This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Latin America is interesting to study. It is made of Latin America, Mexico, and South America too. They
have a great history and culture in their own right. Economically and politically, they are growing in power. Their culture is influenced by Native Americans, black Africans, Europeans, Indians, other Asians, and other human beings from the four corners of the Earth. In Virginia,
where I am from, there has been an increase in the Latin American population. So, it is important to learn and appreciate Latin American culture. You can't know about Latin America without comprehending the history of Native Americans. Even as far back as 14,000 years ago, there was the Monte Verde settlement of Native Americans in Southern Chile. Throughout Latin America, there are vast rainforests, mountains, plants, and coasts. In Ecuador, you can find the Las Vegas culture that existed from about 8,000 to 4,600 B.C. The settlers in the land developed pyramidal structures for worships, transportation systems, and other complex governmental system. This is readily found in the Mayan, Inca, and Aztec civilizations. A lot of individuals understand about the Mayan peoples, because of their advanced calendar system. 2012 obviously is not the year of the end of the world. LOL. Yet, the Aztec empire was pretty much the most powerful civilization known throughout the Americas. It was destroyed by Spanish invaders. Christopher Columbus came into Latin America as a means to advance control over lands. Other conquistadors came into Central America too like Hernando Cortes to harm the Aztec human beings. Cortes seized the Aztec elite's power with the help of local groups who didn't favor the Aztec elite. There was Francisco Pizarro who caused the end of Incan rule in Western South America. The European powers of Spain and Portugal colonized the region. Later, the line of demarcation in 1494 came about, which gave Spain all areas to the West and Portugal all areas to the east. By the end of the 1500's, Spain occupied areas of North America too. Roman Catholicism
and Venezuela. Bolivar wanted a federation of South American states as a means to grow the political influence of Latin America. One of Bolivar's most famous lieutenants. There were initial victories and some of the early movements were crushed by the royalist troops by 1812. Smallpox and measles (or diseases brought by the Europeans) killed a huge population of the indigenous population of Latin America. Now. He admired the American Revolution. 27 percent have African and 12 percent Caucasian. and similar denominations are coming about in Brazil. His critics believe that he emancipated or free black slaves as a means to prevent a popular revolution not based on humanist grounds." because he was always the first to ride into battle. One of the greatest parts of the history of Latin America was when the Latin American human beings fought for their well-deserved independence from European imperialists. and Bernardo O'Higgins of Chile. His betrayal of Miranda is probably the biggest stain on Bolívar's revolutionary record. Today. Cruzado's research revealed surprising results in 2003. They won huge victories from the early 19th century to the present. This doesn't mean that everything was a cake walk. Now. Pedro Camejo. He designed an island wide DNA survey of Puerto Rico's people. The majority of the Latin American population hated the restrictions that were constantly imposed upon them by the Spanish government. His supporters deny that Bolivar was a racist. look at the facts to make up your own mind. Bernardo O'Higgins. The letter said that freedom given to the blacks as a means to allow them to kill them off in battle as a means to prevent in his mind the "Haitianization" revolution in the continent. There is no negotiation with freedom. There has been a new scientific DNA study on Puerto Rico. p. The October 1. The Haitian independence of 1804 inspired the Latinos and the Latinas to fight for freedom and equality. Full abolition came to Venezuela in 1854. Many believed that Puerto Ricans have mostly Spanish origins mixed with some African ancestry including distant indigenous ancestry. we know that Simon Bolivar is not without controversy. When Napoleon invaded Spain in 1808. and other Libertadores in South America. the imperial power of Spain and Portugal waned in the world scene. The newer generation of these human beings included folks like Simon Bolivar or the Liberator... Many juntas fought the Spanish colonial authorities. Would it not be useful that they acquire their rights in the field of battle and that their dangerous numbers be reduced by a powerful and legitimate means?” (Bolivar.’” “If I am not mistaken. the Latin American independence movement had fighters like Simon Bolivar of Venezuela. Panama. pure democracy. because freedom is freedom. the game changed. about 70% of Latin America is Roman Catholic.” he continued. Bolivar invented the somewhat original solution that was signed in the hand of the “Liberator” himself in a letter addressed to his principal general. Even in the end of the eighteenth century.dominated religiously the region then and now since it was the religion of the Spanish and the Portuguese. Haiti gave munitions and troops to each of these nations as a means for the Latin American human beings to get their rightful independence. 1820. He was right to be for independence. The intermarriage between European colonists and the indigenous peoples of Latin America were so common that human beings of mixed ancestry (or the mestizos of the old school times) formed majorities in several colonies. Bolivar also allowed Pillar to be killed. “In accordance with Article 3 of the Constitution” ‘all of the slaves useful for service in arms will be sent into the army. “this is not declaring the freedom of the slaves and is using the facility that the law gives me. Santander. in fact. 61 percent of all Puerto Ricans have Amerindian mitochondrial DNA. It found that. is known in Venezuela's history books as "El Negro Primero (The First Black). 1983. Juan Martinez Cruzado is a geneticist from the University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez. São Paulo: Ática. As Bolivar proclaimed. Simon made the ignorant comment that Latin American nations were not ready for a true. 50). 1814 Battle of Rancagua involved Chilean patriots led by Bernado O'Higgins to fight Spanish imperialists. Freedom for military service should of not existed at all. Jose de San Martin. Some of the early leaders of this movement were Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla of Mexico and Francisco de Miranda of Venezuela. Bolivar's three most important political documents . As a human being. The increasing membership of Protestants.. This changes the official history of Puerto Rico indeed. Bellotto & Correa. Haiti fueled independence movements inside of the whole region of Latin America. Baptists. Jose de San Martin of Argentina. The Peninsulares or the native Spaniards from the Iberian Peninsula controlled the major power structure of those areas. His critics (a lot of them socialists) accuse him of not handling socioeconomic issues strong enough or give economic justice to the citizens of Latin America. More Crillo elites formed juntas as a means to advocate independence. on April 20.
free and open society. and should have. Juarez later became the President of Mexico. He called his parents as "Indios de la raza primitive del pais" or "Indians of the primitive race of the country. Benito was in exile by 1853. Its principles should be the sovereignty of the people. Simon Bolivar said: "A republican government. His grandparents raised him since his parents passed away from diabetes when he was only 3 years old. He served five terms as President of Mexico. We need equality to recast. America gave the Liberal forces in Mexico aid in order for them to defeat the Conservatives. 1872. outlined the concepts of democracy. His literary works. He never wanted American expansionism into Cuba. has. Regardless of his imperfections. and liberty. He worked as Governor of the state of Oaxaca from 1847 to 1852. The conservatives united with the French Emperor ." You wouldn't have a disagreement from me about these words. division of powers. from poems to essays. Brazil received independence with a constitutional monarchy by 1822. so to speak. The battles didn't end yet. and the States. He lived from March 1806 to July 18. He was a writer and he was a patriot that wanted Cuba to have freedom. Simon was wrong to be a dictator at times in his life. he wanted to ally more with Britain. After Anna’s resignation. He is of Zapotec origin from Oaxaca. civil liberty.from the Letter from Jamaica (1815) the Angostura Address (1819) and the Constitution for Bolivia (1826) show his views in full display. Latin Americans have every right to advocate independence of their own lands and to free the slaves. Cuba. Mexico experienced huge liberal reforms. political opinions. These words are from 1819 and by 1826. The Latin American independence movement was so strong that by 1825 in all Spanish America (except Puerto Rico and Cuba) achieved independence from Spain. Jose Marti was born in Havana and he sent his message of Cuban independence all over Spain. Benito Juarez was one of the famous men in Latin American history and world history. that is what Venezuela had. the classes of men. and public custom. one of the greatest heroes of Latin American history was of course Jose Marti. Expansionism is another word for imperialism since let's keep it real here for a minute. These reforms curtailed the power of the military and the Roman Catholic Church since a theocracy has no place in a true. and the abolition of monarchy and privileges. because he objected to the corrupt military dictatorship of Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. into a single whole. He was a full blooded Native American that wanted freedom from the imperialist Spanish Empire. The Ley Juarez of Juarez Law of 1855 declared all citizens equal before the law including it restricted the privileges of the Catholic Church." He was a lawyer by 1834. Now. He allied with the Cuban émigré community in Florida as well. freedom. prohibition of slavery.
Maximilian was captured by forces and he was executed. and other reforms. This was during the Civil War and the USA sympathized with Juarez as Maximilian's actions were a violation of the Monroe Doctrine. then President Abraham Lincoln wanted Great Britain to be held accountable for its involvement in the Trent Affair. Benito Juarez was anti-Jesuit since the Papacy even in those days wanted Monarchy. Benito Juarez is known for making marriage a civil contract and not a privilege granted by the Pope. The Emperor's forces were defeated and Maximilian lost support from even conservatives since he harbored some liberal views. an end to feudalism. opposition and a threat from Prussia came about. Benito Juarez will be known for fighting for democracy and wanting equal rights for Native Americans or the indigenous peoples of Mexico. France left in late 1866 because of U.Napoleon III as a means to overthrow the Juarez government and create a theocratic Second Mexican Empire.S. Benito Juarez upheld the Constitution of 1857. He suppressed revolts and he died of a heart attack in 1872 while reading a newspaper at his desk in the National Palace in Mexico City. Mexican forces under Ignacio Zaragoza had a victory over the French in the Battle of Puebla in 1862. Once. The US was tied in the Civil War during that time period. He agreed with the separation of church and state. The Monroe Doctrine forbade hardcore European intervention in the Western Hemisphere that would damage the independence of that Hemisphere politically or socially. Juarez soon was elected President again on 1867 and 1871. and a hatred of the freedom of conscience. That Constitution guaranteed the freedom of speech and the freedom of the press. . Mexico defended itself from the French. theocracy. the imperialist Maximilian temporarily conquered Mexico. As late as March of 1865. Andrew Johnson later used a naval blockade of Mexico in February of 1866 since he demanded the French to leave Mexico. His successor was Sebastian Lerdo de Tejada or his foreign minister. Therefore. which is celebrated annually as Cinco de Mayo on May 5. Juarez fled to get some help.
the Philippines and Guam to the United States under the Treaty of Paris for $20 million dollars. and Guam as its territories. The good news was that Puerto Rico was freed from Spanish oppression. Miles. The invasion was led by General Nelson A. General Miles' troops negotiated with Geronimo and the Apaches to go to a Florida reservation with a promise to return to their native lands. it ceded Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico was ruled by four consecutive US military dictatorships. who fought in the American Civil War.Puerto Rico is one of the most important nations of Latin America. America defeated Spain. Then Major General George Whitfield Davies.S. because the U. Puerto Rico has been suffering under colonization under various powers including the American Empire. a Civil War veteran . Spain later relinquished its political power over Cuba. installed governor was General Nelson A. The U. Puerto Ricans live everywhere including where I live at in Virginia. The promise never occurred. When Spain lost the war. the Spanish-American War of 1898 came about. The governors and other officials in the Puerto Rican government were all appointed by the President of the United States. America accused Spain of bombing the USS Maine. and the Spanish-American War. It was during the Spanish-American war on July 25. Brooke followed by Major General Guy Vernon Henry. Cuba gained its independence from the United States on May 20. From 1898 to 1900. 1898 with the United States Navy landing at Guanica. the Philippines. both took part in the Wounded Knee Massacre.S. government wanted to bring their American style "democracy" to Puerto Rico with military governors. 1902. Soon.S. government appointed Major General John R. The U. the American Indian wars. General Miles led the war campaign against Geronimo and the Apaches.S. Miles. Then. government planned to keep the Apaches in the reservations. The first U. Historically. It was a colony of the Spanish Empire for than 400 years. These governors were involved in the massacres during the Native American wars in North America. The bad news was that the United States declared Puerto Rico. We know what their version of democracy was all about indeed. Hawaii.
a non-voting resident commissioner in Congress. social. The Foraker Act was a law intended for the U. the JonesShafrot Act was passed. Commonwealth status is still subject to U.S. government appointed all of the executive council.S.” In an article titled “Let Puerto Rico Decide How To End Its Colony Status” by Rosalinda Dejesus quoted United States Secretary of the Interior when he said: “The bill (to permit Puerto Rico to write its own constitution) merely authorizes the people of Puerto Rico to adopt their own constitution and to organize a local government…The bill under consideration would not change Puerto Rico’s political. “The Architect of the Commonwealth.S. The Commonwealth status became law on the anniversary of the U. The law led Puerto Rico into “Commonwealth” status written by then resident commissioner Luis Munoz Marin himself. a judicial system modeled after the U. invasion on July 25. There is no question about it. judicial system.S.S. The government had an executive council with more than 11 members. It was eventually signed into law that allowed for a democratic referendum that would allow Puerto Ricans to draft their own constitution if they desired with congressional approval. and economic relationship to the United States. Public Law 600 has been filled with controversy. appointed and first civilian governor Charles Herbert Allen. Voting rights were limited to those who could read and write and paid taxes. Not only Commonwealth status became law which led Puerto Rico to become more dependent on the U. 1952.was also appointed governor. *Still. etc. the Supreme Court.S. so that Puerto Ricans would become American citizens which allowed the U. All of them ruled Puerto Rico as a military dictatorship. .S. Many uprisings have occurred in Puerto Rico because of this and other reasons. It became an area still ruled heavily by America. The U. government to rule Puerto Rico politically.S. There are numerous political parties in Puerto Rico. the House of Representatives. In 1917. The Statehood party was divided on the issue and the Socialists supported Public Law 600. The Jones Act of 1917 paved the way for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.” Some accuse the Public Law 600 as a tool to continue Puerto Rico's colonial status by the Nationalist Party. The Foraker Act of 1900 allowed Puerto Rico a limited civilian popular government that included U. Puerto Rico has a great history and great culture indeed. Federal Law. the Chief of Police. government. and a United States District in Puerto Rico. government to draft Puerto Ricans for World War I.
and other differences. These human beings are descendants of the black African slaves brought by the Spanish during their conquest of Ecuador from the Incas." She adds. These policies continue to make the rich richer and the poor poorer. but discrimination is still strong against our brothers and sisters in Ecuador. but Latina and black are not mutually exclusive. Being black is very diverse since many of our brothers and sisters are eclectic in appearance. These differences ought to be respected. "If I could change my destiny I wouldn’t be a wanderer in this harsh world. social disposition. Today. gender. quoting the lines. More human beings understand their history and culture in the 21st century. there are many organizations in Ecuador that are fighting for the rights and liberties of AfroEcuadorian human beings in Ecuador. There are Arturo Schombourg. Malcolm X talked about the millions of human beings of black African descent in Latin America and South America back in 1965 before he was assassinated. We can be unified in our African culture and respect our cultural differences at the same time." -The Afro-Brazilian Sister Benedita da Silva Afro Latinos are one of the most prominent parts of the Latin American community. and other Afro-Latinos that have great historical significance.“In Congress we’re fighting an uphill battle against policies that place the interests of the international market above the public good. Latinos are diverse." "My life story is like a samba. Juan Gualberto Gomez Ferrer. Afro-Ecuador human beings make up 7-8% of the entire population of the nation of Ecuador. Many Afro-Ecuadorians live in the Esmeraldas region. Slavery was abolished there in 1851. Some have played in national football leagues. racist Western power structure that still persists to this very day. so not all Latinos look the same. They have made great contributions in Marimba music and the many cultural aspects of the nation of Ecuador. Jaime Hurtado Gonzalez. and the National ." she says at the outset. He wanted the linkage of the people of color in the world as a means to combat the imperialist. the Black Community Movement (El Proceso de Comundades Negras).120. She calls herself black and Latina. age. Some Afro-Latinos have a darker phenotype and a more African phenotype than some African Americans living in the States. There are the CONDAE of the Afro-Ecuadorian Development Council. Afro-Latinos are as African as an African Americans. There are just some cultural differences between the African American community and many Afro-Latinos. Black people are all over the Western Hemisphere and throughout the world. "Tocar no meu destino — change my destiny — that’s exactly what I did. Nicomedes Santa Cruz. Valle de Chota. and the Inbabura region. Their population is about 1. THE MAAFA DID NOT STOP US. Dr. THE REASON IS THAT WE WON’T STOP BECAUSE WE CAN’T STOP. BLACK POWER IS WORLDWIDE AND IT CAN NEVER BE STOPPED AT ALL. which is correct. INDEED. Jose Barbosa. That is why La La Vasquez had to set the record straight and legitimately said that she is Latina.000 people.
S. There have been black organizations such as "Grupo Cultural Afro. Afro-Uruguayan migrants have brought candomble to Argentina. Puerto Rico. and other African derived secular dances. economists like Joseph Stiglitz and Dani Rodrik have criticized policies made by the IMF. and the U.Confederation of Afro-Ecuadorians (or the Confederacion Nacional Afroecuatoriana or the CNA). We know of the individuals of black African ancestry living in Brazil. Peru. the Dominican Republic. about 4 percent of the population is made up of African descendants. Many of these leaders describe themselves as socialists. U. The black people of Uruguay did a great job in fighting off the Spanish in order for Uruguay to achieve independence. while Afro-Brazilians teach capoeira. In recent years. AfroArgentine human beings influenced the tango. In Uruguay. Many reactionaries want him to go away literally. the left tide in Latin America has grown even more. or anti-imperialists. and even some locations inside of Mexico." "SOS Racismo. orisha. Not to mention that it is a historical fact that the West has funded reactionaries as a means to overthrow even some democratically elected governments of Latin America during the Cold War plus beyond. Colombia. In Latin America during the modern era. Hugo Chavez died in Venezuela. Many Western corporations in the 1980's and the 1990's wanted Latin America to be more in align with American political policies. leftists. Latin American nations have been heavily influenced by the International Monetary Fund. The National Institute to Combat Discrimination (INADI) is the public body responsible for combating discrimination and racism.S. In the 21st century. There is Lula da Silava and Dilma Rousseff in Brazil. La Saya is a popular music among the Afro-Bolivians. the World Bank. The anti-imperialist struggle has always been strong in Latin America and South America indeed. Fernando Lugo in Paraguay and Nestor and Cristina Kirchner in Argentina are other left wing leaders. The AfroArgentine community is more known now. The reason is that they felt that some policies sent from the IMF were a one size fits all and these policies exploited the natural resources of Latin America. There are black human beings in Suriname that fought for human rights as well. Their stories and histories are just as vital and important to comprehend as the stories found in black folks in the United States of America. The Afro-Brazilian Sister Benedita da Silva said the following about situations in Brazil: “Racial democracy only exists in school books and official speeches. the elite in Brazil have promoted the myth of racial harmony to make people accept certain forms of discrimination and to deny the need for affirmative action. Latin Americanists. Treasury Department.” Benedita da Silva is the first black woman to be the Governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro. Even in the late 1990's and the rest of the 21st century. The Yungas has the highest population of the Afro-Bolivians. . that out of 350 million human beings living in South America." and perhaps the most important group "Africa Vive" that help to rekindle interest into the African heritage of Argentina. left wing political parties and movements have risen to power all over Latin America and South America. The West wanted Latin America to experience a neo-liberal economic system. Latin American countries have executed a backlash against the Washington Consensus agenda of neoliberalism. The BBC even reported that in 2005. There are also Afro-Uruguayan and Afro-Brazilian migrants who have helped to expand the African culture. Many nations wanted more national sovereignty. 3 out of 4 of them lived in nations that are ruled by left leaning Presidents being elected during the preceding 6 years.
This legacy is interconnected with all members of the human race. In 1944. Now. there was the Mexican Revolution. During WWII. she is a great advocate for human rights and political freedom of Cuban human beings. but he was known as a great humanitarian too.There are tons of Latin American role models that human beings can respect and succinctly admire indeed. When I was a younger person (over 17 years ago). Latino civil rights groups fought to end discrimination and segregation in public . but it was an important predecessor for the 1964 Civil Rights Act. including 11 children and three women. That industry back then was already a powerful force. growers agreed to a settlement including a wage increase to 20 cents an hour.50 for a nine-hour day of work. Texas. In 1914. Many Mexican Americans formed the El Primer Congreso Mexicanista. wages dropped to nine cents an hour. He was not only a great athlete. It would be the first union to strike against the California agricultural industry. which changed Western Hemisphere history forever. Texas and she helped to found the Wobblies. California. By May 1933. This group was to fight for social justice. Therefore. in Los Angeles. They are inspiring human beings and they are critical portions of the great. In 1921. Yet. The largest and longest latest civil rights group in America for Latino American is called the League of United Latin Americans or LULAC. This revolution caused many Mexicans to cross the border into America. mostly Mexican Americans. He was never ashamed of his Puerto Rican heritage. many Hispanics continued to fight for their human rights. lasting legacy of Latin American human beings. In 1903. which prohibits discrimination because of race. the Industrial Workers of the World. Not only that. Gloria Estefan is a great singer. Each of them wanted human rights and labor rights. Luis Alvarez contributed to science and he was the Nobel Prize winner as a physicist for Physics in 1968. we should firmly appreciate these human beings for what they have done for humanity. More than 50 people are killed. thousands of Latinos served in the armed forces as a means to fight Nazism and totalitarianism. In 1927. By 1910. It was called the Japanese-Mexican Labor Association or the JMLA. Latino unions in California lead the El Monte Strike as a means to fight for better wages among farmers. The bill failed. we know about Dolores Huerta and Cesar Chavez. San Antonio's Orden Hijos de América (Order of the Sons of America) organizes Latino workers to raise awareness of civil rights issues and fight for fair wages. there were more than 1. This occurred in 1933. There was the famous labor organizer Lucy Gonzales Parsons. After WWII. education and housing. I owned a baseball card with his image on it. the Confederación de Uniones Obreras Mexicanas (Federation of Mexican Workers Union-CUOM) becomes the first large-scale effort to organize and consolidate Mexican workers. Roberto Clemente was a great baseball player. In July. creed or national origin. Additionally. She was from San Antonio. Latin Americans have fought for their civil rights for a long time.200 Mexican and Japanese farm workers who organized the first farm worker union. Senator Dennis Chávez of New Mexico introduces the first Fair Employment Practices Bill. inside of Oxnard. They wanted safety and job employment. the Colorado militia attacks striking coal miners in what becomes known as the Ludlow Massacre. we should continue for fight for the same goals that these individuals were or are continuing to fight for. They had a large convention in 1911 inside of Laredo. or $1.
high school students (of Latinos and others) stage walkouts in Los Angeles. In the 1960's. President Ronald Reagan appoints Dr. expand legal immigration with expedition. Although the Court didn’t address racial profiling in its opinion.S. Not to mention we should not allow a guest working program that will allow a source of cheap labor for Agribusiness. Houston and other cities. NAFTA and other free trade agreements have used corporate exploitation of society that damaged the economies of America including Mexico.2 . such requirements would serve to discourage immigrants from coming forward. No worker should be exploited by any multinational corporation. liberty. family million deportations in his first term and over 400. My views of immigration are the same for the past years. There ought to be stronger labor law enforcement for all workers regardless of citizenship and immigrant status. becomes the first Latino woman elected to the U. Schools issue suspensions and truancy reports to students who participate. Sometimes. tons of ethnic groups continued to work for justice. Clearly. The current President Barack Obama have made record deportations (in about 1. labor rights. Immigration is a part of human culture. sacrifices are made. It is the ideal is that human rights are valuable and immigrant rights are human rights period. The requirement amounts to the imposition of a police-state style electronic national ID system. and several students are arrested. So. In the 1970's. sometimes. or both. either due to inability to pay the fines and fees. Section 2(b) requires state officers to determine the immigration status of anyone they stop. there were fights for civil rights. boycotting schools and businesses in support of immigrant rights and equality. and the decision to arrest someone for unlawful presence in the U. equality. immigrant rights groups continue to exist. It is very special part of not only human culture. but in the Latino community including all communities of the human family. Even some Democrats want some harsh worksite and border enforcement as a tradeoff for a fair legalization program. we need due process. Instead. Lauro Cavazos as Secretary of Education. This is wild. detain or arrest if they have “reasonable suspicion” the person is an undocumented immigrant. In 1989. how can this statute possibly be enforced without considering skin color. There have been thousands of immigrant workers and supporters marching in Washington. the Court overturned three sections of SB 1070: Arizona cannot criminalize unlawful presence in the United States. He becomes the first Latino appointed to a presidential cabinet. jail. When the President is not radical enough for them to the anti-immigration reform crowd.C. Cheap labor depresses the wages of all workers. and economic justice. is solely a federal issue. and economic justice. There is no exception and there is no equivocation when it comes to human rights. or death. folks face ridicule. The ACLU has criticized the federal database as some have proposed in the immigration reform bill. Also. In 1988. In 2006. According to 2011 figures. then you know we have a group of extremists on our hands. The 1954 Hernandez v. fear of deportation.000 in 2012 alone) and the reactionary Republicans act like he is on some amnesty agenda still. In a victory for those who support a humane immigration policy.S.education. D. the Court unanimously upheld the most controversial provision of SB 1070. in which every worker in the country would be tracked by the authorities in Washington. or working without papers. if you want freedom. Texas case of the Supreme Court strike down discrimination based on class and ethnicity in certain areas. Any immigration policy should be fair among all human beings for immigrants ought not to be made neither inferior nor superior to the rights of any human beings living in America. They fought against law enforcement brutality against immigrants. But unfortunately. immigration reform should be fair (to all human beings including African Americans living here) and not repressive as repression is negation of human rights. House of Representatives. at least for the time being. nearly one quarter of those deported were parents of children who were born in the US and are citizens. You have nothing to be ashamed of if you advocate truth and righteousness in any land of the world. a Cuban American. if you fight for a just cause via just means. language and clothing? Now. The Court made clear that the enforcement of immigration law is reserved to the federal government. That means that workers should never be mistreated or harmed at all. Either we advance it or we don't. Immigrants come in every background and every nationality. I looked at both sides of this issue and one clear thought persists in my mind. great schools. then you have nothing to be ashamed of at all. Even the Brown Berets worked with the Black Panthers as a means to advocate justice. Yet. I am opposed to the Arizona SB 1070 law. Miami’s Ileana Ros-Lehtinen. and have legalization in a fair fashion. From the 1990's to our time in the 21st century. to demand legislation to give legal status to millions of undocumented immigrations in America (as a means to offer reunification.
In 2011. Latin America and parts of the Caribbean are growing social justice and building consensus. Madrid. They are human beings created in the image of God. Ecuador. In addition. New York City. The end results of these actions have been a reduction in poverty." Many of the young even in Chile are fighting against neoliberal extremism. Mexico City. The Chilean student movement is influencing Chile and all over Latin America as a whole. At the end of the day. They are not haters of humankind. There should be social services granted to human beings. Right now. lower income disparity in the region. Social. The vast majority of immigrants are not criminals. I have no problem with real immigration reform at all.them full citizenship). Barcelona. which has been pushed by Americans. people angrily voiced their opposition to the construction of coal-fired thermal power plants that threaten their health and the environment. political and economic transformations have been taking place through democratic processes in countries such as Venezuela. Uruguay. Argentina and Brazil throughout the past decade. Many Latin Americans legitimately reject the consensus policies of open markets and privatization. and direct participation in political processes. but even that bill is better what some in the House GOP is advancing. Belfast. The House Republicans want a more reactionary bill than what the Senate is proposing. Students in Chile speak to the fight that education is a human right not a privilege. Bolivia. The reactionary lie is that immigrants collectively want to overrun American society and take the wealth including jobs of Americans. Camila Vallejo is the President of the University Students Confederation. She is fighting against market based education in Chile. the Chilean working class fought against low wages. It is very hypocritically for those who are not the indigenous human beings of America to lecture anyone on harsh anti-immigrant policies. Nicaragua. an increase of social services. . Athens. The Senate bill has strengths and weaknesses. the firing of civil servants. and all over the world. labor flexibilization. and mining development. The battle against poverty and unemployment is still being fought in London. The term to describe this important movement has been named "pink tide.
especially in South America. There have been discussions and debate about free speech and free press suppression accusations in Venezuela. Regardless of his flaws. and his family. Hugo Chavez was a socialist. He was a man with ambition. He had supporters and distractors. Hugo Chavez was not a Hitler neither was he was some 100% ruthless dictator bent on global domination as the Western reactionaries would have you to believe. killing Chavez. his death was tragic situation since he died of cancer unfortunately.S. On the other hand. capitalism. officials out of Venezuela.S. He tried his best to find ways to treat it. and that war mongering in Iran is detrimental to the Iranian people at the end of the day. Just before Chavez died. with passion. He wanted socialism to spread all across the world. The bad news is that some in the West are trying to exploit the death of the man Hugo Chavez as a convenient excuse to try to destabilize the nation of Venezuela. the imperialists in the West can never end the flame of liberty in Latin America and the rest of South America. but you have to allow nations to decide their own system whether socialism. Human beings were mourning all over the streets of Venezuelan.Appendix A: Hugo Chavez Hugo Chavez died at 58 years old. I feel sympathy for his friends. there are civil rights groups in the USA filling a FOIA or a Freedom of Information Act that demands an investigation about information regarding poisons or assassination plans against Hugo Chavez. He was the President of Venezuela. There has been no conclusive evidence of the U. The fight against imperialism still is on. Hugo Chavez's death outlined an ending of an era. He only lived for 58 years. the U. we can use his life as inspiration for us living today to be better . that the Iraq War was unjust. Yet. Chavez was not perfect as no human being is perfect. or any other philosophy if they want to in a peaceful fashion. times are changing indeed. Hugo Chavez was a controversial figure within the annals of human history. The good news is that in the past years. I believe in free speech. but he was right that imperialism is wrong. We know that the Bolivarian revolution has reduced poverty. Those living in the villages. He was a socialist that decried imperialism and believed that the oligarchs ought not to have a disproportionate amount of power and wealth of the world society. In South America. that incident was an honorable moment in his life. barrios. I feel that he didn't reach his full potential. and advanced a range of new forms of participatory democracy. favelas. When he said that he had black African heritage.S. colleagues. He was not a communist regardless of what a Texas radio host like Alex Jones said. He was not perfect. Now. The fight hasn't stop. and highland mourn the death of Hugo Chavez. we know about the truth more. We do know that since 9/11. because this could have been a lot of more that he could of accomplish. with flaws. rural places. and a free press. free association. but fact is stranger than fiction. and he spoke numerous truths about the world. he threw out U. but these efforts failed. nationalized strategic industries. government has revoked President Ford's 1976 Executive Order 12333 which banned the CIA from conducting targeted assassinations. Yet.
2%. President Hugo Chavez died on March 5. We know the history of independence in the Western Hemisphere. to the Union of South American Nations. Even in December of 2005. The blood of the Native Americans and black Africans run deep in the Western Hemisphere.. South America is known continent where leaders reject austerity and neocolonialism. but he was never ashamed of his Indigenous and black African heritage at all. James Carter. and the Carter Center unanimous recognized the transparency of the vote counts. GOP leader and chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee in a sick way gloated over Hugo Chavez's death. • • The number of children attending school increased from 6 million in 1998 to 13 million in 2011 and the enrollment rate is now 93. There are tons of facts about him and the Bolivarian Revolution. Chavez used Venezuela's own oil wealth to cut poverty in half & extreme poverty by 65% . therefore.S. A failed military coup came upon him.As a matter of fact. The future of Venezuela is uncertain. which makes me very proud. Now. He is interrelated with the history of Venezuela and Latin America.. Groups from the European Union. Many of these new leaders like the Bolivian President Evo Morales in 2005 are socialist. declared that Venezuela’s electoral system was “the best in the world. We saw the revolutionaries in America and the rest of the Hemisphere that advanced truth not oligarchy along with justice without oppression.70%.5 million Venezuelans learned to read and write thanks to the literacy campaign called Mission Robinson I. Even Jimmy Carter was forced to admit in 2012 that: ".human beings. The US. Chavez once said the following: ". • Hugo Chavez won 15 out of the 16 recent elections in Venezuela including the one on October 7." We see that Washington wants Henrique Capriles Radonski wants to have power in Venezuela. Chavez was from a poor Afro-Native American background. This outlined an incontestable democratic legitimacy. The truth always comes out. the EU.. the Organization of American States.. It is our blood that made the Western Hemisphere what it is today.and anti-government demonstrations in Venezuela. former U.. About 1. We understand about the 1804 victory against the French empire by brothers and sisters who desired liberty not slavery. and NATO network still want domination of the political and economic power base in Latin including South America. of the 92 elections that we've monitored. President. Human beings will reap what they sow.My Indian roots are from my father's side. Chavez shared Venezuela's oil revenues with the poor. Washington wanted to use Chavez's death as a means to change the government of Venezuela in order for it to be more in line with a reactionary foreign policy agenda. Hugo Chavez experienced bigotry by the white Venezuelan elite. & gave all Venezuelans access to free health-care & education." The racial-political color line has long been plain to see in the complexions of pro. 2013 of cancer at age 58. much of the Western mainstream media is slandering Chavez as some Hitler when he wasn't.. UNESCO said that Venezuela had eradicated illiteracy. we should be honorable in our conduct and speak the truth to power. These actions are definitely to the left of the policies from the current President of the United States of America. He defeated his rivals with a margin of 10-20 percentage points. and continue to treat our neighbor as ourselves day in and day out. The conquistadors of old are still in their 500 year war against the rest of the planet Earth. He allowed Venezuela to cut in half its poverty rate. but we should fight against the military industrial complex still.” Universal access to education was introduced to Venezuela in 1998 with great results. For a man like that to be head of a nation is a great accomplishment in it of itself. 2012. He is mixed Indian and black. He came into power beating back the modern day conquistadors of the West. disagree with economic exploitation. I would say that the election process in Venezuela is the best in the world.Mission Robinson II was launched to bring the . Latin Americans want their reclamation of their heritage.
8% to 26. The GINI coefficient. i. Thus. • The minimum wage increased from 100 bolivars ($ 16) in 1998 to 247. but real. • From 1999 to 2011. Venezuela jumped from 83 in 2000 (0.5% and the rate of extreme poverty fell from 16. This is the highest minimum wage in Latin America. which allows the calculation of inequality in a country. The infant mortality rate fell from 19. Between 2005 and 2012.e. the rate of secondary school enrollment rose from 53.3% in 2011. The list goes on and on about the benefits in Venezuela with the influence from Hugo Chavez.6% in 2000 to 73. an increase of over 2. • • The nationalization of the oil company PDVSA in 2003 allowed Venezuela to regain its energy sovereignty. women lie. . • With regard to health.39 in 2011. accurate numbers don’t. Thousands of cooperatives have been created in all sectors of the economy.1 per thousand in 1999 to 10 per thousand in 2012. Five million children now receive free meals through the School Feeding Programme.656) at position 73 in 2011 (0.000%. and entered into the category Nations with ‘High HDI’. the poverty rate decreased from 42.6% under President Chavez. The figure was 250. Child malnutrition was reduced by 40% since 1999. Since 1999. In the rankings of the Human Development Index (HDI) of the United Nations Program for Development (UNDP).52 bolivars ($ 330) in 2012. Men lie. which was a reduction of 49%.6% in 1999 to 7% in 2011.46 in 1999 to 0.entire population up to secondary level.000 homes have been built in Venezuela. 7873 new medical centers were created in Venezuela.735). fell from 0. • • • Social expenditures increased by 60. they created the National Public System to ensure free access to health care for all Venezuelans.000 in 1999. 700.
that as a matter of fact. However. and others. He tried to help black people in the world from the victims of Katrina too others. they or the enemy will always attack populist leaders that refuse to go along with imperialism and plunder of innocent nations in the world. because of my curly hair.” Enough said. over the past 18 months. we were told that we have a motherland. has a lot to do with racism–no doubt about it. Katrina is—indeed. And I’m so proud to have this mouth and this hair. the establishment tries to stop you literally. We love Africa.In 2005. Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva being diagnosed with larynx cancer. we have discovered later. but such weapons are real. He tried to assist Mozambique. Chavez said: “…When we were children. four progressive leaders of Latin Americans have been diagnosed with cancer. These human beings include the 60 year old Paraguayan President Fernando Lugo diagnosed with a tumor of the lymphatic system. Anytime a human being tries to help Africa via independent means without Western approval. Africa. I don't know yet if Chavez was killed by a bioweapon. we have several motherlands. Ironically. during his first interview in the United States. because it’s African. Hate against me has a lot to do with racism. And one of the greatest motherlands of all is no doubt. you are a threat to the establishment. Because of my big mouth. In this battle against white supremacy. in our lives. and that motherland was Spain. And every day we are much more aware of the roots we have in Africa…. By Timothy Libertad y justicia para todos . When you go against the establishment.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.