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INTRODUCTION

A funds flow statement is a technical device designed to analyze, the changes in the financial condition of a business enterprise between two years. It is also called as a ‘statement of sources and applications of funds . The funds flow statement is becoming popular with the management because it not only helps them in analyzing financial operations, providing basis for comparison with budgets, and serving as a tool of communication, but also explains the financial consequences of such operations suchas the reason why the company is experiencing difficulty in making payments to creditors or why the bank balance is getting thinner.

There is a general recognition in industry and business and among professional accounting bodies that financial statements should provide relevant information which sub serves the multiple objectives of shareholders, investors, creditors, customers and the public and which enable them to arrive at rational economic decisions. Normally what the shareholders look for in these statements is an account of the stewardship of the firm and the amount which may be expected as dividend. Potential investors look upon funds flow statements as the source of there realistic view of the value of a company’s shares in terms of an expected futures stream of distribution and judge the efficiency of the management accordingly.

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YEAR EVENTS 1967 - The Company was incorporated on 12th May. It was promoted by Birla Gwalior (P) Ltd., and Armour & Co., Chicago, U.S.A. The Company manufacture fertilisers and allied products.

1968 - A fresh collaboration agreement was signed with the United States Steel Corporation on 1st November, under which the scope of the project was enhanced to include the manufacture of compound fertilisers (28:28:0) as well.

1977 - 160 No. of equity shares subscribed for by the signatories to the Memorandum of Association and 55,57,340 No. of equity shares subscribed for in cash by the institutional promoters of the Company (United State Steel Corporation - 37,72,500; Sutlej Cotton Mills - 10,00,000 Pilani Investment Corporation - 2,00,000 Birla Education Trust 1,80,000; Century Spg. & Mfg. Co. 1,50,000; Gwalior Rayon Silk Mfg. Co. 1,10,000; Birla Bombay Pvt. Ltd. - 70,000; and Jiyajeerao Cotton Mills - 40,000).

- 4,12,500 Pref. Shares and 68,70,000 No. of Equity shares issued through prospectus in May 1970. Out of the issue, 9,14,964 No. of equity shares reserved for foreign collaborators (7,27,500 for United States Steel Corpn., and 1,87,464 for Armour & Co., U.S.A.) for allotment against plant and machinery and technical know-how, etc.; 37,536 No. of equity shares issued to Armour & Co., against cash subscription; 33,30,000 No. of equity shares issued to foreign financial institutions (23,92,500 to International Financial Corpn. Washington; 7,50,000 to Bank of America, N.Y. and 1,87,500 to First

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International Finance Corpn. Chicago) against cash subscription; 125 Pref. and 5,000 No. of equity shares issued for Communidade of Sancoale of Goa. The balance of 4,12,375 Pref. and 25,82,500 No. of equity shares offered for public subscription. The Pref. shares are redeemable on or after 8th July, 1982 after giving 3 months' notice.

1984 - A letter of intent was received to set up a fertiliser complex comprising of an ammonia plant and an urea plant with capacities of 1,350 tonnes and 2,250 tonnes per day respectively based on off-shore gas at Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan. For this purpose, the Company promoted a new Company under the name and style of Aravali Fetilisers Ltd.

1985 - AFL was incorporated on 7th May, 1985 and the Certificate of Commencement of Business was obtained on 18th July. Due to the new guidelines fixed by the Government, the original contract with Snamprogetti SPA had to be re-negotiated. Rate of Pref. dividend raised to 15% effective from 11.7.1985 and redemption date extended to 10.7.1992/95. 10,310 Pref. shares belonging to dissenting shareholders redeemed.1986 The Company issued 5,00,000 - 15% redeemable non-convertible debentures of Rs 100 each on private placement basis to Army Group Insurance Fund. These debentures are redeemable at a premium of Rs 5 per debenture at the expiry of 7th year from the date of allotment.1989 - Application for financial assistance for the cement project was submitted to IDBI. Our

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Zuari Cement took over Sri Vishnu Cement Limited in 2002. Texmaco’s Plant at Yerraguntla was taken over by Zuari and a Cement Division was formed. The fledging unit came into its own in the year 2001 when Zuari Industries entered into a Joint Venture with the Italcementi Group. The strength of two . with Institute of Field & Vegetable Crops & KOP Investments.Company Our History Strong foundations for a company of strength.The Company set up a joint venture in the name of Zuari Seeds Ltd. Zuari and Italcementi. Zuari entered the Cement business in 1994 to operate the Texmaco Cement Plant. In 1995.. Andhra Pradesh effective 1st January. the Company is amongst the topmost cement produces in South India. 1994. Cyprus (IFVC) on 50:50 basis for 4 . .The Company entered into an agreement with Texmaco Ltd for running and operating their Cement unit at Yerraguntla.The Company formed a wholly owned subsidiary in the name of Zuari Leasing & Finance Corporation Ltd. the 5th largest producer of Cement in the world . Today. Zuari Cement Limited was born. . 1994 .

With view to energy saving. .The Company undertook to expand the existing di ammonium phosphate plant from 500 5 .000 Shares allotted on private placement basis. Argon recovering plant was commissioned on 9th May.7. 1995 . In the cement divisions. the company undertook to remove pneumatic instruments in a phased manner to be replaced by microprocessor based control systems. .The Company commenced marketing of single super phosphate under the brand name "Jai Kisaan Superphos" making the existing range of products most comprehensive. fluxo was replaced by air lift pump and elevator & belt combination for transport of cement from mill out let to cement silo. 1996 . .production and marketing of hybrid seeds.00. . Urea. ."Bioneem" an eco friendly neem based pesticide launched during January. and registered 51% capacity.The Capacity utilisation of Ammonia. NPX and DAP plants was maintained at higher levels.Two hybrid seeds of sunflower were developed with Institute of Field and Vegetable cups and KOP Investments.

To ensure the smooth and continuous production of NPK/DAP plants. shares redeemed.67 crores based on technology supplied by Grand Parroise (GP) of France. 6 .to 1100 tpa at a cost of Rs 18. Seribo France. 1997 . . the company has decided to set up additional captive power capacity and placed an order with M/s. Tamil Nadu.Approval was received from requisite authorities for amalgamation of Indian Furniture Products Ltd. Authorised equity capital increased. one of the pioneers in manufacturing and marketing reading to assemble furniture. Also expansion of its NPK plant was undertaken to increase the capacity from 500 to 1100 tap at a cost of Rs 46.18 crores based on technology from Grand Parroise of France. Finland for supply and erection of 6 MW DG set at a total cost of Rs 8. . .86 crores.Subject to necessary approvals being obtained the company proposed to issue 26252800 rights equity shares in prop.IFP had entered into a technical & financial collaboration agreement with M/s. .Pref. Wartsila NSD. (IFP) with the company IFP is an EOU with facilities to manufacture ready to assemble furniture at Kakalur. 1:1.

1:1.Zuari Industries.15.Zuari Industries Ltd. 1999 .98. . has disclosed in its balance sheet that it has paid Rs. . 1998 .69 lakh as tax to the Income-Tax Department under the Voluntary Disclosure of Income Scheme (VDIS). the K. a 50:50 joint venture between Groupe Seribo. from Zuari Agro Chemicals Ltd to represent all the activities of the company. France and Zuari Industries Ltd.. on its amalgamation with the Company.For the first time among Indian corporates. .131. is tying up with Groupe Seribo of France to forge a 50:50 joint venture which will market state-of-the art furniture products manufactured at its Chennai factory.Gautier India Ltd. will launch an exclusive range of entertainment furniture in India.K.210 rights shares issued in prop. Birla group company. Zuari Leasing and Finance Corporation.The company undertook further expansion of complex fertiliser capacities to 3. said that its operations have been affected because of a strike by contract labourers in its packing and despatch section at its fertiliser division in Goa.With effect from 12th February. . a subsidiary of Zuari Industries of the K K Birla group. 31.30 lakh 7 .15. the name of Company was changed to Zuari Industries Ltd.368 shares issued to erstwhile Indian Furniture Products Ltd.

for carrying on its cement business as a joint venture. The Company proposes to enter into a joint venture agreement with Ciments Francais and Italcementi Group company for carrying on the cement business as a separate joint venture company. 2000 The Italcementi Group and Zuari Industries Ltd (ZIL) have reached an agreement to create a 50:50 joint venture company. and Diammonium Phosphate (DAP). 41. .The Company has signed an agreement with Italcementi Spa. .50 lakh tonnes per annum at Rs. which will take over the cement activities of ZIL. Indian Furniture Products. Ammonia.Zuari Industries was able to present the record of its transactions. a division of Zuari Industries of the K K Birla group. Italy on 2nd August.tonnes per annum from 1. . in collaboration with Groupe Seribo of France. the faster was the collection process from the government. For fertilizers the company has tied up with Grand Parroise of France to improve quality of its products like Urea. has launched its Zuari furniture range in Bangalore. 2001 8 . a furniture manufacturing company set up by Zuari Industries Ltd.The company also has interests in furniture and cement manufacturing.70 crores and installation of captive power generation facilities. belonging to the KK Birla Group.Leading the race is Gautier India Ltd.

Zuari Industries Ltd has appointed Mr. 2002 Zuari Maroc Phosphates becomes subsidiary of Zuari Industries -Paradeep Phosphates becomes a subsidiary of Zuari Industries. AF Ferguson & Co (AFF) has withdrawn as auditor for Zuari Industries Ltd.The cement division of Rs 4000 crore KK Birla group company Zuari Industries. The Company has acquired themajority stake in GreenTech Seeds International Pvt Ltd. J N Godbole as an Additional Director of the Company with effect from August 01. Bangalore. 2009 Zuari Industries Ltd has informed that the Board of Directors of the Company at its 9 . Ltd. 2003 -Board approved the issue of Cumulative Redeemable Preference Shares aggregating to Rs 1000 million instead of Rs 2000 million approved earlier.The Company is signing an MoU for acquiring 76 per cent stake in Greentech Seeds International Pvt. has been hived off into a separate company called Zuari Cement Ltd. which is in the business of production and marketing of hybrid seeds of vegetables and other crops. and GSIPL has become the subsidiary of the company. The Zuari Cement unit near Yerraguntla in Cudappah district was closed down by the management due to labour unrest 2010 Zuari Industries Ltd has entered into Joint Venture Agreement with Israel Chemicals Ltd for establishment of water soluble NPK Fertiliser Plant with an initial capacity of 10.000 tonnes per year. 2010.

Zuari Industries Ltd has informed that the Company has entered into a Gas Transmission Agreement with GAIL (India) Ltd on May 26. 2009 for transportation of gas to Company's plant at Zuarinagar. 2009. Zuari Industries Ltd has informed that the Board of Directors of the Company at its meeting held on July 21. Jyotsna Poddar as Additional Director of the Company with immediate effect. 10 .meeting held on May 15. 2009 has appointed Air Chief Marshal (Retd. Goa for use as fuel/feed stock.) Mr. S P Tyagi as Additional Director of the Company with immediate effect. has appointed Mrs.

It is also defined as available pecuniary resources but these two meanings are abroad in nature and apt to macro level planning and control. The term ‘flow’ means movement and includes both ‘inflow’ and ‘out flow’. Some people call ‘fund’ as ‘cash’. A number of definitions of the term ‘fund’ have been given. But it is seen in practice that the current assets are constantly circulating through cash account in business operations and many transactions affect flow of cash at least later or sooner. 3) Helpful in interpreting financial information. The term ‘flow of funds’ means transfer of economic values from one asset of equality to another. Flow of funds is said top have taken place when any transaction makes changes in the amount of funds available before happening of the transaction. OBJECTIVE OF STUDY: 1) Helpful in planning. NEED FOR STUDY 11 . 4) Helpful in making decision 5) Report to management. 2) Helpful in organizing.MEANING OF FUNDS Fund According to the dictionary meaning of the term “Funds” implies an accumulation or deposit of resources from which supplies are may be drawn a more or less permanent store or supply.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY The present study focuses as sources funds and application of funds for a period of time. The study is confirmed to find out the changes in the financial position of The ZAURI CEMENT Financial Services Limited between the beginning and ending financial Year. 3. 12 . To analyze how The ZAURI CEMENT Financial Services is utilizing its resources. To find out the sources from which additional funds were derived and the use to which their sources were put.It is a technical device designed to analyze the changes in the financial condition of the business enterprises between two dates. To study the financial statements of The ZAURI CEMENT Financial Services limited for the 4 years. 2. To analyze the changes in assets and liabilities from the end of one period of the time to the end of another period of time 4. This funds flow statement is a statement which indicates various means by which the funds have been obtained during a certain period and the ways to which these funds have been used during the period.1.

Research Design A research design is the arrangement of conditions for collection and analysis of data in a manner that aims to combine relevance to the research purpose with company in procedure. Interaction with guide to understand the general & specific aspects regarding utilization of resources. the research design is the conceptual structure within which research is conducted. Redman and Mory defines research as a “systematized effort to gain new knowledge”. Secondary Data: • Annual reports collected from the M/S ZAURI CEMENT Ltd. it constitutes the blue print for the collection. Tadpatri. In fact.. TADPATRI from 2004-2005 to 2010-2008 13 . measurement and analysis of data. Period of study: The analyze presented in the study are “Annual Reports” of M/S PENNACEMENT. Primary Data: • • First hand information was collected using the direct personal interview.RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Research is a process in which the researcher wishes to find out the end result for a given problem and thus the solution helps in the future course of action. Sources of Data: The data was collected through primary and secondary sources.

It provides only some additional information as regards changes in working capital • The study based on the available annual reports and internal information of Pennas cement Financial Services Ltd only. 14 . • It cannot reveal continuous changes.LIMITATIONS • It should remember that a funds flow statement is not a substitute of an income statement or a balance sheet.

LITERARY REVIEW 15 .

Internal Users: Financial Executives: The first party interested in the financial statement analysis is the Finance Department of the company itself. The users of the financial statements can be divided into tow broad groups: (a) Internal users (b) External Users. But their aim and objective of the analysis differ significantly.PARTIES INTERESTED IN FINANCIAL ANALYSIS There are different parties interested in the financial analysis of these statements. It helps them in reaching conclusion on the following: • • • • Is the firm in a position to meet its current obligations? What sources of long-term finance are employed by the firm? How efficiently does the firm use its assets? Are the earnings of the firm adequate? etc. 16 . Top Management: The Top Management of the concern is also interested in the analysis of financial statements.. This analysis helps the Financial Manager to have a deep insight into the financial condition of the enterprise.

principal and interested will be paid when due. Researches: 17 . Suppliers and other creditors are also interested to know the ability of the firm to pay their dues in time. Workers: In our country. Hence.External Users: Investors: Those who are interested in buying the shares of a company are naturally interested in the financial statements to know how safe the investment already made is and how safe the proposed investment will be. they would like to be satisfied that the bonus being paid to them is correct. workers are entitled to payment of bonus which depends on the size of profit earned. Customers: They are also concerned with the stability and profitability of the enterprise. Creditors: Lenders are interested to know whether their loan. They may be interested in knowing the financial strength of the company to take further decisions relating to purchase of goods. Government: Financial analysis helps government in knowing the role and status of industry in general and companies in particular in framing Macro-Economic policies.

1956 permit the companies to present the financial statements in vertical as well as horizontal form. Helpful in measuring the solvency of the firm. They are: • • Vertical Analysis Horizontal Analysis The Companies Act. Helps in measuring the profitability. 18 . Significance of Financial Analysis: Analysis of financial statement is carried out to measure the enterprise’s liquidity. being a mirror of business conditions. It is more helpful in inter-firm comparison. profitability. are of great interest to scholars understanding research in Accounting theory as well as business affairs and practices. Helpful in comparison of past and present results. Types of analysis: Two types of analysis are undertaken to interpret the position of an enterprise. solvency and other indicators to assess its operating efficiency. Financial analysis serves the following purpose: • • • • • • To know the operational efficiency of the business.The financial statements. Helps in judging the solvency of the undertaking. financial position and performance.

These are also termed as Methods of Financial Analysis. Comparison of current assets to current liabilities or comparison of debt to equity for one point of time is the examples of vertical analysis. By preparing common size statement of different years of the same business. Methods of Analysis: A financial analyst can adopt the following tools for analysis of the financial statements. 19 .Vertical Analysis: It is the analysis of relationship as between different individual components for a given period of time. It can be made in the following ways. It comprises: • Comparison of the financial statements of different years of the same business unit. • Comparison of financial statement of a particular year of different business units. Horizontal Analysis: It is the analysis of changes in different components the financial statements over different periods with the help of a series of statements. • Comparative Statement Analysis. Study of trends in debt or share capital or their relationship over the past ten years period or study of profitability trends for a period of five years or ten years are examples of horizontal analysis. • • By preparation of common size statements of the two similar units.

Funds flow Analysis. Both the income statement and balance sheet can be prepared in the form of comparative financial statements. Common-size Statement Analysis: Common-size statement is a financial tool of studying key changes and trends in financial position of a company. the common-size percentage method represents a type of ratio analysis. That is why this statement is also designated as “component percentage” or “100 percent statement”. 20 . Ratio Analysis. Preparation of the common-size statement involves two steps: • State the total of the statement as 100 percent. each percentage exhibits the relation of the individual item to its respective total. Trend Analysis. In common-size statement. Therefore.• • • • • Common-size Statement Analysis. In these statements figures for two or more periods are shown side by side to facilitate comparison. Cash flow Analysis. each item is stated as percentage of the total of which that item is a part. Comparative Statement Analysis: Comparative financial statements are those statements which are designed to provide time perspective to the consideration of various elements of financial position embodied in such statements.

Calculation of percentage relationship that each item bears to the same item in the base year Ratio Analysis: Ratio Analysis is powerful tool of financial analysis. In financial analysis. expressed mathematically. The relationship between two accounting figures.• Compute the ratio of each item to the total in the statement There are tow types of common-size statements. This is horizontal analysis of financial statement. common-size income Statement and Balance Sheet. it is known as a financial ratio. Assignment of an index number of 100 to each item of the base year. It is a dynamic analysis depicting the changes over a stated period.. generally financial ratios are studied for a specified number of years. often called as Pyramid Method of Ratio Analysis – a guide to yearly changes. viz. a ratio is used as a benchmark for evaluating financial position and 21 . The working of trend analysis involves the following three steps: • • • Selection of the base year. The trend figures are index figures giving a bird’s eye view of the comparative data by presenting it over a period of time. Under this form of analysis. Trend Analysis: Trend analysis depicts behavior of the ratios over a period of time and the trends in the operation of the enterprise.

performance of a firm. Several ratios. financial analysis can be undertaken by management of the firm or by parties outside the firm. We may classify them into the following categories: • • • • Liquidity Ratios. Ratios help to summarize large quantities of financial data and to make qualitative judgment about the firm’s financial performance. Creditors. can be grouped into various classes according to financial activity or function to be evaluated. Users of Financial Analysis: Financial analysis is the process of identifying the financial strengths and weakness of the firm by properly establishing relationship between the items of the Balance Sheet and the Profit and Loss Account financial analysis can be under taken by 22 . Leverage Ratios. Profitability ratios. Activity Ratios. Viz. Investors and others.. In view of the requirements of the various users of ratios. Financial analysis is the processes of identifying the financial strengths and weaknesses of the firm by properly establishing relationships between the items of financial statements viz.. Owners. Balance sheet and profit and loss account. calculated from the accounting data.

Suppliers of long term debt: On the other hands are concerned with the firm’s long – term solvency and survival.management of the firm of by parties outside the firm viz. confine to the revolution of the firm’s liquidity position. Trade creditors: Trade creditors are invested in firm’s ability to meet the climes over very short period of time. Owners. Investors and others. Their analysis therefore. They restore more confidence in those firms. They analyze the firm’s profitability over time its ability to generate cash to be able to pay interest and repay principle and the relationship between various courses of funds.. Creditors. Management: Management of the firm would be invested in every aspect of the financial analysis. It is their over all responsibility to see that the resources of the firms are used most effectively and efficiently and that the firms financial condition is sound. Investors: Who have invested their money in the firms shares are must be concerned about the firm’s earnings. 23 . The nature of analysis will differ depending on the purposes of the analyst. That show study growth in earnings as such they concentrate analyzing the firms present and future profitability.

It spells out the sources from which funds were derived and the uses to which these funds were put.Funds Flow Analysis: Significant technique of financial analysis is ‘FUNDS FLOW ANALYSIS’. Funds Flow Statement is a report which summarizes the events taking between the two accounting periods. 24 . This statement is essentially derived from an analysis of which these have occurred in assets and liabilities items between two balance sheet dates. Thus. In this statement. only the net changes are shown so that the outcome of a transaction upon the financial condition of a business enterprise reflected more sharply. It is designed to highlight changes in the financial condition of a business concern between concern between two points of time which generally conform to beginning and ending financial statement dates.

Therefore there is another view about meaning of ‘fund’ that it means ‘working capital’. 25 . It is also defined as available pecuniary resources but these two meanings are abroad in nature and apt to macro level planning and control. Some people call ‘fund’ as ‘cash’. certain expenses may result in a current liability since they might not have been paid immediately. it may be said that any current assets and current liability has its impact on working capital (as working capital is the difference of current assets and current liabilities) rather than cash. But it is seen in practice that the current assets are constantly circulating through cash account in business operations and many transactions affect flow of cash at least later or sooner. For example.MEANING AND CONCEPT OF FUNDS Fund: According to the dictionary meaning of the term “Funds” implies an accumulation or deposit of resources from which supplies are may be drawn a more or less permanent store or supply. In other words. Similarly. A number of definitions of the term ‘fund’ have been given. the sale of goods on credit increases in accounts payable rather than in an immediate cash flow.

e. In Broader sense: The term Funds refers to money values in whatever from it may exist here Funds means all means all financial resources used in business whatever in the firm of men. In any business we cannot under estimate the flow of funds from two operations. In a Popular Sense: The term Funds means working capital i. money. Statement of changes in working capital shows the increase or decrease in working capital. The Funds Flow Statement is concerned with sources and applications of organization. machinery and others. the excess of current assets over current liabilities. The business runs with funds but the organization knows how much important the flow of funds is. Such a statement enumerates net effects of the various business transactions on cash and takes into account receipts and disbursements of cash.The term funds have been defined in a number of ways.. material. The working capital concept of funds has emerged due to fact that total resource of a business are invested partly in fixed assets in the form of fixed capital and partly kept in firm of liquid of near liquid form as working capital. “Funds from Operation” statement shows how much funds from operations 26 . In a Narrow Sense: It means cash only and a funds flow statement prepared on this is called a cash flow statement.

Balance sheet does not disclose the cause for change in the assets and liabilities between two different points of time. This is considered to M/S. It is a tool of management for financial analysis and helps in making decisions. It is prepared at end of accounting period. Funds Flow Statement tells us many financial facts. which indicates the extent of success achieved by a business in earning profits. and a Balance Sheet. A balance sheet is a statement of financial position or status of business on given date. Funds Flow Statement. which a balance sheet cannot tell. How is it managed? What are the practices adopted? What are the problems faced? This study is an attempt to answer the questions. while balance sheet is the end result of all accounting operations for a period of time? The funds flow statement provides additional information as regard changes in working capital derived from financial statements at two points of time. TADPATRI. Again. it is static in nature. a Profit and Loss Account.IMPORTANCE OF FUNDS FLOW ANALYSIS: The importance of funds Flow analysis and ratio analysis in all undertakings needs no emphasis. ZAURI CEMENT LIMITED. while funds flow statement is a dynamic one. As it indicates the financial condition on a particular date. The Profit and Loss Account is a document. Income Statement and Balance Sheet: Funds Flow Statement is not a substitute of an income statement i. The balance sheet depicts various resources of an understanding and the deployment of these resources in various assets on a particular date.e.. 27 .

Some times concern may operate profitability and yet its cash position may become more and worse.1. It helps in the Analysis of Financial operations: The financial statements reveal the net effect of various transactions on the operational and financial position of the concern. It throws light on May perplex Questions of general interest: • Why were the net current assets lesser in spite of higher profits and vise versa? • Why more dividends could not be declared in spite of available profits? • How was it possible to distribute more dividends than the present earnings? • • What happened to the profit and where it has gone? What happened to the proceeds of sales of fixed assets. The funds flow statements explains cause for such changes and also effect these changes on the liability position of the company. debentures. The funds flow statement gives a clear answer to such a situation explaining what happened to the profits firm. etc? 28 . But it does not disclose the causes for changes in the assets and liabilities between two different points of time. 2. issue of shares. The balance sheet gives a static view of the resource of a business and these have been put at a certain point of time.

industrial development corporation of India. 6. all ask for 29 .3. The management can come to know the various problems it ids going to face in near future for want of funds. The firms future needs of funds can arrange to finance these needs more effectively and avoid future problems. In such cases a funds flow statement helps in the information of a realistic dividend policy. 4. It Acts as a Future Guide: A projected funds flow statement also acts as a guide for future to the management. It helps knowing the Overall credit Worthiness of a firm: The financial institution and banks such as state financial institutions. It helps in appraising the use of Working Capital: A funds flow statement helps in explaining the management has its working capital and also suggest way the management has used its working capital position of the firm. It helps in the Formation of Business of Realistic Dividend Policy: Sometimes a firm has sufficient profits available for distributing as dividend but yet may not be available to distribute for cash resources. Industrial Development Bank of India etc. The firm can plan the development of its resources and allocate them many various applications. 5. It helps in the proper Allocation of Resources: The resources of a concern are always limited and it wants to make the best use of these resources.. 7. A project funds flow statement constructed for the future helps in making managerial decisions.

funds flow statement constructed for a number of years before granting loans to know the credit worthiness and paying capacity of firm.Items of current accounts and Items of non-current accounts. LIMITATIONS OF FUNDS FLOW STATEMENT The Funds Flow Statement has a number of uses: however. It is not an original statement but simply is arrangement of date given in the financial statements. Business transactions and flow of funds: It may be noted at this stage of analysis that for the purpose of funds flow statement. • It is essentially historic in nature and project funds flow statement cannot be prepared with much accuracy. which are listed below. the items of balance sheet are classified into two broad categories viz.. Hence a firm is seeking assistance from these institutions has to know alternate but to prepare functional statement. • It should remember that a Funds Flow Statement is not a substitute of an income statement or a balance sheet. • Changes in cash are more important and relevant for financial management than the working capital. • • It cannot reveal continuous changes. it has certain limitations also. It provides only some additional information as regards chances in working capital. 30 .

Current account Items Current assets Cash in hand Cash at bank (including fixed deposits) Bills receivable Trade or sundry debtors Inventory-Raw-materials. work inprogress. etc Current liabilities Bills payable Trade or sundry creditors Outstanding expences Cash credit/bank overdraft Short-term loans Income received in advance Long-term loans (or part) which fall due for repayment within a year Provision for doubtful debts and discount on debtors Non-current Account Items 31 .etc Prepaid expenses Outstanding incomes Short-term loans and advances Temporary investments. Finished Goods. Stores.

Decrease in current assets but not any decrease in current liabilities. Transactions Affecting Flow of Funds: • • • • Increase in current assets but not any increase in current liabilities. Funds flow there fore refers to the changes in the fund (i..e. trade marks. working capital) by the transactions – operational. copy rights. preliminary expenses and profit and loss account(deficiency). it should be remembered here that not all the transactions cause the flow of funds . Decrease in current liabilities but not any decrease in current assets.Non-current assets Land and Buildings Plant and Machinery and vehicles Furniture and fittings Goodwill Patents. Transactions not Affecting Flow of Funds: (CHANGE IN WORKING CAPITAL) • Transactions which make conversions of one current into another current assets. financial and investment. 32 .etc Non-current liabilities Equity share capital Preference share capital Debentures Reserves and surplus Long –term loans The word ‘fund’ is to denote working capital. though the effect of all the transactions on the funds are considered. Increase in current liabilities but not any increase in current assets.

There are several names for this statement.• Transactions which make conversions of one current liability into another current liability. some are • • • • • Statement of sources and applications of funds. Funds Flow Statement: The Funds Flow Statement is also known as “FUNDS FLOW ANALYSIS”. Statement of Fund Supplied and Applied. There are several names for this statement. Funds Flow Statement: The Funds Flow Statement is also known as “FUNDS FLOW ANALYSIS”. some are 33 . Statement of inflow and outflow of funds. • Transactions which bring increase or decrease in current assets causing a corresponding increase or decrease in current liabilities by the same amount. Where got and where gone Statement. Statement of Resources provided and Applied.

various factors for inflow and outflow of working capital area shown in a statement. Where got and where gone Statement.• • • • • Statement of sources and applications of funds. 34 . This statement is also considered as an important one as the two traditional financial statements as it supplies important information for the users. Statement of Fund Supplied and Applied.. In brief it may be said that fund statement focuses on the flow of funds between the various assets and equity items during the accounting period and on analysis basis this statement is generally called as “Funds Flow Analysis”. particularly prepared for this purpose.” This statement reveals the manner in which the financial resources have been generated and deployed during the accounting period.e. Statement of Resources provided and Applied. IMPORTANCE OF FUNDS FLOW STATEMENT: • The balance sheet and profit and loss account failed to provide the information which is provided by Funds Flow statement i. which is known a “Funds Flow Statement. This statement indicates the changes in financial position of an enterprise. changes in financial position of an enterprise. Statement of inflow and outflow of funds.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FUNDS FLOW STATEMENT AND BALANCESHEET FUNDS FLOW STATEMENT BALANCE SHEET 35 . • It is also a very useful tool in the hands of management judging the financial and operating performance of the company..• This statement indicates the changes which have taken place between the two accounting dates. • It also indicates the working capital position which helps the management in taking policy decisions regarding dividend etc. • Funds Flow statement helps in answering questions like where the profits have gone? Why there is imbalance existing between liquidity position and profitability position of the enterprise? Why is the concern financially solid in spite of losses? • It helps management to take policy decisions to decide about the financing policies and capital expenditure programmed for future. • Gives details of sources and uses of funds during given period is of great help to the users of financial information.

2. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FUNDS FLOW & CAH FLOW STATEMENT FUNDS FLOW STATEMENT CASH FLOW STATEMENT 36 . 4. It shows the sources and Applications of funds in a Particular period of time. It is not of much help to management in making Decisions.1. 2. 3. 4. It is a tool of management for Financial analysis and helps in Making decisions. Usually. It depicts the assets and funds liabilities at a Particular point of time. No such schedule of changes in working capital is required rather Profit & loss account is Prepared. It is a statement of financial position on a particular date and hence static in nature. schedule of changes in Working capital has to be prepared Before preparing funds flow Statement. 3. It is a statement of changes in Financial position and hence is Dynamic in nature 1.

4. 4. Funds Flow Analysis reveals the sources and applications of funds the net difference between sources and application of funds represents net increase or decrease in working capital. It is more useful for short term analysis and cash Planning. working capital. 37 ... 1. PROCEDURE FOR PREPARING A FUNDS FLOW STATEMENT Funds Flow statement is a method by which we study changes in the financial position of a business enterprise between beginning and ending financial statements dates. Schedule of changes in working capital is required to be prepared. It is based on cash basis of Accounting.1. 2. adding to this all the inflows of cash and deducting the outflows of cash from the total.e. 5.e. difference represents Closing balance of cash. i. It is based on a wider concept of Funds. 3. It is useful for long term planning. 2. Hence. It is prepared by taking the opening balance of cash. 5. 3. the funds flow statement is prepared by comparing two balance sheets and worth the help of such other information derived form the accounts as may be needed. It is based on accrual basis of Accounting. It is based on a narrower concept of funds i. Schedule of changes in working capital is not required to be prepared. Cash.

This statement is prepared with the help of Current Assets and Liabilities derived with the help of Current Assets and Current Liabilities derived from the two balance sheets as: • • • • • Working Capital = Current Assets – Current Liabilities. the difference is expressed as ‘Increase in working capital’. On the other hand.Broadly speaking. An increase in Current Assets increase Working Capital A decrease in Current Assets decrease Working Capital An increase in Current Liabilities decrease Working Capital A decrease in current Liabilities increase Working Capital The changes in all current assets and liabilities are merged into one figure only – either an increase or decrease in working capital over the period for which funds statements has been prepared. If the working capital at the end of the period is more than the working capital at the beginning thereof. Statement of Changes in Working Capital Is prepared to show the changes in the working capital between the two balance sheet dates. Funds Flow Statement: 38 . if the working capital at the end of the period is less than that at the commencement. the preparation of funds flow statement consists of two parts: • • Statement of Schedule of Changes in Working Capital Statement of sources and Application of Funds 1. Statement of Changes in Working Capital: Working Capital means the excess of current assets over current liabilities. the difference is called ‘Decrease in Working Capital’ 2.

1) Schedule of changes in Working capital: 39 .e. “Application of Funds” and the how much amount comes into the organization in a particular period. Finally those application and sources are balanced.Funds flow statement is a final statement.. It shows the amount used in a particular period of time i.

PARTICULARS PREVI OUS YEAR CURR ENT YEAR EFFECT ON WORKING CAPITAL INCRE DECREA ASE SE ** ** CURRENT ASSETS Inventories Sundry Debtors Cash &Bank Loans& Advances * *** Total Current Assets(a) ** CURRENT LIABILITIES Current Liabilities Provisions * Total current liabilities(b) * *** * Working Capital (a-b) * Net increase or decrese in working capital ** * • * *** 40 ** * ** *** *** ** ** * * ** ** * *** ** ** ** * ** ** ** * *** ** ** ** ** * ** * * *** ** ** ** * * ** ** .

3. etc Non-Trading Expenses Increase in working capital Amount Rs *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** Note:* Any one of these will find the place in the statement + Any one of these will find the place in the statement Funds means working capital this working capital represents the difference between current assets. 41 . Fixed assets.2) Statement of sources and uses of funds: Sources Funds from operations Issue of shares and Debentures Long-term Loans Sale of investment. etc Non-trading Income Decrease in working capital Amount Rs Applications Redemption of preference shares and debentures Repayment of loan Purchase of Investment. This means that every transaction has an effect on the firms working capital position. An increase in profits increases the cash balance and hence working capital. 1. All flows of funds pass through working capital. current liabilities. An example illustrates this as follows:2. An increase in long term liability or any decrease in fixed assets increase the cash balance and hence working capital. Fixed assets.

Uses of funds The former supply funds to the working capital and enhances its position. it would not be a source of fund. shares issued and cash/stock/furniture received. Issue of Debentures: That amount of issued debentures would be a source of fund which affects working capital.Therefore the Funds Flow Statement shows the movement of funds into or out of the current asset account of the firm. If it does not have any impact upon fund. 42 . Merely only cash and stock will affect the fund as these are the companies of working capital. It would affect working capital to the extent of current assets. On the other hand. SOURCES OF FUND: • • • • Issue of new shares Issue of debentures Creation of long term liability Profit from operation Issue of new shares: On comparing the balance sheet of two dates there is an increase in share capital. the latter consume funds and erode the working capital position. The movement of funds has two aspects:• • Sources of funds. For example.

to be shown on the sources side. Similarly loss from operations is treated as uses of fund. 43 . Applications of Funds: The fund acquired in the business may be used in the following items: • • • • • LOSS FROM OPERATION DISCHARGE OF LIABILITY REDEMPTION OF DEBENTURES REDEMPTION OF PREFERENCE SHARES ADDITION IN ASSETS Loss from Operations: Just like profit from operations is a source. Sale of Fixed Assets: Any decrease in fixed assets due to sale of fixed assets is shown in the sources of fund as it involves cash or other current assets which are the elements of working capital. It may be due to increase in liabilities or decrease in assets or both. In fact.Creation of Long term Liabilities: If loan and mortgaged loan has been taken its increase between two balances sheet dates would be a source of fund. Profit from Operations: It is a source of fund. incurring of loss means out flow of funds.

On the other hand. a liability is converted into another. there would certainly be out flow of fund. it does not affect funds. Redemption of Debentures: If the redemption is made through conversion into shares or new debentures. If they are rendered in cash. If there is increase in fixed assets accompanied either by increase in long term liabilities or increase in share capital. Redemption of Preference Shares: If these preference shares are rendered by issue of new preference shares or equity shares or debentures such decrease in preference shares will not be treated as use of fund. For example. 44 . it will be shown in the users of fund because such increase entails outflow of fund. it would affect fund. as the flow of fund does not take place in this transaction. Addition in Assets: If these assets whether current or fixed are increased. if these fixed asset are accompanied by decrease in current assets or increase in current liability. there will not be outflow of fund.Discharge of Liability: Any decrease in long term liability would be the indicator that fund ha gone from the business liability which may be decreased due to decrease in assets ( payment of creditors by giving cash of fixed assets to them ) or increase in liability.

INTRODUCTION OF PROFILE 45 .

INTRODUCTION
We are happy to share information on our WTD Mr. Krishna Srivastava winning an award from the CMO(Chief Marketing Officer) council Asia ,being amongst the ‘50 Most talented CMO’s of India. The prestigious award was presented at an recent event held at the TAJ Lands, Mumbai .The award recipient was chosen by a joint think tank from CMO council & CMO Asia based on a overall ranking on leadership in the marketing area . Info on CMO Asia: The CMO Asia is dedicated to high level knowledge Exchange Leadership & Networking senior CMOs and brand decision makers across industry segments.

CEMENT INDUSTRY IN INDIA
In India it came to be established during the beginning of 20th century. In fact the cement era in India commenced with the establishment of a small cement factory at WASHERMANPET in 1904 by South India industry Ltd. a company that dates to 1879. The potential capacity of this plant was only 10,000 metric tones per annum. This was the first attempt of manufacturing Portland cement with cat carious seashells as a principal raw material. There was sufficient demand for that product, but because of technological 46

defects and inadequate supply of raw materials, the plant did not operate economically, a later on collapsed.

India is ranked forth in the world after China, Japan, and USA in cement production. Yet the per-capital consumption of cement in India however low at 70 to 80 kgs against the world average of around 220kgs

CEMENT INDUSTRY IN ANDHRA PRADESH
Cement was first manufactured in America in the year 1875. In India, in 1914 the India Cements Company Limited was established a cement factory at Portland. Andhra Pradesh is the second largest cement production state in India, one third of the limestone (138crore tones) is available in A.P.I.A.P. the cement production was started in 1936 with two factories. Of these two factories one is Andhra Cement Company Limited and another in Krishna Cement Factory. One is on the side of Krishna Cement Factory. One is on the side of Krishna River and another is in between Krishna and Guntur districts respectively. In 1995, one more factory was established at Panyam in Kurnool Dist., named as Panyam Cement and mineral industries. At the same time one more factory has been established at Maacherla in Guntur district. At the end of July 1985 the total capital invested on cement industry was Rs.427.81 lakhs and provided employment for 1262 persons and 19 factories were functioning with a production of 85lakh tones.

Capacity, Production and Exports
47

India today boasts 129 large plants and over 300 mini cement plants with a capacity of 165 million tones and production of 134 million tones (2004-05). It ranks second in the world among cement producing countries, with per capita consumption at 118Kg compared to the world avg. Of around 317. Per capita consumption is 366 Kg in Thailand, 626 Kg in China, 606 Kg in Malaysia and 1216 Kg in South Korea. This indicates a huge potential for increase in consumption. The Cement Corporation of India, which is a central public sector undertaking, has 10 units. Besides, there are 10 large cement plants owned by various state

Governments. Keeping in view the past trends, a production target of 133 million tons has been set for the year 2004 – 05. During the Tenth Plan, the Industry is expected to grow at the rate of 10% per annum and is expected to add capacity of 40 – 52 million tons. Mainly through expansion of existing plants and use of more fly ash inthe production of cement. A part from meeting the domestic demand, the cement Industry also contributes towards exports. The export of cement and clinker during the last three years is as under:-

Export of Cement
(In million tons) Year 2005 – 06 2009 – 07 2010 – 08 Cement 3.47 3.36 3.31 Clinker 3.45 5.64 4.82 Total 6.92 9.00 8.13

Overview of the performance of the Cement Sector:
48

the Government has identified the following thrust areas for increasing demand for cement: (i) (ii) (iii) and Housing development programs. Promotion of concrete highways and roads. Use of ready – mix concrete in large infrastructure projects. poor quality coal and inadequate growth of related infrastructure like sea and rail transport. 49 . (iv) Construction of concrete roads in rural areas under Prime Ministers Gram Sadak Yolanda.The Indian Cement Industry not only ranks second in the production of cement in the world but also produces quality cement. However. ports and bulk terminals. Only a small segment of industry is using old technology based on wet and semi-dry process. In order to utilize excess capacity available with the cement Industry. lack of private and public investment in infrastructure projects. Efforts are being made to recover waste heat and success in this area has been significant. Technological advancements Indian cement industry is modern and uses latest technology. the Industry faces a number of constraints in terms of high cost of power. High railway tariff. which meets global standards. high incidence of state and central levies and duties.

“Once again new orders have been placed and in 2009. The estimate is that from roads. etc. “these are really the growth clusters. Portland Blast Furnace Slag Cement (PBFS). Bangalore consumes four million tones and Chennai around 3 million tones. for example. It is worth mentioning that some cement plants have set up dedicated jetties for promoting bulk transportation and export. 50 . Today bulk of the demand is driven by housing and commercial construction and as infrastructure picks up. Oil Well Cement. It is estimated that Mumbai. which consumes almost six million tones. Rapid Hardening Portland Cement. accounts for 45 percent of Maharastra’s cement consumption. sdemand is not more than 4-5 million tones but it makes a difference in the growth numbers”. the industry will pick up. Bangalore international airport. Production of these varieties of cement conforms to the BIS Specifications. along with Pune.India is also producing different varieties of cement like Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC). White Cement. The off take was good when the NHDP programme was launched but there was a lull last year. Another large consumer has been the roads sector. Sulphate Resisting Portland Cement. Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC). Infrastructure – driven demand push The bulk of cement demand is from housing and commercial development of which metros account for a significant amount. Hyderabad airport and modernization of Mumbai and Delhi airports.

While in the last few months’ railways have been steadily losing freight to road sector they have been confined cement to market-is around Rs.20 and bag that could go as high a Rs. The industry has been adding capacity of 6-7 million per annum by Brownfield expansion and de-bottlenecking which is expected to partly cater to the requirement because it is growing by around 20 million tons per annum. This would only easy the first level of sale and additional costs are involved to take it further. a state govt. Last year saw a 15-16% increase in coal prices and then diesel prices went up pushing up transportation costs. which will hit the industry hard. Freight problems The importance of freight for the cement industry cannot be emphasized enough. On an overall basis.Narrowing demand-supply gap: The industry has a capacity of 165 million tons and in Jan 2009.800 for long leads. the industry does not do more than 90-92% because of constraints such as transport and raw material. Accordingly. dispatches were at almost 100%. “Many 51 .350-400 a ton or Rs. has been directed to enforce the discipline that trucks only carry a specified load. Another issue. Challenges before the industry: Energy costs account for half of the cost of production of cement. is that of logistics and a Supreme Court judgment on carrying capacity for trucks.

Which is high for such a basic product. excise is at Rs. royalty is on a per ton basis at Rs.states and already implementing this and there is already an increase in freight rates and in some cases. it has gone up by 50%. The importance of limestone can only be underscored as for every ton of cement produced. This includes excise duty.70 a ton for limestone as royalty. 40 whereas for most minerals it is a percentage of the pithead cost.408 per ton when it should be around Rs.” High taxes While the railways have had capacity to meet the requirement.150 a bag in the market. 52 .According to the cement manufactures association total taxes and duties on cement come to around Rs. So fright rates are up.900 a ton or Rs. sales tax and royalty on limestone. 45 a bag.200. “For limestone.5tons of limestone is required. taxes and duties account for one third. VAT is at 12. the railways would be constrained to provide adequate number of wagons. Also. the requirement for trucks to carry the same freight has nearly doubled and in many places the industry is being forced to move to railways. railways cannot provide wagons and trucks are unlikely to be viable so there could be a serious dislocation of supplies going forward. 1. Effectively we are paying Rs.5% without any justification and it should be in 4% category. it is expected that in March the commencement of peak season for the procurement of food grains. “So at a price of Rs.

It has to be born in mind that one third of the prices is accounted for by taxes and duties and nearly 20-25% by the freight component. 53 .4% Ultra tech-9.7% Grasim-10.2% Madras-3.1% Lafarge-3.Export Advantages From a modest beginning if 1.8% Abuja -10. So setting up Greenfield capacities is not attractive. So what produces earn at the factory gate is among the lowest in the world.2% Overall. as prices will not give attractive returns on investment.” This year 2008 has commenced on a good note and in fact.0% Jaypee-4. Indian exports of cement/clinker have grown rapidly at about 30-40% and this year exports will cross 10 million tons.5% India cement-6. Major cement producers – market shares: • • • • • • • • Acc -12.5 million tons and January dispatches were in excess of 13 million tons. “Cement prices even today are way below global levels. December was a very good month wit dispatches at 12. That is a minor reason why there is no Greenfield capacity coming up. the industry is in a better state today than 2 years ago.6 lacks tons in 1989-90.

” 54 .“This means capacity utilization is in the nineties which is healthy and will actually lead to firming up of prices. There are enough reasons to believe it will sustain. It looks like sales could be 137 million a ton for 2010-08(125 million tons in 2009-07) and so far growth has been 10%.

COMPANY PROFILE 55 .

the 5th largest producer of Cement in the world . thus becoming Italian leader in the ready-mixed concrete sector. the Company is amongst the topmost cement produces in South India. Morocco. one of the main global cement producer. After several acquisitions abroad. In 1997 Italcementi consolidated its verticalisation strategy with the acquisition of Calcestruzzi. Kazakhstan. in 1992 Italcementi achieved important international status with its take-over of Ciments Français. India. In 1995.COMPANY PROFILE Thanks to a careful plan of investments and take-overs of other cement producers. Zuari Cement Limited was born. The fledging unit came into its own in the year 2001 when Zuari Industries entered into a Joint Venture with the Italcementi Group. all the international companies of the Group gathered under one single corporate identity. In March 1997. 56 . Strong foundations for a company of strength. Today. Zuari Cement took over Sri Vishnu Cement Limited in 2002. the company expanded. Texmaco’s Plant at Yerraguntla was taken over by Zuari and a Cement Division was formed. Egypt and the United States. quickly reaching a strong position on the market and becoming the leading cement manufacturer in Italy. Thailand. Zuari entered the Cement business in 1994 to operate the Texmaco Cement Plant. Since 1998 Italcementi Group has been pursuing its internationalisation strategy by acquiring new cement works in Bulgaria.

which is enough to produce 100 million tones of cement for the next 500 years. Limestone constitutes 60 to 70 percent of the total raw material costs.Zuari and Italcementi. Cement grade limestone is available in 21 states in the country. 1994 . 57 .5 million tonne capacity in 1995 to almost 6 million tones in 2010. Andhra Pradesh effective 1st January.RAW MATERIALS : Limestone: Limestone is the major raw material for the cement industry.A fully owned subsidiary of the Italcementi Group. About 65 percent of the cement plants in India uses sedimentary limestone and 20 percent use metamorphic crystalline limestone.980 million tones of cement grade limestone deposits. The Company entered into an agreement with Texmaco Ltd for running and operating their Cement unit at Yerraguntla.and earned a place among the most reliable cement producers in the country. The strength of two Zuari Cement is one of the leading cement producers in South India.6 tons of limestone is required for producing one ton of cement clinker limestone (calcium carbonate) is a rock of either sedimentary or metamorphic origin with calcium oxide as its main constituent. Commitment to customer satisfaction has seen Zuari Cement grow from a modest 0. In India limestone occurs mainly as sedimentary rocks and constitutes 30 percent of the total sedimentary rocks in the country. High quality seeds of various crops in the brand name "Jaikisaan" was launched. Italcementi Group History enhance phosphorus use efficiency was well received.5 – 1. Nearly 1. India has 85.

Belaspur (M. Tadpatri (A. and Gujarat. Lime Silican Aluminium Iron oxide : : : : 58 50% 3% 4% 0. of years limestone reserve would last = ------------------------------------Avg. Rajasthan.50% . limestone Consumption It is quite clear that India’s limestone reserves are adequate for the next several years. In India limestone deposits are abundantly found only in Siroly (Rajasthan). More over new reserves would be discovered every year Limestone is mixed extensively in India and ranks second in production next to coal mining.) and some places in Gujarat.. Units are generally located in close proximity of limestone deposits in Madhya Pradesh. wadi (Karnataka). The quality of required for the cement production should have the following composition..P. Major portion of limestone mining portion of limestone mining is for cement industry (nearly 75% to 80%) therefore the demand supply situation is quite comfortable. Karnataka. Tamil Nadu. Andhra Pradesh.P. Santna.Total reserve No.

Gypsum: Gypsum is another important required material for cement manufacturing. the limestone is not suitable for cement.5 percent. constitutes about 5 percent of the weight of the cement.4-o. Other Raw Materials: A few other raw materials like Blast furnace slag and fly ash are also required for the manufacture of the cement. India possesses resources of gypsum. Gypsum is added in required quantity at the time of grinding of clinker. lime content is directly proportional to the clinker and cement quality and quantity. Similarly.Magnesiam Loss on Ignition : : 0. Hence its availability is not a concern for the cement manufacture.50% 42% Total : 100% If Magnesia content exceeds 0. Blast furnace slag is a waste product obtained from iron smelting furnace whereas fly ash is the left over ash from thermal power station. The clinker and the required amount of the Gypsum is added to control the setting time of the cement. 59 .

A useful heat of 4500 kilocalories per kg of coal. which may not have coal deposits nearby. It should be less than 30%. They are not used in India as continuous supply of natural gas is not assured used by plants in southern plants ogf India. Transport of coal is another big issue as many of larger cement plants are located close to the limestone deposits. Coal of lower ash enables comparatively lower quality of limestone. the critical raw material is energy. like Dalmia Cement. 60 . Power: Power constitutes about 10% of the total cement production costs. nature gas and oil are also used. as a supplement to coal which compensates the storage for coal in this area. power and freight. Else where in the world lignite. The average consumption of power in the dry process kilns is around 125 units per million tons of clinker. The coal should have volatile matter and high temperature. Major inputs in cement manufacturing include coal..Inputs: Although limestone is the major raw material for cement industry. Non cooking coal of lower ash content is required by cement plants. Coal: In India coal I am being used as the fuel for the manufacturing of cement. How well the company uses coal and electricity and how much it costs will determine the success ratio for cement manufacturers. Chettinad cement etc. About 3 percent of the total power generated in the country is used by cement industry.

The main areas of freight coast for the cement industries are i.85% of the cost of production of large cement plants. Growth and Performance: The company has enhanced its capacity from 600 TPD to 8000 TPD over the period of 10 years. Hence cement plants are located in cluster near limestone deposits. Transporting cement from the plants to their markets. Transporting coal from the coal fields to the cement factories. SALIENT FEATURES OF ZAURI CEMENT: • • High strength and great durability A very perceptible saving in costs (up to 20% to 25%) due to low setting time • • Superior quality of the cement resulting in a better overall finest Stronger bonding with aggregates. Limestone transport would be even costlier than transporting coal or cement. The Existing cement plant was upgraded to 5000 tones capacity per 61 . On an average freight for transporting finished product alone forms 13. ii. Indian railway is moving up to 60% of the total cement production.Freight: Freight constitutes a very significant part of the cost structure of cement units in India.

The company holds the assets of Rs. Gujarat Ambuja cement.. The total employees in ZAURI CEMENT are 345 covering all departments. ONADA ENGINEERING and consulting company limited Japan for the cement plant he technical collaborates are continuously guiding the company for achieving improved productivity and benefits such as conservation of energy etc. Head of that department is asked to give information to man power planning department regarding the number of persons required. Sagar cement ACC Suraksha cement. The annual capacity of the company 18. 92. and India cement Ltd TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION AND INNOVATION: The company has obtained the basic engineering designs and other technical know-how from M/s.day.77 lakhs and sales of Rs. Andhra Cement. Nagarjuna cement. Parasakthi. 601.20 lakhs.Coramandal cement. 946. Competitiveness of Cement Project: companies – Ultra tech. Man power: Based on requirement of individual departments. There are nearly 500 contract labor working every day on casual basis. carries out the recruitment process. Larsen and Tubro. The Central Personnel Dept. Zuari cement. Grasim Cement.25000 tones. The profits for the year 2010-08 are Rs.92 lakhs.Priya Cement. The departmental heads assess their requirements based on the available departmental job description to ensure role clarity and to avoid role ambiguity. 62 . besides trouble shooting a specific.

REQUIREMENT OF RAW MATERIALS S. No 1 2 3 4 5 Raw material Limestone Additives Bauxite iron ore Gypsum Product clinker Tones per day 2282 375 155 85 500 Consumption per tones of Cement 1. the consumption of additives has been changed accordingly. Iron ore. Material Balance: Limestone + Additives Raw material (1.Raw Materials & Requirement: Limestone. It aims to optimize production across all the marketers. materials is shown in the table. Gypsum and Coal are the basic raw materials used in the manufacturing process of cement.46%) +coal Clinker + Gypsum Clinker + Fly ash Raw material Calcinations clinker Ordinary Portland cement Pozzoland Portland Note:Depending upon quality of raw materials the above consumption may value PRODUCT PROFILE: ZAURI CEMENT manufactures and distributes its own main product lines of cement. Bauxite.16 to 0.05 -----The average consumption of various raw Source: Annual reports of ZAURI CEMENT Limited. Note: Due to change in the quality of lime stone and coal.4 to 1. providing a completer 63 ..04 to 0.20 0.5 0.75 1.06 to 0.

Fine – grinding the clinker together with a small quality of gypsum produces cement. soleplate Resistant with brand name of “PENNA” ZAURI Suraksha ZAURI Power ZAURI Super 53 Grade 53 Grade 43 Grade ADVANTAGES: Here are five of the many reasons why ZAURI 53 Grade and 43 Grade cement edges out its competitors. • • • • • High compressive strength Low heat of hydration Better soundness Lesser consumption of cement for M-20 Concreate Grade and above Faster de – shuttering of formed work 64 . Heated to around 1450o C (2642o F) rotating kilns. Cement is made from a mixture of 80 percent limestone and 20 percent clay. PRESENTLY THE PLANT PRODUCES THREE TYPES OF PRODUCTS: Presently the company is manufacturing 43 grade. Ordinary portal cement port land slag cement. These are crushed and ground to provide the “raw meal”. a pale. an approach known as “strategic Integration of Activities”. the “meal” undergoes complex chemical changes and is transformed into clinker. 53 grade. Adding other constituents at this stage produces cements for specialized uses.solution for customer’s needs at the lowest possible cost. flour – like powder.

• Reduced construction time with a superior and wide range of cement catering to every conceivable building need. • • • • Ideal raw material Low lime and magnesia content and high proportion of silicates Greater fineness Slow initial and fast final setting 65 . Here are just a few reasons why ZAURI CEMENT chosen by millions of India. ZAURI CEMENT is a formidable player in the cement market.

ANALYSIS & INTERPRETATION 66 .

51.04.38.86.02.45.97.88.26.012 8. Changes in WC Rs.02.97.12.50.38.85.49.519 28.91.12.360 42.027 7.393 46.99.886 67 .874 54.68.393 54.879 11.37.900 59.24.STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN WORKING CAPITAL 2011-2012 Table-1 Particulars 2011 Rs.89. Increase Current Assets: Inventories Sundry Debtors Cash &Bank Loans& Advances Total Current Assets(a) Current Liabilities: Current Liabilities & Provisions Total current liabilities(b) Working Capital a-b Increase in Working Capital 23.49.12.360 23.941 17.38.38.109 1.458 28. 2012 Rs.774 11.09.32.99.63.393 28.08.02.52.886 46.51.372 18.45.09.27.08.17.897 96.372 42.538 49.53.36.23.765 26334167 66186918 6029925442 316925359 Decrease 26.99.89.874 54.33.

There fore short term financial position of The Financial Services limited is good.Table-1 Changes In Working Capital 1200000000 1000000000 800000000 600000000 400000000 200000000 0 Total Current Assets Total Current Liabilities Working Capital 2011 2012 Sources: we have taken this information from ZAURI CEMENT.012 as a result working capital increase 28. 68 .89.45. from 2011-2012 Interpretation: Comparing the year 2011-2012 the current assets increased by 46.97.886 rupees compare the current liabilities 18.874 rupees.09.36.08.

09.187 28.87.250 Increase in Working capital 85.87.874 113.08.949 Purchase of fixed assets 40.12.06.FUNDS FLOW STATEMENT FOR THE YEAR ENDED WITH 31.187 Sources: we have taken this information from ZAURI CEMENT.78.02.08.78.57. The Financial Services limited use some of these funds to purchase fixed assets. The Financial Services limited is also use these funds to Increase working capital.96. Funds from operations Long term loans Sale of Investments Decrease in Miscellaneous expenditure Increase in Deferred tax liability 12.74.41.51.49.536 14.33 7 63. STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN WORKING CAPITAL 2009-2010 Table-3 69 .17.965 63.78. Uses Amount Rs. from 2004-2005 Interpretation: The Financial Services limited take huge amount of Long term loans through funds from operations and Sale of investments.511 3.2012 Table-2 Amount Sources Rs.

853 54.06.38.16.99.32.81.027 7.56.722 4.695 3.80.16.78.763 22.044 106.38.941 17.12.99.63.64.86.313 26.12.86.51.83.269 11.94.641 32.02.372 8.15.97.55.38.393 54.29.830 Table-3 70 .85.17.78.Particulars 2009 Rs.94.78.708 4.85.37.830 35.42.99.12.70.02.641 74.52.393 31. Changes in WC Rs.393 35.51.02.10.372 74.50.765 16.763 54.71.86.35.12.897 96.54.372 42.630 Decrease in Working Capital 22. Increase Decrease Current Assets: Inventories Sundry Debtors Cash &Bank Loans& Advances Total Current Assets(a) Current Liabilities: Current Liabilities & Provisions Total current liabilities(b) Working Capital a-b 42.192 59.271 4.26. 2010 Rs.38.900 59.27.42.

Changes in Working Capital
1200000000 Amount 1000000000 800000000 600000000 400000000 200000000 0 Total Current Assets Total Current Liabilities Working Capital 2011 2010

Sources: we have taken this information from ZAURI CEMENT, from 2009-2010

Interpretation:
Comparing the year 2009-2010 the current assets increased by 10,12,91,506 rupees compare the current liabilities 32,55,78,269 as a result working capital decrease 22,42,86,763 rupees. There fore short term financial position of The Financial Services limited is not good.

71

FUNDS FLOW STATEMENT FOR THE YEAR ENDED WITH 31.12.2011 Table-4
Amount Sources Rs. Uses Amount Rs.

Funds from operations Long term loans Decrease in Working capital Decrease in Miscellaneous expenditure Increase in Deferred tax liability

16,01,23,732

Redemption of shares

5,40,942 21,69,98,475 42,03,47,770

15,15,15,878 Purchase of fixed assets 22,42,86,763 Purchase of Investments 10,76,442 10,08,85,372 63,78,87,187

63,78,87,187

Sources: we have taken this information from ZAURI CEMENT, from 2009-2010

Interpretation:
The Financial Services limited take huge amount of Long term loans through funds from operations and Purchase of investments. The Financial Services limited use some of these funds to purchase fixed assets. The Financial Services limited is also use these funds to Decrease working capital.

72

STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN WORKING CAPITAL 2010-2011 Table-5
Particulars 2010 Rs. 2008 Rs. Changes in WC Rs. Increase Current Assets: Inventories Sundry Debtors Cash & Bank Loans& Advances 16,15,83,313 26,56,85,722 4,10,06,192 59,81,54,044 21,89,56,216 37,09,00434 11,21,52,347 62,82,93,656 5,73,72,903 10,52,14,712 7,11,46,155 3,01,39,612 Decrease

Total Current Assets(a) Current Liabilities: Current Liabilities & Provisions Total current liabilities(b) Working capital a-b

106,64,29,271

133,03,02,653

74,94,16,641

76,05,69,548

-

1,11,52,907

74,94,16,641 31,70,12,630

76,05,69,548 56,97,33,105

Increase in working capital

25,27,20,475 56,97,33,105

56,97,33,105

26,38,73,382

25,27,20,475 26,38,73,382

73

907 as a result working capital Increase 74 .38.11.382 rupees compare the current liabilities 1.73.52. from 2010-2008.Table-5 Changes in Working Capital 1400000000 1200000000 1000000000 800000000 600000000 400000000 200000000 0 Total Total Working Current Current Capital Assets Liabilities 2010 2008 Sources: we have taken this information from ZAURI CEMENT. Interpretation: Comparing the year 2010-2008 the current assets increased by 26.

50.27.41.56.75.12.715 27.80.976 Increase in Working capital 25.41.74.800 Purchase of fixed assets Purchase of Investments 22.51. Funds from operations Long term loans Decrease in Miscellaneous expenditure 23. Interpretation: The Financial Services limited take huge amount of long term loans through funds from operations and Purchase of investment.00. from 2010-2008.384 52.20.55.31. There fore short term financial position of The Financial Services limited is good.27.69.25.475 2.475 rupees.58. The Financial Services limited use some of these funds to purchase fixed assets. Uses Amount Rs.400 4.75.000 Increase in Differed tax liability 1. FUNDS FLOW STATEMENT FOR THE YEAR ENDED WITH 31. The Financial Services limited is also use these funds to increase working capital.875 Sources: we have taken this information from ZAURI CEMENT.875 52.20.2008 Table-6 Amount Sources Rs.55. 75 .

90.39.889 64.568 56.890 59.44.59.62.98.97.33.30.28.33.29.44.684 145.40.20.89.33.147 - 33.26.28.32.237 56.77.579 102.59.28.55. 2009 Rs.33.641 14.788 69.105 56.00434 11.39.13.464 33.52.161 4.88.35.39.86.26.09.464 14.377 41.29.62.568 69.568 33.02. Changes in WC Rs.37.97.851 13.STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN WORKING CAPITAL 2008-2009 Table-7 Particulars 2008 Rs.105 76 .21.347 56.105 42.08.50.02.37.38.323 11. Increase Current Assets: Inventories Sundry Debtors Cash & Bank Loans& Advances 21.32.687 35.216 37.164 Decrease Total Current Assets(a) Current Liabilities: Current Liabilities & Provisions Total current Liabilities(b) 126.29.90.579 102.147 Working capital a-b Decrease in working capital 56.56.35.97.

Comparing the year 2008-2009 the current assets increased by 18. 77 . Interpretation: .28.104 rupees compare the current liabilities 33. from 2008-2009. There fore short term financial position of The Financial Services limited is not good.37.85.568 as a result working capital Decrease 14.464 rupees.29.44.Table-7 Changes in Working Capital 1600000000 1400000000 1200000000 1000000000 800000000 600000000 400000000 200000000 0 Total Current Assets Total Current Liabilities Working Capital 2008 2009 Sources: we have taken this information from ZAURI CEMENT.90.

Funds from operations Increase in loans Decrease in Miscellaneous expenditure Decrease in Working capital Increase in Deffered tax liability 99. from 2008-2009.77.12.37.80.53.44.38.143 242.53.000 225.00.270 Sources: we have taken this information from ZAURI CEMENT.FUNDS FLOW STATEMENT FOR THE YEAR ENDED WITH 31.829 Purchase of fixed assets 118.747 Proposed Dividend 14.087 Purchase of Investments 89.07.2009 Table-8 Amount Sources Rs.270 242.270 13.77.53. 78 .66. Uses Amount Rs. The Financial Services limited use some of these funds to purchase fixed assets.84. The Financial Services limited is also use these funds to Decrease working capital. Interpretation: The Financial Services limited take huge amount of Long term loans through funds from operations and Purchase of investment.59.464 10.81.49.00.68.000 3.

In the same period the long term loans of The Financial Services limited is high because the company get huge amount of funds from operations and also from decrease in miscellaneous expenditure reserve.874 rupees. . • In 2004-2005 the Working capital of The Financial Services limited is increased by 28.09.FINDINGS: • • . The 79 It is found that The Financial Services limited is holding sufficient share capital. It is inferred that The Financial Services limited is maintaining a minimum Cash Balances.08.

The Financial Services limited get funds only from operations and purchase of investment.42.37.86.763 but the flow of funds is decreased because The Financial Services limited do not get any funds from decrease of reserves. The Financial Services limited use some funds to purchase fixed assets. • If The Financial Services limited spend more money on purchase of fixed assets & investments it effects the growth of the ZAURI CEMENT company limited. • In 2009-2010 the Working capital of The Financial Services limited is increased by 25.44.464 but the flow of funds is high as compared to previous year because The Financial Services limited get funds only from operating activities.Financial Services limited uses that fund to redeem the shares and to purchase fixed assets. The Financial Services limited use some funds to purchase fixed assets SUGGESSIONS: • It may be suggested that The Financial Services limited should utilize Limited Funds for the purchase of fixed assets. • In 2011-2012 the Working capital of The Financial Services limited is decreased by 22. • The company must maintain the sufficient working capital in order to meet the daily needs of the firm. • In 2010-2008 the Working capital of The Financial Services limited is decreased by 14. 80 .475 but the flow of funds is high as compared to previous year because The Financial Services limited get funds only from operating activities.27. The Financial Services limited uses some of those funds to purchase fixed assets.20.

and fixed assets.• • • • The company should increase its investments and its fixed assets. It is better to maintain the same steps which it has followed in 2009-07 to decrease its liabilities and maintain the profit. The Financial services limited utilize some funds to purchase fixed assets every year the financial services limited do some investment activities to utilize funds effectively. CONCLUSION It can be concluded that funds flow performance of the financial services limited is good because funds from operations are high in every year but increase in loans of funds. expenses. 81 . It has to keep concentration on working capital. It has to decrease its Long term loans (liabilities).

82 .

ANNEXURE 83 .

27.443 24.52.65.16.15.372 54.05.3.4471.65.447 210.38.03.progress E F G 35.78.66.393 14.32.99.43.765 Less: Current Liabilities and provisions Miscellaneous Expenditure(to the extent not return of or adjusted) Total 84 I H 42.2010 Particulars SOURCES OF FUNDS Share holder’s Funds: Share Capital Reserves and Surplus Loan Funds Secured Loans Unsecured Loans Deferred Tax Liability Total APPLICATION OF FUNDS Fixed Assets Gross Block Less: Depreciation Net Block Add: Capital works.81.495 96.30.085 228.567 A B C 94.in.39.900 59.027 7.50.798 Schedule No. Loans and Advances Inventories Sundry debtors Cash and Bank Balances Loans and Advances .02.85.665 D 266.57.400 11.897 96.66.665 18.76.57.51. 2009 INVESTMENTS Current Assets.38.30.941 17.942 89.147 55.51.34.37.90.99.ZAURI CEMENT INDUSTRIES LIMITED BALANCE SHEET AS AT 31.769 318.23. 86.12.40.81.99.989 318.21.23.81.447 13.

140 D 316.81.38.000 105.87.in.280 A B C 84.60.60.11.722 4.044 106.56.29.036 1.81.316 67.84.85.00.73.630 3.846 34.34.2008 Particulars SOURCES OF FUNDS Share holder’s Funds: Share Capital Reserves and Surplus Loan Funds Secured Loans Unsecured Loans Deferred Tax Liability Total APPLICATION OF FUNDS Fixed Assets Gross Block Less: Depreciation Net Block Add: Capital works.217.67.91.40.51.54. 2009 INVESTMENTS Current Assets.547 360.271 Less: Current Liabilities and provisions Miscellaneous Expenditure(to the extent not return of or adjusted) Total 85 I H 74.83.progress E F G 78.900 16.ZAURI CEMENT INDUSTRIES LIMITED BALANCE SHEET AS AT 31.34.09.447 248.56.530 Schedule No.98.64.141 360.313 26.87.192 59.56.06.29.104 250.15.20. Loans and Advances Inventories Sundry debtors Cash and Bank Balances Loans and Advances .04.10.700 121.3.70.89.94.29.16.52.641 31.47.217 13.12.64.

93.42.803 273.684 H I Total 69.11.579 56.73.81.89.53.39.26.747 412.36.2009 Particulars SOURCES OF FUNDS Share holder’s Funds: Share Capital Reserves and Surplus Loan Funds Secured Loans Unsecured Loans Deferred Tax Liability Total APPLICATION OF FUNDS Fixed Assets Gross Block Less: Depreciation Net Block Add: Capital works.89.347 56.00.35.59.ZAURI CEMENT INDUSTRIES LIMITED BALANCE SHEET AS AT 31.progress E F G D 320.525 412.216 37.73.687 126.434 11.580 36.56.00.28.245 Schedule No.292 13.540 82.10.in.52.19.900 21.62.09.447 A B C 92.737 34.53.99.25.54. 2010 INVESTMENTS Current Assets.73.02.000 129.65.105 89.33.454 82. Loans and Advances Inventories Sundry debtors Cash and Bank Balances Loans and Advances Less: Current Liabilities and provisions Miscellaneous Expenditure(to the extent not return of or adjusted) 86 .3.21.292.717 238.81.62.81.54.942 140.28.38.19.82.97.

59.2010 Particulars SOURCES OF FUNDS Share holder’s Funds: Share Capital Reserves and Surplus Loan Funds Secured Loans Unsecured Loans Deferred Tax Liability Total APPLICATION OF FUNDS Fixed Assets Gross Block Less: Depreciation Net Block Add: Capital works.900 A B C 13.74.39.30.788 Less: Current Liabilities and provisions Miscellaneous Expenditure(to the extent not return of or adjusted) Total I H 102.831 300.447 86.progress E D 398.88.09.57.98.14.35. 2008 INVESTMENTS Current Assets.86.73.56.74.23.21.00.074 178.92.147 42.33.000 215.08.72.ZAURI CEMENT INDUSTRIES LIMITED BALANCE SHEET AS AT 31.077 173.851 145.57.323 11.641 ---627.90.13.248 498.38.in.810 F G 35.11.73.12.532 46. Loans and Advances Inventories Sundry debtors Cash and Bank Balances Loans and Advances 87 .20.31.377 41.32.46.90.24.351 Schedule No.668 627.63.237 56.3.34.50.562 198.88.63.39.393 98.35181.

30.82.72.56.89.86.98.57.46.14.345 --69.08.90.424 -------------------------------56.2010 Particulars Schedule No.96.50.442 55.340 364.849 14.32.118 -1.447 I F G E M L 153.834 69.699 18.48.50.60.12.93.763 58.014 152.777 14.76.65.01.295 88 .823 384.315 3.66.86.ZAURI CEMENT INDUSTRIES LIMITED PROFIT & LOSS ACCOUNT FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31.20.84.31.43.417 11.54.40.30.042 ----------11.281 19.645 J K 385. 2005 INCOME Sales (Increase/decrease) in Stock Total Income EXPENDITURE Manufacturing Expenses Cost of trading goods Central Excise Duty Sales Tax Administrative and Selling Expenses Interest and Finance Charges Depreciation Miscellaneous Expenditure Written off Total Expenditure Profit for the year Provision for taxation Profit after Tax Deferred Tax for the year Fringe Benefit Tax for the year Prior period expenditure Profit available for appropriations Transfer to General Reserve Proposed Dividend Tax on Dividend Profit brought forward from previous year Goodwill on Merger written off Profit Carried to Balance Sheet N -1.197 22.24.05.2351.88.42.88.07.

335 28.34.19779 -98.91.64.442 423.30.85.569 2.41.2008 Particulars INCOME Sales (Increase/decrease) in Stock Total Income EXPENDITURE Manufacturing Expenses Cost of trading goods Central Excise Duty Sales Tax Administrative and Selling Expenses Interest and Finance Charges Depreciation Miscellaneous Expenditure Written off Total Expenditure Profit for the year Provision for taxation Profit after Tax Deferred Tax for the year Fringe Benefit Tax for the year Prior period expenditure Profit available for appropriations Transfer to General Reserve Proposed Dividend Tax on Dividend Profit brought forward from previous year Schedule No.325 16.41.67.699 81.469 62.12.96.52. J K 2009 452.46.74.ZAURI CEMENT INDUSTRIES LIMITED PROFIT & LOSS ACCOUNT FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31.19.53.08.01.569 10.41.235 ---------85.177 E 10.26.904 L 188.88.474 12.491 M 68.85.96.484 9.23.099 32.139 26.968447 Goodwill on Merger written off Profit Carried to Balance Sheet N ZAURI CEMENT INDUSTRIES LIMITED 89 .733 ---------------------- F G I -----------69.91.61.61.875 451.24.47.09.08.49.10.44.34.372 ------------27.76.87.

51.17.69.55.PROFIT & LOSS ACCOUNT FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31.00.97.51.683 Goodwill on Merger written off Profit Carried to Balance Sheet N ZAURI CEMENT INDUSTRIES LIMITED PROFIT & LOSS ACCOUNT FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31.96.66.80.99.62.69.545 33.33.89.57.070 14.11.866 M 118.10.21.12.2010 90 . J K 2010 640.650 7.54.01.79.93.195 L 241.94.36.371 2.622 67.86.176 95.12.968 ------------108.536 1.786 45.92.2009 Particulars INCOME Sales (Increase/decrease) in Stock Total Income EXPENDITURE Manufacturing Expenses Cost of trading goods Central Excise Duty Sales Tax Administrative and Selling Expenses Interest and Finance Charges Depreciation Miscellaneous Expenditure Written off Total Expenditure Profit for the year Provision for taxation Profit after Tax Deferred Tax for the year Fringe Benefit Tax for the year Prior period expenditure Profit available for appropriations Transfer to General Reserve Proposed Dividend Tax on Dividend Profit brought forward from previous year Schedule No.800 610.420 63.25.84.50.05.19.65.40.87.80.648 23.824 643.88.06.715 ---------------------- F G I -----------85.73.114 25.437 E 2.154 9.387 17.

989 10.39.24.696 M 197.79.003 114.957 15.68.512 BIBLIOGRAPHY 91 .05.992 50.04.000 F G I 2.139 15. J K 2008 914.73.49.76.11.47.742 13.27.562 3.820 165.88.144 22.33.00.769 114.00.310 108.00.38.40.000 13.820 L 311.Particulars INCOME Sales (Increase/decrease) in Stock Total Income EXPENDITURE Manufacturing Expenses Cost of trading goods Central Excise Duty Sales Tax Administrative and Selling Expenses Interest and Finance Charges Depreciation Miscellaneous Expenditure Written off Total Expenditure Profit for the year Provision for taxation Profit after Tax Deferred Tax for the year Fringe Benefit Tax for the year Prior period expenditure Profit available for appropriations Transfer to General Reserve Proposed Dividend Tax on Dividend Profit brought forward from previous year Goodwill on Merger written off Profit Carried to Balance Sheet Schedule No.20.258 918.74.49.35.46.24.543 1.85.59.83.58.65.747 752.62.391 5.95.683 ----------- N 180.30.70.20.47.163 102.00.18.05.28.55.09.25.092 94.59.68.434 E 89.

G. 15. Edition -4th 2005. 727 to 758 • • Financial Management by I.11 • Financial Accounting & Finance by K. 16.1 to 16.1 to 14. Prasad. Edition-5th 2004. 14.com 92 . Sarvana Prasad.• Student hand book on cost accounting and financial management by B. Page no 345 to 325 ZAURI CEMENT Annual reports from 2008-2012 • http:/www. No.M. Page. Pandey.6.12 • Financial Management Theory & Practice by Prasanna Chandra. Edition-5thMay 2009.1 to 15.zuaricement. Edition-1998. Rajeshwar Rao.