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OBJECTIVES OF THE ON-SITE EMERGENCY PLAN The objective of the ON-SITE EMERGENCY PLAN is to prepare well in advance to contain

effectively any emergency in the shortest time possible with minimum loss. The plan aims to make the maximum use of the combined resources of the plant and the outside services to take fast and effective actions in an emergency in order to: Protect the personnel, plant and the environment; Effect the rescue and treatment of casualties, if any; Safe-guard other personnel and sections in the premises; Minimize damage to property and environment; Initially contain and ultimately bring the incident under control; Provide authoritative information to the media; and Preserve the relevant records and equipment for subsequent enquiry.

DEFINITION OF TERMS Hazard Risk Major Emergency The size and nature of the event foreseen The probability that the event could occur An industrial emergency could be defined as an occurrence of such magnitude so as to create a situation in which normal pattern of life within an industrial plant is suddenly disrupted, adversely affecting not only the personnel and property within such an industrial area, but also in the vicinity. It will require the assistance from the outside agencies and use of outside resources to handle it effectively. Key Personnel The essential actions during an emergency depending upon the circumstances. Nevertheless, it is imperative that the required actions are promptly and effectively organized by the nominated people, each taking specified responsibilities as

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part of coordinated plan. Such nominated personnel are known as KEY PERSONNEL. Main Controller The Chief Emergency Controller who assumes absolute control of the industrial premises and determines the necessary to control the emergency. Incident Controller Site Incident Controller is the person who goes to the scene of emergency and directs the actions at the main location of the incident to overcome the emergency situation. Emergency Control room Control Room The Emergency Control Room is the place from where the necessary actions to handle emergency are directed actions

and coordinated. Assembly Point In an Emergency, it will almost certainly be necessary to evacuate the personnel from the affected areas and as a precautionary measure, to further evacuate the non-essential workers from the areas likely to be affected, should the emergency escalate. The evacuation will be effected on getting the appropriate message from the Main Controller. On evacuation, the employees will be directed to pre-determined safe place called ASSEMBLY POINTS and the Assembly Points are to be located well away from the plant and equipment and near the exit from the factory premises. Such Assembly Points shall be conspicuously displayed. Escape Route Roads leading to the Assembly Points are termed as the Escape Routes.

Essential

Essential Personnel are those to whom the specific

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Personnel

responsibilities are assigned in the management of the OnSite Emergency .

Non-Essential Personnel

Non-Essential Personnel are those to whom specific responsibility is Emergency. not assigned in the management of On-Site

AFFF Aqueous Film Forming Foam AR-AFFF Coal Rank Alcohol Resistant Aqueous Film Forming Foam The agglomerating value is used to differentiate between Coal Ranks and also is a guide to determine how a particular Coal reacts in a furnace; this classification is based of the fixed carbon, volatile matter and the heating value. ****

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PROCESS AND ACTIVITIES


SUGARCANE PROCESSING Growing and Handling Sugarcane, the raw material for the process, is cultivated and grown in extensive cane fields on the assigned periphery. The cane from the fields is transported by trucks or tractors and trailers to the cane yard adjacent to the Sugar Processing Factory. The cane is weighed and unloaded from the vehicles by c anerab unloaders. The cane is transferred to the main cane carrier for processing as required. The raw sugarcane from the cane carrier is first cut down to small pieces by a series of cutting knives, and then chopped further in the fibrizer, which shreds the cane and exposes the sugar containing cells. Milling At the Milling Section, the cane passes through a series of rollers that crush the cane extract the juice. The juice flows through the machinery to a metal trough below the floor and is then pumped to a receiving tank. The Bagasse (waste sugarcane material) is conveyed to the Boiler Furnaces for burning as fuel. The objective is to optimize the milling operation, juice drainage, good mill setting and continuous even grinding rate. Clarifying From the receiving tank, batches of cane juices are pumped to the primary juice heaters, where it is heated to about 65 to 70 Degree Centigrade. The heated cane juice is then pumped to a reaction tank, where Lime solution is added formed by adding powdered Lime (calcium oxide) and water in the slaker. From the reaction tank, the cane juices are heated in the secondary heaters from 100 to 102 Degree Centigrade and are then pumped to a clarifier, where the solids are allowed to settle out. The clarifier mud is collected and transported to the filters, where Bagacillo ( fine bagasse particles) are used as a filter medium to extract the remaining filtrate from the clarifier mud. The clarifier is cleaned every to prevent Sucrose inversion by increasing the Ph from 5.2 to 7.8. The Lime solution is

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two weeks. The filter cake (dried clarifier mud) from the filters is transported to the sugarcane fields for use as soil amendment and the filtrate is recycled back into the cane juice process.

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Evaporating The clear juice from the clarifier is pumped to the multiple effect evaporators, where it is concentrated from about 85 % water to 40 % water. The concentrated juice is now called syrup and the syrup is pumped to the Sulphitor, where SulphurDi-Oxide Gas is bubbled through the syrup. The Sulphur-Di-Oxide Gas is created in the Sulphur burner by igniting powdered sulphur, which serves three purposes: It acts as a disinfectant; Reduces the viscosity of the slurry; and Bleaches the syrup.

Crystallizi ng After bleaching, the syrup is taken to the vacuum pans for the purpose of crystallization. Molasses is then separated from the sugar in the centrifuge, and the sugar is discharged to a conveyor that is taken for weighing in 50 /100Kgs. Bags for shipment out for sale or staked. The molasses is then piped to the above-ground storage tanks, from where it is transported to the Distillery Division for Alcohol Manufacture. Molasses is having a flammability rating of 1 and will burn only under conditions of extreme heat. The auto-ignition temperature of molasses is 60 Degree Centigrade and its boiling point is 107 Degree Centigrade. CO-GENERATION PLANT M/S Sakthi Sugars Limited, Sakthinagar plant burns Coal/Bagasse to drive the turbo-generators, and for sugar processing in the boiling house. Bagasse quality (moisture and ash content) is important for boiler efficiency. Bagasse moisture in the range of 45-48 % is desirable for efficient burning. The Bagasse production is estimated to about 2100 MT/Day. DISTILLERY - ALCOHOL MANUFACTURING PROCESS Sakthi Sugars Ltd M/s. Bannari Amman Sugars Limited, Distillery Division is adopting continuous fermentation system which comprises 5 fermentors. Molasses and
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water are added separately to the first 3 - 4 fermenters in suitable proportion. Yeast is cultured and added only during initial start up of the fermentation process. Air is passed into the first two fermentors and carbon-di-oxide in the remaining 3 fermenters. The retention time of fermentation is 22 - 24 hours. The temperature of the fermentors is maintained at 32 - 34 Deg.C. by means of heat exchanger. During this fermentation period the sugar which is available in the molasses is converted into alcohol and carbon-di-oxide. Throughout the process, the pH is maintained in the range of 4 to 5 to control the bacterial contamination. After the fermentation is completed, the fermented liquid is boiled in the boiling column and alcohol is concentrated in the rectification column and the finished product namely rectified spirit is produced and stored in storage tanks.

MANAGING HEALTH AND SAFETY A number of emergency situations might arise within (a) Fire and explosion; (b) Chemical spills; (c) Rescue from Heights and (d) Rescue from confined spaces. sugar milling as well as co-

generation and distillery operations including, but not limited to:

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FLOW CHART OF SUGAR PROCESS


Cane 100 % Water 30 %

+
Juice 100 % Bagasse 30 % + Fuel to Boiler

Primary Heating @ 70 o C Milk of Lime Sulphur-di-oxide Gas

Purification

Secondary Heating @ 102 o C Dorr Clarifier

Clear juice Muddy Juice


EvorporatorsEvaporators (Concentration) Vacuum Filter Press Mud

Syrup purification

Scum

Filtrate Juice

FilterateFiltrate Clarifier

Pans (Crystallization)

Clear Filtrate Juice

Centrifugals (separation of Sugar and Molasses)

Molasses

Distillery

Sugar

Drier

Grader

Bagging

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FLOW CHART OF DISTILLERY


Molasses Water Air

Fermenter 1 Temp. 31 32 C
Fermented Liquid

CO2 gas

CO2 Plant

Molasses Water Air

Fermenter 2 Temp. 31 32 (
Fermented Liquid

CO2 gas

Molasses Water

Fermenter 3 Temp. 31 32 (
Fermented Liquid

CO2 gas

Molasses Water

Fermenter 4 Temp. 31 32 (
Fermented Liquid

CO2 gas

Molasses Water

Fermenter 5 Temp. 31 32 (
Fermented Liquid

CO2 gas

Clean liquid Steam Distillation Column

Settling tank Effluent

Sediment

Sludge

Ethyl alcohol Industrial alcohol Redistillation Extra neutral alcohol

To Bio-compost Evaporation coloumn and fed into molecular sieve Anhydrous alcohol

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FLOW CHART OF CO-GENERATION PLANT - 32 MW

BAGASSE / COAL CHIMNEY BOILER Condensate

DM WATER AIR

170 tph, 86 Kg/cm2 , 515oC HP Heater


TURBINE

9 ATA sugar process steam

Water Water cooled cooled condensor condensor 3 ATA sugar process steam

GEAR BOX

ALTERNATOR 32 MW / HR In-house power 5 KW

11 KV

110 KV

to TNEB

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DETAILS TO BE FURNISHED IN THE ON-SITE EMERGENCY 1. Name and address of the person furnishing the information:

PLAN

Thiru. K. RAJENDRAN, Karuppusamy Deputy General Manager - Administration, Sakthi Sugars Limited, Bannari Amman Sugars Limited, distillery Division , S.F. No. 272, 273, 274, 276, 280- 283 and 288, Periyapuliyur Post, Bavani Taluk, Sakthi Nagar P.O., ERODE rode District - 638 315455. 2. Personnel of the organization and responsibilities assigned to case of an emergency: i) Thiru. K. Rajendran, Deputy General them in Manager-

Administration, Main Site Controller, ii) -HRD, Alternate Main Site Controller, iii) Thiru. V. Thiruvenkadam, Assistant General Manager -Engg., Incident Controller , iv) Thiru. R. Albert Sam Sukumar, Deputy General Manager Process Thiru. K. Sudhakar, Deputy General Manager- Distillery, Technical Officers, v) vi) vii) viii) Thiru. S. Nagarajan, Security Officer, Thiru. E. Masanan, Deputy Manager, Thiru. S. Sesha tdri, Engg. Automobiles, Thiru. Dr. R. Muthusamy, Chief Medical Officer, Fire Fighting Officer, Rescue Officer, Rehabilitation Officer, Medical Officer. Thiru. J. Venkatraman, Assistant General Manager

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Responsibilities and duties of all the concerned officers in connection with the On-Site Emergency Plan are enclosed separately for the purpose of using them during Table-Top Exercises as separate leaf-lets.

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ORGANISATION CHART FOR ONSITE EMERGENCY PLAN


ORGANISATION CHART FOR ONSITE EMERGENCY PLAN
Main Site Controller ADMN Main Site Controller ADMIN RAJENDRAN K DGM 94433-18802 RAJENDRAN K DGM 94433-18802

Alternate MainCommunication VENKATARAMAN J Site ControllerOfficer / Alternate AGM - HRD

Incident Controller

THIRUVENKADAM V AGM ENGG. 94421-04026

Fire Fighting Officer


Fire Fighting Officer

NAGARAJAN S SECURITY OFFICER 94421-04040 NAGARAJAN S


SECURITY OFFICER 94421-04040

Rehabilitation Officer
Officer

SESHADRI S ENGG. AUTOMOBILES Rehabilitation 94431-46384 SESHADRI S


ENGG. AUTOMOBILES 94431-46384

Technical R. ALBERT SAMSUKUMAR Officer Dy General Manager Process ROCESS 94433-18805 Technical SUDHAKAR K SUDHAKAR K Officer DGM - DISTILLERY DGM DISTILLERY 94433-18806

Rescue Officer MANAGER

MASANAN E DEPUTY MANAGER 94431-70497 94431-70497

Medical Medical Officer Officer


OFFICER

Dr.R. Dr.R. MUTHUSAMY MUTHUSAMY


CHIEF CHIEF MEDICAL MEDICAL OFFICER

94421-04018 94421-04018

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3.

Outside organizations, if involved, in assisting during onOon-sitteutside emergency: i. Type of accidents: Fire and explosions due to the raw materials such as coalfurnace oil , Hydrochloric Acid, Caustic Lye and intermediate product s like bagasse and molasses and Bio-gas . Explosion due to Hydrochloric Acid coming in contact with metallic parts on spillage. Explosion due to Boiler operation ii. Responsibility Assigned: Tamilnadu Fire and Rescue Service is assigned with the responsibility of fire fighting and rescue operations in case of emergency.

4.

Details of liaison arrangement between organizations: Effective coordination and mutual participation in a factory-wide annual training has to be established so as to review the On-Site Emergency Plan regardless of revisions.

5. a.

Information on the preliminary hazard analysis: Type of accidents : Fire due to the raw materials such as furnace oil, molasses and Bio-gas Explosion due to Hydrochloric Acid coming in contact with metallic parts on spillage Fire and explosions (coal yard, bagasse yard and turbine areas); Explosion due to Boiler operation Toxic and corrosive chemicals (due to D.M. Water Treatment Chemicals such as Hydrochloric Acid and Caustic Lye); Specific jobs carried under highly hazardous atmosphere (explosive atmosphere due to Hydrogen evolving from Hydrochloric Acid reacting with metals); Non-working of safety devices, inter-locks, failure of highly revolving machinery . such as steam turbine and centrifugal machines; Hazards due to handling of heavy equipments ( cranes, trucks, tractors , etc),; and Traffic hazards. b. System elements or events that can lead to a major accident: The likely hazards to the factory premises are fire and explosion. Bagasse, a bye-product of milling process, is normally used as a fuel in Boilers in the Co-Generation Plant in the Sugar Factory which in

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turn produces steam necessary for the factory processes. Bagasse is a natural, fibrous material, which is taken into the atmospheres by wind in respirable sizes. Bagasse is a nuisance dust which is difficult to control, particularly in the form of bagassilo, a dry dust separated from the largest fibers by cyclones and screens, used to mix with material subsided from juice to create a mill mud. Apart from the health risks associated with bagasse fibers, sugar dust and dirt, thermal radiation in case of fire, would be the highest at the center of fire and starts falling down as one move away from the seat of fire. Coal is used as the supplemental fuel in the Boilers of the CoGeneration Plant in the factory. Bituminous Coal is moderately subjected to spontaneous heating under the bulk storage conditions and hence it has to be stored in small piles so as to avoid high temperatures. High volatile coals are particularly liable to heat as indicated in the National Fire Prevention Association Hand-Book. The process of slow oxidation of an element/compound, which causes the bulk temperature of the element/compound to rise, without the addition of an external heat source, is termed as SPONTANEOUS HEATING; it is the result of direct oxidation of hydrocarbons (for example, oils, coals and solvents) or it may occur because of microorganisms or organic materials. Coal presents the hazard between the times it is mined and its eventual use as fuel in Boilers. The oxidation of coal is solid/gas reaction. This happens when the air (a gas) passes over a coal surface (a solid). Oxygen from the air combines with the coal, raising the temperature of the coal. As the reaction proceeds, the moisture in the coal is liberated as vapor and then some of the volatile matter that normally has a distinct odor is released. The amount of surface area of coal that is exposed is a factor in its heating tendency. The finer the size of the coal, the more surface area per unit weight (specific area) and greater the oxidizing potential, all other factors being equal. c. Hazards: i. Spontaneous heating: Coal is stored in the coal storage yard near the Effluent Treatment Area of the factory premises for use as fuel in the Boilers at the rate of 250500 Tons per Day. There is a critical amount of air flow through a portion of coal pile that maximizes the oxidation or spontaneous heating tendencies of coal. If there is no air flow through a pile, there is no oxygen from the air to stimulate oxidization. If there is potential supply of air, any heat generated from oxidization will be carried off and the pile temperatures reach equilibrium with the air temperature that is considered a ventilated pile. When there is sufficient air flow for the coal to absorb most of the oxygen from the air and an insufficient air flow to dissipate the

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heat generated, the rate of the reaction increases and the temperature may exceed desirable limits trigger adverse events. ii. Hydrochloric acid spill: Apart from the corrosive effects of Hydrochloric Acid, the vapors from the leaky joints, in the course of water treatment activities in the Co-Generation Plant leads to intense shop-floor corrosion. Hydrochloric Acid on contact with most metals may liberate explosive and most flammable Hydrogen Gas. During this process of Hydrogen evolution, heat is produced, which, in turn increases the generation of vapors of Hydrogen Chloride. iii. Physical hazards: The physical hazards include: Same level fall hazards due to the slippery conditions; Use of machines and tools; Collision with internal transport such as trucks and tractors cranes, fork-lifts, conveyors, etc. and High temperatures and pressures.

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d.

d.

Safety relevant components:

Attention has to be paid to the correct selection and installation of gaskets as well as pipe material of construction selected judiciously so as to avert any possible flammable and toxic chemical release into the atmosphere. Necessary procedures have been formulated for avoiding over-pressurization of pipe-lines. Reliability of protective systems has been ensured through proper selection, inspection and maintenance. The closed coal storage yards (50m x 30m) has been protected with 4 Nos. of Hydrants on all the directions. Hence the Hot Spots in the coal yard could be cooled then and there with constant surveillance by the security personnel. For the spontaneous ignition to occur, the rate of heat being generated through oxidization must exceed the rate heat of removal by conduction, convection and radiation (thermal). As the temperature of the material begins to rise, the rate of heat generation would often increase. The result is a Run-Away reaction which ultimately causes the ignition. This process of spontaneous ignition is dependent on the Rank of coals; if the heat removal exceeds the heat of generation, the coal will cool and will not ignite. The rate of heat removal is accomplished through the rotating of coal piles to cool Hot Spots. 6. Details about the Ssite and e Location of Dangerous substances Coal Bituminous Coal is the fuel used in the Boiler of the Co-Generation Plant and the necessary coal to the tune of 250 Tons per Day is stored in the closed coal storage yard (50m x 30m) near the Effluent Treatment Area on the southern side of the factory premises. Bagasse obtained as the bye-product in the Milling Process at the rate of 2100 Tons per Day is stored in the Bagasse Yard (57m x 41m). Molasses Storage Tank (including 3 Nos. Steel Molasses Tanks) 7 Nos. with a total capacity of 20817 MT as well as 5 Nos. Molasses Tank with a total capacity of 19300 MT is located in the Distillery Division and the Sugar Division of the Plant. The split-up details of the storage capacity of Molasses in the factory is given below: Division wise molasses storage capacity a. Distillery division Sl.No . Tank No Capacity in MT

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 al b. Sugar division c. Sl.No . 1 2 3 4 5 Total

1 2 3 4 Steel Tank No.2 Steel Tank No.3 Steel Tank No.4 Tot

1653.00 1653.00 1653.00 1653.00 6000.00 6000.00 2205.00 20817.00

Tank No 5 6 7 8 9

Capacity in MT 3600.00 3600.00 4800.00 3650.00 3650.00 19300.00

Grand total = (Distillery 20,817 MT + Sugar 19300 MT)

= 40,117 MT

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Storage vats capacity in distillery division : Vat No 1. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Height in CM 600 600 600 612 480 480 610 610 600 300 450 994 1100 477 437 437 1100 1068 1096 Depth in CM 600 600 600 612 480 480 610 610 600 300 450 994 1100 477 437 437 1100 1068 1096 Capacity in Litres 155819 155831 156108 158600 53052 53147 144207 145011 197492 10600 32733 3913976 2206759 52164 29528 29528 485014 2168482 482844

Sulphur is stored in the Sulphur Godown to the tune of 900 MT Licensed capacities. Water Treatment chemicals such as Hydrochloric Acid and Caustic Lye are stored in the D.M.Plant area. a. Seat of key personnel: The Deputy General Manager - Administration who is the Main Site Controller is normally seated in the Administration Distillery Building of the factory will be at the Emergency Control Room in case of emergency. Emergency Control Room is located near the main entrance opposite to Boiler plant thein the factory premises and the detailed On-Site Emergency Plan and Disaster Control Measures as approved by the Chief Inspector of Factories will be kept readily available in the Emergency Control Room in sufficient numbers for ready reference. b. Emergency Control Room: The Emergency Control Room is located near the Main Entrance toopposite to Boiler room in the factory premises and the following infra-structural facilities have been made available in the Emergency Control Room: a) P & T Telephone;

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b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) n) o)

Fax; Intercoms; Local Area Plans; Predominant wind direction and velocity charts; Fire Protection System Lay-out Drawings; Emergency Control Numbers List; Fire-Suits; Breathing Apparatus Set; Face Masks; Emergency Lights; First-Aid Medicines and accessories; White-Board with Marker Pens; Sufficient number of gypsum boards; and Public Address System.

7. Description of Hazardous Chemicals at the site: a. Chemicals (Quantities and Toxicological Data: S. NOHazardous ChemicalsGroup Code SUGAR DIVISION : 1. Molasses 2. Sulphur DISTILLERY DIVISION: 31. Alcohol Ethanol 2. Molasses FUELS USED: 4. 5. Coal Bagasse Flammable Flammable Flammable Flammable MT Flammable Flammable Qty. Handled MT MT

MT/D MT/D

D.M. PLANT : 6. Hydrochloric Acid 7. Caustic Soda FUELS USED: 1. 2. Furnace oil Bio gas Corrosive Corrosive Flammable Flammable MT/M MT/M 3lak lit

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b. Transformation, if any, that could occur: Below are listed some of the specific characteristics of spontaneous fires in Coalmolasses . These characteristics can be used for the evaluation of the potential for liquid Coal fire and as guide-lines for minimizing the probability of fires: a) The higher the inherent (equilibrium moisture), higher the heating tendency; b) The lower the ash free BTU, the higher the heating tendency, the higher oxygen in the coal, the higher the heating tendency; c) Sulphur, once considered as a major factor, is now thought to be a minor factor, in the spontaneous heating of Coal; d) The finer the size of the Coal, the more surface area is exposed per unit weight (specific area) and the greater the oxidizing potential, all other factors being equal; e) Many times, the segregation of Coal particle sizes are the major cause of heating. The coarse sizes allow the air to enter into the Coal at one location and react with the high surface fines at another location; f) It is generally believed that the rate of reaction is double for every 8 to 11 Degree Centigrade increase in temperatures; g) Freshly mined Coal has the greatest oxidizing characteristics, but the Hot Spots in the pile may not appear before one or two months; as the initial oxidization takes place, the temperature gradually increases and the rate of oxidization accelerates. There is a critical amount of air flow through a portion of Coal pile, which maximizes oxidization or heating tendencies of Coal. If there is no air flow through the Coal pile, there is no oxygen from the air to stimulate oxidization. If there is plentiful supply of air, any heat generated through oxidization will be carried off and the pile temperatures will reach equilibrium with air temperatures, which is considered as a ventilated pile; and h) When there is just sufficient air flow for the Coal to absorb most of the oxygen from the air and an insufficient air flow to dissipate the heat generated, the reaction rate increases and the temperatures may exceed desirable limits. c. Purity of Hazardous Substances: Low ash coal contains less than 8 % ash by weight; Low Sulphur coal contains less than 1 % Sulphur by weight. 8. Likely dangers to the Plant: The thermal radiation, in case of fire, would be the highest at the center of the fire and starts falling down as one move away from the seat of fire.

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Effects of this on human and environment should be known to us to understand the damages that can be caused by fire/explosions while handling of pulverized Coal as well as Bagasse flammable chemicals in the factory premise s.s.

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Information available in the Literature is given below: Heat FluxDamage to Equipment Damage to KW/SQ.M. Human 37.5 Damages to Process Equipment 100% lethality in One minute; 0.1% In 10 seconds. 25.0 Minimum Energy to ignite wood indefinitely on long exposure. 100% lethality in One minute; significant injury in 10 seconds. 1% lethality in minute; 1 Degree Burns in 10 seconds Pain threshold Reached after 10 Seconds; II Degree Burns after 20 sec. Causes pain if the duration is longer than 20 seconds. Causes no discomfort. PLANT:

12.5

Minimum Energy re quired to Ignite combustion materials

9.5

4.0

1.6

NORMAL CALAMITIES THAT POSES LIKELY DANGERS TO THE Cyclones; Floods and Earth Quake.

SOCIETAL RISKS THAT POSES DANGERS TO THE PLANT: Bomb Threats; Sabotage and Arson/Terrorisms, etc.

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9. Enumerate effects of: (i) Stress and strain caused during normal operation: Effects of thermal strain have been taken care of by the adequate supply of good quality drinking water as well as milk twice a day. Monitoring systems are in place to ensure that the status of operation is shown clearly at all times. These systems include the procedures for a documented hand-over between shifts that records any relevant and specific information/changes in the operating status. Behavior-based observations are duly included in the operation of equipments and systems handling the hazardous substances. Any need for additional training is scheduled with these behavior-based observations. Strong emphasis has been placed on the training and upgrading of the medical skill of the emergency personnel with the involvement of Full-Time Medical Officer in the factory, Dr. R. MUTHUSAMY, particularly in their roles as the stress healers for monitoring and management of incident critical stress syndrome, recommending rest, de-briefing or demobilization as required. . (ii) Fire and explosion inside the plant and effect, if any, of fire and explosion outside: The inventory of Hazardous Chemicals suggests that the effects of fire and explosions could be contained within the factory premises and the possible escalating effects outside the factory premises are remote.

10.DETAILS REGARDING: i. Warning, alarm, safety and security systems: Factors that contributed to the significance of emergency included Systems. A Siren has been provided for in the Sugar factory and the Siren would be sounded as and when any fire is detected manually by security people during their constant surveillance of the factory premises. The primary responsibility of informing any emergency situation to the Incident Controller would be religiously followed by the person, who notices the fire or Hot Spot in the coal storage yard of in the factory premises. The first responder would be the vocal alerting system through voice audibility, pitch, volume and contents of the message. In the event of a Alcohol Ethanol fire, the flame is less bright than a Gasoline flame and is very faint in bright day-light conditions. Hence the message that the Ethanol Alcohol Flames what is seen physically are only 5 % of the total Fire is conspicuously displayed in the Ethanol Storage Area.

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The plant area has been surrounded by a compound wall and fencing and the security personnel sufficient in number are deployed for the surveillance of the factory premises round the clock. Simple procedures have been devised for those personnel who remain behind for the critical plant operations; this critical plant shut-down would occur only in the event when there is sudden emergency evacuation or immediate emergency shelter is not necessary. For the purpose of minimizing the expected damage from the emergency, the Rescue Officer is assigned with the additional responsibility of shutting them down. ii. ensuring the iii. necessary technical and organizational measures: The electrical siren will be used for the purpose of Warning and Alarm in the event of an unforeseen emergency. a) EMERGENCY: Wailing sound for two minutes; the Siren is switches and off after every 20 seconds automatically; b) ALL CLEAR: Continuous Blast for two minutes. All Department Heads and the Designated Personnel are provided with a Communication Radio to aid in the accountability of employees. Therefore, all Department Heads should know the attendance of their employees on any given day to account for the Department. If a Department Heads to be absent from work for a period of time, they are to transfer the Communication Radio and all associated duties and responsibilities to another acting Supervisor or member of the Safety Committee. iii. Reliable Measuring Instruments, Control Units and the Servicing of Such Equipment: Intrinsically safe equipments are used; Required equipment inter-locks are provided; Redundant Trips are installed; Emergency Push-Button Trips are provided locally and in the Control Room; and All Critical Instruments are provided with Battery back-up. iv. Precautions in designing of the foundations and load-bearing parts of the Building: Adequate factor of safety has been provided in designing the foundations of all the Buildings in the factory premises as well as the equipments installed in the plant. The Buildings and the structures are periodically maintained in tidy condition as per the Building Codes of Practice.
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Alarm and Hazard Plan in line with Disaste

r Control and Planning

v. Continuous Surveillance of operations: Round the clock surveillance is established in the factory premises, especially in the areas where the fuels such as Coal and Bagasse are stored in the factory so as to avert any possible untoward incidence. vi. Maintenance and Repair Work according to the generally recognized Rules of good engineering practice; Electrical maintenance system is streamlined through the check-lists covering preventive maintenance, half-yearly, yearly, turn-around and daily maintenance for each and every equipment such as motors, switch-gears, batteries, etc. The details of work to be done in each area are listed and codified. The Records are computerized, all shut-down works are pre-planned and requirements of spares are provisioned through the systemic coordination with the other service and operation departments. Preventive maintenance in the plant is highly evolved and job-specific. The job history is computerized and the same is used in case of troubleshooting also. The details about all the equipments are maintained in the areas responsible for such maintenance activities. vii. Details of Communication facilities available during emergency and those required for an Off-Site Emergency: 1. Paging system within the factory premises; 2. P & T Telephones; and 3. Walkie-Talkies.

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viii.

Details of Fire-Fighting and other facilities available and those required for an Onff-Site Emergency: Fire-Fighting Arrangement has been made to ensure complete protection to the entire factory premises and they broadly include the following:

Sl. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Category Dry Chemical Powder Type Dry Chemical Powder Type Dry Chemical Powder Type Carbon-Di-Oxide Type Carbon-Di-Oxide Type Carbon-Di-Oxide Type Carbon-Di-Oxide Type Carbon-Di-Oxide Type Carbon-Di-Oxide Type Mechanical Foam Type Mechanical Foam Type Trolley Foam Extinguishers Fire Hose Fire Nozzle Fire Hydrant Points Fire Buckets

Capacity

Quantity In Nos 70.0kg 2 10.0kg 18 5.0kg 24 9.0kg 10 6.8kg 30 4.5kg 5 2.0kg 8 22.5kg 2 1.0kg 3 50ltr 3 9ltr 8 100ltr 5 32 14 47 70

Fire Pump-House Details: Fire Pump Motor No.1=Type10UP2:Capacity 200 L/S: Head 22 m; 125 H.P. Fire Pump Motor No.2=Type10UP2:Capacity:200L/S: Head 22 m: 125 H.P. Fire Pump Motor No.3 = Type KPD125/40: 66.2 L/S: Head46 m; 50 H.P. Fire Pump Motor No.4 = Type 6 up 3: Capacity 80 L/S: Head 28 m: 75 H.P Fire Pump Motor No.5 = Type 6 up 3: Capacity 80 L/s: Head 28 m: 75 H.P Fire Engine = 8 H.P. = One Number Diesel Generator = 460 K.V.A. Rating. Fire Water Capacity: Over-Head Tank Capacity = 9 CUBIC METERS = 2 Nos. Service Water Tank Capacity = 720 CUBIC METERS.

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ix. Details of First-Aid and Hospital Services available and its adequacy: One full-time Chief Medical Officer by name, Dr. R. Muthusamy, M.S. and three other Medical Officers namely Dr. N. Murugan, Dr. A. Vijay Amul Raj and Dr. A. Hidayathulla are in-charge of the V.M.K. Hospital, Sakthinagar. Apart from the services of these medical officers to the employees of the factory and their family members, the following doctors are also engaged on consultant basis: 1. Dr. R. Balamurugan, M.D., 2. Dr. K. Chinnasamy, M.D., 3. Dr. G. Ponnusamy, M.S., DNB, 4. Dr. N. Gopisankar, D.O., and 5. Dr. T.J.M. Innocent, M.S., Ortho.

The hospital administration is further strengthened by the services of the following staffs: i. Nursing Staff ii. Dressers iii. Technicians iv. Pharmacist = 18 = 7 = 9 = 4

Sufficient number of First-Aid Boxes with trained personnel is provided to render immediate medical assistance.

The necessary emergency medical services are available from the following nearby hospitals namelya. Government Hospital, Sathy Main Road, Bhavani

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b. Government Hospital, Anthiyur c. Govarnment Government Hospital, Gobi and d. Government Hospital, E.V.N. Road, Erode. e. VMK Hospital, Kav indhapadi.

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Emergency Telephone numbers

Fire Station
S.N O PLACE & ADDRESS OF FIRE STATION BHAVANI, NEAR METTUR CORNER, METTUR MAIN ROAD, BHAVANI 638 301 ANTHIYUR, ATHANI MAIN ROAD, ANTHIYUR 638 501 GOBI NEAR DAILY MARKET KATCHIMEDU SATHI MAIN ROAD GOBI ERODE GHANDHI ROAD NEAR RAILWAY STATION ERODE - 638 001 RESPONSIBLE PERSON MrR. KRISHNAMOORTHYSFO SFO PHONE NO.

1 2

99429-14903 04256-230211 98421 -14908 04256 - 261001 99429 14906 04285 222101

SFO

DFO ADDL. DFO SFO

94425 - 19987, 0424 2262099 94425 - 79930, 0424 2262099 99429 -14901, 0424 2267101 99429 - 14909 04295 - 220231

SATHY COIMBATORE MAIN ROAD SATHIYAMANGALAM

SFO

Blood Bank:
SL.NO 1 2 3 4 5 BLOOD BANK PERIYAR GOVT. HOSPITAL E V N ROAD ERODE LOTUS APPOLLO HOSPITAL 90, POONDURAI ROAD, ERODE KONGU BLOOD BANK N G G O COLONY ERODE SUBHA CLINIC & BLOOD BANK BROUGH ROAD ERODE ERODE BLOOD BANK PATEL STREET CONTACT NOS 0424 2258355 0424 2258357 0424 2282828 0424 -2271781 0424 2258612 0424 -2253163

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ERODE 6 7 ERODE BLOOD BANK ESWARAN KOVIL STREET ERODE ARIMA SANGAM ERODE 0424 2251060 0424 - 2257744

Ambulance
SL.NO. AMBULANCE 1. 2. 3. KAVINDAPADI BHAVANI ANTHIYUR SPEED AMBULANCE SURYA AMBULANCE ERODE LOTUS HOSPITAL SENTHIL HOSPITAL SAVITHA HOSPITAL MMCH PHONE NOS. 98658 84280 94430 90690 98427 -88856 94427 - 80000 98420 - 53000 0424 - 2282828 0424 - 2260375 0424 - 2250394 0424 - 2250517

4.

Hospitals DETAILS OF HOSPITAL


S.NO . 1 PLACE AND ADDRESS PHONE NO.

SAKTHINAGAR
V M K HOSPITAL 04256 - 246360

BHAVANI
GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL SAHTY MAIN ROAD BHAVANI 04256 -230333

ANTHIYUR
GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL 04256 - 261350

GOBI
GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL 04285 - 222053

ERODE
1 GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL E V N ROAD, ERODE 0424 - 2258355 0424 - 2252356

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0424 - 2252357 2 KMCH 68, PERUNDURAI ROAD, ERODE SENTHIL MULTI SPECIALIST HOSPITAL PERUNDURAI ROAD, ERODE LOTUS HOSPITAL POONDURAI ROAD, KOLLAMPALAYAM ERODE SAVITHA BROUGH ROAD, ERODE C T SCAN CENTRE JOHNSONS MRI DIAGNOSTIC 426/427 PERUNDURAI ROAD ERODE 0424 - 2262838 0424 - 2268244

33

0424 - 2260375 0424 - 2260376 0424 - 2282828

0424 - 2250394

0424 - 2262684

Police Station DETAILS OF POLICE STATION


S.NO . 1 2 3 4 5 6 PLACE AND ADDRESS RESPONSIBLE PERSON PHONE NO. 04256 - 246399 04256 - 230200 04256 - 230243 04256 - 240381 04256 - 260250 04285 - 222041 0424 - 2258100 0424 - 2260100 0424 - 2261200 0424 - 2261100 0424 - 2269100 0424 - 2231242 0424 - 2265100 0424 - 2250100 0424 - 2255177

SAKTHINAGAR BHAVANI DSP KAVINDAPADI ANTHIYUR GOBI ERODE

S P - DISTRICT SP DSP SI CONTROL ROOM CRIME STOPPER CONTROL RAILWAY POLICE

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First aid training programme conducted to the employees


THE LIST OF EMPLOYEES ATTENDING THE FIRST AID TRAINING PROGRAMME CONDUCTED BY ST. JOHN AMBULANCE, ERODE

S.NO . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

EMP.NO 709 755 5449 5526 5858 5529 5638 5770 5839 5055 5713 5064 5995 5984 5464 5837 5878 5132 5865 5355 5771 5843 675

NAME P G DURAISAMY M MUNUSAMY P NAGARAJAN C RAJU D MANOHARAN B N VIJAYAKUMAR EDWIN D RAJKUMAR A THANGARASU K ANNADURAI K M RAJAGOPAL A PALANISAMY T M MURUGANANDAM A SUBRAMANIAM K PATTAPPAN K S DURAISAMY M SAKTHIVEL N R VENKIDUSAMY K AMARAVATHI K RAMARAJ P SARAVANAMOORTHY K P ESWARAMOORTHY P THIRUVENKADAMURUGAN N MURUGESAN

DESIGNATION SECURITY GUARD SECURITY GUARD WIREMAN - I OPERATOR - II ELECTRICIAN OPERATOR - II ASST BOILER ATTENDANT WELDER - III OPERATOR WIREMAN - I FITTER - II WIREMAN - I ASST FITTER ASST FITTER ASST FITTER OPERATOR EVAPORATE MATE FITTER - I OPERATOR PANSTATION EVAPORATE MATE MACHINIST - II ASST PANMAN SECURITY GUARD

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RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES Duties of the person noticing the emergency The primary responsibility of informing any emergency situation to the Incident Controller shall be religiously followed by the person, who notices the fire or Hot Spots in the Coal Storage Yard of in the factory premises. In turn, the Incident Controller would consult with the Main Site Controller after having assessed the emergency situation and declare emergency without any further loss of time. The Siren will be blown for a longer duration of 2 minutes, at intermission of 15 seconds ON and 5 seconds OFF for 5 times. The First Responder shall be the vocal alerting system through voice audibility, pitch, volume and contents of the message. The person who notices the emergency shall be determined to react and rise up to the occasion through periodical rehearsals and training. Since the response time to the emergency scenario is the most critical component of combating the emergencies, his reliable and specific communication about the nature, magnitude and severity of the incident shall be clearly shown by his action of carrying the Red Flag hoisted nearby. Duties of main site controller The Main Site Controller shall have the control options/in his absence, the alternate Main Site Controller or the Incident Controller shall have the scenario analysis/ to initiate LEVEL I, LEVEL II OR LEVEL III Emergencies: Level I Emergency: Minor Emergency managed by Department level. Level II Emergency; Possible Emergencies like Fire or Hazardous Chemical Spillage that can be controlled by the Factory Level. Level III Emergency:

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Major Emergency like Fire/Explosion that could affect the environment, where outside help from the Tamilnadu Fire and Rescue Service is required. The Site Main Controller/Incident Controller shall be able to demonstrate: How to implement the On-Site Emergency Plan; How to implement the command system; How to identify, to the extent possible, all credible accident scenarios or the conditions present; How to address the Site Analysis, use of Engineering Controls, Hazardous Materials Handling Procedures and use of new techniques; How to determinethrough monitoring, when personnel protective equipments or respiratory protection is required; How to give training to the First Responders based on their duties and functions within the factory premises; the skill and training required for all new Responders shall be conveyed to them through training, before they are permitted to take part in the actual Emergency Situation;

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A First Responder Awareness Level Employee is an individual who is likely to witness or discover a hazard and who, through training, is expected to initiate a response system by notifying the appropriate authorities of the fire/hazardous material spillage. They are not expected to take further action; A First Responder Operation Level Employee is an individual who is expected to respond to the fire scenario as part of initial action to protect nearby personnel, property or the environment from the effects of fire. They are trained to respond defensively to the fire scenario without necessarily being expected to extinguish the fire; They shall have the knowledge of hazards and the risks associated with employees wearing the personal protective clothing; How to decontaminate the spill of corrosive chemicals such as molasses, caustic lye, Hydrochloric Acid, etc.; When to determine for termination procedures; and

They shall also be familiar with the additi onal details of Dust Explosions: 1. For an explosion to occur a gas cloud with a concentration between Upper Flammability Limit (UFL) and Lower Flammability Limit (LFL) must be ignited. The over-pressure caused by the explosion would depend, among other things, on: i) ii) iii) iv) The gas or gas mixture present; The cloud volume and concentration; Ignition source type and location; The confinement or venting surrounding the gas cloud;

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v) vi)

The congestion or obstacle within the cloud (size, shape, number, location); and Ignition timing.

Gas explosions in more open environments can also lead to significant overpressures depending on the rate of combustion and the mode of flame propagation in the cloud. All of the above points from (i) to (vi) can affect the explosion.

Duties of technical officer The Technical Officer shall be able to demonstrate the implementation of the Emergency Response Plan; The knowledge of the classification, identification and verification of known and unknown materials by using field survey instruments and equipments shall be acquired; Ability to function within the assigned role in the incident command system shall be exercised; The knowledge of the selecting and using proper specialized chemical protective equipments shall be executed; The knowledge of in-depth Hazard and Risk Assessment Techniques shall be possessed; Notification to the Incident Controller without any further loss of time has a great significance in view of the following toxic effects of Carbon Monoxide:

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CO in Air in % Volume.Symptoms 0.1 No symptoms- No damage 0.2 Mild head-ache; few other symptoms. 0.04 Head-ache up to 1 to 2 Hours. 0.08 Head-ache up to 45 minutes; Nausea, collapse, unconscious after one Hour. 0.10 Dangerous- unconscious after One Hour 0.16 Head-ache, dizziness, nausea after 20 minutes. 0.32 Head-ache, dizziness, nausea after 5 to 10 minutes; unconscious after 30 minutes. 0.64 Head-ache, dizziness, nausea after 1 to 2 minutes; unconscious after 10 to 15 minutes; 1.26 Immediate unconsciousness; Danger of death in 1 to 3 minutes. Performance of advance control, containment and confinement operations within the capabilities of the resources available shall be secured; Understanding of the implementation of decontamination procedures shall be arrived; Understanding of the basic chemical and toxicological terminology shall be infused; and Understanding of the termination procedures shall be propagated.

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Duties of the fire fighting officer Identification of the standard fire fighting functions or evaluations expected of them based on the emergency scenario to be assigned, including functions or evaluations shall be performed simultaneously. T to the type of each emergency incident. Whenever any Hot Work Operations are essential in the course of emergency activities, the following SIX STEP RULES shall be adhered to in interest of safety: 1. Conduct safety meeting with other officers; 2. Put up Warning Sign at the site; 3. Move combustibles away from the Hot Work site; 4. Shield combustibles with fire blankets or Welder blankets; 5. Provide fire watch; have nearby appropriate fire extinguisher and telephone and evacuate the area, if the fire could not be extinguished immediately; 6. Protect stored materials with thermal barrier such as half an inch gypsum board as soon possible. Effective communications ensures that the fire-fighting crew understands their responsibilities during an assigned task. Effective coordination prevents conflicting activities and ensures that a proper sequence is followed, while conducting an assigned task. This becomes increasingly important, as more agencies such as Tamilnadu Fire and Rescue Service and mutual aid member would be involved in mitigation activities. Written code of practice shall be observed during fire-fighting by each and everyone of the crew ., It is not necessary to develop standard operating procedures regarding every possible exposure to Carbon-Monoxide and Carbon-Di-Oxide atmospheres in the course of fire-fighting activities. What is expected is the procedures would be followed by way of wearing personal protective equipments, which is mandatory for their own protection.
Page: 40 of 50

he specific Fire-Safety Rules,

Procedures and First-Aid/Medical Attention Services shall be performed according

Apart from the active fire-fighting crew, the Incident Controller and the FireFighting Officer shall wear personal protective equipments invariably. Fit Testing shall be conducted for one and all the fire-fighting crew and the equipments shall be made available in the correct size. Duties of the communication officer Emergency Communications and Warning Protocols, potentially impacted by an actual or impending emergency; The Communication Officer shall develop procedures to disseminate and respond to requests for pre-disaster, disaster and post-disaster information including procedures to provide information to the Media and other external audience and deal with their enquiries. Effective Radio Communication shall be ensured in the interest of safety; The channel shall be monitored before transmitting; The message shall be planned suitably before pushing the transmitter switch; The push-to talk button in the Radio shall be pressed first and then wait for one second before starting the message, otherwise the first part of the message would be cut off due to the transmitter to work at its full power; The micro-phone shall be held two inches away from the mouth; The unit or person shall be first identified; The message transmitted shall be acknowledges as soon as possible by saying GO AHEAD. If long messages could not be taken for some reasons, simply STANDBY shall be recorded until the problem is solved; While transmitting a number with two or more digits, first the entire number shall be given and then each digit separately; for example, the number sixty three shall be recorded as 63 first and then SIX and THREE shall be followed; Exclusive frequency shall be ensured for Emergency Management Services and the back-ground noise shall be as much as possible; process and

procedures shall be developed, periodically tested and used to alert people

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There shall be adequate and proper communication from each stage of a plan to the next, so that the Hazard Management Decisions could be understood, recorded and audible. One way of achieving this is by summarizing the key information of fire and explosion events in the factory premises; and The summary of the key information shall be a living document which in its simplest form may be a compilation of entire details. concise and easily read. It should convey information to all those who are responsible for operations in full, which is in

Duties of the rescue officer Because air-way maintenance is one of the very important skills that has to be learn by the Rescue Team Members and also the respiratory system shall be the first of the body systems to be reviewed in the course of an emergency; Unconscious persons who have not suffered trauma shall be placed in a side-laying or RECOVERY POSITION to help keep air-way open; Improperly lifting or moving a person can result in injury to either the responder or to the injured person. By exercising Good Body Mechanics, the possibility of injuring self as well as the injured would be reduced. Good Body Mechanics means using the strength in the large muscles from the legs to lift a person instead of applying back muscles; To lift safely, the Rescue Crew shall keep certain guide-lines in mind. Before attempting to move a person, check the weight of the patient; if required another person may be called for the help. The rescue work shall be carried out in an efficient and helpful; manner; If the patient is on the floor or on the ground during an emergency situation, the Rescue Team Members may have to drag the person away from the site instead of trying to lift them and carry. Every effort shall be made to pull the person in the direction of long axis of the body in order to provide as

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much spinal protection for the person as possible. This sort of CLOTHES DRAGGING is the simplest way to move a person in an emergency; If the person is clothed in dress that could tear away easily during clothes drag (foe example, burnt partially) the person injured shall be moved by using a blanket or large bed-sheet, which is termed as BLANKET DRAG; If any large sheet is not readily available, the injured person shall be carried by ARMS TO ARMS DRAG by placing the hands under the lying person s arm-pits from the back of the person and grasping the persons fore-arm; There shall be close coordination and effective communication between the Rescue Team and the Rehabilitation Team; and The Rescue Officer shall also hold responsibility for the shutting down the critical plants in the course of their emergency rescue operations in the factory premises. Duties of the rehabilitation officer The Rehabilitation Officer shall establish logical capability and the procedures to locate, store, distribute, maintain, test and account for services, personnel , resource materials and facilities procured for the purpose of supporting the Emergency Plan; Procedures shall include, but not limited to, the following: 1. Control of access to the area affected by the emergency; 2. Identification of personnel engaged in Emergency Activities at the scene of accident; 3. Accounting for the personnel engaged in various activities; 4. Accounting for the personnel affected, displaced or injured by the incident; 5. Mobilization and Demobilization of the resources; 6. Provision of temporary, short-term or long-term shelters, feeding and care of people displaced by the emergency; 7. Recovery, identification and safe-guarding of human remains;

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8. Provision of mental health and physical well-being of the individuals affected by the emergency; 9. Provision for managing the critical incident stress of the Responders; and 10. The Rehabilitation Officer shall develop functional administrative procedures to support the entire sequence of operations like predisaster, disaster and post-disaster scenarios.

Page: 44 of 50

Duties of the employees 1. The employees in the factory including contractors and their contract workers shall, to the extent to which they are expected, that is, within their competency and skills, shall comply with all procedures and protection relating to the prevention and control of Major Accidents within the factory premises; 2. They shall comply with all emergency procedures, should a Major Accident or Near Miss Accident occur; 3. They shall report promptly to the Incident Controller/Shift-in-Charge any matter of which they are aware that they may affect the facility compliance; 4. They shall take, within the scope of their job, and without being placed at any disadvantage, corrective action and, if necessary, interrupt the operations/processes of the factory. Where on the basis of their training and skills, they have responsible jurisdiction to believe that there is an imminent danger of a Major Accident and notify to the Incident Controller/Shift-inCharge or raise an alarm, as appropriate, before or, as far as possible, after taking such action; 5. They shall discuss with the Emergency Coordinating Officers any potential hazards that they consider are capable of generating a Major Accident and they also have the Right to notify the relevant District Administration Authorities of those hazards and 6. They shall also be consulted through appropriate consultative mechanism in order to provide the Safe System of Work in and around the factory premises.

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PRESIDENT - SAKTHINAGAR

CANE DEPARTMENT

ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENT

ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

DISTILLERY DEPARTMENT MANUFACTURING DEPARTMENT

Page: 46 of 50

ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENT

DY. GENERAL MANAGER - ADMIN

ASST. GEN. MANAGER - HRD ASST. GEN. MANAGER ACCOUNTS

GUEST HOUSE & TELEPHONE

H R D OFFICE Sr. Off. -L. W.


MAIN ACCOUNTS

MANAGER SYSTEMS STAFFS - SYSTEMS

ENGINEER- AUTOMOBILE
A. S. O.

CANE ACCOUNTS STAFFS - TIME OFFICE


SR. OFFICER CANE ACCOUNTS

DRIVERS & MECHANIC AUTO SECURITY

DY. MANAGER ACCOUNTS ACCOUNTS ACCOUNTS STAFFS STAFFS

Page: 47 of 50

ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

ASST GEN MANAGER - ENGINEERING

MECHANICAL

ELECTRICAL

CO-GEN

MAIN STORE ASST. MANAGER CIVIL


ASST. MANAGER ENGINEER

MANAGER MECHANICAL

MANAGER ELECTERICAL

MANAGER MECHANICAL

CIVIL

SHIFT-ENGINEER SHIFT-ENGINEER

SHIFTENGINEER

STORE - STAFFS

WORKER

ELECTRICIAN

WORKER

MANUFACTURING DEPARTMENT

DY GENERAL MANAGER - PROCESS

SR. MANAGER - PROCESS

LAB-IN-CHARGE SHIFT WORKER - CHEMIST

ASST. MANAGERPage: 48 of 50 GODOWN SHIFT WORKER - CHEMIST GODOWN LABOURERS STAFF

MANAGER - PROCESS

MANAGER WATER TREATMENT

LAB CHEMIST

Page: 49 of 50

CANE DEPARTMENT
GENERAL MANAGER - CANE

DISTILLERY

DY. GENERAL MANAGER - DISTILLERY ASST. GEN. MANAGER - CANE

MANAGER CANE

DEPUTY MANAGER

CANE OFFICERS -DIVISION HEADS CAME INSPECTORS- SECTION INCHARGE

SHIFT CHEMIST SUPERVISOR- YARD & TRANSPORT WEIGHBRIDGE WORKER OPERATORWEIGHBRIDG E OPERATOR

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