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CRIMINAL LAW

CRIMINAL LAW that branch or division of law which defines crimes, treats of their nature, and provides for their punishment. CRIME an act committed or omitted in violation of a public law forbidding or commanding it. SOURCES OF PHILIPPINE CRIMINAL LAW 1. The Revised Penal Code (Act No. 3815) and its amendments. 2. Special Penal Laws passed by the Philippine Commission, Philippine Assembly, Philippine Legislature, National Assembly, The Congress of the Philippines, and the Batasang Pambansa. 3. Penal Presidential Decrees issued during Martial Law. JANUARY 1, 1932 The Revised Penal Code took effect. DECEMBER 8, 1930 - The Philippine Legislature approved the Act. No. 3815. PENAL LAWS encompasses acts forbidden by law with corresponding penalty. BATASANG PAMBANSA enacted laws during Marcos Martial Law to show the International Community that the Philippines is not under the Martial Law. SUBSIDIARY PENALTY when fines are not paid, a subsidiary penalty will be given. A fine of 8.00, is equivalent to one day of imprisonment. CRIMES Acts punishable by the Revised Penal Code & Special Laws. INFRACTION Acts punishable by Municipal Ordinances. TREATY 26 Immunity of ambassadors etc.. LIMITATIONS OF LAWMAKING BOSY TO ENACT PENAL LEGISLATIONS 1. No ex post facto law or bill of attainder shall be enacted. 2. No person shall be held to answer for criminal offense without due process of law.