ÇAN - TURKEY CFB Steam Power Plant

High-sulphur lignite combustion


the plant has been constructed on three main platforms: . signed with Alstom and Teknotes Consortium a turnkey Engineering. It is delivered daily by trucks from the mine located at the edge of town. lignite-fired Steam Power Plant in October 1998.One for the coal stockyard . approximately 10 km from the nearest town. with about 40% efficiency.The 320 MW ÇAN CFB lignite One of the most modern powe ALSTOM’S FIRST CFB POWER PLANT IN TURKEY The Çan Steam Power Plant is located in northwestern Turkey.One for the power block - One for the administrative and logistic buildings. Procurement & Construction (EPC) contract for the construction of the 2 x 160 MW Çan Circulating Fluidised Bed (CFB) Commercial operation date ■ Units 1 & 2 July 2006 Scope of supply Alstom ■ Overall project responsibility ■ EPC of power plant  ■  Design & supply of the main power plant equipment and associated erection & commissioning ■  Civil Works of power block  ■   Training of the Operation & Maintenance team ■  Test run and performance guarantee tests Teknotes  ■  Civil Works and erection . Çan. CAN is one of the most efficient steam power plants in Turkey. The power plant fulfilled all contractual technical requirements including high availability and strict environmental emission controls during the final reliability and performance trial runs. There are several open cast brown lignite mines in the area. The Notice to Proceed was signed in October 2000. and for the fuel oil and raw water storage. The power plant burns a high-sulphur lignite supplied by local mines. The Turkish National Power Authority EÜAS (formerly TEAS). one of the biggest players in the Turkish power generation market. Due to the topographical conditions of the site. Thanks to the CFB technology. Çanakkale province. Lignite is the sole fuel used in the boilers.

e-fired Steam Power Plant er plants in Turkey Boilers The Alstom-designed boilers of both units are: ● Natural circulation. At start-up or shutdown the plant auxiliaries are powered from the HV network through the main transformer and the unit transformer . including the control room. which is common to both units. In normal operation. Each generator is of the two-pole air-cooled type Static excitation system is fully static and consists of thyristor bridges fed from the generator bus bars through a power potential transformer. . Turbo-generator sets The turbo-generator sets are perpendicular to the boiler axis in the turbine hall. is located at one end of the turbine hall. which is connected to the existing switchyard. The two Alstom-designed steam turbines are single reheat tandem compound impulse type machines. The electrical energy produced by the generator is evacuated through continuous isolated phase bus bars to the main transformer. Each steam turbine consists of: ● One combined high pressure / intermediate pressure module ● One single-flow low pressure module. Lignite is then burnt in a cleaner way compared to other technologies thus considerably reducing NOx and SO2 emissions in full compliance with the stricter environment protection regulations. Circulating Fluidised Bed (CFB) ● Equipped with four ash separator cyclones and two ash coolers ● Designed to burn the Çan lignite with its high sulphur content in an environmentally responsible way. one low voltage diesel generator automatically supplies the essential auxiliaries of each unit. Clean combustion The Alstom CFB boiler is achieving very high sulphur capture with greatly reduced limestone consumption. the unit and general auxiliaries are supplied by the unit transformer from a tapping of the main bus bar.the generation circuit breaker is open. The boiler has its own switchgear building. Electrical equipment The electrical buildings of the units are positioned alongside the turbine hall whilst the common electrical building. In case of complete loss of normal alternating current (AC) supply.

1 electric driving motor. . The overall control of the bypass valves is integrated in the Distributed Control System (DCS). ●  The two 100% condensate pumps are installed horizontally. The boiler ash coolers are bypassed for low boiler bed temperature. natural-draught cooling C tower. Feedwater is preheated by two HP heaters and two HP boiler ash coolers before entering the evaporator. One of the condensate pumps delivers the condensate water from the condenser via LP heaters and two LP boiler ash coolers to the deaerator. Then feedwater is delivered to the steam generator by 2 x 100% variable speed boiler feedpumps and a 100% feed regulating valve. The steam circuits from the boiler to the turbine are designed with bypasses (70% capacity). Instrumentation & Control Equipment The ALSPA system implements a highly fieldbus-based distributed architecture integrating widely available hardware elements and allows geographical distribution of equipment. Condenser.9 static air 4  he turbine exhaust steam is mixed with cooling water from the heat T exchangers installed in the cooling tower ●T  he circulating water is handled by 2 x 55% hydraulic machine sets.1 cooling water circulating water pump . ● ● Key Data Output (MW) Number of boilers Live steam flow (t/h) Live steam pressure (bar abs) Live steam temperature (°C) Feedwater temperature (°C) Fuel Generator type Generator rating (MVA) Power factor Terminal voltage (kV) Frequency (Hz) Generator efficiency (%) Excitation system Generator cooling system H2 pressure (bar g) 160 2 482 172 540 277 lignite Topack 177 0. 2 x 100% motor-driven feedwater pumps feed the boiler.1 recovery hydraulic turbine . with a direct-contact jet condenser. which allow start-up of the unit under any conditions. each consisting of 3 components mounted on a common shaft: . ● A  particular is the chimney being installed inside the concrete hyperbolic natural-draught dry cooling tower. The Burner Management System is realised with controllers interfacing with the ALSPA system.9 15 50 98. circulating water pumps & condensate pumps  ooling is ensured by a Heller hyperbolic dry. A 30% control valve is also provided for start-up operation. and control room environment ●   Control and protection of the machines and connection to the process ●  Advanced engineering tools for both design office and on-site high quality documentation.Mechanical equipment Feedwater heating plant The feedwater heating plant includes: ● 4 stages of LP heaters ● 1 deaerating feedwater tank ● 2 stages of HP heaters which are installed vertically. It provides: ●  High availability and high performance operator control interface.

including plants that were not designed by Alstom. INNOVATIVE POLICY TO PROTECT THE SURROUNDING ENVIRONMENT OF A PLANT Alstom conducts innovative research to dramatically reduce the environmental impact of its plants. As demand for energy continues to grow. Integrated power solutions Plant IntegratorTM approach is Alstom’s unique way of creating more value for customers. In its role as Plant IntegratorTM specialist. nuclear and wind. Alstom is the only service provider designing and manufacturing all of the various components that make up a power plant – from turbines and turbogenerators to air quality control systems. as well as breakthroughs in technological developments. whilst our extensive range of environmental products and solutions enables us to supply cleaner power than ever before. conventional islands for nuclear energy. Through close collaboration. There are six Plant IntegratorTM factors which increase the Net Present Value for the customer. contribute to the minimisation of a plant’s footprint. Significant progress in performance and efficiency improvements. from small gas and steam turbines to air quality control systems. active in coal. In addition we are an Engineering. wind and hydro power plants. from boilers and heat recovery steam generators to distributed control systems. Our comprehensive range of products helps minimise the emissions of CO2 and other pollutants. Procurement and Construction (EPC) contractor with extensive proven worldwide references. It all adds up to real added-value for our customers. hydro. We are world leaders in power generation. Our Plant IntegratorTM concept maximises performance. manufactures and supplies the broadest range of products. That includes every type of resource for new and installed power plant fleets. Plant IntegratorTM Factors Investment Lead time Performance Clean power specialist With our help. Alstom customers are meeting the challenge of limiting emissions of CO2 and other pollutants while maintaining power plant economics. systems and services in the power generation industry. availability and flexibility Retrofit Life extension . PROVEN EXPERTISE IN STATE-OF-THE-ART CLEAN POWER SOLUTIONS The world is demanding immediate environmental action and Alstom technologies are delivering those solutions today. gas. resulting in a more affordable energy price to consumers.Alstom Profile Alstom designs. We also provide products and services for industry. Customer Benefits Optimised capital investment Shorter lead times to produce electricity faster Higher power plant efficiency for increased power output at a wide range of operational modes Reduced emissions to meet environmental concerns Optimised Operation & Maintenance (O&M) costs Better power plant economics through Integrated Retrofit Solutions Extended power plant life options Availability & flexibility Better reliability. At Alstom we encourage the use of all available resources to help our customers achieve a balanced mix of energy. as we are a plant designer and equipment manufacturer. we guarantee that our customers meet their business objectives and serve their market more effectively. Alstom helps our customers build a balanced portfolio of power plants utilizing a full range of energy sources: including fossil fuels. We combine outstanding expertise at the component and plant level. including noise and visual impact.

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