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a magazine article, newspaper report, etc) and identify TWO (2) words for each of the following word classes: • • • • • noun determiner pronoun adjective adverb
For each word identified, construct a complete sentence using the word in a different word class without changing the form. State the new word used.
the better. determiner : the. rubbish psychiatrist (noun) psychiatrically (adverb) That woman must be psychiatrically ill that the doctor does not allow her to take care of her own child.1176%2F%3Fptop%3A%2F7. this (determiner) this (pronoun) .232938?cache=03d163d03edding-pred-1. this the (determiner) the ( adverb) “The sooner you come home. noun : psychiatrist.com. 2.” says Raja to his wife.244828 1. rubbish (noun) rubbish (adjective) He was rubbish at his work.Taken from : http://www.nst.my/life-times/health/slow-down-relaxbreathe-deeply-1.
pronoun : you. rapid (adjective) rapidly (adverb) The rabbit ran rapidly through the forest. consistently poorly (adverb) poorly (adjective) I heard she’s been poorly. and this is Iza. adjective : problematic. my favourite planet name of all. consistently (adverb) consistent (adjective) His views and actions are consistent. adverb : poorly. QUESTION 2 [10 marks] Look for a passage of about 1500-2500 words on any topic of your choice. The text or passage can be taken from any reading materials or from the Internet. TASKS: a) Choose TEN sentences (not less than 10 words) from the passage and categorise each word in each sentence into open or closed class and identify what part of speech it belongs to.This is Aza. 5. our (pronoun) our (determiner) It is good to know that our nearest planet is Venus. they're problematically attractive. 3. How Would Preschool for All Work: Is It All About Play or ABCs? By Bonnie Rochman . 4. our you (pronoun) you (noun) Do not buy that peplum dress. it just isn’t you. You have to acknowledge your source. rapid problematic (adjective) problematically (adverb) Since you can't date them.
Even before Obama announced his intentions. “Behind the play is a very careful plan on the part of the teacher in terms of specific curriculum goals. “When you have teachers who understand child development. But.S.” Good preschool teachers incorporate both. but the basics involve rolling out pre-kindergarten to families earning less than 200% of the poverty level — about $40. Sure. it gives weary parents a break from the rigors of child-rearing. both Democrats and Republicans had already lined up in their home states to push preschool programs.” says Willer. 4-year-olds are currently registered in a pre-kindergarten program. “But play is very carefully organized so that teachers are very intentional. with more than a dozen states considering bolstering early education. Less than half of U. you find that play is a major component of the day. kids.time.and lower-case letters? Or should they more subtly absorb the concept that 2 + 2 makes 4 by building with blocks or playing sorting games? Early-childhood experts say that play is the best way for little ones to learn. research shows it’s anything but.com/2013/03/08/how-would-preschool-for-all-work-is-itall-about-play-or-abcs/#ixzz2NfQjGcl3 Not many would take issue with President Obama’s recent call to make highquality preschool a reality for more U. but studies show that the early boost in learning skills also helps kids to perform better in elementary school and improves high school graduation rates.” says Willer.taken from: http://healthland. with toddlers getting drills on the nuances of upper.000 for a family of three — with the potential to expand the program to more families. comparing playbased preschool to a more academic approach is a “false dichotomy. points out Barbara Willer. The nitty-gritty of Obama’s plan has yet to be divulged.S. Teachers can lead the class in constructing graphs (a way to understand numbers) about who likes Raisin Bran and who prefers Cheerios and hone math skills as they classify products by size and shape. and enrollment figures increase along with family income — 43% of children in families earning less . While preschool is often perceived as a luxury for well-to-do parents. What’s bound to be more controversial is the nature of the still-to-be-created “universal preschool” program. Should academics take front and center.” What may look like a play grocery store to the untrained eye can offer children an opportunity to draw up shopping lists and identify letters on the labels of cereal boxes. deputy executive director of the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC). however. but in such a way that kids aren’t anchored to a desk.
is critical to laying a strong foundation for learning. finding creative ways to solve problems. Nor is it about insisting that 4-year-olds painstakingly write their ABCs.” Curriculum. Many kids can’t handle the pressure: suspensions in the early years have increased dramatically since the 1970s. even trickling down to preschools where children are expected to be “ready” for a kindergarten curriculum that would have been more appropriate to a 1st or second grade classroom 20 years ago… If states continue of this wrong-headed path. Erika Christakis worried that the academic focus in kindergarten will filter down to preschool.than $20. there’s no reason to believe President Obama’s laudable proposal won’t inflict the same high-stakes testing climate on even younger kids. “at least when you come to the starting gate.000 attend preschool compared to 65% of those in families earning at least $75. Drill and kill worksheets are the norm. Ensuring that each child receives the attention he needs. Instead of drill and kill. dealing with anger and frustration. Being a preschool teacher requires not just training in early childhood development. as well as a manageable class size. creativity. These are equally important in preparing kids for the rigors of kindergarten. “It’s very different than what we sometimes think of as a classroom with children sitting at desks filling out worksheets. some experts question the value of the increasing emphasis on academics that universal preschool implies.” says Helen Blank. of course. actually understand. And teachers have to be well-trained. If all 4-year-olds. wouldn’t be the only concern in implementing a universal preschool program. especially at that young age. you’re starting from the same place. getting along with others. should be priorities. “Being a good preschool teacher is not like being a good babysitter. but an uncommon mix of creativity. Low child-to-staff ratios. in reality. patience and energy. Kindergarten classrooms today have been scrubbed of many of the essential ingredients including freedom for dramatic play. kids need help developing the “soft skills” of success — persevering even when tasks are challenging. and conversation…Artwork has been replaced with word walls promising a “printrich” environment that few five year-olds can. “It’s so important because the early years lay the foundation for future success in school. Last month on Time’s Ideas blog. being able to focus.” says Blank. . reap the benefits of a pre-K year.000. regardless of income. which now looks nothing like it did a generation ago.” says Willer. But while giving children as much help as they need to excel academically can certainly help students to learn faster. director of child care and early education for the National Women’s Law Center.
” Perhaps with more accessible preschool programs. writes weekly essays and recently started receiving homework assignments. waiting their turn — that kindergartners seem to be too busy to learn. experts (noun) – open class word say (verb) – open class word that (conjunction) – closed class word play (verb) – open class word for (preposition) – closed class word teachers (noun) – open class word incorporate (verb) – open class word but (conjunction) – closed class word carefully (adverb) – open class word organized (verb) – open class word so that (conjunction) – closed class word .My kindergartener. learning to tie my own shoes was my crowning achievement. “We’ve got it turned around.” says David Elkind. toddlers would get a chance to focus on some of these social skills — sharing. cooperating. “We’ve gotten so focused on the academic part when we need to be focused on the social part. for example. author of The Power of Play and a professor emeritus of child development at Tufts University. When I was in kindergarten.
important (adjective) – open class word because (conjunction) – closed class word lay (verb) – open class word for (preposition) – closed class word in (preposition) – closed class word being (noun) – open class word good (adjective) – open class word teacher (noun) – open class word babysitter (noun) – open class word as (adverb) – open class word academically (adverb) – open class word experts (noun) – open class word question (verb) – open class word these (pronoun) – closed class word equally (adverb) – open class word in (preposition) – closed class word for (preposition) – closed class word which (pronoun) – closed class word .
my (pronoun) – closed class word for (preposition) – closed class word weekly (adjective) – open class word recently (adverb) – open class word when (conjunction) – closed class word my (pronoun) – closed class word own (pronoun) – closed class word crowning ( adjective) – open class word achievement (noun) – open class word gotten (verb) – open class word so (adverb) – open class word focused (noun) – open class word when (conjunction) – closed class word on (preposition) – closed class word QUESTION 3 [5 marks] .
Answer:adjective c) He arranged the accident in order to fake his own death. Japan is a very well-mannered country. You did great! Answer:noun h) It was the first time I’d seen them since I moved to the condominium. Answer:conjunction j) He left home years ago and we haven’t seen him since. State the tenses used and explain clearly the rationale for their use. Answer: conjunction QUESTION 4 [10 marks] Compose a short text that allows for the use of at least 4 different tenses. She seems to be interested in the discussion. E. I’ve changed jobs since then. Answer : 1. Answer:conjunction f) There will be a great crowd in London for the Olympic Games. Answer:verb d) The lady spoke so softly that I could hardly hear her. yet she says nothing. Answer:adjective g) Well done. Answer: conjunction a) All his certificates proved to be fakes. Simple present tense is used to show it is not only happening now and it is always true. (simple present tense) -it is a fact that Japan is actually a very well-mannered country. . Answer:preposition i) That was twenty years ago.g.. Answer:noun b) Mrs Chan just bought a fake jacket.Identify the words in bold to what word class it belongs. Answer:adverb e) It was still painful so I went to see the doctor. The text should not be more than 100 words.
.2. 3. It is used to describe experiences. I will wait for another few years to collect enough funds to visit again. I have visited a few parts of Japan and saw the uniqueness of the country. (present continuous tense) -Present continuous tense is used to show and talk about activities happening around now. 4. (simple future tense) -Simple future tense is used in the sentence to talk about things that will happen at a time later than now. and not necessarily this very moment. I am hoping we Malaysians can implement what they practise here in Malaysia. (present perfect tense) -Present perfect tense is used to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now.
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