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HOW TO DRAW PLANTS AND ANIMALS ON AN INFINITY COMPUTER AND PRINT THEM OUT ON AN INFINITY PRINTER – Can energy

be extracted from living shapes?

Here we will consider Batesonian combined serial and bilateral symmetry in terms of (1) in grossone language. A common expression for bilateral symmetry in both plants and animals will be developed from a common base of biogeographic property graphs that decomposes the static anatomy into a kinematics of force based historicity. These bindings permit classification of living things based on energy contained represented. The heriarchic structure of which ensures robust ingress and egress of access materially to the symbolized dynamics. An infinity printer is used to create the materialization of the language.

The use of Grossone in the experimental study of the problem of Species.

Within the perception of the difference of heredity and inheritance is a notion that there are differences between blending and alternative inheritance hereditarily. Here we use the experimental tool of grossone numeral systems to present this difference and show that a direct uses of Fisher’s methaphor to gas theory can be rigorously extended to Wright’s network solution. Further application to social evolution is described. Pearson noted that blending inheritance is of the form (.5) + (.5)^2 + (.5)^3 … equal to one for a lineage back to origin. Thus the abstraction of the heredity puts

the numbers into the form to make the transition to all posterity in line with a given invidivdual. The notion that the world is finite in grossone can substitute for this abstraction. Thus varitations of the blending inheritance (whether (.5) or (.3) etc etc) will depend on what infinite number the sequence stops at when the formmaking is decided originally and this will involve both the intensity of coeffient (grossone cs) as well as the number of items as summed in the total numeral system per form (for “purity” of allelomorph combinations ). We develop the notion of the hybrid form or heterozygote as a technological instantation of a grossone numeral system which combines particular infinite and infintesimals (so as to pass from one monophyla to another in a chain of them under a common set of natural numbers that may be larger than that used for the form of specific lineage in a unity of posterity back to another form similar but different sisterwise. Thus the alleomorphic series studied by Wright arise in the numbers larger than grossone which are not constructed in a particular system/lineage but are sets obtained from that lineage. Those numbers when made into grossone (2)s and (3)s etc can result in chained technically built solutions to be experimentally verified. Thus we show that emendations of a grossone natural numbers system can change the blending in Galtons law through an alternative (infinite infinitesimal combination) into another blendable possibility. This math tool makes blending and discrete inheritance onto one system and it becomes possible to use the gas theory virial to move from one alleomorph distribution to another in a population. Social selection sensu Roughgarden (which shows no preference for the purity of the gametes genderwise) can be derived directly by differential equations types that Fisher used but amongst the networked irreversibilites of Wright. Mayrs condemnations of bean bag genetics is thus over. Social evolutions proposed thus give the physiology of the process. Divergence of the mean across generations thus becomes a matter of convergence and divergence of the sets of grossone numbers representing the structure of several ancestors back of that brought to account. This is accomplished with path analysis applied. The difference of particulate mosaic inhertianance and alternative inheritance thus is demonstrated between the coefficients gross powers combined in on infinity computer. Galton stated that his statistical law of heredity “appears to be universally applicable to bi-sexual descent” Here we apply it to multiple gender social selections. We come to this new theoretical tool for exploring the difference of heredity and environment in shaping characters by having focused on those “telephonic” variations that Pearson marginalized (in “the absences of reproductive selection, i.e. the negligible correlation of fertility with the inherited character [(tetration)], and the absence of sexual selection [(social selection)]” and Wright’s coefficient of inbreeding. Pangamous mating is thus clearly defined in two level selection processes with infinitesmail behavioral and infinite evolutionary tiers modeled. The differences in the modes of inheritance per rate (time and form-making outside of

biogeographic space) are thus in the same observatrion, experiment model (and the energy exchanges booked between the elastic and inealastic collisions of the disoncitnous and continuous inheritance per continuous anddiscontinuosu trait (phenotypes). Grossone matheis enables friable alleomorph speperation reverted characters in the descendets regardless of the infinity in the posterity which was really the potential infinity in the future breeding once the space is put into the time AND form. This was the mistake that Bateson’s tried unsuccessfully to rectify. Panbiogeography was able to show up these reverted forms.’ One may search for cooperative genes as well as cooperative indivudal NBS structured firms amongst the rather rarer hypallelomorphs. The evolution of dominance is thus theorized in the expansions of the grossone with fine arbitrary objects in infinite games no matter the physiology or Mayr’s “history” of evolution (1982).

If nodes and anti-nodes are defined for an entire plane and if these definitions remain empirically self-similar across scales then the density may be approached from the mass of tracks collectively irrespective of the node antinode distribution and a notion of differential volume can be obtained as the density variance is correlated with some point outside the plane. The Emotional Life of Turtles – A case for social evolution in the vestibular system Astronauts know that it takes a few days get their “balance” back on return from space. The buoyancy of water can make the effect of gravity rather near naught. Water turtles of the family Emydidae (and some others but none on land) exhibit a behavior of foreclaw motion towards others. There is increasing evidence that turtles display emotional activites. Is it possible that this display and the “tournaments” or bouts that it serializes are a means for turtles to bring their vestibular systems into congruence? This concordance could be used in various emotional contexts – creating ‘friends’, joining ‘teams’, as prenuptial bonding. The behavior crosses species boundaries so it appears to hold to a more general effect than simply being a reproductive species barrier kinematics. Land tortoises are known for head bobbing. A legacy interpretation of this phenomena is akin to head butting in mammals (limited war) as the testudines often subsequently engage in shell on shell pushing and shoving. Could head bobbing be a means to equilibrate the vestibular systems and the pushing that ensuses simply a physiological reflex”” that occurs to force the other into a different vestibular state. Could it rather than being an armament be instead a pleasure gradient climb (to not be put out of the current ‘balanced’ state) and thus again as with the foreclaw drumming be used in different contexts. Thus even the sounds produced by turtles during copulation may function in the same systematic. Can this behavior thus rather be interpreated as cooperative interaction rather than a competitive conflict? Is the relation to human war wrong and that to astronaut physiology right??

If one scales the track width with set of increasing distances between any two collection localities in a given distribution and creates a gradient percolation representation amongst the node and antinodes defined in that space then while the gradient will suggest linear shifting directions masses may bias whether or not the gradients suggest a particular shape or figure. This difference will depend on

the if the baseline rooting the masses to the tracks is one or another of if the baseline itself is written as one amongst a finite number or is itself infinite. Social Evolution in Salamanders – From Behavior that Bonds to Bonding Behavior

Social infrastructre selection of relatively cost-free behavior over expensive admission tickets.

The dual role of chemistry as predicating moving forces in subsistence between behavioral equilibria and gene pool dynamics. Social selection presented on analogy to populations of kinetic theory gases under elastic collisions with substantial underlying inelasticity. Modelling on the evolutionary scale of individual based social selection sensu Roughgarden with Grossone computations. Switching behavior (FILO –LIFO) during the evolution of the Straddle Walk in Plethodontids (Payoff strategy of behaving in way that creates bonds to bonding first and then behavior variation) (behavior (tail wag) then chemical bonding) to chemical bonding then behavior (Straddle Walk). Chemical delivery moves from posterior to anterior by climbing a higher social selection pleasure-bonding gradient. Goes from force of water moving bonding

chemical to internal delivery (scratch skin) to sense reception acceptance (nose). Coalition of expensive admission tickets are replaced by ESS behaviors at lower cost and less energy and higher efficiency – Predication Plethodontids over Salamandrids have brains more sensitive to pleasure/chemical affected neuron circuits which are more involved with motor nerves. Salamanders have instutionalized a transition from behavior that bonds to bonds that behave through a norm of behavior climbed over repeated interactions. Homoplasy - supposed developmental morphological homoplasy in salamanders may be ESSes that are not convergent but due to infinitesimal differences optimized both in developmental and evolutionary times and thus express different homologies insteadthat are related to variations in higher order catastrophes. Thus is may not be a simple distinction of selection or 'design' at workin the embedable pattern of similarity and difference in salamanders.

Diversity of Offspring production Infrastuctures across Families

Salamandridae (98) The same fan waving neuronal signal moves both the tail and the hand at the same time in Notopthalmus . Newts in Japan have one amino acid difference per pond location. Western US newts will homeinto particular breeding areas. The admission ticket winners gain coalitional strength in terms of isolating the breeding location with membership in the coalition. Newt geography thus is

ecologically part determined by successful coalition and histogeny of ornamental badges.

”Tournament-like”

Displa y

Males direct approaching female with ticket or males approach female en mass (frogs call females (sound vs chemical) to approach and also multiply attach) The dorsal crest may have arose morphogenically because the chemicals remained posterior not because of duplication vs elogantion (constraints on energy distribution in condition rather than mode of histogeny) It is not crests and courtship behavior only in the correlation but crest, behavior, dominance condition, rescource(crests and other energy needs), and geography.

The powerholding cliques enabled the formation of dorsal crests to keep behavior to the posterior and then allopatrically and or vicariantly arose. IT was not a matter of copy. Ambystomatidae (32)

Amphiumidae (3) Cryptobranchidae (3) Dicamptodontidae (4) Hynobiidae (59) Plethodontidae (434)

Internal fertilization which occurs just before oviposition effectly puts the “mating” not only at the ‘time’ of egg laying but also directly at the place which the female can direct. This offers more control than permitting the water currents to move the sperm and the eggs into a location. Placement on land of the eggs also allows more control of which geography is better. Thus Eurcyea etc just had offspring needing larger prey items but Plethodonit Bologtogissini parental care”” can direct the offspring production more so.

that A. ferreus courtship is distinct from typical plethodontid patterns in three notable ways: (1) a novel, circular tail-straddling walk precedes the typical plethodontid linear tail-straddling walk, (2) the duration of courtship is much longer than in other plethodontids, and (3) females exhibit behaviours atypical of most plethodontid females. We discuss the possible evolutionary and ecological implications of these differences, some of which may have evolved in response to habitats where space for social interactions is limited
The circular tail-straddling walk of the clouded salamander, Aneides ferreus: a deviation from the highly conserved linear tail-straddling walk of the Plethodontidae Authors: Sapp, Jerod R.1; Kiemnec-Tyburczy, Karen M.2

Proteidae (6) Rhyacotritonidae (4) Sirenidae (4)

Expensive Admission Tickets – to power holding cliques.

“According to social selection, ornaments and armaments evolve as signaling traits to implement the communication needed to establish the social infrastructure from which offspring emerge.” (Alternative 2295-6) Thus the male’s tail evolves not as a showy female choice target but marks the chemical pheromone wafted by the tail as a needed gene product in the architecture of offspring raised infrastructure. Social evolution in tail wafters is a matter of the creation of ‘courtship semantics’ of

selection for the pheromone cooperatively evolving with its receptor. This is a form of gene cooperation that underlies individual cooperation. We show how the changes in the chemistry from SPF to PMF to PRF is a form fundamental force increased cooperation (compression – penetration per cohesion elasticity) that comes with synchronous cooperativity of the individuals. Thus gene physical cooperation can yield further ESS stable behaviorally driven social selection. Pria Iyer has put forth the position that ornamental prerequisite access to resources can lead to increases in offspring production no matter the number of matings via larger variances from individually summed fintesses inverting the logical order otherwise thought that the condition and or dominance leads to the rescourse/territory correlation observed empirics. These successful coalition thus might provisionally be classified by visual differences in the ornaments and how they are used themselves. There are single amino acid differences between newts that correlate with specific ponds and thus if the chemicals create bonds that are admitted by coalitions that form around expensive condition wise oranaments then the dominance relation results from this geographic distribution of gene changes. Changes beyond the use of the ornamental admission ticket to a less condition expensive alternative would also have to have biogeographic consequences interms of locations of mating offspring rearing places per establishment of dominance. Thus dominance and condition may be different in a non-admission ticket grouping. It may be that Ambystoma uses dominance condition irrespective of the biogeography to establish more offspring where Plethondits use an internalization of the ticket. One result of using dominance condition over geography (Ambystoma travel to place to breed) may have broken down the symmetry of sex in offspring rearing resulting in same sex (female)species and having the behavior have a dissociated pleasure to offspring rearing bonding. Replacement of powerful cliques by better bonding and cheaper negotiation. Bargain begins by inverstment in somatic structure to investement in processing behavior. Ambystomatids thus uses investment in dominance condition (using anterior –posterior behehavior )behavior over cost of admission tickest Salamandrids use but Plethodontids use access to rescources via internal behavior and chemicals that have moved internally from posterior to anterior. Hynobids represent a more competitive version where many of these different cooperative possiblites remain unresolved. Differential access to rescources is maintained in Salamandrids by phenotypic morphogeny but is replaced by a behavior computer of brain processing to track with new found rescources – use of streams where offspring require larger prey items. Thus the differential access and the growth of admission ticket diffrerences lead to energy into finding stream locations with larger prey for offspring and makng bigger eggs. Thus the larger tails became bigger eggs and less energy towards the ticket and more towards the bargain itself. In a sense this is the

internalization of the classic ornament. This is not possible in the external Darwin or Fisher Runaway which can only be explored by selection on the genes alone. Here we see how the external fertilization and external specific ponds to reproduce in (Salamandrids) is replaced by both an internal fertilization, internalized ornamentation in the brain, and nonspecific streams used for offspring rearing.

Cost-Free Behaviors – the Nature of Negotitations – Game Theory Consequences Behavioral dynamics need not simply mirror or not mirror gene pool dynamics but may be associated with a gradient between a common equilibrium that can stretch and skew the “mirrored” prior. ESS where mutant can not displace concurrent genetical changing frequencies no matter the form.

Gene Pool Dynamics and Population Level Social Selection. Biological Norms and Institutions- Plethodontid salamanders establish a institutionalized biological norm that puts gene cooperation and individual cooperation into sync. SPF admission ticket based cliques are compressed into PMF vaccinatable bonding behaviors that transitions through friable seperations onto PRF “cost-free” cooperative behaviors of a tighter co-evolution. This is all one global optimization across both “preferences” and “strategies” as it shows that the intensity and category distinction originally erected by Price and Smith was a function of attempts to compare animal and human behavior. Parental Investment can cause E_J(J) to become > E_I(J) when genes are cooperating whether by random differences or through directed repulsion attraction gene coded specific forms used and thus strategy stability is lost to cooperative behaviors of another preference through changes in the payoff matrix. This is a single optimization on two vastly different scales (behavioral and evolutionary with a changing payoff matrix).

Energy analogy and new interpretation of “length” of behavior relative to ESS. Fisher Runaway modified by tetration between ticket and cost of behavior based on length difference between tournament and display. Fisher’s runaway theory where there ARE clear sex differences depends both on his elastic and inelastic with feedback but if the notion of the display and tournament persistence length is not intensity categorically separated but one then there may be a continuum between the behavior and the energy used and hence energy analogically (with differences in the form energy divisions) Tetrations between the behavior and the ESS can scale the levels and this can be computed in grossone.

The runaway leads to the price for the admission ticket but this need not be the equilibriurm usedc in the actual population dynamics if the Wright network rather than the Fisher funnel directs the irreversibility of gene acquisition in the population/. The runaway leads to the price for the admission ticket but this need not be the equilibriurm usedc in the actual population dynamics if the Wright network rather than the Fisher funnel directs the irreversibility of gene acquisition in the population/. Nash bargain did not have a mechanism to get there (only axioms) so the climbing of pleasure gradients is suggested as the mechanicsm. Here we suggest that the transition from behavior to bonds to better bonding behavior occurs through this climbing of the pleasure gradient as different chemicals are used to bond. Thus the posterior to anterior SPF, PSM, PMF changes track the objective function of this pleasure gradient across an entire population of demes per lineage. This resoves the genetic conflict in the actual chemical effect of the various pheromone chemicals. Thus the payoff matrix for SPF is less than PSM and then PMF but it must be remembered that this is relative to the cost of the admission ticket the behaviors used. It is not relative to the game consequence of the mixed ESS stratigies.

One can try a particular modeling environment generated top down version of the bottom up logic of social selection where a particular inelasticity representing the gene kinematics of social selection (phenotypic plasticity wht genetic diversity) wherein bothy of Wright adaptive landscape versions are modeled in a network and Fishers notion of Sex is demoted to a gender neutral variety of narration.

Social evolution can be understood as a kind of blending energy transfer inheritance of a Wright network othognal to Fisherian runaway as tetrations scale between behaviors and ESSes. The notion of preference and stragey by Alger et al fail to recognize this different kind of organon for evolutionary biological archetechtonics.

“A feature of social selection is that courtship dynamics and the evolution of ornaments are logically subordinated to an extended theory of parental investment” (Alternative 2296) The suggested salamander social evolution sequence here bears on further scrutiny of this comment. Parental care in salamanders is skewed towards the family Plethontidae and there one finds inter alia the loss of ornament driven courtship based infrastructure replaced under likely increased parental investment with a more energy efficient team bonding Which came first the investment in young or the young that invest depends on how the gene cooperation

and individual cooperation forces impact the effects of selection and other population genetic forces.

Modelling on the evolutionary scale of individual based social selection sensu Roughgarden with Grossone computations. “The particulate theory of inheritance resembles the kinetic theory of gases with its perfectly elastic collisions, whereas the blending theory resembles a theory of gases with inelastic collisions, and in which some outside agency is required to be continually at work to keep the particles astir.” Now if we permit on this analogy that the gas molecule virial contributions to free path lengths may be causal with a moving force external to the inelasticity (impenetrability). The physical manifestation of the virial representation would be coded by forces of attractions and repulsion in the gene parts themselves. The “external” of Fisher becomes and internal (within a line of inheritance e) differential contribution of the repulsion vs attraction and what is “astir” to Fisher is within the difference of the morphogeny vs histogeny per taxogeny and can be coordinated to Wright’s orthogonal irreversibility. This can be a global optimization bottom up from the behavior to the ESS provided the penetrability(where genes cannot go) is kept separate friably from the solidity(where matter can not go) else a particular top-down approximation of the bottom up logic is in play. Fisher’s external runaway turns out to be internal free paths presented and thus need not be located in the sex difference since that is only a part of the chromosome internal difference rather than a whole of wherein the virials symbolize. Fisher (Genetic Theory PREFACE x) “It seems impossible that full justice should be done to the subject in this way, until there is built up a tradition of mathematical work devoted to biological problems, comparable to the researches upon which mathematical physicist can draw in the resolution of special difficulties” The dual role of chemistry as predicating moving forces in subsistence between behavioral equilibria and gene pool dynamics.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378111908005908

http://b ooks.google.com/books?id=pkzx2TeYYT8C&pg=RA3-PA241&lpg=RA3PA241&dq=sodefrin+structure&source=bl&ots=LFzN4Hpr9&sig=PPeOqsSYCrl_C_t4k4kkeIw5nyM&hl=en&sa=X&ei=CMxAUaLxA 8XT0wGg2oHgDQ&ved=0CF4Q6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=sodefrin %20structure&f=false

http://plethodon.science.oregonstate.edu/docs/Palmeretal_2007.pdf SPF -- PMF (3 finger loops)-- PRF (4 alpha helix)

PMF

3 directums with sulfide line connections to 4 helicies can work by repulsions against the sulfide connections under a general looping attraction(backbone caused?). (Compressive force entering penetrative space (repulsing the 3 loop attraction-repulsion forced area). http://plethodon.science.oregonstate.edu/index.html The 7 kDa PMF family contains more than 30 very negatively charged isoforms representing the products of multiple genes and allelic variants. The total amounts of various isoforms are consistent from year-to-year, but differences in the relative levels of individual isoforms suggest their expression is differentially regulated at

the transcriptional and/or translational levels. We have purified and performed peptide mass fingerprinting of 16 PMF isoforms, of which 8 matched our current database of 32 unique cDNA sequences (Fig. 2). The cDNA library was prepared from mRNA obtained from the mental glands of male P. shermani during their courtship season. The 7 kDa pheromones have 8 conserved Cys residues (4 disulfide bonds; ~60 residues) with spacing similar to that for xenoxins and snake toxins, but with limited sequence homology.

Close-up view of the receptor-signal interface. Amino acid positions in PRF under positive selection (blue) were mapped onto the structure of IL-6 (red), and then IL-6 was converted to this space-filling representation. Positive selection occurs on the surface of the signal, and ?+ sites cluster at the receptor-signal interface. (Signal-receptor structural model from Boulanger et al. 2003; see fig. 4 of Watts et al. 2004 for details of the mapping).

Is of the opinion that because both Salamandrids and Plethodontids have cases of direct development (viviparity)in the Mediterranean that this must be explained somehow and that is thought to be due to something relative to any possible homology back to the late Jurassic when Salamandrids and Plethodontids were thought (agreed to think) split (Zhang an Wake 2009). A “narrower” niche in viviparous species may simply reflect futher direction away from SPF like biogeography. Viviparious Salamandrids thus may posses more gene and or

individual cooperativity than sisters. And the SPF – PMF functional transit may have reached back on this thought into the earlier Jurassic. Plethodontids may not have originated “out” of applachia but they may have been related to aline that reaches to this northern limit.