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# 12

## Nacionalni centar za vanjsko

vrednovanje obrazovanja
MATEMATIKA
via razina
KNJIICA FORMULA
99
Matematika
Knjiica formula
F O R M U L E
VIA RAZINA

- Kompleksan broj:
2
1, , i z a bi = = + , z a bi =
2 2
, z a b = + , R a be

- (cos sin ) z r i = + , ( )
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
cos( ) sin( ) , z z r r i = + + +

( )
1 1
1 2 1 2
2 2
cos( ) sin( ) ,
z r
i
z r
= + (cos sin ),
n n
z r n i n = +

2 2
cos sin , 0,1,..., 1
n n
k k
z r i k n
n n
| | + + | | | |
= + =
| | |
\ . \ . \ .

- ,
m n m n
a a a
+
= : ( 0),
m n m n
a a a a

= =
1
( 0),
m
m
a a
a

= =
n
m n
m
a a =

- ( )
2
2 2
2 a b a ab b = + , ( )
3
3 2 2 3
3 3 a b a a b ab b = +

-
2 2
( )( ) a b a b a b = + ,
3 3 2 2
( )( ) a b a b a ab b = +

- ( )
1 1
... ...
1 1
n
n n n k k n n
n n n
a b a a b a b ab b
k n

| | | | | |
+ = + + + + + +
| | |

\ . \ . \ .

2
2
1,2
4
0, 0
2
b b ac
ax bx c a x
a

+ + = = =

- Viteove formule:
1 2 1 2
,
b c
x x x x
a a
+ = =

- Tjeme parabole:
2
4
,
2 4
b ac b
T
a a
| |

|
\ .

- log
x
b
b a x a = = ,
log
log
b
x
b
x
b x b = =

- log ( ) log log
b b b
xy x y = + , log log log
b b b
x
x y
y
= , log log
y
b b
x y x = ,
log
log
log
b
a
b
x
x
a
=

VIA RAZINA

- Kompleksan broj:
2
1, , i z a bi = = + , z a bi =
2 2
, z a b = + , R a be

- (cos sin ) z r i = + , ( )
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
cos( ) sin( ) , z z r r i = + + +

( )
1 1
1 2 1 2
2 2
cos( ) sin( ) ,
z r
i
z r
= + (cos sin ),
n n
z r n i n = +

2 2
cos sin , 0,1,..., 1
n n
k k
z r i k n
n n
| | + + | | | |
= + =
| | |
\ . \ . \ .

- ,
m n m n
a a a
+
= : ( 0),
m n m n
a a a a

= =
1
( 0),
m
m
a a
a

= =
n
m n
m
a a =

- ( )
2
2 2
2 a b a ab b = + , ( )
3
3 2 2 3
3 3 a b a a b ab b = +

-
2 2
( )( ) a b a b a b = + ,
3 3 2 2
( )( ) a b a b a ab b = +

- ( )
1 1
... ...
1 1
n
n n n k k n n
n n n
a b a a b a b ab b
k n

| | | | | |
+ = + + + + + +
| | |

\ . \ . \ .

2
2
1,2
4
0, 0
2
b b ac
ax bx c a x
a

+ + = = =

- Viteove formule:
1 2 1 2
,
b c
x x x x
a a
+ = =

- Tjeme parabole:
2
4
,
2 4
b ac b
T
a a
| |

|
\ .

- log
x
b
b a x a = = ,
log
log
b
x
b
x
b x b = =

- log ( ) log log
b b b
xy x y = + , log log log
b b b
x
x y
y
= , log log
y
b b
x y x = ,
log
log
log
b
a
b
x
x
a
=

VIA RAZINA

- Kompleksan broj:
2
1, , i z a bi = = + , z a bi =
2 2
, z a b = + , R a be

- (cos sin ) z r i = + , ( )
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
cos( ) sin( ) , z z r r i = + + +

( )
1 1
1 2 1 2
2 2
cos( ) sin( ) ,
z r
i
z r
= + (cos sin ),
n n
z r n i n = +

2 2
cos sin , 0,1,..., 1
n n
k k
z r i k n
n n
| | + + | | | |
= + =
| | |
\ . \ . \ .

- ,
m n m n
a a a
+
= : ( 0),
m n m n
a a a a

= =
1
( 0),
m
m
a a
a

= =
n
m n
m
a a =

- ( )
2
2 2
2 a b a ab b = + , ( )
3
3 2 2 3
3 3 a b a a b ab b = +

-
2 2
( )( ) a b a b a b = + ,
3 3 2 2
( )( ) a b a b a ab b = +

- ( )
1 1
... ...
1 1
n
n n n k k n n
n n n
a b a a b a b ab b
k n

| | | | | |
+ = + + + + + +
| | |

\ . \ . \ .

2
2
1,2
4
0, 0
2
b b ac
ax bx c a x
a

+ + = = =

- Viteove formule:
1 2 1 2
,
b c
x x x x
a a
+ = =

- Tjeme parabole:
2
4
,
2 4
b ac b
T
a a
| |

|
\ .

- log
x
b
b a x a = = ,
log
log
b
x
b
x
b x b = =

- log ( ) log log
b b b
xy x y = + , log log log
b b b
x
x y
y
= , log log
y
b b
x y x = ,
log
log
log
b
a
b
x
x
a
=

VIA RAZINA

- Kompleksan broj:
2
1, , i z a bi = = + , z a bi =
2 2
, z a b = + , R a be

- (cos sin ) z r i = + , ( )
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
cos( ) sin( ) , z z r r i = + + +

( )
1 1
1 2 1 2
2 2
cos( ) sin( ) ,
z r
i
z r
= + (cos sin ),
n n
z r n i n = +

2 2
cos sin , 0,1,..., 1
n n
k k
z r i k n
n n
| | + + | | | |
= + =
| | |
\ . \ . \ .

- ,
m n m n
a a a
+
= : ( 0),
m n m n
a a a a

= =
1
( 0),
m
m
a a
a

= =
n
m n
m
a a =

- ( )
2
2 2
2 a b a ab b = + , ( )
3
3 2 2 3
3 3 a b a a b ab b = +

-
2 2
( )( ) a b a b a b = + ,
3 3 2 2
( )( ) a b a b a ab b = +

- ( )
1 1
... ...
1 1
n
n n n k k n n
n n n
a b a a b a b ab b
k n

| | | | | |
+ = + + + + + +
| | |

\ . \ . \ .

2
2
1,2
4
0, 0
2
b b ac
ax bx c a x
a

+ + = = =

- Viteove formule:
1 2 1 2
,
b c
x x x x
a a
+ = =

- Tjeme parabole:
2
4
,
2 4
b ac b
T
a a
| |

|
\ .

- log
x
b
b a x a = = ,
log
log
b
x
b
x
b x b = =

- log ( ) log log
b b b
xy x y = + , log log log
b b b
x
x y
y
= , log log
y
b b
x y x = ,
log
log
log
b
a
b
x
x
a
=

VIA RAZINA

- Kompleksan broj:
2
1, , i z a bi = = + , z a bi =
2 2
, z a b = + , R a be

- (cos sin ) z r i = + , ( )
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
cos( ) sin( ) , z z r r i = + + +

( )
1 1
1 2 1 2
2 2
cos( ) sin( ) ,
z r
i
z r
= + (cos sin ),
n n
z r n i n = +

2 2
cos sin , 0,1,..., 1
n n
k k
z r i k n
n n
| | + + | | | |
= + =
| | |
\ . \ . \ .

- ,
m n m n
a a a
+
= : ( 0),
m n m n
a a a a

= =
1
( 0),
m
m
a a
a

= =
n
m n
m
a a =

- ( )
2
2 2
2 a b a ab b = + , ( )
3
3 2 2 3
3 3 a b a a b ab b = +

-
2 2
( )( ) a b a b a b = + ,
3 3 2 2
( )( ) a b a b a ab b = +

- ( )
1 1
... ...
1 1
n
n n n k k n n
n n n
a b a a b a b ab b
k n

| | | | | |
+ = + + + + + +
| | |

\ . \ . \ .

2
2
1,2
4
0, 0
2
b b ac
ax bx c a x
a

+ + = = =

- Viteove formule:
1 2 1 2
,
b c
x x x x
a a
+ = =

- Tjeme parabole:
2
4
,
2 4
b ac b
T
a a
| |

|
\ .

- log
x
b
b a x a = = ,
log
log
b
x
b
x
b x b = =

- log ( ) log log
b b b
xy x y = + , log log log
b b b
x
x y
y
= , log log
y
b b
x y x = ,
log
log
log
b
a
b
x
x
a
=

VIA RAZINA

- Kompleksan broj:
2
1, , i z a bi = = + , z a bi =
2 2
, z a b = + , R a be

- (cos sin ) z r i = + , ( )
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
cos( ) sin( ) , z z r r i = + + +

( )
1 1
1 2 1 2
2 2
cos( ) sin( ) ,
z r
i
z r
= + (cos sin ),
n n
z r n i n = +

2 2
cos sin , 0,1,..., 1
n n
k k
z r i k n
n n
| | + + | | | |
= + =
| | |
\ . \ . \ .

- ,
m n m n
a a a
+
= : ( 0),
m n m n
a a a a

= =
1
( 0),
m
m
a a
a

= =
n
m n
m
a a =

- ( )
2
2 2
2 a b a ab b = + , ( )
3
3 2 2 3
3 3 a b a a b ab b = +

-
2 2
( )( ) a b a b a b = + ,
3 3 2 2
( )( ) a b a b a ab b = +

- ( )
1 1
... ...
1 1
n
n n n k k n n
n n n
a b a a b a b ab b
k n

| | | | | |
+ = + + + + + +
| | |

\ . \ . \ .

2
2
1,2
4
0, 0
2
b b ac
ax bx c a x
a

+ + = = =

- Viteove formule:
1 2 1 2
,
b c
x x x x
a a
+ = =

- Tjeme parabole:
2
4
,
2 4
b ac b
T
a a
| |

|
\ .

- log
x
b
b a x a = = ,
log
log
b
x
b
x
b x b = =

- log ( ) log log
b b b
xy x y = + , log log log
b b b
x
x y
y
= , log log
y
b b
x y x = ,
log
log
log
b
a
b
x
x
a
=

VIA RAZINA

- Kompleksan broj:
2
1, , i z a bi = = + , z a bi =
2 2
, z a b = + , R a be

- (cos sin ) z r i = + , ( )
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
cos( ) sin( ) , z z r r i = + + +

( )
1 1
1 2 1 2
2 2
cos( ) sin( ) ,
z r
i
z r
= + (cos sin ),
n n
z r n i n = +

2 2
cos sin , 0,1,..., 1
n n
k k
z r i k n
n n
| | + + | | | |
= + =
| | |
\ . \ . \ .

- ,
m n m n
a a a
+
= : ( 0),
m n m n
a a a a

= =
1
( 0),
m
m
a a
a

= =
n
m n
m
a a =

- ( )
2
2 2
2 a b a ab b = + , ( )
3
3 2 2 3
3 3 a b a a b ab b = +

-
2 2
( )( ) a b a b a b = + ,
3 3 2 2
( )( ) a b a b a ab b = +

- ( )
1 1
... ...
1 1
n
n n n k k n n
n n n
a b a a b a b ab b
k n

| | | | | |
+ = + + + + + +
| | |

\ . \ . \ .

2
2
1,2
4
0, 0
2
b b ac
ax bx c a x
a

+ + = = =

- Viteove formule:
1 2 1 2
,
b c
x x x x
a a
+ = =

- Tjeme parabole:
2
4
,
2 4
b ac b
T
a a
| |

|
\ .

- log
x
b
b a x a = = ,
log
log
b
x
b
x
b x b = =

- log ( ) log log
b b b
xy x y = + , log log log
b b b
x
x y
y
= , log log
y
b b
x y x = ,
log
log
log
b
a
b
x
x
a
=

VIA RAZINA

- Kompleksan broj:
2
1, , i z a bi = = + , z a bi =
2 2
, z a b = + , R a be

- (cos sin ) z r i = + , ( )
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
cos( ) sin( ) , z z r r i = + + +

( )
1 1
1 2 1 2
2 2
cos( ) sin( ) ,
z r
i
z r
= + (cos sin ),
n n
z r n i n = +

2 2
cos sin , 0,1,..., 1
n n
k k
z r i k n
n n
| | + + | | | |
= + =
| | |
\ . \ . \ .

- ,
m n m n
a a a
+
= : ( 0),
m n m n
a a a a

= =
1
( 0),
m
m
a a
a

= =
n
m n
m
a a =

- ( )
2
2 2
2 a b a ab b = + , ( )
3
3 2 2 3
3 3 a b a a b ab b = +

-
2 2
( )( ) a b a b a b = + ,
3 3 2 2
( )( ) a b a b a ab b = +

- ( )
1 1
... ...
1 1
n
n n n k k n n
n n n
a b a a b a b ab b
k n

| | | | | |
+ = + + + + + +
| | |

\ . \ . \ .

2
2
1,2
4
0, 0
2
b b ac
ax bx c a x
a

+ + = = =

- Viteove formule:
1 2 1 2
,
b c
x x x x
a a
+ = =

- Tjeme parabole:
2
4
,
2 4
b ac b
T
a a
| |

|
\ .

- log
x
b
b a x a = = ,
log
log
b
x
b
x
b x b = =

- log ( ) log log
b b b
xy x y = + , log log log
b b b
x
x y
y
= , log log
y
b b
x y x = ,
log
log
log
b
a
b
x
x
a
=

99
Matematika
Knjiica formula
VIA RAZINA

- Povrina trokuta: ,
2
a
a v
P

= ( ) ( ) ( ), P s s a s b s c =
2
a b c
s
+ +
=

sin
2
ab
P

= ,
o
4
abc
P
r
= ,
u
P r s =

- Jednakostranian trokut:
2
3
4
a
P = ,
3
2
a
v = ,
o
2
3
r v = ,
1
3
u
r v =

- Povrina paralelograma: P a v = - Povrina trapeza:
2
a c
P v
+
=

- Povrina kruga:
2
P r = - Opseg kruga: 2 O r =

- Povrina krunoga isjeka:
2

360
r
P
o
= - Duljina krunoga luka:

180
r
l
o
=

B = povrina osnovke (baze), P = povrina poboja, h = duljina visine, r = polumjer osnovke stoca

- Obujam (volumen) prizme i valjka: V B h = - Oploje prizme i valjka: 2 O B P = +

- Obujam (volumen) piramide i stoca:
1
3
V B h = - Oploje piramide: O B P = +

- Oploje stoca:
2
O r r s = +

- Obujam (volumen) kugle:
3
4

3
V r = - Oploje kugle:
2
4 O r = , r = polumjer kugle

- U pravokutnome trokutu:

nasuprotna kateta
sinus kuta =
hipotenuza
,
prileea kateta
kosinus kuta =
hipotenuza
,

nasuprotna kateta
tangens kuta =
prileea kateta

VIA RAZINA

- Povrina trokuta: ,
2
a
a v
P

= ( ) ( ) ( ), P s s a s b s c =
2
a b c
s
+ +
=

sin
2
ab
P

= ,
o
4
abc
P
r
= ,
u
P r s =

- Jednakostranian trokut:
2
3
4
a
P = ,
3
2
a
v = ,
o
2
3
r v = ,
1
3
u
r v =

- Povrina paralelograma: P a v = - Povrina trapeza:
2
a c
P v
+
=

- Povrina kruga:
2
P r = - Opseg kruga: 2 O r =

- Povrina krunoga isjeka:
2

360
r
P
o
= - Duljina krunoga luka:

180
r
l
o
=

B = povrina osnovke (baze), P = povrina poboja, h = duljina visine, r = polumjer osnovke stoca

- Obujam (volumen) prizme i valjka: V B h = - Oploje prizme i valjka: 2 O B P = +

- Obujam (volumen) piramide i stoca:
1
3
V B h = - Oploje piramide: O B P = +

- Oploje stoca:
2
O r r s = +

- Obujam (volumen) kugle:
3
4

3
V r = - Oploje kugle:
2
4 O r = , r = polumjer kugle

- U pravokutnome trokutu:

nasuprotna kateta
sinus kuta =
hipotenuza
,
prileea kateta
kosinus kuta =
hipotenuza
,

nasuprotna kateta
tangens kuta =
prileea kateta

VIA RAZINA

- Povrina trokuta: ,
2
a
a v
P

= ( ) ( ) ( ), P s s a s b s c =
2
a b c
s
+ +
=

sin
2
ab
P

= ,
o
4
abc
P
r
= ,
u
P r s =

- Jednakostranian trokut:
2
3
4
a
P = ,
3
2
a
v = ,
o
2
3
r v = ,
1
3
u
r v =

- Povrina paralelograma: P a v = - Povrina trapeza:
2
a c
P v
+
=

- Povrina kruga:
2
P r = - Opseg kruga: 2 O r =

- Povrina krunoga isjeka:
2

360
r
P
o
= - Duljina krunoga luka:

180
r
l
o
=

B = povrina osnovke (baze), P = povrina poboja, h = duljina visine, r = polumjer osnovke stoca

- Obujam (volumen) prizme i valjka: V B h = - Oploje prizme i valjka: 2 O B P = +

- Obujam (volumen) piramide i stoca:
1
3
V B h = - Oploje piramide: O B P = +

- Oploje stoca:
2
O r r s = +

- Obujam (volumen) kugle:
3
4

3
V r = - Oploje kugle:
2
4 O r = , r = polumjer kugle

- U pravokutnome trokutu:

nasuprotna kateta
sinus kuta =
hipotenuza
,
prileea kateta
kosinus kuta =
hipotenuza
,

nasuprotna kateta
tangens kuta =
prileea kateta

99
Matematika
Knjiica formula
VIA RAZINA

- Pouak o sinusima:
sin sin sin
a b c
o |
= = - Pouak o kosinusima:
2 2 2
2 cos c a b ab = +

-
2 2
sin cos 1 x x + = ,
sin
tg
cos
x
x
x
=

- sin2 2sin cos x x x = ,
2 2
cos2 cos sin x x x =

- ( ) sin sin cos sin cos x y x y y x =

( ) cos cos cos sin sin x y x y x y =

tg tg
tg( )
1 tg tg
x y
x y
x y

=

- sin sin 2sin cos
2 2
x y x y
x y
+
+ = , sin sin 2cos sin
2 2
x y x y
x y
+
=

cos cos 2cos cos
2 2
x y x y
x y
+
+ = , cos cos 2sin sin
2 2
x y x y
x y
+
=

- ( ) ( )
1
sin sin cos cos
2
x y x y x y = + (

( ) ( )
1
cos cos cos cos
2
x y x y x y = + + (

( ) ( )
1
sin cos sin sin
2
x y x y x y = + + (

-
1
sin ,
6 2
=
2
sin ,
4 2
=
3
sin
3 2
=

VIA RAZINA

- Pouak o sinusima:
sin sin sin
a b c
o |
= = - Pouak o kosinusima:
2 2 2
2 cos c a b ab = +

-
2 2
sin cos 1 x x + = ,
sin
tg
cos
x
x
x
=

- sin2 2sin cos x x x = ,
2 2
cos2 cos sin x x x =

- ( ) sin sin cos sin cos x y x y y x =

( ) cos cos cos sin sin x y x y x y =

tg tg
tg( )
1 tg tg
x y
x y
x y

=

- sin sin 2sin cos
2 2
x y x y
x y
+
+ = , sin sin 2cos sin
2 2
x y x y
x y
+
=

cos cos 2cos cos
2 2
x y x y
x y
+
+ = , cos cos 2sin sin
2 2
x y x y
x y
+
=

- ( ) ( )
1
sin sin cos cos
2
x y x y x y = + (

( ) ( )
1
cos cos cos cos
2
x y x y x y = + + (

( ) ( )
1
sin cos sin sin
2
x y x y x y = + + (

-
1
sin ,
6 2
=
2
sin ,
4 2
=
3
sin
3 2
=

VIA RAZINA

- Pouak o sinusima:
sin sin sin
a b c
o |
= = - Pouak o kosinusima:
2 2 2
2 cos c a b ab = +

-
2 2
sin cos 1 x x + = ,
sin
tg
cos
x
x
x
=

- sin2 2sin cos x x x = ,
2 2
cos2 cos sin x x x =

- ( ) sin sin cos sin cos x y x y y x =

( ) cos cos cos sin sin x y x y x y =

tg tg
tg( )
1 tg tg
x y
x y
x y

=

- sin sin 2sin cos
2 2
x y x y
x y
+
+ = , sin sin 2cos sin
2 2
x y x y
x y
+
=

cos cos 2cos cos
2 2
x y x y
x y
+
+ = , cos cos 2sin sin
2 2
x y x y
x y
+
=

- ( ) ( )
1
sin sin cos cos
2
x y x y x y = + (

( ) ( )
1
cos cos cos cos
2
x y x y x y = + + (

( ) ( )
1
sin cos sin sin
2
x y x y x y = + + (

-
1
sin ,
6 2
=
2
sin ,
4 2
=
3
sin
3 2
=

99
Matematika
Knjiica formula
VIA RAZINA

- Udaljenost toaka
1 2
, T T : ( ) ( )
2 2
1 2 2 1 2 1
( , ) d T T x x y y = +

- Polovite duine
1 2
TT :
1 2 1 2
,
2 2
x x y y
P
+ + | |
|
\ .

- Vektor
1 2
TT

:
1 2 2 1 2 1 1 2
( ) ( ) TT a x x i y y j a i a j

= = + = +

- Skalarni umnoak vektora: cos a b a b o =

,
1 1 2 2
a b a b a b

= +

1 1
y y k x x = ,
2 1
2 1
y y
k
x x

- Kut o izmeu dvaju pravaca:
2 1
1 2
tg
1
k k
k k
o

=
+

- Udaljenost toke ( )
1 1
, T x y i pravca p... 0 Ax By C + + = :
1 1
2 2
( , )
Ax By C
d T p
A B
+ +
=
+

99
Matematika
Knjiica formula
VIA RAZINA

Krivulja drugoga reda

Tangenta u toki krivulje (
1 1
, x y )

Krunica
sredite ( , ) S p q

2 2 2
( ) ( ) x p y q r + =

( )( ) ( )( )
2
1 1
x p x p y q y q r + =

Elipsa
fokusi
1, 2
( ,0) F e
2 2 2
e a b =

2 2
2 2
1
x y
a b
+ =

1 1
2 2
1
x x y y
a b
+ =

Hiperbola
fokusi
1,2
( , 0) F e
2 2 2
e a b = +
asimptote
b
y x
a
=

2 2
2 2
1
x y
a b
=

1 1
2 2
1
x x y y
a b
=

Parabola
fokus , 0
2
p
F
| |
|
\ .

2
2 y px =

( )
1 1
y y p x x = +

- Uvjet dodira pravca y kx l = + i krunice:
( ) ( )
2
2 2
1 r k kp q l + = +

VIA RAZINA

Krivulja drugoga reda

Tangenta u toki krivulje (
1 1
, x y )

Krunica
sredite ( , ) S p q

2 2 2
( ) ( ) x p y q r + =

( )( ) ( )( )
2
1 1
x p x p y q y q r + =

Elipsa
fokusi
1, 2
( ,0) F e
2 2 2
e a b =

2 2
2 2
1
x y
a b
+ =

1 1
2 2
1
x x y y
a b
+ =

Hiperbola
fokusi
1,2
( , 0) F e
2 2 2
e a b = +
asimptote
b
y x
a
=

2 2
2 2
1
x y
a b
=

1 1
2 2
1
x x y y
a b
=

Parabola
fokus , 0
2
p
F
| |
|
\ .

2
2 y px =

( )
1 1
y y p x x = +

- Uvjet dodira pravca y kx l = + i krunice:
( ) ( )
2
2 2
1 r k kp q l + = +

99
Matematika
Knjiica formula
VIA RAZINA

- Aritmetiki niz:
1
( 1)
n
a a n d = + ,
1
( )
2
n n
n
S a a = +

- Geometrijski niz:
1
1
n
n
a a q

= ,
1
1
1
n
n
q
S a
q

=

- Geometrijski red:
1
, | | 1
1
a
S q
q
= <

- Derivacija umnoka: ( ) f g f g f g = +
'
' '
, - Derivacija kvocijenta:
2
f f g f g
g g
| |
=
|
\ .
'
' '

- Derivacija kompozicije: ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) f g x f g x g x =
'
' '

- Tangenta na graf funkcije f u
1 1
( , ) T x y : ( ) ( )
1 1 1
y y f x x x =
'

- Derivacije:

0 c =
'

( )
1
,
n n
x n x

=
'
0 n =

( ) sin cos x x =
'
( ) cos sin x x =
'

( )
2
1
tg
cos
=
'
x
x

VIA RAZINA

- Aritmetiki niz:
1
( 1)
n
a a n d = + ,
1
( )
2
n n
n
S a a = +

- Geometrijski niz:
1
1
n
n
a a q

= ,
1
1
1
n
n
q
S a
q

=

- Geometrijski red:
1
, | | 1
1
a
S q
q
= <

- Derivacija umnoka: ( ) f g f g f g = +
'
' '
, - Derivacija kvocijenta:
2
f f g f g
g g
| |
=
|
\ .
'
' '

- Derivacija kompozicije: ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) f g x f g x g x =
'
' '

- Tangenta na graf funkcije f u
1 1
( , ) T x y : ( ) ( )
1 1 1
y y f x x x =
'

- Derivacije:

0 c =
'

( )
1
,
n n
x n x

=
'
0 n =

( ) sin cos x x =
'
( ) cos sin x x =
'

( )
2
1
tg
cos
=
'
x
x

VIA RAZINA
- Aritmetiki niz:
1
( 1)
n
a a n d = + ,
1
( )
2
n n
n
S a a = +
- Geometrijski niz:
1
1
n
n
a a q

= ,
1
1
1
n
n
q
S a
q

- Geometrijski red:
1
, | | 1
1
a
S q
q
= <

- Derivacija umnoka: ( ) f g f g f g = +
'
' '
, - Derivacija kvocijenta:
2
f f g f g
g g
| |
=
|
\ .
'
' '
- Derivacija kompozicije: ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) f g x f g x g x =
'
' '
D
- Tangenta na graf funkcije f u
1 1
( , ) T x y : ( ) ( )
1 1 1
y y f x x x =
'
- Derivacije:
0 c =
'
( )
1
,
n n
x n x

=
'
0 n = ( ) sin cos x x =
'
( ) cos sin x x =
' ( )
2
1
tg
cos
x
x
=
'
Matematika
99
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