[edit]History Main article: Ninja Spying in Japan dates as far back as Prince Shōtoku (572–622), although the

origins of the Ninja date [3] much earlier. Ninjutsu was developed by groups of people mainly from the Iga Province and Kōka, [citation needed] Shiga of Japan. Throughout history the shinobihave been seen as assassins, scouts and spies. They are mainly noted for their use of stealth and deception. Throughout history many different schools (ryū) have taught their unique versions of ninjutsu. An example of these is the Togakure-ryū. This ryū was developed after a defeated samurai warrior called Daisuke Togakure escaped to the region of Iga. Later he came in contact with the warrior-monk Kain Doshi who taught him a new way [4] of viewing life and the means of survival (ninjutsu). Ninjutsu was developed as a collection of fundamental survivalist techniques in the warring state of feudal Japan. The ninja used their art to ensure their survival in a time of violent political turmoil. Ninjutsu included methods of gathering information, and techniques of non-detection, avoidance, and misdirection. Ninjutsu can also involve training in free [5] running, disguise, escape, concealment, archery, and medicine. Skills relating to espionage and assassination were highly useful to warring factions in feudal Japan. [6] These persons were literally called "non-humans" (非人 hinin?). At some point the skills of espionage became known collectively as ninjutsu, and the people who specialized in these tasks were called shinobi no mono. [edit]The

eighteen skills

According to Bujinkan members, Ninja Jūhakkei ("the eighteen disciplines") were first stated in the [citation needed] [citation needed] scrolls of Togakure-ryū. They became definitive for all ninjutsu schools. Ninja jūhakkei was often studied along with Bugei Jūhappan (the "eighteen samurai fighting art skills"). Though some are used in the same way by both samurai and ninja, other techniques were used differently by the two groups. The 18 disciplines are:
[7]

the word taijutsu is often (in Japan) used interchangeably with jujutsu (as well as many other terms) to refer to a range of grappling skills. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Tenmon – meteorology 18. especially since the emergence of the ninja movie genre in the 80s. Kusarigamajutsu – kusarigama techniques 8.Ninjutsu as depicted in a 19th century sketch 1. Chi-mon – geography The name of the discipline of taijutsu (体術?).hooked rope-dart. Bajutsu – horsemanship 13. [edit]Weapons and equipment This section does not cite any references or sources. typically worn by kunoichi and enabling ninja to quietly strangle enemies with the pointed ends against the neck or throat . literally means "body skill" or "body art". Kenjutsu – sword techniques 4. stick fighting) techniques. Historically. Fistload weapons  Kakute . Bōjutsu – stick and staff techniques 5. The term is also used in the martial art of aikido to distinguish the unarmed fighting techniques from other (e. In ninjutsu. Seishinteki kyōyō – spiritual refinement 2. Shurikenjutsu – throwing weapons techniques 9.a chain and weight weapon. Kayakujutsu – pyrotechnics 10. Hensōjutsu – disguise and impersonation 11. Sui-ren – water training 14. but they are commonly associated with the practice of ninjutsu. Chōhō – espionage 16.kama linked to a weight. also known as manriki or manriki-gusari . Bōryaku – tactics 15. Intonjutsu – escaping and concealment 17. Shinobi-iri – stealth and entering methods 12. Composite and articulated weapons    Kusarigama .g. Sōjutsu – spear techniques 6. Naginatajutsu – naginata techniques 7. it is also used to avoid the undesired bravado of explicitly referring to ninja combat techniques. Taijutsu – unarmed combat 3. often poison-tipped spines. featuring a metal ring on the opposite end Kusari-fundo. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. either by a long rope or chain Kyoketsu shoge .rings resembling modern wedding bands with concealed. (January 2011) The following tools may not be exclusive to the ninja.

various sized staff weapons Yari .fire arrow Tekagi-shuko and Neko-te .Similar to the tantō Bokken . but often featuring a center grip ring Shuriken .traditional Japanese bow and arrow Bo-hiya (Japanese fire arrow) .     Shobo .short sword that can be hidden on the ninja's body. Ono (weapon) .traditional wooden sword use in Japanese martial arts Shinai . also a backup weapon Ninjato . slash or they could be thrown Tekko .various small hand held weapons including throwing stars and throwing darts that could be used to stab. similar in shape to kubotan and yawara.a long curved and single-edged sword.various small hand held weapons including "throwing stars" that could be used to stab. typically firing poison darts Makibishi/tetsubishi .pole arm with roughly equal length blade and handle Naginata .short-bladed straight sword.hand "claw" weapons Staffs and polearms     Hanbo.the Japanese type of caltrop Shuriken .climbing and Hojojutsu composite tool that also functioned as a makeshift gaff hook weapon Shinobi shōzoku .traditional Japanese spear that's similar to the naginata Nagamaki . and tambo . jō.used in kendo Stealth tools    Kaginawa or grappling hook .used as a tool for opening doors and stabbing or slashing Projectile weapons       Fukiya .multi-purpose tool Shikoro . more commonly used by samurai (or ninja disguised as samurai) Wakizashi . or cut and slash the enemy Jutte .dagger Kaiken (dagger).Japanese blowgun.a jabbing or piercing weapon.A weapon similar to the Sai Modified tool weapons   Kunai . bō. fictional ninja sword Tantō .the reputed ninja clothing.an earlier version of brass knuckles Tessen . it could be used to club. slash or they could be thrown Yumi and Ya .traditional Japanese pole-arm used by women and samurai (example: women might protect their home with a naginata) Swords        Katana .a folding fan with an iron frame.Japanese axe and hatchet [edit]See also .

Masaaki. 2010. Butokukai Press. A Story of Life. Daniel. Tuttle Publishing.). Massachusetts: Weatherhill.com [edit]Further           reading Hatsumi. 12–19. John. About. 2011. (1973. 1990. Thomas. ^ Books. ^ Shinobi-kai. ^ Hayes. 6. Boston. ISBN 0-8048-1656-5. 84–85. and Finding the Lost Art of Koka Ninjutsu in Japan . Tuttle Publishing. Stephen K. Masaaki. Kacem. May 2007. Historical group image editorial staff compilation. No. Kuroi.” 1981: 18 -21 ^ Hatsumi. 2007. pp.    Ninja Kunoichi Neo-ninja Ninja in popular culture [edit]References This article includes a list of references. ISBN 08048-3927-1 Naruto is a Japanese Ninja anime    [edit]External links .com. September 2007. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. accessed June 2. and Masaaki Hatsumi. ISBN 0-8048-1656-5 Dillon. Hiroshi. pp. pp. Retrieved on July 11. "Notable American Martial Artists". March 2006. 72–73. Stephen. 1988. Ninpo: Wisdom for Life. Ninjutsu: History and Tradition. 1981. "Techniques that made ninjas feared in 15th-century Japan still set the standard for covert ops". The Ninja and their Secret Fighting Art. ISBN 978-0-8348-0233-9. Hatsumi.com ^ Szczepanski. ISBN 978-4-05-604814-8 Toshitora. Zoughari. Hayes. Stephen K. ISBN 1-58776-206-4. ISBN 0-8092-4724-0 Callos. Secret Guide to Making Ninja Weapons. The Ninja and Their Secret Fighting Art. 2008 from Academic Search Premier database. 4. Ed. 2008. (March 2012) 1. “Ninjutsu: History and Tradition. Where Have All the Ninja Gone?. "History of the Ninja". 7. Black Belt Magazine. 1990 2.” June 1981 ^ Draeger. Tom.google. Stephen. Colorado. 5. Donn F. Secrets from the Ninja Grandmaster (Rev. 1986. Masaaki. Fate. Boulder. ISBN 0-9727738-0-0 Hayes. Paladin Press. ^ Hayes. ISBN 978-99942-913-1-1 DiMarzio. Military History 23(1). “The Ninja and Their Secret Fighting Art. Yamashiro. but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. 1998. 2003. Essence of Ninjutsu. Masaaki. Wingspan: Culture-Society-People in Japan. ISBN 0-86568-027-2 Hatsumi. The Ninja: Ancient Shadow Warriors of Japan. Classical Bujutsu: The Martial Arts and Ways of Japani. ISBN 978-1-4357-1208-9 Bertrand. 2007).459. Kallie. 3.