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Assessment
or equivalent and Assessors must have a tertiarg qualification qualification in ianguage a TES0L qualification. A post-graduate

Registration Procedures
All

website^ test applications are taken online through the 0[T

and pagment is Candidate photos are uploaded ta the website

training in 0ET testing is desirable. Assessors r"rndergo specific
assessment methodologu. in Melbourne and All assessment is conducted at the 0ET Centre assessors to achieve preceded bg training and standardisation for optimum consistencg of standards'

must also taken online bg credit card. When applging, candidates they will provide give the exact details of the identitg document passpoffs as when sitting the test. The 0ET Centre onlg accepts candidates with a proo{ of identitg but makes an exception for test in the national identitg card, provided theu are sittingthe rigorous lD check upon countru that issued it. Candidates undergo a sub-test' The lD initial registration on the test dag and before each
check procedures have DIAC approval'
and via the website' Communication with candidates is bg email Specific details for Candldates can access sample materials'

Assessrnent of the Readingsub'test

-

Part A

test-takers to skim Part A is a Summarg reaclingtask' This requires a texts totai of about 650 words] related to and scan 3-4 $hort ia paragraph bg filling in the single topic ancl to complete a summarg

missingwords.
raters in Part A is marked bg a small group of experienced

sub-tests particularvenues and timetables forthe individual test' Candidate are provided two weeks prior to the dag of the
number' is sent information, including photo and identitg document test dau' to the venues for identitg verification 0n the

word] responses Melbourne. Test-takers write short-answer {1'3
the test designers.

whicharemarkedaccordingt0adetailedmarkingkegpreparedbg
Assessment of the Reading sub'test

-

Part B

Special provision
for' Specifications Candidates with special needs are provided t0 Venue Coinstructions for test centres are given in detailed requirements ordinators. All test centres must complg with local for meetingthe needs of people with disabilities'
The 0ET Centre makes all reasonable arrangements

test' lt is Part B is a computer marked multiple-choice IMtO] and then Wales South initiallg analgsed bg tlre Universitg of New of individual further bg tlre Universitg of Melbourne for performance
items^
a detailed marking guide The Listening sub-test is assessed against

to

are dealt with prepared bU the test designers' Problematic scripts ail critical borderline as a group bg an experienced assessor and

including accommodate specialvisual or auditorg needs' equipment' auditorg enlargement of print texts and special

scripts are double"marked.
twice' with Writing scripts and Speaking interviews are rated Assessors use time' aberrant and unusual cases marked a third Analgsis of rater a set of criteria to rate candidates' performance' multi-faceted consistencg and severitg is conducted using
RASCH

analgsis.

04

lvww.occupationalenglislrtest'org

and a t.*coreied talk or Irc{ure on a heaitlr-re late rt topic with shcrt'*nswerrnote"teking qilestiolrs IPart B].tlent consultati*n witlr nate-tirkirrg rluestion: {Purt AJ. reacling. writirlg arld speaking' There is fi are designed t0 asscss t1.le sbilitu to understand writt*n seFsratf $ub-te$t f*r *ach skil! *rca. ':11.:e liriit c}f 15 a sllminarU parograph bg m.rithin * s{rictlg m*nitorec! till.} relevant pro{*ssiuiral contsxt. t0 sgnth*sise i*fnrmatrcn in a rneaningful w.vo parts: n recorcled. single n'oieSsr0n bilt are baEed an t0p'f$ a1d tasKE c0n]iT!Lln to al1 pr'ofesSions' . C$ rvww.ltes o{ recorcled speech. gfi the nuritlet-*f p*ittts il40$t que$tigns in P*rt ts {ttre lectur*] !nclude inrlicationE a cancllclate is i exptcted tr: !nclucle. A set of questicns is aiiached t$ each is section and cancllciates wrlte th*il ansv/el's while listening' The ariginal recard!ng edi'ted with pail$e$ to allclw c. sirnulated pro{cssianalp.nccupa!ionalenglishtest'0rg .lg scanning abiiity untler a time limit 1n an<i t0 ilssess skir*nring and Part F test-takers ar* required to rearl trry* ill$sOgeS {6ilil-80il wr:rds each} on ge neral medical topics antJ answer 8-11) rnlltiple chcice q*estiotrs fmr each text la tctai *f t6'2C questir:nsJ " witlrin a 'time limit of 45 mirrutes' Part B is designed t0 test the readcr's abilitg to read in greater detail g*ner*l and specilic inf*rtnatl+n for comprehensi*n.}e ai}!litu to use tnglish appr$priatelu in Spe*king anci f{riting sub-t€sts fire specific t* each profession **d .1 Reading Sub-test The Reading sut]-te$t con$ists of{wo parte: Part A ls a summatU [eading task.ndidates time to write their answers nstes The farn"rat fnr Part A {the consultatior-ll r*qrrlres canrlida{es to prcrluce case under rsievant headings and tc writ* as much releva*t inf*tmation as ptssible . r.35 Saps in tc{al. The fteacling arrd Listening silb-te$ts The sub-tests far Re*ding l*d t-istening *re n*t specific to otlu and sp$lren Inglish in c*lrtexrs related t* general hefilth and merliein*. each ab*ut 15 minr.. This refiuires test^X*ksrs to skir* and sc*n 3''1 sh0rt text_c Ia total cf abaut fi5*'. xY. Listening Sub-test The Listeiring slth-test ctnsists 0lt\. Part A is designecl t0 te$t the re*der's abilitU tr: scurce ilr{*rmation lr*m multiple texts.nr!tes. Test-take rs are reqr:ired tc rririte r*spnnses for ?5.Description of the Test format The OET 0[T a$ses$e$ llst*i-ling.fhe are e{esign*cl t0 s$ses$ tl.votds j relateri to a ctngle tcpic and to cornpiete tilling in the missing wordE.

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testsareSetonthebasisofthepercentagedistributionof candidatesintobandlevelsusingtlreaverage0ftheWritingand 5Peaking sub-tests' 1-6] Conversisn to band scores Irange above and 5'E Band * Band B: 4'8 5 5 Band C: 4'? 4'7 Band D: 3 '4 4'L 3 3 and below Band A: E: - these criterion-referenced This assumes that normallg grades and that distribution into difiicultg in sholrld be equivalent whsle therefore be similar for the across the sub-tests should grade individuals will get the same cohort. response" rfiith level 6 representing a veru str0ng The criteria for each sub-test are: Speaking .ri. Ftq a:::4 i*. the boundaries Listening sub-tests at everg are re'set for the Reading and reof whether theq are new tests' between the band scoresl Writing ' of Language' Overall Task Fulfiiment." tu.d assessors assessors' who mark independentlg performance is marked bg two internal consistencg and item programme. band sccres scores raw ratherthan from averaged score generated bg FACETS' to bands as iollows: These fair scores are then converted reliabilitg This is because fon everg administration' those items which are the'analusls from is maximisecl ng remavrng forthat cohort' This means found to be performingunacceptablg individual text/part' the number for the same test*version or that. Appropriateness Features IGrammar Comprehension of Stimrrlus' Linguistic Punctuation & Cohesionl. Appropriateness Grammar and ExPression prepared detailed marking guidelines and is marked accordingto of marking' ln orderto ensure consistencg Ug tf. lntelligibilitu' 0verall Communicative Effectiveness' Resources of Language' of Fluencg.tests. with FACETS so{tware (Linacre IMcNamara 19g6*'J in the analgsis' candidate and rater are facets in the to have unexpectecl responses All candidates who are found differences To compensate for ang data analgsis are third marked' falr are derived from the single in assessor severitg.. I sub'tests . Ang items than less of 'Z5l are levels fit of above 1'3 orwith discrimination analgsis' removed from tlre subsequent bg a smail group of experienced The Listening sub-test is marked questions consists of slrort-answer raters in Melbourne' The test ofeachotherandrlrithoutknowiedgeofacandidate'sperformance ontheothersub. marking session at the for As applg ttrese guidelines' trained in how to interpret and data are analgsed using 0UEST Reading sub-test.- of These for each of the sub-tests' Results.t*4ia '. administration regardless which have not previouslU constituted tests usingt\^ro texts/parts or previouslg-used tests been used in combinatian' & Lagout) multi-faceted RASCiI analgsis The data are analgsed using 1989*21.nr."4.irir t'dhi.leveldataareanalgsedusingaRASCHanaigsis Speaking and Writing are marked bU trained' The Soeaking and Writing sub-tests based in Melbourne' Each candidate's . Presentation Features Ispelling.ti:Il!tj.il.testsareeach levels' 1"6' each criterion has six grade graded against five criteria.TheWritingandSpeakingsub. the item-level items and item qualitg' Again' ang for overall internal consistencg or 1"3 above of fit with found to be performing unacceptablg Ii'e'' the from levels 0f iess than '25J are removed with discrimination subsequent analgsis' Band cut-scores li"e'.ti differentlg and Readingi' Speakingl and receptive skills IListening scanned'Theitem.t designers' are assessors eacl't administration piio. A band score is reported derived are t0 E Ilowestl' Theg band scores range from I InighestJ skills [Writing and for the sub-tests for the productive . Candidate answer are computer B Part sheets for OO. lt cloes not assume that each of candidates fallinginto in on each sub-test [The propcrtion sub" Writing for the Speaking and grade is generallg verq similar tests.rp./" )?ta Scoring the test the Statement on an official report form' 0ET grades are reported r r{ Reading and Listening of a short answer reponse lsummarg The Reading sub-test consists questions IMCQJ test IPart AJ and a multiple-choice are marked A Part for sheets test (Part Bl..ir . t0 administration' of items mag varg from administration one item is usuallg than more no has found that experience removed' level on the Reading and Listening Cut-scores for each band cf measurement although sub..l. 0UESI ior overall (i'e'' with found to be performing unacceptablg Orr'ng.*'n*O assessors and score l.w. to th.<4 W{#-"7 t:::.

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You mag write gour answers in either pen or pencil for Part A' 1n unruwnc. three. for example.000]' m illion ] or the to help you use the headings of the fou r texts in the text booklet summaru passage. n . 3. u ndersta nd wh ich text to use to complete d ifferent pa rts of the word IsJ in the summarU passage to help gou predict Use words surrounding the gap for the missing need to write' missing and to antlcipate the tgpe of missing word Is] gou Read the what kind of information is gou so that all texts are visible at the same time' Have the Answer instructions carefullg. consider some irnportant tips berow. 100. or 1. one hundred or one lf uou are required to write down num bers or f igu res uou number form Ie... Before uou attempt A of the practice test. Have the Text booklet open in front of BookletslightlUtcthesidesothatUoucanwriteuoLlrrespOnSesaSU0Ureadthetexts. .rrords in {he texts as sun0ngms. or rrp to 3 words for each answer' summarg cclumn' page with the same numbered gaps as theg appear in the the Ansuiers column mag not line up across the angthing further' Don't the correctlg corresponding numberecl item before writing lf uou miss an answer make sure vou move on to in the box for item 14 in the Answe rs column' write. These words are known can write either the f ull form Ie.. Write at least 1word.. gour answer fsr tlre gap for item 15 spelling variations correctlu w!ll lrot receive ang marks. American and British English use correct spelling..g. .g. .org . part A is a part n'w task tupe. Is] directtg from tlre texts.000. color or colour' Make sure passage' Sometime same nurnbered box as the'gap'in the summarg u. .u write gour response in the s the numbered boxes in if gou can't fincl a worcl use words with similar meaning to.Test takers'guide to Part A of the Read i ng sub-test Part A Remember. Responses that are not spelt are accePted. e"g. Do .rinAtionalenplishtest.

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Test takers' guide to Part B of the Readi ng sub-test Part B readingtask Ipre-March Remember. ln part B. 1? rnrwwnccunationalenglishtest'org . Remember gou a pen to bring one or ts fill in the Answer sheet for Part B' lt is a good idea sharpener' two extra ZB pencils as spares or a small pencil Don't . Get stuck on one question - are not when gou have answered all other questions' Marks keep going and come back to it at the end deducted for incorrect answers^ sheet for Part €rsssout mistakes when gou are filling out the Answer for Part A. . Unlike marks for that question. If gou get to the end sheet before the 45 minutes is over' Record gour answers accuratelg on the Answer Takethesampletestundertestconditionsbeforehandsogouknowurhatitfeelslike B' approximatelg 2Z-23 minutes on each text in Part setgourtimerfor45minutesandaimtospend Bring and use a soft cannot use IzB] pencit. answer and gou will not receive ang as the scanner will not be able to reccgnise uour Fill in more than one box on the Answer sheet B. zoto] and answer uut test-takers now read two shortertexts 8-10 multiple choice words eachl on general medicaltopics and answer test_takers are required to read two passages [600-g00 within a time iimit of 45 minutes" questions for each text Ia total of 16-20 questionsJ The two After each of the texts uou to texts found in academic or professionaliournals' texts are 0n hearth-related topics and are simirar answers 0r waus of finishing Imultiple-choice about the rext. You You must indicate gour chosen response [A' there is a separate answer sheet to complete' The texts appear in the Text Booklet and pencil' answer sheet' You must do this with a soft [28] question bg shadingthe appropriate oval on the g' c or n] to each BeforegouattemptPartBofthePracticetest'considersomeimportanttipsbelow' Do question. part B is simirarto the previous fewer questions. in Part B gotr need t0 erase wrong answers abOut how to fill in gour answers' There are clear instructions on the Answer sheet completelg then f ill in the correct answer fullg. make an educated estimatlon' of part B and are still not sure about a particular Answer everg question. each with four suggested will find g-10 questions or unfinished statements gou think fits best' must chsose the one response which questionsJ. .

l sue aq] uo ]ou sre sasucdse"i rnofi Jl 'lsal.r.r 'laaqsrarAsUVerlluosraqulnuuot]sanbaqlllelsule8eJeMsUeueindaneqr:: 'laaLlsramsuv aq] uo ssxoq 1uelq hue "ri.. nofi 'leaqs jo..Jo 'qrea roj suorlsanb t^ls^o ue SutueE fiq J0 raqLunu aq) pue slxs] 0M] a!._rI na: .arra.t'Isase. saleu tetl'rn filpexa llesrnofi ol ureldxa o} fi:1 pue urnl ur suor}do aqt ja: _: -: - 'aleudordde 1g51 sr 3u .T qde:8e.loo fi.uop no^ ..suorlsanb lle raliAsu€ plnoqs a )so)-qns Sr lpeag Mot-1 aLllJo B ued roJ orederd raL{unJ I uef .^rapun.raqm sadfi1 uollsonb pasolt osle atE 3_:-* ')x3l aql ul uOlleulrorul uloiJ uals aqlJo uorleldur03 )ssjloJ aql aso0r.euorser30'u.islels sre alaql'ramsue o) suorlssnb arroq:-a.a] nolr sdlaq ] Jl stxa] aq] -: :-.ianirsue ai. aq) ]sute8e ja^Asue rnofi 1nd aneq 'suotlsanb aqiJo t{lea loJ }aaqs laAAsuV aq} uo palleur lan sue suO a^eLl nofi 'arns aJe noli ssalun saBueqr alnuiLU-)sel fiue ar.red 'sase3 asaq) ul ]xa) olliJ0 ual eplslno aq) uo uo}luM aq lltM sroquJnu aut! a{"-{1 '}xa} aql utlaqwnu eurl:elnrryed e 1: . it ..ll 0l psau nofi pue paqslutJun sr L:-: uotlsanb eql sreqiA suorlsanb uorlaldur.- lE-3-atlln 's1:eu fiueu oclSurppe fiq pea::..d tq8r: aqt ur 1oo1 nofi eJns alieu pue urnl ul uorlsanb q3e= :. ''8'aj.c .r.tI 3"ro'isalrl sr lBual euorlednllo'r'r... il 'Isrequunu aur! lenpr^rpur Isaurtar"uosJ pue s8urpeaq qde.3.r '3"a 'sp. : - .red aqt i1 .r03 )usu.-.4 sue 3!- aser ui ]snffipeor lnuod areds: = . I 'Euornn:o lq8!r euo L{lea ".'.llJ0 M€ _-.ied ol8utpro33e..- ur uenr8 uor]e[rl.: I pua aq) )e Bu ':a.t0JUr ot sraJar uc.t fi41 rol ino 3ur1oo1 'lilgn1a"rer uo!)senb qf se :::..l ais: .-:ii rsJ]lnrlrilpal0uJll a|€ur).r8ered q]rM ''3'a] posrue8ro sr ]x€] sLl] r. 'suotldo sArleula)le inoJ -re''..dr1.i"ro1 e:e.:.1nj e sr ulols aql e. are* -.- 'taqunu uot)$anb )3eljof. .:: ol palse aq fieu nofi fi.nr"u sadfil om fi11ensn ale 3.uoplnqIsaserqdpuespioMfialEurur.to.nutur St aq) utrlltm )aaqs '0jaz Jo aroSs e 3n t33eTaMSUE sq] a)aiduol )snu. eqlJoJ psmolle sat. 'fillre::or )aaqs ra.' aqll0 tll!tlM 'lSlVl sl )u€Lualels q3lqM 'lnHl sl luotuolels q:rq.r..ror leaLls JoAASUV oql uo uotletuJolul leuos:ad rnct ..:-:1 fiJlra.rqd pue sp]om fia1 Eulur.l sramsue ]fallof.ut JoJ sUeu escl ).'-.als uotlsenb aql ur pauotlu€ur sr uorgsanb aq) oi iuenal€r s1 reql qderBe.-s=-: aql sueau.:: 'IZ udelSe. - : $olj asooq3 ol psau nofi pue uorlsanb etaldu.': :."rapun''3'a] nofisdleqlJl suor]sanbpue]xa]eq]L::-.

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girls'volleyball. You do not need to read each text from beginning to end to complete the task. Only boys' (59.Answer Booklet using the information in the four texts (A1-4) below. Pettersen [1 4] conducted a study to determine the attitudes of Canadian rugby players and coaches regarding the use of protective headgear. and girls' volleyball had the lowest rate at 1. Although sports injuries cannot be entirely eliminated. SUBJECTS: Players listed on the school's team rosters for football. More than l3Vo of the injuries restrieted players for fewer than 8 days. You should write your answers next to the appropriate number in the right-hand column. while volleyball was the only sport to demonstrate a higher injury rate per 1000 athlete-exposures for practices than for games. injury prevention programs should be in place fbr both practices and games. Answer ALL questions. Ranalli and Rye [1 3] provide an awareness 0f the oral health care needs 0f the female athlete They report that a properly fitted.. baseball. and indirect concussions in sports Although custom-fabricated mouthguards are expensive.Part A lnstructions TIME LIMIT 15 MINUTES o . Therefore. The proportion of knee injuries was highest for girls' soccer (79. r o Complete the summary on pages 2 and 3 of Part A . RESULTS: Football had the highest injury rate per 1000 athlete-exposures at 8. wrestling.occupationalenglishtest. boys' or girls' basketball. Langran and Selvaraj [6] conducted a study in Scotland to identify risk factors for snow sports injuries. custom-fabricated or mouth-formed mouthguard is essential in preventing intraoral soft tissue lacerations. as well as the participation conditions of each sport. Of the injuries requiring surgery.37a) and girls' (57 . 60. Do not write abbreviations. Please use corect spelling in your responses. Text 42 Literature review extract: Prevention 0f sports injuries. field hockey.7.07o) soccer showed a larger proportion of reported injuries for games than practices. They found that persons under 16 years of age most frequently sustained injury which may be attributed to inexperience They conclude that protective wrist guards and safety release binding systems for skiboards helps prevent injury to young or inexperienced skiers and snowboarders. 2 or 3 words. and boys' or girls' soccer. sprains and strains accounted for more than 50Vo of the injuries. CONCLUSIONS: An inherent risk of injury is associated with participation in high school sports based on the nature of the game and the activities of the players.. they have been shown to be the most effective and most comfortable for athletes to wear. Although he found that few actually wear headgear the equipment is known to prevent lacerations and abrasions to the scalp and may minimize the risk of concussion 15 www.37c were to the knee.1. Preventing reinjury through daily injury management is a critical component of an injury prevention program.4Vo) and lowest for baseball OO. Marks are NOT deducted for incorrect answers. . Gaps may require 1. You should scan the texts to find the information you need. tooth and jaw fractures and dislocations. The definition ofreportable injury used in the study required that certified athletic trainers evaluate the injured players and subsequently restrict them from participation. Authors: Field and O'Brien (2007) OBJECTM: To characterize the risk of injury associated with 10 popular high school sports by comparing the relative frequency of injury and selected injury rates amon-q sports. Among the studied sports. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cohort observational study of high school athletes using a surveillance protocol whereby certified athletic trainers recorded data during the 2005-2007 academic years. .5%). Text A1 Junior Sports lnjuries Title: Patterns of injury in US high school sports: A review. MEASUREMENTS: Injuries and opportunities for injury (exposures) were recorded daily. softball.org . consistent and professional evaluation ofyearly injury patterns can provide focus for the development and evaluation of injury prevention strategies.

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. it is very unusualfor injured every (3) ... not write abbreviations' in your responses' Do Please use correct soelling rYoushouldwrtteyouranswersnexitoiheappropriaienumberintheright-handcolumq Junior SPorts lniuries injury management Guidelines for junior sports a small risk of being suggest that there is only (1) ln Canada' some kind is reasonably common' children under 15 are for example.... .. .. being the study was limited..... that the safest across a range of sports found was the most likely (B) . .. . ::ffi.. 2 or 3 words..'... associated with sporting activities' . o Gaps you shourd scan the texts to comprete the task. .eed ... and knee scope of the US 60.. While do make up lust under these injuries to (4) . in1ury of However statistics show that ... to end to beginning from to read each text need' find the information You for incorrect answers' questions...'.......PartA-AnswerBooklet lnstructions TIME LIMIT 15 MINUTES . revealed that cycling' and (rz) the cause of most (13) . among in Canada. Marks are Nor deducted ALL Answer may requue 1. sport was g) .^. of injuries the (6) A US study which investigated '. they children and adolescents one fifth of (s) .3% of those that (ro) with (rrt ..Completethesummaryonpages2and3ofPartA-AnswerBookletusingtheinformationinthefourtexts .. however' Canadian data' on the only non-ball game studied' skateboarding other hand. Of the injuries injuries accounted for half were (e) . around tz) .. whereas observed' more than to cause injury.

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onormal. part B within the 45 minutes allowed for this parl of the sub-test' NorE: you must complete your Answer sheet for Text 81: Going blind in Australia Paragraph 1 problem of levels of visual impairment' when we look at the Australians are living longer and so face increasing main issues. onry half the in the city of canterbury had never visited an to have visual problems. we do not know how prevalent cataract is. there are three is common in most people over 45 years of age' Second' .og. cigarette smoking and diagnosis if can be delayed or cured of most age-related or senile cataract.occupationalenglishtest. Third.Part B lnstructions TIME LIMIT:45 MINUTES part B. with early detection. medically or surgically' poorly understood. advanced. the third treatment poriibiliti"s forAMD are limited.iu-" and if untreated will cause visual impairment degeneration Paragraph 2 remains the most prevalent cause of blindness worldwide' cataract accounts for nearly balf of all blindness and it was estimated rn 1979 to affect the vision of 43 In Australia. Third. those with visual impairment do have "y" iir"or" such as cataract. including surgery. but some risk factors for cataract have been identified' such persons per thousand over the age oi 64 y"urr. each wrth four suggested . In the UK. there is no proven means of preventing as ultravioret radiation. first.0rg . After each of the texts you will frnd a number of questions or unfinished There are TWO reading texts in answers or ways of finishing' statements about the text. are p. that many ophthalmologist. the is far damage nerve optic disease is often undetected until major cause of vision loss in the elderly."s. these associations are while risk factors for glaucoma. graucoma and age-related macular the major ocular disorders affecting the older population" and eventual blindness' (AMD). and 207o of those over 75 years. hospital resources finally. In the united States. question' letter A. and 40vo of those visually impaired elderly people believe have access to' or may underutilise' eye care services are. and' and rehabilitation centres in the community are limited may neglect their eyesight. This insidious are known.MarksareNoTdeductedforincorrectanswers. In Australia. it affects 8-rl7o of those AMD is the leading cause of new cases of blindness in those the prevalence of AMD is presently unknown but could aged 65--74. glaucoma can be controlled Paragraph 4 may not while older people use a large percentage of eye services. social factors PlaY a role' 24 www. Although the alcohol consumption. Second. with no -or"ihun presbyopia. most impaired people retire with relatively visual impairment and the elderly. which almost all and are not merery suffering from "old age". is accessible' Paragraph 3 over 65.1-18' rndicate on your answer sheet the For each question' You must choose the oNE which you think fits best. C or D against the number of the AnswerALLquestions. eyesight. many more had ocular pathology requiring fufther Baltimore in elderly these services. In the united States 33Vo oi the visually impaired in London were known by their doctors investigation or intervention. untr"atable. The reasons for people underutilising and many of the visually impaired have other chronic disease that poor vision is inevitable o. such as ethnicity and family history. Unlike cataract. Glaucoma is be similar to that in the USA.. However cararactblindness development is early and therapy. B. First.

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. A should be more active in investigating patients' possible sight difficulties. the detection of glaucoma _. According to paragraph 6. A B C D wealthier people use health services more often than poorer people. D should seek assistance from eye specialists in detection of problems. Statistics in paragraph 4 indicate that ... A B C D about one tenth of the country's population will be elderly.. D Many elderly people think that deterioration of eyesight is a product of ageing.occupationalenglishtest. ?6 www..org .. A B C D generally occurs too late for treatment to be effective. B should not be required to dealwith sight deterioration. According to paragraph 4.. C The facilities for eye treatments are not always readily available. the author points out that . the author believes that general practitioners ...... the proportion of people over 65 will be twice the present proportion.. poorer people use health services more regularly than wealthier people... generally occurs before optic nerve damage is very advanced. B GPs are generally aware of their patients' sight difficulties.. in Australia in the year 2031 .. about one third of the country's population will be eldedy. which one of the following statements is Nor true? A B Many elderly people believe that eyesight problems cannot be treated effectively. is strongly associated with ethnic and genetic factors.. Elderly people with chronic diseases are more likely to have poor eyesight.. ln discussing social factors affecting the use of health services in paragraph S.. the number of visually impaired will be twice the present number. poorer people deliberately avoid having their eye sight examined. must occur early to enable effective treatment.. C should not refer patients to specialists until the problems are advanced.QUESTIONS According to paragraph 3.. C most of the elderly in the USA receive adequate eye treatment. According to paragraph 6.. poorer people have less access to the range of available eye care services.. D only 40o/o of the visually impaired visit an opthalmologist. A existing eye care services are not fully utilised by the elderly.

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Relatively few people in the national fitness survey had walked continuously for even 1-25 km in the previous month (lI-3O7o OepenOing on age and sex). Promotion of exercise and individual counseliing at work could help. this is what the Allied Dunbar national survey of fitness among adults in the UK recommends. with a threshold of effect. Paragraph 2 A commonly recommended minimum regimen for cardiovascular benefit is thrice weekly exercise for 2O minutes. were not considered active enough for their health. the ability to do more without fatigue. Paragraph 3 The main reason why people fail to take exercise is lack of time. Employers could encourage people to make exercise part of the working day by providing showers and changing rooms.and over half of those aged over 54 would not be able to do so even on the level. Cycling is also beneficial. Women tend to be much less active than men and are less fit at all ages. some suggest that vigorous aerobic activity is needed and others that frequent moderate exercise is adequate . middle aged men. Among other benefits it lessens the risk of stroke and osteoporosis and is associated with a lower all-cause mortality. Thus an important message is that exercise can be part of the daily routine . and older people need special thought. flexible working hours. and other surveys have also found little walking. Some studies show a dose-response relation between activity and reduction of risk. Yet older people especially need 28 wwwoccupationalenglishtest. A high proportion of men aged 45-54. but even now life years lost through accidents are outweighed by the estimated life years gained through better health. It conveys a simple popular message of broad minimum targets for different age groups expressed in terms of activities of different intensity. as well as the media. though further analysis in one study suggested this applied only to men with hypertension. who have a high risk of coronary heart disease. Doctors particularly should take this challenge more seriously. women. Certainly more cycle routes are needed.that is. fitness and health Paragraph 1 Physical inactivity is a substantial risk factor for cardiovascular disease.org . gro. for instance. Women have particular constraints: young children may prevent even brisk walking. Lifelong exercise is most likely to be started in childhood. Nevertheless. but children may have little vigorous exercise. A few surveys have found a slightly increased risk of heart attack with extreme activity. and sometimes exercise facilities .walking or cycling to work or the shops. They respond to endurance training much the same as do vounger people.rp. Paragraph 5 exercise to help them make the most of their reduced physical capacity and counteract the natural deterioration of age. The aim is to produce a training effect through exercise beyond what is customary for an individual. individual counselling by occupational health or personnel staff. A pervasive benefit is the gain in everyday reserve capacity . Exercise probably works by increasing physical fitness and by modifying other risk factors. Thus they need sensitive help from health professionals and women's and children'. The proportion judged on a treadmill test to be unable to keep walking at 5km/h up a slight slope rose with age from34Ta to 92Vo . Forty per cent of 65-74 year olds had done no "moderate" activity for even 20 minutes in a month.and indeed safer if ischaemic heart disease might be present. Indeed. Paragraph 4 In the promotion of exercise children. there is much debate about how intense the exercise should be. brisk enough to produce sweating or hard breathing (or a heart rate 6V80Vo of maximum).Part B Text 82: Exercise. Moreover. it has psychological effects that are surely underexploited.or at least encouragement for exercise groups. however many are put off cycling to work by the danger.

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Text 2 END OF READING TEST 30 www. C Men are generally fitter and more active than women...org . B The need to warm up before and cool down after exercise' C The need to eliminate the risk of ischaemic hearl disease before starting. 17 Which one of the following needs in relation to the improvement of national fitness are NOT mentioned in the article? A The need for people to make exercise a regular daily habit' B The need to provide information on health and fitness to the community. older men and women need to remain physically active and fit because.QUESTIONS 15 According to paragraphs 4 and 5. D 18 The need io consult a doctor before starting an exercise program' According to the article. though unsafe.. D Cycling. END OF PART B . c The need for doctors themselves to improve their own fitness levels.occupationalenglishtest. C they need to guard against poor health and inactivity.. A they need to counteract the risk of coronary disease' B fitness levels decrease rapidly over the age of 54. D The need to exclude strenuous exercise from the routine during infection. rs a beneficial form of exercise. D exercise works against the physical effects of ageing.. which one of the following is FALSE? A lt is unsafe for people with high blood pressure to do regular moderate exercise. 16 Which one of the following is NOT mentioned in paragraph 6 as a precaution to be taken when considering exercise? A The need to balance aerobic activity with stretching. B Experts agree on the importance of both type and intensity of exercise.

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000.2 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 seriously/badly injured three/3 million OR 3.org .000 year result inlcause death/fatality OR kill OR be fatal/deadly/lethal OR lead to death traumatic brain injuries relative frequency OR pattern(s)OR risk(s) OR rate(s) girls'volleyball football sprains and strains required/neededsurgery/neededanoperation wrestling skatingaccidents/incidents head injuries no further damage sports first aider OR sports trainer OR (suitably) qualified person DRABCD running (a)medical clearance removed/withdrawn (from play/activity) (protective) headgear minimise/reduce the risk OR reduce rates lacerations and abrasions custom-fabricated mouthguard OR mouth-formed mouthguard soft tissue laceration(s) tooth and jaw OR teeth OR jaw (protective)wristguards safety release binding END OF KEY 34 wwwoccupati0nalenglishtest.Reading Sub-test Part A: Junior Sports lniuries Answer Key Total of 27 questions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 I 10 11 '|.

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org . governmeni services should include prevention and health promotion. must occur early to enable effective treatment.Reading Sub-test Part B . may occur in about 4-5o/o of Australians aged over 64. END OF KEY 36 www. 2 3 4 5 6 7 causes a significant amount of sight loss in the elderly. 8 9 ihe proportion of people over 65 will be twice the present proportion. Elderly people with chronic diseases are more likely to have poor eyesight.occupationalenglishtest. should be more active in investigating patients' possible sight difficulties.Text 1: Going blind in Australia Answer Key Total of 10 questions 1 B B D C A B D C A B sight problems of the aged are often treatable. existing eye care services are not fully utilised by the eldedy. poorer people have less access to the range of available eye care services.

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7 Reading Sub-test Part B . Providing encouragement and advice from staff within the organisation.occupationalenglishtest. The need to balance aerobic activity with stretching. different levels of exercise intensity for different age groups. fitness and health Answer Key Total of 8 questions 11 12D 13B 14B 15D 16A 17C 188 D weight control and decrease in levels of body fat. The need for doctors themselves to improve their own fitness levels. difficulty in fitting it into their daily routine. exercise works against the physical effects of ageing.org . Experts agree on the imporlance of both type and intensity of exercise.Text 2: Exercise. END OF KEY 38 www.

aarq] .rer"uu.r1e fiil. oi fiene lq're..rnsaqlul IsJ deBlsrl]aqtalaldr-uoro]papeauuoi]eulolu! leqtfila>{l1 sl }l araq^'tvixsruorapear3q}snlc.o ul u'lle$r..6 [ 3r o']selq s rlSuaieuotledn:lo'auran }Xa.lspea.u.^ otAe-I :rvlxel y:sl.roan 3u rssrru J opl nB fipnlS . fie*r o8essed hreu:uns sfierr.rnlutspodstoLun!tolsauqaptn6a:L1rerdls.uo:ur ue ur llns'r t fi1uo tnQ aq1 3u spro^A leiaAAS ro p.. aql ui] a'essed fi.a1n.ro.euuns ol Jap.)sirl uef s o] lxa] ilrrqM purl noh pro*.:.o }luill aull] ]3lr)s e ulqllM [sproitl nofi levl }ueuadrur aroJ€raql sr rl op y ul3aq lou fiq ue6 Surpear RlarelparuuLl lre! laQ ur alu a! uror ol nofi sar tnbar lsal-qns 3u !pea8 aq) Jo v rlr.rh. Burpeaq aqt ur filuo paLrorluaur st )xa] eleucloLdde ar-lt otrepear aQi )f.er'utlns snroJ puB rrdol aqi 0r u'rluaue.rerroos 'fi"..rts Eurpea"r.rnofi lrarp o1 :qdeLEe:ed lsri aL{}Jo snloJ alerrdoldde aq: 'alqellene aLUll aqlJ0 esn 1uarrr11a EulreLu aroloraq) lxat oi lueuodul firan sl }i fiqr'r pue rrdo} aq}Jo asuas e qsllqe}sa fi11:rnb ro aql ur .l} aql Jo asue}uas isll.r.saurlaprnB. 'a'essed fi:eur-uns.rnofi lcarrp 11ran st ll 'pealsu fi1qBrq papuauwolar noh teql urBeq fiieuuns aqt Surpeer Rq parsqurnu aq) sureluor qrrq. ot dr aa'rqt 'selnurur tT . aql qloq ui peuo'upru ate.Jur rue^aral aql surelu03 .inofi alduexe eqllaplsu:- .B:tv}xel :zY}X3] l.r.'q }xel fi11crnb uef.M 'af : parrp dlaq trM ]eq) p'roru 'a'r cilaq hqt:a"rrp salersr uEg.nofi 1o lsa) e st )sa'-qns Sulpeau 'aBessed firer-uuns aqlJo ued ' ]sll.sarnfu*lrods.s pue pear po]rsras as'oqr 0] slxai lual*rJrp sso..rlp a]eler o] aq] eqrlo Irv] ]xa] ]sru 'tsel-qns SutPeor aq] Jo E o*l lsi!i 3t{} ro} uol}eujlolul '}slr.}Xa}aq}J0ctdo}aq}se}el!pU!}eql}elloog}xalaqlu!uetar]t}oSUlpeal{aqi:. pro* aq) .splo* raqlo u1 . eq} ut 'leu'ts' e =: slxel rnot aq).sdeB.rst00g eqt Eu!pear dlaq ur slxa) aql J0 auo qttq^A Mou>l ot no^ 11rm fileuruns os qde.e8essed hreuulns aqtJo ued ]srj lsri sqlJo aqr urJ .euulns aq} }o lle 'rise} fireuruns aqt Surtdual}e sro..}:. V eqt Jo LldejBeJed .ress€ fi|r:a. 'Burpea"r.eulunE e fi11ensn s! alaq} [..ocls locltps q3rq 5i1 ur d'rnhrrJo suloll€d :ele ?Y.o.gV rlsnoqlrv'.. aql lsue t }Xal 0} p.s }slri ailtSulpeal aq1 s}:eSutpeeq Sutuac: o}.o sSurpeaq eq) Eurs.o Molaq :lslrooq lxar ls3l arllrerd aq] ..rdulor ps]ssl s*rrs reln'ruecl leq] .sesodrnd ro1 Eurpear urls 'asl.saurtaprnr.^31^aj sounfut sucds }o Uol}us^ald :}t€l}Xa '.ro11oog .t1 eBessec 1eu:r' aq) lxer. ielaua' ..rarl alnutru ST aLll r0 pua aLlI )e fier-u pue u93 nsfi aql saq'reu txal qslll^ palas fi11:rnb l*'trsl'lv'v ued' aq]i0 uulnlo3 fi.1^suv. 'ro pr.: "- "puno. e se fi'reuuns ar{} Jo arus}uas ls'urpeaq lxa] aqr Jo rnol'e ur pile a'essed sr ..}]gl1p aq l|lMSn3oJ S. aql ro1 spro'rrrBulsstu Is.oqr o] uorleulr.r fiq fir eu: tu ns e alald alarcir.rir aEessed 'pot.Ll] ]o v ued laquaureE or firillqe .eu'rs..aq lletap tea'r8 ur se8essed sur) arqenre^ dn arel ilrM slr.v ued .r. eq] as.ods r-1o s+41'1 cL qlJEesa'u:?vlxei 0ln}elaill r\e1do1uln}slpueluaula6eueuii.oq1. : :lr'o1eq pelqBllqBlq s1 eEessed fileruurns aul'o ssuslues lsr!' €r'il Ep€uEJ uT se-!rfLiur s-l.r.*':::::::::.]xa) raLlloue Surpee-i fiq paterol aq fi1uo 1q3rr-u eSessecl fireuuns laQulsulal I s! leqr aq]Jo qcler8ered ts'rl] erl] teq] osl€ f 3u ]0.1g.TV slxel lo sBulPeeq ai1 uro'lJ sBurpeaq.'u. srql'[.screB.r'ered .rre ued ur uorsuaqa. srq] uau..Ju: pallelap Jo ]s€) e )ou sl Il .ijooLl.u.

Vale & Mills {2006) A2: Tabie Case l: Ecanomic burden of migraine in the USA TextA3: TextA4: studies: migraine sufferers and work Research brrei on njgra. You need to know when to direct gour attenti0n from one text t0 another. it is a good idea to iook for 'signal' words that tell Ugu that the next missing word IsJ comes from a different text than the previous one.thesuccessful readerwill realisethat informationforirentr'islikeigtocomefromeitherTextAZcr44 (mentioning the 'U5 report']. Often this might be a direct signal in the form of a keg word that is repeated in the heaciing for each text 0[ a referent word that directs the reader back to scmething thal has alreadg been mentioned in the passage. Vale snd N4ills' Ia surveg [items 9-11] is probablg from the same source text IA1]. ltems 8"ltr wiil proba blg stem from information in Text A1. 'The stLrdg' refers back to isatUpeof studUjwhile'fhe authars' refersbacktospark.Valeancl lvlills{tlrenamesof thepeoplewhowrotethe$tudg].. signallingto the readerthat all of the missing information 'fhe pofirnts s urvegetl bg Spark. 40 www. ane{.:i2 : u.Using signal words in the summarU passage Sometimes missing information foreach paragraph of the summarU passage will be found from multiple sources i.org -il .teitl r0 Egreccgnisingthesesignalwords. . The su m ma rg passage mentions 'Spark. Consider the example summarU passage from the sample test posted on the 0ET website below: Now consider the headings Efthe four Text Text texts below informing the summarg passage above: A1: Title: Management of rnigraine in New Zealand General Practice Authors: Spark.i nes in the US There are a few key words in the aiigi til l" minraffia . Again.occupationalcnglishtest. from more than one ofthe texts in the Text b0oklet. Vaie and Mills' authors of the text] and this provides the clue that ltem g directlg relates to the title of Text Al whereas the mention of 'the studg' Ithe and'the authors'later in the summarg passage highlights these as referents.e.

!i|' u..0 lsel gJ!)3erd oql uo{ rllolsq ssldulexe eq} rsplsuoJ u'rleurro... 'BurueauJ ua*sniuo.o Eurue** .r. u.r "*apear eq1 Burheld olrqm poaq s. pr'n^ aL{lJo Eurueauu aqi cl fi1lca'rrpsalelsJpue'a3ualuasaqljoEurueau:llera^'aqlolpal3auuolLiloqsr - anlr lue).il::::..rd asn ol r. :nroloq petqtl.:.rad e uo s1 eruetuas egt.8. "r* o.ynt:::.u 3q] L{)'iA suJa}l fi"leJnqeron se.il::J:.:Jj:fi1".a1$eaaii {o1s: " iii ....#". r..esn sr )l .ro Burqlog:..ulrrr llnatl'..*r.:.i'.r. .eri.r. qJaA aql'.6UtplnOOA}nvs lAltp ....azwa}! ro}}eq}raprsuoro}Jn..li4i.#: :il:. .:.. iueudrnba..o a3pelrirou\ rraq} uroj. sqi punoJe uoro^ ..ff..:.:Xrg slsll uo peseq uol)3lpard .ro..deB.. ro ."_.Jpen4 {s] p..ou. nttn nta^n saueu aql ror .r) o) a'essed fiieuruns oLll ul .sde*..z ::Ti::""r::i:1.'ft u.v.*..1/i.:]]:. se Lrf.u.*.ffT .ojn..iffi..rrrno .uos...O-:::.f":::...Ulro edfir al{tJo asuas sproM ro p"ioan Sutssru.. .y/riii:ifi t:\v..7- lv Sro"lsalqsrlsualeuoryecln:co..:.. ui .r Eurssru.e. le Burlool .01 ue3$ 0) rarsea ilil. u ^.il]fl.rl:f::JrH:li.o..fipoq eq)' Sutueau s.'":?.sli Jsqlo 'aldulexa:o1 'uprr] uo!3a. .fi.....fi .ns spro*Jo 1urqt.}eulsq..::Vt:!/j:.nqeron.{s.y \WnQat sawnot pu . .rir .q $al! ue luaua:e1d Jo ol. .rleds iuar'udtnlra ro lrolo_rd Surqlolr enrlrelo'tcJJo )eLr) a] j plca.arer v o1 't"rods t lr pa..8.a .#.pJo/v\ eq} ar}'u . *.:#: )r areLU l!M ]xal aq) uiror r0or f.ilH:'j.fi.'". aLr} €rgeua lllM slql a'essed f ieuuu'rns aql ur ('urerq aLll e'eruep uel )eql pesq aLr) ol y3o.U.]:r?.8.r aq} io BurueaLu oq} u*op MoJreu o} {s Japeo..lroq.qB!r{ sl tuerralsJ st }er{} lxat sql 'dni sa pq ''6 a . ." ..t:."J [s] proan Burssrru eq] a)edr'r]ue o] senbruqca] uor)otpard Bursp ..oclul ue sl 'anoqe alcluiexa oq) ul '..uos:ad e pau'rsap fi1....:J:l?l:lT....".XWW.sploar.ioJaq fiialerpa{rru.rr.qBlq ..lo' d poatl lo8urueau rr'racis aJ.'ff:. aql s...i a\r.r e e... '.Burssru.r nofi asnereq aur} s^€ s aql )eq* lrrpa..peaq aqi uo ulo* st.ffi.req fipearle 11r..ff .mm.1'-.1oossno.1.#.:i" i" n t.fier. : :i :.!t/t. .:."": D.esnsr }r )xoluo3 uo paseq uol)llpajd..Tl::llj:"'::::. :alolaq petqBg...d pue fi.rnA Japear In._::: l3.raprsu'J ol in..T :u0!lrlpa.reaB peeq. .

such things as the irlord-en ding for a particuiar verb Ie.g. and accounted] and the past tense marker'were'" A reacler who responds bg using the 'ing' form 'requiring surgerg' Ias copied directlg from the text]. for example. how the words U0u ch0ose f it into the waU the summarU passage is written and whether gou need to alterthe word {si slightlg from the wau theg appear in the originai longer text.t . if gou don't chsose the correct form of the word IsJ which has Do not therefore simplg copg words directlg from the grammatical agreement with the summarU passage. according t0 verb tense J or whether the sentence in the summarU passage is written in sctive orpossive voice. as well as in tone or stgle. A reader who might not be familiar with the word establish the meaning of the missing word from a carefui reading of the surrounding text and link the summarg Passage t0 the relevant parl ofthe original text.ffi W" . a cioser reading of the summarU passage shows that the sentence is written in the simpie past tense " shown clearlg bg the use af'ed-ending'verbs Iobserved. Prediction based on grammaticalawareness Rememberthe summarg passage is not a direct copg of ang of the texts. Even though gou might correctlg spellthe word gou choose.e". 4. A summarU is a shortened outline 0f a longertext IsJ and accordinglq.The missing w ord 'headgear' can probablg lheodgear] is directlg mentioned in the text./4- :. 3..d W . i. You need to consicler the overall grammatical appropriateness of the word Is] you decide t0 write dcwn.3% for of thase doi. t. would not receive ang marks as 'requiring surgerg' does not conform correctlg to the grammatical stgle of the summarg pa$sage (X ='ing' form following a relative pron0un 'thof'].{Lrt! 5.org .t.i ..* . wR 'w &. The wau the summarg passage rs written is often quite different granmaticolly t0 the originaltexts. .occupationalenglishtest. gou will not receive ang marks..iuutffi *. usesporophroslng and otherwritingtechniques to present information in shortened form. texts into Uour summarU as there is a greater chance of making a grammatical error if qou do. However.A careless reader might simplg write 'requiring surgerg'as their response to item t0 [directlg copging from the text] because there is some similaritg between the wardings of the text and the summarU passage. Prediction based on changing verb forms Part of the summarU passage with a'gap' Ispecificallg item l9l is highlighted below: o 60. Ihe skill for the reader is to recognise the important meaning of the text and then carr9 that meaningthrough to the shortened summarU passage makingong grammaticalchonges as needed" 47 www. The more correct response would be: 8ryW Note that the meaning here is kept.. 'ff*'w&+/" . YoLl might like to cansider. The correct vocabularg items required for tlre respotrse are found in the longer text but the form of tlre words neecied to be altered to make sure the summarU text remained gram maticallg consistent..

d.)suol arrrle8au lape. aserqd unou aLr} fidor fi1duts lq8rru.T. e asn 0r p*paau paurelureur sr Eurueeuu eq' arnsua 0] uorrf.ld ulro] ploM uo peseq uol)3lpard . e qUivr aBessed fireululns ? ued '9 sanlusod 'sn santleBaN uo paseq uoll3lpard 'o 'fi:eutuns 0l lxa) osrnos ruo.)iaas.uMA :e)!SqaM lf 0 aql uo palsod )sai aldrues oq} LUOIJ ualiel sl aldulexa slqi:aloi..rollop e uro"r1 wajtol asuodsa.o1 )ueirodwl ll o] uaql pue ulroJ qra^ a^rlrullu!sqrJo asn filalrlaqi trrpa.:tt!)lh '1.l aql'asuas areul o) a8essed fileuluns oLlll.rl sl ll 'a8essed firer-ur-uns aq) ur fiervr luala.!fll teq: oql'Ierrnpe lecrpaur] r0]30p e uro.ionrr parreur 's'iara1.ol.i T ur .rd srnlf..J rapl' ul W . aq] fiq peluasardar uorlrodord oql 3t1} ul snso] auI }eq: dlaq 8ur>1aas siajaJins Jo uorpodord.ror1 lf€rp e se r ssala:e: e uteFs .sJsls. ar-11 sa-rlnbat uoruoclo.atsr Eurp.1 fi.n.nrlspunolh.lsotll.:qsrl8uSur 'sIXAl oMl aql uasMlaq selluellul auros sre aiaql se lxa] aq' u'r1 f urarl ot asuodsa"r rraql se l4aap {aasnor..lselilsrlBua.apea"r ssale:er e'uteE :r.aq raas ]0u 0p ]lej ul s-ra-ral/ns isou aql pahels seq Euruear-u aql ri8noqile pasra.oy.. asruflorar o1 pa:rnba.ro1eg parqBllqBrq s1 pue eEessed fireuutns eq}}0 Ut {p rlevJ .::V)t tri.'.jul aues aql leq) asru3o:ai ol tuelrodu...rns $ ul . e soselL.Burplol3e uoll3nllsuol qran aqi a8ueu: sl el€ol deB aq1 a-ro1aq.Jlp fiiltlSlls e ul ua]]lltn 'a8essed 6reuuns papJ0M filtuatall!P aq] pue lxsl aLll uaaildla.?"'l' ELo.rol] e^rlrurlur +.aEessed fireuruns aql atelduor filalernrre of is.rd -ra6.ns fi9 aqt r € lllluenb .roraq}}eq}sMoqsaBessedfileu:r'unsaqlloBulpea:lnJore3ela^3M0' iotu.-ffi ?i:.deB. eq] sr af ualuas 6rer.r"ror-uu.a"lal/ns] .Jo asn aqiastuBore-r ollapear aql.uurns aql 1o '.ev 3.al1ours a[{} uo st }xai leurBtro .r sl rapear aql a8essed fi:er'uuns aq):ra^aMoF ur sn3oJ eql leq) estu8orar ol lapea.+fia{qns. :firolaq urroqs s1 [2 uart] deB.lxal JLrl fidor alou rlrM rapear rnjsrel v '. raql se .ro'tsatqsrlEueleuotledn::o'm't'tm aq ]qalul )xa' aq] u! uorleui.oj. qra^ aql altl* filciu'r1s tq81ur -rapee.euorgedntlo. -"t.

lf gou wrote inst.f**"'".llN:..:..F€..occupationalenglishtest.agent. . to mean the word institutian.: careful readerwill note that the focus in the original text is on 'csr accidents'Iat the beginning ofthe statement] as the. Prediction based on passive vs.(1fi /f. Considerthe example belowfrom the practice test: '.. ln the exarnple above..: -N---. for telephgne.. 0ther wrong examples might include 'yr' {or gear.V. the construction is reversed. the abbreviated response is allowecl. '+.ffi.%. Ihus the correct response below: Recognising where the subject or focus of the sentence has changed between the wording of the text ancl the wording of the summarg passage [with the meaning staging the same] will help the reader to predict whethe r active orpasslve voice is needed in the response.111! .ffi:4/ii. for example.. .L1/.."" ffi Ihe part of the reading text that contains the missing information {item ?lJ is shown below: "-:...:il.ffiff 't. Using abbreviated words Alwags use the correctlg spelt full form of the words.:! Clearlg.ln tlre summarU passage.: "..ffill.gou would not receive anU marks..! As the agent ofthe action [to cause] the crctlve voice ofthe past sirnple verb form is used with the object oftlre {caused] sentence being'?2% of alt iniuries'.iiilii::.rl!:L.)iii€!"7. A ofthe sentence. !. The readerwill recognise that the summarg passage requires the use of passive voice [verb'to be'+ past participle] to conveg the same meaning as the text.:7i.r- Z.:fi/l/f6i.. w i.or subjec.Va. 44 wlw.'No' for numbers and . The exception to this is when an abbreviation is included in the text and is necessarg for gour response. with 22% af att injuries the main focus of the sentence fwith the action being'clone' bg'car accidents']./11ft.fe/.!t:.i'1 ...:7tvM:l. active voice test with a 'gap' [rtern An example from the summarg passage from another ?t J is highlighted below: Tffi.org . 'DRABCD'can be ccnsiclered a correct response lor item l6 as writing down each word individuallg would g0 overthe three word limit. The original text is betow: u):l:#.f.#.

3 rnofi auros u's.lr.Mr..::t'f.lo .::#t4.::i:///j.* .:'niairy.:4.lt...l.ue. la6pnq-aa1.:rih ..uplp...Y.!.rau 1uJo] pa)leluos sql asn ot asooqr nofr 11 .....:::'!.a1du....:a7. aq p.t laAa*oH u1 Surpeal e u. e se pue lpws/l*ol..no'u 'sa.}0 pe}.:#|il#.1.!//.assayJall..t'j ijv41.p)a/*-auase taded:noh Burlte1u uosracl aq] fiq palaprsuo: aq lllM sltl) Au's ul sr ur0J paperluor aqlJo osn 3Ll1 'sose3 plp.t1.utu r.pto^^-auase"radedrnoriBurlreuluosradaq)fiqpa..rl tt:::]rt:j1:il::ffi:::ilr . ur..)o. !.]..euuns 'asuodsa.i#r.exa:01 ..i= .:.rsriira.narrnba: sr pro* paleuai{dnrl .{: :aq rqBlur {s j prom Eulsslu aq} }eqtti oulullslEF o} raPeeJ eql s'v\ollB ifiolsq }xal leul8po aq1 aql .reprsuoraqlrrMpuealqelda:realespr0^ pateuaqdfiLl fi|re.allours e sareduol leq] uotssa:dxa oi uauu aqr LuorJ )ueurslels aq)1o Burueaur reia^o sr o"routerp ars* uauro* arour )elrl lxsl3. .r.o 'asuodsal pJal 'a/\^]e palaplsuof.Jou prnaJ.:(t.rCJ aleudo"rdde e alu^A noh jr filelern:re ]eLl) proM paleuaqdfiLl lo pa]3ellu.St 3:o'lsalqsrlSueleuolledn:lo''umnt 's\)aw aNA3At 11ra nofi'lxa] leul3r:o aq) ul urroj lerll ur'readde )ou fier-u 1r q8noql eq) s)rauar fi11e:rier-ur..'4 .j:.::tLU..f.M.rpl e o] filr]uenb./z.e suol)serluoo 3urs3 a8essed aql ul ]sl!l psuollualu sle usu u0u# jr:lil::? Iueu:o.aEessed fi...ra raSessed fireu:iuns aql.lAolsqs!!Eqer'^lS0stlluopelsodlsglslduessqluouaEessed6reuunsalduexa€qlJ3P!3u03 pue slxar 1eur8r"io aqr oi urJoiuo3 fi1lerr}er-uue.fr).lt. {risrr 0} asuodsa. :..ffiiL&:!.i] fi]r]uenb js6.3rqetde33€ 3re.pue.rn T::.aldurexarol'alqetdo.uernofi}s]xa]au]ul sproMo]Eutueaurrellulsq]lMspraMasn sruhuouhs Bursl .r a-iaq1 . 'fii. :::i3tj..3 sr pue slxa) Ieul3uo ue.! lo pro^r\ e asn o] .o./.1)!t!! ...an sue arqe*olre.* fi.up/no3.sa:luelsu! seu^Aoularespro^ asaql .o lsrr e seq "racled q8noqr 111r.4/..e. '!i{../j::l/.i:!.:.4{.er}u0r e u3q& s}xa} 1eur3r'ro aqt.ffi H . ^_..!.i.e lou lnq Butlreu st orlrvr uoslod aq1 'su^uoufis . t'j'W:! .. alqeldar:e fif iea1: auo fi1uo aq fillensn )eLlt aqr ur spio* se Sutueaur aLUes eq] ssor:e Ia8 pelda:re aq uec sasuodsar ..slxa]eqluorjnll3arlp[s] promepur.ior} reals Aq lllM }l 1e'reue8 .ws/ra/Aol:spronEuir''llol alqe}de'e paioprsu'l eq te prn.r.tult5 .

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0001). You should write your answers next to the appropriate number in the right-hand qolumn. . two per month in 10. The most common prophylactic agents used currently or previously were pizotifen and propranolol. Please use correct spelling in your responses. current and previous drug treatments. Prophylactic medication appears to be underutilised.3%.57o (65/611). especially in patients with frequent migraine. Four in five miglaine patients were curently using acute medication as required fbr migraine.97o in females an:d 6. CONCLUSIONS: Migraine is recognised frequently in New Zealand general practice.Part A lnstructions TIME LIMIT lS MINUTES . non-recommended drugs were also used. GPs appear to select from a limited range of therapeutic options lbr migraine prophylaxis. Answer ALL questions. and inappropriate use of acute medications accounted for 9Vc of "prophylactic treatments". However. Prophylactic medication had been used previously by 15. Use of acute medication otien follows published guidelines. this is a continuous national study of general practice activity in New Zealand.07c" respectively) than those with less frequent migraine attacks (3.org . Only 8. You should scan the texts to find the information you need. and to review the prophylactic and acute drug treatments used by these patients. RESULTS:191 GPsreportedthat649 of 5663patients (lI. and some use inappropriate drugs for migraine prevention 48 www.77o and25. Vale & Mills (2006) OBJECTMS: To determine the proportion of patients who have a diagnosis of migraine in a sample of New Zealand general practice patients.87o) (P < 0. and appropriateness of treatment assessed using published guidelines. Gaps may require 1. Complete the summary on pages 2 and 3 of Part A . (541648) of migraine patients were currently taking prophylactic medication. and 60.5Eo) hadbeendiagnosedwithmigraine. and three or more per month in 12. including opioids (38% ofacute medications).3Vo (76/611) (missing data excluded). Patients reporting three or more migraines or two migraines per month were significantly more likely to be taking prophylactic medication (19.Answer Booklet using the information in the four texts (A1-4) below. Marks are NOT deducted for incorrect answers. 2 or 3 words. . Do not write abbreviations.occupationalenglishtest. The migraine substudy was conducted in June-July 2005 and December 2005-January 2006. other appropriate agents were rarely used. frequency of migraine attacks. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of general practitioners collected data from about 30 consecutive patients each as part of the BEACH (Bettenng the Evaluation and Care of Health) program.17o (4761617). despite the availability of several other well documented efficacious agents. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of patients with a current diagnosis of migraine. Migraine fiequency in these patients was one or fewer attacks per month in 77.Prevalence was I4.)Vo (961640). You do not need to read each te><t from beginning to end to complete the task. Text A1 Title: Management of migraine in New Zealand General Practice Authors: Spark. DESIGN. o .17o in males.6Vo of these medications conformed with recommendations of the National Prescribing Service.

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with women.... 9. Migraine incidence was different across genders.. Gaps may require 1. Of the patients surveyed by Spark. occurring in around 1oy . . A1-A4. which .. Similarly. Concerning interventions. of men and within a restricted age range. 2..occupationalenglishtest... of women A b.. and tend of available therapies.. You will not receive any marks if you write more than 3 words....org .. most migraine sufferers in the survey 6 7.... B. Summary Migraines ln a recent study by Spark. You should scan the texts to find the information you need. (4) 3. By contrast. medical advice.. 2 or 3 words. to choose from a (r r) . patients had been diagnosed with migraine.11 52 www.. Vale and Mills. it was found that of (3) 121 (1) .. effectively..." Given these findings. ' ' r r Complete the following summary using the information in the four texts. 10. the US report found that . ..PartA-AnswerBooklet lnstructions TIME LIMIT 15 MINUTES . Vale and Mills. a US report found migraines with a .. proportion of men diagnosed compared . provided on pages 2 and 3 of the Text Booklet. just over eight per cent were taking 1ey .. (s) 4.. the study found that a large proportion of migraine sufferers used practitioners do not utilise . You do not need to read each text from beginning to end to complete the task. Do not write abbreviations. You should write your answers nexi to the appropriate number in the right-hand column Please use correct spelling in your responses.l Answers investigated the prevalence of migraines among patients in New Zealand. the authors note that general (10) 1oy . at the time of the study.

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org .occupationalenglishtest.Reading Sub-test Part A: Migraines Answer Key Total of 26 questions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 I 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 general practice/Gp 649 5663 lower/smaller/lesser/low/small/minor 7o/o 2Oo/o did not seek/do not seek (or contractions) prophylactic medication/preventative medication acute medication prophylacticmedication/preventativemedication limited range/narrow range burden/impact (total) missed workdays (total)lostproductivity/productivityloss greater/higher/bigger/larger/high/big /large/ma1or in bed OR off (work/sick) four (days) Jane (migraine)absences Sally employers OR colleagues employers OR colleagues behaviour change(s) OR changes in behaviour (supporters') contact numbers flexibte from home/at home END OF KEY 54 www.

re s.raqle3olsploqpuB}llnqsll.SS 3^io'tsatqsllSualeuotlednlro'.raua8 1o s3uer e puelsropun . ase"rqde"red asruBorag sulalt ipltxal Jo Surueai"u aq) euluJalsp 0l sanll lenlxoiuo3 asn . ''E'a] s}ua^€ JO rapro a-- 'eldurexe Jor.}xelleuotsssjo. uoileuroJutJ0 sadfi1 1ua.rm)tsor-u.-. . . .Jpaltlausq0graAousuJol Atleleduclx3:*::-:-:* leLllpunolfipnlseqi. ustleLu:ojur Buri.liiao ce3: seaf..lr1s 'alep ol dn e.r6 r slderuor Burfillapun uorleLuro1ur Surl"loddns LuoJJ se€ pr hltuap. sadfit ixe] lualalJtp Jo suor)uanuoJ gq) puels.jr0 . r ureu aletluala.rEpeer e eyerol . saf.rAoqs o] saseJqc pue sp.ana1-q8rg 'qsi13u3 ur usurr^A sleurnof ur paqsrlqnd ual1o sr a:uarf."8.j:s:Ianoqe pa]ou se'fipn]s. puelSJApun .ur azrsaqtufi5 sa:]uarsJUt 1eri8o.apufl .rn.rg .reqTslr{ o}e3lunuur03 o} lxs} srl} sl3nllsuol lgUJrA €tllnroq pue}sJepun o} p€su nc.req]o orl]'sH]''3 e] -:-.romEulsn ell0Au! fieu s1q1'eFesseur.rrads seopt uteut :og fir. sgssssse lEel-qns EulpesJ eqlr0 g lred ase. fi"relnqecon leupalu pue le.rnourl srnsue pue sprepuels leuorssalotd ureluteu o] lueloduLr aroJaraq] ale qsrlflu3 Surpear .:-:-=- 'a.rdlorguapereuer\lorltutpuels:apunaAloai Ielouteq.rnos )ua. sugrsnlf.'"i M.efide:aqlaqlulc.1. uorleutoJUr rr.alJrp u"rorJ uorleuuo.puoras 'filis..:: -:.. elep l$UeLunu pue lenlxail0 usrleluasard €qt puelsjapun .roddns pue seapt ureuj alerlualaJJt0 . e ur uorleurojur cr#:ads e1e:o1 :or firluqe s.le.rspeel e .redeslu8orag .durexerol'Butsn{.ryi .rqde.uoJ 1e:tEol rr.nosJo a8ue.mmm ['PtP ss pue 0Z uaa.qe E.lp usa&taq drqsuorleler alll puelslapun slxal a3.slrorrA. :_ sar.: : {llnsa. .s le:rpau ur sluaudolenap Mau uo uorlegjJolui o3!}3erd roqunJ ffi .aJ eapt ueJo uolsL3-. iue.'E.uot]tppe { Fe.a] sa1nlrnrls€ :s:-.r e se'aro1oraq}'ot anp ''E a] saluanbas-:: {pue aqr ur 'fi1}uanbasqns '611eryrur :fi. slssl lsel-qns 3ulpeel sql to V lJBd ur s1.r1s pue aBpel...# #7 .::_- aydsap'pueq raq}o eq} u0 1a^aMoq''3'a] seapl s^t}euraue :o Buiisa -.rosqranueq]req]ersunouEursooqrJuc.ra1. ur ..rl.- (luauussesse'uorlettJtxolap'Iureldxauorr] uor]eueldxe''E'o'sanrirefpe.

considers. You mag have access to journals and professional association websiteE with reading material relevant to Uour own profession. long noun phrases Ie.l- . suggests.g.org . assumes.. The four-gear studv into the uptake and continuing use ofthe drug-based treatment administered with appropriate medical supervision discovered that. supposes. implies. states.. J groups of words with'shades of meaning' Ie.. .. presumes] Reading widelg on health-related issues in English is great preparation for the tlET. proposes. concludes.occupationalenglishtest. 54 56 www.g. believes.

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