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Question Excerpt From Laws of Motion Quiz

Q.1) How long will an object remain at rest, according to Newton's First Law of Motion?
A.It can't rest. B.Until noon. C.Until an unbalanced force occurs. D.As long as there are unbalanced forces acting on it.

Q.2) What is inertia?


A.The tendency of an object to continue doing what it is currently doing. B.The opposing force of gravity. C.Another name for unbalanced forces. D.The mass of an object.

Q.3) How can you tell if an object is in motion?


A.The object will look different. B.I'll be able to see the forces. C.It will remain in the same position. D.It's position will change in relation to other objects.

Q.4)

Which of Newton's Laws describes the amount of force applied to accelerate an object's mass?

A.Newton's First Law B.Newton's Second Law C.Newton's Third Law D.Newton's Fourth Law

Q.5) For every ________ there is an equal and opposite _____________.


A.reaction, action

B.action, action C.reaction, reaction D.action, reaction

Q.6) The amount of force needed to move an object is measured in...


A.Newtons B.Kilometers C.Seconds D.Grams

Q.7) What is "position"?


A.A type of contact force. B.A specific location C.A type of motion D.Another name for friction

Q.8) Gravity and magnetism are examples of what kind of forces?


A.frictional B.non-contact C.contact D.momentum

Q.9) A person is measured on the moon, and on Earth. Which statement would be true?
A.The person's mass on Earth would be double on the moon. B.The person's mass on the the moon, would be twice that on Earth. C.The person would have mass on Earth but not on the moon. D.The mass would be the same on the moon as it is on Earth.

Q.10) A person is measured on the moon and on Earth. Which statement would be true?
The mass would be the same on the moon as it is on Earth, but the weight would be more on the moon than it is on Earth. The weight would be the same on the moon as it is on Earth, and the mass would be more on the moon B. than it is on Earth. The mass and weight would be the same on the moon as it is on Earth, because mass is another name C. for weight. The mass would be the same on the moon as it is on Earth, but the weight would be more on Earth D. than it is on the moon.
A.

Q.11) The amount of force that gravity has on an object is affected by what factors?
A.The object's mass. B.The object's distance from the gravitational force. C.The object's height. D.Both A and B.

Q.12)

Why is it harder to push a van filled with bowling balls than it is to push van filled with basketballs?

A.The mass of the car is greater than the mass of the basketball. B.The mass of the bowling balls is greater than the mass of the basketballs.

C.The van with the basketballs is bigger than the van with the bowling balls. D.It should be equally as hard to push the two vans.

Q.13) How could you tell if a moving object is receiving an unbalanced force?
A.It might speed up. B.It might slow down. C.It might change direction. D.It might do any of the three things mentioned above.

Q.14)

A plane flew from NY to California in 4 hours. It took 4 1/2 hours to return to NY. Which of the following is true:

A.The plane flew faster to NY than it flew to California. B.The plane flew faster to California than it flew to NY. C.The plane flew the same speed in both directions. D.The plane had fewer passengers going to NY than it did to California.

Q.15) Why is it difficult to scoot a bed from one end of the room to the other?
A.momentum B.gravity C.friction D.deceleration

Q.16) Which of Newton's Laws is demonstrated by a ball rolling to a wall then stopping?
A.Newton's First Law B.Newton's Second Law C.Newton's Third Law D.Newton's Law of Acceleration

Q.17) Why do you lean towards the left when a car turns right?
A.because of inertia B.because of gravity C.because of buoyancy D.because of velocity

Q.18)

Blue bumper car, traveling east with a force of 100 N, runs into a yellow bumper car traveling west with a force of 300 N. Because the net force will be 200 N. one of the cars will be pushed backwards. Which one?
(1 point)

1. Forces always occur in _______.

2. If you push on a wall with a force of 100 N, how hard does the wall push on you ? (1 point)

3. In a tug of war, if both teams are equally matched, we say that the forces are __________. (1 point)

4. An object that has reached terminal velocity has '0' _________.

(1 point)

5. When 2 forces are acting on an object in opposite directions, we combine them by ________. (1 point)

6. Wheeled luggages are easy to pull because _______ friction is lower than __________ friction (1 point)

7. Cars being driven on icy roads can have better traction if they have chains on their tires because chains increase the ________ between the tires and the road. (1 point)

8. For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. This is Newton's _______ law of motion. (1 point)

9. A person weighing 200 N stands on 2 bathroom scales evenly. What is the reading on scale 1 and on scale 2? (1 point)

10. In free fall, when the air resistance is equal to the weight of the falling object, we say that the object has reached ________ velocity. (1 point)

11. If an object has a mass of 100 kg, it has a weight of ______ Newtons. (1 point)

12. An object at rest tends to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion at a constant velocity unless acted on by an unbalanced force. This is Newton's _______ law

of motion.

(1 point)

13. What is the acceleration on an object with mass of 1 kg, if a force of 1 Newton is acting on it ? (1 point)

14. When 2 forces are acting on an object in the same direction, we combine them by __________. (1 point)

15. A ballet dancer uses rosin powder on her shoes to increase _________. (1 point)

16. A person weighing 200 N stands on 2 bathroom scales. But his weight is shifted more to one scale than the other. If one scale reads 150 N, what will be the reading on the other scale ? (1 point)

17. A cart is pulled to the right by a force of 15 N and to the left by a force of 20 N. The net force on the cart is _ N to the ______. (1 point)

18. The unit of force is ____.

(1 point)

19. The acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the net force acting on the object, is in the direction of the force, and is inversely proportional to the mass of the object. This is Newton's ________ law of motion. (1 point)

20. The property of things to resist changes in motion is called _________. (1 point)

1) The distance traveled by an object divided by the time it

takes to travel that distance is called A)average C) average velocity. acceleration. B) average D)activity. speed. 2) In order to determine speed, you must know A)time. C) both a and b B) distance. D)neither a nor b 3) What is the speed of an object at rest? A)15 km/h B) 0 km/h C) 1 km/h D)This cannot be determined without further information. 4) The difference between speed and velocity is that velocity includes A)direction. C) time. B) distance. D)weight. 5) An airplane is flying at 635 km per hour at an altitude of 35 000 m. It is currently over Kansas and is approximately 16 minutes ahead of its scheduled arrival time. What is its velocity? A)635 km/h B) 16 m/min C) 35 000 m/s D)This cannot be determined without further information about its direction. 6) Which of the following does not indicate velocity? A)14 m/s SSE B) 40 km/h toward the town square along the main street C) 80 km/h going from New York toward New Jersey D)28 km from Los Angeles to Catalina Island 7) If you divide momentum by velocity, the result is the value of the objects A)mass. C) energy. B) direction. D)speed.

8) A 10.0 kg dog chasing a rabbit north at 6.0 m/s has a momentum of A)0.6 kgm/s. C) 60.0 m/s. B) 60.0 kgm/s north. D)60.0 kg/s. 9) If you are given the mass of an object in pounds, the time in seconds, and the distance in feet, what must you do before you can calculate the momentum in SI units? A)convert the mass to kilograms B) convert the distance to meters C) convert the time to hours D)all of the above E) only a and b above 10) Acceleration is defined as the change in velocity divided by A)speed. C) time. B) final velocity. D)distance. 11) The SI unit for acceleration is A)mph. C) m/s/s 2 B) ft/sec . D)v t. 12) On a velocity-time graph, a line with a negative slope indicates that the object is A)speeding up. C) accelerating. B) slowing down. D)traveling at a constant speed. 13) When the velocity of an object changes, it is acted upon by a(n) A)force. C) momentum. B) inertia. D)deceleration. 14) The combination of all of the forces acting on an object is called the A)total force. C) super force. B) union of forces. D)net force. 15) If the net force acting on a stationary object is zero, then the object will A)accelerate in the direction of the strongest force. B) remain at rest.

C) begin moving backwards. D)decelerate at a steady rate of speed. 16) If the net force on an object is zero then the object has A)reaction forces. C) balanced forces. B) action forces. D)unbalanced forces. 17) A tug-of-war that results in one team pulling the other across the line is an example of A)action forces. C) balanced forces. B) reaction forces. D)unbalanced forces. 18) Friction is defined as A)force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are touching. B) rate at which velocity changes. C) resistance of an object to a change in its velocity. D)speed of an object in a particular direction. 19) A force is continuously applied to an object, causing it to accelerate. After a period of time, however, the object stops accelerating. What conclusions can be drawn? A)The mass of the object has increased. B) Gravity on the object has increased. C) The object is experiencing some kind of friction. D)The momentum of the object has reached a maximum. 20) Which of the following statements is true? A)Frictional forces are greatest when both surfaces are rough. B) When a truck is parked on a hill, friction is the force that is trying to pull the truck down the hill. C) Air resistance is the opposite force from friction. D)Friction can exist between two objects even when they are not in contact. 21) In the event of a fire alarm you should proceed to the A)courtyard

B) faculty parking lot C) student cafeteria D)gymnasium 22) The law that states that every object maintains constant velocity unless acted on by an unbalanced force is A)Newtons first law C) Newtons third of motion. law of motion. B) Newtons second D)the law of law of motion. conservation of momentum. 23) The law that states that for every action force there is an equal and opposite reaction force is A)Newtons first law C) Newtons third of motion. law of motion. B) Newtons second D)the law of law of motion. conservation of momentum. 24) The law that states that the unbalanced force acting on an object equals the objects mass times its acceleration is A)Newtons first law C) Newtons third of motion. law of motion. B) Newtons second D)the law of law of motion. conservation of momentum. 25) The SI unit of force, named for the scientist who described the relationship between motion and force, is called the A)newton. C) curie. B) einstein. D)pasteur. 26) One pound is equal to how many newtons? A)4.448 N C) 0.225 N B) 2.2 N D)12.5 N 27) Which of the following units is used to measure acceleration in free fall? A)m/s C) m/s2 B) ms D)m2/s2 28) Which of the following equations is correct?

A)w = mg B) w mg

C) w mg D)w mg

29) Which of the following is true? A)Weight and mass are proportional but not equal. B) Weight is the gravitational force an object experiences due to its mass. C) The weight of an object on Earth is greater than the weight of the same object on the surface of the moon, but the object's mass stays the same. D)all of the above 30) When air resistance balances the weight of an object that is falling, the velocity A)slowly decreases. C) rapidly increases. B) remains constant. D)none of the above 31) What is the approximate terminal velocity of a sky diver before the parachute opens? A)32 mi/h C) 320 mi/h B) 32 km/h D)320 km/h 32) What is the most common reference point? A)Earth C) Moon B) Sun D)Univers 33) Total distance divided by total time will give you what? A)Acceleration C) Average speed B) Negative D)Distance Acceleration 34) On a distance versus time graph where distance increases on the y-axis and time increases on the xaxis, an upward sloping straight line represents this A)constant speed C) acceleration from away from the the origin origin B) constant speed D)no motion towards the origin 35) The change in velocity divided by the change in time is equal to what? A)acceleration C) distance

B) constant speedc

D)time

36) On a speed versus time graph where speed increases on the y-axis and time increases on the x-axis, a straight upward sloping line represents this. A)constant C) no motion acceleration B) constant negative D)nonsense you can acceleration not tell if it is constant on a speed versus time graph. 37) If a ball was thrown straight upward with a speed of 50. m/s the instant it reaches the top of it's flight it will have a velocity of .. A)0.0 m/s C) 10 m/s B) 9.8 m/s D)not enough information 38) A top fuel dragster covers the .25 mile in 5.0 seconds. What is its speed in miles per hour? A)179 miles/hr C) 180 miles/hr B) .0050 miles/sec D).0056 miles/hr 39) Graph interpretation: What portion of the graph represents constant speed towards the origin?

A)#1 B) #2

C) #3 D)none of these

40) What portion of the graph represents negative

acceleration?

A)#1 B) #2

C) #3 D)None of these

41) What portion of the graph represent no motion?

A)#1 B) #2

C) #3 D)None of these

42) What is the study of the relationship between matter and energy called? A)Newtonian physics C) physics B) Motion D)chemistry 43) A change in position, measured by distance and time is called what?

A)Newtonian physics C) physics B) Mechanics D)motion 44) What type of collision occurs when objects "bounce" off of each other? A)elastic C) centripetal B) inelastic D)centrifugal 45) The total momentum of any group of objects remains the same unless acted on by outside forces describes what law? A)Law of C) Law of conservation of conservation of energy velocity B) Law of D)Law of conservation of conservation of inertia momentum 46) What type of friction occurs when two objects slide over one another? A)sliding C) fluid B) rolling D)none 47) The difference between Aristotle's idea of motion and Newton's was that A)for an object to C) for an object to keep moving no keep moving a force must be constant force applied must be applied. B) for an object to D)for an object ot keep moving stay at rest it must gravity must be 10. have inertia. m/s/s 48) Forces that are opposite in direction and equal in size are called. A)unbalanced C) negating B) balanced D)offsetting 49) Newton's action-reaction law is number. A)1 C) 3 B) 2 D)4 50) What force (in Newtons) is needed to accelerate a .25 ton truck at a rate of 14 m/s/s? A)3178 Kg* m/s/s C) 3.5 N

B) 16.2 N

D)3200N

Multiple Choice Questions 1 . The source of all magnetism is a. tiny pieces of iron. . b. tiny domains of aligned atoms. c. ferromagnetic materials. d. moving electric charge. e. none of these Answer: d 2. Moving electric charges will interact with a. an electric field. b. a magnetic field. e. both of these d. none of these Answer: c 3. An iron rod becomes magnetic when. a. positive ions accumulate at _me end and negative ions at the other end. b. its atoms are aligned having plus charges on one side and negative charges on the other. c. the net spins of its electrons are in the same direction. d. its electrons stop moving and point in the same direction. e. none of these. Answer: c 4. Like kinds of magnetic poles repel while unlike kinds of magnetic poles a. attract. b. repel also. c. may attract or repel. Answer: a 5. Several paper clips dangle from the north pole of a magnet. The induced pole in the bottom of the lowermost paper clip is a a. north pole. b. south pole. c. north or south pole-no difference really. Answer: a 6. An iron nail is more strongly attracted to the a. north pole of a magnet. b. south pole of a magnet. c. north or south pole-no difference really.

Answer: c 7. Surrounding every moving electron is a. a magnetic field. b. an electric field. c. both of these d. none of these Answer: c 8 . Magnetism is due to the motion of electrons as they a. move around the nucleus. b. spin on their axes. c. both of these d. none of these Answer: c 9. Magnetic domains normally occur in a. iron. b. copper. c. silver. d. all of these e. none of these Answer: a 10. Magnetic field lines about a current-carrying wire a. extend radially from the wire. b. circle the wire in closed loops. c. both of these d. neither of these Answer: b 11 . The force on an electron moving in a magnetic field will be the largest when its direction is a. the same as the magnetic field direction. b. exactly opposite to the magnetic field direction. c. perpendicular to the magnetic field direction. d. at an angle other than 90 to the magnetic field direction. e. none of these Answer: c 12. The intensity of cosmic rays bombarding the earth's surface is largest at the a. poles. b. mid-latitudes. c. equator.

Answer: a 13. The magnetic north pole of the earth is nearest a. the Hudson Bay region of Canada. b. Australia. c. both of these Answer: b 14. Which pole of a compass needle points to a south pole of a magnet? a. north pole. b. south pole. c. both of these Answer: a 15. An electric motor and electric generator are a. very similar devices. b. entirely different devices. Answer: a 16. Magnet A has twice the magnetic field strength of magnet B, and at a certain distance pulls on magnet B with a force of 100 N. The amount of force that magnet A exerts on magnet B is a. at or about 50 N. b. exactly 100 N. c. More information is needed. Answer: b 17. Compared to the huge force that attracts an iron tack to a strong magnet, the force that the tack exerts on the magnet is a. relatively small. b. equally huge. c. More information is needed. Answer: b 18. If a compass is moved from the northern hemisphere to the southern hemisphere, its magnetic needle will change direction a. by 180. b. depending on where the measurement is taken. c. by 90. d. hardly at all. e. none of these Answer: d 19. A likely cause for the existence of the earth's magnetic field is a. moving charges in the liquid part of the earth's core.

b. great numbers of very slow moving charges in the earth. c. convection currents in the liquid part of the earth's core. d. all of these e. none of these Answer: d 20. Which force field can increase a moving electron's speed? a. electric field b. magnetic field c. both of these d. none of these Answer: a 21 . Which force field can accelerate an electron, but never change its speed? a. electric field. b. magnetic field. c. both of these d. none of these Answer: b 22. When a bar magnet is broken in two as shown, each piece is a. as magnetic as the original magnet. b. actually stronger than the original magnet. c. half as strong as the original magnet. 0. no longer magnetic. Answer: c 23. When there is a change in the magnetic field in a closed loop of wire, a. a voltage is induced in the wire. b. current is made to flow in the loop of wire. c. electromagnetic induction occurs. d. all of these e. none of these Answer: d 24. Thrust a magnet into a coil of wire and the coil a. becomes an electromagnet. b. has a current in it. c. both of these d. neither of these Answer: c 25. When a magnet is thrust into a coil of wire, the coil tends to

a. attract the magnet as it enters. b. repel the magnet as it enters. c. both of these d. neither of these Answer: b 26. Electromagnetic induction occurs in a coil when there is a change in a. electric field intensity in the coil. b. magnetic field intensity in the coil. c. voltage in the coil. d. the coil's polarity. e. electromagnetic polarity. Answer: b 27. Voltage can be induced in a wire by a. moving the wire near a magnet. b. moving a magnet near the wire. c. changing the current in a nearby wire. d. all of these e. none of these Answer: d 28. The magnetic field strength inside a current-carrying coil will be greater if the coil encloses a a. vacuum. b. wooden rod. c. glass rod. d. rod of iron. e. none of these Answer: d 29. If a magnet is pushed into a coil, voltage is induced across the coil. If the same magnet is pushed into a coil with twice the number of loops, a. one-half as much voltage is induced. b. the same voltage is induced. c. twice as much voltage is induced. d. four times as much voltage is induced. e. none of these Answer: c 30. A device that transforms electrical energy to mechanical energy is a

a. generator. b. motor. c. transformer. d. magnet. e. none of these Answer: b 31. Voltage produced by a generator alternates because a. unlike a battery, it produces alternating current. b. the changing magnetic field that produces it alternates. c. alterations in the mechanical energy input.