Memije, Raymund Angelo C. ENG10/A2 Homework Prof.

Alfaro Aida Documents about the Debate Topic DEBATE TOPIC: GAY MARRIAGE Gay Marriage Debate Know the pros and cons of same sex marriage that are being cited in the gay marriage debate. Learn the rights of gay couples in California, New York, and Hawaii. 1. Gay Divorce Negates Marriage Need The argument that gay marriage raises divorce rates is not panning out, according to an article on Findlaw by a Boston divorce attorney. A paper by Jonathan Eggleston of the University of Virginia also shows the same findings. In fact, research from the newest census, along with studies from the Center for Disease Control’s National Vital Statistics System, shows that states allowing gay marriage have lower divorce rates. Of the eight states that allow same-sex marriage, five of those have the lowest divorce rates in the United States. Data taken from 2009 showed the average divorce rate at 41.2 percent, while states that did not allow same-sex marriage had an average divorce rate of 53.2 percent, not counting Nevada. Nevada skews the statistics because it performs so many out-of-state marriages in Las Vegas. Two other states were not used in the data gathering because they allowed same-sex marriage after 2009; and those two states were Iowa and Vermont. It is possible that the divorce rate is lower in these states because eight of 10 states where males marry later in life also allow gay marriage. These states also show that males have a higher education level. Eggleston found that research by Silver (2010) showed that states that allowed gay marriage had lower divorce rates. He also found that those states that found gay marriage unconstitutional had higher divorce rates. A 2009 study by Langbein and Yost found that the legalization of gay marriage did not have an effect on divorce rates. This could be possible because there were not as many states that legalized same-sex marriage in 2009 as there were in 2010. 2. Cultural Pressures

In considering the pros and cons of same sex marriage, the cultural pressures on gay couples are rarely mentioned. Gay couples face a wealth of prejudice, including the assumption that gay men and lesbians are promiscuous and incapable of sustaining a committed relationship. One reason to end the gay marriage ban is that gay marriage would further integrate gay culture into open society. In addition to legal obligations to care for spouses, there are also social expectations that make marriage a stabilizing element in a relationship. Society expects people to care for their spouses and stick with them through difficulties. Friends and acquaintances, family and work mates regularly check in on the health of a spouse and how the relationship is going. Divorce, although no longer socially crippling, is seen as a blow to confidence. 3. Gay Marriage – the US Benefits Obtaining gay marriage benefits is among the most legally advocated-for reasons to constitute gay marriage. Spousal benefits are where civil union and gay marriage begin to separate. A civil union has minimal legal implications behind it, which usually translates to a lack of the many benefits that heterosexual couples take for granted, such as medical, dental, tax, child support and life insurance. While civil unions may grant certain state level benefits, no federal protections exist for them. This is, perhaps, the most predominant legally implicated rationale behind the need for gay marriage. Below are a few marriage-related benefits that gay couples miss out on in civil unions: Medical Benefits Partners cannot make medical decisions out of their home state. Life Insurance In the case of death, the deceased's partner gets no pension or life insurance, which would legally be granted to the spouse in a marriage. Child Support If the civil union is dissolved, no child support or spousal benefits are guaranteed out of state, which would otherwise be legally mandated in a marriage. Tax Benefits Those in a civil union can only file a joint tax return on the state level; no such joint tax return can be filed on the federal level.

Every couple deserves the right to the dignity and benefits that come with marriage. Voters approved the measure in 2008. currently allows gay couples to enter domestic partnerships. which bans gay marriage. Gay marriage is not officially illegal in California. Gay marriages occurred in California from May to November of 2008. is the most recent driving force behind the debate. 61 percent of voters approved a statement that marriage is reserved for one man and one woman. according to the “Los Angeles Times. San Francisco Chief Judge Vaughn Walker rejected Proposition 8. 5. Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger vetoed legalization of gay marriage. but they are currently on hold as California continues the debate that has already lasted more than a decade. but gay marriage began in 2008 when the California Supreme Court ruled that the veto denied equal protection under the law. but a series of legal battles ensued to oppose and support the law. but most states in the United States deny same-sex couples equal rights.000 federal and state level benefits. In 2011. The arguments heated in 2000. Judge Richard Kramer of San Francisco's Superior Court ruled that California's ban on gay marriage was unconstitutional and likened the ban to racial segregation in schools.” In the same year. You have the state-granted legal rights and responsibilities of marriage. District Court Judge James Ware agreed with the decision to reject Proposition 8. Chief U. Proposition 8. a traditionally tolerant and liberal state. The San Francisco and California Gay Marriage Debate San Francisco tested California's gay marriage laws in 2004 when the city began issuing marriage licenses to same sex couples.S. 4. but other states may not recognize your status. when California allowed same-sex partners to receive health insurance coverage and hospital visitation rights. In 2010. according to Human Rights Campaign. Although the licenses were revoked. but proponents argued that Judge Walker had a stake in the case because he was gay. A series of steps forward and setbacks occurred over the next several years. In 2007. but same-sex couples are not currently able to obtain marriage licenses because of the legal debate over Proposition 8. Currently. legal stays are preventing gay marriages to move forward. Civil unions feature only around 300 state level benefits with no federal implications. California.Marriage features more than 1. such as financial stability and the ability to make critical medical decisions for each other. the San Francisco gay marriage action heated up the California gay marriage debate. Gay couples can obtain domestic partnership status as you wait to see how the court battles unravel. Gay Marriage in New York .

Laws are designed to allow people to act according to their beliefs. is a civil and religious event. for social purposes.” Patterson issued a mandate requiring all New York state jurisdictions to recognize same-sex marriages performed in other states. the two are celebrated at once. 6. He was succeeded by David Patterson. That action prompted one mayor of another small town to declare that his town would recognize the validity of same-sex marriages that were performed elsewhere. causing both sides to discuss the merits of such a policy change as the potential to allow same-sex marriage became more realistic. making gay marriage legal in New York State. This argument comes from a misunderstanding of marriage and. New York Governor Eliot Spitzer resigned from his post. Within the last 10 years. In July of 2011. according to the Liberty Counsel. the Marriage Equality Act was enacted. Ultimately. New York performed 25 same-sex wedding ceremonies in the town.” According to a May 2008. which is against the teachings of many churches. In order to guarantee freedom of belief and religion. the law. who committed himself to making same-sex marriage legal throughout all of New York State. eventful history. the biggest spark to the push for gay marriage came in 2004. governments separate the state from religion. when in March 2008. gay marriage continues to be legal in New York. Gay Marriage and Religious Freedom Anti gay marriage groups often argue that allowing gay marriage. it is likely that gay marriage will continue to be upheld in New York. The gay marriage debate picked up even more steam four years later. a judge upheld the mandate. Although this was met with initial opposition. The heat turned up on the gay marriage debate when Patterson entered into office. article published in the “Times. A judge later barred these ceremonies from being performed and while charges were initially raised against the mayor of New Paltz. Today. the New York State Assembly had to pass a samesex marriage bill four times between 2009 and 2011 before the New York Senate finally approved the bill in 2011. although many opponents to the institution remain. The benefits that a government bestows on married couples are a part of law. they were eventually dropped. While debate over the merits of gay marriage may continue. but couples must always undergo a civil marriage in order for the marriage . Marriage. is an impediment of religious freedom. when the mayor of New Paltz. indeed.The debate over same-sex marriage in New York State has a long. In some ceremonies. according to “The New York Times.

Over the next decade. and establish rites. Religious wedding ceremonies unite the couple in the eyes of that religion's deity. Hawaii Gay Marriage The national gay-marriage debate started in Hawaii. 2012. 2011). 3. he said. In 1998. Six states have laws banning same-sex marriage. a constitutional amendment allowing the legislature to ban same-sex marriages passed with almost 70 percent of the vote.and different-sex couples passed the state legislature. 7. In 1993. It is up to each church to decide whether or not gay unions are acceptable within their doctrine. New York (June Did You Know? 1. 2012). 2012). 37 percent thought gay couples should be allowed to form civil unions but not marry and only 22 percent thought there should be no legal representation of a gay couple's relationship. http://gaymarriage. 6. but then-Governor Linda Lingle vetoed it. 2009). Meanwhile. Vermont (Sep. a bill creating civil unions for both same. The next year. 2009). the Hawaii Supreme Court in Baehr v. and Washington (Nov. 2004). Miike ruled that the law against same-sex marriage might be unconstitutional sex discrimination. 7. While this decision did not make same-sex marriage legal. Maryland (Nov. "This bill represents equal rights for everyone in Hawaii.procon. This is to me the essence of the aloha spirit. In 2010. Iowa (Apr. The District of Columbia legalized same-sex marriage on Mar." An October 2011 survey by Public Policy Polling found that 40 percent of Hawaiians thought that gay couples should be allowed to legally marry. As of Nov. and this time there was a new governor – Neil Abercrombie – who was eager to sign it. 2012). Maine (Nov.31 states have constitutional amendments banning gay marriage. it did unleash a backlash. 1. . everyone who comes here. 2012. to the cheers of the crowd. 6. Connecticut (Nov. 1. In legalizing gay marriage states and countries are establishing laws that allow gay civil marriages. where a lawsuit challenging the state's no-same-sex-marriage law is pending. gay marriage has been legalized in the following nine states: Massachusetts (May 17. 6. the tide of public opinion started to turn. 2008). That civil-unions bill went into effect on January 1. New Hampshire (Jan. the fight has returned to the courts. be considered legal. the legislature again passed a similar bill. 2010. 2010). 24. During the signing ceremony in February 2011.

6% of babies being born to unmarried mothers (312 KB) in 2008. which became the first state to legalize gay marriage on May 17. is as old as the book of Genesis. Belgium (2003). Pro & Con Arguments: "Should gay marriage be legal?" PRO Gay Marriage 1. Its divorce rate declined 21% between 2003 and 2008. The Congressional Budget Office estimated on Dec. South Africa (2006). The US Supreme Court declared in 1974’s Cleveland Board of Education v. Spain (2005). and Portugal (2010). had the lowest divorce rate in the country in 2008. Marriage is already threatened with high divorce rates (between 40% and 50%) (851 KB) and with 40. [40] 2. 17. Gay marriage is protected by the Constitution's commitments to liberty and equality. Iceland (2010). Allowing same-sex couples to marry would further weaken the institution. senior counsel with the . 3. JD. 12. The institution of marriage has traditionally been defined as between a man and a woman. It is no one else's business if two men or two women want to get married. 4. heterosexual monogamy can be considered "unnatural” in evolutionary terms. Sweden (2009). 1971 decision Baker v. Canada (2005). 2004. Two people of the same sex who love each other should be allowed to publicly celebrate their commitment (357 KB) and receive the same benefits of marriage as opposite sex couples. 2009 that extending employment benefits to same-sex domestic partners of federal employees would cost the federal government $596 million (29 KB) in mandatory spending and $302 million in discretionary spending between 2010 and 2019. Massachusetts. [50] [51] 3. [3] 3. As of Sep. Argentina (2010). the use of concubines and mistresses and the commonality of prostitution. incestuous. [10] Glen Lavy. 5. 15.” [49] 2. 2012. Given the prevalence of modern and ancient examples of family arrangements based on polygamy. communal child-rearing. the Supreme Court of Minnesota found that "The institution of marriage as a union of man and woman. uniquely involving the procreation and rearing of children within a family. LaFleur that the "freedom of personal choice in matters of marriage and family life is one of the liberties protected by the CON Gay Marriage 1. Norway (2009). Nelson (186 KB) . Gay marriage could potentially lead down a "slippery slope” ending with giving people in polygamous. 11 out of 194 countries allow same-sex couples to marry: the Netherlands (2000).2. There is no such thing as traditional marriage. and other nontraditional relationships the right to marry. creating 800 new jobs (414 KB) and bringing in an additional $19 million in government revenues. The Williams Institute at UCLA Law School estimated the positive economic impact of legalizing gay marriage in New Jersey to be $248 million over three years. bestial. In the Oct.

The Massachusetts Supreme Court wrote in an opinion to the state Senate on Feb." [42] 5. 100.." [11] 4. [37] 6. receiving social security payments from a deceased spouse. The Catholic Church.000 children are waiting to be adopted (319 KB) . Gay marriage will lead to more children being raised in same-sex households which are not an optimum environment for raising children because children need both a mother and father. and American Baptist Churches USA all oppose same-sex marriage. Presbyterian Church. United Methodist Church. 3.Due Process Clause. 17. 2010 found that children of lesbian mothers were rated higher than children of heterosexual parents in social and academic competence and hadfewer social problems (293 KB) . National Association of Evangelicals. A longitudinal study published inPediatrics on June 7. sacred texts. People should not have their tax dollars used to support something they find wrong. "The movement for polygamy and polyamory is poised to use the successes of same-sex couples as a springboard for further de-institutionalizing marriage. [12] 5.”[44] [45] [46] 7. 2010 that Prop. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. and coverage by a spouse’s health insurance policy. Gay marriage will make it easier for same-sex couples to adopt children.” US District Judge Vaughn Walker wrote on Aug. Revenue from gay marriage comes from marriage licenses. couples to second-class status. Southern Baptist Convention. argued in a May 21. A July 2010 study found that children of gay fathers were "as well-adjusted as those adopted by heterosexual parents (144 KB) .” [41] 4. Denying same-sex couples the right to marry stigmatizes gay and lesbian families (117 KB) as inferior and sends the message that it is acceptable to discriminate against them. 8 in California banning gay marriage was "unconstitutional under both the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses (343 KB) . . the Congressional Budget Office estimated that the cost to the federal government of extending employment benefits to same-sex domestic partners of certain federal employees (making no mention of additional costs such as Social Security and inheritance taxes) would be $596 million in mandatory spending and $302 million in discretionary spending (28 KB) between 2010 and 2019. In the US. [4] The Comptroller for New York City found that legalizing gay marriage would bring $142 million to the City’s economy and $184 million to the State’s economy (127 KB) over three years. Marriage provides both physical and psychological health benefits and recent research suggests that refusing to allow same-sex couples Alliance Defense Fund. Gay marriage is incompatible with the beliefs.. and decreases in costs for state benefit programs. higher income taxes (the so-called "marriage penalty"). [43] 6. 2004 that offering civil unions was not an acceptable alternative to gay marriage because ". 2009. Expanding marriage to include same-sex couples may lead to churches being forced to marry couples and children being taught in school that same-sex marriage is the same as opposite-sex marriage. Gay marriages can bring financial gain to state and local governments. largely homosexual. and traditions of many religious groups. On Dec. Islam. Girls who are raised apart from their fathers are reportedly at higher risk for early sexual activity (827 KB) and teenage is a considered choice of language that reflects a demonstrable assigning of same-sex. 4. 2008Los Angeles Times Op-Ed. Gay marriage would entitle gay couples to typical marriage benefits including claiming a tax exemption for a spouse.

was commonplace in 19th century America. JD. Interracial marriage was illegal in many US states until a 1967 Supreme Court decision. Rather. Coverture.9 MB) . Professor of Law and Women's Studies." [15] The leaders of the Gay Liberation Front in New York said in July 1969. PhD. An Apr. PhD. Marriage in the US is a secular and dynamic institution that has gone under several major transformations. "marriage means adopting heterosexual forms of family and giving up distinctively gay family forms and perhaps even gay and lesbian culture. 2001 study published in American Sociological Reviewsuggesed that children with lesbian or gay parents aremore likely to engage in homosexual behavior (3. compared to 0% of sampled young adults raised by heterosexual mothers." [8] 10. anthropological research supports the conclusion that a vast array of family types. No-fault divorce has changed the institution of marriage since its Children without a mother are deprived of the emotional security and unique advice that mothers provide. [13] [52] [53] 7." [14] 8. By reducing the gap of opportunities and experiences between gay and heterosexual people. [7] 9. ".196 to $467. The Executive Board of the American Anthropological Association found that more than a century of research has shown "no support whatsoever for the view that either civilization or viable social orders depend upon marriage as an exclusively heterosexual institution. The gay community has created its own vibrant culture. American Psychiatric Association. Gay marriage will accelerate the "assimilation” of gays into mainstream heterosexual culture. Same-sex marriage has lead to increased acceptance of single parenthood and has undermined the institution of marriage in Scandinavia.V. [6] An Oct. observed that 25% of sampled young adults raised by lesbian mothers had engaged in a homoerotic relationship. 2009 analysis by theNew York Times estimates that a same-sex couple denied marriage benefits will incur an additional $41. and protection in the event of the relationship ending. wrote in 1989. this unique culture may cease to exist. Lee Badgett summarizes. taxation and inheritance marry has resulted in harmful psychological effects. Sweden began offering same-sex ..allowing same-sex couples to marry would give them access to the social support (277 KB) that already facilitates and strengthens heterosexual marriages. "We expose the institution of marriage as one of the most insidious and basic sustainers of the system.. Fiona Tasker.” [47] 8. access to family health coverage.562 in expenses over their lifetime compared to a married heterosexual couple. Paula Ettelbrick. and Susan Golombok. "Marriage runs contrary to two of the primary goals of the lesbian and gay movement: the affirmation of gay identity and culture and the validation of many forms of relationships. it should not be expanded but weakened. 2007 amicus brief. In the 1997 book Growing up in a Lesbian Family: Effects on Child Development. where a woman's legal rights and economic identity were subsumed by her husband upon marriage. and others wrote in a Sep.” [16] 9. 2. can contribute to stable and humane societies. As M. including families built upon samesex partnerships. with all of the psychological and physical health benefits associated with that support. [5] The American Psychological Association. Allowing same-sex couples to marry will give them access to basic rights such as hospital visitation during an illness. The family is the microcosm of oppression. The institution of marriage is sexist and oppressive.

Legalizing gay marriage will not harm heterosexual marriages or "family values. Matthew D. Dean of the Liberty University School of Law. Marriage was created to allow society to support heterosexual couples in procreation and society can choose not to give the same benefits to same-sex couples. Alaska. Nancy Cott. No ideology can erase from the human spirit the certainty that marriage exists solely between a man and a woman (67 KB) …” [54] 13. saw a 17. Same-sex marriage is not a civil right. 2009 in Social Science Quarterly found that "[l]aws permitting same-sex marriage or civil unions have no adverse effect on marriage (109 KB) ." [60] and same-sex marriages should receive the same protections given to interracial marriages by that ruling. George Washington. explained: "The unifying characteristics of the protected classes within the Civil Rights Act of 1964 include (1) a history of longstanding. Its divorce rate declined 21% between 2003 and 2008. marriage "was established by the Creator with its own nature. Marriage should not be extended to same-sex couples because homosexual relationships have nothing to do with procreation. Massachusetts. often referred to as "the Father of Our Country.[9] 14.2% increase in its divorce rate. 13. widespread discrimination. If marriage is about reproduction. had the lowest divorce rate in the country in 2008. 29. and neither did four other married US presidents. [17] 10.” did not have children with his wife Martha Custis. followed by Denmark in 1989 and Norway in 1993. 'Sexual orientation' does not meet any of the three objective criteria shared by the historically protected civil rights categories. 60% of firstborn children in Denmark and a majority of children in Sweden and Norway are born out of wedlock. 2004 report by Stanley Kurtz. Schwarzenegger that "[c]ivil law has always been supreme in defining and regulating marriage” (343 KB) and that religious leaders are accustomed to performing marriages only because the state has given them that authority. Ability or desire to create offspring has never been a qualification for marriage. Staver. The seven states with the highest divorce rates between 2003 and 2008 all had constitutional prohibitions to gay marriage. Marriage is not a right. Allowing gay marriage would only further shift the purpose of marriage from producing and raising children to adult gratification. [41] 11. Same-sex marriage is a civil right. 2003 statement from the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and approved by Pope John Paul II. the first state to alter its constitution to prohibit gay marriage in 1998. According to a July 31. JD. divorce. 1970. then infertile couples would not be allowed to marry. [19] 12." [48] 12. and abortion rates. Virginia confirmed that marriage is "one of the basic civil rights of man. essential properties and purpose.. [2] 13.. [or] the percent of children born out of wedlock. PhD.” A study published on Apr. According to a Feb. and conflating the issue with interracial marriage is misleading. 1. and (3) immutable characteristics. testified in Perry v. PhD.introduction in California on Jan. (2) economic disadvantage. Society can choose to endorse certain types of sexual arrangements and give support in the form of benefits to these arrangements.. [18] 11. Marriage is a religious rite.." [62] . The NAACP (National couples benefits in 1987. The 1967 Supreme Court case Loving v. which became the first state to legalize gay marriage in 2004.

2. Marriage benefits (such as joint ownership. 7. on May 19. 2. 6. 5. The same financial benefits that apply to man-woman marriages apply to same-sex marriages. as a lot of research shows it leads to a much lower life expectancy. 3. It would further weaken the traditional family values essential to our society. Most religions consider homosexuality a sin. NO 1. The gay lifestyle is not something to be encouraged. 4." [61] Should Same-Sex Marriages be Legaliz YES 1. It could provide a slippery slope in the legality of marriage (e.Association for the Advancement of Colored People). 6. Denying them is a violation of religious freedom (civil and religious marriages are two separate institutions). 3. It confuses children about gender roles and expectations of society. psychological disorders. 5. and other problems. 2012. Overview/Background . 4. The only thing that should matter in marriage is love. It encourages people to have strong family values and give up high-risk sexual lifestyles. Homosexuality is an accepted lifestyle nowadays with most evidence strongly supporting biological causation. It doesn't hurt society or anyone in particular. It would weaken the definition and respect for the institution of marriage. Denying these marriages is a form of minority discrimination. 8. having multiple wives or marrying an animal could be next). 9. The number of child adoptions should increase since gay couples cannot pro-create (although some might see an increase in gay adoptions as an argument against same-sex marriages). named same-sex marriage as "one of the key civil rights struggles of our time. and only a man & woman can pro-create. medical decision-making capacity) should be available to all couples.g.

marriage has been defined as a religious & legal commitment between a man and woman. if one member of a gay couple that has been together for 20 years gets critically ill. Homosexual relationships are increasingly gaining acceptance in this country. Some states have considered a new form of commitment called a "civil union". if one state allows a gay marriage and that couple moves to another state. e. the First Amendment of the Constitution clearly states that a person's religious views or lack thereof must be protected. visitation may not even be allowed since the other isn't considered a "spouse or immediate family member". as well as the ultimate expression of love. Many politicians have said they are against gay marriage but think it should be left up to the states to decide. medical decision-making capacity) should be available to all couples. It affects critical medical decisions. The term "lesbian" . Marriage benefits (such as joint ownership. Also. homosexual relationships have existed. Many politicians are calling for amendments to their state constitution or the U. however. What's next.Traditionally in this country. should we make taking the Lord's name in vain a criminal activity because Christians consider it a breaking of a commandment? 3. insurance benefits. This in effect allows one state to make same-sex marriage legal in the entire country.For too long homosexuality has been considered a form of "deviant sexual behavior". For example. the government cannot start making laws just because a religion says they should. which essentially is marriage without using the word "marriage". Those making these accusations should examine the history books and the psychological research. Constitution. critical medical decisions must often be made when one person is incapacitated.S. the "full faith and credit" clause of the Constitution says that if one state makes a law.The main reason for denying marriage to gay couples is that all major religions consider homosexuality a sin. these couples have not been permitted to marry. however. Denying them is a violation of religious freedom (civil and religious marriages are two separate institutions).Marriage is more than a legal status. Thus. However. Many areas of the country such as San Francisco have performed marriage ceremonies in defiance of the law. 2. should a certain surgery be done or not? It is completely unfair to deny these privileges to people because their relationship doesn't fit the state's definition of one. Lost in all the legal battles and political maneuvering is the basic question "Should we allow gay couples to legally marry?" Yes 1. joint ownership of property. the other state must recognize that marriage. Homosexuality is an accepted lifestyle nowadays with most evidence strongly supporting biological causation. 4. and agency law. Throughout our history going all the way back to ancient Greece. It affects many things in society such as tax filing status.g. other states must recognize it. Marriage by the state is a secular activity.

there will be odd cases where people experiment with different types of sex. They marry because it is the ultimate expression of a person's love for another. ridiculed by friends and co-workers. Denying marriage to a homosexual couple is no different than denying marriage to Hispanic or black couples.hmmm. America was founded on the concept that the majority should rule. And why would someone choose to be gay. that's their right. In other words. but you can't just teach people to be gay or not gay for a lifetime. why don't all heterosexual couples use these legal maneuvers instead of marriage? Just maybe there's something more to it. but it isn't their right to stop it. it makes logical sense. Since there are so many kids around the country in need of adoption. not a genetic one. An overwhelming amount of research has been done showing that homosexuality has a biological causation. Lesbians may have strong cheekbones and a more masculine body shape. I can be discriminated against." Should it matter that the couple doesn't fit into what society is used to? Some people talk about living wills and other legal contracts that can give homosexuals essentially the same rights as a married couple. this will likely increase the desire to adopt. It is the main reason we have a Bill of Rights as well as anti-slavery and equal protection amendments. but the rights of minorities should be protected. The number one reason that heterosexuals marry is not to establish legal status. It doesn't hurt society or anyone in particular. Consider many gays and lesbians you've seen. The number of child adoptions should increase since gay couples cannot pro-create (although some might see an increase in gay adoptions as an argument against samesex marriages). Denying these marriages is a form of minority discrimination. Do people analyze the situation.A marriage is a relationship between two people. subjected to beatings by gay bashers. but most times.. allow joint filing of taxes. some secondary sexual characteristics resemble the opposite sex. but a biological one. 5. Since gay couples cannot have kids naturally.. 8. Not always.Like any heterosexual couple relationship. It's all affected by those hormone switches. The only thing that should matter in marriage is love.comes from a Greek island called "Lesbos" where many such couples lived. I want to share the ups and downs. told I'm going to hell by the church."Let's see. If that is the case. 7. forsake all others. However. and be together until death do us part. or protect each other in medical decision-making. homosexual males often have softer voices. 6. Marriage is a commitment that says "I love you so much that I want to live the rest of my life with you... a same-sex marriage may fuel the desire for a family. Society shouldn't be dictating what two people can or can't do when no one else is hurt in the process. How does it hurt society or people not involved in the marriage? It is a personal commitment that really is no one else's business. And if you think about it. The easiest way to think of it is as a hormonal switch that gets thrown one way or the other. rejected by my family. sign me up!" Now. this is a good thing. others believe a child reared in a same-sex . If the church or certain groups disapprove.

such as when one of the two is out of work. which are often difficult for one person to take on alone. It is what has sustained us through two world wars. In addition. including the major ones in this country. It would further weaken the traditional family values essential to our society.Virtually every religion in the world. Marriage is the most sacred institution in this country. The building blocks of our society and the thing that makes it strong is the traditional family of man. such as a couple of friends who want to save on taxes. it often takes two incomes to live. your family is always there. While friends & lovers come and go. 9. No 1. Most religions consider homosexuality a sin. It is offensive and a swipe to the religious freedom of the majority to have to recognize a relationship they consider sinful. 3. woman.One of the main arguments against gay marriage is that it would further erode family values. it promotes stability and community pride.The 50 percent divorce rate has already weakened the definition of marriage. and numerous other challenges over the centuries. the opposite is true. The problemsrelated to sexuality in our society such as STD's stem from carefree. Isn't that the type of behavior wewant to encourage? 10. A married couple shares rent. unprotected sex with many partners. however. and children. consider homosexuality unacceptable. We shouldn't be taking further steps to define what marriage is. 2. and owning a home is not only part of the American dream. Marriage encourages people to settle down and to give up that type of lifestyle. frivolous lifestyles. Married people commit themselves to one partner and work to build a life together. Evidence at this point is inconclusive since same-sex adoptions have yet to become widespread. a married couple can often financially support each other when times get tough. utilities. in other words.In today's economic environment. We shouldn't go even farther to tear down those laws. The same financial benefits that apply to man-woman marriages apply to same-sex marriages.marriage do not develop ideally. A law allowing gay marriage would increase the number of joke or non-serious marriages. Owning a house is often impossible without another person to share the financial burden. It would weaken the definition and respect for the institution of marriage. The legal system in the United States evolved out of the laws contained in the Bible. This is especially truly if a dependent person is involved such as a child. having frequent. It makes biological sense since only a man and woman can pro-create. and every society considers it the joining of a man and a woman. It encourages people to have strong family values and give up high-risk sexual lifestyles. and other bills. terrorist attacks. The main reason our . The other can continue to pay the bills until the unemployed person gets back on his/her feet. a Great Depression.

as a lot of research shows it leads to a much lower life expectancy. a man & woman headed household has carried generations of people through life. Introducing another form of "family" would only make the situation worse. one judge can interpret the case the way he or she wants and use the doctrine of stare decisis to impose a law on everyone. Just like a lifestyle of smoking.Gay rights activists claim that these marriages should be allowed because it doesn't hurt anyone. It could provide a slippery slope in the legality of marriage (e. remember that all it takes is a few activist judges to use the statute to open the door.. are the subject of debate across the world at the moment. It doesn't matter if 95 percent of the population disagrees with the policy. .hubpages. drinking. unhealthy lifestyles should be discouraged. why shouldn't he be able to? What if someone wants to marry their brother or parent? What if someone wants to marry their blow-up doll or have 10 wives? Unless we develop some firm definition of what a marriage is. the options are endless. 4. Studies show that homosexuals. http://paulgoodman67. Only a man and woman can bear children. etc. despite the fact that 95+ percent of Americans disagreed with the decision. If these options sound absurd. The debate is especially heated in the USA where the matter is being decided on a state by state basis. have life expectancies of approximately 20 years less than the general population.culture and values have started to crumble is the weakening of families. it would have prevented millions of children from being able to say the pledge every Pros and Cons for Gay Marriage Legalization Gay marriage.Children learn about expectations and gender roles from society. The gay lifestyle is not something to be encouraged. and for thousands of years. and only a man & woman can pro-create. If someone wants to marry his dog. and other problems. but it could start a chain reaction that destroys the whole idea of marriage. It confuses children about gender roles and expectations of society. or same sex unions. Do you remember how two judges in California recently declared the Pledge of Allegiance unconstitutional? If the decision hadn't been overturned. having multiple wives or marrying an animal could be next). It's difficult to teach the importance and traditions of the family when such confusion is thrust upon them. 5. PaulGoodman67. for a variety of reasons. 6. psychological disorders.g.

Denying the right to gay marriage has no rational or ethical basis and is based purely on historical prejudice against gays as a minority group. they should be allowed to marry.answers. http://wiki. Gay marriages confuse gender roles for children. which has been shown to be detrimental to people. but a gay couple cannot procreate. Gay marriage encourages commitment to long term relationships and family values. Legalizing gay marriage further undermines the family values which hold society together and it encourages a gay lifestyle. with gay people having higher incidents of mental illness. Opposition to gay marriage based on religious conviction is entirely justified. One of the main historical principles behind marriage is that a man and a woman commit to each other so that they can have children Opinions from contributors: . Pros for Gay Marriage Legalization Gay people should have the same rights as anyone else and that includes the right to get married. whatever their genders. which should be between a man and a woman. If two people love each other.There are people who feel very strongly about the issues involved on both sides of the argument. suicide rates. Gay people should be allowed to access the same financial and legal benefits that heterosexual couples get. Cons for Gay Marriage Legalization Gay marriage undermines family values because it undermines the whole concept of marriage. I thought it would be useful to list the pros and cons for gay marriage legalization for those who wish to understand the main arguments for and against that are used by people. Homosexuality is not an aberration but a normal part of nature and may well occur through biological factors. problems with addiction etc. not two parents of the same gender. Most religions see homosexuality as morally wrong. rather than any sort of lifestyle choice. or society generally. even if married. Children who are adopted need a mother and a father. Allowing gay marriage would not cause harm to either individuals.

12. Denying same sex couples the right to marry is a violation of civil rights because marriage is a legal civil status. . 19. 3. It has no effect whatsoever on the institution of marriage since marriage is a civil legal institution. It provides homosexual couples with the same legal rights as heterosexual couples. medical decision-making capacity) would be available to all couples. Reduces economic burden of income tax. inheritance tax. if desired. which takes precedence over both partners' prior families and thereby prevents them from remaining as "children" well into adulthood. Marriage benefits (such as joint ownership. 7. 14. More children would find themselves in a family with married parents since many gay and lesbian couples have children of their own with either gay friends or through in vitro. 2. It encourages people to have strong family values and give up high-risk sexual lifestyles. 8. 15. Allows for assignment of distinct household roles. It doesn't hurt society or anyone in particular. 18. Contributes to family stability. Creates a new family. etc. The same financial benefits that apply to opposite sex marriages would apply to same-sex marriages. It creates the same responsibilities to spouse and children as does heterosexual marriage. 9. 4. Homosexuality is an accepted lifestyle nowadays with most evidence proving biological causation. It commits the community which grants the marriage license to honoring that relationship. Provides security of knowing that spouses will be acknowledged and treated as one family unit in times of crisis and that their relationship will not need to be proven or explained to others. 5. The only thing that should matter in marriage is love. 16. such as breadwinner and caretaker.Arguments For (Pros) 1. 17. Denying these marriages is a form of discrimination. 10. 11. 6. It standardizes the rules of inheritance in the event that a deceased spouse does not leave a will. real estate transfer tax. Many children look forward to when their parents can be married. 13. The number of child adoptions should increase since gay couples cannot pro-create (although some might see an increase in gay adoptions as an argument against same-sex marriages).

It will boost the economy because of the number of people who will commit. thus contributing to the future. Allowing it will reaffirm the separation between religion and the state. 27. There are lower STD rates among married homosexuals than among non-married or cohabiting homosexual couples. Married couples have more resources for raising children. 4. care residences. The spouse of a sick. It would weaken the definition and respect for the institution of marriage. If homosexuals are married. 24. 2. The married couple forms an economic unit with joint responsibility for debts. Keeping the marriage intact requires forethought. It strengthens family values by including and welcoming same sex spouses and their children into the community. Spouses have the legal authority to assume full responsibility if their partners are disabled or otherwise incapacitated. they are more likely to be raising children. it can also help the couple to exercise financial responsibility. and there is no ambiguity about parental legal authority nor question of gender based parental superiority. It automatically grants a spouse the right to make medical decisions in the event that the partner cannot. Both cannot be biological parents of their own children. 3. And if one partner is not working (or is working as a homemaker and child-raiser) the other person's income can support the household. Arguments Against (Cons) 1. The spouse thus provides services that might otherwise be the responsibility of the state. 22. This not only helps to protect the bank or business that holds the debt. etc. Many people believe the gay lifestyle is not something to be encouraged. Most religions consider homosexuality a sin.potentially -.20. 28. It would further weaken the traditional family values essential to our society. 29. which saves time and -. 23. 30. injured or disabled person is the "first responder" and care-giver. This has been indicated to lead to less bullying of homosexuals and their children. Married homosexual couples on average have more children then non-married homosexual couples. In times of emotional stress. same-sex marriage tends to "stabilize" people. 5. hospitals. Married gay couples have higher average incomes than non-married or cohabiting gay couples. 25. .a life. As with heterosexual marriage. partners support and guide each other through difficult decisions. personal and financial selfdiscipline. 31. 21. 26. The spouse also becomes eligible for inclusion in the other spouse's medical insurance. etc. and has the legal authority to deal with doctors. personal responsibility.

To the latter group. http://blsciblogs. Standards for marriage in the United States are generally set by individual states. gay and lesbian couples should have the same civil rights as heterosexual couples. visitation rights when one partner is in the hospital. the legal landscape becomes very Pros vs Cons of Gay Marriage The issue of whether gay and lesbian people should be allowed to be legally marry has been debated frequently in recent times as noted in the movie we watched in class on 08/17/2011. Advocates for same-sex marriage purport that to deny a couple. Currently. nadya. and by the Federal government. However. 9. joint tax benefits and social security. no matter what their sexes. Minor reduction in revenues due to additional tax break to homosexual couples in marriages. Many tax breaks for couples were designed with the idea of relieving burden from a family in mind. If some states allow and recognize same-sex marriages while other states do not.baruch. homosexual couples are less likely to have children then heterosexual couples. there are now same-sex couples whose marriages have subsequently been threatened by revocation of the laws which permitted them through legislative or judicial action. Gay and lesbian couples are also looking for a way to legally proclaim their love for and commitment to each other in the same public way heterosexual couples have always enjoyed. Many of the legal rights can be bestowed with civil-unions or designated beneficiaries. opposite-sex marriages in one state are generally honored in all the other states.cuny. such as health care. the right-wingers who believe that homosexuality is morally wrong and on the other side are gay advocates who argue that their sexual preferences shouldn’t determine whether or not they can marry. Transmission rates of STDs through homosexual intercourse are higher than heterosexual intercourse. This is an inherently stressful situation for some people. 10. 2011. If a couple is unable to marry. the right to marriage is to deny them a basic civil right. 7. August 19. One part of the society.mingo. 8. including the right to legally marry. But the fight for equal rights to marry isn’t just about access to benefits.6. The possibility of same-sex marriage requires social reconsideration of the meaning of "marriage". Further. they cannot access state and federal benefits that married couples can. . 11.

2011. by their very nature. February 23. On the flipside. At 11 a. they argue. opponents of gay marriage say that it would taint the long-standing tradition of the institution of marriage – that is. Supporters of gay marriage counter with the argument that allowing same-sex marriages to occur the government is simply strengthening the relationship between two people and providing them with some legal and economic security. Representative Rogers was first elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives in November 1992 and is currently serving his ninth term as a legislator.m. Rogers was selected to speak first. before an audience of 30 student and faculty members. . Pascuale Romano.On the other side are those who state that. proponents cite studies that have shown that there are no fundamental differences between children who are raised by homo.2012860#. taking the opportunity to say that he is very aware of the social injustices that has been taking place for years against gays and lesbians. purpose of marriage is procreation. marriage between one man and one woman. these couples should not be allowed to marry. (Note that many states allow homosexual couples to adopt children. if not only.or heterosexual parents. even if the couple were to State Representative John Rogers is an opponent of gay marriage. Rogers served as House Majority Leader from January 2005 through January 2009. according to both Cheryl Jacques and John Rogers. Since procreation is obviously not possible between a same-sex couple. Another argument that is usually brought against the issue stems from the belief that the primary. http://www. Jacques is the first openly lesbian state senator in Massachusetts and a leader in gay and lesbian civil rights movements. but not to legally marry). They even take the argument further and say that a homosexual couple’s home is no place to raise children.URzLX6VEGSo Gay Marriage Pros and Cons Debated by State Legislators Civil unions are good. and so allowing same-sex marriages would increase the divorce rate. homosexual relationships are promiscuous. on January 31.salemstatelog. Further.

sex. "There is no federal protection for discrimination for gay couples. This debate on gay marriage was not what was expected since both speakers were receptive to each other's point of view and they had many ideas in common and no contradictions from either of them in their arguments. Residence Life.html ." This philosophy of society has made many gays and lesbians come out of the closet and join together to create a movement that will fight against discrimination and censorship. Society through history has shown us with other sociopolitical movements." Jacques said. "I am sure that someday there will be protection for the gays and their She said that this reaction was because we are living in Massachusetts and this is a liberal state. School of Graduate Studies. Student Life. When Jacques spoke she asked people to raise their hands if they were in favor of gay marriages and almost everybody did that. people need to talk about the issues and realize the impact of the gay community in American society. 2007. gender. http://voices. social security benefits when her or his partner dies. Alumni Affairs. This event was sponsored by the Center for Diversity and Cultural Enrichment. and others legal matters that can be received now only through the legal institution of marriage. Ava Counseling and Health Services. religion. that society needs to evolve and create awareness about complex issues. Student Academic Support Services. The debate on gay marriages took place at Veteran's Hall in the Ellison Campus Center. and antiwar movements. such as Texas and many more. Multicultural Affairs. where there are still misconceptions about the rights of gay couples. women's rights movements. "Society needs to acquire a superior state of consciousness that will allow it to comprehend better the fact that we are all equal regardless of race. and the Campus Center.Rogers agreed with Jacques that the Constitution should be amended to approve civil unions so that the couples who marry can enjoy all the rights and benefits of the law such as medical insurance. Program Council. Massachusetts differs from some others states. background or sexual orientation. October 5. such as civil rights movements. the Alliance." said Jacques. Career Services." Jacques said. People need to be educated. Residence Hall Association.

the practice of it in ancient cultures was considered be to a normal part of life. The right-wing Christian conservatives insist that homosexuality is morally wrong while gay advocates argue that they deserve the same civil rights that heterosexual couples enjoy. (http://www. (Issues. 13 states passed constitutional amendments banning gay marriage and nine out of these 13 also banned . Opponents of same-sex marriage seem to be winning the battle. has been widely accepted in many cultures as a normal part of life. the emperor himself married his male lover.htm) In 1996. Socrates. The practice of homosexuality is not one that has recently developed. Preliminary rulings in the '90s in Hawaii and Alaska. Canada. ( in turn. at least for now. 2004) The final blow came during the hard fought election 2004. It was common practice for a male to take on a young boy as his lover until he reached maturity where he would. seemed to illegalize a ban on same-sex marriage. but rather. In Roman society. President Clinton signed the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) which declared that states did not have to recognize any same-sex marriages that may be legalized in other states and defined marriage as between one man and one woman.aclusandiego. The heterosexual world does not understand this practice and so are afraid of the effects the change might have. Such men were Plato. the practice of homosexuality has not always been stigmatized but rather. Norway. some Native-Americans in North America chose the "Berdache" lifestyle where men dressed as women and dated other men and women dressed as men and dated other women. Although the term homosexuality did not exist until 1869. 1996) As you can see. ratification of state constitutional amendments to ban same-sex marriage ended the short-term victory. So when did it become so stigmatized? Many other countries in the world such as the Netherlands. One of the most prominent reasons for the stigmatizing of gay and lesbian relationships is fear. This practice was less stigmatized because these couples had the appearance of heterosexuality. Many famous Greek philosophers of the time had male partners as well as their wives.The Pros and Cons of Gay Marriage The issue of gay marriage has been a hotly contended debate in the last few years and has had a significant impact on this past election. In many cultures in New Guinea and Africa. and Aristotle. effectively eliminating any federal benefits for homosexual couples. it has been around since the ancient cultures of Greece and Rome. Likewise. and Denmark have already legalized same-sex marriages. however. I will discuss the issue of gay marriage from a conservative as well as liberal viewpoint but first we must look at the history of homosexuality in order to be able to understand the controversy behind this debate. take on another young boy as his lover. it was common practice for men to inseminate young boys at puberty so they could become men in their sexuality.

and joint taxes. to legalize same-sex marriage. Supporters say that studies have shown that there are no differences between children raised by homosexual couples or heterosexual couples.S. a San Francisco County Superior Court Judge ruled that ""while withholding marriage licenses from gays and lesbians has been the status quo.S. the move toward gay marriage seems to be picking up. While the gay liberation movement has lost some hard battles they have also had their share of victories. Massachusetts is the first state in the It seems as though gay rights groups are losing the battle. (www." (The Muskegon Chronicle. Seems like a contradiction on the state's part. they are denied access to state as well as federal benefits such as healthcare. 3/15/05) This is another important decision in the fight for gay marriage equality.other forms of partner recognition. Advocates counter that argument by stating that allowing them to marry would strengthen their relationships and provide them with legal and economic security. They believe that because homosexual relationships are so unstable they cannot provide children with the security they need. (Issues. 2004) Opponents of same-sex marriage seem to be concerned about the long tradition of marriage being between a man and a woman. With Vermont allowing civil unions in 1999 and the temporary issuance of marriage licenses in cities in California. supporters note that adoption by homosexuals is not only allowed but often encouraged. (Issues. Furthermore. Opponents state that homosexual relationships are inherently unstable due to promiscuity so allowing them to marry would not only increase the divorce rate. Similarly. ruin the long tradition and honor of the institution of marriage. By denying them legal status. but also. giving hope to gay rights advocates all over the U.thetaskforce. Many opponents of same-sex marriage say that they are . opponents argue that homosexuals are not fit to be parents even if they adopt and that a traditional heterosexual household is the best in which to raise children. The states are saying that it is permissible for homosexual couples to adopt children but that they just cannot let them marry. it constitutes discrimination the state can no longer justify. 2004) Opponents also argue that the purpose of marriage is procreation. Advocates of same-sex marriage say that denying them the right to marry is to deny them their basic civil rights. In a March 14th court decision in California. Since homosexuals are unable to procreate they should not be allowed to marry. The first major victory was the decision in Massachusetts in February of 2004 to legalize same-sex marriage. hospital visitation rights. Gay and lesbian couples do not just want the benefits of marriage. they also want the recognition of their love that only a marriage can give. and New York in 2004. New Mexico. social security benefits.

it is a natural part of these people and to be able to pursue happiness.not against benefits for same-sex couples but believe the institution of marriage should be reserved for one man and one woman. and be discussed in classrooms all over the United States. raise their children. the question to be debated is not whether or not homosexual couples should be able to marry but when. this will remain a heated and controversial debate that will rage for years to come.religioustolerance. Married homosexual couples will buy a house. 18:22 as its evidence: "Thou shalt not lie with mankind. Homosexuality is not a choice. This confusion of traditional gender roles and the biological differences that go with gender. well at least for . With the recent court decision in Massachusetts. poor white men. gives the impression that the sexes do not need each other thus threatening the institution of marriage altogether. This country is founded upon equality of human beings and should not discriminate on the basis of who you have in your bed at night. Prior to the American Civil As you can see. Interracial couples only gained the right to marry in 1967. and women. In my opinion. gender roles either do not exist or are unclear. paying no attention to what society deems "woman's work" or masculine tasks. incest. you cannot deny who you are. In a homosexual relationship. Likewise. have all eventually achieved their civil rights. 2004) Advocates say that Jesus himself has never said anything against homosexuality. Each partner takes on a share of the duties. Until then." (Issues. same-sex couples were allowed to marry. many religious organizations fear that the legalization will lead to rampant immoral behavior. 2003) Proponents argue that legalizing homosexual marriage will have no effect on heterosexual marriage. at times. as with womankind: it is abomination. They say the bible condemns homosexuality and sites Leviticus. Otherwise. African-Americans were not allowed to marry at all but gained that right after the war was over. as the Declaration of Independence states is a right. the institution of marriage has been steadily changing for over a century and a half so why can't it change a little more to allow all same-sex couples to marry and be recognized all over the United States? When looking into history you can see that every oppressed group. (Seidman. (Mondimore. it could lead to all sorts of other undesirable marriages such as polygamy. Similar to the fear of changing the institution of marriage. and argue over who does the dishes just like heterosexual couples do. You cannot and should not have to hide who you are in America. and bestiality. this will be an issue that will be debated in American public policy. 1996) The institution of marriage has not been unchanged since it was created. decide the outcome of elections. opponents of same-sex marriage fear the changing of gender roles and a confusion of the biological need for two different sexes. they argue. (www. blacks. It is only a matter of time before homosexual couples gain the right to marry. Until then. It is supposed to be the land of the free.

and I know for a fact that heterosexual couples don't only raise heterosexual children! I understand the reasons why some people don't want gays to marry but it is no justification for denying them the same civil rights that heterosexuals enjoy. he was still. When that happens. From birth I was raised by a homosexual man. At age 16 I moved in with him and have been living with him ever since. I am not messed up in any way. I attend school. it will be a furious debate between the conservative right and the gay rights advocates. The idea that homosexuals are bad parents is ridiculous. all men are supposed to be created equal. and hang out with friends just as any child raised by heterosexuals does. when blacks are no longer discriminated against. . While he was living the heterosexual lifestyle until I was 12. and when women make the same amount of money that men do. inherently. to go work.anyone who sleeps with the opposite sex. I believe that eventually homosexual couples will be allowed to marry. I'm straight. In America. a homosexual. Until then. when gays are allowed to marry. Based on the fact that every oppressed group has eventually achieved their civil rights. then America will truly be the land of the free. The idea that homosexual couples only raise homosexual children is stupid too.

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