Union Station Master Plan –Task 1 Briefing

1

Project Status
> Master Plan Team Selected in May 2012 > NTP in July 2012 > 24 Month Process > Market Study Concurrent w/ Master Plan > Work Organized into 3 Tasks > 4 Board Staff Briefings (1 in Task 1, 2 in Task 2, 1 in Task 3)

Project Overview
2

Timeline

Project Overview
3

Major Task 1 Subtasks
> Data Collection and Analysis > Stakeholder Outreach > Synthesis and Conclusions in Technical Memoranda > Refined Goals and Objectives > Resulting Program Definition

Task 1 Subtasks
4

Data Collection and Analysis
> 17 Consultants of Various Disciplines Studied Site and Context
Transit activities compiled Pedestrian flow patterns analyzed Bus and rail capacity reviewed Current High Speed Rail plans studied Linkages to adjacent neighborhoods and L.A. River evaluated Bicycle amenities assessed Historic and cultural monuments adjacent to site mapped Physical mapping and survey of site

Data Collection
5

Distribution of Ridership

Data Collection
6

Distribution of Boardings and Alightings
Purple Red

Data Collection
7

Transit Access/Circulation/Parking

Weekday Daily Boardings & Alightings Service Metro Red/Purple Line Metro Gold Line Metrolink/Amtrak Bus Existing (2012) 42,390 21,623 33,138 18,979 Forecast (2040) 57,968 31,674 56,006 19,750 % Growth 37% 46% 69% 4%

Technical Memoranda Findings
8

Site Context

Data Collection
9

Points of Interest

Data Collection
10

Historic Resources

Data Collection
11

Existing Conditions – The “Tunnel”

Data Collection
12

Existing Conditions – Passenger Concourse

Data Collection
13

Existing Conditions – Amtrak Queuing

Data Collection
14

Historic Site Organization

Historic LAUS
15

Station as Developed Today

Metro-Owned Property MWD Headquarters Mozaic Apartments First 5 L.A.

Data Collection
16

Alameda District Specific Plan
> Adopted in 1996 w/City of L.A. > Almost 11M sf. of entitlements; 7M sf. entitled to Union Station property > Almost 6M sf. still available for development at Union Station > All entitlements may not be used > Flexible entitlements and floor area transfer allowed

Metro-Owned Property

Data Collection
17

Stakeholder Outreach
> Over 50 stakeholders interviewed during 17 small group sessions
El Pueblo Chinatown Little Tokyo Arts District Boyle Heights Metrolink Amtrak CHSRA Bicycle, River and Historic Preservation Advocates Downtown Business Groups Metro Bus Operations Metro Rail LADOT - Performing and Visual Arts Organizations

-

> Meetings with Major Transit Operators
- LAX Flyaway - Greyhound

> Public Planning and Operations
Metro Morlin L.A. City Planning L.A. County Planning

Stakeholder Outreach
18

Stakeholder Outreach
> Over 200 attended December 2012 Community Meeting (which also had good participation on live streaming on web) > More than 2,000 responses received from Union Station Transit-User Survey > Community Advisory Council convened to continue stakeholder engagement throughout project

Stakeholder Outreach
19

Main Issues We Have Heard From Stakeholders
> Wayfinding needs to be improved > Connectivity to surrounding neighborhoods is important > Maintain ongoing community involvement in the process > Improve movement through the station; make transfers between transit modes easier > Space should have a civic quality rather than a commercial one > The historic building should be repurposed so that it is used > There are opportunities to showcase performing and visual arts groups in Union Station

Stakeholder Outreach
20

Technical Memoranda
> Existing and Future Transit Operations, Access, Circulation and Parking > High Speed Rail > Existing Land Use, Regulatory Plans > Site Context > Historic Resources > Development > Infrastructure and Geotechnical > Sustainability and Building Systems > Opportunities and Constraints

Technical Memoranda
21

Transit Access/Circulation/Parking
> Conventional Rail (Metrolink and Amtrak)
- Transit boardings are forecast to grow, increasing demand for more frequent rail service - Previous development did not accommodate expansion of rail service - Gold Line took the place of one platform - HSR could further impact number of platforms - SCRIP (So. Cal. Regional Interconnector Project) may increase capacity by 40% to 50% which will relieve immediate needs

Technical Memoranda Findings
22

Transit Access/Circulation/Parking
> Metro Rail
- Additional access required to accommodate future light rail line(s) - Location of Gold Line results in yard planning constraints - Connections between Gold Line and Red/Purple Line are non-intuitive - Regional Connector will relieve some pressures on Union Station

Technical Memoranda Findings
23

Transit Access/Circulation/Parking
> Bus and Shuttle Operations
- Bus operations on and adjacent to the site are disjointed - Two bus plazas and 4 perimeter bus stops serve Union Station - Perimeter bus stops serve 60% of bus boardings but have few amenities - Cesar Chavez/Vignes stop serves as many people as Patsaouras Plaza - Private vehicles impede bus operations with passenger dropoffs on Patsaouras Plaza - Substantial passenger confusion is caused by split bus operations and poor wayfinding

Technical Memoranda Findings
24

Transit Access/Circulation/Parking
> Vehicular Access, Circulation and Parking
- Difficult to find access to parking garage - The highest access is off of Vignes where the greatest interaction with Patsaouras Plaza buses also occurs - Garage is difficult to understand – poor wayfinding - Site’s 4,000 parking spaces are only 75% to 80% utilized - Almost 8,400 parking spaces are located within a ½ mile of Union Station

Technical Memoranda Findings
25

Transit Access/Circulation/Parking
> Pedestrian Access and Bicycle Circulation
- Bicycle facilities and amenities are substandard - Planned bike lanes on Cesar Chavez will create additional bicycle/bus conflicts - Bus/pedestrian conflicts at Patsaouras Plaza - Passenger tunnel nearing capacity at peak - Motorized carts in tunnel add to congestion

Technical Memoranda Findings
26

High Speed Rail
> Currently planned HSR alignment assumes elevated platform and passenger facility above the existing Union Station yard > Detailed architectural solution not yet developed by HSR > Re-evaluate conceptual plans provided by HSR to address issues for transit use, historic preservation and development > Coordination of planning is taking place with CHSRA
Massing of HSR Station per CHSRA Potential Layout Gateway Headquarters Historic Union Station

Technical Memoranda Findings
27

Pedestrian Linkages
> Industrial uses and municipal “back of house” uses at the perimeter > Existing pedestrian connections to surrounding neighborhoods are compromised > Perceived disconnect from nearby cultural destinations > Perceived disconnect from downtown due to 101 Fwy crossing > Disconnect with Little Tokyo and Arts District created by transit and freeway

Technical Memoranda Findings
28

Development
> Physical size of useable property is at odds with the scale of entitlements > Several of the accessible development parcels on west side of station are already developed by others and are not owned by Metro > Public industrial uses on North and East do not support mixed-use development > Overbuilding the tracks could unify the site but will add costs

Technical Memoranda Findings
29

Refined Goals
> Accommodate variety of transit modes now and into the future > Create an iconic place of extraordinary design as the transit hub for Los Angeles County > Enhance and protect the historic station through appropriate repurposing > Establish development opportunities that support Union Station’s transit role > Ensure flexibility to allow plan to adapt to changes in transit > Improve access and connectivity for pedestrians and bicyclists > Incorporate sustainable best practices

Refined Goals
30

Program
> Transport Optimization
- Transit Operations

- Passenger Experience - Access and Circulation

> Destination
- Programmatic Uses for the Site - Historic Station Revitalization - Sustainable Development

> Connectivity
- Linkages to/from the Site and Surrounding Areas - Mobility and Open Space

Program Definition
31

Transport Optimization
> Transit Operations
- Incorporate SCRIP to increase station capacity by 40-50% - Allow for expansion of commuter and intercity rail tracks and platforms - Co-locate buses and shuttles - Eliminate use of private vehicles on Patsaouras Plaza - Separate bus and auto garage access - Allow for and integrate HSR while mitigating historic, site planning and potential construction impacts on Union Station

Program Definition
32

Transport Optimization
> Passenger Experience
- Improve pedestrian and bicycle access and amenities - Reconfigure eastern and western entrances for visibility and accessibility - Create new larger multi-modal concourse - Provide intuitive wayfinding and seamless transfers

Program Definition
33

Transport Optimization
> Access and Circulation
- Maximize access by expanding pedestrian flow capacity with wider or additional tunnels / bridges - Provide on-site and off-site connectivity - Improve the comfort and safety of walking - Provide visible, safe, and scalable bicycle facilities and amenities (bike share, storage, and service) - Provide accommodations for car share and other rental facilities

Program Definition
34

Destination
> Programmatic Uses for the Site
- Program to support transit functions creating an identifiable, vibrant, 24/7 destination - Create demand by becoming a market driver - Potential uses may include a mix of: o Flexible commercial, cultural, and social incubator lofts o Integrated education and research facilities o Event, exhibition, institutional, and professional spaces o Markets, restaurants and retail venues o Hotel, residential and work/create/live areas o Exercise, sports, games, therapy/health zones o Community focused activities

Program Definition
35

Destination
> Historic Station Revitalization
- Reuse and repurpose historic Union Station building and courtyards - Preserve and restore the primary defining historic characteristics - Comply with Historic Structures Report - Require that the new elements have a level of quality equal to or greater than the historic station - Develop a clear legibility of architecture, entrances and access

Program Definition
36

Destination
> Sustainable Development
- Provide a wide range of flexible programs to generate long-term sustainable development - Ensure a high level of access to light and air - Reduce resource impacts of construction and maintenance of buildings - Integrate new site-wide waste, water, energy, and logistics networks - Provide self supporting landscaping and surfaces

Program Definition
37

Connectivity
> Linkages to/from the Site and Surrounding Areas
- Increase the level of access and connectivity to, through, and from Union Station - Facilitate linkages over the freeway, to the Los Angeles River, and surrounding neighborhoods - Link on-site development with community projects - Encourage streetscape improvements around and beyond the edges of the site

Program Definition
38

Connectivity
> Mobility and Open Space
- Develop clear pedestrian and bike routes through the property - Provide openness and approachability to the perimeter - Plan for a series of open spaces that will link indoor and outdoor programs to each other and surrounding neighborhoods

Program Definition
39

Key Conclusions
> Transit operations are the top priority, before all other considerations > There are more demands on site than can be accommodated > Strategic decisions have to be made on the best use of available site area

Key Conclusions
40

Next Steps
> Preliminary draft alternatives in mid-April > Community Workshop on May 2, 2013 > Revised alternatives mid-summer 2013 > Alternatives presented to Board in September 2013

Next Steps
41