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BT-8/]U-11 WIRELESS AND MOBILE COMMUNICATION Paper : ECE-442(E) Time : Three Hoursl [Maximum Marks




: Attemptfve

questions in all, selecting at least one question

from each Unit.


1. .

Consider a hexagonal cellular wireless network with a frequency reuse 9. The base stations and the mobile units use omni directional antennas with gain 0 dB. Every transmitter has an output power of I Watt, which is assumed the same for both mobile transmitters and base station transmitters. The noise temperature power is No - 120 dBw 'withand the pattr loss is given by a Hata model LP(dB) = 115 + 40 log l0 a where r is the distance in km. ,(i) For a mobile located in the desired cell, find the maximum cell radius R to give a Signal-to-Noise plus Interference Ratio (SNIR = S/I'{o+I) of at least 10 dB

for both up and downlink.


Assume that the base stations are now placed on the corner of the cells (i.e. three base stations per site) and use l20o sector antennas, find the new maximum cell


'radius that guarantees the required SNR of l0 dB. Cgnsider only the first tier of interference.



a . A cluster is a set of celrs such that a 8917/2800/KD/170 2 . (a) (b) Show that the probability density function for short term fading is given by Rayleigh distribution. UNIT-III pattern that covers an area without overlap. and hexagons . . 5. to a point on the earth directly under the satellite: (i) from a LEO sarellire ar an altitude of 500 km.000 km. E a---) Jn.'\ lo=rltr' l. (a) (b) UNIT-II Discuss various diversity techniques used to combat fading. Find the corresponding cumulative distribution function. what is the need of Rake receiver ? Discuss the working . for eaph of the following paths. (ii) from a MEO satellite at an altitude of 12. What is Fast fading and how is it caused ? 3. (a) (b) Calculate the free-space path loss at a frequenqy/ of I GHz. TDMA and SDMA. 4.2.000 km. A cell pattern is a repetitive (o=r.2rr). (iii) from a geostarionary satellite at 36. Examples to cell'patterns are triangles [ o-J'"\ 4)' ( squares 1d = J-2r. a is the area of the cell and d is the distance between the centers of two adjacent cells. Compare FDMA.i of rake receiver. where r \o) is the distance from the mid-point to the edge of a cell (radius).

89t7t2800/KD/170 3 . (ii) Express Q as a function of N for quadratic and triangular cell patterns. ' For hexagonal cells the co-channel reuse rario is e = . (a) Discuss briefly various GSM channels. (iii) Order the three cell patterns in the order of efficiency. (i) Explain what the co-channel reuse ratio e is. Explain queuing of handoff and prioritizing handoff request. UNIT-IV (a) UMTS. Explain the IS-95 CDMA reverse channel in detail. (b) Location (b) Write short notes on the following tracking. respectively.I repetltlve pattern of clusters covers an area without overlap. : 8. where N is the number of cells per cluster. Which type of handoff is used in second generation communication systems ? 7.6N. (a) (b) Discuss the various channel assignment strategies used in mobile communication system. Motivate your answer their 6.