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Water Proofing of

Water Proofing of
Flat Roofs
Flat Roofs
by
by
Modified Bituminous
Modified Bituminous
Membrane
Membrane
By
P.J.Sharma,DEN/GHY & K.K.Goswami,DyCE/CN/BNC


Necessity
Necessity


Conventional methods
Conventional methods


Why this method?
Why this method?


What is Modified Bituminous
What is Modified Bituminous
waterproofing membrane?
waterproofing membrane?


Economics
Economics


Structural properties
Structural properties


Sequence of operation
Sequence of operation


Precautions
Precautions


Conclusion
Conclusion
NECESSITY
NECESSITY
Failure of traditional methods
Failure of traditional methods
Unacceptability of fixing of
Unacceptability of fixing of
AC/CG¡ sheets
AC/CG¡ sheets
Rampant incidence of leakage in
Rampant incidence of leakage in
relatively new structures,
relatively new structures,
where aesthetics is a ma]or
where aesthetics is a ma]or
consideration
consideration
Conventional methods
Conventional methods
Not desirable as roof
Not desirable as roof
becomes inaccessible.
becomes inaccessible.
Fixing of roof
Fixing of roof
sheet
sheet
8uited to pitched roof
8uited to pitched roof
& not very effective,
& not very effective,
prone to weathering.
prone to weathering.
Tarphelt
Tarphelt
¡neffective in long run
¡neffective in long run
in Moderate to High
in Moderate to High
rainfall area. Ouality
rainfall area. Ouality
control is difficult.
control is difficult.
Lime
Lime
surkhi
surkhi
treatment
treatment
Why Modified Bituminous Water Proofing
Why Modified Bituminous Water Proofing
Membrane?
Membrane?
Proved efficacy of water proofing
Proved efficacy of water proofing
Aesthetic advantage
Aesthetic advantage
Easy applicability
Easy applicability
Excellent structural property,rot proof
Excellent structural property,rot proof
Cheap in long term economics
Cheap in long term economics
Best suited to high rainfall regions like NFR,
Best suited to high rainfall regions like NFR,
ER & western
ER & western
ghat
ghat
. In
. In
Lumding
Lumding
div. 5 rainy
div. 5 rainy
seasons passed without problem after using
seasons passed without problem after using
this method.
this method.
What is Modified Bituminous
What is Modified Bituminous
waterproofing membrane?
waterproofing membrane?
Manufactured from rich bitumen & select
Manufactured from rich bitumen & select
polymer blended together to obtain
polymer blended together to obtain
excellent heat resistance & cold
excellent heat resistance & cold
temperature flexibility.
temperature flexibility.
Polymer modified bitumen is then coated
Polymer modified bitumen is then coated
on to a dimensionally stable non
on to a dimensionally stable non
-
-
woven
woven
polyester/
polyester/
fibre
fibre
glass to obtain high tensile
glass to obtain high tensile
strength, tear & puncture resistance &
strength, tear & puncture resistance &
highly resistant to substrate movement.
highly resistant to substrate movement.
Modified Bitumen waterproofing membrane
Modified Bitumen waterproofing membrane
rolls
rolls
Economics
Economics
Long term good performance.
Long term good performance.
( 10 years manufacturers guarantee)
( 10 years manufacturers guarantee)
Cost nominal if aesthetic, usability,
Cost nominal if aesthetic, usability,
( Terrace remains accessible) considered.
( Terrace remains accessible) considered.
Easy availability in markets.
Easy availability in markets.
Structural properties
Structural properties
No flow at 125 deg C No flow at 125 deg C Heat resistance Heat resistance
Less than 0.15 Less than 0.15 Water absorption (%) Water absorption (%)
No leakage No leakage Resistance to water pressure Resistance to water pressure
150/170 150/170 Tear resistance (L/T)N Tear resistance (L/T)N
More than 700 More than 700--550 550 Lap joint strength(L/T)N/5cm Lap joint strength(L/T)N/5cm
150 150 Softening point, deg C Softening point, deg C
10x1 10x1 Roll size, M Roll size, M
44 Thickness of Membrane, mm Thickness of Membrane, mm
50 50 Roll weight, KG Roll weight, KG
160g/sqmm polyester 160g/sqmm polyester Carrier weight, Carrier weight,
15 15--25 25 Penetration at 25 deg C Penetration at 25 deg C dmm dmm
700/550 700/550 Tensile strength (L/T) N/5cm Tensile strength (L/T) N/5cm
40 40--50 50 Elongation at Break (L/T)% Elongation at Break (L/T)%
Sequence of operation
Sequence of operation
The concrete surface shall be cleaned
The concrete surface shall be cleaned
thoroughly of all laitance, loose particles, dust
thoroughly of all laitance, loose particles, dust
etc
etc
Existing substrate treated with any other
Existing substrate treated with any other
waterproofing method like lime
waterproofing method like lime
surkhi
surkhi
etc shall
etc shall
be dismantled & surface to be modified by
be dismantled & surface to be modified by
polymer modified mortar as per manufacturer
polymer modified mortar as per manufacturer


s
s
specifications.
specifications.
Apply primer coat with solvent based bitumen
Apply primer coat with solvent based bitumen
primer as specified by the manufacturer on
primer as specified by the manufacturer on
cleaned &
cleaned &
levelled
levelled
surface.
surface.
Prepared substrate
Application of primer
Sequence of operation
Sequence of operation
Unroll the modified bitumen waterproofing
Unroll the modified bitumen waterproofing
membrane rolls. Align the rolls correctly & re
membrane rolls. Align the rolls correctly & re
-
-
roll
roll
it in alignment before torching.
it in alignment before torching.
Use gas burner to heat substrate & underside to
Use gas burner to heat substrate & underside to
softening points. When the embossing
softening points. When the embossing
disappears, roll forward & press firmly against
disappears, roll forward & press firmly against
substrate to bond from the lower end towards the
substrate to bond from the lower end towards the
higher end.
higher end.
Keep overlap margin for minimum 80 mm in
Keep overlap margin for minimum 80 mm in
longitudinal & 150 mm in transverse direction.
longitudinal & 150 mm in transverse direction.
The treatment of the horizontal surface shall be
The treatment of the horizontal surface shall be
continued to the vertical side wall.
continued to the vertical side wall.
Aligning the rolls
Heating the substrate & underside of roll to softening point
Heating the substrate & underside of roll to softening point
Sequence of operation
Sequence of operation
Heat both the overlaps & use round tipped
Heat both the overlaps & use round tipped
trowel to seal overlap. Excess compound
trowel to seal overlap. Excess compound
should be smoothened & pressed into
should be smoothened & pressed into
seam using hot trowel.
seam using hot trowel.
All angles &
All angles &
upstands
upstands
should be sealed
should be sealed
with extra care to ensure the perfect
with extra care to ensure the perfect
bondage. Seal the edges well into grooves
bondage. Seal the edges well into grooves
& protect with a
& protect with a
Polysulphide
Polysulphide
sealant.
sealant.
Sealing the
overlaps
Treated surface
Sequence of operation
Sequence of operation
For non
For non
-
-
foot traffic area, apply
foot traffic area, apply
aluminium
aluminium
paint over the treated surface.
paint over the treated surface.
For foot traffic area, overlay with 50mm
For foot traffic area, overlay with 50mm
thick concrete screed of 1:2:4 (By volume)
thick concrete screed of 1:2:4 (By volume)
with 10mm & down well graded
with 10mm & down well graded
aggregates & concrete should be admixed
aggregates & concrete should be admixed
with a normal admixture as per the
with a normal admixture as per the
direction of manufacturer.
direction of manufacturer.
The concrete shall be cured with water for
The concrete shall be cured with water for
atleast
atleast
7 days.
7 days.
Precautions
Precautions
Surface preparation is extremely important.
Surface preparation is extremely important.
Slope of substrate has to be correct to the
Slope of substrate has to be correct to the
minutest detail, standing water is harmful.
minutest detail, standing water is harmful.
Workmanship
Workmanship


.over burning,under burning
.over burning,under burning
to be avoided.
to be avoided.
No wetness during fixing.
No wetness during fixing.
Conclusion
Conclusion
This method takes advantage of the
This method takes advantage of the
revolution of polymer science to provide
revolution of polymer science to provide
high strength , non degradable,
high strength , non degradable,
impermeable character to traditional
impermeable character to traditional
bituminous overlay
bituminous overlay
No glue fixing, but torch burning gives
No glue fixing, but torch burning gives
permanent bond with substrate.
permanent bond with substrate.
Hence this method can be effectively
Hence this method can be effectively
adopted in all areas for waterproofing.
adopted in all areas for waterproofing.