LTRC

Kevin Gaspard Doc. Zhang Mostafa Elseifi
1

Def = h – h’

RWD
Late 1990’s structural condition of airfield pavements
D

8ft

8ft

8ft

C

B

A

Four equally-spaced lasers measure surface deflection (A, B, C, and D)
h’ = B – 2C + D

Point of interest

h = A -2B + C

D

C

B

A

Briggs et al. 2000

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Research sites 16 roads – 1.5 miles

AC Roads

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Network 1200 miles
UNION MOREHOUSE WEST CARROLL

AC Roads
LINCOLN

EAST CARROLL

OUACHITA RICHLAND MADISON

JACKSON

4

RWD Index (RI) over Segment
• Pavement structural capacity:
– Deflection magnitude (Avg. RWD) – Variability of deflection (SDRWD) over the segment

• Define the RWD Index (RI):
– RI = average deflection (Avg. RWD) x standard deviation (SDRWD)
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RI
• RI > Roadway segment (RS) > 0.1 mile • AC thick. (0.5 to 23 in.) • Deflections are thickness dependent • Arranged in Groups by Thickness
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Thickness (in.)

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8

9

k

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Summary
• PMS data base query for PDI • RI merged with PDI per RS • RS stratified based on Pave. Th. • Yielded > Data set to work with.
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Hypothesis: RI provides useful information!

Proof: Multivariate Statistical Method (Factor Analysis)
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Factor analysis
• Describes the Variance characteristics of variables in terms of a lower number of manufactured variables called > “Factors” <.

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RI Ranges for Treatments
Descriptive statistics • (RI) <> ALCR Variable <> Treatment
• ANOVA for four Treatments

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RI

18

19

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Two groups (Analysis Set 2)
Thick. (in.) <2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 10-11 Structurally Deficient Structurally Sound ALCR < 75 ALCR >75 A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B 21 A B

68%

31%

Imprecision

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Fuzzy Logic
• Decision processes to deal with imprecision (GRAY AREAS) • Uses “Possibility theory” • Elements are assigned “Membership values”

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Possibility Theory

Probability Theory

Which would you

prefer to Drink?

Has 95 % membership in “Drinkable Water”

95 % chance Water is Drinkable
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U
x Structurally Deficient RI (X2)

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U
x

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Membership values
• • • • • • • • • Intuition (Engineering Judgment) Neural networks Fuzzy statistics Meta rules Soft partitioning Inductive reasoning Genetic algorithms Rank ordering Inference
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50 %

25%

475

800

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35

Summary
• FA > RI > single index for Structural capacity • Structurally Sound and Deficient parameters were created

• Fuzzy functions for individual sections and Groups of sections were created
39

When You Learn to Run, We can Chase Cats!
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