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Producto: EXCAVATOR Modelo: 320D L EXCAVATOR A8F Configuracin: 320D & 320D L Excavators A8F00001-UP (MACHINE) POWERED BY C6.4 Engine

Operacin de Sistemas
320D, 321C, 321D, 323D, 324D, 325D, 328D, 329D, 330D, 336D and UNDERCARRIAGE Excavators and 323D MHPU, 324D MHPU, 325D MHPU, 330D MHPU and 336D MHPU Mobile Hydraulic Power Units Machine Electronic Control System
Nmero de medio -RENR9848-12 Fecha de publicacin -01/08/2010 Fecha de actualizacin -19/08/2010

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Diagnostic Operation
SMCS - 5050-EK The ECM shows diagnostic information on the display in order to assist with troubleshooting. This control system is used with the Electronic Technician Service Tool (ET). These tools can be used to perform several diagnostic functions and programming functions. The following list contains some of the diagnostic functions and programming functions that are performed by the service tools: The diagnostic codes of the ECM system are displayed. The status of most of the inputs and the outputs are displayed. The settings for the machine ECM are displayed. Display the status of the input and output parameters in real time. Display the value in hours of the internal diagnostic clock. The number of occurrences and the clock hour of the first occurrence and the last occurrence is displayed for each logged diagnostic code. The definition for each logged diagnostic code and each event is displayed. Load new FLASH software. See the Troubleshooting, Diagnostic Code List section of this manual for the list of diagnostic codes for the machine ECM.

Troubleshooting Procedures
These procedures are only for the diagnostic codes that originate from the machine ECM. The diagnostic codes can be viewed by using any of the following systems: Monitoring System and the Caterpillar Electronic Technician (ET) See one of the following references:

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Systems Operation, RENR8068, "Monitoring System" Troubleshooting, "Using Caterpillar Electronic Technician to Determine Diagnostic Codes" The following procedures may cause new diagnostic codes to be logged. Therefore, before any procedures are performed, make a list of all the active diagnostic codes in order to determine the system problems. Clear the diagnostic codes that were caused by the procedure, when each procedure is complete. Note: Before you perform a procedure, always check all the circuit breakers. Repair the cause of any circuit breaker that is tripped.

Module Identifier (MID)


System events from other electronic control modules are shown on the monitoring system. Other electronic control modules transfer this diagnostic information on the Cat Data Link to the Monitoring System. The module identifier (MID) identifies the electronic control module that detected the diagnostic code. Each electronic control module on the machine has a unique MID. Use the following chart in order to match the MID for each diagnostic code to a specific electronic control module. The chart for the Module Identifier (MID) is located on the Electrical System Schematic for your machine. See the chart if the MID is not shown on the display of your machine. After the operator determines the ECM that has detected the diagnostic code, see the troubleshooting manual for the particular ECM. If the MID is for the machine ECM, use this service manual module. The MID for the machine ECM is 039. If the MID is different use the appropriate module. Table 1 Description of the Module Identifier MID 030 036 039 122 Description Monitor Engine Electronic Control Module Machine Electronic Control Module ATT Product Link Module (Gateway)

Failure Mode Identifier


The codes for the Failure Mode Identifier are defined by the SAE standards. The following list contains a Cat version of definitions.

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Table 2 Failure Mode Identifier FMI 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Description of Failure Data valid but above normal operating range Data valid but below normal operating range Data erratic, intermittent, or incorrect Voltage above normal Voltage below normal Current below normal Current above normal Mechanical system not responding properly Abnormal frequency, pulse width, or period Abnormal update rate Abnormal rate of change Failure mode not identifiable Bad device or component Out of calibration Not used Not used Parameter not available Module not responding Sensor supply fault Condition not met Not used

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Detailed FMI Explanation


FMI 00 Data Valid But Above Normal Operating Range - Every electronic control system sets a high limit for the expected operating range of the signal. The high limit includes over range signals. A sensor that is still operating but sending a signal above the expected limit will cause an FMI 00 to be stored. Some of the possible causes of an FMI 00 diagnostic code are listed: The signal is above normal. The signal is shorted to the +battery. The sensor is in need of calibration. A PWM signal that is at a duty cycle of 80 percent is a valid signal. If the PWM signal has a duty cycle of 81 percent, the sensor is still working. But the sensor signal is above the expected signal limits. FMI 01 Data Valid But Below Normal Operating Range - Every electronic control system sets a low limit for the expected operating range of the signal. The limit includes signals that are under the lower limit. The low signal could be the oil pressure signal. The sensor is still working but sending a signal below the expected limit will cause an FMI 01 to be stored. Some of the possible causes of an FMI 01 diagnostic code are listed: The signal is below the normal range. The timing is retarded. This sensor is not expected to generate a PWM signal below a duty cycle of 5 percent with zero air pressure. If the sensor generates a signal with a duty cycle of 4 percent when the engine is shut down, the sensor is still working. Sending a signal below the expected limit will cause an FMI 01 to be stored. FMI 02 Data Erratic, Intermittent, or Incorrect - The signal from a component is present. The control that reads the diagnostic information cannot read the signal properly. The signal appears to be gone, unstable, or invalid. The data can be correct or incorrect intermittently. Also, this condition relates to communication between controls. This condition is an example of communication between controls. When the monitoring system is looking for the engine speed from the engine ECM over the Cat Data Link. There is a faulty connection. The signal is intermittent or erratic. The software has been changed. The signal is noisy. The signal is out of range. FMI 03 Voltage Above Normal or Shorted High - The component or system voltage is higher than the limit. FMI 03 most often relates to a signal circuit. Some of the components that could cause an FMI 03 diagnostic code are listed:

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The sensor or the switch is faulty. The harness is damaged. The electronic control has failed. Some of the possible causes of an FMI03 diagnostic code are listed: A sensor that has failed and the voltage output is high. Any wiring harness that has a sensor signal wire shorted to a high voltage. A high voltage is any voltage that is greater than the sensor supply voltage. A wiring harness that has an open circuit in the sensor signal wire will cause the control to pull up. When this event occurs, the input circuit is pulled up to the supply voltage. A faulty control will also cause an FMI 03. FMI 04 Voltage Below Normal or Shorted Low - The component or system voltage is lower than the limit. FMI 04 most often relates to a signal circuit. Some of the components that could cause an FMI 03 diagnostic code are listed: The sensor or the switch is faulty. The harness is damaged. The electronic control has failed. Some of the possible causes of an FMI 04 diagnostic code are listed: A sensor that has failed and the voltage output is low. Any wiring harness that has a sensor signal wire shorted to ground. A faulty control will also cause an FMI 04. FMI 05 Current Below Normal or Open Circuit - The current through the component or the system is lower than the limit. FMI 05 is most often related to a driver circuit. Some of the possible causes of an FMI 05 diagnostic code are listed: There is an open circuit or a poor harness connection. There is an open relay. There is a switch in the open position. FMI 06 Current Above Normal or Grounded Circuit - The current through the component or the system is higher than the limit. FMI 06 is most often related to a driver circuit. This fault is like an FMI 04 diagnostic code. Some of the possible causes of an FMI 06 diagnostic code are listed:

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There is a short to ground in the harness connection. There is a shorted relay. A faulty control will also cause an FMI 06 diagnostic code. FMI 07 Mechanical System Not Responding Properly - The control detects a signal that is sent to a mechanical system and the response is not correct. Some of the possible causes of an FMI 07 diagnostic code are listed: The component responds improperly. The component is stuck in a position. The component has failed. The engine is shut down. The machine is being used improperly. FMI 08 Abnormal Frequency, Pulse Width, or Period - This event occurs when the signal is not in the expected range. FMI 08 can also relate to a faulty sensor. Some of the possible causes of an FMI 08 diagnostic code are listed: The harness connections are intermittent or poor. The engine misfired. The signal is noisy due to nearby interference. There are loose mechanical devices. FMI 09 Abnormal Update - This event relates to communications on the Cat Data Link. FMI 09 occurs when a control is not able to get information from another control. Some of the possible causes of an FMI 09 diagnostic code are listed: The control module is not communicating on the Cat Data Link correctly. The rate of data transmission is abnormal. The Cat Data Link has failed. There is a mismatch of software. FMI 10 Abnormal Rate of Change - This event relates to a signal that changes too fast. The rate of change is outside of the expected limit. FMI 11 Failure Mode Not Identifiable - The control identifies more than one FMI as being responsible for a single failure. Some of the possible causes of an FMI 11 diagnostic code are listed:

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There is a mechanical failure. There is damage to multiple circuits. FMI 12 Bad Device or Component - The electronic control sends a signal and the electronic control expects a response. The control receives no response or the response is incorrect. Some of the possible causes of an FMI 12 diagnostic code are listed: There is a failure of the electronic control. There is a failure on the Cat Data Link. There are one or more controls with mismatched software. FMI 13 Out of Calibration - The electrical signal is not within limits for a specific mechanical condition. Some of the possible causes of an FMI 13 diagnostic code are listed: Calibration is required. The data is out of range. FMI 14, 15, and 20 - These codes are not active. FMI 16 Parameter Not Available - The control does not support the requested parameter. FMI 17 Module Not Responding - The control does not respond to the request for data. FMI 18 Sensor Supply Failure - The sensor power supply in the control has failed. FMI 19 Condition Not Met - The conditions that are defined by the software were not met.

Event Codes
Table 3 EID Level Event Description Fuel Filter Restriction Derate High Engine Coolant Temperature Derate Recommended Response Examine fuel filter to determine if replacement is required. Engine output is decreasing because fuel filter is plugged. The coolant temperature is high, change the operation of the machine to allow the coolant time to return to an acceptable temperature.

15 16

3 17 2

High Engine Coolant Immediate Safe Shutdown is Required. Temperature Shutdown Allow the coolant time to return to an acceptable level before resuming operation of the machine. High Engine Coolant Temperature Warning The coolant for the engine has overheated. Change the operation of the machine to allow the engine to cool.

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23 25

High Hydraulic Oil Temperature Derate High Inlet Air Temperature Derate High Inlet Air Temperature Warning Low Engine Oil Pressure Derate Low System Voltage Warning High System Voltage Warning Low Fuel Pressure Warning Low Engine Coolant Level Warning Fuel Filter Restriction Warning High Fuel Pressure Low Engine Oil Pressure Warning Low Fuel Level Low Engine Oil Level High Air Filter Restriction Alternator Not Charging Auto Lube Distribution Line Plugged

The hydraulic oil for the machine has overheated. Change the operation of the machine to allow the engine to cool. Engine output is decreased because engine inlet air temperature is too high. Refer to "Troubleshooting" in the maintenance manual for the engine. The air temperature for the engine inlet is too high. Refer to "Troubleshooting" in the maintenance manual for the engine. Engine output has decreased because engine oil pressure is low. Refer to "Troubleshooting" in the maintenance manual for the engine. The battery is not charging. Check for diagnostic codes relating to system voltage or alternator output. The system voltage is higher than normal. Check for diagnostic codes relating to system voltage or alternator output. Check for any diagnostic codes related to the operation of the fuel pump. Check fuel lines for signs of leaks. Check the level of engine coolant. Check connections for coolant level switch. The number 2 fuel filter is plugged. Check or replace the number 2 fuel filter. Check the fuel filter or check the valve of the oil inlet cap. The engine oil pressure has decreased . Check the oil level of the engine. The maximum engine speed is limited in order to protect the engine. Check the fuel level. Check any diagnostic codes related to the function of the fuel sensor. Check engine oil level and replace as needed. Check connections for engine oil level switch. Replace air filter. Check tension on drive belt of alternator. Check electrical connections of alternator circuit.

1 27 1 39 1

43 50 53 59 95 96 100

2 2 2 2 2 1 3

119 171 172 179 180 181

2 2 1 2

Limited Mobility Mode This mode is engaged to allow the operator to relocate the machine to a safe location for service to be performed.

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182 190

Suction Valve Off 1 Engine Overspeed Warning High Fuel/Water Separator Water Level Refer to "Troubleshooting" in the maintenance manual for the engine. Water separator is full of water. Drain water from the water separator. Check the lube oil level on the liquid indicator on the side of the tank. Fill the tank if the indicator displays a low level. If the gauge shows that the tank is full, check for damaged lubrication lines. Check the hydraulic oil level on the liquid indicator on the side of the tank. Fill the tank if the indicator displays a low level. If the gauge shows that the tank is full, check for damaged hydraulic lines. Hydraulic oil return filter is plugged. Replace the hydraulic oil and replace the return filter. Reduce the amount of material being lifted. An unauthorized key has been used to try to start the machine. Refer to the "Machine Security System" in the maintenance manual. Check hydraulic oil level and replace as needed. Check connections for hydraulic oil level switch. The engine is shut down. Troubleshoot all diagnostic codes related to the key start switch. The air inlet filter is plugged. Replace the air inlet filter for the engine. Machine security system has detected that an unauthorized key has been used to attempt to start the machine. The hydraulic oil has overheated. Change the operation of the machine in order to allow the hydraulic system time to cool. The attachment hydraulic oil filter is plugged. Replace the hydraulic oil filter The Autolube system is not operating properly. Check the installation setting of the automatic lubrication system.

232

234

Low Auto Lube Grease Level

235

Low Hydraulic Oil Level Return Hydraulic Oil Filter Plugged Machine Overloaded

236 237

2 3

252

02

Loss of Key Table Information Hydraulic Oil Level Low User Defined Shut down Inlet Air Restriction Warning Unauthorized Key High Hydraulic Oil Temperature Warning Attachment Hydraulic Oil Filter Plugged Abnormal Machine Auto Lube System Operation

253 265 272 273

2 1 2 1

600

862

863

Data Status Codes


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Table 4 Data Status Identification List DSI 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 11 12 13 16 17 18 19 20 Data Status Description Erratic, Intermittent, or Incorrect Data Voltage High Voltage Low Current Below Normal Current Above Normal Abnormal Frequency, Pulse Width, or Period Abnormal Update Other Failure Mode Bad Component Out of Calibration Parameter Not Available Module Not Responding Sensor Power Supply Failure Incomplete Data or Conditions Not Met Disabled or Not Installed

Calibration Error ID List

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Table 5 Calibration Error ID List ID $0001 $0002 $0003 $0004 $0005 $0006 $0007 $0008 $0009 $000A $000B $0100 $0101 $0102 $0103 $0104 $0105 $0106 $1000 $1010 $1011 $1012 $1013 $1014 $1015 $1016 $1017 Calibration Error Description ECM Fault Active Diagnostic Present Another Calibration is Active Calibration Active by Another ECM Loss of Calibration Interlock Calibration Aborted by Tool/Monitor Requested Display Not Supported Unavailable Display Calibration Aborted by ECM Calibration Failure Calibration Not Supported Out-of-Range Low - Incr/Decr Parameter Out-of-Range High - Incr/Decr Parameter Invalid Action/Key Stroke Command Calibration Value Out-of-Range Calibrated Range Too Small Calibrated Range Too Large Calibration Value Not Saved See Service Manual Engine Stopped (No Engine RPM) Engine Running (Engine RPM Present) Engine RPM Incorrect Engine High Idle RPM Too Fast Engine Low Idle RPM Too Slow Abnormal Engine RPM Signal Speed Sensor Circuit is Open Service Brake Pedal Pressed

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$1018 $1019 $1074 $101A $101B

Parking Brake Not Engaged Parking Brake Engaged Engine RPM Too Low Implement is Swinging/Traveling Machine Speed Not Zero

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Tue Sep 28 2010 20:50:09 GMT-0300

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