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TEST /

SOLUTION

JEE-MAINS-9

16 DECEMBER 2012

Q.1

The number k is such that tan{arc tan(2) + arc tan(20k )} = k. The sum of all possible values of k is (A*)
19 40

(B)

21 40

(C) 0

(D)

1 5

[Sol.

2 + 20k tan A + tan B tan arc tan(2) + arc tan(20k ) = k; = k ; =k 1 4 24 3 14243 1 - (2)(20k ) 1 - tan A tan B A B 2 or 40k + 19k + 2 = 0

\ Q.2

sum of solutions, k1 + k2 =

19 Ans. ] 40

Let g is the inverse function of f & f (x) =


5 210

(1 + x )
2

x10

. If g(2) = a then g (2) is equal to


1 + a 10 a2

(A) [Sol.

(B*)
a 10 1 + a2

1 + a2 a 10

(C)

a 10 1 + a2

(D)

f [ g(x) ] = x given, f (a) =

f [ g (x)] . [g(x)] = 1 f (a).g(2) = 1 g (2) =


1 + a2 ] a 10

[putting x = 2]

Q.3

8 8 + 1- x 1+ x (A*) periodic with period p/2 (C) periodic with period 2p


Given f (x) =

and

4 4 g (x) = f (sin x ) + f (cos x )

then g(x) is

(B) periodic with period p (D) aperiodic and f (cosx) =

4
[Hint: f (x) = Q.4 ; f (sinx) =

1- x2 hence g (x) = | sin x | + | cos x | (A) ] The graph of function f contains the point P (1, 2) and Q(s, r). The equation of the secant line
s 2 + 2s - 3 through P and Q is y = s - 1 x 1 s. The value of f ' (1), is (A) 2 (B) 3 (C*) 4 (D) non existent I By definition f '(1) is the limit of the slope of the secant line when s 1.

4 | cos x |

4 ; | sin x |

[Sol.

Thus f '(1) = Lim


s 1

s 2 + 2s - 3 s -1

= Lim
s 1

(s - 1)(s + 3) s -1

(s + 3) = 4 = Lim s1
II get

(D)

By substituting x = s into the equation of the secant line, and cancelling by s 1 again, we y = s2 + 2s 1. This is f (s), and its derivative is f '(s) = 2s + 2, so f ' (1) = 4.]

Q.5

x2 There exists a positive real number x satisfying cos(tan1x) = x. The value of cos1 2 is

(A) [Sol. Let

p 10

(B) tan1(x) = q cos q = x

p 5

(C*) x = tan q

2p 5

(D)

4p 5

1 1+ x2
=x x2 =
-1 5 2 5 -1 4

x2(1 + x2) = 1 x2 =
5 -1 2

x2 = 2

5 -1 p 2p 2p cos1 4 = cos1 sin 10 = cos1 cos 5 = 5 Ans.

Q.6

Limit 1 + (arc cos x )1 - x


x 1-

has the value equal to (C) 1 (00 form) (D) 0

(A*) 4 [Sol.
-1 l = Limit cos x x 1

(B) 2

1- x

(1 - x ) ln (cos -1 x ) ln l = Limit x 1

put x = cosq but Limit (1 - cos q) ln q = Limit


q0
q 0

Q.7

l = 1 ] Let f(x) be a differentiable function which satisfies the equation f(xy) = f(x) + f(y) for all x > 0, y > 0 then f (x) is equal to (A*)

(1 - cos q) 2 ln q = Limit q0 sin q . q 1 (1 - cos q)

= Limit
q0

(1 - cos q) 2 =0 2 sin q q q

f '(1) x

(B)

1 x

(C) f (1)

(D) f (1).(lnx)

[Sol.

h f x. 1 + - f (x) f (x + h) - f (x) x f (x) = Limit = Limit h h 0 h h 0

h h f (x) + f 1 + - f (x) f 1 + x x = Limit = Limit h h 0 h 0 x h x


=

f (1 + t ) - f (1) 1 f '(1) Limit (note that f(1) = 0) = Ans. ] x t 0 t x

Q.8

The equation y2exy = 9e3x2 defines y as a differentiable function of x. The value of x = 1 and y = 3 is (A)
15 2 9 5

dy for dx

(B)

(C) 3

(D*) 15

[Sol.

xy dy dy y2 = 9e3 2x e x dx + y + exy 2y dx put x = 1 and y = 3 -3 dy dy 3 3 9 e - 1 dx + 3 + e 6 dx = 9e 2


dy dy 9 - 3 + 6 = 18 dx dx

3 Q.9

dy = 45 dx

dy = 15 Ans. ] dx
a (a + b + c) + tan -1 bc b (a + b + c) + tan -1 ca c (a + b + c) is : ab

The value of tan -1 (where a, b, c > 0) (A)


p 4

(B)

p 2

(C*) p
b (a + b + c) + tan -1 ca

(D) 0
c (a + b + c) ab

[Sol.

s = tan -1

a (a + b + c) + tan -1 bc

x x+y+z =

z a + b + c (a + b + c)3 / 2 = a +b+c (abc)1 / 2 abc

a b c = + + a + b + c bc ca ab

Q.10

(a + b + c)3 / 2 a (a + b + c) b (a + b + c ) c(a + b + c) xyz = . . = (abc)1 / 2 bc ca ab \ x+ y+z =xyz s=p (C) ] The radius of a right circular cylinder increases at a constant rate. Its altitude is a linear function of the radius and increases three times as fast as radius. When the radius is 1cm the altitude is 6 cm. When the radius is 6cm, the volume is increasing at the rate of 1Cu cm/sec. When the radius is 36cm, the volume is increasing at a rate of n cu. cm/sec. The value of 'n' is equal to: (A) 12 (B) 22 (C) 30 (D*) 33
dr = c and dt

[Sol. \

h = ar + b

also

dh dr =3 dt dt

(given)

dr dr =3 a=3 dt dt hence h = 3r + b when r = 1 ; h = 6 6=3+b \ h = 3 (r + 1) V = p r2 h = 3p r2(r +1) = 3p (r3 + r2) a

b=3

dV dr = 3p (3r2 + 2r) dt dt

where r = 6 ; \

dV = 1 cc/sec dt

1 = 3p (108 + 12)

dr dt

360 p

dr =1 dt

again when r = 36 ,

dV =n dt
dr dt

n = 3p ((3.36)2 + 2.36 )
1 n = 3p . 36 (110) . 360 p

Q.11

n = 33 (D) ] In which of the following functions Rolles theorem is applicable?


x , 0 x < 1 (A) f(x) = on [0, 1] 0 , x =1

sin x ,- p x < 0 x (B) f(x) = on [ p, 0] 0 , x =0 x 3 - 2 x 2 - 5x + 6 if x 1, on [-2,3] x -1 (D*) f(x) = -6 if x = 1

(C) f(x) =

x -x -6 on [2,3] x -1
2

[Hint: (A) : discontinuous at x =1 not applicable (B) : f (x) is not continuous at x =0 hence (B) is incorrect. (C) : discontinuity at x = 1 not applicable (D) : Notice that x3 2x2 5x + 6 = (x1) (x2 x 6). Hence , f(x) = x2 x 6 if x 1 and f (1) = 6 f is continuous at x = 1. So f(x) = x2 x 6 throughout the interval [2,3]. Also, note that f(2) = f(3) = 0. Hence, Rolles theorem applies. f (x) = 2x 1. Setting f '(x)= 0 , we obtain x = 1/2 which lies between 2 and 3. ] Q.12 A rectangle with one side lying along the x-axis is to be inscribed in the closed region of the xy plane bounded by the lines y = 0, y = 3x, and y = 30 2x. The largest area of such a rectangle is
135 8 A = (x2 x1)y y = 3x1 and

(A) [Sol.

(B) 45 y = 30 2x2

(C*)

135 2

(D) 90

30 - y y - y A (y) = 3 2 6A(y) = (90 3y 2y)y = 90y 5y2 6A' (y) = 90 10y = 0 y=9

; A''(y) = 10 < 0

x1 = 3 ;

x2 =

21 2

21 15 9 135 Amax= - 3 9 = = 2 2 2

(C) ]

The point(s) at each of which the tangents to the curve y = x3 - 3x2 - 7x + 6 cut off on the positive semi axis OX a line segment half that on the negative semi axis OY then the co-ordinates the point(s) is/are given by : (A) (- 1, 9) (B*) (3, - 15) (C) (1, - 3) (D) none [Hint: If OA = a ; OB = 2a tanq = 2 slope of the tangent is 2 Q.13
dy dx x
1 y1

2 2 = 2 3x1 6x1 7 = 2 3x1 2x1 3 = 0

x1 = 3 or - 1 (rejected) (3, - 15) B ] [ Also for the point P ; x & y both positive or x positive & y negative or x & y both negative ] Q.14 Consider the function f (x) = x cos x sin x, then identify the statement which is correct . (A) f is neither odd nor even (B*) f is monotonic decreasing at x = 0 (C) f has a maxima at x = p (D) f has a minima at x = p [Hint: f ' (x) = x sin x = 0 when x = 0 or p
f ' (0- ) = (-)(- )(-) < 0 f ' (0 + ) = (-)(+ )(+ ) < 0

no sign change

This also implies that f is decreasing at x = 0 (B) is correct f "(x) = (x cos x + sin x) f " (p) = ( p) > 0 minima at x = p f " ( p) = (p) < 0 maxima at x = p ] At any two points of the curve represented parametrically by x = a (2 cos t - cos 2t) ; y = a (2 sin t - sin 2t) the tangents are parallel to the axis of x corresponding to the values of the parameter t differing from each other by : (A*) 2p/3 (B) 3p/4 (C) p/2 (D) p/3
dy cos 2 t - cos t = = 0 cos 2t = cos t cos 2t = cos (2p - t) t = 2p/3] dx sin 2 t - sin t

Q.15

[Hint : Q.16

The cost function of iPhone5 is C(x) = x3 6x2 + 15x(x in thousands of units and x > 0) The production level at which average cost is minimum is (A) 2 (B*) 3 (C) 5 (D) none

[Hint: Average cost

Q.17

C(x) = x2 6x + 15 x \ f (x) = x2 6x + 15 f ' (x) = 2x 6 = 0 x=3 ] The angle made by the tangent of the curve x = a (t + sint cost) ; y = a (1 + sint)2 with the x-axis at any point on it is
(A*)
1 (p + 2 t ) 4

(B)

1 - sin t cos t

(C)

1 (2 t - p) 4

(D)

1 + sin t cos 2 t

[Sol.

dx a = a + 2cos2t = a [1 + cos2t) = 2a cos2t dt 2 dy = 2a (1 + sint ) cos t dt

2a (1 + sin t ) cos t dy (1 + sin t ) = = 2 dx cos t 2a cos t

tanq =

(cos(t 2) + sin (t 2))2 cos2 (t 2 ) - sin 2 (t 2 )

t p t 2 = tan + = t 4 2 1 - tan 2 1 + tan

q=

p + 2t 4

Q.18

A cube of ice melts without changing shape at the uniform rate of 4 cm3/min. The rate of change of the surface area of the cube, in cm2/min, when the volume of the cube is 125 cm3, is (A) 4 (B*) 16/5 (C) 16/6 (D) 8/15
dV = 4cm3/min; dt dS = ? where V = 125 cm2 dt dV dx = 3x2 dt dt

[Sol.

V = x3 ; S = 6x2; 4 = 3x2

dx ....(1) ; dt dS 1 4 = 3x2 dt 12 x

dS dx = 12x dt dt

dS 16 = ; where V = 125 = x3 x = 5 dt x dS 16 dS 16 = cm2/min = cm2/min Ans. ] dt x dt 5 Let f (1) = 2 and f ' (x) 4.2 for 1 x 6. The smallest possible value of f (6), is (A) 9 (B) 12 (C) 15 (D*) 19 Using LMVT " some c (1, 6) s.t. f (6) - f (1) f (6) + 2 f ' (c) = = 4.2 5 5 f (6) + 2 21 f (6) 19 Ans. ]

Q.19 [Sol.

Q.20

The value of (A*) 1 - ln 2

1 - sin x dx = 1 cos x p/2

(B) ln 2

(C) 1 + ln 2
p p2

(D) none

x x 1 1 - sin x 2 x - cot dx = x cot [Hint: I = dx = cos ec x 2 2 2 2 2 sin 2 2

Q.21

The value of
5 3 2 2

1 + x2 + 4 x + 4

x 2 - 4 x + 4 dx =

(A) ln
3

(B) ln

5 3 + 2 2
3

(C*) ln

5 5 + 2 2

(D) none

1 dx [Hint: I = ( | x + 2 | + | x - 2 | ) dx = x + 2 dx + | x + 2 | dx 0 0 0

Q.22

Which one of the following is TRUE. (A) x . (C)


dx = x ln | x | + C x

(B*) x . (D) ]

dx = x ln | x | + Cx x

1 . cos x dx = tan x + C cos x

1 . cos x dx = x + C cos x

[Hint: x . Q.23

dx = x (ln | x | + C) = x ln | x | + Cx x

[Sol.

If (a, 0); a > 0 is the point where the curve y = sin2x 3 sinx cuts the x-axis first, A is the area bounded by this part of the curve , the origin and the positive x-axis, then (A*) 4A + 8 cosa = 7 (B) 4A + 8 sina = 7 (C) 4A 8 sina = 7 (D) 4A 8 cosa = 7 (a, 0) lies on the given curve \ 0 = sin2a 3 sina sina = 0 or cosa = 3 /2 p a= (as a > 0 and the first point of intersection with positive X-axis) 6

and

cos 2 x + 3 cos x A = (sin 2 x - 3 sin x ) dx = 2 0 0

p/6

p/6

Q.24

1 3 1 7 = - + - - + 3 = - 3 4 2 2 4 4A + 8 cosa = 7 ] Equation of a curve passing through the origin if the slope of the tangent drawn at any of its point (x, y) is cos(x + y) + sin(x + y), is (A) y = 2 tan1(ex 1) + x (B*) y = 2 tan1(ex 1) x (C) y = 2 tan1(ex) x (D) y = 2 tan1(ex) + x
dy dy du = = cos(x + y) + sin(x + y) ; put x + y = u ; 1 + dx dx dx du 1 = cos u + sin u dx u (1 + tan ) 2

[Sol.

du u u u u = (1 + cos u) + sin u = 2cos2 + 2sin cos = 2cos2 dx 2 2 2 2

sec 2

u 21 + tan 2

u 2

du = dx ;

\ tan

u =t ; 2

1 + t = dx

dt

x = ln (1 + t) + C t = 0 ; C = 0
x+y x+y = ex 1 t = ex 1 ; tan = tan1(ex 1) 2 2 y = 2 tan1(ex 1) x ]

1 + t = ex

Q.25

Area common to the curve y = 9 - x 2 & x + y = 6 x is : (A)


p+ 3 4

(B)

p- 3 4

(C) 3 p +

3 4

(D*) 3 p

3 3 4

[Hint: x2 + y2 = 9 ....(1) ; x2 + y2 6x = 0 On solving x=3/2 ; y2 = 9 9/4 = 27/4


3 3 y= 2

....(2)

\ A= 2
1 n2

9 - x 2 dx

3/ 2

Q.26

The value of Lim n (A) 1


px L = x sin 2 dx 0
1

k sin 2n
k =1

kp

equals (C)
px = t) 2

(B*)

4 p
2

4 p
2

(D)

2 p2

[Sol.

(put
p2

p2 4 4 2 2 t sin t dt = 2 Ans. ] I = t sin t dt ; I = 2 { { p p p 0 p 0 I II

Q.27

[Sol. Q.28

Let f be a function for which f ' and f '' are defined on the interval (a, b). If f ' < 0 and f '' < 0 for (a, b), then which of one the following statements is True? (A) f is increasing and concave upward on the interval. (B) f is increasing and concave downward on the interval. (C) f is decreasing and concave upward on the interval. (D*) f is decreasing and concave downward on the interval. f ' (x) < 0 f is decreasing and f '' (x) < 0 concave down (D) ] x 2 Let A = 2 4 (A) 12 1 2x 5 0 - 1 and f (x) = Tr. (A). The minimum value of f (x) for x > 0 is 24 x (B) 16 (C*) 20 (D) 24

[Sol.

f ( x )]min . = f (2) = 20 Ans. Alternatively: Use A.M. G.M. for 5 numbers x2, 2x,
8 8 8 , , x x x

24 24 ; f ' (x) = 2x + 2 2 x x 3 2 f ' (x) = 0 x + x 12 = 0 (x 2)(x2 + 3x + 6) = 0 f '' (x) > 0


f (x) = x2 + 2x +

x=2

x 2 + 2 x + (8 x ) + (8 x ) + (8 x ) 210 5

( )

1 5

x2 + 2x +

24 20 ] x

Q.29

The value of
p 2 x = 4 sin2q

x dx is equal to 4-x
p 1 (C) p 1 2 dx = 8 sin q cos q dq

(A) [Sol.

(B)

(D*) p 2
p4

p4

I=2

sin q 8 sin q cos q dq = 8 sin 2 q dq = 4 2 cos q 0


p2 x (sin x) (ln(sin x ) + x cot x )dx 0

p4

p4

1 q - sin 2q 2 sin q dq = 4 2 0
2 0

p 1 = 4 - 4 2

= p 2 Ans. ] Q.30 The value of (A) 1


p2

is (D) indeterminant

(B) 1

(C*) 0
p2 0

[Sol.

I=

d (sin x ) x dx = (sin x ) x dx

(sin x ) x = 1 Lim x 0

= 1 1 = 0 Ans. ]