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TITLE: SUPERSTRUCTURE NO OPERATION METHOD

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER

QUANTITY

OUTPUT

DURATIO N
1 days

36

First : Install the ground beam

Surveyor incharge will setting the location of ground beam by using the theodalite and marking the point according level stated in plan The point then will mark with wooden stick by labour incharge.

1 Site supervisor 70 point 1 Skilled Labour 2 Surveyor

Setting-out on the location of ground beam. .

1 point setting = 10 min 70 point x 10 min. = 700min. 700min / 2 theodelite =350 min. 350min/60 min = 6 hour @ 1 day

Diagram 10: Process for checking on the surface at the site of work performed by the employee to a position around.

NO 32.

OPERATION

METHOD

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER

QUANTITY

OUTPUT

DURATION

Place the precast beam

Precast beam will place at the working area by crane and hung by chain. In this situation about 4 labour need to hold the beam to make sure the beam is place according to point marked. Diagram : labour hung the chain to crane

-2 crane -2 operator crane -1 labour setting out (skilles lobour) -3 labour setting out (unskill labour) 69 no/ ground beam 1 crane = 5 nos/hr 2 crane = 10nos/hr 10nos x 8hr =80nos @ 1 days 1 day

NO
33

OPERATION

METHOD

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER

QUANTITY

OUTPUT

DURATION

Connect precast beam to precast beam

After the beam has arranged according to size, selected labor will drill the dole to make connection from one beam to another beam. In this construction, they used the threaded and swaged reinforcement. Three bolt usually will used grade 4.6,grade 8.8 and bolt type of high strength friction grasp then SBA will put for established between precast beam to precast beam.

-1 crane -Gerudi Konkrit -Achor bolt -SBA -2 installer connection Diagram 6: precast beam was arrange by folloeing the size -2 unskilled labour 69 no/ ground beam -1 installer skilled = 20 minute/ nos - 69nos X 20 minute/nos = 1380 minute. -1380 minute/ 2 installer = 690 minute - 690 minute/60 minute =11.5 hour @ 2 day 2 day

Diagram 7: the detail connection between 2 precast beam

NO

OPERATION

METHOD

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER

QUANTITY

OUTPUT

DURATION

Second : Install the ground slab precast


34

Precast slab then will carried by crane that being look by four labour to make sure that the slab is place at right place according to marking. This slab is arranged on the bam and will joint them together by casting a concrete connection or using bolt and nut. Diagram 8: the crane carry the pieces of slab precast 1Crane 1 operator 3 installer .

8mx8m / pieces 50no/ slab precast.

-1 crane =4nos/hr -1day =8hour -4nos x 8hr =32nos/day 50nos = 2 days

2 days

Carry the precast slab

NO

OPERATION

METHOD

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER

QUANTITY

OUTPUT

DURATION

35

Install precast slab at ground floor and install slab connection

Casting of slab is arranged on the ground beam using the concrete mix on site. This installation for ground slab involved many labours as the slab is heavy to place and also need to place in right position in order to prevent from any mistake happened.

-10 installer -4 skilled labour - 2 crane

300nos/connec tion precast slab per floor

1 hr = 25 pieces 25 x 8 hr = 200 @ 2 days

2 days

Diagram 9: arrangement the precast slab following the size precast slab.

NO

OPERATION

METHOD

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER
1 Site supervisor 1 Skilled Labour

QUANTITY
140 nos column

OUTPUT
1 column/0.17hrs = 5.8 @ 6 column/hrs 140 column/ 6column/hrs = 23 hrs 23 hrs / 8 hrs = 2.8 day @ 3 day

DURATION

36

Third : Install the column precast


Setting-out on the surface of the work site.

3 day

-Seting out process is done by supervisor incharge in site. - This process is done to make sure the point for pillar not erected from original point. - This will minimize mistake during installation of column. - Supervisor incharge need to make sure the height og starter bar is 800mm from floor level.

1 Surveyor

Diagram 10: Process for checking on the surface at the site of work performed by the employee to a position around.

NO

OPERATION

METHOD

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER
-Crane mobile -4skilled labour -8 unskilled labour.

QUANTITY

OUTPUT

DURATION

37

Placement of Pre-cast column to starter bar.

Starter bar for each column is install before place the ground slab The height of starter bar for each column is according to point marked before this and the height of each column cracker must use dumpy level to get the high according the cracker size. Precast column is placed inside the starter bar by using the crane and guide by labour in charge.

120pcs/floor.

-1 labour 0.6pcs/hr -12 labour (12x 0.6 pcs) = 7 pcs/hr -1 day (8hr x 7pcs/hr) = 56 pcs/days 120pcs / 56 pcs = 2.2@ 3 day

3 day

Diagram 11: the starter bar

NO
38

OPERATION
Column installation.

METHOD
The starter bar that installed before this at height 800mm from floor level will paired with column that hung by crane At the bottom of the column, there are holes provide to easier paired the column with starter bar. Then worker involved will connect the starter bar with the column to assure the column is insert right and in right position.

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER
-3 mobile crane -3 Site supervisor -3 Operator -6 installer(skilled Labour) -12 labour (unskilled labour)

QUANTITY
140 nos column

OUTPUT
-3 crane = 3 column/hr -140 column /3/hr = 46 hour -47/8hour =5.8 @ 6 days

DURATION

6 day

. . .

NO

OPERATION

METHOD 4. As this method of construction use precast column, so the bottom of the column are provided with hole and every connection between column and starter bar are using bolt and nut to connect to slab. As this column made at factory, the diameter for each hole is 50mm. Supervisor involved need to check regularly on this connection as to prevent from failure.

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER

QUANTITY

OUTPUT

DURATION

Diagram 14: detail drawing connection between column and starter bar, using bolt and nut to connect to the slab.

NO

OPERATION

METHOD

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER -1 site supervisor - 3 settiing labour

QUANTITY

OUTPUT

DURATION

Probe installation to detain column from offset

Attach probe with bolt and nut from column to floor Probe is attach to make sure the connection between slab to slab is strong enough.

1 column = 2 pcs 1 floor =140 column 140 column x 2 pcs = 280 pcs probe

-1 labour = 4pcs/hr -4 labour = 16 pcs/hr -1 day = 8 hour -16 pcs x 8 hr = 128pcs / day -280 pcs / 128 pcs = 2.2 day @ 3 day

3 days

Diagram 15: to install probe.


-

NO

OPERATION

METHOD

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER
-Thedolite -1 Site supervisor -1 site Surveyor

QUANTITY

OUTPUT

DURATION

41

Check level on column.

Supervisor incharge will check column level using theodolite to make sure the column installed in straight position.

140 nos column

1 column / 0.167 hrs =5.98 @ 6 column/ hrs 140 column / 6 column/hrs = 23 hrs 23hrs / 8hrs = 2.9 day @ 3 day

3 day

Diagram 16: to setting and adjust the vertical of column

NO
42

OPERATION Shim pad at bottom of column

METHOD As the height of column are in different height, shim pad are placed to make sure column in same height. Place the shim pad to the bottom of column and placed it before joint column with starter bar.

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER -1 Site supervisor -4 unskilled worker to put the shim pads

QUANTITY

OUTPUT 1 column / 0.25 hrs = 4 column/hrs 140 column / 4 column/hrs =35 hrs 35 hrs / 8 hrs = 4.4 @ 5 day

DURATION

140 nos column

5 day

NO
44

OPERATION Strut and grouting to column

METHOD

DIAGRAM

Place strut at the corner of column and the grout is then poured into

PLANT/ MANPOWER -1 Site supervisor -4 installer

QUANTITY

OUTPUT 1 column / 0.25 hrs = 4 column/hrs 140 column / 5 column/hrs =28 hrs 28hrs / 8 hrs = 3.5 @ 4 day

DURATION

140 nos column

4 day

the holes that were prepared during casting for the insertion of the starter bar.

Diagram 18: Install the strut


at the column,

Diagram 19

NO

OPERATION
Checked the vertically in column.

METHOD

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER
-1 spirit level

QUANTITY
140 nos column

OUTPUT
1 column / 0.083 hrs =12 column/hrs 140 column / 12 column/hrs = 11.6 hrs 11.6 hrs / 8 hrs = 1.45day@2 day

DURATION
2 day

Spirit level will used to check the vertically in column so that next work can be done. Strut that placed earlier will be open by workers.

-1 Site supervisor -3 installer

Diagram 20: to get vertical on column

NO

OPERATION

METHOD

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER
-1 mobile crane -2 unskilled labour -1 skilled labour

QUANTITY

OUTPUT

DURATION

Fourth : Install the precast beam at upper floor.


46 Carry the precast beam

Precast beam will carried by crane st and held for 1 floor with workers standby in their position to setup the beam to column.

69 nos /floor

-1 beam / 0.42 hrs = 2.38 @ 2 beam/hrs -69 beam / 2 beam/hrs = 34.5 hrs -34.5 hrs / 8 hrs = 4.4 day -5 day / 2 labour = 2.5 day @ 3 days

The position should be in parallel to column to easier to connect from beam hole to column holes.

3 day

Diagram 21: Precast Beam position in the transverse and parallel to the columns and easy for the work of inserting holes into the steel beam columns.

NO

OPERATION

METHOD

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER
-Anchor bolt an nut -Spanner Drill

QUANTITY

OUTPUT

DURATION

47

Beam installation to the column in st 1 floor.

Anchor bolt sot in into beam and column which is beam and column functioning as connectivity by using a drill to insert anchor bolt. Before insert the anchor bolt and nut. After that, anchor bolt and nut is planted into beam and column and tightened using a spanner.

140 nos /floor

-1beam / 0.17 hrs = 5.8 @ 6 beam/hrs -140 beam / 6 beam/hrs = 23.3 hrs -23.3 hrs / 8 hrs = 2.9 day @ 3

3 day

-3 mobile crane -4 unskilled labour -2 skilled labour


-1 site supervisor -(1 = 4 labour)

NO

OPERATION

METHOD

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER

QUANTITY

OUTPUT

DURATION

48

Grouting beam and column.

Workers will put grounting to beam and column to make sure the connection more strength.
Diagram 24 : the labour ready to put grouting to beam for connect to column to established the connection

-1 site supervisor -4 unskilled labour

-1 labour = 0.2 m -4 labour = 0.8 m -1 day = 8hr 0.8 x 8 hr = 6.4 m /day 2 m / 6.4 m/day = 0.3125 = 1 day

1 day

Diagram 24: the labour ready to put grouting to beam for connect to column to established the connection

NO

OPERATION

METHOD

DIAGRAM

PLANT/ MANPOWER

QUANTITY

OUTPUT

DURATION

Firth: Install the precast hollow slab at upper floor.


Carry the precast hollow slab to upper floor Using mobile crane, place the precast hollow core floor slab o top of the beam as shown on the diagram and guided with labour.

-2 mobile crane -2 crane operator -2 skilled worker -3 unskilled

-120 nos hollow slab/floor

Labour Constant 1 labour = 0.6pcs/hr 7 labour = 7 x 0.6 pcs = 4.2 pcs/hr 1 day = 8 hr

4 day

49

Diagram 25: Labours are adjusting the hoist for placing the hollowcore slab.

8hr x 4.2pcs/hr = 33.6pcs/day 120 pcs / 33.6pcs/day = = 3.6 @ days