWV. PC/ • 1QFY12-4QFY12: Continue Prophet
intelligence/electronic warfare capability ES 1 Systems. The Prophet Enhanced PAC is the analytical node that tasks the ES 1 and Prophet Enhanced Systems
organic to the Brigade Combat Team System was accelerated to provide Prophet ES 1 and Enhanced Systems fieldings
(BCT), Stryker BCT, Armored Cavalry upgraded capability integrated on an for data collection and reporting. • 1QFY12-4QFY12: Continue to
Regiment, and Battlefield Surveillance XM1229 Medium Mine Protected Vehicle Each PC/PAC contains Satellite defield Prophet Block I systems as
Brigade. Prophet contains two to four to provide better crew protection and Communications (SATCOM). The PC Prophet ES 1 and Prophet Enhanced
Electronic Support (ES) 1/Enhanced was fielded to units in preparation for has TROJAN-Lightweight Integrated Systems are fielded
deployment in support of Operation Telecommunications Equipment (T-Lite) • 2QFY12: Prophet Analysis Cell (PAC)
Systems and one to two Controls/
Prophet Analysis Cells (PACs). Prophet Enduring Freedom. and PAC has a SATCOM Capability Set.
provides near-real-time force protection,
situational awareness, and actionable Prophet ES System is integrated on SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
intelligence by reporting the location, an armored M1165 High Mobility Other Major Interdependencies
tracking, and identification of radio Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle Global Positioning System,
frequency emitters. It is interoperable (HMMWV). The Prophet ES 1 System Trojan-Lightweight Integrated
on the Global Signals Intelligence was fielded to active and reserve units Telecommunications Equipment,
Enterprise, delivering collected data to in support of Operation Enduring

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
279

Prophet

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
None

CONTRACTORS
Prophet Enhanced Sensor/Analysis Cell
Production:
General Dynamics (Scottsdale, AZ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
280

Rough Terrain Container Handler (RTCH)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION over-sand terrain, and cross-country,
Provides container handling and executing ammunition handling and
Recapitalization materiel handling capability in cargo transportation operations. The system
transfer companies, transportation is capable of conducting operations
Maintenance
in cold, basic, and hot climates.
companies, quartermaster units, and
Additionally, RTCH can ford up to 60
ammunitions platoons. inches of seawater.

DESCRIPTION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The Rough Terrain Container None
Handler (RTCH) is a commercial,
non-developmental item acquired for PROGRAM STATUS
cargo-handling missions worldwide. • FY09: Contractor completed
The vehicle lifts, moves, and stacks both the transfer to continental United
20- and 40-foot American National States production
Standards Institute/International
Organization for Standardization PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
containers and shelters weighing up to • Continue: Production and fielding
53,000 pounds.

Improvements to RTCH include the
capability to transport by rail, highway,
or water in less than 2½ hours, reducing
preparation time for air transport (C5A
and C17) from 16 hours to less than
one hour, stacking nine-foot, six-inch
containers three high, achieving a
forward speed of 23 miles per hour,
and adding a full-range extendable
boom and flexible top handler. RTCH
will operate worldwide, on hard-stand,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
281

Rough Terrain Container Handler
(RTCH)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Australia, United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Kalmar Rough Terrain Center (KRTC) LLC
(Cibolo, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
282

RQ-7B Shadow Tactical Unmanned Aircraft System (TUAS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION The RQ-7B Shadow configuration, The Shadow also has an early entry
Modernization
Provides reconnaissance, surveillance, fielded in platoon sets, consistes of: configuration of 15 Soldiers, one GCS, the
Recapitalization • Four air vehicles with day/night electro- air vehicle transport HMMWV, and the
target acquisition, and force protection for
optical/infrared (IR) with laser designator launcher trailer, which can be transported
Maintenance the Brigade Combat Team (BCT) in near- in three C-130s. All components can be
and IR illuminator payloads
real-time during day/night and limited • Two OSGCS on High Mobility slung under a CH 47 or CH-53 helicopter
adverse weather conditions Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles for transport.
(HMMWV)
DESCRIPTION • Four One System Remote SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Video Transceivers
The RQ-7B Shadow Tactical Unmanned None
• One hydraulic launcher
Aircraft System (TUAS) has a wingspan
• Two ground data terminals
of 20 feet and a payload capacity of
• Associated trucks, trailers, and
PROGRAM STATUS
approximately 60 pounds. Gross • Current: In production and
support equipment
takeoff weight exceeds 440 pounds and deployment; flown more than 480,000
endurance is more than eight hours hours in support of combat operations
Shadow platoons are organic to the BCT.
on-station at a distance of 50 kilometers. in Operation Enduring Freedom
The Soldier platoon consists of a platoon
The system is compatible with the All and Operation Iraqi Freedom since
leader, platoon sergeant, unmanned
Source Analysis System, Advanced achieving initial operating capability.
aerial vehicle (UAV) warrant officer, 12
Field Artillery Tactical Data System, Total system flight hours are more than
Air Vehicle Operators/Mission Payload
650,000 hours
Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar Operators, four electronic warfare repair
System Common Ground Station, Joint personnel, and three engine mechanics
Technical Architecture-Army, Defense supporting launch and recovery. The PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Information Infrastructure Common Maintenance Section Multifunctional is • FY11-12: Field remaining production
Operating Environment, and the manned by Soldiers who also transport systems; procure and field laser
One System Ground Control Station spares and provide maintenance support. designator, Tactical Common Data
(OSGCS). The RQ-7B Shadow can be The Mobile Maintenance Facility is manned Link, and Universal Ground Control
transported by six Air Force C-130 by contractor personnel located with Station retrofits; develop and field
aircraft. It is currently operational in the Shadow platoon to provide logistics reliability and product improvements
support to include “off system support” and
both the Army and Marine Corps.
“maintenance by repair.”

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
283

RQ-7B Shadow Tactical Unmanned
Aircraft System (TUAS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Australia

CONTRACTORS
Shadow System:
AAI Corp. (Textron Systems) (Hunt Valley,
MD)
TCDL:
L-3 Communications (Salt Lake City, UT)
Shelter Integration:
CMI (Huntsville, AL)
GDT:
Tecom (Chatsworth, CA)
Shelters:
General Dynamics (Marion, VA)
ACE II/II+/III Flight:
Rockwell Collins (Warrenton, VA)
Mode IV IFF:
Raytheon (Baltimore, MD)
Amplifiers:
CTT (Santa Clara, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
284

RQ-11B Raven Small Unmanned Aircraft System (SUAS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION ruggedized laptop running PFPS/Falcon PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Provides reconnaissance, surveillance, View flight planning software. Aircraft • FY11-12: Continue Full-
Recapitalization target acquisition (RSTA), and force flight modes include fully autonomous Rate Production and product
navigation, altitude hold, loiter, and improvements; integrate and field
Maintenance protection for the battalion commander gimbaled payload (combined EO/IR/
return home. In-flight re-tasking and
and below during day/night operations. Laser Illuminator)
auto-loiter at sensor payload point
of interest are also available. Raven
DESCRIPTION incorporates secure global positioning
The RQ-11B Raven is a Small Unmanned system navigation. The digital data
Aircraft System (SUAS). It is a hand- link incorporates encryption, improves
launched, unmanned aircraft system spectrum management allowing more
capable of 90 minutes of flight time with air vehicles to be flown in an operational
an operational range of approximately area, and provides range extension via
10 kilometers. The Raven system is data relay between two Raven aircraft.
comprised of three air vehicles, a ground
control station (GCS), a remote video The Raven is operated by two Soldiers
terminal (identical to GCS), EO/IR and has a rucksack-portable design. No
payloads, aircraft and GCS batteries, a specific military occupational specialty
field repair kit, and a spares package. is required. Operator training is 10 days.
Normal operational altitude is 500
feet or lower. The system, aircraft, and SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
ground control station are assembled None
by operators in approximately five
minutes. The aircraft has a wingspan PROGRAM STATUS
of 4.5 feet and weighs 4.2 pounds. Both • Current: In production and
color electro-optical (EO) sensors and deployment
infrared (IR) sensors are fielded for day • Current: Operational in both
and night capabilities with each system. Operation New Dawn and Operation
A hand controller displays live video Enduring Freedom
and aircraft status. Mission planning
is performed on the hand controller or

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
285

RQ-11B Raven Small Unmanned
Aircraft System (SUAS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Denmark, Estonia, Lebanon, Uganda

CONTRACTORS
Aerovironment Inc. (Simi Valley, CA)
Indigo System Corp. (Goleta, CA)
All American Racers Inc. (Santa Ana, CA)
L-3 Communications (San Diego, CA)
Bren-Tronics (Commack, NY)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
286

Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable Tactical Terminal
(SMART-T)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
MISSION The Army’s 324 SMART-Ts will be • 2QFY13: SMART-T will participate
Modernization
Provides range extension to the fielded at the brigade, division, and corps in Air Force AEHF multiservice
Recapitalization echelons in the Active, National Guard, operational test and evaluation
Army’s current and future tactical
communications networks. and Reserve components.
Maintenance
DESCRIPTION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable Other Major Interdependencies
Tactical Terminal (SMART-T) is a The SMART-T communicates with
mobile military satellite communication Milstar military communication
terminal that provides worldwide, anti- satellites and is being upgraded
jam, low probability of intercept and to communicate with AEHF
detection, and secure voice and data communication satellites
capabilities for the Joint Warfighter. The
SMART-T provides range extension to PROGRAM STATUS
the Army’s current and future tactical • 1QFY11-4QFY11: Upgrades to legacy
communications networks through DoD EHF (Milstar-capable) SMART-Ts,
Milstar and Advanced Extremely High giving them AEHF capability continues
Frequency (AEHF) communication • 1QFY11: Began fielding of upgraded
satellites. SMART-T’s are being upgraded AEHF SMART-Ts
to interoperate with AEHF satellites and • 2QFY11: Began development
it now provides data rates up to 8.192 of acquisition package for the
procurement of 46 AEHF SMART-Ts
million bits per second (Mbps). An
FY12 production contract is planned to
procure 46 additional AEHF-capable PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
SMART-Ts, which will bring the total • 2QFY12-2QFY14: Continued upgrade
Army procurement to 324. The AEHF and fielding of AEHF SMART-Ts
satellite system will dramatically • 2QFY12-3QFY12: Continued review
increase the Army’s end-to-end anti-jam and approval of acquisition package for
communications throughput capability. procurement of 46 AEHF SMART-Ts
• 4QFY12: Award contract for 46 AEHF
SMART-T

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
287

Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable
Tactical Terminal (SMART-T)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
19 SMART-Ts for Canada, 7 SMART-Ts for
Netherlands

CONTRACTORS
Production and Spares:
Raytheon (Largo, FL)
Engineering Support, Management:
Raytheon (Marlborough, MA)
Circuit Cards:
Teledyne (Lewisburg, TN)
Filters:
Transtector (Hayden, ID)
Amplifier Assemblies:
Spectrum Microwave (Marlborough, MA)
COMSEC:
L-3 Communications (Camden, NJ )
New Equipment Training/Fielding:
EPS Corp. (Martinez, GA)
Satellite Simulator:
Lincoln Labs (Lexington, MA)
Technical/Fielding Support:
Linquest Corp. (Colorado Springs, CO)
Admin/Tech:
JANUS Research (Bellcamp, MD)
Technical:
Booz Allen Hamilton (Bellcamp, MD)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
288

Sentinel

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Sentinel can operate day and night, Defense System of Systems Increment 1
Provides persistent surveillance and fire in adverse weather conditions, and in architecture and subsequent increments.
Recapitalization control quality data through external battlefield environments of dust, smoke, Sentinel provides critical air surveillance
command and control platforms, aerosols, and enemy countermeasures. of the National Capital Region and
Maintenance
It provides 360-degree azimuth other areas as part of ongoing homeland
enabling protection against cruise
coverage for acquisition and tracking defense efforts, and is a component of
missiles, aircraft, unmanned aerial of targets (cruise missiles, unmanned the counter rocket, artillery, and mortar
vehicles, and rocket, artillery, and aerial vehicles, rotary and fixed-wing batteries in the area of responsibility.
mortar threats. aircraft) moving at supersonic to
hovering speeds and at positions from SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
DESCRIPTION the map of the earth to the maximum None
Sentinel is used with the Army’s engagement altitude of short-range air
Forward Area Air Defense Command defense weapons. Sentinel detects targets PROGRAM STATUS
and Control (FAAD C2) system and before they can engage, thus improving • 4QFY10: Delivery and installation of
provides key target data to Stinger- air defense weapon reaction time and 14 Improved Sentinel Kits on radars
based weapon systems and battlefield allowing engagement at optimum
commanders via FAAD C2 or directly, ranges. Sentinel’s integrated IFF system PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
using an Enhanced Position Location reduces the potential for engagement of • 4QFY11: Contract award for 56
Reporting System or the Single Channel friendly aircraft. Improved Sentinels
Ground and Airborne Radio System. • 2QFY12: Contract award for 143 AN/
Sentinel modernization efforts include TPX-57 IFFs
Sentinel consists of the M1097A1 enhanced target range and classification • FY11-12: Procurement of 31 Improved
High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled upgrades to engage non-line-of-sight Sentinel Kits
Vehicle, the antenna transceiver group targets; increased detection and • FY13-14: Fielding/Installation of
acquisition range of targets; enhanced Improved Sentinel Kits
mounted on a high-mobility trailer,
• 4QFY12: Delivery of Finland and
the identification friend-or-foe system situational awareness; and classification
Netherlands F1 Software
(IFF), and the FAAD C2 interface. The of cruise missiles. The system provides
sensor is an advanced three-dimensional integrated air tracks with classification
battlefield X-band air defense phased- and recognition of platforms that give
array radar with a 75-kilometer range an integrated air and cruise missile
instrumented range. defense solution for the Air and Missile

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY
289

Sentinel

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
Egypt, Lithuania, Turkey

CONTRACTORS
Thales Raytheon Systems (Fullerton, CA;
El Paso, TX; Forest, MS; Largo, FL)
CAS Inc. (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2012
290

Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System
(SINCGARS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Enhancements include the Embedded SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides Joint commanders with a Global Positioning System (GPS) None
Recapitalization highly reliable, low-cost, secure, and Receiver (EGR) and the radio-based
easily maintained Combat NET Radio combat identification/radio-based PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance • 1QFY11-4QFY11: Continue to field
situational awareness (RBCI/RBSA)
(CNR) that has both voice and data in accordance with Headquarters
capability, which provides Warfighters
handling capability in support of tactical with enhanced situational awareness Department of the Army guidance
command and control operations. and identification of friendly forces in to support the Army Campaign Plan;
targeted areas. RBCI serves as a gap filler National Guard, Army Reserve, and
DESCRIPTION for combat identification, providing Active Army, Operation Enduring
The Single Channel Ground and an interrogation/responder capability Freedom requirements and urgent
Operational Needs Statement
Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS) to satisfy the air-to-ground positive
Advanced SINCGARS System identification of platforms prior to
Improvement Program (ASIP) radio is the release of weapons to prevent fratricide. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DoD/Army multiservice fielded solution RBSA adds a radio beaconing capability • 2QFY12-2QFY14: Continued fielding
for voice communication for platoon level for every ASIP-equipped platform to of SINCGARS
and above, operating over the 30.000 to enhance the Blue Force situational
87.975MHz frequency range. This radio awareness picture. The Internet controller
provides the capability of establishing enhancements add improved addressing
two-way communications (including capabilities in support of tactical Internet
jam-resistance) using the SINCGARS enhancements being provided by Joint
waveform and provides multimode voice Battle Command-Platform for Joint
and data communications supporting interoperability. Crypto modernization
ground, air-to-ground, and ground-to- is a programmable communications
air line-of-sight communications links. security capability for SINCGARS that
The ASIP radio is the newer version of the will allow the radios to continue to
SINCGARS radio. It is smaller than the provide secure communications to the
SIP and weighs significantly less, while secret and top-secret level of security.
still maintaining all the functionalities of
the SIP for backward compatibility.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering and Manufacturing Development Production and Deployment Operations and Support

UNITED STATES ARMY