TRANSDUCERS QUIZ ELECTRONICS & INSTRUMENTATION 1. Self generating type transducers are ___________ transducers.
a) Active b) Passive c) Secondary d) Inverse Ans : (a) 2. The transducers that converts the input signal into the output signal, which is a discrete function of time is known as ___________ transducer. a) Active b) Analog c) Digital d) Pulse Ans : (c) 3. A transducer that converts measurand into the form of pulse is called a) Active transducer b) Analog transducer c) Digital transducer d) Pulse transducer Ans : (d) 4. Which of the following is a digital transducer? a) Strain gauge b) Encoder c) Thermistor d) LVDT Ans : (b) 5. Strain gauge, LVDT and thermocouple are examples of a) Active transducers b) Passive transducers c) Analog transducers d) Primary transducers Ans : (c) 6. An inverse transducer is a device which converts a) An electrical quantity into a non electrical quantity b) Electrical quantity into mechanical quantity c) Electrical energy into thermal energy d) Electrical energy into light energy Ans : (a) 7. A strain gauge is a passive transducer and is employed for converting a) Mechanical displacement into a change of resistance b) Pressure into a change of resistance c) Force into a displacement d) Pressure into displacement Ans : (a) 8. Resolution of a transducer depends on a) Material of wire b) Length of wire c) Diameter of wire d) Excitation voltage Ans : (c) 9. The sensitivity factor of strain gauge is normally of the order of a) 1 to 1.5 b) 1.5 to 2.0 c) 0.5 to 1.0 d) 5 to 10 Ans : (b) 10. due to a) b) c) d) In wire wound strain gauges, the change in resistance is Change Change Change Change in in in in diameter of the wire length of the wire both length and diameter resistivity
Ans : (c) 11. Bonded wire strain gauges are a) Exclusively used for construction of transducers b) Exclusively used for stress analysis c) Used for both stress analysis and construction of transducer d) Pressure measurement Ans : (c) 12. Certain type of materials generates an electrostatic charge or voltage when mechanical force is applied across them. Such materials are called a) Piezo-electric b) Photo-electric c) Thermo-electric d) Photo-resistive Ans : (a) 13. Quartz and Rochelle salt belongs to ___________ of piezo-electric materials a) Natural group b) Synthetic group c) Natural or Synthetic group d) Fiber group Ans : (a) 14. Which of the following are piezo electric substances? 1. Barium titanate 2. Lead titanate 3. Lead Zirconate 4. Cadmium and sulphate a) 1,2 and 4 b) 1,3and4 c) 1,2and 3 d) 2,3and 4 Ans : (c) 15. Piezo-electric transducers are a) Passive transducers b) Inverse transducers c) Digital transducers d) Pulse transducers Ans : (b) 16. Piezo – electric transducers work when we apply _____________ to it. a) Mechanical force b) Vibrations c) Illuminations d) Heat Ans : (d) 17. Piezo electric crystal can produce an emf a) When external mechanical force is applied to i b) When radiant energy stimulates the crystal c) When external magnetic field is applied d) When the junction of two such crystals are heated Ans : (a) 18. The draw backs of strain gauges are S1: Low fatigue life S2: They are expensive, brittle and sensitive to temperature S3: Poor linearity a) S1 and S2 b) S2 and S3 c) S1 and S3 d) S1 only Ans : (b) 19. LVDT windings are wound on a) Steel sheets b) Aluminium c) Ferrite d) Copper Ans : (c)
C. Sphygmo-manometer C. Instrument used for measuring blood pressure 4. In a LVDT. 3 – C. 2 – A.B. Photo conductive cell consists of a thin film of a) Quartz b) Lithium sulphate c) Barium titanate d) Selenium Ans : (d) 39. the two secondary voltages a) Are independent of the core position b) Vary unequally depending on the core position c) Vary equally depending on the core position d) Are always in phase quadrature Ans : (b) 28. Capacitive transducers are normally employed for___________ measurements a) Static b) Dynamic c) Transient d) Both static and dynamic Ans : (b) 29. Diagnostic tool for heart alignment 2. 3 – B. 4 – D d) 1 – A. inductance. 4 – D b) 1 – B.5 micron to 6 micron b) 25 micron (or) less c) 25 micron to 60 micron d) 2.. The principle of operation of variable resistance transducer is a) Deformation leads to change in resistance b) Displacement of a contact slider on a resistance c) Coupling of two coils changes with displacement d) Movement of magnetic field produces variation in resistance of material Ans : (b) 33. S1: In multimode fiber optics. 3 – D. S2: Schemes using polarizing techniques need birefringent fiber. Pick the correct statement regarding functions of a transducer S1: Sense the magnitude.5 micron to 5 micron Ans : (a) 38. 3 – C. LVDT is an/a ___________ transducer a) Magneto-strict ion b) Inductive c) Resistive d) Eddy current Ans : (d) 23. Stethoscope D. S1: Transducer is a device which converts physical into electrical quantity S2: Transducer is also called as sensor. Pressure transducer for measuring blood pressure is a) Strain gauge transducer only b) Strain gauge or capacitive transducer c) Resistive transducer d) Fiber optic transducer Ans : (b) 36. change in & / or frequency of same measurand S2: To provide electrical output that furnishes accurate. The transducers which requires an external power and their output is a measure of some variation such as resistance. The principle of operation of LVDT is based on the variation of a) Self inductance b) Mutual inductance c) Reluctance d) Permanence Ans : (b) 22. ECG B. The change in resistance of a metal wire owing to strain is due to S1: Change in dimension of wire expressed by factor (1-2µ) S2: Change in resistance ?? a) S1 is true & S2 is false b) S2 is true & S1 is false c) Both S1 & S2 are true d) Both S1 & S2 are false Ans : (b) 37. Which of the following can be measured with the help of piezo electric crystal? a) Force b) Velocity c) Sound d) Pressure Ans : (a) 24. Test electrode is also known as a) Indicator electrode b) Reference electrode c) Second electrode d) Primary electrode
. 2 – A. capacitance etc. are called as a) Active transducer b) Primary sensor c) Passive transducer d) Self generating transducer Ans : (c) 32. The size of air cored transducers in comparison to the iron core parts is a) Smaller b) Larger c) Same d) Unpredictable Ans : (b) 21. EEG A. 4 – D Ans : (a) 30. quantitative data about the measurand a) S1 is true & S2 is false b) S2 is true & S1 is false c) Both S1 & S2 are true d) Both S1 & S2 are false
Ans : (c) 31. Venturi is associated with a) Venous blood pressure b) Digital plethysmography c) Dialysate flow in artificial kidney d) Blood flow in heart lung machine Ans : (d) 35. In foil strain gauge the thickness of foil varies from a) 2. 4 – C c) 1. intensity modulating schemes can be employed. a) S1 is true and S2 is false b) Both S1 and S2 are true c) S1 is false and S2 is true d) Both S1 and S2 are false ans (b) 40. The application of LVDT is a) Joint motion b) Finger movement c) Limb movement d) Heart wall motion Ans : (c) 34.20. instrument used to hear pulse/heart beat a) 1. 2 – B. 2 – A. Diagnostic tool for brain alignment 3. a) S1 is true & S2 is false b) S2 is true & S1 is false c) Both S1 & S2 are true d) Both S1 & S2 are false Ans (c) 27. Match the following 1.
a) Monomode b) Multimode c) Birefringent d) Coated Ans (a) 48. Silver chloride electrode is used as a reference electrode due to its a) Large half cell potential b) Stable half cell potential c) Stable resting potential d) Stable action potential Ans : (b) 45. Photo multiplier consists of a) 1 Photo emissive cathode & 2 dynodes b) 2 Photo emissive cathodes & 2 dynodes c) 2 Photo emissive cathodes & 1 dynode d) 1 Photo emissive cathode & 1 dynode Ans : (a) 50.30 b) 7.45 Ans : (c) 44. ____________ fiber is used in interferometric instruments. pH value of venous blood is a) 7. Most commonly used indicator electrode is a) Calomel electrode b) Silver electrode c) Silver – Silver chloride electrode d) Glass electrode Ans : (d) 42.40 c) 7. In a graded index fiber. Fiber optic sensor can be used to sense _________ a) Displacement b) Power c) Current d) Resistance Ans (a) 49. a) Remains unaltered b) Increases c) Reaches maximum d) Decreases Ans : (d)
. _____________ is the example of photo emissive cell a) LDR b) Photo diode c) Photo transistor d) Photo multiplier Ans : (a) 43. The resistance of LDR ________________ when exposed to radiant energy. the total reflected light takes a ___________ a) Straight line path b) Parabolic path c) Elliptical path d) Circular path Ans (b) 47.35 d) 7. The capacitance microphone is used for the detection of a) Heart rate b) Blood flow c) Heart sound d) Foot pressure Ans : (c) 46.Ans : (a) 41.