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Electrical Clearance in Substation

Minimum Clearance in Substation:


Voltage Highest Lighting Switching Minimum Voltage Impulse Impulse Clearance Level (Kvp) Level Phase- Phase(Kvp) Earth Phase 11KV 12KV 70 0.178 0.229 33KV 36KV 170 0.320 0.320 132KV 145KV 550 1.100 1.100 650 1.100 1.100 220KV 245KV 950 1.900 1.900 1050 1.900 1.900 400KV 420KV 1425 1050(P-E) 3.400 4.200 Safety Ground Clearance(Mt) Clearance(Mt)

2.600 2.800 3.700 2.700 4.300 4.300 6.400

3.700 3.700 4.600 4.600 5.500 5.500 8.000

Electrical Clearance in Substation:


Voltage Height of I Bay From Ground (Mt) 8.0 12.5 18.5 15.6 Height Bay Width of II Bay (Mt) From Ground (Mt) 11.0 25 22 18 25 22.0 PhaseBetweenEquipment Earth Phase (Mt) Wire From Ground 3.0 4.5 4.5 7.0 3.0 4.5 4.5 >6.0 10.5 15.5 28.5 30.0

132KV (Single) 220KV (Single) 220KV (Double) 400KV

Standard Bay Widths in Meters:


Voltage 11KV 33KV 66KV 132KV 220KV 400KV Bay Width (Meter) 4.7 Meter 4.7 Meter 7.6 Meter 12.2 Meter 17 Meter 27 Meter

Standard Bus and Equipment Elevation


Voltage Equipment live Terminal Elevation (Meter) 11 KV/33KV 2.8To 4 66KV 2.8To 4 132KV 3.7To5 220KV 4.9To5.5 400KV 8.0 Main Bus Low 5.5 To6.5 6To8 8To9.5 9To13 15.5 Take of Elevation (Meter) 6.5To8.5 9.5 12To12.5 15To18.5 23

High 9 9To 10.5 13.5To14.5 18.5 -

Phase spacing for strung Bus:


Voltage 11KV 33KV 66KV Clearance 1300 mm 1300 mm 2200 mm

132KV 220KV 400KV

3000 mm 4500 mm 7000 mm

Minimum Clearance of Live Parts from Ground:


Voltage 11KV 33KV 66KV 132KV 220KV 400KV Minimum Clearance to Ground (Mt) 3.700 3.700 4.600 4.600 5.500 8.000 Section Clearance (Mt) 2.600 2.800 3.000 3.500 4.300 7.000

Insulator String:
Voltage No of Suspension String 5 9 14 23 Length (mm) 965 1255 1915 3850 No of Disc for Length in Tension String (mm) 6 10 15 2 X 23 1070 1820 2915 5450

66KV 132KV 220KV 400KV

Nominal Span:
Voltage 66KV 132KV 220KV 400KV Normal Span (Meter) 240-250-275 315-325-335 315-325-335 315-325-335

Minimum Ground Clearance:


Voltage 66KV 132KV 220KV 400KV 800KV Ground (Meter) 5.5 6.1 7.0 8.0 12.4

Indoor Substation Minimum Clearances


Distance 0.9 Meter 0.6 Meter 1.2 Meter Descriptions Horizontally between any item of equipment and thesubstation wall Horizontally between any Two items of equipment Horizontally in front of any HV switchgear

Clearance of Conductor on Tower


Voltage 66KV Tower Type A B C A Vertical Space (Mt) 1.03 1.03 1.22 7.140 Horizontal Space(Mt) 4.0 4.27 4.88 2.17 Total Height From Ground(Mt) 15.91 15.42 16.24 23.14

132KV

220KV

B C D A B C D

4.2 4.2 4.2 5.2 5.25 6.7

6.29 7.15 8.8 8.5 10.5 12.6

22.06 22.68 24.06 28.55 29.08 31.68

NORMS OF PROTECTION FOR EHV CLASS POWER TRANSFORMERS


Voltage ratio & capacity HV Side LV Side 132/33/11KV up to 8 MVA 3 O/L relays + 2 O/L relays + 1 E/L relay 1 E/L relay 132/33/11KV above 8 MVA 3 O/L relays + 3 O/L relays + and below 31.5 MVA 1 dir. E/L relay 1 E/L relay 132/33KV, 31.5 MVA & 3 O/L relays + 3 O/L relays + above 1 dir. E/L relay 1 E/L relay 220/33 KV, 31.5MVA & 3 O/L relays + 3 O/L relays + 50MVA 220/132KV, 100 1 dir. E/L relay 1 dir. relay MVA 400/220KV 315MVA 3 directional 3 directional O/L relays (with O/L relays dir. High set) (with dir. High +1 directional set)+1 E/L relays. directional E/L Restricted E/F relays. relay + 3 Restricted E/F Directional O/L relay relays for action Common relays Buchholz, OLTC Buchholz, OT, WT Differential, Buchholz, OLTC Buchholz, OT, WT Differential, Over flux,Buchholz, OLTC PRV, OT, WT Differential, Over flux,Buchholz, OLTC PRV, OT, WT Differential, Over flux,Buchholz, OLTC PRV, OT, WT and overload (alarm) relay

The bottom most portion of any insulator or bushing in service should be at a minimum height of 2500 mm above ground level.

Location of L.A (From T.C Bushing):


Voltage 11KV 33KV 66KV 132KV 220KV 400KV BIL KV Peak 75 200 325 550 900 To 1050 1425 To 1550 Distance (Mt) 12 15 24 35 Close To T.C