THE OREDIGGER

The student voice of the Colorado School of Mines
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Volume 93, Issue 19 March 18, 2013
COURTESY A. DAVEY

News

Solar light harvesting promising tech

Features 5

Brazilian steakhouse a meaty treat

Ethiopian farmers take a break while threshing grain. Government corruption makes overseas investment in Ethiopia and other similar countries risky.

Sports 10

Esther Lowe Staff Writer

Overseas agriculture risky business
farming. The soil is rich and there agricultural labor. is plenty of water, however, there Another big concern for internais also an extreme lack of infra- tional investors is that Ethiopia is a structure and great political risk in landlocked nation and every country obtaining land and farming there surrounding Ethiopia requires a due to corrupt governments in both substantial tax to allow goods to Cambodia and Ethiopia. be transported across their borders. In Ethiopia, control of the govThe government in Camboernment frequently shifts from dia is even more corrupt than in one political Ethiopia. Due party to the The production profiles of to this corrupnext. Those in tion, property power reward Ethiopia and Cambodia are rights are not their supportgenerally proers by giving perfect for farming. The soil is tected by the them land law enforceconfiscated rich and there is plenty of wa- ment. Camf ro m t h o s e bodian offiter...The problem arises when cials extract who opposed the winning government control changes t o l l s e v e r y p a r t y. T h i s time produce land is then again and the new leaders con- moves. The offered for land offered sale interna- fiscate the property, claiming f o r s a l e i n tionally with Cambodia great incen- that the land was not being used was confistives such as c a t e d f ro m tax benefits, according to contract. Essential- farmers who low prices, have lived and and no addi- ly, there are no legal standards farmed on the tional fees for property for and no rule of law. imports. dozens of The probgenerations. lem arises when government control These displaced people are changes again and the new leaders moved far away from the property confiscate the property from its in- and, due to the absence of infraternational owners, claiming that the structure, cannot be considered an land was not being used according available source of labor for farms to contract. Essentially, there are no owned by international parties. Also, legal standards and no rule of law. the often indignant locals around Due to large population dis- the confiscated land retaliate by placements, there is a great lack of destroying produce at night. The Cambodian government’s response to the international landowners’ complaints about the lack of property security has been to offer the landowners the “opportunity” to take part in “public-private partnerships,” by which landowners can “adopt a security force” just as Americans can “adopt a highway.” This “opportunity” is not realistically a choice for international landowners. If they do not invest in these public-private partnerships, the government will make their involvement in Cambodia as difficult and expensive as possible. Faced with the great increase in cost from their initial anticipated cost, these international parties are leaving Ethiopia and Cambodia in search of alternative solutions to their grain dependence. Although some countries have failed in their efforts to farm internationally, other countries have had some success. Vietnam has had some success farming in Cambodia because they deal directly with the farmers and are able to transport goods at a low cost. The main benefit for Vietnam to farm in neighboring land is that water, a very precious resource, is imported in the food. Tetreault advises that there needs to be renewed securitization of land, increased regulation in the national markets, increased market transparency in international land acquisition, and increased numbers of business propositions directly with farmers instead of governments.

Baseball splits series with CCU on the road

Opinion 11

Canada Geese a major annoyance

Dr. Mary Ann Tetreault, author and professor emeritus from Trinity University, gave a lecture on “Risky Overseas Investments,” specifically pertaining to food security and agriculture. Tetreault proceeded gave an overview of how food security directly relates to risky overseas investments. In 2008, world markets saw a dramatic decrease in the supply of grains available, which dealt a heavy blow to countries that did not produce their own supplies of grain. This was scarcely the first time people suffered due to the unavailability of grains on the global market. Tetreault reminded attendees that the global “bread basket,” the United States, has used grain embargoes against Russia and Middle Eastern countries such as Saudi Arabia and Iraq. Such embargoes can be deeply impactful; Tetreault explained that an estimated 500,000 people died in Iraq from 1990 to 2003 as a consequence of the US grain embargo. Grain embargoes present a significant threat to Middle Eastern countries because they do not have the water or climate to cheaply produce grains. In an attempt to remove their dependence on the United States for grain, Saudi Arabia and Qatar have recently made attempts to obtain land in Ethiopia and Cambodia for farming grains. The production profiles of Ethiopia and Cambodia are perfect for

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Arnaud Filliat, Asst. Copy Editor

Toronto, Canada - A team of astronomers from the University of Toronto has made the most detailed examination yet of the atmosphere of a Jupiter-like planet beyond our solar system. The team used the high-resolution imaging spectrograph called OSIRIS on the Keck II telescope to analyze the distant planet. They uncovered the chemical fingerprints of specific molecules revealing a cloudy atmosphere containing carbon monoxide and water vapor.

Boston, Massachusetts - A recent study shows that attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often does not go away and that children with ADHD are more likely to have other psychiatric disorders as adults. They also appear more likely to commit suicide and to be incarcerated as adults. The study is the first of its kind to follow a large population-based study of children with ADHD into adulthood. ADHD is the most common neuro-developmental disorder of childhood, affecting about seven percent of all children.

Pasadena, California - Researchers from Caltech found strong evidence that salty water from the liquid ocean beneath Europa, Jupiter’s icy moon, actually makes its way to the surface. The findings suggest that there is a chemical exchange between the ocean and surface, making the ocean a richer chemical environment. Learning more about Europa’s surface could lead to learning more about its oceans.

Berkeley, California - Researchers from UC Berkeley have developed a new experiment that simulates conditions in deep space. The experiment revealed that the complex building blocks of life may have been created on icy interplanetary dust and then carried to earth by a comet or meteor. They showed that conditions in space can create complex dipeptides, or linked pairs of amino acids, the building blocks of life.

Oredigger Staff
Deborah Good Editor-in-Chief Katie Huckfeldt Managing Editor Steven Wooldridge Webmaster Barbara Anderson Design Editor Lucy Orsi Business Manager Ian Mertz Copy Editor Taylor Polodna Asst. Design Editor Connor McDonald Asst. Web Master Arnaud Filliat Asst. Copy Editor Katerina Gonzales Content Manager Jared Riemer Content Manager Emily McNair Content Manager Karen Gilbert Faculty Advisor

Headlines from around the world
Arnaud Filliat, Asst. Copy Editor
Illegal trafficking of great apes organized by criminal gangs prompted international action Wednesday that was hailed as a major step towards saving great apes from extinction. 177 member countries including the United States at the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species came to the decision to set up a global reporting system in a bid to establish how many of the animals are being taken from the wild to perform in theme parks or to be shown off by wealthy collectors. The move follows a report, “Stolen Apes,” that came out earlier this month that estimated nearly 3,000 great apes were stolen alive every year. The report said that a local poacher might sell a live chimpanzee for $50, but a dealer could resell the same animal for 400 percent of that price or more. The decision aims to reduce crime while helping save apes from extinction. Two armed men opened fire in a bar at the Mexican resort town of Cancun on Thursday, killing six people and wounding five. Cancun has largely escaped the drug related violence that has racked Acapulco. According to the office of the state’s attorney general, the two men used a machine gun and a handgun. Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto has vowed to reduce violence that soared during his predecessor’s term. North Korea has been more active in its’ threats recently and the United States has responded by strengthening its missile defenses. Furthermore, the North is criticizing the gender of South Korean president Park Geun-hye by blaming her “venomous swish of skirt,” for tensions on the Korean Peninsula. The North Koreans picked their phrase carefully for the South’s first female president as “swish of skirt” has long been insult in Korean culture, directed at women deemed too aggressive and far from the traditional ideal of docile and coy. The sexist joke is only a small piece of the challenge that North Korea has posed for Ms. Park who came into office after the North detonated its third nuclear test. The North also said this week that it has nullified the armistice that has helped keep the peace since the Korean War ended in a stalemate in 1953. Syria has warned that it may strike at rebels in neighboring Lebanon if the Lebanese army does not act. Syria’s foreign ministry told Lebanon that a large number of militants had crossed Lebanon’s northern border into the Syrian town of Tel Kalakh over the past two days. Syria expects Lebanon to prevent these armed terrorist groups from using the borders because they target Syrian people and violate Syrian sovereignty. Lebanon has a policy of “dissociation” from the two-year civil war in Syria that has killed 70,000 Syrians. A Michigan middle school student showed up to class Monday with a backpack stuffed with $20,000 and handed out wads of cash to her friends. The 12 year old girl received the money from another child who lived across the street from her parents’ house in Taylor, Michigan. There was no threat to the student body in the building and as soon as the school principal learned of the student’s generosity, she called the police fearing ulterior motives. According to all the reports, the girl seemed to genuinely want to be generous and kind to her friends.

Local News
In Colorado Springs, Colorado a 13-year-old boy died on Saturday in a skateboarding accident. The boy was riding down Howard Avenue in the northeastern part of the city when he lost control and hit his head on the curb. The boy was not wearing a helmet. In Golden, Colorado a 46-yearold man was issued a summons for reckless endangerment after discharging a firearm following a children’s prank. On Saturday night, four teenagers were ringing doorbells and running off slightly after midnight. The children were under the age of 12 and were around the block of 1700 West 16th Ave. The man, Ture Hoefner, retrieved his revolver after the children came back to prank him a second time. Following the second door-bell ringing, Hoefner fired two round into the ground in the front yard. Hoefner did not fire directly at the children, nor were they on his lawn when the shots were fired. Colorado has declared its top speller after the 73rd annual Denver Post Spelling Bee. Forty spelling finalists competed to determine the state’s top speller and winner of a trip to the Scripps National Spelling Bee in Washington D.C. Himanvi Kopuri, a 12-yearold 7th grader from Hamilton Middle School in Denver took the win. In Denver, Colorado a unique rescue took place on Saturday night. Just before 7 p.m. inside the Tabor Center in Downtown Denver nine people got stuck in an elevator. According to firefighters, the elevator was going down and stopped between the main floor and the parking garage. Denver’s trench rescue team used a rope and pulley system to lift each person out of the elevator.

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Afghani protests
Arnaud Filliat Asst. Copy Editor
The presence of American special operations troops in Wardak Province, Afghanistan, against the wishes of the Afghan government, brought protesters to the capital on Saturday. Afghan president Hamid Karzai had given the Americans until March 10 to remove all special operations troops from the province after complaints about night raids. Top American commander, general Joseph F. Dunford Jr., said that despite public demands by the Afghan president, the United States does not plan to remove the special operations forces anytime soon, but rather is trying to hand over authority to Afghan officials as quickly as possible. The powerful Ulema council whose members are appointed by president Karzai and represent the country’s Islamic clerics, issued a threatening statement demanding the withdrawal of American forces from Wardak. The statement said, “If the Americans once again do not honor their commitments and keep on disobeying, then this will be considered as an occupation, and they may expect to see a reaction to their action.” It also refereed to the American’s as “infidels” echoing language used by the Taliban. The 300 demonstrators from Wardak Province staged a peaceful demonstration calling for the removal of American troops. Some of the protesters were relatives of people who had disappeared in raids by Afghans who work alongside the Americans in Wardak. One young man said, “We want our missing men, dead or alive,” referring to the nine people who had disappeared after one of the night operations. A joint investi-

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Continued from page 2 Berkeley, California. It opens the possibility that these molecules were brought to earth by a comet or meteorite, catalyzing the formation of proteins, enzymes, and complex molecules such as sugars that are necessary for life. Scientists in the past discovered amino acids in numerous meteorites but they have not found the complex molecular structures necessary to start life on Earth. In a vacuum chamber at 10 Kelvin, the team simulated an icy snowball in space with carbon dioxide, ammonia and hydrocarbons such as methane, ethane, and propane. When the snowball was zapped with highenergy electrons (to simulate cosmic rays) the chemicals reacted and formed dipeptides. After analyzing the organic residues, they found complex molecules—a total of nine different amino acids and two dipeptides—highly capable of catalyzing biological evolution on earth. Pasadena, California. The evidence also suggests that energy is flowing into the oceans via the exchange between the surface and the ocean, which is important for the possibility of life there. Since the Galileo spacecraft showed that Europa was covered with an icy shell, scientists have debated the composition of its surface. Using available technology on ground based telescopes, the researchers identified a spectroscopic feature on Europa’s surface that indicates the presence of a magnesium sulfate salt, a mineral called epsomite, that could only originate from the ocean under the ice. According to the researchers, “Magnesium should not be on the surface of Europa unless it’s coming from the ocean, so that means ocean water gets onto the surface, and stuff on the surface presumably gets into the ocean water.” Europa is frozen in relation to Jupiter meaning that the same hemisphere is always leading in its orbit. The leading hemisphere has a yellowish appearance, while the trailing hemisphere seems to be streaked with a red material. Europa’s ocean is thought to be 100 kilometers deep and cover the entire globe. Scientists have debated

USG - GSA parking resolution
Ryan Browne Guest Writer
The undergraduate and graduate student governments recently passed a resolution requesting that the Mines administration change the way that they work regarding parking on campus. The resolution had two primary requests. First, that the campus administration forgive a portion of an internal loan to parking services equal to the cost of replacing parking spaces being eliminated due to the new dorm and welcome center construction. Second, the resolution requested that the cost of replacing parking spaces be incorporated into future construction projects. This resolution arose out of controversy over planned increases to the parking permit fee. These increases were needed to pay for the construction of new parking lots being built to replace parking lots being lost due to construction. Parking services, a part of facilities management, is what is known as an auxiliary service for CSM. This means that parking services is required to operate so that revenue it generates pays for all of its expenses. Their primary source of revenue is parking permit fees, so when parking services needs to generate more revenue, it generally needs to increase those fees. The construction of the welcome center and new dorm will eliminate approximately 200 parking spaces. To replace those, parking services is building new parking lots with more than 200 parking spaces, taking a loan from the school’s general budget to do so. In order to repay this

about the spectroscopic data from the red side. Another of Jupiter’s moons, Io, spews volcanic sulfur from its atmosphere and some of that sulfur ends up hurtling towards the trailing hemisphere of Europa due to Jupiter’s strong magnetic field. The researchers improved the data pertaining to Europa using the Keck II telescope on Mauna Kea, which is outfitted with adaptive optics to adjust for the blurring effect of Earth’s atmosphere. They mapped the distribution of pure water ice versus anything else on the moon and found that even Europa’s leading hemisphere contains significant amount of nonwater ice. At low latitudes on the trailing hemisphere (the area with the greatest concentration of nonwater ice) they found a dip in the spectrum that had never been detected before. When the researchers tested various materials to find what could have created this dip they found that the only chemical that made such a dip was magnesium sulfate. These findings indicate that there must be magnesium from the surface bonding with the sulfur from Io. Magnesium is not the only unexpected element on the surface of Europa. The icy moon is surrounded by an atmosphere of atomic sodium and potassium, originating from the surface. The researchers believe that sodium and potassium chlorides are actually the dominant salts on the surface of Europa, but they are not detectable because they have no clear spectral features. The researchers also hypothesize that the ocean is chlorine-rich and that the sodium and potassium must be present as chlorides therefore resembling the salty ocean of the Earth. The research team also emphasized that Europa is a premier target in the search for life beyond Earth. Boston, Massachusetts. The study followed all children in Rochester, New York who were born between 1976 and 1982 and whose families allowed access to their medical records. That amounted to 5,718 children including 367 diagnosed with ADHD. At a followup on the group, the researchers found that 29 percent of children with ADHD still had ADHD as

adults, 57 percent of children with ADHD had at least one psychiatric disorder as adults compared with 35 percent of those who did not have childhood ADHD. Seven of the 367 children with ADHD had died by the time of the study, with three of the deaths from suicide and of the 4,946 other children 37 had died with five by suicide. The doctors involved in the study think the findings may underestimate the bad outcomes of childhood ADHD. Most of those studied were white and middle class, with good educations and access to health care. According to a doctor involved, “outcomes could be worse in socioeconomically challenged populations.” The study’s researchers recommend a more chronic disease approach to ADHD and a system of care designed for the long haul. Toronto, Canada. There are currently two leading models on how systems of planets form, called core accretion and gravitational instability. Planetary properties such as the composition of a planet’s atmosphere can indicate whether a system formed according to one model or another. The findings are the sharpest spectrum ever obtained of an extrasolar planet and they also reveal that the carbon to oxygen ratio is consistent with the core accretion scenario, the model thought to explain the formation of our own solar system. The planet, designated HR 8799c, is one of four gas giants known to orbit a star 130 light-years from Earth. According to the core accretion model, the star HR 8799 was originally surrounded by nothing but a huge disk of gas and dust. As the gas cooled, ice formed and depleted the disk of oxygen atoms. Ice and dust then collected into planetary cores which attracted surrounding gas to form large atmospheres. The gas was depleted of oxygen, and this is reflected in the planet’s atmosphere today as an enhanced carbon to oxygen ratio. According to the model, large gas giant planets form at great distances from the central star, and smaller rocky planets are closer in. These rocky planets, not too far, nor too close to the star are prime candidates for supporting life.

Erik Charrier Ramiro Rodriguez Staff Writers

Students in debt
Students nationwide noticed recently that the price of college is increasing faster than inflation. Mines has attempted to keep costs down with a hiring freeze and pay freeze that are still partially in effect. However, as students know, this has not been enough to offset increasing costs and declining state support. To find out how students are coping, “The Oredigger” interviewed Jill Robertson, the head of financial aid at Mines. Students are making up this difference with a mixture of their own money, family money, scholarships, and student loans. According to Robertson, about half of Mines graduates took out loans. Project Student Debt estimates the average debt for those who borrowed in the class of 2010 at about $28,000 [1]. This is in line with the numbers Robertson provided for 2011. Financial aid puts the average for federal loans at $23,000 and the average for those who took out private loans as well at $33,000. Robertson estimated that the 2011 average for borrowers is probably similar to the $28,000 figure for 2010 given by Project Student Debt. Student borrowing is usually the difference between the financial resources the student can

gation by the Afghan government and the American forces has not been able to determine the fate of the nine people. There is little presence of regular American military units in Wardak Province so the special operations troops along with Afghan special forces units carry out the bulk of the counterterrorism operations in the area. General Dunford said that “there are plans to develop a long-term security plan in conjunction with Afghan security forces to transition Wardak in a responsible, deliberate way.” He also said that he “will work very closely with [Afghan] security forces to develop a transition plan for Wardak Province.” Early March 11, an Afghan police officer opened fire on American special operations troops and Afghan forces in Wardak, killing two Americans. Then, citing disputes with the Afghans over Wardak and recent “inflammatory” comments from president Karzai, General Dunford issued an advisory to top commanders warning them to be on alert. President Karzai has not commented on the Americans not leaving Wardak although he held a meeting with elders with which he spoke of the issues. According to his press office, “The president called relations between Afghanistan and America complicated and said that the recent problems in relations, such as lack of clarity in the fight against terrorism, complete transfer of Bagram prison to Afghan sovereignty, continuation of civilian casualties and lack of respect to national sovereignty of Afghanistan have caused problems between the two countries.” The Afghan president also praised the role of the United States in Afghanistan calling the United States “a friend and a strategic ally.”

loan, parking services needed to increase its parking permit fees. The joint governments do not have the power to effect this kind of change in planning and fiscal policy; the resolution is intended to communicate the desires of the governing bodies and their constituencies. In addition to the passage of the parking resolution at their meeting on March 7, the joint bodies also heard a presentation from Chris Cocallas about the current status of the campus master plan, and approved the school’s plans for fees for next year. Most fees for next year will not increase beyond inflation, and some fees, including the Academic Construction Building fee, the Associated Students fee, and the Intermodal Transportation fee, will not increase at all.

come up with and their expenses. To put it in a mass balance form more engineers are more familiar with: Basic Costs + Lifestyle Costs = Student Resources + Loans Student Resources = FAFSA[f(Parental Income)] + Scholarships[f(Parental Income, Merit)] + Parental Help + Student’s Outside Income + Work Study + Campus Jobs Basic Costs = Tuition + Fees + Books + Health Insurance + Housing + Food + Transportation Lifestyle Costs = Fancier Accommodations + luxuries + fancy Gadgets + Wants + Completely Unnecessary Stuff Aside from the in state vs. out of state difference, the basic costs are similar for most students. This means that lifestyle costs and student resources are the primary drivers of student debt. Student resources are significantly driven by the finances of a student’s family. According to Robertson, the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) calculates the estimated family contribution which determines the amount of need based aid for which a student may be eligible. Robertson said that a Mines aid package comes to an average of about $12,200 in student aid. Continued at Debt on page 4

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Student debt increasing faster than inflation
Continued from page 3 Naturally, this amount scales with the family’s financial resources. This is need based aid, so it is expected that families will be able to pay more if their financial situation is better. However, many families do not provide this level of support for a variety of reasons. Some do it out of principle while others either cannot afford it or do not want to make the necessary sacrifices in lifestyle. According to Robertson, this is where the preparedness of families makes a big difference. Those who did not put money aside for education and have enough that their FAFSA says they should be able to contribute are faced with a choice of making sacrifices or not supporting their student. Those with education funds are able to provide more support to students. At the high and low ends of the spectrum, this tends to matter less because the FAFSA either does not expect the family to be able to contribute much or the cost is a small enough portion of the parents income that it is not as big of a deal. Outside scholarships are a significant boon to some student’s financial resources. Many incoming Mines students start with a few scholarships. However, there are many outside scholarships available after a student starts at Mines. Financial Aid passes information along about opportunities and some programs (such as the McBride Honors Program) send their students relevant scholarships. The problem for some is that outside scholarship applications tend to eat up quite a bit of time. For that reason, many students decide that it is easier to pass them up in favor of devoting the effort to academics. However, some students are very well rewarded for their efforts with $5,000+ scholarships. The importance of outside jobs in supplementing a student’s resources should not be underestimated. A good internship in the right field or the right high paying blue collar job can make $10,000 or more during a summer. Off campus work during the semester can be profitable enough to cover or significantly reduce living costs. On campus work and work study pays well enough and can easily help students get valuable experience and connections. Even though $10,000 or even more a year will not cover even half the costs of a Mines education, it will supplement other sources and reduce the portion that must be financed with debt. Student debt can be minimized by reducing lifestyle costs and increasing student resources. Robertson recommends reducing lifestyle costs by differentiating between wants and needs. Financing beyond the basic costs (tuition, fees, room and board, and books) is strongly discouraged. College is a temporary phase of a person’s life , so it is not a permanent reduction in one’s standard of living. Due to interest on debt, sacrifices in lifestyle now will leave a student with more money later. However, it is not uncommon for people to choose not to sacrifice their lifestyle as much as possible and borrow more to support it. If a student must go into debt, Robertson strongly recommends using federal loans first. The subsidized loans that may be offered through the FAFSA are the best option because they do not start accruing interest until after graduation. After that, Robertson considers regular federal loans to be better than private loans because the federal programs are significantly more flexible in repayment terms. Regarding these recommendations, the authors have a few experiences to share as well. One was able to avoid excessively expensive phone plans by using an iPod with wireless as his main phone. The other still uses the old Cricket flip phone he obtained years ago. Both of the authors take advantage of free food on campus and avoid the unnecessary expense of eating out as much as possible. One found that a good blue collar summer job (commercial fishing) can make a huge difference in student resources. Finally, both the authors discovered that being a cheapskate goes a long way. In the end, one might ask, “Is it worth borrowing for Mines?” No matter how much they complained about being miserable during their time at Mines, all of the authors’ friends and acquaintances who graduated Mines have either found a decent job in industry, gone on to graduate school, or joined the military. Most alumni the authors know probably beat the average Harvard starting pay of $54,000 [2]. According to the same ABC News article, the average Mines starting pay was $63,400 [2], almost $10,000 more than Harvard. In terms of longer term return on investment, Payscale’s 2012 net return on investment rankings places Mines as the top public school and number 14 overall (number 18 for out of state) [3]. Every school ahead of Mines on this list costs twice as much. These figures certainly indicate that taking out the necessary loans to complete a Mines education is a good idea for the average graduate. As one would expect from these figures, Mines graduates are generally able to handle the debt they incur. According to Robertson, the nationwide default rate on student debt is 13.4% while the Mines default rate is only 2.7%. This indicates that most Mines students who borrow to make ends meet are able to deal with their debt.
[1] Project Student Debt. (2013). Colorado [Online]. Available: http://projectonstudentdebt.org/ state_by_state-view2011.php?area=co [2] ABC News. (2012). 12 Colleges Whose Job Payoff is Better Than Harvard [Online]. Available: http://abcnews.go.com/Business/12-colleges-jobpayoff-harvard/story?id=17273504 [3] PayScale. (2013). 2012 ROI Rankings: College Education Value Compared [Online]. Available: http://www.payscale.com/college-education-value

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Solar light harvest Addressing water shortages
Esther Lowe Staff Writer
According to University of Toronto Professor Greg Scholes, over 100 billion tons of biomass are produced annually by photosynthetic activity. To put this in perspective, Scholes said that the equivalent biomass of two (Egyptian) great pyramids is produced every day. Half of this production occurs in the ocean. The ability for such enormous biomass production comes from high levels of coherence between chlorophyll bearing proteins in a given photosynthesizing organism. A typical light absorption reaction occurs in 350 seconds at near unity in low light conditions. To understand how awesome this level of coherence is, consider a trimer. A trimer contains 300 identical photosynthetic elements. Each of the 300 elements absorbs its own “packet” of light at the beginning of a reaction and all 300 elements synthesize their individual “packets” simultaneously in near perfect coherence. The first question Scholes posed to the audience in his lecture was, “In 350 seconds, how is nearly perfect coherence maintained between all photosynthetic elements of an organism, especially as energy is transferred?” In other words, how has nature developed the ability to transfer solar energy so efficiently? Scholes followed the first question with another, “Is it possible to correlate the unique signatures produced by proteins (in a given algae or bacteria) absorbing light from a specific range of the spectrum to the subsequent movement of the energy throughout that organism?” Scholes’ explanation for the near unity observed in energy absorption and transfer is based in a quantum mechanical understanding of absorption resonance as well as an understanding of the Forster Mechanism. Operating over a greater separation distance, the dipole-dipole moments between donor and acceptor of the light are coupled electro-dynamically during the transition of solar-based energy ownership. This model is based in the Forster Mechanism where a dipole-dipole approximation is valid. Unfortunately, the model breaks down the closer the acceptor and donor are to each other. Hence the formation of a theory based in quantum energy transfer and eigenstates is necessary. On the quantum level, there is a mechanism that essentially enables the solar energy absorbed to “jump” between molecular sites. This quantum electrodynamic model of photon transfer only works for the transfer of a “virtual photon.” Photon creation and annihilation incidents occur at the donor and acceptor locations. For more information on this model of solar energy transfer, refer to the paper Scholes co-authored in 2011 called “Resonance energy transfer: Beyond the limits.” What does this mean for engineers in field of solar cell development? Being able to utilize Resonance Energy Transfer (RET), the term given to the highly coherent procedure by which solar energy is processed (on the non-quantum level), would enable highly efficient energy capture in solar cells. Increased understanding of the quantum theory of energy transfer will enable a further refinement of solar cells for an even greater increase in solar cell efficiency. Although manipulation of the quantum theory for technological development requires expensive and difficult experimentation, the work to develop a functional understanding of the theory is beneficial. The use of the quantum theory in cell refinement would enable the production of solar panels that would outperform the RET theorybased cells because of the “filters” or “screens” that are induced by the separation of donors and acceptors on the RET scale. These filters and screens make the RET process only 95% efficient, but this loss of efficiency is not present on the quantum level where the separation is unimaginably minute. The quantum energy transfer theory explains that the quantum scale processing of energy uses orbital overlap to create either simultaneous electron and hole transfer or simultaneous donor and acceptor excitation.

Esther Lowe Staff Writer

By analyzing the options for investment in water supply available to a hypothetical small governed region and then examining all potential outcomes, Patrick Reed and company created an artificially intelligent beast called the Borg MOEA, where MOEA stands for the Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithms. The Borg MOEA can be hit with the extreme worst case scenarios of failure in the water supply and produces a highly effective updated algorithm for management in 53 seconds. Reed, and associate professor at Pennsylvania State University has worked in collaboration with a team of engineers, mathematicians, economists, and scientists to create a means of innovation for water management. The three main options available for the government acquisition of water supply are investments. The first option is obtaining permanent water rights to a percent of the reservoir inflows. The second option is to acquire spot leases, which cause an immediate transfer of water. Finally, there are adaptive options contracts, which, for current management professionals, mean reduced lease-price volatility but a sharp increase in the number of contracts required as diversification of investments increase. In the current market, if a man-

ager fails to supply sufficient water, proposes dramatic decreases in water use, or increases taxes for water supply, he will likely lose his job. As such, most successful utility companies are quite worried about any sort of failure in their distribution that will cause either unanticipated shortages or unanticipated increases in costs. The “secure” option that most utilities have invested in is the option to maximize their percent ownership of the permanent rights. This has a 98% reliability, but costs the most and can cause a surplus of water that cannot be consumed before rights are lost (after one year). In reality, there is a much higher degree of security at a much lower cost in the diversification of investments. Unfortunately, it is not consistently possible with current industry methods to identify the ideal investments for diversification that will lead to the cheapest and most reliable water supply. The reason for the lack of ability is the presence of human bias at a number of phases in the continuous process of market and resource tradeoff analysis that occurs in the proper management of diversified investments. The next major development in the Borg MOEA under investigation is the possibility of using satellite space as the network signal receiver for large scale simultaneous core processing. Increased core use means increased ability for al-

gorithms to respond to unexpected problems in the water supply. Reed and his team hold the record for the largest optimization ever done, which used 500,000 cores. Reed believes that in order for his operation to get satellite space, he will need to convince space allocators that providing space for the Borg MOEA would ensure higher daily profit than most users currently provide with a minimal amount of work. Reed is also working with NASA engineers to discuss the feasibility of altering satellite production to accommodate the installation of precipitation monitoring devices on new satellites. With the ability to monitor precipitation globally, the Borg MOEA would become the most powerful tool in water distribution in the world. International cooperation and coordination of water supply would enable maximal distribution and access around the world to water as it becomes increasingly scarce and demand rises due to the exponential growth of the world population. If international governments use the Borg MOEA collaboratively, then Reed and company have created the most innovative model for water management in this day and age. If governments follow the historical tendency of looking out for only themselves and do not work together, then the Borg MOEA will be a myopia of human potential.

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march 18, 2013

Mountain lion attack in Evergreen, Mines’ faculty helps save her beloved companion
Evan Ford Staff Writer
In the dark of night, Colorado School of Mines’ own Nanci BlissKelley experienced a mountain lion attack. Fortunately, Nanci was not the victim. Her dog, Tilly was not as lucky, yet Nanci was able to save the dog’s life thanks to her quick thinking and bravery. Nanci has worked at Mines for over six years, and recently moved into a new house in Evergreen. The new area is known for mountain lion activity, but Nanci and her husband Richard have been “busy with settling in, as well as a deck renovation,” to aptly prepare for mountain lion risks. Last January, Nanci was returning home at about 5:30 pm one evening. Richard had been out scouting for ice fishing locations. He usually takes both of their dogs, Tilly and Tripp. Tripp is a yellow lab, and Tilly is a Chesapeake Bay Retriever. Both dogs are adopted from Rocky Mountain Lab Rescue, and both are tripawds, the correct term for three-legged dogs. Nanci and Richard have had the dogs for around a year and half, however, this canine-human relationship could have been cut short when Nanci heard “the fence banging and growling outside,” just after she had flipped on the inside lights. “The sound is difficult to describe, but I knew it was bad. My blood went cold, and I ran to the phone to call my husband.” This area is known for spotty cell phone service, “so I was grateful I was able to get a hold of Richard.” After Nanci found out that he had only taken Tripp with him, she knew she had to save Tilly. Richard reminded her that there was a loaded handgun in the house, and Nanci rushed to get it. “It was a weird feeling holding the gun. I had never shot a gun before,” said Nanci. “After I rushed up the steps, I saw the eyes of the mountain lion out near the fence.” “I held up the gun and shot once, not really aiming, but making sure I wouldn’t hit Tilly. We live on two acres surrounded by several uninhabited acreage, so I had no fear of hurting anyone with a wild shot. I was just trying to scare the lion away.” Nanci said she was “surprised by the smell of gunpowder; it reminded [her] of the smell of cap guns,” she said. Holding a tiny flashlight and the pistol, Nanci spotted the mountain lion’s eyes once more, this time far away on the hill behind their house. “This time, I closed one eye and shot, again, not expecting to hit it,” said Nanci. At this point, Richard had returned home and the two split up to look for Tilly. Richard found her near the fence. Tilly’s head was stuck under the fence, with her body on the outside. “We saw her tail moving, so we knew she was alive. Richard and I put our heads together to figure out how to carefully move her without hurting her. We ended up not needing to do so because she got up and walked to our front door as soon as she was free.” Upon close inspection, they found bite marks around her head and neck, as though the mountain lion had gnawed on her. Tilly was rushed to the emergency veterinarian that night, and experienced a swift recovery from her 30 puncture wounds and 20 stitches. Nanci humbly accepts the fact she saved her dog’s life, and even received a unique gift from the whole debacle. “Richard actually found one of the shell casings; and put it on a necklace for Valentine’s Day,” said Nanci. “I wasn’t afraid that night.” Nanci did what was difficult, but necessary to protect her family in a time of need. Nanci also took this event as a learning experience, and used it as a means to better her community. “Our takeaway from this was to, of course, adjust our behavior. The dogs are out now only during daylight hours. We escort them in the morning and evening. We still walk them without leashes as they struggle enough to walk as tripawds. But we keep them very close. I also created a Google group for the neighborhood. This serves as a way to keep the neighbors united, despite being separated over so many acres. We can keep each other informed on wildlife sightings, fire alerts, and other safety concerns. Had this been in place at the time of the attack, I could have warned the neighbors.” Thankfully, Tilly “is doing just fine. The only lasting behavioral change is that she now sticks her head through the dog door and lets out a big WOOF before exiting. It cracks us up!”
COURTESY NANCI BLISS-KELLEY

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Cheers Elephant comes to Buffalo Rose
Harrison Welshimer Guest Writer
Earlier this month, I was contacted by Jordan Del Rosario, the lead guitarist for Philadelphia band Cheers Elephant. They’re going to be playing 3 dates in the Front Range as part of their nationwide tour, including March 29th in Golden at the Buffalo Rose. A funky band with the hair to boot, Cheers Elephant has been dubbed, “Chew it up, Spit it out, Rock and Roll.” And their live shows? How’s this for description: “Some say it’s something close to the devil, God, or cocaine.” Never heard of ‘em before? You’re becoming one of the few. This past May, Cheers released their 3rd album, Like Wind Blows Fire in Philadelphia’s Apple Store. That’s nothing to sniff at. Also, the track “Leaves” hit #4 on Hype Machine and was featured on We Are Hunted, NPR, Ex.FM, Good Music All Day, USA Today and Spotify. Cheers has shared the stage with acts like Mayer Hawthorne, Rubblebucket, The Go! Team, The Walkmen, Darwin Deez, Jefferson Starship, The Mother Hips, and more. Following is my interview with Jordan. *Warning* - engaging content follows. If you don’t like being entertained, stop reading now! HW: For the ever smaller number of people who don’t know you guys, how’d Cheers Elephant come into being? JR: Derek, Travelin Mat, and King all went to high school together. They played music in many different incarnations (DK Sunshine, Instant Breakfast) before forming Cheers Elephant right before college. The band wasn’t really playing shows yet when I joined in 2005. I had just moved from Upstate NY to Philadelphia, living with Travelin Mat who happens to be my cousin. Soon after Cheers Elephant was gigging and we haven’t stopped. HW: Getting discovered is the most difficult aspect of being a musician. How was Cheers found by some major publicists in NPR, USA Today and Philadelphia Weekly? JR: We have been fortunate. Some comes from these publications reaching out to us because they saw a YouTube video or something like that. Others come from our PR team getting our name and music out there. Our manager extraordinaire Andrew Leib also has a lot to do with our media presence. HW: I’m watching you’re videos and not only enjoying the music, but laughing pretty hard. Tell us about your chemistry. Where’s the collective humor come from? JR: We all have a heightened sense of humor. Mostly inside jokes. HW: Can you give us some examples? JR: Can’t really give you an example of an inside joke. It usually consists of a saying or phrase that gets repeated to no end (with foreign accent preferably) till we can’t remember why it was funny in the first place. HW: There’s a ton of music in the Mile High City on any given night. What are you guys going to bring that we should come out for? JR: Well you can expect a show. That is for sure. A high energy musical spectacular. You can expect to think “man that singer is hopping around like a madman” or “tell you what that drummer is crazy!” All that and good songs that will be stuck in your head for the next couple of days. HW: I’m sold! What are some of the tour spots you’re really excited about? JR: Everybody is really excited for SXSW this year. It’s the first time we will have an official festival showcase. It also the first time Cheers Elephant will be in California. Derek is really stoked for San Francisco. Seattle and all of our Colorado stops of course for obvious reasons. Salt Lake City should be interesting. HW: Ha! Yes, definitely interesting. I want to talk about “Leaves” from your most recent album, Like Wind Blows Fire which reached #4 on Hype Machine, in addition to featured spots on Spotify and Ex.FM. Take us on the journey from the birth of this song to its current popularity. JR: “Leaves” was one of the first songs from the album to make it to the live set. Derek had written and recorded a finished demo with drum loops and harmonies all mapped out and brought it to us pretty much a finished song. It was one of the first recorded for the album and really set the tone for how the rest of the album should sound. After that we sent it out to various publications and music blogs it blew up. Which is kind of funny because we never made a music video for it. It’s just that good. HW: Apple isn’t the most generous to its artists, taking $.30 for every dollar sold before any deductions are made by distributors and a record label. Yet the band debuted Like Wind Blows Fire in Apple’s Philly store. What’s your take on Apple’s biz model? Where’s most of your dough come from? JR: Apple’s cut is still better than say Spotify or Pandora but yes we do not really financially benefit from streaming and downloads. We make the most from physical album sales, merchandise, and playing shows. HW: If you had to narrow it down, what’s been the best moment so far for the band/ what’s been the lowest moment? How do you keep an even keel on the roller coaster that is being a performing band? JR: For me, the worst moments are the best moments. We’ve had a van break down once. Left us stranded for days and scrambling for money to get it fixed. But we managed to play a few impromptu shows in that time, made new friends, and looking back now it was a good experience. We’ve

Nanci took this photo of the moutain lion roaming on her property in Evergreen, CO.

been threatened by vagrants over a parking spot and had or merch stolen by an elderly woman on a hoveround. I guess it’s things like that that keep us on an even keel, or at least keep us entertained. HW: If I go to Philly, where should I go to hear great local acts? Do you see yourself moving from Philly, maybe to say, Denver? JR: The list of quality Philadelphia venues is HUGE! Mid-size venues like Johnny Brenda’s and Kung Fu Necktie will most likely have a local band performing any night of the week. Same with larger venues like World Cafe and Blockley Pourhourse. The Philadelphia music scene is one of a kind and has shaped us as a band tremendously. We could never truly leave but after a weeklong stop in southern California this tour, we may disappear and become surf bums. HW: After the tour, what’s next for Cheers Elephant? JR: After this tour we will be focusing on finishing the next album. A lot of new songs have been materializing, some of which we will be incorporating into the set list each night so it’s about that time that we hunker down and start the next chapter. We will be back in the Front Range before you know it but you can always keep tabs on us through Facebook, Twitter, instagram, or what have you. Or just the ol’ fashioned web site www. cheerselephant.com.

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Melissa Ashwood Sydney Sullinger Staff Writers

5280 Denver Restaurant Week sizzles on
Reviews of Denver Restaurant Week continue with a visit to Rodizio Grill, a Brazilian steakhouse. Located in lower downtown Denver (LODO), Rodizio has a dark, sophisticated atmosphere with colorful Brazilian art decorating the walls. Although crowded with people wishing to engage in the $52.80 special, the noise level was low providing an intimate setting. The meal began with unlimited appetizers of Banana Frita, Polenta, and Pao de Queijo. The Banana Frita was a delectable slice of warm banana with a cinnamon and sugar coating that offered a sweet burst of flavor. The Polenta was a delicious deepfried cornmeal with a gooey center. Pao de Queijo was a cheese bread made with yucca flour that was utterly melt-in-your-mouth fantastic. After the appetizers, it was time to pick and choose from the unlimited salad bar. The salad bar was immense, featuring both cold and warm options. Some cold options were potato salad, yogurt chicken salad, Rodizio salad, crab salad, mozzarella balls, and quail eggs. Some warm options were beef stroganoff, alfredo, mashed potatoes, and rice. The salad bar was delicious and would have made a fine meal by itself. The main entree, the meat, followed the salad bar. Brazilian Gauchos greeted guests and brought the choice, skewered meats directly to the table. The entire selection consisted of tritip sirloin, top sirloin, garlic beef, Brazilian pot roast, whole sirloin, parmesan sirloin, beef tender, turkey wrapped in bacon, sweet and spicy chicken, marinated chicken, chicken hearts with lime, white fish, Brazilian sausage, marinated pork loin, grilled ham and grilled pineapple. The favorite meats were the beef options. They were grilled perfectly and melted in your mouth. Another favorite was the grilled pineapple. The Gauchos added to the atmosphere with high-energy and jokes to keep guests entertained. At each table, guests are given a wooden hourglass shaped piece, red on one side and green

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on the other. When the green side was up, the Gauchos would keep the meat coming. When guests need a break, put the red side up and the Gauchos stop coming. This novel idea made sure that guests didn’t feel bombarded at their table. Once finished with the meat, guests concluded their dining experience with dessert. Dessert consisted of two choices, Pudim de Leite and Rabanada which are a caramel flan and a warm cinnamon pastry respectively. The flan melted on the tongue and was the perfect blend of creamy and caramel which made for the absolute perfect end of a fantastic meal. The warm cinnamon pastry was akin to a sopapilla stuffed with custard and coated with cinnamon sugar. It was tasty and it came with vanilla ice cream. Rodizio Grill is highly recommended to the Mines community. For a great experience, delicious food, and plenty of it, Rodizio Grill is your place to go. Just make sure to call ahead and make reservations!

SDYNEY SULLINGER & MELISSA ASHWOOD / OREDIGGER

Continue YouR Climb
Join us for dinner as the alumni community celebrates your accomplishments and welcomes you to your lifelong family.
Friday, April 26, 2013
6:00 p.m. cocktails; 7:00 p.m. dinner

You’ve established strong roots

Guests begin their meal with Polenta and Pao de Queijo. The Polenta was a delicious deep-fried cornmeal with a gooey center. Pao de Queijo was a cheese bread made with yucca flour.

Student Recreation Center
lockridge arena, 16th & Maple streets golden, Co business or Cocktail attire requested. this event is free for graduating students to attend and $45 for each guest.

Please RSVP online by April 12, 2013

visit minesalumni.com/celebrate_graduates

Banana Fritas are slices of warm, fried bananas with a cinnamon and sugar coating,

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Geek Week
of the

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...Jesse Weaver, Junior: Computer Science
meet a girl with that.” Just then, a girl walked up to me and said, “Oh hey, we’re studying Linux in school.” [My mom] never criticized me about my programming again. Who would win in a fight between a herd of centaurs and a pod of flying whales? I’m choosing to believe the whales are flying by flapping their flippers really fast, so in the contest of giant hummingbirds vs. magic beings, the centaurs win. Do you have any plans for the future? Future? What’s future? I have a test. No, I want to get a job where I can afford a loud car and a big computer. Do you have any advice for fellow geeks and Mines students? Caffeine can be converted to sleep, but the exchange rate sucks. Do you have a favorite quote? “All these cool kids going to clubs, they just haven’t discovered reverse engineering yet.” – Natalie Silanovitch Would you rather fight a hundred duck-sized horses or a horse-sized duck? I would rather duck under a hundred horse-sized fights.

Jordan Francis Staff Writer
Understandably after a long day at school, most geeks do not want to even look at another equation until they finally have to break down and start their homework three hours before class starts. On the other hand, there are geeks who come home and immediately begin working on some extra-curricular project for their favorite subject. Enter Computer Science major Jesse Weaver, who loves to program in his down time and has equal parts blood, pixels, and midi-chlorians running through his veins. [Oredigger]: Why did you choose your major? [Weaver]: I’ve been programming for the past eight years and I can’t see myself doing anything else. What has been your favorite class? Physics I…but seriously, Applied Numerical Methods because I like math, I like programming, and my teacher is deliriously smart. Are you a geek and why? I’m absolutely a geek. I can talk enthusiastically about programming and [I] find it a horrible sin

JORDAN FRANCIS / OREDIGGER

Evan Ford Staff Writer

this, I hate both Duke and University of North Carolina,” Woodson added with a smile. She finished Sandy Woodson is a student her major in multidisciplinary studfavorite here at Mines, yet the path ies and minor in Science, Technolshe took to become a professor in ogy and Society at North Carolina the LAIS department was far from State University. “It took a while for linear. Anyone who has taken Na- me to find what I wanted to major ture and Human Values has most in; I started with physics and tried likely enjoyed a guest lecture from English, elementary education, Woodson at some point, but she and business admin,” she said. also teaches upper level classes Woodson was able to obtain a like Ethics and Environmental Eth- degree, and then wished to move on to post-graduate work. “When ics. She has taught at Mines for I was deciding what to do for my graduate studies, I nearly fourteen “Chill out; you are not chose philosophy years, and her because that was dedication to the excep- your grades. It is great the hardest thing I could think of, tional students to be ambitious, but if other than physat the Colorado School of something doesn’t work ics.” Woodson had Mines is genuine and en- out, remember it is just found her calling, but it was far from couraging. Born in a class. The point is to an easy journey. She acquired her Cumberland, M a r y l a n d , learn as much as you can, master’s degree in Philosophy at W o o d s o n ’s State family moved and to have some fun on Colorado University, and around the the side.” had also attained country extena master’s of fine sively when she was growing up. “There were arts degree in creative writing at the no hospitals in Shortgap, West University of Montana. “The hardVirginia, so my family had to drive est part of my master’s work was to Maryland when I arrived. I lived procrastination—I took forever on in Shortgap until I was four. From my thesis. Even worse, the longer there we moved to South Caro- I took writing, the more perfect it lina, near Charleston,” she said. had to be.” After countless hours At age nine, the family ventured to of hard work, Woodson completed Salt Lake City until Woodson was her thesis surrounding Hindu Metaa junior in high school. “I gradu- physics and Environmental Ethics. At this point, she had been in ated early, but I finished high school back in South Carolina.” All of this upper level education for around traveling and moving around would ten years, and had “worked all the allow Woodson to adapt to her col- way through school.” “I wanted to orful and scenic expedition through do something exciting,” she said. Woodson traveled to Alaska to academia. She began her undergraduate work in a hardware store. “It turned degree at Clemson. “Because of out I was too old to fully enjoy it, but

Sandy Woodson, an energetic student favorite
I didn’t figure that out until I’d been in Alaska for a couple of months. I left Alaska because it was impossibly dark and cold, and I didn’t get to talk about philosophy any more. I was lonely. It was the advice from Bill Kittredge—when I was at the University of Montana—that led me to come to Boulder. ‘What do I do now?’ I asked. He said, ‘Move where your best friend is.’ So I did.” Woodson enjoyed Colorado while she was getting her master’s, and after she moved, she began to work as a bartender in downtown Denver. Eventually, Woodson stumbled upon a newspaper ad for a job opening at the Colorado School of Mines for a professor for the NHV course. “I hadn’t really heard of the school, but when I told my family about it they were really impressed.” Like Mines students, Woodson’s workload the first year was eye opening. “I didn’t think I would last a year; I was teaching four sections of NHV, the students were bitter and the entire course had a terrible reputation. It took a long time for NHV to start to emerge from that hole.” Over time, Woodson earned the reputation as the “friendly professor” as she worked to rebuild the NHV course layout and design. “Students may still complain about NHV, but compared to back then, the class is much, much better,”

when someone hasn’t seen Star Wars. I make “yo’ mamma” jokes involving special relativity. How do you spend your free time? I’m not quite sure what free time is, being a Mines student, but if I had it, I’d spend it programming and playing Super Smash Bros. What are your greatest accomplishments to date? Not dying by the age of twenty, convincing a bunch of librarians to like computers, being a homeschooler without a recognizable anti-social personality disorder. If you could be dropped into any fictional universe, what would it be and why? “Scott Pilgirm vs. the World” because I want to be in a universe where even Canadian deadbeats have superpowers. What is your favorite thing about Mines? When I make the “yo’ mamma” jokes about special relativity, people laugh instead of looking at me pityingly. What is your best nerd story? So basically, I used to have this Linux programming book the size of the Denver phone book. I went to a social event with the book and my mom said, “Jesse, you’ll never

GOTW, Jesse Weaver, hopes to get a job that allows him to afford a loud car and a big computer in the future.

she said. Woodson is motivated and driven by the unique interactions with the students at Mines. “It’s great to learn from the students, and it truly is a privilege to be a part of their lives. Mines students do something—they have an impact and the potential to change the world.” Woodson also offered some advice to the frequently overworked and out-stressed students at Mines. She said, “Chill out; you are not your grades. It is great to be ambitious, but if something doesn’t work out, remember it is just a class. The point is to learn as much as you can, and to have some fun on the side.”
EVAN FORD / OREDIGGER

Sandy poses with her lovable dog, Truly. Truly makes trips to campus visiting students.

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Gear up! From computers to spring camping
Chase Tyree Staff Writer
This issue’s Gear Review looks at two things. First, for the nerdy ones out there, there is a review on a TARDIS USB hub for all computers, and second, since spring break is over and some people went camping, there is a review of the Camp Chef Everest camping stove. For the computer and sci-fi nerds out there, GameStop sells a neat USB hub that looks like something The Doctor would use—the TARDIS. For those who do not know what that is, it is the time machine The Doctor from “Doctor Who” uses to travel across time and space. This hub plugs into any USB port on a computer and comes with 4 USB ports, two located on either side. Unfortunately, the hub cannot support USB devices that need extra power to run. To compensate for that, the back of the hub includes a port for an external power supply that allows the hub to support high-powered devices. All of the useful parts of this are neat, but the most exciting thing

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Under the radar games: “Virtue’s Last Reward”
Chase Tyree Staff Writer
In 2017, 18 children were abducted and forced to play the Nonary game for their lives. Almost ten years later, nine other people were abducted and played the same game. Some people would think Zero would be done with these games, but they thought wrong. On December 25, 2028, Sigma, a simple college student, was taken from his car and woke up in an elevator with a girl named Phi. After they observe their surroundings, a rabbit appears on a screen in the elevator. “Hello! I am Zero the III! Welcome to the Nonary Game: Ambidex Edition!” This week’s Under the Radar Games continues from last week’s game with its sequel, “Zero Escape: Virtue’s Last Reward.” Released in October 2012 in the United States, this game continues on in the universe of “9 Hours, 9 Persons, 9 Doors.” This time, instead of Junpei being the main protagonist, the player sees the world through the eyes of a new person, a college student named Sigma. Forced into a facility with eight other people, he is forced to play the Nonary Game: Ambidex Edition, which is the same as the last Nonary Games, but with a twist. Along with solving rooms to escape, there are rounds of the Ambidex Game. To escape from the facility, players must achieve a score of nine points through the watch on their wrist.

about the TARDIS USB hub is the activation noise. Whenever anything is plugged into the hub, the familiar “whoooosh whoooosh” sounds plays. If showing it off is better, it has a “whoooosh whoooosh” button on the outside. It is available online and at GameStop for $25. The next item is the Camp Chef Everest camping stove. Camping stoves are useful for camping, mostly because hot food is a fantastic convenience in the wilderness. This stove has many great features including powerful burners that allow food to cook fast and all the way through. Additionally, the cooking area provides a generous amount of room for a compact stove, and the flame control makes it easy to adjust cooking temperature. The only problem is that the propane regulator when stored, sits within the stove and rattles around making an annoying noise. The Camp Chef Everest stove is available online for around $98. It is a little expensive for a college budget, but this stove is the best bet for serious campers.
CHASE TYREE / OREDIGGER

“Shaun of the Dead” a brain smashing good time
Chase Tyree Staff Writer
and head to their favorite bar, the Winchester, and drink beer until the zombie apocalypse is over. “Shaun of the Dead” is a fun movie for zombie and comedy lovers alike. Simon Pegg and Nick Frost, the guys behind “Hot Fuzz” and “Run, Fatboy, Run,” star in this tribute to “Dawn of the Dead” and are a great comedic pair. However, this movie is British, so people who did not like “Monty Python” or the British version of “The Office” may watch this movie and just say “eh?” This movie is not only funny, but it also has many references

Each player starts off with three. to this game, four times more than The Nonary Game players are then “999.” The game even provides a locked in separate rooms and from flowchart that allows players to there, they have two choices, Ally jump to different points in the game or Betray. If both players choose to make another decision instead Ally, both will gain 2 points. If both of making players restart every time choose Betray, neither player will they get to an ending. gain point, and if one chooses Ally “Virtue’s Last Reward” is a fanand the other Betray, the one who tastic game, even to critics. IGN betrayed will gain 3 points and the gave the game a 9.5 out of 10, 1UP unlucky one that allied will lose 2 gave it an A-, and Game Informer points. If a player’s points drop to gave it an 8.75/10. Along with those 0, he dies. ratings, “Virtue’s Last Reward” also “Virtue’s Last Reward” is a great won Handheld Game of the Year by game not only for its story, but also GameSpot, Best Story of 2012 by for the puzzles that the rooms pres- RPGFan, and was nominated for ent. The puzzles make players think 2012 Game of the Year by Kotaku. about what they COURTESY AKSYS GAMES can do and what is available to them. After solving a room, players get a certain sense of accomplishment, especially if they get the secondary escape code that unlocks an extra reading that goes behind the scenes of the game’s story. Along with the special readings, the main story of the game will make a player’s mind explode. There “Virtue’s Last Reward” is a fantastic game acare 24 endings cording to critics.

This hub plugs into any standard USB port on a computer.
COURTESY AMAZON.COM

The Camp Chef Everest stove costs around $98 online.

“Take car. Go to Mum’s. Kill Phil, grab Liz, go to the Winchester, have a nice cold pint, and wait for all of this to blow over. How’s that for a slice of fried gold?” That is a good plan to survive the zombie apocalypse, Shaun. “Shaun of the Dead” is a movie about a TV salesman named Shaun who has done nothing with his life, has a girlfriend, Liz, who is displeased with their social life, has a best friend, Ed, who sleeps on his COURTESY ROGUE PICTURES couch and plays video games all day, and has a hard relationship with his step-father Phillip. Without much warning, zombies infest the town and devour people, but Shaun, too involved in his own thoughts and emotions, does not even notice until he goes out, grabs some ice cream, returns home, and watches the news. Finding that the world is going to hell, Shaun and Ed decide that they are going to grab every- For those late night decisions on what movie to watch, consider one they care about “Shaun of the Dead” for zombies and a bunch of laughs.

to other movies. For instance, Shaun works at Foree Electronics, which, for the “Dawn of the Dead” fans out there, refers to Ken Foree, the star of the movie. One of Shaun’s co-workers is named Ash, a reference to a character from “Evil Dead.” At the end of the film, a news anchor says that the claim that rage infected monkeys caused the pandemic is not real, which refers to the rage virus of the 2002 movie “28 Days Later.” For those late night decisions on what movie to watch, consider “Shaun of the Dead” for zombies and a bunch of laughs.

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The Knight, the Seer, and the Child Adina
Nicole Johnson Staff Writer
Previous chapters can be found online at oredigger.net “We’ll watch the ceremony from the boat while Garreth and Vanar accompany your mother’s guards to keep her and your father safe.” Miranda nodded and followed Adina onto the deck, making sure to keep her hood down low. Adina exchanged a greeting with the fellow agents masquerading as sailors. The captain was standing port side, watching his men at work. Adina bowed and thanked the captain. “Not a problem. You may use my cabin for viewing if you wish. I will be sending two more guards to keep you company.” “There’s no need. Have them keep watch from out here. My friend and I would like privacy.” “As you wish, representative.” Miranda led the way into the room. Adina had barely closed the door when Miranda flipped open her hood. “I thought I was going to suffocate from the smell. Now, I would like some answers. Why is everyone obsessed with keeping me safe?” Adina closed her eyes, whispering a few holy words. She smiled when she saw the familiar flash of purple light that fled her fingers and fused with the wall. “You are the last of your line. There are those who would prefer the line to end with you. The church…” “Serves the Royal Family. I know that much.” “Times are changing. It’s only a precaution.” “So I am to be a prisoner.” Adina couldn’t help feeling sorry for her. “How are the people to trust a ruler that hides from them?” Adina smoothed the wrinkles from her white cloak as she took a seat on the window sill. She looked out across the harbor to the Grand Temple. A large crowd had gathered for the ceremony. “I understand your frustration.” Miranda stood and crossed the cabin to stare at the maps hanging on the walls. “How could you? You rip me away from my world, force me to be something I’m just not and then all of a sudden keep me in hiding.” Miranda rubbed the bridge of her nose, whispering something under her breath. “It’s for your own safety.” Adina sighed. “I know how you feel. I was found as a child wandering the streets after the shadow monsters attacked my village and was rescued by the Trinity Knights. They gave me a home and the man who raised me gave me a place on the Council.” “Why has no one heard of the Trinity Knights? What have they to hide?” “The church has the public running scared.” Miranda was a few steps away from the door. “But why not come out and set the record straight? All the secrecy isn’t exactly doing you any favors.” “Myself and other seers believe the Betrayer might be corrupting the church.” “What is the Betrayer?” Adina frowned, reaching with her mind to test the magic that surrounded them. Still solid. Releasing a breath, she looked back out to the rejoicing crowd. “Some say he was the first child of the goddesses. The only one to be carved from their flesh and souls. After seeing the rest of the races formed, the Betrayer wanted a race of his own. When the Goddesses denied him, he created his own from the filth of this world and the darkness in the next. War ravaged the land. In the end the land was soaked with blood. Destroyed by grief the goddesses sacrificed themselves to trap their child between worlds where even time would stand still.” Miranda started inching her way towards the cabin door, flattening herself against the wall. “Stop it!” Adina rose from the windowsill. “Miranda, what’s wrong?” “A headache. That’s all. What happened next?” “The churches hunted down the Trinity Knights and anyone with the gift of sight to near extinction.” “Where do seers get their power?” “No one knows for sure. I believe the goddesses’ magic still lingers and it chooses those who will listen.” Miranda took a step away from the wall. “What do you have visions about?” Adina stiffened but smiled. “Many things, good and bad. I dreamed of you and Sir Caldon. That’s how Garreth and Vanar found you the night you were attacked.” Miranda took in a deep, shaky breath. “Have you seen my uncle?” Adina gently bit her lower lip. “No. It can take time and the visions are sometimes jumbled.” “Figures.” “I do know you miss him and I promise we will find him. As soon as the ceremony is over, I’ll make sure Garreth and the others work on finding your uncle and all the others who were taken from your village.” A flash of light exploded within her mind. Her hands cradled her face as Adina crashed to the floor. Screams filled her mind. She heard Miranda running to her side but could barely feel the other woman shaking her shoulder. When the light cleared, Adina found herself standing amongst the crowd outside the Grand Temple. A rumble shook the ground, but no one seemed to notice or care. On a raised platform near the entrance of the temple stood a row of guards from all three kingdoms behind another two rooms of council representatives. Standing closest to the platform’s edge near several tall statues of Solacia were the High Priestess, her closest acolytes and the King and Queen. Fanfare music blared from trumpeters lining the sides of the stage. From within the temple emerged a figure dressed in fine blue silk that looked like waves crashing over her body. The decoy certainly played the part well. Even Adina would be easily fooled on first glance. The priests laid prayer beads over the young woman’s neck as she passed by each one until she stood next to Rolanda. The high priestess sprinkled holy water over the young woman, whispering something into her ear. The procession turned and followed the priest and the decoy into the temple. Around her Adina heard the soft whispers of prayer from the citizens. Some were even weeping. Adina also noticed the increased number of guards displaying church symbols on their uniforms. Holy Warriors haven’t been seen in centuries. Another rumble shook the ground, causing spectators to fall against each other. Adina looked around and felt something cold slither down her spine. Although she tried to move, she found she couldn’t. Glued in place, she turned her gaze back to the stage. She felt the heavy darkness crushing her before she saw the stuff begin to ooze from the temple walls. Cracks began to form in the temple walls before another rumble, largest of the three, shook the ground. Flames shot out from the temple’s entrance and the dark ooze bubbled like pus from a freshly opened wound. The explosion cracked like thunder before everything went black and the screams filled her mind. “Wake up, Adina!” Adina felt herself yanked from the crowd and landed on her back. Only when she opened her eyes, she found herself staring at the ceiling of their ship’s cabin. Beneath her she could feel the ship swaying on the waves. Miranda was leaning over her along with another of Garreth’s agents. Adina tried to sit up but a hand on her shoulder kept her laying down. “Easy.” Adina fought to keep her breathing steady as her eyes focused on the blurry figure above her. “Garreth? Where is he?” “Garreth and Vanar went to the temple. The ceremony’s about to begin.” Adina recovered images from the vision. She shivered at the thought of the black ooze consuming the temple. “Call them back. A vision. So many deaths.” “But he’s already…” “I said get him back here! Miranda, help me up.” Adina wiped the blood away from under her nose and swallowed the nausea growing in her stomach. The knight had barely risen when the first rumble hit the boat. Adina’s throat grew dry. “Run and raise the danger flag. They must not go in.” Miranda handed her a cloth soaked in cold water. The chill was a relief on Adina’s hot skin as she used it to clear away the blood. “What’s happening?” Already she could feel the visions tugging at her mind. Flashes of the temple ruins captured her vision. Two figures rose from the ashes, a man and a woman. The high priestess was leading the other man who was cloaked in shadow. His face was scarred and his eyes glowed red, but she knew the face. The volume of the screams turned to a feverish pitch when the second rumble hit. Adina turned to the window and looked on in disbelief as the sky was filled with billowing black clouds. Smoke from the temple rose in plumes and the flames licked every last stone until the whole thing was a pile of blackened ash. The crowd turned into a frenzy, but something was preventing them from leaving. “Who would do such a thing?” Miranda’s face was covered in tears. “Isn’t the church supposed to protect us?” Adina and Miranda ran up to the deck. A loud booming voice accompanied an image of a man and a woman formed by the flames and clouds. “Ladies and Gentleman, I’m afraid to inform you that a great tragedy has befallen us. A rogue organization that calls themselves the Trinity Knights planned and executed an attack on the temples. They wish the church to submit, to tell you the goddesses are dead and blame all of you. This is simply not true. The goddesses are shamed by what we have become. We need to atone.” A cheer rose from the crowd. “This blatant attack on everything good and pure requires blood for the bloodshed in evil. The entire Royal Family and several important members of the Trinity Knights were caught in the explosion.” Everyone on deck held their breath. “With the support of the Head Councilor, the church will be declaring Holy Law. We are the judges and your deliverers to a peaceful world. We begin with the sacrifice of the Trinity Knight leader, Commander Hallon.” Adina gasped. “No!” Another figure with a cloth bag over his head formed within the smoke. Adina and Miranda looked away just as the deed was done. Adina turned to the captain. “Captain set a course for the safe house. We need to get out of here and fast.” “Anyone thought to be associating with the knights or seers will be taken hostage. Only the pure will live under the new reign.”

This week in Colorado History
Strychnine Tragedy - suicide or accidental overdose?
Deborah Good Editor-in-Chief
In a great tragedy this week in 1907, a prominent Ouray woman “swallowed a quantity of strychnine, dying a few hours later.” Mrs. Michael Collins was walking along the main street with her husband when she swallowed the poison for unknown reasons, reported “The Colorado Transcript.” Mrs. Collins walked about five blocks in between the time she took the strychnine and when she collapsed. Upon her collapse, her husband assumed she had just fainted and ran for help. A doctor was summoned, but Mrs. Collins regained consciousness only long enough to say that she had taken strychnine before dying. Her death was shrouded in mystery, according to “The Colorado Transcript.” No one knew of a specific motive for suicide, and indeed the authorities were unsure if the death was actually a suicide. Mrs. Collins was said to be taking a medicine containing strychnine, leaving open the possibility of an accidental death. This theory gained additional traction from the fact that no one could identify a bottle of poison or where the unfortunate woman had purchased the strychnine. On the other hand, Ouray residents reported Mrs. Collins had recently quarreled with her husband, a charge Mr. Collins vigorously denied. Whatever the cause and motive, it was likely to remain a mystery, because no inquest was planned. The internal revenue bureau reported this week in 1907 that Americans in general, not just Coloradans were “largely increasing their consumption of American bottled beers,” according to “The Colorado Transcript.” Surprisingly, the shift was attributed to the temperance movement, as there was “a growing sentiment that temperance is surer and better promoted by the development of a taste for mild drinks than by prohibitive laws.” In an issue more relevant for internal revenue, two messengers for the Wells-Fargo Express Company were arrested this week in 1907 for embezzlement. The messengers, who worked between Aspen and Basalt, were charged following the disappearance of “a package containing $2500,” according to “The Colorado Transcript.”

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Baseball splits series with Colorado Christian
Drops single game against CSU-Pueblo
Katerina Gonzales Content Manager

s p o r t s

march 18, 2013

Track and field opens outdoor campaign at Jerry Quiller Classic
Courtesy CSM Athletics
The Colorado School of Mines track and field teams began the outdoor season in Boulder on Saturday as a small contingent of Orediggers collected a handful of top-five finishes at the Jerry Quiller Classic, hosted by Colorado at Potts Field. A week after helping the distance medley relay to All-American accolades for the sixth consecutive year at the NCAA Division II Indoor Track & Field Championships, senior Peter Jenkins won the men’s 400, bettering 27 runners, including 10 from the Division I ranks, with a time of 48.85. Freshman Ian Rozier and sophomore Peter Eisinger placed fifth and sixth in the 400 hurdles with respective times of 58.07 and 1:03.96. Senior Cody Walega was fifth in the pole vault, topping a height of 14-5.25 (4.40 meters) and junior Ryan Ewen was 13th overall and second-best among Division II throwers in the hammer with a heave of 154-8.25 (47.14 meters). Junior Kayla Johnson achieved a new personal-record in the women’s triple jump, clearing 38-0.25 (11.59 meters) on her sixth attempt to finish second. Johnson was also the top Division II runner in the 100 hurdles, finishing second in her heat and 12th overall in 16.15. In the 400 hurdles, Mines went 4-5-6 as senior Erin Beach ran a 1:08.65, freshman McKenzie Zeman clocked a 1:09.16 and Johnson went 1:09.30. Freshman Emily Lathen led all non-Division I throwers in the discus, collecting sixth overall with a personal-record of 120-2.50 (36.63 meters), the fifth-farthest toss in the school record book. Both Oredigger squads return to the track on March 22-23 for the CSU-Pueblo Open at the Neta and Eddie DeRose Thunderbowl in Pueblo, site of the 2013 NCAA Outdoor Championships.

CCU committed four errors. the game. The errors would have a Freshman Christian Rooney play in this game however, as only continued his early success in one of Dunham’s runs were earned Mines Baseball broke even with picking up the win, allowing no and CSM ended up committing the Colorado Christian University earned runs on three hits and a three errors in the game. The Orediggers headed south Cougars Friday night, deciding the walk while fanning three. CCU’s lone run came on the road again as their game series as Sunday’s games Both Mines and CCU took off an error in against the CSU-Pueblo Thunderended up being turns pounding out the hits the third inning. wolves was moved from Golden Rooney holds to Pueblo due to too much snow cancelled due to snow. The Friday afternoon. Mines the lowest ERA at Jim Darden Field Tuesday. The out of the start- pitching duel lasted until the fourth, Orediggers also met up with struck first, scoring 11 runs ers from his when freshman Nate Olinger 21 innings, a walked, advanced to third on a CSU-Pueblo Tuesday, drop- as the pitching limited Colo- sleek 1.27. Eric Williams single, and scored on an Shannon and Egeberg groundout to second. ping a 9-inning Tan- Mines played small ball in the fifth affair in a close rado Christian to one run. Michael ner closed out to score another run, as Kyle Walcontest. Both Mines and CCU took turns the final three innings, allowing no lace scored on a groundout after walking as well. pounding out the hits Friday after- runs. The second game of the douThe Wildcats would counter noon. Mines struck first, scoring 11 runs as the pitching limited Colora- bleheader was the polar opposite. in the bottom of the sixth inning do Christian to one run. CSM went CCU shut out Mines’ batters, as though, plating two runs against to work right away in the top of the they won 12-0. CSM’s lone hit was righty Ben Gilman. Gilman ended up being first, as Bobby Egeberg scored on a Zach Bothwell a fielder’s choice after reaching on bunt single in The second game of the taken out for Dunham, but an error. Mines really broke it open the third. doubleheader was the After giving ended up with in the second, as senior catcher a decent line, Jordan Williams blasted a two-run up four earned sopho- polar opposite. CCU shut throwing five home run to left, freshman Park- runs, starter innings with er Stevens singled, sophomore more Brown out Mines’ batters, as they two runs on outfielder Rey Chevarria singled, Matt five hits and Charlie Basil walked, and CCU’s ended up bewon 12-0. two walks, second baseman made an error, ing pegged with while striking allowing Stevens and Chevarria the loss. Blake to score. William’s home run was Dunham then came in to relieve out eight. Dunham would allow his and Mines’ first of the season. him and lasted one and a third in- the tie-breaking run in the seventh, Sophomore Evan Brown doubled nings as the Cougars scored five and the Mines bats could not anCSM’s home run total in the fourth, runs off of four hits. Junior Peter swer back. The back end of the another two-run shot. Mines would Herrin pitched a solid eighth in- bullpen pitched a solid eighth and continue to pile it on, scoring a to- ning, and freshman Tommy Rodg- ninth, with Shannon, Tanner, and tal of 11 runs, seven unearned as ers gave up three runs to finish off Olinger combining for two hits.

No. 12 Orediggers defeat Metro State
Courtesy CSM Athletics
Backed by a career-day at the plate by sophomore designated player Cassie Ford, the NFCA No. 12 Colorado School of Mines softball team ran its win streak to 12 in a row, withstanding a late surge to stall host Metro State, 13-10, Saturday at Auraria Field in Denver. Ford had a career-high four hits in five plate appearances, launching two home runs and matching her collegiate-bests with four RBI and three runs scored. Her second multi-home run game of the season came on leadoff, solo blasts in the third and fourth innings. Coupled with her 2-for-2 effort against Regis earlier in the afternoon, Ford finished the day 6-for-7 (.857) with three homers, five runs and seven RBI, resulting in a remarkable 2.286 slugging percentage and .889 on-base percentage. Seniors Kamee Vessey, Macy Jones and Molly Thiebaut combined for five hits and seven RBI

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with Jones and Thiebaut both generating two hits, two RBI and one run scored. Vessey drove in three on a two-run homer to left in the first and a sacrifice fly to center in the third for her team-leading seventh multi-RBI game. She has hit safely in a season-high seven straight games and successfully reached base in each of her last 10. The Highlands Ranch native leads the team and is tied for second in the RMAC with six homers, ranking fifth on the school’s career home run chart with 21, while Jones’ solo long ball to center in the sixth inning moved her into sixth in the record book with 18. Junior Melissa Marshall went 2-for-3 with one run and fellow newcomer Courtney Derus was 1-for-3, scoring twice. Aided by a season-high 13 runs of support, senior Ashley Goletz (7-2) won her fourth straight in the circle, throwing 72 of her 110 pitches for strikes and yielding five earned runs on 13 hits, while walking just one.
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The Orediggers hit the road to play Metro State and Mesa State March 23rd.

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Study Break Morals to your story
Brian Zaharatos Staff Writer
Experimental philosophers and sociologists have become interested in the way in which people attempt to reason about ethical choices. Some of their studies have found that people, and especially Americans, think about ethical choices from a relativistic framework. Such people are called ethical relativists. In short, ethical relativists believe that ethical standards are a matter of personal opinion or taste. So, for example, when one says that it is wrong to cheat or lie, one is simply expressing their opinion with respect to cheating or lying in a particular context. But ethical relativism is a problematic position. For one, if we believe that ethical relativism is true then we are in no position to say that an action performed by another is wrong; after all, if ethical standards are a matter of personal opinion, then it is only one’s opinion that some action is wrong. This has far reaching consequences. For example, we cannot condemn actions that many believe to be obviously wrong—e.g., the senseless and unjustified torture of another person, rape, etc. For, as relativists, our condemnations are only our personal opinions; the torturer and rapist also have opinions on whether these actions are wrong. If relativism is true, each opinion is as good as any other. Fortunately, most people that assert ethical relativism in haste are not really ethical relativists. Most have deeply held ethical intuitions that are counter to ethical relativism. For example, most people do believe that senseless and unjustified torture is wrong for did above, then the “or” statement reasons that go beyond their own must be true. But, since we also tastes and opinions. Most plausi- believe that “torture is not permisbly, the action is wrong because sible,” we can (validly!) deduce senseless torture unnecessarily that “the moon is made of green violates the preferences of the per- cheese.” (If you like this kind of son being tortured. thinking—i.e., logic, or, the study Once we discover that ethical of arguments—then you might relativism is inconsistent with our enjoy the logic course offered by deeply held ethLAIS). ical intuitions, So, startOnce we discover that we are preing from an sented with a ethical relativism is incon- inconsistency choice—either (a contradicsistent with our deeply tion), we are we abandon ethical relativlogical forced held ethical intuitions, to believe anyism and choose to act in a way we are presented with a thing. The conthat is consissequences of tent with the choice—either we aban- this are disasconsequences trous. If we are of our deeply don ethical relativism and i n c o n s i s t e n t , held ethical inand thus, hold tuitions, or, we choose to act in a way that c o n t r a d i c t o r y choose to acbeliefs, then we cept that, at is consistent with the con- are susceptible times, we are to believe anysequences of our deeply thing whatsoinconsistent. The latter held ethical intuitions, or, ever—e.g., that action—ac“the moon is cepting that we we choose to accept that, made of green are inconsischeese” or, tent—can have at times, we are inconsis- worse, that “life undesirable is not worth livconsequences. ing.” This fact is tent. To see this, reason enough suppose that we believe some for us to try hard not to hold concontradiction—for example, that, tradictory beliefs. Thus, if we have “it is permissible to torture and it is deeply held ethical intuitions about not permissible to torture.” Then, torture, murder, etc., we are betwe must believe that, “it is per- ter off if we abandon relativism and missible to torture or the moon is consider the logical consequencmade of green cheese.” Why must es of those intuitions. Often, being we believe this claim? Well, an “or” consistent with those ethical intustatement is true if at least one of itions means that we ought to do the disjuncts (i.e., “it is permissible things that are difficult. Next week, to torture,” and “the moon is made we’ll consider some actions that of green cheese”) is true. If we as- we ought to do given our ethical sert the first disjunct as true, as we intuitions.

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Emily McNair Content Manager

Too many uses for duct tape
to finish the book. Duct tape acts in a similar manner. Since it can fix everything, it removes some level of uncertainty. It becomes the answer to every “How do I fix it?” and lives in every toolbox in America. Although it leads to quite a bit of ingenuity, its overpowering nature undermines modern life. People don’t even need to look for a manual to fix anything and tools are little more than space wasters. When one tool can do it all, people become fearless in the quests for ultimate fixes. Life as many knew it has come to an end because of plastic-covered, adhesive fabric. The absolute worst part is that duct tape never leaves. Its adhesive survives forever and only causes more problems. It grabs the dust and creates unsightly marks on everything it touches. It rips paint from walls and vandalizes furniture, and that’s only the beginning. Duct tape defaces so many things in its quest to fix everything that it sometimes causes

Everyone knows about that wonderful grey tape that can repair everything from shoes to furniture, but lately the household staple has been under fire. From teachers using the stuff to quiet children to cowards using it to fake their own kidnappings, one must wonder if the creator of duct tape realized what his invention would do for society. After all, “duck tape,” as it was originally called, was actually created for military use during World War II. It evolved into duct tape when it was introduced into the civilian market and now, over 70 years later, the stuff has evolved yet again. Its original drab army green has given way to Mario and mustaches, and its amazing strength has been the subject of many a “MythBusters” episode. The problem with duct tape, however, is actually the fact that it can repair everything. It’s simply an overpowered household item. In books, the protagonist certainly can’t do everything; the story would be much too boring. The story would be predictable and there would be no incentive

more problems than it solves. However, there is still hope. Gaffer tape, gorilla glue, and other similar products have yet to follow in duct tape’s path. These products can still save what’s left of humanity as long as society gives them a chance. They may not quite have duct tape’s strength or durability, but they can still certainly fix most of the world’s problems. WD-40 can fix the rest.

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COURTESY MARKBRITTON / WIKIMEDIA COMMONS

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Fight for the right to park
Ryan Browne Erik Charrier Guest Writers
Campus architect Chris Cocallas dropped a bombshell during the recent discussion of the Mines Master Plan and parking. In response to student criticism about the deteriorating parking situation, Cocallas asked if parking is a right. This would be a fair question if Mines were an urban campus in a city with excellent public transportation. However, as a realistic examination of the alternatives available reveals, this question is tantamount to asking if students have a right to attend their classes and faculty have the right to get to work. In order for Mines to function, students, staff, and faculty must be able to get to campus. There is no way to get around this logistics problem. These people must be here for campus to function. The question then becomes one of means. What can students, staff, and faculty reasonable expect to do besides drive to campus? Some students can live on campus. But, to reduce parking use, this requires them to forgo the independence of having a vehicle on campus. For many, this is a serious downgrade in independence and standard of living. Having a vehicle at one’s disposal is a necessary prerequisite to many activities. Want to go skiing, hunting, or even to a decent store on your own schedule? Good luck finding a bus that will get you there when you want to go. Further sacrifices of independence come from living in campus housing and having an RA. This is simply unacceptable for many of our more mature students. Walking or running is a great alternative for those who live next to campus. The drawback is that you must be in good health and close to campus. Biking will extend the range of human powered transportation. However, Golden is not a bike friendly city and winter conditions can make biking dangerous. There are some students who live close enough to use human powered transportation, but this is still not a viable option for more distant students. It is even worse for staff and faculty who usually live further from campus and the high real estate prices of Golden. Public transportation will work for some. However, one size doesn’t fit all. For people who have an office on campus, a regular schedule, and a house near a public transportation route, it is great. They can catch a predictable ride each way. However, many students and faculty have less routine schedules or do not live where public transportation is even an option. No amount of effort on the school’s part will make public transportation work for everyone. Finally, a disgruntled commuter could park off campus. However, this activity has already aggravated Golden residents to the point where they implemented a parking permit system. Forcing more students with no good alternative to park off campus will not win us any friends in the community. What we have at Mines are alternatives that will work for some people. In our experience, people who can reasonably take these alternatives usually do. A significant portion of our students and faculty will need drive to campus. Parking is a necessary part of their education and a service that Mines must provide. While it is true that the expansion of Mines is restricted in some directions, we are not an urban campus. Our three story buildings with large lawns are dwarfed by a truly urban campus like George Washington University or Georgetown. Instead, we are a space-restricted campus that many of our students and faculty

march 18, 2013

Katerina Gonzales Content Manager

Minds at Mines Summer Plans
I’m hoping to study space weather through an REU because I want to get experience. Or, study abroad in Morocco. Rosie Leone

March is the time of the school year when students begin to finalize their summer plans. Companies make internship offers, vacations are booked, and though still far away, everyone is counting down to the end of school. This week, Minds at Mines asks about plans for the summer.

This summer I tentatively plan to take summer classes to get elective credits out of the way. I also am hoping to accompany the company I worked for last summer out on field projects as an extra hand but not a full time intern. Anna Bond

No internships for me this summer. I only went to the Career Fair [last month] for the free stuff. I’ll be taking classes and working... maybe. Demi Awolaja

must commute to and park on. This is a factor that capital planning must take into consideration when planning our new construction. Rather than recognize this simple reality, they are throwing down buildings on parking lots and wondering why we cannot fit everyone in. What we have is a planning problem, not a space problem. To add insult to injury, the parking lots slated to be replaced with buildings have all been significantly improved despite the long term plan of putting a building there. When one of these parking lots gets built on, such as the lot next to Weaver, the cost of replacing it falls on parking services. In the most recent case, parking services took out a loan from the school’s general budget and then had to hike the parking fees to cover the costs. The new dorms and dining hall going in next to Weaver are responsible for a significant proportion of parking permits costs doubling for students, faculty, and staff. Yet, despite our fascination with paving over future construction sites, the only significant remaining dirt lot (the old freshman lot) that is not a planned construction site has not been paved. Instead, all of the lots that the school intends to build on at a later date have been paved or repaved. This makes no financial sense. Essentially, our parking plan of paving over every proposed construction site and then using parking fees to replace the lots amounts to a fee increase for students and a pay cut for faculty and staff. Considering that a Mines education now costs upwards of $100,000 in state and most of our staff are in the fourth year of a pay freeze, doubling the parking fee hurts. This is why USG and GSA passed a motion condemning the increase and student outrage continues unabated.

I’m going to be taking a course to prepare for the MCAT, and then I’ll take the MCAT. My family and I were also thinking of going on vacation, but since the MCAT class is nearly two months long, it will eat up my entire summer. Rima Baliga

The common Canada Goose, bird or burden?
Bradley Wood Staff Writer
You may have noticed that in the winter and early spring there always seems to be a little extra something sitting on the ground in Colorado. I am talking of course about the large quantities of goose droppings that seem to litter the Colorado cityscape in the wintertime. These goose dropping stick to slackliners’ feet, athlete’s shoes, and bike’s wheels. The culprit behind the mess is none other than the common Canada Goose. These large birds are terribly annoying to see around town and often scare the common student. Numerous instances goose peckings and bitings have been reported and can be problematic to our society. Populations of Canada Geese in North America are out of control and in many places Canada Geese are considered pests. The problem is that no one would actually kill off all the geese to fix our situation. According to a reputable health site, goose feces can pose health risks, but only when inhaled or ingested. The ingestion of goose feces is actually a common occurrence in Colorado when it is mistaken for a dropped pot brownie. Unfortunately for those stoners, goose feces contain the parasites cryptosporidium, giardia, coliform, and campylobacter. Cryptosporidium poses the most serious health hazard, since it causes cryptosporidiosis, an illness with nasty symptoms such as watery diarrhea, stomach cramps or pain, fever, nausea, and vomiting. Given the current population of Canada Geese, it would be hard to believe that they ever made the endangered species list, but no more than 60 years ago these majestic birds were close to extinction. One giant variation of the Canadian goose was actually believed to be extinct at one time. Sadly our close ancestors decided that goose droppings were important and younger generations of stoners had to suffer as they had often suffered. We were all once so close to a world without goose poop covered sidewalks. And sadly I think for once the world might have been fine without feces. I sort of wish that our close ancestors had not decided to save the Canada Goose. Do you feel that your life would have changed without geese? The next time you step in goose droppings do not think of how dirty your shoes are. Instead think of how lucky you are to have the opportunity to experience the majestic Canada Goose that almost went extinct.

I’m going to do the Mechanical Engineering field session, and then I have an internship with United Launch Alliance in Centennial and I’ll be working in the propulsion department. Katie Kostecka

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