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Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf
Insaf Research Wing
Insaf Research Wing
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Central Secretariat
Street No. 84,
Sector G-6/4,
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Islamabad, Pakistan.
Tel: 92-51-2270744
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Fax: 92-51-2873893
Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

IRW
Finding solutions for a better Pakistan

irw@insaf.pk

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This unprecedented research was conducted in Islamabad by
PTI members and non-members

March 12, 2013

Project Director: Atif Abbas


Committee: Surveying
Dossier # 004
Version # 001

Survey Report

Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Insaf Research Wing (IRW) is a part of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (movement for justice - a political party,
PTI). IRW was created in 2009 to carry out research in order to find solutions for problems in Pakistan.
The foremost goal of IRW is to keep people of Pakistan and PTI informed and prepared.
The wing is composed of committees. Each committee addresses issues related to its field of expertise.
The committees defined as of yet are (i) Economics & Finance (ii) Energy (iii) Science & Technology (iv)
Health (v) Education (vi) Environment (vii) Anti-Corruption (viii) Surveying (ix) Socio-Political (x)
Foreign Affairs (xi) Strategic Thinking.
The research reports/papers are either commissioned by the central executive committee of PTI or
committee members of IRW. PTI members can also suggest IRW to consider researching on a matter they
find important. IRW welcomes any contributions in the form of scholarly work addressing important
issues. Nevertheless, after the author(s) sends the document it is peer reviewed before getting published.
In the process of peer review the document is technically analyzed and scrutinized. The procedure is
necessary to maintain quality control. However, varying opinions & ideas are not penalized.
Apart from working on research reports/papers which shed light on problems and provide basic
solutions, IRW undertakes the task of preparing extensive policies for PTI. These detailed and in-depth
policy documents are a combination of input from several professionals who are well versed in the
subject. IRW also serves as a check on the reigning governments policies.
The Wing does not follow a preset ideology while carrying out research. IRW does not endorse any
opinion presented in a published report/paper as an official position. Likewise, several research
reports/papers on a similar subject published by IRW can have contradictory recommendations
though it should be noted that these point of views are sole responsibility of the author(s). Very
rarely when there is a complete consensus on a certain research report/paper within IRW only
then it is recommended to PTI for official perusal. Any published document by the wing does not
constitute it as an official position of PTI unless otherwise stated.
Insaf Research Wing works at a national level but its members are located throughout the world bringing
in the much needed international experience. IRW practices an open membership policy valid for all
Pakistanis regardless of religion or race. Nevertheless, members of other nationalities from international
organizations interested in helping Pakistan are always welcome to join IRW.

Published reports of IRW can be accessed at PTIs website www.insaf.pk. The headquarter of IRW is
located at PTIs Central Secretariat, Street No. 84, Sector G-6/4, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Copyright 2013 by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf All rights reserved.
The contents of this research study cannot be reproduced without prior permission of IRW.

Insaf Research Wing

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DEDICATED TO THOSE
FIGHTING
FOR

JUSTICE

Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Table of Contents
THE TEAM .................................................................................................................................................................................. 5
RESEARCH IN POLITICS ............................................................................................................................................................ 6
SURVEY METHODOLOGY ......................................................................................................................................................... 6
SURVEY FINDINGS ..................................................................................................................................................................... 6
SURVEY RESULTS ....................................................................................................................................................................... 8
DEMOGRAPHICS ................................................................................................................................................................... 8
SOCIETY .............................................................................................................................................................................. 10
POLITICS.............................................................................................................................................................................. 17
GOVERNANCE .................................................................................................................................................................... 22
SOVEREIGNTY ..................................................................................................................................................................... 26

Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

The Team
Project Director:
Atif Abbas
Facilitators:
Ghulam Abbas and Shagufta Jabeen
Research Associates:
Gulfam Khan Khalid and Hasham ud din Qazi
Program Coordinator:
Sardar Azhar Tariq Khan
Data Collection Coordinators:
Chaudhry Tariq Aziz, Nafeesa Inayat Khattak, Umer Saqaf, Sohail Satti, Muhammad Banaris
Chaudhary, Shahzad Asif, Sulaiman Malik, Hassan Bokhari and Farrukh Dall
Enumerators:
Javed Iqbal Mehsood, Saghir Khan, Muhammad Shahnawaz Khan Lodhi, Syed Javaid Bokhari,
Farzana Shaheen Abbasi, Sobia Athar, Saba Afzal, Saima Danyal, Rubina Daud, Hajmeera BiBi,
Samina Ahmad, Hafeez Ullah Khan, Saira Faisal, Bakhtawar Malik, Uzma Haider, Zia Ullah,
Tahir Khan Yousafzai, Niqqab Shah, Hamayun Khan, Tahir Arif, Mian Shakeel, Khalid
Mehmood Awan, Shahzad Manzoor, Usman Kiyani, Chaudhary Awais Aftab, Shahzad Alam,
Saddiq Rehman, Nouman Khan, Naureen Ibrahim, Anjum Israr, Shahzad Arbi Satti, Ahsan ul
Haq Satti, Ahmad Iqbal, Muhammad Farooq, Zaffar Haider, Yasir Ali and Anayat Shinwari
Research Assistants:
Diya Rehman, Chaudhry Afzaal Akram, Zaheer Abbas and Shakaib Ahmed Maulai
Data Entry Coordinator:
Gulfam Khan Khalid
Team Members:
Syed Farrukh Mehmood, Omair Idress, Waseem Ahmed, Muhammad Kaleem Ullah, Ayesha
Gull, Muhammad Ali Ishaque, Ranjhan Touqir, Umar Mumtaz, Qazi Syed Rafaqat, Arslan
Zafar, Syed Zain Abbas Bukhari, Muhammad Uzair, Sayyed Abdullah, Sulman Manzoor, Arbab
Mehdi, Rehman Zaheer, Asim Shehzad, Sulaman Khan, Toseef Ahmad, Ali Shan, Rameez Fida
and Umer Naeem

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Public Opinion on Society, Politics,


Governance & Sovereignty
The study portrays how citizens see our society and to what extent their
philosophy is reflected in our politics and governance, which is interlinked
with sovereignty of their state.

Research in Politics
Insaf Research Wing (IRW) opened a new chapter by documenting public opinion: collected primary
data by utilizing human capital of the party - engaged students in research in politics for the first time in
political history.
Theoretical framework is based on four indicators (society, politics, governance and sovereignty) to know
perspective of a common man about our society and what he thinks about our politics and governance as
people from the society join politics - their politics is associated with governance of mechanism of the state
hence, the sovereignty.
Survey Methodology
This unprecedented research was conducted in Islamabad, federal capital of Pakistan by Pakistan
Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) members and non-members using convenience sampling. For data collection, technique
used was quantitative: survey; collection procedure was questionnaire method and observation tool used was
questionnaire, which consisted of thirty-three substantive questions and five demographic questions in Urdu.
Total 2,420 questionnaires were distributed among PTI members and non-members (the
enumerators); collected 1,495 filled questionnaires and considered 897 questionnaires for analysis. Citizens
aged eighteen and above were interviewed; they were given the option to fill the questionnaire themselves.
Fieldwork was conducted from September to December 2011 and January to December 2012.
Survey Findings
This version of the document presents overall response of citizens of Islamabad; figures are in
percentages, rounded to the nearest whole number.
Three-in-ten (30%) consider our society selfish and the same number (30%) consider impatient /
intolerant whereas only 5% consider generous. Majority thinks that people in our society, believe in money and
designation more than in hard work and honesty.
About being socially relaxed and secure in coming year, only 7% are positive whereas one-in-ten (10%)
sees oneself economically stable. Forty per cent think because of low income / poverty and 35% think because of
unemployment, people are compelled to commit suicide.
Nine-in-ten (90%) oppose luxurious lifestyle of elected representatives; public servant is the view of
head of Islamic welfare state of more than eight-in-ten (83%) whereas nearly nine-in-ten (92%) are positive
about expenses of government to be reduced.
About educating their child, majority (90%) (/ will) focus on moral and intellectual upbringing than
traditional graduate studies; more than nine-in-ten (93%) support one-education system.
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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

About six-in-ten (61%) record their protest when they see human rights being violated whereas
justice is the major concern of more than half (55%); nearly six-in-ten (57%) think no rule of law is the main
cause of corruption in society.
View of politics of nearly half (46%) is, art and science of government and more than six-in-ten (64%)
dont vote because of dishonesty in politics.
View of political parties of 32% is puppet show, of 27% is institutions and of 25% is one-man show.
About a quarter (26%) vote on basis of partys ideology and almost the same number (25%) vote on basis of
partys social development programs.
Six-in-ten (60%) vote because of their own viewpoint; eight-in-ten (80%) will vote in next election
whereas nearly seven-in-ten (68%) said, if the party they support does not solve their problems - they will vote
a different party.
Sixty per cent said they will visit the office, if a political party invites for discussion.
More than one-third (36%) see their country heading towards segmentation and almost the same
number (35%) towards poverty; majority ranked issue of corruption at number one and 38% think no
accountability is main cause of corruption in governance.
Only 7% think government often performs well and nearly nine-in-ten (91%) think, government
representatives dont care what a common citizen thinks. View of politicians of about four-in-ten (41%) and
three-in-ten (30%) is opportunist and puppets of West respectively.
When asked about sovereignty of this Islamic state, 93% think sovereignty is being damaged; 51%
think because of both political instability and involvement of West in policy-making whereas 39% think only
because of involvement of West in policy-making.
Those whose answer included involvement of West in policy-making were further asked about the issue
according to 54%, sovereignty is being damaged because of both puppet government representatives and
drone attacks; 39% think only because of puppet government representatives.
Pakistan has been fighting Americas war (against terrorism) according to more than half (55%) of the
respondents; 42% think purpose of the war is to destabilize Pakistan and 45% think, Wests interest in the
region.
Almost all the citizens of federal capital (98%) are not in favor of foreign military bases and nearly the
same number (97%) opposes presence of foreign military troops in Pakistan.
Only 7% favor cooperation in foreign military operations (like that of NATO) and same percentage
favors supervision of Western institutions (like IMF) in budget making.
Regarding drone attacks in tribal areas, 54% has the opinion that both militants and civilians are killed
whereas 43% think only civilians are killed; nearly all (97%) are against the attacks.
When asked about dialogue with militants (in tribal regions), about three-quarters (76%) favor
dialogue and almost the same number (77%) opposes Pakistan military operation in the region.

Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Survey Results
Demographics

Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Insaf Research Wing

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Society

You consider our society:

In our society, people believe in:


* Majority ranked the factors in following manner.

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

In our society, main cause of corruption:

In our society, why people are compelled to commit suicide?

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

What is your major concern?

You (/ will) focus on your childs education on:

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Your view of head of Islamic welfare state:

You favor / oppose:


a.) One-education system for all.

Insaf Research Wing

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

b.) Reduction in government expenses.

c.) Luxurious lifestyle of elected representatives.

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

In coming year, you see yourself:


a.) More secure.

b.) Economically stable.

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

c.) Socially relaxed.

When you see violation of human rights, do you record your protest?

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Politics

Do you vote?

If Yes, you vote because of:

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

You vote a political party on basis of its:

If the party you support does not solve public problems, in next election you will vote:

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

You do not vote, because:

Your view of politics:

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Your view of political parties:

Your view of politicians:

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

If a political party invites you to its office (for discussion), will you visit?

Will you vote in next election?

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Governance

In your opinion, government representatives care / dont care what common citizen
thinks?

What do you think?

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Where do you see Pakistan heading?

How you rank (following) issues in Pakistan?


* Majority ranked the issues in following manner.

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

In your opinion, main cause of corruption in governance:

You favor / oppose:


a.) Pakistan military operation in tribal areas.

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

b.) Dialogue with militants in tribal areas.

c.) Supervision of West in budget making (IMF).

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Sovereignty

Do you think sovereignty of this Islamic state is being damaged?

If Yes, because of:

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

* Those whose answer included Involvement of West in policy-making were asked.

sovereignty is being damaged because of:

Pakistan has been fighting Americas war (against terrorism):

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

In your opinion, purpose of this war:

In your opinion, drone attacks in tribal areas kill:

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

You favor / oppose:


a.) Presence of foreign military troops in Pakistan.

b.) Cooperation in foreign military operations (U.S., NATO).

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

c.) Drone attacks.

d.) Foreign military bases in Pakistan (U.S.).

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Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

In future, would you be willing to participate in our surveys?

Insaf Research Wing

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