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THE KU KLUX

KLAN
It's
Origin, Meaning and Soope
of Operation
BY
C. LEWIS FOWLER. D. D .. LL D.
ATLANTA,
• GEORGIA
THE KU KLUX KLAN
Its
ORIGIN. MEANING SCOP£ OF
OPERATION
By
C. LEWIS FOWLER, D. D,. LL. D
Lecturer-ChAutauqua and
Author of "Our Lord's Baptism"
Fonnerly President of Lexington College.
and of Cox College
Founder aud President of Lanler University.
Price 50 Cents
Atlanta, Ga.
P. 0. Box 1828
Other Books Now Ready
"Rome-A Menace to Modern Civiliution"
"'no Jew-A to Modem Civfllzatlon"
5.ome price a.s "Tbe Ku !Oux Klan"
DEDICATED
This brochure is alfection•tely dedicated to Klansmen and
patriots everywhere and to the one woman who is U1e inspiration
of my life.
- THE AUTHOR.
t
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A PERSONAL TRIBl.TI'E
The Author wishes to pay a personal tribute to the immOI"
tala who rave birth to the Invisible Empire,-Gen. Nathan Bod-
ford Forrest and his <»-patrlotL lie also wishes to pay tribute to
two others, who though they moy not realize it, have written
their names high. on the roster of American patriots and (m,..
mortala-Col. William J03eph Simmons, whose dreams and un·
ooltish labors made possible the reincarnation of the Ku Klux
Klan, and Edward Young Clarke, the Napoleon or modern or-
annizers, the man who through unjust suffering has grown into
a rreat Statesman a patriot, friend of men, ~ n d gcnha of the
hour.
Hlltory will place a wreath QPOn the brow of these. r place
mm. now.
- THE Atn'HOR.
PREFACE
To All One Hund1'Cd Americans:
Crt<>l ing: Thi• I• ll\Y penollAI contribution to t he
most rttTut.rkable movement or modern times. r wish for my
thouunds of fricndJ: in America something of pleasure and in-
spiration n:; they read these pruteg, The book is in briefest, gist
fonn und i$ written for interpretation and instruction.
Thtre are fo.I'Oe1J at work In America whic:b, if allowed to con-
tinue, wall undemHne the pillnrs of the temple of our eiviJization.
l'hclje m·c f('d hy encrnics ot popula r, free, government and
institutiom1. The Ku Kl ux Klan is a protest again.st
thea forces and a resoh·e to seeure our American fnstitution.t
unto our children forexer.
'rile Autho1· Ainoorely hopes t hi$ wo1·k will make a contribu-
tion to real Amorlconlom, to American Proti)Otant lsm, and tto.t
It may do•'flop U\o po.trioto! in our land.
Youn in the faith,
C. LEWIS FOWLER.
Atlant.., GL, July I I. 19"2' .!.
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A n R.itJat• . _ _ . . . . . , ~
.,
C. LEWI!I POWLBA
Tullio nf ComcnlS
I, 'J'ht Ku Khut 1\ lll.n .. -··· • . ......... N ...... - . ..... . . .... ..... . . . . . . ... . - . . . ... - '1
"" Origin - ·- ·····--- .. ···-· 'l
b or.·• IUv..tn.tiTe Stories ----·---- --·· ·- 8
( • II.$ 1dfo-*li ·n\ , •.. _, .. ,,_, __ ,,,, .... - .................. ,_,,,,.,,.,, ... 10
d. Mlo'lflJei sm . .................................. ,_ ........................... -............... .. 11
n. Wbat nu. Rett13rbWe Ttti.Jt,r! .. ,__ ----·-12
a. l l DK'C... Combinett. ()irerd.8 Pr'Ote$t.a.ntl- ..... -------·-
lJ, All OU1eNt .............. , ·············-····-:- ---·-·-·"'"'' '"'''" "''''' '
A SJJirlt ua) 1\I<I\'Cn\e:lt......... .. ................... - ....................... , •..•.••••
d. A ('om·ktion --------·-·
UL Stpsraliem vr Church •nd State .. - ... ......... --··- - ------..
IV, H1111 l hP. • NGti\'e Bom. Wlti:te Manhood or America a
Ul r ht ll) OtKanhe l11to• :l tl.f.,vement Such AJt. tM Ku Klux KJ.an ! .. lG
V. s•"' Wbi-te. N• the a.:Anbood of Amertea
Orl{a!lir;e a Such AI the K.v Kl ux Klan1 .... - .... ,_ ........ 17
a. •rnc N<rnroCJi Are Or golofr.od ...................... ,, .. _, ...... ....... 18
b. The Jew- Organized .,,_.,______ _ ···-·-·· ...... -20
Rmne (hcaniud --· ---- -- -------··-..23
VI. TWo Tl•eoritt (Jf Govt!rnmt nt in Dead))' ContlieL ............. .. ........... 24
n. Tbe Detnl)(: rllotit .......... - .......... - ... , .... _ ......... _ .... _ ._2$
• • F,...OO... of S)><ffh and P>oa - ---·..2<
t. 1'lle C.Utitutioaal Gu.rant.M ..... - ....... ---------·-·---- !:7
d. Jefl'c, ·ton'a Deftnltion.s and Axiom• of Sodety ................ 28
o. IJncol•1'• DeftnltiOflt ••. .-.............. _,, .. , ... _ ........................................ 30
t. \\'e.Mel PhilliP'•
a. Kut'• -·------ ----....... - .. - ....... 31
h. of Chun:h and SLo.t.t.. ........................................................... 31
I. Popular Secular BdoeaUon ............................... - ........... .._ ......... $;3:
J. Prtildtnt Crant'a __ _
VU. of tht: R.ou\an Cathoolle HierarthT·- --··· .................... _ ,._ .. ..$7
a, Preoclt>m of Speeeh, Pro111 and AU6Jnbly ............ 39
b. PIWI IX Ye.tl!WI The TbtorY·- ---·-·· _ .... -40
c. Xln Ve.nMU America Demouade Ideal ·--- • •
d. n.. Podtion Pluto L ... --- ··-·-· .. - ···- ·- ·-.... - ................... 4.2
e. Paroc.ldal . ...... - .................................................... .............. 44
f . The Rtal for Their Ettabllahment ____ ___ .. __ u
\'Ttl. O.n &ud WUI tb! Kv. IUux Klaa Aecomplbh 'lb. TaH: Whiell She
Uu Se&. For HerMit! - - - --- - ·---·---- - - .. -·-- ·- - --.............. .$1
•· Tbt American UnJversity ................... _.,_ .................... ..G3
b. The Lecture BurtllU.---·-------- .. - - --· 6.4
.. • ...64
4. Ou• Sd»ol Tot lhoob ·--·-·-··--··--·-- -····- -····-·-···--··-·5$
THE KU KLUX KLAN
ITS ORIGIN, MEANING, l>URPOSE AND SCOPE OF
OPERATION.
The Invisible Empire Knights of the Ku Klux Klan is the
most remarkable movement of modern times. You will observe
that I use the term "movement." lllany people are in the habit
of t hinking of the Ku Klux Klan as a great, mystical, if not
mythological fraternity. It is strange and weird. But it is in-
finitely more than that: It is an expression of a great nation's
thought stirred by a conse:iousness of the presence of wrong.
This movement is remarkable for many reasons.
It is remarkable i.n its origin. No movement in the his-
tory of the world was ever born as was · this one.. It it an ef ..
feet, which, in tum, strange as it may seem, has become a &reat
world cause. The Ku Klux Klan was born in the most strenuoaa
period of American history, the period of Southern. Reconstruc-
tion.
.Let me paint tor you a pieture which wUI at once make clear
the origin of the movement, arul also .. t fol'th the logical metll-
ods which grew out of it.
1 see them now: General Robel'! E. Lee, than whom no
finer gentleman, no braver sOldier. no truer no greater
man was ever born; and by his side. General Ulysses S. Grant,
another soldier, patriot and statesman. The occasion was tbe
surrender or I..ee and t he Southern Confederacy to the over-
powering forces of the Union. The final words had been spoken.
the war between the States had eome to an end; swords had been
placed in their scabbards never to be drawn 104rain, and iiJDS and
other aceoutmnenta of war were now useleS$ except as relica
of the strangest struggle of the world's history. General Lee
had spoken to his army;. he baCl looked into facea of, thousand•
of them as they wept like children, their hear:ta breakinJ
the Lost Cause. Hungry, d*"uraged, poverty atricken,
these so.ldiers or the Soutb tumed their faees homeward, to their
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mothtn, and who had been wre3tlinz with
poverty and exhaustion of all rHOUKe&. The« wen nevt r
b....U as these in the world's history. They went back to th.etr
homea now in po'-ertr. horltl, catUe. sheep. pigs and eve rythlftl'
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e. and above all, their wealth IOdlt in the freedom of the alaveo.
These men who had for four years fought with a bravel'J'
that challenged the admiration or the world now turned their
tho.,.hta to the rebuilding of their homes, their farma, their
fortunu and their civilization. For a little while everythin,r
worked well. And t-hen a dark cloud arose, a carpet-bagger cloud
led by political mountebanks and uooked men, eealawap who
aol only wished, but dared to crush the life of these noble aouth·
ora rMn and women, and to put in their stead for leadenhlp of
the people the recently emancipated i!lave..
In a few montha lime all law had been abrogated. TheN
was no law. The legiolature of South Carolina was made up
wholly of n("groes ; iJ["norant ex-:alaves were made aheritf, COD•
otable. magistrate, and were given entire eontrol of the polltl·
cal and legaJ 1ife of various counties. Pandemonium rei.rned
everywhere. Obedient. docile, industrious slaves of a few month•
before, through t he agitation of crooks and demagogueo, and by
the use of whiskey Wt!re turned into demon&. These black men
who • few months would have died to protect the wom.,.
hood of the southland, men who du.ring the four years of the war
did protect the womanhood of the oouthland, were, like rueo-
oua beul4 of the jungle, bellowing for blood. Fear and d-ra.-
tlon aciJed the people; no home wu oafe; bamlliation, cliagnco
and eorrow eovered the earth like the waters cover the au.. 'nle
Federal soldier stood guanl ovtr the negro and protected the ear-
J>tt.b&Krer and the ocalawag. nope was gone.
It was nt " time like this that the Ku Klux Klan was born.
Tl>o other picture is • • follows: In a beautiful little city of
North Carolina the ••·•loves were put into power. The aherll!
ot the was n and dangerous nerro: he had
around hun a large number of free men who, tired by whlake,J,
the cnrpet-banen and acalawap. wen! mad for apoil for po.
aition, for dominion and rulenhip. The oheritf and hooeh·
meo coneeived the idea of I'OIIallna all the wealth ot tho coUDt,o
ao, upoo a <erWn night, he called together hia htDChmen ...d
Ia the .,..., &mall houro of the night they assembled 111 the :..n.,
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of a famous old colonial home, a home sold by Coree from under
a family of culture and wealth, and then occupied by the sherift'.
After leng1hy di&eu51ion these men entered into a solemn oath,
ADd bound themselveo to maasacre several of the leading famUiea
of the county, with the understanding that all of their property
be coo.fiscated and divided among themselves. This solemn oath
was written out and signed In their own blood.
It happened. however, that there were klanamen in tb-
day•, and their eyes were open to an the mischief maltintr move-
menta. One of these noble men was In this seeret conclave in
these houn.
Before daylight the next morninr the Exalted Cyclope of
the county had all the details of that meeting, and by dayllcht
couriers were speeding upon the highway u fast u the fleetest
footed horaea could carry them. Their message to Klansmen of
adjoining countieo was, "Meet at a eertaln ford on the river at
sundown tonight!"
Dauntless men rode that day; and by sundown, from tho
north., the aouth, the east and f.rom the west came men whOM
hearts throbbed with love of home, country and civilization. And
u darkne83 came on, hundred& of robed horses whose feet were
mutned, fell into line and moved to the city. Ridinr sincle rue
these brave men surrounded the toWll ADd the aherill's home.
makinll a cln:le complete. Then they rode two abreut, maldnr
a circle complete, until they rode four abreast. Then a whlaUe
aounded, ADd the hundreds of men were u silent aa death. They
iismounted. And In the stillnees of the and tho solemnltJ
ot the hour, ten separate numbers were caUed,- for in the Ku
Klux Klan no name was ever called. TheBe ten numbers repr.
aented ten noblemen, ten couraroous, truo and tried sons of tho
Old South, aons of tho greateat arlstoc:rac:y the world ever !mow,
knights, patriots, soldiers, an.
The men responded, and the spokeeman of the occasion gave
the following instructions: "Go Into the house, and bring me the
aheriff."
They went in and searched the house, but the sheriff was
nowhere to be found. They returned and ao reported.
The inatruet:!ona then were: "Go to the !root door, enter
it, turn to the flrat door to the put back the carpet, open
the trapdoor, go into the cellar, and brlnr me the sherllr." ...
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1'he order wns obeyed, und in fi ve minutes the sheriff atood
the mo$t my.steJiouJS bod,t of rnen the wot·ld ever eaw.
P.tmemh<r. will you. that there waa no Jaw at that tim•, that _
the COUI't house did not mean This man was tried by
thesu men. found guitly Uceouse tho docwne.nt was produced
which he had •igned in hi• o••n blood declaring that he would lead
a mob lo mas.o<re the leadinJr white !an>llies o! the coonty. The
next morning a riff dangled (rom a limbo( a t'l'ee in the court
hous.c yard. 1;- I'Om that dny until this, peace D.nd safety have
ever l'l!f;ned in aU that region of No1·th Carolinn.
Who is l.he man of U1ia age and generation who will say
thelf! men did wr(mg! They wouJd not. do more: they could not
do legs, 'l' oday the world bows to do them honor.
So ch·ilization hung in the chivalry v.·as rece.iving
It$ 5upttmest k'st; for howcvtr dark thf! days o! war may have
bce.n, these M Reoonst1·ueUon wero the dnrkcst day.s of all
i.n tJ1c hifi tcwy or Men's soula were tried. Every-thlng
that w .. holy, good and worU> wbile in the South was about to be
d""troytd. The"" m•n resorted to the only remedy, and the ap-
plication of t.he rcn1edy was swift and successful.
I deelnre to you t hat the •pirit of the Ku Klux Klan In its
be&'lnnlnc i$ the oame spirit that predomiDatea It today_ The
opirlt and f'\li'POOO of the Ku Klux Klan have always been one;
the application ond melhod.t alone are ditrerent .
'l' hb movemont is alJO remarkable for ita IDEAL!$!. It
pth.,.. up into ltaclf aU tho holy t>aditlons, hopea, aspirations,
dream•, pul"J)C)Se• and the !olth o( the An,So-Saxon and Protes-
tant fathers. It iJo not sordid, and it d<Xl8 not work for paltry
pelf; Mr will it aell out for gold. Ita idealisln b born in a pa.s-
alon to free man from aU wrongs, prejudioes and unriibteous
o.surpotlona of power. It works where all others have failed or
are fJaillnr ; it l'eoovnit.es God's law as 1f God has made
a man while the hovil!ible Empire would not make him blatk or
haiC-black. Cod's right to erute tbo raees and to
oet their bounda It bows to God'a plano and reverently follows
where He loads.
It nloo recognil<l$ the ri;ht of aU men to be free. It protecte
with all Ita !SOul apinat any and aD eneroaeluneJ>ta, be they po..
lltical, ocdeoiastical or soelal upon any and all the Institutions
o( f,...dom which hovo eome to Hower and glory In the Unil<ld
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States of America. It drerunA ot
0
,...,. nation in which .. oh and
••<rY iJ'Idlvidual ohall enjoy •litho rirht$ of our aaoffil conaUtu-
hon. It will die that men may be tree.
This movement, Kntghta ur the Ku Klux Klan la also remark·
able l>ecause ot Ill MYS1'ICISM. IL is hurd for the unlnit.iated to
underst.ruo<l or apprtdate iu l l$ myltoriea an only
und.,.-stood by tit- on 1"- lla belmot. &hroud, IIH7
cl'03s, and other emblems and 1ymbola are each prot011Ddl7 alp
t\cunt, and is the Ntpression of the hithe&t pntrlotlam, the most
aubUme devotion to the rirht •• God ahall lead men to know it
and see It, to be found anywhere in the world Somehow It ear-
rleo with It an aLtnO«pbere or wamiJ11' to the unrirhtoout and to
the l>ad, and to the It carries with It an intplration
to all true and noble men. It is at on«' a cltalleiiJO and a warn-
Ina. It cl\allenaH thepUN,JMiriotic,llneere- or America; but
It le a eelemn warnlni to the bad, the dcsip inr. the unsc:rupu-
lou!S demniOll:uc.
I t It my purpoec now to anawer oa clearly and as deflnltely
aa 1 know, severo! questions that 111turally arlit with reference
lo t.his movement. The quHtion I desire to &lk .. and. answer.
lo:
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WUAT IS THIS REMARKABLE TUJN(;?
Primarily. I will s;•y that the Invisible Empire Knights 0:
the Ku Klux Klon i• a mo,·ement that ELICITS, COMBINES an<
DIRECTS the white. • Protestant, Gentile manhood 01
America. II not only elicits and these men, but direct!
them. It is to be seen, therefore, U1at the membership or this Of\.
,.aniz.ation i• both exclusive and inclusive, aDd that it il militant
In its operotion. It elicits, combines and directa Prot.utants.
It includes aU who al'(!: native-born, and who
are of the Protestant faith. It .. eludes all who are not white
nHm. who • not natlve--bom, and who are not Protestants.. It
ellminatu the negro; and yet the Ku Klux Klan is not anti·
nOJrf'C); it •imply eliminates him from Ita membership. It elim-
ln•tes all men or eolor, be they men of the African n«, Mon-
JOiian race or Malay race. Thia Ia an organization of white meu
for pui'J)Ofrf'.t that eonge.nial to white men.
It eliminates the Roman Catholic, beeause all Catholics owe
lheir tirat allt'!gianee to a foreip eccltsiastical power. have
-and can not have a first aUegianee to our ftag; they are not
and ean not be true Catholics and 100 per cent Americans.
The Ku Klux Klan does not deny the riaht to 8:ny man to be
A Roman Catholic if he wants to be one, to kiM the toe of the
Pope i! he ""'"'• to do that, or pradice any other of the thou-
oand unthinkAble thing& accepted by they have a right
to WOI'!;hip no they pleaao. But it refuses to take into Its mem-
bel'lhip in a fraternal way such men, believinr that to do so
would be detrimental to all 0<1r buUtutiona of liberty, the sub-
nmoat aehie\'l'lllents of the human race up to this time.
This movement al8o excludes the Jew, because he fa not an
Antlo-Saxon, beeause he does not aeeept the !undamentala of our
Protestant faith, becaiiM! he doea not aeeept Jesus Christ as·the
Son of Cod. In fael, the Ku Klux Klan excludes from Its mem-
ll<!r•hip aU n>cn who arc not in sympathy with and in harmony
with those fundarnentallnstitutiona ot liberty whith difterentlate
us from all other nationa of the earth. America is a Protestant
nation; her institutions are Proteatant institutions, and Protes-
tAnt men muot and will dotend them and conserve them unto pOs-
terity at any price.
. Tbe Ku Klux Klan Is also a SPIRITUAL movement, for it
r>••• expre .. lon to the highest spiritual ideals of the race. It is
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almost a new religion [n the minds of eome. But I haaten to say
that it is not a new religion, but is an expre8$lon of the old-time,
heaven-born, heartfelt, Holy Spirit religion of 011r fa.
thers. Its spirit was given birth in the old-time Camp meotina;s
of the South, in the 8:"""1 rerival.s t hat ha,·e atirred the nation
oln<:e the days of its founding. It is an of real, deep,
spiritual experiences that have foUDd a place in the lh·es of free
men.
The Invisible Empire, Knight.a of the Ku Kl""' Ktau, is also a
mighty CONVICTION, a conviction that lies deep In the eon-
8Cienecs of tree n'en, a conviction that will take no denial. It iJ
a conviction that Protestantism mean& something to the world.
It believes that Roman Catholicl1m is both a menace and a curse;
it belie,·es Utat 000 has set white men to be t.he leadel'S of this
world; it that it il a crime to mix the races by inte.nnar.
riage: it bclievet tllat God set the bounds of tho rnecs, nnd it
also believes t hat the Protestant lnstitutions which differentiate
America from any of the otl1er nations or the earth l\re better
than othe1'11, and it resolves to give these principles of freroom
io all men C\'erywbea'C.
THE KU KLUX KLAN AND THE LAW
,The Ku Klux Ktou·has been variously described as a "Tar
And Feather" crowd, as ''Mid-nirht Riders," aa "Terrors To All
Common Deceney" and many other stranre: and unthlhkblo des.
i,gnations.
Let u• now turn the whit.> light or truUI upOn this rc·
markble !or the truth must be burnod into the mind
of every red-bloodod American citiuo. I make the foll owing
atatement unequivoc..'llly, thnt a Klam1man however humble may
be his walk in life, io n better citizen and has a higher regw·d for
law and 01-der thnn any ot.l10r man in all the world, who hna, not
passed through 1hnilar experiences, to those which bnvc l>ecome
a part of his life and thought. Now let as that statement.
t see him no\V, the earne:s.t American cit:izA!n, entering tlle
Klavern that he may enter into sacnld nnd holy relationship
with his bl'llthren. He approaches an altar as the room ia dark-
<mod. Upon this altar the American flag Ia spresd before him,
upon this fiag the living Word ot 000 resta. The Holy Book is
open at Romans the Xll Chapter. This earnest citizen bows hil
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kntX'S befo
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·c thl! nJtnt' and t.hcu looks up into the "low of tllO
m)'lteriow "Fiery Croas'' an at once of the
and duth or hi• Lord. nnd or tho los:ht or the world. Thl5 .......
glow• with ,. briOianc)' and signitieanee thAt he has not realized
bdo·re. To hla: left anothf:r flag is mouoted nnd her Mercd folds.
rn.p about him M he places his left hand upon hie: heart and
rai.ftiN h.b rhtht h;lnd to and assunloet a thriee bindiDJ'
OAih in "'hieh he pledtreo himoeiJ fore\·er to support the laws of
the city, the and the n:ltion. Mortal man hns ne,·er 8.3-
aunled a more solemn 01· saercd oath. From lhat moment the
k,.n..unan I• bound br hi• oath to •upport the Government and
the Constitution or the United States. He has sworn to pl-
hla n:lJt, his eountry, his Govcrnmen4 nbo-.·e any government
or power. political or ccclcsiMtic"J in all the world. He pledges
hi1 life. hiM property, and hi5 tACred honor to forever protect
and to perpetuate the Prot:cstant lnstituUons of this country,
for all our in Amcricn nre Protestant. Please do
not !ell nh} Umt any mnu who t 1·:Wt.
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l$i thi!J road is not one of the
noblt-st, most d"pe-ndnblt'\ tnll'. nnd useful titizen.s to be found
m our c:ountf')·.
Again ssuut.• upon his knoos a tht·ieo
binding oath, in which he pfcdge3 himseH Lo the protection of
tht American I lome. and the sandily or American won,an.·hood.
Thus he would protect the foundations or our civiliZAtion and
the OOginninsr of nU law and order. He 3wears that ho wm pro-
tcc;t. Am<'l'icnu wonum-hood from U1c advnnccs o-t unscrupulous
men, who would ' •iolatc her swet"tne.'iS of girl-hood and eha.,ity
or
A.loroo,·er this Mtne uoblcmnn swcan that he wUI defend
tho princiJ>Ieo of ••t11bliolled Liberty; the unhampered ris:hb of
wol'llhip: lhe treedom or the preao; juolla"'a; the
unhampered freedom or eonsciencc and mind; American public
Khool& and nil other Constit.utional rightA, which have been
q1wnthcd lo U8 in t-llC blood of our fatheJ'8,
This nobl<'lllan. with milliona of othen like him, belim•e
that the inuitutJona of the United States ""' Prot .. tant jJUij.
tutiOII$. Our go\' trnrncnt was b«1ueathed to us thJ'Ough the
And aufferinr of our Protestant lathers. Be pledges
blnuclf to protect thil heritage, nnd any and all other of tho
-""' in•tilutlons "'hieh ha\'e been handed down to ua from the
put. Thuo he tnkeo hla •t.•nd ror those pl'ineiples nnd instltu·
..
tions '''hieh differtntiates us from any and aH the other nations
of the world and from any and all and fraternal ordera
i n t he world. America, roeked In the cradle of Liberty and
Jigioua f,_.jom made by broad minded Protestants, is different
r rom ally other country in the world, Md it is a better Go\'orll·
mc nt than any other Government dedicated to by the n...-ow
vl8ioos of ecelesiastical bigots and popish autocrata.
It Is to these glorious sentiments, these lofty principles,
that c&eh and every ·Klansman has sternly pledged his devotion,
in an unalterable and serious dete.rminntion, which makes him
a. pntdot today and forever.
Klan&mnn beleives that n dual Government is impossible,
thnt no individual or body of men within the bounds of our
Government ean justly or in any other way take the law into
their own hands. A Klansman wUI not take the life of a traitor
or of traitors by mob law. A Klan.sman eannot violate the law.
He is oath bound to support conot itutional laws. He will help
and will cause to be prosecuted any 11Uln who violates
the lnw and wiH cause to be punished a.ny m.an who is a traitor to
his country.
Tt is a fact tMt the GO\'Ctnment enn depend upon Kiana·
nutn when it cannot depend upon others. Wives may trust their
husbands who kneel at the sacred altar and before the Fiery
Crose or the Klavern. may trust thelr sons who pasa
this way and sweethearts may trust their love·rs who have sut-
llclcnt courage. chivalry ancl patriotism to PAS3 this '•tay. Ot
auch men naiJons are built. Such men are the hope and the
leadcra of the world. Such men beeomo the foundation of all
law and order. At this hour they """ the hope of Americs and
America is the hope of the world.
Let us mention a few or these fundamental institutions of'
P1'0toetant freedom:
u
OF CHURCH AND STATE.
This aacred institution cost the lives ol m.illloos of mea. aad
OODturios of sUQule on the pert of the whiu peOple of the
earth. It Ia a ehild or Protestantlam. A free ehun:h iD a fiW
auu II the oaly ooluUon of the question, and such men aa leffer-
oon, Hamilton, Lincoln and Woodrow Wiloon have again aad
qaiD ahown to the ..-orld tho pried- value or this poaitlon.
The other Institutions a ... : FREEDOM OF SPEECH,
FREEDOM OF THE PRESS, RI GHT OF PUBLIC ASSEJMBLY
AND OP PETITION and FREE UNIVERSAL EDUCATION
FOR TilE WORLD. All of tho Institutions which from tho day
·Of tht Dedaration of lndeponde- have ad us aport and djft'e,..
from other nAtions or the world, are to ua. and
we will clle for them It I>Hda be.
The Ku Klox Klan btlic, ... that th- instillltiOns COMII•
luta the hope of the .... rld. poliUeally. morally. and ,..
lftloualy, and they have set themselves to interl)ret them, and
ruard thom unto death.
POLITICALLY thla moventent il not n party, but depends
upon honest, intelligfllt, infonned men mo,,;t\g In solid pholanx
at the ballot box .. the hope or the nation. These men. tho,..
ton, will at the ballot box battle not for party, but !or principle,
and they propose to put men who a.. 100 per cent American In
chuse or the atr&ira or the nation. and to see that theeo men
are true to the principles for which we stand. Thla
takea the sli.Dd that no man 'll'llo Is not a Protatant. and
fore not In favor of our American, Proteatant iDstiwtiona """ be
100 per .. nt American. Otbua may bt loyal men, in a way,
and very patriotic: but a 100 per .. nt American ia a man or
woman who bdievea io our dlatinct.lve American institution•
which ore Protestant bllSIItution•. and aubecribes to thono unto
duth.
Fc·om the standPOint of Law thit n<markablo mov•mcnt dooa
not pn<sume to be the Law or ever to becon1e the Law. It Ia the
ftrat in tho land to -be the La• and dedieata all of Ita
pcrorua 1mlo the maintenance of Jaw and order. It alanda baek
of tho Pnoaident of tht United Stata, of CoQPtSB. of tht Su·
preme Court. of p-emors of the atatH, sheriffs of the counu..,.
and POii<lemen. and awura an everiutlor to them aad
loyalty to them in belpior to auwr- tho '""""' and maJntain
thori,tcL
••
SOCIALLY, t his movement is an association of kind. It io
a coming together of men who think alike, men who liave like
political and religious experiences. They recognize the fact that
God has made men different one from another, and has set their
bounds, and that it is wrong to break down what God has forever
established.
This movement is also a remarkable FRATERNITY. Ita
rituaJ is the most beautifol, the most sublime, and the most in·
spiring in the world. It has in it all that those who love ritual
may enjoy. It bas the element of instruction for all, and an in·
spiration that can not be found anywhere else except in a· Klavem,
where such noblemen assemble. It satisfies the. social and other
instincts of men.
Finally, let me say, with great force, that the Invisible Em·
pire Knights of the Ku Klux Klan is not an .. ANTI" organization.
It is not "ANTI" -anybody or anything. It is positively and fol'
ever a j(PRO" organization. It stands for Ametica, for Ameri-
cans, and Americans for America. It does not: work against any
one; it works for those who have the first rights in this great
land of ours. It has distinctive convictions with reference to
immigration, and is jealous of all the sons and daughters of
America, deS<:endants of the fathera who purchased this nation
with their own blood. It stands for all our distinctive American,
Protestant institutions; it stands for them with a deJinltenesa and
a po!lltiveneiS/l that the world can not mistake or fail te under-
&tand.
The second question l·wish to answer is:
' 17
BAS THE PROTESTANT, NATIVE-BORN, WHITElllANliOOI>
OF AMERICA A RIGHT TO ORGANIZE INTO
A MOVEMENT SUCH AS THE
KU KLUX KLAN!
.My answer to thfe question is that the Constitution of th<r
United Statos grants unto aU citizens the right of Public Aa-
sembly, Fne Speech, and the right to orranize !or Religioua.
Political, Social and Fratemal Jt also granta the right
to all to select the company in the organization& with
which they cast their lot. No man has tho right to question or
try to hinder tile citizenry of this nation fo religious, political,
social fnaternal ol"pDi.zationa. The Ku Klux Klan probably
covers more rround than any other political, accial, religious or
!111ternal organization in America; for tho movement, while ft
is primarily a secret, fraternal order, is at the ume time re-
UJIOU3. IClCial and political. The Constitution of the nation Ia
therefore back of it, and sustains ft. When the Constitution of
tho n11tion speaks, let every tongue forever he silent.
But there are those who contend that the membership of
the orpnization is too exclusive, and that for that reason it
should he 1uppressed.
anawer is, that all religious, social, political and fra•
ternal organizations In America are both INCLUSIVE and EX·
CLUSIVE in their membership. Ma..onry Ia both iocluaive and
exclusive, both as to color, faith and moral Quality. The Roman
Catholic organization known as the Knights of Columbua, is ex-
doaive. Who ever heud of a Proteataot man having mtmhershi,p
In the Knigbt:a of Columbus?
The Jewa have thei.r organization, ""crot, military, and all
but despotio-the B'nal B'ritb. Do you suppose a Gentile could
aaln membership in t hat organiutlon?
Even our ehurehea are inclusive and exclusive in their
berahip.
The Ku Klux Klan includes all white, native-bam Protea-
tant Americana; it exdude.s ail others. In thla the Co111titution,
even in ita spirit, is not violated.
But there it another question that b.u Olitated the miDda
of a rrut many, and 1 wlah with all eameatoeu and
to answer tW. que•tion once and for all. The qlle8tion Is:
II
SHOULD THE WIDTE, NATIVE-BORN, PROTESTANT
MANHOOD OF AMERICA ORGANJZE A MOVEMENT SUCH
AS THE KU KLUX KLANt
The aii$Wer to this question Ia of national and even ot world-
wide im,portance; hence we ean not deal with the matter light-
ly, but ohould all&Wer it with oil oeriousness and honesty. I shall
thus try to adswer the question.
But before we take up the· matter directly of the
for thi.s organization, I wish to call your attention to the faot that
In this nation of there are three great segment s of our po&>-
ulation organbed into powerful and purposeful secret f•·aternl -
tiea. These fraternities are clannish, and their aims are definite.
FrRST. Ten millions of our negro people are organized into
secret fraternities. They are orranized along definite linea and
for definite purposes. I shaD not stop to dweU on the report
that they are organized, a IIUI,jority of them, by memben of the
Roman Catholic church, who acting in secret, are endoavoring to
create (or the eause of Roman Catholicism a great force to be
used in the time of need. Thi• n!port is very signilicant. We
hope this report is untrue tor only sorrow could come ot it.
Archbishop Ireland said not many years ago, "We can hove
the United States in ten years, and I want to give you three
poinl3 tor your consideration, the Indians, the Negroes and the
common schoolS."
Roman Catholicism In Ame•·iea is obeying its leadership In
Ito attempt to organize the negroes of the country in behalf of
Rome.
Let ns suppose for a moment that the purposes of theoe
netrro organizations of the eountry were carried out. What ,.-ould
be the n!8ult t I make baste to aay that if the purposes of these
orsranization.s were executed tomorrow our nation would be
plunged into min. This i! not a country to be ruled by the nea-ro
raee. It is a white man's country, and will forever be so. God
haa sot tho bounds of the negro race, and every instinct of his
being, and every espaelty thnt he knows do not and can not quali-
fy him for leadership of the Anglo-Saxon rac._
For 6000 years the negro walked over the diamonds of Kim-
berly and the i<>ld of Ophir, but he never pofisbed a diamond,
nor dld be ever convert gold into coin. For 6000 yeara he walked
teneath the finest trees of the planet, IUld yet he never produced
an lnatrument with whlcb to fell one o( them, or to convert one
of them into lumber for the building of a howse. For 6000 yean
the nepo awam the great atreaml of the earth, and yet he never
produced a canoe or ship with whlch to navigate one of theee
11
alnama. He is one of the oldest ,_. of the earth, yet DOt a
lingle invention of importance haa he added to the dvlllzatlon
o( the world. Rewera of wood, and drawera of water,.-thil Ia
hlo destiny.
The Dei1'0 of l.be United States are orpn!Hd for
eoclal equality: but ooeial equality 11 impossible.,tor it preaup.
po..,. amalgamation of lhe two,...,..._ I know of uo crime a,alnat
dvlllution that oould t.. (1Uter than to attempt to destroy the
,_. u Cod Almigbty baa produced them. The glory of the
negro raoo i& ond Is to be In its own Identity, and not In Ita m.ix·
lure with the other of the earth. The negro race can not
t.. abaorbed by l.lle for one-tighth negro and oeven-
el&'htlla is otuile to the and can
not prod-. And even wltb thll proportion of
blood thne io an inevitable reveralon to type, by which Cod Al-
mighl)' uya, "Tbus far abalt l.bou 1'0. and no Not
oaly lo - judgmoot apl...t 1\ld\ a thing, but the IMib>eta
of the AnrJo.Saxon race are fore1•er behind 11. Here araln God
hu 8ft the bounds. Even the odor of the negro is objoctlonable
In all dimateo and at all Urnes to the All the in-
oUnet.o. hopeo, purposes, and racial ambitions are dilferent: there
Ia nothing In oommon which oould ever recommend or t urrest
socl•l equality.
At U.e dooe of the rreat world war two Dei1'0 iOidMra were
retuming from France. When they eame into New York harbor
they were thinking serioully and fut, "Will our expe.Woeea at
home t.. dilluent from what they han t..en in the -' r They
load beta opoiled by the - of the lower world in Fr.- They
....,.. cominr beck to Protestant. Amuie., and were
l'rtAily di$turbtd in thclr thinking. One boy &aid to the other:
"8iU, wh•n Y<>a git olf da here ahip an' set. yore fMt on
American ooil, •hat is you JW!ne to do!" Bill replied:
"When I git off dis hCI11l ahlp, nnd sets my feet on American
toil, I'm iwlne to buy me a tine wltfle suit, white sockt. white
lh-. while tie. white hat, and I'm pine down town an' r!t me
a pretty white pl, an' I'm .,.me to walk right down Broadway
with her. What you pine do, Sam t" Sam replied:
"\Y.U. whea I pta olf dil here ahlp. an' ...U my feet on
AmHican ooil, 1•., pine doWD town an' boar 1M a black ault,
block ooclc$. black ohoeo, black tio. blaek hal, git ll<lme crepe an'
10
tie il around my ann, an' nino., I'm GWINE TO YORE FU-
NERAL."
I W.ten to this negro's "'ply aa it echoes and ..,.ech..,.
around this nation, and ask this question, was this lone nerro
boy, speakinl for himself only, or was he interpreting a nation'a
conscience. The fact is, he was speaking for every white man In
America, he was interpreting America's ideals. No, &<>eial equal-
ity will never be in this world until crepe hangs on the doorknob
of heaven and it is officially announced that God is dead, and tho
bounds of the nations have been forever obliterated.
The Ku Klux Klan is not opposed to the negro, but ia the
nowed friend of the negro. And in hia place in the nation, it he
ia olean. honest and industrious tho ll<lJTO will always 6nd a helP-
ing band.
SECOND: The Jews of the nation,-and no man knows
1\ow many there are in America,-have organized into n rreat
.. cret and powerful, purpnS<Jful fraternity, B'nsi B'rith. Do you
suppose for a moment tfwt this organization operate-s in the in-
te.•est of American institutions, Cree speech, free press, free
public schools, separation o! church and state? The fact is, the
Jewa are not, never have boon, and never will be interested In
thou things. But they have a powerful organization thal can
t ouch and direct every Jew in the nation in four boors time. Tbls
meana something.
Let na aU])SIOM for a moment that tbo purposes of thia or-
pn!zation ue carried out in tbla nation, or let u.s sup- that
tho idealiam of the Jewa was carried out in thia country. I can
not tbJnk of a greater calamity that could befall our country,
for tbe Jew is not inten>sted In civilization aa we have made lt.
He baa had but one passion, one goal, and one int ere11t,-gold. lie
is not int<>reJrted in our instltutJons .
••
·,
JEWRY UEBER ALLES!
"IT IS AT HAND: IT IS AT THE GATES!"
The leading device of the Jew !or destroying the Gentile
civilization is the old fonnula of "divide et impera."
A close study of the Gentile characteristics shows to the lew
that they have a passion for liberty, and t heir rulers are infatu-
ated enough to believe that a can be ruled ·and allowed
liberty at the same time. Rule "of the people, by the people, for
the people" is, in the idea of the Jews most appalling nonsense,
utterly impracticsble and OPPOsed to all national There
fore t hey say, "Let the doctrine of liberty be used to destroy
liberty." Preach liberty and liberalism; destroy all authority;
bring all Presidents, Kings, Rulers, and all occupying places of
authority, into contempt.
Then they discuss the means to attain this end; Preas and
money; fomentation ot class hatred ; discord and hatred between
nations, districto, POlitical and social organizations; stirring up a
world-wide strife, strikea, etc. All the world must be made sick
and weary and to cry tor peace and order; t hen preach general
disannament of nations and individuals, retaining only a fair-
sized International armed POlice, over which the Jewish domina-
tion would obtain the real control.
After a short period of comparative quiet, they plan a' re-
newal of outbreaks, of agitation, strikes, etc., leading to shortage
of food and ftnally to financial panic and crash. The whole world
is to be thrown into unutterable confusion. All business is dis-
located; aU national life destroyed; rumors and terror are to be
abroad everywhere. Theo by a concerted claque through the
press, and by means or mob orators in all countries, an
tiona! Committee is to be called for to restore order and credit,
and the delegates from all countr ies are to be members of Jewish
organizations or their nominees. ·
This Jew Committee will assume a dictator-s powers, nomin-
ate its own functionaries everywhere, and ruthlessly suppress
wery sign of revolt, and inaugurate a reign of. t error against all
who oppose its mandates. It is to rapidly, however, order,
credit and national life.
Then comes the Jewish regime. Under it t here is to be com-
plete order, appsrent prosperity and content. All are to be com-
pelled to work, and industry is to be stimulated and production
12
I
lnereaaed. All Ia to be under the organlz.tion and cllrtetion of
Jewish control, and Gentiles are to be used aa managers and
executive.. but never as diroctora. All real power Ia to rema1a
In the hands of the Jews, althouat> it Ia pointed out tbat the&!>-
parent power must be left in tbe hands of the Genti.lt$.
About the year 1925 is Indicated for the consummation of
this COIUIJ'[r&ey.
Thil il the Jewa' plan, the plan of the "Hidden Hand" In the
world today. Beware, Oh, Beware!
I here and now make a charge agalnat the Jews of the world,
namely, t hat the oae dream and the one paasion Is that some-
where In the future a great Jewish klnadom shall be estabU..hed,
and thRt \he wealth of the world shall be taken into it, and
through that kinadom all the nationa of the earth shall he sub.
dued and made to serve.
I ch.nrge that through the "Hidden Hand" 800 Jewish lead·
'"-s ot the world, forty mlllioRI of men wore killed in the areat
wo.rld war; that a hundred billions of money were plundered by
them !rom the bleeding and aulferina nations. I am famUiar
with the methods whereby they would subjugate America
through Pan·Judai8m, Pan-Germanism, Pan-Asiatism, Pan·Ialam·
ism. By the "Hidden Hand," Eugland Ia being blackmai.led and
whipped into line with deel&rations o! rebellion from EsJpt and
India. Japan is whipped Into obedience by Pan-Asiatism and
Pan·lslomlsm. Two powera aro lenient to Pan·Jud'llam, Ru8tlia
.and the United States. Thla Ia why Ruasia was crushed, and
America ia even oow on the brink of a great diaaater. Jewry Ia
_now attempting by the "Hidden Hand" to make ,.red., the n a ~
tions of the earth. Poland, Roumania, Russia, Creeoo, Juro
Slavia, Italy, France are even now in the struggle.
After qoshing and dismantling the Slav countries. the reds
backed by the "Hidden Hand," the Jews will carry war into Italy:
Spain and France. Germany will invade Belgium. Enrland will
oeile the Italian and French neets and airships. The "Hidden
Hand" will then eompel the Angi<>-Bolahevieo-Germano-JapaDC>o
Mexican alliance and will attaek and crush America.
One of the rreat enemlea of America todaY Ia the "Hidden
Hand." This "Hidden Hand" m\lat be periliied and destroyed
at any cost.
Apln I repeat, suppose the purposes of the now existing
..
M"CfCt, clannish, Jewish organi!ation.s were to suooeed in Ameria.
as they are now actually and powtrfully organiud.
Both Bismarek and Dia"""li once aaid: "The world ia eov•
emed by very differtnl forces than those supposed to govern."
There is an "Invisible Government" in the world today. General
Count Spitidovich has gathered a mnaa of infonnation about Jew-
ish operations in the world. He declares that the recent worlct
war wu positively produced by the Jews. The Jews do have a
doflnlto policy with reference to the Christians of the world. lt.
Is written, "All peoples whom Jehovah delivers into the lews•
hands must be eJ<terminated." Sidonia L. Rothschild eaid that
the rule!'$ or this world are a race that has baffled the Pharaoba,
Nebuchadneuer and the feudal ages. 19,000 Jews became mU-
Iion&lrea in the United States durins the recent war. Conninp-
by porcel.-ed that all who yielded to Sidonia Rothschild. wom>
guided by him, and that he has made it a business for yeare
to finance wars. Only 300 men. the "Hidden Hand," holds tho
fate of Europo. Kahn declared that he stot what he wanted when.
he went to the White Hoqse. Paul Warburg revealed to t he Sen-
ate thnt tho money of Kuhn. Loeb & Company financed the elce...
tlon of Roosevelt, Taft and Wilson, and thus secured the support
of the White House. Loeb, Roosevelt'• secretary, declared, "'l'h&
Presld<>nt will do exactly what I tell him to do." Bernard M. Ba-
ruch declared, "I was the most powerful man in America
the war."
The Jews with the Catho!Jea have laid their hancl.a,
upon and are endeavoring to control all the great forceJI of pub-
licity, eurrency and politica in America today. They control tho
Auoeiated Press, nearly all the great dally papors of America,
the great mAga%ines, nesrly all the rreat sehool text hook pub-
li&hlng houses. They would dictate the llnanelallife and destiny
of tho nation. They ha>·e bound and &'l'gi@d the majority of tho
political leaders of our nation and I can not use the sp..., here.
to Indicate the methods of the Jews in dictating international·
relntlonships and to show how the "Hidden Hand" is back of allo
the international entanglement• and world conrusion at tbla hour.
They purpoao to mAke the world "red", and at the proper mo-
ment to snatch from the nations or tho earth the wealth they -
eeso. .
POI'$OnaUy, I stand appalled, u I endeavor to fathom the bot..
tomleas abyss created by Jewry over which the Proteatant all4
Chriatlan world stands today. And tile end is not yet.
M
ROME A MENACE AND A PERIL.
Alain I call your attention I<> the fact that the Roman Cath-
oliea of this nation are powerfully organized in their gNAt
fraternity, THE KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS. Besides this o"'
ranlzation there are many other klndnd, secret. Roman Catholic
orranizations in America. All of ol'fl&lllzations have but one·
the supremacy of the Po)Xl in America, the overthrow·
and dcatruction of all tree and Proteatant inatitutions. It is a fact.
that the Roman Catholic church Ia an enemy of all the aaered'
and holy institutions of thia nation. And it is the p-of
Catholicism to destroy them forever. Rome is forever oppoeed
to American ideals of gove.rnmenL
Rome has in the U. S. only 16,000,000 members out of a
population of 110,000,000. And yet she wishes to dominate in
National State and 1\funicil>"l life. She is secn1tly workine
and Ia succeeding in getting public funda diverted I<> her 011'0
church schools. She is wedging her teachers into our achool
rooms. "Site is listtniflo in" in the haU8 of Congress, in the Sen·
ate offlcos, in Cabinate offlces and has her ear to the ground
listening to everything done or said in America today. Rome
hates every distinctly American lnat.itution. She would destroy
them tomorrow and she is digging under tho pillars of tho tem·
pie of our national life now. And woo be unl<> all Proteotant
people and institutions if we let her pemieioos work continue.
TWO MIGHTY WORLD THEORIES OF GOVERNMENT il'
DEADLY CONFLICT.
Here are some fundamental facts:
Two mighty world theories of government are battling f•
control of this Republic.
They are direct opposites, as unlike as day and night, or •
freedom and slavery.
Both ca.n not suceeeC. Every American must take his sta•
tor one side or the other.
The issue is clear-cut. On the one hand is the fundament
theory of free government voiced in the Declaration of Indepe:
dence, in our Federal Constitution, in the Bills of Right in tl
various commonwealths, and lum.inously set forth by Thomi
Jefferson and other great foundel'$ of our democratic State, •
well as amplified in the theory and pract ices of the progressi •
statesmen and educators who inaugurated the noblest system ,
p u b l i ~ education the world has even known.
The opposing theory is the time honored claim of the Rom•
hierarchy in re-lation to government, POPUlar education, and fre
dom of eon.science, speech, press and assembly,-a theory oftt
termed clericalism, especially in Europe and Latin America, whi
with us it has aptly been characterized as politico-ecclesiastic.
Romanism, and will preS<lntly be eonsidered both in its histor:
traditional and present attitude and assumption.
THE DEMOCRATIC THEORY IN A NUT-8HELL.
The democratic theory of government holds to certain defi-
nite propositions as essential at once to the preservation of free
institutions, the peace of society, and the development and hap-
piness of the individual.
The fathers we,.. fearless innovators who startled ~ h e
thrones, aristocracies and hierarchies of the world by their bold
declarations that the authority of government was derived from
the citizens, who were the sovereign power in the State.
Knowing that the ideal of democracy would be assailed by
every form of despotism, and titat the triple bulwark of oppres-
sion ttad ever been popular ignorance. religious intolerance, and
the prohibition of liberty of speech and press, they determined
to so safeguard democracy as to render possible the presetvution
of the ideals of the Declaration of Independence. To this end
they demanded:
1. Freedom of thought, speech, press and assembly.
Z. Absolute divorce of Chureh and Staw.
8. Popular education of free schools in which no sectarian,
creedal or do1matie theories should be taught .
•••
FREEDOM OF SPEECH, PRESS AND ASSEMBLr.
The buildera of the d<mocrat.ic St.te rea1isecl that tree In
ot.ltutions could never long withstood the attoeks o! privilere aD<
dtspotism in their ever-changing: !orms. unless the people wen
left free to utter their conviction$. unless the press waa w.
p..,..t, and the eitiuns .,.,.. pennitted freo.ly to assemble an<
~ p r e s s their fears, grievances, hopes and aspirations.
They believed that nil fonns or despotism and oppr<!$11011,
religious intolerance, bigotry and dangerous reaction eould bt
oafely left to plot and plan, 60 long •• the genrnment recoc ·
ni:r.<d no creed or faith, on the one hand, and while, on the other
evory man and every prou wa.• left free to ralao the cry ot
alurm and to point out evils as they nrosc.
But the fathers were not content to expnsa their faith LD
f.--lorn in words. They determined to make it a pert of the or-
aanic: law or tlle nation.
21
THE CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEE.
Hence the Constitution expressly declares that:
"Congress shall make no laws respecting an establishment
of religion. or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridging
the fl'<!<)dom of speech or of press, or the right of the people
peacably to assemble and petition the Government for redress of
g_rievanees.."
Later, in resolutions drafted by Jefferson In reference to the
Alien and Sedition laws, the author of the Declaration of Inde-
pendence, after quoting the above Constitutional provision, polnt-
·ed out that the framers of the Constitution thus gusrded "in the
same sentence and under the same. words, the freedom of rel!iion
-of speech .and of press, insomuCh as whatever violates either
<t hrows down the sanctuary which covers the other.u
...
JEFFERSON'S DEF1NITIONS AND AXIOMS OF FREI
SOCIETY.
Jolfuson also luminously stated the democratic theory iD
rard to tht 1>ital importance of guaranteeing freedom not o
a
1
a precious individual right nnd the surest protector of dem
ru.r, but u the only woy by which true prorress, odence •
pure religion could be !0$\A>rtd and conserved. Thua on one
ca•lon he dcclartd that:
"Ruloo and free inquiry are the only elfeetive age
•rainst error." • • • They are the natural enemie. of en
and of error only. Hnd nol the Romnn g()\fernment pennitf
!""' inquiry, Christianity could never have been introduced. H
not free inquiry been indulged at the ora of the Reformation, I
corrnptions or Christianity could not have been purged away.
• • • lt ta ert'Or alone UHtt needs the support of
Truth con otand by itaelf. Subject opinion to coercion: wb<
"ill you make your inquisitors 1 FalUble men; men roverned
hnd passjonA, by privnl.e as well as public l'easons. • • • D
rtrence of oplnion ia advantageous in religion. The several 5eC
pufonn the offiee of a moru• over each other. Is w
fam1ity atlninablc? llliJlions of innocent men, women and ch
dren since the intrnduetion ot Christianity, have been burnt, to
tund, fined, impriloned; yet we have not advaoeed one iDI
towa.rds uniformity. What has been the effect of coercion T 1
support roguery and error all over the earth. • • • Reut
and P<l'lluuion arc the only practicable instrumenta. To mal
ny for these free inQuiry must be indulged; and how can .,
wit'h othera to indulge it whiJe- we refuae it ourselves.*'
Jelferaon resolutely oppooed every attempt to gar, muul
or rutrict freedom of the press, holding that the people, "mo
ufely be t""led to hear everything, true and tnlse, and to !on
a correct judgment from them."
Washinrton,lilce Jeffenon .and other master state&men, fuD
realized that it waa through liberty alone that democracy eoul
be maintaiDed, and that only throurb oternal vlallance in JU&lt
inr apinat reaetionuy foreirn and undemocratic ideals, coul
free be preserved. Thus, in IUs farewell addre.llll, 111
u obaomnr that "interwoven aa i.s the love of liberty with em:
llpment of the heart. no .....,.,.mendation of mine ia necaaar.
10
1-
' '
' '
t '
' '
to fortify or confinn the attachment," he thus appeals to patriotic
Americans.
"Against the insiduous wiles of foreign influences I conjure
you to believe me, fellow citizens, the jealousy of a free people
ought to be constantly awake, since history and experience prove
that foreign influence is one of the most baneful foes of m e r i ~ n
government."
Jefferson's ideal of freedom was admirably ,set .forth in a
letter to Elbridge G<lrry, written in January, 1799, which has
been briefiy summarized in these words:
"Freedom of religion; perfect equality of sects before the
Jaw; freedom of t -he press; free criticism of government by every-
body, whether just or unjust''
••
LINCOl.N'S STilONG ENDORSEMENT OJ> JEFFERSON'S
POSITION ON FR€1JDO)l
ThE! nuthor of DeclAration of Independence not only
·clurlv voiced the democra\ic lcleals u they l'<!lale to freedom of
press -and religion, but his writings were an inspiration .and lode-
alar (or tha greatest of h.is presidenUnl successors. TJua we ftn.d
Uncolnf in a letter written in answer to nn invltntion to addreu
the Republicans o! Boston on JelTenon's birthday in 1859, thus
endoninr the ideals of the fathers:
"II I• now no child's piny to snvc the principles of Jeffel'$0n
!rom total overthrow in this nalion. The principles of JeiTei'$0G
. ... t he defini\ions and axioms of r ..... aoeiely, and yet they ""
denied and evaded with no show of success."
WENDELL PHILLIPS STATES TUE DEMOCRATIC IDEAL
OF •'REEDOM.
Of the great apostles o! the u-eedom no man of the
JOCOnd half of the nineteenth century was a more conaisW>t or
ocholarly champion than Wendl'll Phillips, one of the fih<st think-
era in the history or the Republic, who freely hie splendid
llfe to the urvice of oppressed manhood and lmperitled freed<Hn.
From Milton, Locke and Mill, down to lelfenon, and from Jeffer-
aon to our day, no thinker has ottered a more vital word in be-
half or freedom than did this apostle of PI'Olfr<SSive democracy
In this concrete statement of the fundamental freedom that muat
underlie a truly democratic state:
"No matter whou the lips that speak, they must be tree and
ungancd. Let us believe th1lt t-he whole truth can never do hann
to the whole or vhtue; and remember, tbat in order to ret the
whole or truth, must allov.• every man, right or wronr. freely
to uttf!r hi A COMcJence and proteet him in so doing. Entire, on·
• hneklcd freedom for every man' s life, no matter what his doo-
trlne: the aafely of f...,. dieeussion, no matter bow wide ila
range. The community which does not protect its humblest and
most hated metnber in the free utterances of his opinions, no mat-
ter how false or hateful, i,s only a aana- of slaves."
It
) .
CHANCEJ,WR KEN'l' ON E'REEOOM 0 ~ ' THE PRESS.
And finally we have the noble utterance of one of the for&-
tno.st authorities on American law, on the freedom .of the press.
Challeellor James Kent, in his "Commentaries on American Law'',
says;
"lt has, accordingly, become a constitutional proposition ln
this country, that every citizen may freely speak, write and put)..
lish his ll'!ntiments, on all subjects, being responsible for tho
abuse ot that right, and that no law can rightfully be passed to
testrain or abridge the freedom o! speech, or of the press." ·
DfVORCE OF CHURCH A)).'D STATE.
At the time when the patriotic guns at Lexington and Con-
"'Ord signalled the da wD of modern democracy, almost all the. na·
tions, states and colonies or the world were blighted by a union
(;hureh and State, and as a result persecution bom of intol-
erant dogmatic theology and unreasoning bigotry cursed the
wot·ld.
The history of Christi!Ul Europe for hundreds of years con-
stituted one of the most cruel, dark, and bloody pages in the an-
nals of mankind.
Whatever dogmatic creed or faith becsme dominant, pers&-
cution of di>lsenters followed. The fires of the Inquisition, the
horrors of the torture chamber and the ruthless execution of
untold thousands of the noblest, purest and most sincere men and
women of Europe, because they could not subscribe to the creed&
of the dominant church ·in the land of their birth, had given
CJ,.ristian Europe an evil eminence among the murderous historic
powers of the past.
And the founders of our republic, seeing that whenever and
wherever C h ~ h and State were united, persecution, oppression
and injustice foJlowed, determiped that in the new democratic
nation there ·$hould be not only absolute divorce of Cbureh and
State, but that this land should be a refuge and asylum for the
oppf!'ssed, down-troaden and pel)!eeuted of other lands, whether
aa
,,..
vietims of Church or State. Here every roan should be free to
worship G.d according to the dictates of his eolli!Clenee.
They therefore wisely provided for the absolute divorce o
Church and State, holding that in a land whose ideal was equalit:
of opportunity for all and speeial privileges tor none, the S t a ~
must show no favors or partiality to any church, creed or seet.
This broad and wise exhibition of enlightened statesmansbi)
has been second only to the guarantees of ft'l!edom of speech
press, and assembly in beneficent inftuences on the Republic, and
less directly, upon the world.
It is, as we shall see, not only in opposition to the histories
and traditional position of t he Roman Catholic Church, but I
contrary to the positive position of the modern Popes who hav
spoken on the subject since 1870, when the Vatican Council pre
nounced as a "divinely revealed" dogma, Papal infallibility when
ever the Pope speaks ex cathed.ra. Pins IX, Leo XIII, and Pius
all stood resolutely for union ot Church and State, where th
Catholics were dominant, as we shall show. As the Church a
constantly opposed liberty of worship, speech, press and assem
bly, so she has held, and doei hold to union of Church and Stat<
in direct opposit ion to the American demand for eompleiA! divore
between secular and religious authority.
That the hierarchy in Rome heartily approves of the positio:
of Pius IX, Leo XIII, and Pius X in reran! to union of Churc:
and State is clearly indicated by the fact that on one side of tb
catafalque of Pius X is placed this tribute: "Defender of Religiot
He repudiated tho Jaw of separat ion of Church and State."
..
POPUI"AR EDUCATION.
At the time the Aroeriean DAtion was born, IIWe attention
"'"" given t o the general education of the masses throughout the
Old World.
Heresy-hunting bad been keen for centuries. The Church
had obrogated all kinds of authorit y. '!'he State had as a rule
be<>n pitifully to the Church, especially when it came
to plncing t he ban on f•·eedom of thought and rcacaJ•ch. But the
schoolinJ of the poor, the education o( the masm, had been woe--
!ully nel[lected.
Ocmoeracy propos<!d to remedy nil this. The government of
the people demnnded an cleetoraro thal eould read, wi·ito, and
reason intelligently on the iMues of the hour. lienee public edu-
eat-ion or free achools waa " legitimate and function
of • free State.
Jt was held, and rightly held, tlwt in a gove111ment pledged.
to dh•o...,.. of Church and State, ond whore reliJion "'"" repre-
sented by scores of widel¥ differing creeds and dogmas, public
education must be seeular or free from all taint of creedal theol-
og)', though the Republic did not f01·bid sectnrinn ll<!hools whore
any wished to supplemont the influence of chureh and home
with creedal in-Uruction.
Sueh schools, however, were rernrded as unfortunate by
many, because tended to fan to flame the narrow seotnrlan
spirit and to keep alive the religio>a bigotry that had been a
sou- of disoord and a menaoe to the most sacred right. or the
individual
THE PUBl.JC SCHOOLS THE MELTING POT OF
DEMOCRACY.
·rhc.re '"'Cts anothel' rea;;on why public education in a. democ-
racy 6hould be secular or from all dogmatic taint. The fa.
thers t·o•lized that if t.he United Stat<>s was to beoome the melt-
ing pot. of ci,•ili7..ation in whjch Jew, Gentile, Anglo-Saxon, Teu-
ton, Latin', Slav, indeed all races and .faiths were to meet, it
was of paramount impOrtance to discourage the narrow tribal
or spil·it thttt fot" oontul'ics had divided races, tongues
and cnM!ds by a wall of hate, bed by blind prejudice, bigotry and
intolel'nnce.
'l'hey designed the public schools to be a coronlon meeting
ground [of the children of all races, tongues and creeds, where
they would grow together in nfnity; and these schools, besides
disrx:IHng illit<"r..tC)', have in this respect also splendidly
wted l1•e wi:;dom of U\eir founders. 1'hey, more than anythJng
else, h:we made our mm-ve1ous polyglot people practically a unit.
The public sehool does however, demand amalgamation of the
It fo11ters ft·i<mdlines.s .
..
I'RE."lllE:-.1 CRA!'II STATF.S TilE D!OtOCRATtC PO"ITI01'
ON POPUI, AR E[}UCATION.
t;Q-...,. s. Crant btll<ld with .,..,, '"'"
the aubtle and sinl!ter attempt, C\'tn durin&' hla prYsidtnty, of
tho foe• of free Institutions to undormlroe and dutroy thla l>ul-
o-ark or He &lao dearly understood that with \'0 riOWI
wamnr ll<!cls t.eadli.,. their ehurth dogmas and ·--
that often boldly conflicted with the democratic t heories of f.-
dom of the individual in religion, ft<>tdom of tl>t«h and preu,
and divorce of Cllurth and State-the peue and concord that had
the Republic during ito nrot century would eome to an
end nnd the old ftres of creedal and religious lntoleraoce would
lWnt forth, acoompulod by tawi-DeiS and probably by at-
tanpta to abri<lp fnedoon aod - Henee In hla
la.st annualmesaage he UI'Jod a Conatltulional Amtlldntent to ()TOo
teet nnd safeguard tho public school oystem from the encml .. of
demoerncy and our free lnatltutlona. In the following extracts
from this rnesaap the p-eal of the Ci¥11 War thus atatu
the cltmoen.tie pomtioo on popular tdu<ation, aod &lao nostates,
" l auarest for your earnest eonAideration, and most
reeommend It, that a Con&titutlonal Amendment be submitted
to tbt ie1Uiatu,.. of the ..-.uoJ ttaiAlo for ratiftcalion. makiiiJ
it the duty of eKb of tht aevenl ott teo to esttbUtb and forever
malntai.n free public lehoolo adequate to the education or all tho
ehlldrea in the rudlmeatary brand!• within their respective lim-
itt, irrespecll•t of-· color, blribplaco or rellrtooa; forblddllll
the i.n &aid echool• of relirtouo, athelttle or P"IIJIA ten-
ott ; and probibiU.., the rrantiQI of &DY sehool (undo or school
w-. or a111 part thereof, either by logUlAIIV<t, muald,pal or
other authority, for the btoellt or In aid, directly or or
any religiou.a aect or donominat1on, or in ai4 of for tho beotfit
of any other objeet of Any naturo or kind whatever. • • •
• J.. thlt will be the la.t annual message wbleh I .. !lave
tho boDOr of lllhminlnr to before cny s•I<NtiO• Is
ch....,n, 1 will Npent and recapitulate tho queltiona w!JU,h I deem
ot vltol Importance whleb may be lcaislatoo upon or •otucd at
this oeuloA. FUst. that the stttu thall be required to afford
the oppommlt)' of a lehool odueatiol> to..-..,. child
within their llmita. Steood, 1>0 l«1ariaD ttneta ahaJl bt
.,
taurht in any ochool supported in whole or in part by tho state,
nation, or by the proceed.o of aey tax levied upon the oommunlty.
'"I'hird, deelare Church and State separate and clis-
tlnet, but eacll free within their proper spheres."
''The public schools have been and are tho bulwark
of !ree democracy, and they shall be protected from the aaaaulta
of the enemies of free institutions.
THE THEORY OF THE ROMAN CATHOLIC HIERARCHY.
The theory of the Roman Catholic hierarchy, though diamet-
rically opposed to that broad and progres.&-fostering freedom on
which our democratic Republic rests, is consistent and logical
from the viewpoint of those who accept the theolC)8'ieal dogmas
of the Papacy.
Therefore, at the outset, in the interests of fairness and be-
cause it wiU enable us bett er to understand the irrepressible
struggle between t he theories of the free democracy of the United
States and t he fundamental position of the Roman hierarchy, let
u.s notice the groond of the Papacy's opposition to freedom of
conscience. speech and press.
The Roman Catholic Church resolutely maintains that it is
the authorized custodian of the infallible Truth of God on earth.
"As the voice or authorized representative of divine truth,
her \\'Ord is paramount and must be binding on all who acknowJ ..
edge her claims.
1
'As God's representative and the custodian of divine truth.
the Church is infallible, and since she embodies truth, and truth
is intolerant of error, anything that questions her position, or is
in opposition to her theories, must be combatted."
Heresy, for example, imperils the immortal souls of men;
hence heresy is to be combatted. In the days when Rome waa
supremo in the governments of many nations, she held it to be
the duty of the Church to weed out and destroy heretics wher·
ever found. Heresy was held to be a most dangerous contagion,
far worse than plagues, that merely destroyed men's bodies-, for
it robbed men of immortal bliss; hence it should be stamped out,
and because of the enonnity of the evil, the most extreme meas.
ures to destroy it were justifiable.
In furtherance of this theory of infallibility of the Roman
Church, which 'is today, as in the post, a fnndamental claim of
the hierarchy, the Papacy today, as it bas t hroughout the ages,
forbids Catholics to read books t hat criticise lhe Church, t hat ad·
vocate the larger freedom, or that contain scientific, theo'tetieal,
philosophical or other matter not in accord with the accepted
theories of the Church.
This denial of the freedom of thought, • • M'<ln in tlte placing
ot impot·tant books on t he Index is n striking lllustration of the
fundamental clifferencc between tho P r o ~ ~ t u n t nnd democratic
ideal of freedom and the iealoualy upheld claim of Rome. Tile
latter neeossarily r&tards free inwestigation and trains men and
nations to unquestioning subservioney to tho opinions ot men
who, while claiming to represent infallible truth, are very falli ble
in their j udgment , ns has been demonstrat..d time and again when
they have condemned great scientifte truths, auell as the Coper-
nleian theory, which later have been aeeepted by the en tin civil·
iud worl<l The Papal lnde< hss had a papalyzing effect on ..,.
ciety and liberal thought t hroughout the world in all Catholic
lands, trom the day of the burning of llruno and the imprliiOn·
ment of Galileo. It ha.' fettered God-given re830n and blighted
the (ree truth-seeklnr soul of modem civilization in 110 far u lt.a
autoeratic PO"''er extends. Yet it wu, and Ia, the logical out-
eome of the 8$$Utnption of the infallibility of tho Churth.
Claiming to be 'the infallible receptacle or divine truth, we
can understand, though we reject and deplore, the POSition of the
Roman hierarehy. ll is logical and eonsistent if one aCC<'ptll their
first daim.
But i.s this logical and consistent attitude still maintained by
the Churth of Rome? In Protestant and f ree lands where cleri-
cals are striving to advance tho POlitical and material POWer of
the Cburcll, we often ftnd Jesuit ea&ulstry employed to convey the
idea that the Papacy Ia oo longer hostile to freedom of thougnt,
SPOeeh and press; that the Church no longer holds to the dogmA
of temporal POwer or advocate t he union of Church and Stat&
and other doctrines that are abhor,..,nt to free nnd fundamental
demoera<:y. Ther&fore, we must uarch in the utterance. or mod·
em Popes to see if the hierarchY has changed ita POsition in r&-
gard to these vital il!lJues; and though we will constantly fmd our-
selves in a bewildering verbal mo.zo, with no end of general plati-
tud08 nnd pleasing aphori.snu strewing the pathway, we will find
from time to time t he clear-cut otatementa which show that be-
neath the velvet glo•'O or pleasinr phrasing Ia the mailed hand
of Papalautoeraey, while the at-titude nf the Churcll toward fre&-
dom of thought, press and worship in Catholic lands, together
with the action of Catholics in our own Republic In t'eCellt years,
in eases where the Church has been criticised, or when the ra-
ligi<>-polltical plans of the clerical element have been unm.uked.
wiD oerve to further emphame the official poeition of tho Church
as indicated in Ute citations whieh we shall make.
<0
OF CONSCIENCE, SPEECH. PRESS AND
ASSEMBLY.
\ Ve ha\'e seen how. under the intelJedu .. 'll hospitalit y of our
democra t ic Const.itution and the exerci.l;e of t.ha.t fullo()rbed fr-ee-
dom o1' t he which constitutes the axiom$ and definitions
of free society, Amel"ica hQ4 bee:ome the greatest republic known
to history,-the. asylum for the oppressed and the victims of
the religious and political intolerance of various lands, nces and
tongues.
Now, can we find in the Papacy any authoritati"e evidence
of thig same full-orbed liberty of speech and press. this same
equality of freedom for all religiou• faiths that has oontributed
largely to the happiness, the progress and the pence of A.meri-
ca? can we, iudeed, find a.ny renunciation on the part of the
Church, the Council or the Roman Pontiff speaking tx cat hedra.
or otherwise, of the historic position of the Church in these *"
spects; and regret expressed for the intolerance for t.he days
of the inquisition; and frank upholding of freedom of speech,
press and such as our Constitution demands; any spe-
ci.t\c repudiat-ion of the doctrine of the union of Church and State:
any denial of the right of the Papacy to direet the voter or the
citizen as to how he may act; any intimation that Protestant& in
Catholic countries should be granted freedom of worship such as:
Protestant America grants to Catholics-in a word, any denial
of the historic and lotieal position of tlle Church on an these
questions?
Be-ginning with Pius lX and coming down to the present
t ime, while we will find many verbaJ t.ito.t on the sur-
face appear as oonecssion.s, the tact is made equally clear that
fundamentnl theory of Rome today is t he same as in the-
eighteenth century.
••
PIUS IX VERSUS THE DEMOCRATIC THEORY.
In the Syllabus of Pius IX, published in 1864, we have the
condemnation of Rome pronounced through her supreme Pontiff,
on what were tenned the "principal errors of our time." Among
the ProPOsitions denounced as false are the following:
1
'Every man is free to embrace and profess that religion,
which, guided by the light of reoson, he shall coll$ider true."
In thus condemning the right of a man to worship God ac-
cording to the dictates of his conscience the Pope denies and eon·
demns the fundamental claim of Protestant and liberal democ-
racy, whieh blossoms out in t-he guarantee of freedom of religion
in the Constitntion of the United States.
Again. we find this Pope denying the claim that the Church
has not the pewer of defining dogmatically t hat the religion of
the Catholic church is the only t rue religion; that the Church
hag not the power of using force. He also condemns the a11ega.
tion t.hat she has no temporal power, direct or indirect.
By oondE;'lnning these propositions as false. the authoritative
head of the Church neces.'8rily maintains the eoatrnry state-
meAts to be true; that is, he holds, as a doctrine of the Church,
that it has the pewer to dogmaticlly de<:lare the Catholic Church
to be the only true religion; while, in the second case, the right
of the Chw'Ch to use force and to hold tempera! pewer is clearly
implied.
Again, we have the oondemnation of the claim that tho
Church should be separated from t he State and the State from
the Church. This is tantamount to a declaration by the head of
t he Church that there should be a union of Chureh and State-
another position that is diametrically opposed to our democratic
theory of government.
Not only, according to this Pope, should Church and State
be united, but it is an error to claim that it is no longer expedi-
ent to hold t he Catholic as the only religion of the State, to the
e.xelusion of other fonns of worship.
He1-e we have the official maintenance of the theory of the
onion of Church and State, and the position held that the C•th-
olic religion is the only religion of the State to be recogni:red.
While in order to' make it perfectly clear that tlle Holy See
was thoroughly out of sympathy with progressive democracy
and Liberalism, the Pope closes his Syllabus with a condemnation
of the claim that the Roman Pontiff "can and ought to reconcile
himself and oome to tenns with progress, liberalism and modern
civiliution."
LEO Xill VERSUS DEMOCRATIC IDEALS.
Pope l.oo who succeeded Pius IX, was by man.v re-
gart!ed as the most liberal Pope of mode.t't) times. He was a
te_r turning phrases and in wizardry. Stil1, he was un-
wdhng t? renounce the arrogant, and time-honored
of the Papacy on potnts that democratic and liberal
il_lsist are vital to free institutions, to individual rights
and &clenttfic utterances of the fathers of de.moet1'tCY in regard to
freedom when he says:
'
4
1t is Quite unlawful to demand, to defend, or to grant un·
freedom of thought, of speech, of writing, of wor-
ship."
He holds that to exclude the Chu•-eh from the power of tnak-
ing Jaws is a grave and fatal error.
"The liberty of thinking and publishing whatever one likes.
wit-hout any hindrance, is not in he insists, "an advantage
over which society can wisely rejoice. On the contntry, it is the
fountainhead and origin of many e"ils."
He quotes with approval Pope Gregol'y XVl's reactionary ut·
teranees against freedom of speech, and mourns that the Church
in these times is often compelled to acquiesce in certain modern
liberties, not becau$e she prefers them in themselves, but be-
cause she judges it expedient to pennit them.
The right of the Church to supervise the action of the voter.
even to the extent o! forbidding hlm to exercise the right or
franchise, is maintained; while highly significant is the declara ..
tion that:
"It would be very erroneous to draw the eonelus.ion that in
· America is to be sought the type of the most desirable status of
the Church, or that it would be universally lawful or expedient
for State and Church to be. as in America, dissevered and di-
vorced. • * • She would bring forth more abundant fruits.
if, in addition to liberty, she enjoyed the favor o! the laws and
the patronage of the public authority."
Here we have the Pope t.1.king dire-ct issue with the position
ot Thomas Jefferson, which Abraham Lincoln declared
tuted the .. definitions and axioms of free society," and with the
Constitution of the United States in its guarantee (>f freedom
of the press, speech, assembly and worship.
And again, in tho assertion of the t·ig-ht of the Church to
supervise and control the action of the votet'S and the criticism
of our provisions for the divoroe ot Church and State, we have
the Pope in direct antagonism with the g-reat tundnmental demo-
cratic principles and theories of our government.
<IS
TilE POSI'riO:.. OF l'l US .'\.
X doMtriY hi3 hostilit).' to the dcmOC"ratic ideals
or and intclf«tuality on many a.s.. IOI' txample,
in <' ncycl)e;\1, "Noh't' ehat"Ke npostoliqm'.'' f'l( August S.
i.\Uppt'(•aslng the Cntholic society "It Sillon,n un oxgani2:ntion es.
U.bliohed io France by zealous and oamest Cntholics for the pur-
pooe of promoting social refonn and democracy. Ia
speaking of the IUppr<$SiOn Of this society t hrough the ahovt
encyclical, Rev. William L. the author of "Let.
tere to His Holiness Pius X, by a l'ftoderniRt/' M.ys :
'"This organi.ution, established in France by a ualoua lay .
. man, had for its puJ'PC)I\08 sociol reform, the spread or rratemal
democ:rac)·, and the amicable uniting of all men of good wiU for
the of economic problems, and the duties of conseien·
tion• citiz.enship with regard to them. The Pope eondemne it for
the followiug reaoons: ItculUvaWI too great and too independent
initiaU,·e amonr the Laity; it brought \oiethu Catholics and noD-
Catholics in too friendly an intereoune; it aought to break don
t he barriers of claM distinction, and it dreamed of a future ...
ciet:y nobler and kinder than we have now, because based on
brotherhood and philanthropy.
condemnstion of all th.ia the Pope declares that even ia
worlto or •ocial helpfulness Romnn Catholics must be subservient
to the guidance of t heir bishopa; that it is wrong for Roman
CaLholics to mingle with in free diseuss.ion; and
that there can be no worthy civiliution not wholly controlled by
the Church ('on n' ediJiera paa Ia societe all' eglise n'en jette 1M
bases d ne dirigc Jes tra,·aux') ls one word the encycUeal pleads
for n t heocracy whieh automatism from the laity, the
supremacy of clcric:llism, and n deepenina of those dlvi.Biou
among men which have been crea'-"'1 by the spirit or privil<J<
and the spirit ot ·
i'opc Pius X aloo gave a startling of the hostility
or the present-day i 'apacy to all l<>leration shown to Proteatant:l.
in Catholic lands when he so bitterly fulminated against t he SpeD-
ish law granting Protestants and other dl110nting religious d.
nominations tho small right of posting of their lei'Vi<s
..
and of displaying outw:,rd &igns indicating that their meetint
were edilioes of publie wonbip.
But it is Hf!t.'dJcas to multiply quotations the fact
·tha.t the position of the Holy Is todny, •• in the pn.st, whut it
logJCally must be so lonr as 11 holds tl>Rt the Churc:h is the in-
fallible custodian of Divine Truth, and that truth is intolerant of

1'he point lh1lt an fl'icnds of free democracy should clenrly
rea!!t.e is that we het-e in the presence of two mutually ex-
dustve theo1ies of life "nd government battliQS' for sapftm&ey:
.and while Catholics should be fully protected in the exer<l•• of
their J'C.Iigion, they must be flnnly, bravely and dctctminedly o_p..
posed when they seek U. interfere \\'ith the fund.'\mental dtmo-
cratic theory n• it rtlatea to of speech, and ....,.,.
bly, to the maintenance of the nbsolutt dlvol't'e of Church and
State, And th<l l'efuSill to recognize the •·i ght of MU' Church lo toe-
ceive aectarictn aid from the State, and whe.n they .. uac:k or tseek
to undennine our popular educational sy&tern whlth hN
becornc so magnifkcnl n distin;rui$hing feature of the rrtatest
free domoerney the wot•ld has ever known.
CATHOLIC HATRED OF THE lliDLE
The Unit-ed Sbat<rs of America aro built. upon lhu opcu Uiblc.
'This book is our g lory nnd strength. But Rome sn)·s:
"Cursed be those and infamous aoeieties
Bible societies, which gh·e the Bible to
youth."-Popo Pius JX.
u•ro give the Bible to lay people II to ea&l before
awine.u-CardinaJ Ho.ius.
"'!'he Catholic Church forbida the "'ading oflhe Scriptures
by aH without choice. (Jr the public: re..'\ding of tht':m in the \'trn·
aeular."-"The Church and tllc Republic." page 267.
"'Vhat auurante ha\·e you that the Book it the inapired
woed or God !"-Cnrdinal Gibbons.
"'rl1c Bible t;OCiety is scheme ever lnid by Satan
in order to delude the huma.n family."-Fa·ccmn.n'll Jo\mU\l.
·•J wou1d rather the people of this nation shot.lld be
brought to the ttake and burn«<. than one man should fl"'ad the
Bible tlnd fcwm his own j udgment from its eontentg:·- B,"hop
SpotU!wood.
June 29. J81G, Pope Pius IX . .5ent out. a bull to c;om-
manding the common people not to buy OT read th(" Bll)lt". Sept .
. s 1819 ·this $llnlC Pope sent hie: cornm:md to Irtlnud not to buy
rend Ute Bible. May 23, 1824. Pope IAl<> XII l""ued n >lmi-
lar bull
3
gainol buying or reading the llibl.. June 26. 1878,
Pope Leo X Ill Attempted to pre,-•nl Italians from having or
reading the Bible.
In 1914 Roman Cntltolie p>·iests burned 2,fi00 'Bible• 111 Vi-
gao in Ute Philippine lslanda In a publle bonfi•·•· Vi)lnn II a
of the United Stoles.
"
TH£ PAROCHIAL SCHOOL$.
The Roman Catholic Church has succeeded in recent years
in securing a very large proportion of tbe teaching In the
pubtie aehools in our great Ameriean cities for anlent 1\onwl
Catholics. 'This hao not, howe,•er, hinderc:d the Church from
waging nn aggres&ive war on our pubJic scboola and pushing for--
WArd its aystem of r<l ligious o•· pnrochial s<hooling, which is a
part of the hierarchy's plan to substitute the Papal for our free
<lemoeratie system.
Of the parochial s<hools, their origin and oigniftcance, Father
Jeremiah J. Crowley gives the following intel"esting bets:
.. 'fhc parochit•l school in America owes ita beg[nning
1
actord·
ing to Bishop Spalding of Peori:>, Illinois, to the C..=an Catho-
lics. In his l""ture entitled, "The Catholic Church in the United
States," delivered at Ute Church of Notre Dame, Chicago, Janu·
ary 4, 1904, befot-e a J·epreseubdive audience, he said: ·
"'f. .. ifty years there wa.s a great difference of opinion
amongst Cathoties In this country about the "'ligious School
Some of the leading Bishops. some of the most active minds had
misjlivinn-were rather in favor of simply aeeepting the sehool
as it existed, and of not to create a distinctively re-
ligious &ehool. We owe, I think, this great movement, or at least
the berinning of this great movement, largely to t he German
CatholiC$.
" 'It was among the German Catholie& first that insistenee
upon the necessity of a religious &ehool was made, and not made
wholly from religious motives. The Germans, as you know. are
of all people in this country the most tenacious of their mother-
tongue. They are a tenacious race. strong, eturdy, perseveriQK,
without frivolity, not easily inftueneed by new surroundinp, lov-
ing their own eustoms. as weU as the.ir own tongue. -
" 'Now, from a de.sire to perpetuate their lftnguage, as well
•• from a desire to instill into the minds and hearts of their chil-
dren the faith which they had brought aeroos the ocean with
them, they began to establish .. hools, and they showed us how
euy It I-.-bow easily a congregatloo of one hundred famillf8 in
this country, in villag<!s, esn build and maintain a Cathotic s<hool.
"'And then, attention being attracted to it, it more and
more grew upon the eohscienees or the Catholic Bishops, and
pri .. ts and people, that this was the one thing that God c:alled
us to do, more than anything elae, if we would make our faith
abiding here in thia new world, and in this democratic society.' •
4G
THE REAL REASON FOR ITS ESTABLISRl!ENT.
"From the words of Bi1hop Spoldiog it ...,n that the
Catholic parochial sebool in Ameri<a is many years younger t han
the American public school. The Bishop attributes the adoption
and the can-ying out or the German Catholics' parochial sehool
ideo to the recognition by Catholic bishops, p.-i.,.ts and people
of a cull from Cod. The fact is thnt Catholic bishops and priests
we1.·e the ones who seized upon the pal'<lehittl school idea.
Catholic people did not want the pn•-ochiul school. Why did tho
prieab and prelates adopt it And why do they c-hampion it to-
day? The answer is fou1'-foltl. Fi•·st.: Because they saw, and
aee. that there ne\·er can be any union or Church and State in
thia Republic as long as its clt.itena are the p.-oduet of public
schools. Second: They saw, and .... that the indoetriniution or
Catholic children with liberal and P"'lt,..,..i•• ideas is impos.•ible
in schoola wholly under Catholic cleric-al inlluenee. Third: They
nw, nnd that the parochial &chool gh·es nmple opportunity
to tt-ain Catholic children to close their eyes, ears and mouth&
to clerical drunkenness, grafting nnd hnotOrnl.ity. Fourth: 'l'hcy
anw, and see, in the pnroehinl !ChOOI an im.mem;e opportunity for
graft .
.. 'fhc C..1.tho)je paroeh, ... 6CMOI in the United Slate$ i! oot
founded on loyalty to the Republic, and ll1e ecclesiastics who •
trot it would throttle, if they could, the liberties of the Am..-lean
people. -
ROME AND PUBLIC SCHOOLS
" I !rankly confess that Catholi<8 atand Wore the coun-
try "" enemies or the Public Schooii."-Father Phelan.
"Education outside o( the Catholic Church is a damnable
heresy."- Pope Pius IX.
"The common schools of this country are sinks. of mornl
pollution nurseries of hell."- 'l'he Chicago Tablet.
"A vieiou.& system of education, which undermine:. the rc-
lirion of youth."-Cat-dinal Gibbons.
"It will be a glorious day in this country. when under Ule
Jaws. the sebool system will be shivered to pieces."-Catllollc
Telttrnpb.
"Public sebools ba•·e produced nothing but a Godl ... gen· I
cri\Uoo of thieves lUid blaelcruardi."- Fathe r Sc.haner .
.,
\
·•\Ve must take part in tlte elections, move in sol id mas;ses,
'in every against the party pledY.ed .. to !;UStttin t he integ-
aity of the public scl\ools."-Cardinai McClosky.
' ' \Vc ean have Uu: U. S. in ten yeal·.s, and I want to gi\' e
you three points for your consideration, the fndians. the ne·
·gt-oes, and \he public schools."-Archbishop l t"(!land.
"Education must be controlled by Cat holic nuthorities, and
E!ducation the opinions of i ndividuAls and utterances of
the press nre to war and b1oodshed."- Priest
Hecker.
State has no right to educate.; when i t undertakes the
wot·k of education it usut·ps -power of the Chun::h."-Bi.shop
McQuade.
' ""l'he public school is n national fraud; it must cease to exist,
the day will come when it will cease to exist."- Pl'iest McCarthy •
.. The is not far distnnt when Catholics, at the order of
the Pope. will refuse to pay the school tax, and will send bullets
into the brcaats of the officials who attempt to collect them."-
Mngr. Cappel! .
.. Judg<)s of Faith Agaist Godless Schools .. is by a Catholic
px-icst. It has the indorsement of Cardinal Gibbons and New-
ma-n, and cont.'\ins the rulings of 380 of the highest Catholic
Church dignitaries.. All of them against public schools, cal·
.iing them "vicious," "pestilential/• •iscanddalous." "diabolical."
(•No oath must be kept which is against the interests of the
Cat holic Church.'' (Corpus Juris Canonici, Leipsic Edition. 1839
·tom. II, p. 1159.
"Catholic public school opponents declare that at leou;t one-
·third of the American people favor their POSition. I deny it. l
.a.rn morally certain that not five per cent of the Catholic men ot
America endorse at heart the pat'OChial school. They may send
their childt-en to the parochial schools to keep peace in the fam ..
ily nnd to :woid an open rupture with the parish a;eetot; they
may be indut.."Cd to pass re!:Ktlut.ions of appJ-ovAI of the p.Orochial
$Chool in their lodges and conventions: but if it ever becomes a
matte•· <>f blood not one cent of them will be found outside
oJ the rnnks of the defenders of the American public school.
.. (f " pet·fectly free ballot could be cast by the Catholic men
of Amerien for the perpetuity or suppression or the parochial
schoo) it would be suppressed by an astounding majority.
"The plain Cetholic laymen know that the public school is
vastly s-uperior to the parochial school in its methods, equipment,
and pedagogic . talent. They know, too, that the public •cbool
is the poor man' s school. They know that the pubJie school pre-
pat·es as no other can, their chHdren for the keen struggle ot
. American lile and the stern duties of Ameriean eiti2en$hip .
..
''Prelates and priests work upon the fears and feelingo of the
women and childt·en, and the fathers, to have peace in their fam·
Dies, yield and send their children to the paroehlal school."
Already attempts have been made to seeure division of school
funds for parochial schools. In Newport, Rhode Island, for ex·
ample, a strenuous attempt was made some time since. and was
fillBily defeated only by the combined effort of the friends or our
free demooratie system of government; but this and other at-
tempts show what is in the minds of those who are see-king to
replace t he demoeratie by t he papal theory of government. Thus
we have shown that Rome has a very definite position with re.f-
erence to our government. ' Let- us here note a few statements
by their leaders.
"Roman Catholics must obey their bishops whether right or
wrong."-Vicar General Preston on the witness stand in New
York City.
"The Pope alone ought to wear the token of imperial dignity:·
all princes ought to kiss his fee{: he has t he POWer to dePOse
emperors and kings, and is to be j udged by nonc."-O.Cree of
the Council of Bishops under Pope Gregory VII.
"All Catholics should exert their power to eause the consti-
tutions of the states to be modeled after the principles of the
Catholic Cburch."- Pope Leo XID Encyclical.
"We can have t he United States in ten years, and I want
to give you three points for your consideration-the Indians, the
Negroes, and the common schools."- Archbishop Ireland.

4
There has never been a period in American hiatory when
the church's opportunity bas been so close to her. To a great
extent the ancient antagonisms have died. Protestantism is dis-
integrating before our eyes. The moment is ripe to build a Cath·
oUe America, and strong men are now Jaying the fouodat.ions."-
Tbe World (Catholic).
41
1 expect to see America classed as a Catholic nation. De-
cadent France shows the baneful influence other war again!it the
Catholic Church.
"We exhort all Catholics to de•·ote careful attention to pub-
lie matters and take part in all municipal affairs and eleetion!J,
and all public services, meetings and gatherings. All Catholics
must make t ~ e m s e l v e s felt as active elements in the daily POliti·

_ _ _L ,
eaJ life in the countries where they live. Hence Catholics have
just to cuter into the political lif.e. Furthennore. it is
gen0rally fitting and salut ary t hat Catholics should extend their
efforts beyond this restricted sphere and give their attention to
national pelitics."-Encyclical of Pope Leo XIII, Nov. 7, 1885 .
.. How near at hand do you think is the time when America
will be dominantly CathoJic? Things move with rapid strides.
and the reeent creation of three American cardinals has brought
the Church once more to the forefl'Ont.
We must labor to gain the confidence, love and respect of the
!>meriean people. This once gained, t he Catholic Church in her
•'tJY to claim the American heart may carrY a thousand dogmas
or. her back."- The CatholiC Missionary Union.
"The church can never come into ita own until there are more
Catholics in Cong-re.c;s. The chul'ch never wHI wield the inftu-
encu for good which it should possess until this eomes to pass.
D-o not fear that there is any prejudice against Catholics io high
pl.ces. There is none. You are not kept back, you arc keeping
yourself back/'-Archbishop Ireland. in speech at Detroit, re--
perted in N. Y. Tribune, Jan. 28, 1911.
And it means more than that: it means that the Catholics
of the world love the church more than anything else, that
CATHOLICS OF THE WORLD LOVE TUE CHURCH MORE
THAN THEY DO THEIR OWN GOVERNMENT, MORE THAN
THEY DO THEIR OWN NATION, more than they do their own
people, more than they do their own fortunes, more than they do
their own selves.
Tell us, in the conflict between the Church and the civil gov-
ernment we take the side of the church; of course we do. Why,
if the government of the United Ststes were at war with the
Church we would say tomorrow, TO HELL WITH TUE GOV-
ERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES: and if the Church and
all the of the world were at war we would say, TO
HELL WITH ALL THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE WORLD.
"Why is it the Pope. is such a tremendous power? Why,
the Pope is the ruler of the world. All the emporers, all the;
kinp, all the princes, all the presidents of the world today are··
as these altar boys of mine. The Pope is the rul0r of the world.
Why? Beeause he is th.e ruler of the Catholics of the world, the
Catholics of all the world· and t he Catholics of all the world would
die for the rights of Pope. He Is bead of the Chu.,.h
10
and they would dlo for the Church."- Extract or sennon
preaclled tn St. Louis, June 80, 1912, by Priest D. S. Phelan,
editor of the West.em WatA:hman of that ciq..
"The Pope has given t he order to moke Amet·lca Catholic.
• • • The first atcp in the mnklng will be the elcctioJl of on.,
of tbe American Cardinals to the Papacy, the rcmo,·al of Sl
Peter's to Washington. Car<linal Cibbono to be pruldeot, ond
every non· Catholic will be driven out of the anuy and navy."-
Catholic Sun.
"The wiD of the Pope 1$ tho &upremeat law or all land$.·-
Archbishop John Ireland, SL Paul, Minn.
"We nre Catholics first,l .. t and all the time. Our career Ia
to enlighten Catholica of overy nationality, and to defend the
c.hureh arninst comer., no matter who or what he Ia. \\'then
the PoJl<l speaks the Church speaks. Cod opeoks. Though we
love our country dcntly we love our Chul'eh rnore." - 1'hc C..'\tholic
Weekly, Albsny, N. Y.
Rome hates our public and IJ definitely orr.tnized
to destroy them. It ils all but n <rime to clett Romon Catholics
upon our school boanb in America, and to put thern in po.sitlon
aa teaehen in our Jl<lblic school& They .uJc us. "Are we not ei\i.
•ens of the United States, and have we ..,, the right to our pro-
jl<lrtion of teache1'11 and membors of &chool boar<la !" My re-
ply is, No, for you have your parochial schools, and you positively
refuse to patronize our public &chools wh.,.. you can oupport pa·
rochial schools. You would never think of allowinlf a Protestant
to be on your school boards or to tueb in your porochlul seboola.
You are uow teaehin.r your proportion ot American children,-
l>he Roman Catholic children. Moreover, you hate our public
achools, and do not. and can not ha,·e a.ny interest in except
to control and destroy them.
Cardinal Cibbona oaid, refen·ing to the AmoYiun public
ochools, "An imperfect and vicious system of education whleb
undenninea the reli,Jion of youth." The Chic:a10 Tablet said.
''The common schoola of this country are ainka of moral pollution
and nuneriea of hell." Syllabus of P9P<l Plus IX, Articles 45-48,
aays, "Education outalde the Catholic Church is a damnable hcro-
ay." Tbe Catholic Tetorrsph uid, "'t will be a rlorious day Ill
this country when under the lawa the ochool syatem will be
ahrived to pieces." Bl.shop McQuade uid, ''The atate h ... no right ·
il
to educate." Cappel said, ''The day i.s not far distant, when Cath·
olies at Ute order of Ute Pope will refuse to pay the school tax,
and will send bullets into t he breasts of t he officials who attempt
to collect them." Priest Phelan said, ''The children of the public
schools tum out to be horse thieves, scholastic counterfeiters, and
well versed in schemes of deviltry:• The Freeman's Journal said,
"Let the public school system go to where it came from,-the
devil." Catholic parents sending their children to Protestant
•chools unless properly excused by the bishop were declared by
ArchbiRhop Messmer to be guilty of grievous sin, and arc not
allowed to receive the sacraments of the church. Archbishop
Ireland said, "We can have the United States in Wn years, and
I want to five you three points for your conslderation,- the In-
dians, the Negroes, and the eommon schools."
Roman Catholicism is ooposed to free speech and free press,
the ftower of American and Protestant civilization. Pope Greg-
ory said, "The unrestrained freedom of thinking and of openly
making known one's thoughts is not inherent in the rights of
citizens."
Roman ,.. also bitterly opposed to PrctestanUsm.
The Western Watchman said, "The most despicable thing out-
side perdition is Protestantism, and to speak of it truthfully and
properly we should have to use all the superlatives of vitnpera-
tion.." The Archbishop or Venice said, ••the Pope is not only the
representative of Jesu.s Christ, but he is Jesus Christ himself
hidden under the veil of tho fie.•h." The Western Watchman said,
"Proteatanti&m is: simply ruffianism orpnized into a religion.
Protestantim is not a religion. Protestantism, the murderous
haa-. is slowly dyinr of corruption a.nd congenital rottenness, and
ahe will not much loneer encumber the earth. Protestantism,-
we would draw and qua.rttr it; we would impale it, and hang it
up for crowa to eat; we would tear it with pinchers, and tire-it
with hot iroM; we would fill it with molten lead, and sink it in
a hundred fathoms of hellfire."
Roman Catholicism also insults our American nation in ita
marriage laws, and insults every lady and gentleman who has
been m•rried in the nation out:&ide Ute Roman Catholic church.
The Catholic Watchman said, " Civil marriage in the United
Stat.$ i• the ftimsiest and most transparent specimen of legalized
concubinage in the world." Guery said, 'Page 837, 'The conjugal
contract can not exi$t outaide this sacrament, and has entirely
12
to do with the power of the Roman church. Among Christians
an.y union of and women outside the sacrament, nnd made
on the 5trcngth of eivil Jaw, is nothin_jt el&e but a 1\hamcrul nnd
fatal concubinage." The Western Watchman said, uout.&ide the
Catholic church, when a man dies, bury him like you would a dog:
don't Ullk about the future,-life is mded,-tbe tomb is all that
is left or hlm."
So, I might continue for an hour di3Cussing Rome'! attitude
towarda Protestantism and towards our &'10rious Amerlcon irnst.i-
tutlona of Uberty. But In ench sent.enoo I would simply be rciler-
atinr the fact thtt Rome Is an enemy to aU those sacred io.stitu-
tious which dilfeftntiate America from the other nations of the
world. When we say that the strunle, the sacrifices, of the hu-
man race up to the present time have been glorified In Americ:an
liberty, Rome frowns and ena,ps and ennrls at us. Tho one pur-
pose of Rome is to subjuJalt, to enslave, to dominate, nnd to rule
the minds and even the consciences of men. She hates liberty,
she deapisea freedom of thought; she deplores the freedom of
men whereby they may ch .... for themsel•es; from t he cradle to
the grave ahe would drar down and humiliate the children of
men.
I have clearly demon•trated the fact that thesa three groat
groups of our people, tho Negroes, Jewa and Catholics, are now
actually and powerfully orpD!zed. For the sake ol dtai'DO$$,
let's set uide these three large IJ'>Upo, the Negroes. the Jews
and the RoiiWl Catholict. I believe I have made it clear that if
these organizations, or either ot them, were to auceeed
in thls land, we should be ruined forever as a nation: nnd as a
people would be enrulttd in bopelesa !'lin. The hope ol America
dOt$ not Ue with tither of these groupo, or with all ol them com-
bined. So we mu.st tum to the other peoples of the nation for
salvation and oecurity.
But what have we len after we take away theee three
groups 1 We have the foreigner and the real American, tho white,
native-born Protesunt. In these banda rests the desliny ol Alncr-
ica. We cannot depend upon the forcigner-unnaturalized and un-
assimDated. but we mual depend upon the sons and daughters
of our revolutionary fa then. who thro<tgh unprecedented heroism
and saerlllce laid broad and deep the foundations of thls rovem-
ment. We Protestant men are alone 100% Amerienn; we be-
lieve in our government, in ou.r Constitution.. in the
tion of Indepeodeace, and we forever aubocribe to thoae lunda-
A
mentals of which have become the pride and
the joy of the world. We believe in our free institutions, and
we will defend them unto death. And if a Dago Pope, sitting
U])On the bAnks of the Tiber, presumes to dictate our ecclesiasti-
political and social institutions we dedare that he is
oversteppi!l.lt his rights, and that we will die to drive him back.
We believe the doctrine of the divine right of kings was born
in the brajns of selfish and ungodly rulers who did not wish to
be answerable to the ruled, but this doctrine enslaved millions for
many centuries. Protestant enlightenment has crushed it out
or the world. The doctrine of the divine right and succession of
the Pope is also an abominable falsehood, and was hom in the
brains of selfish and ungodly ecclesiastics, who, mad for ])OWer,
wanted to govern the world, and did not wish to be answershle
to the governed. Protestants are resolved to reveal this lie to
the whole world, and rescue millions from its enslavi!l.lt influ-
ences.
The Invisible Empire Knights of the Ku KluK KIM is an
organization of the Protestant Jrulnhood of America for these
purposes. The Protestant churches of America will never be or-
ganized into one great ChristiAn body. If by turning over my
hand I could unite all the great Protestant bodies of the world
into one body, I would not do it, !or I would deprive no man of
his own liberty, of his own right to choose his own religion for
himself. But we can unite, and we are uniting, the white Protes-
tant manhood of America into a great fraternity, that we may se-
cure unto our people these achievements of liberty which have
come to us through the struggles of the race.
In closing this phase of the diseuSllion I return to ask the
American people if there are not reasons why every white, na-
tive-hom Protestant American should join with heart and soul
in this movemenl My claim is that no great patriot can see
these things and refuse to identify himself with the real men
of America for the salvation of America.
But there ia still one other question which the thinkinr man
must have answered. The question is:
CAN AND WILL THE KU KLUX KLAN ACCOMPLISH
THE TASK WJUCH SHE HAS SET HERSELF?
Thls, too, is an important question. These problema must
be solved, and they must be solved by white, native bom, Protest-
ant manhood. A lallfe number of orpniu.tio"' have
attempted solution or these problems. llitherto all have failed.
They did not have in them enough elements of &ueeeos; their
appeal wna too often to prejudice rather than to reason. They
were "ANTI" and not "PRO". The people were told of danl(<'n.
and were desperately enraged against thom; bnt nothlnr coo-
struetive was Jiven them instead. Jesus oaid: "l will dtotror
this temple and build it arnin in three days." When error and
wickedness even are deatroycd, righteousness and truth must be
established in its stead, and that wit.hin three dan.
Tho Ku Klux Klan is oolving problenl$, and h .. laid
out a grtat Mtioo-wide constructive p...,.,..,-a p,..,.ram tbat
will appeal to the intellire,.,., the wisdom, the patriotism, and
the manhood of America. The first item in this nationa.l pro
Jram is:
..
A GREAT AMERICAN UNIVERSITY.
\Vhen France had whipped Germany until she bled at every
pore, t\le great General Von Stein said, "It is aU right, gent!&.
men, we are whipped, but we will take this thing to the school
house, and there will come a day."
IVith this thought in mind Germany went to school. From
the gymMsium through the great University of Berlin, Ger-
many had but one thought,-military perfection and supremacy.
The children were taught the goose step; the University became
a great training forum for military supremacy. Their arts,
sciences, philosophy, literature and oratory moved towards one
gre8t e.nd,-nulitary supremacy of th.e wor1d. Chemists, e n g i ~
neers, mechanics, statisticians, philosophers, all the brightest
minds of the nation were summoned by the government, and
'bent towards one inevitable end,-military supremacy and do-
minion. The-hour came. And what an hou.r it was! The foun·
dat.ions of civilization were shaken. Forty million lives were
lost.. The course of history was changed, and a world thrown
into disruption and suffering.
The Ku Klux Klan will take theae great ideals to sebool; abe
will teach the world the meaning of liberty, political, ecelesiasti-
eal and moral She will turn on the light. And Rome batea
light. Darkness and Ignorance are the middle names of Roman
Catholicism. Our hope is in enlightenment.
In my mind the selection of the fiery • .....,. as the sublime
emblem of the Ku Klux Klan is not an accident. I see therl
now,-thousands· of fiery crosses from Maine to Florida,-em·
blems of sacrifice and Ught. I see t hem around the Great Lakes;
1 see them in the Middle West, ten of t housands of them. I see
them on the Pacific shore. And around these fiery crosses I see
hundreds of thousands of brave, white, native-born, Protestant,
lOO<J. Americans, kneeling in helmet and gown, chanting over
and over tbe most solemn oath ever assumed by mortal man; an
oath whereby life, truth, righteousness are forever aMured to
the people of the nation. I see them as they declare their al-
legiance to every Protestant minister, to every Protestant church,
to every public school, and to every public school student, to every
home, and to every woman in America. Is it possible that
such men can do wrong? With God aa their witneaa, and the fiery
5f
I
, I
I
I
as their inspiration they declare to the world that the prio·
e1ple.o for which t his nation sl<lnds shall !ere••er be k<-pt sa<red
&nd unchanged. Thus uu .... gh <dueation, liJ'ht, truth. ,... will
drive away the heathenis h practices of Rome, nnd the
of priesthood, that the people may be free.
SECOND. As a great conatructivo fon:e in Amorita tile
Ku Klux Klan has establis hed and will mnintain a lecture
Through this bureau large numbers of the brainiest. • •
men of the nation will appear upon the platforms of Amt l'-
iea.. Our pulpits, school rooms, chautauqua and lycewn pint-
forms will alford an opportunity for uo to d<dare our mes..are;
·rn fnct, the masses can be gotten together the&e apos-
tlea of Protestant freedom will declare our faith. They will, flrat
of aU, define Americani•m. that all men nutY koow what A.meri·
eanism is, nnd what is reQuired or a man to be 100% Americ-an.
Theae a poetics of Protestant freedom will declare our faith. They
will ftrst of all interpret Americanism for the m....,., and
will propagate American iBm to the everh:usting conrusion o"f Rom-
manism and Jud&iam.
It is hard tor us to calculate the Jimltless good thi.a force ean
aooom,plish, Such an idea has never been conceived of bnfore.
'I1\rough t his foroe a nation will be taurht and inspired.
Again, ns a nation-wide constructive forte, the Ku Klux KlAn
will operate a publishin.g house; t.houund:J of tons of
books. periodic.-ds, magazines, tmcts and pamphlet& will flow out.
thl"''ugh t.hls stream to every city and hnm1et in the nation. Thus
the press wUI declare our message or f reedom to men e,·erywhtrt.
The IB.t'lt item& in our nationul progrA.m will have to do •ith.
the text books of aU public, primary, high school• Md college• In
the nation. We will say to Romt and Jewry, We will publish our
own.text books, and we '"ill see that they ore Amcrienn. and that
they are saturated in Americanism. We will not nllo"'' our chil-
dren to be presumed upon by secret and disloyal roreeo. We will
not perrnit Catholic or Jewish propagand1' of any kind what e\'tr
to find a place in our l<!l<t bookl. \Ve will not allow our children
to be blinded by or to be dteejved by of our ,..public.
Thvo, through oellool, platform, Pnlll, and book we will
Americaniu America and will oabdue .Ill foi'CK which "'ould
undermine our dlatine.tive and f\llldament&l Prot .. taDt, aod the,..
t ore ChriatiaD, Ameribul ldaiL
"
My closing word to the citizens of America is this:
It is tbe duty of every natiY-e-botn. white, Protestant man in
the nation to join himself wit h this mightiest of all American
forces. Our supreme task is to correctly vi2.ua1i.te the magnitude
and seope of our task. Did some one say this Ku Klux Klan is a
·•tar and feather" movement? Such a statement is born either in
irnontnce or in unpardonable hypocracy. Both Rome and Jewry
have declared to the world that such is the membership and such
is the spirit of this movement. Sincere Christian men eould
hardly expeet more from them, and we dare not express leas. Thi.o
is the holiest,-the most honest and sincere Protestant movement
of history.
Are you a red blooded, Native born, Protestant, '100'1' Ameri-
can? If so show it. Get in. By their fruits you shall know them.
The following is a cort"ect stenographic report of the clOII·
lng message of one of the most remarkable campairns ever held
in America.
DR. FOWLER BIDS INDIANA FAREWELL AT SULLIVAN
Has Spoken to Tens of Thousands
Urges All to Take Part in Revival of Our ForefaUten' Religious
Patriotism.
Sullivan, Ind.- ln his closing address to many thousands of
people on the public square at Sullivan, Ind., Dr. C. Lew.is Fowler .
of Atlanta, Ga., national lecturer, who is closing a month's lec-
ture tour in the State of Indiana, made tJ.le following statem<>nt
which has stirred multitudes of hearts.
uWhen I was a young university student I read over. and
again with ever growing interest the marvelous stories of
the rreat English and American revivals held by Whitlleld and
th¥. Wesleys. In: my mind I could always """the tens qf thotl&o
ands of people as they gathered in the parks and in the fields to 'I,
hear the wonderful story of freedom of liberty from the bondap .
1 of night, to he found in 'pure Protestsnt Christianity. I have
often wished that th011e daye might eome again. I hoped they
would come as they did in the days just And lo, the
day.s haVE• come. But behold the mesage is new, even though
ii8
la old a.a the human race:. We are el'Cn no"' in the midst of a
marvelous awakening that is destined to shake the world .. the
revivals nbove mentioned did.
• ._"Tbet'@ is now a great nation-wide revival going on In A.mer-
aca. The is rising to a whelming flood, and millions ano heing
IW'ept mto ats current. This time the J'C\•ival ia n religious. cveo
deeply spiritWll one. And yet it is not distindly of tlle church.
It is a "vival of Protestant Ameriel.ni&m. of arenuine • piritual
patriotism, and patriotism really is reHgion •
.. Since eorning to your wonderful st..1.te one month n.go, I
have spoken to approxi.matel1 one hundred thou.und of )'Our
citizens. I have met you face to face. I have listened to your
h eart thl"i)bs, and J have seen the glow or a new onthussin"m upon
YOur faees, the g!ow or a new enthusiasm for our counll')', and
f or our fundamental Protestantism, which is the mud .. sin or our
American civilization. I have spoken to in parks,
where t h<'ueands upon thou$nnds have gathered to hear the JlO$-
pel of Ame.ricanL'"'· 1 have spoken to thronsclJ in open flt:ld.s, in
ehlllChes, coliseums, halls nnd upon chautauqUA platfomas. to
Muncie I had the privilege ot addressing a multitude ••timated
to numher from ten lA> fifteen thousand poople. At Kokomo upon
the public square at least 10,000 ciUuno stood me. In
New Albany, at leaot 20,000 people pthenod at one ptace lA> hear
• the story of the new revivnl. Time would fnll me to • penk of
lilt. Vernon, Bloomill,iton, Terno Haute. Clinton. Rockville. ID-
dl&napolia, with hor thouoands, Riehmond, ud IIWIY olller
places t oo numerous to mention. Never in all my txptritnce
have I witnessed 3UCh demonstration" or enthusiasm and in·
terest, never such honesty of purpoH. ne,;er such detennina-
tion of will.
u And why not a great apiritual, yes religious revlvnl of
Am.ericaniJJm? Alter a.II is not. our nntion a Christian nation?
Are not the dtlti.neth-e: prindples of CHar go,·ernment dtildren of
ProtestAnt faith and eoMeeration! This mar.·elous mo'·emeot
ia makin.r new eraatures of men, &a jt atin thelr soula and
h wnblea their hearU. Here at this new altar I lind thouunds
1mee1iJ11r chdl<atiuf tlmr u ... &DOW to a common ..-. Wtll
may the women of America take and well ma1 the pa.
triot. O'ferywhere njoice aha<>e the liabt hu come and multitudes
are nllhl,.. to ita flow.
" 1 ""' grateful to God tor tho privilege of being an aPOOtle
ot this gnat revh·al movemont, in taking this new gospel to the
ma88<la everywhere J nm glad I am a member or the Ku Klux
Klan. To me it ts the most remarkable mo\·ement of me<k!·m
times. the hope of Amerien. and Arncric:.•n instutions. The time
has come when for Protestn.nta, native born
1
white Arnetlcane to
stnnd aloof from this national movement is but to eliminate them ..
selvc3 from the real current of life, be that in church lite,
POlit ical lif<l or basines life. The great mo\•e.ment is one and no
forco on can stop it. It is a Niagara of conviction moving
toward a glorious destiny, and that de$tiny is a new Protestant-
ism, and the realization of a real democracy such as was the
d reaon o rour fathers. I call to you, my follow citi%ens, a.s I esD to
tho palriot.s of America to gather about this fiery eroos aod about
our· glorious n 3Jr t:b.at we rn.ay interpret BS[ain the meanin.r of
Protcstanth;m aitd Americanism-that we may e<>Merve to oul'
ehltdt·en ond our childNn's children these glorious doctrines of
libCI·ty .
.. The citizens of the lnvisible Empi.t·e, are members oC a most
dnuntlcss mce. patriottl. soldiers, all. They were here yesterday.
Th cy nr" he>·e tooay, and they will be here forever. They are ded-
icated to our common eaust\ to tho&e distinctive and fundamental
Pt'Ot e8tant instihllions which differentiate us from the other na-
tions of the world-Separation or church and state, troe speech,
ft·oo p.....,, liberty, American womanhood, right to worship God
aecordinJJ lo the dictates or conscience. free univenal or
p ublic I!Chools . • AU these were born in Proteslaot's hearts and
bt·ainl!. This nation-wide revival that gathetS.together its tens of
thougands is therefore l'eliglous, i8 s piritual. In my meetinp in
tho Oclds and parks. in chu•·chcs nnd halls, earnest souls h8\'t!
pt·oycd nnd we ha"·e let our bosom8 swell ns we have sung the
old-time ruvivni nnd pnll"iotie songs. Sm·cly this is a wonderful
day, and may God be praised for it. Let us all take courage nnd
b e glnd.
"I bid Indiana farewell reluctantly, tor tens of thousands
of your people ha\·esratheted about me and have made me happy
whilo in your midst. May God bleas you, all, and sustain rou
u ntil the ,;ctory is won."