The Caribbean People

The Caribbean is one of the greatest regions of the Western Hemisphere and the world. I knew by instinct that I would write information about this subject. God, in his Providence and Foreknowledge, definitely knew it as well. The Caribbean experience is made up of numerous cultures and social dispositions. Its history fully is consisted of triumphs, tribulations, and other controversies. Character, strength,

intellectual curiosity, and compassion are firm, accurate characterizations of the Caribbean human beings collectively. For years, I know Caribbean human beings that are hard
workers with great intellectual strength. In fact, my mother’s side of my family has Caribbean heritage, so this is an important topic for me and others across the globe. So many legitimate revolutions for change led by black human beings originated from the Caribbean. For a while, I wanted to write about this issue and now I have the concrete opportunity to do so. As a man, I have to present this information right in a cogent fashion. Now, it is a historical fact that Caribbean black human beings contributed a great deal to the struggle of black liberation here in the States. Marcus Garvey is from Jamaica. Enough Said. Marcus Garvey was one of the greatest black heroes of history. Even WEB DuBois had Haitian roots and he was one of the founders of the NAACP. Kwame Ture was born in Trinidad. Regardless of what we think of his or WEB DuBois’ earlier foolish errors of slandering the brother Marcus Garvey, DuBois woke up in the 1960’s just before he died. Shirley Chisholm’s father was born in British Guiana and her mother was born in Barbados. That is why in the final analysis; we are all Africans regardless if we live in the States or the Caribbean. WE ARE AN AFRICAN PEOPLE. We who are black are strong

and our ancestors were definitely strong indeed. Also, all human beings too ought to have their dignity, equality, and liberty. The truth is that Africans worldwide worked
together and this unity of purpose is a shining light. We are one black Afrikan people. We are one and we

Spain ended the slave trade to colonies in 1817 after being paid ₤400. Many slaves were worked to death. Dominica. and Santo Domingo. There were human beings that used ceramic devices and formed other advances in civilization in the ancient Caribbean surroundings. Grenada. When the Slavery Abolition Act came into force in 1834.000 slaves in the British West Indies immediately became free. The French enacted the same policy of colonization in Guadeloupe. There were humans in the Lesser Antilles from 2. In about 4. the French. who occupied the Leeward Islands. Sugar cane and other resources were produced for the establishment. Barts. and education can greatly enhance our cultural dynamics in a positive trajectory. and the Eastern Taínos. but many of these explorers caused the genocide of the Native American population. The Dutch took over other locations from Saba to parts of the Virgin Islands. and Tortola in 1672. who occupied Hispaniola and Puerto Rico. Some of the European or American wars between Empires would spread into the Caribbean. and the Leeward Islands. There was the British colonization of Bermuda back in 1612. One of the first Europeans to do so were the Spanish and the Portuguese. and the British followed one another to the region and established a long-term presence. and the Bahamian archipelago. The Dutch. Antigua. St. Jamaica. We have one blood. the evils of colonization and discrimination still remained. For example. other enslaved workers were freed several years later after a period of forced apprenticeship. there was the Saladoid culture between 400 B. There were the Maroons or escaped slaves that banded together as a way to fight evil. interesting journey. Montserrat. When slavery was gone. there was the Casirmoid culture in Cuba and Hispaniola. Jamaica was one of the strongest locations where black human beings legitimately rebelled against oppression.000 B. with the exceptions of Cuba. They or the European imperialist criminals sought wealth and power. then St. The immoral slave trade basically caused most of the growth of the capitalist th system in the modern era.C. and 200 B. France abolished slavery in its colonies in 1848. Many abolitionists and black freedom fighters since the moment this immoral slavery Maafa came about fought back against oppression.000 by Britain. The slave trade in the Western Hemisphere continued until the 19 century. Croix. They existed in the mountainous Greater Antilles and some of the islands of the Lesser Antilles. Christopher Columbus and other explorers came into the region. St. The Spanish and other Europeans exploited black people by making blacks slaves. Cudjoe and others organized actions to enchance their territories and defend themselves against .C. the Bahamas. Martin. The Brits colonized other locations too in Nevis. Slavery itself was not abolished in Cuba until 1886. other European powers came into the Caribbean as a clear means to exploit its resources and harm human rights basically.500 B.. Kitts in 1623. There were the Island Caribs and the Gallibi in the Windward Islands. who occupied Cuba. After the Spanish Empire declined inside of the Caribbean. and Barbados in 1627. black human beings were imported in the Americas to be used as labor (and make the growth of European imperialism a reality). They brought with them millions of slaves imported from Africa to support the tropical plantation system that spread through the Caribbean islands.C. We all know about the criminal and terrorist actions of the criminal Christopher Columbus (who was blessed by the religious leadership of Europe in that time period). The Maroons established villages and settlements. in Antigua. Western Taínos. The Taínos are subdivided into Classic Taínos. Anguilla. Native Americans have a long. It is a fact that family growth. All of these people were in the Caribbean around the time Europeans first came into the territory. Puerto Rico. improvements of our socioeconomic conditions.are unified in our common humanity. One of the greatest Jamaican Maroon military leaders were Cudjoe. The main Native American indigenous peoples in the Caribbean islands were the Taino in the Greater Antilles. and St. In eastern Trinidad. The history of the great Caribbean begins with the Native Americans. One of the most evil periods in human history was when the Europeans colonized the Americas including the Caribbean. St. Spain abolished slavery in its empire in 1811. Later. Martinique. roughly 700. Trinidad was lived by both Carib speaking and Arawak speaking groups. Their efforts allowed the British Empire to end the slave trade in 1807 and to ban slavery completely by 1833. There was the Ciboney in western Cuba. Lucia. even the American Revolution caused British and French fleet to battle it out in the Caribbean. Slavery was abolished in the Dutch Empire in 1814. Vincent in 1719. St.C.

They make up more than 22 million human beings in the world. There was a black Spanish seafarer named Pedro Alonso Nino who piloted one of Columbus’s ships. Accompong. Cudjoe. She was the famous leader of the Jamaican Maroons and she lived from ca. You cannot fully understand about the Caribbean human beings without knowing about the AfroCaribbean community. Some of her relatives were sold as slaves as well. West Africa. One of the greatest moments of black history and human history was when Haiti fought for its independence against the French Empire. which was after 13 years of hard work from the Haitian Revolution. They hid in the Blue Mountains area of northern Saint Thomas Parish. and Quao ran away from their plantation. hilly interior of Jamaica than adjust to slavery. Slave rebellions regularly occurred in Jamaica and Cuba. There are other ethnic groups that live in the Caribbean of course. Spanish. Johnny. they damaged land and property belonging to the plantation owners. They fought against British. Nanny was born in Ghana. Each of them formed communities all over Jamaica like . She. The Windward and Leeward Maroons were headed by Nanny of the Maroons and Captain Cudjoe. McFarlane (in his "Cudjoe of Jamaica") wrote that Cudjoe would sneak onto plantations or had his army leaders disguised as slaves sneak onto plantations to learn their inner workings in order ultimately to plot ways to sabotage them. The Maroons formed their own communities in the rugged. She founded Nanny Land. and other forms of oppression. You have the right to oppose oppression in anyway. 1685 to 1755. Yet. They were skilled fighters and they were hard to defeat. Later. the Afro-Caribbean human beings stood triumphantly up for justice and great reforms.imperallists. Many of the Maroons came from human beings from the Akan region of West Africa. She was brought to Jamaica as a slave. French. the exploitation in plantations. and Spanish imperialism including imperialism. Pedro came back to Europe in 1499. you can’t play fish with them. Toussaint l’Ouverture and other brothers and sisters fought for freedom in that epoch of human history. Nanny came from the Ashanti tribe. When you’re dealing with murderous imperialists. The Maroons freed slaves from the plantations. A luta continua Queen Nanny of the Maroons is very heroic human being of the Caribbean. This happened in 1804. Many of them suffered the unjust treatment of slavery. but AfroCaribbean have a very special cultural and societal influence in that region of the globe.

the decision had been taken that the revolt should take place in April. but liberation for Barbados would soon come who have valiantly fought for their liberation like men. Sharpe was religious and was respected by other slaves in his own vicinity. Nanny Town was made up of 500 acres of the land granted to runaway slaves. We have to learn about learn about our heroes like Bussa. He may have been Igbo or of Akan descent. Bussa was an African born man. All human beings are born free. Hundreds of human beings died in . An act of Parliament in 1998 made Bussa to be named the ten National Heroes of Barbados. So. including Bayley's plantation where it began. and were organized very similar to the Ashanti tribe of Africa. Sharpe was involved in the Christmas Rebellion or the Baptist War on December 25. Michael. and children. at Easter. He was a very educated man. Nanny freed more than 800 slaves and helped them to resettle in the Maroon community. His rebellion was the first of the 3 large scale slave rebellions in the British West Indies that shook public faith in slavery in the years leading up to emancipation or the freedom of the slaves. The Maroons at Nanny Town also organized look-outs for such an attack as well as designated warriors who could be summoned by the sound of a horn called an Abeng. A peaceful protest led into Jamaica’s largest slave rebellions. The Emancipation Statue still exists in Haggat Hall in the parish of St. Her contributions ought to be acknowledged. Nanny was a true heroine indeed of the black liberation struggle. The community raised animals. He organized general strikes across many estates in western Jamaica. grew crops. Rebels burned crops. women.Accompong settling in Saint Elizabeth Parish in a community known as Accompong Town. The Brother Sam Sharpe led the Jamaican Baptist War slave rebellion against British imperialism. He was captured by African slave merchants and sold to the British in the late 18th century. It overlooked Stony River via a 900 foot ridges to make sure that a surprise attack by the British virtually impossible. 1831 at the Kensington Estate. hunted. He felt rightly that freedom and emancipation should not be granted by the British Parliament. Preparation for the rebellion began soon after the House of Assembly discussed and rejected the Imperial Registry Bill in November 1815. James. The rebellion. He is a national hero of the great country of Jamaica. Bussa led the slaves into battle at Bayley's on Tuesday on April 16. By February 1816. Bussa led 400 freedom fighters and he or Bussa was killed in battle. The Bussa Rebellion inspired the Guyanese insurrection. Samuel Sharpe was born in the parish of St. He was a Barbardian slave who in 1816 led a slave uprising in Barbados known as Bussa's Rebellion. It was created by Karl Broodhagen. The planning was undertaken at a number of sugar estates.

In 1900. DuBois even admitted that Henry Sylvester Williams influenced heavily his thinking about the Pan African Movement. Sam Sharpe Teachers’ College in Granville. E. "Froudacity" from 1889 wanted black people to have more self-government. That organization wanted to advance the interests of all African peoples of the world. Williams organized the First PanAfrican Conference which was held at Westminster Hall in London. was founded and named in his honor.. Slavery at the time. Thomas's . he was one of only 3 teachers with certificates in that year. and play the piano regularly. The imperialists gathered the leaders of the rebellion. She was often flogged by evil folks. She worked with Thomas Pringle. John Jacob Thomas' book entitled. and writer. Many brothers and sisters in Trinidad back in that time were race-conscious and fought for liberation like John Jacob Thomas. sing. He could teach. he formed the African Association in 1897 where it came to challenge racism. He was born in 1869 in Arouca.The History of Mary Prince" from 1831 was the first account of the life of a black woman to be published in the United Kingdom. ". than live in slavery. Mary Prince was a famous Afro-Caribbean hero. Her firsthand account described numerous important events of her life. Her personal accounts were strong and very direct. The book galvanizes more of the anti-slavery movement. Sharpe said: “I would rather die among yonder gallows. Sharpe died in 1832 and he was named a national hero in 1975 by the Jamaican government. Just before he was hanged for his role in the rebellion. when the autobiography was released. Her own autobiography entitled. and paternalism. Williams was a teacher with a Class III Certification. He was the first black man to be called to the bar in the Cape Colony after he studied to be a barrister. He fought for reform in government. WEB DuBois was in the conference. Maresse Smith. Abolition in the West Indies came about by 1840. imperialism. According to the records. He was famous for his work in the Pan-African Movement. a suburb of Montego Bay. Petioni.. It described the brutalities of enslavement. He was hanged for fighting for human liberation from slavery. Trinidad. He is also on the modern Jamaican $50 dollar bill.” The rebellion caused two detailed Parliamentary Inquiries which arguably contributed to the 1833 Abolition of Slavery across the British Empire. C. was still legal in British Caribbean colonies. Mary Prince's parents were both slaves. At the age of 17. He was posted to the government school in San Fernando. Also in 1975. Henry Sylvester Williams was a Trinidadian lawyer. who was abolitionist writer and Secretary to the Anti-Slavery Society. In the UK. She was born into slavery. councilor. Mzumbo Lazare.the whole circumstance. He went into North America and Britain to further his education. Prince's life after her autobiography is not much known. the Reverend Phillip Henry Douglin.

From back then centuries to now. He soon was elected to public office in Britain. red.” which is about the life the Haitian revolutionary under the same name. Williams didn't want colonists to dictate the political or social affairs of African peoples. In 1941. we can find Afro-Caribbeans & all blacks of African descent contributing a great deal to the struggle of black liberation. He passed away on March 26. He was buried at Lapeyrouse Cemetery. he wanted to fight for the equality of all human beings. Trinidad. Afro-Caribbean freedom fighters have always advanced the cause of black human liberation. A memorial plaque is on the site of his former home at 38 Church Street. He led the UNIA movement that allowed black human beings all over the Diaspora to be unified in the theme of growing black African cultural identity. an end to European colonial racism and civil plus social engagement.ideas inspired Williams. Marcus Garvey was a famous Afro-Caribbean that advanced the interests of the pan-African movement. with the help of other Martinican intellectuals such as Rene Menil and Aristide Maugee. and to Kwame Ture. 1911. From Toussaint L'Ouverture. In 1960. “Toussaint Louverture. Williams would spread the message of Pan-Africanism globally. especially in Jamaica. Cuba was the last emancipated island of the region. "We should not be deprived of equal justice because of the colour of our skins. When he came into London after working in Cape Town. He lived from 1913 to 2008 in 94 years. Queen Nanny. He was one of the first black human beings to be elected in public office in the modern era of British history. He made great contributions to poetry and other forms of literature in the world. Marylebone. and red symbol of black African heritage started with th Garvey and his adherents back in the early 20 century. Port of Spain. He continued to work in devotion in Africa. he published the biography entitled. He was a politician from Martinique that was one of the founders of the negritude movement in Francophone literature. It was unveiled on October 12. Caribbeans . Aime Cesaire grown his negritude movement. The black. Aime Cesaire wanted progressive action. He even taught Frantz Fanon. 2007. He was only 42 years old. and the States." he said. Aimé Césaire and Suzanne Roussi founded the literary review Tropiques.

He was a champion debater and athlete. After the killing. England. He did not like some of the middle class in its role in the post-independence of the Caribbean. His legacy is extensive. activist. He was survived by his wife named Pat and his 3 children. He was a great historian. and Rastafarianism. He later went on a scholarship to University College of the West Indies (UCWI) in Jamaica. He was a very intelligent student. He was a professor at the University of Guyana. He was important in the Black Power Movement in the Caribbean and North America." In 1969. 1968 the Jamaican Prime Minister Hugh Shearer banned him from returning to Jamaica via persona non grata. He was known as an excellent scholar.did not just birth reggae music. He graduated in 1963 with a first class degree in 1963. because Rodney wanted various ethnic groups to work together in a class struggle. He did the same in Jamaica at his alma mater in UWI Mona. It was published by the Oxford University Press in 1970 under the title of A History of the Upper Guinea Coast 1545-1800. It proved how Africa was exploited consciously by European imperialism. 1942 to June 13. It is said that President Linden Forbes Burnham was involved in the assassination. After the October 16. He worked in politics. He founded the Working People's Alliance. His magnum opus is called How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. He was arrested and charged with arson after 2 government offices were burned in 1979. He was only 24 years old. The reason was that Rodney advocated the rights of the working poor. A lot of folks need to eliminate the stereotypical perception that the Caribbean is only about carnival. He wrote a dissertation about the slave trade on the Upper Guinea Coast. Smith fled to French Guiana where he died in 2002. He was working in a working class family. Rodney traveled all over the world. political activist. Donald Rodney. and so forth. . He earned a PhD in African History at 1966 at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London. he returned to Guyana from Tanzania. He attended Queen's College in Guyana. and preeminent scholar. He taught at the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania during the period of 1966 to 1967. and orator. His brother. He was very much known for building up Dar es Salaam in having new African learning and discussion. 1968 Rodney Riots came an increase among the Caribbean community. This came after he celebrated the independence celebrations in Zimbabwe. especially among the Afrocentric Rastafarian community in Jamaica. He wanted a socialist development template. calypso. He only lived from March 23. By 1974. vacations. It was published in 1972. He was murdered by a bomb in his car in June 13. who was injured in the explosion. said that a sergeant in the Guyana Defense Force named Gregory Smith had given Walter the bomb that killed him. hip hop. He was a famous Pan-Africanist. which resulted in the underdevelopment of much of the continent. Rodney returned to the University of Dar es Salaam. It was acclaimed for its originality in challenging the conventional wisdom on the issue of the Maafa. By October 14. It opposed the PNC government. where he served as a Professor of History until 1974. 1980. *One of the greatest black Caribbean leaders in history was Walter Rodney. All of this is documented his book called "The Groundlings With My Brothers. 1980. He won the Faculty of Arts prize. His research was groundbreaking in that it analyzed how the slave trade effected Africa centuries later. Rebellions came in Jamaica and many human beings died. He criticized heavily capitalism.

Clement was named one of the 10 National Heroes of Barbados. He organized millions of black brothers and black sisters to not only culturally appreciate their African heritage. The struggle for human rights is international since all human beings deserve and ought to have equal rights. She is the Governor General of Antigua and Barbuda from July 2007 to the present. These human beings inspire us. Trinidad & Tobago. spread their talents globally as a pristine means to advance justice. The Caribbean struggle for civil rights is ever real and known in history. His legacy is that pan-Africanism is a great ideal to fight for and advance.Role models and real leaders are always adequately part of the Caribbean cultural experience. He was involved in the Treaty of Chaguaramas. She and Marcus Garvey founded the UNIA (or the Universal Negro Improvement Association) in 1914. but Marcus Garvey was the first in my view that took it to the next level. In fact by 1998. therefore. There were others before him that talked similar dreams (like Martin Delany advocated similar goals back in the 19th century). Caribbean heroes. She was a friend of the brother Ladipo Solanke. Barrow wanted the Caribbean region to acquire more political and economic power. She worked in the AntiApartheid Movement. Errol Walton Barrow was the First Prime Minister of Barbados.D and he worked her entire life involved in education. Amy Ashwood Garvey was Marcus Garvey's first wife. Amy Garvey worked in women's issues via creating the London Afro-Women's Centre as well. Payne fought in his life for social justice and he only died at the age of 37 years old. William Grant was a Jamaican labor activist too. She was 72 years old. The human being on the far left is named Clement Osbourne Payne. Barbados. but among all human beings (especially those of black African descent). Pearlette Louisy is the woman to the left of the last woman from the far right. So. equality. Amy Garvey tortured the Americas and fought for justice until her death in 1969. The man to the right of Clement was Errol Walton Barrow. Dr. The truth will never stop. He was a Trinidad born pioneer in the Caribbean trade union movement. Marcus Garvey gave us a real vision and a real plan for liberation. She campaigned for Adam Clayton Powell. She was told by her grandmother that she was of Ashanti descent. justice. which wanted more political and economic unity among Caribbean nations like Jamaica. He was one great figure in the working . Amy Garvey became a director of the Black Star Line Steamship Corporation and founded the Negro World newspaper. but to actively set up programs to directly assist black human beings internationally. The woman from the far right is Louise Lake-Tack. The live that each of these individuals lived give us all of the motivation to continue to advance liberty. She works in the performing arts. because faith and hope in the future will be a prescient reality. via an act of Parliament. He worked with the famous American singer Nina Simone. and Guyana. Amy Ashwood Garvey was born in Jamaica and was in the struggle for black pan-African liberation as well. She joined the West Indies National Council and the Council of African Affairs. She is a Ph. Marcus Garvey was a giant and a hero not only among Caribbeans. and genuine cooperation among the nations of the world.

there was a massive increase of black Caribbeans coming into the United Kingdom. She was right to advocate black women to be militant in action (as she wrote back in 1949) so all of the black community can fight against imperialism. dignity. religion. Jones helped organize campaigns against the 1876 Immigration Act. Paul Stephenson is one human being who fought for black civil rights in the UK as well (not in his bus boycott. In the 21 century. In the early 1960s. but some parts of the Caribbean still have poverty and joblessness in Haiti and Jamaica. Franz Fanon and Stuart Hall were theorists that were Afro-Caribbean as well. Paul Bogle. Bob Marley. After WWII. Claudia Jones was born in Belmont. which would make it harder for non-Whites to migrate to Britain. There was the West India author named Derek Walcott that published “Omerosm” which was an epic poem about the Caribbean back in 1990. and employment. She also campaigned for the release of Nelson Mandela. Tim Duncan. These issues ought to be addressed indeed. She wanted an end to Jim Crow and she believed in justice for the masses of the world. which underlining the growing power of Afro-Caribbean women in daily life. despite failing health. They knew greatly the contributions of black people in world history and the oppression system from the European elite (not everybody in Europe since there are black folks in Europe too). Claudia Jones is an unsung hero of the Caribbean influence in civil rights as well. Usain Bolt. She or Claudia Jones contributed to the rise of consciousness in the Black British community. who grown the Black Power movements in America. many blessings have come about in the Caribbean. but in other avenues). Each wanted human rights. and other freedom fighters worked with others in fighting for st their liberation. and music. Nicki Minaj. culture. she fought for civil rights. It birthed a lot of revolutionary human beings like Kwame Ture. George William Gordon. She addressed peace rallies as well. . There have been successes in development. As far back as the 1930's. and true equality in the world. Colin Powell. Port of Spain in Trinidad. and rich. power. she was right that action must be taken to improve the conditions of the black community. Rihanna. she organized with others as a means to allow British Afro-Caribbean community to have access to basic access to basic facilities and equal rights. Malcolm X and Kwame Ture have Caribbean ancestry too. dynamic. She died in December of 1964. Portia Simpson Miller is the Prime Minister of Jamaica. Each believed that black people should have strength. She campaigned against racism in housing. Rihanna. and others are of Afro-Caribbean descent. The transparent reality is that Caribbean culture is multifaceted. Whether you agree or disagree with her other political views. In the United Kingdom. Africans in the Caribbean used clubs called Nations to preserve African language. Malcolm X woke up in his life and he including his family were Garveyites. education. Orlando Hernandez.class struggle for justice in the land of Jamaica. Patrick Manning.

and steamed cabbage. Pate in the Virgin Islands was fried dough filled with numerous meats (like beef. The Caribbean cuisine is made up of numerous cultures like African. scallions. before. influences The cuisine has a great fusion. Ackee and salt fish are popular dishes that are found in Jamaica. French. Jamaican jerk cause comes from African sources. Kitts and Nevis. cinnamon. He got it from a location in Young Park). thyme. Spanish. East Indian. fired dumplings. There are other ingredients in jerk food. Jerk is style of cooking that is famous in Jamaica. nutmeg. In the Western Hemisphere. shrimp. beans African. They include cloves. Native American. In the Virgin Islands. In Jamaica. and Chinese influence relate to Jamaican cuisine. There are numerous fruits consumed locally in the Virgin Islands. lamb. shellfish. It is one of the signature dishes of St. garlic. human beings consume sugar . sausage. There is the food of rice and beans (or or pigeon peas or kidney beans).The Caribbean Cuisine You can never really talk about Caribbean culture without discussing about the Caribbean cuisine. It is found in the seasoning of pork and chicken hence the famous phrase of jerk chicken. Indian. Jerk seasoning is found in allspice and Scotch bonnet peppers (which is similar in heat to the habanero pepper). Park Bush tea is a famous herbal tea in the Virgin Islands. and the States (my my little brother ate jerk chicken before. and Chinese cuisine influences. human beings love to eat curry goat. jerk sauce was modified to fit new cultures. chicken. Jerk spice is used on fish. British. It is when the meat is dry rubbed or wet marinated with a very hot spice mixture called Jamaican jerk spice. Restaurants sell jerk chicken in Canada. and tofu. There is the local version of the Caribbean goat stew as being the official national dish of Montserrat. or salt fish stuffed inside a popular snack). and salt. Jerk cooking is found all over the world beyond just the Caribbean. the UK. beef.

which is smaller than a grape. It is found all over the Caribbean. mango juice. The syrup is thick and very sweet. These fruits are mainly stewed together with sugar for a sweet snack. and Spanish culinary influence make up the major Haitian cuisine.apple. African. Sweet vendors sell frescos all of the time. and passion fruit) are popular in Haiti. Fungi is the name for cou-cou when it is cooked without okra. It has African. granadilla juice. Flying fish is known as a complement to cou-cou. genip. and British influences. It came from African ancestry when slaves used it as a regular meal when they were brought to Barbados from Africa. strong blend of foods. France. . and along with other juices (like orange juice. Guavas juice. There is corned beef or just stew beef used with cou-cou as well. Frescos are sweet deserts that Haitian people like as well. Indian. and goose berries. papaya. Flying fish is either fried or steam in Barbados. Taino. Cou-cou is made up of cornmeal (or corn flour) and okra. Bajan cuisine is made up of an unique. sour sop. Du riz a pois or Diri ak Pwa is a rice and beans dish from Haiti. grapefruit juice. cou-cou is served on Fridays at homes across Barbados and local food establishments. tamarind (that can be made into a sweet stew or rolled in sweet balls). sea grapes. The national dish of Barbados is Cou-Cou and Flying Fish. Goose berries are small green sour fruit. It is made up of mostly fruit syrup. Traditionally. mango.

Some African customs are still followed in the Caribbean. Europe. We understand bout the Rastafari in Jamaica. labor class. and French Guyana. We know about Voodun in Haiti. Jamaica believes in a strong self-sufficient ethos. music. singing. history. Dominica. The Caribbean is not a monolith for human beings from the four corners of the Earth have influenced greatly the total essence of the Caribbean experience. technological experts. It is not a secret that old African culture and customs influence much of the religious worship. Now. Portuguese. etc. business leaders. These were all influenced directly or indirectly by African movements. which is a Dutch. farmers. industry. Educators. learning. English. The rich history of the Caribbean is readily known and it is beautiful too. There is the Eastern Caribbean soca tradition with the limbo dance ritual has roots on the slave ships that came to the colonies on the horrific Middle Passage or Maafa. and African blend. We know that reggae music and jerk cooking are African inspired gifts to the world from the Caribbean. etc. We can find French Creole with regional dialects in Haiti. and other themes of human civilization intersect when you learn about Caribbean culture and music. rhythmic dancing. Creole is a patois or language that is made up of an African syntax and European lexicon or words. and musicians. This has influence the diverse music. political experts. Guadeloupe. Jamaican Patwa is an English lexified creole language with Western African influences that is spoken mostly in Jamaica and the Jamaican diaspora. Martinique. Music has been a very fixture of Caribbean heritage. theologians. the tropical setting is a big portion of the Caribbean scene. and from the four corners of the world. architecture.Culture and Music Language. made a huge large part of the Caribbean region. There is the language of Papiamento. You can't fully understand about Caribbean culture without learning about its music and dance. Native American human beings. The Creole languages are heavily spoken in the Caribbean. art. Now. That is why Jamaica still has a strong democracy filled with Rastafarians. . There is Jamaican English and the Rastafarian use of English. so don't get things twisted. The Creole languages are known to be spoken by the poor. Lucia. and customs of the great Caribbean. We know about Junkanoo in the Bahamas. Oral histories and cultural preservation is a great theme. St. traders. merchants. There is the language of Patwa as found in Jamaica. and even the thinking of the Caribbean. artists. other human beings speak it more. Slaves created it to communicate with the European plantation owners. attitudes. The Caribbean culture is diverse with influences from Africa.

Guadeloupe. the palm. The very young gold medal winner of the 2012 Summer Olympics Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (who shows a lot of real sportsmanship) won her 100m race too (as a World Champion). When a brother or a sister is doing well and enormously contributing to society in a positive direction. dub. You see their names all of the time from the Olympics to athletic competitions globally. They are performed in the Carnival. Kerron Stewart. . Andrew Salkey was one such famous journalist of Jamaican and Haitian descent. Jamaican music can be found in reggae. It is associated also with the Bahamas. then I will give that person their due props). We know about the famous international music of reggae. Dellloreen EnnisLondon. Its rhythms come from West Africa. We are all one people from one blood. Compas is a form of the national music genre of Haiti. Dominicia. and softball. They not only act in sports. Salkey was part of the West Indian Student Union or WISU. Many Caribbean human beings show their flags all of time in vehicles. There are many official symbols of the Caribbean region. homes. lovers rock. It can be in the form of slow tempo along with having vocalist composers or calypsonians. roots reggae. and other locations. The friendly competition between Jamaica and the United States in terms of track and field is excellent for the sport in general. Cricket is the biggest sport in the Caribbean. kumina. travelogues. and other track and field Jamaican athletes deserve their respect and due. Many Caribbeans love soccer. gender. One of the great parts of Caribbean culture has been sports or athletics. but in Martinique. and other forms of music. and essays. rocksteady. Nemours Jean-Baptiste popularized this form of music via the Haitian sax and the guitar in 1955.Caribbean Culture is heavily unique and diverse. and the shell. nyabinghi. Brigitte Foster-Hylton. He was born in Panama and raised in Jamaica. Asfa Powell. cricket. We know that track and field is loved by Jamaica. rugby. Veronica Campbell-Brown is a legend in her own right by performing in the 100m and the 200m (including winning championships and gold medals. He wrote poetry collections. This was a forum for Caribbean students to express their ideas and provide voluntary support for the harassed working class Caribbean immigrant community from the 1960's to the 1980's of the UK. Sometimes. mento. Calypso is a Trinidadian form of music. ska. Caribbean culture is extremely diverse indeed. The reason is that regardless of our nationalities. but they perform firmly in charities and other programs to assist legitimately their own people. In the States. Merlene Ottey. and ethnicity. etc. anthologies. Yohan Blake is part of new generation. we are all brothers and sisters. Sherone Simpson. Human beings have been dancing and singing compass music since the 1800's. The Jamaican Usain Bolt is the fastest sprinter in human history. Caribbean literature is made up of many languages from English. French. He was a great prolific writer of over 30 books in his life including novels for adults and for children. Songs in calypso can mention issues from love to social commentaries. etc. parades. dancehall. It is found not only in Haiti. the literature is based on nature. There are the parrot. I listened to reggae for a number of years. Spanish.

and the mass incarceration of our brothers and sisters. etc. In such a Carnival in Trinidad and Tobago. For individual power and collective power are legitimate expressions of human dignity. and public street party. We should always realize the imperfections of capitalism and realize that collective power too is fine. We have a long way to go in terms of racial equality and other reforms. and the Virgin islands. They include a public celebration or parade with mix of a circus. Bermuda. There is great beauty and inherit value in the Black African cultural tradition. Now. but we can still fight for truth and cultural self-assertiveness among any human being indeed. Caribbean Carnival celebrations happen year round. but you should never cut your morality off from your soul or mental aspects of your being. they love drone attacks. free. we still united in the common goal of ending the war on terror and desiring a very peaceful. we must remember that the war on terror benefits white supremacy. Both males and females in Carnival wear masks as a means to have fun or celebrate life in general. They usually occur before Lent during February. I will always oppose concretely Euro-American imperialist wars. For all cultures in the four corners of the world have great. single payer health care all humanity (in the midst of the year anniversary of the passage of the Affordable Health Care Act). but it is found in the dedicated efforts of human beings who seek the truth. Our individual rights are important to maintain. It is important to note that class also has a key role to play in oppression for how we treat the poor. Many human beings wear costumes in many colorful arrays. progressive world to live in. Many Carnivals are heavily Catholic or Eastern Orthodox. Criminals should never own a gun and that include the terrorists in the FBI (these terrorists killed Black Panthers in the 1960’s and early 1970’s heavily) and the CIA. The expression of liberty is not found in the Patriot Act. the States. You know where I am going with this. By Timothy . to Calgary. and the outcasts is one of the greatest indicators of our moral barometer. These authoritarian hypocrites want to lecture us on guns when they have bodyguards with guns living in some enclosed enclave communities. The white European cultural yardstick is not superior to all other cultures in the world at all. Stagnation is not a part of a real movement. and self-sufficient.Jamaica. If we must achieve freedom. Liberty is not something to be mocked greatly. you have calypso and soca played. That is why sick authoritarians hate anyone being individualistic. mask. acting in the spirit of collective power. Carnival is one of the famous celebrations in the Caribbean. the oppressed. Some folks want to cut loose. It is as simple as that. then all human beings must be free from every socioeconomic background. Such Caribbean festivals exist globally from France. We are still here calling for universal. We are still here advocating for justice. Gun rights is a very important concept to advance among law abiding citizens for real. Canada. Many of such Carnivals have themes from the Trinidad and Tobago Carnival. Some Protestant areas have their modified traditions like the Danish Carnival or the Shrove Tuesday events. That is why despite our ideological differences. For token gains by the middle class doesn’t mean that we are free. It is something to be respected and honored as a means to stand up for truth. We must have a better distribution of wealth. We are still here in wanting to end gentrification. intrinsic value. imprisonment. but progressive action motivated by LOVE.

I will never . I will always dig truth and dig reality.Od'abo Olorun a da fun e We have the subsequent Right to Get Up and to Stand Up.

forget the Maafa or my ancestors at all. . Moyo wangu wamtukuza Bwana Likkle more Peace. We will not lose our original salt at all.

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