You are on page 1of 48

OD;awZu olt

h ay:y*k K¾d vaf &;t& ykwcf wfa&;om;rI
rsm;tm; Oya'aMumif;t& wkjhH yefomG ;rnf

www.snapshot-news .com

twGJ? 4 ? trSwf ? 24 ? 25 .3 .2013 (wevFm)

jrefrm-ygupöwef cspfMunfa&;a*gufoD;½dkufNydKifyGJusif;y
jref r m-ygupö w ef c spf M unf
a&; a*gufoD;½dkufNydKifyGJudk rwfv
(16)&ufaeYu &efukef? yef;vdIif
a*gufuGif;ü usif;y,SOfNydKifcJh&m
&efukefwdkif; ppfXmecsKyfwkdif;rSL;
AdkvfcsKyfqef;OD; wufa&muftm;
ay;cJah Mumif; od&onf/,if;a*guf
oD;½dkufNydKifyGJodkY &efukefNrdKU&Sd oHw
refrsm;? wyfrawmft&m&SdBuD;rsm;?
Xmeqdkif&mwm0ef&Sdolrsm;? jynf
wGif;jynfy pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sif
rsm;vnf;tm;ay;Munf½h cI MhJ uonf/
xdkYaemuf nydkif;wGif ,if; a*guf
uGif;ü qkay;yGJESifhnpmpm;yGJ quf
vufusif;y&m jrefrmEkdifiHqdkif&m
ygupö w ef o H t rwf B uD ; H.E
Amjad Majid Abbasi u ESpfEkdifiH
yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G rf t
I ajctaersm;
ESifh &if;ESD;aEG;axG;rIrsm;udk &Sif;vif;ajymMum;cJhonf/ ¤if;u jrefrmEkdifiHtem*wftwGufvnf; atmifjrifygapaMumif;vnf; qkawmif;arwåm ydkYo
cJhonf/ xdkYaemuf oHtrwfBuD;u ,if;a*gufoD;½dkufNydKifyGJwGif yg0if,SOfNydKifMuolrsm;udk aus;Zl;wifpum;ajymMum;NyD; tEdkif&&Sdolrsm;udk 0rf;ajrmuf
AA
csD;usL;pum;ajymMum;cJhaMumif; od&onf/

xdkif;EkdifiHbuf&Sd jrefrmpmoifausmif;rsm;rS ausmif;om;^ausmif;olrsm; ,ckESpf
wuúov
kd 0f ifwef;pmar;yGJ jr0wDNrKw
Yd iG f vma&mufajzqdk
rwfv (19) &ufaeY? aeYv,f(12)em&DtcsdefrSm jr0wDNrdKUe,f NLD
ygwDtwGif;a&;rSL; OD;oefYZifatmifu pma&;oludk ausmufvHk;BuD;
bkef;BuD;ausmif;okdY acwåvmcJhyg&ef zkef;qufNyD; ac:wmaMumifh
pma&;olomG ;wJt
h cgrSm wpfzufEidk if rH mS tvkyv
f yk af eMuwJh jrefrma&TU
ajymif;tvkyform;awG&JU om;orD;awG 2013 ckESpf? wuúodkvf0if
wef; vma&mufajzqdkol ausmif;om;(29)OD; ausmif;ol(27)OD; pkpk
aygif; (56)OD;udk awGUjrifc&hJ ygw,f/ olwaYdk v;awG tJ'h aD eYu jr0wDNrKd U
txu (1)rSm pmar;yGJajzNyD; jyefvmMuwmyg/ 'geJY xrif;pm;csdefjzpf
aewmaMumihf xrif;pm;aeMuwkef; "gwfyHkrSwfwrf;½dkuf,lvdkufNyD;
olwkdYav;awGudk wpfzufEkdifiHu vkdufygvmwJhtkyfcsKyfol jrefrma&GU
ajymif; ynma&;axmufyHhrIazmifa';&Sif; (BMESF) Ouú| a':aemfazm
a&? twGif;a&;rSL; OD;ausmf0if;atmif? jrefrma&TUajymif;tvkyform;
ynma&;aumfrwD taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL; a':aemfqmt,f wkdYudk
ar;jref;Munfw
h t
hJ cg tqdyk g ausmif;om;(56)OD;[m ,ckEpS w
f uúov
kd f
0ifwef;pmar;yGJudk wpfzufEkdifiH jrefrmpmoifausmif;awGu ynm
oifMum;NyD; ,ckvma&mufajzqdkcGihf&atmif EkdifiHawmfor®wBuD;xH
u&ifjynfe,f0efBuD;csKyfrSwpfqifh wifjycJh&m or®wBuD;rS cGihfjyKcJh
aMumif;? tqdkygausmif;om;awGudk jr0wDNrdKU? trSwf(4)&yfuGuf?
ausmufvHk;BuD;bkef;BuD;ausmif;rSm jr0wDc½dkifu wm0ef&Sdolrsm;u
tppt&m&m ulnyD yHh ;kd ay;xm;aMumif;? aemufNyD; u&ifjynfe,ftpd;k
&tzGJUrS aiGusyf(3)odef; BGF (1022)wyf&if;rSL; AdkvfrSL; rkwfokdvfu
aiGusyf(3)odef;? jr0wDc½dkifESifh NrdKUe,frS wm0ef&Sdolrsm;ESihf apwem
&Sirf sm;u pkpak ygif;vSL'gef;aiG (11)ode;f tm;vH;k (17)ode;f vSL'gef;yg
aMumif;? pmar;yGJajzaepOf umvtwGif;rSmvnf; aeYpOf

pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef;&Sif OD;awZtay: trsm;jynfol txiftjrifvrJG mS ;
ap&ef a&;om;xkwfa0aeaom rD'D,mrsm;tm; Oya'taMumif;t&
wkjYH yefomG ;rnf[k ol\ajyma&;qdck iG &fh o
dS w
l pfO;D uajymMum;onf/ OD;awZ
taeESifh ppftpdk;&vufxuf wm0ef&Sdolrsm;ESifh eD;pyfrIaMumifh tcGifhxl;
rsm;&&SdcJhaMumif;? jynfwGif; rD'D,mrsm;wGif a&;om;rIrsm;&SdcJhjcif;aMumifh
,ckuhJodkYajymMum;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
vltrsm; xifa,mifxifrmS ;jzpfap&ef tajctjrpfr&Sad om a&;om;rI
rsKd;rsm;jzihf yk*d¾Kvfa&;t& OD;wnfwkdufcdkufrIrsm;tm; vufcHEdkifp&mr&Sd
aMumif;? OD;awZ emrnf wkduf½kdufazmfjya&;om;rIrsm;udkvnf; rdrdwdkYxH
qufo,
G af r;jref;jcif;?twnfjyKjcif;rsm;r&Scd ahJ Mumif;?pwkwr¬ @dKifowif;
rD',
D m\ &yfwnfrt
I m; av;pm;ygaMumif;? rdrw
d q
Ykd v
dk o
dk nfrmS yk*K¾d vfa&;
xdcu
kd ef pfemrI&adS tmif ykwcf wfa&;om;rIrsm;udk qdv
k ykd gaMumif;? em;vnf
wwfuRrf;aom Oya'ynm&Sifrsm;ESifh wdkifyifNyD; aemufaemif ,ckuJhodkY
a&;om;rIrsm;tm; Oya'aMumif;t& ta&;,laqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpf
aMumif; tqkdygyk*d¾Kvfu ajymMum;cJhonf/
OD;awZ vTJajymif;&,lvkyfukdifvsuf&Sdaom &efukefwd&pämefO,smOf
a&TUajymif;rnfh owif;rsm;xGufay:aejcif;tay: ar;jref;cJh&m owif;rsm;
xGufay:onfudk Mum;od&aMumif;? rdrdwdkYxHodkY w&m;0iftaMumif;Mum;
jcif;r&SdaMumif;? opfawmOD;pD;XmerS &efukefwd&pämefO,smOftygt0if
rEÅav;? aejynfawmf wd&pämefO,smOfrsm;tm; iSm;&rf; vkyfudkifaeyg
aMumif;? &efukefwd&pämefO,smOfwpfckom 0ifaiG&SdNyD; tjcm;wd&pämef
O,smOfrsm;odkY ¤if;0ifaiGjzifh axmufyhHjznhfwif;&ef vuf&SdtajctaewGif
vkHavmufrIr&SdaMumif;? xl;tkyfpktaeESihf tem*wfwGif tvm;tvm&Sd
Ekid af om vkyif ef;tjzpf vuf&t
dS ½I;H cHvnfywfaeaMumif;?rdrw
d rYkd mS iSm;&rf;
vkyu
f ikd o
f o
l mjzpfNyD; ydik &f iS rf mS Ekid if aH wmftpk;d &omjzpfaMumif;? a&TUajymif;
rnfqkdyguvnf; EdkifiHawmftpkd;&\ tpDtpOfomjzpfaMumif;? rdrdwdkY\
oabmxm;udk ajymqdkygvQif ESpfaygif;(100)ausmfoufwrf;&Sd &efukef
wd&pämefO,smOfBuD;tm; zsufqD;a&TUajymif;rnfudk vkH;0axmufcHrnf
r[kwfygaMumif;? ajzMum;cJhonf/
OD;awZonf ppftpdk;&umvtwGif; xl;tkyfpkvkyfief;rsm;? (Air
Bagan, [kdw,frsm;?AGD Bank ponfh pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;pkBuD;tm; wnf
aqmufEdkifcJhonf/ (2011)ckESpf? tpdk;&opfwufvmonfh aemufydkif;ESifh
¤if;&[wf,mOfysufusNyD;aemufyikd ;f wGif vljrifuiG ;f rS aysmufu,
G cf o
hJ nf/
olwnfaxmifxm;aom pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;wGif yg0ifywfoufrIr&SdbJ
puFmylEikd if w
H iG o
f m taersm;onf[k od&onf/ tqkyd g pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef;pk
BuD;rsm;tm; trsm;ydkiftjzpf ajymif;vJaqmif&GufoGm;rnf[k owif;rsm;
xGufay:cJhNyD; rMumao;rDumvu AGD Bank tm; trsm;ykdiftjzpf
ajymif;vJNyD;jzpfaMumif; w&m;0ifowif;xkwfjyefcJhonf/ xkdYaemuf AGD
Bank tm; tar&dueftpdk;&rSydwfqdYkrItcsKdU avQmhayghay;cJhonf/ yk*¾vdu
ydik v
f yk if ef;pkrsm;tm; trsm;ydik t
f jzpf ajymif;vJjcif;wGif yGiv
fh if;xifomjrif
om&SdrIonfu ta&;BuD;aMumif;? OD;awZtaeESifh xkduhJodkY aqmif&Guf
Edkifjcif;&Sdr&Sd apmifhMunhfoGm;&rnfjzpfaMumif; avhvmolrsm;u a0zef
ajymqdkMuonf/
rMumao;rDumvu ¤if;wnfaxmifcJhaom pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;pkBuD;
rsm;rS NLD ynma&;uGef&uf&efykHaiGodkY tvSLaiGrsm; xnhf0ifchJjcif;tay:
jynfwiG ;f jynfy rD',
D mrsm;rS a0zeforH sm; us,af vmifpmG ay:xGucf o
hJ nf/
¤if;udpöESifhywfoufí wpfpkHwpf&mrSwfcsufay; wkefYjyef ajymMum;rIr&SdcJh
aomfvnf; ,ckuJhokdYyk*d¾Kvfa&;t& wdkufckdufrItay: Oya'aMumif;t&
ta&;,loGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ajymqdkcJhonf/

(pmrsufESm-2-okdY)

AIR KBZ rS jrefrmhavaMumif;avmutwGuf yxrqHk;aom

av,mOftopfwpfpD; ATR 72-600 tm;0,f,l

&efukef? rwf 21
jrefrmhavaMumif;avmuwGif
yxrqHk;aom topf0,f,lvdkuf
onfh ATR 72-600 av,mOfESifh
ywfoufí AIR KBZ rS owif;
rD'D,mrsm;tm;today;ípme,fZif;
&Sif;vif;yGJudk (2013)ckESpf? rwf
(21)&ufwGif ParkRoyal Hotel ü
rGef;vGJ(2)em&DrS (4)em&Dtxd usif;
yjyKvkyfcJhonf/
AIR KBZ LTD rS (Deputy
Managing Director) OD;cifarmifjrifh

(pmrsufESm 35 okdY)

3

'*HkNrdKUopf(qdyfurf;)NrdKUe,f&JU
a&mifpHkqdyfurf;yef;csDjyyGJ

xdkif;EkdifiHbuf½Sd jrefrmpmoifausmif;rsm;rS ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm; ,ckESpf wuúodkvf0ifwef;pmar;yGJ rS
rsufESmzkH;rStquf
eHeufpm?npmESifh tcsKd &nftm[m&rsm;udv
k nf; jr0wDNrKd UrS tvSL&Sirf sm; vma&mufvLS 'gef;ay;ygaMumif; ,aeYrmS vnf; jr0wDNrKd Ue,f NLD twGi;f a&;rSL;
OD;oefZY if atmifO;D aqmifwhJ ygwD0if(20)ausmu
f vnf; tvSLaiG usy(f 150000d^-)vma&mufvLS 'gef;Ny;D ausmif;om;awGukd tcsKd &nfrsm;wdu
k af uR;ygaMumif;
ajymjycJyh gw,f/ 'Dvekd YJ cPaeawmh Adv
k rf LS ; rkwo
f v
kd ef YJ e,fjcm;apmihw
f yf trSw(f 4)wyfe,f tBuHay;ESiu
fh yG u
f aJ &;tzGUJ wyfe,ftyk cf sKyfa&;rSL;
a'gufwm apmaX;jrihw
f Ydk ausmufv;kH BuD;ausmif;udk a&muf&v
dS mwmaMumifw
h zufEidk if u
H tkycf sKyfol q&mrBuD; (2)OD;eJt
Y wl "gwfy&kH u
kd u
f ;l vdu
k yf gw,f/
Adv
k rf LS ; rkwo
f v
kd w
f u
Ydk vnf; ausmif;om;awGukd vkt
d yfwmawG yHyh ;kd ulnaD y;zdYk vma&mufMunh&f MI uwmjzpfygw,f/ b,fvydk jJ zpfjzpf wzufEidk if u
H
jrefrma&TUajymif;tvkyo
f rm;awG&UJ om;orD;awG wuúov
kd 0f ifwef;pmar;yGJ vma&mufajzqdMk uwm or®wBuD; OD;ode;f pdet
f pd;k &vufxufrmS 'g[myxrOD;
oufOD;Ekdif (jr0wD)
qH;k tBudrf jzpfygaMumif; a&;om;vdu
k &f ygw,f/

yef;csDq&m-yef;csDjyyGJ

'*HkNrdKUopf(qdyfurf;)NrdKUe,frSm&SdwJh yef;csDq&mrsm;jzpfMuwJh yef;csD
armif'D?armifa|;atmif?apmvIdif?xGef;vif;?jynfpdk;jrifh?0if;atmif?vS[ef?
wifv0S if;xif?jrifjh rwfock ?jrifph jh rif?h oef;OD;?ud,
k o
f ;D ?wifarmif0if;?(jynf)?
atmifEdkif0if;?armifcJ?armif½lyg?eDvmxGef;?wDusL;?0if;ausmfxuf?armif
vl&iS ?f NrKd Ujyvli,f?ol[efx;l ?xGe;f xGe;f ?yd;k 'DveG ?f opfaeqef;?xm;0,fw;l wl;?
rif;&efEikd ?f atmifEikd af rmif?waumif;[ef(yef;yk)?a|;vGi?f aZ,s?r&D;nGecYf if?
eJY ½lywdkY&JU yef;csD?yef;ykvuf&mrsm;udk pkpnf;jyoxm;wJh a&mifpHkqdyfurf;
yef;csDjyyGJudk AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;aps;?ta&SUbufwef;rSm&SdwJh jrefrmEddkifiH
½dk;&myef;ynm&Sifrsm;tpnf;t½Hk;(A[dk)yef;csDjycef;rSm (20?3?2013)&ufu
ae(24?3?2013)&uftxdcif;usif;jyoMurSmjzpfygw,f/
jyyGJjyocsdefuawmh wevFmaeYuvGJvdkY aeYpOfeHeuf(9;00)em&Duae
nae(5;00)em&Dtxdjzpfygw,f/
HTA

2

yef;csD-atmifb?xm;0,fwl;wl;?vSxGPf;atmif?udkudkatmif?usdKuf
vwf0if;armif?armifp;kd ?rd;k ol&?apmwifarmif?½Iid ;f vl?ppfr;kd atmif?Bwd*x
H eG ;f
Edkif?0if;jrifhrdk;wdkY pkpnf;jyowJh yef;csDq&m-yef;csDjyyGJudk trSwf(62)yxr
xyf?yef;qd;k wef;vrf;(atmufbavmuf)?ausmufww
H m;NrdKUe,f?&efuek Nf rdKU
rSmzGifhvSpfxm;wJh avmuewftvSynmcef;rrSm (1?4?2013)&ufuae
(6?4?2013)&uftxdcif;usif;jyoMurSmjzpfygw,f/
'DjyyGJrSm yef;csDudktrSefwpfu,fa&;qGJolrsm;udkom a&G;cs,fpkpnf;
jyowmjzpfNyD;? jyyGt
J wGi;f yg0ifjyoolrsm;&JU yef;csDvuf&mrsm;udk jyyGw
J iG ;f
yef;csDq&mrsm;u pdppfa&G;cs,f?a0zeftBuHay;NyD; pkpnf;jyoMuwmjzpf
w,fvdkYqdkygw,f/ tckvdk pdppfa&G;cs,fjyowm[m yef;csDq&mrsm;&JU
yef;csDvuf&mtqift
h wef;jrifrh m;a&;udk OD;wnfw,fvYkd yef;csDq&m?yef;csD
jyyGJpDpOfoluqdkygw,f/
jyyGJjyocsdefuawmh aeYpOfeHeuf(9;00)em&Duae nae(5;00)em&D
HTA
txdyg/

14 colours Art Exhibition

yef;csDatmifpnfol?atmifoef;?cifarmifpef;?cifarmifoef;?ausmfol
0if;?armif0PÖ?rif;vGif?rkd;ndK?jrwfausmh?rsdK;jrwfrif;?pkd;atmif?pkd;vif;
atmif? aZmfrif;jrwfeJYaZmfrif;wkdY pkpnf;jyowJh 14 Colours yef;csDjyyGJukd
trSwf (7)?r[mpnfomoemh&dyfomvrf;?A[ef;NrdKUe,f?&efukefNrdKUrSm zGifh
vSpfxm;wJh waumif;yef;csDjycef;rSm23-3-2013 &ufuae27-32013 &uftxd cif;usif;jyoxm;rSmjzpfygw,f/
'DjyyGJ[m waumif;yef;csDjycef;&JU (3)ESpfjynfhtrSwfw&yef;csDjyyGJjzpf
ygw,f/ waumif;tEkynmjycef;[m a&aq;jyyGJrsm;eJY vlodrsm;cJhwJh
jycef; wpfcef;jzpfovkd tckjyowJh(3)ESpfjynfhtrSwfw& yef;csDjyyGJ[m
vnf; a&aq;jyyGJwpfyGJtjzpfa&aq;rsm;ukdomoD;oefYjyowmjzpfyg
w,f/ tckjyyGrJ mS jrefrmjynftxufyifdk ;f u a&aq;q&mBuD;rsm;trsm;pkyg
0ifNyD; jrefrmjynf&UJ awmawmifa&ajrobm0tvSrsm;ukd a&;qGjJ yoxm;
wm jzpfygw,f/
tckvydk jl yif;wJt
h csdet
f cgrSm jrefrmjynf&UJ awmawmif a&ajrobm0
tvSw&m;rsm;ukd cHpm;&if;a&aq;&eHUukd ½I½Idufum y&dowfrsm;&JU pdwf
tajctaeukad e&mwpfcpk D ta&mufac:aqmifomG ;Ekid v
f rd rhf ,fv,
Ydk MkH unf
aMumif; waumif;yef;csDjycef;u qkdygw,f/
jyyGJjyocsdefuawmh aeYpOf eHeuf 9;00 em&Duae nae 5;00em&D
HTA
txdyg/

'D w pf y wf & J U Public Choice u@av;rS m awmh q&mOD ; [d e f ; vwf ? q&mOD ; wif a tmif a &T
(okawoD)? wuúodkvfukdukdaZmf? q&mvif;okdufnGefY(jrefrmhajr)? q&mOD;atmifpkd;OD;? q&maeaemf?
q&mjrifhOD;OD;jrihfeJY q&mroD&dpHwkdY&JUtBudKuf owif;awGukd azmfjyay;vkduf&ygw,f/ 'DtpDtpOf
av;twGuf ulnDay;cJhMuolrsm;eJY aus;Zl;wifxkdufoltm;vHk;udk txl;yJaus;Zl;wif&Sdygw,f/
q&mOD ; [d e f ; vwf
vQyfwpfjyufowif;*sme,f twGJ (4)?
trSwf(23)rSmygwJh usdKuf"EkwfapwDawmf
xD;wifyGJ"gwfyHkeJY owif;awGudktm;&w,f/
udk,fwkdifoGm;a&muf zl;arQmfcGifhr&aomol
rsm;ukd om"ktEkarm'eac:Ekid cf iG jhf yKygonf/
rnfhonfh*sme,fwGifrS razmfjycJhMuaom?
razmfjyvkdaom owif;rsdK;ukdazmfjyaeaom
vQyfwpfjyufukdcsD;usL;ygw,f/
q&mOD ; wif a tmif a &T ( ok a woD )
vQyfwpfjyuf*sme,ftwGJ(4)? trSwf
(23)u rsufESmzHk;owif;eJY "gwfyHkudkBudKuf
w,f/ owif;wdkayr,fh pdwf0ifpm;p&m
aumif;w,f/ owif;"gwfyHkpkpnf;wifjyrI
u owif;wkdudk tm;jznfhay;Ekdifw,f/
txl;ojzifh usdKuf"EkwfapwDawmfjrwfBuD;ukd MunfndKzG,ftwdzl;arQmfcGifh&wJhtwGuf
azmfjyay;wJh*sme,fudk txl;yJaus;Zl;wifw,f/
wuúodkvfudkudkaZmf
vQyf w pf j yuf x J u owif ;
aqmif;yg;awGBudKufw,f/ puúefY?
em&D e J Y t rQjzpf a y:aewJ h o wif ; ?
tajctae? tcsuftvufawGudk
tcsdefeJYwpfajy;nD od&Sd&wJhtwGuf
wefzdk;rjzwfEkdifwJhtod? owdawG
udk&&SdcHpm;&w,f/
q&mvif;oku
d n
f eG (Yf jrefrmhajr)
(16-3-2013)&uf x k w f
aMu;rHkowif;pmrSmygwJh q&maz
jrif h & J U yH k E S d y f x k w f a 0Oya'Murf ;
tay: pme,fZif;avmuom;rsm;
tjrifqkdwmav;ukd BudKufw,f/
ajymwJ h t wk d i f ; twd t usazmf j y
ay;ygvkdY q&mazjrifhutifwm
AsL; tprSmajymxm;wmudk oabmusvGef;vkdY/ ,aeY
pme,fZif;rsm;eJYtzJGUtpnf;awG Stake Holder awGtMum;
jzpfay:avh&SdwJhy#dyu©oabm? obm0awGudkxif[yfjyEdkif
wJhtwGufoabmusw,f/
q&mOD ; atmif p k d ; OD ;
tckvwfwavmpdw0f ifpm;aewmu
vufyHawmif;awmifukd a'ocHawGu
od r f ; vd k u f w ,f q k d w J h o wif ; aygh a emf /
'D o wif ; u tif r wef r S p d w f 0 if p m;zd k Y
aumif;w,f/ yk'fr(144)xkwfxm;&m
uae vl(1000)ausmfavmufu 0ifNyD;
odrf;vkdufw,faygh/ a'ocHawGuodrf;
vkdufw,f/ udk,fykdifwJhawmifukdukd,f
odrf;w,fqdkNyD;awmh olwkdYuawmhajymw,faygh/ 'gayr,fh
Oya't&vnf; olwkdYudkjyefNyD;awmh 0kdif;xm;w,faygh/ q&mh
taeeJYbmvkdYpdwf0ifpm;vJqkdawmh pkd;&drfwmayghaemf/ pkd;&drf
w,f q d k w mu
tJ'aD 'orSmaoG;
xGufoH,kdawG
xufrjzpfapzkdY? NyD;awmhvlawGtzrf;qD;rcH&zkdY? ypfwmcwf
wmawGrjzpfzkdY? rD;avmifrIawGrjzpfzkdY? rD;avmifAHk;awGruszkdY
ayghaemf/ Nidrf;Nidrf;csrf;csrf;eJY ajyvnfapcsifw,f/ 'Dudpöu
vuf&SdjzpfaewJh q&mwkdYEkdifiHrSmjzpfaewJh y#dyu©awGxJrSm
tBuD;xGm;qHk;y#dyu©jzpfaew,f/ tJ'gaMumifharwÅmw&m;eJY
Nid r f ; csrf ; apcsif w ,f a ygh / tJ ' gaMumif h ' D o wif ; uk d p d w f 0 if
pm;w,f/
q&maeaemf
c½dkeDudpöawGudk pdwf0ifpm;ae
w,f/ bmvkdYvJqdkawmh 'guawmh
av 'DvkdyGifhvif;vmwJhtcgrSm tJ'D
vkdrsdK;awG0ifvmrSmyJaygh/ 'g[mb,f
avmufxd jzpfoGm;EkdifvJqkdwmrsdK;ukd
apmifhMunfhaewmaygh/ aemufwpfck
jzpfaewJh (969)wkb
Yd mwkYd udpaö yghaemf/
tJ ' grsd K ;vnf ; jzpf o if h v m;? rjzpf o if h v m; awG ; aewmaygh a emf / 'gu½k d ; ½k d ; vm;? zef w D ; rI w pf c k v m;
tJ'gav;awGaygh/
q&mjrif h O D ; OD ; jrif h
awmfawmfrsm;rsm;pdwf0ifpm;aewJh vufyHawmif;awmif pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sifudpöu *sme,f
awmfawmfrsm;rsm;rSmygw,fav/ jynfoal wGuvnf;odcsifaeMuwmaygh/ tJ'o
D wif;udv
k nf; pdw0f ifpm;w,f/

b,fbufuvGew
f mvJaygh/ tJ'gukd
pHpk rf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Siu
f b,fvdk
awGtajzxkwrf vJqw
d k mudo
k cd siw
f ,f/
OD;taeeJYujrifwmutrSefukdjzpfap
csifw,f/ trSww
f &jzpfwmuaq;
aygif;cwJn
h rSmjzpfomG ;wJt
h wGupf w
d f
raumif;bl;/ tJ'DjzpfpOftm;vHk;udk
trSeftwkdif;jzpfapcsifw,f/ rSm;
w,f? rSefw,ftajzwpfckukdtwd
tusodcsifw,f/

q&mroD&dpH
vQyfwpfjyuf*sme,fxJu "gwfyHkt,f'DwmnDnDa&;wJh bdk;awmfeJY
c&D;oGm;jcif;ukBd udKufw,f/
"gwfyHkt,f'Dwmwpfa,muf&JU ½kd;om;
pGmwifqufrIukd oabmusw,f/
OD ; oef ; rif ; OD ;
vQyfwpfjyuf*sme,fuvrf;
avQmuf'idk ,
f m&Duzkd wfwm jrefrmEkid if &H UJ
pD;yGm;a&;tajctaeawGudkod&NyD; A[k
okwrsm;&&SdwJhtwGuf BudKufygw,f/
r0g0gvif ;

vQyfwpfjyuf*sme,futckaemufyidk ;f rSm Ekid f
iHa&;eJYqdkifwJh taMumif;t&mtjzpftysufawG
udkxnfhoGif;azmfjyvmwJhtwGuf t&ifurodcJh
wJh? em;rvnfcJhwJhtaMumif;t&m? tajctaeawGudkodcGifh? em;vnfcGifh&
vmygw,f/ 'ghtjyift&ifurazmfjyzl;wJh jrefrmhEidk if aH cgif;aqmifawG&UJ orkid ;f
awGudkvJodcGifh&wJhtwGufykdaumif;ygw,f/ em;vnfae&r,fh? odae&r,fh
taMumif;t&mawGudkodcGifh&apwJhtwGuf ykdaumif;vmw,fvkdYxifygw,f/
raX;aX;armf
uRefru Central Hotel u0efxrf;yg/ [kdw,frSmwpf
cguvufzGJUypönf;awGtvdrfcHvkduf&ygw,f/ vdrfwmrS [kd
bufaqGrsdK;vkdvkd? 'DbufaqGrsdK;vkdvkdeJYukdtomav;vdrf
oGm;wmyg/ 'guvufzGJUaumifwmrSm
xkid w
f hJ {nfo
h nfuu
dk oabmwlnpD mG
eJYay;vkdufovkdygyJ/ olwkdYeJYvnf;aqG
rsdK;awGxJ uxifNyD;,HkMunfNyD;xm;
cJhvkdufwmayghaemf/ 'guwu,fawmh
uRef r wk d Y [ d k w ,f e J Y v H k ; 0rqk d i f y gbl ; /
{nfhonfawG taeeJYvJudk,fhypönf;
udk,fapmifha&Smuf&rSmyg/ *sme,fawG
xJrSmygvmawmh[dkw,fuyJ0efaqmif
rInHhovkdvkdygvmw,fav/ jzpfpOfukdaoaocsmcsmem;axmif
NyD;avhvmoHk;oyfNyD;rSw&m;rQwpGmeJYyJazmfjyapcsifyg w,f/
'D Public Choice u@av;rSmazmfjywJhtaMumif;t&m awGudk
BudKufygw,f/ 'guuRefr&JUxifjrifcsufav;yg/
pmrsufESm (5)odkY

3

wdkif;a;'oBuD;vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frS
vTwaf wmfu,kd pf m;vS,½f ;Hk zGiohf nfth wGuf OD;ode;f nGetYf ygt0if
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;rS qE´jyrnf
oCFe;f uRef;NrdKUe,f? (25)&yfuu
G ?f NrdKUe,f½;Hk wGif jynfaxmifpBk uHUcdik f
a&;ESizhf UHG jzdK;a&;ygwDrS vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,½f ;Hk zGio
hf nft
h wGuf (2012)
ckESpf? jynfolYvTwfawmfqkdif&mOya'ESifhrnDnGwfonfhtwGuf oCFef;
uRef;NrdKUe,frS jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f OD;ode;f nGet
Yf ygt0ifvw
T f
awmf uk,
d pf m;vS,f
(4)OD;rS ykdpwm udkif
um qE´jyrnfjzpf
aMumif; od&&dS onf/
,ckziG v
hf pS o
f nfv
h w
T f
awmfukd,fpm;vS,f
½kH;rSm awmif'*Hk NrdKU
e,frS wkid ;f a'oBuD;
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;
vS , f a':pef ; pef ;
0if;rSziG v
hf pS jf cif; jzpf
NyD ; (14-3-2013)
&ufaeYwGif &efukef
wdik ;f a'oMuD; vTwf
awmf'kOuúX OD;wif
atmifrSzGifhvSpfay;cJh
jcif;jzpfonf/ tqkd
yg vTwaf wmf ud,
k f
pm;vS,f½kH;zGifhvSpfonfhtwGuf jynfolYvTwfawmfqkdif&m Oya'ESifh rnD
nGwf[kqkdum OD;odef;nGefY(oCFef;uRef;NrdKUe,f? jynfolYvTwfawmf ukd,f
pm;vS,f)? OD;zkef;jrifhatmif(trsdK;om;vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,f)? OD;ausmf
(wkdif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f? rJqE´e,f(1)? oCFef;uRef;NrdKU
e,f)? a':pef;pef;jrifh(wkdif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f? rJqE´e,f

4

o½kyaf qmif?'g½udk wf mukovkd f
befaumufwGifaq;oGm;ukrnf

(2)? oCFef;uRef;NrdKUe,f)wdkYrS ]]Oya'txufwGif rnfolrS r&Sdap&}}?
]]vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f½kH; qdkonfrSm vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;\
vkyfief;wm0efrsm; xrf;aqmifEkdif&ef oufqkdif&mrJqE´e,frsm;wGif zGifh
vSpfxm;aom½kH;udkqdkonf (2012 ckESpf? trsdK;om;vTwfawmfqkdif&m
Oya')}}?]]a&G;cs,f
cH&aom rJqE´e,f
r[kwo
f nfh rJqE´
e,fajrüvTwfawmf
uk d , f p m;vS , f ½ k H ;
oCF e f ; uRef ; Nrd K U
e,f z G i f h v S p f j cif ;
tm; oCFef;uRef;
NrdKUe,frS a&G;cs,fcH
vT w f a wmf ud k , f
pm;vS,rf sm;u ½IUH cs
onf}}? ]]rdrw
d Ydk (4)
OD;omvQif oCFef;
uRef;NrdKUe,frS a&G;
cs,fc&H onfh vTwf
awmfu,
kd pf m; vS,f
rsm; omjzpfonf}}
[k a&;om;xm;
onfh ykdpwmrsm;udkifaqmifum ta&SUykdif;c½kdifaumfr&Sif½kH;ESifh ½kH;cef;zGifh
vSpx
f m;onfh jynfaxmifpk BuHUckid af &;ESizhf UHG NzdK;a&;ygwD½;Hk cef;a&SUwGi(f 273-2013)&ufwiG q
f E´jyrnfjzpfaMumif;ESi(hf 20-3-2013)&ufwiG f NrdKUe,f
rSL;xHokdY qE´jycGifhwifrnfjzpfaMumif;od&Sd&onf/
YOH

tonf;a&m*gjzifh ajrmufOuúvmaq;½kHwGif aq;ukorIcH,lae
aom o½kyfaqmif^'g½kdufwm ukodkvfonf xdkif;EdkifiH&Sd befaumuf
aq;½kHodkY oGm;a&mufukornfjzpfonf/ (11-3-2013)&ufwGif ajrmuf
Ouúvmaq;½kHokdY wufa&mufcJhNyD; q&m0efBuD;rsm;\ tBuHay;rIaMumifh
y&dowfwpfOD;\tultnDjzifh befaumufaq;½kHokdY oGm;a&mufuko
jcif;jzpfum(2013)ckESpf? rwfv(27) odkYr[kwf(29)&ufwGif oGm;a&muf
rnfjzpfNyD; OD;ukov
kd \
f ZeD;vnf; vdu
k yf goGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&&dS onf/
uk o d k v f p smye
OD;ukodkvfonf ]uk
smye}trnf&Sdpmtkyfukd udk,fwkdifa&;om;
rnfjzpfaMumif; vQyfwpfjyufoaYdk jymMum;cJo
h nf/
YOH

[dkvdkvdk . . .'Dvdkvdk oMuFefaw;ESifU
aw;oDcsi;f opfrsm;rdwq
f ufyu
JG si;f y

&efukef? rwf(19)
aw;oH&iS ½f idI ;f aZ? ndK&Si;f armif? ykv0J if; oH;k OD;\ ]][kv
d v
kd kd . .
. 'Dvdkvdk}} aw;pD;&D;rdwfqufyGJudk (2013)ckESpf?rwfv(19)&ufwGif
aeYv,f(1)em&Dr(S 3)em&Dxd &efuek Nf rdKU Central Hotel wGif jyKvkyu
f sif;y
cJhonf/
tqdyk gtcrf;tem;wGif tcrf;tem;rSL;tjzpf OD;atmifoQH0ikd ;f (usdKuf
ra&m)u aqmif&u
G cf NhJ yD; aw;a&;? aw;qdo
k m;BuD;rS tzGirhf w
d q
f ufpum;
ajymMum;cJo
h nf/ xdaYk emuf aw;oH&iS rf sm;jzpfonfh ½Iid ;f aZ? ndK&Si;f armif?
ykv0J if;wdrYk S tacGEiS yhf wfoufonfrsm;udk tenf;i,f&iS ;f vif;ajymMum;
cJNh yD; tcrf;tem;tm; ½kyo
f rd ;f cJo
h nf/
¤if;aw;pD;&D;wGif oMuFeaf w;ESiahf w;oDcsif;opfrsm; yg0ifNyD; &mZm
ae0if;? pl;&S? qkyefxGm? ykvJ0if;? tu,f'rDcspfpEdk;OD;? eef;qk&wDpdk;?
&wemrdik ?f oD[vGi?f qkjynfrh LS ;tdr?f a[oDvif;ESihf o½kyaf qmifrsm;pGm
yg0if o½kyaf qmifxm;aMumif;ESihf (22?3?2013)wGix
f u
G zf v
Ykd smxm;aMumif;
vnf;od&&dS onf/
YOH,YY

av;pm;rIurkd w
d q
f ufwaUJ Z&J
&efukef?rwfv(19)
aw;oH&iS af Z&J\ ]]av;pm;rI}}DVD Album pme,fZif;&Sif;vif;yGJudk (2013)ckESpf? rwfv(9)&ufwGif aeYv,f(2)em&DrS(3)em&Dxdf&efukefNrdKU?
r[mAE¨Kvyef;NcHvrf;&Sd Orchid City Hotel wGif usif;yjyK
vkyfcJhonf/
tqdkygtcrf;tem;wGif tcrf;tem;rSL;tjzpf q&m
OD;atmifoQH0ikd (f usdKufra&m)u aqmif&u
G cf NhJ yD;udb
k q
kd ef; (Bo
Bo music Production)rS tzGir
hf w
d q
f ufpum;ajymMum;cJo
h nf/
xdaYk emuf aw;oH&iS af Z&J? aw;pD;&D;wGiyf g0iforl sm;ESihf 'g½ku
d f
wmrSvnf; trSwfw&pum;ajymMum;cJhonf/
¤if;aw;pD;&DwiG f aAvk0? aZmfrif;av;? &Jav;? psmefx;l
atmif? ausmfx#G af qG?vTr;f ydik ?f aZ&J? [dP;f opf? Roll-1?
Freedy? Right.D?JJ? eef;jrwfNzdK;oif;? rm&Dem? arjzLjzL?
rdpE´?D arb,fbEf iS hf abmf'grsm;yg0ifo½kyaf qmifxm;aMumif;
ESifh (26?3?2013)waygif;vjynfhaeYwGif Dagon Center 1
yxrxyfü nae(3)em&DrS (6)em&Dxd yg0ifoq
D o
kd ½kyaf qmif
xm;aom tEkynmarmifErS rsm;rS trSww
f & vufrw
S af &;
xd;k oDqakd zsmfajzrnfjzpfaMumif;vnf; od&&dS onf/YOH,YY

pGrJ ufyef;aoG;EIwcf rf;ykid &f iS af v;rsm; a&G;cs,yf u
JG si;f y

RothoMentholatum ukr®PD? Osaka Japan rSxw
k v
f yk o
f nfh LipIce Sheer Color \ Miss LipIce (pGJrufyef;aoG; EIwfcrf;ykdif&Sifav;rsm;)
a&G;cs,fyGJudk (17-3-2013)&ufu &efukefNrdKU&Sd Junction Square wGifusif;ycJhonf/ tcrf;tem;wGif tcrf;tem;rSL;tjzpfqef;xG#fESifh csdKZif
oG,w
f rYdk aS qmif&u
G af y;cJNh yD; tuJjzwf'idk rf sm;tjzpf Rotho Mentholatum (Myanmar) Co.,Ltd rS wm0ef&o
dS rl sm;? aw;a&;apmclqv
J ?f o½kyaf qmif

vlrif;ESifh xGef;tdjE´mAdkwkdYrSaqmif&Gufay;cJhMuonf/ NydKifyGJwGif qefumwifNydKifyGJ0if(10)OD;yg 0if,SOfNydKifcJhMuNyD; NydKifyGJ0ifrsm;rS udk,fykdifpGrf;&nfrsm;
jyoNydKify0JG ifcMhJ uonf/ tqkyd gNydKify0JG if(10)OD;rS (5)OD;udak &G;cs,fí Miss LipIce qk? qkaiGusyf(10)ode;f ? 1st Runner Up Award qkaiGusyf(5)ode;f ?
2nd Runner Up Award qkaiGusyf(3)odef;? Popular Choice Award qkaiGusyf (4)odef;? Best Smile Award qkaiGusyf(1)odef;csDjr§ifhcJhonf/
YOH,MMA

pmrsufESm (3)rStquf
rqifhqifhjrwf
uRefr&JUudk,fawGUtjzpfuav;ayghaemf/ (12-12-2012)&uf nae
(5)em&Davmufu uRefr½kH;qif;csdefrSm vkdif;um;ay:utqif; vrf;jzwf
ul;rvdkY vrf;v,frSm&yfNyD; [dkbuf? 'DbufMunfhNyD;rSul;wmyg/ uRefr
jzwful;wkef;NyD; [dkbufa&mufcgeD;rSm vrf;ajymif;jyefarmif;NyD; ausmf
wufvmwJh Taxi wpfp;D uRerf udw
k nfw
h nf0h ifwu
dk yf gw,f/ Taxi orm;u
uRefrudk um;ay:aumufwifNyD;olrSm;aMumif;? ol[m 0efxrf;jzpfNyD;
olo
Y m;u(10)wef;ausmif;om;jzpfNyD; olv
Y pmeJrY avmufvYdk um;armif;NyD;
tyk0d ifaiG&mS &wJt
h aMumif;awGijdk yvkYd uRefruud,
k cf sif;pmpdwef YJ aMuat;
ay;vkdufayr,fh 'Dvkdpnf;urf;rJhum;awmh rarmif;apcsifygbl;/ epfem
wmuawmh um;wkdufcH&wJh uRefrvnf; epfemygw,f/ tvkyfysuf?
tudkifysufvnf;jzpf&ygw,f/ 'gaMumifh 'Dvkdtjzpftysuf uav;awGvJ
xnfha&;apcsifygw,f/ vQyfwpfjyufxJu Public Voice qdkwJh tpDtpOf
av;udkBudKufygw,f/
&wemOD;vIdifpkpnf;wifjyonf/

5

OD;aZmfaZmf\&efuif;uav;aq;½Hk ESpyf wfvnf(2)ESpjf ynfh *kPjf yKn
pmpm;yGw
J iG f udo
k &l (OD;Zm*em)ESiq
hf o
kH nf/ zdwpf mydx
Yk m;w,f[ak jymojzifh
vmcJrh ,f[u
k wday;jzpfco
hJ nf/ odEYk iS hf udo
k &l \ rdcifq&mrBuD; a':Munf
OD; uG,v
f eG jf cif;(4)ESpjf ynft
h xdr;f trSwf qGr;f uyfvLS 'gef;ukov
kd jf yKyGo
J Ykd
a&mufjzpfcJhonf/
q&mrBuD;a':MunfO;D uG,v
f eG jf cif; av;ESpjf ynft
h xdr;f trSwq
f rG ;f
qufuyfvLS 'gef;jcif;udk &efuek f Adv
k af tmifausmfvrf;&Sd Home ½H;k cef;wGif
usif;yjcif;jzpfonf/ q&mr
BuD ; \ wynf h w yef ; rsm;?
ud k o l & \ aqG r sd K ;taygif ;
toif;rsm;? wynfhwyef;
rsm;? &Jabmf&b
J ufrsm; pmay
orm;rsm;? ½kyf&Siform;rsm;
pHv
k o
S nf/ udo
k &l u q&mr
BuD;a':MunfOD; trSwfw&
pmpkrsm;udk trSww
f & vuf
aqmifay;onf/ uRefawmf
a&mif ; vnf ; ra&mif ; bl ; ?
wefzdk;vnf; wyfrxm;bl;
trS w f w &yJ ay;rS m [k q d k
onf/ q&mrBuD; a':Munf
OD;\ trSww
f & pmtkyEf iS hf

6

ywfoufí udo
k &l (OD;Zm*em)\ aus;Zl;pum;udk zwf&aomtcg &ifxJ
wGif qdkYeifhemusif&onf/
aus;Zl ; pum;
wu,fawmh ararESifhywfoufNyD; ajymp&m a&;p&mawGuRefawmfh
rSmtrsm;BuD;&Sd\/ odkYaomf ararESifh twlae twlpm;cJhMuaom q&m
q&mrrsm;\ vuf&mrGefpmpkrsm;udkzwf&if; uRefawmfh a&;csifpdwfawGudk
zdESdyfxm;vdkuf&onf/ udk,fhrdbtaMumif; udk,fa&;vQif taumif;awG
om a0qmaeayvdrfhrnf/
uRefawmf aMumfjim'g½du
k w
f m
vkyfcJhzl;aomfvnf; aMumfjim
aqmif;yg; ra&;vdk/ arar
uG,fvGefcsdefu uRefawmf
axmifxrJ mS / oli,fcsif; rdwf
aqGawG\ rdbrsm;qH;k yg;oGm;
cJhpOfu ema&;udpöwdkif;rSm
wufwuf<u<u yg0ifczhJ ;l \/
ckawmh ud,
k t
hf ar\ oufrhJ
cE¨mudkyif jrifcGifhr&/ vuf
tkyf uav;rQyif csDcGifhrBuHK/
odkYaomf ararh½kyfuvyf ajr
rSm usonfxd tprStqHk;
wm0ef,lcJhMuolrsm; &SdaecJh

ojzifh ajzomygonf/ xkdolwdkYtm;vnf; aus;Zl;wif½HkrS wpfyg; bmrS
rwwfEkdifcJh/
araruG,fvGefNyD; av;ESpfjynfhcsdefrSmrS ararhtwGuf&nfpl;í qGrf;
uyfciG Bhf uHK&onf/ ararhtwGuf trSww
f &pmpk xkwaf 0cGiBhf uHK&onf/
om;wpfa,muftaejzifh rdcif\aus;Zl;udk pmwpftkyf? qGrf;wpfeyfESifh
wefzdk;rjzwfcsifyg/ ararhajctpHkudk OD;cdkuf½HkrQom jzpfygonf/ rdciftm;
uefawmhcef;udk uavmifpGrf;jzifh 0dkif;Mu0ef;Muay;olrsm; tm;vHk;udk
rarhtyfaom *g&0jzifh txl;aus;Zl;wifvSygonf/
þpmtkyfjzpfajrmufa&;twGuf aeYrtm; nrtm; ulnDay;cJhMu
aom udkaevif;? udkausmf0PÖ? udkpdk;0if;Nidrf;ESifh HOME rdom;pkwdkYudk
vnf; aus;Zl;wifygonf/ csKdU,Gif;csuf tjypftemqm wpfpHkwpf&m&Sd
cJhygu uRefawmf\ ayghavsmhrIaMumifhomjzpfygrnf/ pmrlawmif;cH&ef
ysufuGufrdcJhyguvnf; uRefawmf\ vpf[if;rIaMumifhom jzpfygrnf/
(1979)ckESpfu uRefawmfhtpfudktBuD;qHk; axmifxJrSma&;cJhaom
ararhtwGuf uAsmwpfyk'f&Sdygonf/
]]usrsuf&nf
apGapGpdrfhpdrfh
vGrf;vSdrfhvSdrfh vdIufvdIufvdIif;
arSmifrdIif;rSdefrSdefrHI
xdkif;xHkxHk xlxlxJ
a<uoJqwfqwfcg
pD;vmpD;vm rdcifarwåm
jrifhrkd&faovmodkYomwEdIif;}}/
ararqHk;yg;oGm;csdef (2009)ckESpf rwfvrSm jrpfBuD;em;axmifxJ
uae uRefawmf uAsmwpfyk'f a&;cJhrdygonf/
]]b,folYxuf b,folrS ydkromygbl;
rdcifwdkif;&JU rsuf&nf
tdk ...&GmvdkufygOD; tar
qnfawG usKd;vJ usKd;yapaygh
Zm*em
om;awG jyefvmMuNyDaum}}/
/
14? rwfv 2013
udkol&onf rdbESpfyg;uG,fvGefcsdefwGif tusOf;axmifxJa&mufae
&jcif;jzpfonf/ [dw
k ek ;f u oli,fcsif;jzpfou
l rkd if;vl tzrf;cHae&csdew
f iG f
q&mOD;om"k(udkrif;vl\zcif)uG,fvGefojzifh . .udkrif;vludk tif;pdef
tusOf;axmifrSac:xkwfvmum xdkpOfuBuHawmokóefwGif *g0&jyKcGifh
ay;wmrsdK;BuHKzl;onf/ udrk if;vlukd jrifawGUcGi&hf &efuREkyf w
f rYkd mS BuHawmodYk
oGm;NyD; BudKapmifhaecJhMu&onf/ tvm;wl q&marmifrdk;ol tzrf;cHae&
csdew
f iG f q&marmifr;kd ol\ZeD;uG,v
f eG o
f jzifh q&marmifr;kd oltm; axmif
xJrmS xkwv
f mum psmyemvdu
k yf cYkd iG jhf yKzl;onf/ udo
k &l udrk ?l rdcifu,
G v
f eG f
onfhtcgwGifvnf;aumif; zcifuG,fvGefonfhtcgwGif vdkufygydkYaqmif
*g&0jyKcGifhr&cJh&Sm . . .
udk,fhtar\oufrJhcE¨mudk,fyifMunfhcGifhr&
vuftkyfuav;rQyifcsDcGifhrBuHK

[k udo
k &l a&;xm;onfu xdcu
kd ef musifapcJo
h nf/ udo
k &l onf
rdcifBuD;qHk;yg;csdef jrpfBuD;em;axmifxJwGif aoG;ESifha&;aom uAsmu
vnf; qdkYeifhemusifzG,fjzpfonf/
b,folxuf b,folrSydkromygbl;
rcifwdkif;&JUrsuf&nf]
tdk; &GmvdkufygOD;tar
qnfawGusdK;vJusdK;yapaygh
om;awGjyefvmMuNyDaum} . . .
q&mrBuD; a':MunfOD;\ trSwfw&pmtkyfwGif tw¬KyÜwdå tusOf;
udkazmfjyxm;onf/
q&mrBuD; a':MunfOD; tw¬KyÜwåd
(1925-2009)
trnf&if; a':vSMunfjzpfonf/ oxHck ½dik ?f bD;vif;NrdKUe,f? awmif
pGef;Zmwdjzpfonf/ tz aq;q&mBuD; OD;oufESHESifh trda':aiG,Hk wdkYrS
(1287)ck? 0gqdkvqef;(5)&uf (23?6?1925)wGif arG;zGm;cJhonf/ arG;csif;
ajcmufa,mufwGif ig;a,mufajrmufjzpfí tpfudkESpfa,muf? tpfr
ESpfa,mufESifh nDrwpfa,muf&Sdonf/ awmifpGef;q&mBuD; OD;xGef;vS\
rlvwef;ausmif;wGif i,fpOfu ynmoif,lcJhonf/ ppfNyD;acwfwGif
rdom;pkEiS t
hf wl &efuek Nf rdKUodaYk jymif;a&TUcJNh yD; jynfq&mBuD;OD;ab? q&mBuD;
rGef; "mwkwdkYxHwGif qufvufynmoif,lcJhonf/
A.v.p vli,ftpnf;t½H;k rS zGiv
hf pS o
f ifMum;ay;aom odik ;f oifwef;
wufa&muf&if; odkif;ynmjyefYyGm;a&;twGuf 0w¬K? aqmif;yg;? uAsm
NydKifyGJjyKvkyf&m ]]oufvHk}}0w¬Kjzifh a&G;cs,fcH&onf/ þ0w¬Kudk q&m
OD;cspfoef;u wdkif;&if;ar*sme,fodkY ydkYay;&mrS pmaye,fodkYa&mufcJhonf/
(1952) jr0wDr*¾Zif; pwifxkwfaomtcg r*¾Zif;ESifhywfoufí
a0zeftBuHjyKpmNydKifyjJG yKvky&f m qk&ojzifh t,f'w
D mcsKyfAv
kd rf LS ;baomif;
(armifokw)u ola&;om;onfh ]]wuRef;odkY}}pmtkyfESifh qkaiG ESpfq,fh
ig;usyf? ywfum;azmifwdefwpfacsmif; csD;jr§ifhjcif;cH&onf/
(1953)wGif vlxyk nma&;aumifprD S xkwaf 0onfh vlxyk nmpm
apmifwiG f vufaxmuft,f'w
D mjzpfvmcJo
h nf/ ,Ofaus;rI? aemf&xm?
or0g,r? pmayAdrmef? taxmufawmf? jrwf&wem ponfh r*¾Zif;rsm;ü
0w¬K? aqmif;yg;rsm;a&;cJhonf/ aw;ya'omr*¾Zif;wGif yifwkdiftjzpf
vpOf 0w¬Kwpfyk'fa&;&onf/
(1959)wGif pwifzGJUpnf;onfh jrefrmEdkifiH pmayjyefYyGm;a&;toif;
wGif pwifwnfaxmifot
l jzpfyg0ifco
hJ nf/ ,k0wD*sme,fwiG f q&mr

BuD;'*kecf ifcifav; vufxufrpS í q&mrBuD;uG,v
f eG o
f nftxd t,f'D
wmcsKyftjzpf ajcmufESpfcefY aqmif&GufcJhonf/
a&;om; jyKpkxkwfa0cJhonfh vHk;csif;pmtkyfrsm;rSm pdrf;jrEG,f
uavmiftrnfjzifh cspfr,fqw
kd mav;udk ajymprf;ygcif&,f(vH;k csif;0w¬K)?
MunfOD;uavmiftrnfjzifh arhuGufudk&Sm? jrefrmh½dk;&mpum;xmrsm;?
uav;aMu;rHkiSufrsKd;pHk? uav;aMu;rHkopfyifrsKd;pHk? a&S;xHk;pOfvm jrefrm
rIrsm;? udu
k w
kd t
Ykd &G,?f vl0ifpm;rsm;ESiahf wGUqHjk cif;? tavmif;awmf uó
yawmvm;? (21)&ufMum Ak'¨*g,m"r®c&D;? pum;yHkjyusrf;? &mZ0ifxJu
wapärsm;? xl;qef;tHhzG,fy&avmue,f? tdrfBuD;ay:u ajcoHrsm;?
trSwfw&a&T½kyfvTmrsm; trSwf(1)? trSwf(2)? eef;bHkoD[maAG &mZ0if
0w¬K&Snfrsm;? aumorÁDxdyfxm;? b'´d,a'0D? zm[D,ef\ "r®c&D;pOf?
omoemawmfü aewpfqal pwpfql xif&mS ;aom q&mawmfBuD;oH;k yg;\
"r®c&D;ESifh ax½kyÜwådpmtkyfwdkYjzpfonf/ uavmiftrnfuGJrSm pdrf;jrEG,f
ESifh rkd;oQifOD;(uEÅm&0wD)wdkYjzpfonf/
EkdifiHa &;c&D;
bD;vif;NrdKUe,f? awmifpGef;NrdfKU? wdkufukvm;e,fvHk;qdkif&m 'dkYArm
tpnf;t½Hk;udk aetdrfwGif zGifhvSpf&m tpfudkrsm;udk taMumif;jyKNyD;
t&efocifrjzpfvmonf/ (1300)jynfhta&;awmfyHkESifh v,form;rsm;
\ ajrcGefray;a&;? qm;cGefray;a&; wdkufyGJrsm;wGif yg0ifa[majymcJh
onf/
'kw,
d urÇmppfBuD;twGi;f tm&Svil ,f tpnf;t½H;k wGif e,fv;kH qdik f
&m ÓmPAvrSL;tjzpf aqmif&GufcJhonf/ (1944)wGif &efukefrS ocif
vSMunf? ocifatmifjrifh? ocifxGef;&ifwdkYOD;aqmifrIjzifh zufqpfawmf
vSefa&; vQKdU0SuftzGJUudkzGJUpnf;&mwGif tpfrjzpfolESifhtwl yg0ifcJhonf/
&efukef-armfvNrdKifvrf;wpfavQmuf zufqpfawmfvSefa&;vkyfief;rsm;
aqmif&GufcJhonf/
þ z-w-z tzGUJ udk oxHck ½dik 0f ef ocifvif;? vrf;0efaxmuf
ocifomOD;? usKdufra&mNrdKUtydkif ocifoGifwdkY\ tultnDudk,lum
jroydwfawmifajc&if;wGif vQKdU0Sufoifwef;zGifhcJhonf/ xkdowif;udk
*syefuifaywdkiftzGJUu owif;&oGm;NyD; 0ifa&muf&SmazGaomaMumifh
vlpkcGJum ½kyfazsmufvdkufMuonf/
z-w-z tzGJU0ifrsm;jzpfonfh ocifvif;? ocifomOD;? zvyf
ocif'Dydk; ponfh(27)OD;udkrl zrf;rdoGm;í armfvNrdKif-usKdufra&moGm;
um;vrf;wGif owfypfvdkufonf/

ppfBuD;NyD;vQif rdom;pkESifhtwl &efukefodkYa&TUajymif;cJhonf/ (1988)
jynfh ta&;tcif;umvwGif &efuif;NrdKUe,f\ vHkNcHKa&;udk aeYa&mnyg
aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ nf/ &yfuu
G t
f wGi;f &Sd vHNk cHKa&;uif;udk OD;aqmifzUJG pnf;um
apmifha&SmufcJhonf/
&efuif;trSwf(1)txufwef;ausmif;a&SU ausmif;om;vli,frsm;\
tpmiwfcHqE´jyyGJudk tpptqifajyap&ef BuD;Muyfxdef;ausmif;ay;cJh
onf/
wyfrawmfrS tmPmvTJajymif;,lcJhNyD;aemuf &efuif;NrdKUe,ftwGif;
wpf&yfuGufvQif oHk;OD;uspDjzifh 'D^Nidrf;tzGJUBuD;udk zGJUpnf;&mwGif &efuif;
NrdKUe,f\ 'D^Nidrf; Ouú|tjzpf wm0ef,lcJhonf/ ta&;tcif;umvwGif
w&m;yGJaygif;oHk;q,fausmf a[majymcJhonf/
xdkYaemuf 'Drkdu&ufwpf vli,fnDñGwfa&;tzGJUcsKyfwGif em,u?
vrf;nTef'Drkdua&pDygwDwGif taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL;tjzpf wm0ef,l
cJhonf/
(1990)a&G;aumufyGJwGif udk,fpm;vS,foHk;OD; 0ifa&muf,SOfNydKifrS
om EkdifiHa&;ygwDtjzpf &yfwnfEkdifcGifh&Sdonf[laom owif;xkwfjyef
rIaMumifh rdrd\ vrf;nTef'Drdkua&pDygwDudk zsufodrf;um wpfoD;yk*¾v
tjzpf yg0if,SOfNydKifcJhonf/
þodkY pmayESifh EkdifiHa&;twGuf wHcGefpdkufcJhaom pma&;q&mrBuD;
a':MunfO;D onf (2009)ck? rwfv(20)&uf? n(8;15)em&Dtcsde?f touf
(84)ESpfwGif &efuif;NrdKUe,faetdrfü uG,fvGeftedpöa&mufcJhonf/
q&mrBuD;a':MunfOD;\cifyGef;jzpfol q&meef;nGefYaqGu uAsm
wpfyk'fjzifh *kPfjyKcJhonf/
tarb,frSmvJ
(1) EIwfajymcsKdcsKd? b,folYudkrQ? &efvdkpum;? rajymMum;cJh? om;
oHk;a,mufyif? zGm;oefYpifí? Munf&Tifarwåm? u½kPmESifh csDumydkuf
NcHK? aepmvHIcJh? vHk;pHkarwåm? apwemESifh? o'¨gjynfhvdIif? pmtkyfqdkifudk?
jzefYvdIifiSm;&rf;? tvkyfuRrf;cJh? wpfcef;a&Tqdkif? zGifhvSpfEkdifcJh? wydkif
wEkdif? txnfqdkif[k pGJudkifjzefYjzL;? atmifjrifxl;cJh? a0;usL;a'om?
acwå&mrSmrS? a&mufvmaAxky?f tpHx
k yk í
f ? &Si;f jzKwfnahH umif;? aps;oifh
a&mif;cJh? waMumif;arwåm? a&TaowåmESifh a&TrSmuRrf;usif? udkoufwif
udk? wl,SOfvkyfaqmif? udkwifarmifwdkY? waqmifw½dI;? r½dk;rajzmifh?
jyKaomaMumifhvQif? taESmifhrvGwf? &JESifhvTwfí? OD;ñGwfyg&? raumif;
vS[k? tpp&Sif;? ajzmifhajzmifhpif;om;? ab;uif;orI? pmay½Ií? pmjyK
xkwfum? pma&;q&m[k? onmazmfusL;? a':MunfOD;[k? ysHUysL;pmacG?
taxGaxGonf? a&;av0w¬K aqmif;yg;wnf;/
(2) [kwfaomtqdk? tHhbG,fudkwnfh wpfaeYudkwpf&m? ykwD;pdyf
yg[k? q&mawmfBuD;u wdkufwGef;vSí? vHkYvjyif;pGm? usifhaqmifvmcJh?
vufrSmwpfodef;? aphonfhudef;wGif? ulxdef;yg&rD? jznfhqnf;rnf[k?
pdwfnDolrsm;? wGufa&yGm;í bk&m;Ak'¨? yGifhOD;pu? Ak'¨*g,m? &yfa'om
odYk omoemhtusKd;aqmifz;l &atmif[k pGr;f aqmifvpl ?k BudK;yrf;rIaMumif?h
tm;jyKp&m (21)&ufMum? Ak'*¨ g,m"r®c&D;? pmtkyBf uD;udk a&;NyD; xkwaf 0?
atmifjrifavcJh? pmayESifhom? &if;ESD;pGmjzifh? "r®d,mv'¨? [kwfrSefpG[k?
vHkYvBudK;ukwf? pGrf;tm;xkwfrS pmtkyfpmay? vlYrdwfaqG wnfh?
vQifpGma&;jyK? aZ,swkwnfh? 0w¬Kaqmif;yg;? &oyGm;[k? w&m; "r®?
rvGwf&atmif olYuavmifonf pGrf;aqmifEkdifcJhygownf;/
(3) ½kyfaqmife*dk? ausmfMum;ydkonf? ukodkvfpkaygif;? awmawmif
apmif;rS? tavmif;awmfuóy? xif&Sm;vSvnf;? a&S;uyk*¾dKvf? r[kwf
vdck ?hJ ukov
kd x
f ;l um? t&d,m*dP
k ;f 0if? ausmfMum;xifc?hJ onfwiG af &muf
atmif? BudK;pm;aqmifí &Sifa,mifuóy? pmtkyfvSudk? a&;jyxkwf
um? a&S;tcgvnf;? q&mOD;zdk;usm;? a&;cJhjim;\/ q&musm;\pmum;
zGJUqif? 0w¬KtoGifjzifh zwfcsifp&m? aumif;vSyg\/ odkYygaomfjim;?
,ckoGm;vQif? xif&Sm;yDyD? okawoDwdkY? rSwfzdkYzwfzdkYom? a&;zGJU&Sm\/
xyfumrem;? a&S;pum;ESifh wjcm; {0uef? a'ocHwdkY? rSwf&efajym
Mum;? okwrsm;udk? rSwfom;tNyD;? tif;awmfBuD;rS? &SmrSD;rSwfum? a&
vm;pm[k? a&;ygcJhjim;? pHkvifoGm;\/ wjcm;xdkrS? b'´d,a'0D? aum
orÁ[
D ?k MunfnKd bG,&f m? bmoma&;pmud?k a&;ygcJNh yD;? ud,
k &f if;ES;D onf?h
teD;0ef;usif? uav;ocifwdkY? yJhjyifvdr®m? zwfp&m[k? iSufrSmrsKd;pHk?
opfyifpHkwdkY? yHkjyifzGJUpD? a&;cJhNyDwnfh? wvD&TifNzdK;? iSufi,frsKd;ESifh? a&S;
½dk;pum;xm? zGJUoDyg\/ usef;rma&;rl? ESvHk;aoG;qlí? vG,fulpHkNyD;?
aq;½HkBuD;odkY? wufNyD;uko? aysmufuif;&\/ xdkrSaemifwGif? ½kyfoGif
0if;0g? rsufpd0gí? a&m*guko? &SmazG&onfh? Xmeppfonfh "mwfrSef
Munfhaomf BuD;onfhuifqm? a0'emaMumifh? tpmrpm;csif? odkYjzpftif
aMumifh? ,if;wGifz,fcGm? cGJxkwfygaomf? atmufrSm ajcmufvsuf?
ausmufuyfysufí? vufavQmhumom? tdrfjyefvmaomf? a0'emjyif;
jy? wpfywfrQyif? cH&roufom? &Guf0ga<ua[mif;? vwaygif;\
aESmif;q,f&ufaph? aomMumaeYwGif arTUarTUnifom? w&m;rSwfumESifh?
n&Spfem&DcGJ? avmuxJrS? cGJcGmxGufoGm;? rdciftm;udk oem;pdwfydk?
rsuf&nf,dkMu xdkonfhaemufaeY pcef;aphatmif jyKaqmifNyD;jim; yef;
&xm;ESi?hf o,fomG ;a&a0;? a&mufumaEG;aomf? oHCmawmfrsm;? arwåm
yGm;í? w&m;oHa0? uAsmawGudk? axGaxG&Gwfzwf? tav;jyKvwfaomf?
rdk;ewfocif? rkd;wdrfqifí? &SpfcGifa0arm? ESif;rIefaMum0,f? OMoidkoH
jzm\wnf;/ (r,fawmfBuD; 1925-2009 rSwfwrf;wifygonf)
eef;ñGefYaqG
ckawmh q&mBuD;eef;nGeaYf qGonfvnf; ol\yg&rDjznfzh ufaemufoYkd
w&m;oabmt& vkdufygoGm;cJhacsNyD/ ckudkol&onf rdcifBuD;twGuf
trSwfw&pmpkrsm;xkwfa0um arG;aus;Zl;qyfjcif;jzpf[efwlonf/ onfh
wGif q&mrBuD;a':MunfOD;onf om;jzpfoludkol&tm;NyHK;í Munfhae
rnfxifonf/
q&mrBuD;a':MunfOD;tm;OD;nTwfvsuf
jrwfcdkif

7

uREkyfwkdY\rdwfaqGESpfOD;jzpfMuukefaom OD;tm*ESifh OD;ygywkdYonf wpfaeYoüwkefcsrf;csrf;[laom
oBuFef? wl;ykdYwl;ydkY[laom oHcsyfrsm;tMum; ESpfyg;oGm;&if; ½kd;&mrysufjiif;ckefaeMuavawmhownf;/
OD ; tm*
AsdKUq&mBuD; oBuFefusawmhr,favAsm/ bmtpDtpOfawG&SdvJvkyfygOD;As/ 'DESpfoBuFefoHcsyfawG
qifqmwif&r,fqkdyJ/
OD ; ygy
[kwfw,fav [kdwkef;uoBuFefoHcsyfawG vIyfvkdYrSr&wm/ 'DESpfoBuFefoHcsyfawGudk cGifhjyKr,fqkdwmu
aumif;wJhvu©Pm r[kwfvm;As/ cifAsm;wkdYuvnf; xpfueJ&Sdrauseyfwmu t&ifyJukd;/
OD ; tm*
rauseyfp&mr&Syd gbl;Asm/ vH;k vH;k oHcsyfawGwrd jf rKyfomG ;wmxufpm&if oHcsyfawGjyefvnfazmfxw
k cf iG &hf wm
udkyJ aus;Zl;wifvSygNyD/ okdYaomfayghAsm/
OD ; ygy
bmvJ cifAsm;uqifqmudpöajymOD;rvkdYr[kwfvm;/

OD ; tm*
[kwfw,fAsm/ usKyfwkdYrSmoHcsyfawGcGifhjyKNyDqkdvkdY0rf;om½kH&Sdao; qifqmuwif&OD;rSmqkdawmh tJ'gBuD;u
yGifhvif;jrifomrIr&Sd bl;vkdYqdk&r,fr[kwfvm;As/
OD ; ygy
cifAsm;wkdYuvnf;ae&mwum yGifhvif;jrifom yGifhvif;jrifomqkdwJh pum;vHk;eJYw,fudkifaygufwmukd;/
cifAsm;udkusKyfwpfckar; yg&apOD;/ t<uif;rJh'Drkdua&pDqkdwm&SdvkdYvm;As [if ... / cifAsm;wdkYu wqdwf&Sd
'Drkdua&pD 'Drkdua&pDqkdNyD;ukdifaygufaewmudk;As/ oHcsyfawGr&wkef;ur&vkdY/ &r,fqdkjyefawmhvnf;qifqm
wif&&r,fqv
dk /Ydk tJ'aD wmhusKyfar;prf;yg&apOD;/ cifAsm;wku
Yd bmjzpfcsifwmvJ/ cifAsm;wdu
Yk kd BudKufwmvkyq
f Nkd yD;
vTwfay;wmrsdK;vkdcsifwmvm;/ tJ'gqkdfvnf;vkyfMuav/
OD ; tm*
rylygeJY vkyfMurSmyg/ qifqmrwifolrsm;u wpf*dkPf;? qifqmwifolrsm;uwpf*dkPf;ayghAsm/ tJ'Dawmh
qifqmrwif&ifbmjzpfrSmwkef;/
OD ; ygy
qifqmrwifb;l qk&d if 'gOya'csdK;azmufwmyJav/ [k;d wke;f uvJ oHcsyfuq
dk ifqmwifNyD;rS oHcsyfx;kd &wm
r[kwfbl;vm;/ tckrS bmawGtqef;wus,fvkyfaeMuwmvJ/
OD ; tm*
'gawmhudk&ifhoabmyJav/ Oya'abmifwGif;aexkdifjcif; ab;&if;&efuGmvGefcsrf;omwJh/ oGm;NyDAsdKU/
(odkUESifholwkdYESpfOD;\ aqG;aEG;yGJonf xHk;pHtwkdif; oabmxm;uGJvGJpGmjzifhNyD;qHk;oGm;acsawmhonf)

,cif t ywf r S t quf
aus;&GmvlBuD;wpfOD;]]rk'kHtrwfjzpfzl;w,f/ t&ifuausmif;om;acgif;aqmifvnf;vkyfcJhw,f/ aemufawmh'DbufxGufvmwm/
aMomf ... tJ'geJYawmcdkvmw,faygh/
awmckdvmNyD;awmh 'Dusef;rma&;? u,fq,fa&;bufrSmjyefvkyfwmaygh/
autifef,lxJ0ifcJhwmvm;/ 'DaubDatxJ0ifcJhwmvm;/
autifef,lxJyJ/ [dkwkef;u 'DaubDatr&Sdbl;av/
vlxdao;vm;/
vlawmhrxdbl;/ ausmif;rSmoGm;aew,f/ tJ'g (2010)
aygh/ 'DaubDateJY wyfeJYjzpfwJhtcsdef/
'Dae&mudkbmjzpfvkdYvmwmvJ/
'Dae&mudk bmjzpfvkdYvmwmvJqdkwmu ppfaMumif;rSm
olww
Ykd yfcsde;f w,f/ aemufawmh olwaYkd e&mjyef,x
l m;w,f/
uRefawmfwdkYu bk&m;awmifukef;udk ae&m,lwJhtcsdefMu
awmh &GmxJudkolwkYdypfcsw,f/ tJonfhtcsdefrSm &GmxJrSm
'DaubDatawG wpfa,mufrrS &Sad wmhb;l / 'DaubDatawG
u [dkbufjcrf;a&mufukefNyD/ &GmxJrSmawmhr&Sdawmhbl;/
tJonfawmh r&SdrSef;odvsufeJYypfwmvm;/
olwdkYvnf; vkyfMuw,fav/ 'DrSmjzpfwJhnrSmqdk&if
&Gmu wpfa,muf'Pf&m&w,f/
olaum&Sdao;vm;/
&Sdw,f/ tck'DrSmyJ}}/
pmrsufESm (9)odkY
xkdYaemuf 'Pf&m&cJhzl;olusnfxd&mae&mrsm;udk vdkufvHjyocJhonf/

8

pmtkyfESpftkyfudkwpfNyKdifwnf;rdwfqufwJU
wkd;jrpfpmtkyfwkduf

NyKH ;NyKH ;aysmaf ysmaf xmfavmfuefv
Y efpY me,fZif;txl;yGjJ yo

yg0guif;½kyf&Sifxkwfvkyfa&;rSjzefYcsdNyD; Zmwfvrf;e,lwefvSpdef? ZmwfnTef;aZmfZif? ½kdufuGif;ZmwfnTef;udka&Trkd;ouf? 'g½kdufwmZrÁLxGef;
oufvGif½kduful;xm;onfh NyHK;NyHK;aysmfaysmfaxmfavmfuefYvefY ½kyf&Sifum;BuD;pme,fZif;txl;jyoyGJukd (17-3-2013)&ufu &efukefNrdKU&Sd
or®w½kyf&Sif½kHwGifjyocJhonf/ tqdkygZmwfum;wGif &Jatmif? aeqef;? aersdK;atmif? [def;a0,H? aroef;Ek? xGef;tdjE´mAdk? aroOÆmOD;?
at;jrwfol? eef;a'0D? xGef;xGef;0if;? 0g0gatmif? qifrESifhtEkynm&Sifrsm;pGmyg0ifxm;NyD; [moZmwfjrL;½kyf&Sifum;BuD;jzpfonf/ NyHK;NyHK;aysmfaysmf
axmfavmfuefv
Y eft
Y xl;yGw
J iG f tqkyd gZmwfvrf;wGif yg0ifo½kyaf qmifxm;Muonfh o½kyaf qmifrsm;pHn
k pD mG wufa&mufcMhJ uNyD; xkd ½ky&f iS Zf mwfum;ukd
(2013)ckEpS ?f {NyDv(5)&ufwiG ½f w
Hk ifjyornfjzpfaMumif;od&&dS onf/
YOH,MMA

(2013)ckESpf? rwfv(19)&ufaeYu &efukefNrKdU? ukefonf
vrf;ray:&Sd Myanmar Media Library wGif wkd;jrpfpmtkyfwkdufrS
xkwfa0onfh csrf;Nidrf;\ nvk H ; ayguf p rf ; acsmif ; ? tNrJ v ef ;
vSnf;wef;ESihf i&Jrusaom [morsm; pmtkyEf pS t
f yk rf w
d q
f ufyJG
usif;ycJo
h nf/ ESpt
f yk pf vk;H udk wk;d jrpfpmtkyw
f u
kd rf x
S w
k af 0NyD; pmtkyf
wku
d \
f (8)tkyaf jrmufpmtkyEf iS hf (9)tkyaf jrmufpmtkyjf zpfaMumif; od&
onf/ wkd;jrpfpmtkyfwkdufonf AkdvfcsKyfatmifqef;pmaygif; pkjzifh
ayguf pmtkyw
f u
dk v
f nf;jzpfonf/ wk;d jrpfpmtkyw
f u
dk f pmtkyrf sm;onf
tjyiftqifaooyfonfudkawGU&Sd&ayonf/
rif ; atmif a tmif

pmrsufESm (8)rStquf
a'ocH a us;&G m vl B uD ; wpf O D ;
]]tdrfatmufajy;qif;awmh tdrfatmufrSmoltdyfaew,f/
(88)uaebmaMumifh autifef,lxJudk a&mufoGm;wmvJ/
uRefawmfvm;/
tif; ... ausmif;om;acgif;aqmifwpfOD;aygh/
NrdKUxJrmS ausmif;om;ta&;tcif;jzpfawmh ausmif;om;ta&;tcif;
xJrSm uRefawmfvnf;ygoGm;wmaygh/ ausmif;om;acgif;aqmiftjzpfeJYyg
vmw,f/ aemufydkif;rSmuRefawmfu ynmqufoifcsifwJhqE´eJY &vdk
&jim;autifef,lxJrSm usef;rma&;eJYu,fq,fa&;rSm aq;oifwef;
wufjyefw,f/
b,favmufMumcJhvJ/
(89)rSmaygh/
r[kwfbl;av/ autifef,lrSmb,favmufMumcJhvJ/
(7)ESpf/
tckusawmh &GmBuD;rSmyJaygh/ tvif;0ifwmvm;/ vufeufcswm
vm;/
'D&Gmom;taeeJYyJ uRefawmfjyefvmaew,f/
'Dtwkdif;vGwfaew,faygh/
tvGwfaew,f/
vmar;wm? jref;wmr&Sdbl;vm;/
ar;wm? jref;wmawmh (97)wufwJh tcsdefwkef;uaygh/ tckusawmh
em;NyDqdkawmhem;wmaygh/ 'DvkdyJ tem;,lwJhtcsdefaygh/
raygufuGJao;aom AkH;usnfqHESifha'ocHrsm;
]]'DrSmAkH;&Sdwm b,fvdkodvJ/
uav;aqmhupm;awmh tJonfrSmay:vmwm/ uav;u'DrSm
*kHn§if;ypfupm;w,f/ uav;awGuawmh bmrSrodbl;/
awGUwmb,folvJ/
'Daumifav;yJ/
tJ'gAkH;rSef;rodbl;vm;/
uGrf;n§yfxifvdkYwJh/ wkwfeJYuavmfvmwm/
vlBuD;awGu AkH;vkdYodw,faygh/
uGr;f n§yrf [kwb
f ;l [vk/Yd Ak;H rSe;f odawmh uav;awGu wpfa,muf
rStem;ruyfMuawmhbl;/
qufvufazmfjyygrnf/

9

(1)
&mZ0ifvdk tdkrif;wJh
awmifylpmwpfvHk;&JUeab;rSm
a&rpD;wJh cJjcpfaumufaMumif;&Sdw,f
tJ'DeHab;rSm
tzHk;rygwJh arSmfaowåmwpfvHk;&Sdw,f
arSmfaowåmxJrSm ...
Mu,fa&mifawGudk jr§Kyfxm;w,f
0wfpHkjynfh owdkYorD;awGudk jr§Kyfxm;w,f
ajcwpfzufusKd;aewJh tem*wfudk jr§Kyfxm;w,f
'dkrdepfvmyD,J&JU ]]okcNrdKUawmf}}jr§Kyfxm;w,f
arSmfaowåmxJrSm
urÇmBuD;twGuf
q&mBuD;ocifudk,fawmfrdIif; yef;csDum;
csefxm;&pfcJh
udkcsKdBuD;udk jr§Kyfxm;w,f
wefYqnfoydwfu udkcsKdxGef;udk jr§Kyfxm;w,f
owif;axmufBuD; OD;ausmfñGefYudk jr§Kyfxm;w,f
a&Tuloydwfu OD;udkav;udk jr§Kyfxm;w,f
...
...
jr§Kyfxm;w,f ..jr§Kyfxm;w,f
arSmfaowåmxJrSm
vlaoawGxkwfvkyfwJh
aq;½Hkwpf½Hkjr§Kyfxm;w,f
(2)
ocsKØif;ajrrSm wnfcJhvdkYrsm;vm;rod
aq;½Hk[m
tpm;MuL;vGef;vSw,f
a&SUwnfhwnfhu vSrf;Munfh&if
vlacgif;cGHay: emZDppfcarmufaqmif;xm;ovdkrsKd;
trdk;cHk;cHk;wdkY ukef;½kef;x
jywif;aygufawGu a[mufyufyufrsufuGif;awG
wHcg;rBuD;u
tpGrf;ukef[xm;wJh yg;pyfayguf
eD&ifh&ifh oHwdkifawGu
aoG;tvlvl;pG,foGm;awGeJY ..wl ..wl ..aeacsao;awmh
tay:xyfu vSrf;Munfh&if
cyfa0;a0; ...
pdrf;pdkv,fuGif; ..rdIif;ndKUawmtkyf
ajcwH&SnfwJpk
AsKdif;jzLwpfaumifESpfaumifBuJyufxm;
EGm;wcsKdUjrufpm;at;at;vlvl
'D ..oufNidrfyef;csDum;csyf
nae ..nae ..rIaH i;
rsufvHk;awGeJY vSrf;ayGUzufMu
tdrf&m&JU&eHYudk pdwful;eJYvGrf;½dIufMu
&Jbufpcef; rjyefcsifvdkY
'Dae&muae
ckefcs taocHoGm;olawG &SdcJhw,f
cg;vsm;&Snf avSum;ESpfpif;[m
olUtay:eif;jzwfoGm;olawGudk
tdkrif; ..csdeJY
wusKd;usKd; wuRwfuRwf nnf;nL
tay:xyfESifhatmufxyfudk
tvsm;arSmuf qufoG,fxm;w,f
atmufxyfrSm ..
teHYwavSmif;avSmif; ..arSmiftdkuftdkuf
rmomx&Dqm
odroGm;&SmwJh
acgif;wvm;vdkrsKd;
&Snfarsmarsm tcef;wpfcef;&Sdw,f
tJorSm ..
aotHhrl;rl; vlemawG
wGm; ..wGm; ..wufvmwJh
r&Ppuf,m
qifocsKØif;vdkYac:wJh
uGyfyspfwpfvHk;&Sdw,f ..
tJorSm ..
tcif;r&Sd ..apmifr&Sd
&ufpufwJh vmeDnm aqmif;nrsm;
½dk;wGif;csOfqDazmuf ..udkufcGJ
,rf;eHYpGJ opf&Gufa<uawGvdk
vlYtzGJUtpnf;&JUtefzwfawG ...
aeYpOf ..npOf ..
wjzKwfjzKwfa<u ...
tJorSm
EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;
aq;zufynmonfawG aq;ukay;cJhMuw,f ...

10

tJorSm ..
taMumif;xl;r&Sd ..aumif;Asm;wJh
tcGifhta&;udk aq;pGJovdkaeolwpfa,muf
oHaMumif[pfaMunmaewkef;
zifpD'dkif; wpfcgomo,fa&mif;zl;wJh
uav;NrdKUu ..
&Spfwef;ausmif;om;av; ]]armifarmifvwf]]
aoG;yGufyGufxdk;tef ..vJusao&Sm
ydawmufvrf;oDcsif; tqdkaumif;wJh
tdrfajc&majcrJh ..omwDzdkuf armifudk
toufiif ..ae&Sm ..
'g[mjzifh 'Dae&mrSm taMumif;xl;r[kwfavmufacsbl;
ukvor*¾&JU
vlYtcGifhta&;tpD&ifcHpmxJrSm
pmaMumif;wpfaMumif;tjzpf ygrygawmhrod ..
reufvif;&if c&rf;cif;xJ ypfxnfhxm;r,fh
zsmvdyfacgif;xJrSm
ajcav;acsmif; &SdaerSmaocsm ../
aq;½Hk[m
tcif;tusif;awG
twif;tzsif;awG
owif;yvif;awGeJY
toufr½SLawmhwhJ ]]aqmify'k }f }awGukd 0wfqifxm;w,f ...
aq;½Hk&JU ..
aoG;ckefoHawGrSmawmh ...
rif;wdkYtusOf;om;awG[m
ighrdef;r ypönf;avmufrS wefzkd;r&Sdbl;wJh ..
rwå&mu ..
vmbfpm; tvkyfjyKwfaxmifrSL;wifarmf&JU ]]t<um;}}
rif;wdkY tusOf;om;(1)a,mufao&if (100)vmr,f
(100)ao&if ..(1000)vmr,fwJh
erfhqefaxmifydkifAdkvfBuD;pdk;atmif&JU ]]pum;}}
axmif0ufwpfaumifao&if
pm&Guf(3)&Gufukefw,f ..
rif;wdkYtusOf;om; wpfa,mufao&if
pm&Gufwpf&GufbJukefrwJh ..
ñTefMum;a&;rSL; ..AdkvfrSL;brSef&JUw&m;
'D ..i&JaumifawG&JU
pMumwHqdyf0dnmOfawG ..yl;uyfpGJ0ifaew,f ..
abmf'gawG0g;r,fa[h ...
a&csKd;wef;pDr,fa[h ...
atmfoHpl;pl;&JUvufrsm;u
uefYvefYumudkqGJzGifhvdkufawmh .../
ta&mifvGifhaewJh
olwdkYb0vdkrsKd; ..
rsufESmawG ..rsufESmawG ..rSdefazsmh
ydefcsKdifhrsufwGif; a[mufawGxJ
ajcacsmfus rsufvHk;awGrSm ..
jymustdyfrufawG csdwfqGJvdkY ..
touf½SLaewJh ..
vlaoaumifawGpDwef; vSnfhvmMu ...
wcsKdU0wfvpfpvpf
wcsKdUatmufydkif;Avm ..
'gemZDtusOf;pcef; atmhZ0pfr[kwf
&Sif'Jvm; pm&if; ½kyf&Sifr[kwf
tDoD,dkyD,m;r[kwf
r[kwf ..r[kwf ..r[kwf .
cyfwJwJawhqufxm;wJh
zJxD;oHudkif;eH½dk;awG
ykavG½dk;aygifwHawG

usLyif½dk; vufarmif;vufzsHawGudk
avmu"H jyif;jyif;pdrfxm;wJh
ta&jym;awGeJYxkyfydk; ..
olwdkYb0vdkcsKdUiJhwJh ..
xrif;wpfyHkpH pm;zdkY ..
olwdkYb0vdk npfax;wJh
a& ..wyHkpH csKd;zdkY
yg;vSyfvSyfpuúLvlawG
tjzLtrJ ½kyf&SiftaES;jyuGufvdkrsKd;
wa&GUa&GU vSrf;xGufvmMu
'g
uabmfrSm
Budrfc&efcrSm ..
erfhqefrSm ..
awmifav;vHk;rSm ..
xHk;bdkrSm ..
&mZN*dK[frSm ..
b0opfpcef;rSm ..
'D ..aorif;wref&Jbufpcef;awGrSm
iwfrGwfrIu wwdwd wdkufpm;/
ausmufwHk;awGu wtdtdzdjym;
aygufwl;awGu '&pyf0g;rsKdypfvdkY
EGm;wpfaumiftjzpf xGef,uf&if; ..
yJpif;iHkcif;xJ tm;jywfvJus ..
ausmufrdkif;xdajcjywfvufjywf ..
0g; wpfvHk; .
ESD;oHk;csufcsnf tavmif;wavmif;tjzpf
vuf,ufwGif;xJ acG;azmfpm;rcHcJh&vdkY
raovdkYusefcJholawG ...
'grSr[kwf ..aozdkYusefcJholawG
'grSr[kwf ..aozdkYjyefcJholawGjzpfMuw,f .../
uyÜdv0wf eef;aqmifv,f
va&mifjyuf ..n ..rdIifai; ..awG;arm
oltdkolemawGUcJhol ..rif;om;od'¨w¬
'DvlawGomjrifcGifh&cJh&if ..
'Drif;om; ..
q,fcgjyef bk&m;yGifhavmuf&JU ..
q,fcgjyef bk&m;yGifhavmuf&JU ../
(3)
pm;zdk&JUan§mfeHYawGudk½SL½dIuf
xdk;cGmaewJh rD;uRrf;xrif;csKd;awGudkai;pdkuf
zdkacgif;&JUaMumifpm;aewJh ..
olwdkY ]]yHkpH}}xufrsm;wJh
tom;wHk;awGudk tmomirf;irf;vSrf;arQmf
vlwef;BuD;&JU ..
AdkYtm;us rsufESmawGrSm ..
ta&mifenf;enf; ..vufvm ...
i&Jom;awGuawmh
ykcHk;ay: owåKMu,fawGxkd;csdwf
w0g;0g; &,fyGJzGJUvdkufMu
w&Grf;&Grf; Budrf;pGrf;jyvdkufMu
aovlvnfacsmif;xJu EdkYaygifrkefYMuufOawGudk
vk,ufEdIufpm;vdkufMueJY
]]aumif;Asm;}}*DwoHpOfudk
NrdefNrdef,Suf,Suf pifwifaew,f
(4)
wlww
l w
l l ..
wlww
l w
l l ..
wwlwleJY
aMuaMuuGJuGJnnf;½dIuf
'DvlemawGudk wifac:roGm;EdkifvdkY
w*sKH;*sKH; w*sKwf*sKwf pkwfoyf&if;
rwå&m &xm; jzwfcw
k o
f mG ;
'g ..
jyifyurÇmBuD;eJYpnf;jcm;xm;wJh
tem;owf i&JrsOf;aygh ..
aq;½Hkuawmh
'DvlemawG&JU b0udk wpfpufpufavmif;iSJY
wpfpufrusef wpf&Sdefxdk; aumufarmhcsvdkuf&if;
t<uif;tusefawGudk
pm;zdkrD;eJYavmifuRrf;ypf
0dnmOfawGudkawmh
zdkrD;cdk;acgif;wdkifuae
tefxkwfypfvdkufygawmhw,f/
od e f ; oef ; OD ;
(1999? azazmf0g&D 25-rwf 15?
tdk;bdktusOf;axmiftwGif;ü a&;zGJUcJhonf/)

rdwv
¬D mta&;udpEö iS yUf wfoufNy;D
tar&duefo½H ;kH owif;xkwjf yef

vQyfwpfjyufowif;*sme,foYdk qufo,
G ?f ar;jref;? ajymqdv
k mMuonfrsm;rS xkwEf w
I af zmfjytyfygonf/
[kwfuJh vQyfwpfjyufowif;*sme,fuygcifAsm
cifAsmrdwD¬vmudpövm;/ uRefawmfwkdYvnf; tGefvkdif;ay:rSm? azhbGwfcfay:rSm zwfae&wmawGuvGJvkdY
oufqidk &f muowif; rxkwjf yefao;wJt
h wGuf twnfjyKvkrYd &Ekid af o;wJt
h wGuf wdwu
d susrwifjyEkid w
f m
onf;cHcGifhvTwfay;yg/ Nidrf;csrf;pGmajz&Sif;Ekdifr,fvkdY uRefawmfwkdY,HkMunfygw,f/ tckcsdefrSm tarSmifhya,m*
awGudkvnf; *½kpkdufzkdYvkdr,fvkdY ,lqygw,fcifAsm/
[kwfuJh/
[kwfuJh vQyfwpfjyufowif;*sme,fuygcifAsm
88 awGu Ekid if aH &;ygwDxal xmifr,fqw
dk phJ um; Mum;&wJt
h wGuf 'Dtay:rSm uRefawmfwo
Ydk wif;rD',
D m
awGtaeeJYuawmh bmrSa0zefajymqdkp&mr&Sdygbl;/ tm;vHk;[m udk,fhtvkyfukd,fvkyfaeMuwJholawGcsnf;ygyJ/
aumif;wmvkkyf&if aumif;wmjzpfr,fvkdY,HkMunfygw,fAsm/ 88 awG ay;qyfcJh&rIawG? pGefYvTwfcJh&rIawG?
emusifcJh&wmawG[m olwkdYudk,fusdK;pD;yGm; rygcJhbl;qkdwmuawmhaocsmygw,f/
[kwfuJh/
[kwfuJh vQyfwpfjyufowif;*sme,fuygcifAsm
vufyaH wmif;awmifupd ?ö a':atmifqef;pkMunfupd ?ö oGUJ oGUJ 0if;udp?ö [ef0if;atmifupd ö tJ'gawGtm;vH;k
[m wpfaeYZmwfaygif;&iftajzay:ygvdrfhr,f/ rSm;jcif; rSefjcif;qkdwmawGu ckcsdefrSm owåKcsvkdYr&ao;ygbl;/
uRefawmfwkdY,HkMunfwmuawmh a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf pHkprf;a&;aumfr&SifOuú|wpfOD;taeeJY olYwm0ef
olausyGefatmifvkyfaqmifoGm;wmyJjzpfygw,f/ vufawGUrSm vufyHawmif;awmifbufu avQmfaMu;xkwf
,loal wG xkw,
f al eMuygNyD/ oydwv
f eS o
f al wG oydwv
f eS af eMuygNyD/ usefwmudak wmh aiGa&mifyw
d u
f m;ay:rSm
apmifhMunfh&rSmayghAsm/
[kwfuJh/ aus;Zl;wifygw,f/

&efukef rwf (20)
rEÅav;wdik ;f a'oBuD;? rdwv
D¬ mNrdKUwGif jzpfymG ;onfh ta&;udpEö iS yhf wfoufNyD; &efuek Nf rdKU&Sd tar&duef
oH½;kH u ,aeYaeYpjJG zifh owif;xkwjf yefcsufwpf&yf xkwjf yefco
hJ nf/ ,if;owif;xkwjf yefcsufwiG f ,if;NrdKUü
jzpfymG ;cJah om tMurf;zufrrI sm;wGif td;k tdryf sufp;D rIrsm;twGuf pd;k &dryf yl efrad Mumif;? tMurf;zufwu
kd cf u
kd jf cif;
aMumifh touftdk;tdrfpnf;pdrf qHk;½HI;oGm;olrsm;\ rdom;pkrsm;twGuf rsm;pGm0rf;enf;pmemrdaMumif;?
¤if;wdkY oH½Hk;ujzpf&yfrsm;udk rsufjcnfrjywfapmifhMunfhvsuf&SdaMumif; ponfjzifhazmfjyyg&Sdonf/

AA

Ekid if aH &;orm;^a&SaY eOD;ode;f oef;OD;a&;om;aom
'Pf&m&aewJt
U erf;rsm;uAsmpmtkyx
f u
G &f dS
(2013)ckEpS ?f rwfv(21)&ufaeYwiG f awmf0ifEiS ;f qDüusif;yaom uAsm
pmtkyf ok;H tkyrf w
d q
f ufyw
JG iG f rEÅav;NrKdUwGiaf exkid af om Ekid if aH &;orm;?
a&SUae? jrefrmEkdifiHa&SUaersm;uGef&ufwGJzuftwGif;a&;rSL; OD;odef;oef;OD;
a&;om;aom ]]'Pf&m&aewJhterf;rsm;}}
rsm;}}uAsmpmtkyrf w
d q
f ufyJG usif;ycJh
onf/ tqkdygrdwfqufyGJwGif q&modef;oef;OD;u olukd,fwkdif rEÅav;
tk;d bkad xmiftwGi;f a&;zGUJ cJah om aq;½ku
H Asmud&k w
G q
f cdk o
hJ nf/ aq;½ku
H Asmudk
rEÅav;tk;d bkad xmiftwGi;f ]]ykpH t
H rsKd;rsKd;eJaY &;om;cJah Mumif;?uAsmudk axmif
xJwiG af umfcu
G u
f kd xk;H okwNf yD; zsmpudu
k npfvyk Nf yD;a&;cJ&h aMumif;? ig;ydukd
tkwef rD eI eYf t
YJ &nfazsmfNyD;t0wfpw
k yf wfNyD; eH&rH mS a&;cJ&h aMumif;? aemufyvyf
pwpftMunfpudk oHcRefeaYJ zmfNyD;uAsma&;cJ&h aMumif; q&mode;f oef;OD;rSol
rEÅav;tk;d bkd axmiftwGi;f uAsma&;cJyh rHk sm;udk uAsmpmtkyrf w
d q
f ufyw
JG iG f
xnfhoGif;ajymqkdoGm;onf/ xkdYaemuf q&modef;oef;OD;rS aq;½kHuAsm
ud&k w
G q
f Ndk yD; yef;&JUvrf;tzGUJ om;rsm;u *Dwjzifh uAsmudo
k pH Ofvu
dk af y;Mu
rif;atmifatmif
onf/

11

,cifwpfywfrStquf
onfawmh ok"r®p&yfrmS pnf;a0;ajymqdzk Ydk ESpzf ufaomq&mawmf
rsm;udk ac:,lvu
kd w
f ,f/ 'ku#k w
f ifE,
G f q&mawmf*P
dk ;f rS &wemcHvw
T f
q&mawmf? csKd;uefq&mawmf? awmifbDvl; q&mawmfrsm;yJ/
ouFe;f ½HEk ,
G *f P
kd ;f rS qHw
k mq&mawmf Am;u&mq&mawmf? ukw;kd
q&mawmfrsm; tpHktnDawGUqHkMuw,f/
ouFe;f ½HEk ,
G f q&mawmfwu
Ykd oGm;vm &mrSm ouFe;f ½Ho
k ifah Mumif;
udk w&m;usrf;*efrsm;udkwpfckcsif; ausausvnfvnf&Sif;jyEdkifw,f/
'ku#k w
f ifE,
G q
f &mawmfwu
Ykd awmhw &m;usrf;*efrxkwaf zmfEikd b
f ;l /
onfawmhaemufq;kH rSm ESpOf ;D ESpzf uf n§Nd yD; aejynfawmfwpf0ef;vH;k
rSm&SdwJh &[ef;wdkYudkouFef;½HkEG,f tjzpfwpf*dkPf;wnf;jzpfapw,f/
pnf½n
S w
f cH g;bufukd oGm;wJv
h rf;BuD; awmifbufrmS aemuf½;kH awmf
wnf&Sdw,f/ eef;NrdKUawmfopfwyf taemufwHcg;&JU tkwfNrdKU½dk;twGif;
rSm&Sdw,f/
ESpx
f yfvnfayg uGe;f pifwikd rf sm;eJY aqmufxm;w,f/ eef;awmf&w
dS hJ
ta&SUbufudk ½Hk;OD;jyKNyD;aqmufxm;wmyJ/ ½Hk;wufcsdef[m a&SU½Hk;awmf
twdkif;yJjzpfw,f/
aemuf½Hk;awmfrSm xrf;&GufMu&wJht&m&Sdrsm;&JU vkyfief;aqmifwm
rsm;[mvnf; rao;vSb;l / wm0efBuD;vSw,f/ taemuf twGi;f abmif
odkY eef;awmftaemufwHcg;uaeNyD; rdef;rrsm;om 0ifxGufcGifh&Sdw,f/
a,musfm;0ifcGifhr&Sdbl;/ tJ'gtwGuftxl; owdxm;Muyfrwf&w,f/
taemufaqmifawmfrSmaexdkifwJh rif;w&m;BuD;&JU rdzk&m;rsm;eJY
aysmfyg;vdw
k hJ a,musfm;wcsdKU[m ½kyaf zsmufNyD;? xrD0wfNyD; 0ifwwfavh&dS
w,f/ onfjzpf&yfrsdK;uvnf; rMumcPjzpfavh&Sdw,f/
'gawGtjyif taemufaqmifawmfrSmaeMuwJh rdzk&m;? rif;orD;?
tysdKawmfpwJeh ef;wGi;f olrsm;tcGirhf &Sb
d J tvdt
k avsmuf taemufwcH g;u
eef;awmftjyifudk xGufroGm;ap&bl;/
taemufwcH g;teD;rSm taemuf0efrsm;ud,
k w
f ikd f apmifMh uyf&w,f/
tJ'w
D ek ;f u bk&ifrif;w&m;BuD;rsm;rSm tawmfo0efaMumif[efwl
w,f/
olrsm;om;ysdKorD;ysdKusawmh ,lcsifwikd ;f ,lw,f/ olrY zd &k m; orD;
awmfrsm;usawmhorl sm;vm,lrmS pd;k w,f/ onfawmh tapmift
h MuyfawGeYJ
xlxlxyfxyfxm;w,f/
taemufaqmifxu
J kd a&Teef;awmftwGi;f rSm&Sw
d hJ trIxrf;rsm;rqdk
xm;eJY q&mawmf? oHCmawmfrsm; trIupd &ö v
dS o
Ykd mG ;a&mufc&hJ if taemuf
0efawmfu,
kd w
f ikd af omfvnf;aumif;? taemuf0efpma&;rsm; aomfvnf;
aumif;? wpfOD;OD;utvSnfhusvdkufyg&w,f/
'gawG[ma&Teef;awmftwGi;f u eef;wGi;f xH;k pH "avhrsm;xJrmS ygw,f
vdkYqdkMuw,f/
rif;w&m;BuD;awG&UJ ao;odrw
f phJ w
d f "mwfrsm;yJaygh/ acwftquf
qufurif;w&m;BuD;awG[m olwdkYpdwfeJYrauseyfwdkif; &mZoHrsm;udk
wpfckNyD;wpfck xkwfjyefavh&Sdw,f/
onfwek ;f u Edik if aH wmfut
kd yk cf sKyfwhJ olrsm;u todÓmPfenf;yg;Mu
w,f/
tvGefaumif;rGefwJh rlwpfckudkjynfolawGuvdkufemw,f/ 'gayrJh
tJ'DtxJrSm azmufjyefwJh trIxrf;wcsdKUygvmw,f/
'gudk tkycf sKyfwo
hJ Bl uD;rsm;u aumif;rGeaf ooyfwhJ rl0g'udk ajymif;
ypfvdkufw,f/ azmufjyefwJhtrIawmfxrf;rsm;udk ta&;,lrIr&Sdbl;/
wu,fawmh onfvdkrjzpfoifhbl;/
aumif;rGew
f hJ trsm;jynfov
l ufcw
H hJ rl0g'udk tajccHxm;&w,f/
NyD;rS tJ'DxJu azmufjyefwJhjynfoltrIawmfxrf;rsm;udk a&G;xkwfNyD;
okwfoif&Sif;vif;ypfzdkY oifhwmyJaygh/
tckawmh onfvrkd [kwb
f ;l / trsm;vufcw
H rhJ 0l g'udak jymif;ypfw,f/
azmufjyefwJh trIawmfxrf;rsm;udkawmhta&;r,lbl;/
'gudkMunfhjcif;tm;jzifh rif;w&m;BuD;utp tkyfcsKyfwJhvlwef;pm;
rsm;[m b,folrQ pOf;pOf;pm;pm;awG;awmjcif;r&SdMubl;/
udk,fxif&m udk,fvkyfMuwmcsnf;yJ/
trSerf mS awmh ajcr raumif;ajcr? vufr raumif;vufryJ jzpfoifh
wmaygh/ tckawmh ajcr raumif;vnf; ajcaxmuf ig;acsmif;pvHk;
tjzwfcH&w,f/
vufr raumif;awmhvJ ig;acsmif;pvH;k tjzwfc&H wJh ude;f qdu
k af e
wmyJaygh/
aemuf½;kH awmfrS taemuf0efrif;rsm; oGm;vmwJt
h cga&SUvdu
k f trI
xrf;ESpfa,mufac:cGihf&w,f/ a&SUtawmif(20)uGmu 0J,mBudrfudk
axmifNyD; udkifaqmifvdkufyg&w,f/
armufwrkd aqmif;&bl;/ acgif;aygif;jzLaygif;&w,f/ tusÐjzL 0wf&
w,f/ tJ'D vdu
k yf g&wJt
h rIxrf;rsm;udk taemuf0efrif;&JU oabmuswJh
oludk a&G;cs,fcGifh&w,f/
pOfu
h ;l rif;w&m;vufxufe,fajrydik q
f ikd rf [
I m us,f0ef;w,f/ 'gu
vJ ewfjynfpH qifjzL&Sirf if;w&m;BuD;&JU MoZmt&Sed u
f vnf; usefcahJ o;vdYk
jzpfw,f/
tavmif;rif;w&m;BuD;vufxufu ratmifjrifcJhwJh'Gm&m0wDudk
awmif odrf;,lEdkifcJhw,f/
onf pOfu
h ;l rif;w&m;vufxufusawmh Edik if aH wmfukd xyfrw
H ;kd csJUzdYk
rvdkawmhbl;/
bd;k awmf crnf;awmfrsm;xm;cJw
h EhJ ikd if t
H us,ft0ef;eJyY J aeaew,f/
bmrQxyfrw
H ;kd csJUjcif;r&Sb
d ;l / aomufpm;rI;,pfrrI sm;rSmom tcsdeu
f ek af e
wmyJ/
rif;w&m;BuD;tzdkY ae&mwumrSm vGwfvGwfvyfvyfaeayr,fh

12

acwftqufqufu rif;w&m;Bu;D awG[m olwphkd w
d ef hJ rauseyfwikd ;f &mZoHrsm;udk
wpfckNyD;wpfck xkwfjyefavh&Sdw,f/
onfwek ;f u Edik if aH wmfut
kd yk cf sKyw
f o
UJ rl sm;u todÓmPfenf;yg;Muw,f/
tvGeaf umif;rGew
f UJ rlwpfcu
k jkd ynfoal wGuvdu
k ef mw,f/
jynforl sm;tzdu
Yk awmh vH;k 0vGwv
f yfrrI &Sb
d ;l / vGwv
f yfjcif;&JU t&om
qdkwm csKdovm;cg;ovm; qdkwmawmifrodbl;/
onfwkef;u csrf;omwJhjynfolawG[m EdkifiHawmfrSm&SdaecJhwmyJ/
csrf;om <u,f0ayr,fv
h Ykd ud,
k af ecsifovdak er,f pm;r,fqw
dk m
vH;k 0r&Sad p&bl;/ rif;w&m;BuD;&JU trIawmfxrf;? olaumif;jyKcH&wJo
h rl sm;eJY
jcm;em;uGJjym;atmifaeMu&w,f/
rdrw
d &Ykd UJ tdr0f if;tajctae? t0wftpm; tajctaersm;a&maygh/
csrf;omw,fqNkd yD; paMumtdr?f oifyek ;f acgif;wyftrd ?f aea&mifum
ygwhJ tdr?f rsufEmS MuufygwJt
h rd ?f cg;ywfBuD; cg;ywfao;owfaomtdr?f
jywif;0dkif;ygwJhtdrfrsm;rSm raeMu&bl;/ raqmufvkyf&bl;/
td;k tdrrf qkx
d m;ygeJY 0if;x&Huakd wmifrS owfrw
S cf sufuefo
Y wfcsuf
rsm;xm;&Sdw,f/
0if;x&HrmS Muufajccwfryg&bl;/ 0if;ydwek ;f ydwf rum&bl;/ tdrw
f ikd f
rsm;rSm wdkifzHk;rxnfh&bl;/
vrf;oGm;vmwJt
h cgrSm usKdi;f ? a&Tx;D ? xD;eD? xD;vkyrf aqmif;&bl;/
aemufu rd;k olygwJh carmufrsKd;udv
k nf; vH;k 0raqmif&bl;/ wpfu,
kd v
f ;kH
acgif;wJhcarmufudkom aqmif;&w,f/
aiGaMu;csrf;omayr,fh pdef? jr? ywÅjrm;rsm;pDjc,fwJh em;a#mif;
bD; ponfhrsm;udk roHk;aqmif&bl;/ oHk;aqmifcJh&if tjypftavsmuf
'Pfoifhap&w,f/
wjcm;toHk;taqmif ypönf;rsm;jzpfwJh a&TpvG,f? a&Tajcusif;?
a&Tzvm;? rd;k BudK;zvm;? aiGaxG;cH? aiGyef;uef? aiGZvH?k aiGvifyef;rsm;
ukdvnf;toHk;rjyK&bl;/
'gayr,fh a&Tyw
k ;D ? a&Tem;a#mif? a&Tvufaumif? aiGajcusif;rsm;
udak wmh toH;k jyK Mu&w,f/
tJ'guawmh ya'o&mZfrif;rsm; vufxufrSm rDSwif;aexdkif&wJh
jynfolawG&JU tusyftwnf;? rvGwfvyfrIawGyJ/
rif;usifw
h &m;eJY rnDnw
G w
f hJ rif;w&m;atmufrmS aeMu&wJh jynfol
awGtzdkY uoduatmufjzpfMu&w,f/
oufqidk &f m tmPm&So
d rl sm;[m vGwv
f yfjcif;&JUt&omudk wpfuu
G f
pm;pepf usifo
h ;kH cJMh uw,f/ uvefuqefjyefvyk f vmr,fo
h rl eS o
f rQukd
tjywfzdESdrfxm;w,f/
zdESdrfrxm;vdkYvnf; rjzpfbl;/

tckwavm a&TxD;a&Teef;eJYywfoufvdkY vk,lr,fht&dyfrsm;[m
twGif;awmfrSm xdk;usaew,f/
onfta&;awmfyHkudk baxG;awmftjrifhrif;om;BuD;u OD;aqmif
w,f/ olUudk ouFmruif;&SdaewmMumNyD/ 'gayr,fh ta&;r,lom
ao;bl;/ twdtusjzpfzdkYraocsmbl;/
aemufrS tjrifrh if;om;BuD;&JU tBuD; awmfukd wdww
f qdwzf rf;qD;
w,f/ uGyfn§yfNyD;ar;jref;rS taMumif;pHkay:vmw,f/
rif;w&m;BuD; pOfu
h ;l rif;udk owfjzwf vkyBf uHNyD; &mZyv’iv
f ,
k rl ,f
qdkwmyJ/
onfwiG f pOfu
h ;l rif;w&m;BuD; &mZ rmef&adS wmfrw
l ,f/ ol tvGef
w&mjrwfE;kd vSwhJ &mZyv’iu
f v
kd ,
k rl ,fqw
kd t
hJ oH[m olUem;rSm cg;oD;ap
w,f/
&mZyv’iu
f kd zufw,
G x
f m;olrv
Ykd nf; &mZyv’i&f UJ wefz;kd udo
k w
d ,f
r[kwv
f m;/ odwt
hJ wdik ;f yJ &mZyv’iaf y:uqif;&rSm taMumufq;kH yJaygh/
onfae&mudk vmvkwJholrSeforQ olU&efolyJr[kwfvm;/
onfawmh baxG;awmftjrifrh if;om;BuD;vnf; olU&efoyl aJ ygh/ NyD;
awmhvnf; &mZyv’iu
f kd vk,zl BYkd uHwo
hJ [
l m Edik if aH wmfukd vkyBf uHwo
hJ rl sm;
r[kwfvm;/
wu,fawmh Edik if aH wmfvyk Bf uHw,fqw
kd mu vuf&rdS if;w&m; vuf
xJu tmPmudkvk,lwmyJ/ awmfvSefykefuefwmyJ/
tJ'Dta&;awmfyHk[m atmifjrifoGm; cJh&if taMumif;r[kwfbl;/
ratmifjrif&ifawmh vnfNrdKwkww
f ekd YJ ½du
k o
f ufc&H apr,fu
h ed ;f qdu
k w
f myJ/
tckvnf; tjrifhrif;om;BuD;tzdkY onfvdk b0rsKd;eJYBuHKaeNyD/
wu,fawmh onf&mZyv’iu
f &kd zdo
Yk ifw
h mu pOfu
h ;l rif;w&m;BuD;
r[kwb
f ;l / crnf;awmf&UJ nDawmfjzpfwhJ baxG;awmf tjrifrh if;om;BuD;yJ
r[kwfvm;/
tpOftvmt&qd&k if qifjzL&Sirf if; w&m;BuD;u onftwdik ;f aemif
awmfnaD wmfrsm; tpOftqufrif;vkyo
f mG ;&r,fvYkd trdeaYf wmf csrSwo
f mG ;
cJhw,f/ trdeYfawmf[m trdefYawmfygyJ/ aemifawmfBuD;rif;wpfyg;om
tJ'DtrdefYawmfudk emcHw,f/
ajr'l;rif;w&m;BuD;vufxufrmS awmh tJ'D trdeaYf wmf[m ysufjy,f
oGm;w,f/ ajr'l;rif;w&m;BuD;[m olUcrnf;awmfcsrSwcf w
hJ hJ tpOftvm
udk oludk,fwdkifuyJzsufodrf;ypfw,f/
quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf

jrefrmEkdifiH"mwfyHktoif; (49)Budrfajrmuf jrefrmEkdifiHvkH;qdkif&m
ESpyf wfvnf"mwfyNkH yKd iyf JG qk&tEkynm"mwfyjkH yyGEJ iS hf
a[majymyGu
J si;f y
&efukef rwf(18)
jrefrmEkid if "H mwfyt
kH oif; (49)Budraf jrmuf jrefrmEkid if v
H ;kH qkid &f m ESpyf wfvnf "mwfyNkH ydKifyJG qk&tEkynm
"mwfyHkjyyGJESifha[majymyGJwpf&yfukd (2013)ckESpf? rwfv(18? 19? 20)&ufrsm;u &efukefNrdKU? AdkvfcsKyf
atmifqef;vrf;&Sd Central Hotel wGif usif;ycJo
h nf/ tqkyd g"mwfyjkH yyGw
J iG f qk&"mwfyrkH sm;cif;usif;jyocJNh yD;
,SONf ydKifo(l 66)OD;&Sí
d NydKify0JG if"mwfykH (765)yH&k adS Mumif;od &S&d onf/ "mwfyjkH yyGEJ iS t
hf wl "mwfyykH nm&Sirf sm;\
ynm&yfqkdif&ma[majymyGJrsm;vnf; xnfhoGif;usif;ycJhaMumif;od&Sd&onf/ Main Sponsor tjzpf British
Council ?"mwfyHku@tvkduf Sponsor rsmtjzpf &efukefNrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD? Nikon,
Canon, idEa Digital Inkjet Printing, pkdif;bkef;xl;wkdYrS ulnDyHhykd;cJhaMumif;od&Sd&onf/

BBC r*¾Zif;rS 'DwpfywftwGi;f ya[VdawGxr
J mS awmh uRefrarQmfvifx
h m;ovdyk J yky&f [ef;rif;BuD;topf
Francis taMumif;ygvmwm awGU&w,f/ tjcm;aom ar;cGe;f rsm;uvnf; pdw0
f ifpm;zG,&f mtwdjzpfaMumif;yg/

prf;MunfhvdkufygOD;/
1/ jyifopfEikd if &H UJ wyfrawmf[m ,cktywfrS ordik ;f rSww
f ikd w
f pfcx
k al xmifcyhJ gw,f/ rnfonfeh nf;
vrf;rsm;jzifhjzpfygovJ/
(1) jyifopfavxD;ppfonfrsm; Dien Bien Phu
odkYjyefoGm;cJhonf/
(2) jyifopfppfwyf NAdwo
d QEdik if o
H Ykd usL;ausmfwu
kd f
cdkufcJhonf/
(3)jyifopfaMu;pm;EdkifiHjcm;om;rsm;jzifhzGJUxm;aom
ppfwyfrsm;onf trsKd;orD;rsm;tm; 0ifa&muf wm0ef
xrf;aqmifcGifhjyKcJhonf/
2/ ykyf&[ef;rif;BuD; Francis onf ESpfaygif;
(1000)ausmfwGif yxrOD;qHk;aom Oa&mywdkufjyifyrS
a&G;cs,fc&H aomoljzpfonf/ Francisrwdik cf if aemufq;kH
Oa&mywdkufjyifyrS a&G;cs,fcH&aom ykyf&[ef;rif;BuD;
onf rnfonfha'owdkif;EkdifiHrSjzpfoenf;/
(1) qD;&D;,m;
(2) tD*spf
(3) tmar;eD;,m;
d csde,
f Nl yD; bmompum;wpfcu
k kd avhvm
3/ Prince Charles [m (6)vwdwt
zdkYBudK;pm;cJhygw,fwJh/ b,fbmompum;ygvJ/
(1) Esperanto
(2) Sanskrit
(3) Arabic
4/ atmufazmfjyygxJrSrnfonfh aomufp&mtrsKd;tpm;onf UK EdkifiH\ aiG

aMu; azmif;yGru
I w
kd ikd ;f wmonfh aps;jcif;awmif;xJrS ukeyf pön;f rsm;\ pm&if;wGif ryg0ifawmh
oenf;/
(1) Hot Chocolate
(2) Champagne
(3) White rum
5/ Danie Day-Lewis u Marlon Brando ESihf
Jack Nicholson udkausmfNyD; Quadrophenia xJrS
o½kyfaqmiftm;ol\ xm0&BuD;jrifh xl;cRefaom
olrsm;pm&if;wGif a&G;cs,fxnfhoGif;cJhoenf;/
(1) Phil Daniels
(2) Phil Davis
(3) Ray Winstone
(4) Leslie Ash
6/ Abba tzGUJ om;a[mif; Agnetha Faltskog u olr\ wpfzef jyefvmyGJ LP
wGif pHkwGJoDcsif;tm; rnfolESifhwGJxm;onf[k xkwfazmfajymMum;cJhoenf;/
(1) Gray Barlow
(2) Lana Del Ray
(3) Taylor Swift
7/ rnfonfh Star onf
½k&mS ;or®w Vladimir Putin \
usef;rma&;aexdkifrI usifh0wf
vrf;pOfudk y½dkrdk;&Sif; vkyfcJhyg
oenf;/
(1) Dennis Rodman
(2) Steven Seagal
(3) Sylvester Stallone

tajzrS e f r sm;
pmrsufESm (17)odkY

a':vmaps;jrifw
U ufraI MumifU
a&Taps;jrifw
U ufvm
&efukef rwfv (13) &uf
,ck&ufykdif;twGif; &efukefNrdKU&Sd a&Taps;rsm;tenf;i,f jrifhwufvm
aMumif;od&onf/ vGefcJhaom oDwif;ywfu tar&duef(1)a':vmvQif
jrefrmaiGvJvS,fEIef;onf(860)usyfrQomjzpfaomfvnf; rwfv(13)&uf
u (880)usyfausmftxd jrifhwufcJhaomaMumifh urÇmYa&Taps;onfvnf;
jrifhwufvmjcif;jzpfaMumif;od&onf/ urÇmYa&Taps;jrifhwufvmonfESifh
trQ jrefrmha&T aps;
onfvnf;jrifhwuf
vmaMumif ; od &
onf/
]]a':vmaps;
qkdwm jrefrmEdkifiH
wpfckwnf;rSm&Sdwm
jynf o l Y v T w f a wmf
Ouú | u a':vm
aps;ukd (900)usyf
ESi(hf 1000)usyfMum;rSm&Sw
d ,fvYdk tqkjd yKcJw
h t
hJ wGuf tJ'½D u
dk cf wfrv
I Udk vnf;
ajymvkdY&w,f/ a':vmaps;wuf&ifawmh a&Taps;wufrSmbJ}}[k atmif
orm"da&TqkdifrS refae*smwpfOD;u&Sif;jyonf/ tar&duefa':vmESifh jrefrm
aiGvv
J ,
S Ef eI ;f onf jrifw
h ufvmaom aMumifh a&Taps;tm;jzifv
fh nf; xyfrí
H
jrifhwufoGm;EkdifaMumif;od&onf/ ,aeY a&Taygufaps;onf(16)yJ&nf(1)
usyfom;vQif(748500)usyfjzpfNyD; ,cifoDwif;ywfxuf usyf(10000)
apmzk d ; cG m ;
ausmfjrifw
h ufvmaMumif;od&onf/

13

vlxkyJhwifoHjrefrmh½kd;&mr[moBuFefoHcsyfNydKifyGJrSNydKifyGJ0ifoHcsyftzGJUom;rsm;ESifhqufoG,far;jref;jcif;

]]vlxyk w
hJ ifojH refrmh½;dk &m r[moBuFeo
f cH syfNydKify}JG }BuD;ukd rwfv&JU
aemufq;kH tywfwiG f Sky Net rSOD;pD;NyD; pwifusif;yawmhrnfjzpfonf/
vuf&SdwGif oHcsyftzGJUaygif; (17)zGJU&SdNyD; NydKifyGJ0ifrnfh tqkdygoHcsyf
tzGJU(17)zGJUonf oHcsyfpmom;rsm;ukd &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;tpkd;&tzGJU
r[moBuFefoDcsif; oHcsyfpdppfa&;qyfaumfrwDokdY wifjyxm;MuNyD;jzpf
onf/ 'kdifvlBuD;rsm;tjzpf uAsmq&marmifpdrf;eD? q&mopömeD? pma&;
q&mOD;Munfrif;? OD;atmifjrifhwkdYu tuJjzwfay;oGm;rnfjzpffaMumif;
od&onf/
NydKifyGJ0ifrnfh oHcsyftzGJUom;rsm;onfvnf; vlxkukd,fpm;toHrsdK;
pHkukd[pfa<u;&ef oHcsyfpmom;rsm;oDqdkavhusihfaeMuavNyD/ rwfv(25)
&ufrSpwifNyD; oHcsyftzGJUaygif; (17)zGJUu,SOfNydKifMurnfjzpfNyD; rwfv(7)
&ufrSm pumwif (5)zGJYa&G;cs,foGm;rnfjzpfonf/
,if;(5)zGUJ xJrS yxr? 'kw,
d ? wwd, y&dowftBudKufq;kH qkrsm;ukd
a&G;cs,fNyD; qkcsD;jr§ifhoGm;rnfjzpfovkd Sky Net rSwkduf½kdufxkwfvTifhoGm;
rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
NydKifyGJ0ifrnfhoHcsyftzGJUrsm;rSm(1)OD;ausmfausmfxGef;(r[l&m)uav;pum;\ ]]uREfkyfwkdYonfpG,fpHk
tiftm;pk}}?
(2)OD;rif;&Sdefa&Tbkd[efwkdY\ ]]tmus,fwkdY\ajymyg&ap}}?
(3)OD;atmifausmfOD;\ ]]oBuFefrif;om;BuD;}}?
(4)OD;xGef;at;?OD;jrifhodef;xGef;\ ]]ql;Mum;rSbl;cg;}}?
(5)ukdaZmfvif;xGef;\ ]]tGefvkdif;avxefukef;0dkif;awmfom;rsm;
oHcsyf}}?
(6)rsdK;(jrefrmpm)\ ]]{nhfonf}}awmifiltwma&obif
(7)OD;wifatmif\ ]]a&Tvrf;rawmfyJhwifoH oHcsyfrsm;}}?
(8)ukd{&m\]]aysmfawmfqufwkdY &JU}}[dwfqkd[dwfvkduf?
(9)&JabmfÓmPf[ed ;f (c)Nird ;f [efatmif(ykord )f \]]ta&SUawmifausmif;u
tazhatmifarmif;}}?
(10)aAvk0\]]xavmhjrefrm}}?
(11)cefYrif;xuf\]]tjym&JUteD}}?
(12)OD;cifarmifjrifh\]]y#dpöorkyÜg'f}}?
(13)OD;cifarmifaqG\ ]]tu,f'rD,Ofaus;armif}}?
(14)wef;cl;bk&ifcspfwif\ ]]tEkvHky#dvHk}}?
(15)armifaZ,smvGif\ ]]ydawmufpmrsufESmopf}}?
(16)armifarwåmESifh ]]}jynfawmfcspftzGJY}?
(17)rsdK;rsdK;ckdifESifhtzGJU ]]&SifvdrfnmwmawGodNyD}} ponfhtzGJYrsm;
jzpfMuonf/
,ckuJhokdYaom oHcsyfNydKifyGJBuD;onf 'Drkdua&pDtpkd;&opfvufxuf
yxrqHk;usif;yaom jrefrm½kd;&mr[moBuFefoHcsyfNydKifyGJBuD;jzpfonf/
tawGUBuHKr&Sdao;onf vli,foHcsyftzGJUom;rsm;vnf; yg0if,SOfNydKifMu
rnfjzpfovdk 0g&ifh? orÇm&ifhtawGUtBuHK&Sd oHcsyftzGJUom;rsm;jzpfonfh
OD;aAvk0? OD;arwåm? OD;{&m? OD;atmifausmfOD;wkdY\ oHcsyftzGJUom;

14

rsm;vnf; yg0if,SOfNydKifMurnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
xdt
Yk jyifwpfcsdew
f pfcgu vlxt
k onf;xk;d ESuv
f aHI qmf&mwGijf ynfol
onfomtc&m t&m&majymif;vJEikd o
f nf[q
k o
kd nfh ]tjym&JUteD}oHcsyf
tzGJUonfvnf; rnfodkYrnfyHkvlxkxHyJhwifvmrnfudk apmifharSsmfMu&rnf
jzpfonf/ tjym&JUteDoHcsyftzGJUtm; rsdK;qufqufcHrnfh udkcefYrif;xuf
ESifhtwl vli,f(20)OD; yg0iftm;jznfhxm;aMumif;od&onf/
vlxkyJhwifoHjrefrm½kd;&m r[moBuFefoHcsyfNydKifyGJBuD;rpwifrD NydKifyGJ
0ifrnfhtzGJU acgif;aqmifrsm;ukd vSsyfwpfjyufowif;*sme,frS vufvSrf;
rD&mqufoG,fí atmufygtwkdif;azmfjyay;vkdufygonf/ 'Drkdua&pD
tpk;d &opfvufxuf,ckEpS f (2013)r[moBuFeo
f nf jynfow
l \
Ydk toH
ukdukd,fpm;jyKxGufay:vmrnfh oHcsyftzGJUom;rsm;rnf olawGjzpfMurnf
ukd apmifharQmfMunf½IMu&ef azmfjyay;vkdufygonf/
OD;ausmfausmfxGef;(r[l&m)uav;pum;\ ]]uREfkyfwkdYonfpG,fpHk
tif t m;pk } }yef ; csD o ef Y Z if ( tzG J U )oH c syf u k d tpOf t vmrjywf a wmuf
avQmufNydKifvmMuwmjzpfw,f/ (1978)ckESpfuwnf;uyg? pdppfa&;wif
&r,fqkdvkdY oHcsyfpmom;awGtm;vHk;vkdvkdukd jyefjyifNyD;awmhwifvkduf
&w,f/ pdppfa&;wif&awmh jynfoal wGuadk y;csifwhJ messageu twdt
usawmh a&mufEikd v
f rd v
hf Udk awmhrxifb;l / uRefawmfwdYk oHcsyfrmS awmhvrl I
b0ESifht&if;ESD;qHk;udpöawGjzpfwJh ukefaps;EIef;wkdY? vuf&Sdjzpfay:aewJh
tajctaewkdYyJygEkdifawmhr,f/ EkdifiHa&;uawmh enf;enf;yJygEkdifawmhrSm
yg/ tzGJU0ifuta,muf (30)&Sdygw,f/
OD;cifarmifaqG\ (tu,f'rD,Ofaus;armif)
(1970)ckESpfuaeNyD; (1988)ckESpfavmufxduRefawmfwdkYu oHcsyf
awGawmufavQmufNydKifvmcJhwm/ oHcsyfuawmhoBuFef&JU [pfwkdifaygh/
tckupdppfa&;udw
k if&w,f/ t&ifuvnf;wif&ygw,f/ jzwfwphJ mom;
qkd&ifawmh rqdk½kHbJ&Sdwmaygh/ 'DaeYacwfvlawG
ukd,fusifhw&m;ysufaewmawG? Xmeqkdif&mrSm
rawmfrw&m;vkyfwJhudpöawG? rD;awGysufaewJh
udpö? ukefaps;EIef;awGtckxdrusao;wmawG?
ESpfvkH;? okH;vHk;udk w&m;0ifta&;r,lwJhtwGuf
xkd;aeMuawmhjynfolawGbJ 'ku©a&mufwm
awG wk d i f ; &if ; om;pnf ; vk H ; nD n G w f a &;awG ?
EdkifiHjcm;om;awGudk txifBuD;aewmawGpwJh
[mawGuakd wmh trsm;qk;H a&;xm;w,f/ tzGUJ 0if
uawmhta,muf (30)avmufawmh&Sdw,f/
OD;wifatmif\ (a&Tvrf;rawmfyJhwifoH
oH c syf r sm;)
oHcsyfNydKif&wmu wkdif;jynftwGif;rSmjzpf
ay:aewJjh ynfoal wG cHpm;ae&wJh vdt
k yfcsufukd
EdkifiHawmfuodatmifjzpfw,f/ OD;wkdYoHcsyfu
EdkifiHawmfudk ysufpD;,kd,Gif;apr,fh t"dyÜg,fryg
bl;? EdkifiHawmftwGuf tusKd;&Sdapr,fh[mawG

jzpfw,f/ 'Drdkua&pDqdkwJh a&Tvrf;rBuD;ukdoGm;wJhtcgrSm rawmfwmawG
udkwifjyvdkw,fqkdwJhoabmeJY a&Tvrf;rawmfvdkYay;xm;wmjzpfw,f/
r.q.v acwfwkef;uwnf;u OD;wdkYNydKifzl;ygw,f/ tJ'Dwkef;uvnf;
pdppfa&;wif&ygw,f/ 'gayrJhOD;wdkYuawmh pdppfa&;wif&vnf; OD;wdkYoH
csyfudk OD;wdkY,kHMunfygw,f/ OD;wkdYoHcsyfpmom;awGu acwfay:oDcsif;
awGudk oa&mfwmawGygr,f? EkdifiHawmfBuD;udkjzpfapcsifwhJ rl0g'awGudk
ajymwmawGygr,f/ tzGJU0ifutrsKd;om; (10)a,mufeJY trsKd;orD; (10)
a,mufyg0ifygw,f/
rsKd;(jrefrmpm)\ ({nfhonfawmifila&obif)
OD;wdkYtzGJUu awmifiluvmNydKifrSmyg/ oHcsyfqkdwmuvnf;aysmuf
uG,w
f mMumNyDav? &efuek u
f csnf;bJ oHcsyfvyk af ewmr[kwb
f ;l ? e,f
awGrSmvnf; oHcsyfxGef;um;zdkY vdkw,fqdkNyD;vmNydKifrSmjzpfw,f/ trSef
wu,fuawmh oHcsyfqadk wmhvx
l &k ifxrJ mS wu,fcpH m;ae&wJu
h pd aö wG
udk jyKjyifapvkdwJhtjyKoabmrsKd;eJY ajymwmjzpfw,f/ 'DtwGufpdppf
a&;qkw
d m ajymNyD;rSjyefNyD;awmh pdppfa&;jyefvyk w
f ,fqw
kd mawmh t"dygÜ ,f
r&Sdbl;? &efukefukdOD;wdkYtzGJUu 'DESpfrSmyxrqkH;vmNydKifrSmjzpfygw,f/
OD;wdt
Yk zGUJ rSmawmh Ekid if w
H iG ;f rSm&Sw
d yhJ gwDBuD;ESpcf &k UJ tm;enf;csufawG?vuf
&SdjynfolawGcHpm;ae&wJhudpöawG? Xmeqdkif&mxJrSmvnf;tay:uajymif;
vJaeayr,fh atmuffajcrSmrajymif;vJao;wJh udpöawGygrSmjzpfw,f/
[movl & T i f a wmf O D ; {&m\ ]]aysmf a wmf q uf w d k Y & J U [d w f q k d [ d w f
vdkuf}}
oHcsyfawGudk pdppfa&;wif&wmuawmh [dkwkef;uwnf;uwif&
wmyg/ wifwJhtcgMuawmh tEÅ&m,fuif;wmayghAsm/ oHcsyfawGraysmuf
ysufatmif xde;f odr;f wJo
h abmrsKd;yg/ NyD;awmh0goemayghAsm? tEkynmyd;k
qkw
d mu 'DuaeNyD;pwmqdak wmh aemufrsKd;qufopfuav;awGvnf;od

&atmifvdkYyg/ i,fi,fuwnf;uuRefawmfuvnf; oHcsyfawG0ifNydKifvmwm/ pdppfa&;wif&ayr,fh 'DaeYacwf
rSmawmh vGwfvyfr,fxifygw,f/ uRefawmfwdkYtzGJUrSmawmh vl&TifawmfawGtrsm;qkH;ygrSmjzpfygw,f/

'kw,
d tBurd af jrmuf trsK;d om;owif;qk

OD;aAvk0 (xavmhjrefrm)
(r.q.v)acwf w k e f ; uvnf ; Nrd K Ue,f r S m pd p pf a &;wif
&w,fav/ tckvnf;tpdk;&tzGJUudk pdppfa&;wif&r,fqdkawmh
tJ'DvkdjyefjzpfoGm;wmaygh/ jynfolawGudkoHcsyfawGu ay;csifwJh
todu pdppfa&;wif&r,fqkdawmha&mufawmh a&mufvdrfhr,f/
'gayrJhtjynfht0a&mufEdkifrSmr[kwfbl;? bDvl;raygifwdkvdkajc
jzwf? acgif;jzwfawmhjzpfrSmaygh/ OD;wdkYtzGJUrSmawmh ta,muf(20)
avmuf&Sdr,f/ wdkif;jynfjyKjyifajymif;vJa&;twGuf OD;wdkYu
oBuFef tjrif½Iaxmifhu tEkynmqefqefeJYt&ifrltwkdif;
wifjyrSmyg/ OD;wdrYk ESpu
f vnf; ok;H a,mufwpfzUJG 0ifNydKifao;w,f/
'DESpfawmh (16)oif;qkdawmh tkdif'D,maygif;pkHeJYpdkpkdajyajyav;
jzpfoGm;wmaygh/
OD;arwåm (jynfawmfcspftzGJU)
oHcsyfupkd pd pfa&;wif&wmu ygvDrefacwfuwnf;u wif
&wmyg/ rES p f w k e f ; uawmh w if p &mrvk d b l ; ? 'D E S p f u s
awmhwifygqkd
awmhvnf;wif&wmaygh/
tckavmavmq,frSmawmh OD;wdkYtzGJUu (8)a,mufyJ&Sdao;w,f/
wu,f N yd K if & if a wmh (15)a,muf a vmuf Nyd K if j zpf r S m yg/
OD;wdu
Yk oBuFeq
f &kd ifrsm;aomtm;jzihf NydKifMuw,f av/ 'Dru
kd a&pD
tpdk;&vufxufqdkawmh
oHcsyfawGuyGihfvif;rI
ydk&Sdr,fvdkYxifw,f/ OD;wdkYoHcsyfpmom;awGuawmh ynma&;?
Zmwfobif? ½kyf&Sif? ,Of aus;rIpwmawGudk OD;pm;ay;xm;w,f/
rsKd;rsKd;cdkif (&SifvdrfnmwmawGodNyD)
trwdkYu oHcsyfudkwpfcgrSrNydKifzl;bl;? tckNydKifrSmyxrqkH;
bJ/ OD;ukokdvfwdkYNydKifwJh ESpfwkef;uawmhoHcsyfu vGwfvGwfvyf vyfyJ/ oHcsyfpdppfa&;udkwifp&mrvdkbl;/
trwkdYawmh trsKd;orD;awGcsnf;bJjzpfawmh EkdifiHa&;awGodyfrygbl;/ 'gayrJh oHcsyfa&;wJhvlawGudku
Ed k i f i H a &;awG y gwm/ twwf E d k i f q k H ; awmh r ygatmif vk y f & wmaygh / trsKd ; orD ; awG jzpf v d k Y
trsKd;orD;awGeJYywfoufwJh rD;zdkacsmifudpöawG? tckacwf0wfpm;aewmawG? usL&SifavmurSm q&mr
awGvyk af ewmawGtrsm;qk;H ygw,f/ oHcsyftzGio
fh cD sif;udak wmh OD;aAvk0? oHcsyfpmom;udak wmhu&kd ?J o½kyjf yudk
awmhOD;cifvIdifuavhusifhay;aew,f/ rwfv(17)&ufuwnf;ureE´mvIdif&JUtultnDeJY jr&dyfndK[dkw,frSm
pNyD;avhusifhaeMuNyD/ &SifvdrfwmnmwmawG uRefrwdkYodNyDqdkwJhtwkdif; &SifvdrfwmnmwmawG uRefrwdkY
odNyDayghaemf/
cefYrif;xuf (tjym&JUteD)
Nyd K if y G J 0 if & wmqk v d k c sif v d k Y y g/ qk u awmh u Ref a wmf w d k Y
yxrqk y J , l r S m / vG e f c J h w J h E S p f a ygif ; (30)ES p f a vmuf w nf ; u
tjym&JUteDqdkwm&SdcJhwmyg/ 'DwdrfjrKyfaysmufuG,faewJhoHcsyf
udkjyefvnfazmfxkwfcsifwJhpdwfaMumifh 0ifNydKifjzpfwm/ tjym&JU
teDrv
l tpu uRefawmfwt
Ykd az i,fi,fuwnf;u pwm ayhg/
uRefawmfui,fi,fwek ;f uawmh tjym&JUteDrmS vku
d u
f zl;w,f/
uRefawmf (7)ESpf (8)ESpaf vmufy&J adS o;w,f/ (1988)ckEpS rf mS aemuf
qkH;yJ/ oHcsyfawGu pdppfa&;wif&ayr,fhvnf; uRefawmfwdkYay;
Ykd ifygw,f/ bmvdv
Yk q
J akd wmh
csifwhJ Message uxda&mufr&I rdS ,fvx
olrsm;eJYrwlwJhoHcsyfawGa&;xm;wmyg/ t"duawmh Nidrf;csrf;a&;
ygyJ/ Nidr;f csrf;a&;udk OD;pm;ay;a&;xm;wmqdak wmh rjzKwfavmufb;l xifwmyJ/ jzKwfr,fq&kd ifvnf;jzKwfaygh/
yG i f h v if ; jrif o mwJ h a cwf q k d w m b,f r S m oG m ;xm;rvJ / t&if w k e f ; uvnf ; pd p pf a &;wif & w,f ?
tckvnf;wif&w,fqkdawmh yGifhvif;jrifomrIukdpOf;pm;Munfhaygh/
ukdaZmfvif;xGef;(tGefvkdif;avxefukef;0kdif;awmfom;rsm;oHcsyf)
tGev
f ikd ;f avxefuek ;f qkNd yD; uRefawmfwt
Ykd zGUzJ UJG xm;w,f/ vlraI &;eJY y&[dwvkyif ef;awGvyk w
f t
hJ zGUJ aygh/
NydKify0JG if&wmu uRefawmfwv
dYk x
l yk hJ wifoq
H w
kd ahJ cgif;pOfukd pdw0f ifpm;vdyYk g/ uRefawmfwt
Ykd zGUJ y&[dwvkycf phJ Of
wpfavQmufrmS BuHKcJ&h wJjh ynfoUl toHawGuu
kd RefawmfwaYdk jymMur,f/ uRefawmfwt
Ykd zGUJ rSm ynm&Siw
f pfa,mufrS
rygbl;/ 'DESpfrSpvkyfzl;wJholawGBuD;yJ/ tawGUtBuHKr&Sdbl;/ vlxkyJhwifoHqkdwJh emrnfav;pdwf0ifpm;vkdY
uRefawmfww
dYk wfEidk w
f hJ axmifu
h tm;jznfrh ,fqNkd yD; vkyMf unhw
f m/ pdppfa&;udpu
ö uRefawmfwo
Ydk ufwrf;wpf
avQmufrmS pdppfa&;wif&wmqdak wmh uRefawmfwv
Ykd nf;wif&wmaygh/ oHcsyfa&;wmuuRefawmfwdYk vli,fawGyJ
pkNyD;a&;Muwmaygh/ NydKify0JG ifrmS uRefawmfwt
Ykd zGUJ u (15)a,mufNydKify0JG ifw,fqw
kd muvnf; uRefawmfwu
Ydk
uRefawmfwdkYwif jycsifwmav;awGudkwifjy½kHavmufygyJ/ qkuawmh BuD;BuD;rm;rm;rrSef;&Jygbl;/
OD;atmifausmfOD; -(oBuF e f r if ;om;BuD ;)
OD ; wd k Y u oBuF e f o rm;? oBuF e f o rm;qd k a wmh
oBuF e f a &muf & if oH c syf y J w d k u f c sif a ewm tck v d k r sd K ;vl x k
yJw
h ifoq
H w
kd hJ tcGit
hf a&;BuD;&NyDqakd wmh vufvw
T q
f ;kH ½H;I rcHcsif
bl;/ qk&wmr&wmt"dur[kwfbl;/ wpfESpfwpfcgjynfwGif;rSm
jzpfysufaewmawGukd oBuFeo
f cH syftjzpfew
YJ ifjyjrifaewm/ tJ'h g
aMumif0h ifNydKifjzpfwm/ pdppfa&;wif&wmu &efuek w
f ikd ;f a'oBuD;
0efBuD;csKyfqDwifxm;w,f/ b,fvdkac:rvJqdk(100) &mcdkifEIef;
awmhrjynfhawmhbl;aygh/ 'Jh'dk;BuD;rajymjzpfawmifcyfyg;yg;yJajym&
wmaygh/ 'DEpS o
f BuFerf if;om;BuD;eJ?Y oBuFeaf &Trif;orD;qdNk yD; oBuFef
rSmum;(2)pD;xGufr,f/ oHcsyfawGu tckavmavmq,fvTwf
awmfxrJ mS jzpfysufaewmawG? vufyaH wmif;awmifeyYJ wfoufvYkd
&yfuu
G x
f rJ mS aiGacs;wJu
h pd aö wG? w&m;½H;k ? &Jpcef;½H;k awGrmS uyf
xm;wJhudpöawG?tkyfcsKyfa&;rI;½Hk;rSm rlrrSefrIawG&SdaewmawG
tJ h ' gawG a ygh / axmuf j ywJ h o abmyg/ vl x k y J h w if o H uawmh t Bud K 0if N yd K if w J h o abmaygh /
t&ifwkef;uoBuFefoHcsyfawGu yGifhyGifh vif;vif;eJYvkyfcGifhr&bl;aygh/ tckMuawmh w&m;0ifoBuFefoHcsyf
wd k i f c G i f h j yKvd k u f N yD q d k a wmh ppcsif ; t&rf ; wG e f ; zG i f h vd k Y a wmh r &bl ; aygh / jznf ; jznf ; csif ; nif n if o mom
oBuFeo
f rm;awGweG ;f zGi&hf if;eJY ud,
k v
f &kd mudk a&mufatmif aemifEpS af wG &mcdik Ef eI ;f jynfrh pD mG oHcsyfawGujynfoel YJ
teD;pyfqHk;jzpfvdrfhr,fxifygw,f/ tckavmavmq,f awmh vlxkyJhwifoHtppfrjzpfEdkifao;bl;aygh/
zkd;pkdif;a&;í? apmzkd;cGm;-yHhykd;onf

1/ 'kw,
d tBudraf jrmuf trsKd;om;owif;qkcsD;jr§ijhf cif; tcrf;tem;udk urÇmo
h wif;vGwv
f yfciG ahf eYjzpfonfh
arv(3)&ufaeYwGifjyKvkyfrnfjzpfNyD; atmufygtwdkif; qktrsKd;tpm; (6)rsKd;csD;jr§ifhrnfjzpfygonf/
(u) taumif;qH;k owif;qk(The Best News Story Award)
(c) taumif;qHk;t,f'Dwmhtmabmfqk(The Best Editorial Award)
(*) taumif;qHk; ½kyf^oH owif;qk(The Best TV News Story Award)
(C) taumif;qHk; owif;aqif;yg;qk(The Best Feature Award)
(i) taumif;qHk;owif;"mwfyHkqk(The Best News Photo Award)
(p) taumif;qHk;owif;umwGef;qk(The Best Newspaper Cartoon Award)
2/ odkYygí tcsdefrSefxkwf *sme,f^r*¾Zif;rsm;\ t,f'DwmcsKyfrsm;? t,f'DwmtzGJUrsm;ESifh ½kyfoHXmersm;rS
wm0efcHrsm;u (2012)ckESpftwGuf trsKd;om;owif;qkrsm; csD;jr§ifha&;twGuf tuJjzwfa&G;cs,f&mwGif
xnfo
h iG ;f pOf;pm;oifo
h nf[k xifjrif,q
l aom (2012)ckEpS ?f Zefe0g&D(1)&ufrS (2012)ckEpS f 'DZifbmv(31)&uf
twGif;yHkESdyf^xkwfvTifhNyD;jzpfonfh? yHkESdyfNyD;pmrl? xkwfvTifhNyD; ½kyfoHowif;rsm;teuf qkwpfrsKd;pDtwGuf
OD;pm;ay;tpOftvdkuf(3)ckpDudk *sme,f^r*¾Zif;udk rl&if;rS rdwåLqGJíaomfvnf;aumif;? xkwfvTifhjyoNyD;aMumif;
taxmuftxm;yg0ifonfh AD',
D zkd ikd u
f kd DVD jzifah omfvnf;aumif; trsKd;om;owif;qkaumfrwD\ qka&G;cs,f
a&;vkyfief;udk tultnDay;onfhtaejzifh axmufcHay;ydkYyg&ef arwåm&yfcHygonf/
3/ rD'D,mwdkufrsm;ua&G;cs,fNyD; axmufcHcsufay;xm;onfh owif;? aqmif;yg;? "mwfyHk? umwGef;rsm;udk
tcsdefrDay;ydkY&ef tcuftcJ&Sdygu trsKd;om;owif;qkaumfrwDu (zkef;-09 420185967) odkYvnf;aumif;?
tD;ar;vf mmjaorg@gmail.com odkYvnf;aumif; taMumif;Mum;Ekdifygonf/ wdkufta&muf vm,lay;
rnfjzpfygonf/
4/ tqdkjyKwifoGif;&mwGif rdrdtqdkjyKaom owif;? aqmif;yg;? "mwfyHk? AD'D,dk? umwGef;? acgif;BuD;
rsm;yg0ifonfh rD'D,mtrnf? xkwfvkyfonfh&ufpGJESifh trSwfpOfwdkYyg0if&rnfjzpfNyD; yHkESdyfrD'D,mrsm;twGuf
rdwåLoHk;apmifpDESifh ½kyfoHqktwGuf DVD(3)csyfpDudk trsKd;om;owif;qkaumfrwDodkY atmufygvdyfpmtwdkif;
(2013)ckESpf? {NyDv (24)&ufaeY aemufqHk;xm;ay;ydkY&efjzpfygonf/
trsKd ; om;owif ; qk a umf r wD
trSwf 437? 'kwd,xyf? 44 vrf;ESifhodrfjzLvrf;Mum;?
ukefonfvrf;ray:? AdkvfwaxmifNrdKUe,f? &efukefNrdKU/
zkef;-09 420185967
tD;ar;vfjzifhydkYvdkygu mmjaorg@gmail.com udk ay;ydkY&efjzpfygonf/
5/ pmwdu
k rf aS y;ydyYk gu pmtdwaf y:wGif ]trsKd;om;owif;qktwGuf tqdjk yKwifoiG ;f jcif;}[k xif&mS ;pGma&;
om;ay;Mu&efESifh? tD;ar;vfjzifhay;ydkYyguvnf; Subject ae&mwGif ]trsKd;om;owif;qktwGuf tqdkjyKwif
trsKd;om;owif;qkaumfrwD
oGi;f jcif;}[ka&;om;ay;yg&ef arwåm&yfct
H yfygonf/

]ajr0,frus}qk½d ;dk pum;ukd xde;f odr;f xm;wJNU rKd Y
urÇmvSnfhc&D;onfrsm; pdwf0ifwpm;
oGm;a&mufavh vmavh&Sdaomae&mrsm;wGif
yk*Ha&S;a[mif;,Ofaus;rI e,fajronfvnf;
wpfcktygt0ifjzpfonf/ bk&m;zl;vma&muf
olrsm;twGufzl;ajrmfp&mapwDykxkd;rsm; ae&m
tESHUwGifwnfxm;ouJhokdY c&D;oGm;{nhfonf
rsm;twGuf avhvmp&mae&mrsm;rSmvnf;
rsm;jym;vSonf/ bk&m;ykxkd;apwDrsm;okdY jynf
wGi;f bk&m;zl;trsm;pkrmS um;rsm;jzifv
h n
S v
hf nf
zl;ajrmfMuaomfvnf; EdkifiHjcm;c&D;oGm;{nhf
onftrsm;pkrSmrl EGm;vSnf;? jrif;vSnf;? puf
bD;rsm;jzifo
h mG ;vm&onfudk ykrd Edk pS o
f ufaMumif;od&onf/ yk*-H anmifO;D \pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef;ESiyhf wfoufíanmif
OD;NrdKUrSc&D;oGm;vkyif ef;vkyu
f idk o
f l OD;at;u]]OD;av;wkNYd rdKU&JUt&ifwek ;f qDut"du pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef;uawmh,eG ;f
xnfeyYJ ek ;f &nfayghu,
G ?f tckawmhc&D;oGm;vkyif ef;ut"duvkq
Yd Edk idk yf gw,f/ yk*b
H &k m;awGuzdk ;l ajrmfzYdk twGuu
f m;
iSm;r,fq&dk if um;cuawmhimS ;wJu
h m;ay:rl wnfNyD;EIe;f rwlb;l ? qvGe;f qk&d ifwpfaeYo;kH aomif;cG?J plyg umpwrf
qk&d ifav;aomif;cGpJ ojzifh trsdK;tpm;tvku
d af ygh jynfwiG ;f bk&m;zl;awGuawmh wpf&uftvGeq
f ;kH ESp&f ufet
YJ NyD;
oGm;Muw,f/ EdkifiHjcm;om;awGuawmh wpfaeYrSmbk&m;oHk;av;qlavmufyJoGm;wJhol&Sdw,f/ olwkdYuawmh
eH&Haq;a&;yef;csDwkdYae0ifcsdef(Sunset)}}MunfhwmwkdYeJY at;at;aq;aq;yJav/ (Sunset)ukd a&TqHawmfbk&m;
ay:uaeMunfhMuovkd {&m0wDjrpfxJrSmarmfawmfeJYvnf;oGm;MunhfMuw,f/ tck{&m0wDjrpfaumNyD;aomif
xGef;wmrsm;vmawmh enf;enf;tcuftcJ&Sdr,fxifw,f/ OD;av;wkdYNrdKUu rEÅav;a&TNrdKUawmfvkdvlpdrf;awGvm
a&mufBuD;pk;d aexkid w
f mrsdK;awmhcck sdex
f rd &Sad o;bl;/ 'gayrJch ½kjd ymawGawmh&w
dS ,f/ c½kjd ymqkw
d modvm;(&,fvsuf)
c½kdeDtxufuolawGayghuG,f/ OD;av;wkdYNrdKUu bkd;bGm;vufxufuqkd½kd;pum;ukd xdef;odrf;wJhNrdKUav/ qkd½dk;u
]]ajr0,frus}}wJh anmifOD;NrdKUrSmajr0,fxm;NyD;&if b,fawmhrSaps;rusvkdYav/ &efukefxuf awmifajraps;
aumif;r,fxifw,f[k oabmaumif;NyD;aysmfaysmfaewwfyHk&aom anmifOD;om;OD;at;uyk*Hbk&m;rsm;odkYpdwf
r,f o k e f
&Snv
f uf&n
S yf aYdk qmifay;&if; ar;jref;orQudv
k nf;[moaESmíajzMum;cJo
h nf/

15

,cifwpfywfrStquf
ab;ywf0ef;usifu owif;awGuom [dkvdkvdk onfvdkvdkESifh
r[kwfrrSefowif;awG xGufaeonf/
]]rif;eJY pum;yGifh tcspfudk igav;pm;ygw,f udk&Sif&m}}
]]pum;yGifhuawmh udk&SifeJY cifOD;qdkwJh trsKd;orD; owif;Mum;rSmyJ
aemf}}
]]'D&efukefrSm ol&Sdae&ifawmh Mum;rSmaygh/ wjcm;NrdKUrSmqdk&ifawmh
olMum;csifrS Mum;rSmyg}}
]]rif;owif;udkomMum;&if pum;yGifh pdwfaumif;rSm r[kwfbl;}}
]][if;...}}
&Sifrif;ndK oufjyif;&SnfBuD;wpfcsuf csvdkufrdygonf/
]]igjyefawmhr,f csrf;Nidrf;}}
]]rif;u qdkif;rqifh AkHrqifheJYygvm;? b,fvdkjzpfwmvJ}}
]]bmrSrjzpfygbl;? igoGm;awmhr,faemf}}
&Sifrif;ndK bmrajym nmrajymESifh xjyefvmcJhawmhonf/
Ä Ä Ä
&S i f r if ; nd K wd k u f t ay:xyf 0&ef w mav;rS m xG u f x d k i f N yD ;
wpfa,mufwnf; vrf;rbufokdY ai;Munfhaerdonf/
]]om;...udk&Sif bmawG awG;aewmvJ}}
]]'DvdkygyJ arar&,f...
]]vmygOD; om;&,f...ararwkdYeJY pum;ajym&atmif}}
ararhac:oHaMumifh &Sifrif;ndK 0&efwmbuf xGufxdkifae&mrS
xvmcJo
h nf/ wdu
k x
f aJ &mufawmh ararESihf azazhtem;rSm 0ifxikd v
f u
kd f
onf/
]]om; orD;pum;yGifhtaMumif; bmMum;ao;vJuG}}
azaz vufzuf&nfudk wpfusKdufarmhaomufvdkuf&if;rS &Sifrif;ndK
tm; ar;vdkufygonf/
]]vufxyfoGm;NyDwJh azaz}}
]]rif;udk b,fol ajymwmvJ}}
]]pum;yGifhOD;av;ajymwmazaz}}
]][kwfw,f&Sifh...om;eJY [dkwpfavmav;u pifwmwpfckrSm
awGUvmw,fvkdY ajymw,f}}
OD;xGef;rdk; acgif;wndwfndwf vkyfaeonf/ NyD;awmhrS...
]]b,foleJY vufxyfoGm;wmvJ}}
]]olYrdbawG oabmwlwJh armfvNrdKifu q&m0efeJY}}
]][kwfaum [kwf&JUvm;uGm...aocsmvkdYvm;}}
]]aocsmygw,f...'gaMumifh uRefawmfhqD olrvmawmhwmaygh}}

]]tcspfrS uRefawmfh
em;rSr&Sad wmhwm uRefawmf
u b,fou
Yl kd vufxyf&
rSmvJ}}
]]cifOD;udkayghuG}}
]]Asm...azaz}}
]]azazwk d Y u orD ;
pum;yGifhudk orD;&if;vdkyJ
cspfygw,f/azazwkdY pum;
yGifhudkckvnf; tdrfaxmif
usoGm;ayr,fh cspfaewkef;
yJ ? 'gayrJ h om;twG u f
b0wpf o uf w mtazmf
aumif;vdkw,fav/ cifOD;
u om;twGuf wpfouf
wm tazmf a umif ; jzpf
r,fvdkY azazxifw,f}}
rxif r S w f a om azazh
qD r S p um;yg/ zcif w pf
a,muftaeESihf om;wpf
a,mufvkH;wpf a,muf
wnf; pdwfqif;&JNyD; ai;
ai; idkifidkif jzpfaewmr
Munfh&ufyg/ 'ghaMumifh
om;ab;rSm om;ESihf tqif
ajyrnfh
rdef;uav;wpf
a,muf&SdvQif vkH;vkH;pdwfrcsrf;
omawmifrt
S enf;i,f pdwo
f uf
om&m&rnf[kxifonf/
]][kwfw,favom;...om;cifOD;udkyJ
vufxyfaygh}}
]]uRefawmf tcspfudkyJ cspfw,f}}
]]rif;...ckcsderf mS cspfzrYdk vdak wmhb;l ? tdraf xmifzufaumif;yJvw
kd m}}
]]cifOD;uaum uRefawmfhvdk wpfckvyfudk vufxyf&Jyghrvm;}}
olUb0tm;enf;csufaMumifh pdk;&GHUygonf/
]]vufxyfrSmyguGm? cifOD;u om;tay: tcGifhta&;awGtrsm;BuD;
ay;aewmyJ/ om;odygw,f}}

olrsm;ZeD;r,m;udk jypfrmS ;aewmvJr[kwyf g/ ,cifu cspcf o
UJ nfU twdik ;f twmudk
arUypfvrYkd &jcif;omjzpfonf/ 'gayrJv
U nf; arUEikd af tmif olBuKd ;pm;&rnfjzpfonf/ t&ifu
cspo
f w
l pfa,mufukd cspcf NUJ y;D rS ,ck oefph ifaomarwåmESiUf pum;yGit
Uf cspt
f ay: odycf sprf w
d m
wrf;wrIawGyv
kd mwmudk &Si;f rif;ndK ud,
k u
Uf u
kd ,
kd f odvmcJo
U nf/ ud,
k u
Uf u
kd ,
kd v
f nf;
'DavmufoaH ,mZOfBu;D wwfreS ;f &Sirf if;ndKrodc/UJ
pum;yGiEhf iS u
hf srS &Sirf if;ndKu,
kd u
Uf u
kd ,
kd f a0zefo;kH oyfwwfvmonf/
pum;yGiu
hf kd cspcf o
hJ nft
h csp?f pum;yGit
hf ay:xm;cJo
U nfo
U aH ,mZOfwu
hkd
b,fow
l pfO;D wpfa,mufEiS rUf S EdiI ;f ,SOv
f rYkd &yg/
OD;xGef;rdk; acgif;wndwfndwf vkyfaeonf/
]]om; aeYv,fu cifOD;vmoGm;ao;w,f}}
]]bmajymoGm;ao;vJ}}
]]bmrSajymroGm;ygbl;? aemufaeYrSvmvdrfhr,fxifw,f}}
]][kwfuJh}}
]]om;...rif;'Dwpfouf tdrfaxmifrjyKawmhbl;vm;}}
]]rajymwwfawmhygbl; azaz&,f...}}
]]rajymwwfvdkY rjzpfbl;avuGm? om;b0twGuf wpfckck qkH;jzwf
rS jzpfrSmaygh}}
]]uRefawmfhb0twGuf [kwfvm; arar}}
]][kww
f ,fav om;&JU om;toufuav;vnf; &NyD? NyD;awmh
om;u tEk y nmorm;wpf a ,muf ? om;em;rS m jznf h q nf ; ay;r,f h
om;aemufvu
kd rf ,fh om;tay: em;vnfEikd rf ,fh rde;f rwpfa,muf &So
d ifh
w,fvkdY ararxifw,f/ om;tdrfaxmifjyKyg om;&,faemf}}
]]uRefawmf tdrfaxmifjyK&rSm aMumufaeNyD arar}}
]]oEÅmcdkifvdk rdef;reJY awGUrSmudkvm;}}
olNidrfoufaeonf/ rajzvdkonfh oabmyg/
]]pum;yGifhwkef;uaum vufxyfzkdY om;&nf&G,fcJhovm;}}
]]Asm}}
tHhMopGmyif azazhrsufESmudk Munfhvdkufonf/
]]azaz ar;wm ajzavom;}}
]]om; ...om; azazar;wmajzvdkufav}}
]][kwfuJh...&nf&G,fcJhygw,f}}
ryGifhwyGifhESifh olajzonf/
]]'gayrJh om;&nf&G,fcJhayrJh tJ'D&nf&G,fcsufawG rjynfh0cJhbl;
r[kwfvm; pum;yGifhvnf; tdrfaxmifjyKoGm;NyDyJ om;aemufxyf
tdrfaxmifjyKoifhygw,f}}
&Sifrif;ndK ausmjyifudkykwfum OD;xGef;rdk;ESpfodrfhay;&Smonf/

16

uRef a wmf o d y gw,f a zaz/ 'gayrJ h uRef a wmf cif O D ; tay:rS m
cspfow
l pfa,mufvckd spfwt
hJ cspfrsKd;rcspfEikd b
f ;l / tcspf tdraf xmifusoGm;
ayr,fh ckcsdefxd uRefawmfcspfaewkef;yJ/ wrf;waewkef;yJ/ uRefawmf
tcspfudk b,fawmhrSvJ arhrSmr[kwfbl;/ uRefawmhfqDudk tcspfa&muf
vmrvm;qdkNyD; arQmfaerdao;w,f/ uRefawmfjypfrSm;aewmr[kwfbl;
aemf/ oHa,mZOfrukefao;wJhtaMumif;udkajymaewm/
awGa0ai;armjcif;rsm;pGmjzifh &Sifrif;ndKajymaeonf/ pum;yGifh
b,foEl iS yhf J tdraf xmifjyKoGm;jyKoGm;? 'Dwpfouf &Sirf if;ndK pum;yGiu
hf kd
arhvdkY&rnfr[kwf/
olrsm;ZeD;r,m;udk jypfrSm;aewmvJr[kwfyg/ ,cifu cspfcJhonfh
twdkif;twmudk arhypfvdkYr&jcif;omjzpfonf/ 'gayrJhvnf; arhEdkifatmif
olBudK;pm;&rnfjzpfonf/ t&ifu cspfolwpfa,mufudk cspfcJhNyD;rS ,ck
oefpY ifaomarwåmESihf pum;yGit
hf cspftay: odycf spfrw
d m wrf;wrIawGykd
vmwmudk &Sif;rif;ndK udk,fhudkudk,f odvmcJhonf/ udk,fhudkudk,fvnf;
'DavmufoHa,mZOfBuD;wwfrSef; &Sifrif;ndKrodcJh/ pum;yGifhESifhusrS
&Sifrif;ndKudk,fhudkudk,f a0zefoHk;oyfwwfvmonf/
pum;yGiu
hf kd cspfco
hJ nft
h cspf? pum;yGit
hf ay: xm;cJo
h nfo
h aH ,mZOf
wdkYu b,folwpfOD;wpfa,mufESifhrS EdIif;,SOfvdkYr&yg/ b,folUtay:rS
vnf; pum;yGifhudktcspfrsKd;rcspfEdkifawmh/ 'gaMumifh ----cifOD;tay: omrefcifrifrIxuf enf;enf;awmifrydkcJhyg/
]cifOD;uawmh om;tay: oHa,mZOfBuD;&Smygw,f/ om;uom
cifOD;tay: vufxyfcGifhawmif;&if jiif;r,fhrdef;uav;r[kwfavmufyg
bl;/
&Sifrif;ndK trsm;BuD;pOf;pm;rdygonf/ wu,fyJ cifOD;udk olvuf
xyfcGifhawmif;ygu cifOD; olUvdkwpfckvyfudkBudKufrSmwJhvm;/ vufxyf
yghrvm;/ olUudk tqdkawmfwpfa,muftaeESifhomBudKufcsifBudKufrnf/
b0vufwGJazmftjzpf vufcHEdkifrSmr[kwf[kxifrdonf/

odkYaomfvnf; ckvdkrsKd; pdwfnpfnpfjzifh wpfoufvHk; aeoGm;&
rnfvm;/ 'Dtwdik ;f aeoGm;&ifaum pum;yGiu
hf olUqDukd wpfaeYjyefa&muf
csvmrnfvm;/
tdrfaxmif&Sifjzpfaeaom pum;yGifh olUqDudk b,fawmhrS jyefvm
rnfr[kwf[kxifaeygonf/ xdkYaMumifh &Sifrif;ndK pum;yGifhtvmudk
arQmfvifhraeawmhyg/
azazESifharar pdwfwdkif;us cifOD;udkyJ vufxyf&ef qHk;jzwfcsuf
csvdkufawmhonf/
&Sirf if;ndK pum;yGiu
hf kd &ifxrJ aS eí awmif;yefpum;awG qdrk o
d nf/
]]armifhudk cGifhvTwfyg tcspf&,f...armif tcspfudk wpfoufvkH;
owd&ae cspfaerSmyg}}
Ä Ä Ä
]]b,fvdk udk&Sifrif;ndK udk&Sifrif;ndK cifOD;udk vufxyfcsifw,f
[kwfvm;}}
&Sifrif;ndK cifOD;ESifhawGUNyD; cifOD;udk vufxyfcGifhawmif;rdonf/
]][kwfw,f cifOD;}}
cifO;D &Sirf if;ndKudk rsufvmT yifMh unfv
h u
kd o
f nf/ aemufNyD; &Sirf if;ndK
rsufESmudk pl;pdkufpGmMunfhvdkufNyD;...
]]udk&Sifrif;ndKu cifOD;udk vufxyfcGifhawmif;wmayghaemf}}
aocsmatmif xyfar;rdonf/
]][kwfygw,f cifOD;...uRefawmfhudk pdwfqdk;oGm;vm;}}
cifO;D acgif;udk wGiw
f iG cf gypfonf/ &Sirf if;ndKu vufxyfciG ahf wmif;
wm cifOD;pdwfrqdk;yg/ pdwfrqdk;onfhtjyif &Sifrif;ndKudk cifOD;aus;Zl;
awG wifaerdonf/ xkduJhokdY vufxyfcGifh awmif;vmvdrfhrnfvkdYvnf;
cifOD; b,fwkef;urS rarQmfvifhcJhyg/
,ckvdk rarQmfvifhygbJ awmif;qdkvmaompum; tcGifhta&;udk
pdwfrqdk;rd/ cifOD; jiif;y,fypfzkdYvnf; vkH;0rBudK;pm;yg/ cifOD; &ifxJrSm
jzpfay:aeaom qE´awGudk cifOD; b,fvdkvkyfNyD; jiif;y,fypf&rSmwJhvJ
cifOD; xdkpum;Mum;&wmudku odyfaysmf&TifMunfEl;oGm;rdonf/
]]cifOD;}}
]]&Sif...}}
&Sifrif;ndK ac:vdkufawmhrS cifOD; tawG;awG vGifhjy,fvdkYoGm;onf/
]]cifOD; bmawG awG;aewmvJ}}
]][dk...bm...bmrSrawG;ygbl;}}
cifOD; vefYNyD; bmajym&rSef;rod jzpfoGm;onf/
]]uRefawmfhudk cifOD;pdwfqdk;oGmwm awmif;yefygw,f}}
]]cifOD;u bmudk pdwfqdk;&rSmvJ}}
acgif;rarmhbJ cifOD; &Sifrif;ndKudk jyefar;rdygonf/ cifOD; &ifxJrSm
ESvkH;ckefEIef;awG jrefaeonfav/
]]uRefawmf vufxyfcGifhawmif;wmudkav}}
]][ifhtif;...cifOD; pdwfrqdk;ygbl;}}
eef;rHka0
quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf

&Gyf&Gyf cRHcRH 0Hh0Hh pm;pm;
om;aumif;rGef ZmenfbGm;
rdrdudk,frdrd y"me rxm;
taoG;tom;eJY vli,fb0ay;vSL
jynfol twGuf ...
jynfol twGuf ...
jynfol twGuf .../
wpf&uf ...wpfv ...wpfEpS f r[kwf
yk*¾vdu udk,fusKd;uif;rJh
wu,fh wyfrawmfom;rsm;
jynfhtiftm; twdty
jynfou
l cspfMuowJ/h /
rtd

-

&J&Jawmuf &ifzGifhajymwJhpum;
]&efol[m teD;tem;rSmyJ &Sdw,f ...}
]vGwfvyfa&;tppfqdkwm wdkuf,lrS&r,f ...}
]&JabmfwdkY Edk;Edk;Mum;Mum;&SdMuavmh ...}

BIA ...BDA ... Burma Army ....

tqifhqifh tvDvD toGifajymif;
a&mf&GufwdkY tcgcganmif;csdef/
-

-

ae&Sdefjyif;wumh jyif;jyif;atmuf0,f
pHy,feJY ESif;qDu oif;NrJ oif;vS
yef;uH;k csif; toG,o
f ,
G f ...txyfxyf ...
vltyk Bf uD;[m Muyf ...odyf .../
twdwfudk jyefajymif;awG;rd
aEG\ *dr®mefaw;csKdcsKd
onfvdkyJ a&mf&GufwdkY tcgcganmif;csdef
ae&Sdefjyif;wumh jyif;jyif;atmuf0,f
rdefYcGef;>ruf[oH xGif;azmuf

-

wdkYzcif AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef; EIwfxGufpum;
cyfxufxuf oHrPdvGefoGm;ES,f
ESv;kH om; ...tl ...tonf;xdp;l 0if
&ifwpfjyifvHk; ql ...yGuf
toufukd paw; ...
b0udk paw; ...
ppfaoG; wa0a0
taz ...tar ...eJY cspfol
MunfMunfjzLjzLpGefYvTwf

31 bko
H m;rsm;\ uHMur®mtvSnt
hf ajymif;tm; raemjzifyh idk ;f jcm; ok;H oyfqef;ppfwu
G cf suf
um arwåmrQa0ygonf/
a'gufwm*rDÇ&
wevF m om;orD ; taygif ; wk d Y o nf
vlxx
l w
l iG f oifu
h kd tylawG qD;BudKayGU zufaevdrrf nf/h tdrw
f iG ;f a&;rnforl zS sefajzír&atmif
aumufauGU½IyfaxG;aevdrfhrnf/ tcspfa&;rSmvnf; Mum;vlarSmufí uarmufurjzpfae&ODrnf/
qkid o
f mqkid í
f rykid 0f ifarG; b0rsdK;BuHKawGU&vdrrhf nf/ ynma&;uvnf; tqifrajywwfao;yg/ avmbwBuD;
apmwvQifvkyf&rnfh udpötm;vkH;a&Smifvkdufyg/ bmvkyfvkyftqifrajyao;[k rSwfxm;vkdufvQif tm;vkH;
tqifajyoGm;ygvdrrhf nf/ xDx;dk vkad om (8)tp(9)tqk;H (89)&Gux
f ;dk vku
d yf g/ enf;enf;awmh rsm;rSmaygh/ uk,
d u
hf H
b,favmuf&v
dS pJ rf;Munfw
h mrrSm;ygbl;/ oifu
h sef;rma&;*½kpu
kd yf g/ oifrh b
d usef;rma&;uvnf; taumif;BuD;
xJuawmhr[kwf/
,Mwm/ / arG;aeYarG;eHaxmifh eHeuft½kPrf wufrD opfo;D qGr;f oufaphuyfvLS í vk&d mqk acRygavavmh/
taqmif/ / &Sio
f 0D vdyaHk wmfukd za,mif;jzifx
h í
k ylaZmfyg/
t*F g om;orD ; taygif ; wk d Y o nf
a&TESifhywfoufí a&mif;rSm; uyfrSm;jzpfwwfonf/ vl,kHowfvdrfhrnf/ udk,fuusK;vQif
ud,
k 'f ;l aomfrS r,k&H / &ifcek w
f wfow
l pfO;D u oift
h m;pdw0f ifpm;aevdrrhf nf/ pkw0f ifvQifvmbfr&Tif
wwfyg/ tpm;taomuf? taetxkid ?f tajymtqk?d qifjcifEidk u
f mrS wefumusrnfu
h mvjzpfonf/ tajymrSm;
tqdrk mS ;? ta&;rSm;/ tk;d opftrd o
f pfxal xmif&wwf/ ntdyn
f ae{nfo
h nfvufrcHoif/h xDupkd w
d 0f ifpm;vQif
(9)tp(1)tqkH;(9)&Guf? (9)qkdifvSnfhxkd;ygav/ usef;rma&;twGufylyefzG,fr&Sd/
,Mwm/ / arG;eHreufaerxGurf D xef;vsuftcdsef(50)om; uyfvLS í ukov
dk jf yKygav/ BuHponforQ
xajrmufatmifjrifvwåH/
taqmif/ / oifx
h ;D xD;½k;d wGif a&T&nfow
k í
f ol&od'½¨D yk x
f ck sdwu
f maqmifyg/
Ak'¨[l;om;orD;taygif;olawmfaumif;olawmfjrwfwkdYonf
paeeHxu
G w
f wfonf/ &efbufrsm;u oift
h m; r[mrdwjf yKvmzG,jf rifonf/ a&Tr&Sm;aiGr&Sm;

(31)bH k o m;rsm;
Nidrf;csrf;Muygapaomf0f/

pmrsufESm (13)rStajzrSefrsm;
(1) jyifopfppfwyf NAdwo
d QEdik if o
H u
Ykd sL;ausmfwu
kd cf u
kd cf o
hJ nf/
rSwfcsuf/ / mock invasion omjzpfygonf/
(2) qD;&D;,m;
(3) Arabic
(4) Champagne
(5) Phil Davis
(6) Gray Barlow
(7) Steven Seagal

ya'omyifpkdufxm;&onftxd a&TaiG"eOpömayg<u,f0rnf/ vlaygif;rrSm;zkdYawmhvkdonf/ a&a0ajrjcm;
c&D;oGm;&wwfonf/ xDaygufudef;vnf;&Sdonf/ (4)tp(6)tqkH;(46)apmifxkd;íuHprf;vkdufyg/ vSHxrf;vm
wmjrif&í uHxrf;vmwmrjrif&bl;r[kwfvm;/ oifhusef;rma&;rqkd;yg/ BuD;BuD;rm;rm;udk,fwGif;a&m*gr&Sd/
,Mwm/ / arG;aeYreuf arG;eHaxmifo
h Ydk ta&mufomG ;í (t&[H)*kPaf wmf oufaphpyd u
f m t"d|mef0ifygav/
tcuftcJ[lorQ jy,fvwåH/
taqmif / / aiG'*Fg;wpfrwfaqmifyg/
Mumoyaw;om;orD ; taygif ;
trsm;twGuf ud,
k u
f sdK;pGe&Yf zG,f tvkyrf sdK;udk ykrd Ekd pS o
f ufaewwfrnf/ vlraI &;vkyif ef;ESihf
ykrd t
dk usdK;jzpfxeG ;f rnf/ oift
h ay:raumif;jrifoal wGuyifoifv
h yk &f yftm; axmufct
H m;ay;vmzG,f
jrifonf/ oift
h cuftcJrsm;u pmemem;vnfaxmufxm;ulnaD jz&Si;f Murnfh &uftydik ;f tjcm;vnf;jzpf onf/
0ifaiGxGufaiGMurf;rnf/ pD;wJha&qnfwJhuefoif;&Sd&efvkdonf/ tkd;opftdrfopf tcspfopf0ifrnf/ xDayguf
udef;r&Sdyg/ usef;rma&;uawmh aumif;NyD;&if;aumif;/
,Mwm/ / arG;eHaxmifhwGif uGrf;,moufaphuyfvSLyg/ vkd&mqkyefyg/
taqmif/ / a&Tydef;csxm;aomZD;uGufESpfazmfwnf;/
aomMumom;orD ; taygif ; wd k Y o nf
cspfoal ygí &eforl sm;rnf/ usef;rma&;csdKU,Gi;f rnf/ txD;usefqefrnf/ twku
d t
f cH rsm;rnf/
bmyJvkyfvkyft½IH;ESifhtjrwfcsdefqwwf&efvkdonf/ tcspfa&;pdwfav;zG,f&Sdrnf/ wefckd;BuD;
bk&m;zl;&onf&adS omf oifux
H ;l NyD vkrYd w
S yf gav/ xDx;dk &efum; (6)tp(1)tqk;H jzpfonf/ (26)apmif
xkd;í uHprf;vkdufyg/ oifhusef;rma&;aumif;rnf/
,Mwm/ / arG;aeYreuf arG;eHb&k m;odo
Yk mG ;í y0gjzLcyfyg;yg; uyfygav/
taqmif/ / a&Tabmvk;H udk aqmif&efwnf;/
paeom;orD ; taygif ; wk d Y o nf
BuHpnforQ xajrmufatmifjrif rnfh&uftydkif;tjcm;jzpfonf/ cspfolcifolaygrnf/
ulnDrprnfholaygrnf/ ynm*kPfowif;xifvif; ausmfaZmrnf/ a&a0ajrjcm; c&D;oGm;&
onf&adS omfaumif;tH/h oifu
h w
kd w
d w
f ck;d Budwyf ;dk aeolvnf;&So
d nf/ xDaygufued ;f aiG tpkvu
dk f 0ifued ;f &So
d nf/
okdYaomf avmif;upm;tusdK;ray;/ usef;rma&;enf;enf;nhH/
,Mwm/ / arG;aeYarG;eHaxmifhwGif qDrD;(900)ylaZmfyg/
taqmif/ / ol&od'r¨D ,fawmf½yk u
f kd a&Tyed ;f csí aqmifyg/
we*FaEGom;orD;wkdYonf
trItcif;rsm;vwå/H tvkv
d adk e&if;trIu uk,
d q
hf v
D mwwfonf/ jyóemjzpfvQif csufcsif;
&Si;f yg/ yGpJ m;tm;rud;k ESihf bke;f BuD;trI &Gmywfwufonf/ olrsm;udpö bmwpfcrk 0S ifí tmrcHygESi/hf
"m;ckw&f mvuf0ifvQKdrUI aMumifh trItcif;BuD;BuD;rm;rm;&ifqidk &f wwfonf/ cspfoEl iS v
hf nf; tqifrajywwf
onf/ a&jcm;ajrjcm;c&D;oGm;&rnfqv
dk Qif oef;acgifausmfrx
S u
G yf g/ um;udk ud,
k w
f idk af rmif;&efroif/h ½kww
f &uf
,mOftEÅ&m,f BuKHawGU&wwfonf/ wpfu,
kd af wmfc&D;oGm;jcif;rsdK;udak &SmifMunfyg/ pkw0f ifvQif vmbfr&Tiw
f wf
onfudkvnf; *½kjyKyg/ xDaygufudef;uawmh&Sdonf/ (5)tp(5)tqkH; (55)apmifxkd;vkdufyg/ tu©&mawmh
pkHygap/ usef;rma&; odyfrqkd;vS/
,Mwm/ / arG;eHaxmifhwGif a&mifpkHza,mif;wkdif(11)wkdif xGef;n§dum (11)rD;Nidrf;ap&ef qkyefavmh/
taqmif/ / rdcifxbDpudk oifq
h pH Mum;xJx;dk oGi;f í tdy&f m0ifygav/
a'gufwm*rÇD&

17

pmzwfy&dowfrsm;\ tm;ay;ulnDrIukd txl;½kdaoaus;Zl;wif
vrf;avQmuft,f'w
D m
vsuf /
2013? rwf? 18 (&efukef)

q&mOD;omÓmPf zdwfMum;ojzifh
YMCA ok d Y a &muf o nf / jref r mEk d i f i H
owif;pm q&mtoif;twGuf ½Hk;
cef;iSm;&efoGm;a&muf Munfh½Ijcif;
jzpf o nf / q&mOD ; omÓmPf r S
trsd K ;om;owif ; qk a &G ; cs,f
usif;yEkdifa&;twGuf ½kH;cef;
wpfcef;udkvnf;aumif;? t
pnf;ta0; usif;yEkdif&ef t
wGuf cef;rus,fwpfck ulnrD nf
[kqo
dk nf/ YMCA wGif ½kyf&Sifo½kyf
aqmif udkrif;[dPf; vma&mufwnf;ckd
aeonf[kod&Sd&/ a':jrifhjrifhcdkif\ tEkynm
oif w ef ; ok d Y 0if a &muf a vh v m/ q&mr
wuúokdvf,Of,OfvJh oifwef;ykdYcsaeonfukd
awGU&Sd&/ ½kyf&SiftjrKawr*¾Zif;udk q&mr ,Of,Of
vJh qDrS iSm;&rf;vkyu
f idk cf &hJ onfudk trSw&f rd/ q&mr
wuúov
kd ,
f Of,Ofvo
hJ nf rdrb
d 0wGif tultnD rsm;
pGmay;cJhaom aus;Zl;&Sifjzpfonf/ tvm;wl ½kyf&Sif
tjrKawr*¾Zif;onfvnf; q&mOD;0if;Nidrf;? q&m
OD;at;MuLav;wkdY rdrdudk ajrawmifajr§mufay;cJh
onf h pmaypif j rif h v nf ; jzpf o nf / &ef u k e f ?
ajrmufOuúvmyaq;½kHokdYa&mufonf/ oli,fcsif;
ukokvftonf;a&m*gjzihf av;xyfaqmifwGif aq;0g;
ukorIcH,laeaMumif; 'g½kdufwmudkrD;yGm; today;ojzifha&muf
&jcif;jzpfonf/ oli,fcsif;ukodkvfukd xlxlaxmifaxmif awGU&í
0rf;om 0rf;enf; jzpf&onf/
i,f i ,f w k e f ; u &ef u k e f ?
awmifOuúvm (13)&yfuGuf
wGif twlaecJhonfrsm;? oD
wif;uRwf? wefaqmifwkdif
rsm;wGif twlvIyf½Sm;cJhonf
rsm;? oBuFefumvrsm;wGif
oHcsyfudpö tNydKiftqkdifvkyf
cJMh uonfrsm; trSw&f p&mjzpf
onf/ udu
k o
k v
kd Ef iS t
hf wl ukd
arwåmudkvnf; awGU&onf/
udkukodkvfu rwfv(27)okdY
r[kwf(29)wpf&uf&uf bef
aumufokdY aq;oGm;ukrnf
jzpfaMumif;ajymjyonf/ oli,fcsif;ukodkvf usef;rmygap/
2013? rwf? 19 (&efukef)

YMCA rS a':jrifhjhrifhckdif tEkynmoifwef;okdYa&muf/ oif
wef;om;rsm;ukd rD'D,mx&defeifESifhywfoufí vufawGU oifMum;ay;cJh/
YMCA wGif udkrif;[dPf;rwnf;awmh[kod&/
2013? rwf? 20 (&efukef)
udkZm*em\rdcif q&mrBuD;a':MunfOD; (4)ESpfjynfhqGrf;auR;okdY
a&muf/ udZk m*emrS q&mrBuD;\ pmtkyw
f pftyk f vufrw
S x
f ;dk í vuf

18

Ouú | q&mppf N id r f ; yef ; vnf ; awG U &/ jr0wD r S ud k z k e f ;
zke;f quf/ ytk0Yd v
f ufeufuidk rf sm; Nidr;f
csrf ; a&;ud p ö / rd w ¬ D v mrS o
wif;rsm; tGefvkdif;wGifwuf
ae/ q&mOD;0if;xdef rdwv
D¬ m
a&mufaeonfqkdíqufoG,f
&mquf o G , f í r&/ nbuf
udknDwkdYqdkifa&mufonf/ udkxif
vif; wkdYrdom;pkvnf; xrif;vmpm;Mu
onf/ udkifZm? arqdG? arcvmoDcsif;acG t
aMumif;ajymjzpfMuonf/ toufawGvnf;BuD; ukeNf yD/
ckawmholwkdY ... aygif;qkdukefMuNyDwJh/
2013? rwf? 21 (&efukef)
udck ifarmifneG rYf cd if\ psmye a&;a0;okv
Yd u
dk f
ykjYd zpf/ rIid ;f &mjynfrh S ol&aJ umif;rsm;ESiahf wGUonf/

aqmifay;vkduf/ 'g½kdufwmtdtdcdkifESifhawGUí ol½kdufxm;onfh cspfjcif;
tjypfuif;ygap Short Story taMumif;ajymjy/&efyHkaiGtjzpf½dkufay;aom
Short Story jzpfío½kya
f qmifrsm;rSarwåmjzifu
h n
l aD Mumif;od&/ 'g½du
k w
f m
udkrD;yGm;ESifhawGU/ olvkyfcsifonfh Project taMumif; ajymjy/ udkaZmfouf
axG;ESifhawGUí trsdK;om;owif;qktaMumif;ajymjzpfonf/ udkaZmfouf
axG;rS rdrt
d rIEiS yhf wfoufí pme,fZif;aumifprD S aqmif&u
G af erIrsm;tm;
today;/ q&mra':prf;prf;EGJU(om,m0wD)ESifh awGUcJhonf/ q&mru
EkysdKaeqJ/ q&mcspfOD;ndKukd awmifOuúvmrSa[majymyGJtaMumif; ar;
&m &ufajymif;onhfudpö oloabmrwl[kqdk/ aeYvnfbuf Central
rS "mwfyHkjyyJGokdYa&muf/ ukdxdef0if;rSrlykdifcGifhtaMumif;a[majymae/
rdr"d mwfyu
kH pd t
ö aMumif;awmifxnfah jymonf[o
k &d / "mwfyq
kH &mtoif;

udkwifaiGudk rsufpdcGJay;
zkdY wkdifyifjzpfonf/ odef;
oef;OD;wkdY uAsmpmtkyfyGJ
odkYa&mufonf/ q&mOD;
0if;wifukdvnf; awGU&
onf/ q&mudkatmifpkd;
OD;ESifhawGU&m reufutpnf;ta0;wpfckrSm q&mausmfaZmEkdif Heart
Attack ESifh½kwfw&ufuG,fvGefoGm;onfqkdí bk&m;w&onf/ bk&m;
...bk&m;/ ightvSnfh b,fawmhrsm;ygvdrfh/ tGefvdkif;rSm udkapmvdIifyHk
xlxlaxmifaxmifawGU&í 0rf;om&onf/ t*FgaeY rsufMunfvTmvSLzkdY
pOf;pm;xm;onf/ Body vnf;vSLcJhzkdYpOf;pm;xm;onf/ 'DcE¨mukd,f
twåabmBuD;udk vufcHyghrvm;rod/

(969)trSwfwHqdyfawmfyHkpHrSm
jrefrmEkid if w
H iG w
f pfrsK;d wnf;om&Sad Mumif;
omoemUygvu*P0gpuoHC
uGef&ufu xkwfazmfajymMum;

jrpfom;NrdKYe,fwGif a&S;a[mif;apwDawmfwpfqlrSm
a&Tom;Ak'¨½kyfyGm;awmfawGY&Sd

jrpfom;NrdKUe,f\taemufbuf(1)rdkifcefYa0;aom
avmif;awmfO;D aus;&Gmta&SUbuf(2)zmvkcH eft
Y uGmwGif
ysufp;D ,d,
k iG ;f aeaoma&S;a[mif;apwDawmfwpfqw
l nf
&Sdonf/ jrpfom;NrdKU?&Srf;yGJ&yfuGufaexkdifoludkqef;0if;
onf rdrad rG;zGm;&mavmif;awmfO;D aus;&Gm? avmif;awmf
OD;uGif;wGif jiKyf? MuufoGef? pyg;?ocGm;?z&JpdkufysKd;vkyf
udkifolwpfOD;jzpfNyD; tdyfruft&udkqef;0if;ocGm;oD;
pdu
k yf sKd;xm;aomocGm;cif;teD;OD;a&T½;dk uke;f awmf a&S;a[mif;apwDukd jyKjyif&rnf[o
k u
kd cf sKyfb;dk awmf(a&S;a[mif;apwDawmfajrmuf bufteD;anmifyif
wGif&Sdaom)rStdyfrufay;íapwDtm;jyefvnfjyKjyif&ef udkqef;0if;ESifhtzGJUrS(18-2-2013)aeYwGif csKHEG,frsm;jzifhjynhfaeaomapwD0ef;usiftm;pwif
&Sif;vif;onf/ (26-2-2013)aeYwGif apwDrStkwfusKd;tkwfyJhrsm;ukd&Sif;&mAk'¨½kyfyGm;awmfrsm;ukdzl;awGU&onf/
ukdqef;0if;ESihftzGJUzl;awG&aomAk'¨½kyfyGm;awmfxJwGif a&Tom;tppfAk'¨½kyfyGm;awmfwpfqludk xl;xl;jcm;jcm;zl;awGU&onf/ ¤if;tjyif aiGom;
Ak'¨½kyfyGm;awmf?abmfAk'¨½kyfyGm;awmf?aMu;Ak'¨½kyfyGm;awmf?ausmufqif;wkAk'¨½kyfyGm;awmf?tom;Ak'¨½kyfyGm;awmfponfhAk'¨½kyfyGm;awmfaygif;(31)qludk
zl;awGU&onf/ Ak'½¨ yk yf mG ;awmfrsm;onfy*k aH cwfvuf&mrsm;jzpfonfuo
dk &d NyD; a&TA'k ½¨ yk yf mG ;awmfÓmPfawmfonf(4)vufr&SNd yD; yv’iaf wmfonfeo
YH mom;
ukdaiGywfxm;onfudk zl;awGU&onf/ aiGbk&m;onf ÓmPfawmf(5)vufr?abmfbk&m;onfÓmPfawmf(4)vufr&Sdonfudk od&onf/ aMu;bk&m;
tBuD;tao;(8)ql?ausmufqif;wkawmftBuD;tao;(8)qlEiS t
fh om;bk&m;ponfwYdk toD;oD;zl;awGU&onf/ ¤if;tjyif &[EÅm"mwfawmfpif;MuKwf(3)ck
qef;xGef;Ekdif(jrpfom;)
wdkYudkvnf; zl;awGU&onf/

ax&0g'Ak'b
¨ momxGe;f um;jyefyY mG ;a&;ESihf trsKd; ?bmom? omoem
apmifha&SmufEkdifa&;wkdYukd&nf&G,fí (969)trSwfwHqdyfawmfukd wpfEkdifiH
vH;k okjYd zefaY 0ay;vsuf&NdS yD; (969)trSww
f q
H yd af wmfypkH rH mS vnf; jrefrmEkid if H
wGif wpfrsKd;wnf;om&SdaMumif;ukd omoemh*P0gpuoHCuGef&ufrS
wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;jzpfonfhOD;rsKd;rif;Ekdif\xkwfazmfajymMum;rIrsm;t& od&
onf/
Ak'b
¨ momtrSww
f q
H yd af wmfjzpfonfh (969)trSww
f q
H yd af wmfonf
jrwfA'k \
¨ a&mifjcnfawmfajcmufyg;ukt
d aMumif;jyK&nf&,
G u
f m jyKvkyx
f m;
aom omoemhtvHawmfukdaemufcHxm;NyD; (969)\t"dyÜg,frSmbk&m;
*kPaf wmf(9)yg;? w&m;*kPaf wmf(6)yg;? oHCm*kPaf wmf(9)yg;ukd &nf&,
G f
xm;aMumif;? taomuausmufwkdift"dyÜm,frSmvnf; jcaoFh?qif?jrif;?
EGm;?t½kyrf sm;yg&Sad eNyD; taomurif;\omoemawmfxeG ;f um;jyefyY mG ;a&;

aqmif&GufcsufaMumifh jrefrmEkdifiHawmfwGifomoemawmfwnf&Sdaejcif;
\aus;Zl;w&m;rsm;ukd rarhoifh&ef&nf&G,faMumif;?(969)Ak'¨bmom
trSwfwHqdyfawmftwGuf vdkufema&SmifMuOf&efpnf;urf;csufrsm;rSm
trSwfwHqdyfawmfukdtoHk;jyK&mü o&P*HkoHk;yg;ukd&GwfqkdíuyfNyD;
vuftkyfcsDum Ak'¨omoeHpd&HwdXwkoHk;Budrft"dXmef&Gwfqkdí ½dkaopGmNyD;
qH k ; ap&rnf j zpf a Mumif ; ?trS w f w H q d y f a wmf u k d j rif h j rwf a om?oif h w if h
avsmufywfaomae&mrsm;üom toHk;jyK&rnfjzpfaMumif;? trSwfwHqdyf
awmfukd yHkpHwlrlruGJwpfom;wnf;jzpfatmif wpfEkdifiHvHk;twkdif;twm
jzifh jrwfAk'¨tvkdusnDñGwfrIukdazmfaqmifMu&rnfjzpfaMumif;/ trSwf
wH q d y f u k d tjcm;bmom0if r sm;yk d i f q k d i f a omtk d ; td r f ? wd k u f w m?um;?
qkdifu,ftp&Sdaom,mOfrsm;ESifhtoHk;taqmifypönf;rsm;wGif [efaqmif
vSnfhzsm;í toHk;jyKyguxda&mufpGmta&;,laqmif&GufrnfjzpfaMumif;
trSww
f q
H yd af wmf\*kPo
f rd u
f dk n§Kd ;rSed af paom&nf&,
G cf sufjzifh jyKrl?ajym
qkd? BuHpnfrIrsm;ukd jrifawGUMum;od&yguomoemygvu*P0gpu
oHCmhtzGJUrS xda&mufpGmta&;,lrnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
tqkdyg omoemhygvu*P0gpuoHCmhtzGJUESifhywfoufívnf;
OD;rsKd;rif;EkdifuajymMum;&mwGif trsKd;bmomomoemukdapmifha&SmufzkdY
tcsdefwefaeNyDjzpfwmaMumifh omoemhygvu*P0gpuoHCmhtzGJUukd
(24?10?2012)&ufrSm q&mawmfBuD;awGuOD;aqmifNyD; armfvNrdKifNrdKUrS
pwifzGJUpnf;cJhygw,f/ &efukefNrdKUrSm&SdwJhNrdKUe,ftawmfrsm;rsm;rSmawmh
omoemhygvu*P0gpuoHCuGef&uf(969)ukd zGJUpnf;EkdifcJhygw,f/
b,fygwDeJYrSvnf; yg0ifywfoufjcif;r&Sdygbl;/ omoemhygvu*P
0gpu oHCtzGUJ &JUwHqyd af wmfjzefaY 0rIrmS vnf; qGr;f avmif;toif;awGu
ulnDay;wmawG&Sdygw,f/ wpfwkdif;jynfvHk;twkdif;twmeJYysHUESHYatmif
jrifatmif BudK;pm;aqmif&Gufaeygw,f[k ajymMum;onf/
omoemhygvu*P0gpuoHCuGef&uf(969)\yxrtBudrf awGU
qHkyGJukd (1?3?2013)&ufu tif;pdefNrdKUe,ftwGif; usif;yjyKvkyfcJhMuNyD;
omoemhygvu*P0gpu oHCuGef&uf(969)trSwfwHqdyfawmfukd
&,ljzefYa0vkdygu OD;rsKd;rif;Ekdif zkef;-0943097642? a':Zmenf0if;xGef;
zkef;-09420035924? trSwf(227)?u(3)vrf;? NrdKUopf(u?c)&yfuGuf?
tif;pdefNrdKUe,f? &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;okdY qufoG,faqmif&GufekdifaMumif;
od&onf/
nD n D x G e f ;

aEG&moDvil ,f,Ofaus;vdrm®
oifwef;qif;yGJudk aumUu&dwf?
owdy|mefausmif;opfwiG f
usi;f yjyKvyk f
aumhu&dwf rwf (10)
u&ifjynfe,f? aumhu&dwfNrdKUe,f? aEG&moDuav;oli,frsm;
,Ofaus;vdr®moifwef;udk ckepf&ufzGifhvSpfNyD; oifwef;qif;yGJukd ,aeY
n(7)em&Du trSwf(4)&yfuGuf owdyXmefausmif;opf"r®m½HkwGif usif;
yjyKvkyfonf/
oifwef;ol? oifwef;om;(500)ausmfwufa&mufcJhNyD; oifwef;
om;(85)OD;ESifh oifwef;ol(40)OD;wkdYu omraP?oDv&Sifrsm;0wfí
wufa&mufonf/ oifwef;qif;yGJwGifoifwef;em,uowdyXmef
ausmif;opfq&mawmfu trSmpum;rdeMYf um;awmfrNl yD; xl;cRefoifwef;
ol?oifwef;om;rsm;ukd qkrsm;csD;jr§ifhcJhaMumif;od&Sd&onf/
wif0if;vIdif(aumhu&dwf)

twGif;&efol (pdwf)
Ä vdkcsifwyfruf
wPSmpufaMumifh
b0*fra&muf t0Dpda&mufrnf
Ä tjyif&efol
&efrlygu
wpfb0om ao&rnf
Ä twGif;&efol
pdwf&efrlrS
b0oHo&m
qkH;rSm r[kwfawmhyg.../
jzLESif;EG,f(ref;wuúodkvf)

19

jref r mh t oH / MRTV/ jrefrma&'D,dk? MRTV-4? CITY-FM?
rEÅav;-FM? a&T-FM? cs,f&D-FM? ywåjrm;-FM .../
t½kyfygwJh½kyfoHeJYt½kyfrygbJ toHoufoufawGtrsm;BuD;
jzpfwnfaewhJvwfwavmumv/ [dkwkef;ua&'D,dkqdkwm
jrefrmhtoHwpfckyJ&Sdw,f/ ckawmh]]Mum;p&m}}ae&mawG
trsm;BuD;/ a&G;cs,fp&mawGtrsm;BuD;/ 'DvMkd um;p&mawG
em;axmifp&mawG>ywfMuyf aeavawmhb,foal wGu
bmawGudkb,fvkdxkwfvTihfaeMuovJ/ uRefawmfwkdY
ubmawG&ovJ b,favmuf&ovJ/ vTifhxkwfae
orQ toHawGt½kyaf wGxu
J *Dw/ oDcsif;udpw
ö pfcu
k ykd J
tm½k H p d k u f M unh f & atmif / 'D a eY FMawG e J Y MRTV
uuRefawmfwkdYtwGuf b,fvdkoDcsif;rsKd;awG
xkwfvTifhay;aeovJ/ uRefawmfwdkY
ubmawGudkaeYwkdif;em;axmif
aeMu&ovJ/ b,fvkdvlawG
u b,fvkdoDcsif;awGudka&;zGJU
oDqdkNyD; uRefawmfwdkYqDukdb,f
vkdta&mufydkYaeovJ/ odcsif
p&myJaemf oDcsif;udpöudk om
pOf;pm;wmjzpfvdkY toHvTifhol
awGtoHvTifhXmeawGeJYawmhwkduf
½dkufroufqkdifbl;/ 'gayrJhwpfwdkif;
wpfjynfvkH;Mum;&atmif wifqufaewmaMumihf toHvTifhtpDtpOfa&;qGJolawGeJYawmhtxkduftavsmuf
oufqkdifw,f/
[kwfuJh/ 'DuaeYavvIdif;awGuwpfqifh a&'D,dkawG½kyfoHawGuwpfqihf Mum;ae&wJh(em;xJudkwkd;0if
vmwJh)oDcsif;awGrSmbmawGygovJ/ b,fvdktaMumif;jcif;&mawGudk a&;zGJUoDqdkwD;rIwfaeMuovJ/ tcspf?
tvG r f ; ? wrf ; wrf ; wwaw;awG v m;/ azmf u G m a0;ae&vd k Y aqG ; aqG ; jrnf h j rnf h j zpf a ewJ h a w;awG v m;/
a0;urÇmqDokYdajy;ygNyDAsKdUqdkwJhaw;awGvm;/ b,fvkdoDcsif;awGa&;zGJUaeMuovJ/ b,fvkdoDqdkaeMuovJ/
b,fvkdwifqufxkwfvTifhaeovJ/ b,foDcsif;awGu b,favmufatmifjrifaeovJ/ odcsifp&myJaemf/
]](21)&mpktapmydkif;umv jrefrmh*Dwe,fy,frStqihfjrifhaw;oDcsif;rsm;}}qdkwJhacgif;pOfeJY okawoewpf&yf
awmifvkyfoihfw,fr[kwfvm;/ aocsmwmwpfckuawmh 'DuaeYMum;ae&wJhoDcsif;awG&JU taMumif;jcif;&m
e,fy,f[m usOf;usOf;av;xJrSmyJ 0JvSnfhaeMuw,fqkdwmygyJ/ 'gudkjrefrmhtoH(B.B.S)acwfeJY,SOfMunhf½kH
eJYodomEkdifygw,f/ [dkacwf[kdtcg(1950-1975)ckESpfawGwkef;u aw;jyKpmqdkawG[mtaMumif;t&mtrsKd;rsKd;
a&;pGrf;EkdifcJhMuNyD; tqkdawmfawGuvnf; oef&moef&mvkdif;awGrSm tyDtjyif[pfa<u;EdkifcJhMuw,f/
taMumif;jcif;&mawGuawmh pHkwumaphaewmaygh/ us,fus,fjyefYjyefY&SdvSw,f/ cHpm;rItrsKd;rsKd;eJYxGuf
ay:cJhw,f/ b,folawGu b,fvdkoDcsif;rsKd;awGudka&;cJhqdkcJhMuw,fqdkwm enf;enf;avmufiJhapmif;Munhf
r,fav/
oHo&mc&D;onf-arvSNrdKif?wuúokdvfausmif;olwpfOD;-udkrif;aemif?rcifESif;qD-udkjrBuD;?wpfvkH;ESpfvkH;
pmpDukH;-EGJU,Of0if;?arNrdKUokdYr[kwfjyifOD;vGif-EGJU,Of0if;?acsmuvsm-pE´&m;cspfaqG?rdom;pkwe*FaEG-udkrif;
aemif? rk;d oufavESi-f armifarmifneG ?Yf aus;apwref-ar&Si?f aus;Zl;wifygw,f&iS -f wuúov
kd o
f ef;oef;vGi?f
awmifawmfykyÜg;-ukdbaomif;? a&Tzdk;acgif-a'pDausmf0if;? NyKH;ygqdk-0if;OD;? tarhtdrf-cifESif;ouf? rdbaus;Zl;
qyfzl;NyDvm;-rpdefjrifhvwf? cspfpdwf0if-cifcif? vSwpfrsufESm-udkwifxGwf? wdrfjymaomaeY-armifarmifoef;?
a&TnmqDoGm;r,f-armifarmifBuD;?pum;wuúodkvf-cif,kar?aEGOD;aw;oH-arvSNrdKif? vef;vef;vSvS
MuLMuLvGifvGif-udkpdef0if;?arwåmuefrGef-pDav;? NrdKUro0PfvTm-rdk;a'0grvSa&T?rNyD;ao;aomyef;csDum;0if;OD;?ppfudkif;{&m0wD-A.1 wifwifvS? aMu;rkH&dyfoGif-jrifhjrihfpdef? oJikHcspfyef;-udkwif0if;?yef;wdkif;yGihfygapjrwfav;?yef;aumufvyYJS g-armifarmifvwf?avxJaqmufwt
hJ rd u
f av;-uk&d 0J if;? oHviG Of ;D -rÍÆLjrif?h ayzl;vTmwifwifjr? armif;ruefauoDOD;-armifarmifBuD; ? okH;&moD-udktHhBuD;? wuúodkvfrSma0wJhESif;-cifarmifBuD;?
olrvm-oef;oef;&Sdef? ,kefurwdk;ydkufuxkd;-rdrdav;? ESvkH;om;ukdtvSqifyg-rkd;tzGJU? wG,fNidwwfaom&ifcifav;rl? oleJYom qdk&if-ukdopfvGif? zl;yGihfa0pDq,fhESpf&moD-udkoef;vIdif? wuúokdvfausmif;u arwåm\
toD;tyGihfrsm;- vufyHwef;oef;wif?pma&;BuD;-"EkjzLpdk;odrf;?cspfolUukd,fpm;-udkausmfnGefY?wpfrkd;wpfajroef;oef;ar? cGihfvTwf&if;eJYESpfodrhfr,f-rsKd;jrifhav;? tdyfrufvSvSrufygap-&D&Dcif? eyef;qH-jrifhjrihfcif?
zufz;l qifcifcifBudKufw,f-xm;? oD&ad *[m-cifpef;Munf? aqmif;uwDyå g-bdvyfjyefoef;? uRefawmfah rG;XmeDoef;xGef;av;? uacsonf-a':arpD? vlcRefvlaumif;-udktHhBuD;? q,frdk;q,faEGarQmfava0;-rmrmat;?
a&TbkHay:rSmpHcsifol-oef;oef;qifh? vljyufuav;armifa&T½kd;- cspfpy,f? Zmwdrmef-OMobaomif? yef;
ydawmufrif;-MunfMunfa|;?olZmcifeJY blwmpOf-MunfMunf0if;.../
qkw
d o
hJ cD sif;awG[macgif;xJrmS ½kww
f &ufay:vmwJh B.B.S acwfu xGuaf y:cJw
h hJ oDcsif;trsKd;tpm;awGyg/
tJonfwkef;u B.B.S (jrefrmhtoH)rSm taysmfwrf;aw;*Dw 0dkif;awG&m*Pef;&Sdw,f/ *DwpmqdkBuD;BuD;i,fi,f
awGuolwdkY&ifxJtoJxJudk pl;epf0ifa&mufvmwJhjzpf&yfrSeforQ yGihfxGufcHpm;tefxkwfa&;zGJUcJhMuw,f/
taMumif;t&mrsKd;pkHb0tzkHzkH?tr,fpkHus,fus,fjyefYjyefYa&;cJhMuw,f/EdkifiHtaetxm;vlrsKd;wpf&mhwpfyg;
eJYt&G,fokH;yg;pvkH;twGufoDzGJUcJhMuw,f/ tajrmuftjrm;'DuaeYtxdusefaeqJ.../
tck (21)&mpkxJ qdkufqkdufNrdKufNrdKufa&mufvmNyD/ B.B.S jrefrmhtoH&,fvdkYvJ t&if'DZkdif;eJYr&Sdawmhbl;/
toHvTihfXmeawGtrsm;BuD; ay:xGufvmNyD; wpfaeukefwpfnvkH;tpDtpOfrsKd;pkHtNydKiftqkdif xkwfvTifhaeMuNyD/
reuf(5)em&Duaen(11)em&Dtxd wifqufajzazsmfaeMuNyD/
'Dawmh tJonftoHvTifh(tcsKdU½kyfoHvTifh)XmeawGqDu bmoDcsif;awG 'DuaeYMum;aeMu&ovJqdkwm
wpfqdwfem;axmifMunhfvkdufprf;yg../ em;axmifjzpfatmifem;axmifMunhfvkdufprf;yg/bmawGMum;aeMu&o
vJ/olwkdYubmawGvTifhay;aeNyD; uRefawmfwdkYubmawGudkt&om&Sd&Sdtzkd;wefwefem;axmifaeMu&ovJqdkwm
oif h a emf
od&atmif ... [kwfuJh ...[kwfuJh ... [kwfuJhygcifAs ...em;axmifMunfhvkdufMuygOD; .../oif

(33) Budrfajrmufytdk0ftrsKd;om;aehusif;ya&;twGuf
aumUu&dwfwGifaqG;aEG;
aumhu&dwf rwf (13)
(33)Budraf jrmuf?ytd0k t
f rsKd;om;aeYu(kd 26-3-2013)&uf?waygif;vjynfah eYwiG f pnfum;odu
k Nf rdKufpmG usif;
yjyKvkyaf &;twGuf ndE§ idI ;f tpnf;ta0;udk ,aeYeeH ufyikd ;f u u&ifjynfe,f? aumhu&dwNf rdKU? awmifay:ausmif;
wku
d w
f iG u
f sif;yjyKvky&f m u&ifjynfe,ftpk;d &tzGUJ ytk0d af &;&m0efBuD; OD;cGeo
f ef;jrif?h aumhu&dwNf rdKU? 'kw,
d NrdKU
e,ftyk cf sKyfa&;rSL;OD;atmifjrifx
h eG ;f ? NrdKUe,f&w
J yfzUJG rSL;&JrLS ;ausmfxeG ;f ESiNhf rdKUay: &yfuu
G cf ek pfcrk S &yfuu
G t
f yk cf sKyf
a&;rSL;rsm;?NrdKUe,fytdk0fpmayESifh,Ofaus;rItzGJU0ifrsm; wufa&mufMuonf/
þtpnf;ta0;wGif tajccHynmausmif;rsm;ü ytk0d pf mayESi,
hf Ofaus;rIbmom&yfrsm;udk oifMum;Edik af &;
twGuf ytkd0fpmay,Ofaus;rIq&mjzpfoifwef;zGifhvSpfa&;udk aqG;aEG;cJhMuonf/ytkd0ftrsKd;om;aeYudk bm;tH
NrdKUe,f?NrdKifuav;aus;&Gm?vIdif;bGJNrdKUe,f?ydkifusKHNrdKUe,fcGJ yd#uwfaemifbdkaus;&Gm?omrnESifhaumhu&dwf
wif0if;vIdif(aumhu&dwf)
NrdKUwkdYwGif wpfNydKifwnf; usif;yjyKvkyfrnfjzpfaMumif;od&Sd&onf/

20

apmrGefvSjrwHbwfa&TxD;awmf rEÅav;awmifwGif
&ifaiGYawmfvIHylaZmf
NyD;cJhonfhESpf Ekd0ifbm(11)
&uf a eY u vI y f c wf o G m ;cJ h a om
rEÅav;ajrivsifaMumifh rEÅav;
NrdKU?csrf;jrompnfNrdKUe,f? atmif
yifv,f&yfuGuf&SdvGefcJhaom ESpf
aygif;(900)ausmfu rdzk&m;apmrGef
vSwnfxm;ukd;uG,fcJhonfh jrwH
bufapwDawmfESifha&TxD;awmfrSm
ysufpD;qHk;½IH;cJh&m e*g;ukd;aumif
q&mawmfOD;aqmifí topfjyef
vnfwifvSLylaZmf&ef aqmif&Guf
vsuf&Sdonf/
,ckESpfrwfv(2)&uf?paeaeYwGif tqkdygpdefzl;awmfESifha&TxD;awmfukd ]]toufuav;&,f&Snfapvkd
ref;awmif&dyfckd}]qkdonfhwabmifESifhtnD &aohBuD;OD;cEÅDomoemjyKcJhaom rEÅav;awmifawmfokdYyifhaqmifí
&ifaiGUawmfvIHylaZmfcJh&m tcrf;tem;wGif wkdif;a'oBuD; vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,fOD;xGef;0if;? pufrI0efBuD;Xme
Akv
d rf LS ;atmifaZmf0if;?atmifajrompHNrdKUe,fjynfaxmifpBk uHUckid af &;ESizhf UHG NzdK;a&;tzGUJ rSaumfrwD0ifrsm;ESihf vyfu;D
[kr;f y&[dwazmifa';&Si;f tzGUJ wkrYd S 0kid ;f 0ef;ulnyD ifah qmifyal ZmfcMhJ uonf/ xkaYd emufe*g;uk;d aumifq&mawmfEiS hf
PS(APL)
wkdif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmfOD;xGef;0if;wkdYrS a&Trkd;aiGrkd;rsm;&GmoGef;NzdK;cJhMuonf/

yef;waemf NLD tzGJYcsKyf orkdif;0ifa&Tjrifwif
apwDawmfy&0kPftwGif; oefh&Sif;a&;aqmif&Guf
{&m0wDwkdif;a'oBuD;? NLD
tzG J U csKyf t wG i f ; a&;rS L ;a'guf w m
OD;wifrif;xG#f OD;aqmifaom yef;
waemf NLD tzG J U csKyf u ygwD 0 if
(100)ausmfwkdYonf (12?3?2013)
&ufaeY eHeuf(7)em&Du NrdKUESifhwpf
rkdifausmfa0;aom a&Tjrifwifaus;
&Gm&Sdorkdif;0ifa&TjrifwifapwDawmf
jrwf B uD ; y&0k P f t wG i f ; jruf y if
aygif;yifESifhtrIdufo½dkufrsm;ukdckwf
xGif&Sif;vif;ay;aMumif;od&onf/
apwDawmfjrwfBuD;rSm &efuek ?f
ykord u
f m;vrf;(yef;waemfjrpf\)awmifbufurf; wGiw
f nf&o
dS nf/ ÚmPfawmfrmS (122)awmif&í
dS acwftquf
qufrS ,aeYrsufarSmuftxd q&mawmfBuD;rsm;?a*gyuvlBuD;rif;rsm;ESit
hf mPmykid t
f zGUJ tpnf;rsm;u o'¨gw&m;
xufoefpGmjzifh jyKjyifrGrf;rHvmcJhojzifh ,aeYwkdifa&Ta&mifw0if;0if;ESifhzl;ajrmfawGUjrifae&jcif;jzpfonf/
,if;apwDawmfjrwfBuD;rSm oD[kdVfuRef;rStdrfa&SUrif;om;aumomeua&Tig;wif;? aiGig;wif;tukeftuscHum
c&pfESpf(1236)ESpfcefYu OD;pGmyxrwnf
xm;cJhaomapwDawmfjrwfBuD;vnf; jzpfyg
onf/
a&TjrifwifapwDawmfjrwfBuD; Ak'¨ylZed
,yGJawmfukd ESpfpOfwaygif;v qef;(9)&uf
aeYrS waygif;vjynfhaeYtxd pnfum;okduf
NrdKufpmG usif;yvsuf&&dS m bk&m;yGaJ wmf&ufe;D
uyfvmojzifh ,ckvkdyef;waemf NLD tzGJU
csKyf u apwD a wmf j rwf B uD ; y&0k P f t wG i f ;
oefY&Sif;a&;tvSL'gejyKvkyfjcif;jzpfaMumif;
owif;&&Sdonf/ uk d a v;aZmf ( yef ; waemf )

,ckEpS af EGO;D wGiyf yk mÜ ;awmifuvyfoEhkd ikd if jH cm;c&D;onfta&mufrsm;?
twufvrf;pwD;avSum;twGuftvSLaiGay;tyf
jref r mEd k i f i H \ txif & S m ;qH k ;
ordik ;f 0ifawmifawmfjrwfjzpfonf?h
rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD;? ykyÜm;NrdKUrS
olawmfaumif;oljrwfaumif;wdkY
pHaysmf&mykyÜm;awmifawmfjrwfBuD;
wGif ,ckESpfaEGOD;&moDüjynfwGif;
jynf y bk & m;zl ; c&D ; onf r sm;jzif h
pnf u m;vsuf & S d o nf / tqd k y g
awmif a wmf a &T y k y Ü m ;od k Y w uf & m
twuf p wD ; avS u m;rsm;onf
a[mif;EGrf;í pdk;&drfp&mjzpfaeo
jzifh tqdkyg avSum;twufvrf;
ESifhpwD;vuf&rf;rsm;?pwD;avSum;rsm;topfwyfqifEdkif&eftvSLaiGay;tyfyGJudk ykyÜm;awmifxGwfom;zGm;*lü
rwfv(3)&ufaeYeHeuf(10)em&DujyKvkyfcJhonf/
tqdkygvSL'gef;rIudk rEÅav;NrdKU? atmifyifv,f?e*g;udk;aumifq&mawmfESifhacsmufNrdKUcsif;armifESpfrawmif
q&mawmfwdkYOD;aqmifaome,fvSnfhomoemjyKbk&m;zl;c&D;onfrsm;jzpfonfh&efukefNrdKU?r&rf;ukef;NrdKUe,f?
bk&ifhaemifyGJ½Hkwef;ESifh tmaomuvrf;axmifh Z^61? atmifcsrf;om? qefa&mif;0,fa&;rdom;pkrsm;rS bk&m;
',dumzcifBuD;OD;vSaomif;+ rdcifBuD;a':wifa&TwdkYtm;trSL;xm;vQuf? rMunfMunfñGefY?udkcifarmifaxG;+
rMunfMunfjrifh(om;)armifa0,HOD;+rwifwif0if;(orD;)MunfjzLcifwdkYrS tvSLaiGusyfajcmufodef;(600000)
wdkYudkom;zGm;*lwm0efusa*gyuvlBuD;rsm;xHay;tyfvSL'gef;cJhaMumif;od&Sd&onf/
PS(APL)

21

a&Tawmifpm;apwDawmfjrwfBu;D a&Tx;D awmfwifA'k g¨ bad ou
taeuZmwifr[mr*Fvmtcrf;tem; Ncrd Nhf crd o
hf q
J if,ifusi;f y

jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEkdifiHawmfonff Ak'¨omoema&mif0gaeodkY
xGef;vif;jzmonfhwkdif;jynfjzpfygonf/ jA[®pkd&fw&m;av;yg;xGef;um;
aomwkdif;jynfvnf;jzpfygonf/ r&SdvkdYrvSL?rvSLvkdYr&Sd rjzpf&avatmif
tvSLa&pufvufeJYruGmvSL'gef;MuaomAk'¨bmom0ifolawmfpifwkdY\
wk d i f ; jynf j zpf o nf h jynf a xmif p k o r® w jref r mEd k i f i H a wmf o nf ab;
tEÅ&m,f &efpG,ftoG,foG,frSuif;a0;NyD;at;csrf;om,mzGHUNzdK; a0pnf
vsuf&Sdonf/
,ckvnf; weoFm&Dwkdif;a'oBuD;?xm;0,fNrdKU?ydEéJawm&yfuGuf
wG i f wnf x m;uk d ; uG , f a wmf r l o nf h a &T a wmif p m;apwD j rwf B uD ; tm;
a&TxD;awmfwifAk'¨gbdaoutaeuZmwifr[mr*Fvmtcrf;tem;ukd
(2013)ckESpf?rwfv(13)&uf?eHeuf(7)em&DwGif NcdrfhNcdrfhoJqif,ifusif;ycJh
ygonf/ tcrf;tem;tm;a&Tawmifpm;apwDawmfjrwfBuD;teD;&Sd r[m
"r®m½HkBuD;ü usif;yjyKvkyf&m wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf'kwd,
Ad k v f c sKyf r S L ;BuD ; rif ; atmif v I d i f w uf a &muf M unf n d K í pd e f z l ; awmf ?
iSufjrwfem;awmf? a&TxD;awmfbHkqifhESifhvSLzG,fypönf;rsm; qufuyf
vSL'gef;ylaZmfcJhygonf/ omoemawmftwGuf taxmuftyHhaumif;
wpfck?a'gufwkdif wpfwkdif[kqkdvQif rrSm;ay/
tqkdyg r[mr*Fvmtcrf;tem;okdY xm;0,fNrdKUrS oHCmawmft&Sif
oljrwfrsm;? oDv&Sifq&mBuD;rsm;?wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf'kwd,
AkdvfcsKyfrSL;BuD;rif;atmifvIdifESifhZeD; a':MuLMuLvS? umuG,fa&;
OD;pD;csKyf(a&) 'kw,
d Adv
k cf sKyfBuD;ol&oufaqGEiS hf ZeD;?umuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyf
(av) AkdvfcsKyf cifatmifjrifhESifhZeD;? weoFm&Dwkdif;a'oBuD;0efBuD;
csKyf O D ; jrwf u k d ? wk d i f ; a'oBuD ; vT w f a wmf O uú | OD ; xif a tmif a usmf ?
umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf½Hk; (Munf;)rSwyfrawmft&m&SdBuD;rsm;? urf;½kd;wef;
a'owkdif;ppfXmecsKyfwkdif; rSL;AdkvfcsKyfcifarmifaX;?wkdif;a'oBuD; tpkd;&
tzGJU0if0efBuD;rsm;? tvSL&Sifrsm;? NrdKUrdNrdKUzrsm;?zdwfMum;xm;olrsm;ESifh
wm0ef&Sdolrsm;wufa&mufcJhMuygonf/
,ckwifvSLonfhxD;awmfrSm pwkw¬xD;awmfjzpfygonf/ a&Tawmif
pm;apwDawmfjrwfBuD;ukd ]]OMoausmfvpf?a&Tawmifpm;ouú&mZf}}[k
rSwfom;xm;onfhpum;twkdif; aumZmouú&mZf(1124)ckESpfwGifpwif
wnfxm;ukd;uG,fcJhonf/ xm;0,fNrdKUonf ]]OMoatmifonf? xm;0,f
wnf } } qk d o nf h p um;twk d i f ; aumZmouú & mZf ( 1116)ck E S p f w G i f
pwifNrdKUwnfc&hJ mapwDawmfBuD;rSm NrdKUwnfNyD;(8)ESpt
f MumwGif wnfxm;
ukd;uG,fcJhjcif;jzpfygonf/apwDawmfBuD;tm;rif;&SifaZmf(ac:)a&Tawmif
pm;rif;BuD;rS aumZmouú&mZf(1124)ckESpf?waygif;vqef;(5)&uf Ak'¨[l;
aeYwGif pwiftkwfjrpfcswnfxm;ukd;uG,fawmfrlcJhjcif; jzpfygonf/
apwDawmfjrwfBuD;wnfxm;ukd;uG,f&m y&0kPfwpfckvHk;\tus,f
t0ef;rSm(5)'or(5){ucef&Y ydS gonf/ouú&mZf (1126)ckEpS ?f wefc;l vqef;
(10)&uf?aomMumaeYreG ;f wnfch sdew
f iG f &wemxD;awmfwifvLS jcif; r*Fvm
tcrf;tem;ukd usif;ycJhaMumif; rSwfwrf;rsm;t&od&ygonf/

22

ouú&mZf(1262)ckESpf?uqkefvjynfhaeUwGif 'kwd,xD;awmftm;
wifvLS cJyh gonf/ ouú&mZf (1273)ckEpS ?f wefc;l vqkw(f 4)&uf aomMum
aeYeeH uf(8)em&Dtcsdew
f iG f wwd,xD;awmfwifvLS cJyh gonf/ ,ckaumZm
ouú&mZf (1374)ckESpf? waygif;vqef;(2)&uf (c&pfESpf(2013)ckESpf?
rwfv (13)&uf)Ak'¨[l;aeYwGifusif;yonfha&TxD;awmfwifAk'¨gbdaou
taeuZmwif r[mr*Fvmtcrf;tem;onfum; pwkwx
¬ ;D awmfwifvLS
jcif;jzpfygonf/
a&TxD;awmfwif Ak'¨gbdaoutaeuZmwifjcif; r[mr*Fvmtcrf;
tem;tm; wyf r awmf u muG , f a &;OD ; pD ; csKyf ' k w d , Ak d v f c sKyf r S L ;BuD ;
rif;atmifvIdifu usdKif;wHk0pDydwfq&mawmfb'´EÅOD;aum0d'tm;trSL;
xm;í usif;yjyKvkyfjcif;jzpfygonf/ q&mawmfBuD;rSm(1995)ckESpfrS
pwifí oDv"r®ukef;omawm&ausmif;wGif oD;wif;oHk;awmfrlNyD; ,ck
tcgoufawmf(55)ESpf?odu©mawmf(35)0g&SdNyD; jzpfygonf/ q&mawmf
onfusdKif;wHkNrdKUa&&&Sda&;twGuf txl;BudK;yrf;aqmif&GufawmfrlcJhonfh
tjyif usdKif;wHNk rdKUwGif rD;oN*ØK[fpufaqmufvyk v
f LS 'gef;cJo
h nf/ xkt
Yd jyif
wmav ivsifab;oifhjynfolrsm;ukdvnf; axmufyHhvSL'gef;cJhonf/
&Srf;jynfe,f ta&SUykdif;a'owGif bdef;tpm;xkd;oD;ESHpkdufysdK;a&;tjzpf
vufzufpkdufcif;rsm; xlaxmifpkdufysdK;apcJhNyD; ok0PÖoQHvufzufajcmuf
puf½Hkwnfaqmufay;cJhNyD; bmom?omoemtusKd;ESifhvlrIa&;vkyfief;
rsm;ukd aqmif&Gufaeaomq&mawmfwpfyg;jzpfygonf/ wyfrawmf
umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf'kwd,AdkvfcsKyfrSL;BuD;rif;atmifvIdifrSm jrefrmh
wyfrawmf orkdif;wGif ol&Jaumif;ppfonfwkdYay:xGef;&ma&cHajrcH
aumif;jzpfonfh xm;0,fZmwdjzpfNyD; ppfwuúokdvfAkdvfavmif;oifwef;
trSwfpOf(19)rS oifwef;qif;cJhonfh ppfwuúodkvfausmif;qif;t&m&Sd
wpfOD;jzpfygonf/ wyfrawmfwGif tqifhqifhwm0efxrf;aqmifcJhNyD;
trSwf(44)ajcjrefwyfr XmecsKyfwGif wyfrrSL;wm0ef?ppfwuúodkvf
ausmif;tkyfBuD;wm0ef? taemufykdif;wkdif;ppfXmecsKyfwGif wkdif;rSL;
wm0ef?Bwd*Ha'owdkif;ppfXmecsKyfwGif wdkif;rSL;wm0ef?ppfqifa&;txl;
tzGUJ wm0ef?ndE§ idI ;f uGyu
f J a&;rSL;(Munf;?a&?av)wm0efrsm;ukd xrf;aqmif
cJhNyD; ,cktcg wyfrawmf umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfwm0ef xrf;aqmifvsuf
&Sdygonf/
a&Tawmifpm;apwDawmfBuD;\ESpf(250)jynfhr*Fvmtcrf;tem;ukd
(1374)ckESpf?waygif;vjynfhaeYwGif usif;yjyKvkyfawmhrnfjzpfygonf/
,ckpwkw¬xD;awmfwifvSLjcif;ukd wwd,xD;awmfwifvSLNyD; ESpfaygif;
(101)ESpftMumwGifwifvSLylaZmfcJhjcif;jzpfonf/ apwDawmfBuD;\vHk;
awmfjynhfa&TouFef;uyfvSLylaZmfEdkif&eftwGuf tvSLaiGay;tyfyGJtcrf;
tem;ukd a&TxD;awmfwifAk'¨gbdaoutaeuZmwifr*Fvmtcrf;tem;
ESifhwGJzufNyD;usif;ycJhonf/ tvSLaiGay;tyfyGJtcrf;tem;ukd apwDawmf
teD ; r[m"r® m ½H k B uD ; üusif ; y&m umuG , f a &;OD ; pD ; csKyf ½ H k ; (Munf ; )ES i f h
wyfrawmf(Munf;?a&?av)rdom;pkrsm;ESifh tvSL&SifukrÜPDrsm;rS aiGusyf

odef;aygif;(6332)'or(8)odef;ukd o'¨gw&m;xufoefpGmjzifh vSL'gef;
cJhMuygonf/
a&Tawmifpm;apwDawmfjrwfBuD;\ESpf(250)jynfhwGif a&TxD;awmf
wifAk'¨gbdaoutaeuZmwifr[mr*Fvmtcrf;tem;ukd xl;xl;jcm;
jcm; atmifjrifpGm vSL'gef;ylaZmfEkdfifcJhygonf/ tcrf;tem;usif;yyHkrsm;ukd
ewfvlom"kac:qkdkEdkifap&efESifhAk'¨omoema&mif0gaeodkY xGef;vif;
apjcif;iSm&nfoefNyD; atmiftwdwf?atmifedrdwf,lum a&;om;ylaZmf
ppf r if ; (awmif w G i f ; )
tyfygonf/

&cdkifjynfe,fawmifydkif;odkh trsKd;bmom? omoemapmifUa&Smufa&;w&m;rsm;
vSnfUvnfa[mMum;cJUonfUq&mawmft&Sif0D&ol(rpdk;&drf)ESifU
owif;rD'D,mrsm;
½kdufygw,fqkdwm vlawGodatmifatmfNyD; tulnDawmif;wJhtqifhyJ&Sd
w,f/ ud,
k u
f jyef½u
kd Mf ua[hqNkd yD; tMurf;zufcikd ;f wmr[kwb
f ;l / OL;Zif;
u trsKd;om;vHkNcHKa&;? trsKd;om;umuG,fa&; w&m;udkoma[mwmyg/
olrsm;vlrsKd;udk wdu
k cf u
fkd zf zYkd sufq;D zdrYk ;D ½IUd zdv
Yk ;kH 0&nf&,
G cf sufrygbl;/ ud,
k v
hf l
rsKd;udu
k muG,Ef ikd rf ,fq&kd ift"du½kP;f awGNidr;f at;oGm;r,fv,
Ykd q
l w,f/
OL;Zif;&JUw&m;awmfawGuo
kd m vlawGwu,fem;axmifMu&if jrefrmEdik if H
wu,fNidr;f csrf;rSmyg/ tJah wmh OL;Zif;urD;Nidr;f wJo
h o
l mjzpfw,f/ rD;avmif
atmif½UdI wJo
h rl [kwb
f ;l qdw
k m Ekid if aH &;orm;awGem;vnfatmif OL;Zif;&JU
w&m;awGem;axmifay;zdkY OL;Zif;wdkufwGef;w,f/
Favourite News - &cdkifpHkprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sifay: q&mawmf
&JUoabmxm; rSwfcsufudkajymjyay;yg/

rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD;? rpdk;&drfwdkufopfrS b'´EÅ0d
pdw Åmbd0Ho t&Sif0D&ol(rpdk;&drf)onf (2013)ckESpf?
azazmf0g&D(27)rSrwf(8)&uftxd &cdkifjynfe,fawmifydkif;
odkYtrsKd;bmom? omoemapmifha&Smufa&;w&m;awmfrsm;
udk vSnfhvnfa[mMum;cJhonf/
xdkc&D;pOfwGif q&mawmfESifhtwl jynfwGif;&Sdowif;
q&mawmf t &S i f 0 d & ol E S i f h owif ; rD ' D , mrsm;
rD'D,m (5)ckvdkufygvmcJhNyD;c&D;pOfNyD;qHk;onfhtcg q&m
awmftm; tifwmAsL;ar;jref;cJhonfrsm;udk
tm½Hx
k x
J nfrh wGuf ovdBk uD;ypfxm;wmudak wGU&w,f/ rjzpfciftydik ;f rSm
aumufEkwfazmfjyvdkufygonf/
BudKwifumuG,fzdkYjyifqifxm;wm bmqdkbmrSudkr&Sdbl;/ jzpfNyD;wJhaemuf
vQyfwpfjyuf - &cdkifjynfe,fbufw&m;yGJawG pDpOfa[mMum;
ydkif;rSmvnf; tm;&auseyfavmufatmif umuG,fapmifha&Smuf xm;wm
cJh&wJh&nf&G,fcsufav;udk t&ifrdefYMum;ay;yg t&Sifbk&m;/
rawGU&bl;/ aemifwpfcsderf jzpfay:atmif b,fvu
kd muG,rf vJqw
kd mBuD;
t&Sif0D&ol - yxruw&m;a[mzdkY tpDtpOfr&Sdbl;? rlv&nf&G,f
tckcsdefxd tpterawGU&ao;bl;/ 'Dtpdk;&ydkif;uawmh trsm;BuD;tm;
xm;wmulnDa&;c&D;pOfaygh/ &cdkifjynfrSm 'kwd,tausmhjzpfwJhae&mawG
enf;ygw,f/
udrk S 'kuo
© nfpcef;udv
k u
kd Nf y;D ulnzD ?Ykd vSLzdt
Yk pDpOfqv
JG u
dk w
f m? tJ't
D pDpOfeYJ
Favourite News - t&Sifbk&m; &cdkifjynfe,fc&D;pOfrSm awmifydkif;
vrf;BuHKvdkYoHwGJudk w&m;yGJ(2)&ufay;vdkufwmaygh/ oHwGJ(2)&ufNyD;&if
udk bmaMumifh a&G;jzpfwmvJ/
&rf;NAJ? ausmufjzL? ajrmufydkif;udkoGm;r,fqdkNyD; qufvdkufwm? oHwGJu
OL;yOöif;u 'kwd,tBudrfjzpfoGm;NyD yxrqHk;r[kwfbl;/ yxr
'um? 'umrawGu w&m;yGJawGpDpOfay;vdkufwm oHwGJrSmwifw&m;yGJ
tBudrw
f ek ;f ujzpfjzpfcsif;ppfawGukd oGm;w,f/ armif;awmwd&Yk aohawmif
t&Sif0D&ol - tvkyfrvkyfMubl;/ tm;rudk;xkdufwJhaumfr&Sifjzpf
(4)&ufjzpfomG ;w,f/ aemufawmifuw
k yf gpDpOfvu
kd w
f t
hJ cg rlvulnaD &;
wdkYoGm;w,f/ (10)&ufc&D;MumcJhw,f/ 'Dawmifydkif;udkawmh &nf&G,fcsuf w,f/ udk,fudkwdkiftvkyfrvkyfEdkifbJeJY'Dwm0efudk,lNyD;aumfr&SiftrnfcH
c&D;pOfuae w&m;yGJc&D;pOfjzpfoGm;w,f/
r&Sb
d ;l / oHw(JG 2)&ufa[mNyD;&if &cdik jf ynfe,fajrmufyikd ;f udq
k ufzYkd &nf&,
G f xm; wmtifrwef&u
S pf &maumif;w,f/ OL;Zif;wdq
Yk kd yxr(10)&ufc&D;eJY
vQyfwpfjyuf - w&m;yGJc&D;pOf&nf&G,fcsufuawmh
xm;wmajym&&if 'DrSmw&m;yGJiwfaeMuwm/ w&m;yGJawmifhwaeMuwm wiftjyefrmS owif;pm&Si;f vif;yGv
J
y
k
N
f
yD
;
'D
t
a&;tcif
;[mvlrsKd;a&;y#dyu©
t&S i f 0 D & ol - trsKd;bmom?omoemudkcspfjrwfEdk;pdwfay:ayguf
eJYw&m;yGJpDpOfjzpfoGm;wm/
r[kwb
f ;l / bmoma&;y#dyu©vnf;r[kwb
f ;l / bl;oD;awmif? armif;awm
atmifpnf;½Hk;a&;qif;wmaygh/ txl;ojzifh ausmif;xdkifq&mawmfawGeJY
Hot News - &cd k i f j ynf e ,f a wmif y d k i f ; wpf a usmh j yef t Murf ; zuf
Nrd
K
Uud
k
t
yd
k
i
f
p
D
;
csif
v
d
k
Y
Nrd
K
Uod
r
f
;
wd
k
u
f
y
G
J
q
if
a
ew,f
vdkYwef;NyD; rSwfcsufcsvdkuf
'Dupd aö wGaqG;aEG;w,f/ tzGUJ pnf;awGzUJG NyD;awmh ud,
k &hf yf&mG trsKd; bmom?
qlylrIrSm &cdkifawGodyftxdremayr,fhajrmufydkif;rSmusawmh &cdkif wm/ 'Daumfr&Sit
f
ck
c
sd
e
x
f
b
d
mrS
r
w
S
c
f
suf
r
csEd
i
k
b
f
;l / tifrweftoH;k ruswJh
omoemudk udk,fapmifha&SmufzdkY tm;vHk;aqG;aEG;wdkifyifwmaygh/ aemuf
'ku©onfawGeJYb*FgvD'ku©onfpcef;(2)ckrSm uGm[rIawGtrsm;BuD; aumfr&Sif/
jynfolvlxkudkvnf; OL;Zif;&JU&nf&G,fcsufBuD;jzpfwJh Ak'¨bmom0ifOD;a&
&Sdw,f/ &cdkif'ku©onf pcef;awGqdk tpdk;&bufuwm0ef,lrIenf;NyD;
vQyfwpfjyuf - 'D&cdkifjynfe,fc&D;pOfeJYywfoufNyD; jznfhpGuf
ravsmhyg;zdkY?Ak'¨bmom0iftdrfajcravsmhyg;zdkY? Ak'¨bmom0ife,fajrawG
csKdUwJhaewmawG&Sdw,f/ b*FgvD'ku©onfpcef;awGusawmh NGO, ajymcsifwm bmrsm;&Sdygao;vJ t&Sifbk&m;/
ravsmhyg;zdkY 'gawG0dkif;0ef;umuG,f xdef;odrf;apmifha&SmufMuzdkY 'DtwGuf
INGO wd k Y & J U axmuf y H h r I e J Y tqif a jyajyae&wmawG U &w,f /
t&Sif0D&ol - jznfhpGufajymcsifwmuawmhae&mwumrSm vdktyf
vSnfhw&m;a[mwmyg/
rSefw,f? rSefw,f/ b*FgvDawGaeovdkrdom;pkwpfpkudk&GufzsifwJ csufawG&adS ewmaygh/ omoemtwGuaf &m Edik if aH &;twGuaf &m txl;o
vQyf w pf j yuf - c&D ; pOf w pf a vQmuf v H k ; rS m a&mOL;Zif ; taeeJ Y
wpfwyJ pkH rH sKd;eJ&Y cdik af wGae&wmr[kwb
f ;l / ausmif;xJrmS "r®m½Hx
k rJ mS pkNyHKNyD; jzifh&cdkifjynfe,fBuD;wdk;wufatmif tpdk;&taeeJYtbufbufu aqmif
tcuftcJBuHKawGUcJh&wJhNrdKUe,fawG &Sdygovm;t&Sifbk&m;? [efYwm;
ae&wm/ olwdkYtayghtav;oGm;wJhudpörSm wpfa,mufa,mufuom &Guaf y;ygvkYd wku
d w
f eG ;f csifw,f/ aemufwpfcu
k &cdik jf ynfe,fvkH NcHKa&;t
aESmifh,SufwmrsKd;eJY BuHKcJh&wma&m&Sdygovm;/
a&m*g&SdcJh&if tukeful;pufEdkifw,f/
wGuf&cdkifjynfe,fudk b,fvdkumuG,frvJqdkwJh Plan udkta&;ay:eHygwf
t&Sif0D&ol - r&Sdygbl;/ NrdKUwdkif;?NrdKUwdkif;tqifajyygw,f/ OL;Zif;
&cdik af wGtay:om;orD;t&if;vdk oabmxm;NyD;apmihaf &SmufwhJ pdwf wpfta&;BuD;tcef;u@taeeJY vTwfawmfxJxdaqG;aEG;NyD; wu,fum
twGufawmh taESmifht,Sufr&Sdygbl;/
xm;rsKd; tpdk;&rSmrawGU&bl;/ wu,fqdkom;orD;t&if;vdkOD;pm;ay;NyD; uG,Mf uyg/ &cdik jf ynf[mwu,ftEÅ&m,fBuD;w,f/ &cdik cf w
H yfBuD;omusdK;
vQyfwpfjyuf - 'Dc&D;pOfrSm tm;&auseyfrI&Sdygovm; t&Sifbk&m;/
umuG,fapmifha&Smuf&rSm/
ysuf
o
G
m
;&if
'D
b
*F
g
vD
a
wG
u
vd
I
i
f
;
vH
k
;
BuD
;
vd
k
0
if
v
mNyD
;
jref
r
mjynfwpfjynf
t&Sif0D&ol - w&m;yGJawGtaeeJYtm;&wJhyGJawG&Sdovdktm;r&whJyGJ
vQyfwpfjyuf-tckcsdefrSm vlrsKd;a&;y#dyu©? bmoma&;y#dyu© vHk;tukefvHk;trnf;a&mifjzpfoGm;rSm/ tJh'DtEÅ&m,fudk jrifvdkYOL;Zif;wdkYu
awG&Sdw,f/txl;ojzifh a&TavS&GmrSma[m&wm? MumndK&GmrSma[m&wm
ae&mpHkrSm jyóemrsKd;pHkjzpfaeygw,f/ tckq&mawmf taeeJY&cdkifjynf &Gyf&GyfcRHcRHvkyfNyD; 'DxdoufpGefYqHzsm;vmNyD;w&m;a[m&wm/ &cdkifjynfudk
wdu
Yk awmht'Jh yD aJG wGutm;r&bl;/ ud,
k u
f awmh trsKd;om;a&;pdw"f mwfukd
e,f a wmif y d k i f ; rS m vmNyD ; w&m;awG a [mw,f / q&mawmf a [mwJ h b,fvdkumuG,frvJqdkwJhtpDtpOf[m jrefrmhajrrSmaeNyD;jrefrmha&udk
wtm;BuD;aZmif;ay;NyD;a[mwmyJ/ 'gayrJh trsKd;om;a&;udkem;rvnf
w&m;eJYywfoufNyD; ydkNyD;y#dyu©awGjzpfvmr,fqdk&if q&mawmftaeeJY aomufNyD;awmh jrefrmhqefudkpm;aewJh vlom;wdkif;rSmwm0ef&Sdygw,f/
bl;jzpfaew,f/ tJhvdktm;r&wmawG &Sdygw,f/
b,fvdkrsm;ajymjycsifygovJ/
txl;ojzifh tpdk;&rSmydkwm0ef&Sdygw,f/ EdkifiHa&;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
vQyfwpfjyuf - &cdkifjynfe,fajrmufydkif;jzpfwJh bl;oD;awmif?
tJ'gajymcsifwmu OL;Zif;wdkYu wkdufcdkufa&;w&m;vnf; r[kwf awGrSm EkdifiHa&;orm;awGrSmydkwm0ef&Sdygw,f/ 0dkif;0ef;umuG,fMuyg/
armif;awmppfawGbufa&m w&m;vSnfha[mzdkY&Sdygovm;/
bl;/ qefu
Y sifa&;w&m;vnf; r[kwb
f ;l / OL;Zif;wdu
Yk umuG,af &; w&m; 'Dtwdkif;ypfrxm;ygeJYvdkY OL;Zif;ajymcsifygw,f/
t&Sif0D&ol - yifhxm;wmawGawmh&Sdw,f/ avmavmq,fawmh
udk,ft½dkufcH&wmudkcH&ygw,fvdkY b,foluukd,fhukdtEkdifusifhygw,f
zdk;pdkif;rSwfwrf;wifonf/
twnfrjyKEdkifao;bl;/ aemifwpfcsdef BuHK&ifawmha[mjzpfrSmyg/
Burma VJ - &cdkifjynfe,frSm vrf;wHwm;awGt&rf;qdk;wm &Sdyg
w,f/ tjcm;jynfe,fawGxufpm&ifaygh? t&Sifbk&m;b,fvdkoHk;oyf
rdygovJ t&Sifbk&m;/
ausmuf j zL rwf (8)
t&Sif0D&ol - &cdkifjynfe,ftwGufuawmh zGHUNzdK;rItm;tenf;qHk;
&ckdifjynfe,fawmifykdif;&Sd ausmufeDarmfaus;&Gmü
jynfe,fvdkYawmif,lqcsifw,f/ rGefjynfe,fqdkvrf;awG t&rf;aumif;
vnf;aumif;? ausmufjzLNrdKUüvnf;aumif; yifv,fvkyf
w,f / tJ ' D a wmh &cd k i f j ynf e ,f u d k OL;Zif ; wd k Y M unf h v d k u f w J h t cgrS m
ief;rsm; vkyfudkifpm;aomufaeonfh &ckdifwkdif;&if;om;rsm;
&[ef;oHCmawGtydkif;u vdktyfcsufvnf;awGU&w,f/ tpdk;&ydkif;u
onf yifv,fig;zrf;vkyfief;vkyfudkif&ef tcuftcJrsm;ESifh
vdktyfcsufvnf; awGU&w,f/ tpdk;&ydkif;uvdktyfcsufu 'Djynfe,fBuD;
&ifqkdifBuHKawGUae&aMumif; pHkprf;od&onf/
zGUH NzdK;zdUk twGuu
f kd vspfvsL½Iovdjk zpfaew,f/ 'Djynfe,fzUHG NzdK;rS 'Dvrl sKd;u
rnfokdYaomtcuftcJrsdK;ESifh&ifqkdif&onfukd vQyf
wd;k wufrmS 'Dvrl sKd;wd;k wufrS 'Dvrl sKd;0g;rsKdrcH&rSm 'Djynfe,fzUHG NzdK;zdt
Yk wGuf
wpfjyuf*sme,frSar;jref;&m ausmufjzLNrdKU&Sd&ckdif'ku©onf
tpdk;&u rsufpdusatmifpdwf0ifpm;atmif trsm;BuD;vkyfzdkYvdkw,f/
pcef;rS ]]uRefawmfwkdYu yifv,fxJig;zrf;oGm;&ifwpf
tJ'gawmh EkdifiHa&;orm;awGaygh/
a,mufwnf;roGm;&Jbl;? b*FgvDawGu yifv,fxJig;zrf;
aemufomoemzGHUNzdK;zdkYtwGuf &[ef;oHCmawG? 'um'umrawG
oGm;&iftzGJUvkduftkyfpkzGJUoGm;wm uRefawmfwkYd&ckdifawGeJU
ay:rSmwm0efodyfrausMubl;/ oDvay;?a&pufcsavmufeJYNyD;NyD;awmh
awGU&if olwkYdutEkdifusifhMuw,f? t&ifuawmhtckvdk
'um? 'umrawG 0dyóemqdkwm bmrSef;awmifrodMubl;jzpfaew,f/
r[kwfbl;? aemufykdif;rStckvkdrsdK;olwkdYawGeJY (b*FgvD) tqifrajyjzpfwmyg }}[k OD;&Jjrifhqkdolu vQyfwpfjyuf*sme,fokdYajymjyonf/
tJh'Dawmh 'Djynfe,fzGHUNzdK;zdkYtwGuf jynfe,fomoemjyKoHCmawGtrsm;
xkdYtjyif&rf;NAJNrdKUe,f&Sd ausmufeDarmfaus;&Gmüyifv,fig;zrf;vkyfief; vkyfukdifolrsm;u ]][kd;bufrSmb*FgvD&Gm&Sdw,f?uRefawmfwkYdeJYqufqHa&;u
BuD; ay:xGef;zdkYtwGuf OL;yOöif;wdkYtrsm;BuD;BudK;pm;&OD;r,f/
'DvkdyJolU[molae?ukd,f[mukd,faeaygh? aemufykdif;rSmyifv,fxJig;zrf; oGm;&if uRefawmfwkdY&ckdifawGwpfa,mufwnf;? wpfpD;wnf;roGm;&Jbl;?
Hot News - &cd k i f j ynf e ,f u d k Ed k i f i H a wmf t pd k ; &&J U xd e f ; od r f ; apmif h
olwkdYutkyfpkzGJUNyD;yifv,fxJoGm;wmawGU&if&efpwmwkdYvkyfw,f?tJ'geJY uRefawmfwkdY&ckdifawGyifv,fxJig;zrf;roGm;&JMuwmMumNyD}}[k
a&S m uf r I a y:b,f v d k j rif y govJ t &S i f b k & m;?trsKd ; bmom?omoem
rwfv(6)&ufwGif vQyfwpfjyuf*sme,fodkYajymjyonf/ ausmufeDarmfaus;&Gmü b*FgvD(1)aomif;0ef;usifcefY&SdNyD; AvD(11)vHk;&SdaMumif;od&NyD;
twGuf/
ausmufeDarmfaus;&GmokdYoGm;a&mufumroDwmaxG;ESifhy#dyu©wGif aoqHk;oGm;cJhonfh OD;armifa&TESifhOD;armifoef;wifwkYd\ rdom;pkrsm;twGuf
t&Sif0D&ol - &cdkifvlrsKd;awGay:rSm rjzpfciftykdif;eJYjzpfNyD;(2)ydkif;&Sd
axmufyHhaiG (3)odef;usyfpDvSL'gef;cJhonfhq&mawmf OD;0D&olupkpnf;rI&J&ihfrItm;rsm;ESifh rdrd&yf&Gma'otm;umuG,fMu&ef? usL;ausmftMurf;zuf
w,f/ rjzpfciftydkif;rSm arharhavsmhavsmhayghwdayghqaygh/ vHk;0udk
zkd;pkdif;
vmvQif Oya'taMumif;t&ta&;,lí&aMumif; rdefYMum;cJhonf/

&cdkifwdkif;&if;om;rsm; ig;zrf;vkyfief; vkyfukdif&ef tcuftcJrsm;ESifUBuHKawGaY e

23

pkd;0if;Nidrf; wpfudk,fawmf"mwfykHjyyGJ

arG;aehqkawmif;

azazukdrsKd;0if;pkd;+ arar rrkd;rkd;aqGwkdY\wpfOD;aomom;av;
armifrif;cefYnm;&JU(17-3-2013)&ufwGifusa&mufaom(3)ESpfjynfh
arG;aeYrSonf aemifESpfaygif;rsm;pGmwkdif cspfaomrdom;pkESifhtwl
pdwfcsrf;om?ukd,fusef;rmpGmjzifh avQmufvSrf;EkdifygapaMumif; qkrGef
aumif;awmif;tyfygonf/
vQyfwpfjyuf*sme,fESifharmfeDwmowif;*sme,frdom;pk

24

tvG w f w ef ; "mwf y k H o wif ;
axmuf 'DZkdif;q&mpdk;0if;Nidrf;\
tvif;azsmhazsmhaps;cif; trnf&Sd
wpfudk,fawmf "mwfykHjyyGJudk rwf
(12) &ufeHeufu rEÅav;NrdKU csrf;
at;ompHNrdKUe,f (34)vrf; (81)
vrf;ESifh (80)vrf;Mum;&Sd &mjynhf
pmtkyfqkdiftrSwf (2)&SdoD&dyef;csD
tEkynmcef;rwGifusif;y&m "mwf
yk H y nm&S i f r sm;? pme,f Z if ; rd w f
aqGrsm; wufa&mufMuonf/
"mwfyHkjyyGJwGif "mwfykHq&m
pd;k 0if;Nidr;f u tvif; azsmhazsmhaps;
cif;emrnfESifhtnD za,mif;wkdif
rD;jzifh t½kPfOD;aps;a&mif;aeMu
olrsm;\ykH&dyfrsm; uav;i,frsm;\ykH&dyfrsm; obm0½Icif;rsm;udk ½kduf
ul;jyoxm;&m ykHaygif; (37)ykHjzpfonf/ 0,f,ltm;ay;olrsm;u wpfykH
usyf (25000)jzifh0,f,ltm;ay;Muonf/
pd;k 0if;Nidr;f onf wpfu,
dk af wmf "mwfyjHk yyGyJ xrqk;H usif;yjcif;jzpfNyD;
pkaygif;yef;csDjyyG"J mwfyjHk yyGrJ sm;wGif yg0ifjyocJo
h nf/ jyyGu
J kd rwf (16)&uf
ref ; BuD ;
txd cif;usif;jyocJhonf/

ref;ü*sme,ftopfESpfapmifwdk;

rEÅ a v; rwf (21)
rEÅav;NrdKUü tywfpOfxkwf*sme,fESpfapmif&yfqkdif; oGm;aomf
vnf;*sme,ftopfESpfapmif xGufay:vmonf/ MOOD *sme,f
ESihR
f ight Time News owif;*sme,fwdkYjzpfonf/ MOOD tEkynm
*sme,f pme,fZif;rdwfqufyGJudk rwf (9)&uf rGef;vGJ(1)em&Du rEÅav;
csr;f at;ompHNrKd Ue,f (64)vrf;ESihf (27)vrf;axmif&h dS td&k ,
D rfw,fa[mpf
tay:xyfcef;rwGiu
f sif;y&m pme,fZif;orm;rsm; wufa&mufMuonf/
tcrf;tem;wGif MOOD tEkynmowif;*sme,ft,f'DwmcsKyf
rkdoQef;u MOOD *sme,f xkwfa0&jcif;ESifhyg0ifonfhtcef;u@rsm;
udk &Sif;vif;ajymMum;onf/ qufvufí wm0efcHt,f'DwmrsKd;nDnDu
&Si;f vif;ajymMum;onf/ tqdyk g *sme,fwnf&mXmerSm csrf;at;ompHNrdKU
ref ; BuD ;
e,f(31)ESifh(32)vrf;Mum; rvGef&yfjzpfonf/

wpf a eY u tif w meuf ü attuf z f y D o wif ; wpf y k ' f z wf
&onf/ owif;u½k&Sm;EdkifiH&Sdtrsm;jynfolESifhoufqdkifaom
ae&mrsm;ü aq;vdyfraomuf&efwm;jrpfonfhOya'rlMurf;udk
½k&Sm;or®wylwifu twnfjyKvufrSwfa&;xdk;rnfqdkonfh
owif;jzpfonf/ ¤if;Oya'touf0ifvQif pm;aomufqikd ?f
&xm;c&D;pOfrsm;ESifhtdrf&m0if;t0if{nfhcef;rsm;ü aq;vdyf
aomufcGifh&rnfr[kwfawmhay/ ½k&Sm;vTwfawmfu ,if;
Oya'rlMurf;udk uefYuGufrJwpfrJjzifh azazmf0g&Dvtapmydkif;
wGifxkwfjyefcJhonf/ ZGefv(1)&ufwGif pwiftouf0if
aprnfjzpfNyD; ¤if;Oya'uaq;
vdyfraomufbJESifhaq;vdyf
aiGUudktvHk;t&if;½l½dkufae&
aomtEÅ & m,f E S i f h a q;&G u f
BuD;oHk;pGJrI tusdK;qufrsm;ukd
umuG , f E d k i f r nf j zpf o nf /
½k&Sm;EdkifiHonf urÇmwGifaq;vdyfaomuf
EIef;trsm;qHk;EdkifiHjzpfaomaMumifh jynf
olrsm;\usef;rma&;wd;k wufap&ef tpd;k &u
aq;vdyfaomufEIef;avQmhcs&ef BudK;yrf;ae
jcif;jzpfonf/ aemufwpfESpftMumwGif rD;
&xm;? oabFmc&D;pOfrsm;?t&ufqdkif?aumf
zD q d k i f ? aps;qd k i f ? aps;rsm;ES i f h q if a jczH k ; rD ;
&xm;pBuF Hrsm;üyg aq;vdyfaomufcsifvdkYaomufonfholuaq;vdyfteHYudk cHkrifESpfNcdKufayr,fhrBudKufonfh
olraomufoltwGuf tvGefqdk;&Gm;NyD; tcH&cufvSonfhtjzpfudk ,ckvdkOya'jyKrwm;jrpfcifu tacsmif
a&m*g&olb,favmufawmifrsm;aeovJrodyg/ 'Dowif;av;udkazmfjy&onfu NrdKUywf&xm;ay:üusr
udk,fwdkifaq;vdyfaiGUwpf0BuD;½l½dIufcH&NyD;ESpf&uftMumwGif wdkufqdkifpGmzwfrdaomaMumifhjzpfygonf/
usrtdrfuajrmufOuúvm?½Hk;uyef;qdk;wef;rSmqdkawmh½Hk;oGm;½Hk;jyef&xm;aeYwdkif;pD;jzpfygonf/Mum;wGif(11)
blwmcefY&SdaomaMumifh &xm;ay:rSmwpfem&DausmfMumpD;&ygonf/wpfaeY ...xHk;pHtwdkif;reuf(7)em&D(45)
&xm;udk OuúvmyblwmrSp pD;ygonf/b,fbufjcrf;üae&m&onf/ ESpfblwmavmufpD;NyD; wHwm;av;blwm
a&mufvQif trsdK;orD;wpfOD;ESifhtwl pwpfaumfvmvuf&SnftjzL0wfxm;NyD; vufqGJtdwfteufudk,fpDESifh
trsdK;om;ESpfOD;wufvmNyD; usrab;rSmxdkifMuygonf/ xdkifcHkay:xdkifrdwmESifhoHk;a,mufom;pum;ajymvdkufMu
onfrmS a&yufr0ifyg/ &xm;wpfp;D vH;k olwYkd csnf;ygwJt
h wdik ;f 0uf0ufuyJG gyJ/ olwx
Ykd rJ t
S rsdK;om;wpfa,mufu
pD;u&ufwpfvdyfNyD;wpfvdyfaomuf&if;ajymaejcif;jzpfonf/ ½Hk;oGm;csdeftvkyfoGm;csdefqdkawmh &xm;uacsmif
acsmifcsdcsdae&wmawmhr[kwf/ usrwdkYem;rSmvl(10)a,mufavmufurwfwyf&yfvsuf/ jywif;aygufab;
rSmqdkayr,fh&xm;u oGm;aeawmh aq;vdyfaiGUub,fvdkrStjyifra&mufEdkif/ txJrSmyJa0haeawmh tem;rSm&Sd
onfv
h t
l ukev
f ;kH rQ½Iaerd&awmhonf/ usru teD;qH;k qdak wmhtrsm;qH;k ½Irad eonf/wpfzufpeG ;f u wpfa,muf
uawmhteHYrcHEdkifvdkYxxGufoGm;onf/ um,uH&Sifuawmh ywf0ef;usifudk enf;enf;rQowdxm;rd[efrwl/
rdef;rjzpf[efwloluawmh usrbufudk trSwfwrJhvSnfhMunfhygonf/ odkYaomf uRefrrsufESmtaetxm;jrif
onfESifhcsufcsif;jyefvSnfhoGm;onf/ uRefr½kyfuvnf; em;Bum;jyif;uwfwma&m?aq;vdyfaiGU½Iae&wma&m
aMumifh b,fvdk½kyfxGufaevdkYvJrodyg/ aq;vdyfaomufonfholtaeESifhudk,fhab;rSmuav;vlBuD;rsdK;pHk&Sd
aeygvm;/ tJ'DvlawGxJrSmvnf; yef;em&ifusyfa&m*gonfawG?aq;vdyfeHYrcHEdkifolawG ygvmEdkifygvm;qdk
wmvnf; awG;rdyHkray:ygbl;/
at;av ...vlawmxJrSm aq;vdyfaomufw,fqdkrSawmhrawG;rdvdkYaygh/ udk,fcsif;pmzdkYuawmha0vma0;
aygh/ 'gayrJh olwdkYoHk;a,mufpvHk;ajymaewJhpum;awGudk usrrSwfrdoavmufjyefajymvQif ...]]wefzdk;
enf;tdr&f mudk ppfwyfubmrqdik n
f mrqdik 0f if,cl sifwm? ynma&;uvmbfpm;aewm?ausmif;q&mrwpfa,muf
u ausmif;cef;xJrSmwpfa,mufxnf;ESifhxdkifcHkESpfvHk;awmif,lxm;wm? &efukefNrdKUrSmtrIdufawmfawmfrsm;vm
wm? pifumylrmS qdt
k rIu
d rf ajymeJu
Y m;vrf;awGay:rSmzkeaf wmifr&Sad Mumif;?zkeo
f w
k w
f u
hJ m;uaeYwikd ;f okwaf y;awmh
taumif;pm;zdeyfpD;vnf; yHkrysufaMumif;? jrdKUywfbufpfum;? &xm;awGay:rSmoufBuD;&G,ftdk?roefpGrf;ol?
udkf,f0efaqmifeJYuav;oli,fawGtwGuf cHkoyfoyfxm;aMumif;? b,folrS0ifrxdkifMuaMumif;? &xm;ay:rSm
ygwJholawGuvnf; pum;vHk;0rajymbJ idkufolidkuf?pmzwfolzwfjzifhNidrfoufwdwfqdwfaeaMumif;? tJ'Dtcsdef
pum;xajymrdoludk usefwJholawGu 0dkif;MunfhMuaMumif;? um;ay:&xm;ay:wufMu&ifvnf; ESpfa,mufwGJ

wufwm?ausmfwufwmr&SdbJpdwf&Snfvuf&Snfwef;pDNyD;wufMuaMumif;?ypönf;0,fNyD;aiG&Sif;zdkYapmifhvQif
awmifb,favmufMumMum pdwfysufwJhtrlt&mrjybJwef;pDMuaMumif;? rD;zdkacsmifutrIdufqdkvQifvnf;
udk,fwdkifoGm;ypfp&mrvdk? tcsdefwefawmhtrIdufodrf;um;ay:udk rD;zdkcef;utrIdufuolUenf;ESifhola&muf
oGm;aMumif;}} . . .tJ'pD um;awGukd oH;k a,mufom;twdik t
f azmufnn
D D olwpfyg;rMum;Mum;atmif avoHjr§ihf
NyD;ajymaewmyg/ 'dkifcHajymolu aq;vdyfzGmrysufygbl;/ pum;vHk;awGudkem;axmifMunfhvQif rdrdEdkiHaumif;pm;
apcsifonfah pwemaMumifh u½kPma'gojzpfwmenf;enf;?Edik if jH cm;udk a&mufz;l ?aecJzh ;l MuvdBYk uHKawGUcJ&h wmawG?
Bum;zl;em;0&Sw
d mawGu<kd um;csifaewmu cyfrsm;rsm;vdyYk J vlwidk ;f owfrw
S Mf urSmyg/ Edik if jH cm;udk txifBuD;tm;us
wmtjypfr[kwyf gbl;/ txifBuD;oifw
h mudt
k xifBuD;NyD; tm;usoifw
h mudk tm;usoihyf gw,f/ 'gayrJh ud,
k Ehf idk if H
&JUyuwdtajctaeudk rSefrSefuefuefoHk;oyfNyD; bmawGb,fvdkjyifoifhw,f/b,fae&muawmh bmawGvdktyf
aeao;w,fqw
kd t
hJ jyKoabmaqmifwphJ um;awGuwpfceG ;f rSrygbl;/ vlMum;xJrmS aq;vdyrf aomufoifyh gvm;
qdw
k t
hJ odpw
d rf &Sad wmh aq;vdyaf iGUudrk aomuf&bJ? rBudKufbEJ iS ½hf ½I u
dI af e&wJo
h al wG&UJ 'kuu
© rkd pmemwwfawmh
bl;/ jyKjyifajymif;vJzdkYqdkwmwpmpmatmfae½HkeJY rNyD;bJwpfOD;csif;taeeJY tjyifyrf;tao;tzGJUpnf;urf;utp
twGif;pdwfoEÅefudkyg jyKjyifajymif;vJMu&r,fqdkwmudkawmh arhaeMuNyDxifygonf/ vlwdkif;oefYoefY&Sif;&Sif;ae
csifMuonfcsnf;/ odkYaomf wpfa,mufutpwpf&mtqHk;tvG,fvkyfcsifonfhpdwf?tusifhav;rsm;udkjyifMu
&rnfjzpfonf/ ae&mra&Smif"mwfavSum;ygrusefaq;vdyfaomufwm?uGrf;wHawG;axG;wm?txyfjrihfwdkuf
rsm;ay:rSntcsdefvlvpfvQiftrIdufxkyfypfcswm?zkefawGoJawGvSJcswm?(3)vTmtjrifhuaeNyD; pD;u&ufwdkudk
vloGm;vrf;ay:ypfcswm?oGm;vmaeaom,mOfay:rSwpf½I;?trIdufypfwmawGutp rsOf;usm;rSvrf;jzwf
ul;aeaomfvnf; um;ukdt½SdefavQmhray;csifwm?rD;pdrf;aepOftvG,fvrf;jzwful;MuwmtqHk;jyifzdkYvG,f
aomfvnf; cufaeonfhrajymyavmufaom tusifhav;awGudk t&ifqHk;jyifzdkYvdkygonf/ u@wdkif;udkjyKjyif
ajymif;vJzdkYvdktyfaeaomtcsdefwGiftifrwefjyKjyifajymif;vJapcsifygw,fqdkonfhvlawGurajymif;vJaom
pdwf"mwfrajymif;vJaom trltusifhrsm;ESifhcsDwufMurnfqdkvQif vay:vrf;avQmufovdk c&D;a&mufEdkif
yghrvm;/ rdrdtwGufNyD;vQifrdrdom;orD;? rdb? rdwfaqG? armifESr? ywfouf&mywfoufaMumif;?ruif;&m
ruif;aMumif;awG tusdK;udkyJ A[dkjyKNyD; y&[dwpdwf"mwfuAvmjzpfaer,fqdkvQif?vlwef;pm;trsdK;rsdK;u
vlwpfOD;csif;pDrSm enf;enf;av;rQwm0efodpdwfr&SdbJtacsmifcdktvG,fvdkufcsifpdwfrazsmufMuvQiftm;vHk;
vdkcsifMuwJhpnf; urf;jynfh0NyD;acwfrDzGHUNzdK;wdk;wufonfh'Drdkua&pDEdkifiHqdkwm . .a&TjynfawmfarQmfwdkif;a0;
oif;oGJU
aerSmyJjzpfygonf/

ukd,fcsif;pmw&m;xm;apcsifygonf

&ef u k e f rwf (14)
&efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;? r*Fvm'kHNrdKUe,f?
axmuf M uef Y v rf ; qk H & S d & wemaps;twG i f ;
taumifaygufrnfhikH;Orsm;ESifhikH;Oykyfrsm;
a&mif ; csaeonf u d k a wG U &S d & onf / tqk d y g
udpöESihfywfoufírMumao;rDuwm0efod
jynfoltcsKdUonfaps;rSL;xHtaMumif;Mum;
cJhaomfvnf; wpfpHkwpf&mta&;,lrIr&Sdjcif;
aMumifh xdkaps;onfikH;Oykyfrsm;qufvuf
a&mif;csaeonfudk (14-3-2013)&ufu
awGU&Sd&onf/
K.W

avjyif;wdk;wdkuf? vIdif;vnf;½dkuf\
trIdufESifha&m? tkef;vufarsmu
ausmudkcsvnf;? b0rysuf
yef;yefvsufESifh?
a&SUqufaeonfhyef;rmvm . . ./ /
a'gif;bdk (A[if;)

Snap Shot
News Journal
PHONE :
09-73204192,
09.73203273,
09-5502618

25

armifaA'gwdaYk usmif;
om;b0u jyif y pmay
avhvmcsif&if pmaypme,fZif;xkwfa0
rIu awmfawmfav;enf;yg;vSygw,f/
ausmif;rkefUzdk;xJuukwfjcpfNyD; qdkAD,uf,l
eD,H?aESmifBudK;rJhurÇmeJYvif;a&mifjcnfr*¾Zif;
(25)jym;wefpmapmifrsm;udk 0,fNyD;zwf&ygoAs/ r[m
tiftm;BuD;Edik if BH uD;rsm;jzpfwhJ qdAk ,
D uf,el ,
D eH t
YJ ar&duefEikd if BH uD;rsm;u?
zGUH NzdK;qJEikd if aH v;awGtay:? ,if;wd&Yk UJ Edik if aH &;pD;yGm;a&;tEkynma&;wdu
Yk kd
pme,fZif;uwpfqifh 0g'jzefo
Y rd ;f oGi;f aewJt
h csdejf zpfygw,f/ (25)jym;wef
pmapmifav;awGzwfNyD; ausmif;oifbmom&yfxJu? yx0DeJYordkif;
bmom&yfrSmwjcm;ausmif;om;awGxufarmifaA'gutrSwfrsm;ygw,f/
yef;csDeJYywfoufvdkYvl&ufpufBuD;tDAefyef;csDum;a&;wJhtDvsD,H&Dyif&JU
yef;csDum;udk oabmusaeNyDjzpfygw,f/ ½S&Sm;Zmbk&ifu?ol&JUom;udkayGU
zuf&if;Zmbk&if&JUrsufvHk;xJursuf&nfrsm;xGufNyD; a'goeJYrdbarwÅm
0da&m"djzpfaeyHkudk yef;csDq&mBuD;&Dyifu vufpGrf;jyxm;yHkjzpfygw,f/
,if;yef;csDum;onf Munf&h oltaygif;u? Zmbk&if&UJ &ufpufru
I kd pufqyk f
&GH&SmMuojzifh trsm;jynfolrsm;rMunfh& ydwfyifwm;qD;cH&aomum;
jzpfygonf/ jrefrmhpme,fZif;xkwaf 0rIordik ;f rSmrSww
f rf;wif&rJt
h aMumif;
u aemfa0EdkifiH? trfpw'rfNrdKUu (DJAMBATAN) Ltd. (Interational
Educational Publishing House) pmtkyfjzefYcsda&;XmerS &efukefNrdKUwGif
]]ormrdwÅ}} trnfjzifhwnfaxmifxm;NyD; (1952)ckESpfwGif q&mOD;b
Munf&JUa&mifpHkAk'¨omoem0ifpmtkyfpwifxkwfa0cJhygonf/ ,if;pmtkyf

onf ,cktcsdeftxd jrefrmyef;csDq&mrsm;pHjyKavhvmtm;xm;&aom
*E¦0ifvuf&mjzpfygw,f/ (1953)ckESpfwGiformrdwÅpmpOfuyif? uav;
rsm;twGu?f awrd?aerd?a0oEÅ&m?ZmwfBuD;(10)zGUJ Zmwfawmfrsm;udk pma&;
q&mrsm;ua&;NyD;? yef;csDyHkrsm;udk? q&m[,f&Datmifu? a&mifpHkyHk?wpf
a&mifqyJG rkH sm;ESiahf &;qGo
J ½kyaf zmfygonf/ o½kyaf zmfyrkH sm;ud?k aq;om; tEk
t&ifhcGJNyD;teufa&mifvdkif;uGyfaom jrefrmhyef;csDenf;jzifha&;qGJygonf/
uav;rsm;twGu&f nf&,
G af omfvnf; vlBuD;rsm;ygzwfzo
Ykd ifyh gonf/ yHEk ydS f
xm;onfhpmtkyfuvnf;? pmvHk;utpyd&daooyfaom yHkESdyfjzpfygonf/
Zmwfvrf;t&?tcef;aygif;rsm;pGmcGJjcm;í a&;om;xm;onfrSm csD;usL;
zG,fjzpfygonf/
q&m[,f&Datmif&JUyxrydkif;vuf&mrsm;rSm? q&mOD;bMunf\
([ef)0ifaeaomfvJ aemufydkif;wGif q&m\oD;jcm;[efjzifh cGJxGufEdkifvm
onf[kxifjrifygonf/ (1953)w0dkufxkwfa0aom pmayAdrmefr*¾Zif;
wGif &Sif;vif;aomrSifjcpfa&;csufrsm;?pmayAdrmefxkwfvufpGJpmpOf (50)
jym;wefpmapmifrsm;?armifoif? Adv
k jf rif?h uarÇmZjrifv
h iG w
f \
Ykd 0w¦KrsufEmS
zH;k rsm;utp? (1964) ckEpS af wmfveS af &;tpd;k &ynma&;XmerSxw
k af 0onfh

(25)jym;wef 'dUk ausmif;om;pmapmiftxd? pme,f
Zif;o½kyfazmfavmuwGif usifvnfcJhygonf/
yef;csDtEkynm&Sifonf vlUtzGJUtpnf;ESifh
uif;uGmr&qdkxHk;ESifhtnD? q&m[,f&Datmif
onf olUacwfumvu? jzpfxGef;ay:aygufcJh
aomtzGJUtpnf;rsm;wGifyg0ifcJhygonf/ q&m
[,f&aD tmifonf? (1953)ckEpS w
f pf0u
kd u
f jyo
zl;aom? yef;csD"mwfyHkjyyGJNydKifyGJwGif? pmayAdrmef
yef;csDjyyGJrsm;wGif qDaq;jzifhyg0ifjyo&m? pmay
AdrmefjyyGJwGif q&mhvuf&mjzpfaomESpfyg;oGm;
tuudk ,Ofaus;rIXmeu 0,f,t
l m;ay;jcif;cH&
ygonf/ q&m[,f&Datmifonf(1960-61)
ckESpfwGif zGJUpnf;aomArmjynfyef;csDor*¾ (ASSOCIATED OF ARTIST'S)wG i f Ouú | BuD ;
OD;bcif?twGif;a&;rSL;OD;brdk;ESifhtrIaqmif(18)
OD;wGif wGJbuftwGif;a&;rSL;wm0efxrf;aqmif
cJhygonf/yef;csDynmay;tpDtpOftjzpf?Armjynfyef;csDor*¾rSxkwfa0
aom(yef;csDpmapmif)wGifaumfrpfyef;csD(½kyfjy)a&;qGJenf;udk o½kyfazmfyHk
rsm;ESifhpmzwfolrsm; &Sif;vif;vG,fulpGmem;vnfap&efaqmif;yg;a&;cJh
ygonf/ awmfvSefa&;tpdk;&wufcgpu EdkifiHawmf&JUt"du&aeYxl;&uf
xl;rsm;wGif vlxt
k pnf;ta0;BuD;rsm; usif;yavh&ydS gonf/ jynfaxmifpk
aeY ( rEÅ a v;)a&eH a jrara';tvk y f o rm;aeY ( acsmuf ) ?v,f o rm;aeY
(usdKuúpHuGif;&efukef) usif;y&m? {nfhonfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fawmfBuD;
rsm;xdkif&mpifjrifhwGif aemufcHyef;csDum;BuD;rsm;ESifh rGrf;rHqif,ifavh
&Sdygonf/ (17)BudrfajrmufjynfaxmifpkaeYjyyGJaemufcHyef;csD;tvsm;ay
(80)teH(18)ayudk q&mOD;bMunfuvnf;aumif;? acsmufara';
aemufcHyef;csDum;BuD;udk? yef;csDq&mBuD;tvuFmausmfpGmOD;aiGudkifu
vnf;aumif;? tjcm;o½kyfazmfydkpwmyef;csDum;rsm;udk?yef;csDq&m(17)
OD;ESifhyef;ykq&m(3)OD;yg0ifa&;qGJulnDcJhygonf/ q&m[,f&Datmifu?
t&if;&SifacwfwGif tvkyform;rsm;rao½kHwrnf tvkyfvkyfcJhMu&aomf
vnf;? t&if;&Sifrsm;omwdk;wufBuD;yGm;cJhyHkudk o½kyfazmfa&;qGJcJhygonf/
þodkYjrefrmhyef;csDavmuwGif udk,fydkif[efa&;csufrsm;ESifhwpfrlxl;aom
q&mBuD;[,f&DatmifonftaMumif;trsdK;rsdK;aMumifhtrdajrrSpGefYcGmNyD;
tar&duefoaYkd &mufaeonfrmS ,ckxufwikd jf zpfygonf/ vGecf o
hJ nf(h 4?5)
ESpfavmufu? trdjrefrmjynfacwÅjyefvmNyD; jrefrmEdkifiH½kd;&myef;ynm
&Sirf sm;tpnf;t½k;H (A[d)k ½k;H rSmyef;csDq&mrsm;ud?k q&m&JUyef;csDtawGUtBuHK
a[majymyGJvkyfoGm;ygao;onf/rif;a0atmif&JUe,l;x&m;&Sm;jycef;rSmvJ
toif;0ifyef;csDq&meJY awGUqHak qG;aEG;yGv
J yk cf yhJ gao;onf/ q&meJt
Y vm;
wl jynfya&mufyef;csDq&mrsm;udk owd&vGrf;qGwfpGmjzifh . . . . ./

w½kwfEdkifiHrSzrf;qD;xm;aom&cdkifwdkif;&if;om;udk;OD;tm;jrefrmEdkifiHodkhvTJajymif;
w½kwjf ynfoUl or®wEdik if o
H v
Ykd pmaumif;aomtvkyrf sm;&SmazGvyk u
f ikd &f ef(2012)ckEpS af tmufwb
kd mvtwGi;f u oGm;a&muf
aom&cdik w
f ikd ;f &if;om;uk;d OD;e,fajrausmfomG ;vmrIaMumifh zrf;qD;cHc&hJ onf/ ¤if;wdt
Yk m;w½kwjf ynfoUl or®wEdik if jH ynfyqufqaH &;
[dkacsmif&JXmerS'kwd,wm0efcHrpöwm0rfpdkufqJESifhpum;jyefrpöwma'gif[kefzef;wdkYu rwf(7)&ufeHeuf(9)em&D(15)rdepfwGif
ucsifjynfe,f uefydkufwDd;NrdKUvdkPf*lwGif NrdKUe,fcGJtkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;OD;cifarmifOD;? e,fpyf*dwftzGJUacgif;aqmifvl0ifrIBuD;Muyfa&;rSL;
OD;a&T0if;ESifhuefydkufwD;&Jpcef;rS 'kwd,&Jtkyf&efEdkifpef;wdkYxHvma&mufvTJajymif;ydkYtyfcJhonf/
¤if;&cdik w
f ikd ;f &if;om;ud;k OD;wdrYk mS (1)OD;aX;armif(24)ESp(f b)OD;OD;armif?rif;jym;NrdKU/ (2)rykr(23)ESpf (b)OD;aiGxeG ;f OD;?rif;jym;NrdKU/
(3)aX;aX;cdkif(21)ESpf(b)OD;aiGxGef;OD;?rif;jym;NrdKU/(4)OD;oef;armif(24)ESpf(b)OD;pHarmifvS?ausmufawmfNrdKU/ (5)csdKcsdKpef;(24)ESpf
(b)OD;'dk;atmif?rif;jym;NrdKU/ (6)armifa0oef;(24)ESpf(b)OD;armifa0xGef;?rif;jym;NrdKU/(7)armifxGef;a0(25)ESpf(b)OD;xGef;pdefvS?
&aohawmifNrdKU/ (8)ratmifapm(21)ESp?f (b) OD;a0xGe;f OD;rif;jym;NrdKUESihf (9)OD;oef;atmif(24)ESp(f b)OD;ompde?f rif;jym;NrdKUwdjYk zpfMuNyD;
jrpfBuD;em;NrdKUodYk ,if;aeYreG ;f vGJ (2)em&D(20)rdepfwiG f a&muf&v
dS m&m jynfe,fv0l ifrBI uD;Muyfa&;ESit
hf rsdK;om;rSwyf w
kH ifa&;OD;pD;Xme
ñTefMum;a&;rSL;OD;0if;vGifESifh vlukeful;rI wm;qD;ESdrfeif;a&;txl;tzGJU(jrpfBuD;em;)rS 'kwd,&JtkyfaersdK;cefYwkdYurdrdEdkifiHom;rsm;
wpfzufEikd if o
H o
Ykd mG ;a&muf&mwGiv
f u
kd ef m&rnfph nf;rsOf;pnf;urf;rsm;ESit
hf nD aexdik u
f sifo
h ;kH wwfapa&;? aemufaemifþjzpf&yfrsdK;
xyfrBuHKawGUapa&; todynmay;&Si;f vif;ajymMum;um ¤if;wd\
Yk Zmwdajr &cdik jf ynfe,foYkd jyefvnfyaYkd qmifay;&ef jrpfBuD;em;NrdKU
xuf o l a tmif
&cdkif½kd;&mpmayESifh,Ofaus;rItzGJU'kwd,Ouú|OD;jzLomacsESifhtzGJU0ifrsm;xHtyfESHay;cJhaMumif;od&onf/

arwÅm&Sif(a&Tjynfom)q&mawmf\]ESvHk;om;0,f bk&m;wnf} trnfESifh
bmoma&;pmar;yGJ usif;yjyKvkyfawmhrnf
acwfumv vli,fvl&G,frsm;wdkYu Ak'¨pmayrsm;udkavhvmvdkufpm;rIrsm;jym;vmMuonfhtavsmuf bmoma&;pmayrsm;pGmudkvnf; txl;wvnf
zwf½IvmcJhMu&mrSbmoma&;OD;pm;ay;aompmtkyfrsm;vnf; tqrwefa&mif;tm;wufcJh&onf/ ,cifacwfumvuwnf;uus,fjyefYaecJh&aom
q&mawmft&SifZeubd0Ho\pmtkyfrsm;pGmvnf; ,aeYxdwdkifwGifus,fpGma&mif;csae&qJjzpf&mudk,fusifhtbd"r®m?&wemh*kPf&nf?tem*wfomoem
a&;?bmomaoG;?½kyfyHk&Sifusifh0wf?bk&m;Oya'awmfBuD;?aemufqHk;q,fvjrwfAk'¨?wpfb0oHo&mpaompmtkyfrsm;u pmayavmu\rSwfwdkifrsm;jzpfcJh&
onf/onfbuftcsdefumvüxkwfa0cJhaomoHCmawmfrsm;teufOD;aZmwdu?t&SifqE´m"du?arwÅm&Sif?(a&Tjynf om)?&a0EG,f(tif;r)?t&Sifynmbmo?
t&SifOwÅrarmVdwdkYrSme,fy,frsm;pGmwGif a[mpOfw&m;pmtkyfrsm;ESifhjyKjyifa&;?pdwf"mwfjrifhrm;a&;pmtkyfrsm;aMumifh vlodxif&Sm;jzpfcJhMu&onf/
xdkq&mawmfrsm;teufrSarwÅm&Sif(a&Tjynfom)q&mawmfrSol\arG;&yfajrjzpfaomtr&yl&NrdKU?eef;awmf&mpHjyuGufopf&yfuGufwGif a'ocHrsm;
pGmtwGuf bmoma&;tajccHtaxmuftyHhjyKaprnfhESvHk;om;0,fbk&m;wnfjcif;pmar;yGJusif;yay;rnfjzpf&m touf(17)ESpfatmuf t&G,fwdkYtwGuf
q&mawmfa&;om;cJhaom(1)o&P*HktpGrf;?(2)oDvtpGrf;pmtkyf(2)tkyfudkavhvmrSwfom;NyD;pmar;yGJajzqdkcGifhjyKrnfjzpfNyD; yxrqkusyfwpfodef;?'kwd,
qkusyf&Spfaomif;?wwd,qkusyfig;aomif;? txl;qk(20)qktwGuf usyfESpfaomif;pDcsD;jr§ifhay;rnfjzpfonf/ xkdYjyif touf(17)ESpftxufrsm;twGuf
arwÅm&Sif(a&Tjynfom)a&;om;cJhaom(1)t½IH;r&Sdaom'óe?(2)arwÅmjzifhpD;yGm;&Smjcif;pmtkyf(2)tkyfudkjy|mef;ay;rnfjzpf&m pmtkyfrsm;udkavhvmrSwf
om;Mu&rnfjzpfonf/touf(17)ESpftxuft&G,frsm;twGuf q&mawmfrScsD;jr§ifhay;rnfhqkaiGrSmyxrqkusyf(3)odef;?'kwd,qkusyf(2)odef;?
wwd,qkusyf(1)odef;ESifhtxl;qk(20)qktwGuf usyf(2)aomif;pDay;tyfcsD;jr§ifhoGm;rnfjzpfonf/touf(17)ESpfatmufajzqdkrnfholrsm;taeESifhtouf
taxmuftxm;tjzpftdrfaxmifpkrdwÅLyg&Sd&rnfjzpfNyD;avhvm&efpmtkyfrsm;udk oD;jcm;0,f,l&rnf[kqdkonf/pmar;yGJajzqdk&rnfhae&mrSmpHjyuGuf
opfrlvGefausmif;?eef;awmf&mpHjyuGufopf?rSefwef;&yf?tr&yl&NrdKUjzpfípmar;yGJajzqdk &rnfh&ufrSmtouf(17)ESpfatmuft&G,frsm;twGuf(19?4?2013)
&uf?eHeuf(9)em&DrS(12)em&Dtxdjzpfonf/touft&G,f(17)ESpftxufrsm;A[ef;?r[m0dok'¨g½HkwdkufopfrSwdyd#u(a,m)q&mawmfBuD;OD;od&dE¨mbd0HorS
ESvHk;om;0,fbk&m;wnftrnfESifhtvGefausmfMum;aompmtkyfwpftkyfa&;om;cJhzl;ovdk a&Tyg&rDawm&rSt&SifqE´m"duonfvnf; ]]ESvHk;om;0,f
bk&m;wnf}}trnfjzifhyifbmoma&;pmapmifwpfckütywfpOfa&;om;cJhzl;onfrsm;udktrSwf&rdonf/q&mawmfrsm;rSvlom;tusKd;jyK"r®pmayrsm;
jzefYa0&m0,ftrSwf&vG,fulaprnfhtoHk;tEIef;rsm;ESifhomoemjyKawmfrlavh&Sd&mEdkifiHawmftwGufrsm;pGmrSyiftusKd;BuD;apygonf/
,Of,Ofodef;(ebm;)

26

w½kwfEdkifiHwGif pdkif;aemfcrf;
aq;xd;k owfc&H onfu
U pd Eö iS yUf wfoufí
ok"r®od*Ða':eef;wdk;wdk;a&Tu
pdwfraumif;aMumif; xkwfazmfajymMum;
]]uRefrwpfckajymcsifw,f/ uRefrwdkY&Srf;?&Srf;trsdK;om;awG
&J U *k P f y k ' f e J Y e mrnf [ m urÇ m ausmf w J h r sd K ;aumif ; rsd K ;EG , f a wG q d k
ajymjyzdkYrvkdygbl;/tckvdkw½kwfEdkifiHu w½kwfw&m;½Hk;rSm&Srf;
trsdK;om;wpfa,muf aq;xdk;owfcH&wJhjrifuGif;udk arwåmw&m;
acgif;yg;pGmeJYw½kwf½kyfoH CCTVu xkwfvTifhjyocJhwJhtay:
uRefru &Srf;wpfa,muftaeeJYrsm;pGmaMuuGJ0rf;enf;&ygw,f/
w½k w f w &m;½H k ; &J U vk y f & yf [ m w½k w f a wG a jymjyaewJ h o l w d k Y & J U
rdwfaqGjrefrmjynfu &Srf;trsdK;om;wpfa,mufqdkwmarhaeNyD
vm;/ uRefrwdkY&Srf;vlrsdK;awG&JU*kPfodu©m[m wefzdk;r&Sdbl;vm;/
uRef r wd k Y ½ d k ; om;wJ h & S r f ; trsd K ;*k P f e J Y o d u © m ud k xd y g;rI t ay:
pdwfraumif;pGmeJY cHpm;ae&ygw,f}}[k w½kwfEdkifiHwGif pdkif;aemf
crf;aq;xdk;owfcH&onfESifhywfoufí &Srf;trsdK;orD;wpfOD;jzpfol
ok"r®o*d aÐ ':eef;wd;k wd;k a&Tu pdwrf aumif; þodx
Yk w
k af zmfajymMum;
vdkufjcif;jzpfonf/
KZY

rdk;n§if;? armf[efrS&JwyfzGJY 0if(9)OD; erfUAcsDarSmfteD; autdkifatu zrf;qD;oGm; aemufqufwGJowif;udk pdk;wxifUxifUjzpfMu&

ESpfzufwyfawG wdkufckdufoHqdwfNidrfoGm;wJhcsdef&xm;?wHwm;?
oHvrf;awG w0ke;f 0ke;f jrnf[ed ;f yGuaf vm½ku
d af ewJh toHAvHawGjywfvyf
oGm;csdefwGifrSpdk;&drfp&mowif;pum;u teD;0ef;usifvlxk0ef;usifrSm
ajymrqkH;aygifawmokH;axmifqdkovkd rMum;csifvdkYrSr&awmhbl;/ owif;
u aumvm[vr[kwfbl;/ oufqkdif&mawGqDu csOf;uyfem;pGifhMunfh
vdkufwJhtcg jzpf&yfurSefaew,f/rdk;n§if;NrdKUay:pma&;q&mtoif;u
wm0ef&SdolawGeJYowif;pmq&mrsm;udkygar;jref;NyD; twnfjyKcsuf,lEkdifcJh
w,f/jzpf&yfay:aygufcJh&ykHu (12-3-2013)aeYujzpfay:cJhwmyg/ armf
[efa'o&JU pD;yGm;a&;A[dck sufrjzpfwhJ erfrh csDarSmq
f w
kd m t&yfav;rsufEmS
u a&muf&SdvmMuolawG&JU a&T&Sm&m? ausmufpdrf;&SmazG&m emrnfBuD;vS
wJharSmfe,fajrjzpfNyD; teD;wpf0dkufrSmuvnf; arSmfvkyfuGufrsm;pGmeJY vl
aygif;aomif;csDNyD;awmh b0wufvrf;twGuf pGepYf eG pYf m;pm;&SmazGaeMuwJh

wpfEkdifiHvkH;twGufNidrf;csrf;a&;&&Sd&ef
pDwef;vrf;avQmuftzGJY
jrpfBuD;em;rSxGufcGmumeD;tzGJY (2)zGJY
uGo
J mG ;

&nf&G,fcsufBuD;rm;onfhtavsmuf ordkif;wGifusef&pfawmhrnfh
tpDtpOfaumif;wpfckudk &efukefNrdKUawmfcef;ra&SUrSpwifNyD; vl(12)
a,mufEiS ½hf yk v
f ;Hk azmfcahJ omvrf;avQmuftzGUJ onf jrpfBuD;em;NrdKUta&muf
rSm axmufcHtm;ay;,kHMunfarQmfvifhtm;udk;ykHtyfjrwfEdk;pGmjzifh jynfol
wkdYutvSLaiGrsm;udkyg vSL'gef;tyfESif;cJhMu&m tvSLaiGusyf odef;(270)
txd&&SdNyD; ppfajy;'ku©onfrsm;udkvSL'gef;vsuf&Sdonf/
odkYaomf . . . odkYaomf jrefrmwdkY\xkH;wrf;pOfvmt& [dkbuf
'Dbuftqifrajywm? tjrifrwlwm? vrf;cGJwmpaoma&S;xkH;rsm;uJhodkY
,ckvnf;vdkifZmNrdKUu autdkifatXmecsKyftxd ajcvsifavQmuf&if;
Nidrf;csrf;a&;awmif;qkdMurnfhacwfopfr[mol&Jaumif;rsm;tzGJUonf
tzGUJ acgif;aqmifu&kd efEidk x
f eG ;f \ pDpOfñeT Mf um;rItwdik ;f rdik af ygif;rsm;pGmudk
atmifjrifpmG jzwfoef;vmcJNh yD;umrS jrpfBuD;em;NrdKUay:odaYk &muf&pdS OfrmS awmh
acgif;aqmifydkif;utjrif? t,ltqrwlrQawmhbJ tzGJUESpfzGJUuGJuGmoGm;
cJ&h onf[o
k &d onf/ ud&k efEidk x
f eG ;f ESit
hf zGUJ [mjrpfBuD;em;NrdKUay:odYk a&muf
&SdpOf raemuGif;rSmy&dowf(5000)axmifausmfwpfcJeufjzifh Mobmay;
*kPfjyKcHcJhMu&onf/
udk&efEdkifxGef;ESifhudkpnfolwdkY (2)zGJUuGJoGm;&mrS rwfv(13)&ufaeYü
udkpnfolESifhtzGJUuvkdifZmodkYc&D;qufESifMuonf/ yifrudk&efEkdifxGef;
tzGJUuawmh rwfv(14)&ufaeYrSm eHeuf(7;30)tcsdefqufvufí atmif
yGJc&D;a&S;½IcJhMuonf/ vdkifZmESifhtvSrf;ra0;cJhcsdefwGif þodkYþykHESpf
jcrf;uGJuGm&rIjzpfpOftay: Mum;od&oltaygif;wkdYu pdwfrcsrf;rom
jzpfMu&onf/ jrefrmEkdifiHtESHYtjym;rSm&SdaeMuaom'Drdkua&pD0g'udk
jrwfEkd;í Nidrf;csrf;a&;tay:rsm;pGm arQmfvifhaecJhMuolrsm;twGufvnf;
þuJhodkYaomjzpf&yfrsm;udk rESpfNrdKUEkdifMuyg/ omrefvlrsm;rvkyfEkdifonfh
cufcJyifyef;rIrsm;ESifht&if;tESD;jyKcJhMu&onfhvrf;avQmuftzGJUrsm;\
yef;wdik af &mufumeD;üBuHKawGUcJ&h aomESpjf crf;uGrJ o
I nf rjzpfoifah omudpö
&yf[k trsm;uajymqdkaeMuonf/
owif ; axmuf ' k H ; usnf

ausmufpdrf;eJYa&TarSmfxGufwJhe,fajryg/ tJ'De,fajrrSmawmh rl;,pfaq;
0g;rsdK;pkHudk wGifus,fpGma&mif;0,frI?okH;pGJrIawGowif;&&SdvkdY ucsifjynf
e,frdk;n§if;&Jpcef;rSe,fxdef;wyfzGJU0ifawGjzpfMuwJh'k&JtkyfvSxGef;at;
(v-153771)OD;aqmifw&hJ w
J yfzUJG 0ifawGomG ;a&muf&mS azGcMhJ u&mu tzrf;
cHvdkufMu&wmyg/
'k&t
J yk v
f x
S eG ;f at;eJt
Y wl wyfMuyfBuD;oef;wif(h v-191764)? wyf
MuyfvSoif;(v-155322)?wyfMuyf0if;rif;xGef;(v-192472)?wyfMuyf
ausmfpdk;(v-201592)?&Jwyfom;aZmfxGef;aemif(v-196443)?&J wyf

om;rsdK;udkudk(v-232533)?tJ'D&JwyfzGJU0ifawGu
armf[ef&pJ cef;u &JwyfMuyfatmifp;dk (v-151653)?
&J w yf o m;jrwf x uf v G i f ( v-228562)wk Y d E S i f h y l ;
a
y
g
i
f
;
u
m
rd k ; n§ i f ; &J p cef ; rS L ;&J t k y f j rwf a usmf O D ; (acwå ) &J U
cGifhjyKcsuft&,mOfarmif;udkrsdK;armif;ESifwJhyg*sJ½kd;
um;tjyma&mif?,mOftrSwf(2c^2288)udkpD;eif;Mu
NyD; rl;,pfaq;0g;trIawG&JUuGif;qufw&m;cHawGudk
zrf;qD;EkdifzkdY&m (12-3-2013)aeY eHeuf(10)em&Du
erfrh csDarSmaf 'oqDoYkd xGucf mG cJMh uw,f/ armf[efu
ae (26)rdik af 0;wJeh rfrh csDarSmaf jruawmh (ajrykt
H ñTe;f
KH-148416)rSm&Sdwmyg/ tJ'DarSmfajrxJrSm'k&Jtkyf
vSxeG ;f at;eJt
Y zGUJ u pkpH rf;&SmazGraI wGukd aqmif&u
G f
NyD;wmeJYtJ'DaeYnae(6)em&DrSmjyefvnfxGufcGmvm
cJhMu&mu autdkifatvufeufudkiftzGJU&JUzrf;qD;
ac:aqmifoGm;jcif;udkcHcJhMu&w,f/ tjyifrSmus,f
avmif½kdufcwfaewJhtJ'DjzpfpOfeJYywfoufNyD; oufqkdif&mtBuD;tuJrsm;
u erfhrcsDarSmfuOuú|OD;aZmykHeJY armf[ef&GmtkyfcsKyfa&;rSL; OD;wifarmifOD;
wkYdudk pkHprf;qufoG,fNyD; ar;jref;MunfhcJhMuwJhtcg rSefuefw,fvkdY
twnfjyKEkdifcJhygw,f/ jynfolY&JwyfzGJU0ifawGudk tckvkdzrf;qD;ac:
aqmifcH&wmeJYywfoufNyD; jyefvnfvGwfajrmufvmapzkdY wm0ef&SdolawG
bufurem;rae BudK;pm;aqmif&Gufvsuf&Sdaew,fvkdY a'ocHawGu
ajymjyygw,f/
pk Munf aoG ;

armfv;l a'oatmfwzkd ek ;f jzpfajrmufa&;aumfrwDubPfwiG f
pkaqmif;xm;&Sd aiGrsm;jyeftrf;
pGmay;NyD; 0,f,ltoHk;jyKolrsm;ygaygif;vQif zkef;tvHk;a& (500)ausmfrQ&Sd
aMumif; odkYaomfvnf; ,ckbPfüpkaqmif;xm;&SdaiGrsm;rSm aumfrwDxH
wGif wdkuf½dkufay;oGif;onfholrsm;omtusHK;0ifaMumif;ydkvQHítjrwf
wifNyD; a&mif;pm;xm;oltaejzifhvnf; zkef;pmtkyfvuf0,fr&Sdawmhí
OD;ydkifemrnfaygufaomfvnf; olESifhywfoufrIr&Sd 0,f,ltoHk;jyKolom
cHpm;cGi&hf adS Mumif; &Si;f vif;ajymjyumvuf&adS iGoed ;f (460)ausmftm; wpfO;D
csif;wGucf sufí &yfuu
G t
f yk pf t
k vdu
k jf yeftrf;ay;cJ&h m atmfww
kd ,fvzD ek ;f
ydkif&SifwpfOD;vQif(102400)usyfwpfodef;ESpfaxmifav;&mwdwd&&SdMu
aMumif;ESihf vuf&adS tmfwkd w,fvzD ek ;f aumfrwDukd rwfv(10)&ufrpS wif

ppfudkif;wdkif;a'oBuD;? tif;awmfNrdKUe,f? armfvl;a'oatmfwdkzkef;
jzpfajrmufa&;aumfrwDu zkef;wnfaqmufrIvkyfief;rsm; NyD;pD;oGm;NyDjzpf
í zkef;vuf0,fudkifaqmifxm;olrsm;tm; jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;bPfwGifpk
aqmif;xm;&SdaiGrsm; jyefvnfxkwf,lNyD; &yfuGufaus;&Gmtkyfpktvdkuf
wpfO;D csif;odYk zke;f aiGjyeftrf;onfh tcrf;tem;ud(k 2013)ckEpS ?f rwfv(10)
&uf eHeuf(11)em&Dtcsdef armfv;l 'u©P
d m&mr bk&m;BuD;ausmif;wdu
k w
f iG f
usif;yjyKvky&f m zke;f udik af qmifxm;ol rdbjynfo(l 450)OD;cefw
Y uf a&muf
Muygonf/
tcrf;tem;wGif armfvl;aus;&GmtkyfpktkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;OD;0if;pdefESifh
atmfwdkw,fvDzkef;aumfrwDem,uOD;wifaiGwdkYu vrf;ñTeftrSmpum;
rsm;ajymMum;Mujcif;? qufvufí zke;f aumfrwDOuú| OD;wifa&Tuatmfwkd
w,fvzD ek ;f jzpfpOfordik ;f aMumif;udk &Si;f vif;ajymMum;&m armfv;l wGiOf ;D pGm
yxrvufvn
S zhf ek ;f udk toH;k jyKcJ&h mrS (2006)ckEpS w
f iG f atmfww
kd ,fvzD ek ;f
aumfrwDuzkd UJG pnf;NyD; (2009)wGif wyfqiftoH;k jyKcJah Mumif; aiGaMu;xnfh
0ifrItqifajyap&eftwGuf vpOfwpfvusyf (50000)pDxnfh0ifapcJh&m
wpfOD;vQif usyfajcmufodef;cGJ?ckepfodef;rQxnfh0ifMu&aMumif; aumfrwD
rsm;xH xnfh0ifolOD;a&(450)rQ&Sdaomfvnf; tjyifrSmwefzdk;BuD;jrifh

ízsuford ;f vdu
k af Mumif;/ atmfww
kd ,fvzD ek ;f ESiyhf wfoufí zke;f vdik ;f cRwf
,Gif;jcif;? BudK;rsm;jywfawmufjcif;?wdkifrsm;vJNydKjcif;?tajymif;ta&TUjyK
vkyjf cif;rsm;&Syd gu qufo,
G af &;wm0efcjH refrmhqufo,
G af &; vkyif ef;Xme
ESifhomvkyfaqmifoGm;Mu&rnfjzpfaMumif; owif;&&Sdygonf/
ndKrif;xuf(jrefrmpm)armfvl;

rd;k n§i;f blwmrGr;f rHjyKjyifNy;D aomfvnf; vQypf pfr;D vdt
k yfaeao;
jrefrmhrD;&xm;tif*sifeD,mXme(2012-2013) bwf
*sufcGifhjyKaiGESifhrdk;n§if;blwmtqifhwifvkyfief;aqmif&Guf
rIudk ti,fwef;tif*sifeD,m(2)OD;0if;Edkifu t&Snf(500)
ay?tus,f(30)ay?tjrifx
h (k 1)ay(6)vufr&So
d nfh uGeu
f &pf
yvufazmif;cif;jcif;ESifhvuf&Sdblwm\trdk;tumeH&Hwdkif
rsm;udk aq;okwfjcif; rGrf;rHjyKjyifjcif;rsm;aqmif&Gufonf/
xdek nf;wl rd;k n§i;f c½kid f rd;k aumif;NrdKUblwm½ku
H v
kd nf; aqmif
&Gux
f m;&SNd yD;jzpfonf/ (2013-2014)bwf*swfEpS w
f iG v
f nf;
[dkyifblwm½kHudkvnf;aqmif&GufoGm;Edkif&ef vsmxm;csuf
&SdaMumif;od&onf/ ,cktcgblwm½kHrSmrGrf;rHxm;&SdrIaMumifh
aumif;rGefoyf&yfaeaomfvnf; ntcsdefc&D;oGm;wdkYrSm n
tarSmifxJwGifza&mif;wdkiftm;udk;jzifh apmifhqdkif;aeMu&í
rormaomcdk;0SufrIrsm;jzpfyGm;Edkifojzifh blwm½kHtwGif;
vQyfppfrD;vdktyfaeao;aMumif;od&onf/
rdk;ewfom;-rdk;n§if;

27

Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;yHk yk'rf (289)wGif &yf^aus;tkypf \
k tkycf sKyf a&;rSL;
uk&d yf^aus;uMunfnKd av;pm;NyD; odum© orm"d&o
dS nfyh *k Kd¾ vf wpfO;D OD;tm;
Oya'ESifhtnDcefYtyfwm0efay;ap&rnf[kjyXmef;xm;onfukd xda&muf
pGmtaumiftxnfazmfEikd rf nft
h cef;(15)cef;yg&yf^aus;tkycf sKyfa&;Oya'
uk(d 24-2-2013)wGijf yXmef;cJah Mumif; ¤if;Oya'ESiyhf wfoufNyD; taumif
txnfazmfvkyfaqmif&mwGif wpfausmif;wpf*gxm? wpf&Gmwpfyk'fqef;
qkdovkdwpfe,fESifhwpfe,f &yfuGufwpfckESifhwpfckrwluGJjym;rItjiif;yGm;
rIrsm;&SdcJhaMumif;od&onf/
ucsifjynfe,f&Sd Aef;armf? rkd;aumif;? zm;uefY(3)NrdKUe,fwGifvpfvyf
oG m ;aomvT w f a wmf u k d , f p m;vS , f (3)ae&mtwG u f Mum;jzwf a &G ;
aumufyGJrsm;udk e,fajrtajctaeaMumifhrvkyfEdkifcJhaMumif;? Aef;armfNrdKU
ay:&yfuu
G t
f yk cf sKyfa&;rSL;a&G;&efq,ftrd pf u
k ,
dk pf m;vS,af &G;cs,fyrJG sm;ukd
&yfuGuftoD;oD;wGif (2012)'DZifbmvukef&ufykdif;rSpwifvkyfaqmif
aeMu&myGifhvif;jrifomrIr&SdMuí rauseyfonfhwkdifMum;pmrsm;aMumifh
tcsdKUaom&yfuGufrsm;wGif jyefvnfa&G;cs,f&rnf[k Mum;od&aMumif;
a&G;cs,fyGJ apmifhMunhfavhvmolwpfOD;xHrS od&onf/
wkdifMum;&jcif;taMumif;&if;ukd avhvm&mwGiftajccHr½kd;om;rI
rsm;ESifhtwl atmufajctqifhwGif rdrdukdaxmufcHrnfhtiftm;pkrsm;ESifh
rdrdzufygrnfhtrmcHvlrsm;ukdomBudwfNyD;a&G;Mujcif;?BuD;Muyfa&;rSL;qdk
onfh &yfrd&yfz(5)OD;ukdvnf; tvm;wla&G;cs,fjcif;?ukd,fqifonfhzJ
ukd,fwkdifcsdK; ukd,fwkdifa0MuonfhtwGuf rausreyfjzpfí[kajymMu
onf/jyóem\rlvtprSm NrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;u&yf^aus;tkyfcsKyf
a&;rSL;a&G;cs,fzkdYtwGuf BuD;Muyfa&;rSL;(5)OD;tzGJUa&G;cs,f&mrSpwifcJh
aMumif;awGU&onf/ ¤if;BuD;Muyfa&;rSL;rsm;\t&nftcsif;ukdtcef;(4)
tyk'd (f 6)wGif BuD;Muyfa&;wm0efxrf;aqmif&ef qE´&o
dS &l yf^aus;twGi;f &Sd
trsm;MunfndKav;pm;NyD; MoZmwduúdr&Sdol[komyg&Sdonf/
NrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;onf NrdKUBuD;vQifBuD;ovkd&yfuGuf? aus;&Gm
BuD;vQifBuD;ovkd &ufuGuf^aus;&Gmaexkdifolrsm;tm;vHk;ukdrodEkdifyg/
NrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;rqkdxm;ESifh&yf^aus;tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;awmifrS rdrd
tkyfcsKyfae&onfh&yfuGuftwGif;&Sdvlrsm;ukdaoaocsmcsmrodwmawG
&Sdygonf/ 'gaMumifhvnf; &yf^aus;pma&;ESifh&yf^aus;tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;wkdYrS
cs,fv,
S u
f m rdrw
d v
Ydk u
l o
dk mxnfo
h iG ;f jcif; ukvm;zefx;dk jcif;? bufvu
dk f
a&G;cs,fíwifjyvkdufolrsm;ukdom a&G;cs,fwm0efay;vkdufjcif;rsdK;awG&SdcJh
onf[o
k &d onf/ NrdKUe,ftyk cf sKyfa&;taejzifh jyóemr&S[
d ,
k q
l aumif;
,lqEdik af yrJh wcsdKU&yfuu
G w
f iG f BuD;Muyfa&;rSL;(5)OD;pvH;k odrYk [kwt
f csdKUukd
(tmPmykdifrsm;tm;rsufESmvdkrsufESm&vkyfNyD; tcGifhta&;,laeolrsm;
jzpfjcif;? bk&m;vlBuD;a,mifa,mif ykw;D orm;a,mifa,mif? vlwiG u
f s,f
vkyfavh&Sdumygav&m ig;ydcsufjzpfjcif;? bmoma&;vlrsdK;a&;tpGef;
a&mufolrsm;jzpfjcif;rsm;aMumifh t,HktMunfr&Sd? txifBuD;av;pm;jcif;
r&SdMuaMumif;? ormorwfr&SdcJhMuí BudKufESpfoufjcif;r&SdMuaMumif;?
wifusD;iSuf?AsdKif;iSufwkdYukd ig;uefapmifhckdif;ovkd? 0HykavGukdw&m;olBuD;
cefYvkdufwmeJYwlaMumif;a0zefolrsm;uqdkonf/
BuD;Muyfa&;rSL;tjzpf &yfrd&yfz(5)OD;qkdwmukd &yfuGufaexkdifol
rsm;uvufcHzkdYyxrqHk;ta&;BuD;NyD;xkdolrsm;onf odu©morm"d&Sdum
ormorwf & S d o l j zpf & rnf h t jyif rd r d & yf u G u f a t;csrf ; om,ma&;ES i f h

zGUH NzdK;wd;k wufa&;ukd trSew
f u,fvv
dk m;olrsdK;jzpfoifo
h nf/ bmoma&;?
vlrsdK;a&;tpGef;a&mufol vlrIa&;azmufjyefol?ukd,fusifhodu©mr&Sdol?
uRJEmG ;arSmifc?dk opfarSmifc?dk avmif;upm; rl;,pfaq;0g;a&mif;0,fo;kH pGo
J l
Xmeqkifd &f mtmPmykid rf sm;ESihf taMumif;trsdK;rsdK;aMumifh ywfoufaeonfh
c½kdeDpD;yGm;a&;orm;aygif;pm;yif;pm;aeol cRefwGef;a'gufjzKwfwwfonfh
tifazmfrmrsdK;ukdra&G;cs,foifhyg/ BuD;Muyfa&;rSL;ukda&G;cs,fowfrSwf
onfhenf;wl &yf^aus;tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;ukdvnf; txufygtcsufrsm;yg
xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;a&G;cs,foifhygonf/ &yf^aus;tkyfcsKyfa&;Oya'tcef;
(3)wGif &yf^aus;tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;\t&nftcsif;(11)csuf[kazmfjyxm;&m
(C)pm;0wfaea&;zlvHkrI&Sdoljzpfjcif;? (p)&yfuGufu MunfndKav;pm;jcif;
cH&NyD;odu©morm"d&SdoljzpfNyD; (Z)EdkifiHawmfESifh&yf&Gma'o\tusdK;ukd
apwemxufoefpGm wm0efxrf;aqmif&efqE´&Sdoljzpfjcif;?(ps)twlae
rdom;pk0ifrsm;onfvnf; tusifhpm&dwåaumif;rGefNyD;½kd;om;ajzmifhrwf
oljzpfjcif; ponfhtcsufrsm;pGmxJrS wpfcsufr[kwfwpfcsufESifhNidpGef;
aeMuwmrkdY ajcmufypfuif;oJpiftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;wpfa,muf&zkdYqkdwm
rvG,fvSyg/ 'gaMumifhtenf;qHk;awmh rdrd&yfuGuf aus;&Gmom;rsm;\
vlrsdK;bmom"avhxHk;wrf;pOfvmrsm;ESifholwkdY\pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;
uko
d ed m;vnfo?l uk,
d u
hf sifo
h u
d m© &SNd yD;ormorwf&o
dS ?l &yfuu
G o
f m;trsm;
pku MunfndKav;pm;vufcHolawmhjzpfzdkY vkdtyfygonf/
&yf ^ aus;utrS e f w u,f a useyf N yD ; a&G ; cs,f v uf c H v k d u f w J h
BuD ; Muyf a &;tzG J U
&yf^aus;twGif;&Sd tdrfajcpm&if;ukd&,líowfrSwfxm;aomenf;
vrf;rsm;ESifhtnD (10)tdrfpktzGJUrsm;zGJUpnf;&ygrnf/ &yfuGuftcsdKUwGif
tdrfaxmifpkukd,fpm;vS,frsm;ukd &yf^aus;tkyfcsKyfa&;Oya'tcef;(3)

&efukefNrdKYtwGif; trIdufuif;pif&ef trIdufodrf; 0efxrf;rsm;wdk;csJY cefhxm;½Hkomru
vlwkdif;vnf; pnf;urf;&Sd&ef vkdtyf[kqkd
&ef u k e f rwf (19)
&efukefNrdKUawmftwGif;trdIufuif;pifí oefY&Sif;om,mvSyap&eft
wGupf nfyifXme&St
d rIu
d o
f rd ;f 0efxrf;tiftm;ukd ykrd w
dk ;dk csJUí vlwidk ;f vnf;
pnf;urf;&Sd&efvdktyfaMumif; &efukefNrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD
ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;ESifh oefY&Sif;a&;XmerSwm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u vQyf
wpfjyufoaYkd jymonf/ ¤if;u]]&efuek Nf rdKU&JUvlO;D a&uodoo
d mom wk;d vm
w,f? trIdufodrf;wJh0efxrf;uwkd;rvmbl;? 'guvnf;bwf*sufeJYaiGa&;
aMu;a&;eJUvkyf&wmqkdawmh ukd,fwkd;csifwkdif;wkd;vkdYr&bl;ayghaemf? t
wwfEkdifqHk;awmh&SdwJhtiftm;eJY wpfBudrfodrf;NyD;aemufwpfcg BudK;pm;jyef
odrf;eJYyJvkyfae&w,f/ wkd;zkdYuawmhtpDtpOf&Sdygw,f? wkd;vkduf&ifvnf;
'DxufykdNyD;tqifajyoGm;r,f}}[kqkdonf/ ausmufwHwm;NrdKUe,fwGifae
xkdifolwpfOD;u ]]tay:xyfuvlawGu trIdufawGukdpnf;rJhurf;rJhypfawmh ajrnDxyfuvlawGu teHYqkd;awGeJY'ku©a&muf&w,f? 'gaMumifh
&SdNyD;om;trIdufawGukd pnfyifuvm&Sif;ay;NyD;? aemufxyfrypfcsatmif Muyfrwfapvkdw,f}}
[kvQyfwpfjyufokdYajymjyonf/ wmarGNrdKUe,ftwGif;aexkdifol wpfOD;uvnf; ]]wmarGNrdKUe,f?
ewfacsmif;&yfuGuf? taomuvrf;ESifh ykn0¹evrf;Mum;rSmqkd trIdufawGujynfhESufaeNyD; a&qkd;
ajrmif ; awG y d w f v k d Y ajrnD x yf r S m aewJ h v l a wG q k d a&qk d ; awG 0 if v k d Y ' k u © a &muf a e&w,f } }[k
ajymjyonf/ tqkdygudpöESifhywfoufí ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;ESifh oefY&Sif;a&;XmerSwm
0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ]]aemufaz;vrf;Mum;u wm0ef,lBuD;MuyfwJhxJrSmrygbl;/ wHjrufpnf;vSnf;zkdYvl
vnf;rxm;bl;? apmifMh unfw
h v
hJ v
l nf;rxm;xm;bl;? rdrad ewJv
h rf;Mum;jzpfwt
hJ wGuf rdr&d UJ wm0efyJ
jzpfw,f/ &yfuu
G t
f yk cf sKyfa&;rSL;eJY vrf;om,ma&;wkn
Yd E§d idI ;f NyD; aemufaz;vrf;Mum;trIu
d rf ypfzpYdk nf;
½kH; zkdYvkdw,f? 'gayr,fhvnf;tifrweftm;enf;ygw,f? vlwkdif;pnf;urf;&Sd&ifawmhtaumif;qHk;
ygyJ}}[kajymjycJo
h nf/ aemufaz;vrf;Mum;&St
d rIu
d rf sm;odr;f qnf;vkyd gu pnfyifrt
S rIu
d o
f rd ;f &efum;
pDpOfay;NyD; oGm;&rnft
h uGmta0;twGuNf rdKUe,ftvku
d f owfrw
S x
f m;onfh pufo;kH qDxnhaf y;&rnfh
tjyiftvkyform;vnf;iSm;&rnfjzpfaMumif; tqkdygwm0ef&Sdol\ ajymMum;csuft&od&Sd&onf/
&efukefNrdKUawmf pnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD? ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf; a&;ESifhoefY&Sif;a&;XmewGif
,ckvuf&Sd trIdufodrf;0efxrf; (3512)OD;&SdNyD; aeYpOfeHeuf (10)em&Daemufydkif;ESifh n (12) em&D
aemufydkif;wGif vkdufvHodrf;qnfvsuf&SdaMumif; od&onf/ &efukefNrdKUawmfom,mvSy a&;twGuf
trdIufyHk; (2670)vHk;ukdvnf; xyfrHwkd;csJUíNrdKUe,ftvkduf {NyDv (1)&ufwGif csxm;ay;oGm;
apmzk d ; cG m ;
rnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/

28

yk'fr(5)yg&yf^aus; tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;wGifjynfhpHk&rnfht&nftcsif;(11)csuf
ukdk &Sif;vif;ajymMum;&mwGif (roufqkdifonfhpum;rsm;vlrsdK;BuD;0g'
usifhoHk;vkdonfhvlrsdK;bmom?omoemukdxdef;odrf;apmifha&Smufr,fhol)
ponfhpum;vHk;rsdK;ukd wrif&nf&G,fum xnfhoGif;ajymqkdrIrsdK;&Sdjcif;
owfrSwft&nftcsif;ESifh jynfhpHkonfhyk*¾dKvfwpfOD;ukd vQdKU0SufqE´rJjzifh
a&G;cs,f&rnf/q,ftrd w
f pfpt
k vku
d af &G;cs,fc&H oltoD;oD;ukd owfrw
S f
t&nftcsif;ESijhf ynfph jkH cif;&S^d r&Spd pd pfNyD; jynfph o
kH rl sm;ukq
d ,ftrd pf u
k ,
dk pf m;
vS,ftjzpftrnfpm&if;yxrqHk;jyKpk&rnfjzpfNyD; ¤if;wkdYxJrSwpfOD;ukd
trsm;a&SUwGif vQdKU0SufqE´rJay;NyD;a&G;cs,f&rnf[kyg&Sdayr,fh rJrsm;ukd
a&wGufNyD;csdefwGifrS wpfOD;wpfa,mufonf ]rdrdray;&ao;bl;}[kqkd
um tqHk;tjzwfrJukdaemufqHk;rSay;jcif;onf vQdKU0SufrJay;pepfeJYvnf;
rudu
k n
f aD Mumif; xko
d aYkd omr½k;d om;rIudk BuD;Muyfa&;rSL;qko
d rl sm;uvnf;
twnfjyKvufcHMuaMumif; od&onf/
pD;yGm;a&;NrdKUjzpfonfh Aef;armfwGif(,cif&yf^aus;Ouú|) ,ck
tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;&mxl;onf acwftqufquf pm;aygufacsmifonfh
tvkyfjzpfí ¤if;&mxl;ukd r&&onfhenf;ESifh&zkdYBudK;pm;aeMuonfh
&moufyeftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;vkyfvkdolrsm;&Sdr&Sd? rvkyfcsifolrsm;ESifha&G;cs,fyGJ
ukdawmifpdwfr0ifpm;olrsm;&SdaMumif;ukdvnf; awGU&onf/
tkyfpkukd,fpm;vS,fa&G;cs,f&mwGif tdrftpOfvkduf?q,ftdrf wpfpk
pkNyD;a&G;cs,f&rSmjzpfayr,hftdrfrsm;jcm;NyD; awmifwpftdrf?ajrmufwpf
tdrfq,ftdrfwpfpkçpkjcif; onftpOfvkdufpkjcif;r[kwfawmhyg/ yGifhyGifh
vif;vif;ajymqkw
d wforl sm;ukd jzefu
Y sufpjk cif;?rdrw
d q
Ydk ifonfh cGit
f wkid ;f
jzpfEkdifrnfholrsm;ukdwGJjcif;? vufnd§K;axmifacgif;Nidrfhwwfolrsm;ukdom
zefwD;,ljcif;?q,ftdrfpkukd,fpm;vS,ftwGufBudKwiftoday;taMumif;
Mum;jcif;r&SdbJ eHeuf(11)em&Dvkyfrnfha&G;cs,fyGJukd eHeuf(9)em&DcefYrSmrS
uyfNyD;BuHKonfhvlwpfa,mufukdajymckdif;jcif;? taMumif;Mum;pmr&Sdyg/
od&SdaMumif;rSwfwrf;vufrSwfxkd;ckdif;jcif;vnf;r&Sd/ NyD;awmhqdkif
u,fay:rSawmifrqif;bJwm0efaus½HkajymoGm;jcif;? tdrf0kdif;wpf0kdif;xJ
wGif (2)tdrf?(3)tdrfpkNyD;xkdifMuwmrsdK;&Sdwwf&mawGUonfh vlwpfa,muf
ukdom ajymoGm;jcif;aMumifh xkdolurajymrdírodvkduf&wmrsdK;ukdvnf;
Mum;od&onf/wcsdKUtdrfaxmifOD;pD;awGuc&D;xGufaeMuNyD; wcsdKUtdrf
axmifOD;pD;awGrSm eHeuf(7)em&DcefYuwnf;u vkyfief;toD;oD;wkdYoGm;
Muwmukdodygvsuf (9)em&DcefYrSuyfNyD;taMumif;Mum;jcif;onf r½kd;om;
aomoabmukdaqmifaMumif;q,ftdrfwpfpkvHk;rSwpfa,mufxJoGm;
wwfí tvdktavsmufq,ftdrfpkukd,fpm;vS,fjzpfoGm;&aMumif;udk
vnf;od&ygonf/
rdr&d yfuu
G w
f iG ;f avmif;upm;? rl;,pfaq;0g;? uRJEmG ;arSmifcdk a&mif;
0,fr?I opfarSmifcadk &mif;0,frI pwmawG&adS ewmodygvsuf em;vnfrEI iS hf
tqifajyaeMujcif;onf &yfaus;Oya'ygtkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;\ wm0eftykd'f
(13) (u)(*)(i)(ps)(n)(#)(!)(¡)(P)(")(e)wkdYESifh NidpGef;aewmrdkY &yfuGuf
utwif;vkyfckdif;vkdYvkyf&wm? em;cGifhr&vkdYqufvkyfae&wm [kajym
wwfonfh tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;rsm;onf vkyfcsifvkdYyJvkyfvkyf? rvkyfcsifyJ
vkyv
f yk ?f wm0ef,x
l m;NyD; ajcmufypfuif;oJvpJ if trSw,
f jl ywwfonfh
tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;rsm;onf taMumif;udpöBuD;i,fBuHKvm&if a&Taysmuf
wmvkdvkd? twdwfarhwmvkdvkd acgif;a&SmiftvGwf½kef;vkdYr&awmhyg/
,ckqkd&if tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;twGufvpOf axmufyHhESifh½Hk;oHk;p&dwfrsm;yg
xkwfay;wmrkdY a&G;cs,frIrSefzkdYta&;BuD;vmygNyD/
ukd,fvGwf½kef;um 0denf;vGwfajymwwfol wm0efrcH&Jol? vlrsdK;
bmomtpGef;a&mufol?w&m;rQwrIr&Sd?bufvdkufwwfol? &yfuGuf
tusdK;ukd pGrf;pGrf;wrHwuf<upGm aqmif&Gufvkdpdwfr&Sdolukd rSm;,Gif;NyD;
a&G;cs,fcJhrdygu pdppfa&G;cs,f&mwGif tc&mjzpfonfhBuD;Muyfa&;rSL;
qkdolu wm0efcHrSmvm;?twnfjyKcefYtyfrnfhc½kdiftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;u
wm0efcHrSmvm;? NrdKUe,fESifhc½kdiftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;wkdYonf tcsdefwef&if
ajymif;a&TUoGm;MurSmrkdY rnfolu wm0efcHrSmvJ[k wcsdKU&yfuGufom;
rsm;u ar;Muygonf/
a&G;cs,f&mwGif &yf^aus;pma&;rsm;u OD;aqmifcs,fvS,fvkyf
aqmifoGm;wm[k &yfuGuftawmfrsm;rsm;uajymaeMuaMumif; xifom
jrifom&Sad tmifBudKwifaMunmjcif;?taMumif;Mum;jcif;r&Sad Mumif; t&nf
tcsif;jynfhrDolrsm; 0ifa&mufa&G;cs,frcHjcif;ESifhrwufa&mufMuvkdY
t&nftcsif; rjynhfayr,fhwufa&mufvmolrsm;xJrSom a&G;cs,f
vku
d af Mumif; rnfoyl J wufwuft&nftcsif;jynhpf NkH yD; &yf^aus;twGuf
trSew
f u,ftusdK;jyK rnfo
h q
l Ndk yD;wmyJ[k trsm;pkuajymaeMuaMumif;
OD ; OD ; Nid r f ; (Aef ; armf )
pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/

0rf;enf;onf
OD;cifarmifñGefY(vQyfwpfjyuf
*sme,f O ya'tBuH a y;yk * ¾ d K vf ) +
a':at;at;armf w d k Y \ rd c if B uD ;
&[ef;?odrf?ausmif;?yd#uwfoHk;yHk
'g,dumrBuD;a':av;cif(touf91ESp)f onf 1347 ckEpS ?f waygif;v
qef;(8)&uf?(19-3-2013)?t*Fg
aeY?(2;30)em&Dtcsdew
f iG f &efuek Nf rdKU?
a&TjynfomNrdKUe,f?trSw(f 10)&yfuu
G ?f aumhaomif;vrf;?trSw1f 81
(c)aetdrüf vlBuD;a&m*gjzifh uG,v
f eG t
f edpaö &mufaMumif;od&&dS ojzifh
usef&pfolrdom;pkESifh twlxyfwlxyfrQ 0rf;enf;aMuuGJ&ygonf/
vQyfwpfjyufESifharmfeDwmrdom;pk

oBuFefwGif;a&upm;rnfholrsm;twGuf bsc \
sun cut body lotion rdwfquf

aw;oH&Sif &DrmeftdefESifh W-wm wdkY\tpdk;r&aom
aw;pD;&D;'DADG'DxGuf&Sd
aw;oH&Sif&DrmeftdefESifh Wwm
wd k Y \ tpd k ; r&aom'D A D G ' D u m&mtd k
auaw;pD;&D;udk xif;½SL;&dyfAD'D,dk
xkwfvkyfa&;u xkwfvkyfxm;NyD;
aw;a&;okcrdefvdIif? 0if;rif;axG;?
jrifhrdk;atmif? aZmfwif? R.KaZmf?
rif;tdro
f pfwu
Ykd a&;pyfay;xm;onf/
¤if ; aw;pD ; &D ; xJ w G i f yg0if
o½kyfaqmifxm;olrsm;rSm {&m? rdk;
xufydkif? tpöPD? oJcspfjrifhrdk&fwdkUyg
0if o ½k y f a qmif x m;onf / aw;
oDcsif;rsm;rSm qkvmbfrsm;? Mu,f
awGvkdtcspf? rif;&Sdae&if? tpdk;r
&aom? b,fvdkrSrarhEdkif? uHudk,Hk
ícspfcJhonf? armifac:&m? tonf;
ESvHk;av;uGJawmhr,f&Sifh? tonf;
pGJaeNyD? eif&SdwJhaeYESifhrif;orD;om
jzpf y g&apwd k Y u d k oD q d k x m;onf /
aw;oDcsif;yk'fa&(11)yk'fcefY yg0if
onf/
TTM

½dkw\ pyGefqm aw;pD;&D;ADGpD'D?'DAGD'DxGuf&Sd
½kdw\pyGefqmaw;
pD;&D;AGDpD'D?'DADG'Dudk Bo Bo
Music production u
xkwfvkyfjzefYcsdxm;NyD; 'g
½ku
d w
f mvGi?f Edik af Zmf(Lazy
Club)ESifholi,fcsif;rsm;?
tzG J U yg0if o ½k y f a qmif
xm;olrsm;rSm ½dkw?rdk;,H
ZGef?aumif;cefY?ae,H?rif;
cef Y y d k i f ? aroef ; Ek ? cd k i f E S i f ;
a0?qkyefxGm?cdkifyGifh? ar
oufcdkif?eef;qk&wDpdk;?*EÅ0if?&wemrdkif?a&Tpif?rsdK;oD&dausmfESifhqkvmbfa&TpifwdkY
yg0ifxm;onf/
¤if;aw;pD;&D;xJwGif pyGefqm?csufwifxJuaumifrav;?aemufwpfywf?rsuf0ef;
av;eJaY jymyg?pOf;pm;yg?a&Trif;orD;?rif;eJiY g?pOf;pm;ay;ygcspfo?l arara& . . .idak evm;?
tonf;uGjJ cif;twGuo
f cD sif;wpfy'k Ef iS &hf cdik pf um;av;oifay;r,fwu
Ykd kd oDqx
kd m;onf/
oDcsif;yk'fa&(11)yk'fyg0ifonf/ ,if;aw;pD;&D;xJwGif ½kdwupyGefqmrsm;taMumif;?
Internet xJwGifcspfolrsm;jzpfoGm;onfhtaMumif;rsm;ESifh&cdkifwdkif;&if;om;wdkY\o½kyf
udak y:vGiaf tmif o½kyaf qmifxm;onf/
TTM

rxo(32),mOfvdkif;ajyvnfoGm;NyD

oBuFefwGif;a&upm;rnfholrsm;? yifv,furf;ajctyef;ajzc&D;oGm;rnfholrsm;twGuf bsc \ sun cut
body lotion? Face lotion topfrdwfqufyGJudk (16?3?13)&uf aeYv,f(3)em&DwGif &efukefNrdKU uRef;awmvrf;&Sd
Junction Square (Aqua Hall) üusi;f ycJo
h nf/ tqdyk gtcrf;tem;wGif tcrf;tem;rSL;tjzpf aZ,sEiS hf NzKd ;NzKd ;cdik w
f Ykd
uaqmif&GufcJhNyD; Jade Dragon tzGJU\tursm;jzifhvnf; azsmfajzcJhonf/ ,if;yGJodkYo½kyfaqmifESifharmf',f
rsm;vnf; wufa&mufcJhonf/
TTM

pGeyhf pfc½H yk yf mG ;awmfrsm;rlvomoedue,fajrodhk
jyefvnfa&muf&Sda&;OD;aqmifol &mtdrfrSL;rsm; &mxl;rSxkwfy,fcH&
&efukef? '*HkNrdKUopfawmifydkif;? (26)&yfuGuf(&Gmr)
tydkif;&mtdrfrSL;rsm;jzpfMuaom OD;rsKd;OD;? OD;oef;xGef;?
OD;pef;0if;? OD;pHuGef;wdkY (4)a,mufonf udk,fwwfEkdif
onfhbufu 0dkif;0ef;ulnDNyD;? udk,fhvlrsKd;? udk,fhbmom?
omoemudk xde;f odr;f apmifah &Smufonft
h aejzifh Ak'q
¨ if;
wkawmfjrwfrsm;udk jyefvnf&&Sdatmif rlvudef;0yfpHy,f
&mXmeudak &muf&adS tmif wnfxm;ud;k uG,Ef ikd af &;twGuf
pDrHaqmif&Guf&m &yfuGuftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;u tb,f
taMumif;aMumifh&mxl;rS xkwfy,fonfudkem;rvnf
aMumif;/ &mtdrfrSL;jzpfonfh OD;oef;xGef;uatmufyg
twdkif;ajymMum;cJhygonf/
OD ; oef ; xG e f ; (&mtd r f r S L ;)
]]OD;wdkYu Ak'¨½kyfyGm;awmfawGudk jyefvnfyifhaqmif
&mrSm tpnf;ta0;awG vkyfOD;aqmifrIawGvkyfaewkef;?
tJ'Dwkef;u&yfuGuftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;½Hk;rSm tpnf;ta0;&Sdw,f/ &yfuGuf½Hk;rSmyHkrSefqdk aomMumaeYwdkif;tpnf;ta0;&Sdw,f/ tJ'Dtpnf;
ta0;udk OD;wdrYk wufjzpfcMhJ ubl;/ 'DA'k ½¨ yk yf mG ;awmf awGued ;f 0yfpyH ,fawmfrzl Ykd "r®m½Hrk mS tpnf;ta0;&Sv
d yYkd g/ oluOD;wd(Yk 4)OD;udt
k jypfr&Sb
d J
olUoabmtwdik ;f ol rauseyfvjYkd zKwfvu
kd w
f myg/ OD;wdu
Yk &mtdrrf LS ;&mxl;uxkwyf ,fvv
Ykd nf; 0rf;renf;ygbl;/ jyefac:r,fq&kd ifvnf;
OD;wdb
Yk ufurvkycf sifawmhb;l / tckA'k ½¨ yk yf mG ;awmfrsm;udk jyefvnfyifah qmif&mrSm 'Dvpkd nfpnfum;um;awGU&awmh 0rf;vnf;omw,f/
0rf;vnf;t&rf;enf;rdygw,f/ 'Dbk&m;awG&SdwJhae&mudk OD;wdkY(4)OD;aeylBuD;xJrSm bk&m;jyefvnfyifhaqmifzdkY um;awG0ifvdkY&atmif
ajrBuD;oGm;aygufc&hJ wm/ wdo
Yk mG ;awmht'J u
D bke;f BuD;eJrY awGUcJyh gbl;/ OD;&mtdrrf LS ;vkyw
f m (4)ESp&f ydS gNyD/usefwhJ (3)OD;u (6)ESpaf vmuf&NdS yD;/
OD;emrnfuOD;oef;xGef;yg/ usefwJh(3)OD;uawmh OD;pef;0if;? OD;rsKd;OD;? OD;pHuGef;yg/ OD;wdkYudk&mtdrfrSL;&mxl; jzKwfaMumif;udkvnf;OD;wdkY
udkudk,fwdkifudk,fusvmrajymbJ vlBuHKeJYajymcJhwmyg/ olvnf;vlBuD;wpfa,mufyJ 'Dtydkifuoludkajymcdkif;vdkufwm/ 'Dbk&m;awGudk
(15?2?2013)&ufuxD;cswmudk 0dkif;zrf;&ifawmhrdygw,f/ OD;wdkYu&yfuGuftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;udkoGm;ac:w,f/olrvmbl;/ NrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyf
a&;rSL;a&mufvmawmhrS ola&mufvmw,f/ OD;wdkYolUudkawmfawmfMumBuD;apmifhcJh&ygw,f/ olU&JUvkyfaqmifrI[m awmfawmfBuD;udk½kyf
ysufygw,f/ reufbufbk&m;awGoGm;yifhcgeD; wpfacgufawmhqdkifu,feJYola&mufvmw,f/ cPyJvmw,f? NyD;awmhjyefoGm;w,f/
'DAk'¨½kyfyGm;awmfawG? qif;wkawmfawGudk'D"r®m½Hk rSmcP,m,Dxm;ygw,f/ Ak'¨½kyfyGm;awmfjrwfawGudk jyefvnfjyKjyifrGrf;rHzdkYoD;
oefYtvSLcHwmrsKd;rvkyfygbl;/ o'¨gvdkYxnfhr,fqdk&if xnfhvdkY&ygw,f/ vdktyfwJhypönf;awGudk OD;wdkYtzGJUupdkufxkwfoGm;rSmyg/
olwv
Ykd nf; tck'aD jruGurf mS qufaecGirhf &Sad wmhygbl;/tJ't
D ydik ;f u oufqikd &f muyJ aqmif&u
G rf mS yg/ olwu
Ykd Okd ya' yk'rf -295^295(u)eJY
omoemjyefYyGm;a&;toif; twGif;a&;rSL;OD;cifvSuw&m;pGJxm;wmyg/ ukvm;0Jaus;&GmteD;uGif;jyif&Sd apwDrSq&mawmfBuD;u
'g[mvmvSLwmawmhrjzpfEikd b
f ;l / &mZ0wfreI rYJ vGwu
f if; vdv
Yk mxm;wmjzpfr,f/ aeylxyJ pfxm;wm&Gmom; (4?5)OD;utrd;k awGvmrd;k ay;
xm;w,f/ olwdkYajymoHMum;wmu pGefYypfxm;wJh Ak'¨½kyfyGm;awmfxJrSol&ówDr,fawmfBuD;&JUy0gudk &Gmom;wpfOD;u,loGm;w,f/
,lomG ;whv
J ifr,m;vnf; y#dyu©jzpfvv
Ykd mjyefxm;oGm;w,fw/hJ vlwpfpu
k olw&Ykd adS ewJt
h csdeq
f kd tJ'aD jr0dik ;f xJub
kd ,foUl udrk t
S 0ifrcH
bl;/ vl&dyfjrifwmeJY ½kefY&if;Murf;wrf;pGmqJa&;wdkif;xGmw,f/ OD;wdkYuawmha'goawmhxGufwmaygh/ vlwdkif;rSma'goawGavmbawG
&Sw
d wfMuwmyJav/ 'gayrJh tckow
l aYkd &G;wJv
h rf;olwo
Ykd mG ;Mu&rSmyJav}}[k omoemjyefyY mG ;a&;toif;u tzGUJ 0if&mtdrrf LS ;&mxl;rSxw
k f
ZWH
y,fc&H olO;D oef;xGe;f rS vQyw
f pfjyufowif;*sme,f od&Yk ifziG ahf jymMum;cJo
h nf/

ref;oBueF Af [drk @yfpwifaqmufvyk f
'*Hkqdyfurf;(NrdKUopf)?,kZeO,smOfNrdKUawmfrSusLH;BuD;xdajy;qGJaeaom (rxo)
,mOfvdkif;(32)onf
(15?3?2013)&uf?
aeYv,f(2)tcsdefwGif
,mOfvikd ;f wpfvikd ;f vH;k &yfem; NyD; (rxo)½H;k csKyfwiG f qE´azmfxw
k cf MhJ uaMumif;od&&dS onf/
qE´azmfxkwf&onfhtaMumif;&if;rSm rxo(32),mOfvdkif;rS,mOfrsm;onf aeYpOf
*dwfqHk;usLH;BuD;xd rajy;qGJbJ vomrSum;jyefauGUaeojzifh ,mOfxdef;&Jt&m&Sdrsm;u
vomrSauGUvQif 'PfaMu;aiGwpfum;udk (50000)usyfaumufcHaeojzifh ,mOfvdkif;
wpfvikd ;f vH;k &yfem;um(rxo)½H;k csKyfoo
Ykd mG ;a&muf qE´azmfxw
k jf yawmif;cHMu&m ½H;k csKyfu
reufydkif;rxovdkif;udk usLH;BuD;xdarmif;ESifapcJhNyD;? aemufvdkif;rsm;udk vomrS um;
auGUajy;qGJapEdkif&ef n§dEdIif;aqmif&Gufay;cJhojzifh xdkYaeYnae(6)em&DwGif ,mOfrsm;
jyefvnfajy;qJGcJhaMumif;od&Sd&onf/
ZWH

rEÅ a v; rwf (21)
jrefrmh½dk;&m,Ofaus;rIrEÅav; twmoBuFefyg0ifqifETJ&ef rEÅav; NrdKUawmf
pnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD½;Hk 0if;rsufEmS pm&Sd NrdKUawmf0efA[krd @yfukd pwifaqmuf
vkyfvsuf&Sdonf/ ESpfpOfA[dkr@yfaqmufvkyf&ojzifh oHz&defjzihf A[dkr@yftoifh
wyfqifwnfaqmufjcif;jzpf&m A[drk @yf(1375)ckEpS f oBuFeo
f ½kyaf zmf'ZD idk ;f udNk ydKif
yGJac:,líwnfaqmufoGm;rnfjzpfonf/ ,ckESpf rEÅav;oBuFefpnfum;a&;t
wGuf NrdKUay:vrf;rBuD;rsm;ü tvSjyr@yfrsm;wnfaqmuf&ef wkdufwGef;xm;
aomfvnf; yk*¾vdu{nfhcHr@yfrsm; yg0ifqifETJrnfhtoHrMum;&ao;ay/ aps;csKdol
r@yfvnf; opftcuftcJaMumihf yg0ifqifEEJT idk jf cif;r&S[
d o
k wif;&&So
d nf/ a&yuf
toif;i,frsm;rSmrl vrf;wdik ;f xGuaf y:vmEkid af Mumif;od&onf/ oHcsyftoif;rsm;t
ref ; BuD ;
aejzihf vl&Tifawmfygygav;wdkYtzGJUyg0if qifETJrnf[kod&onf/

acgif ; aygif ;

OD;aESmufa[mif;avmif;
acgif;raumif;bJ
aqmif;xm;ygu pdwfysufp&m . . ./
teD

29

30

31

csif;wGif;jrpfxJ csdK;a&awmfoHk;wJhuleDeef;u ycef;ausmf
a&T u l e D a qmif e ef ; ay: xD ; eJ Y a ysmf e ef ; eJ Y a ysmf ul e D e ef ; u bb
]]a&T
ausmf . .azBuD ; ausmf . .ud k B uD ; ausmf / bk & m;'umBuD ; rd k Y ausmif ; 'um
BuD;rdkY trsm;ucspfMuoaemf..yGJOD;rif;rdkYyGJodrf;rif;rdkY trsm;u cspfMu
oaemf/ZrÁLrSmwpfvTm; a,mufsm;Zmenf jrif;ndKpD;vdkYaysmf.. yGJOD;vnf;
aysmf ( aysmf a ysmf a ysmf ) yG J o d r f ; vnf ; aysmf ( aysmf a ysmf a ysmf )}} csif;wGif;jrpf
wpfzufurf; xef;awm&Gmjrpfurf;yg;pDu tvSLcHr@yfrS jrL;<uwJhewf
oDcsif;oH avxJrmS ysHUvGiv
hf /Ykd 'gqd&k if udBk uD;ausmfeef;udk a&mufvNk yDaygh/
rauG;wdkif;a'oBuD;?yckuúLc½dkif?a&pBudKNrdKUe,f?xef;awm-uleD
&GmwGif waygif;vqef;rSmusif;yavh&SdwJh ycef;OD;rif;ausmfyGJ(odkY)udkBuD;
ausmfewfyGJudk ewf,HkMunfudk;pm;Muolrsm; rjzpfraevma&mufavh&Sd
ovdk yGJawmfavhvmvdkolrsm;vnf;vma&mufMuygw,f/
ewfordkif;&mZ0ifrsm;&JUtqdkt& rif;ausmfpGmewfac:ycef;OD;rif;
ausmfewf[m tjyif(37)rif;ewfpm&if;0ifvYkd rSwo
f m;zl;ygw,f/ ol&UJ ewf
jzpfpOfu ordik ;f rSm trsdK;rsdK;uGjJ ym;rI&adS yr,fh vlord sm;wJh &mZ0ifwpfcu
k
awmh yk*Hodef;Cdkrif;&JUom;rsm;jzpfMuwJh aemifawmfrif;pnfoleJYnDawmf
rif;ausmfpGmwdkY ajrmif;wl;&GmwGifwl;ajrmif;azmufMu&m a&ay;a0iSrI
tcsif;rsm;NyD; nDawmfudkaemifawmfu vkyfBuH&mu aoqHk;NyD;ewfjzpf
w,fvdkY qdkMuygw,f/vlYb0rSm ycef;NrdKUudk tydkifpm;&wJhtwGuf ycef;
OD;rif;ausmfvdkYac:qdkMuaMumif; od&ygw,f/
ycef;OD;rif;ausmfewfyGJudk ESpfpOfESpfwdkif; waygif;vqef;(3)&ufrS
vjynhfaeYtxd usif;yavh&Sdygw,f/waygif;vqef;(3)&uf csdK;a&
awmfoHk;?(4)&uf a&TbHkqif;?(5)&ufrSmawmh udkBuD;ausmfewfeef;rSm
a'ocHewfuawmfrsm;uOD;aqmifvdkY ewf'dk;wD;NyD; ewfacsmhMuygw,f/

tJ'D&ufawGudkawmh yGJOD;&ufvdkY
qdkMuw,f/vqef;(6)&ufaeYu
pvdkY te,fte,ft&yf&yfrS ewf
uawmfrsm; udkBuD;ausmfeef;rSm
wuf y G J a y;Muygw,f / tJ ' gud k
awmh yGJv,f&ufrsm;vdkY owfrSwf
Muygw,f / vqef ; (10)&uf a eY
Muufwdkufeef;rSm MuufwdkufMu
NyD ; ?(11)&uf a eY r S m awmh yk y Ü g ;
r,fawmfeJYawmifNyHK;rif;ESpfyg;wdkY
{nhfcHeef;udk<ua&mufNyD; (12)&uf
rSm ae&if;½GmrSaemifawmfae&if;
rif;u uleDeef;udk <ua&mufw,f
vdkYqdkMuygw,f/waygif;vqef;
(13)&ufrSm udkBuD;ausmf&JUtarjzpfwJh a&Tudkif;r,fawmfu ZD;awmqnf
&GmrS om;&Sd&m uleD&Gmudk<ucsDwJhaeY jzpfygw,f/ a&Tudkif;r,fawmftwGuf
eef;aqmufvyk zf yYkd pön;f rsm;udk ZD;awmqnf&mG u wpfygwnf;,laqmifNyD;
aqmufvkyf&NyD; vqef;(14)&ufa&muf&ifawmh a&Tudkif;r,fawmfu
udkBuD;ausmfeef;aqmifay:udk taemufbufavSum;rS aemufjyefwuf
a&mufw,fvdkY ajymMuygw,f/ yGJodrf;&ufawGrSmawmh udkBuD;ausmfudk
,HMk unftm;ud;k MuwJh tnma'oe,foel ,fom;rsm;?t&yf&yfrS y&dowf
rsm;pGmeJY txl;pnfum;vSNyD; yGJawmfaemufqHk;aeYrSm qGrf;BuD;avmif;yGJ
usif;yjyKvkyfw,fvdkY od&ygw,f/
ycef;yGJusif;y&mqDudk yckuúLrSwpfqifhum;jzifh a&pBudKNrdKUokdY0if
a&mufNyD; ycef;BuD;-ycef;i,frsm;odkYjzwfoef;armif;ESifum csif;wGif;jrpf
qdyfta&mufrSmawmh wpfzufurf;xef;awm&GmodkY armfawmfjzifh ul;NyD;
aemuf uleD&GmokdY EGm;vSnf;jzifhoGm;rSom udkBuD;ausmfeef;wnf&Sd&mae&m

32

odkYa&muf&Sdygw,f/yckuúLrS oGm;vdkY
&wJhc&D;udk JJ Express &JU &efukefyk*HanmifOD; vdkif;udk tm;ay;csifwm
aMumifh &efukefu anmifOD;txd JJpD;? NyD;rS ycef;BuD;-ycef;i,ftxd
a'otac: oHk;bD;um;(wkwfwkwf)pD;?jrpfqdyfa&mufawmh [dkbufurf;
udkarmfawmfeJYul; NyD;rSEGm;vSnf;ajymif;pD;vdkY c&D;qufMu&ygw,f/
a[mif ; &G u f a <uaEG w aygif ; ..vqef ; (3)&uf csd K ;a&awmf
]]a[mif
oH k ; wJ h t pOf t vm..'d k ; xd k ; oH a wG b 0*f r d k ; vQH r Q.. a&aMumif ; rS m avS
avmif ; awG . .pk e f u mqef u mjrL;aysmf . .aiG a omif , H r S m tvS q if
xl ; oaemf . .ul e D e ef ; ycef ; 'D y G J a wmf }} waygif;vqef;(3)&ufaeYrSm
uleD&Gmudka&mufwmaMumifh udkBuD;ausmfcsdK;a&awmfoHk;yGJeJY BuHKBudKufcJh
ygw,f / [d k t &if a cwf r sm;qD u csif ; wG i f ; jrpf x J r S m azmif a wmf e J Y
csdK;a&awmfo;kH &mu aemufyikd ;f rSm taMumif;trsdK;rsdK;aMumifh xef;awm&Gm

jrpfurf;pyfrSmyJ ,m,Deef;aqmufvdkY csdK;a&awmfoHk;jzpfNyD; rESpfurSpvdkY
azmifawmfeJYcsdK;a&awmfjyefoHk;aMumif; od&ygw,f/ pHeef;aqmifrS jrif;pD;
aewJu
h Bkd uD;ausmfyakH wmfukd a0gjzifx
h rf;um xef;awm&Gmjrpfqyd t
f a&muf
o,faqmifMuNyD;aemuf azmifawmfeYJ csif;wGi;f jrpfxrJ mS tpket
f qef(3)cg
csd K ;a&awmf o H k ; ygw,f / jrpf q d y f u d k oG m ;&mvrf ; wpf a vQmuf r S m awmh
uleeD x
YJ ef;awm&Gmaetdrrf sm;rS t&ufrsm;qufoyufjzef;Muwmudv
k nf;
awGUjrif&ygw,f/ udkBuD;ausmfcsdK;a&awmfoHk;wJhtcgrSm aemifawmfrPd
pnfol?&SifbdkYr,feJYa0VK0wDyHkawmfrsm;yg csdK;a&awmfoHk;ygw,f/ewfyHk
awmfrsm;wif aqmifxm;wJah 0g,mOfrsm;udk uleeD x
YJ ef;awm&Gmu &Gmom;
rsm;tm;vHk; tenf;qHk;pwdavmufawmh wdkYxd&w,fvdkY t,l&SdMuyg
w,f/ uleDrSjrpfqdyfoGm;&mvrf;wpfavQmufrSmawmh zkefxlxlaeylyludk
rrIbJ rsm;jym;vSwJhy&dowfwdkYudk awGU&ygw,f/azmifawmfay:udk udkBuD;
ausmfeeYJ wfrsm; yifah qmifNyD;wmeJY ewf';kd wD;tzGUJ om;rsm;u 'd;k wD;vdu
k &f m
&Gmom;rsm; xde;f rEdik f odr;f r& aysmf&iT pf mG uckeMf uygawmhw,f/tJ'aD emuf
rSmawmh ewfaeBuD;ewf0gBuD;rsm;eJY oufqikd &f muEém;pD;rsm;u tvSnMfh u
ewfacsmhMu&ygw,f/azmifawmfay:rS ewfyGJvmy&dowfrsm;u a&Tvrf;
aiGvrf;cif;wJhtaeeJY aiGpuúLrsm;BuJ&m jrpftwGif; avSrsm;eJYvdkufvH
aumuf , l M uwmud k v nf ; tH h M ozG , f a wG U jrif & ygw,f / azmif a wmf
csif;wGi;f jrpftwGi;f tpket
f qef(3)cgul;tNyD;rSmawmh csdK;a&awmfo;kH NyD;vdYk
vmvrf;twdkif; uleDeef;udkjyef yifhaqmifMuygw,f/
uleeD ef;udk tydik pf m;&wJyh cef;OD;rif;ausmf[m oltydik pf m;&m ywf0ef;
usifrSvlrsm;udk apmifha&Smufw,fvdkY a'ocHrsm;u ,HkMunfMuygw,f/
tckvdkyGJOD;&ufrsm;rSm rd½dk;zvm,HkMunftm;udk;olrsm; rysufruGuf vm
a&mufMu&ygw,f/wpfjcm;awmhrodygbl;/udkBuD;ausmfu xef;awm&GmeJY
uleD&Gmudk apmifha&Smufwmuawmh taotcsmygyJ/yGJawmf&ufrsm;rSm
armfawmful;cu wpfa,mufudk toGm;tjyef(1000)?EGm;vSnf;cu
wpfp;D udk toGm;tjyefq(kd 5000)?a&wpfcgcsdK;(100)?
td r f o mwpf c gwuf ( 100)ay;&ygw,f / ul e D & G m rS m
&uf&Snfaexdkifolrsm;twGuf tdrfiSm;cu yGJawmf
tptqHk; ig;aomif;rSwpfodef;cefY½SdaMumif; od&yg
w,f/ rdrw
d NYkd cH0ikd ;f twGi;f rSmyJ wJeef;rsm;aqmufNyD;
(4)ay(5)ayus,ftuefYwpfuefYudk yGJpyGJqHk;(6000)
eJ Y i S m ;Muygw,f / ajcwH ½ S n f t d r f r sm;jzpf w J h t wG u f
aMumifh tay:xyfwpfxyfvHk;udk iSm;&rf;xm;ovdk
atmufxyfrmS vnf; uGwyf spf&u
kd u
f m iSm;Edik yf gao;
w,f/ycef;yGJu ewfyGJoufoufjzpfNyD; tjcm;Munhf
csify?JG ZmwfyrJG sm; ryg0ifwmudv
k nf; awGU&S&d ygw,f/
yGJawmf&ufrsm;twGif; ycef;tdk;?ycef;pum? yckuúL
oeyfcg;?aq;jrpfqHk?yckuúLcsnfxnfpwJh a'o
xGufukefrsm;?ewfquf&eftwGuf tkef;iSufaysm
qdkif?yef;qdkif?t&ufqdkif?MuufaMumfqdkifrsm;pwJh
aps;qdkifwef;rsm;vnf; &Sdygw,f/ udkBuD;ausmfyGJu
tjyef jrpfqyd t
f qif;rSm xef;yifrsm;Mum; BuD;rm;vS
wJh anmifyifBuD;udak wGU&NyD; tJ't
D yifBuD;u udBk uD;
ausmf pD;wJhjrif;csnfwJhtyifqdkwmaMumifh r,Hk&tcuf ,Hk&tcuf
jzpf&jyefygw,f/ewfyGJvmol ewfyGJjyefolrsm;eJY zkefwaxmif;axmif;
xaewJh vSnf;vrf;?jrifhrm;wJh xef;yifrsm;?tnmrSmomtawGUrsm;wJh
a&TuleDeef; wpfavQmuf
xaemif;yifeYJ yljyif;vSwhJ aEGaeudt
k efw&k if; ]]a&T
xef;aygufawGua0a0qm..ocifausmfwdkYae&mrSm aocsmpGm &Iprf;
uGJU..a&Tcef;NrdKUu azazausmfyg/uleDeef;u bbausmfyg ..uleDeef;u
bk & if a usmf y g ..xif a y:pG m rçr,f y gh r aES ;}} wpfydkif;wpfp&xm;wJh
AHkawmufaw;udk qdknnf;&if;eJY ycef;yGJu jyefcJhygawmhw,f/
r,f o k e f

ESpfaygif;(10)ESpfausmfMumodrf;qnf;cH&onfh NcH? ajrrsm;xJwGif ol&OD;wifOD;NcHajrrsm;vnf;yg0if

oHwGJ azazmf0g&D (28)
ESpaf ygif;(10)ESpaf usmfMumodr;f qnf;cHxm;&onfh oHwNJG rdKUe,f? ZD;jzL
ukef;aus;&Gmtkyfpk?iyvDurf;ajc&Sd NcH? ajrrsm;xJwGif0efBuD;csKyfa[mif;
OD;Ek\ZeD;a':jr&Dyikd q
f ikd o
f nfah jruGu?f ,ck NLD ygwD\em,uOD;wifO;D
ydik q
f ikd o
f nfah jruGu?f ema&;ulnrD t
I oif;rS OD;ausmfo\
l OD;av;jzpfoOl ;D jr
armifydkifqdkifonfhajruGuf?ewfa&uefOD;wifarmifaxG;ydkifqdkifonfhajr
uGuf?a&SUaeBuD;OD;tkef;oGifESifhZeD;a':jrifhjrifhcifydkifajruGufponfh {u
aygif;(35.53){uodr;f qnf;cHxm;&aMumif; NcHajrodr;f qnf;cHxm;&onfh
olrsm;xJraS ':cifcifpu
k owif;rD',
D mrsm;udk (2013)ckEpS ?f azazmf0g&D (28)
&ufaeYwGifajymjycJhonf/
{uaygif;(35.53){uwGifajymif;a&TUzsufodrf;ay;cJh&onfhaetdrf
ta&twGuf(103)vHk;&SdNyD; (2000)jynfhESpf?ZGefvwGifv,fNcHajrydkifqdkif
olrsm;udk ]]wyfydkifajrodrf;qnf;ajrtwGif;rSz,f&Sm;ay;&ef}}[kqdkum
taMumif;Mum;pmrsm;ydkYcJhaMumif; ZD;jzLukef;aus;&Gmaea'ocHwpfOD;jzpf
ol v,fajrodrf;qnf;cH&olvnf;jzpfonfh a':cifcifpkuajymjycJhjcif;jzpf
onf/
]]uRefrwdu
Yk bd;k bGm;ydik Nf cH? ajryg/ podr;f wke;f uwyfyikd af jrodr;f qnf;
ajrtwGif;rSz,f&Sm;ay;&efqdkNyD;awmhaygh/ olwdkYpodrf;wkef;utrSwf(55)
ajcvsifwyf&if;wd;k csJUwyfyikd af jrqdNk yD;odr;f w,f/ odr;f NyD;awmhtwif;xGuf
cdkif;wmaygh/ tJ'DtcsdefrSmrz,fay;&if wnfqJOya't& xda&mufpGm
ta&;,lr,fqakd wmh aMumufvaJ MumufMuw,f/ wu,fvrYkd z,fay;&if
vnf;olwdkYwpfckckvkyfrSmaMumufMuwmeJYz,fay;vdkuf&w,f/ uRefr

wdkYrdom;pku(6){uodrf;cHvdkuf&w,f}} [kajymjycJhonf/
,cktcgwGif tqdkygodrf;qnf;NcH?ajrrsm;wGif Amazing, Fortune,
Max Myanmar, at'ifponfhukrÜPDrsm;uurf;ajc[dkw,frsm;aqmuf
vkyfaeNyDjzpfaMumif;? odrf;qnf;cH&pOfutpm;xdk;ay;cJhonfhajruGufrsm;
wGif ajymif;a&TUaexdkif&eftcuftcJrsm;pGm;&SdaMumif;?a&rsm;jynfhvQHí
awmifMum;rsm;wGif jzpfaomaMumifh aexdik í
f r&aMumif;? vuf&adS jymif;vJ
vmonfh tpd;k &vufxufwiG f odr;f qnf;cH&aombd;k bGm;ydik v
f ,fajrrsm;
twGufumvaygufaps;twdkif;jyef&vdkaMumif;?v,f,majrpHkprf;ppfaq;
a&;aumfr&Siaf 'gufwmat;armif?OD;b&Sed w
f x
Ykd w
H ifjyxm;NyD; ¤if;wdrYk v
S nf;
vma&mufppfaq;ar;jref;rI (2)Budrf jyKvkyx
f m;aMumif; tusdK;&v'ftjzpf
xl;jcm;rIr&Sdao;aMumif; ,if;aeY (28-2-2013)uajymjycJhonf/
v,fajrodrf;qnf;cH&ola'ocHtrsm;pkonf bef*vdkiSm;pm;jcif;?
wnf;cdck ef;iSm;pm;jcif;? a'ojzpftek ;f cGrH sm;? c½kcrHG sm;ESit
hf ½kyrf sm;jyKvkyjf cif;?
ponfhvkyfief;rsm;vkyfudkifcJhNyD; ,cktcgpm;0wfaea&;t&tqifrajy
rIrsm;ESifh&ifqdkifBuHKawGUae&aMumif;od&onf/
v,f N cH a jrod r f ; qnf ; cH & rI w G i f y g0if o nf h u muG , f a &;OD ; pD ; csKyf
a[mif;ol&OD;wifO;D u ]tbudt
k 'J D . . . .wyfut&m&Sad wGutuGuf
uav;wpfckvkyfay;oGm;w,f/ tJ'DajruGufudkjyefvnf;rMunfhEdkifbl;/
oGm;vnf; rMunfEh ikd b
f ;l / aemufawmht'J aD e&mudpk pfwyford ;f w,fqNkd yD;
b,folrSroGm;&bl;wJh/ 'gaMumifhroGm;bJaeMuw,f/ tckz,fvnf;NyD;
a&m at'ifwdkYbmwdkYutJ'DtuGufawGudk0ifNyD;awmh aiGawGbmawG
tcGefaqmifw,fqdkNyD;,lvdkYuefYuGufMuw,f/ udk,fuawmhuefYuGuf

w,fqdkNyD; rajymygbl;/ oufqdkif&mwm0ef&SdwJhyk*¾dKvfawGudkajymw,f/
rif;wdkYem;vnf&ifw&m;rQwrIvkyfay;zdkYaumif;w,f/ at'ifwdkYuvnf;
tJ'D[meJYywfoufvdkYvkyfw,fvdkYajymvdkY rif;wdkYrvkyfMueJY/ xdkufoifhwJh
ajrav;tusOf;,lNyD;jyefay;p&m jyefay;MuvdkYajymwm}}[kvQyfwpfjyuf
zdk;pdkif;
*sme,fodkYajymjycJhonf/

&cdik w
f idk ;f &if;om;a&;&m0efBu;D OD;aZmfat;armifu
&ckid jf ynfe,fwiG 'f u
k o
© nf(5)rsKd ;&Sad Mumif;ajymMum;

pma&;olEiS x
hf w
k af 0olw\
Ydk rlyikd cf iG q
hf idk &f m
odaumif;p&ma[majymyGJ

&ef u k e f rwf (18)
&efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;twGif;&Sd &ckdifjynfe,ftoif;
tzGJUrsm;?&ckdifvlrIa&;toif;tzGJUrsm;ESifhrdwfaqGtodkif;
t0dkif;rsm; rdwfqufawGUqHkyGJukd rwf(14)&uf eHeuf (12)
em&DtcsdefwGif vIdifwuúodkvf0if;twGif;&Sd MICT Park
ü usif;yjyKvkyfcJhonf/
tqkdygawGUqHkyGJü &ckdifwkdif;&if;om;a&;&m0efBuD;
OD;aZmfat;armiftm;&ckid jf ynfe,f&'dS u
k o
© nfrsm;taMumif;
ESifhpyfvsOf;í vQyfwpfjyufowif;*sme,frSawGUqHkar;
jref;cJh&m ....
&cdkifjynfe,frSm 'ku©onf (5)rsdK;&Sdygw,f/
(1)wkdif;&if;om;'ku©onf
wkid ;f &if;om;'kuo
© nfqw
dk m Oya't& b,fbmom
ukdyJ ukd;uG,fukd;uG,ftm;vHk;ESifhtusHK;0ifygw,f/
(2)EkdfifiHom;'ku©onf
EkdifiHom;ESifhwkdif;&if;om;ESifhrwlygbl;/ wkdif ;&if;
om;wkid ;f onf Ekid if o
H m;jzpfNyD; Edifk if o
H m;wkid ;f onf wkid ;f &if;
om;r[kwyf g/ Ekid if aH wmf 'kor®wta&G;cHzq
Ydk &dk if wkid ;f &if;
om;yJjzpf&r,fqkdwJh Oya'uefYowfcsuf&Sdw,f/
(3)rSwfyHkwiftwk ukdifaqmifxm;aom 'ku©onf
rSwfyHkwiftwkukdifxm;w,f/ b,fvkd&w,fqkdwmukd uRefawmfrodygbl;/
(4)White Card ukdifaqmifxm;aom 'ku©onf
(5)rnfonhfrSwfyHkwif rnfonfhtaxmuftxm;r&SdbJ ckd;0ifvmonfh 'ku©onf
'D(5)rsdK;xJrSm wkdif;&if;om;'ku©onfrsm;jzpfMuwJh&ckdif?urefwkdYtygt0if EkdifiHom;jzpfoifhwJh'ku©onf
qkdwmvnf;&Sdygw,f/ (1982)ckESpf EkdifiHom;Oya't& aocsmpdppf&ygr,f/ wkdif;&if;om;jzpfoifhwJhvl?
EdfkifiHom;jzpfoifhwJhvlukdEkdifiHom; tcGifhta&;t&tdrfawGaqmufay;ygr,f/ usefwJhoHk;rsdK;ukdwm0efr,lygbl;/
olwkdYu EdkfifiHrJhawGyg/ urÇmay:rSmvlUtcGifhta&;ukdtaumif;qHk;vdkU ajymaewJhtar&duefEdkifiHonfyif
olwkdYqDukdckd;0ifvmwJh usL;bm;awG? rufqDuefawGukd olwkdYb,fvkdxm;ovJ? tJ'DvdkrsdK; uRefawmfwkdYqDrSm
vnf;xm;r,fvkdY pDpOfxm;ygw,f}} [kajymcJhonf/
pk d ; pH x k d u f

&ef u k e f rwf (16)
jrefrmEdik if pH ma&;q&mtoif;
ESifh jrefrmEdkifiHpmayxkwfa0ol
ESihf jzefcY sdorl sm;toif;wkyYd ;l aygif;
í (2013)ckESpfrwfv (16)&uf
rGef;vGJ(1)em&DwGif jrefrmEkdifiH
pma&;q&mtoif;tpnf;ta0;
cef;rü pma&;olESifhxkwfa0ol
wk d Y \ rl y k d i f c G i f h q k d i f & mod a umif ;
p&mrsm;ukd q&mOD;ausmfaZmEkdif
ESifhq&mra':aqGZifxdkufwkd Yu
a[majymcJhonf/
tqkdygtcrf;tem;ü yxr
OD ; pG m jref r mEd k i f i H p ma&;q&mtoif ; 'k w d , Ouú |
q&mrEkóausmf0if;ESifhjrefrmEdkifiH pmayxkwfa0ol
ESifhjzefYcsdolrsm;toif;\twGif;a&;rSL;OD;jrifhxGef;wkdYu
trSmpum;ajymcJhMuonf/
]]rdrdpmtkyfukd pmtkyftjzpfxkwfxm;ygw,f/
'gukdrlvpma&;ol rodbJ wjcm;vlwpfa,mufu
ZmwfñTefa&;NyD;awmh ½kyf&Sif½kdufr,fqkd&if tJ'Dvlu
rlykdifcGifhukd csdK;azmufwmjzpfygw,f}}[k OD;ausmfaZm
Ekifd u
f tMurf;zsif;&Si;f jycJo
h nf/ a':aqGZifxu
dk u
f rlyidk f
cGifhtaMumif;ESifhywfoufí rlykdifcGifhukdwjznf;jznf;eJY
jrefrmjynfxJokdYa&mufvmatmif BudK;pm;cJhonfhvIyf
&Sm;rIrsm;taMumif;? rlykdifcGifhESifhywfoufNyD; pdwf0if
pm;p&mtaMumif;t&mtcsuftvufrsm;taMumif;? rlyikd cf iG Ehf iS o
hf ufqidk o
f nft
h aMumif;t&mrsm;ukd tykid ;f oH;k ykid ;f
pk d ; pH xk d uf
cGJí&Sif;jycJhonf/

Snap Shot News Journal

PHONE : 09-73204192, 09.73203273, 09-5502618

33

,cifywfrStquf
(7-6-1974) aeY qifrvkdufoabFmusif;
pOf trnf
19/ armifwifarmif(c)
bmblBuD;
20/ bbl
21/ armifBudKif
22/ armifodef;atmif
23/ armifjrifha0

touf

tbtrnf

25

OD;bacG;

20
32
42
41

OD;'g0wf
OD;bkdeD
OD;a&Tarmif
OD;axG;yk

ae&yf
ajrmufOuúvmy
(8)rkdifcGJ
tif;pdef
vIdif
qifrvdkuf

tvkyform;qE´jyrIwGif xdcdkuf'Pf&m&olrsm;pm&if;
6?6?74aeY orkdif;csnfpufteD;
pOf trnf
1/
2/
3/
4/
5/
6/
7/
8/
9/
10/
11/
12/
13/
14/
15/
16/
17/
18/
19/
20/
21/
22/
23/
24/
25/
26/

touf

tbtrnf

ae&yf

armifpkd;0if;
18
OD;cifjrifharmif orkdif;
armiftkef;jrifh
20OD;aomif; ajrmufOuúvmy
armifvS0if;
25
OD;armifqif
BudKUukef;
armifrsKd;oefY
17
OD;a&Tbkdoef; (6)rkdifcGJ
armifjrifhpdk;
18
OD;atmifvS
tkwfusif;
armifpef;aX;
17
OD;xGef;&Sdef
orkdif;
armif0if;pdef
20
OD;tkef;
orkdif;
armifaomif;wif
14
OD;yg
tkwfusif;
armifausmfvGif
21
OD;usifpdef
orkdif;
armifausmfarmif
19
OD;vSabmf
orkdif;
armifzkd;eD
15
OD;bkd
taemuftkwfusif;
armifoef;jrifh
17
OD;oef;armif orkdif;
armifat;odef;
14
OD;tkef;Munf tkwfusif;
armif0if;jrifh
29
OD;Mum½Hk
urm&Gwf
armifodef;vIdif
28
OD;vS&Sdef
ok0PÖ
armifjroGif
30
OD;NrdKif
usKduf0kdif;
armifatmifxGef;
30
OD;odef;az
wmarG
armifpkd;0if;
20
OD;Mumoef;
orkdif;
armifatmifodef;
18
OD;aomif;
orkdif;
armifvSaz
37
OD;pk
orkdif;
armifatmifMunf 24
OD;bom
orkdif;
armifvif;xdef
24
OD;NyHK;csKd ajrmufOuúvmy
armifyef;at;(c)ukvm; 20
OD;xGef;&if
orkdif;
armifoef;at;
24
OD;xGef;&if
orkdif;
armifxGef;vif;
23
OD;xGef;
orkdif;
armifarmif
20
OD;pdef'dkif
wmarG

(7-6-1974) aeY orkdif;csnfpufteD;
pOf trnf

touf

tbtrnf

27/
28/
29/
30/
31/
32/
33/
34/
35/
36/
37/
38/
39/
40/
41/
42/

27
9
20
13
13
24
16
15
14
23
25
30
37
42
30
36

OD;wifñGefY
orkdif;
OD;vSa&T
orkdif;
OD;armifarmif urm&Gwf
*sDataua&mif; tif;pdef
OD;aomif;wif tkwfusif;
OD;atmifpD
tkwfusif;
OD;ñGefYaz
urm&Gwf
OD;wifarmif
BudKUukef;
OD;pHaiG
vIdif
OD;odef;
orkdif;
OD;yefMunf
urm&Gwf
OD;yGifh
orkdif;
OD;bOD;
tkwfusif;
OD;bkd;om
BudKUukef;
OD;tkef;<u,f orkdif;
OD;omarmif
BudKUukef;

armifjrifhtkef;
armifoefYom
armifcifarmifaxG;
armifvSodef;
armifpkd;pkd;
armifcifarmifat;
armifarmif
armifwifvS
armifjrifhpdef
armifwifpkd;
armifjrifhaqG
armifndK
armifrsKd;ñGefY
armifrsKd;aqG
armifvSxGef;
armifcifarmif

ae&yf

(7-6-1974) aeY orkdif;csnfpufteD;
pOf trnf

touf

tbtrnf

ae&yf

43/
44/
45/
46/
47/
48/

19
30
35
16
28
26

OD;armifBuD;
OD;acG;BuD;
OD;yef;½Hk
OD;pHxGef;
OD;b
OD;yef;yGifh

(7)rkdifcGJ
orkdif;
orkdif;
vIdif
orkdif;
orkdif;

armifvS0if;
armifxGef;
armifpdefa&T
armifatmif<u,f
&Siftm'dpö0Ho
armifbkd;wkwf

(7-6-1974)aeY qifrvkdufoabFmusif;
pOf trnf
49/ armifMunf0if;pH
50/ apmcJvbif;

34

touf
27
22

tbtrnf
ae&yf
OD;xGef;a&T
r&rf;ukef;
OD;apmpEGefayg tif;pdef

(7-6-1974)aeY qifrvkdufoabFmusif;
pOf trnf

touf

tbtrnf

51/
52/
53/
54/
55/
56/
57/
58/
59/

22
25
24
25
23
26
53
23
19

OD;odef;
prf;acsmif;
OD;u&ifat; ajrmufOuúvmy
OD;bkd;&if
ajrmufOuúvmy
OD;vSarmif
qifrvdkuf
OD;NrdKif
qifrvkduf
OD;xGef;pdef
omauw
OD;bkd;vIdif
urm&Gwf
OD;vSwif
urm&Gwf
OD;a'0
vIdif

armifpkd;0if;
armifa,m[ef
armifaeom
armifxGef;vIdif
armifausmfckdif
armifwifjrifh
armifxGef;BudKif
armifxGef;NrdKif
armifrsKd;0if;(c)*sKdwD;

ae&yf

(8-6-1974) aeY oefvsif
pOf trnf

touf

tbtrnf

ae&yf

60/
61/
62/
63/
64/

18
27
21
25
21

OD;armifodef;
OD;armifausmf
OD;byk
OD;vSarmif
OD;vSarmif

oefvsif
oefvsif
oefvsif
oefvsif
oefvsif

armifbaX;
armifvSjrifh
armifvSodef;
armifwifpdef
armifÚmPf0if;

rqvtpkd;&ESifhygwDaumifpDwkdYu qE´jytvkyform;rsm; puf½HkxJ
uxGuaf y;MuvQifrnfou
Yl rdk Qrzrf;qD;yg[k uwday;cJah omfvnf; rqv
tpk;d &\aumufuspfpOf;vJru
I dk odxm;Muojzifh puf½x
kH u
J xGuv
f mMuNyD;
aemufykdif;wGifvnf; igwkdYukdzrf;rsm;zrf;avrvm;[k pkd;&drfaomujzpfcJh
Mu&ovkd zrf;NyD;½H;k wifaomtcgrSmvnf; igwku
Yd adk xmifrsm;csavrvm;[k
pkd;&drfaomujzpfcJhMu&jyefonf/ ,ckrdrdwkdYrSm tvkyfESifhaxmif'Pf(15?
14?10)ESpfaxmifcsvdkufjyefaomtcgrSmvnf; taqmifajymif;&rnf/
tvkyfBuD;qif;&rnfqkdaomtcg rdrdwkdYrSmylyefaomujzpfMu&efjyefonf/
(3)aqmifürl tcef;vlBuD;? aq;rSL;? bm,mutp uk,
d v
hf El iS u
hf ,
dk f
jzpfojzifh taetxkdifacsmifaeMuonf/ taqmifajymif;&í yHkpHcef;
jyef0if&vQift½dkuftESuf?txkd;tBudwfcHMu&jyefOD;rnf/ tvkyfBuD;qif;
Mu&olrsm; rjzpfraeyHpk cH ef;0ifMu&onfq\
dk / yHpk cH ef;qko
d nfrmS axmifxJ
ü topfa&mufvmaom tusOf;om;rsm;ukd tcef;vlBuD;/ bm,mawGu
yHpk u
H idk ½f ;kd xH;k pH&o
dS nf/ tusÐ?vHck snfaumif;aumif;0wfvmolrsm;ukd tcef;
vlBuD;bm,mwkdYu xkdtusÐ? vHkcsnfukdvkdcsifojzifh wriftjypf&Smí½dkuf
ESufonf/ olwkdYvkdcsifaomtusÐ?vHkcsnfukday;rS t½dkufcH&jcif;uvGwf
onf[k Mum;ae&\/
xkaYd Mumifh rdrw
d yYdk pkH cH ef;ukd pHpk rf;Muonf/ yHpk cH ef;rSm (4)aqmifatmuf
(1)cef;[ko&d \/ (4)aqmifrmS rdrw
d u
Ydk adk &Munftidk rf aS c:xkwv
f mNyD;wdu
k f
ydwfxm;&mu yxrOD;qHk;tykdYcH&aomtaqmifjzpfonf/ xkdYaMumifh
yHkpHcef;\tcef;vlBuD;rnfolrnf0gjzpfonfukd tvkyfBuD;qif;aeMuaom
(3)aqmifrS&mZ0wftusOf;om;rsm;ukdar;&onf/ xkdolrsm;um; xkd(4)
aqmifyHkpHtcef;ukd 0ifcJhMu&olrsm;jzpf\/
olwu
Ydk ajymjyonfrmS axmifxüJ tqk;d qH;k t½du
k t
f ESuf tMurf;qH;k ?

trdu
k q
f ;kH jzpfMuaom ,rf;um;?,u©?uwÅ&mqkad omtcef;
vlBuD;oHk;aumifxkdifonf[kajymjyMu\/ rdrdwkdYrSm olwkdY
ajymjyonfESifhyif ausmcsrf;aeMu\/ (4)aqmifyHkpH
cef;uko
d iG ;f NyD; tvkyBf uD;vkycf idk ;f &ef b,faeYvmac:
rnfenf;[k&ifwxdwfxdwfESifhapmifharQmfaeMu&
onf/
okdYaomf (3)aqmifu tvkyfBuD;qif;aeMu
aom&mZ0wftusOf;om;awGESifhrdrdwkdYxuf
axmifusapmí tvkyBf uD;qif;aeMuaom t
a&;tcif;tvkyform;awGu rdrdwkdY*kefeDpuf
½HkrStvkyform;rsm;tm;vHk;axmifusoGm;Mu
NyD;qkdonfukdodMuojzifhowif;aumif;ygvm
Muonf/(3)aqmifrmS Ekid if aH &;aqmifjzpfojzifh
taetxkdif?toGm;tvmpnf;urf;BuD;onf/
(3)aqmifwGifraeMuESifh/ tmPmykdifrsm;
utvkyfrcsay;vQif tvkyfBuD;qif;
&efawmif;qkdMuyg/ tvkyfBuD;a&muf
vQif tvGefvGwfvyfonf/ tae
txk d i f ? tpm;taomuf t m;vH k ;
aumif;onf/ axmifxJ&SdtvkyfXme
tm;vHk;wGif rdrdwkdYvlawGu tusOf;
om;t&m&SdawGcsnf;jzpfaeMuonf/
bmrSrylMuESi/hf yHpk cH ef;u tcef;vlBuD;
oH;k aumifuv
dk nf;olwaYdk jymxm;vQif
rD;aoonf/ cifAsm;wkdYukd vufzsm;ESifhyif
rwkdYap&tmrcHonf/ ukd,fhvlawGtwlwuGaeMu&
atmif jrefjrefomajymif;vmMu[k aeYpOfvkdvkdtvkyfBuD;qif;
aeMuaom &mZ0wftusOf;om;awGESifhpum;rSmykdYMuonf/
rdrw
d \
Ydk &Jabmf&b
J ufrsm;qDu xkt
d rSmpum;aMumifh rdrw
d Ydk
rSmpdwo
f ufom&mawmh tawmftoif&h aeMuonf/ rdrw
d t
Ydk m;
aeYpOfvkdvkdnaewkdif; [if;csufay;aeaom"m;jyBuD; vSnf;ul;
]]rif;&Gm}}om;OD;wl;uvnf;]]cifAsm;wkYd bmrStm;ri,fMueJ?Y uReaf wmfvnf; ajymif;vk&Yd &if tjcm;
aqmif u k d a jymif ; csif w ,f / tjcm;aqmif r S m qk d yk d N yD ; vG w f v yf w ,f ?
tvkyfBuD;qif;&&if ykdvGwfvyfw,f/ tBuHtzefvnf;vkyfvkdY&w,f/
'DrSmucifAsm;wkdYodwJhtwkdif;yJ}}[k tm;ay;pum;ajymonf/
OD;wl;rSmyHpk u
H idk u
f wnf;u ausmif;om;? Ekid if aH &;orm;rsm;ukd yHpk u
H idk f
&mü usKd;yJ?h uGNJ yJMuonfudk uk,
d af wGUjrifxm;&m tcef;vlBuD;rsm;ukv
d nf;
auseyfolr[kwf/ ausmif;om;av;rsm;ukd þrQtxdESdyfpuf&rnfvm;[k
tmPmykid af wGuv
dk nf; rke;f wD;aeoljzpfonf/ xkaYd Mumifv
h nf; yHpk u
H idk Nf yD;
ESpfywfavmuftMumrSmyif rdrdwkdYukdpum;vmajym&mu &if;ESD;oGm;MuNyD;
olu [if;oD;[if;&Guo
f mG ;&SmNyD; rdrw
d Ydk ta&;tcif;uvlrsm;ukd [if;csuf
ay;\/ tcef;vlBuD;cg;ykdufEIdufausmfjrifhtaMumif; odoljzpfojzifh
ausmfjrifhukdvnf;ta&;rpdkuf/
OD;wl;rSm toufig;q,fausmf&NdS yDjzpfaomfvnf; tvGeo
f efrmonf/
00rnf;rnf;vHk;vHk;BuD;jzpfonf/ 0orQ uav;wpfa,mufzufavmuf
&Sd\/ rnf;onfrSmvnf; tqDjyefatmifrnf;onf/ "m;jyrIESifhomaxmif
usvmonf[q
k adk omfvnf; rdrw
d t
Ydk ay:wGif tvGeo
f abmaumif;onf/
rdrdwkdYu wpfcgwpfcgolwkdYpMuonf/ ]]cifAsm;Asm . . .'Dukd,fvHk;BuD;
pnfykdif;avmufeJY"m;jyoGm;wdkuf&w,fvkdY? b,fvkdvkyfajy;EkdifrSmvJ
toufuvnf;ckqkd ig;q,fausmfNyD[kwfvm;}}qkdawmh rdrdwkdYukdvuf
vSJMu&atmifpdefac:onf/ oloefrmaMumif;jyonf/ taqmifajymif;&
tvkyfBuD;qif;&vQif þtbkd;BuD;ESifhcGJMu&awmhrnf/ þonfukdawmh
rdrdwkdYu pdwfraumif;Mu/ OD;wl;rSmaxmif0ifpmvmolr&Sd/ rdrdwkdYESifh
twlpm;Mu&\/ xkdYaMumifhvnf; rdrdwkdYuaxmif0ifpmvmorQ OD;wl;ukd
tyfxm;Mu&onf/ rdrw
d v
Ydk rl sm;twGuf aeYpOfou
l naepm[if; pDpOfay;
olyif/ [if;oD;[if;&GufawGqkdvnf; wjcm;taqmif?awmif,mxdoGm;
í&SmBuHay;oljzpfonf/ xkaYd MumifOh ;D wl;ukrd rd w
d u
Ydk oHa,mZOfBuD;aeMu\/
(axmifrv
S w
G Mf uNyD;aomtcgrSmvnf; rdrEd iS Ohf ;D apm?ukw
d ifaiGwYdk OD;wl;&S&d m
vSn;f ul;?urif;&Gmuko
d mG ;vnfMuonf/OD;wl;ukad us;Zl;jyKMuonf/ "m;jy
vmwdkufrSmaMumufvkdYvdyfpmray;&Jbl;[k aemufMuonf/)
okdYaomfaxmifusí ESpfywfavmuftMumrSmyif rdrdwkdYarQmfvifh
xm;Muovkdyif (3)aqmiftay:(4)cef;rS(4)aqmifatmufxyfyHkpHcef;okdY
ac:xkwfcH&onf/ rdrdwkdYtvkyform;rsm;xJrSrdrdtygt0ifOD;apm? ukdwif
aiG?rD;armif;rSuadk A'g?ukad usmf0if;?ukw
d ifvidI w
f u
Ydk dk yxrtokwaf jymif;\/
aemufvnf; (3)aqmifu vlrsm;ukd wpfokwfNyD;wpfokwftajymif;cHMu
&\/ rdrdwkdYtvkyform;rsm;rSmvnf; (1)taqmifa&mufol? (2)taqmif
a&mufo?l (5)aqmifa&mufoal wGEiS hf wuGw
J jym;pDjzpfomG ;Mu\/ aps;wdu
k f
axmifrLS ;bkMd unfu ukpd ;dk atmif?ukad usmfjrif?h ukw
d ifa&Twu
Ydk dk vmac:oGm;
onf/ ukdjrifhESifhukdae0if;wkdYukd(2)aqmifaxmifrSL;csKdZHatmifuvmac:
oGm;onf/ xkdaxmifrSL;wkdYrSm*kefeDpuf½HkrStusOf;OD;pD;ukdajymif;vmol
rsm;jzpfojzifh taygif;toif;rsm;ukd Munfh½IonfhoabmESifhac:oGm;Mu
jcif;jzpfonf/ ,cifurac:&J?rMunfh½I&JMujcif;rSm rdrdwkdYta&;tcif;
orm;rsm;ukd axmufvSrf;a&;u EkdifiHa&;orm;rsm;[kpGyfpGJum wdkuf½dkuf
ukid x
f m;ojzifh rac:xm;&JMujcif;jzpfonf/ ,ckaxmifusNyD;? tvkyq
f if;
Mu&NyDqkdrS &J&J0Hh0Hhvmac:&JMujcif;jzpf\/

a&SUywfqufzwfyg&ef
zkd;ausmh

a':atmifqef;pkMunf Ouú|tjzpfaqmif&u
G cf o
UJ nfv
U ufyaH wmif;awmif
tpD&ifcpH mtay:(NLD)em,uOD;wifO;D \ oabmxm;ajymMum;
&efukef rwf(17)
a':atmifqef;pkMunf Ouú| tjzpf
aqmif&GufcJhonfh vufyHawmif;awmif
pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sif\ tpD&ifcHpm
tay: trsKd;om;'Dru
kd a&pD tzGUJ csKyf em,
u OD;wifOD;\oabmxm;ukd vQyfwpf
jyuf owif;*sme,fu ar;jref;cJh&m]]a':atmifqef;pkMunfu rQrQww
eYJ xkwfxm;wmyJ/ aoaocsmcsm uRrf;
usifwJh yk*d¾KvfawGeJYvkyfxm;wmyJ/ tajc
taeeJY tcsdeftcg tifrwef avsmfnDyg
w,f/ bmvdkYvJqdkawmh a':atmifqef;pk
Munfu[db
k uf? 'DbufrQrQwwvkyx
f m;
wJhudpöyg/ tckjzpfaewmawG wjznf;
jznf;eJYajyvnfoGm;rSmyg/ trSefu0rfaygif
u tckaemufrS cH&wmyg/ [dt
k &if ppf
tpkd;&vufxufuwnf;u yGifhvif;jrif
omrI&Sdatmif rvkyfcJhwJhudpö? aemufydkif;
jzpfvmwJhudpöawGudk a':atmifqef;pk
Munfu tbufbufu yg&*lawGeJYnd§
EdIif;NyD; taumif;qkH;vkyfcJhwmygyJ/ rQrQ
wwaygh/ 'grsKd;qdkwmuawmh BudKufwJhvl
vnf;&Sdr,f? rBudKufwJhvlvnf;&Sdw,f/
'gu &SdwwfwmygyJ/ tm;vkH; at;at;
aq;aq;NyD;oGm;r,fh oabmygyJ/ tm;vH;k
wpfzufoufBuD;yJvnf; r[kwfbl;? EkdifiH
wumqdkwmu EkdifiHcsif; qufqHrIawG&Sd
ao;w,f / w½k w f j ynf q d k w muvnf ;

tdrfeD;em;csif;jzpfNyD; trsm;qkH; qufqH
ae&wmqdak wmh ajyvnfzv
Ykd w
kd ,f/ tck
xd qE´jyaew,fqw
kd mawmh 'Dru
kd a&pD
ta&;&SdvkYdjywmyJ/ jyEkdifygw,f? jycGihf
&Syd gw,f/ a':atmifqef;pkMunfuvnf;
ajymom;yJ/ 'gayrJh wpfckawmh&Sdw,f/
at;at;csrf;csrf;jy olwpfyg;touf tdk;
tdrfpnf;pdrfysufpD;atmifjy&ifawmh Oya'
pdk;rdk;a&;ESifh wnfwHhatmif wm0ef&SdwJh
twGuf Oya'eJt
Y nDvyk af qmif ta&;,l
&wmawGjzpfvm&r,fvYkd a':atmifqef;pk
Munfvnf;ajymw,f/ bmyJjzpfjzpfpOf;
pm;wJh ae&mrSmtpGe;f vGwaf tmif pOf;pm;zdYk
ajymcsifw,f/ &SOfhvnf;avQmufom? ysm;
vnf ; qG J o m 'D v d k o G m ;MurS j zpf r S m aygh ?
aemufwpfywfjyefNyD;awmh tqkd;oHo&m

rvnfcsifbl;}}[k xkwfazmfajymjycJhonf/
vufyHawmif;awmiftpD&ifcHpmESifh
ywfoufí qE´jyolrsm;tm; aemufrS
BudK;udik af eoltjzpf [ef0if;atmifEiS rhf xl;
wdo
Yk nf Facebook Social Network wGif
owif;rsKd;pkx
H u
G af y:aeonht
f jyif[ef0if;
atmif\pDpOfneT Mf um;rItoHzikd o
f nfvnf;
ysHUESHYaeonfudk awGU&Sd&onf/
vufyHawmif;awmif tpD&ifcHpm
onf a':atmifqef;pkMunfOuú|tjzpf
wm0ef,laqmif&Gufajz&Sif;cJhjcif;jzpfNyD;
a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf ¤if;tpD&ifcH
pmESihf ywfoufí tjynfht0wm0ef,l
onf[k owif;rsm;t&odxm;&onf/
oD w *l q &mawmf a 'guf w mt&S i f
ÓmPd ó &uvnf ; jynf y toH v T i f h
(RFA)tm;ajzMum;&mwGif wkid ;f jynf Nidr;f
csrf; wk;d wufa&;twGuf vufwJG aqmif
&GuMf u&ef? or®wOD;ode;f pdeEf iS hf a':atmif
qef;pkMunfwdkYrS vufwGJNyD; 'Drdkua&pD
pepftm; pwiftaumiftxnf azmfae
csdef qE´jyyGrJ sm;? y#dyu©rsm;rzefw;D Mu&ef
wkdif;jynfNidrf;csrf;a&;twGuf vufwGJ
aqmif&u
G Mf u&ef rdeMYf um;cJo
h nfukd od&
onf/
apmzd k ; cG m ;

yef;bJwef;NrKd eY ,f trSw(f 11)&yfuu
G f
yxrtBurd f pmaya[majymyGJ
usi;f yrnf

&efukef rwf(18)
&efukefNrdKU? yef;bJwef;NrdKUe,f? trSwf(11)&yfuGufwGif pmayjrwfEkd;olrsm; pkaygif;
usif;yonfh pmaya[majymyGJudk q&mazjrifh? q&m atmfyDus,fESifh (88)rsKd;quf
ausmif;om; q&mrif;udkEkdifrS (24?3?2013)&uf? n(7;00)em&DwGif (31)vrf;txuf
bavmufwGif yxrqkH;tBudrf pmaya[majymyGJusif;yjyKvkyfrnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/
ZMN

NLD

A[kad umfrwD0iftopfrsm;\ Ekid if aH &;acgi;f aqmifprG ;f &nfjzifU
oifwef;qif;yGJ em,uOD;wifO;D wufa&muf trS mpum;ajymMum;

&efukef rwf (17)&uf
rMumao;rDu usif;yjyKvkyfcJhonfhtrsdK;om; 'Drkdua&pDtzGJUcsKyf\
Ekid if v
H ;kH qkifd &f mnDvmcHwiG f topfjyefvnfa&G;cs,fjcif;cH&onfAh [kd aumf
rwD0ifrsm;ESifh wkdif;a'oBuD;jynfe,fESifhc½kdiftvkyftrIaqmifrsm;ukd
aA'gEkdifiHa&;oifwef;ausmif;u rwfv (11)&ufrSpwifí EkdifiHa&;acgif;
aqmifprG ;f &nfjr§ihf oifwef;ykUd csvmcJ&h m rwfv (17)&ufwiG f atmifjrifpmG
NyD;qHk;cJhNyD jzpfonf/
tqkdyg oifwef;NyD;qHk;jcif;txdrf;trSwf tcrf;tem;ü trsdK;om;
'Drkdua&pDtzGJUcsKyf em,u OD;wifOD; wufa&mufí EIwfcGef;quftrSm
pum;ajymMum;cJhonf/ OD;wifOD;u ]],ckuJhokdYaom oifwef;rsm;ukd
a&SUqufykdNyD; wkd;wufatmifoif&efvkdtyfonfhtjyif oifNyD;orQ yk*¾dKvf
rsm;onfvnf; &&Scd o
hJ nfrsm;ukd rdrw
d \
Ydk ae&ma'owGif jyefvnfjyefyY mG ;
atmif vkyfaqmif&efvkdtyfaMumif;? rdrdwkdY\ae&yfa'orsm;wGif ykdNyD;
jyefyY mG ;Ekid af tmifBudK;pm;vkyu
f idk jf cif;tm;jzifh tbufbufru
S sqH;k aeaom

vlrIa&;tqifhtwef;tm;enf;rIrsm;ukd wjznf;jznf;tm;aumif;vm
atmif jyefvnfBudK;yrf;vkyfukdifay;Ekdifaom acgif;aqmifaumif;rsm;jzpf
ygapaMumif;}}qkawmif;ajymMum;cJhonf/
xkdYaemuf oifwef;wGif oifMum;ydkYcsay;cJhonfh ukdrsdK;&efaemifodef;
u ]]aA'gEkdifiHa&;oifwef;ausmif;[m (2010)jynfhESpf? Ekd0ifbmv(20)
&uf tarpk aetdrt
f us,fcsKyfuvGwaf jrmufNyD; (7)&uftMumrSm pwif
wnfaxmifcJhw,f? ynma&;uGef&ufarG;zGm;vmjcif;jzpfovkd tarpk
jzpfapcsifwJh 'Drkdua&pDuGef&ufarG;zGm;vmjcif;vnf;jzpfw,f/ tarpk
ukd*kPfjyKwJhtaeeJY aA'gqkdNyD;trnfay;xm;wm wpfcsdefwkef;u q&m
aZmf*sDu vGwfvyfa&;BudK;yrf;rIukd aA'gyef;eJYckdif;EIdif;cJhovkdrsdK; ,aeY
acwfrSmvnf; 'Drkdua&pDta&;BudK;yrf;rIukd tarpk&JUyHk&dyf tjzpfxif[yf
ovk?d uRefawmfw&dYk UJ ausmif;ukv
d nf; a':atmifqef;pkMunfudk *kPjf yKwJh
ausmif;? jrefrmjynf 'Drkdua&pDa&;twGufaqmif&GufwJh ausmif;qkdNyD;
aA'g Institute vkdY trnfay;xm;cJhw,f}}[lí oifwef;trnfukd&Sif;

vif;ajymMum;cJhonf/
,if;oifwef;odkYwufa&mufcJhonfh&Srf;jynfe,f A[kdOD;pD;tzGJU0if
OD;pkifd ;f 0if;jrifu
h ]]'DuydcYk swJo
h ifwef;ukd ud,
k jhf ynfe,fa&muf&if vkt
d yfwhJ
oifcef;pmawGudk tzGUJ tpnf;zGNYJ yD; tqifq
h ifjh yefvnfycYdk soGm;r,f?t"du
uawmh vli,fv&l ,
G af wGyg0ifzv
Ydk w
dk ,f? vli,fawG Edik if aH &;todtjrif
&NyDq&dk if oabmxm;uGw
J menf;oGm;r,f?'Doifwef;u &vmwmawGudk
jynfolvlxkukd csjy&rSm? vlxk[m EkdfifiHa&;todtjrifwu,f&oGm;&if
awmh (2015)rSm rJb,folUukdxnfhrvJqkdwm aoaocsmcsmodoGm;
rSmyg}}[k vQyfwpfjyuf*sme,f\ ar;jref;csufukdajzMum;ay;cJhonf/
tqkyd g oifwef;qif;yGu
J dk rwfv (17)&ufu &efuek Nf rdKUodrjf zLvrf;
&Sd oifwef;ykdYcs&mae&mjzpfonfh National YMCA cef;rü usif;yjyKvkyf
cJhjcif;jzpfonf/ ,if;oifwef;ü oifwef;q&m(19)OD;u EkdifiHa&;bm
om&yf (28)rsdK;ukd oifMum;ykdYcscJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; od&onf/
apmzk d ; cG m ;

35

oDw*lq&mawmfb&k m;Bu;D ESiUf RFA vufyaH wmif;awmifar;jref;cef;rS

tcsyfydk(u)rStquf

- pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;tzGJU&JU tNyD;owftpD&ifcHpmxGufay:vmNyD; aemufydkif;
rSm ayghbk&m; t&Sifbk&m;vnf;Mum;rSmaygh? 'DpDrHudef;udk vkH;0&yfqkdif;ay;zdkYqdkwJh qE´jyyGJawGvnf;
jyif;jyif; xefxefay:vmcJhw,fayghbk&m; . . . t&Sifbk&m;taeeJY 'Daemufydkif;tajctaeawGudk
b,fvdkawG rsm;NcHKikHokH;oyfrdNyD; b,fvdkawGrsm;jzpfoifhw,fvkdY jrifygovJbk&m;/
R.F.A ar;

oDw*lq&mawmf tJ'v
D q
dk E´awG xGux
f u
G jf ywkid ;f 'DvEdk idk if jH cm;&if;ES;D jrK§yEf rHS aI wG[m jyefjyefomG ;
&r,fq&dk if tJ'u
D [k;d ... aemufaMumif;BuD;jyefarmif;ovkjd zpfomG ;vdrrhf ,f/ tJ'gudo
k yd o
f wdxm;zkYd
vkw
d ,f/ 'dEYk idk if aH wmfu ql;cif;wJch &D;Murf;BuD;udk avQmufvrS ;f wmMumNyDuG . . . ESpaf ygif; (60)&SNd yD?
tckrS yef;cif;wJv
h rf;udk b,fvadk vQmufrvJvYkd p½kaH v;yJ&adS o;w,f/ 'Dru
dk a&pDqv
dk u
dk w
f meJY tke;f tke;f
uRwfuRwf qE´awGxNyD;awmhjyvku
d Mf uwJu
h pd u
ö kd tJ'gawGaMumifo
h m[kwv
f m;/ pDru
H ed ;f wpfcNk yD;wpfck
wpfcNk yD;wpfc&k yfae&r,fq&dk if International Investment qdw
k m&zkrYd vG,b
f ;l uG? tJ'aD wmhigtcku yk*rH mS
yk*&H mZ0ifawGukd rif;jyefMunfah emf? tvGew
f &m tpdwpf w
d t
f rTmrTmjzpfaewJh uGu
J jJG ym;jym;jzpfaewJh
jrefrmEkid if aH wmfBuD;udk yxrqk;H pnf;½k;H cJw
h m taemf&xmuG/ taemf&xmpnf;½k;H wJEh idk if aH wmfBuD; ysupf ;D Ny;D
awmh z½kzd &JjyefjzpfomG ;wm oD[ywdwYdk vufxufy?J tJ'D oD[ywdrif;udk ordik ;f rSm ta&;cH&w,faemf/
w½kwaf jy;rif;vkaYd &;xm;w,f/ tJ'geJY oD[ywd&UJ a&SUem;rSmaemf (55)ESpaf jrmuf rif;jzpfr,f/ tJ'D
rif;wpfyg;udk e&olvq
Ydk Nkd yD;awmh rif;wpfyg;&JU ordik ;f udzk wfMunf/h olu
Y u
kd v
k m;usrif;vkYd ajymxm;w,f/
tJ'aD wmh e&olwYdk oD[ywdwYkd w½kwaf jy;rif;wk?Yd ukvm;usrif;wkq
Yd w
kd hJ 'Drif;awG&UJ ordik ;f [m rSww
f rf;
wifw,f/ 'DemrnfEpS cf u
k Mkd um;&jcif;yJ emrnfuordik ;f rSm b,favmufawmifq;dk aeovJqw
dk m rif;wkaYd wG
od&r,f/ tJ'aD wmh ArmEkid if aH wmfBuD;NyKd uGyJ supf ;D rSm tJ'v
D Ndk yKd uGyJ supf ;D wJEh idk if aH wmfukd jyefvnfpnf;½k;H wmu
atmifaZ,s? OD;atmifaZ,s pnf;vk;H vkdY &efawGtukeu
f ek v
f Ydk &efuek q
f w
kd mawmif wnfaxmifNyD;awmh
OD;atmifaZ,s vufxufvnf;Ny;D a&m OD;atmifaZ,som;awG . . . ajr;awG . . . tqufqufvnf;
qufvufítkycf sKyfvu
dk Mf uwm oDaygvufxufvnf;usa&m wkid ;f jynfuNyKd jyefa&m/ oDaygvufxufrmS
NydKuGo
J mG ;wJw
h idk ;f jynfukd t*Fvyd v
f ufatmufrmS ESpaf ygif;wpf&mausmfaeNyD; . . . atmifqef;wkeYd w
YJ uG
acgif;aqmifBuD;awGujyefNyD;awmh&atmif,cl MhJ uwm/ tJ'aD vmufwidk ;f jynfukd toufpeG NYf yD;aqmif&u
G f
cJMh uwJyh *k Kd¾ vfawGu tvkv
d akd owmBuD;awGr[kwb
f J atmifqef;wd&Yk iftoufcv
H u
dk Mf u&wm? tJ'u
D ae
pNy;D awmh wdik ;f jynf[m'DuaeYtxdEpS af ygif; (60)ausmaf usmw
f pfcgwnf;ql;cif;wJch &D;Murf;BuD;udk avQmuf

0w¬K - eef;
yef;csD - Nrdw0f if;xde\
f vuf&mtopfpufpuf

avaoG;&mcsD . . . a&To&zDuarT;
vQyfwpfjyuf*sme,fwGifaz:jycGifhay;aom yef;csDq&mNrdwf0if;xdefESifh q&marmifrsdK; (aMumifESpfaumif pmay) wdkYtm; txl;aus;Zl;wif&Sdygonf/

36

vSr;f vmcJMh uwm atmifqef;orD;bGm;qkad y:vmwJt
h cktcsdeMf uawmhrS ql;cif;aomvrf;rS yef;cif;aom
vrf;udpk awmhrvdYk Golden Myanmar qdw
k v
hJ al wGu Golden Gate udk Golden Key eJzY iG ahf wmhrvkv
d yk ?f
or®wOD;ode;f pdeef YJ rpkwEdYk pS af ,mufvufwMJG uwJh tcsed rf mS 'Dtenf;i,frQaom tusKd ;pD;yGm;udMk unfNh y;D awmh
'Dy#dyu©awGonf;rcHEidk af vmufatmif jzpfMuwJh udpu
ö kd iguawmhawmif;yefcsifw,f/ tm;vk;H yef;cif;
aomvrf;udk cyfjrefjrefavQmufEkdifatmif? Golden Gate ukd jrefjrefBuD;zGifhMu&atmifpGefYvTwfMuyg/
cGiv
hf w
T Mf uyg/ onf;cHMuyg/ wpfa,muftjypf wpfa,mufukd arhaysmufNyD;awmh vufwMJG uygvkYd
iguawmh tJ'gudk tav;teufxm; awmif;yefcsifw,f/
R.F.A ar;
- wifyghbk&m;? q&mawmfBuD;ckeu trdefY&SdoGm;ovkd 'DqE´jyyGJawG ay:
vmwdkif; qE´jyolawGawmif;qdkwkdif; EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jrKyfESHrIawG r&yfoifhbl;qdk&ifayghbk&m; ...
tvm;wlrsdK; jyóemrsdK;a&&Snftem*wfrSm ray:aygufatmifayghbk&m;/ b,fvkdenf;emawGeJY
aqmif&GufoGm;oifhw,fvkdY jrifygovJbk&m; ... /
oDw*lq&mawmf vufyaH wmif;awmifukd [d;k ... Adv
k cf sKyfBuD;ae0if; tpd;k &vufxufu
vkycf w
hJ m tpd;k &udk (4)qufavmufajymif;NyD/ tJ'w
D ek ;f uwnf;u aoaocsmcsm a&a&&m&mrvkyb
f eJ YJ
jzpfuwwfprf;vkycf w
hJ t
hJ wGuaf Mumifh aemuftpd;k &tqufqufa&m tck rpkwv
Ykd ufxuftxd wtm;
tukev
f ;Hk cg;pnf;NyD;cHaeMu&wmyJ? tJ'ga&a&&m&m yDyjD yifjyif pmcsKyfr,fqu
kd wnf;udu
k bmoma&;
ywf0ef;usifwdkY? vlrIa&;ywf0ef;usifwdkY? obm0ywf0ef;usifwdkY tJ'gawGtukefvkH;MunfhNyD; ...
pdppfNyD;awmhrS pmcsKyfpmwrf;awGukd csKyfqzkd v
Ykd w
dk ,f/ tJ'aD wmh w½kwef v
YJ yk w
f mawGu tJ'v
D adk wG
vkyfoGm;vkdYjzpfrSmayghuG/ tJ'DvkdpmcsKyfpmwrf;awG pepfwusvkyfNyD; Environment umuG,fa&;wdkY
bmoma&;umuG,rf w
I aYdk pmapmxJu 'gawGukd Research vkyrf xm;bl;? bmoma&;taqmuftODawG
&So
d vm;? r&Sb
d ;l vm;? Ny;D &if'gudb
k ,fvdk tpm;jyefay;rvJ? pepfawG r&Scd w
hJ t
hJ wGuaf Mumifh qlyrl BI u;D jzpfwm
tJ'gaMumifh pepfta&;BuD;w,fuaG emf .../
R.F.A ar;
q&mawmfBuD;ckeu trdefY&SdoGm;ovkd a':atmifqef;pkMunfeJY or®w
OD;odef;pdef wdkY 'DuaeYvkyfaewJh EdkifiHa&;ayghbk&m;? wdkif;jynfaumif;usdK;twGuf wlwmawG
wGJvkyfMur,fqdkwJh EdkifiHa&;vkyfief;pOfawGtay:rSm q&mawmfBuD;taeeJYtm;&rdygovm;bk&m;
... /
oDw*lq&mawmf at; ... &mEIe;f jynfah wmh b,ftm;&rI&OdS ;D rvJumG ? 'gtvm;tvmudk
MunfNh y;D awmh tm;&p&mawmfawmfrsm;rsm;&Syd gw,f/ &mEIe;f jynfu
h awmhr&Sad o;ygbl;/ tckwpf&ufEpS &f uf
twGi;f rSm ygvDrefowif;wpfcx
k u
G v
f mw,f/ ol&OD;at;jrifq
h w
kd 0hJ ufvufNrdKUe,f trwfwpfa,muf
uvnf; tqdw
k ifoiG ;f w,f/ tajccHOya'udjk yifqifzv
Ydk Ndk yD jyifqifa&;twGuaf umfrwDzUJG yg/ vTwaf wmf
oabmwlqkH;jzwfvdkufw,f/ tJ'Dvkd tvm;tvmawG&Sdw,f/
R.F.A ar;
- Armjynfvuf&SdoGm;aewJh tajctaet&ayghbk&m; a&SUavQmufaumif;
wmawGrsm;vmEdkifw,fvkdY jrifygovm;bk&m;/

oDw*lq&mawmf at; ... aumif;wmawGrsm;vmr,fvyYdk J jrifygw,f/ vlawGtrsm;BuD;
onf;cHEikd af vaumif;wmawGrsm;vmavyJ/ rsm;rsm;BuD;onf;rcHEikd &f ifawmh aumif;wmawGrsm;vmrSm
r[kwb
f ;l ... /
R.F.A ar;
q&mawmfBuD;OD;wifygw,fbk&m; ... /
oDw*lq&mawmf at;uGm ... Thank you yguGm ... /
/
]]oDw*lpef;vyrmat;csrf;jrom,m&SdMuygap}}
a'gufwmt&SifÓmPdó&
t*¾r[mr@dw
oDw*lurÇmYAk'¨wuúodkvft"dywdq&mawmf

37

DVB ½kyo
f v
H ikd ;f tifwmAsL;wGirf ed Mhf um;aom
Peace, Harmony and Co-existence Nir
d ;f csr;f a&;? nDñw
G af &;ESit
hf wlwuG

oDw*lq&mawmfb&k m;Bu;D \

vufwaJG exdik af &;Mo0g'

jynfaxmifpjk refrmEkid if H Union Of Myanmar &JUordik ;f aMumif;udk tJ'v
D o
dk nf;rcHEikd w
f mawG? cGirhf vGwf
Edik w
f mawG? rpGev
Yf w
G Ef idk w
f mawG? rarhaysmufEikd w
f mawG? tm;BuD;vGe;f vdYk Union Of Myanmar qdw
k hJ
jynfaxmifpjk refrmEdik if aH wmfBuD;[m tkd ... wpfcgwnf;aoG;acsmif;pD;NyD;awmh xyfwvJvyJ pfMu?
cwfMu? owfMu? jzwfMu? zrf;qD;Mu? ESyd pf ufMueJY 'Dvadk wGjzpfvmcJw
h m/

38

tJ'aD wmh 'djYk ynfaxmifpk jrefrmEdik if aH wmfBuD;\ oufwrf;[m vGwv
f yfa&;&Ny;D
cgpuwnf;u tckxjd yefppfMunf&h ifEpS f (60)ausmfausmf&v
dS mcJNh yD/ tESpf (60)wdYk
umvywfv;Hk / 'Dvydk w
J pfa,mufew
YJ pfa,muf onf;rcHEikd Mf uwmawG? cGirhf vGwf
Edik Mf uwmawG? rpGev
Yf w
G Ef ikd Mf uwmawG? aemufNyD;awmh ... wpfa,muf&UJ tjypfukd
wpfa,mufu rarhaysmufEikd Mf uwmawG? tJ'gaMumift
h ckxd pnf;vk;H nDnmrIEiS hf
Nird ;f csr;f om,ma&;? Ny;D awmhvufwaJG qmif&u
G jf cif;? t*Fvyd v
f w
dk pfv;Hk ESpv
f ;Hk ajym&&if
Peace &,f Harmony &,f Co-existence &,f 'DuaeYxr
d &ao;bl;/ tJawmh ...
a&S;OD;pGm igajymcsiw
f muawmh vufyaH wmif; wpfywfvnfuvlawGa&m wpfEikd if v
H ;Hk
u vlawGa&m vlrsKd ;ra&G;bmomra&G;? wkid ;f &if;om;tm;vk;H ? vlrsKd ;pkEikd if o
H m;awG[m
jrefrmhajrykHay:rSm arG;wJholawG? jrefrmjynfxJrSmyJaeae? tjyifbufrSmyJaeae
tukev
f ;Hk [mtcsif;csif; tjyeftvSecf iG v
hf w
G Mf uygvd?Yk wpfa,mufuw
kd pfa,muf?
aemufwpfcu
k awmh onf;cHMuyg/ onf;cHw,fqw
kd m t"duawmh a'goudx
k ed ;f csKyf
wmyJ/ wpfa,mufu wpfa,muftrSm;t,Gi;f &S&d ifvnf;cGiv
hf w
T Mf uyg/ ykxZk OfawG
[mrSm;wwfwm&Sw
d ,f? BuD;BuD;us,fus,frmS ;&if cGirhf vTwEf idk f ayr,fh tenf;i,f
rQrmS ;wmawGtukev
f ;kH cGiv
hf w
T Mf uyg/ aemufwpfcu
k pGev
Yf w
T jf cif;qdw
k mvnf;ta&;
BuD;w,f/ tJ't
D ajccH rlo;kH csufumG ? iguawmh oabmusxm;wm/ Ekid if aH wmfrmS
vlawG[m tJ'v
D u
kd sio
hf ;kH Ekid jf cif;r&SMd uwJt
h wGuaf Mumifh &efjzpfMu? owfMu? jzwfMu?
ypfMu? cwfMueJY ESp(f 60)ausmNf y;D ql; cif;wJh c&D;Murf;BuD;udk 'dEYk idk if o
H m;awG ArmawG?
csif;? ucsif? u&if? rGe?f u,m;? &cdik ?f &Sr;f vlrsKd;pk wpf&mausmf[m ql;cif;wJch &D;
Murf;BuD;udk avQmufvSrf;cJhwmMumvSNyDyJ/
'DuaeY tJ'cD &D;Murf;BuD;[mqH;k awmhr,f? jrefrmawG[m ud,
k u
hf ,
kd u
f kd Golden
Myanmar [kwfvm;? Golden Land 'Dvdkajymw,f? tJ'gaMumifh a&TjrefrmwdkYu
Golden Gate qdw
k hJ a&TwcH g;BuD;udk ckziG chf g eD;taetxm;rSm tukev
f ;kH a&mufaeMuNyD/ Golden Gate
qdw
k hJ a&TwcH g;BuD;udzk iG zhf Ykd taetxm; a&mufwm[m rpkacgif;aqmifwhJ NLD tzGUJ 0ifawGtm;vH;k eJY
or®wBuD; OD;odef;pdefacgif;aqmifwJh ppfAdkvfcsKyf? AdkvfcsKyf vlxGufawG vufwGJEkdifMuvdkYjzpfwm/
tJ'v
D kd vufww
JG mudk pGpJ NJG rJNrJ qufwEJG idk zf &Ykd m odyt
f a&;BuD;w,f? tJ'v
D kd þESpOf ;D om; vufrwGEJ idk f

bl;qdv
k &Ykd &dS if tJ'v
D ufwzJG Ykd onf;rcHEidk b
f ;l qd&k if ayghav? rpGev
Yf w
T Ef idk f Mubl;qd&k ifayghav [kwv
f m;?
cGirhf vTwEf ikd b
f ;l qd&k ifaygh vufw[
JG m jyKwfomG ;Ny/D tJ'v
D ufwjJG yKwfomG ;&if ql;cif;wJv
h rf;Murf;BuD;ay:rSmyJ
qufNy;D avQmufMu&tH;k rSmyJ/ ql;cif;wJv
h rf;Murf;BuD;u tckq;kH cgeD;aeNy/D Golden Gate qdw
k hJ a&TwcH g;BuD;udk
a&TjrefrmawGu pwifziG ahf wmhrnfh aomhuav;&Smaewm? b,faomheb
YJ ,fvzkd iG rhf vJ qdw
k mav;ud&k mS ae
wJt
h csed /f tJ't
D csed rf mS tenf;uav;rQaom taMumif;udp&ö UJ tajccHukd taMumif;jyKNy;D awmh&efjzpfMur,f?
cGirhf vTwEf idk Mf ur,f? onf;rcHEidk Mf ur,f? &efawGUMur,f? wdu
k cf u
kd Mf ur,f? azmfxw
k Mf ur,f? tJ'gawG
pGaJ eMuOD;r,fq&kd if 'Dq;l cif;aomvrf;aMumif;ay:udk tukev
f ;kH jyefavQmufMu&rSm/ NyD;awmh Golden
Gate qdw
k hJ a&TwcH g;BuD;uvnf;ydwo
f mG ;rSm/ 'ghaMumifh a&S;OD;pGmigajymcsiw
f muawmh'o
D ;kH csuyf g/ tm;vH;k
onf;cHMuprf;yg/ aemufwpfcu
k awmh wpfa,mufuw
kd pfa,muf cGiv
hf w
T Mf uprf;yg/ aemufwpfcu
k
pGev
Yf w
T jf cif;qdw
k mvnf;ta&;BuD;ygw,f/ pGev
Yf w
T yf t
kH rsK;d rsK;d awmh&w
dS ,f/ Ekid if aH wmf&UJ vGwv
f yfa&;twGuf
atmifqef;wpfa,mufeYJ taygif;yg? acgif;aqmifBuD;awG trsm;BuD;yJ? toufawGpeG v
Yf w
T o
f mG ;MuwmyJ/
tJ'aD wmh atmifqef;aoNy;D wJah emufyikd ;f rSm vGwv
f yfa&;&? vGwv
f yfa&;&Ny;D ESpaf ygif; (60)avmufc&D;rSm
Ekid if aH wmfwpfcv
k ;kH &JU 'Dq;l cif;aomvrf;Murf;BuD;udk yef;cif;aomvrf;tjzpfajymif;ay;Ekid rf nfh acgif;aqmif
[m 'dw
Yk ikd ;f jynfrmS rawGUcJ&h bl;/ tJ'aD wmh Golden Gate qdak om a&TwcH g;BuD;udk zGiahf y;Ekid rf ,fyh *k Kd¾ vf[m
'DuaeYawGUNy/D atmifqef;r&Sw
d ahJ emufyikd ;f rSm atmifqef; orD;wpfa,mufay:vmwm[m 'dt
Yk wGuaf wmh
tJ'g tawmfuHaumif;w,f? aemufNyD;awmh wyfrawmfBuD;twGufvnf;odyfuHaumif;w,f/ rpk
wpfa,muf[m 'Dy&J if;udpBö uD;wpfcv
k ;kH udk vH;k 0rsufEmS vTNJ yD;awmh cGiv
hf w
T x
f m;wm/ bmtpterS
jyefrazmfb;l qd&k if vufyaH wmif;awmifuudpaö wGvnf;yJ tukev
f ;kH utJ'v
D ykd J ]]atmf rpkawmif 'D
avmufBuD;cGiv
hf w
T Ef idk &f if 'dw
Yk awGvnf;cGiv
hf w
T af useyfMuzdu
Yk pd [
ö m 'gESv;kH om;xJrmS tukev
f ;kH pGpJ NJG rNJ rx
J m;/
'Drl0g' oHk;ckayghav/ igawG;xm;wmtm;vHk;&SdzdkYaumif;w,f/ tJ'gaMumifh Union Of Myanmar udk
United Myanmar jzpfatmif? Develop ment of Myanmar jzpfatmif Golden Myanmar jzpfatmifBudK;pm;Mu/
wdik ;f oljynfom;awGtm;vH;k [m wpfa,mufuw
kd pfa,mufciG v
hf w
T &f rnf? onf;cH&rnf? NyD;awmhtenf;
i,frQaomtusKd;tjrwfupkd eG v
Yf w
T rf S BuD;us,fwt
hJ usKd;jrwfqw
kd mud&k &SEd idk rf mS }}jzpfw,f/ tJ't
D csuf
oH;k csufuakd wmh igtav;teufxm;NyD;ajymcsifygw,f/ at; igajymcsifao;wmu bmvJvq
Ykd akd wmh
tar&duefjynfaxmifp&k UJ zGUH NzdK;wd;k wufy?kH wpfurÇmvH;k udk vTr;f rk;d Ekid yf akH wGukd wdaYk wGoifcef;pm,l&r,f/
enf;,l&rnf/ tar&duefqw
kd m ESp(f 300) avmufy&J adS o;w,f/ tar&duefay:vmwmaemf/ United
States qdw
k m ESpaf ygif;(300) avmufy&J adS o;w,f/ jyefMunf?h vGwv
f yfa&;oufwrf;udMk unf?h olwv
Ykd nf;yJ
wpfcgwnf;owfjzwf? wdu
k cf u
kd Nf yD;awmhvmcJMh uwm? NyD;awmh 0g&Siw
f efqw
kd mud&k vdu
k af wmhrS United
States qdw
k mjzpfomG ;Muwm/ olwo
Ykd rkid ;f [mbmrSrMumao;bl;/ tJawmh t*Fvyd af wGuMkd unf?h United
Kingdom? a0vuwpf&i
S b
f &k if? paumhwvefu wpf&iS b
f &k if? tdik ,
f mvefu wpf&iS b
f &k if? t*Fvefu
wpf&Sifbk&if? bk&ifaygif;rsm;pGm uGJuGJjym;jym;jzpfaewm? tJ'Dvdk tpdyfpdyftrTmrTmuGJaewJhtcsdefrSm
'Dbufu jyifopfu eydv
k ,
D &H UJ Ncdr;f ajcmufru
I ckd &H wJt
h csderf mS tpdypf yd t
f rTmrTmuGaJ ewJh ya'o&mZfb&k if
ae&mrSm tukeaf ygif;NyD;awmh United Kingdom vkycf w
hJ m ESp(f 200)ausmfausmfy&J adS o;w,f/ tJawmh

United vkyE
f idk w
f hJ tJ'v
D al wG[m United udk bmrlev
YJ yk o
f mG ;ovJqv
kd &Ykd &dS if ckeuigajymovdk cGiv
hf w
T f
jcif;&,f? onf;cHjcif;&,f? Ny;D awmh olwpfyg;awG&UJ tjypf udak rhaysmufjcif;? aemufNy;D awmh ud,
k t
hf usK;d pD;yGm;?
tenf;i,frQaom pD;yGm;udpk eG v
Yf w
T jf cif;? tJ't
D ajccHral v;csufeYJ United States ESihf United Kingdom
awGjzpfvmwm/
'djYk ynfaxmifpk jrefrmEdik if aH wmf&UJ orkid ;f udk wdw
k akd v;jyefMunf?h igtck yk*rH mS tem;,laewm? rif;
vmar;awmh iguvnf;yJ 'gajymcsif pdwaf ygufaewm? bmaMumifv
h q
J akd wmh pdwx
f rJ mS yifyef;vGe;f vdu
Yk mG /
wdik ;f jynftwGuf 'DavmufpeG v
Yf w
T w
f hJ olwpfa,mufukd 0dik ;f &efawGUMu wJu
h pd u
ö awmh tawmfpw
d q
f if;&J
p&maumif;w,f/ 'Dr,f jynfaxmifpk jrefrmEdik if aH wmfukd yxrqH;k pnf;vH;k cJw
h m taemf&xmrdv
Yk m;uG?
taemf &xm[m at'D(11)&mpkqakd wmh 'dEYk idk if aH wmf&UJ pnf;vH;k nDñw
G rf [
I m t*Fvyd f tar&duefwx
Ykd uf
oufwrf;&SnNf yDu?G ESpaf ygif;(900)ausmfNyD/ tJ'D taemf&xm pnf;vH;k nDñw
G rf eI YJ pnf;pnf;vH;k vH;k nD
nDñw
G ñ
f w
G ef YJ wnfaxmifxm;cJw
h hJ United Myanmar udk zsufq;D ypfMuwmawmh rif; yk*o
H rkid ;f rSmjyef
zwf? wdkwdkav;? tus,fw0ifhodcsif&ifawmh aemufjyefzwf? igajymr,f? oD[ywdqdkwJhbk&ifeJY
e&olqw
kd rhJ if;yJ? tJ'D rif;ESpyf g;taMumif; tus,frajymbl;uGm? yk*o
H rkid ;f rSm tJ'rD if;ESpyf g;udk b,fvkd
a&;xm;ovJqw
kd m emrnfav;yJajymr,f/ oD[ywdrif;udk bmac:vJqakd wmh w½kwaf jy;rif;vdaYk c:w,f/
e&oluakd wmh ukvm;usrif;vdaYk c:w,f/ tJ'g[m 'dEYk idk if o
H El idk if o
H m;awG odyo
f wdxm;&rnft
h csufy/J
w½kwaf jy;rif;eJY ukvm;usrif; tJ'rD if;ESpyf g;wdaYk Mumifh taemf&xmpkpnf;nDñw
G pf mG wnfaxmifcw
hJ hJ
jynfaxmifpjk refrmEdik if aH wmfBuD;[m tpdypf yd t
f rTmrTmysufp;D cJw
h ,f/ ukvm;usrif;qdw
k m b*Fvm;a'h&fS
uvmwJh ywdu,
© rif;orD;udk vufxyfcw
hJ b
hJ &k ifu?G tJ'g ukvm;owfvaYkd owmyJ/ tJ'gaMumifrh Ykd
]]wdik ;f jynfrmS aemf tJ'D w½kwu
f wpfrsKd;? ukvm; uwpfrsKd;? tzufzufu Ncdr;f ajcmufaewJt
h csderf mS
'Dv&kd xm;wJh &Sm;&Sm;yg;yg;&xm;wJh acgif;aqmifaumif;wpfa,mufukd 'dw
Yk awGu tm;ray;bl;qd&k if
t*Fvyd u
f srif;qdw
k hJ oDaygrif;qdw
k mvnf;&Sad o;w,fu/G tJ'D orkid ;f awGukd tm;vH;k qufvufNyD;awmh
pOf;pm;Mu/ tJ'aD wmh 'Dtcsed rf mS a&S;a&S;utoufpeG u
Yf moGm;MuwJh Ekid if ahH cgif;aqmifBuD;awG&UJ vGwv
f yf
a&;eJY Ekid if aH wmf&UJ 'DtarGtESpaf wGukd nDñw
G jf cif;jzifh 'dYk wawG[m xde;f odr;f apmihaf &SmufMu&rSmjzpfw,f/
nDñw
G jf cif;qdw
k hJ udpu
ö vnf; onf;rcHEidk &f if rnDñw
G b
f ;l uG/ cGirhf vTwEf ikd &f if rnDñw
G b
f ;l uG/rpGeYf
vTwEf idk &f if rnDñw
G b
f ;l uGaemf/ arhaysmufjcif;r&S&d ifvnf; rnDñw
G b
f ;l uG/ tJ'gaMumifh Tolerance,
Forgiveness, Sacrificed, For getness tJ't
D xJrmS xyfajym&&if self-forgeteness udk,fusKd;? udk,fhpD;
yGm;udk arhaysmufjcif;qdw
k hJ tJ't
D ajccHral v;eJY Union Of Myanmar qdw
k EhJ idk if aH wmfukd qufvufí
xde;f odr;f apmifah &SmufMuygpdv
Yk Ykd ig tav;teufajymcsifw,fumG /
]]oDw*lpef;vyrmcsrf;jrom,m&SdMuygap}}

a'gufwmt&SifÓmPdó&(Ph.D, D.Litt)
t*¾r[my@dw
oDw*lurÇmhAk'¨wuúodkvft"dywdq&mawmf

39

Palm Spring aejynfawmfziG v
hf pS rf nf

a'gufwm Sacgifeef;\ Palm Spring (aejynf
awmf)[dkw,fzGifhyGJukd (23-3-2013)&uf reufwGif
aejynfawmf? ysOf;rem;? yef;cif;&yfuGuf? yef;cif;vrf;?
trS w f (3^4)wG i f z G i f h v S p f r nf j zpf a Mumif ; od & S d & onf /
tqkyd g[kw
d ,fopfwiG f Palm Spring Executive Resi-

dence, Palm Spring Restaurant, Palm Spring Entertainment wkdYyg0ifrnfjzpfaMumif;od&Sd&onf/ aejynf
awmfwGifzGifhrnfh Palm Spring Hotel onfa'gufwm
Sacgifeef;\ wwd,ajrmuf[kdw,fjzpfNyD; &efukef? tif;

pdefwGifvnf;aumif;? jrpfBuD;em;? qDwmylwGifvnf;
aumif; zGifhvSpfxm;aMumif;od&Sd&onf/

em*vlrsKd ;rsm;onf csi;f rsKd ;EG,pf x
k w
J iG rf yg0ifaMumif;
owif;pm&Si;f vif;yGüJ ajymMum;

&efukef rwf (11)
azazmf0g&Dv (27)&ufaeYwiG f jyKvkyaf om
yxrtBudrjf ynfoUl vTwaf wmf q|rykrH eS t
f pnf;
ta0; (20)&ufajrmufwiG f &Sr;f jynfe,f? "Ek
ud,
k yf idk t
f yk cf sKyfciG &hf a'o &GmiHrq
J E´e,frS jynfoYl
vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f OD;atmifoed ;f u "Ekwikd ;f
&if;om; vlrsKd ;EG,pf (k 135)rsKd ;ESihf pyfvsO;f í Mu,f
yGihf jyar;cGe;f ar;jref;&mwGif vl0ifrBI u;D Muyfa&;ESihf
jynfot
Yl if tm;0efBuD;Xme? 'kw,
d 0efBuD; OD;0if;
jrifrh S jyefvnfajzMum;rItay: em*vlrsdK;rsm;\
oabmxm;udk em*ausmif;om; vli,frsm;tzGUJ
csKyf(&efuek )f Ouú|OD;aemfatmifqef;u jynfwiG ;f
jynfy rD',
D mrsm;udk &Si;f vif;wifjycJo
h nf/
OD;aemfatmifqef;uqufvuf&iS ;f jycJo
h nf
rSmjynfov
Yl w
T af wmfwiG f em*vlrsdK;tm; csif;
rsKd ;EG,pf k (53)pkwiG f yg0ifaom rsKd ;EG,pf w
k pfct
k jzpf
w&m;0ifxnfhoGif;um jyefvnfajzMum;rIudk
vufrcHEikd yf gaMumif;? vl0ifrBI uD;Muyfa&;ESihf jynf
olYtiftm;0efBuD;XmerS þodkYcdkifrmrIr&Sdaom?

aMumif;usdK;nDñGwfrIr&Sdaom
ajzMum;rIrmS wdik ;f &if;om; pnf;
vk;H nDñw
G af &;udk xdcu
dk af pEdik f
aMumif;? (2008)ckEpS f zGUJ pnf;ykH
tajccH O ya'yg jy|mef ; csuf
(364)ESihf qefu
Y siv
f su&f dS aom
aMumif h em*vl r sd K ;rsm;tm;
tjcm;wkdif;&if;om;vlrsdK;EG,f
twGif;&Sd rsdK;EG,fwpfpktjzpf
xnfhoGif;owfrSwfjcif;udk t
jyif;txef uefu
Y u
G yf gaMumif;
ajymcJhonf/
ppfudkif;wkdif;a'oBuD; av&SD;? v[,fESifh
eef;,Ge;f NrKd Ue,fwu
Ydk pkd pk nf;Ny;D em*ud,
k yf ikd f tkycf sKyf
cGi&hf a'otjzpf? (2008)zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccH Oya'yk'rf
(56)(u)rSm twnfjyKowfrw
S af y;Ny;D jzpfwt
hJ wGuf
em*vlrsdK;pk[m csif;wdkif;&if;om;rsdK;EG,fpkBuD;rSm
yg0ifjcif;r&Sad Mumif;udk em*awmifwef;zGUH NzKd ;wk;d wuf
a&;uGe&f uf twGi;f a&;rSL; OD;aZmf0ifNh zdK;u &Si;f jycJh
onf/
¤if;uqufvuf&iS ;f jycJ&h mwGif jrefrmEdik if üH
em*vlrsKd ;ok;H ode;f cG0J ef; usicf ef&Y &dS m ok;H ykw
H pfyw
Hk iG f
om EdkifiHom;rSwfykHwif&SdaMumif;? (2005)ckESpf
a&G;aumufyüJG em*vlrsdK;rsm;tm;vk;H rJay;cGihf &&Sd
atmif oufqikd &f mXmerS ulnyD yhH ;kd ay;apvdak Mumif;
ajymMum;cJhygonf/
tqkdygowif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJudk &efukefNrdKU?
taemufa&T*kHwkdifvrf;? ,kZe[dkw,fürwfv
(11)&uf? rGe;f vGJ (2)em&Duusi;f ycJNh y;D ? OD;aemfatmif
qef;? OD;aZmf0ifhNzdK;? OD;ESif;0g? OD;pdfefarmif?
OD;pDral omif;? a':a0gifap&S;D wdu
Yk OD;aqmif&iS ;f vif;
pdk;pHxkduf
ajymMum;cJo
h nf/

ZdermefatmifapwDawmfjrwfBuD;pdefzl;awmf? iSufjrufem;awmf?
xD;awmfwifvLS yGEJ iS Uf "r®'w
l obifusi;f y

&efukef?rwfv(20)
&efuek Nf rdKU?omauwNrdKUe,f Zderm&fatmifapwDawmfjrwfBuD;\ pdezf ;l awmf? iSujf rwfem;awmfEiS hf xD;awmf
wifvSLyGJ"r®obifudk (22?3?2013)&uf n(7)em&DwGif ygVdum&Dausmif;wdkufq&mawmf b'´EÅt*Øo?
(23?3?2013)&uf? n(7)em&DwGif atmifpMumq&mawmf b'´EÅpE´od&D?(24?3?2013)&uf? n(6)em&DcGJwGif
qifjzLawmifq&mawmf t&Sif*kPdE´? ESifh (25?3?2013)&uf n(6)em&DcGJwGif q&mawmfrZÑdr*kPf&nf
q&mawmfa'gufwmt&Siaf um0d' wdrYk S (4)nwdik f 0dyw
k &Åd o"r®Ard mefawmfBuD;?ZdermefatmifapwDawmfjrwfBuD;ü
usif;yrnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/
TTM

arwåmvIid ;f (4)c&D;onf,mOf vIid o
f m,mrS
omauwodhk vdik ;f opfw;kd csaYJ jy;qGJ

&efukef? rwf(20)
arwåmvdIif;(4) c&D;onf,mOfvdIifom,mNrdKUrS
omauwNrdKUodkU,mOfvdkif;opfwkd;csJU zGifhyJGudk (19?3?
2013) &ufwGifwpfaeUwmvHk;tcrJhajy;qJGchJonf/
,if;um;tpD;ta&(23)pD; &daS Mumif;od&&Sd onf/ xdak eY
wGifa&oefYAl;rsm;vnf;a0cJhonf[kod&onf/
arwåmvdiI ;f (4)c&D;onf,mOfOuúXOD;xGe;f awmuf0if;
okdYvQyfwpfjyufrSar;jref;cJh&m-uRefawmfwdkYarwåm
vIid ;f (1)udk (2012)ckEpS ?f pufwifbmv (19)&ufaeYu
pNyD;zGifhvSpfcJhwmyg/ arwåmvIdif;(1) c&D;onf,mOf
uawmh '*Hkta&SU pdwfusef;rma&;aq;½Hkawmf0if
yvmZm- r*Fvmaps;txd? arwåmvIdif;(2)c&D;onf
,mOfuawmh ta&SU'*Hk-ausmif;vrf;qHk-usHK;BuD;NrdKUxJtxd?arwåmvIdif;(3)ESifh(4)uawmh omauw

t0dik ;f -r*Fvmaps;-bk&ifah emifvrf;qH-k ½H;k a&SUtxdjzpf
ygw,f / c&D ; pOf w pf y d k i f ; ud k ( 50)usyf j zpf N yD ; c&D ; pOf
tptqHk;udkawmh(300)usyfjzpfygw,f/ ,mOfarmif;
awGeYJ ,mOfaemufvu
kd af wGu(kd 1)vavmuf train ay;
ygw,f/ CVazmifawGa&G;cs,fw,f/ olwkdY&JUvkyf
oufeJYb,frSmarmif;cJhw,fqdkwmudk ar;jrefw,f/
um;awGay:rSm tprf;armif;cdik ;f NyD;ppfaq;w,f/ uRef
awmfwu
Ykd kd rxo A[du
k aeay;xm;wJh pmtkyaf v;
awGvnf;&Sw
d ,f/ tJ'pD mtkyx
f u
J tcsufawGev
YJ nf;
a&G;cs,fw,f/ 'DrSmutawGUtBuHK&SdwJholawGursm;
w,f topfawGuawmh&Sm;w,f/ olwdkY&JUvuf&Sd
tawGUtBuHKeJY'DrSm a&SUqufoGm;r,fhtawGUtBuHKu
qDeaYJ &vdu
k mG w,f/ bmaMumifu
h mG ovJqakd wmh [drk mS
u vpmay;pepfr[kwb
f ;l / wpfaeYwm&&Srd ,f/ &&Sd
wJ[
h mudpk m;r,f/ tJ't
D wGuf olwt
Ykd Eå&,fjzpfonf
jzpfap? rjzpfonfjzpfap0kef;'dkif;BuJatmif armif;
w,f/ ,mOfaemufvu
kd q
f &kd ifc&D;onfawGqu
D r&
&atmifc&D;onfqu
D awmif;w,f/ tJ'v
D ykd pkH rH sdK;xJu
tajctaewpfcu
k zkd efw;D ay;&w,f/ bmjzpfvykd vJqkd
awmh uRefawmfwu
Ykd vpmay;NyD;armif;wm/ arwåm
vIdif;(5)udkvnf;qufvufwdk;csJUzdkYvdkif;wifaew,f/
pDtef*sDrus ao;vdkYapmifhaewmyg/ pDtef*sDus&if
awmh arwåmvIid ;f (5)udak jy;qGrJ nf [kajzMum;cJo
h nf/
TTM

&efuek w
f idk ;f a'oBu;D twGi;f &SNd rKd eY ,ftcsKd w
Y iG f acG;avacG;vGirUf sm;aygrsm;vsu&f adS e
&efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;twGif;&Sd NrdKUe,ftcsdKUwGif ydkif&SifrJhacG;rsm;jzpfMuonfh acG;avacG;vGifhrsm;rSm ,cifESpfrsm;xufydkrdkrsm;jym;vmaeaMumif; a'ocHrsm;\ajymqdkrIrsm;t&od&onf/ tqdkygacG;avacG;vGifhrsm;rSm
vltrsm;oGm;vmaeMuonfhaps;rsm;? ausmif;rsm;ESifh pm;aomufqdkifrsm;teD;wpf0dkufwGifusifvnfusufpm;vsuf&SdNyD; nydkif;tcsdefrsm;wGif vrf;oGm;vrf;vmrsm;udktkyfpkzGJU&ef&Smaeonfh tajctaeyif&SdaeaMumif;od&onf/
,cifu xkdacG;avacG;vGifhrsm;udk &efukefNrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDrS pDrHcsuftoGifjzifhokwfoif&Sif;vif;cJhaMumif;od&NyD; ,cktcgwGiftqdkygacG;avacG;vGifhrsm;okwfoif&Sif;vif;rIrSm tm;enf;vsuf&Sdae
aMumif;od&onf/
usef;rma&;0efBuD;Xme? jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;a'gufwmazoufcif\ trsdK;om;vTwfawmfwGifjyefvnfajzMum;csufrsm;t& ... ]](2010)ckESpftwGif; acG;½l;jzpfyGm;wm(205)a,muf&SdNyD;awmh? (205)a,mufpvkH;aoyg
w,f/ (2011)ckEpS t
f wGi;f rSm acG;½l;jzpfymG ;wJo
h l (240)&SNd yD;awmh (240) vk;H aoygw,f/ jynfe,fEiS w
hf ikd ;f tvku
d af jym&&if ucsifrmS (3)? u,m;rSm (1)? u&ifrmS (2)? csif;rSmawmhwpfa,mufrrS aoygbl;? ppfuikd ;f (42)?
weoFm&D (4)? yJc;l (48)? rauG;(25)? rEÅav;(50)? rGejf ynfe,f(8)? &cdik (f 3)? &efuek w
f idk ;f a'oBuD;(20)? &Sr;f jynfe,f(6)? {&m0wDwikd ;f a'oBuD;(28)? pkpak ygif;(240)? (2011)ckEpS w
f ek ;f u acG;½l;a&m*gjzpfNyD;aoygw,f[k
ajzMum;oGm;cJhNyD;? tJ'Dawmh cketaetxm;t&MunfhvdkufvdkY&Sd&if 'D(240)onf uRefawmfwkdYrSmpm&if;aygufwm (240)yg/ 'Dawme,fa'oav;awGrSmrodvdkufbJeJYaooGm;wJh acG;½l;jyefa0'em&Sif&SdEkdifygao;w,fcifAs/
tJ'Dawmh aq;0g;vdktyfcsuft&ajymvdkY&Sd&ifvnf;ckevkdygyJcifAs/ 'D(240)twGufudk uRefawmfwdkYrESpfwkef;u jrefrmEkdifiHpufrI0efBuD;Xmeuae uRefawmfwdkY&&SdcJhwJhacG;½l;a&m*gumuG,faq;(17456)vkH;udk (2010-2011)
rSm&NYy;D awmh (2011-2012)rSm (16725) vk;H &wJt
h wGuf Adu
k u
f w
kd pfa,muf (14)vk;H xk;d r,f/ ckeu (240)twGuu
f kd vkaH vmufw,fvaYdk jym&rSmjzpfygw,f/ 'gayr,fh 'Dtcsderf mS uRefawmfwu
Ykd 'D*Pef;&JUaemufu,
G rf mS
nDnDxGef;
&Sad ewJjh yóemu'DxufyNkd yD;awmh us,fjyefw
Y o
hJ abm&Syd gw,f}} [k xnfo
h iG ;f ajzMum;oGm;cJah Mumif;od&onf/

40

£ó,rlv&D u
G rf sm; aq;buf0ifonf[q
k u
kd m
vltrsm;pm;oH;k aeMujcif;tay: aq;ynm&Sirf sm;rS
cGjJ crf;pdwjf zmí oH;k oyfynmay;oifh
,ckwavm pma&;olaexdkif&m jzL;NrdKUe,ftwGif;ESifhawmifilNrdKUe,f? tkwf wGif;NrdKUe,frsm;twGif;
vltrsm;pk pyfrd pyf&majymMuaom pum;0dik ;f rsm;wGif usef;rma&;taMumif;pyfro
d nfEiS hf ]£ ó,rlvD}[laom
aq;buf0ift&Guf wpfrsKd;taMumif;udk em;vQHatmifMum;ae&onf/ xdo
k MYkd um;&onfEiS t
hf nD ESv;kH aoG;ayguf
usOf;a&m*ga0'emcHpm;&olrsm;ESihf uifqma&m*ga0'em&Sirf sm;twGuf oufqikd &f m um,uH&iS rf sm;u ]£ó,
rlvD&Guf}&Srd nfah e&mudk tirf;r& ar;jref; pHpk rf;MuNyD; t&awmif;,lMu? 0,f,al eMuonfuv
kd nf;awGU&onf/
trSefwu,fvnf; pma&;olESifh qufpyfrI&Sdaom ESvHk;a&m*ga0'em&Sifrsm;? ESvHk;aoG;aygufusOf;
a&m*ga0'em&Sifrsm; tcsKdUrSm aq;½Hkaq;cef;tcsKdUrSjyefvmNyD; xl;jcm;pGmoufomrIr&Sdonfudkyif aeYpOf
£ó,rlv&D u
G w
f pf&u
G u
f kd aeYpOf a&aq;oefpY ifNyD; pm;oH;k aejcif;jzifh odod omom oufomcGi&hf aeaMumif;
um,uH &Sirf sm;ud,
k w
f ikd u
f ajymjy
avonf/ þodkY ESvHk;tm;enf;
a0'em&Sifrsm;ESifh ESvHk;aoG;aMum
usOf; a0'em&Sifrsm;u £ó,
rlvD&Gufudk wefzdk;BuD;aom aq;
aumif; wpfvufozG,f vdu
k v
f &H mS
azGum aq;0g;tjzpf rSD0JoHk;pGJae
aomaMumif h £ó,rl v D y if & S d
aom tdrrf sm;rSmvnf; t&Gurf sm;udk
vuf r vnf a tmif c l ; ay;ae&&if ;
wjznf;jznf;&Sm;yg;ovdkyifjzpfvm
onf/ þtajctaewGif £ó,
£ó,rlvDyif tkef;yifudk EG,fwufaeyHk
rlv&D u
G o
f nf ESv;kH tm;enf;? ESv;kH
aoG;aygufusOf;a0'em&Sirf sm;omru uifqma&m*ga0'em &Sirf sm;twGuyf gtxl;oufomaysmuf uif;aponf
[k wpfqifph um;wpfqifeh m;Mum;oHrsm;rsm;vmcsdew
f iG f NrdKUay:wGio
f mru aus;vufawm&Gmrsm;&Sd £ó,
rlvyifrsm;vnf;at;at;aq;aq;aecGihf r&awmhbJ &GuEf x
k u
G v
f mvdu
k f wpfa,mufu vmowfcscl;,lomG ;
vdu
k jf zifh tNrJyif&u
G rf x
hJ ;D xD;b0a&mufae&awmhonf/ þ£ó,rlv&D u
G \
f aq;buf0ifowif;BuD;rIaMumifh
vdu
k v
f &H mS azGorl sm;rsm;vmaomtcg ,cifuaygaygrsm;rsm;aus;vufaetdrNf cHrsm;&Sd tavhusyifrsm;rS tcrJh
awmif;,lí &Ekid af om £ó,rlv&D u
G rf sm;udk ,cktcg vG,v
f ,
G Ef iS hf awmif;r&awmhbJ wcsKdUwpf&u
G v
f Qif
aiG(100)usyfrS (200)usyftxd ay;0,faeMu&aMumif;od&onf/
wcsKdU vlrsm;taejzifh £ó,rlvu
D kd emrnfomMum;zl;aomfvnf; rjrifz;l Muí aoaocsmcsmrodMuay/
þtyifrsKd;rSm aus;vufa'o&Sd NcHus,fBuD;rsm;? bke;f BuD;ausmif;0if;rsm;twGi;f wGif tavh usaygufwwfaom
EG,fyifwpfrsKd;jzpfNyD;t&GufESifh t½dk;rSm pHy,fyef;yif\ t½dk; t&GufwdkYESifh qifwlavonf/ EG,fwufp&m
trSD&SdvQif tjrifhtxdwufwwfNyD; ZD;oD;vHk;cefY toD;rsm;oD;wwfonf/ þ £ó,rlvDtoD;ajcmuf
aq;buf0if temaygufaumif;yHEk iS yhf wfoufNyD; vGecf o
hJ nfh (13)ESpaf vmufu pma&;olu,
kd w
f ikd f a&mifjyef
r*¾Zif;wGifa&;om;cJhzl;onf/
rkd;OD;ustcgwGif &ifhrSnfhwGJusaom taphrsm;rSwpfqifh tyifrsm;jyefYyGm;aygufa&mufonf/ wcsKdUu
udkif;wufwG,fvmaom EG,ftqpfrS cGJNyD;pdkufvQifvnf;tyifopf&onf[kqdkonf/
,cktcgwGif trSefwu,faysmufonf raysmufonf rod&aomfvnf; uifqma0'emonfrsm;u
£ó,rlvD &Gurf sm;udk r&&onfah e&mu &SmazG0,f ,lumrS0D pJ m;oH;k aeMuonf/ wpfaeYvQif wpf&u
G o
f m
tpdrf;vdkuf0g;pm;Mu&onf jzpfaomaMumifh yljyif;aom&moDwGif t&Gufrsm;ajcmufaoGUroGm;ap&ef a&cJ
aowåmxJxnfo
h í
kd pm;Muonf/ wcsKdUuvnf; bma&m*grQr&Sb
d J ud,
k u
hf ,
kd u
f kd bma&m*g&Srd eS ;f taotcsm
rodbJ ]]BudKwif umuG,w
f maygh}}? ]]a&m*guif;wmaygh}} [kqu
kd m awGUonfah e&mrs £ó,rlv&D u
G rf sm;udk
cl;pm;aeMuonf/ þtcgwGif xko
d rl sm;udMk unfNh yD; vGecf ahJ omESprf sm;u acwfpm;cJzh ;l onfh q&mom*'d;k \
bdpyf &GufwdkY? plVmezmwdkYudkowd&rdonf/
]]EG,fjrufopfyifaq;buf0if}}qdkonfh pum;twkdif; opfOopfzkopf&GufwkdYonf wpfenf;r[kwf
wpfenf;aq;buf0ifEidk o
f nf/ jyKjyifp&D ifajymif;vJjcif;r&Sb
d J ¤if;wd\
Yk yifu,
kd "f mwfobm0owåEd iS hf a&m*g
wpfrsKd; odrYk [kwf ESprf sKd;aysmufuif;csifvnf; aysmufuif;Ekid af yvdrrhf nf/ odaYk omf a&m*gwdik ;f twGuaf wmh
tqD tai:wnfhcsifrSwnfhayvdrfhrnf/ wpfzufu aumif;usKd;udk oufa&mufEkdifovdkwpfzufuvnf;
f ;kd usKd; rnforYkd nfy&kH EdS idk f onfukd
qd;k usKd;udjk zpfay:apEkid o
f nf/ þtcsufEiS yhf wfoufNyD; side effect ab;xGuq
aq;ynm&Sirf sm;omodayvdrhf rnf/ odjYk zpfí aq;ynm&Sirf sm;taejzifh vltrsm;rS wdwu
d susrodbJ (96)yg;
a&m*gtm;vHk;aumif;onfxifNyD; £ó,rlvD&Gufrsm;pm;oHk;aeMujcif;tay: wdwdususokawoejyKNyD;
aq;ynm½Iaxmifrh S vltrsm;em;vnfoo
d matmif*sme,f pmrsufEmS rsm; Media rsm;rSwpfqifh todynmay;
owday;jzefaY 0oifyh gaMumif; owif;aqmif;yg;tjzpf a&;om;wifjyvdu
k &f ygonf/ ausmfaqG0if;(a&Ttif;)

jr0wDNrKd UwiG f

Edik if wH umuAsmaehtxdr;f trSwf

uAsm&Gwyf uJG si;f y/

(21?3?2013)&ufaeYwGifusa&mufonfh EdkifiH
wumuAsmaeYtxdrf;trSwftjzpf jr0wDNrdKUpma&;
q&mtoif;rSuAsmq&mrsm;ESijhf r0wDNrdKUe,f (NLD)
ygwD0ifuAsm 0goem&Sirf sm;pkaygif;í (21?3?2013)
&ufaeY (9;00)em&Dtcsed w
f iG f jr0wDNrKd U? trSwf (4)&yf
uGu&f dS (Morning Star)vufbuf&nfqikd \
f oD;oefY
ae&mav;wpfae&mwGif uAsm&Gwyf w
JG pfcu
k sif;yjyK
vkycf o
hJ nf/ tqdyk guAsm&Gwq
f ykd o
JG Ykd jr0wDNrdKUe,f
pma&;q&mtoif;rS OuúX? twGi;f a&;rSL;ESit
hf zGUJ 0if
wpfOD; jr0wDNrdKUe,f (NLD)ygwDtwGif;a&;rSL;
OD;oefYZifatmif? jr0wDc½dkiftvkyftrIaqmifa':
cifxm;-trSw(f 4)&yfuu
G ?f 'kOuúX-OD;atmifwifww
Ykd ufa&mufcMhJ uNyD;? (NLD)ygwD0ifa':cifxm;rS ]]jynfol
cspfwAhJ v
kd cf sKyforD;}}uAsmudv
k nf;aumif;pma&;olrS ]]*kP,
f yl gonfjr0wD}}uAsmudv
k nf;aumif;? tjcm;uAsm
&Sirf sm;rS q&maZmf*sD? q&mrif;ok0Pfw\
Ykd uAsmrsm;ESihf acwfay:uAsmrsm;udv
k nf;aumif; toD;oD;wpfy'k pf D
&GwfqdkcJhMuNyD; (21?3?2013)&ufaeYwGifusa&mufonfh EdkifiHwumuAsmaeYtxdrf;trSwf uAsm&GwfyGJtcrf;
oufOD;Edkif(jr0wD)
tem;udk eHeuf (10;00)em&DwiG f ½kyo
f rd ;f vdu
k af Mumif;od&onf/

yGiv
hf if;jrifomwJah cwfukd oabmuswyhJ *k o
H l
a&S;a[mif;apwDykxdk;rsm;ajrmuf
rsm;pG m wnf & S d a om yk * H a 'oonf
urÇmvSnchf &D;oGm;rsm;tm; qGaJ qmif
rItm;taumif;qHk; a'owpfckjzpf
onf/ bk&m;apwDrsm;\ y&0kPrf sm;
wGif yke;f &nfBuD;? tnmqD;,d?k ponfh
a'opm;aomufuek rf sm;? trSwf w&
pmwef;rsm;yg&Sad om wD&yS rf sm;? csnf
xnfrsm;ponfh a'ot0wftxnf
rsm;ESihf ½kyaf o;½kyaf v;rsm;? ,Ge;f xnf
ypönf; yHkpHrsdK;pHka'oxGuftrSwfw&
ypönf;rsm; a&mif;csonfhqdkifrsm;udk
tESHYtjym;awGUjrif&onf/ ¤if;aps;
onfrsm;\ a&mif;csrItajctaeESihf ay;oGi;f &onft
h cGet
f crsm;taMumif;udo
k &d v
dS í
kd ewfavSmifausmif;a&SUü
,Ge;f xnfypön;f rsm;cif;usif;a&mif;csaeolwpfO;D tm; ar;jref;cJ&h m]]uRefruNrdKUopfuvma&mif;wmyg/ reuf(8)
em&Davmufa&mufNyD; nae(5)em&DcaJG vmufqikd o
f rd ;f ygw,f/ {nfo
h nfrsm;wJt
h csdeq
f kd wpfaeYuw
kd pfaomif;
ausmfz;kd avmufa&mif;&w,f/ wefc;l ? uqke?f e,keaf vmufusawmh {nfyh g;wufw,f/ tck&moDuawmh{nhf
vmrsm;ygw,f/ qdik cf if;caeeJEY pS pf OfaMu; (6000)usyfukd a&S;a[mif;udo
k iG ;f &w,f/ a*gyutzGUJ &Sw
d b
hJ &k m;u
qdik cf ef;awGuawmh ESppf OfaMu;udak *gyuudyk o
J iG ;f &w,f/ t&ifwek ;f uawmhEpS pf OfaMu;tjyif [dak Mu;'DaMu;
eJw
Y pfaomif;ausmfavmufjzpfomG ;w,f/ yGiv
hf if;jrifomwJh 'DaeYacwfrmS awmh ESppf OfaMu;wpfrsdK;yJoiG ;f &awmh
w,f/ tJ'gudo
k abmusw,f}}[kqikd o
f rd ;f &if; ¤if;&JUtjrifuakd jymjytNyD;wGi0f efpnfpv,frsm;udk qdik u
f ,fay:
r,fokef
wifumaexdik &f myk*NH rdKUopfpo
D Ykd xGucf mG oGm;avonf/

wdrfaumaysmufuG,foGm;awmUrnfU½kd;&m]'kd;}

uleDeef;rS ycef;udkBuD;ausmfyGJawmfwGif tnmxGufukefypönf;rsm;jzpfonfh ajra&tkd;(ycef;tkd;)rsm;?
aooyfckdifcefY aomycef;pumcHk;rsm; yckuúLcsnfxnfrsm;? oeyfcg;wHk;rsm;rSm vlBudKufrsm;ía&mif;yef;vSaom
ypönf;rsm;tjzpfawGUjrif&onf/ trsdK;trnfpHkvifvSaom aps;onfrsm;Mum;wGif a<ursm;(c½kcGHuJhodkY)? 'dk;rsm;?
ao;i,faomuwåDygzdeyf rsm;ukda&mif;csaeaom tzGm;wpfOD;ukdvnf; xl;jcm;pGmawGUjrif&onf/ ]]taru
rEÅav;uvma&mif;wmyg/ a<uua[ma<uqkd&ifckepfvHk;wpfpHk (2500)usyfeJY (1500)usyfESpfrsdK;&Sdw,f/
ypfa<uqkd ajcmufvHk;wpfpHk (700)usyfyg? 'kd;uawmhrdom;pk'kd; tpHkvkdufwpfpHkukd (500)usyfa&mif;w,f
rdom;pk'kd;qkdwmazBuD;ausmf'kd;? awmifNyHK;ukd,fawmfESpfyg;'kd;? tara&Tukdif; r,fawmf'kd;eYJ rrESJ'kd;awGyg?
zdeyfav;awGuawmh rrESJocifrqufzkdYtwGufyg? tckvkd ypönf;awGa&mif;wm tar&JUrd½kd;zvm½kd;&myg/
tar&JUtbGm;? tar&JUtar? tar&JUtpfr
tpOf t quf a &mif ; vmwm tpf r usef ;
rma&;raumif ; jzpf a wmh taruquf
a&mif;wmyg? awmifNyHK;0gacgifyGJ? ewf
awmfyGJeJY? ycef;ukdBuD;ausmfyGJawGrSm rjzpf
raea&mif;ygw,f? 'guawmhtarwkdY&JU
,HkMunfrIeJY ½kd;&mtpGJjzpfr,fxifw,f?
ycef;rSmawmhqkdifcif;cu yGJawmftpt
qHk;rS (5000)avmufyJay;&w,f? awmif
NyHK;yGJrSmqkd 'Daps;r&bl;? aps;BuD;w,f?
tarhtwGuu
f awmh tjrwftpGe;f t"du
r[kwfygbl;? ukd,fhbkd;bGm;vufxuf u
wnf;u vufqifhurf;vmwJhtvkyfqkd
awmhav tarhtvSnfhNyD;&ifawmha&mif;
jzpf y gh r vm;rod b l ; / tarh r S m orD ; wpf
a,muf&w
dS ,f/ oluawmha&mif;rSmr[kwf
bl;}} [ka<ursm;? 'kd;rsm;ukd paumAef;
wpfcsyfay:wGif cif;usif;a&mif;csaeaom
tzGm;wpfOD;\ ,HkMunfrIESifhrsdK;½kd;"avh
xdef;odrf;rIpum;oHrsm;ukd thHMozG,fMum;
r,fokef
odc&hJ ygonf/

41

a&Tw*d akH pwDawmf Ak'y¨ Zl ed,yGaJ wmf toHrpJr[my|mef;
&Gwzf wfyal ZmfyrJG S oHCmawmft&Sio
f jl rwfrsm;odhk
aw;oH&iS u
f ikd Zf mrS aehqrG ;f qufuyfvLS 'ge;f

jynfaxmifpt
k qifh Nird ;f csr;f a&;aqG;aEG;yGaJ qmif&u
G &f ef
(PNLO) Ouú|ESiUf tzGw
YJ pfzufxidk ;f Ekid if rH S Nr0wDrw
S qifU
&efukefNrdKo
Y dkhxGufcGm

&efukef rwf 18
&efukef? a&Twd*HkapwDawmf Ak'¨ylZed,yGJawmf toHrpJr[my|mef;&GwfzwfylaZmfyGJwGif &GwfzwfylaZmf
awmfrlMuukefaom oHCmawmft&Sifoljrwfrsm;tm; aw;oH&SifudkifZmrS(2013)? rwf(18)&ufaeYwGif
aeYqGrf;qufuyfvSL'gef;ylaZmfcJhaMumif; od&Sd&onf/
Photo ; ud k i f Z maumif ; rI j yKonf

u&ifjynfe,f? e,fjcm;apmifw
U yf? trSw(f 4)wyfe,f? tBuaH y;ESiUf
uGyu
f aJ &;tzG?YJ wyfe,ftyk cf sKyaf &;rSL; a'guw
f mapmaX;jrifEU iS hf
awGq
Y Hkjcif;

(17?3?2013)&ufaeY naeuAdv
k rf LS ;rkwo
f v
kd &f UJ wyfpcef;rSm pma&;ola&muf&o
dS mG ;cdu
k f rdwaf qGwpfO;D ESihf
&if;ES;D cGi&hf cJNh yD; awGUqHak r;jref;cJ&h mrS . . .
ar;/
a'gufwm&JUtrnfeJYwm0efukd odyg&ap/
ajz/
uRefawmf&h UJ emrnfu a'gufwmapmaX;jrifyh g? u&ifjynfe,f? e,fjcm;apmifw
h yf? trSw(f 4) wyfe,f?
tBuHay;eJY uGyfuJa&;tzGJUwyfe,ftkyf csKyfa&;rSL;jzpfygw,f/
ar;/
tBuHay;eJY uGyfuJa&;tzGJUjzpfay:vmyHkudk ajymjyay;yg/
ajz/
e,fjcm;apmifw
h yfupkd wifzUJG pnf;csdeu
f ,cif(D.K.B.A)ayghav? tJ'u
D aewcsdKU&JabmfawGu(BGF)
tjzpftoGiaf jymif;w,f? wpfcsdKUtouft&G,Bf uD;NyD; roefrpGr;f olawGusawmh toGiaf jymif;&mrSmryg
bJe?YJ tNidr;f pm;tjzpfusefcw
hJ ,f/ tJ't
D cgrSmusefcw
hJ &hJ aJ bmf? &Jarrdom;pkawG? usqH;k ppfonfro
d m;pk
awGeYJ (D.K.B.A)uae(BGF) ajymif;&mrSmrygcsifwhJ ppfonfawGtwGuAf [dt
k BuHay;eJY uGyu
f aJ &;
tzGUJ udzk UJG pnf;xm;ygw,f/ 'DtzGUJ awG&UJ t"duwm0efu yxrtcsuftaeeJcY ek ajymwJt
h Nidr;f pm;ppfonf
rsm;? usqH;k ppfonfrsm;? roefrpGr;f ppfonfrsm;eJ?Y ¤if;wdrYk o
d m;pkawGukd axmufyzhH eYkd aYJ 'ozGUH NzdK;a&;vkyf
ief;awGrmS yg0ifz?Ykd 'kw,
d tcsufuawmh (BGF)tjzpfet
YJ oGiaf jymif;oGm;wJh Edik if aH wmf&UJ wyfrsm;tjzpf
toGiu
f ;l ajymif;wJah e&mrSm wpfpw
d w
f pfyikd ;f yg0ifNyD;aqmif&u
G zf Ykd &nf&,
G cf sufezYJ UJG pnf;xm;wJt
h zGUJ jzpfyg
w,f/ Edik if aH wmftaeeJu
Y awmh zGUJ pnf;ykt
H &A[dt
k BuHay;eJ?Y uGyu
f aJ &;tzGUJ qdw
k m&Sw
d ,f/ tJ'aD tmuf
rSm wyfe,f(4)e,f&Sdw,f/ trSwf(4)wyfe,fuGyfuJa&;eJY? tBuHay;tzGJUrSmawmh (1021)e,fjcm;
apmifw
h yfeYJ (1022)e,fjcm;apmifw
h yfqNkd yD;? wyf&if;ESp&f if;ESiyhf ;l aygif;NyD;zGUJ pnf;xm;wJt
h zGUJ jzpfygw,f/
ar;/
a&TukuúdKvfu wyfrSL;cspfolwdkYusawmhaum?
ajz/
trSw(f 3)wyfe,f tBuHay;eJu
Y yG u
f aJ &;tzGUJ jzpfygw,f/ ¤if;tzGUJ u (1017)(1018)(1019)(1020)
wyf&if;(4)&if;udk uGyfuJwJhtBuHay;eJYuGyfuJa&;tzGJUjzpfw,f/
ar;/
u&ifjynfe,frSm e,fjcm;apmifhwyf&if; b,fESpf&if;&SdygovJ/
ajz/
tm;vH;k (D.K.B.A)uae toGiaf jymif;vmwJ(h BGF)wyfawGu (12)&if;,cifa[mif;ua&m Nidr;f csrf;
a&;tzGJUuul;ajymif;vmwm (1)&if;? pkpkaygif; (13)&if;jzpfw,f/
ar;/
jr0wDc½dkifrSmaum(BGF)wyf&if; b,fESpf&if;&SdygovJ/
ajz/
a&TukuúdKvf rJykvJe,fajru (4)&if;? rJue,fe,fajrrSm (1)&if;pkpkaygif; (5)&if;&Sdygw,f/
ar;/
(D.K.B.A)wyf z G J U 0if a wG u(KNU)pcef ; BuD ; awG u d k wyf r awmf e J Y v uf w G J N yD ; wd k u f y G J 0 if c J h w ,f
vdkYod&w,f/ tcktcgrSmxm0&Nidrf;csrf;a&;&zdkY ESpfOD;ESpfzufaqmif&GufaeMuwJhtcsdefrSm xm0&
Nidrf;csrf;a&;BuD&&SdoGm;&if(D.K.B.A)wyfzGJU0ifawGtaeeJY b,fvdkqufvufaqmif&Gufr,fqdkwm
a'guf w mtaeeJ Y o H k ; oyf a y;yg/
ajz/
(D.K.B.A)wyfzGJU0ifqdkwJhae&mrSm,ck(D.K.B.A)vdkYajym&if ,cifu(D.K.B.A)qdkwm&SdcJhw,f/
NrdKifBuD;ilu(D.K.B.A)A[dk XmecsKyfaygh/ (wd;k wufaomAk'b
¨ momu&iftrsdK;om;wyfrawmf) tJ'w
D yfr
awmf[m,aeYtcsderf mS wpfcsdKUuygwDtjzpfet
YJ oGiaf jymif;oGm;NyD; wpfcsdKUutNidr;f pm;awGjzpfomG ;NyD?

42

(PNLO) Ouú|AkdvfrSL;BuD;cGefOuúm
OD;aqmifonfh AdkvfrSL;BuD;atmifausmf
(A[kdtvkyftrIaqmif)? OD;cGeftdk;(A[kd
tvkyftrIaqmif)? OD;cGefwifa&TOD;(A[kd
aumf r wD 0 if ) ? OD ; cG e f x D ; (Ouú | ytd k i f ;
vli,f)? a':eef;EG,fEG,f(trsdK;orD;a&;
&mwm0efc)H ? a':eef;jrif(h 'kuo
© nf a&;&m)?
OD;cGefaomrwf(pf)(tvkyform;a&;&m)?
Ad k v f B uD ; cG e f c ef Y a Zmf a tmif ( ½H k ; tzG J U rS L ;)?
a':eef ; a0atmif ( ½H k ; tzG J U 0if ) pk p k a ygif ;
tzGJU0if(10)OD;onf jynfaxmifpktqifh
Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;aqG ; aEG ; yG J a qmif & G u f & ef
wpfzufxdkif;EdkifiHrSwqifh(20.3.2013)&ufaeYeHeuf (7;00)em&DtcsdefwGif Nr0wDNrdKUokdYa&muf&SdvmcJhonf/
xkaYd emufjr0wDNrdKU at;csrf;NzdK;&dyo
f mwGijf r0wDNrdKU&dyo
f müyif bm;tHNrdKUwGiu
f &ifjynfe,ftpd;k &tzGUJ ESiv
hf nf;
aumif;? armfvNrdKifNrdKUwGirf eG jf ynfe,ftpd;k &tzGUJ ESiv
hf nf;aumif; awGUqHMk urnfjzpfNyD; &efuek Nf rdKU&Sd MPCodYk
(21.3.2013) &ufaeYeeH ufyidk ;f wGiaf &muf&MdS urnfjzpfNyD; (23.3.2013)&ufaeYtxdtqdyk g MPCwGiNf idr;f csrf;
oufOD;Ekdif(jr0wD)
a&;ESiyhf wfoufonfh tpnf;ta0;rsm;usif;yoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;od&&dS onf/

wpfcsdKUvJe,fjcm;apmifhwyftjzpftoGifajymif;oGm;NyD 'DtcsdefrSmaemufxyf AdkvfcsKyfapmvm;bG,fOD;
aqmifwhJ uvdx
k ;l abmwyfzUJG ayghaemf/ tJ't
D zGUJ eJaY wmhrwlao;ygbl;tkypf Ek pS pf yk g/ ,cifu(D.K.B.A)
twlwljzpfcJhMuayrJh wdk;wufaomAk'¨bmomu&iftrsdK;om;wyfrawmf(D.K.B.A)qdkwJh t"dyg,f
atmufrmS awmhtwlw&l MdS uygw,f/ aemifwpfcsderf mS Ekid if aH wmfzUJG pnf;tkycf sKyfyt
kH ajccHEiS t
hf nDuRefawmf
wdu
Yk e,fjcm;apmifw
h yftjzpftoGiaf jymif;w,f/ xdt
Yk wlOuúXBuD;OD;omxl;ausmfacgif;aqmifwhJ touf
BuD;oGm;wJh (D.K.B.A)t&m&Srd sm;? Edik if aH &;ygwDuw
kd nfaxmifNyD;awmh 'Dru
kd a&pDvrf;aMumif;rSmoGm;
Muw,f/ wpfcsdKUuvnf; pD;yGm;a&;vrf;aMumif;rSm t&yfom;tjzpfvyk u
f ikd af eMuw,f 'guwpfyikd ;f aygh/
AdkvfcsKyfapmvm;bG,fwdkY uvdkxl;abmwyfzGJU,cif (D.K.B.A)uoyfoyfjzpfygw,f/ tJ'Dawmh
(D.K.B.A) wyfzGJU0ifawGvdkYajym&if olwdkYudk&nfnTef;ygw,f/ uRefawmfwdkYusawmh e,fjcm;apmifh
wyftBuHay;eJY uGyfuJa&;tzGJUvdkY&nfnTef;ajymqdk&if ydkNyD;tqifajyygvdrfhr,f/
ar;/
EkdifiHawmftaeeJY xm0&Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqmif&GufaerItay: a'gufwm&JUtjrifudkodcsifygw,f/
ajz/
Nidr;f csrf;a&;vdaYk jym&if uRefawmfww
Ykd pfcsdeu
f (KNU)uae t,ltqawGrwlnMD uvdY(k D.K.B.A)
tjzpfcGJxGufcJhMuayrJh ,aeYacwfuppfwdkufwJhacwfr[kwfawmhbl;? e,fjcm;apmifhwyftjzpftoGif
ajymif;wmuvnf; ppfwdkufzdkYtoGifajymif;wmr[kwfbl;/ rdrdEdkifiHudkwpfzufEdkif iHuusL;ausmf&efp
rIawGr&Sad pa&; a'ozGUH NzdK;a&;eJt
Y rdsK;om;omoemudk xde;f odr;f umuG,af pmifah &Smufr,fqw
kd &hJ nf&,
G f
csufeYJ uRefawmfwzYkd UJG pnf;xm;wmjzpfygw,f/ vufeufuikd x
f m;jcif;[mppfwu
kd zf rYkd [kwyf gbl;tckAv
kd f
csKyfBuD;rlw;l aq;zd;k OD;aqmifNyD;awmh u&iftrsdK;om;tpnf;t½H;k [m Edik if aH wmfev
YJ ufwv
JG mwJt
h wGuf
uRefawmft
h aeeJaY zmfrjyEdik af tmif 0rf;omMunfE;l rdygw,f/ bmaMumifv
h q
J &kd ifEpS af ygif;(60) ausmfppf
wdu
k cf w
hJ t
hJ wGuf uRefawmfwu
Ykd &ifjynfe,f[m zGUH NzdK;rIawGaemufuscJyh gw,f/ ppfwu
kd Mf uwJt
h wGuf
wdik ;f &if;om;awGyaJ oaMuysufp;D cJMh uygw,f/ 'DawmhbmjzpfvpYkd pfwu
kd af eMuOD;rSmvJ 'gaMumifNh idr;f csrf;
a&;vdaYk jym&if b,fenf;eJjY zpfjzpfta&;BuD;wmu ESpOf ;D ESpzf ufpm;yGaJ y:rSmajz&Si;f Mu&ifxm0&Nidr;f csrf;
a&;qdkwmrvGJ{uef&&SdvmrSmjzpfw,f/
ar;/
(2015)a&G ; aumuf y G J r wd k i f c if ( 2008) tajccH O ya'jyif q if z d k Y a jymqd k a eMuwmeJ Y y wf o uf N yD ;
a'guf w mtjrif a v;ajymjyay;yg/
ajz/
(2008)zGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'[m NyD;cJw
h t
hJ pd;k &vufxufuq,fpEk pS w
f pfcak usmfMumatmiftcsde,
f Nl yD;
awmhbufpakH xmifph ykH nm&Siaf wGeYJ a&;qJx
G m;wmjzpfygw,f/ 'Dawmhtm;omcsuftm;enf;csufqw
kd m
b,fae&mrqd&k rdS mS ygyJ/ tJ't
D cgrSmEdik if o
H m;awGtaeeJu
Y vnf; BudKufwo
hJ &l o
dS vdrk BudKufwo
hJ v
l nf;&Syd g
w,f/ oabmxm;uGv
J jJG cif;[m'Dru
kd a&pDjzpfw,f/ b,fvykd jJ zpfapEkid if aH wmfor®wBuD;u rwlwm
awGuakd b;z,fNyD;wlwmawGuakd &G;cs,faqmif&u
G Mf ur,f/ aemufNyD;jynfoal wGujyifr,fq&kd if jynfoUl
qE´eJYtnDjyifyghr,fvdkYajymcJhygw,f/ EkdifiHom;awGtm;vHk;uvnf; tajccHOya'udk od&Sdatmifavh
vmMu&rSmjzpfygw,f/ 'DawmhrSjynfolUqE´eJYtnDjyifr,f? rjyifbl;qdkwmtajzwpfck xGufvmvdrfh
r,fvdkYoHk;oyfrdygw,f/
pma&;ol /
/a'gufwm"gwfyHk½dkufyg&ap/
a'gufwm/
/pGyfus,ftusÐaevdkY (18)ESpfajrmuf(D.K.B.A) wyfrawmfaeYwkef;u AdkvfcsKyfrdka&S;eJY
oufOD;Edkif(jr0wD)
wG½J u
kd x
f m;wJ"h gwfyu
kH ykd aJ y;vdu
k yf g&ap/ aus;Zl;wifygw,f/

,ciftywfrStquf

rsufESmzkH;rStquf

yHkudk NyD;atmifa&;vdkufygw,f/ yHktm;vHk;a&;NyD;wJhtcg vSD;wm
jzwfwmudkawmh pwdwform;awGyJvkyfygw,f/ tm;vHk;NyD;wJhtcg
qufwifudk tprf;qif Munfhygw,f/ aemufrSm aowåmESpfvHk;qifh?
awmifukef;ay;wufzdkY ukef;abmifxm;NyD; qifygw,f/ a&SUuae
Munfh&if? awmifukef;av;ay: ua&wGif;av;aygh/ 'Dtaetxm;
awmh&oGm;NyD/ a&wGif;ab;u wdkifawGudk b,fvdkqifrvJ/ yHkrSef
twdkif;qdk&ifawmh wdkifawGudk ab;wpfzuf wpfcsufrSm xnfhrSmaygh/
tJ'gqdkjrifuGif;u½dk;&Sif;NyD;?wpfzufjriftjym;BuD; jzpfoGm;r,f/ 'Dawmh
wdkifwpfwdkifudk jrifuGif;zufrSmpdkuf?aemufwdkifwpfwdkifudkawmh/ aemuf
zufu ZmwfowåmrSm a&SUwdkifxufESdrfhNyD; ½dkufvkdufygw,f/ NyD;awmh
tay:wef;udv
k nf; ygpydu
k w
f pftwdik ;f cyfapmif;apmif; ½du
k v
f u
kd yf gw,f/
tJovdk ½dkufvdkufawmhrS a&wGif; t0dkif;u ydk0dkif;
oGm;ovdka&wGif;wdkifawGuteD;ta0;eJY jzpfoGm;
ygawmhw,f/ atmufuae Munfhvdkufawmh?
wpfu,fh a&wGif;t0dkif; yHko@efrsdK;r&SdjzpfoGm;
wmyJaygh/ aemufa&;xm;wJh wdraf wGuv
kd n;f teD;
ta0;csdefNyD;? tedrfhtjrifhcsdefNyD; tay:uae wGJ
avmif;csdwf vdu
k yf gw,f/ aemufcw
H rd af wGeYJ a½YrS mS
&Sw
d jhJ rifuiG ;f udk wGMJ unfv
h u
kd af wmh?tdyrf ufxrJ mS jrif
&wJh jrifuiG ;f wpfcv
k kd jzpfaeygawmhw,f/ 'grSvnf;
obif u Asmqd k w J h e mrnf e J Y vd k u f z uf r S m rd k Y v m;/
qufwif awGtm;vHk;qifNyD;csdefrSmawmh usKyfwdkY
tpfudkBuD;armif&efydkifa&m?oli,fcsif; aZmfBuD;ygNyHK;
vdkY&TifvdkYaygh/
aemufc&D;&Snf ESpfyg;oGm; twGuf qufwif
a&;Muygw,f/ 'DtcgrSmawmh udo
k ed ;f aZmfu ½d'k if&UJ
tawG;orm;qdkwJh yef;yk½kyfBuD;udk a&;apcsifygw,f/ 'DtawG;orm;
yef;yk½yk Bf uD;u N*dKvfwpfcak y:rSm xdik af ewJyh akH ygh/ tJ'aD wmh 'Dt½kyBf uD;ukd
yHyh ;kd ay;r,fh tcif;tusif;awGukd pOfpm;Munfyh gw,f/ aemufq;kH ? aemufcH
tjymay:rSm Mu,fawGudk pvdkufeJY xdk;xm;r,f/ NyD;awmhzefvHk;awGudk
tay:uae tBuD;tao; taetxm;trsdK;rsdK; csdwfqGJxm;vdkuf&if
'Dt½kyfBuD;u pBuF0VmxJrSm xdkifaewJhoabmrsdK; jzpfoGm;r,faygh/
tJ'ED pS yf g;oGm;tzGi[
hf m ESpyf g;oGm;awGxrJ mS awmfawmfx;l jcm;w,fvYkd
qdk&rSmyg/ ESpfyg;oGm;awmfawmfrsm;rsm;rSm vl&Tifawmfy#duefajym?cGef;
awmufqkd aemufyikd ;f ZmwfaMum½d;k tenf;i,fcif;usif;NyD; uefv
Y efumzGihf
wmeJY ESpfyg;oDcsif;pqdk? rif;om;rif;orD;tueJY pzGifhwwfMuygw,f/
'gayr,fh odef;aZmfrEÅav;ZmwfyGJ&JUc&D;&SnfESpfyg;oGm;tzGifhuawmh? uefY
vefYumrzGifhcifrS qlnHaewJhwD;vHk;awGwD;NyD; rD;rSdefcsvdkufygw,f/
rD;tarSmifxrJ mS yJ uefv
Y efu
Y mudk ajz;ajz;csif;zGi?hf toHtm;vH;k wdwq
f w
d f
aeygw,f/ jrifuiG ;f uawmh aemufct
H jyma&mifxrJ mS Mu,fawGN*dKvfawG
eJY vif;vufaeayr,fh ½d'k if&UJ tvif;uGuu
f u
G u
f av;xJrmS awmhrif;om;
ESpfvufjzpfwJh Zmwfrif;om;av;odef;aZmfeJY nD0if;jrifhwdkYESpfa,muftdyf
aysmfaewmeJY pzGifhygw,f/ aemufrS Zmwfrif;om;av;odef;aZmfu vlU
,Ofaus;rItptaMumif;ajymNyD; c&D;&SnfESpfyg;oGm;oDcsif;udkqdkygw,f/
aemufrS rif;orD; awG?,drf;orawG0ifvm uwmeJY ESpfyg; oGm;udk p
uygawmhw,f/

tJ'Dwkef;u odef;aZmf rEÅav;ZmwfyGJ[m ½dk;&mrlrSef xdrf;odrf;jcif;eJY
acwf a y: Zmwf bifqdkwJhaqmifyk'feJY tnD a t m f y & m y H k
o@mef ? jyZmwf
yHko@ef?ESpfyg;oGm;
yHko@efpwJh wifquf
rItm;vH;k udk xl;xl;jcm;jcm;
ajymif;vJcJhovdk/ usKyfwm0ef
,l & wJ h q uf w if u d p ö ? aMumf j im
udpö?*dwf½dI;udpö? aMumf
jimum;tjyif
tqif u tp
yH k o @ef tm;vH k ; ud k
ud,
k ahf xmifeh YJ ud,
k w
hf m0ef

ausausajymif;vJjypfvdkufMuygw,f/ usKyfwrf;wrf;ww owd&rdao;
w,f/ Zmwfrif;om;? rif;orD;yHv
k ;kH 0rygyJ a&;cJw
h hJ vrf;ab;axmifypkd wm
BuD;awG?wpfyu
kH wm&Jwif;Zmwfwef;rSmaxmifwhJ ydpk wm? (10)ay? ay(30)
&Sdw,f? ydkpwmBuD;ay:rSm qdkifu,ftif*sifyHkeJY tif*sifBuD;u avxJrSm
0Jaewm? wdrfawGxJrSm? 'gyJa&;xm;NyD; odef;aZmf rEÅav;ZmwfyGJ? yGJiSm;
&efXme? qdik ;f ? wD;0dik ;f ao;ao;a&;NyD; vrf;ab;rSmaxmifxm;wm? aemuf
usHK;ab;rSmaxmifwyhJ pkd wmusawmh usHK;ab;rSmaxmifxm;wJh ykpd wmudyk J
a&;NyD; tJ'yD pkd wma&SUrSm pufb;D awGum;awG jzwfarmif;aewJyh ?kH armfawmf
yDu,fu vufjyaeyHkawGudk xnfha&;xm;w,f/tJ'Dtay:rSm odef;aZmf
rEÅav;ZmwfyGJqdkwJhpmvHk;a&;xm;vdkufw,f/ wpfjcm;ZmwfawGu rif;
om;? rif;orD;yHkawG? vl&TifawmfyHk? vlMurf;yHkawGeJYZmwfydkpwmBuD;awG
a&;aewJhtcsdefrSm usKyfwdkYu yef;csDum;qefqefydkpwmBuD;awGeJY aMumf
jimcJMh uw,f/ ZmwfaMumfjimum;qdv
k J rif;om;? rif;orD;yHrk ygbl;/ aMumfjim
um;vkyfwJh*spfum;a&SUwnfhwnfheJYaemufrSm odef;aZmfrEÅav; ZmwfyGJqdk
wma&;xm;w,f/
a½SYwpfywfqufzwfyg&ef

AIR KBS rS jrefrmhavaMumif;avmutwGuf yxrqHk;aom av,mOftopfwpfpD; ATR 72-600 tm;0,f,l rStquf
u ]]yxrqHk;ueOD;taeeJY ATR 72-600 u tm&SrSm uRefawmfwdkYuyxrqHk;yJ/ jrefrmhavaMumif;avmurSmvnf; 'g yxrqHk;tBudrfyJ/
topf0,fwm oef;(20)ay;&w,f/ bmudkvkyfcsifwmvJqdkawmh c&D;oGm;jynfolawG *kPfoa&&SdoGm;vmEkdifzdkY uRefawmfwdkYvkyfwmyg}}[k wuf
a&mufvmonfh ½kyfoHrD'D,mESifh *sme,fowif;axmufrsm;udk tus,fw0ifh&Sif;vif;ajymjycJhonf/
AIR KBZ onf 0daooxl;jcm;onfhavaMumif;vdkif;jzpf&ef BudK;pm;rnf[kqdkonfh&nf&G,fcsufjzifh zGJUpnf;xlaxmifxm;jcif;jzpfaMumif;?
c&D;onfrsm; vHkNcHKpdwfcsa&;? oufomacsmifcsda&;twGuf 0efaqmifrIay;Ekdif&ef AIR KBZ Ouú|taeESifh jrefrmhavaMumif;avmuzGHUNzdK; wdk;
wufap&ef ,ck0,f,lxm;aom ATR 72-600 onf tm&S0ef;usifwGif yxrqHk; AIR KBZ rS 0,f,lcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif;ajymMum;cJhonf/

avmuewftvSynmcef;r&JU (2013)-{NyDvuae
ZGefvtxdjyor,fh yef;csDjyyGJrsm;

avmuewftvSynmcef;r&JU(2013)-ckESpf?{NyDvuae ZGefvtxd
cif;usif;jyor,fh yef;csDjyyGaJ wGuawmh (1?4?2013)&ufuae(6?4?2013)?
&uftxd yef;csDq&m-yef;csDjyyGJ?(7?4?2013)&ufuae (11?4?2013)&uf
txd wwd,tBudrfajrmuf Made in Myanmar yef;csDypönf;jyyGJ?(24?
4?2013)&ufuae(29?3?2013)&uftxd wwd, tBudrfajrmuf Art
Ganden yef;csDjyyG?J (1?5?2013)&ufuae(6?5?2013)&uftxd? yef;csDMunf
0if;(&efuif;)wpfudk,fawmf?Image of The Aesthetic Expeniences yef;csD
jyyGJ? (8?5?2013)&ufuae(11?5?2013)&uftxd?yef;csD0vHk;&JU Fantasia Carnimat yef;csDjyyGJ?(13?5?2013)&ufuae(18?5?2013)&uftxd
'kwd,tBudrfajrmufArt Bridge yef;csDjyyGu
J ?kd (20?5?2013)&ufuae (22?
5?2013)&uftxd The Harmanies yef;csDjyyGJ?(24?2013)&ufuae (25?
5?2013)txd Huniors' Planet yef;csDjyyGJudk?(27?5?2013)&ufuae(29?
5?2013)txd YAG-Summer uav;yef;csDjyyGJ (2013)?(31?5?2013)&uf
uae (9?6?2013)&uftxdyef;csDwifatmifxu
kd w
f pfu,
kd af wmf Yearning
For Classic yef;csDjyyG?J (5?6?2013)&ufuae (9?6?2013)&uftxd ?pwkw¬
tBudrfajrmufyifv,fqDodkY a&aq;yef;csDjyyGJ?(11?6?2013)&ufuae
(15?6?2013)&uftxd wwd,tBudrfajrmuf Agglomeration yef;csDjyyGJ?
(17?6?2013)&ufuae(22?6?2013)&uftxd yef;csD-atmifrif;wpfudk,f
awmfyef;csDjyyGJ?(24?6?2013)&ufuae(28?6?2013)&uftxd YAG yef;csD
HTA
ausmif;&JU Up & Coming yef;csDjyyGJwdkYjzpfygw,f/

tcef;qufuAsm&Snf
,ciftywfrStquf

igUpkAl; - 27
tEk*r®du ypönf;txd
igwdkY&zdkY r&SdovdkbJ/
b,f0,fajrmufawmif
ajrmufawmif b,f0,f
rIefjym&D &moDawGajymif;
&moDawGajymif;/
aMomf rIefjym&DrS
aeYylncsrf;cJhNyD/
b,fudkwrf;í vGrf;yg&
b,fudkwrf;& wrf;& vGrf;csifvS/

atmifcsdrfh

PS

A*sDatmifpdk;&JUESpf(90)jynfharG;aeYtrSwfw&
yef;csDjyyGJ

uG,fvGefol yef;csDq&mBuD; A*sD-atmifpdk;&JU ESpf(90)jynfharG;aeY
trSww
f & yef;csDjyyGu
J kd trSw(f 286)-(yxrxyf) yef;qd;k wef;vrf;(tay:
tavmuf)?ausmufww
H m;NrdKUe,f?&efuek Nf rdKUrSmzGiv
hf pS x
f m;wJh yef;qd;k wef;
yef;csDjycef;rSm (22?3?2013)&ufuae(25?3?2013)&uftxdcif;usif;jy
oMurSmjzpfygw,f/
'DjyyGrJ mS acwfNydKifyef;csDq&mrsm;pGm&JU vuf&mrsm;udk pkpnf;jyooGm;
rSmjzpfovdk q&mBuD;taMumif;odrD&if;ESD;cJhMuolrsm;uvnf;trSwfw&
pum;rsm; ajymMum;MurSmjzpfygw,f/
jyyGJjyocsdefuawmhaeYpOfeHeuf(10;00)em&Duae nae(6;00)em&D
HTA
txdyg/

What's Up -acwfNydKiftEkynmjyyGJ

yef;csD-atmifjrif?h vif;0uúm?[Hom?0drw
k ?åd rif;om;BuD;?ud&k ?J ausmfukd
xuf?udkatmif?&ifeef;a0?o'´gndK?wdkYpkpnf;jyowJh What's Up vdkYtrnf
ay;xm;wJah cwfNydKiftEkynm jyyGu
J t
kd rSw(f 202)-(yxrxyf),lEu
kd w
f uf
uGef'dk?tvHjybk&m;vrf;?'*HkNrdKUe,f? &efukefNrdKUrSmzGifhvSpfxm;wJh New
Zero-Art Space rSm (23?3?2013)&ufuae (25?3?2013)&uftxdjyo
BurSmjzpfygw,f/ 'DjyyGJrSmajrtdk;yHko@eftrsdK;rsdK;ay;rSm yef;csDa&;qGJjyo
MurSmjzpfygw,f/
jyyGJjyocsdefuawmh aeYpOfeHeuf(10;00)em&Duae nae(5;00)em&D
txdyg/
HTA

/
(a&SUwpfywfqufzwfyg&ef)

yef;csDvlrif;&JU My Dream Land yef;csDjyyGJ

yef;csDvlrif;&JU My Dream Land vdkYtrnfay;xm;wJhyef;csDjyyGJudk
vrf; csif;rdkifwuúodkvfjyorSmjzpfygw,f/
yef;csDvlrif;&JUMy Dream Land yef;csDjyyGJrSmyef;csDvlrif;u yk*H½Icif;
rsm;udkom oD;oefYa&;qGJjyoxm;wmyg/ 'DjyyGJudk (11?1?2013)&ufu
Imatenmational Bussimess Center (IBC)?(6)rdkif?jynfvrf;?&efukefNrdKUrSm
wpf&ufwnf; cif;usif;jyocJhygao;w,f/
HTA
Nimmanhaemin

35
5

1a

36

jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;Xme?
jynfo0hl efaqmifroI wif;pmtkycf sKyfa&;tzGtYJ zG0YJ if
OD;ausmfaZmEkdif &efukefNrKdY ,kZe*g;'if;[kdw,f
tcrf;tem;wpfckü ½kwfw&ufuG,fvGef

jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;Xme? jynfo0Yl efaqmifro
I wif;pmtkycf sKyfa&;tzGUJ
tzGUJ 0ifwpfO;D jzpfol OD;ausmfaZmEkid o
f nf (2013)ckEpS ?f rwfv(21)&ufaeY
u &efuek Nf rKdU ,kZe*g;'if;[kw
d ,füusif;yaom *sme,fvpfuvyfzUJG pnf;
a&; tcrf;tem;wpfcw
k iG f rdecYf eG ;f ajymtNyD; jyeftxkid w
f iG f ESv;Hk a&m*gjzifh
uG,v
f eG o
f mG ;aMumif; OD;ausmaf ZmEkid Ef iS hf tcrf;tem;wufco
hJ l OD;rsK;d atmif
(jynfhpkHpmtkyfwkduf)rS vQyfwpfjyufowif;*sme,fokdY twnfjyKajymqkd
onf/ ]]uRefawmfwkdYolYudk OD;rsKd;jrifharmifum;eJY &efukefaq;½kHBuD;udk
ac:oGm;ygao;w,f/ b,fvrdk t
S oufrrDawmhb;l }}[k OD;rsKd;atmif(jynfph Hk
pmtkyw
f u
dk )f rSajymqko
d nf/ OD;ausmfaZmEkid o
f nf (2012)ckEpS f twGi;f u
pma&;q&marmif0Ho? &J&ifhwifhaqGwkdYESifhtwl oD&dvuFmEkdifiHokdY
rD',
D mOya'a&;twGuf avhvm&ef vku
d yf goGm;olvnf;jzpfonf/ ykEH ydS f
Oya'rlMurf; a&;qGpJ Ofuvnf; yg0ifco
hJ w
l pfO;D jzpfonf[k jyefMum;a&;
ESifheD;pyfolwpfOD;u twnfjyKajymqkdonf/
rif ; atmif a tmif

24

]](20-3-2013)&uf? nae(6;00)em&DcefYwGif qHawmf&SifusdKuf"EkwfapwDawmfjrwfBuD;tm; qdyfBuD;caemifwdkNrdKUe,f? NrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;
ESifhtwl oGm;a&mufzl;arQmfaepOf 'vNrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;OD;xGef;xGef;0if; vufudkifzkef;jzifh rSwfwrf;"mwfyHk½dkuf&mrS xl;jcm;pGmzl;jrif&aom
&[EÅ m yH k a wmf } }

25

ESpaf ygi;f (100)ausmo
f ufwrf;&Sd &efuek w
f &d pämefO,smOfBu;D rwfv (31)&ufaeh
aemufq;Hk xm;ajymif;a&T&Y rnf[o
k wif;xGuaf y:
&efuek f wd&pämefO,smOfBuD;udk vuf&&dS efuek af q;½HMk uD;ae&mrSm 1882 ckEpS u
f pNyD; z,f&mjywdu
k t
f rnfeYJ
ajr{u 42.02 {u tus,frSm pwifwnfaqmufcJhygw,f/ 1901 ckESpf ta&mufrSm trsm;jynfolqDu
aumufc&H &Sad iG usyfEpS o
f ed ;f av;aomif;eJY vuf&adS e&mudk &Si;f vif;NyD; wd&pämefO,smOftjzpfwnfaxmifcyhJ gw,f/
1906 ckEpS ?f Zefe0g&Dv25 &ufrmS pwifziG v
hf pS Ef ikd cf NhJ yD; ta&SUawmiftm&S&UJ oufwrf;t&ifq
h ;kH wd&pämef½jkH zpfyg
w,f/ tJ'w
D ek ;f u 0dw&kd ,
d bk&ifryef;NcHvaYkd c:cJyh gw,f/ 1908 ckEpS rf mS awmh &efuek w
f &d pämefO,smOfvYkd ajymif;vJ
ac:a0:cJyh gw,f/ Edw
Yk u
kd o
f wå0g 464 aumif? aus;iSuo
f wå0g 475 aumifeYJ wGm;oGm;owå0g 186 aumif?
pkpak ygif;aumifa& 1124 aumif &Sw
d mjzpfygw,f/ trsdK;tpm;eJY jyefc&JG &if Edw
Yk u
kd o
f wå0g 46 rsdK;? aus;iSuo
f wå0g
68 rsdK;? wGm;oGm;owå0g 18 rsdK;&Syd gw,f/ ta&SUawmiftm&SrmS owå0gtrsdK;trnf tpHv
k ifq;kH wd&pämef½v
kH v
Ykd nf;
emrnfBuD;vSygw,f/
wd&pämef½Hkudk NrKdUxJuae avSmfum;
ajymif;zdkYudpöu opfawma&;&m0efBuD;Xmeu
pDpOfwm r[kwb
f J owif;pm&Si;f vif;yGw
J pfcrk mS
jynfaxmifp0k efBuD; wpfyg;uajymwmjzpfaMumif;
*sme,fvpfwpfOD;u vQyfwpfjyufowif; *sm
e,fudk ajymqkdygw,f/ NrdKUxJeJYeD;wJh vuf&Sd
wd&pämefO,smOfae&mrSm Green Park wpfck vkyzf Ykd
&nf&,
G af Mumif;? 'gayr,fh trsm;jynfoo
l abm
rwl&ifawmh vkyfrSmr[kwfbl;vdkY Mum;od&yg
w,f/
2013 rwfv 31 rSm pwifajymif;a&TUzdYk
opfawma&;&m0efBuD;Xmeu vkyaf qmifaew,f
vdkY tjyifavmurSm owif;awGxGufay:aeygw,f/ ajymif;a&TUzdkYudk jynfolawGu vHk;0oabmrwlaMumif;vnf; vQyfwpfjyufowif;*sme,fu trsm;jynfoloabmxm;udkar;jref;&mrSm wd&pämef½kHudkvmwJh trsm;
jynfoltawmfrsm;rsm;u rajymif;a&TUzkdYbJ ajymqkdaeMuygw,f/ (56){uausmf&SdwJh &efukefwd&pämef½kHO,smOfBuD;udk ukrÜPDwpfcku&,lzkdYBuKd;pm;aew,fvkdYvnf; twnfrjyKEkdifwJhowif;awGMum;ae&ygw,f/ 2011
rif;atmifatmif
ckEpS u
f pvdYk q,fEpS if mS ;&rf;vkyu
f ikd cf iG hf &&Sx
d m;wJx
h ;l ukrP
Ü u
D vnf; vH;k 0ajymif;a&TUvdjk cif;r&Sad Mumif; xl;ukrP
Ü b
D ufuaejyefvnfajymqkyd gw,f/

&efuek w
f idk ;f a'oBu;D vdiI o
f m,mNrKeYd ,ftwGi;f &Sd t&ufcsupf uf½rHk sm;rSxu
G &f adS om pGeyhf pfypön;f rsm;
pnf;pepfr&S[
d ak 'ocHrsm;qkd
&efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;? vdIifom,mNrKdUe,ftwGif;&Sd t&ufcsufpuf½kHrsm;rS pGefYypfaom a&qkd;rsm;aMumifh
a'ocHrsm;\ usef;rma&;ESihf tqkyd ga&qk;d rsm;0ifa&muf&m acsmif;^ajrmif;rsm;wGif ywf0ef;usifnpfnrf;rIrsm;
jzpfay:aeaMumif;a'ocHrsm;u vQyfwpfjyufowif;*sme,f okaYd jymqkMd uonf/ ]]t&ufcsufpuf½u
Hk pGeyYf pfvu
dk f
wJah &qk;d awGu acsmif;awGxu
J kd a&mufw,f/ acsmif;awGxu
J wpfqifjh rpfawGxu
J pkd ;D qif;w,f/ a&&Snrf mS
obm0ywf0ef;usif xdckdufrIu awmfawmfav;udkrsm;vmr,f}}[k t&ufcsufpuf½kHem;wGifaexkdifolwpfOD;u
ajymqkdonf/ ]]'Dt&ufcsufpuf½kHawGu tckrS&Sdwmr[kwfbl;/ (10)pkESpfeJYMumNyD/ olwkdYawGudk b,folurS
ajymwJo
h rl &Sb
d ;l / om;wku
Yd tckrv
S mvkyv
f v
Ydk nf; bmrSrxl;ygbl;/ 'k&H if;u'k&H if;ygyJumG }}[k ajymqko
d u
l ajymqkd
onf/ t&ufcsufpuf½rHk sm;rSxu
G &f adS om a&qk;d a&npfEiS hf pGeyYf pfypön;f rsm;udk "gwkenf;jzifh jyefvnftok;H jyKEkid f
&eftBuHjyKolrsm;utBuHjyKMuonf/ ajymif;vJvmonfah cwfEiS t
hf nD t&ufpuf½w
Hk nfaxmiforl sm;onf ywf
0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;vkyfief;udkvnf; pepfwusvkyfaqmifoifhonf[kajymqkdoluajymqkdMuonf/
rif ; atmif a tmif

26

wpfEpS t
f wGi;f uAsmpmtky(f 50)ausmx
f u
G cf [
UJ k
pma&;q&m? uAsmq&mopömeDajymqkd

jrefrmEkid if w
H iG f wpfEpS t
f wGi;f uAsmpmtky(f 50)ausmfxu
G cf ahJ Mumif; pma&;q&m? uAsmq&m opömeDu
urÇmu
Y AsmaeYtcrf;tem;wGiu
f sif;yaom uAsmpmtky(f 3)tkyrf w
d q
f ufyw
JG iG f xnfo
h iG ;f ajymqko
d mG ;onf/
]]uRefawmfrESpu
f uAsmpmtkypf m&if;aumufwt
hJ cgrSm (50)ausmfxu
G yf gw,f/ 'DEpS v
f nf; ESprf ukeaf o;bl;
(50)ausmfxGufygw,f/ uAsmpmtkyfawG&JUtajctaeu aiGaMu;tm;jzifh tusKd;tjrwfr&Sdaomfvnf;
uAsmpmayzGUH NzKd;vmwJt
h wGuf 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;omjzpf&ygw,f}}[k pma&;q&m? uAsmq&mopömeDu(2013)
ckEpS ?f rwfv(21)&ufaeYu awmf0ifEiS ;f qDwiG u
f sif;yaom uAsmpmtkyo
f ;Hk tkyf rdwq
f ufyw
JG iG x
f nfo
h iG ;f
ajymqko
d mG ;onf/ pma&;q&m? uAsmq&mopömeDonf (1965)ckEpS u
f wnf;u uAsma&;om;cJNh yD; uAsm
rif;atmifatmif
a&;oufEpS (f 50)eD;yg;&SNd yDjzpfonf/

jynfNrKrYd mS oJorJ rJ x
J ;kd owfr,fU jrefrmU½;kd &mvufa0Syh JG

ESppf Ofrwfva&mufwikd ;f jrefrmrD',
D m*½k(yf)u jynfNrKdUwGif jrefrmh½;kd &mvufa0SyY JG pDpOfavh&o
dS nf/ ,ckEpS f
rwfv(24)&ufaeYwGifvnf; jynfNrKdUacwå&mrdk;vHkavvHk tm;upm;cef;rwGif jynfe,fwdkif;a&TwHqdyf&Sif
xufatmifO;D ac:paexGe;f (awmifuav;uvyf)ESihf &efuek w
f ikd ;f vufa&G;pif apma*:rl'(kd owdu
å vyf)? av;n§Kd U&Sif
(owåu
d vyf)ESihf e,fpyfvufa0SaY usmfru
kd cf (J jr0wD)? atmifo&l ed (f Top One uvyf)ESihf aemifvrkH if; (awmifuav;
uvyf)? apmrif;atmif(awmifuav;uvyf)ESihf ausmfacguf(Top One uvyf)wdt
Yk ygt0if a'ocH vufa0SY
ausmfrsm;\wGq
J ikd ;f rsm; yg0ifx;kd owfrnf[o
k &d onf/ xufatmifO;D ESihf apma*:rl'kd wdo
Yk nf &efuek o
f rd jf zL½Hw
k iG f
xdk;owfpOfu ig;csDwGif xufatmifOD;u tvJxdk;tEdkif&&Sdxm;ojzifh ,ckyGJonf apma*:rl'dk\ jyefvnf
vufpm;acs xd;k owfciG &hf onfyh v
JG nf;jzpfonf/ yGpJ pD Oforl sm;u ]]emrnfBuD;vufa0So
Y rm;awGac:&if ydu
k q
f aH wG
t&rf;ukeNf yD; y&dowfBudKufwyhJ JG jzpfrvmbl;/ a&Smifvu
kd ?f zufvu
kd ef YJ y&dowf&UJ rauseyfraI wGyw
J ;kd wd;k vmw,f/
'gaMumifh uRefawmfwpYkd pD OfwyhJ aJG wGq&kd if yGt
J ptqH;k tonf;aumif;aumif;eJx
Y ;kd wJo
h al wGyJ a&G;cs,fx;kd owfap
w,f/ yGJ&JUtrnfudkvnf;tonf;aumif;rS yGJawmif;vdkY&r,fvdkYay;xm;ygw,f}}[k yGJpDpOfolu&Sif;jyonf/
azazmf0g&Dvu awmifiljynfaxmifpkaeYtxdrf;trSwfyGJwGifvnf; jrefrmrD'D,m*½k(yf)u a&G;cs,fxdk;
owfapcJhonfh a'geatmif(0gqdk)ESifh tm&SarGxdkif;aiGqk&Sif xGef;xGef;rif;(rk'Hkom;)wdkY\yGJonf vufckyfoH
nHrpJatmify&dowftm;ay;rI&cJo
h nf/ yGpJ pD Oforl sm;u tckjynfNrdKUuyGu
J v
kd nf; y&dowfv;kH 0ESpNf cdKufap&r,fyh JG
[ktmrcHygw,f}}[kajymqkMd uonf/ NyD;awmh uRefawmfwYkd tm;upm;udk tifwmwde;f refv
Y aYkd c:wJh azsmfajza&;eJY
rif;atmifatmif
wGv
J yk w
f mrdYk armf',fav;awGvyJ gOD;rSmyg[kajymqko
d mG ;onf/

quf
,ciftywfrStqu
uRefawmfww
Ykd nf;cd&k wJh [dw
k ,fujkd yefa&mufawmh tawmfav;nOfeh ufaeygNyD/ [dw
k ,fuakd &muf
w,fqdk&ifyJ aemufwpf&uftwGuf tm;arG;&awmhwmygyJ/ orD;BuD;u tazavQmufEdkif&JUvm;vdkY
ar;cGe;f BudKxkwx
f m;wJt
h wGuf igum;rtdak o; . . .qdw
k m jy&ayrayghvv
Ykd nf; pdwx
f J wif;xm;rdyg
w,f/ orD;BuD;u reufapmapmxvdYk trdex
Yf w
k Nf yD;oumv uRefawmf tifwmeufo;kH ae&aumif;
vm;qdNk yD;awmhvnf; ylnn
H v
H yk af ewJt
h wGuf uRefawmfrh mS tazjzpf&wJ'h u
k u
© kd &ifp;D cHae&awmhwmygyJ/
'gayr,fhorD;BuD;&JU pdk;&drfylyef[efaMumifh uspdwftay:vnf; yDwdjzpf&ygw,f/ wpfcsdefwnf;rSmyJ
uRefawmf&UJ tiHpYk w
d u
f vnf; rodromay:vmcJjh yefygw,f/ orD;BuD;u olp&dwt
f ukecf aH c:&wmqdNk yD;
ighuzkd t
d m;ay;aewmrsm;vm;qdw
k ahJ r;cGe;f ygyJ/ wu,fawmh tJonft
h awG;rsdK; uRefawmfrh mS &Szd rYkd aumif;
aomfjim;vnf; tJonft
h csdeu
f &Sad ewJt
h iHpYk w
d u
f akd wmh0efc&H rSyjJ zpfygw,f/ orD;BuD;olt
Y cef;oljyefomG ;
csderf mS awmh tGev
f ikd ;f ay:wufNyD; jrefrmjynfBuD;bmawGjzpfaeNyDvv
J 0Ykd ifMunf&h ygao;w,f/ uRefawmf&UJ
uHZmwmudu
k uRefawmfrt
Ykd jyifux
kd u
G rf vmeJ?Y uRefawmfw
h ikd ;f jynfrmS xl;aewwfwmcsnf;ygyJ/ &efuek Nf rdKU
ay:rSmAH;k awGqufwu
kd f aygufuaJG oqH;k wJt
h csdew
f ek ;f uqdk uRefawmfbefaumufa&mufaeNyD... tJonfh
jzpfpOfrSm owif;"gwfyHkpm½dkufaumif;vdkY tzrf;cHae&wmrsdK;vnf; BuHKcJhzl;wJhtwGuf uRefawmfc&D;
xGu&f if uRefawmfw
h ynfah wGukd bmudpyö BJ uHKBuHK Safty first jzpf&UJ vm;qdw
k m t&ifq;kH pOf;pm;zdrYk mS avh&dS
w,f/ NyD;awmh uRefawmfh c&D;xGuaf ewke;f uRefawmfw
h ynfah wG*sme,fxrJ mS vufprG ;f jyvdu
k rf mS vnf;
pd;k &draf e&jyefwmaMumifh uRefawmfrh odbJ ud,
k o
hf abmeJu
Y ,
kd f bmwpfcrk rS xnf&h bl;qdw
k rhJ u
l kd wif;wif;
MuyfMuyfrmS xm;&pNrJygyJ/ 'gaMumifh tjyifux
kd u
G v
f mwdik ;f uGeyf sLwmwpfv;kH awmh tav;cHNyD;o,f
&wwfpNrJygyJ/
a&SUtywfqufzwfyg&ef

27