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RIZKA NURUL FIRDAUS Good morning everybody.

Yesterday when I read a newspaper, I found an ironic interestingly title of news said that : Worldwide, 1 out every 5 deaths of children under 5 is due to water related disease cause by world water crisis. Why I do said is ironic but interesting ? Its because , nowadays More than 2 million people die each year from diseases such as cholera, typhoid, and dysentery that are spread by contaminated water or by a lack of water for hygiene. but in fact, ironically still many people dont care or even dont understand if one of the cause of such as disease I mention before is the impact of world water crisis. So, Although the water supply in the world still quite much to cover all people need, but I strongly believe that we have to start concerned about world water crisis impact to the health. Basicly, Water is essential not only to to personal health, but also to healthy economic, geopolitical, and environmental conditions around the world. Yet due to population growth, climate change, and mismanagement, the need for adequate, affordable drinking (and irrigation) water is a growing international crisis. Deforestation is another factor. This is a result of people cutting trees for various reasons including illegally felling of trees for sale. In reference to Urban Water Solutions, 30 years ago there was a third of water available to people but in another 30 years it will be down to a third of current levels. Based on WHO data, on The Health and Environmental Linkage Initiative, update on January 2012, Global freshwater consumption between 1900 and 2000 at more than twice the rate of population growth. Yet for many of the worlds poor, one of the greatest environmental threats to health remains lack of access to safe water and sanitation. Over 1 billion people globally lack access to safe drinking-water supplies, while 2.6 billion lack adequate sanitation; diseases related to unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene result in an estimated 1.7 million deaths every year . Poor access to sufficient quantities of water also can be a key factor in water-related disease, and is closely related to ecosystem conditions. Based on WHO Project Trainings on Water, Water-related disease fall into four major categories:

Waterborne diseases, including cholera, typhoid, and dysentery, are caused by drinking water containing infectious viruses or bacteria, which often come from human or animal waste. Water-washed diseases, such as skin and eye infections, are caused by lack of clean water for washing. Water-based diseases, such as schistosomiasis, are spread by organisms that develop in water and then become human parasites. They are spread by contaminated water and by eating insufficiently cooked fish. Water-related insect vectors, such as mosquitoes, breed in or near water and spread diseases, including dengue and malaria. This category is not directly related to water supply or quality.

In conclusion, about one-third of the world's population lives in countries with moderate to high water stress, and problems of water scarcity are increasing, partly due to ecosystem depletion and contamination. Two out of every three persons on the globe may be living in water-stressed conditions by the year 2025, if present global consumption patterns continue. So, lets use the water wisely, and keep our world healthy Thats all from me, thank you